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Culture and Globalization evised
Human Culture has rapidly changed over the centuries. This change occurred primarily through the mixing of different cultures over time . As new ideas and ways of improving life are adopted into the lifestyles of different people groups. In early civilizations agriculture was based on groups working together to locate and distribute food based on the natural skill sets of members of the groups. Some being natural organizers, others hunters, others leaders and some builders. As people begin to travel by foot, land, sea they came into contact with other cultures and learned from them. Developing the language, tools, agricultural processes to take better care of their own people groups and even taking advantage of weaker cultures by enslaving them for advantage. The small groups of hunters and gatherers from ancient civilizations became educated over time as they were introduced to new ways of life. They…
(Scanned Document) Culture Change and Globalization. Chapter 13.
HomeRemedyHaven. (2011). Why go natural. Retrieved December 3, 2011 from http://www.homeremedyhaven.com/
Lockwood, V. (2004). Globalization and Cultural Change in the Pacific Islands. Prentice Hall.
Malinwoski, B. (1921) The Primitive Economics of the Trobriand Islanders. Economic Journal, volume 31, 1921, pp. 1-16.
Human Culture -- hat is Human Culture?
According to the Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition (CARLA) at the University of Minnesota, many social scientists see culture as " ... consisting primarily of the symbolic, ideational, and intangible aspects of human societies" (Banks, 1989). But that is a short-sighted approach, according to Banks Professor of Diversity Studies at the University of ashington. The true reality of culture -- any culture -- is not its "artifacts, tools, or other tangible cultural elements," but rather how people in the group employ and embrace those tools, artifacts and other cultural elements (Banks). In other words, how people within a culture interact with their surroundings. hat human culture boils down to are the symbols, the perspectives, and values " ... that distinguish one people from another" (Banks). In essence, people in different cultures interpret the importance of behaviors, symbols, and artifacts differently, which…
Banks, J.A., McGee, C.A., and Banks, M. (2009). Multicultural Education: Issues and Perspectives. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Center for Advance Research on Language Acquisition. (2013). What is Culture? Retrieved
July 8, 2016, from http://carla.umn.edu .
Kroeber, A.L., and Kluckhohn, C. (1978). Culture: A Critical Review of Concepts and Definitions. New York: Kraus Reprint Company.
Anatomy Affects Human Culture and Behavior
The human anatomy plays an extremely important part in human culture and behavior. One of the indisputable facets about human anatomy that helps to distinguish it from that of other living creatures is the structure and build of our lungs and respiratory systems. Our respiratory systems are considerably different from those of amphibians and from conventional sea-dwelling creatures such as fish and whales. Because of the way our bodies are designed to intake oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide (Johnson), we are land dwellers whereas the other mentioned species have anatomies that make them adaptive to water. Sea creatures have certain aspects of their anatomies that make it essential for them to stay within water to derive oxygen for living. People, however, are the exact opposite and need fresh air -- which is impossible to procure underwater.
hat is significant about these facts is that…
Balter, Michael. "Why Are Our Brains So Ridiculously Big?" www.slate.com. 2012. Web. http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/human_evolution/2012/10/human_brain_size_social_groups_led_to_the_evolution_of_large_brains.html
Johnson, Kimball. "How the Lungs and Respiratory System Work." www.webmd.com. 2012. Web. http://www.webmd.com/lung/how-we-breathe
Abnormal Behavior Issues
Human culture varies tremendously from society to society and establishes what behaviors are considered normal within each given community (Henslin, 2008 p. 130). To a great degree, cultural norms, values, and expectations are completely arbitrary situational factors because the identical external behavior can have diametrically opposite connotations based purely on local custom. For example, burping after a meal is highly offensive in some cultures but considered an appropriate sign of contentment with the meal in others. All cultural norms reflect social learning in that individuals come to learn, internalize, and manifest whatever behaviors are promoted by their respective cultures (Henslin, 2008 p. 131). Deviance is also a common theme in human societies and reflects the choices of some individuals to adopt unconventional norms, values, and expectations of subcultures that differ substantially from those of their dominant society (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2009 p. 576).
Gender, Sexual Preferences,…
Gerrig, R., Zimbardo, P. (2009) Psychology and Life. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Henslin, J.M. (2008) Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach. Boston:
Macionis, J.J. (2007) Sociology. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
In chiefdoms, power is often hereditary but in a state system political power it is usually not based on kinship. States are the most complex of the four main political structures. Large and densely-populated societies evolve into states because of the need for centralized political power.
The Basseri are a nomadic society that exhibits features of being a band, a tribe, and a chiefdom. For example, families often live together in tents, and each tent forms the basic social unit as with a band (Johnson). Many decisions are made with consensus, and task differentiation with regard to the acquisition of food is not stratified. However, the Basseri do have a rigid kinship-based centralized political system. Therefore, the Basseri are not a band or a tribe; they are a chiefdom. Political power is centralized even though the society is nomadic, and the Basseri government is hierarchical. Basseri culture is also hierarchical…
Johnson, R. (2007). Basseri kinship and social organization. Retrieved July 25, 2008 at http://www.everyculture.com/Africa-Middle-East/Basseri-Kinship-and-Sociopolitical-Organization.html
Kosty, P. (2002). Indonesia's matriarchal Minangkabau offer an alternative social system. Retrieved July 25, 2008 at http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2002-05/uop-imm050902.php
Types of Societies." (nd). Retrieved July 25, 2008 at http://www.mc.maricopa.edu/dept/d10/asb/anthro2003/glues/societyintro.html
Another psychological approach studied the physical basis for emotion. LeDoux (1995, p. 209+) noted, "Scientists concerned with human nature have not been able to reach a consensus about what emotion is and what place emotion should have in a theory of mind and behavior." He proposed, however, that "findings about the neural basis of emotion might also suggest new insights into the functional organization of emotion that were not apparent from psychological findings alone. The brain, in other words, can constrain and inform our ideas about the nature of emotion." This would seem to play into any discussion of genetics vs. culture as emotion is viewed, accurately or not, as a construct of societal norms in large part. Because fear is a common part of human life, LeDoux uses it to investigate his theories. "The expression of fear is conserved to a large extent across human cultures and at least…
Moore, J. (2002). Some thoughts on the relation between behavior analysis and behavioral neuroscience. The Psychological Record, 52(3), 261+. Retrieved November 19, 2004, from Questia database, http://www.questia.com .
Suh, Eunkook M. 2002. Cultural influences on personality. Annual Review of Psychology;
Retrieved November 19, 2004 from Highbeam database, http://www.highbeam.com .
In histoy, in most of the Indian families, the inheitance of the estates of the family is left to the lineage of males in the family. Though since the yea 1956, the law in India has always teated females and males as equals in mattes of inheitance whee thee is no legal will witten. Cuently, Indians have become wise and ae using legal wills fo the inheitance and succession of popety. The usage of legal wills at of the yea 2004 stands at about 20%.
The ate of divoce in India is extemely low. It stands at 1% as compaed to 40% which is expeienced in the U.S. These statistics of divoce do not, howeve, give a complete pictue of the divoce situation in India. This is because many maiages that end up being split do so without a fomal divoce. Thee is a eseach gap in the scientific studies…
references. [Article]. Journal of Food Science, 69(4), SNQ191-SNQ192. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2621.2004.tb06362.x
Johnson, H. (2007). 'Happy Diwali!' Performance, Multicultural Soundscapes and Intervention in Aotearoa/New Zealand. [Article]. Ethnomusicology Forum, 16(1), 71-94. doi: 10.1080/17411910701276526
Kurien, P.A. (2006). Multiculturalism and "American" Religion: The Case of Hindu Indian-Americans. Social Forces, 85(2), 723-741.
Mandair, a. (2007). Interdictions: Language, Religion & the (dis)Orders of Indian Identity. [Article]. Social Identities, 13(3), 337-361. doi: 10.1080/13504630701363978
Mintz, S.W., & Bois, C.M.D. (2002). The Anthropology of Food and Eating. Annual Review of Anthropology, 31(ArticleType: research-article / Full publication date: 2002 / Copyright © 2002 Annual Reviews), 99-119.
Culture is defined by the pattern of collective thoughts and behavior that people living in social groups learn, create and share. Characteristics within culture distinguish different groups from each other and highlight key differences between the human world and the animal kingdom. Anthropology emerged as a field of academic study of human culture in order to understand the diversity of the practices and values of different human populations.
With the advent of advanced technology, communication, and media capabilities, widespread globalization has emerged, resulting in an apparent decrease in the difference between cultures throughout the world. The results of this globalization may be observed in the homogeneity of certain aspects of pop culture, mostly due to media such as television and the internet. Although younger generations of people in different countries on different continents appear to behave similarly in a lot of respects, the question should be addressed as to whether…
THE ROLE OF CULTURE AND ENVIRONMENT IN THE EVOLUTION OF HUMANITY
Undestanding the evolution of humanity has been one of the most citical quests fo most individuals in the cuent society. The intesection between envionmental influences and cultue ceates an aea of social inteest with a focus on human evolution. Empiical eseach shows that the society plays a significant ole in shaping the evolution of human beings as evidenced by psychological analysis of human evolution. The extaodinay coopeative natue of human beings aises moe questions on the peceived changes of human behavio and inteaction ove time (Hawkes, Paine, & School, 2006). Among the factos that dive human beings to stive to undestand thei evolution, include paleoanthopology esults that povide unique infomation that povides significant evidence to the aspects of human evolution postulated to have occued millions of yeas ago. Results fom fossil studies such as inceasing bain size and…
references: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 12(01), 1 -- 14.
Croll, E., & Parkin, D. (2002). Bush Base, Forest Farm: Culture, Environment, and Development. Routledge.
Darlington, P.J. (1978). Altruism: Its characteristics and evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 75(1), 385 -- 389.
Eagly, A.H., & Wood, W. (1999). The origins of sex differences in human behavior: Evolved dispositions vs. social roles. American Psychologist, 54(6), 408 -- 423.
Foley, R. (1995). The adaptive legacy of human evolution: A search for the environment of evolutionary adaptedness. Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews, 4(6), 194 -- 203
Human Resources Best Practices: The Hershey Company
The Hershey Company (Hershey) is a world leader, not only in the manufacture of chocolate, but also in ethical behavior. Employing approximately 13,600 people worldwide, Hershey markets its products in 50 countries, with key markets in the United States, Canada, Mexico, India, China and Brazil (The Hershey Company, n.d.). Realizing the importance of ethics in its worldwide operations, Hershey is pointedly: "committed to being all-inclusive" (The Hershey Company, n.d.), deliberately courting prospective employees across the arrays of age, gender, race, ethnicity and sexual orientation; dedicated to mentoring as a means of enhancing the lives of its mentor/protege teams, their families, neighborhoods and beyond. As a result, Hershey has created a thriving organizational culture benefitting everyone it touches.
Hershey's values and the Company's actions to support those values are clearly stated:
"e are committed to being all-inclusive and to realizing our vision of…
Authenticity Consulting, LLC. (n.d.). Mentoring. Retrieved from Managementhelp.org Web site: http://managementhelp.org/leadingpeople/mentoring.htm#anchor4294744861
Denecke, A., & McGuire, P. (2005, May 8). Six steps for implementing diversity programs . Retrieved from Portland Business Journal: http://www.bizjournals.com/portland/stories/2005/05/09/focus8.html
The Hershey Company. (n.d.). Hershey's | workforce diversity at the Hershey Company | careers. Retrieved from The Hershey Coimpany Web site: http://www.thehersheycompany.com/careers/workforce-diversity.aspx
The Hershey Company. (n.d.). Our values. Retrieved from The Hershey Company Web site: http://www.thehersheycompany.com/careers/values.aspx
Human esource Management in International Business
Impact of Cultural Differences, Socioeconomic or Political Factors on international HM
Challenges to HM posed by growth in International Business
By looking at the changing trends of the world of commerce in recent times, one can significantly notice the fact that this business community is becoming more and more competitive. This clearly signifies the truth that the elevating competition within the community has given rise to international business where enterprises regardless of their size are expanding their operations within the global market. As an outcome of it, an efficient and effective work environment has become the fundamental necessity that can facilitate the organizations in maintaining strong holds in the market place as well as generate profits (Daly, 2011).
Considering the challenge of maintaining an effectual organizational culture, businesses need the asset of human resources, hence, they are considered as the foundation stone for any…
Briscoe, D., Schuler, R., & Tarique, I. (2012). International Human Resource Management, 4E. 4th Edition. USA: CRC Press.
Briscoe, D.R., & Schuler, R.S. (2004). International Human Resource Management: Policies and Practices for the Global Enterprise. 2nd Edition. USA: Routledge.
Cooke, W.N. (2003). Multinational Companies and Global Human Resource Strategies. USA: Greenwood Publishing Group.
Daly, J.L. (2011). Human Resource Management in the Public Sector: Policies and Practices. USA: M.E. Sharpe.
d.). For example, in the U.S., decisions are frequently delegated, that is, an official assigns responsibility for a particular matter to a subordinate. In many European nations, like Germany, there is a strong value placed on holding decision-making responsibilities oneself. When decisions are made by groups of people, majority rule is a common approach in the U.S. while in Germany consensus is the preferred mode. One should be conscious that peoples' expectations about their own part in shaping a resolution may be influenced by their cultural orientation (Spang & Ozcan, 2009).
The fifth difference is in attitudes toward disclosure. In some cultures, it is not fitting to be forthright about emotions, about the reasons behind a disagreement or a mix-up, or about personal information. When one is involved in a dialogue or when they are working with others or when they are dealing with a conflict, they should be mindful…
With the advancement in ICT, management of organizations has undergone changes in the period of the 21st century otherwise known as the digital era. The organization's function of Human esource (H) has also changed so fast resulting in a changing environment of social and organizational terms, while information technologies have rapidly evolved. H has grown to be an essential component in firm sustainability. This has resulted in the formation of new practices and processes in H. Some of the new practices include an E-selection, E-performance, E-recruitment, and E-learning. This study identifies how General Motors can utilize H Portals as new HIS technology to foster employee management. With H portals, the use of Employee Self-service and Manager Self-service will be essential to the company's processes of recruitment, employee performance and other human resource management activities within General Motors (Schwalbe, 2010).
E-ecruiting and E-Selection
With the advancement in technology in…
Harper, R. (2008). Inside the IMF: An ethnography of documents, technology and organizational action. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Pynes, J., & Lombardi, N. (2011). Human resources management for health care organizations: A strategic approach. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Schwalbe, K. (2010). Information Technology Project Management. Boston, MA: Course Technology/Cengage Learning.
Storey, J. (2007). Human resource management: A critical text. London: Thomson.
Human esource Issues in Health Field
The field of health human resources in the health field deals with issues such as planning, performance, management, development, information, retention, and research on human resources in the health sector Successful realization the mission and goals in this field is determined by the dedication and skills that the specialists possess. This study identifies various issues that often arise and bedevils this field. Current trends relating to technological advancements affecting the success and performance of employees in this field are also identified (Fried, & Johnson, 2002). Therefore, in order to improve service delivery in the health sector and consequently promote a healthy society, it is critical to identify and analyze the various challenges facing human resources in the health sector. This will provide a basis for developing various interventions aimed at dealing with the identified challenges and consequently improving the quality of service delivery in…
American Society for Healthcare Human Resources Administration. (2012). American Society for Healthcare Human Resources Administration ... membership directory. Gainesville FL: Naylor.
Fried, B., & Fottler, M.D. (2011). Fundamentals of human resources in healthcare. Chicago: Health Administration Press.
Fried, B., & Johnson, J.A. (2002). Human resources in healthcare: Managing for success. Washington, DC: AUPHA Press.
Kabene, S.M. (2011). Human resources in healthcare, health informatics and healthcare systems. Hershey, PA: Medical Information Science Reference.
Human Factors in Aviation Safety
The human beings with their immense capabilities, imagination, creativity, and cleverness have transformed the world into an industrial world that is surrounded by numerous inventions, innovations, and advancements in various facets of life. Aviation industry is also one of the developments of the human beings, which was imagined as an attempt to emulate bird flight. Human beings were engaged in this phenomenon for centuries prior to the emergence of the first flight, which resulted in outstanding civil transport in the form of spaceflight (Campbell & Bagshaw, 2008). However, it is wise to note that the human life is one integral aspect that should not be ignored when any mode of transportation is concerned. To have a safe journey during flights it is demonstrated that aviation safety is essential. Aviation safety principally signifies that prevention techniques in the form of regulation, education, and training should be…
Abeyratne, R. (2012). Strategic Issues in Air Transport: Legal, Economic and Technical Aspects. USA: Springer.
Abu-Taieh, E.M.O., El-Sheikh, A.A. & Jafari, M. (2012). Technology Engineering and Management in Aviation: Advancements and Discoveries. Information Science Reference.
Ben-Daya, M. (2009). Handbook of Maintenance Management and Engineering. USA: Springer.
Campbell, R.D. & Bagshaw, M. (2008). Human Performance and Limitations in Aviation. 3rd Edition. USA: John Wiley & Sons.
e. The Civil ights Act of 1964 and the Americans with Disabilities Act). We are focused on finding individuals who can excel at the position regardless of their race, creed, sexual orientation, nationality or disability. This improves the quality of talent inside the workplace and it creates a culture that is based upon openness as well as understanding.
Moreover, we encourage everyone to communicate about their changing needs. This helps us to create solutions that will make your work and personal life less stressful. When this happens, our employees are able to concentrate more effectively on stakeholders and they are willing to help customers. These two factors are what make the firm a success.
To achieve these larger objectives, we encourage everyone to use technology a part of their lives. This takes place from the very beginning by providing training and having employees / managers communicate regularly through these solutions.…
Post Crisis. (2011). Alix Partners. Retrieved from: http://www.alixpartners.com/en/MediaCenter/PressReleaseArchive/tabid/821/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/141/Post-Crisis-Auto-Industry-Faces-New-Set-of-Challenges-and-Decisions-According-to-AlixPartners-Study.aspx
Weismann, J. (2012). 53% of Recent College Grads. The Atlantic. Retrieved from: http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2012/04/53-of-recent-college-grads-are-jobless-or-underemployed-how/256237/
International Human esource Management
International Business H: Vital and Pivotal
During the 20th century, the human resources (H) function has become quite skilled at managing human capital which is frequently defined as the skills, knowledge and experience of individual workers within a company. Human resources management has never been more vital to organizations than it is today as more and more businesses are going global. For globalizing companies, experienced, informed and effective Human esource people skills are becoming a strategic asset. In order to maximize the competitive potential of employees across global markets many multinational companies will need to revise their H policies and programs.
Table of Contents
Background and Significance
Discussion and Implications
During the 20th century, the human resources (H) function has become quite skilled at managing human capital which is frequently defined as the skills, knowledge and experience of individual workers within…
Adeleye, Ifedapo. (2011). Theorizing the diffusion of International Human Resource
Practices:Towards an Integrated Conceptual Approach. International Journal of Business andManagement, 6(12), 254-269.
Baughn, C. Christopher, Neupert, Kent E., Anh, Phan Thi Thuc, and Hang, Ngo Thi
Minh.(2011). Social capital and human resource management in international joint ventures inVietnam: a perspective from a transitional economy. The International
Human esource Management
Although there have been many recent developments in the area of human resources and their management, the concept of managing people in the workplace is not a new one. In fact, according to Ogunyomi, Shadare, and Chidi (2011, p.19-20), the concept has evolved over more than a century, starting with the concept of scientific management created and promoted by Frederick Winslow Taylor at the turn of the 20th century during the height of the Industrial evolution. Since the world of business was dynamic, even from the start of large-scale business and organization, the concept of human resource management has also evolved over time to respond to the dynamic business world.
Today, human resource management is an integral part of any company's business strategy. It ensures not only effective recruitment and retention, but also the effective functioning of the company in general, and its adaptability to a dynamic…
Chan, A. (2004, Dec. 28). The Challenges of Human Resource Management. Retrieved from: http://www.webpronews.com/the-challenges-of-human-resource-management-2004-12
The Daily Recruiter (2011, Jan. 3). Emerging Trends of Talent Management and Challenges of HRM. Retrieved from: http://www.thedailyrecruiter.com/the-daily-recruiter-blog/emerging-trends-f-talent-management-nd-challenges-f-hrm.html
Du Plessis, A.J., Beaver, B., and Nel, P.S. (2006, Spring). Closing the Gap Between Current Capabilities and future Requirements in Human Resource Management in New Zealand: Some Empirical Evidence. Journal of Global Business and Technology. Vol. 2, No. 1. Retrieved from: http://www.gbata.com/docs/jgbat/v2n1/v2n1p4.pdf
Garg, A., Sharma, A. And Pandey, M.R. (2010, July-Dec.). Emerging Trends of Human Resource Management (With Special Focus on Information Technology Industry). Lachoo Management Journal, Vol. 1. Retrieved from: http://www.lachoomemorial.org/lmj/vol1/lmj8.pdf
Culture and Politics
Germany: How Culture and Politics Bring About Social Change
German history and culture are complex, and the country has been through a lot of changes, both in the past and more recently. In order to understand the cultural and political issues today, it is important to see where they have originated from and where they appear to be headed. That can also help foster social change and development, which is needed in every country in order to keep that country moving forward. Here, the political system of Germany will be addressed, followed by a cultural problem that is being seen in the present day. Once those two areas have been discussed, it will be shown how the German culture and political system can come together to create solutions to the problem, including the development of new policies and procedures. Germany has a rich history and there is…
A German Underclass? What Underclass? (2006). Spiegel.
Spiegel's article on the German underclass addresses the issue from the standpoint of German politics. In general, the upper classes are looking the other way and avoiding acknowledging that there is a problem with people in the country who do not have money and who need assistance. Until and unless this issue is acknowledged by the government, nothing will get done that will make things better for those people.
Dempsey, J. (2011). German Politics Faces Grass-Roots Threat. The New York Times.
The political parties in Germany are facing some threats from smaller organizations and coalitions that want to see real change. The multi-party system Germany has is valuable, but there are two parties in power and that can stifle other options for people who want to see change. Because of that, grass-roots threats are starting to appear sporadically as they lobby for changes to the political system.
Culture and Health Disparities - Filipinos
PESONAL SOCIAL STATUS: In researching this project, I found a study prepared by the Canadian Nurses Association (2005). It reviewed the social determinants of health and how one's social status impacts their or their family health outcomes. The focus of this piece was on issues such as poverty, economic inequality, social isolation and social support systems and their impact on the health of minorities, many of the same categories and characteristics mentioned in the Journal of Transcultural Nursing (Andrews et al., 2010). While their study was more on a broad base of Canadian conditions, their findings seem to reflect the circumstances of many first and second generation Filipinos. First and later generations of Filipinos who move to new cultures do act differently, but for the most part there remain many family connections and networks that cannot be overlooked.
My social status is mostly a…
Andrews, M. et al. (2010). Theoretical Basis for Transcultural Care. Section II. Foundations of Transcultural Nursing and Health Care. Journal of Transcultural Nursing. Vol. 21. DOI: 10.1177/1043659610374321.
Canadian Nursing Association (2005). Social Determinants of Health and Nursing: A summary of Issues. Canadian Nursing Association. Viewable at http://www.cna-aiic.ca/CNA/documents/pdf/publications/BG8_Social_Determinants_e.pdf.
Castillo, M.V. (nd). Caring in the Diaspora: Filipino Immigrants, Health Care, Healing, and Religion. Religious Healing in Boston. Viewable at http://www.hds.harvard.edu/cswr/resources/print/rhb/reports/13.Castillo.pdf .
McBride, M. (nd). Health and Health Care of Filipino Elders. Stanford Geriatric Education Center. Viewable at http://www.stanford.edu/group/ethnoger/filipino.html .
Human esources Contribution to Competitive Advantage
The human resources department has many opportunities to provide an organization with a competitive advantage. Firms recognizing that human resources can perform beyond simply administering benefits and filing employment documents, but can also play an integral role in shaping corporate culture into a highly productive machine, will experience significant bottom line gains. From quality recruitment, increased employee retention, and diversity, to heightened customer satisfaction and effective job training programs, the human resources department serves as the pulse of leading corporations.
Since the United States has shifted away from manufacturing and is now primarily service-driven, the collective brainpower of an organization is one of the most crucial assets. The human resources department is responsible for recruiting talented individuals who can offer the most value to the organization. Attracting educated, experienced staff members can provide an organization with the knowledge base needed to achieve…
Gaining competitive advantage through human resource management. (2005, March 1). Center for Digital Strategies at the Tuck School of Business. Retrieved from www.tuck.dartmouth.edu/cds-uploads/publications/pdf/Round_Overview_GainCompAdv.pdf
Jayne, R.L. (2006, August 14). Knowledge worker: Human resource strategy to achieve a competitive advantage. (Doctoral dissertation, St. Ambrose University). Retrieved from www.midwestacademy.org/Proceedings/2006/papers/paper9.pdf
Ulrich, D. & Brockbank, W. (2005, June 20). HR's new mandate: Be a strategic player. Harvard Business School. Working Knowledge for Business Leader. Retrieved from http://hbswk.hbs.edu/archive/4861.html
As the global business environment continues to grow and flourish, the field of international human resources management is emerging as a vitally important area of study and competency. Managing the resources -- and hiring the best people -- that are available has become pivotal to success in the highly competitive world. Understanding the critical role that international human resource management (IHRM) dynamics can bring to an organization is the first step, and implementing that knowledge base is the second step. This paper reviews and critiques the literature on IHRM and presents the needs for changes in the field of IHRM.
IHRM -- Challenging Organizations to Grow in Global Sophistication
hat is the key to understanding the challenges that IHRM presents to organizations when they prepare to go international? In approaching this question, some of the terms and jargon need flushing out. "Expatriate" is a person that is working…
Agarwal, Ajay. (1993). Learning Organization. Retrieved May 26, 2011, from http://www.hrfolks.com .
Lavigna, Robert J. (2004). Recruitment and Selection of Public Workers: An International
Compendium of Modern Trends and Practices. Public Personnel Management.
The Multinational Context. Chapter 1.
Human resource managers must help their companies become more sensitive to the issues of sexism, religion, sexual orientation, marital and family status, age, and other life experiences.
The economic position of most companies has shifted drastically in the past decade. One of the strongest forces influencing the way we do business is the phenomenon of globalization, a process in which companies in countries around the world are increasingly linked. A difficult challenge for humane resource managers is developing a system that works in their home countries as well as abroad, where circumstances of life and expectations of employees are often vastly different. The human resources manager must understand thoroughly not only the culture of employment at home but also the intricate rules and culture in all of the other places in which they have employees.
The technological world moves fast, and human resources managers must keep up. The simple fact…
The first consideration is that employees may be reluctant to reveal their innermost feelings about the company for fear that they will be punished for their responses. For this reason, it is imperative that employees are assured of absolute anonymity. This will also encourage honest answers and be the most likely to result in discovering the root causes of the problem. Employees will be able to respond anonymously by dropping their folded responses into a box by human resources.
Those that feel good about their job may be more eager to respond to a survey than those that are unhappy. A voluntary response would be more likely to result in a biased sample population. It is important that the sample is representative of the entire plant, rather than a small, select group. Therefore, employees will be told that the survey is mandatory. Although, there will be no real way to…
Gibson, S. (2004). Social Learning (Cognitive) Theory and Implications for Human Resource Development. Advances in Developing Human Resources. 6 (2): 193-210.
Manta Company Intelligence.(2008)Cardington Yutaka Technologies, Inc. (CYT). Retrieved May 28, 2008 at http://www.manta.com/comsite5/bin/manta_tt_page.pl?page=uecp_help_sidebar&mf=coms2/dnbcompany_cc305sq
Zimmerman, M. (2007). Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic value. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved May 28, 2008 at http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/value-intrinsic-extrinsic
Human esource Management
Using the example of Google, evaluate whether the following H practices/policies is strategic or not. Does this H practice help the organization to achieve its goals and objectives?
In this paper, we are going to be looking at the impact of different policies and procedures on Google. This will be accomplished by studying the strategies that they are using to attract and retain employees. Once this takes place, is when we can show how these ideas have helped the firm to transform the company.
Over the last several years, the issue of employee compensation has been increasingly brought to the forefront. This is because globalization is having a dramatic impact upon firm, as they need specialized employees to deal with a host of challenges. Those firms that are able to dominate the industry are able to attract the best talent. This helps to give them a competitive…
100 Companies to Work For, 2012. CNN. Available from: [10 May 2012].
Benefits, 2012, Google. Available from:
Human esource Learning Development
Human esources Learning Development
Learning and development is among leading businesses. Despite the current organizational budget squeezes, companies are making significant investments in training employees. esearches done on American companies reveal that these billion investments have actually improved the workforce where by skills are being transferred to everyday job (Wilson, 2005).
Human esources and Learning and Development activities support the Organization's strategy
Learning development or training development is one of the most significant components to our work and lives. Many people perceive training to be an activity that gives the outcome or is a result of learning. The learning is also considered as the new competency or abilities, skills and knowledge. We highly value learning in our culture. We may have undergone a series of learning processes, but many of us are still not equipped with the knowledge of carefully modeling an approach to training and…
Mayo, A. (2004). Creating a learning and development strategy the HR business partner's guide to developing people. London, Chartered Institute of Personnel, and Development
Wilson, J.P. (2005). Human resource development: learning & training for individuals & organizations. London: Kogan Page
Human esource Management is a practice of managing human skills, capacities and talents, to ensure their effective usage in the attainment of organizational goals, objectives and overall competitiveness (Youssef, 2012). Every Human esource manager performs various functions of recruiting, hiring, selecting and training competent employees. In addition, the manager offers competitive compensation and benefits packages, which attract, motivate and retain qualified employees. However, it is the function of the Personnel manager to devise ways, which will increase the employee effectiveness in performing the jobs. These ways include training, offering education and developing the capacities of the employees. As a result, there is an improvement of the employee contribution towards the attainment of organizational effectiveness and efficiency.
Effective management of employees' productivity is a crucial element in attaining organizational success (Youssef, 2012). High levels of productivity enable the organization to offer high compensation and benefits packages, which do not affect its…
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Sims, R.R. (2007). Human resource management: Contemporary issues, challenges and opportunities. Greenwich, Conn: Information Age Publ.
Youssef, C. (2012). Human resource management. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education.
Neither one of these opinions is good for the organization as a whole or the HR Department itself. The HRM function may be very efficient that way, but it loses its effectiveness.
In the second example, the globalization of the world of business has become a serious issue for workers who deal with customers, but the HRM function also needs to be up-to-date with how to respond to people who have different ethnicities and cultures. Effectiveness is often put on the back burner in lieu of efficiency. The HR Department needs to get things done, so it does things the way it always has -- it knows that way works. Unfortunately, though, that means that it is not always as sensitive to the needs of others as it should be. Employees in other countries or regions are not used to another area's way of doing things. While some things cannot…
Another valuable lesson is pegged to the necessity to select and hire the most suitable staff members. Then, the equal employment rights stimulate the researcher to adopt a more open view of cultural diversity in the workplace. Additionally, as a future application, it would even be important to remember that people of different backgrounds have different skills and abilities. Instead of striving to standardize them, the players in the workplace community should try to capitalize more on the points of difference offered by culturally diverse staff members, such as their increased ability to communicate with culturally diverse customers.
5. Impact of the Study on Career and Personal Life
It is yet uncertain as to how the personal career of the researcher would be impacted by the findings of the study. What is however known with certainty is that the baggage of HM knowledge of the researcher has significantly increased. Within…
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Human Factor in Cargo Security
Is Human Factor important Cargo Security
Cargo security I one of the major issues handled with priority by Homeland security department in United States of America. It is regarded as a positional facilitator in terrorism activities. Another notable factor in implementing security measures for cargo was theft as a direct business cost for U.S. It is observed that businesses lost $15b to $30 billion as a loss to cargo theft in 2006. The research further states that personnel access, vehicles access, and proliferation of papers are one of the major causes of cargo theft. It is evident that certain factors have a direct influence on maintaining security for cargo. Technology, processes, procedures, systems, and all of the above human involvement are major issues in cargo security. It requires maintaining a high level of integrity for all these factors to reduce risk in cargo transportation.
Giermanski, J. (2011, June 01). Facing the realities and probabilities of enhancing supply chain security. The Maritime Executive, Retrieved from http://www.maritime-executive.com/article/facing-the-realities-and-probabilities-of-enhancing-supply-chain-security/
Giermanski, J. (2012). Global Supply Chain Security. USA: Rowman & Littlefield.
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The idea of human freedom transcends the spectrum of most subjects worthy of academic discussion. The purpose of this essay is to investigate, describe and discuss the concept of human freedom as it specifically relates to sociology and the social landscape. In order to accomplish this I will highlight some of aspects of human freedom to demonstrate the complexity and necessity of understanding this ideal. Political, religious and economic factors will be included to give this broad issue context and to further broaden the discussion and descriptions of this important subject.
Society could be described as a qualitative manifestation of human freedom. Differing cultures residing in various national landscapes appear to hold varying views on what is allowed or not allowed in these areas. Freedom is therefore rationally based upon the local and domestic traditions and practices of given areas. ar and conflict appears as the process where…
Carlisle, C. (2012). Evil, part 3. does freedom make us evil? The Guardian, 29 Oct, 2012. Retrieved from http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/oct/29/does-freedom - make-us-evil
Greenwell, A. (2011). Catholic Social Teaching and Authentic Human Freedom. Catholic Online, 27 Dec, 2011. Retrieved from http://www.catholic.org/hf/faith/story.php?id=44188
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The United Nations Web Site. Viewed 20 November, 2012. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/index.shtml
Human Resource Management -- Questions
Why is the HR department playing a more significant role in organizational strategic planning processes today than it did 20 years ago? Today, HR is part of the growth and problem solving areas of the organization. In the past, it focused only on basic personnel functions. Companies realized that HR could do much more than it was involved in, so they expanded the duties of the department. Much of that took place as the need for and use of technology grew and companies became more global in nature.
Why is it correct to conclude that all managers are involved in developing and implementing HRM activities and programs? Every manager in the company has input into how the company is run and how the employees do their jobs. Because of that, they must understand, enforce, and agree upon rules and regulations made by that company. By…
This phase also includes the definition of market-competitive base salaries, merit increases, benefits, bonuses and incentives. It is also the area where benefits are budgeted for and offered. Many practitioners and managers both see this as the most critical phase of the HM lifecycle for retention as a result (Ulferts, Wirtz, Peterson, 2009). In fact it is the development of jobs that have a wider span of responsibilities and link personal achievement to the attainment of challenging goals rather than making pay purely dependent on minimal levels of performance (Pilenzo, 2009). HM can help employees find challenge and meaning in their work by using the strategies in this phase of the lifecycle with intelligence. The role of salaries and benefits in terms of giving employees a sense of autonomy is also critical not only for employee satisfaction and the marketing of a company to potential employees as world-of-mouth is one…
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Herrbach, O., Mignonac, K., Vandenberghe, C., & Negrini, a.. (2009). Perceived HRM practices, organizational commitment, and voluntary early retirement among late-career managers. Human Resource Management, 48(6), 895.
Liker, J., & Hoseus, M.. (2010). Human Resource development in Toyota culture. International Journal of Human Resources Development and Management, 10(1), 34.
Morris, S., Wright, P., Trevor, J., Stiles, P., Stahl, G., Snell, S., Paauwe, J., & Farndale, E.. (2009). Global challenges to replicating HR: The role of people, processes, and systems. Human Resource Management, 48(6), 973.
Operational representatives are often involved in connection with establishing the specific types of objective task performance and knowledge tests that Human Resources will use to identify the best qualified candidates from the field.
Ideally, by the time that Human Resources first publishes a job opening, the choice of where and how to publicize that open position, how to describe the position, and what initial criteria will be used to evaluate prospective candidates already reflects an ongoing joint effort between Human Resources and the department with that particular positional opening. Likewise, when Human Resources representatives conduct the initial interview, they are emphasizing the concerns and preferences communicated by those departments; and when they administer knowledge and skills tests to differentiate between candidates and to identify the best qualified, the tests and other instruments they employ for that purpose also reflect substantial input from the departments where the successful candidate will eventually…
More specifically, the growing ability of employees to share their opinions about their employers means that employers who fail to provide a uniformly consistent and positive vocational experience will have greater difficulty recruiting and retaining the best-qualified talent (Alessie, 2008). Three-quarters of contemporary business executives polled have expressed concern about their ability to recruit and retain good employees and as many as eighty percent have concerns that may not be able to maintain the enough talented employees to sustain their organizations (Alessie, 2008).
According to many contemporary business HM professionals, the role of Facebook has increased the pressure of ensuring employee satisfaction. In addition to having to compete for talent in an environment that makes job hunting easier, they also have to worry about the negative impact on recruitment of public opinions posted on Facebook about employees' experiences (Leader-Chivee, Hamilton, & Cowan, 2008). Similarly, as the competition for top talent…
Alessie, L. "Big Brother is watching: Lorenza Alessie, associate director at HVS
Executive Search, investigates how professional and social online networks such as Facebook and Linkedin are affecting the face of recruitment." Leisure Report, (August 2008).
Leader-Chivee, L., Hamilton, B.A., and Cowan, E. "Networking the way to success:
online social networks for workplace and competitive advantage." People & Strategy, (December 2008).
human resources management Conduct a series specific case studies companies, countries, approach issue human resource management development. Specific comparative analysis made practices U.S. countries.
Human resource management -- the case of McDonald's and Wal-Mart's HM practices in Europe, Asia and the United States of America
The role of human resources management has changed dramatically throughout the past recent decades. Once the people operating the machineries and blindly implementing the decisions made by the managers, the employees have gradually metamorphosed into the most valuable organizational assets. They are the ones who put together their knowledge to create intellectual capital and support the employers in attaining their objectives.
The modern day staff members create value for the organization and represent it in all aspects of the business dimensions and the interactions with other categories of stakeholders -- customers, business partners, the general public, governmental and non-governmental institutions and so on. And this…
Aras, G., Crowther, D., 2010, A handbook of corporate governance and social responsibility, Gower Publishing Ltd.
Berrone, P., Global compensation. Foundations and perspectives, IESE Business School, http://iese.academia.edu/berrone/Books/101418/Global_compensation._Foundations_and_perspectives last accessed on November 24, 2011
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Human esources Management - Maintaining a Competitive Edge in the Corporate Marketplace
Change continues to reshape the workplace. Today's H professional is called upon to help the organization retain its competitive edge in the marketplace. Along with representing the best interests of employees, H professionals assume the role of strategic partner, administrative expert, and change agent. H assumes a critical role in promoting the vision and shaping the focus of the company. H professionals must be skilled and knowledgeable business partners, able to wear many hats while demonstrating their own competencies in communication and decision-making skills. (Aghazadeh, 1999)
Today, H departments face many challenges. Some are conventional and continuing concerns.
Attract, retain and motivate employees;
Ensure legal and regulatory compliance;
Manage the human side of technological change.
Perhaps, most critically today however, progressive H departments are charged with adding value to the corporation as they seek to:
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Those employees with the strongest enthusiasm for FedEx culture are often those who have been with the company the longest. If FedEx is able to offer a compelling package to Kinko's workers, sufficient to improve retention rates, they may also build a group of leaders in the workplace, those who can help indoctrinate new workers into the FedEx culture.
Solutions and Implementation
To bring the cultures of FedEx and Kinko's closer together, FedEx should do two main things. The first is that they should afford Kinko's workers the same level of wages and benefits. This will help to attract and retain workers who are more in line with the FedEx culture. It will also help to ease the transition towards a greater level of professionalism for the existing workers. There needs to be opportunities for Kinko's employees to move into other areas of the company. In the retail environment, a…
References no author (2007) a Ream of Culture Clashes at FedEx Kinko's. AdPulp.com. Retrieved May 19, 2008 at http://www.adpulp.com/archives/2007/05/a_ream_of_cultu.php
Hirschman, Carolyn. (2001). Exit Strategies: Older Workers Want to Retire Gradually. HR Magazine. Retrieved May 19, 2008 at http://www.allbusiness.com/human-resources/workforce-management-hiring/833239-1.html .
In this briefing new employee human resources, we will be considering cultural management issues in the tourist industry and how they impact upon our business. Our company, Beach Bum Ltd. is a travel consultancy Agency which was recently hired to provide a critical analysis on whether or not sustainable tours can attract American ecological tourists to travel to countries such as Tanzania and Namibia. We are a culturally eclectic group of advisors specialising in all aspects of tourism. Cultural sensitivity is not only our watchword, but our bottomline. Please do not feel overwhelmed by all of this information. Some of you may feel as though you are back in college. est assured, the difference between profit and bankruptcy in our business is the ability to sell in that person's culture. People like to feel important and an acknowledgement of their importance is not just being nice. It is also…
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Human Resources as Critical Investments
IN AN ORGANIZATION'S FUTURE
The purpose of this paper is to explore whether or not the human resources (HR) within an organization should be used as critical investments. To support this exploration, the terms "human capital," "human assets" and "intellectual capital" will be discussed, on the merits of each specific term as well as in relation to one another. Finally a conclusion will be drawn that determines if human resources should be viewed as any or all of the above terms, and if HR managers should utilize them as critical investments in an organization's future.
To begin, the overarching term "human resources management (HRM)" must be understood. HRM essentially is an all-encompassing term that refers to how an organization's human resources are used to achieve the organization's overall objectives or strategic directions. HRM includes a continuum of activities that can be compartmentalized into seven categories:…
Boone, Christophe, Arjen van Witteloostuijn. Industry Competition and Firm Human Capital. Small Business Economics. 1996. Vol. 8. Pp. 347-364.
Boudreau, John, Peter Ramstad. Measuring Intellectual Capital: Learning From Financial History. Human Resource Management. Fall, 1997. Vol. 36, No. 3. Pp. 343-356.
Bradley, Keith. Measuring Return on Human Assets in Companies. Feb., 1993. London School of Economics, Business Performance Group.
Human esource Management in Multinational Banks in Tanzania
ealization of effective management of operations and resources in the financial institutions is a dream for most organizations globally. Providing services that aim at meeting consumer needs becomes a key determinant that influences the realization of the stated objectives. In specific, providing services that empower the employees ensure the realization of the planned objectives as it creates the desired organizational culture of excellent performance. Analysis of different companies shows that the variance in the performance arises from the manner in which operations are managed (Wilkinson, 2009). Therefore, the following analysis compares and diagnoses the management of human resources of two multinational banks in Tanzania. The analysis illuminates the light into the different factors that influence effective management of operations in an organization.
Major issues that work against the concept of performance management
Analysis of the case study reveals different issues in the…
Beamish, P.W. & Newenham-Kahindi, A. (2007). Human Resource Management in Multinational Banks in Tanzania. Ivey Publishing. 18 pages. Publication Date: Oct 29, 2007. Prod. #: 907C40-PDF-ENG
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Newenham-Kahindi, A. (2011). Human resource strategies for managing back-office employees in subsidiary operations: The case of two investment multinational banks in Tanzania. Journal of World Business, 46(1), 13 -- 21. doi:10.1016/j.jwb.2010.05.013
Frank and Taylor (2004) warn that motivating employees is highly dependent on their specific wants and needs. An accounting firm that mostly hires conservative, serious-minded employees who value efficiency above all else are not likely to be motivated by the offer of a life coach or a concierge. They would probably be much more motivated by a good 401k plan. However, that does not mean that all types of organizations cannot get creative with their benefits.
The key is to creating an effective and creative employee benefit strategy is talk to the employees and find out what they really want. According to Gajewski (2005) it is critically important to modify "the corporate culture to balance employee needs and desires with organizational objectives" (p. 4). Therefore, if companies can change the corporate culture in such as way that satisfies both management and employees, then they would be remiss not to do…
Alsop, R. (2008) The 'Trophy Kids' go to work. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB122455219391652725.html
Are They Really Ready To Work? Employers Perspective On The Basic Knowledge And Applied Skills Of New Entrant To The 21st Century U.S. Workforce. 2006. Retrieved from http://www.p21.org/documents/FINAL_REPORT_PDF09-29-06.pdf
Avery, D.R., & McKay, P.F. (2006). Target practice: An organizational impression management approach to attracting minority and female job applicants. Personnel Psychology, 59, 157-187.
Birdi, K., Clegg, C.W., Patterson, M.A., Robinson, A., Stride, C.B., Wall, T.D., & Wood, S.J. (2008). The impact of human resource and operational management practices on company productivity: A longitudinal study. Personnel Psychology, 61, 467-501.
And, if one flees historical reality, then, is it not futile in that eventually it will catch up with us? As a "guest" of this world, then, what is the basic responsibility we have towards humanity? Daru chooses an isolated and ascetic life -- he flees society, but society catches up with him, and it is his decision that allows him to become -- more human. Of true importance in this work is that the original title in French, L'hote means two things -- the guest, or the host. Thus, the title refers to the struggle of both the prisoner and the schoolmaster; giving the reader a moral guide that is less than logical, but historically practical (Camus, 2000).
Gimpel the Fool is a Yiddish tale set down by Isaac Singer, and translated into English in 1953. In essence, it is representative of much of the Judaic culture -- the…
Camus, A. (2000). The Guest. In Y. a. Cummings, The Terrible Power of A Minor Guilt (pp. 41-56). Syaracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.
Pinker, S. (1989). Learnability and Cognition: The Acquisition of Argument Structure. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Roochnik, D. (2004). Retrieving the Ancients: An Introduction to Greek Philosophy.
New York: Wiley-Blackwell.
"(O'Callaghan and Smits, nd) it is stated that estimations of the Gartner Group is that the majority of the data in organizations (75-80%) is in this state of unstructured format and is generally not easily located when it is needed by the organization.
O'Callaghan and Smits (nd) state that organizations tend to "maintain and variety of systems and databases in a complex ad-hoc architecture that does not seem to fulfill the needs for company-wide unstructured information in business processes, business functions and the extended enterprise." (O'Callaghan and Smits, nd) it is stated that document management (DM) systems focus on the organization and accessibility of files and contain the following parts in the DM system:
a) File storage;
b) File categorization;
d) Collaboration services;
e) Workflow services;
f) Versioning services; and g) Access services. (O'Callaghan and Smits, nd)
2) Organizations should not fail in implementation of 'Enterprise Content Management'…
Human Resources - Critically appraise the historical development and future direction of Human Resource Management in the Hospitality Industry
Personnel Management & Human Resource Management
Links of Corporate Strategy and Human Resource Management -- An Analysis
Trends in Hospitality Management
Human Resourcing strategies in Hospitality Industry
Personnel Management & Human Resource Management
The practices of people management have received additional importance due to the present emphasis on the renewed interest in human resources. Traditionally, there has always been a dividing line between operational managers and personnel managers who are now called human resource managers. In the United States the function of personnel management has been a recognized function since the National Cash Register Company had opened their personnel office in the 1890s. The American personnel managers have always closely identified themselves with the objectives of the organization and this may be considered as a unitary tradition.…
Rowland, K. And Summers, S. (1981). Human resource planning: A second look. Personnel Administrator, December, 73-80.
Lorange, P. And Murphy, D.C. (1984). Bring human resources into strategic planning: Systems design considerations. In: Fombrun, C., Tichy, N. And Devanna, M. (eds.), Strategic human resource management. New York: John Wiley & Sons. 275-296
Nkomo, S.M. (1984). Prescription vs. practice: the state of human resource planning in large U.S. organizations. Paper presented at the Southern Management Association meeting, 14-17, November, New Orleans, Louisiana.
Golden, K.A. And Ramanujam, V. (1985). Between a dream and a nightmare: On the integration of the human resource management and strategic business planning processes. Human Resource Management, vol. 24, no. 4, 429-452.
A matrix is developed in order to show the probability of an employee moving from one job to another or leaving the organization altogether. The underlying assumption is that the departure or movement of personnel among various job classifications can be predicted from past movements (Stone, 2009, p.69). Another tool that can be used is that of a trend analysis. A trend analysis is study of the organizations past employment needs over a period of years in order to predict the future. This is based on the theory that the future is an extrapolation from the past. This allows Human esource needs to be estimated by examining the events of the past (H Planning, n.d.).
With a merger it is important for these processes to be done involving all employees at both institutions so that a clear picture can be captured of what internal resources are already available. This allows…
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Such an inclination to dismiss work like Hofstede's might rather be defined as bad science, because the definition of validity that is used in the human sciences now is one that has been imported from the hard sciences in an attempt to transfer to the human sciences the prestige of the hard sciences.
However the concept of validity is not based on a single research methodology. Instead it refers to a specific epistemological approach, which is that to be valid a study has to be able accurately to answer any question(s) that it is intended to provide a response to. Experimental validity arises from the fact that the research methodology and design provide an accurate way to measure what it is intended to measure.
This last specification, which is accepted to the point of being nearly universal, has a certain circular quality to it, and this criticism is as true…
Human esource Management
Companies will usually downsize in order to reduce costs, especially where a firm is making losses, or to streamline the organizational structure, which may improve efficiency. The downside of downsizing is that there is no guarantee of success, and in the downsizing process the firm may lose resources that would have been useful, including human knowledge as well as capacity which may be a negative influence a firm. One strategy often used is outsourcing, this may cut costs, or allow for access to specialist services at a lower costs that internal provision. However, outsourcing also has disadvantages including loss of control over timing and quality, costs may increase, there may also be risks in terms commercial confidentiality.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs hypothesizes that there is a pyramid of needs with individuals moving up and down over different points in their life (Torrington…
Forsyth, D.R. (2010), Group Dynamics, Belmont, Wadsworth, Cengage Learning
Torrington, Derek; Taylor, Stephen; Hall, Laura; Atkinson, Carol, (2011), Human Resource Management, Prentice Hall
Additionally, his statement that new procedures will be phased in over time is inconsistent with the realities of the rules put in place over the first few weeks of his new regime.
Clearly what has occurred and what must be changed to redevelop the productivity and morale of the department is recognition that heavy handed techniques designed to enhance productivity will not produce results. From a psychological perspective Corbett's error was in determining that employees would positively respond to his changes as a matter of physiological and safety considerations as indicated by Maslow. The culture though prior to his arrival though was built on the Maslow identities of social needs, ego, and self- actualization. (Public Personnel Administration. P.104. N.D.) Employees who were subsequently told how and when to do their jobs responded with a decision to do less work, miss time, and produce at a reduced quality. Corbett's intention to…
Portfolio theory is a venture advance that permits investors to approximate both the expected risks and returns, as calculated statistically, for their investment portfolios (Investment Portfolio Management and Portfolio Theory, 2011). This is a very good technique that those in the investment field use in order to get the most out of their investments. This technique can also be used in the human resources arena in order for a company to get the most return on their employees.
H professionals in today's business world act as a partners with line management in order to resolve vital issues and add optimistically to the organizations bottom line. This H-business unit partnership guarantees that H goals are in line with the companies' general plan. The position of the human part of the company and its strategic goals makes sure that the company sustains its competitive edge by dealing with key matters…
Frederickson, Valerie. (n.d.). Risk Management and the HR Executive. Retrieved from http://www.vfandco.com/resources/PDFs/Risk_Management.pdf
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Ropella, Patrick B. (2009). The competitive advantage.(Human Capital Management). Retreived
Cultues in Conflict & Change
William Faulkne leaves us in suspense at the end of a tubulent sequence of events titled "Ban Buning." Who killed whom? We could speculate fom othe books pehaps but those wods ae outside this stoy. Given that stict constaint, we don't eally know. Saty watches De Spain and his hose vanish in the distance and heas thee shots, which he assumes kill his fathe at least, and pehaps olde bothe. This is the widest possible assumption but a fulle analysis would have to exploe othe possibilities. The esult fo Saty is the same: He uns away fom fathe, bothe and the women's cultue egadless who pulled which tigge(s) at the De Spain ban. Abne Snopes will appea hee as 'AS,' De Spain as 'DS' and 'Saty' as 'CSS' fo bevity, but also abstaction, because Faulkne ('WF') sets up abstactions, though symbolic equations that pemeate the…
references and habits; she is only one but the men single her out for different reasons, which were ultimately provoked in fact by an unusual weather event. If the workers ever fry and devour "an egg from some woman," it will not be she who caters to their taste for human flesh.
It is not startling that some remarkable variation exists between the great apes as well as humans with regard to mental capabilities. Humans possess a lot higher intricate types of verbal communications compared to any other primates. Humans are the sole animal to make and apply symbols as a way to communicate with each other. Humans also have diverse as well as complex forms of social organizations compared to that of the other nonhuman primates. The most unique characteristic of humans lies in human mental capability to build novel ideas as well as intricate technologies. This has been considered to be important in the fight for endurance. (O'Neil 2007)
Further, the relatively negligible structural variations among humans and apes are generally an outcome of regular bipedalism observed in human beings. Quite a number of alterations in human bodies were linked to the growth of this type of locomotion. As opposed…
Berg, Kate; Bonham, Vence; Boyer, Joy; Brody, Larry; Brooks, Lisa; Collins, Francis;
Guttmacher, Alan; McEwen, Jean; Muenke, Max; Olson, Steve; Wang, Vivian Ota; Rodriguez, Laura Lyman; Vydelingum, Nadarajen; Warshauer-Baker, Esther. 2005, 'The Use of Racial, Ethnic, and Ancestral Categories in Human Genetics Research', American Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 77, no. 4, pp: 519-532.
Bethesda, MD. 2006, 'Present-Day Non-Human Primates May Be Linchpin in Evolution of Language' Terra Daily. 25 Jul., p. 4
British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection, 2007, the Zero option, Available at http://www.buav.org/campaigns/primates/zerooption.html
These practices include: selective hiring, employment security, self-managed team, extensive training, sharing information, diminution of status differences, and stipulation of high pay contingent on organizational performance.
Other authors analyzed by Chang and Huang sustain that SHM benefits company both directly and indirectly as it modifies passivity into initiative by clearly communicating organizational goals and encouraging the participation of line-managers. In addition, by generating structural cohesion, defined as "an employee-generated synergy that propels a company forward, enabling the firm to respond to its environment while still moving forward" (Chang and Huang, 2005), the SHM influences positively organizational performance.
Various other testimonials strengthen the idea that a good strategic orientation of human resources will mostly appear in high performance firms, as contrary to the cases of low performance firms, which tended to apply more conventional methods. (Jackson and Schuler, 1995)
Human esources Management (HM) and the Strategic Management Process (SMP)
Armstrong, M., "A Handbook of Human Resource Management," Kogan Page, 2000, 7th Edition, London
Jackson, S.E., Schuler, R.S., "Managing Human Resources: A partnership perspective," South-Western College, 2000, Cincinnati, OH
Milkovich, G.T., and Boudreau, J.W., "Human Resource Management," Times Mirror Higher Education Group, USA, 1997, p. 2-10
Not that I judge it.(puts head in hands.beat. looks up) Listen, I don't want to be dead yet. Is there any way to...
Even though that dialogue of Nathan is ludicrous it reflects truth of modern moral realities, as quite often restrictions in communication are created by people themselves, so they suffer most from virtues of their own ethics. Love and snobbism cannot correlate, as love requires freedom of feelings and freedom of their expression. From the other side, human sexual desires have noting to do with animal instincts as they can be realized only if human communication and mutual sympathy are present. Puff learns these facts in order to get sexual satisfaction, as he needs to follow the rules established by human society; Lilia understands that hiding her real nature she suffers more turning into snob and hypocrite.
Human nature shows, that in modern world it's important not to…
"Human nature" shows, that in modern world it's important not to lose the unity with reality, in order to remain human, but not a senseless, puritan robot.
Kaufman, Charlie "HUMAN NATURE" http://www.imsdb.com/scripts/Human-Nature.html
Symbols, the Mind, and the Animal State
In Chapter 7 of Maps of Time, David Christian (2011) discusses how human language is built not only of "icons" and "indices," which are types of recognition, correlation, and communication that many organisms from bacteria to dogs can use, but primarily of symbols -- a more complex and higher-order level of communication (p. 172). This is only part of a larger discussion on the development of human history, however it is worthy of consideration simply as its own advancement and unique feature. An understanding of how language is a definitive feature of humanity, and of the implications of a division between man and nature, creates valuable insights for understanding human development.
As explained by Christian (2011), certain associations can be made by many organisms between similar or concurrent experiences in a way that might appear to be symbolic learning or communication,…
Christian, D. (2011). Maps of Time. Berkley: University of California Press.
Emmerich, R. (2004). The Day After Tomorrow. Twentieth Century Fox Films.
Levi, P. (1975). Carbon. Accessed 4 March 2012. www.pems.adfa.edu.au/~s9471553/level1/Teaching/Health02/CarbonStory.pdf
Culture & Religion
Roman Catholic: The Roman Catholic religion believes in the Holy Trinity of a creator God the Father; Jesus Christ, His Son; and the Holy Spirit. Other beliefs that characterize the religion are the original sin; the forgiveness of sin; the second coming of the Lord; and life after death (CIM, 49). Given its belief in sin, the religion offers the hope of salvation through its sacraments and baptism. Infant baptism is encouraged to erase the original sin and as a start to a spiritual life through the Church. In addition, the Roman Catholic Church holds that the mass is a continuation of the sacrifice made by Christ and thus teaches the doctrine of transubstantiation or that the bread and wine at communion actually become the body and blood of Christ (Biblical Discernment Ministries, 1997). Generally, the religion has no dietary restrictions. However, it advocates abstaining from meat…
Culture and Marketing Strategy
About the print ad from http://theinspirationroom.com/daily/2013/johnnie-walker-from-the-future/
The print ad is about a certain brand of alcoholic drink that is endorsed by a professional athlete. The athlete takes a sip from a glass of whisky and begins walking. This in a way appears to suggest that consumers of this particular brand of whisky can cover long distances after taking this whiskey. Information pertaining to alcoholic content and how the brand is matured are not clearly visible on the ad. The only visible thing is the image of the person who has endorsed the brand making some strides.
Assumptions made by the authors of the ad
The authors of the ad try to make the ad to be more appealing to the motives and desires of the consumers. They give form to people's deep-lying desires. They assume that they will best arrest the consumer's attention by tugging consumer's…
Altstiel, T & Grow, J. (2006). Advertising Strategy: Creative Tactics From the Outside/In. CA:
Petracca, M. & Sorapure, M. (1998). Common Culture: Reading and Writing about American
Popular Culture. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.
The reach of the Internet is massive. The Internet opens channels into talent pools never before available. At the same time, using the Internet is faster and cheaper than most traditional recruitment methods. Positions posted on Internet sites can remain for periods of 30 to 60 days, or more, and are accessible 24 hours a day. Candidates anywhere in the world can view detailed information about the job and the Center, and they can respond electronically.
Sourcing strategy #4: Advertising in the print media
Placing position announcements in newspapers and periodicals remains an important way to reach candidates and can easily work in combination with Internet recruitment. Many newspapers also place their print announcements on their Internet sites.
My organization primarily focuses recruiting efforts on a combination of networking and accessing internet tools, including the Company website. Through utilizing the network of contacts of each employee, talent management/recruiting efforts are…
The act contains a prescription drug entitlement. This is accomplished by providing subsidies for employers to convince them not to eliminate prescription drug benefits for retired workers. Further subsidies were made to prescription drugs for Medicare beneficiaries. Extra money was given to rural hospitals. The act also provided for a trial of partly-privatized Medicare.
Another result of the act was the creation of health savings accounts for workers. These replace company-run health reimbursement arrangements, and the HSAs offer advantages over flexible spending accounts, especially because the former rolls over where the latter does not. This part of the act was designed to replace the Medical Savings Account system. Lastly, there were internal changes such as with respect to the way claims are processed.
This law is a good law. hile expensive for the federal government because of its prescription drug provisions, it introduced the HSA system, which represents an improvement…
Ellig, Bruce R. (2001). Strategies for gaining a powerful edge in the executive talent wars. McGraw Hill Professional. Retrieved April 1, 2009 from http://books.google.com/books?id=hBPaskPAJUQC&pg=PA4&lpg=PA4&dq=intrinsic+extrinsic+compensation&source=bl&ots=2u2mESAWlv&sig=cxUlTaJEdvUidA_Omlpt7lTfcuE&hl=en&ei=xxjUSYDwHOKPmAeSk8SxDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6#PPA4,M1
Card, David & Krueger, Alan B. (1997). Myth and Measurement. Princeton University Press. Retrieved April 1, 2009 from http://books.google.com/books?id=VDNI0Uy86J8C&printsec=frontcover
Off the job training is implemented in a location different from the actual place of employment. The more common methods of off the job training include the day releases (through which the employees take the day off work to engage in the training program), distance learning, block release courses, sandwich courses or self-study. The main advantages of this method are that the quality of the results is increased, as the commitment is also higher. Additionally, the trainees come to capitalize on the expertise of various specialists and can become more knowledgeable and confident employees. Still, despite these advantages, off the job training is not suitable for diversity efforts at the Police Departments; it is costly and it induces the loss of work (Tutor2U).
Last, the behavioral methods of training include processes such as games and simulations, behavior modeling efforts, business games, case studies, equipment stimulators or role plays (Training and…
Oskamp, S., 2000, Reducing prejudice and discrimination, Routledge
Homan, M.S., 2010, Promoting community change: making it happen in the real world, 5th edition, Cengage Learning
Nkomo, S.M., Fotter, M.D., McAfee, R.B., 2010, Human resource management applications, 7th edition, Cengage Learning
People management -- types and methods of training at work, Tutor2U, http://tutor2u.net/business/gcse/people_training_types.htmlast accessed on June 6, 2012