Human Nature Essays (Examples)

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Human Commonalities in Literature in

Words: 1134 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30023599

In stark contrast to Hemmingway's Old Man and the Sea is Kurt Vonnegut's Harrison Bergeron which is not only set in the future, but a bleak, tyrannical, almost farcical future. 2081 is not a year in which any sane person would hope to see if Vonnegut's future comes true; it is a dystopian future where everyone if forced to be equal, no matter how ridiculous the attempt to do so. The Bergeron's, George, Hazel, and their son Harrison live in a world where intelligent people have buzzers in their heads to keep them from being too smart, while beautiful people must wear masks to cover their faces so other, less attractive people don't feel bad. As Vonnegut himself stated "Nobody was smarter than anybody else. Nobody was better looking than anybody else." (Vonnegut) Every natural advantage is handicapped by the government to make everyone exactly equal. And everyone seems content…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hemmingway, Ernest. The Old Man and the Sea. Germany: Max Hueber. 1960. Print.

Johnson, Samuel. "Preface to Shakespeare." Rutgers University. Web. 25 Mar. 2012.
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Human Resource Frame

Words: 572 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66713638

Human esource Frame

The topic of human resource is highly popular among the specialized literature and this can be explained by the changing role of the employees within the modern day business climate. Based on previous research, it was observed that the majority of the literary sources focus on HM from an organizational standpoint in the meaning that they offer input on how economic agents can go about in the superior management of the employees. In other words, emphasis is placed on the formulation of strategic recommendations on how the managers can be capitalize on the skills of the employees and how they can use them to attain their pre-established organizational objectives.

This approach is also common in the seventh and eight chapters of Bolman and Deal's eframing organizations -- artistry, choice and leadership. In these two chapters, the authors formulate pertinent recommendations in the field of human resource management.…… [Read More]


Bolman, L.G., Deal, T.E., Reframing organizations -- artistry, choice and leadership, 4th edition
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Human Biological Variation Is Human

Words: 2690 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55012786

Another psychological approach studied the physical basis for emotion. LeDoux (1995, p. 209+) noted, "Scientists concerned with human nature have not been able to reach a consensus about what emotion is and what place emotion should have in a theory of mind and behavior." He proposed, however, that "findings about the neural basis of emotion might also suggest new insights into the functional organization of emotion that were not apparent from psychological findings alone. The brain, in other words, can constrain and inform our ideas about the nature of emotion." This would seem to play into any discussion of genetics vs. culture as emotion is viewed, accurately or not, as a construct of societal norms in large part. Because fear is a common part of human life, LeDoux uses it to investigate his theories. "The expression of fear is conserved to a large extent across human cultures and at least…… [Read More]

Moore, J. (2002). Some thoughts on the relation between behavior analysis and behavioral neuroscience. The Psychological Record, 52(3), 261+. Retrieved November 19, 2004, from Questia database,

Suh, Eunkook M. 2002. Cultural influences on personality. Annual Review of Psychology;

Retrieved November 19, 2004 from Highbeam database,
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Nature in Troilus and Cressida Both Troilus

Words: 2026 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1250739

Nature in Troilus and Cressida

Both Troilus and Cressida and The inter's Tale deal with nature as an allegory for human nature. Many kinds of metaphors are used, from the classically romantic, to the dirty joke, to positive and negative portrayals of personalities. Many of the most powerful metaphors are in the initial portion of the play.

In Act I, Scene I, of Troilus and Cressida, Troilus compares being observed by his father and Hector to "as when the sun doth light a storm" (line 31). Presumably his inner turmoil over his love for Cressida is the storm, and his false good humor is the light in the storm. This implies that nature can be false, as well. Later in the same discussion, Troilus says his hopes are drowned, again using the depths of the ocean as an expression of his emotions (line 37). Later he compares Cressida to a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Rubinstein, F. (1995). A Dictionary of Shakespeare's Sexual Puns and Their Significance. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
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Human Resource Management to Increase

Words: 326 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2060900

They must be a quick study of human nature, but also know how to probe beneath the surface, and look beyond canned responses to get a real feel for the prospective employee's personality. They must be able to take the interviewee slightly off-guard with a probing question, yet still put him or her at ease so the prospective employee will be relaxed and open enough to be candid and not 'freeze up.'

Recruiters must be well-versed in a variety of subjects, if they are to recruit for a number of departments, spanning from it to advertising. Their knowledge of the organization should be thorough, but they should also know how to make 'small talk' and use humor to put the prospective employee at east. Finally, they should also have a good idea of what constitutes appropriate and inappropriate conduct during an interview, regarding such legal issues as the candidate's desire…… [Read More]

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Nature as Human Beings Has Long Been

Words: 678 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87398864

nature as human beings has long been debated heatedly throughout human history. Some influential thinkers have seen human nature as essentially "evil" or flawed, while others viewed human nature as basically good. Great estern philosophers like Plato, Locke, Hume, Rousseau, and even notable historical figures like Machiavelli and Thucydides all delved deeply into the problem of human nature. Despite these prolific, influential and varied opinions, the true nature of human beings is far from completely understood. In this light, it may be helpful to look outside of philosophy to determine the basic, underlying nature of human beings. In our modern capitalistic society, the workplace may offer important and practical insights into human nature.

Further, traditional theories of human nature have largely ignored the female in their studies. Certainly, given that almost half of the human population is female, this is a grievous and important oversight. It is perhaps this oversight…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Goodman, Ellen. Being a secretary can be hazardous to your health. 11 December 200. Reproduced online at

Steinem, Gloria. The Importance of Work.
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Human Safety and Reliability With

Words: 1663 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70056113

Whatever the needed equipment is the company should provide the best possible so that the employees have a reduced chance of accident.

In addition, when a company provides the best possible equipment to the employees it sends them a strong message about the importance of a safety culture at work.

Modeling this way of thinking from management down to the employees will help to promote the safety culture the companies' desire.

Having a team effort to promote the safety culture of any company can only serve to boost the employee moral, save money on workman's compensation claims and reduce the number of accidents within that workplace environment.


For many years, employers were not to concerned with the safety factor of their employees and employees, by human nature would use risk taking behaviors to get their jobs done. This combination of human high risk behavior and lack of company care…… [Read More]


Goodman, Fay (1999) Business: Small Talk - Way to avoid accidents caused by too much bottle.(News) the Birmingham Post (England)

Lanoi, Paul (1992) Safety regulation and the risk of workplace accidents in Quebec.

Southern Economic Journal

Ware, Brandy (2005) Selecting healthy hand tools: choosing the right hand tool for a job can protect workers from painful injuries and improve productivity at the same time.(Prevention of workplace accidents) Occupational Hazards
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Human Resource Management HRM in Today's Culture

Words: 1891 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65945430

Human esource Management (HM) in today's culture is very prominent and important. The most important resource with any organization is the human component and it is of extreme importance to manage and develop this crucial asset in a way that is in alignment with the strategic outlook of that organization.

The purpose of this reflective essay is to explain and contextualize the major areas of scholarly discussion of Human esources Management. This essay will examine how the following areas impact the organizational performance of an organization by interjecting specific examples of its practices in my own career occupation within the Veterans Administration Call Center. These examples will be used to highlight my own subjective interpretation of the material presented in this course and serve as the criteria to weigh the effectiveness of each area.

The following areas of HM will be included in this discussion:

EEO and Affirmative Action,

Human…… [Read More]


Duggan, T. (nd). Develop & Training Human Resources in Organizations. Chron, Viewed 5 Dec 2013. Retrieved from resources-organizations-697.html

Hunt, M. (2012). Use Compensation to Inspire Innovation. SHRM, 26 Dec 2012. Retrieved from ireInnovation.aspx

Kinsley, M. (2012). A Harvard Man's Critique of Affirmative Action. Bloomberg, 31 Oct 2012. Retrieved from of-affirmative-action.html

Ryan, L. (2013). Getting HR Back into the People Business. Bloomberg Businessweek, 13 June 2013. Retrieved from back-into-the-people-business
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Nature and Ecology

Words: 931 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40087831

nature is that opposites attract and there is much binary opposition in human-Nature relationships.

It is important to understand that the human species -- along with its culture -- is a part of the ecosystem. Therefore, ecology describes the material processes in ecosystems, such as the imbalances of carbon, nitrogen, or phosphorus cycles, the population problem and the rates of fishing and resource management.

Having sufficient ecological knowledge is not sufficient to solve many of the ecological problems because it is not able to solve the environmental issues of modern culture. Even though we know why the number of living species in the world is decreasing, the human population is growing, the mounting waste from the backyards and oceanic abyss reach the upper layers of the atmosphere. The solution to these problems requires knowledge of ecological processes, and human behavior too.

The relationship between humans and nature are connected very…… [Read More]


Laws of Nature [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, available at, accessed on: April 13, 2004

THE ECOLOGICAL CRISIS: Changing the paradigm, available at, accessed on: April 13, 2004
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Nature in Shelley's Frankenstein Mary

Words: 1680 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31964037

The monster knows right from wrong and he choice is one of desperation. Victor never realizes the difference between right and wrong because it is not within his nature to do so.

Frankenstein will always be closely examined when it comes to matters of humanity because of its subject matter. Victor has every opportunity to do something good with his life and the most he can muster is achieving his own dreams of glory by attempting to recreate life. Despite his education and loving family, Victor swerves off the normal path and skids onto the freakish one. The monster he creates encompasses more goodness than he does but he cannot see this because he is just like the rest of humanity - unable to see beyond the monster's appearance. The monster tried everything within his power to remove himself from the freakish path that Victor placed him on and gain…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bloom, Harold. "An excerpt from a study of Frankenstein: or, the New Prometheus." Partisan Review. 1965. Gale Resource Database. http://www.infotrac.galegroup.comInformation Retrieved December 4, 2008.

Bloom on Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley." Bloom's Classic Critical Views. 2008. Bloom's Literary Reference Online. Information Retrieved December 4, 2008.

Gould, Stephen. "The Monster's Human Nature." Natural History. 1994. EBSCO Resource Database. Information Retrieved December 4, 2008.

Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein. New York: Bantam Books. 1981.
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Nature of Leonard Williams Levy's Origins of

Words: 2136 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36694582

nature of Leonard illiams Levy's Origins of the Bill of Rights is not as simple as it seems, and this is in fact a measure of the strength of the book. e are so accustomed to dividing the world into clear categories - popular fiction on one side, serious scholarship on another, pulp fiction over there in the corner - that we are given pause when we come across a book that cannot be so easily categorized. Our first impulse may in fact be to decided that this means that there is something wrong with such a book, that the author has failed in his (in this case) attempt to produce a particular kind of text.

But a more thoughtful examination of the work suggests that Levy has in fact succeeded doing in what he set out to accomplish, which was to create a work about the Constitution's Bill of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Levy, Leonard, Williams. Origins of the Bill of Rights. New Haven: Yale UP, 2001.
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Human Condition in Orwell's Animal

Words: 606 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35420768

It is simply human nature. These pigs will be the ones attempting to gain all of the power and control the rest of the population. The image of the humans and the pigs being indistinguishable points to the frailty of the human condition and it declares that this condition cannot be "fixed" and it will lead to humanity's downfall in one way or another. Power and greed only make people more power hungry and greedy. There can be no equals in this kind of society because people, regardless of we like it or not, are simply not equal. There will always be those with more and there will always be those with less. Additionally, there will always be those that want to control everything and those who allow that control to occur.

Animal Farm pokes fun at humanity but it does so with a serious stick. There are messages and…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Orwell, George. Animal Farm. New York: Harcourt Brace. 1977.
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Human Services Administrator and the Conflict Situation

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66275626

human services administrator and the conflict situation you selected from the Roundtable Discussion. Then explain how you, as a human services administrator, might approach conflict in the selected situation to facilitate productivity and creativity. Be specific. inally, explain any insights you had or conclusions you drew related to using conflict as a tool for human services administration.

Social conflict occurs when two or more individuals oppose something within a social interaction. Conflict is part of human nature, and, as such, may be mitigated or managed through a variety of theories and psychological techniques. Conflict theory, for instance, emphasizes individual interests rather than norms of value: society is composed of groups that struggle to pursue their own interests and will use whatever advantage possible to pursue their goals. This has given rise to a number of theories -- including economic theories of production and exploitation (Marx) and the way that groups…… [Read More]

For instance, in the conflict scenario, Holly underscores the idea that conflict is important; it is how it is channeled and how it can be used to help individuals grow and develop. Further, if we think about modern business structures, we can see how tremendously complex they can be. There are pressures to remain profitable, to produce more, to be innovative, and to do far more with less staff. If we take this further though, we can view conflict as a necessary part of the organization, a necessary and important part of being human. Further, leaders can shape the culture of an organization by encouraging conflict as part of the new "innovation culture" (Gelfand,, 2010).

In most cases, innovation is not clean, neat, and pretty. Instead, by its very nature, it is disruptive to the patterns and procedures within an organization. Often, this disruption takes the form of dissent -- meaning that individuals prefer to go in a different direction or pattern than the status quo. The difficulty for most managers, and all levels, is to encourage dissent without feeling threatened by it. As the axiom of a wise CEO said, "I don't shoot messengers -- that's why I have them."

In the Human Services scenario, Andrea had a situation in which two staffers were extremely critical of how the other performed their job. To mitigate this, Andrea had the two switch jobs -- and the problem actually diminished and the two became closer. This was an extremely effective and innovative management tool that had larger ramifications than just the jobs the two were doing. In human nature dissent does not always stay confined to areas that managers and owners find agreeable or even acceptable. However, the human psyche works in a way that it is typically "all or nothing" when giving an opinion. It is not typically possible to find an organizational culture that encourages dissent and free thinking -- but only in limited subjects defined by management. By walking in one another's shoes for a bit, they could each appreciate a better way to collaborate effectively. After all, particularly in non-profit organizations, each person should fully realize that they are working for something grander than themselves -- and most would seem to have
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Human Mind Is Not Essentially a Blank

Words: 2288 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32727165

human mind is not essentially a blank slate at birth, we can relate it to being much like a computer that has not yet been programmed (Pinker, 2001). While there is a potential "preparedness" for the young child to develop a number of skills based on genetic influences (e.g., language acquisition), these skills will not fulfill their genetic potential without important environmental stimulation. While the nature vs. nurture debate still lives in some circles, research has demonstrated that it is the interaction of the environment and genetic influences that results in a good deal of human behavior (Siegler, DeLoache, & Eisenberg, 2006). Therefore, if the neonate mind is like a computer with certain capacities and potentials (genetic and biologic "hardware"), we can also infer that the environment provides a good deal of the psychological "software" that shapes the individual during early in life. Exposure to many of these programs occurs…… [Read More]


Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. London: Routledge.

Benoit, D. & Parker, K.C.H. (1994). Stability and transmission of attachment across three generations. Child Development, 65(5), 1444 -- 1456.

Brehony, K. (2000). Montessori, individual work and individuality in the elementary school classroom. History of Education, 29(2), 115-128.

Dennet, D. (1998). Consciousness Explained. New York: Little Brown & Co.
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Humans Use to Communicate and

Words: 604 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54545992

Attachment dimensions were found to be related to self-esteem, expressiveness, instrumentality, trust in others, beliefs about human nature and styles of loving" (Collins pg 644).

This topic will discuss how we as individuals can either mock or act in a totally different way than those we communicate with, and how our choice to act in either of those two ways can affect how what we say is perceived.


How all of the above components interact to form our communication skills and the way we communicate with others will provide a foundation for the paper that should prove very viable. The paper will discuss the interactions of our communication relationships including how those relationships are perceived. hether our communication attempts involve relationships, or the methods used to convey what it is we wish to convey will be discussed in a comprehensive and enlightening manner.


By completing the necessary research,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Collins, Nancy L., Read, Stephen, "Adult Attachment, Working Models, and Relationship Quality Dating Couples" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, April 1990, pp. 644-663

DeVito, Joseph A., The Interpersonal Communication Book, New York: Harper & Row, 1976

Sondell, Katarina, Soderfeldt, Bjorn, Palmgvist, Sigyard, "Underlying Dimensions of Verbal Communication Between Dentists and Patients in Prosthetic Dentistry," Patient Education and Counseling, June, 2003, pp. 157-165
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Human Condition Transcends the Esoteric

Words: 3896 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82626823

The world would now be required to accept socialism, Leninism, and eventually Stalinism, as part of the European landscape.

With the defeat of Germany, Austro-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire; the shift in the balance of power moved toward the only major participant not devastated on its own soil by war -- the United States. The U.S. grew in economic power after Versailles, assisting not only its former allies in rebuilding, but also a crucial and profitable effort to help finance Germany's rebuilding and aid the new Weimar epublic. However, because of the failure of the war to achieve the ideals of peace and unity promised by President Woodrow Wilson, America shifted to an isolationist foreign policy -- it was deemed acceptable to be economically aggressive, but politically neutral. Until the stock market crash of 1929 and resultant Depression, the U.S. enjoyed a decade of relative prosperity and limelight due to…… [Read More]


The Holocaust - Orchestras. (2009, January). Retrieved August 2010, from Holocaust - Lest We Forget: 

Banks, J. (2006). Handbook of Research on Multicultural Education. New York: Allyn and Bacon.

Bowker, J. (2006). World Religions: The Great Faith;s Explored. New York: DK Books.

Carruthers, P. (2006). The Innate Mind: Culture and Cognition. New York: Oxford University Press.
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Human Savagery in Young Goodman

Words: 1494 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15704850

Come devil! For thee is this world given..." This passage reflected Goodman's surrender to the wilderness, to the state of disorder that made him discover that he is weak and sinful. The presence of Faith in the first part of the story was also the only time that Goodman felt his strong faith in God. However, upon entering the wilderness, Faith his wife had not only disappeared, but Goodman's faith in God (and even himself) as well. Hawthorne made readers realize that human nature is in fact "naturally savage," and it is only fitting that Goodman's inherently savage nature would be discovered and uncovered (by him) in the wilderness.

Even towards the end of the story, Hawthorne continued to haunt his readers with the theme of wilderness inherent in the hearts and minds of humanity. Posing the question, "Had Goodman rown fell asleep in the forest, and only dreamed a…… [Read More]


Fitzgerald, S.F. E-text of "The Great Gatsby." Project Gutenberg of Australia Web site. Available at .

Hawthorne, N. E-text of "Young Goodman Brown." Available at
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Human Potential Movement

Words: 1703 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92769000

New Age Movement with an emphasis on the Human Potential Movement. The New Age Movement really blossomed in the 1970s, when followers began attempting to take charge of their lives and grow to their full potential. However, the actual New Age Movement began in the early 1800s, with several writers discussing various spiritual and holistic beliefs that would grow into the New Age Movement. The term gained widespread use in the early 1970s, and the Movement spread from there. Followers of the New Age Movement may participate in meditation, simple living, holistic living, channeling, and they may believe in extraterrestrial life, and other alternative beliefs. Two authors state, "The ultimate ideal of the New Age vision is for the human being to be completely in unison with the cosmos, and through reincarnation, to develop his soul to perfect divinity" (Lewis and Melton 1992, 257). The Human Potential Movement is an…… [Read More]


Borutta, Rick. 2009. Esalen and the Human Potential Movement. CBS News. 1-2.

Capra, Fritjof. 1993. Turning of the Tide. Re-vision 16, no. 2: 59-71.

Editors. 2009. Human Potential Movement. The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod. 1-4.
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Human Resources Infosys

Words: 735 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58819212

Infosys Case Study

The situation at Infosys depicted in the early 2000's suggests the necessity for a Human esources Management (HM) plan that is aligned with overall organizational strategy and reflects the desired intents and actions from the leadership of this company. Mello (2012) wrote " taking a strategic approach to H management involves abandoning the mindset and practices of 'personnel management' and focusing more on strategic issues than operational issues, " (p.150). This transformation from the tactical and operational to the more macro and general idea of the strategic is necessary to provide the best human resources application possible. This report will investigate the issues at Infosys that concern this case study and provide courses of action that may be taken. This report will offer a course of action that best aligns itself with current situation and transforms the company into an organization that reflects the highest principles of…… [Read More]


Delong, T. (2006). Infosys; Strategic Human Resource Management. Harvard Business Review, 16 Oct, 2006.

Mello, J. (2014). Strategic human resource management. Cengage Learning.
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Nature and Origin of Corporate Dominance

Words: 2277 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7345999

Corporation Changed from Early 19th to 21st Century?

Corporate Change Over Two Centuries

Corporations today manifest a singularity of focus on earnings that enables them to slice unencumbered through consideration for outcomes that do not directly impact profit margins. In the book, The Corporation, Joel Bakan asserts that:

"The corporation's legally defined mandate is to pursue, relentlessly and without exception, its own self -- interest, regardless of the harmful consequences it might cause to others" (Bakan, 2005, p. 9)

Bakan argues that the institutional imperatives of corporations, coupled with their seemingly boundless capacity to become more powerful fosters a pathological orientation to doing business that poses grave economic, political, and social danger. Bakan's theory will serve as the primary touchstone in this exploration of the influence of corporate power on politics and the economy.

The first section of this paper centers on a discussion about the ways in which the…… [Read More]


Bakan, J. (2005). The corporation. The pathological pursuit of profit and power. New York, NY: Free Press.

Bernasek, A. (2013, July 6). Robert A.G. Monks, crusading against corporate excess. New York, NY: The New York Times. Retreived

Lukes, S. (1975). Power: A radical view. Macmillan, (pp. 11-25).

Marcuse, H. (1964). The new forms of control. In One-dimensional man: Studies in the ideology of advanced industrial society. Beacon Press. 1-18.
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Human Rights Universalism and Relativism

Words: 576 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76795277

film A Force More Powerful shows how nonviolent political protest has a universal component. Although the most famous nonviolent movements include those of Gandhi and King, there are many other lesser-known movements that have created meaningful and lasting change without the use of brute force, war, or weapons. These movements began with a commitment to human rights, and were inherently based on improving human rights in their respective locations. In so doing, nonviolent movements have radically altered political paradigms and points-of-view worldwide.

Nonviolent political movements have changed the discourse of human rights, allowing for a fusion of universalist and relativist approaches. For example, the Gandhi movement was unique to India and the needs of the subcontinent. ithout diverging from the fundamental tenets of Indian morality and worldview, Gandhi nevertheless created a universal movement based on the ultimate view that all human beings are equal and that colonialism is erroneously based…… [Read More]

Works Cited

A Force More Powerful. {Feature Film}

Campbell, Patricia J., MacKinnon, Aran, and Stevens, Christy R. An Introduction to Global Studies. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
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Basic Human Rights

Words: 2916 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55801194

Human Rights, eyond Intervention

The true civilization is where every man gives to every other every right he claims for himself.

The argument

There is a modern debate that is ongoing between different views of human rights and law in contemporary society. Essentially the debate has two fundamentally opposing points-of-view. On the one side are those who view certain human rights as intrinsic to the meaning of being human and inalienable for all humanity, regardless of any external social, political or legal influences. This is generally referred to as natural human rights. On the other hand there is a general and opposing viewpoint that human rights are not essential or intrinsic, but rather socially and legally created and determined. To complicate the debate there are various stances and points-of-view that include elements of both these arguments.

Central to this debate is another more subtle debate that underlies the different views…… [Read More]


Adler M. On Inalienable Rights. The Mortimer J. Adler Archive

Devine, Carol, and Carol Rae Hansen. Human Rights: The Essential Reference. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press, 1999.

Grant R. The Social Contract and Human Rights.
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The Role of Nature in Song of Myself

Words: 1425 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46582080

Nature as Guide in "Song of Myself"

hitman's "Song of Myself" is a celebration of Nature in the Romantic-Enlightenment tradition. As is evident from a close reading of the poem, hitman believes that Nature is a pure force, a sublime manifestation of what is Good. This paper will examine lines 10-13 and provide a literal meaning as well as a thematic interpretation based on the use of figurative language and the image of unfettered freedom (as the greatest good) that hitman gives to his beloved -- Nature.

These lines comprise the fourth stanza of hitman's exceptionally long and flowing "Song of Myself," may be viewed as an ode to liberty and Nature, culled straight from the doctrine of Rousseau that Nature is in and of itself the only guide that mankind needs. Nature needs no "check" or restraint and should not be held down by "creeds and schools" which, in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Whitman, Walt. "Song of Myself." Modern American Poetry. Web. 9 Feb 2016.
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Human Resource Management HRM Human Resource Management

Words: 1668 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25518591

Human esource Management

HM (Human esource Management) is the advancement and management of workers of an organization. It includes recruitment processes, representation and classification of positions at work. For these to be accomplished, laws governing human capital should be followed, and appropriate strategies should be kept in place including paying attention to the employees. Good Management of human capital, determines the success of many organizations

Action training for supervisors

Disciplinary training is a case for supervisors with multiple employees, which requires laws; this will prevent employees from taking advantage of their positions or employers causing difficulties in the workplace. The law requires that the employer complies with labor laws, which include approval of agreement, between the employer, supervisor and employee while working together. They are required to identify various laws like how to handle employers, their complaints at the work place while providing safety at work. The law requires that…… [Read More]


Inc, B. a. (2010). 5 Tips for Holding HR Policies That Hold. New York: Bussines and Legal Reports In.

Lastroner, R.A. (2001). The Nonprofit Managers Resource Director. New York: John Willis and Sons.

Shannon, K. (2011). The Complete Guide to Successfill Planning Event. Atlanta: Atlantic Publishing Company.
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Human Resources and Functional Illiteracy Public Administration

Words: 1164 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59066106

Human esources and Functional Illiteracy

Public Administration Human esources esearch Study Design

Public Sector Human esource Policy and Functional Illiteracy

Public Sector Human esource Policy and Functional Illiteracy

Anderson and icks (1993) examined the role of illiteracy in determining worker status within the public sector, in part because it had not been done before. They were interested in understanding how worker stratification was determined, after scholars had raised the possibility of a worker caste system within government agencies. This issue is still relevant today, given the increasingly diverse workforce both ethnically and linguistically. This report will analyze the research methods used by Anderson and icks (1993) and summarize their findings


The sample studied by Anderson and icks (1993) were human resource professionals currently engaged in managing employees in the public sector. A 41-item questionnaire was used to determine the 'functional literacy' that these managers were noticing on the job,…… [Read More]


Anderson, Claire J. And Ricks, Betty Roper. (1993). Illiteracy -- The neglected enemy in public service. Public Personnel Management, 22(1), 137-152.

History Channel. (2013). Great migration. Retrieved 13 Feb. 2013 from
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Human Resource Management

Words: 1459 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83929234

Human esource Management: Ethics and Employment (Pinnington, Macklin & Campbell, 2007) covers those ethical issues that often come up in regards to employer-employee relationships, such as the rights and duties owed between employer and employee. The book is broken down into three parts. The first part is Situating Human esource Management. The contributors in this part talk about the potential for conflict in the end relationships between employees and employers. One side of the argument says that focus should be on good moral treatment of employees and, on the other side, the achievement of demanding political and economic goals is top priority. In the second part, Analyzing Human esource Management, the contributors consider how the implementation of HM in organizations may augment the moral awareness, behaviors, and outcomes of employers and employees. In the third part, Progressing Human esource Management, the authors focus more on the opportunities for promoting collective…… [Read More]


Guide to Quality Control for Small- and Medium-Sized Practices. (2009). Retrieved from


Lawler, E. (2003). Talent: Making People Your Competitive Advantage. Retrieved from 

Memon, M.A., Mangi, R.A. & Rohra, C.L. (2009). Human Capital a Source of Competitive
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Human Resource Management & 8226 Evaluate Selection Practices

Words: 716 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64290636

Human esource Management • evaluate selection practices procedures organisations comparing ' practice' • compare structured process recruitment organisations evaluate methods media •

Human esources Management

Selection processes and practices are vast theoretical concepts, which can be implemented using a wide series of theoretical models. While the availability of scholarly resources cannot be denied, the practical implementation of selection processes and practices within firms is often undisclosed to the public. It is subjected to internal regulations and not communicated to the public. At the Prairie View A&M University for instance (a member of the Texas A&M university system), selection is simply stated to be conducted "by an ad hoc committee made up of faculty within the department of Agriculture, Nutrition and Human Ecology" (Website of Prairie View A&M University). As a comparison to the best practices, a statement can be made in the meaning that the selection process would have to…… [Read More]


Armstrong, M., Baron, A., 2002, Strategic HRM: the key to improved business performance, CIPD Publishing

2003, Recruitment and retention key to Wal-Mart's future, Retail Merchandiser, last accessed on December 15, 2010

2005, Google's approach to employee selection, The Rain Maker Group, last accessed on December 15, 2010

2010, The role of front line managers in HR, CIPD, last accessed on December 15, 2010
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Human Interactions With Nonhuman Animals Should Be

Words: 1296 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95238728

Human interactions with nonhuman animals should be guided solely by the impact of these interactions with other human beings, and not upon any perceived impact upon nonhuman animals themselves. This argument is based largely upon Descartes' understanding of the essential difference between humans and nonhuman animals. Descartes' argues that the body is external to the mind, and that non-human animals do not possess the pure, thinking mind of humans. Thus, Descartes argues that nonhuman animals are simply machines, and that human treatment of animals should only be guided by the impact of such interaction upon other humans. In contrast, thinkers like Anthony eston have argued that similarity of human and animal perception and experience means that human should treat animals as feeling beings. Similarly, Abram argues that the human connection with the natural world should govern our interaction with animals. Descartes' arguments for the uniqueness of human thought essentially counter…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Abram, David. The Spell of the Sensuous: Perception and Language in a More-Than-Human

World. Vintage, 1997.

Descartes, Rene. Animals are Machines. In Environmental Ethics: Divergence and Convergence, eds S.J. Armstrong and R.G. Botzler, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1993,

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Human Resources International Human Resource Management International

Words: 3525 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60424343

Human esources

International Human esource Management

International Business H: Vital and Pivotal

During the 20th century, the human resources (H) function has become quite skilled at managing human capital which is frequently defined as the skills, knowledge and experience of individual workers within a company. Human resources management has never been more vital to organizations than it is today as more and more businesses are going global. For globalizing companies, experienced, informed and effective Human esource people skills are becoming a strategic asset. In order to maximize the competitive potential of employees across global markets many multinational companies will need to revise their H policies and programs.

Table of Contents


Background and Significance

Discussion and Implications



During the 20th century, the human resources (H) function has become quite skilled at managing human capital which is frequently defined as the skills, knowledge and experience of individual workers within…… [Read More]


Adeleye, Ifedapo. (2011). Theorizing the diffusion of International Human Resource

Practices:Towards an Integrated Conceptual Approach. International Journal of Business andManagement, 6(12), 254-269.

Baughn, C. Christopher, Neupert, Kent E., Anh, Phan Thi Thuc, and Hang, Ngo Thi

Minh.(2011). Social capital and human resource management in international joint ventures inVietnam: a perspective from a transitional economy. The International
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Human Resource Management Although There Have Been

Words: 2655 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82366272

Human esource Management

Although there have been many recent developments in the area of human resources and their management, the concept of managing people in the workplace is not a new one. In fact, according to Ogunyomi, Shadare, and Chidi (2011, p.19-20), the concept has evolved over more than a century, starting with the concept of scientific management created and promoted by Frederick Winslow Taylor at the turn of the 20th century during the height of the Industrial evolution. Since the world of business was dynamic, even from the start of large-scale business and organization, the concept of human resource management has also evolved over time to respond to the dynamic business world.

Today, human resource management is an integral part of any company's business strategy. It ensures not only effective recruitment and retention, but also the effective functioning of the company in general, and its adaptability to a dynamic…… [Read More]


Chan, A. (2004, Dec. 28). The Challenges of Human Resource Management. Retrieved from:

The Daily Recruiter (2011, Jan. 3). Emerging Trends of Talent Management and Challenges of HRM. Retrieved from:

Du Plessis, A.J., Beaver, B., and Nel, P.S. (2006, Spring). Closing the Gap Between Current Capabilities and future Requirements in Human Resource Management in New Zealand: Some Empirical Evidence. Journal of Global Business and Technology. Vol. 2, No. 1. Retrieved from: 

Garg, A., Sharma, A. And Pandey, M.R. (2010, July-Dec.). Emerging Trends of Human Resource Management (With Special Focus on Information Technology Industry). Lachoo Management Journal, Vol. 1. Retrieved from:
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Human Factors Engineering There Is

Words: 3285 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62873818

The work environment, for example, could be conducive to this type of stress, as can the relationship with other employees and with supervisors.

This type of fatigue is vastly different from the mental or physical fatigue of direct work overburden, and is also more subtle than these types of fatigue. It should therefore be carefully monitored in terms of its nature and how it interacts with other types of fatigue, particularly when the workforce is diminished.

Because of the complexity of psychological loading factors, Dr. Bill should be careful to monitor, revise, and update company policy in terms of issues such as communication among employees as well as among employees and their supervisors. Communication can play a significant part in how employees perceive their work, as well as how they experience the burden of their work in a psychological sense.

Mental loading, on the other hand, is probably the most…… [Read More]


Advameg, Inc. (2012). Sprains and Strains. Retrieved from: 

City Office (2012). Retrieved from:

How Does Human Metabolism Work? (2012). Retrieved from: 

Overgaard, D., Gyntelberg, F. And Heitmann, B.L. (2004). Psychological workload and body weight: is there an association? A review of the literature. Occupational Medicine, no. 54. Retrieved from:
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Human Resources Management Has Changed

Words: 567 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56697943

Human resource managers must help their companies become more sensitive to the issues of sexism, religion, sexual orientation, marital and family status, age, and other life experiences.

The economic position of most companies has shifted drastically in the past decade. One of the strongest forces influencing the way we do business is the phenomenon of globalization, a process in which companies in countries around the world are increasingly linked. A difficult challenge for humane resource managers is developing a system that works in their home countries as well as abroad, where circumstances of life and expectations of employees are often vastly different. The human resources manager must understand thoroughly not only the culture of employment at home but also the intricate rules and culture in all of the other places in which they have employees.

The technological world moves fast, and human resources managers must keep up. The simple fact…… [Read More]

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Human Population There Are Two Primary Biological

Words: 565 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25464856

Human Population

There are two primary biological mechanisms that determine the growth and suspension of species: natality (birth) on the one hand, and mortality (death), on the other. Amongst humans, other factors may intervene in their natality factor and these include economics, migration, physical upkeep, and social forces of various sorts (Pearl, (1927). This is due to the fact that humans have a rational capacity that other organisms lack, hence humans can, using secondary factors, generally manufacture and design their own rate of growth, as well as engage in reproductive decision-making and in general decisions that lead to sustaining or annihilating their species. To that end, they can decide (which they have done at times) to annihilate one or other subcategories of their species, as well as to destroy themselves. Other animals, on the other hand, act in an instinctive manner, and lacking this rational choice-making ability, follow a more…… [Read More]


Cunningham, W.P., & Cunningham, M.A.(2009). Principals of Environmental Science: Inquiry & Applications (5th ed.) USA: McGraw Hill.

Pearl, R., (1927). The growth of populations. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 2, 532

Rosen, F. (2003). Classical Utilitarianism from Hume to Mill. USA: Routledge.
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Human Response to Physical Structure Environmental Psychology

Words: 1448 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99517516

Human esponse to Physical Structure:

Environmental psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on explaining human behavior in relation to the physical environment. In this case, the physical environment basically incorporates plants, animals, and material objects that have a significant impact on behavior at various levels. However, this branch of psychology does not focus on the interactional procedures among people as emphasized on other branches of psychology. In analyzing human behavior, it adopts a systems approach that has become the main approach in modern science.

Impact of Physical Structure on Human Behavior:

According to various theories, the physical environment or structure affects human behavior at various levels with instant behavior acting as a function of settings with which it happens (Matthew, n.d.). The individual personality traits of people within a specified country are largely influenced by the nature and type of physical environment that these individuals are subject to…… [Read More]


Goode, J.P. (n.d.). 'The Human Response to the Physical Environment.' The Elementary School

Teacher, 4(5), pp. 271-282. Retrieved from

"Importance of Sustainable Architecture in 21st Century." (2010, June 21). Architecture Student

Chronicles. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from
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Human Genome Project One of the Primary

Words: 999 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68761414

Human Genome Project

One of the primary concerns of the biological sciences today is human health. The more information is made known about the human body, the more curative and preventive steps can be taken to ensure the longevity and health of the human body. This is one of the ends of the Human Genome Project (HGP), which was concluded in 2003. The project ran for 13 years and was coordinated by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health.

US Department of Energy (2012). In addition, the Wellcome Trust in the U.K. became amajor partner in this effort, while contributions were also received from Japan, France, Germany, China, and other countries. The HGP's main goals were to gather information and apply the findings to human health. It should, however, also be noted that the project has several ethical and social implications.

Several main goals were identified…… [Read More]


Carroll, M.L. And Ciaffa, J. (2007) The Human Genome Project: A Scientific and Ethical Overview. American Institute of Biological Sciences. Retrieved from:

Green, E. (n.d.) Human Genome Project: Implications for Healthcare. Journal of Managed Care Medicine. Vol. 9, No. 2 Retrieved from:

US Department of Energy. (2012). Human Genome project. Retrieved from:
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Human Resource Learning Development Human Resources Learning

Words: 1498 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4399391

Human esource Learning Development

Human esources Learning Development

Learning and development is among leading businesses. Despite the current organizational budget squeezes, companies are making significant investments in training employees. esearches done on American companies reveal that these billion investments have actually improved the workforce where by skills are being transferred to everyday job (Wilson, 2005).

Human esources and Learning and Development activities support the Organization's strategy

Learning development or training development is one of the most significant components to our work and lives. Many people perceive training to be an activity that gives the outcome or is a result of learning. The learning is also considered as the new competency or abilities, skills and knowledge. We highly value learning in our culture. We may have undergone a series of learning processes, but many of us are still not equipped with the knowledge of carefully modeling an approach to training and…… [Read More]


Mayo, A. (2004). Creating a learning and development strategy the HR business partner's guide to developing people. London, Chartered Institute of Personnel, and Development

Wilson, J.P. (2005). Human resource development: learning & training for individuals & organizations. London: Kogan Page
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Human Resource Management

Words: 1674 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39492936

Human esource Management

Job analysis

Job Design and considerations

Job design is the arrangement of work in organizations. The arrangement assist employees as well as the organization meet objectives. An effective job design satisfies employees in organizations since it prevents dissatisfaction arising from repetitive work. It also assists organizations by preventing employees from alienation.

Additionally, job designs improve on the productivity of an organization. Job designs, however, need to consider the following aspects in order to meet organizations goals: job enrichment, job enlargement, job rotation, as well as job simplification. Job enrichment is a way in which organizations motivate their employees by giving them diverse varieties in their job as well as additional responsibilities.

Job enlargement refers to increasing the scope of employees work by extending their responsibilities, and job duties at the same level of employment. Job rotation, on the other hand, is a management technique for training employees,…… [Read More]


Gatewood, R.D., Feild, H.S., & Barrick, M.R. (2010). Human resource selection. Cengage Learning.

Oldham, G.R., & Hackman, J.R. (2010). Not what it was and not what it will be: The future of job design research. Journal of organizational behavior, 31(2-3), 463-479.

Lussier, R.N., & Hendon, J.R. (2012). Human Resource Management: Functions,

Applications, Skill Development. SAGE Publications.
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Human Resource Management Employees Attitudes and Job Satisfaction

Words: 1247 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47337602

Human esources Management Employee Attitudes and Job Satisfaction

The research by Saari & Judge (2004) does lay the foundation of three specific gaps between the Human esources practice and the scientific research that support theories that provide insight onto how to properly integrate workers into a workforce to meet organizational goals and the mission. The gaps outlined by Sarri & Judge are below.

The Causes of Employee Attitudes

The esults of Positive or Negative Job Satisfaction

How To Measure and Influence Employee Attitude

The Causes of Employee Attitudes are a subdivided into core categories including Dispositional Influences, Cultural Influences, Work Situation Influences. The gaps are a function of these categories as the real job work environment is subject to differentiation and variation from the underlying theory. "In addition, one of the most important areas of the work situation to influence job satisfaction -- the work itself -- is often overlooked…… [Read More]


Sarri L.M., Judge T.A. (2004) "Employee Attitudes and Job Satisfaction" Human Resource Management Vol. 43, No. 4, Pp. 395-407. Wiley Periodicals.
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Human Resource Management

Words: 886 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94612269

Human esource Management: Four Questions

How easy was it to find the a specific occupation you were looking for, and how comprehensive was the information provided about that occupation?

Information was relatively easy to find by using the site map. By going top "My Next Move" one is presented with a menu of choices including knowledge, skills, abilities, education, and job outlook as well as the opportunity to explore more. Selecting the occupation of human resource manager the following information was provided in each category: 1) Knowledge -- business, arts and humanities, safety and government, math and science. (Each sub-heading also contained a brief descriptor, i.e. Math and science: psychology). 2) Skills -- Basic skills, people and technology, social. 3) Abilities -- verbal, ideas and logic, attention. 4) Education -- bachelor's degree or master's degree. Under this heading there were links to "Find Training" and "Find Certifications." 5) Job Outlook…… [Read More]


"O*NET Resource Center." (ND). O*NET. Retrieved November 28, 2012, from
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Human Resource Management -- Questions Why Is

Words: 653 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13013249

Human Resource Management -- Questions

Why is the HR department playing a more significant role in organizational strategic planning processes today than it did 20 years ago? Today, HR is part of the growth and problem solving areas of the organization. In the past, it focused only on basic personnel functions. Companies realized that HR could do much more than it was involved in, so they expanded the duties of the department. Much of that took place as the need for and use of technology grew and companies became more global in nature.

Why is it correct to conclude that all managers are involved in developing and implementing HRM activities and programs? Every manager in the company has input into how the company is run and how the employees do their jobs. Because of that, they must understand, enforce, and agree upon rules and regulations made by that company. By…… [Read More]

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Humans Constantly Innovating Ways Produce Consume Material

Words: 637 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2776317

Humans constantly innovating ways produce consume material resources. Write a paper addressing issue: Give specific examples (2) production (2) consumption habits humans related material resources. These discussed Chapter Two Contemporary Environmental Issues, includes production types consumer goods consumption environmental resources.

Give specific examples of at least two (2) production and two (2) consumption habits humans have related to material resources

Perhaps the first, most notable shift in human production habits over the course of history was the development of an agricultural lifestyle, versus a hunter-gatherer lifestyle (54). In terms of living in harmony with nature, hunter-gathering had certain advantages. Human beings could not take more from the planet than they needed for an extended period of time. Human tribes were mobile, so they could not store food for long. With agriculture, tribes were assured of a more steady supply of sustenance. They did not have to wait long periods of…… [Read More]


Chapter 2: Human Population Dynamics. Contemporary Environmental Issues.
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Human Services Concerns Today

Words: 1629 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49908922

Human Service Professional Assessment

As a formal discipline, human services is a term which has emerged within the past several years. However, the various functions and services involved with this term have been practiced for a significant amount of time. It was in initially understanding the social efforts required of human services that I first became attracted to this profession. In my esteem, human services is the most viable means of addressing the plenitude of social issues of this day at a granular level which produces the greatest impact in the world today. My incipient understanding of this concept gravitated me towards this field, and fuels my most ardent beliefs about the various strengths, weaknesses, and ways in which I can improve my deficiencies. An intrinsic cognizance of the virtues associated with the strength of this profession, coupled with an awareness of traits associated with its weakness and the means…… [Read More]

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Human Innovation and Consumption Through the Centuries

Words: 631 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44387688

Human Innovation and Consumption

Through the centuries, human beings have consistently found new ways to produce and consume material resources. Today, with the world population at an unprecedented high, consumption of resources continues as an equally accelerated rate. However, despite this mass consumption, human beings today are making great strides in the way resources are renewed. Today, human beings are as innovative as ever before, inventing new production methods to meet humanity's habits and along with changing the way that the world consumes its resources. While humanity appears to have taken a turn towards the preservation and respect of resources, much remains to be done in order to successfully sustain the global population.

As so many of us have come to understand, the larger the human population is means the greater environmental impact this population will have on our planet. With more people come an increased demand for food, fuel,…… [Read More]

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Human and Machine Intelligence the Similarities and

Words: 936 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86323159

Human and Machine Intelligence

The similarities and differences between human and machine intelligence doesn't seem to be the most important issue. It seems clear that both have been shown to exist, though they have very fundamentally different characteristics. The issue now centers more on supremacy: Is one better, more authoritative than the other? And if so, does this influence whether a "superintelligence" (Bostrom, 2003) exists that takes us to the paradigm when words (Zadeh, 2009) and emotions are most important (Dennett, Chapter 16)?

The early writings about projects like the Turing test tried to explain intelligence as being some kind of understanding about knowledge and its function. They often used simple conceptualizations similar to the way computers use the characters of "1" and "0" as a mathematical language. Philosophers use this approach to speculate about how a logical person might be able to "see" one color by itself, independent of…… [Read More]


Block, N. (____). The mind as the software of the brain. Chapter 14.

Bostrom, N. (2003). Creating Superintelligence involves less risk than waiting. In S. Engdahl, Artificial Intelligence. Green Press: Detroit.

Can a Machine Think? Chapter 5.

Chatham, C. (2011). 10 important differences between brains and computers. Developing Intelligence [over time, across species, cross-platform]. Viewable at
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Nature of Science Even in

Words: 595 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97594194

Smith notes that it may be impossible to unequivocally prove something with one hundred percent accuracy; rather, scientists seek probability.

The term theory is often misconstrued: Smith states that "theories always explain facts." Moreover, there is no clear demarcation between a theory and a hypothesis. Theories are basically broad hypotheses. Laws, on the other hand, are more restrictive and are often derived from theories. The practice of science entails experimentation as well as presentation to the scientific community. When the research is presented to other scientists, it is usually done so through peer-reviewed journals. Often other scientists will critique and critically evaluate the scientific experiment and attempt to replicate it. When the experiment has been replicated the hypothesis may become part of the canon of established science and from there, common knowledge.

Because science can only deal with what is observable and measurable, it can not apply to philosophy, aesthetics,…… [Read More]


Smith, David. "The Nature of Science."
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Natures Healing Powers the Power of Nature

Words: 1933 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40272370

Natures Healing Powers

The Power of Nature in the healing process has been known for centuries by the various civilizations of the world. The process of engaging nature in the healing process is done in a variety of way. It can be through the action of some herbs, performing meditation on mountains, relaxing in a windflower terrain/field or even by strolling by a slow flowing stream.

In this paper however, we are going to critically focus on the psychological, emotional and culturally healing power of nature as seen by indigenous peoples of the world-including Native Americans, Inuit, and Inughuit, African, Aboriginal, Asian cultures

The Native American nature healing process comprises of several beliefs and practices which make part of the life of the native tribesmen, women and children. The process is made up of several elements. These elements include religion, herbal medicines, spirituality and several other rituals that are all…… [Read More]


Durkheim, E. (1912) The Elementary Forms Of The Religious Life.

Gateley.E in God's Womb: A Spiritual Memoir

Gennep, A. (1960) The Rites of Passage. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Grimes, R (1994) The Beginnings of Ritual Studies. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina
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Nature Ecological Restoration Restoring the

Words: 1474 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22700443

1). Hence when mankind creates something that is meaningful and orderly it will probably work effectively.

Krieger counters that it may not be possible to deliberately create something that is "orderly, purposeful or meaningful" and that works well (Krieger, 2005:76). Historically design has focused on structures that are sacred including cities (Krieger, 2005). It is important if planning to redesign nature that mankind takes into consideration the sacredness of nature. It is not geographers that would give meaning to the Earth but rather nature itself; it is too important for mankind to forget the original design and hence become confused about that which is real vs. that which is fake (Krieger, 2005).

Balance may be defined once mankind realizes it's understanding of the natural landscape has changed. egardless of how much mankind may revere trees for example, mankind rarely treats nature or trees as sacred or relevant; rather nature has…… [Read More]


Light, Andrew. The Beauty Around Us: Environmental Aesthetics in the Scenic

Landscape and Beyond. Albany: Suny Press: 2003.

Elliot Robert. "Faking Nature." Environmental Ethics. 4th edition.

Ed. Louis P. Pojman. Belmont, California: Thomson Wadsworth, 2005.