Hurricane Katrina Essays (Examples)

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Hurricane Sandy Issues and Arguments

Words: 1321 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85017902

So that is one step we can take. Here is a different one.

Nowadays we regularly file environmental impact statements showing the insinuation for the environment of this or that responsibility (a new strip mine, an undeveloped establishment another airport, a dump yard…you can provide any one of hundreds of examples). We ought to in this similar fashion file statements showing the force of real estate development; the building of structures, dams, and levees; and other main projects -- on the augmented vulnerability to hazards they will compel on others. In this politically charged climate, this will look like to many like another unrequited federal "undertaking," but why should my self-determination extend to building a levee to defend my property that will augment the risk to your property downstream on that same river? Should I not have to check with you? The obligation for Environmental Impact Statements prompted numerous complaints at the period, but nowadays, we have internalized the procedure. It is a conventional part of doing commerce. And it is the correct thing to do. That is the comparable intent of the No-Adverse-Impact policy recommendation of the Alliance of State Floodplain Managers (Hurricane Sandy: Covering the Storm).

A third…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Strasser; Annie-Rose. Conservatives Bash Christie for Cooperating With Obama Post-Sandy. ThinkProgress - Election. Oct 31, 2012

Kirkland, Joel. Energy Became Surprise Issue in Bitter Presidential Race. E&E reporter. 

Hurricane Sandy: Covering the Storm,

Serna, Joseph. Hurricane Sandy death toll climbs above 110, N.Y. hardest hit. Los Angeles Times. November 03, 2012.
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Katrina for Finding and Framing

Words: 895 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38538473

Developing a critical eye for the media also demands culling information from multiple sources and not believing everything stated by the media. The media is not an authority; the media consults authority figures to gather sellable data.

For "They Shoot Helicopters, Don't They?"

1. Matt Welch cites general "communication breakdown" and an "information vacuum" as main culprits in the misinformation leaked about Katrina (p. 13). However, Welch places the blame squarely on reporters for not having enough skepticism of the oral sources they acquire information during a natural disaster. Rumors spread readily during a disaster also because of a breakdown in telecommunications infrastructure. What Welch refers to as a:rumor mill" seems to be the source of much of the media's coverage (p. 13).

2. The kinds of rumors and stories spread by reporters and enhanced by sensationalist media coverage suggest that various lenses are used to view reality. One of those perceptual lenses is that lawlessness and chaos characterize American life. Reporters covering New Orleans during the Katrina disaster expected that people were shooting at rescue helicopters, looting indiscriminately, and generally acting hostile to government workers. Although some of the rumors helped to mobilize assistance to the region out of…… [Read More]

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Katrina Children Lost Forgotten and

Words: 4667 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68383934

For children, going to school, even a new school, provided a sense of order. It also gave parents time to plan for the future. Wealthier parents were able to enroll their children in private schools. Poorer families faced a greater struggle.

In Texas, officials reported enrolling19,000 children displaced by the storm (Katrowitz and Breslau, 2005). They were able to waive normal rules, such as proving residency or providing immunization records. The opportunity to start over was critical for thousands of families, including Kathy Jemison and her daughter, Sarah McClelland, 17. The night before the storm hit, they gathered their clothes, keepsakes and important documents (such as birth certificates and Social Security cards). As the storm was destroying their home, they drove 15 hours to a friend's house in San Antonio. Sarah began her senior year at San Antonio's MacArthur High School, and Kathy, who worked for a bank in New Orleans, was able to find a new job.

Making the transition to a new school can be very difficult, especially during the first few weeks. "School gives kids structure," says Lynne Tan, a psychiatrist at Montefiore Medical Center in the Bronx, N.Y (Katrowitz and Breslau, 2005). "You have adults around…… [Read More]


Abramson, David, and Richard Garfield. (April, 2006). On the Edge: Children and Families Displaced by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita Face a Looming Medical and Mental Health Crisis. New York: Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, National Center for Disaster Preparedness.

Brown, Donal. (November 16, 2005). 1,000 Katrina Children Still Missing. Mother Jones.

Callimachi, Rukmini. (April 23, 2006). Katrina's Children Struggle With Fears. The Associated Press.

Cass, Julia. (June 13, 2006). For Many of Katrina's Young Victims, the Scars Are More Than Skin Deep. The Washington Post; A01.
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Katrina Communications Failures in Public

Words: 1056 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25061796

It has also been noted that the communication plans and protocols that were in place had not been properly communicated to all necessary parties, such that even the preparations and infrastructure that existed for the express purpose of dealing with emergency events were not properly utilized (White House 2007). Not only were better public safety communications systems as well as interagency communications systems necessary, then, but these systems needed to be more clearly outlined and presented to the right individuals.

Response to Noted Problems

The issues that arose during the response to Hurricane Katrina did not go unnoticed by the media, the public, or the officials involved in responding to disasters and coordinating relief efforts. Through the reactions of these officials and the legislation that was proposed and/or enacted in the wake of the hurricane, other specific communications problems that occurred during Katrina as well as more general public safety communications concerns can be identified. Direct technological inadequacies and a lack of physical infrastructure within the state of Louisiana were among the earliest problems identified, and legislation was introduced almost immediately after the hurricane to improve communications infrastructure and to ensure greater interoperability between existing and expanding/newly constructed communications systems…… [Read More]


Moore, L. (2005). Public Safety Communications Policy: Before and After Hurricane Katrina. Accessed 7 October 2011.

Mountjoy, J. (2005). Broken Connections. Accessed 7 October 2011. 

Perini, M. (2007). Public Communications: Vital Link to Maintaining the Public's Trust During Crisis. Accessed 7 October 2011.

US Congress. (2006). Protecting Infrastructure; Public Communication; Role of the Media. Accessed 7 October 2011.
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Hurricane Andrew the Impact Hurricane

Words: 1344 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27966049

Despite there being a "Federal Response Plan" in place, the bureaucratic machinery took a long time to activate. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), which was supposed to implement the Federal Response Plan, was hardly in a state to respond adequately to the situation. The Agency was still geared to respond primarily to a massive nuclear attack and saw its main responsibility as distributing federal loans and grants to help rebuild an area after a disaster. It would not issue direct aid to a state until it was given a specific request by the governor, and the state was unable to issue specific requests for aid because it had no one was available to assess the damage (Franklin). Federal help was so slow in arriving that a frustrated director of Dade County's Emergency Office made the famous remark, "... Where the hell is the cavalry on this one?" (Quoted by Lerbinger, 61) the quote captured the overall sense of frustration and helplessness that disaster victims felt. Stung by the criticism of the federal response to the emergency, President Bush created a presidential task force headed by Transportation Secretary Andrew H. Card, Jr. For jump-starting the entire disaster response process. Although…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Franklin, Daniel. "The FEMA phoenix - reform of the Federal Emergency Management Agency." Washington Monthly, July-August, 1995. September 21, 2008.

Lerbinger, Otto. The Crisis Manager: Facing Risk and Responsibility. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1997.

Preliminary Report -- Hurricane Andrew." National Hurricane Center. Updated December 10, 1993. September 21, 2008. 

Schneider, Saundra K. Flirting with Disaster: Public Management in Crisis Situations. Armonk, NY M.E. Sharpe, 1995
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Analysis Hurricane Sandy and Katrina

Words: 3679 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29065220

Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Sandy

Tropical cyclones can badly destroy settlements and structures along the coast. Recent destructive tropical cyclones such as the 2005 Katrina and the Sandy which happened in 2012 affirm that the destruction caused by a land-falling tropical cyclone is not merely dependent on its categorization on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale. The hurricane Sandy of 2012 caused a lot of destruction. Only the hurricane Katrina which happened in 2005 has caused more damage than Sandy. To reduce casualties from such calamities, the public needs to react promptly to any pre-storm decisions made by authorities (Kantha, 2013).

Government's Response to Hurricane Katrina

Hurricane Katrina was indeed an out of the ordinary occurrence that brought with it great tragedy. Destroying a vast area of land, approximately 90000 square miles, it is the natural disaster that has caused most destruction in the history of America. Consider the fact that the area covered is the same size as the United Kingdom and you begin to picture the extent of the destruction. Mississippi saw thousands of people left out in the cold after the coastal communities got destroyed. New Orleans experienced devastating floods. The result was that at least 1500 people lost…… [Read More]


Adamski, T., Kline, B., & Tyrrell, T. (2006).FEMA Reorganization and the Response to Hurricane Disaster Relief. Retrieved from 

ABC News (2005).Who's to Blame for Delayed Response to Katrina?. Retrieved from

Associated Press (2011).In Book Nagin tells very different Katrina Story. Retrieved from

Cash, J.T. (2014).Political Failures of Hurricane Katrina. Retrieved from
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Historic Preservation of New Orleans After Katrina

Words: 713 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36074313

Hurricane Katrina devastated one of the most culturally rich, vibrant, and unique cities in the United States. New Orleans lost a significant number of historical and natural icons, including the Naval Brigade Hall, which had been a hub of music during the heyday of jazz in the 1930s and 1940s. The Naval Brigade Hall was not only home to dances and concerts but also to a school of music. Until Katrina, the Naval Brigade Hall had been part of the National Park Service's jazz tour and had been slated to be renovated to house new condominiums because it was no longer being used as a music conservatory (Foster, 2005). Therefore, even before the hurricane hit, there was considerable tension between those developers who wished to transform the historical icon into profitable housing and historic preservationists. The Naval Brigade Hall was the first historic building to be demolished after Hurricane Katrina and symbolizes the challenges cities face when crises and disasters threaten to undermine the preservation of communities.

As Thorp (2006) points out, historic preservation has been "rightly viewed as a secondary consideration to the much more important priority of preserving human life," but there has lately been a "realization that…… [Read More]


Foster, M. (2005). In sudden demolition, New Orleans loses first historic building since Katrina. National Trust for Historic Preservation. Sept 15, 2005. Retrieved online:

Thorp, S.M. (2006). Integrating historic preservation and disaster management. University of Pennsylvania Thesis.

Tompkins, E.L. & Adger, W.N. (2004). Does adaptive management of natural resources enhance resilience to climate change? Ecology and Society 9(2).
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Hurricane Hugo the Hurricane Season in the

Words: 1208 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50967939

Hurricane Hugo

The hurricane season in the Atlantic Ocean begins runs from June to November, with the majority of activity coming in the middle of that season. Hurricanes typically begin life as low pressure systems over the ocean that, facing no obstacles (land), can gain in power such that their windspeeds increase to very high levels. When these hit land, they cause immense damage. Storms bring with them rain and waves, but are classified by their windspeeds. In the Atlantic, storms are categorized using the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. The first level of storm is a tropical depression, with speeds in excess of 38 mph. Once a storm becomes a tropical storm, it is named, and then once it becomes a hurricane it goes through five more categories. The highest, five, is a severely destructive storm if it makes landfall. Weaker hurricanes are destructive in the Caribbean and Central America, where infrastructure is less well-developed, but these storms can do damage to the United States as well. Hugo was one of the most damaging storms in the U.S., as measured by dollar value.

Hugo was already a category three hurricane (winds between 111-129 mph) on September 21, 1989. As meteorologists…… [Read More]


Masters, J. (no date). Remembering Hurricane Hugo. Weather Underground. In possession of the author.

Parker, L. & Booth, W. (1989). Hurricane Hugo rips through South Carolina. Washington Post. Retrieved November 4, 2013 from 

Washington, W. (2009). How SC would react to Hugo now. The State Retrieved November 4, 2013 from
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Hurricanes and Global Warming the

Words: 681 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85079546

It is well-known that tropical cyclones form over warm water and it is the heat in the water from which they get their energy. Therefore it is reasonable to believe that warmer waters could increase hurricane intensity and activity. Warmer waters would translate into more energy to fuel the tropical cyclone and make their effects more pronounced. There is also evidence that global warming is contributing to changing circulation patterns.

Sea level rise due to warmer conditions which melts glaciers and sea ice can have a number of implications for the Earth's storm patterns. Many climate models have suggested that with warmer temperatures there would be higher wind speeds in hurricanes. In fact, one study shows a 70% increase since the mid-1970s of an index of hurricane activity related to the total power dissipation, which is proportional to the cube of the maximum wind speed, integrated over the lifetime of the storm (Anthes, et al., 2006). Therefore such a relationship would have significant implications for society on many levels. One such implication would be building codes and ensuring that vulnerable areas are able to withstand stronger storms with higher wind speeds. There are also implications for storm surges because these…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anthes, R., Corell, R., Holland, G., Hurrell, J., MacCrackin, M., & Trenberth, K. (2006). Hurricanes and Global Warming - Potential Linkages and Consequences. Bulletin of the American Meteoroligical Society, 623-628.
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Compare and Contrast Psychological Impact of Katrina and Lusitania

Words: 2352 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88239008

psychological impact of Katrina & Lusitania

Hurricane Katrina which took place in the year 2005 is said to be one of the worst storm disaster that took place in the history of the United States. It led to loss of many lives, and it was unavoidable. The winds both from Louisiana to Alabama caused the level of water to arise at about 80% of the New Orleans and neighborhoods. The tragedy left many people with worries asking how the tragedy like that could happen to threaten the lives of many Americans (Brinkley, 2006).

The sinking of Lusitania on the other hand, contributed to various impacts on America as well as, the World War One. However, the Americans were never interested in joining the war unless they had finished another two years. The Lusitania sinking also enraged many Americans as well as, hastening the people from United States' entrance into the World War one. The disaster happened in few minutes as compared to Hurricane Katrina which took about two hours and forty minutes. This paper will analyze the Lusitania disaster and Hurricane Katrina as well as, giving the similarities and dissimilarities of the disasters. The paper also summarizes the psychology of…… [Read More]


Brinkley, D. (2006). The great deluge: Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, and the Mississippi Gulf Coast. New York: Morrow.

Guterman, P. (2005). Psychological preparedness for disaster. Retrieved October 10, 2012 from 

Gant, P.G., & Gantt, R. (2011). Disaster Psychology. October 10, 2012 from

Ballard, R.D., & Dunmore, S. (2003). Exploring the Lusitania: probing the mysteries of the sinking that changed history. New York: Warner Books.
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Grief and Katrina Grief and

Words: 1989 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93684693

An organized effort, in this case, means knowing who is responsible for what, when the time comes. This prevents chaos in the event of a disaster. Planning for who is responsible for organizing a public memorial is the best way to quickly get the community back on the road to recovery.

Another aspect of the community plan needs to address special populations that may have difficulty accessing services. At-risk populations need to be identified in the plan and means needs to be addressed for making certain that they do not get left out. Special populations may include various ethnic groups with language difficulties, senior citizens, low socioeconomic status individuals, and others that may have special needs in the community. Perhaps this can be handled by a special task force or by agencies that are already in place to serve these special populations.

Every disaster is unique and every community is unique. Therefore, it is difficult to devise a plan that will work in every situation. There are simply too many unknowns. However, the aftermath of Katrina emphasized the need for a concerted community effort and the need for a plan to be in place for the provision of mental health…… [Read More]


Frantz, T. (2005). Anger Beginning of Untold Grief by Katrina's Victims. September 6, 2005.

University of Buffalo. News Center. Retrieved July 7, 2009 from

Gennaro, N. (2006). Free Help for grieving victims of Katrina. January 14, 2006. What Matters.

Retrieved July 7, 2009 from
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Post-Hurricane Criminal Justice Katrina Post-Hurricane

Words: 3289 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6403557

" The lawsuit states that the "defendants knowing paid out far less than policy holders deserved to repair flooded homes and property [Officials throughout NFIP] deliberately and fraudulently used low-balling, high pressure tactics to get people to accept pennies on the dollar of what they are entitled to. (Seid, 2005)

In an article entitled "Multiple Failures Caused Relief Crisis - The Breakdown of the Relief Operation in New Orleans was the Result of Multiple Failures by City, State and Federal Authorities" (Reynolds, 2005 BBC News) which states: There was no one cause. The failures began long before the hurricane with a gamble that a Category Four or Five would not strike New Orleans." (Reynolds, 2005 BBC News) This mistake followed with an evacuation plan that was lacking and resulted in "a relief effort hampered by lack of planning, supplies and manpower, and a breakdown in communications of the most basic sort." FEMA expressed confidence in its readiness. However, the statement of Michael Brown, was a lame warning stating only "There's still time to take action now, but you must be prepared and take shelter and other emergency precautions immediately." One wonders why he did not state that the inhabitants of…… [Read More]


Seid, Jessica (2005) Disaster strikes, lawsuits follow -National Flood Insurance Program may pay out billions, but some may choose to head to court.

CNN Money September 15, 2005: 

La Monica, Paul R. (2005) Rebuilding the Gulf, but at what cost? - Economists say Bush's reconstruction plan is necessary; some wonder if the government can afford it.

CNN Money September 16, 2005:
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Economic Impact of Katrina Impact

Words: 6883 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70792841

This is a pattern that is relatively consistent over a long time period (Clayton & Spletzer, 2006). The only difference in 2005 was that unemployment claims did not rise in the fourth quarter with the drop in jobs, as they had done in the past.

It is difficult to draw definitive conclusions as to where these employees went in the fourth quarter of 2005. To do so would be filled with generalizations that do not account for all of the factors involved. However, it can be surmised that in the fourth quarter of 2005, workers in New Orleans went elsewhere and were dispersed into other economies. Statewide numbers do not support a change that is significantly different from other years. Therefore, it does nor= appear that this diaspora had an impact on a state or national level. The only reasonable explanation is that unlike other years, where workers filed unemployment and stuck around the are waiting for first quarter employment to pick up the pace, after Katrina these workers left for higher ground.

On a local level, Hurricane Katrina has a measurable impact on New Orleans and the area surrounding New Orleans. The state of Louisiana had to absorb some…… [Read More]


Arnall, D. Two Years Later: Katrina's Economic Impact. August 28, 2007. ABC News. Money. Retrieved May 19, 2008 at

Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2006) Hurricane Information. Katrina and Rita. U.S. Department of Labor. Monthly Labor Review (August, 2006),

Clayton, R., & Spletzer, J. (2006). Worker Mobility before and after Hurricane Katrina. Monthly Labor Review. 129 (8), 14-21. Retrieved may 19, 2008 at .

Colgan, C. & Adkins, J. (2006). Hurricane damage to the ocean economy in the U.S. gulf region in 2005. Monthly Labor Review Online. 129 (8). Retrieved May 18, 2008 at
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Haiti Is Not Katrina Custom

Words: 636 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53267720

Tierney draws another comparison between Hurricane Katrina and the earthquake in Haiti by describing the people who were most affected by the disasters. She claims that Katrina affected people who were least able to help themselves, such as the poor and the disabled, but many people were able to escape. Haiti, however, is one of the poorest nations in the world. The majority of the population lives in chronic poverty. Katrina affected the only the most vulnerable segments of the Gulf Coast population, but in Haiti the entire population is vulnerable.

Haiti is different from the Gulf Coast in that the island nation ranks very low in health, levels of education, and household income. Unlike the United States, the nation of Haiti had a great deal of difficulty providing even the most basic services for its people before the disaster. The political system of the United States is relatively stable, but Haiti has suffered from "dictators, political coup and savage violence" for a long time. The disaster in Haiti is different from the catastrophe seen on the Gulf Coast during Hurricane Katrina in that the people are less educated, have few available services, and have a long history of political…… [Read More]

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Heat Deaths and Illnesses Post-katrina Reforms

Words: 792 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91828555

While the city does have a good levee system, it failed during Katrina and many parts of the city - including much of the Lower Ninth Ward - was flooded. People lost their lives and everything they had, and the argument made by many individuals in the aftermath of Katrina was that not enough was done by the government in order to protect the people of New Orleans and to help them out after the storm had passed. Criminal activity was on the rise when the city was attempting to recover from Katrina. Looting and pillaging were common, and they were not the only issues post-Katrina survivors had to face (Springgate, et al., 2009). There were rooftop rescues and other serious concerns, along with many health and safety issues. Of course, not everything that was said about New Orleans after Katrina was true. Many of the reports of criminal activity were fabricated, and some of them were exaggerated (Springgate, et al., 2009).

The same results that happened after Katrina could happen again today, but those results would not be as likely because of the public outcry that took place post-Katrina. There are better levee systems in New Orleans now, and…… [Read More]


GAO (2006). Status of the health care system in New Orleans. United States Government Accountability Office. Washington, DC 205-48.

Harmon, K. (2010). How does a heat wave affect the human body? Scientific American.

Springgate, BF, Allen, C, Jones, C, Lovera, S, Meyers, D, Campbell, L, Palinkas, LA, & Wells, KB. (2009). Rapid community participatory assessment of health care in post-storm New Orleans. American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 37: 6S1.
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Lessons Learned From Katrina

Words: 1006 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61782584

Hurricane Andrew and Katrina, hurricanes are never a good thing and are always a logistical nightmare. However, those two hurricanes stand out among many others as the death and destruction they rendered was off the charts. Looters and the "strangers" mentioned in the assignment parameters tend to be common as the degenerates of society always take advantage of such calamities. However, some strangers are simply just looking for loved ones. However, people coming into the area other than trained and well-equipped emergency personnel are the last thing a hurricane zone needs. This and other questions will be addressed in this report. While any hurricane response strategy is going to be controlled chaos, there are some best practices that need to be employed.


One plan that needs to be implemented right off the top is a cordoning off of the worst areas, especially those that are impassable, so as to prevent looting and additional people from being hurt or needing to be saved. People should only be leaving the area while it is being searched and verified for bodies and such. People that are engaging in any criminal activity should be arrested and taken in for charges. They should be…… [Read More]


Dao, J. (2005, September 1). New Orleans Is Awaiting Deliverance. The New York

Times. Retrieved July 28, 2014, from


Fussell, E. (2010, January 1). Race, socioeconomic status, and return migration to New
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What Is the Best Hurricane Model for Insurance Company

Words: 2110 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85501872

Insurance in Illinois

Hurricanes and Insurance Burdens & Considerations

The insurance industry in the United States is a major economic force in the country, but is the largest commercial entity regulated at a state, rather than a federal level. This has been the case since the McCarran-Ferguson Act of 1945. An insurance policy company mush go through regulation on a state-to-state level, where policies and practices often differ. While outsourcing has been a major business force in most other financial markets, insurance companies are largely American-owned and traded due to the obstacle that state by state regulation poses on foreign influences (Lehrer 2010).

Due to the fact that Illinois in an inland state, it is geographically protected from most major hurricanes, although tropical system remnants that move in from the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean do move up onto the area occasionally. The majority of data regarding the effects of weather extremes in the state of Illinois pertains to the effect of hail on crop health. Hurricane Ike, however, created severe damage and problems for inland North America, including Illinois (Associated Press 2009).

The major effect of Hurricane Ike in Illinois was flooding, which was rampant along the…… [Read More]


Associated Press (2008). "Thousands Still Without Power in Illinois." WTHI-TV.

Angel, James, R. (2005) Tropical storms reduced drought in Illinois in 2005. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science July, 2006 Volume: 99 Source Issue: 3-4.

CBS/AP (2008). "Millions Still In Dark Over Ike Recovery." CBS News. Retrieved 2008-09-30.

Changnon, Stanley A. (1996)
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Beyond Katrina

Words: 1320 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8257843

Beyond Katrina

The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines meditation, in basic terms, as "a discourse intended to express its author's reflections or to guide others in contemplation." In an interview with Jonathan Fink, Trethewey reveals that her text is aimed at recollecting people's historical and collective memory (Hall 85). This is the only sure way to deal with the issue of history-erasure, and have a more complete version. The author's aim, therefore, is to "reclaim and to get as many of those erased stories back into the larger narrative" (Hall 85).

This section's main focus is showing the degree of importance attached to commercialized activities, at the expense of the environment, and people's safety. However, other points of concern are: the state's tendency to forget about the victims of such catastrophes, the change in the social aspect of people's lives after Hurricane Katrina, and the large extent of erasure facing such historical occurrences.

Effect of Commercialized Activities

Gulfport experienced massive economic growth in the late 1940s, attracting a large number of business developers. The rise in business developments brought more opportunities for employment, leading to growth of both the population and commercialized activities. The economic success continued through the 1950s and 60s,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hall, Joan W., ed. Conversations with Natasha Trethewey. New York: Harper Collins, 2014. Print.

Trethewey, Natasha. Beyond Katrina: A Meditation on the Mississippi Gulf Coast. Athens: University of Georgia, 2010. Print.
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Hospitals Hurricanes and Other Disasters

Words: 661 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12596677

catastrophic events can impact hospital risk financing, the purchasing of new physical property and insurance. Catastrophes can range from terrorist acts like 9/11 to natural disasters like Hurricane Katrina to biological endemics/outbreaks that shut down entire cities for days as medical teams race to erect quarantines in order to stop the spread. Each catastrophe has its own unique fall-out and impact. Terrorist attacks call for higher alert by law enforcement authorities and demand more scrutiny and optimum records keeping by hospitals, for safety's sake. Natural disasters call for optimum coordination among the various impacted medical facilities so that the best and highest quality care can be delivered in a collaborative fashion to those in need who are detrimentally affected. And biological outbreaks can be threatening to hospitals especially as they are in the business of treating patients who might have come into contact with a deadly illness and thus have to safeguard against these issues. Thus, there are a variety of impacts -- from safety and security to team work and coordination to careful consideration and knowledge of what to do when a life-threatening instances occur.

While a terrorist attack like 9/11 is viewed as a "worst case scenario" by…… [Read More]


Epstein, A. (2014). Financing Risk. JPUB. Retrieved from

Gould, N. (2015). Understanding the vulnerability of hospitals to natural disasters.

IRMI. Retrieved from

RMS. (2015). Catastrophe, injury and insurance. Retrieved from
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Incident Commander Responses

Words: 825 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3434441

Hurricane Response Issues

The purpose of this essay is to highlight and describe the various details that are inherent within a disaster. This essay will focus on a recent hurricane event that demands the attention of the Emergency Operations Center (EOC) and includes the necessary actions by the Incident Commander (IC). The current status of the problem is post hurricane and extra medical supplies are needed. Along with this problem lies the issue of drinking water, food and temporary shelter. There is also continuous rain falling as floods are threatening the well being of both the residents of this area and the rescue effort itself.


Prioritizing during emergency responses is a very necessary thing to do in order to survive these troubling situations. Leadership is necessary in these cases to provide guidance and a sense of faith and hope in times of peril and danger. In hurricane response situations, the Incident Commander must be able to identify the most harmful threats and decide to action against such threats to allow the rescue effort to prevail.

Bucci et al. (2012) echoed this call for preparedness as a means to counter balance the many problems that are sure to manifest during…… [Read More]


Bucci, I., Inserra, D., Lesser, J., Mayer, M.A., Slattery, B., Spencer, J., & Tubb, K. (2013). After Hurricane Sandy: Time To Learn And Implement The Lessons In Preparedness, Response, And Resilience. The Heritage Foundation Emergency Preparedness Working Group, (144).

Wolshon, B., Urbina, E., Wilmot, C., & Levitan, M. (2005). Review of policies and practices for hurricane evacuation. I: Transportation planning, preparedness, and response. Natural hazards review, 6(3), 129-142.
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Analysis of Asbestos Exposure

Words: 651 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65362781

Hurricanes are frequent in certain parts of the United States like Florida. The most prevalent toxin that can wreak havoc after a hurricane is asbestos. "Asbestos is a naturally-occurring mineral that was used extensively up until its dangers became truly evident in the last quarter century. It was used in nearly all aspects of home and building construction because of its fire-retardant and insulation qualities" ("Asbestos Removal after a Hurricane -- Safe handling of asbestos," 2016). While Asbestos does not present an immediate danger when left undisturbed, after a hurricane, potential flooding could release the particles into the air through structural damage of buildings, floors, and pipes lined with asbestos. When released into the air, the particles become 'friable' and can affect humans in a deadly way through diseases of the lung like mesothelioma.

The exposure limit is 0.1 fiber/cm3TWA 1.0 fiber/cm3 Excursion Limit (30 minutes). The target organs are stomach and lungs and can cause colon cancer and mesothelioma. The lowest feasible concentration for exposure is 0.1 fiber/cm3 for fibers >5µm Ca. There are various names for asbestos, six in total. Some are Amosite asbestos, Crocidolite asbestos, and Actinolite asbestos. What accounts for 95% of commercially used asbestos is…… [Read More]


Asbestos Removal after a Hurricane -- Safe handling of asbestos. (2016). Retrieved 22 April 2016, from

CDC, (2016). CDC - NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards Retrieved 22 April 2016, from