Hypothermia Essays (Examples)

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Heat Loss Prevention After Birth in Preterm Infants Using Vinyl Isolation Bag or Polyethylene Wrap

Words: 1110 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37656447

Introduction
Within the neonatal time period, hypothermia is really a significant, life-damaging health problem. Adverse delivery location surroundings and transport complications frequently lead to reduced body heat in neonates. Regulating body heat, especially for the initial 12 hour-period right after delivery, is very important in lessening the death and morbidity levels of preterm babies. This document by Çaglar, Gözen And Ince (2014), examines the results of utilizing vinyl fabric isolation bags or perhaps polyethylene wrap for preventing postnatal hypothermia within preterm babies at = 32 weeks pregnancy.
Review
Early newborn babies (NB) lose several weeks of activation inside the uterus and conditions of thermoregulation are among the primary problems associated with prematurity. Due to the restricted capability for personal-safety of the thermoregulation system, NB can simply lose warmth as well as body temperature, and give in to the serious physical effects of hypothermia. Along with the immaturity from the defense…… [Read More]

References
Ça?lar, S., Gözen, D., & ?nce, Z. (2014). Heat loss prevention (help) after birth in preterm infants using vinyl isolation bag or polyethylene wrap. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 43(2), 216-223.
Li, S., Guo, P., Zou, Q., He, F., Xu, F., & Tan, L. (2016). Efficacy and safety of plastic wrap for prevention of hypothermia after birth and during NICU in preterm infants: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PloS one, 11(6), e0156960.
Oatley, H. K., Blencowe, H., & Lawn, J. E. (2016). The effect of coverings, including plastic bags and wraps, on mortality and morbidity in preterm and full-term neonates. Journal of Perinatology, 36(Suppl 1), S83–S89. doi. 10.1038/jp.2016.35
Rolim, K. M. C., Freitas, L. C., Lima, A. D. H. G., Magalhães, F. J., & Gurgel, E. D. P. P. (2015). Polyethylene wrap for maintaining the body temperature of the newborn. Revista de Enfermagem Referência, 9-16.
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Aid Procedure for Frostbite the

Words: 1584 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57156304



All in all, frostbite is much easier to prevent than it is to cure. The old adage that an once of prevention is worth a pound of cure certainly holds true in this instance. Remembering to keep yourself covered up and monitoring the way your fingers and toes fell is the most important step in keeping yourself safe from frostbite. Simple awareness is usually the first step in preventing accidents and injuries, and playing with the cold is no exception. If your fingers begin to feel stiff or numb, you should go inside and warm them immediately. It might not be fun lose a snowball fight, but it's better than losing your fingers.

orks Cited

Carline, Jan D., Lentz, Martha J. & Steven C. MacDonald. Mountaineering First Aid. Seattle: The Mountaineers Books, 2004.

Dealing with Frostbite." Holiday City. 30 November 2005. Accesed 12 January 2009. http://www.holidaycityflash.com/article/dealing_frostbite.html

Frostbite." eMedicineHealth: A Practical…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Carline, Jan D., Lentz, Martha J. & Steven C. MacDonald. Mountaineering First Aid. Seattle: The Mountaineers Books, 2004.

Dealing with Frostbite." Holiday City. 30 November 2005. Accesed 12 January 2009. http://www.holidaycityflash.com/article/dealing_frostbite.html

Frostbite." eMedicineHealth: A Practical Guide to Health. 2009. Accessed 12 January 2009.  http://www.emedicinehealth.com/frostbite/page2_em.htm 

Frostbite." Healthscout Health Encyclopedia. 2001-2009. Accessed 12 January 2009. http://www.healthscout.com/ency/68/453/main.html
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Veterinary Nursing Anesthesia and Analgesia Case Journal

Words: 1318 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88864222

Veterinary Nursing Anesthesia and Analgesia Case Journal

The objective of this study is to address anesthesia needs in two specific cases with the first being a 12-week-old Jack Russell puppy and the second being a 12-year-old geriatric cat.

12-Week-old Jack Russell Puppy

This 12-week-old Jack Russell Puppy has eaten a babies dummy. This case study will highlight the anesthesia requirements and protocol and highlight the relevance of effect on renal function, speed of recovery, analgesia, emphasis on knowledge and understanding. Even at 12-weeks of age, this puppy is considered a pediatric patient according to the work of Gleed and Seymour (1991). This means that the patient has a higher oxygen requirement that the adult. The tongue of this patient due to his age is large and the airway is small in diameter. As well, there is a lower functional renal capacity in this age patient all of which make the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bennett, RC, et al. (2008) Comparison of sevoflurane and isoflurane in dogs anaesthetized for clinical surgical or diagnostic procedures. Journal of Small Animal Practice. 49, 392-397.

Gleed, R and Seymour C (Eds) (1991) Manual of Small Animal Anesthesia and Hall, LW Clarke KW Trim CM 2001 Veterinary Anesthesia 10th edition Myerscough College 2011 Drugs used for Premedication

HEDip CVN VN 2020 Veterinary Anesthesia: Anesthesia for Specific Scenarios. Session Introduction Myerscough College 2011.

Hollingshead KW & Mckelvey D (2000) Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia 3rd Edn Mosby Missouri
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Skin Blood Flow Thermoregulation Is

Words: 6746 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92554129



The picture to the left depicts the various elements that are responsible for thermoregulation in human skin. The illustrations shows the various layers of skin along with the veins, arteries and capillaries of the circulatory system that assist in insuring that the thermoregulatory system works properly. The sweat glands are responsible for selectively removing materials from the blood the sweat glands then concentrates or alters these toxins, and secretes them for elimination from the body. The perspiration or sweat is then removed through the sweat pore. This has a twofold purpose: to remove toxins and thermoregulation (in this case cooling the body).

Thermoregulation involving perspiration is brought about by both internal and environmental heat and exercise. As it relates to the latter, there have been many studies related to exercise and thermoregulation. According to Marino (2004)

"thermoregulatory effector responses of humans and concluded that temperature regulation during exercise is dissimilar…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Caterina MJ, Schumacher MA, Tominaga M, Rosen TA, Levine JD, Julius D. The capsaicin receptor: a heat-activated ion channel in the pain pathway. Nature. 1997;389:816-824.

Dugan SA, Powell LH, Kravitz HM, Everson Rose SA, Karavolos K, Luborsky J (2006)

Musculoskeletal pain and menopausal tatus. Clin J. Pain 22: 325 -- 331

Deecher, D.C.K. Dorries (2007)Understanding the pathophysiology of vasomotor symptoms
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Alternative Approach to Computerized Tomography in Forensic

Words: 1983 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82013039

altenative appoach to Computeized Tomogaphy in foensic pathology.

Thomsen, A.H., Juik, A.G., Uhenholt, A.G., Vesteby, A. (2009).

Jounal: Foensic Science Intenational.

Publication Infomation: 2008, 183, 87-90.

Publishe Infomation:

The main pupose of this aticle is to see whethe o not CT scans ae necessay as a means of augmenting autopsies. The eseach question is: do the benefits of CT scans match the effot equied to implement this technology? Thee is no hypothesis fo this aticle; the authos wee cetainly non-patisan in thei appoach and assumptions. The sample was 20 dead bodies (including 15 males) with CT scans pefomed by the Depatment of Radiology at Aahus Univesity Hospital. I eviewed this aticle to ascetain the elevance of CT scans to foensic pathology.

Abstact: This aticle denotes the boons and the detiments associated with using CT scans as compaed to, and augmenting the usage of conventional autopsies fo foensic pathology. Oiginal eseach…… [Read More]

references to certain applications dating back to the 1980s. In this respect the article was extremely comprehensive in its scope, although perhaps it may have been better suited focusing on more contemporary applications. Still, for the variety of knowledge it covered and the degree of insight it shed, it is certainly an excellent starting point for research into this field, and helps to synthesize the various points of relevance of the other articles explicated within this assignment.

Bruised witness: Bernard Spilsbury and the performance of early twentieth-century English forensic pathology

Author(s): Burney, I., Pemberton, N.

Journal: Medical History

Publication Information: 2011, 55, 41-60.
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Psychology & Nbsp general Taumatic Brain

Words: 5753 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54980300

The accident occurred while the actress was taking a skiing lesson. She initial experienced no symptoms from her fall, but later complained of a headache and was taken to a local hospital. Reports indicate that her fall was not very spectacular and occurred at a low speed on a beginner run. She was not wearing a helmet at the time of the accident. (Quinn, 2009)

However, while it is true that sometimes there are no immediately obvious signs of a severe brain injury, at other times there are.

Severe Traumatic Brain njury

The symptoms of a severe traumatic brain injury (which can result in permanent neurological damage) include a number of cognitive problems including inability to concentrate, problems with memory, problems in focusing and paying attention, ability to process new information at a normal rate, a high level of confusion, and perseveration, which is the action of doing something over…… [Read More]

In describing the course of their patients, experienced clinicians who use HBOT to treat patients with brain injury, cerebral palsy, and stroke refer to improvements that may be ignored in standardized measures of motor and neuro-cognitive dysfunction. These measures do not seem to capture the impact of the changes that clinicians and parents perceive. Caregivers' perceptions should be given more weight in evaluating the significance of objective improvements in a patient's function. Unfortunately, studies have not consistently measured caregiver burden, or have assessed it only by self-report. Studies in which the caregivers' burden was directly observed would provide much stronger evidence than is currently available about treatment outcome. (AHRQ Publication Number 03-E049, 2003)

In other words, this somewhat alternative treatment produces results that are more meaningful to the injured person and his or her caregivers.

I have focused here primarily on the biochemical end of treatments for those with traumatic brain injury because it is this level of treatment that offers the long-term possibility of the greatest level of treatment. Such treatments as are described here have the chance to cure traumatic brain injury. But until these are perfected, every other kind of treatment and therapy -- from drug treatments to speech therapy to the love of friends -- will remain priceless.
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Myxedema Is a Potentially Deadly Endocrine Regulation

Words: 1022 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8566461

Myxedema is a potentially deadly endocrine regulation disease that usually arises in connection with pre-existing hypothyroidism, when the normal homeostatic mechanisms for responding to hypothyroidism are overwhelmed. It occurs most often in elderly women, and is usually characterized by swelling of the skin and other soft tissues (Wall, 2000).

The thyroid gland is central to homeostatic metabolic functions, and operates as part of a complex feedback loop involving both the pituitary and hypothalamus to control essential elements of fluid and electrolyte balance and thermoregulation. Under normal conditions, the hypothalamus influences pituitary hormonal output of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) via the secretion of thyrotropin releasing hormone (TH). Virtually any disruption of the precise functioning of these individual glands, or their complex interrelationships can precipitate conditions of hyperthyroidism and Grave's Disease or hypothyroidism and myxedema (MedicineNet, 2002).

Classic symptoms of myxedema include facial puffiness caused by subcutaneous accumulation of mucoploysaccharide, coarsening or…… [Read More]

References

Information on Hypothyroidism. (MedicineNet.com website)

Accessed July 25, 2004, at http://www.medicinenet.com/hyperthyroidism/page1.htm

Last updated: July 2, 2002

Manifold, C.A. Hypothyroidism and Myxedema Coma. (E-medicine.com website)
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Implementation of Forced Warm Air Blanket for Normothermia Care

Words: 1006 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4456949

Evidence-Based Protocol Implementation

Influencing Multiple Systems Through Evidence-Based Change as advance practice nurse, work informed factors direct reach, influence extends context labor. Likewise, propose a nurse leader influenced multiple systems, turn, impact groups.

Nurses are encouraged to utilize and incorporate in their daily practice evident-based practice. The Evidence-based practice (EBP) is considered to be a scientific standard that determines and guides on the best clinical measure (LoBiondo-Wood and Haber). EBP has grown in its relevance to clinical decision making and support to the nursing profession since it facilitates efficiency in provision of care and quick recovery to patients. Successful implementation of EBP calls for monitoring of existing practices, documentation of relevant procedures and evaluation of possible change practices in clinical and nursing care (LoBiondo-Wood and Haber).

Possible adjustments needful for patient's care protocol

Immediate care for patients coming from SICU is critical to their recovery from the procedure they undergo.…… [Read More]

References

Grossman, S., C. Bautista, and L. Sullivan. "Using Evidence-Based Practice to Develop a Protocol for Postoperative Surgical Intensive Care Unit Patients." Dimensions Of Critical Care Nursing 21.5 (2002): 206-14. Print.

LoBiondo-Wood, G., and J. Haber. Nursing Research: Methods and Critical Appraisal for Evidence-Based Practice. St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier, 2006. Print.

Melnyk, B., and E. Fineout-Overholt. Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing and Healthcare. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins 2005. Print.

Schmidt, N.A., and J.M. Brown. Evidence-Based Practice for Nurses: Appraisal and Application of Research. (Eds.) United States: Laureate Education, Inc. custom ed., 2012. Print.
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Life During the Ice Age

Words: 2912 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77112256

As they share a common bond in the underlying struggles and challenges that they are wrestling with. This is significant, because it shows how the ice age would force people to work together, to overcome the various weather related issues that are having an impact upon their lives. ("Paleolithic")

The use of various types of tools / technology would change the way humans would live their lives. This is because, the ice age would force everyone to utilize new survival techniques that were often not focused on. Prior to the ice age, most humans were considered to be hunter and gathers. This meant that they would often rely on killing various types of animals, as their way of providing food and clothing for themselves. At the same time, humans would often gather various fruits and berries to consume. Once the ice age began this would all change, as the total…… [Read More]

Bibliography

"Amblin to Alaska." Why Files, n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2010

"Ice Ages." Science Clarified, 2010. Web. 16 Nov. 2010

"Paleotlithic." Wikipedia, n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2010

Frith, Naill. "Humans Survived the Ice Age by Sheltering. Daily Mail, 2010. Web. 16 Nov. 2010.
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Memorial Herman Business Research Applications

Words: 1338 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16578268

Being able to merge the resources of a variety of different specialists is one strength of the Memorial Herman approach. In the future, as the interrelationship between the body and the brain, and psychological disorders and overall functioning has become an accepted part of mainstream science: studies such as these will be even more important for research institutes. Memorial Herman is clearly on the cutting-edge of the field in this regard.

Because of its impressive outreach, the hospital is also able to draw upon a wide array of specific populations, as in the case of studies such as the "Evaluation of cardiovascular effects of smoking cessation in HIV-infected patients" (Bell 2009). Few other hospitals would be able to draw from a large amount of HIV-positive patients who were smokers and willing to participate in research studies. The study may prove beneficial to the research subjects as well as to the…… [Read More]

References

About us. (2009). Memorial Hermann. Retrieved November 12, 2009 at http://www.memorialhermann.org/aboutus/

Bell, Tanvir. (2009). Evaluation of cardiovascular effects of smoking cessation in HIV-infected patients. Memorial Herman. Retrieved November 12, 2009 athttp://www.memorialhermann.org/locations/texasmedicalcenter/heartandvascularinstitute/content.aspx?id=5772

Frazier, Lorraine. (2009). Interactions among depressive symptoms and genetic influences on cardiac outcomes. Memorial Herman. Retrieved November 12, 2009

http://www.memorialhermann.org/locations/texasmedicalcenter/heartandvascularinstitute/content.aspx?id=5772
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Augustine Medical Must Determine How

Words: 1190 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21057413

The first is $995 for the unit and $12 for the blankets. The second is $1,499 for the unit and $20 for the blankets. The third is $3,995 for the unit and $22 for the blankets. The fourth is $5,000 for the unit and $25 for the blankets. Fixed costs are $500,000. The contribution margin is expected to be 70% on the units and 60% on the blankets on the delivered price.

Our demand estimates are derived based on the price relative to the main competitors, and take into consideration the impact of having to gain formal approval beyond the $1,500 price point. We have also assumed that wherever we set our price point, we will need to offer a discount. Buyers expect to receive a discount, so we believe that even if we offer a low price point there will be a psychological need on the part of the…… [Read More]

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Food No Water Surviving Without

Words: 712 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94921707



However, "although not as critical as going without water, missing even a few meals can cause a host of undesirable complications," such as lethargy, confusion and disorientation, poor judgment, a weakened immune system and the "inability to maintain body temperature which can lead to hypothermia, heat exhaustion and heat stroke." Much like studies done on surviving without water, exactly how long a person can go without food varies tremendously, yet it is dependent on several important factors, such as a person's overall state of health, the amount of muscle on the body which is "broken down by a starving body and used for both fuel and nutrients," the amount of body fat (an overweight person will normally survive longer than a thin or underweight person), a person's metabolism and the temperature of the environment in which a person finds himself; that is, a cold environment expends additional calories to stay…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Autrotrophic Humans Survive With No Food or Water." Unexplainable.net. Internet. 2007. Retrieved at http://www.unexplainable.net/artman/publish/article_1333.shtml.

Glanze, Walter D., Ed. Mosby's Medical, Nursing and Allied Health Dictionary. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby Company, 2003.

How Long Can You Live Without Food?" Survival Topics. Internet. 2007. Retrieved at http://www.survivaltopics.com/survival/how-long-can-you-live-without-food.

Myers, Harold M. The Human Body and Survival Techniques. New York: G.H. Patterson, 2004.
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Monterey Bay the Environment Has

Words: 4298 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93293655

This entity follows the California Clean Air Act and the Federal Clean Air Act so that it is responsible for air monitoring, permitting, enforcement, long-range air quality planning, regulatory development, and education and public information activities with regard to air pollution.

A more recent concern has developed as the first cruise ship to enter Monterey ay since 1966 caused environmental groups to demand increased protection for marine sanctuaries and to increase regulation of the cruise ship industry. The water around Monterey ay has also been affected by sewage spills at local beaches, leading to viral and bacterial contamination. In 2000, four Monterey County beaches were closed because of sewage spills, and twenty-five warning advisories were issued. In 2001, there was one beach closure and eleven advisories. It has also been found that there is inadequate storm pipe maintenance in cities on the Monterey peninsula.

The California Ground Squirrel is a…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Burde, John H. And George a. Feldhamer. Mammals of the National Parks. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005.

Environmental Impact Analysis." San Benito County 2005 RTP EIR (2005).

Castillo, Edward D. A Short Overview of California Indian History (1998). http://www.nahc.ca.gov/califindian.html.

Cato, Paisley. "Spermophilus beecheyi." San Diego Natural History Museum (2007),  http://www.sdnhm.org/fieldguide/mammals/sper-bee.html .
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Mass Casualty Decontamination Special Operations in Emergency Medical Services

Words: 2136 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75005173

Mass Casuality Decontamination

Mass Causality Decontamination

Throughout the past era, worries about possible terrorist acts concerning weapons of mass destruction (WMD) directed Congress and the President to obtain a complete counteract terrorism strategy that was aimed at stopping a chemical, biological, or nuclear attack and improving domestic attentiveness. The organization of choice for national significance management has been the Department of Defense. Of the $1.2 billion taken in the FY 2000 business plan purposely for WMD reply, most of it went to DOW Overreliance on the military for domestic (Wynd, C. 2006) WMD defense, nevertheless, may reduce the military's war combating capacity and holds the potential for breach of individual rights. Given that these attacks are confronting to avoid and may take place anywhere and at any time, mass decontamination is one of the significant factors to controlling the distresses of such an occurrence, saving lives, and limiting the number…… [Read More]

References:

10th european congress of trauma and emergency surgery. (2010). European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, 35, 1-1-188. doi:10.1007/s00068-009-8001-z

Cabrera, Suzanne Lobaton, R.N., M.N., & Beaton, Randal D, PhD., E.M.T. (2009). The role of occupational health nurses in terrorist attacks employing radiological dispersal devices. AAOHN Journal, 57(3), 112-112-9; quiz 120-1.

DA-az, G. (2005). Different approaches to the difficult relationship between intelligence and policy: A case study of the cuban missile crisis of 1962 vs. The 2003 war in iraq. UNISCI Discussion Papers, (9), 93-93-126.

Disaster Response: Principles of Preparation and Coordination. (1989). St. Louis: Center of Excellence and Disaster Management.
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Noaa Stands for National Oceanic

Words: 3867 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59858055



Legislation on liability and compensation is needed.

The United States should ratify the International Maritime Organization (IMO) 1984 Protocols.

Federal planning for oil spills must be improved.

Studies of the long-term environmental and health effects must be undertaken expeditiously and carefully.

How NOAA responds to spills?

NOAA is a 24/7 service that monitors and waits for a help if there is a spill. They help protect and conserve the natural resources. As soon as they got call they go to the scene as fast as possible. They inspect the vessel, and study the spill, damage and spread in the affected area. We determine the success of their operation through the response of NOAA. NOAA Office of Response and Restoration has a mission based on the online source, http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories2004/s2353.htm:

OR& R. is currently assisting with trajectory modeling, oil fate forecasting, weather, and information management and participating in over flights and resource…… [Read More]

Bibliography:

"Clean-Up Techniques" [Online] Available at:

"Containment and Recovery of Floating Oil" [Online] Available at:



Etkin, D.S. 1997. Oil Spills from Vessels (1960-1995): An International Historical Perspective.
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Scleroderma a Chronic Systemic Disease

Words: 608 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21116072

For example, in these procedures it is often difficult to open the patient's mouth wide enough for laryngoscopy and intubation, thus creating the possibility that cardiopulmonary changes may be present and the "probability o lesions in oesophagus, bowel, kindneys, skin and joints." This information would not be known if not for this study and its reported findings.

The study's conclusion is that the use of thoracic epidural anesthesia to sevoflurane based inhalation "may be a suitable technique for thoracic surgery in achalasia due to sclerodermic patients." The reason for this conclusion is that the study found that this procedure "can provide a smooth anesthesia course and a rapid recovery, with hemodynamic stability, and also having pain-free postoperatively." More so, the study found that providing anesthesia without neuromuscular blockade and non-intravenous opioids has "provided a shorter recovery time."

Clearly this specific case study has important and practical implications to the practice…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Erol, Demet Dogan, M.D. (2006): "Thoracic Epidural Blockade in an Elderly with Achalasia Due to Scleroderma for Thoractomy, Esophageal Myotomy and Cystotomy-Capitonnage. The Internet Journal of Anesthesiology. Vol. 11, Number 1.
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Mechanisms of Heat Loss Heat

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84441849

The above equation can also be utilized to calculate conduction loss from a human body to ambient air. For example, for a 1.5 tall man wearing dry, insulating clothing, the rate of conductive heat loss on a cold day (ambient temperature at 0oC, normal skin temperature at 37oC) can be calculated as 178W. For the same person wearing wet clothing, however, the equivalent rate is 2,565W. This significant difference in heat losses explains the onset of hypothermia when someone is exposed to ice-cold water or rain (Forinash, 2010). Conduction takes place on a microscopic level as particles of kinetic energy are transferred between two different systems (Abbott, et al., 2005). When atoms and/or molecules heat up, vibrate, or move rapidly, some of their energy gets transferred to other atoms and molecules that are in close proximity. In other words, heat is transferred to the surrounding particles and away from the…… [Read More]

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Underground Raves in Southern California

Words: 3307 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89794795

The first is the actors in the setting. The researcher will collect variables such as age and gender so as not to interfere with the natural setting of the revelers. The second category is the behaviors being carried out by these actors. These will be recorded as acts which are small units of behavior, activities which are a set of related acts and events which are a set of related acts in a sequence. The third category is the space that is occupied by these actors. This will essentially be an understanding of the setting of the underground rave. Information on ventilation, lighting, cleanliness, and setting of the underground rave will be collected. The fourth category is the arrangement of objects in the space. This will seek to collect information regarding the arrangement of tables, chairs, bars, and other items in the underground rave. The next category is the time…… [Read More]

References

Anderson, Tammy L. "Understanding the Alteration and Decline of a Music Scene: Observations from Rave Culture." Sociological Forum 24.2 (2009): 307-36. Print.

Aronson, E., T.D. Wilson, and M. Brewer. "Experimental Methods." The Handbook of Social Psychology. Eds. Gilbert, D., S. Fiske and G. Lindzey. 4th ed. Vol. 1. New York: Random House, 1998. 99-142. Print.

Creswell, J.W. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications, 2002. Print.

Demers, Joanna. "Dancing Machines: 'Dance Revolution', Cybernetic Dance, and Musical Taste." Popular Music 25.3 (2006): 401-14. Print.
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Child and Elder Abuse

Words: 1002 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3083488

Child and Elder Abuse

Many children and frail elderly people are at risk of being abused largely because their ability to defend themselves is impaired. In the recent past, the media has been awash with many cases of abuse and neglect involving children and the elderly. In this text, I conduct an online research in an attempt to identify and analyze two recent cases of child and elder abuse.

Case

ecently, Alyssia Skinner - a resident of Hernando, was according to ojas (2013) "charged with child neglect, aggravated child abuse with great bodily harm, and torturing and caging a child." This severe case of child neglect and abuse was discovered after detectives visited her home and found a 17-month-old baby living in deplorable conditions. The said baby had been living in a small room which was largely disorganized and had no toys. Further, the room in question had several soiled…… [Read More]

References

Hollingsworth, H. (2013, February 12). David and Pamela Martin Charged With Child Abuse for Allegedly Handcuffing Teen to Pole. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from the Huffington Post website: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/02/12/david-pamela-martin-child-abuse-handcuff-teen-pole_n_2670898.html

Rojas, J. (2013, February 15). Citrus County Woman Charged With Severely Abusing Toddler. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from Bay News website:  http://www.baynews9.com/content/news/baynews9/news/article.html/content/news/articles/bn9/2013/2/15/citrus_county_woman_.html 

Starr, R. & Wolfe, D.A. (Eds.). (1991). The Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect: Issues and Research. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
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Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99639376

Cardiopulmonary bypass entails the techniques through which perfusionists replace some major functions of the lungs and heart with a mechanical system to support a patient during surgical interventions on the pulmonary or cardiovascular system (Ghosh & Cook, 2009). It involves bypass of the lungs and heart in an open-heart surgery where perfusionists redirect blood getting to the heart via a heart-lung machine before it gets into the arterial circulation. Cardiopulmonary bypass takes the role of the lungs and heart during surgery.

Reasons for Application

Cardiothoracic surgeons conduct cardiopulmonary bypass while repairing cardiac defects. he surgeons need a bloodless and motionless heart to work on, and to attain this, the surgeons stop the motion of the lungs and the heart. While the lungs and the heart remain motionless, there must be a way for blood to flow throughout the body to deliver oxygen and nutrients essential in life. Perfusionists together with…… [Read More]

The patient receives heparin to avoid clotting besides protamine sulfate to overturn heparin effects. In the course of the procedure, the surgeons maintain hypothermia, and body temperature remains at 8°C to 32°C (McCann, 2005). The surgeons and perfusionists cool the blood during cardiopulmonary bypass and return it to the body. The cooled blood lowers the basal metabolic rate of the body, lowering its oxygen demand. Cooled blood holds an increased viscosity, while the crystalloid solution utilized to guide the bypass tubing water-down the blood. The cardiopulmonary bypass comprises of two major elements, which include the oxygenator and the pump. The oxygenator removes deoxygenated blood from the body replacing it with oxygenated blood via numerous hoses. The elements cardiopulmonary bypass circulates and interconnect through a chain of tubes formed of PVC or silicon rubber while the pump console consists of numerous rotating motor-compelled pumps that massage tubing peristaltically.

Risk Linked to CPB

During open-heart surgery, surgeons temporarily stop the pounding of the heart and maintain life via CPB. Surgeons stop the functioning of the heart through lowering its temperature or through a preservative injection to allow CPB to pump blood throughout the patient's body. Although
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Alberta Tar Sands

Words: 2721 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6044718

Alberta Tar Sands Issues

The tar sands oil reserves in Alberta, Canada, represent the second largest proven petroleum reserve in the world -- right behind the reserves in Saudi Arabia. The Alberta tar sands are located in the vast boreal forest of Canada, just north of Montana, and it is estimated that nearly 179 billion barrels of oil are in the tar sands, according to Bridget Mintz Testa, writing in the peer-reviewed journal Mechanical Engineering (Testa, 2008). The great volume of crude oil is seen as a positive, reliable source of energy for Canada and other countries that will be importing this oil. The extraction, production, and transportation of tar sands oil also represents a number of serious environmental impacts, which will be reviewed in this paper.

The Science Involved in Tar Sands Oil Production

Notwithstanding the fact that tar sands oil is in plentiful supply, one of the down…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Petroleum Institute "Keystone XL Pipeline." Retrieved February 26, 2013, from  http://www.api.org .

Austen, Ian. "Oil Sands Industry in Canada Tied to Higher Carcinogen Level." The New York

Times. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from  http://www.nytimes.com .

Chemical Engineering. "Solvent extraction method shows promise for recovering bitumen from tar sands." 118.9 (2011): p. 12.
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Parable of the Sadhu

Words: 1360 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98188369

Parable of the Sadhu

In the story "The Parable of Sadhu," author Bowen H. McCoy explores the question of ethics while his narrator hikes in Nepal. McCoy himself was the managing director of Morgan Stanley. He was also president of Morgan Stanley Realty, Inc. Bowen McCoy then is a figure who embodies the idea of business and financial gain. hat then could he gain from a trek in the Himalayas but a vacation from the stress of his money-centered world? This is the conflict that makes up the story of "The Parable of Sadhu." It is not only a cultural clash, but a moral and ethical one, which McCoy makes evident through the use of literary devices to make the reader feel the clash as much as he did.

By using a first-person narrator, the author adds authority to the words of the narrator. henever this perspective is utilized by…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

McCoy, Bowen H. "The Parable of the Sadhu." Harvard Business Review. Sept-Oct 1983. 103-

108. Print.
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Transurethral Resection Syndrome

Words: 2030 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29439381

Transurethral Resection Syndrome

Since 1930, transurethral resection of the prostrate (TURP) has been the customary treatment for both moderate as well as severe prostatic hypertrophy. But there are many complications that can occur because of TURP. Transurethral Resection Syndrome is one such complication that occurs due to water intoxication of the body resulting in various acid-base imbalances including hyponatremia. Though the developments in TURP surgical procedures has made the occurrence of this syndrome less frequent, with the complication occurring in only about 2% of all patients undergoing these procedures but if occurs the syndrome has pretty serious consequences including cellular edema, increased intervascular volume and hyponatremia. Therefore, it becomes mandatory for the nurses to have a basic knowledge of the syndrome (including how and why), ability to identify the early signs of the syndrome and the ways to take care of the patients with this syndrome. The paper stresses on…… [Read More]

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Staffing Shortages in Nursing Are a Consequence

Words: 4317 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6266637

Staffing shortages in nursing are a consequence of poor nurse retention and nurse satisfaction. Being a nurse requires a lot of dedication, patience, and ability to keep updated in a constantly evolving world. When hospitals and other medical facilities have staffing shortages or shortages in qualified nurses, the healthcare delivery of that particular place dwindles. Nurses are the backbone of any healthcare facility.

Especially in recent times, nurses provide prescriptions, treatment protocols, and diagnosis when doctors are away or busy. This literature review is meant to explain such a phenomena and how it relates directly to nurse satisfaction and nursing retention. From here, the connection crosses over to nursing care and healthcare delivery as standards of practice. Things like arrhythmias will be viewed to understand how nursing shortages attribute to lower quality of care. Utilizing Polk's theory of esilience, this review will allow a look into performance improvement concerns and…… [Read More]

References

Bosch, R., Kirch, W., Theuer, J., Pittrow, D., Kohlhaussen, A., Willich, S., & Bonnemeier, H. (2013). Atrial fibrillation management, outcomes and predictors of stable disease in daily practice: Prospective non-interventional study. International Journal Of Cardiology, 167(3), 750-756. doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2012.03.053

GIANFERMI, R., & BUCHHOLZ, S. (2011). Exploring the relationship between job satisfaction and nursing group outcome attainment capability in nurse administrators. Journal Of Nursing Management, 19(8), 1012-1019. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2834.2011.01328.x

Hudgins, T. (2015). Resilience, job satisfaction and anticipated turnover in nurse leaders. Journal Of Nursing Management, n/a-n/a. doi:10.1111/jonm.12289

Minhas, R., Vogelaar, G., Wang, D., Almansoori, W., Lang, E., & Blanchard, I. et al. (2015). A prehospital treat-and-release protocol for supraventricular tachycardia. CJEM, 1-8. doi:10.1017/cem.2014.53
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Role of ALS in EMS

Words: 2018 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83786338

ole of ALS in EMS

ALS (Advanced Life Support) represents a complex collection of rules and procedures extending beyond elementary life support, for further aiding ailing or injured individuals in clearing their windpipe, breathing and ensuring air circulates throughout their body, thus supporting blood circulation under emergency circumstances (Advanced Life Support (Definition and Explanation), 2016). The following individuals commonly need ALS transport (Lifeline: Basic and Advanced Life Support, 2016):

A surgical or medical patient with ongoing intravenous medicine but not requiring any egistered Nurse, in keeping with state regulation.

Individuals with Cardiac Monitor attached

Urgent care center patients

Patients suffering from a possible compromise of the airway

Obstetrical Patients

Patients regarded as having a possible complication in the course of transport, as indicated by a report forwarded by the sending healthcare facility.

Whiteman, C., Shaver, E., Doerr, ., Davis, S., Blum, F., Davidov, D., & Lander, O. (2014). Trauma patient…… [Read More]

References

Advanced Life Support (Definition And Explanation). (2016, February 19). Retrieved from Nurse Frontier:  http://www.nursefrontier.com/advanced-life-support/ 

Al-Shaqsi, S. (2010). Models of International Emergency Medical Service (EMS) Systems. Oman Medical Journal, 320-323.

Anest, T., Ramirez, S., Balhara, K., Hodkinson, P., Wallis, L., & Hansoti, B. (2016). Defining and improving the role of emergency medical services in Cape Town, South Africa. Emergency Medical Journal.

Gordon, E., & Ornato, J. (2000). Emergency cardiac care: introduction. Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
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Torture and Interrogation Essay

Words: 6804 Length: Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99691431

The Rationale for and the Efficacy of Torture during Interrogation

Although information from interrogational torture is unreliable, it is likely to be used frequently and harshly. ==John W. Schiemann, 2012

Introduction

The epigraph above is indicative of the growing consensus concerning the lack of efficacy of torture in providing interrogators with reliable concealed information Concealed information is the foundation of the majority of security issues. In most cases, concealed information is a situation wherein one individual knows something that someone else does not know. Consequently, the majority of security issues could be resolved if there was a dependable method of determining those cases in which an individual was concealing information and extracting that information effectively. To date, though, there has not been a dependable method developed.1 For instance, polygraph research has been unable to achieve an accuracy level that would make the results acceptable in courtrooms in the United States…… [Read More]

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Stress Response Associated With Cardiac Bypass Surgery and Anesthesia Concerns

Words: 2550 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88266403

Cardiac Stress Response: The Use of Anesthetic Technique to Promote Positive Outcome; Analyzing the Pros and Cons of Technique

Cardiac surgery by nature elicits a powerful stress response resulting from activation of stress hormones including epinephrine, norpinephine and cortisol hormones among others. Surgical trauma and blood loss may contribute to this stress response. Some surgeons have suggested that cardio pulmonary bypass surgery in and of itself activates an inflammatory response that results in a stress reaction.

The role of the anesthesiologist in cardiac surgery is to as much extent as possible, to reduce the stress response that results form cardiac surgery. Stress response can be mitigated by a variety of anesthetic technique, including use of opioids and epidural anesthesia. These ideas are explored in greater detail below.

Cardiac Stress Response: The Use of Anesthetic Technique to Promote Positive Outcome; Analyzing the Pros and Cons of Technique

INTRODUCTION stress response may…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Cook, Richard I. "Adapting to New Technology in the Operating Room." Human Factors, Vol. 38, 1996.

Cook, R.I., Woods, D.D., Howie, M.B., Horrow, J.C. & Gaba, D.M. (1992). "Unintentional delivery of vasoactive drugs with an electromechanical infusion device." Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia, 6, 238-244.

Cuschieri, R.J., Morran, C.G., Howie, J.C., & McArdle, C.S. (1985). "Postoperative pain a dpulmonary complications: comparison of three analgesic regimens." British Journal of Surgery, 72, 495-499.

Glaser, J., Kiecolt-Glaser, MacCallum P., Marucha, P., & Page, G. "Psychological Influences on Surgical Recovery: Perspectives from Psychoneuroimmunology." American Psychologists, Vol. 53, 1998.