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IKEA Company has a global supply chain with sales in over 250 own stores in around 24 countries across the globe and 32 outside franchises in 16 countries. The company's stores are supplied directly from the 1350 suppliers or through 31 distribution centers in over 50 countries. As a result, the firm's supply chain has an international spread comprising of sales and purchases across major regions in the world. Since inception, the growth of IKEA has been remarkable as its sales continue to increase and grow. As part of its strategy to ensure increased growth of its business operations, IKEA has plans to open approximately 20 new stores annually within the next five years in order to double its sales. The growth of the firm and increase in sales is despite of the challenges in supply chain planning, which makes some businesses to change up to 30% of its assortment…
Hope, J. & Fraser, R. (2003, September). Beyond Budgeting. Executive Book Summaries, 25(9).
Retrieved from http://www.businesstraining.com.mx/egaii/docs/Beyond%20Budgeting.pdf
"IKEA Marketing Strategy." (n.d.). IKEA United Kingdom -- Student Info. Retrieved August 8,
2012, from http://www.ikea.com/ms/en_GB/about_ikea/press_room/student_info.html
The company sees tremendous potential in a number of global markets and intends to pursue geographic diversification as the primary means of growth. It is aided by globalization, which has allowed it to also diversify its supply chain. The ability of IKEA to enter and exit markets around the world, both as retailer and purchaser, has been facilitated by globalization. The eradication of trade barriers in particular has allowed IKEA to leverage purchasing economies of scale by purchasing globally to service its stores.
The company has consistently viewed efficiency improvements as a means of delivery improved profitability. IKEA leverages this opportunity by using its buying power, its strength in product design and by expanding globally to improve its economies of scale in countries and regions around the world. Though IKEA is a differentiated firm, it also competes as a cost leader, marketing its products at a relatively low price as…
Capell, K.; Sains, A.; Lindblad, C.; Palmer, A.; Bush, J.; Roberts, D. & Hall, K. (2005). IKEA: How the Swedish retailer became a global cult brand. Business Week. Retrieved October 23, 2011 from http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/05_46/b3959001.htm
QuickMBA. (2010). SWOT analysis. QuickMBA.com. Retrieved October 23, 2011 from http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/SWOT/
IKEA. (2010). IKEA named one of the 'world's most ethical companies' for fourth consecutive year in 2010. IKEA Press Release. Retrieved October 23, 2011 from http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/ikea-named-as-one-of-the-worlds-most-ethical-companies-for-fourth-consecutive-year-in-2010-89384407.html
IKEA.com. (2011) various pages. Retrieved October 23, 2011 from http://www.ikea.com/ms/en_CN/about_ikea/press/press_releases/annual_report.html
The stylishly designed, low cost furniture is appreciated by many customers. Even in the recession, IKEA was still able to maintain sales growth. IKEA has used word-of-mouth as their marketing strategy, and customer loyalty is the major component of IKEA's success.
Not every furniture company has the ability or money to develop smartphone apps. However, IKEA is able to increase its sales through e-commerce, which also increases company's accessibility and brand awareness (Ikea assembles record profits for 2011, 2011).
Moreover, IKEA is one of the very few furniture stores that carry a wide range of products with relatively low prices. Although the Bay is one of the largest retail chains, it does not offer a wide range of home furnishing and housewares selections compared to IKEA. The Brick and Leon's are furniture focused companies, but they do not operate internationally and their brand awareness is lagging behind IKEA's.
Ikea assembles record profits for 2011. 2011. http://www.thelocal.se/38616/20120120/
Presentation on IKEA. 2008. http://www.slideshare.net/amarendrahota/ikea-final-presentation
IKEA Invades America. 2011. http://www.slideshare.net/geechuang/ikea-invades-america-presentation
IKEA in the U.S.A.
How 'culture' in the U.S. may impact upon IKEA company and brand
People at IKEA are well-known for living on a slender means, working hard, and being innovative to maximize the use of limited resources. At IKEA, wasting resources is a grave sin. This has become a characteristic of the entire company. This culture of doing things is at the core of the company's approach of keeping low prices. However, IKEA does not compromise quality for the sake of costs. It has a global reputation for quality, safety that customers can trust, and prides itself in providing the appropriate quality in all situations (Daw, 2006). The company's product range is broad in various ways: the situation is the same in all its stores. The product line is wide, comprising of everything a customer will need to furnish a home. The style is wide; it provides just…
Abbing, E.R. (2010). Brand-driven Innovation: Strategies for development and design. Lausanne, Switzerland: AVA Academia.
Berger, P.L. & Huntington, S.P. (2012). Many globalizations: Cultural diversity in the contemporary world. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Davis, J. (2010). Competitive success: How branding adds value. Chichester, West Sussex, U.K: John Wiley.
Daw, J. (2006). Cause-marketing for nonprofits: Partner for purpose, passion, and profits. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
IKEA was founded in the 1940s as a home furnishings company and quickly expanded into its current form. The companies mission is to "offer home furnishing products of good function and design at prices much lower than competitors by using simple cost-cutting solutions that do not affect the quality of the products" (Ikea.com, 2011). The company operates on a franchise model. There are IKEA stores in 41 countries around the world. The company is privately held, but does publish its revenue figures in an annual report. According to this report, the company earned €21.8 in revenues and €2.5 billion in profit.
Ikea's success derives from several strengths. The company has earned a strong brand, and this means that wherever it opens a store there is immediately a strong demand. People in places with no Ikea know the brand and that pent-up demand allows the company to easily expand…
China Daily. (2003). IKEA's low price strategy remains. China Daily. Retrieved November 20, 2011 from http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/en/doc/2003-08/27/content_258713.htm
Ikea 2009 Annual Report. Retrieved November 20, 2011 from http://www.ikea.com/ms/en_CN/about_ikea/press/press_releases/annual_report.html #
Ikea.com (2011). Retrieved November 20, 2011 from http://franchisor.ikea.com/showContent.asp?swfId=concept3
QuickMBA. (2010). Porter's generic strategies. QuickMBA.com. Retrieved November 20, 2011 from http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/generic.shtml
It is also very possible that some questions will not be asked, if person interviewed does not know how to answer them, or does not want to answer such questions.
For the beginning, a first section of questions wants to find out more about the subject of the interview, about the persons' background with the industry (Name, age, company and position, plus responsibility with the company). Also, the total experience of the persons with the industry of furniture in Thailand is of interest. We want to understand such elements in order to know the relevance to be given to this person's answers in the case of opposing opinions.
Next types of questions in the interview refer to the opinion of interviewees about the business of furniture in Thailand.
The differentiation between Ikea and the other main competitors (Index Living Mall and S.B. Furniture) is also tested with the subjects in…
By looking at globalization as a catalyst for growth Ikea has also been able to successful manufacturer highly customized Nordic and Scandinavian designs in lower cost regions of the world (oncha, 2008). This has had the net effect of giving customers the opportunity to own advanced design furnishings without having to pay designer prices (oncha, 2008). The idea of providing exceptional value at a low price is the essence of the Ikea value proposition as a company.
QUESTION 3: What does the IKEA story teach you about the limits of treating the entire world as a single integrated global market place?
The Ikea story shows that by taking a more heterogeneous approach to markets and seeking to capitalize on the unique strengths of each area from both a supply chain and retailing perspective pays off. Ikea has been able to make the highly fragmented global nature of retail markets work…
Pervez N. Ghauri, Veronika Tarnovskaya, & Ulf Elg. (2008). Market driving multinationals and their global sourcing network. International Marketing Review, 25(5), 504-519. http://www.financialplanneruk.org/magazine/test19.pdf
Roncha, A.. (2008). Nordic brands towards a design-oriented concept. Journal of Brand Management, 16(1-2), 21-29.
Veronika Tarnovskaya, Ulf Elg, & Steve Burt. (2008). The role of corporate branding in a market driving strategy. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, 36(11), 941-965.
Terminating the contract completely would further jeopardize the exploited workforce by eliminating payment for work they have already done and force greater hardship upon them. The second alternative would ultimately respond only to the needs of the contractor/supplier and would not show the consumer good faith in the situation or respond to ongoing exploitation beyond what the contractor itself deems they can "get away with."
Expected esults and ationale for the solution: Detail your conclusions and recommendations with supporting rationale including concepts from the text or other sources. elate how you would have handled situations, problems and people. Write a clear and concise conclusion. Cite sources to substantiate what you say.
The expected results of the third alternative would likely be a proactive/long and short-term solution-based response where the needs of those already exploited are responded to functionally through programs such as those suggested by Hue, such as an educational…
Bartlett, C.A. Dessain, V. Sjoman, A. (November 14, 2006) "IKEA's Global Sourcing Challenge: Indian Rugs and Child Labor (A)."
Barner, M. (January 10, 2007) "The IKEA way of preventing child labour." http://www.ikea.com/ms/de_AT/about_ikea/pdf/IWAY_preventing_child_labour.pdf
Hue, L. (November 6, 2009) "Case Study of IKEA with Indian Rugs and Child Labor." http://huele3287.blogspot.com/2009/11/case-study-of-ikea-with-indian-rugs-and.html
The rising demand for convenience is also a very strong motivator for customers as is the demand for stylish but sustainable and eco-friendly products as well. All of these elements together work to further strength the company's position in the global do-it-yourself market.
The greatest threat is from competitors who are also selling do-it-yourself store concepts throughout North America and also working to create highly effective supply chains. There is also the continual competitive threat of changing customer needs, tastes and changing market preferences over the lifecycle of a customers' buying cycles in the areas of furnishings and furniture.
Modifying a highly efficient business model to take into account the individuality of U.S. customers and also adapt product offerings to local tastes are both critically important problems to IKEA today. Their advertising is very European-centric as well, which needs to be changed to better fit the American…
IKEA case study by mapping the facts to the two famous concepts known in marketing, the Porter's generic strategies and the Strategy Clock.
Difference in purpose and application of Porter's generic strategies and the Strategy Clock
Michael Porter, generally known as the king of marketing developed a scheme in which he devised three strategies that companies usually undertake or should undertake in order to maintain or achieve their competitive advantage. The model can be best summarized in the figure below.
Porter's Generic Strategies (Wikipedia, 2012).
If we carefully analyze the model above, on x-axis we will see strategies being devised on type of competency that they have and on y-axis we will see strategies being devised on the level of scope that the company is operating in (Porter, 1998). As the case facts suggest, IKEA had a broad market scope and had a low cost competency. Thus, the strategy for…
Bowman's Strategy Clock. Available from http://www.marketingteacher.com/lesson-store/lesson-bowman.html# [10 June 2012]
Marketing Teacher, 2010, The Strategy Clock: Bowman's Competitive Strategy Options.
Porter, Michael E., 1998, Competitive Advantage. 1st Edition. New York. Free Press
Wikipedia, 2012, Porter's Generic Strategies. Porter's generic strategies -- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Available from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porter_generic_strategies [10 June 10, 2012]
2) What would Edwards hope to gain from such a strategy?
The new marketing strategy could serve to bring a greater customer base to the company.
Case study: Dogfight over Europe (J.Rivkin, Harvard Business School case no. 9-700-115 / 116/117, rev. November 2007)
1) What is your assessment of Ryanair's launch strategy?
Ryanair ran four round trips each day and offered meals and amenities that were similar to Aer LInguis and British Airways. The company decided to distinguish itself by first, focusing intently on delivering first-rate customer service and secondly, charign a single fare for a ticket with no restrictions. Lowering of fares in May 1996 was met by Aer Lingus and British Airways with a lowering of their fare and in response Ryanair lowered its unrestricted fare in what was termed to be "predatory pricing…to take over market share." The initial performance of Ryanair was good with its flights…
General description of site
The moment you open www.ikea.com you get into a global gateway display. The page allows the user to voluntarily select their location. The page is not country specific. No country, even Sweden, has a preferential billing on the site. To add on this, each country supported by the website is denoted by 2 letters on the domain name. For instance, Germany domain is titled www.ikea.de while France domain is denoted as www .ikea.fr. The U.S. domain is denoted as www.ikea.us (Yunker, 2007). The website uses a banner that covers the entire home page. The banner communicates the niche covered by the site i.e. furniture. The banner also allows the website visitors to easily maneuver to their country details. If the website does not contain store information for the country specified there are alternative details made available.
Beneath the banner, there are country-specific domains with regional organization,…
Crain, D. W., & Abraham, S. (2008). Using value-chain analysis to discover customers\\\\' strategic needs. Strategy & Leadership, 36(4), 29-39.
De Chernatony, L. (2010). From brand vision to brand evaluation: The strategic process of growing and strengthening brands. Routledge.
Evans, J., & Bridson, K. (2005). Explaining retail offer adaptation through psychic distance. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, 33(1), 69-78.
Kerin, R. A., Hartley, S. W., & Rudelius, W. (2010). Marketing. McGraw-Hill.
Pipes, A. (2011). How to Design Websites. London: Laurence King Publishing.
Roger, K. (2010). Strategic Marketing Problems: Cases and Comments, 12/E. Pearson Education India.
Strauss, J. (2016). E-marketing. Routledge.
Yunker, J. (2007). IKEA: behind the best global retail website. Multilingual, 18(4), 36-40.
This report provides information on each of the following areas pertaining to IKEA’s organization, culture, ethical framework, revenue and so on. The following sections provide the relevant data:
1) Organization Background & Benchmarking
2)Organization Background, Ethics/Legal, and Current events
3) Marketing, Financials & Accounting
4) Organization Culture, People, and Diversity
5) Strategy and Planning Analysis—Organization Goals
6) SWOT analysis
7) Recommendations, 21st Century, and Moving Forward
A brief summation of the separate sections is as follows: 1) focuses on IKEA’s standard store concept and how benchmarking analysis can be used to more effectively harness the firm’s potential in development. It also examines internal benchmarking that is a factor in the firm’s ability to promote progressive ideals; 2) focuses on ethical and legal compliance within the organization and how the company has addressed issues such as child labor and equality in the workplace; 3) focuses on how the firm…
Future of IKEA / IKEA: Challenges and Solutions
IKEA was started just before the end of the Second World War. Ingvar Kamprad who was in his late teens at the time, named the company after himself, his farm named Elmtaryd and the place where he was raised, Agunnardy. Since its inception when it sold household goods, the store has experienced rapid growth, moving from carrying furnishings to designing furniture, all the way to becoming a large-scale furniture seller with outlets around the world. It is one of the preferred stores for value-based consumers.
Factors that Account for IKEA's Success
Many factors account for IKEAs success, but chief among them is the cost advantage that it possesses, differentiating it from its competitors. The firm is known for delivering quality and practical furniture that it customers are able to assemble. The company takes advantage of the good relations with its suppliers,…
Moon, Youngmen. "IKEA invades America." Harvard Business School Publishing, Boston, MA. (2004): 504-904. PrintS
Samantha. "Is The Appeal Of IKEA Furniture On Its Last Legs?" Insego. (2015). WebT
Tozer, James. "Why shoppers find it so hard to escape from IKEA: Flatpack furniture stores are 'designed just like a maze." Daily Mail. (2015). Web
IKEA is a Swedish company that is well-known for its brightly colored furniture and among the largest furniture retailers in the whole world whose specialty is modern and competitively priced furniture that is Scandavian designed. The company boasts of having about 270 stores in 24 countries. The company's mission is to ensure that they offer their customers a value for their money. Their typical customers are young families of low to middle class income. IKEA's success in the retail industry is due to the vast experience the company has in the retail market, cost leadership and global differentiation. On a global platform, the company is among the world's most successful retailing firms as a result of its unique concept of selling the furniture in kits which require to be assembled by the customers at their homes.
IKEA's Core Competencies
IKEA's capabilities have come up from its unique resources and its…
Wordpress.com. (2013)..IKEA's core advantages. Retrieved May 24,2014 from http://pmbarobinson.wordpress.com/2013/02/16/ikeas-core-advantages/
Stengel, G.(2001). Ten Tips for Successful Strategic Alliances. Retrieved May 24,2014 from http://www.stengelsolutions.com/tips_4.htm
Simons, J.(2009)..Sucessful partnerships and strategic alliances. Retrieved May 24,2014 from http://www.slideshare.net/psimoons/successful-partnerships-and-alliances
IKEA -- Key Elements
There are many individual reasons that the IKEA business model has been successful. However, most of these reasons seem to center of the concepts of standardization and efficiency. One of the company's primary breakthroughs was the introduction of flat-packaging that has offered consumers value through many different aspects. Flat-packaging is simply more efficient to move products throughout the supply chain and even for the consumer to transport the products home. Consumers can assemble the products themselves as well and do not have to pay for delivery or installation which also creates value.
The self-service concept at IKEA extends further beyond just self-delivery and installation as well. The stores also incorporate self-service with the lack of sales people to try to urge consumers to make purchases. Instead of a sales person trying to pressure consumers to make individual purchases, the IKEA store displays the items and gives…
IKEA's Competitive Strategies
How IKEA's Competitive Strategies Worked
The success of IKEA emanates from the concept based on providing customers with a wide variety of well-designed and functional home furnishing products. Further, the aspect of affordability enables a wider population of individuals to enjoy these products. Selling products at lower prices with a wider customer base enables the company to penetrate markets. The Swedish company has provided a unique style and brand image appealing to customers. IKEA endeavors to provide customers with beautiful, practical, and pyretic furniture to capture a wide customer base (Yohn, 2015). It has also established a competitive edge over its competitors based on the following strategies:
The company sells relatively inexpensive contemporary Scandinavian style furniture to a wide base of customers all over the world. The primary target consumer group has occurred as white-collared individuals fascinated by the unique designs employed by IKEA. It has also…
Gustafsson, K. (2014, January 28). Ikea Sees 'Positive Signs' as Economies Start to Recover. Bloomberg Business. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-01-28/ikea-group-profit-increases-as-household-consumption-strengthens
Tabuchi, H. (2015, January 28). As Profit Slows, Ikea Notes Need to Move Online. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/29/business/as-profit-slows-ikea-notes-need-to-move-online.html
Forbes (2015, May). IKEA on Forbes Lists. Forbes. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/companies/ikea/
Yohn, D. (2015, June 10). How IKEA Designs Its Brand Success. Forbes. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/deniselyohn/2015/06/10/how-ikea-designs-its-brand-success/2/
What are some of the things IKEA is doing right to reach consumers in different markets?
The company enjoys the current magnitude of prosperity through a distinctive proposal of worth to customers. In particular, it offers innovative Scandinavian way of designing at very competitive prices. IKEA's vision is to generate a better day-to-day life for several people. Another differentiator that IKEA has undertaken is adaptability -- it provides products that are uniform but at the same time makes custom-made products on the basis of consumer inclinations and preferences that vary according to regions and demographics. For instance, when the personnel of the company realized that shoppers in the United States were purchasing vases as drinking glasses because they deemed IKEA's regular glasses to be too tiny to be used for drinking, they designed and developed bigger glasses. In addition, the company employs easy accessibility in the sense that its…
Capell, C. (2005). IKEA: How the Swedish Retailer Became a Global Cult Brand. BusinessWeek, November 14, 2005, p 96.
Kotler, P., & Keller, K. L. (2012). Marketing management [VitalSource Bookshelf version] (14th ed.). Retrieved from https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781323291016
Nahrain University. (2015). IKEA. Retrieved 8 July 2016 from: http://www.slideshare.net/AzharAlShafie/ikea-2015
This paper compares and contrasts your company IKEA to Walmart and Target. All three of these companies sell furniture at low prices and are considered mega-stores. IKEA has been in existence longer than Walmart (since 1926) and specializes solely in furniture (whereas Walmart is a super-store that sells virtually everything). Target is the oldest company, getting its start in 1902—but like Walmart it sells much more than just furniture. All three stores are giant retailers and each offers something special to the public. This paper will show how IKEA’s best appeal to the public is when it comes to purchasing furniture for smalls spaces, such as rooms or offices, while Target and Walmart both have their own appeal to the public—namely, quality offerings and cheap prices respectively. This paper will also show how IKEA differentiates itself from its competitors and why this is important.
By distinguishing itself from its competitors…
Glass Door. (2017). Retrieved from
Loeb, W. (2012). IKEA is a world-wide wonder. Retrieved from
Karbastera, K. (2016). Walmart and IKEA. Retrieved from
Pearson, B. (2015). Re-assembly required: What Target, Walmart could learn from
IKEA’s expansion. Forbes. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/bryanpearson/2015/03/27/re-assembly-required-what-target-walmart-could-learn-from-ikeas-expansion/#7841339a4693
Ingvar Kamprad and IKEA Case Study
On the basis of information provided concerning Ingvar Kamprad and IKEA, the organizational theory underlying IKEA will be identified. Associated behavioral problems with IKEA's development will also be discussed. Questions were formulated and are addressed in order to more fully delineate IKEA's organizational strategy and development. Assumptions made will be identified throughout discussions. The questions guiding the discussion are as follows:
What organizational theory served as the basis for IKEA's successful emergence within the furniture retailing industry in Sweden and internationally?
What strategic management principles are evident within Kamprad's efforts?
What barriers/behavioral problems existed and how did IKEA overcome them from a strategic perspective?
Ingvar Kamprad largely developed and created sustained growth in IKEA through an organizational philosophy based on strategic management. From the earliest days of IKEA, Kamprad displayed a commitment to seeking out and utilizing strategies for responding to the…
Bartol K.M. & Martin D. (1993) Management. NY: McGraw- Hill, Inc.
IKEA, one of the largest furniture retailers worldwide. This text provides a synopsis of the article and commentary on the company's product strategy and product range. IKEA was established in 1943 in Sweden by Ingvar Kamprad, originally as a mail order business. Five years after inception, Kamprad ventured into the home furnishing business, subsequently opening the first furniture showroom in 1949. At the time, the showroom earned recognition as the largest furniture exhibition in Scandinavia. Inspired by the democratic Swedish culture and keen on cost-consciousness, a customer-oriented product strategy, as well as unique, self-assembled designs, IKEA had become the largest furniture retailer globally by 2002, with 154 stores in 22 countries (in Europe, Asia, and North America), 286 million customers, and approximately $12 billion in sales. The company retails a wide range of home furniture and furnishings, including beds, kitchen cabinets, kitchen tables, sofas, dressers, as well as alarm clocks…
IKEA’s core founding value was based on the concept of making life better for people by giving them access to affordable products (Bartlett, Dessain & Sjoman, 2006). The problem that arose for IKEA in the 1990s, several decades after IKEA’s founding, was the issue of child labor and whether or not IKEA should continue to source rugs from a supplier that had been reported as using child labor in its manufacturing of rugs. From a social issues standpoint in the Western perspective, IKEA had to break ties with the supplier; however, in countries like India, unbonded child labor was not viewed as heinously as it was in the West: on the contrary, it was socially acceptable because children worked under the guidance of their parents and learned their trade in this manner. To break ties with a supplier that was simply engaging in a traditional custom of its…
IKEA Organizational Culture
Strong and Weak Sides of Organizational Culture
Impact of Internal and External Factors
Leadership and Organizational Culture
Employees and Organizational Structure
IKEA Organizational Culture
Every organization has a unique culture that dictates how things are done -- it defines the organization's social and psychological behavior. Though there is no universally agreed definition, organizational culture essentially refers to the values, beliefs, attitudes, assumptions, principles, habits, and customs shared by members of a given organization (Schein, 2010). These behavioral aspects constitute the distinctiveness of the organization (Jain, 2005). Indeed, organizational culture can be an important source of competitive advantage for an organization as it determines its strategic orientation, personnel management approaches, and other aspects of organizational behavior (Schein, 2010; Mullins & Christy, 2010). One organization that has built a distinctive organizational culture is IKEA, a Swedish multinational firm involved in the designing and marketing…
Browaeys, M., & Price, R. (2008). Understanding Cross-cultural Management. Harlow: Prentice Hall.
Clarke, L. (n.d.). Corporate culture of the heart. Retrieved from: https://inside.6q.io/ikea - corporate-culture-of-the-heart/
Geert-hofstede.com (n.d.). Country comparison. Retrieved from: https://geert- hofstede.com/sweden.html
Grol, P., & Schoch, C. (2010). IKEA: Culture as competitive advantage. CPA, Paris Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved from: http://www.efbl.org/upload/7730963-Strategijski- menadzment-Studija-slucaja-IKEA-2010-12-16.pdf
The Financial Year/Accounting Period Concept
Application of Literature eview into practice for IKEA's 3-year (2009-2010-2011) financial reports
What is missing and ok in the reports? The good and bad points of eports based on Literature eview.
103-year comparative ratio analysis and their interpretations
Literature eview of "Strategic Management Accounting Concept" and its application to facilitate the IKEA's ambitions for the future.
The concept of financial reporting is important to each and every organization. The information contained in financial reports is important since it helps in the reduction of financial risks while also acting as a tool for corporate governance (Kothari,2000; Berndt,2007).Financial report must have a series of desirable characteristics. In this paper, we use IKEA's financial reports in evaluating the desirable characteristics of financial reports. Also discussed is the possible effects of using the concepts of strategic management accounting and its methods in the promotion and facilitation…
Beuselinck, C. & Manigart, S. (2007). Financial Reporting Quality in Private Equity Backed Companies: The Impact of Ownership Concentration. Small Business Economics, 29, 261-274.
Dabor, EL., Adeyemi, SB (2009).Corporate Governance and the credibility of financial statements in Nigeria. Journal of Business Systems, Governance and Ethics. Vol 4, (1)
Datamonitor (2012). Ikea Group. http://www.datamonitor.com/store/Product/ikea_group?productid=6878C795-4BCB-4C85-A319-6F33C508FD80
Dechow, P.M., Sloan, R.G. & Sweeney, A.P. (1996). Causes and consequences of earnings manipulation: An analysis of firms subject to enforcement actions by the SEC. Contemporary Accounting Research, 13(1), 1-36.
Rather than attempting to increase the diversification of product offerings, management at Best Buy have found small and subtle ways to adjust the retail experience, making stores (or more specifically, certain areas of each store) more tailored to specific classes and types of consumers. Sales staff have also been trained to use different language styles and sales efforts when dealing with different consumers, again tailoring each individual consumer's experience to their own personal needs and preferred methods of conducting business. By simply presenting and describing the largely technological offerings available at Best Buy stores in different manners to different consumers, sales have increased and the store's profitability has risen, as well. The continued success of the company depends on its ability to continue this process of incremental innovation, adjusting and developing as new consumer trends come to the fore.
Encouraging managers and employees to become intrapreneurs, making profitable incremental innovations…
At Google, areas of interest include their intensive sustainability commitment to promote eco-friendly buildings and energy efficiency, the company's approach to managing the Chinese government relationship and messaging, and the torrent of new applications they produce. In conclusion, the organizations I'd seek out to work for after graduation would have brands that were global and could use my skill set of globally-based coordination and intercultural collaboration while also being highly creative with a pace that made programs challenging yet attainable.
Upload a 300-500-word persuasive essay that describes what you understand to be the fundamental role of public relations in society. Illustrate your commentary by citing a recent example (good or bad) of strategic public relations at work from an area of the field that is of particular interest to you.
At its most strategic, public relations seeks to unify the messaging and communications across a company while ensuring accuracy, authenticity…
Hamilton, J., Knouse, S., & Hill, V. (2009). Google in China: A Manager-Friendly Heuristic Model for Resolving Cross-Cultural Ethical Conflicts. Journal of Business Ethics, 86(2), 143-157.
James S. O'Rourke IV, Brynn Harris, & Allison Ogilvy. (2007). Google in China: government censorship and corporate reputation. The Journal of Business Strategy, 28(3), 12-22.
The first installment of the Iron Man franchise can be analyzed in the context of whether it either reaffirms or criticizes mainstream culture. Indeed, the film does a bit of both. The movie script itself as well as the underlying method and motives of the filmmakers and actors in terms of how the film is being marketed and portrayed potentially irrespective of what is being asserted directly in the movie itself will also be assessed.. Iron Man and films like it play a two-sided game of both glorifying and condemning ideas that are political and ideological in nature but often does so in a way that is not even-handed or is otherwise not grounded in reality.
Iron Man Observations
hat is clear straight away with the interactions and the developments surrounding Tony Stark (Downey) and Obadiah is that the movie is making a statement about corporate greed and…
Fisje, John "The Cultural Economy of Fandom," pp. 30-49, in Adoring Audience
Friday, Kirster "A Generation of Men Without History": Fight Club, Masculinity, and the Historical Symptom," Postmodern Culture 13:3 (2003),
Henry A. Giroux and Imre Szeman, "Ikea Boy Fights Back: Fight Club, Consumerism,
There is also the need to concentrate on the interaction of these personal demographic factors as the foundation for group factors analysis.
Group Factors Analysis
The accumulated effects of the personal factors defined in the first section of this paper are put into relevance when the social factors are quantified and measured specifically relating to the retail home furnishings industry. One of the most commonly used is the VALS2 methodology (Piirto, 1996) which has its basis in the following set of metrics as shown in Figure 2, Lifestyle Orientation Definitions.
Table 2: Lifestyle Orientation Definitions
Source: (Piirto, 1996)
I am successful and deeply committed to work, family, and community.
A like predictability and consistency over risk.
My work affords me material rewards and prestige that shows success to my friends.
Strivers like to be trendy want to be stylish and admire people who are well-known for their…
Bennington, R. (2001) Furniture Marketing,
NY Fairchild Publications.
Jason M. Carpenter. 2008. Demographics and patronage motives of supercenter shoppers in the United States. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management 36, no. 1 (January 1): 5-16. http://www.proquest.com (Accessed February 9, 2009).
Deshpande, Rohit, Farley, John U, Webster, Frederick E. Jr. 1993. Corporate culture, customer orientation, and innovativeness. Journal of Marketing
Porter's Generic Strategies (b) the Strategy Clock
The question that both models address is the aspect of competition: how one company can gain competitive advantage over another given the finite number of unique products and services out there and the need for different companies to sell similar or common products to a limited sample of people.
In "Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors" (1980), Porter reduced competition to three strategies: 1. Cost leadership; 2. Product differentiation, and; 3. Market segmentation.
In other words, companies compete either on cost (the price of their products); on perceived value (the differentiation in value of their product from that of another company); or / and on by focusing on a particularized customer (i.e. offering a niche / segmented market).
In 1996, Cliff Bowman and David Faulkner created Bowman's Strategy Clock, which extended Porter's model to eight strategies and included identifying the likelihood…
Neuman, S. (2006). Low price doesn't always mean low quality, but it could mean a challenge to high-end products, Washington Uni. In St. Louis. http://news.wustl.edu/news/Pages/7318.aspx
IKEA: how the Swedish retailer became a global cult brand. Business Week online, 14 November 2005.
Education and Training for Cross-Cultural Management at IKEA
Business across borders has presented significant challenges for multinational organisations. Due to cultural differences between countries, a multinational organisation is compelled to take the differences into account during important processes such as human resource management. IKEA, a Swedish multinational firm, is one organization in which the challenge of cross-cultural management is relevant. Significant cultural differences between the U.S. and Sweden may make Swedish practices inappropriate in the U.S. All the same, the organisation can overcome cultural barriers by implementing a cross-cultural education and training program. The program, which would take the form of deliberately planned seminars and workshops, would equip employees with knowledge and ability to work effectively in a cross-cultural environment. It would be more appropriate for the organisation to hire an external cross-cultural management consultant as it may not have such expertise internally. Implementing the training program would…
Bhattacharyya, D. (2010). Cross cultural management: text and cases. New Delhi: PHI Learning.
Browaeys, M., & Price, R. (2008). Understanding Cross-cultural Management. Harlow: Prentice Hall.
Chebium, R. (2015). How to create an effective cross-cultural training program. Retrieved from: https://www.shrm.org/hr-today/news/hr-magazine/pages/010215-cross-cultural- training.aspx
Lucas, R., Lupton, B., & Mathieson, H. (2006). Human resource management in an international context. London: Chartered Institute of Personnel Development.
operations management and operations strategy.
Using an example of your own, explain how operations performance objectives can change over time.
Explain which factors that influence the timing of capacity change.
Explain how developments in process technology can change trade-offs in the product-process matrix.
Explain the main differences between continuous and breakthrough improvements.
Describe a typical stage gate model of the product and service development process.
Describe the different ways in which headquarter operations staff can act to create value for their company and its individual operations.
Explain the difference between pure risk and speculative risk.
Question 1 -- Brintons Carpets Ltd.
Question 2 -- Operations Strategy analysis of IKEA
Question 3 -- Hagen Style
Differences between operations management and operations strategy.
the systematic approach to address the challenges and the issues that relate to the transformation of raw materials or any other form of input into output so that the…
Strategic Information Systems'?
A strategic information system is a system that enables an organisation to alter the structure of its business strategy so that it can achieve a competitive advantage over others. This system also helps organisations in fastening the time it takes to react and adapt to several environmental changes that take place and makes the overall business structure more efficient. Within a strategic information system there exists a decision support system that helps align business goals and strategies with information systems and technologies.
Write down the various business models of internet.
The various business models of the internet include:
Advertising, Blogging, Affiliate, Community, Utility, Subscription, Brokerage, Merchant, Manufacturer.
Question 3: What is 'Network Bandwidth'?
The amount or volume of data which is being transmitted through a particular network at a given point in time is referred to as a network bandwidth. Network bandwidth's can be affected by software…
The store uses empty space wisely by filling it with store specials, and when designs are in progress the area has a sign that tells the consumer what is coming soon. Music is non-discernable (I don't remember if there is any at all) but there is so much for the eye it is not needed. The whole store smells like baking cinnamon buns, a store specialty (offered in the Cafe and in the Bistro as you leave). This makes the place really smell like home! Every inch of the store (excluding the warehouse for utility sake) it taken up by a display of some sort and everything is pleasing to look at and dissect. Special displays, such as the "living in 480 sq ft" full home layout are fantastic and feel very complete, as if you could simply kick off your shoes and watch television or lay down and take…
Corporate Social esponsibilities
Comparison of CS Practices
In the 21st century, attaining some degree of social responsibility is recognized as a business quality that most corporations use in their daily operations to keep being in business Enquist, Edvardsson, & Petros, 2008.
The inclusion of social responsibility into a corporation helps to form a connection between the corporation's objectives with the idea of sustainable developments Samuel & Walter, 2009.
Corporate social responsibility helps corporations to show their ethical concern for sustainable development and that for their stakeholders. In this paper, a comparison of corporate social responsibility of three companies is given.
CS practices of IKEA, Hennes & Mauritz (H&M) and Starbucks compared
H&M philosophy in conducting business as the third largest retailer of clothing in the world is to offer the best price for fashion and quality outfits. The issue of the quality by H&M does not only involve the final…
Chaudhary, K., & Krishin, V.R. (2007). Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility and Tranformational Leadership on Brand Community: An Experimental Study'. Global Business Review, 8(2), 205-220.
Enquist, B., Edvardsson, B., & Petros, S., S. (2008). Corporate Social Responsibility for Charity or for Service Business? . The Asian Journal of Quality, 9(1), 55-67.
Samuel, O.I., & Walter, L.F. (2009). Global Practices of Corporate Social Responsibility. Heidelberg: Springer.
advertising geared to the gay and lesbian communities. Specifically, it will discuss advertising in the context of gay and lesbian culture, and how particular ad campaigns are significant to the gay and lesbian communities. While society has become more accepting of the gay and lesbian lifestyle, there are still many aspects of culture and society that disapprove of the gay/lesbian experience. Traditionally, mainstream advertising has not courted gays and lesbians, but some advertisers have recognized the size and dimensions of the market, and are beginning to break down the barriers in advertising to gays and lesbians in mainstream markets. In the last decade, advertising has become more open, and the gay lifestyle has become more accepted. Advertisers will continue to create new markets to create new opportunities for business and industry, and the gay/lesbian market is still waiting to be fully tapped.
The gay and lesbian lifestyle has existed for…
Author not Available. "Mainstream/B2B Advertising Best Practices." CommercialCloset.org. 2004. 19 July 2004. http://www.commercialcloset.org/cgi-bin/iowa/index.html?page=best
Boyce, David B. "Coded Desire in 1920's Advertising." Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide 7.1 (2000): 26-30.
Buford, Howard. "Understanding Gay Consumers." Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide 7.2 (2000): 26-28.
Burnett, John J. "Gays: Feelings about Advertising and Media Used." Journal of Advertising Research (2000): 75.
Ingvar Kamprad: Wealthy Man, Frugal Man, Entrepreneur Extraordinaire
The case concerns Ingvar Kamprad, former CEO of IKEA. To comply with Dutch age retirement laws for chief executives, he retired from the position in 1999, but remains actively involved in running the company. His three sons also work at the company. As Ingvar grew up, he developed an entrepreneurial spirit by selling various items at his local neighborhood. He started IKEA with a cash gift he received from his father when he was seventeen years old. From its humble beginnings, the company grew to be an international power. To ensure its success, Kamprad has ensured a paternalistic employment paradigm combined with a social safety net as well as a drive for profits and market share. To promote the culture of hard work as a requirement of success, IKEA functions on the basis of frugality, which is manifest in actions such as…
Alagse (2011). Leadership Grid -- a simple assessment tool for leaders. Retrieved from: http://www.alagse.com/leadership/l9.php
Blanchard, K. And Zigami, D. (2011). Mangers vs. Leaders. Success Performance Solutions. Retrieved from: http://www.super-solutions.com/ManagersVsLeaders.asp#axzz1V2pK0Kda
Changing Minds. (2011). Leadership Styles. Retrieved from: http://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/styles/leadership_styles.htm
Nelson, D.L. And Quick, J.C. Organizational Behavior: Science, the Real World, and You.
Founded in 1981, gallery Furniture has worked its way up the ladder in a systematic and well organized way to become one of the highest placed furniture houses in Houston. The founder of this firm is Jim Mclangvale and his name plus that of the organization has become more like an institution in Houston, well-known across the market and known for their ability to save the buyers money upon purchases. The enterprise has two locations in Houston, a fact that makes it one of the leading furniture retailers in Houston and takes up a whole 20% share of the furniture market in Houston. Apart from dominating the market, it also makes one of the highest sales per square foot in the entire nation. Gallery Furniture deals in mattresses of various brands, bedroom furniture, home office furniture, dinning room furniture as well as living room furniture. It is significant…
Ashley Furniture Industries Inc., (2014). Houston, TX Ashley Furniture Homestore. Retrieved February 24, 2014 from http://www.ashleyfurniturehomestore.com/storelocator/StoreDetail.aspx?store=HoustonKaty
Bel Funiture, (2014). About Bel Furniture. Retrieved February 24, 2014 from http://www.belfurniture.com/cart.html
Hoover's Inc., (2014a). Gallery Furniture Company Information. Retrieved February 24, 2014 from http://www.hoovers.com/company-information/cs/company-profile.Gallery_Furniture.1d3f41caadd5e5f1.html
Hoover's Inc., (2014b). Haverty Furniture Companies, Inc. Company Information. Retrieved February 24, 2014 from http://www.hoovers.com/company-information/cs/company-profile.Haverty_Furniture_Companies_Inc.3bfba882ee5c3081.html
"Serving small rather than large customers or densely rather than sparsely situated customers are other examples in which the best way to configure marketing, order processing, logistics, and after-sale service activities to meet the similar needs of distinct groups will often differ" (Porter, 1996, p.67).
But choosing a unique position, however, is not enough to guarantee a sustainable advantage. A competitor can reposition itself to match a superior performer by copycatting, like J.P. Penny did with Sears, or straddle customer segments in its marketing strategy" to match the benefits of a successful position while maintaining its existing position" like a luxury line offering a value line (such as Continental Airlines offering 'Continental Lite' (Porter, 1996, p.67). But there are always trade-offs, as straddling can create inconsistencies in image or reputation, dilute finite resources like labor and capital, and also from limits on internal coordination and control (Porter, 1996, p.67).
Ferrell, O.E. & Michael Hartline. Marketing Strategy. 4th Edition. Mason, OH: Thomas Learning/
Southwestern College Publishing, 2008.
Porter, Michael. "What is Strategy?" Harvard Business Review. Nov-Dec 1996. Reprint 96608.
Work Life Balance - the ole of HM
Human resources management come with massive demands chiefly in light of the fact that it involves dealing with people, a task that is complex in itself. To enhance organizational growth, pleasure on the part of workforce is very crucial. This is a necessity that human resources sectors in organizations have to grapple with on a day-to-day basis through the initiation and implementation of means of achieving workers satisfaction and overall performance (Frame & Hartog, 2003). Creating room for work life balance constitutes come of the mechanisms that employers use in achieving this goal (Clutterbuck, 2003). Work life balance is a concept whose relevance in the organization and more so in the world of advancing technology holds a lot of water. It brings to both parties in the business environment numerous benefits (Ehnert, 2009). The concept has a wide range of practice ranging…
Avgar, Ariel C., Givan, Rebecca Kolins and Liu, Mingwei, A Balancing Act: Work -- Life Balance and Multiple Stakeholder Outcomes in Hospitals (December 2011). British Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 49, Issue 4, Pp. 717-741, 2011
Business: The Ultimate Resource. (2003). Beijing: Citic Publishing House
Cascio, W.F. (2010). Investing In People, Electronic Resource, FT Press
Cieri HD, Holmes B, Abbott J & Pettit T (2005), Achievements And Challenges For Work/Life Balance Strategies In Australian Organizations, The International Journal Of Human Resource Management16 (1)
Sporadic bonuses across the year also help employee performance to stay more consistent. "Set up a series of smaller rewards throughout the year to motivate ongoing performance excellence. For example, instead of an annual trip, award several three-day getaways for each quarter. Vary the basis for the awards. Top sales might be one category, but so can top research or most diligent. ecognize that several types of excellence motivate your employees to focus on additional areas of their performance" (Berkus, 2012). In this quote, Berkus, truly brings up an important point: some of the bonus methods of compensation are going to depend on the employee hired, as the most effective bonuses will be the ones that are unique to the employee. For instance, some people might just want bonuses in the form of free clothes and shoes. Other people would prefer strictly cash bonuses. There will be some exploration that…
Berkus, D. (2012, July 13). Six Ways to Drive Employee Performance and Motivation. Retrieved from ldrlb.co: http://ldrlb.co/2012/07/six-ways-to-drive-employee-performance-and-motivation/
bls.gov. (2012, May). May 2012 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates. Retrieved from Bls.gov: http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_nat.htm#13-0000
Gordon, C. (2012, July 19). Simple Cafeteria Benefits Plans. Retrieved from bizfilings.com: http://www.bizfilings.com/toolkit/news/office-hr/simple-cafeteria-plan-created-by-health-care-act.aspx
Stewart, G., & Brown. (2012). Human Resource Management. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Teamsters Union is a general workers' union based in the United States and Canada. The operating structure of the union is based around functional departments. These are Accounting & Budget, Affiliates & Automated Records, Capital Strategies, Communications, Drive Accounting, Economics & Contracts, Federal Legislation and Regulation, Field and Political Action, Human Rights Commission, Information Systems, International Auditors, Legal, Organizing, Safety and Health, Strategic Research and Campaigns and Training & Development. The union is also organized in terms of its membership. The different structural elements are the local unions, joint councils, trade divisions and conferences and the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. There are hundreds if not thousands of local unions, representing different workplaces.
The Teamsters union has some issues, for example, there are complains that its demands are too excessive (Smith, 2012), that it calculates dues structure unfairly (Tweh, 2013) and that it is causing resentment in its workplaces (Halme, 2013).…
Griffin, D. (2013). Functional organization structure advantages. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved December 8, 2013 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/functional-organizational-structure-advantages-3721.html
Smith, K. (2012) The Teamsters union is taking away our Twinkies. Forbes. Retrieved December 8, 2013 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/kylesmith/2012/02/15/the-teamsters-union-is-taking-away-our-twinkies/
Teamsters.org. (2013). About. Teamsters.org Retrieved December 7, 2013 from http://teamster.org/about
Individuals now have increasing control over how and when they receive information. Promoters now have to take a new approach to reaching potential consumers. The push method of promotion, broadcasting messages in bulk, is no longer as effective as it once was. Now promoters have to be more creative and implement more of a pull strategy to entice consumers. They have to create a desire for the consumer to want to hear the information.
Starbucks -- this brand is likely best target to populations at a national level. Not every country has a culture that values coffee in the same way.
Netflix -- Netflix is also best targeted at a national or regional level. Different populations and groups will have different media preferences.
Local milk -- the local milk brand should target the regional or local level since it is regionally produced.
d. North Face -- this brand could potentially…
Ad Respect. (N.d.). Ad Library. Retrieved from Ad Respect: http://www.adrespect.org/common/adlibrary/adprintdetails.cfm?QID=3638&clientID=11064
BuildDirect. (N.d.). Life at Home. Retrieved from BuildDirect: http://www.builddirect.com/blog/home-improvement-in-autumn-10-after-labor-day-labors/
Free Checking Information. (N.d.). Ally Bank. Retrieved from Free Checking Information: http://freecheckinginformation.com/tag/ally/
Johnson, L. (2015, July 22). Uber Takes Over New York Times Homepage With Large Ad Calling Out the Mayor. Retrieved from AdWeek: http://www.adweek.com/news/technology/uber-takes-over-new-york-times-homepage-fight-proposed-bill-166050
Sears is a retail company that offers a range of products and services via brick and mortar locations and online shopping portals. Its brand focuses on offering quality proprietary brand products and in-home services in an industry that is currently led by larger retailers like Wal-Mart, Target and Amazon, the e-commerce giant that is single-handedly changing the nature of retail today. In order to stay competitive, Sears is focusing on building brand loyalty among the young target market with disposable income—the 25-30 year old demographic; it is differentiating itself from its competitors by focusing on providing quality products and services as opposed to only discounted options. Sears’s main selling point, therefore, is its quality brand products—like Kenmore and Craftsman—that appeal to homeowners, especially to new homeowners who are in a prime position to develop brand loyalty to the types of appliances and services that only Sears can offer.…
net, 2010). For HNI, the objective is to build market share, as much as possible, in ergonomic chairs. The pricing strategy is going to need to reflect that, and should therefore be at the low end of the ergonomic segment.
In this situation, we have chosen a skimming strategy. The skimming strategy involves setting high prices based on value. The company wants to build market share on the basis of quality (Meissner, 2010). Ergonomic chairs are a growth market, and this strategy will allow us to gain entry into the market without sacrificing margins. e do not intend to be the biggest player in the market, but to build a solid market share based on a high quality product. e want to make good margins on our products and a skimming strategy will allow us to do this while staking our position in the market overall. Ergonomic chairs are relatively…
Johansson, C. (2000). Top 10 emerging practice areas to watch in the new millennium. American Occupational Therapy Association. Retrieved April 24, 2010 from http://www.aota.org/nonmembers/area1/links/link61.asp
No author. (2010). Industry overview -- retail office furniture in the United States. ZPryme.com. Retrieved April 24, 2010 from http://zpryme.com/news-room/industry-overview-a-retail-office-furniture-in-the-united-states-including-market-leaders-ashley-lane-haverty-and-global-leader-ikea-zprymehtml.html
No author. (2010). Best ergonomic office chair. Ergonomic-Chairs.net. Retrieved April 24, 2010 from http://ergonomic-chairs.net/
Meissner, J. (2010). Basic pricing strategies and when to use them. Meissner Research Group. Retrieved April 24, 2010 from http://www.meiss.com/blog/tag/skimming-strategy/
(3) According to the Multiple Intelligences Survey, I have quite a bit of intrapersonal and interpersonal intellegence and a moderate amount of musical and kinesthetic intelligence. This makes sense because I enjoy analyzing people and situations; and, I decided to leave my old job because I was bored sitting still behind a desk and not talking to anyone for most of the day.
As I was enjoying the surveys so much, also I took Kolb's Learning Styles Inventory and discovered that my learning style consists of doing and feeling or what Kolb would abbreviate as "CE/AE." When these findings are placed on the two-by-two grid by Kolb, my learning style is accommodating. An accommodating learning style is often times referred to as a "hands-on" style and one that relies upon intuition over logic. In fact, these findings also did not surprise me because I have to do something at least…
Codde, PhD, J.R. (2006). Using Learning Contracts in the College Classroom. Michigan State University.
Specialists that analyze this subject refer to this as The New Age of Innovation.
The empathic business model developed around the product assumes that customers are invited to participate in the development of the product in case. They are allowed to present their ideas and to get involved in the actual production of the product in case.
The empathic business model based on price consists in strategies that offer a very low price or no charge pat all in exchange of certain information that can be used for advertising purposes, or for the fact that the customer must carry or assembly the product in case.
The empathic business model based on place are usually related to the use of the Internet, that allows customers to access the product or service whenever they want, from wherever they want.
The empathic business model based on promotion refers to strategies developed in order…
1. Martinuzzi, B. (2006). What's Empathy Got to Do with It? MindTools. Retrieved October 13, 2010 from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_75.htm .
2. Berry, T. (2009). Empathy as Key to Business Success. Retrieved October 13, 2010 from http://timberry.bplans.com/2009/01/empathy-as-a-key-to-business-success.html .
3. Oosterhout, B. (2010). Empathy: One Thing that Strong Business Models Have in Common. Retrieved October 13, 2010 from http://www.basvanoosterhout.com/business-model-innovation/empathy-one-thing-that-strong-business-models-have-in-common/.
4. Mortensen, K. (2006). The Role of Empathy and Service in the Sales Cycle. Retrieved October 13, 2010 from http://ezinearticles.com/?The-Role-of-Empathy-and-Service-In-the-Sales-Cycle&id=185540 .
rand Effect on Consumer ehavior
Influence of rand Effect
The influence of brand effect on consumer behavior:
Irish and Chinese consumers in Ireland
This paper discusses the influence of brand effect on consumption behavior of the Irish and Chinese in Ireland. Since shopping and purchase decision are affect by many sociological factors, the factors that influence the Chinese and the Irish in Ireland may be inherently distinct. While the Chinese population in Dublin is only a small part of the total population, they are becoming an important cultural force in the city, which can have an effect on Ireland's economy. rand loyalty can influence purchasing behavior, however, this paper will attempt to show that Consumer purchases are strongly influenced by cultural, social, personal, and psychological characteristics as opposed to brand names.
Keywords rand effect, Chinese consumers, Irish consumers, brand loyalty
Paper type Research paper
rand effect is the ability…
Antonides, Gerritt. & van Raaij, W. Fred. (1999). Cases in consumer behaviour. John Wiley & Sons.
Bloomberg Businessweek. (2004). Ireland: A nation of immigrants? Retrieved 28
37). Indeed, the company's emphasis on so-called "social clauses" (discussed further below) has been at the forefront of its corporate philosophy: "Socially, ecologically, and ethically produced products were key aspects of Migros' product offering. iedener knows that Migros benefited from a unique position -- and he wants to make sure that Migros defends it from both new and old competitors" (einhardt et al., p. 37).
Current and past issues.
The company faces some profound challenges in its efforts to grow its business in the future but has continued its corporate philosophy of socially responsible corporate citizenship (einhardt, Dessain, & Sjoman, 2005). The company's management has been examining ways to assist emerging economies in the countries where it competes or intends to expand to facilitate it future growth while helping improve the quality of life for the residents in these regions. In this regard, Sternquist and Kacker note that, "Many Eastern…
About Migros. (2009). Migros. [Online]. Available: http://www.migros.ch/DE/ .
Brysk, a. (2002). Globalization and human rights. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Reinhardt, F.L., Dessain, V. & Sjoman, a. (2005, December 14). Migros case study. Harvard Business Publishing.
Sternquist, B. & Kacker, M. (1999). European retailing's vanishing borders. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
In the liking stage, the company will aim its ad to turning the information provided into a positive reception from the customers. Additional information may help, but it is most useful to put it into a good light, like IKEA did in its ads to show how making the furniture on your own could be fun.
In the preference stage, the company will aim its ads to promoting some of the advantages of a product in comparison to those of a rival company. A TV ad that promotes Dominos shows a staff from rival Safeway company ordering a pizza from Dominos.
In the conviction phase, the marketer will aim to build confidence for the client that the product is better than a rival one. Ads will contain recommendations and feedback from other buyers, for example, usually celebrities or experts. Finally, in the purchase stage, the ads may be aimed towards…
Last retrieved on November 6, 2008
Broken pencil shards can pick locks, be used as weapons, or be used as toothpicks.
Pencils can be used in magic tricks and impromptu basketball games. Instead of drawing straws, you can draw pencils of different lengths. A pencil marks the finish line in a race. Pencils are used to solve math problems, underline in textbooks, to write in-school essays and to write love letters. A pencil can be used to hold rings, bracelets, safety pins, keys, hair ties or hats. Stick pencils into the ears to block out sounds, or up the nose to make a kid laugh. Use a pencil and a sponge to clean hard-to-reach areas. Pencils can be used as: door stoppers, chopsticks, bookmarks, pathway markers, bun pins for hair, mark buried treasure, to sabotage someone on a stairwell, mix non-edible ingredients, pointers, swizzle sticks, cat toy, paper weight, to slice open a package, address a…
Beauty is in the eye of the beholder, as the old trope goes, and that phrase holds true even when encountering some of the world's "great" art, as I saw in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. The Museum itself is massive. It holds more than 450,000 works of art and a recent expansion added 28% more space with an expansion of 133,000 square feet (Dwyer). ithin its walls there are naturally pieces of art that fall outside of specific people's taste. For me, there were three works of art in the museum that struck a chord -- two that I loved and one that I disliked intensely.
Unfortunately, the piece of art I liked the least in the museum is also one of the most prominent. The sculpture is a massive green glass sculpture by Dale Chihuly that sits in the entrance of the Boston MFA. The…
Barlow, Deborah. "Chihuly at the MFA." Slow Muse. 10 April, 2011. 8 June, 2011.
Benfrey, Christopher. "A Certain Slant of Light" Slate 13 November 1997. 8 June 2011.
"Dance at Bougival." 8 June, 2011.
Delmar, John D."Oskar Kokoschka: Early Portraits from Vienna and Berlin 1909-1914." The City Review. 2002. 8 June, 2011.
Mondragon Cooperative Corporation's Basic Principles. Four main factors stand out: 1) the Mondragon Cooperative Corporation's rapidly advancing concept of Work Environment, in accordance with Finance, 2) reasons people change and the nemesis which causes the ever-growing sense of improvement (perceived as advancement) in Retail, 3) Benefits of Autonomy and elf-Reliance in Industry, and 4) the self-determination from which all knowledge is based.
By all means, knowledge poses as the central theme by which these other elements find nourishment; without knowledge, a vital sense of comprehensive awareness, that on-top-of-it characteristic paramount to Mondragon would not exist as it stands.
The move from a mechanized and industrialized culture to a digital society has fundamentally modified what we consider these key-phrases: occupation, employment, profession, career, assignment, and vocation. What's nice, of course, is that advancement and promotional encouragement is much more easily attainable, and will continue to increase as the world's…
Sturr, Chris. Steelworkers Form Collaboration with MONDRAGON, the World's Largest Worker-Owned Cooperative (27 October 2009). Dollars and sense real world economics. Web. 8 April 2011.
Finez, Javier. "Virtual Teams and Creativity in the Mondragon Cooperative Corporation" (2007). Higher Creativity for Virtual Teams: Developing Platforms for Co-Creation. IGI Global. Web. 2011.
Kasmir, Sharryn. The Myth of Mondragon: Cooperatives, Politics, and Working-Class Life in a Basque Town (1996). State University of New York. New York Press.
" (Moon) good example of breakaway product success can be seen by the popular online auction site called eBay. The site has the unique distinction of selling both new and used products but also has the distinction of being the biggest yard sale in the world. This site literally left the category of simple auction house and become a combination of many of the features of auctions, whole sale distribution centers, yard sales, and more. But it is also a type of meeting place for millions of people who are only interested in window shopping or browsing. In other words, like the internet in general, eBay has redefined itself, its competition, its vendors and suppliers and its consumers. "Like reverse positioning, this strategy allows the product to shift backward on the life cycle curve, moving from the doldrums of maturity into a thriving growth position. Just as important, it can…
DHL. DHL International. (2005.) Retrieved on 30 June 2005, from the DHL homepage at http://www.ushipping.com/content/about_dhl.php
Moon, Youngme. "Break Free From the Product Life Cycle." Harvard Business Review. Vol. 83, Issue 5. (2005, May): p86-9p.
In traded industries where there is fierce competition, it is not possible to pay men more than equally productive women -- every little disadvantage can be fatal to a company's survival. This means that gender equality emerges faster in these industries, as U.S. evidence shows. On virtually every criticism of globalization, one can find good, rather than bad, things to say. So globalization does have a human face. The really interesting question is therefore what can people do through institutional design and policies -- both domestic and international -- to improve it.
d. The accelerating pace of globalization, communications, and technological innovation; the changing patterns of cross-border capital flows; the fluid state of corporate mergers and partnerships; all these have created -- and will continue to create for the foreseeable future -- fundamental shifts in the ways in which business is conducted. Where many old-fashioned -- and still widely current…
Anthony, Molly a 1999. October 1. What are your core competencies? Journal of Research Administration. July 1, 2002.
Appelbaum, L., "Mentoring: A strategy to recruit and retain top PR Professionals," Public Relations Strategist, Vol. 6 (3), 2000, 18-20.
Bonnett, Alastair. 2006. The Americanisation of anti-racism? Global power and hegemony in ethnic equity. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. September 1.
Boswell, T.,1995. "Lifelong learning: A framework for discussion," Adults learning, 258-263.
e suspect that these Chuck-E-Cheese temples were used for worship of the rodent god and we suspect also child sacrifice at these sites. Finding this coin at this site is perhaps an indication that the owner of this dwelling either was a member of the Chuck-E-Cheese cult or had escaped from one of the temples and later survived into adulthood.
The fifth specimen is a five cent piece from the United States of America. This piece is in abundance in the area, and this specimen is unexceptional. It was found in the main sleeping area of the dwelling. The sixth specimen was found near to the fifth. This specimen appears to be a one-cent piece, but is flat and nearly featureless. This type of damage is unusual, in that it is so severe it could not have been made by a human. It is possible that the damage was caused…
Beck, C. & Jones, G. (1989). Bias and archaeological classification. American Antiquity. Vol. 54 (2) 244-262.
Eerkens, J. & Lipo, C. (2005). Cultural transmission, copying errors, and the generation of variation in material culture and the archaeological record. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology. Vol. 24 (2005) 316-334.
Wylie, a. (1988). Simply analogy and the role of relevance assumptions: Implications of archaeological practice. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Vol. 2 (2) 134-150.
Marketing Will Affect Someone's Life in the Future
How Marketing Will Affect a Person's Life in the Future
The growing reliance on social media as a means to communicate has created a new level of collaboration between customers and the brands they trust. This, along with several of the trends identified and analyzed in this paper, are accelerating in their impact on people globally. Over the next decades and generation, these changes will also serve to redefine the relationships between customers and brands they choose to trust. One of the most significant of all factors that is emerging today and will continue to accelerate is the critical nature of trust. This is a galvanizing thread that runs through all of the trends and observations mentioned throughout this analysis. The net or aggregate effect of all of these factors and trends will be a truer, more accurate and purified form of…
International business: Sweden
The world economic powers have controlled the world economies for the longest time. Sweden is a remarkably small nation, yet it has developed to become among the best and wealth endowed nations in the world. It is a historically established nation that has been existence as early as the 7th century. From these early centuries, Sweden has been known for the level of involvement and development in trade.
Geographic, demographic and natural resources information of Sweden
The geography of Sweden makes it a nation of envy by many others. Sweden has a small area of total coverage of about 449,964 sq km. The area that is dry land is about 410, 934 sq km, and the rest is water. This in comparison to the United States is just slightly larger than the state of California by about land total 2,233 km. Sweden has a coastline…
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2012). OECD Territorial Reviews:
Sma-land-Blekinge, Sweden 2012: (Swedish version). Vaxjo: Regional council of Southern Smaland, Sweden.
Development, O.E.C. (2013). OECD Economic Surveys. Paris: OECD Pub.
Kent, N. (2008). A concise history of Sweden. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
In less than 10 years Dacia, the omanian car manufacturer, has risen to great success. This success began when, in 1999 enault's CEO Louis Schweitzer made a move to acquire this company. Both of these automobile companies were not performing to high standards at the time, but now, things are different and success has been very rewarding since this merger. The purpose of this essay is to review this decision to combine forces and what were the strategic elements involved in this transactions.
According to Dacia's website, "As a brand of the enault Group, Dacia uses clever sourcing and proven technology to ensure its cars are reliable, robust and affordable. From the Sandero hatchback to the Duster SUV, Dacia cars are simple to use and affordable to own." Dacia has found a soft spot in the low-end auto market and it seems to be paying big dividends for the…
Automotive News Europe, 2012, 'Renault's Profit Machine,' Automotive News Europe, December, 2012. Vol 1. Available from http://www.autonews.com/assets/PDF/autonewseurope -- 2012_12.pdf
Dacia, Interview: Stephen Norman, Marketing Director, Groupe Reault Monde. Available from http://www.daciagroup.com/en/news/interview/stephen-norman - marketing-director-groupe-renault-monde
Ramsey, J 2013, ' Dacia brand has become 'cash cow' for parent Renault,' Autoblog, 4 Jan 2013. Available from http://www.autoblog.com/2013/01/04/dacia-brand-has - become-cash-cow-for-parent-renault/
Management Action and Productivity
usinesses in developed countries tend to think of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) as a characteristic that is centered in their own businesses or, failing that, situated in the industries of wealthier nations. The CSR movement is substantively skewed in the direction of the developed world where the motivation for adopting a CSR initiative is driven more by altruism -- or "enlightened self-interest" (Vogel 2006: 18) -- than profit margins. It is unusual to find a perspective that considers CSR from the perspective of a sourcing company. In the centrically-oriented corporate arena of the developed world, CSR is seen as originating with the company that establishes a supply chain with a multinational company -- not the other way around. In order to manage and control ethical issues arising from doing business with overseas markets, many corporations rely on a social compliance model (PricewaterhouseCoopers 2007).
The social compliance…
Buying your way into trouble? The challenge of responsible supply chain management. 2004. Insight Investment, HBOS. London, UK: Acona Investment Consulting. Retrieved http://www.acona.co.uk/reports/Buying+your+way+into+trouble.pdf
Cooper, D.R. And Schindler, P.S. 2008. Business Research Methods, 10th Ed. Edition, McGraw-Hill.
Environics International 3rd Annual CSR Monitor. 2002. (In November of 2003, Environics became GlobeScan Incorporated. [Press release] Retrieved http://www.globescan.com/news_archives/csr02_press_release.html
Eslenshade, J. 2004. Monitoring Sweatshops: Workers, Consumers, & the Global Apparel Industry. Temple University Press.
Competitive Advantage through Online promotion
he online environment provides a rich environment for marketing. Marketing is likely to be seen whenever someone goes online; search engines operate with sponsored results at the top, and/or advertisements at the side of the page and many web cites will have advertisements embedded in their pages. Online marketing can also be seen in some less obvious formats such as marketing though maintaining a presence on the social networking mediums and use advergaming. With the high presence of online marketing it may be unsurprising to discover that in 2013 the global spend on internet advertising was estimated to be U.S. $503 billion (Linden, 2013). In the U.S. alone the online advertising spending amounts to U.S. $109.7 billion, accounting for 21.8% of advertising budgets (Linden, 2013). If this amount of money is being spent on internet advertising, it may be assumed the marketers believe that…
The first advantage of the internet is its ability to provide a cost effective medium, which helps to level the playing field between the large and the smaller firms. The use of creative thinking by marketers has been seen to develop some very compelling marketing campaigns. A good example was the West Jet 'Christmas Miracle' public relations stunt, which was filmed and released as a video on You Tube
. In December 2013 passengers on two flights were asked what they wanted for Christmas by Santa, while they were in the air West Jet purchased and wrapped the presents asked for, delivering them to the passengers when they landed by placing them on the luggage collection carousel, labeled with the passengers names. The exercise must have been costly, arranging all of the recourses needed, as well as purchasing the gifts. The video went viral, to date more than 35 million people have seen the video, and the attention received by the firm went beyond the internet, attracting the attention of the mass media, even getting airline on new programs. The airline has received a high level of attention, which is likely to have made the exercise extremely cost effective; the firm has also marketed itself as a caring and giving airline, helping to differentiate itself from other airlines. As the message did not come through the usual advertising channels where consumers may display resistance, it is also possible that this also increased the credibility of the marketing message and that it reached parts of the target market that may otherwise have been inaccessible. This aspect of image promotion is a potential source of competitive advantage.
While West jet improved their image, the real purpose of marketing is to support, and usually to increase the bottom line. IKEA is a good example of the way that this can be archived. This well-known home furnishing company sells through shops as well as from a catalogue. In 2012 the firm realized they needed to adopt a new approach to marketing for the catalogue, as the sales were flat (Econsultancy, 2013). The strategy adopted was the development of an app that would complement the content of the printed catalogue. The app allowed users to scan a page, and it would then give more information on the products, supplying customers with more knowledge (Econsultancy, 2013). The