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India's economic development & Foreign Policy
Foreign policy and economic development in India
India is currently the third largest economy of the globe, surpassed only by the United States and China (and the European Union, yet this is not an individual country). India has traditionally been a rather enclosed economy, with its economic operations focused mostly at the domestic level and limited interactions within the international market place.
Throughout the past two decades however, more emphasis has been placed on opening the country and liberalizing its economy. Some reforms that were implemented in this stance include the deregulation of industries, the privatization of state owned enterprises or the reduction of controls of international trade. These measures were implemented starting in the early 1990s decade and they have proved highly beneficial in the country's economic growth. Since 1997, India has averaged 7 per cent growth rate in its gross domestic product.…… [Read More]
Political System, Environment, Political Structure, Function
The Indian political system, structure, and function is much like that of the UK, although it also resembles the U.S. In some ways. The Indian political structure has a President, typically a ceremonial role however; it much resembles the British monarch. In the role of President, the head of state advises members of the Parliament, and may serve as an advocate for the people. In emergent times the President may also advise and warn the people of upcoming warfare or political concerns. If there is an issue of Public Policy the Parliament is unable to decide on, one that is critical, then it may be cause for the President to declare state of emergency, in which state there is a lower house in the Parliamentary which typically has a term of 5-years (as opposed to the upper house which may have a…… [Read More]
India's Outsourcing Firms
Select the appropriate answer from the list and briefly discuss your reasons
The strategy behind attempts by Indian software and outsourcing companies to enter the Japanese market could be termed (c) global integration.
The Indian software and outsourcing companies have worked to enter not only the Japanese economic and business market, but to do so with a level of cultural integration in mind. This is a highly important component of global expansion in business (Wager, 2009). Indeed, the business person must be able to communicate at a certain cultural level in order to make a success of the business (Nelson, 2011). This is something that Indian companies have been highly aware of, providing cultural training for their employees. It is only with a high level of cultural sensitivity that foreign companies can successfully enter a new global market. This is particularly true in the case of Japan,…… [Read More]
High tariffs have contributed to the United States $8 billion-plus trade imbalance with India (India, 2004).
There have been numerous diplomatic and business lobbying efforts over the past several years to further open India's markets to American goods. And, to a certain degree, those efforts have achieved success. India has reduced tariffs on a number of product categories and has cut its basic ceiling tariff rate from 25% to 20% (India, 2004). However, there were notable exceptions to that cut and India's average weighted tariff actually increased to 28% in 2004 compared to 21% in 2001 (2006 Index, 2006). In short, tariffs continue to be high in key product categories.
The good news is that India has been receptive to discussions on lowering its tariffs, but India still remains a protectionist economy that is not completely open for business. The government even controls pricing in certain sectors - such as…… [Read More]
A lack of any national system subjects individual citizens to the costs of the healthcare system on the whole. As Rao (2006) reports, "public expenditure on health care today is a dismal 0.9% of GDP; the overwhelming majority of health costs are paid by patients out of pocket. For many, even minor illnesses can cause big financial setbacks, and hospitalisation is out of the question." (Rao, 1) the poor indicators for health discussed here throughout are particularly implicated here, with the understanding that the Indian government has willfully failed to positively impact the healthcare system and its severe limitations as an agency for the delivery of public health.
That stated, there is today a most concerted effort at bringing India into line with the ambitions of the world community. Its policies see India moving toward the uptake of a universal healthcare system which seems to be emerging from the environment…… [Read More]
The United States supported Pakistan by sending a naval force to the ay of engal. This resulted in a straining of relations between the two countries. India was expected to be a responsible nonaligned nation by denouncing the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. It chose to play the role of a silent spectator and did not take any action.
India invited the wrath of the United States as they refused to condemn the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. India did make up for its past mistakes eventually by improving relations with the United States, China, Countries in the South Asian loc and other developed nations while maintaining ties with the Soviet Union. There was a big change in India's policy when the 1990s saw the disintegration of the Soviet Union which resulted in the death of the bipolar political system in the world. This forced India, which was already suffering from economic…… [Read More]
Answering one form of the question, "Is there an Indian way of thinking?" amanujan (1989) states, "There is no single Indian way of thinking…Each language, caste, and religion has its special worldview. So, under the apparent diversity, there is really a unity of viewpoint, a single supersystem," (p. 41-42). The pluralism of India is not a colonial construct, and nor is it even a modern one. India's diversity and multiculturalism has been embedded in the fabric of its society for millennia. Most critical analyses that attempt to attach singular monadic identities onto India are not only prejudicial but categorically false. Considering the quantitative dominance of Hinduism throughout the subcontinent, it is miraculous from a sociological standpoint that so many strong minority faiths find expression, support, and celebration. "The diversity, fluidity, and complexity within as well as between cultures precludes a reification of their differences and allows one to avoid…… [Read More]
India's Population Challenges
The United Nations (UN) reports that the world's population stood at about 6.5 billion in 2005, and is growing at about 1.2% each year. The UN projects that by 2050 there will be 9.1 billion people populating the planet, which as a stand-alone statistic is somewhat frightening, given that rapid growth is expected "in a group of 50 countries classified as the lease developed" (UN, 2005, p. 1). Between the years 2000 and 2005, about 76 million persons were added to the world's population each year, and India was responsible for 22% of that population growth (China added 11%). Indeed India is expected to overtake China "as the most populous country in the world by 2030" (UN). India added about 16.5 million people per year in the 2000-2005 period, while China adds only about 8.4 million people per year in that same window of time, the UN…… [Read More]
India is a culturally rich and vibrant land. Its traditions stretch back to one of the oldest civilizations in human history, the Indus Valley civilization, which blossomed during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. ("India") and reached northwestern India. The Indian culture as we know it today emerged when Aryan tribes from the northwest invaded the subcontinent about 1500 B.C. ("India") and mixed with the original Dravidian culture. South Asia was united during the Maurya Empire during the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C., peaking during the rule of Ashoka ("India"). India experienced a Golden Age experiencing a blooming of science, art, and culture during the Gupta dynasty. Islam was introduced to India via a series of invasions that spanned 700 years. The Delhi Sultanate was established in the 10th and 11th centuries through the invasions of the Turks and Afghans. Emperor Babur established the Mughal Dynasty in the early 16th…… [Read More]
This brought about significant change in ndia. As a result of the First Opium War, China had ceded Hong Kong and opened five more ports to the British. This allowed the British better access to the Chinese market, and it was opium, at first from ndia, that they sent to trade, in particular for in-demand products such as Chinese tea. n turn, profits from opium sales in China were funneled back into strengthening the British presence in ndia (Biswas, 2008).
As this trade with China expanded, ndia became more strategically important. When ndia was administered by the British East ndia Company, the primary objectives of the British on the subcontinent were to send goods from ndia back to Britain. t was the opening of the Chinese market that demanded change for the British in the way that they administered ndia. ndia was no longer a property strictly with economic value,…… [Read More]
Communication is sharing of information and meaning (Hassan, 2007) and that meaning dictates the effectiveness of teaching and learning. Students -- and other people, in general -- often interpret the oral information or message according to the non-verbal expression that accompanies it. A verbal approval said in an ironic tone can send an opposite impression of censure. Non-verbal communication should, therefore, be given serious consideration, especially in a second-language school setting (Hassan).
Findings of the study categorized non-verbal communication into 8 (Hassan, 2007). Kinesics consists of boy language and gestures, such as a happy mood, negative body expressions, kind and friendly look, nodding to encourage, exhaustion, and raised fingers, which embarrassed. Proxemics refers to the space between the teacher and the students. The closer they were, the greater the students' understanding of the lecture. Students disliked distance. Vocalics covers the pitch, tone, rhythm and volume of the teacher's voice. Students…… [Read More]
India and Commodity Sample
Commodity production, in many countries, provides both economic and financial stability for its constitutions. In many instances, commodity production can determine overall prosperity of a particular nation, heavily dependent on its production. Many emerging countries, for example, depend heavily on exporting commodities to other more developed nations. Examples include oil from South America, oranges from Brazil, sugar from Costa ica, and manufacturing from China. As the articles indicate, India is dependent on the textile industry with respect to the production of clothing. As such, government policies and societal norms designed to help this industry flourish are very important to the overall prosperity of the nation. In addition, globalization provides added financial incentive in which to specialize in a particular trade. Being a low-cost producer in the textile industry for instance, provides India with a competitive advantage relative to its rival Asian countries. As such, it can…… [Read More]
Over a period of time, the Ayurveda medicine lost its importance and today, its benefits are lost to the entire world. The power of herbs was not passed on to subsequent generations and so, the Indian society continues to use the form of medicine introduced by the British instead of relying on its indigenous herbs. This is another example of the decentering of culture due to British influence. Besides, they influenced the agricultural practices, work ethics and industrial manufacturing processes to a large extent. This extensive rule by the British left no aspect of the society untouched and this led to the loss of many indigenous methods of agriculture and manufacturing that were producing superior results.
Another aspect of decentering was the introduction of English into the society. Prior to British arrival, the country was fragmented by different castes and regions and each region had their own language. A significant…… [Read More]
India, a primarily Hindu country, is emerging as a player in the software industry. With over 1 billion people within her borders, India's culture is one of the oldest and largest in the world. Such a vast pool of talent intertwined with cultural identity makes for an interesting breed of workers, and, at the top of that chain, a fascinating approach to managing these workers.
Sunil Jalihalm, CIO of eVector Mobile, a wireless software provider in angalore, India, was born in raised in India and has worked in various executive positions in India and America. Thirty-six years old and he has already worked at several large and start-up companies - several here in America. The toughest part of management has, and always will be, surprisingly enough, the actually managing that must be done. Not the management of decisions and the direction of the company, but leading the people underneath you.…… [Read More]
Dan Ramirez and Susan Perdorna are interested in starting up a new company in Banglore, India and wish to locate some R&D Staff there and a small sales force to tap into the Indian market. Their families are also interested in the opportunity to invest. The type of corporate governance that they will select to manage the venture is a critical success factor in the new business division's success. The both the managers and investors will undoubtedly have to deal with the principal-agent problem given that the venture is oversees. Since the investors will be foreign based they will want to ensure that they are given rights and treated equitably as shareholders. They will also want to ensure that their agents act with integrity and maintain ethical business behaviors at all times. Furthermore, the investors will want to ensure that there is full disclosure and transparency.…… [Read More]
Today, industries that are dominated by human services including it, consulting and pharmaceuticals have low tariffs. For FDI-based strategies to be successful for consumer products, the multinational corporations (MNC) looking to expand into India will need to be much more culturally aware and sensitive than the it outsourcing companies hiring call center agents, programmers and systems analysts. For a consumer products company to succeed they will need to navigate the many laws and regulations of running a business in India, negotiate for lower tariffs to import products, and build a supply chain in India as well. It is attractive for MNCs looking to expand into India using Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) strategies, yet they must concentrate on the cultural sensitivities of the country first, partner closely with the Indian government, and establish supply chains that immediately infuse local economies in India with capital. The Indian government has become more accepting…… [Read More]
India is amongst the most populated nations in the world and is one of the oldest civilizations in the world. The economy of India has been an important in the study of world economies for many years. The purpose of this discussion is to provide a detailed view of India's economy. We will focus on Current Statistics such as; exchange rates, inflation, interest rates, Gross National Product, and Gross Domestic Product. The discussion will also discuss the currency that the country currently utilizes. In addition, we will examine current trading partners and policies. We will also discuss trade agreements and dominant industries and companies. Finally, our discussion will focus on the black market transactions that take place in the country.
According to the world fact book India's economy consist of agriculture, participation in a large range of industries, village farming, and handicrafts. (India) The factbook explains that India's…… [Read More]
India has also become a major proponent of technology and labor exchange in order to promote growth and break down societal and economic barriers (Embassy of India, no date).
Lastly, the Indian foreign economic policy with regards to the United States has been a key driver of economic growth. The U.S. is India's largest trade partner, and services export has become a hallmark of that trade. India has a strong comparative advantage in the English language vs. other major developing nations and has leveraged this through the building of increased trade channels with the United States. India began to forge stronger trade ties with the Clinton Administration, in concert with internal economic modernization policies. Since that point, trade has become a critical part of India-U.S. dialogue, complete with the easing of economic sanctions from the U.S. And a series of agreements and joint governmental alliances. India has become much more…… [Read More]
India's sacred cow" by Marvin Harris explicates the religious, social, and even practical uses of the cow, strengthening Indians' belief in the sanctity of the domesticated animal. Harris' thesis argues that "[t]he sacredness of the human cow is not just an ignorant belief that stands in the way of progress. Like all concepts of the sacred and profane, this one affects the physical world; it defines the relationships that are important for the maintenance of Indian society." From this main point, this summary and analysis paper looks into the religious ritual of considering the cow as a sacred symbol of Hinduism.
The article first elucidates on the practical uses of the cow, an imperative step towards developing Harris' arguments later, explaining why the sacredness of the cow became an important religious ritual in India. Drawing from the activities, processes, and nature of agricultural farming history in the country, Harris establishes…… [Read More]
During the 1980s, to help spotlight international concern regarding the unprecedented nuclear arms race, India joined the Six-Nation Five-Continent joint.
Amidst India's resolve to maintain its commitment to nuclear disarmament, it consistently opposed discriminatory treaties like the Nuclear non-Proliferation Treaty
(NPT) and Comprehensive Nuclear Test an Treaty (CTT); holding its nuclear options while other countries hold their nuclear weapons/options (India's Foreign
Another contemporary concern involves the fact that different departments report different figures regarding the exact number of Indians who live abroad. Anirudhan Sampath, CPI-M, has demanded that India give voting rights in the electoral process of India to those Indians who live abroad.
Yadav cautions India that Pakistan has sent weapons to India through Nepal and Uttar Pradesh, and warns that India need to constantly be on our guard; that China and Pakistan have never been friends of India and that they never will be. Vijay ahadur…… [Read More]
India and U.S.: Poverty and Millennium Development Goals in relation to Globalization
India is selected as the welfare state under study in this paper, with a focus on poverty, one of the key Millennium Development Goals (MDG), and highlights the question of how globalization contributes to, or ameliorates poverty in India. The conditions in India are analyzed herein, and compared with those in the United States (U.S.). This paper concentrates on ascertaining the influence of globalization on penury (extreme poverty and/or destitution) in India. For that purpose, it is essential to first define both globalization and poverty, prior to evaluating the extent that globalization has impacted such poverty, if any.
Definitions: Globalization and Poverty
The appropriate beginning here is first to define our terms: specifically, what is globalization? One definition describes it as the interchange of culture, ideas, and products such that the result is international integration. In business terms,…… [Read More]
This is mainly grounded in government's denial of actual economic and social conditions of the country. It appears that either the government officials are completely unaware of the situation in the country or they are hell-bent on ignoring the truth that's staring them in the face. This is clear from following statement of former Prime Minister Rao when he began one of his speeches by "delineating the social structures into three segments. The crust, according to him, consists of about six crore (1 crore= 10 million) people, who do not need to be canvassed about economic reforms. The next layer contains 25-30 crore people belonging to the middle classes, who are beginning to appreciate the benefits of liberalization. It is the next segment, of 55-60 crore of lower income and poor people who remain unappreciative of the changes in the economy."(5)
The political structure itself is not exactly wrong. The…… [Read More]
Emerging Superpowers: India & China
The global integration of China & India reflects their emergence as powerful modern economies.
From a global perspective, China's impact is truly staggering. (Harris, 2005)
Globalization has been a force for good. China and India are its greatest success stories. (Bandow, 2011)
Some avid movie goers or comic book readers are already familiar with the term "superpower." There are also a number of informed economists, political scientists, and trend forecasters that understand the term "superpower" in a different sense. This word gets thrown around in the press and in the media quite often when referring to countries of distinctive power and influence beyond a specific level, which is not often described or qualified. This begs the average person to ask, what is a superpower and what makes a country a superpower? For the purposes of this paper, the focus will be limited with…… [Read More]
The protests also highlighted the tensions created between by the reservation policies of the government when 4 people were killed in a clash between another ajasthan community -- the Meenas, who are already included in the lowest category of castes -- and the Gujjars, who were demanding the downgrade (Ibid.)
Another drawback of the reservation system in India is that it has only helped the privileged "creamy layers" of the Scheduled Castes, creating a 'super-caste' within a caste, while a vast majority of the underprivileged dalits, adivasis and Other Backward Classes (OBCs) have not benefited to a significant extent. The policy also severely compromises quality and the notion of meritocracy that is so essential for meaningful competition in an increasingly globalized world community.
Despite serious problems with India's reservation policy, it continues to thrive and even expand in scope. This is mainly because politicians have a vested interest in promoting…… [Read More]
In Literacy Coaching, parts 1 and 2 (Pratt-Fartro, 2009), it is clear that the concept of literacy coaching is helpful because it allows all the children in a classroom to be taught together instead of children being taught one-at-time, each child taken out individually to spend time with the reading coach. However, the big question I have is whether this approach is as effective as having one-on-one time with the students. Reading skills can really be improved from one-on-one time, as Sioux Falls Public Schools Education Foundation (2011) shows with their paired oral reading approach to improving literacy. I think that this could be a more effective approach in many ways because it gives students the time and attention they need to focus on their own unique struggles.
So while reading specialists can go into classrooms and guide teachers, as Pratt-Fartro (2009) points out in part 2 of…… [Read More]
Nathaniel Roberts’ To Be Cared for: The Power of Conversion and Foreigness of Belonging in an Indian Slum takes a unique look at the way in which the Christian religion takes on meaning for the lives of Indians living in a slum in Chennai. The process by which Roberts presents this world is interesting because he starts with the people themselves first, and not really with the religion or how it impacts their lives. Instead, Roberts takes a different approach—or, in better words—the opposite approach. He shows how their lives impact their religion. This paper will discuss Roberts’ To Be Cared For and describe what it means to be a foreigner among a group of Indians, who are outsiders themselves—separate as a caste from the rest of the Indian people—the cast-offs, who are nonetheless welcomed by Christ. This book is about what that experience is like and what it…… [Read More]
India is a parliamentary republic, the largest democracy in the world with over a billion people and counting.
Head of State
The head of state is a ceremonial position occupied by the President. The current President is Ram Nath Kovind, and vice president is M. Venkaiah Naidu, positions held since July-August of 2017 (CIA World Factbook, 2018). The president is elected by an electoral college, which is comprised of appointed members of both houses of parliament as well as members of state legislatures (CIA World Factbook, 2018).The President serves for a five year term, and there are no term limits on the position.
Far more important a role than president is held by the head of government, the Prime Minister. Members of parliament of the majority party elect the Prime Minister. The current Prime Minister of India is Narendra Modi, who was elected in 2014. Modi is leader…… [Read More]
India from an economic standpoint. What will one discover? This country has changed much in the past decade. They are not the same as compared to the past. Management is aware of what needs done macro economically in order to make a living and help consumers and businesses to stay afloat. One will discuss an article in depth and the implications of it.
One will summarize the arguments that were used in The Economy; THE OUTLOOK: India Comes of Age, As Focus on eturns Lures Foreign Capital. These are as follows. India has failed in attempting to replicate China in regards to economic growth. However, this particular country does not have the type of advantages that are prominent in comparison to their counterpart. This is because everything is cheaper and that their policies are supportive through the government. In fact, many have feared that that India would become marginalized because…… [Read More]
Advertising and Globalization
Advertising and globalisation in India
Wellington, New Zealand
The article reviewed focuses on India and contemporary advertising however uses the history of the industry's development in India and a discussion of the broader international trends in marketing for context. The introduction of advertising in India has impact the society and the various cultures found in India on multiple fronts. During the 1990's, advertising in India has seen a massive expansion; especially in regards to foreign advertisements. As India has steadily developed from an underdeveloped country to a more modern economy.
With this development, India has attracted a host of international companies who have entered the market. However, compared to other rapidly developing economies like China, India has also focused on developing domestic industries and has often implemented protectionist policies early in its development. This has also had major implications on the development of the marketing industry…… [Read More]
Healthcare in the United States and India
The healthcare systems in the United States and India have starkly different origins: the former arose out of employer based insurance coverage while the latter began through government funding. As Sai Ma and Neeraj Sood document in a report on India's healthcare challenges, the Indian government faced the challenge of redesigning their healthcare infrastructure after their independence in 1947 (2008). The Bhore Committee, assembled by the central government, established that unsanitary conditions, poor nutrition, inadequate health education and a lack of prevention must be addressed in order to improve the quality of life for India's population. To meet these needs, the central government established a three-tiered system consisting of primary health centers (PHCs) to meet basic health needs, subcenters (SCs) for public health concerns, and community health centers (CHCs) for more specialized care. Doctors employed at these facilities received training at publically funded…… [Read More]
Indian nationalism as a response to the British presence in India as of 1945, from the standpoint of your role in the game (i.e. from Maharaj)
"Outlining the reasons why democracy should not prevail in Kashmir" (quoted from your role sheet) 3. As Maharaja of Kashmir, you wish your territory to be left intact. You do not want a united and democratic India under the rule of the INC. Your paper needs to provide a principled defense of that objective.
Who Am I?
There are many, many reasons why I do not want democracy for Kashmir, but the logical way to approach this would be first to tell you something about myself and then to detail my reasons against democracy:
I was born on September 23, 1895 and am the great grandson of Maharaja Gulab Singh. I pride myself on possessing many of his values but at the same time…… [Read More]
India has instituted a number of industrial policies over the years, ranging from a wave of nationalization in the late 1970s to more modern re-opening of the country's markets and participating in the international economic system. More recently, the country has made a push for a booming telecommunications industry. This is one area can government can have a significant influence, because telecommunications are almost always highly regulated. Moreover, governments have the ability to invest or to undertake policies to encourage investment, in telecommunications resources. In 1994, India began with the National Telecom Policy. This set out the basis for competition in the telecom industry, including in basic services, cellular services and paging. This move also allowed for private long distance carriers. The NTP was the first step towards the liberalization of telecommunication in India, a move that preceded the technology boom but allowed for the infrastructure investment that has supported…… [Read More]
India and China are making mammoth strides in the area of development. However, while development in both nations has been remarkable, there is today much worry about whether such growth yields and will yield adequate poverty decline. Within the past two decades, researchers have seen a large and noticeable fall within the number of people that live on the famous, less than U.S.$1.25 a day, which is the World Bank's global poverty starting point -- down from the reported 1.9 billion in 1990 to five hundred millions less, (1.4 billion) in 2005 (Bardhan, 2010, p. 77). By this measure, international poverty rates fell from 42% (1990) to 25% (2005), and may continue to fall to 15% by the end of 2015, equivalent to 900 million people.
Nevertheless, U.S.$1.25 signifies a very low living standard for people to live on daily. Those below it researchers consider, are in great deprivation, and…… [Read More]
India is the world's second-most populous country with 1.2 billion people, and has a workforce of 502.1 million, which means that there are a lot of workers and it can be difficult to generalize working conditions with this many workers and in such a diverse country. There are some unique labor force characteristics worth taking into consideration. The first is diversity -- India has many different cultures, religions and languages. There is a high degree of economic stratification. There is a large pool of child labor, estimated to be 26.9 million. Only around 2/3 of Indians are literate. The nation's median age is around 27, so the workforce is fairly young (CIA World Factbook, 2016). The largest employers are government agencies, such as the national railway system, and many Indian states have histories of socialist or even Communist leanings, as does the country as a whole.
The legal…… [Read More]
Women Status Contemporary India
The Status and ole of Women in Contemporary India
The women in contemporary India have a very significant role as they fulfill crucial responsibilities in almost every sector including family life, agricultural development and industrial development. However, it is unfortunate that such contributions have remained mostly indistinguishable to the planners and policy makers due to which the Indian women have always experienced an unstable status in the country. Even in this modern era of science and technology, women in India are still considered a disadvantaged group as there has been no change in the conventional structure of society as well as cultural and moral standards (Chakrapani and Kumar, 1994).
In addition, a majority of women are still unaware of the social laws that have been designed to alleviate the problems women face in the society. As a consequence, distressed situations influence Indian women more than Indian…… [Read More]
But sometimes the victims themselves are afraid to voice their grievances in the public because speaking up entails shame, ostracization, and even extra-judicial killings. The victims can express their grievances in public "only at certain times and in certain ways" because their rights are infringed on social and cultural levels (Dewey).
The fact that cultural and traditional beliefs and attitudes contribute to violations of women's rights in a systematic manner can be observed by reading literature on the practice of dowry. Many Indian legal and philosophical thinkers use relativistic terms to contest the notion that the practice contributes to the abuse of women. They contest the notion because they argue the concept of human rights is a estern notion, sometimes disregarding cultural variations and sensibilities of the Indian nation (Gupta). The general critique of the concept of human rights as a western notion may be valid in some matters, but…… [Read More]
Art Interpretation India & Letter
INDIA 2011 & THE LETTER TO OTTAWA
It's hard not to connect with the commonality of these two pieces: they are both comments and complaints. They each reflect what could be but what is not; perhaps what used to be but is no longer. It is difficult to tell if they reflect anger or disappointment or are just a call to make sure things get better. There is no doubt that each reflects some reach out for action.
The story of my experiment with truth. Erik Olsen tells me of his uncertainty of the results of this piece alongside the ways that he presents the perfect, the medicinal, the successful and the ideal. Yet the way he does it is with a presentation of opposites of a sort in a way that it cannot really be clear what he thinks. It is an…… [Read More]
In the photographs provided, the building's architectural context has quite obviously changed over time.
The oldest-looking photo of the three shows little development in the surrounding area, while the placement of trees on the building's immediate ground looks artful.
The other two photos are more recent, as one shows subsequent development in the area behind the building.
One give a glimpse of a large white building whose twentieth-century style does not sit entirely harmoniously with the Victorian-seeming construction of the building under consideration -- and also shows broken windows visible in the main central tower.
The other photo displays recent blight and disrepair on a smaller building -- advertising posters, missing bricks and roof tiles -- although it's not clear whether this smaller building is part of the larger complex around the building under consideration.
One other noteworthy bit of context can be glimpsed in the oldest of…… [Read More]
' Indians across the political spectrum, especially the country's powerful nuclear weapons establishment, are critical of the NPT, arguing that it unfairly warps international hierarchies to the disadvantage of the non-nuclear-weapon states" (1998:15). In its efforts to balance the pressures from the international community with its own self-interests in formulating foreign policies, the position adopted by India has been starkly different than other countries. In this regard, Karp concludes that, "Most states party to the NPT accept the unfairness of the treaty as a tradeoff that serves their own and global interests. India's leaders insist that fair and genuine nuclear disarmament must start with the nuclear-weapon states themselves, a demand formalized by former Prime Minister ajiv Gandhi in his 1990 global nuclear disarmament initiative" (Karp 1998:14).
As a result of these events, the 20th century witnessed the formation of various positions in Indian foreign policy that would endure throughout the…… [Read More]
Home to the world's tenth largest economy and second largest population, India defies swift generalization. It includes a vast range of developmental situations, cultures, languages, and climates. The country remains largely rural, with just 26% of its people living in cities. Yet in 1995 it had over 30 cities of one million or more residents, including three of the world's 20 largest cities -- Bombay, Calcutta, and Delhi -- according to United Nations estimates (The Anguish of India, 1997).
Currently Indian labor laws, regulations, and workforce standards are very outdated. India is plagued with corruption. India has been ranked 9th in a list of 75 countries where dishonest practices are common, which is indeed an uncertain distinction. The corruptions, delays, bureaucratic red tape, and archaic labor laws are ingrained in India's business culture. These pitfalls have deterred foreign investors from investing in India (Stokes, 2003).
From the…… [Read More]
This behavio is not consideed dishonest; in fact, and Indian peson would be consideed ude if he o she did not ty to attempt to give a peson what has been equested.
Anothe vey impotant aspect of business cultue in India is the meeting etiquette. Meeting Etiquette is influenced by all sots of cultual elements descibed above, including social class. Fo example, in India, one must geet the eldest o moe senio fist, and when leaving a goup each peson must bid faewell individually. Though shaking hands is common, this is only in big cities, whee the natives ae accustomed to Westenes. Men and women, howeve, do not usually shake hands.
The next pat of the business cultue is knowing Indian names, and whee they oiginate. Accoding to one aticle, names ae based upon "eligion, social class, and egion of the county." Fo Hindus fo example, in the noth, people…… [Read More]
FDI in India
India is ipe for the Picking
India ranks second only to China in its attractiveness as a target for foreign direct investment. Of particular interest are the retail and technology sectors, as well as construction and manufacturing sectors. India is an up and coming market with potential for companies that want to expand into this lucrative land of opportunities. This research examines the opportunities exist in India as well as the climate that makes it a favorable location. It also addresses the obstacles to its continued expansion.
Although India has many opportunities, it has several problems with its policies that make create a certain risk, particularly in the area of taxes and other policies. India is in a state of flux and it is experiencing growing pains. As a result the Indian government keeps changing policies as far as taxing issues are concerned. This decreases confidence due…… [Read More]
U.S. Justice System vs. India's Justice System
This paper compares the system of justice in India with the system of justice in the United States. Although they are both democracies -- in fact India is the biggest democratic country in the world -- the two countries are quite different in their approach to formal justice. Moreover, the system of justice in India has been the subject of a great deal of criticism in recent years due to the corruption that has been found in the system.
Comparing the U.S. And Indian Justice Systems
The legal system in India is backed by the Indian Constitution and is a mix of "adversarial and accusatorial," according to the Loyola University in Chicago (LU). There is an attempt to respect both Hindu and Muslim jurisprudence and to "preserve the timeworn tenets of both" (LU). In rural areas of India, an informal system of justice…… [Read More]
They grant significant respect to women, which allows them to easily adapt to the workplace. Humor is not valued within the Indian workplace, their culture encouraging formal relationships between employees.
The Work Environment in the U.S.
The U.S. work environment is significantly different than that in India. The business environment in the U.S. is results-oriented, encourages and support performance, efficiency, and productivity. The U.S. managers are trained in time management, given the fact that they must reduce the time spent for certain tasks and activities.
In addition to this, the work culture in this country is rather informal. Even so, employees must respect the work relationship they have with their superiors. In comparison with Indians, U.S. workers hold frequent meetings. The common characteristic is represented by the fact that participants in the meeting must respect certain speaking rules. The dressing code is variable and is established in accordance with the…… [Read More]
These other barriers are of various natures and can include social and cultural barriers or difficulties related to an unsatisfactory communications system or transportation network.
From a cultural perspective, the Indian population is highly different from the American one. The people are more conservative and might find it difficult to accept foreigners. However, since the Exceed Corporation is focused on offering their consultancy services to state institutions or the Indian government, they would have little to do with the general population. And also, the Indian citizens are more and more oriented towards the liberalization of their economy. The language barrier would be barely existent since the large majority of the Indians speak English. "English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication" (Central Intelligence Agency, 2008).
However still underdeveloped, at least in comparison to the United States, the communication systems and transportation networks…… [Read More]
tarbucks in India
Identifying Global Opportunities
Global Business Opportunities
tarbucks is a global retailer of coffee, and is seeking new growth markets, since its largest markets (U.., Canada, UK) are all mature. The company has nearly 20,000 stores (2011 Annual Report). The company has premium positioning in the market with its brand, logo and patents providing key intellectual property to expand globally.
When looking for potential markets, tarbucks seeks the opportunity to license or to form joint ventures with established food service companies. This allows tarbucks to leverage its brand in new markets, while gaining local market expertise. The company has demonstrated in the past that it is skilled at adapting to changing times and new technology, but at its core is a great coffee business.
Business Opportunity Analysis
Looking at new market opportunities, tarbucks has already identified China as a major area for growth (Loeb, 2013). However,…… [Read More]
India, as we saw earlier, as many strengts. Tese strengts ave caused many analysts to lump te country in wit te so-called BRIC nations -- Brazil, Russia, India, Cina -- wic are expected to become key global players. Tis puts India in a position to benefit from international trade and investment. (2)
One way in wic India stands to gain is similar to te ways in wic foreign multi-national's ave gained by te country being open to foreign investments. India as te ability to build plants and industry on a global scale, but it must develop a blue print for ow different industries can acieve productivity and efficiency comparable to te advanced countries. Indians makeup 16.7% of te world's population, despite tat it encompasses just 2.0% of te world's land area. Terefore, tere is a pressing need for India to develop long-range sustainability programs so as to best manage natural…… [Read More]
There needs to be a more thorough focus on how CS programs in India require disclosures, how these disclosures need to be handled, and guidance on how best for the CEO to respond and be responsive to them (Dizik, 2009). A press release will not solve this issue, yet a strategic plan aimed at averting problems like this in the future will. The CS requirements in India are among the most stringent and extensive globally for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and also require an Indian national to be on the board of directors (Sharma, Tyagi, 2010). Coca-Cola needs to make a formal apology to the Indian people and provide very concrete, step-by-step directions as to how they will alleviate this problem going forward, including their key board members as well. A comprehensive plan is necessary to turn around the situation and place it on a better overall path of progress.…… [Read More]
The resulting information points to the idea that there are more factors at play than simply developing and then providing vaccination doses to developing nations. The action plans that produce better results are paramount to success, and factors of social significance are just as important as or more important than having enough clinicians or clinics to administer the immunizations. The idea that community based and local volunteers would be needed to help administer and do family teaching about immunizations in India is also supported by Prinja, Gupta, Singha & Kumar who stress that in their large trial, associated with timely vaccinations of children in India with the DPT vaccination the results were far better when local volunteers were recruited as the presence of these individuals as well as their supportive education helped individuals better understand the need for their children to get the vaccination (eb-97). Another concept that is raised…… [Read More]
Microsoft in India and China
Microsoft: Strategy in India and China
Microsoft's Strategy in China
Although the Chinese Trademark Law is now largely in conformity with the TRIPs Agreement, the benefits of protection may not be realized for some time. At ground level there is a general culture of acceptance of counterfeit goods, partly because it makes previously unobtainable foreign goods affordable and partly because there is a lack of interest in enforcing IP rights that are largely owned by foreign companies. In this environment, counterfeiting will always seem attractive as it allows those involved to access an already existing market with low entry costs. In the meantime, however, foreign entities could take an active role in furthering the protection of their rights.
Licensing of IP rights to Chinese nationals and establishing joint ventures would be advantageous. The foreign party would have the benefit of local assistance in navigating legal…… [Read More]
Pilgrimages in India
A Quest for Finding Oneself in India: Introduction
Humans are born with an incredible amount of mental capacity to learn and grow, yet we are not born with a pre-determined set of rules guiding our thoughts. Religious practice around the world is thus the result of a collaboration of ideas between humans within a society in order to bring a framework of understanding into everyday life. Yet even with justifications of existence provided by religion, some individuals choose to pursue unanswered questions, in order to find a deeper meaning to life, and existence. Pilgrimage is such a quest, and is the pursuit of knowledge, as well as a journey of the mind and body, in search of answers to the unknowable questions of the universe. Pilgrimage also serves to prove one's own devotion to his or her faith, and can be qualified as a measure of…… [Read More]
Is There Room at the Top?
The question as to whether the United States is currently and will remain a superpower is the topic of much scholarly debate and in the general population around the dinner table. The follow up question to that, of course is, is there room at the top for another superpower, and if so which country or countries will rise to the occasion? Is America really finished as the world's superpower? There are respected intellectual, members of the elite media core, think tank theorists, and many in society at large that seem to think so. In many newspapers, magazines, and on reputable news programs around the world, learner authors announce the end of the American era and advise that the rise of China and India, the resurgence of Putin's Russia, and the noted expansion of the European Union signifies a significant and profound shit…… [Read More]
Sony Music India or SMI, is a solely retained subsidiary of SME, Sony Music Entertainment. The company initiated set-up in India from 1996 to 1997 in order to market both international and national music titles in India. Because of its success and use of state-of-the-art technologies, SMI has become one of the most advanced music companies India. Customers value the added services SMI offers especially if they decide to launch a digital platform for their music and other projects. India has already experienced a boost in sales thanks to the growing E-commerce in the country. The music industry overseas with iTunes and SoundCloud provide consumers with a variety of choices for music making companies like SMI feel a need to compete and therefore generate their own presence within the music industry. Therefore SMI began an "e-initiative" that enabled music lovers along with other users to visit the website, www.sonymusicindia.com, to…… [Read More]
Fielding suffers from a strong attachment to English literalism and rationalism, in which he feels himself obligated to support British colonialism because it is not only inevitability but also a positive influence upon India. Aziz allows suspicion to harden into grudges and a strong feeling of distain for both the British and loyalists. Even when Aziz is ultimately acquitted the reaction of the individuals involved in the case reveals the strong hyperbole of loyalists vs. revolutionaries. Aziz sees himself as tainted and fed up with the culture of the British. While Fielding sees the inevitable confession of Adela as the actions of a strong willed individual standing up to her peers to do the right thing. It is in their different perspectives that we see the truth behind the loyalist vs. revolutionary dichotomy; it is a strong desire on either side to find confidence in their own actions and ability…… [Read More]
Aryans came to dominate India.
How the Aryans Came to Dominate India
The general scholarly and historical view is that the first group of people to invade the indigenous people of India was the Aryans. The date given for this invasion is approximately 1500 BC.
The Aryans are described as "… semi-nomadic Nordic Whites, perhaps located originally on the steppes of southern ussia and Central Asia, who spoke the parent language of the various Indo-European languages" ( Aryans: Who Were the Aryans). It is also commonly accepted that they brought certain cultural, social and organizational traditions with them that had a profound impact on the continent which shaped its history. "The Aryans brought with them strong cultural traditions that… still remain in force today" ( India). This invasion resulted in the domination of the indigenous Dravidian people ( Boeree). Furthermore, the Aryans lived in and dominated the northern…… [Read More]
I intend to cover the practices in an objective manner, neither idealizing nor criticizing them. Many of India's religious practices are thousands of years old, offering ample opportunity for journalistic inquiry beyond what we provide in a pithy piece about the fire-walking children. We intend to interview the parents of the students, the teachers, and also community religious leaders or scholars.
3. "Drowning in a Sea of Garbage" -- an in-depth piece about garbage in India
A New York Times piece by Akash Kapur entitled "Drowning in a Sea of Garbage" details the hazards of a specific land fill near Pondicherry. Pondicherry is close to Chennai and therefore should be simple to travel there during the week our crew spends in India. Because we do not have time or resources for a full investigative report, I simply want to offer our readers a snapshot of what is going on both…… [Read More]
ecause of rhetoric that was rampant through the region, the result was "a skewed perception among some Chinese intellectuals that Indian must have been a race of violent and uncouth barbarians" (Mather, 1992). The once positive relationship between the two regions was tarnished, as evident by the "Discourse on Triple Destruction" which illuminates the barbarian traits that the Indian people have (Mather, 1992). This laid, along with the foundational elements Scripture of Lao-tzu Converting the arbarians, for a negative perception of India and allowed for huddism to flourish on Chinese terms.
uddhism in China was taught as "radical dualism," with teachings that focused on sudden enlightenment on salvation through grace rather than through ascetic practices" making it more appealing to a larger population of Chinese (Whyte, 2008). The Consul General of China asserts that "in Northeast Asia and some Southeast Asian countries, the historical influence of Chinese culture could be…… [Read More]
Cultural Blending That Occurred hen the British Colonized India
Throughout the course of history, the British were known as the world's conquerors. This is because they established a series of colonies around the globe that supported the nation and its self-interest. During their occupation of India, there was focus on blending different cultures to create a unique society. (Bingham)
This transformed India from being a backward region to one that was able to improve its standard of living and make steps towards joining the modern world. The result is that a new social identify was developed. To fully understand the way that this occurred requires examining cultural blending, how it shaped their identity, if it was permanent, what caused it to change and if it was beneficial. These different factors will illustrate the way this occurred and the impact it had on India's development. (Bingham)
The British first arrived…… [Read More]
d) When expanding, a crucial decision refers to the actual place in the foreign country where to open the new operational facility. This should be selected based on the concentration of the target market as well as its access to the location.
e) The fact that the company has been successful in the past does not automatically mean that it will be successful in the future expansion projects. It is crucial to adapt each decision to the specifics of the expansion project.
f) The decision of whether to use a local or a delegated managerial team depends on each situation and should be made after a thorough analysis of the project features and requirements.
g) While it cannot be said that a specific industry or business is recession proof, the McDonald's experience in India has shown that there are still businesses which thrive in times of crisis. It…… [Read More]
This is the largest chain of specialist coffee shops in India. Other brands, such as Cafe Coffee Day Xpress Kiosks offer takeaway coffee and other hot drinks and are found at busy locations, such as airports and railway stations. Additional competitors, neither of which are as dominant as Cafe Coffee Day include Cafe Mocha and Qwiky's. Cafe Mocha operates 50 upscale locations in major metro areas and caters to the upscale younger workers who have higher-than-country average per capita incomes. Qwiky's operates a smaller chain of outlets called coffee pubs, with the goal of creating ambience and a sense of relaxed atmosphere while selling higher-end coffees and specialty drinks.
The rise in coffee drinking is part of the transition to more branded consumption in India, and is led by the growth of branded coffee cafe chains such as Barista, Cafe Coffee Day and Qwiky's (KPMG 18).
3e. Context (Environmental) Analysis…… [Read More]