Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly
India's economic development & Foreign Policy
Foreign policy and economic development in India
India is currently the third largest economy of the globe, surpassed only by the United States and China (and the European Union, yet this is not an individual country). India has traditionally been a rather enclosed economy, with its economic operations focused mostly at the domestic level and limited interactions within the international market place.
Throughout the past two decades however, more emphasis has been placed on opening the country and liberalizing its economy. Some reforms that were implemented in this stance include the deregulation of industries, the privatization of state owned enterprises or the reduction of controls of international trade. These measures were implemented starting in the early 1990s decade and they have proved highly beneficial in the country's economic growth. Since 1997, India has averaged 7 per cent growth rate in its gross domestic product.…
Ganguly, S. (2012). Think again: India's rise. Foreign Policy. http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/07/05/think_again_india_s_rise accessed on November 2, 2012
Jayapalan, N. (2001). Foreign policy of India. Atlantic Publishers 7 Dist.
Lamba, D. (2006). Indian foreign policy. Digvijay and Ridhima's blog. http://blog.dslamba.net/2006/07/17/64 / accessed on November 2, 2012
Mohan, C.R. (2006). India's new foreign policy strategy. http://carnegieendowment.org/files/Mohan.pdf accessed on November 2, 2012
Political System, Environment, Political Structure, Function
The Indian political system, structure, and function is much like that of the UK, although it also resembles the U.S. In some ways. The Indian political structure has a President, typically a ceremonial role however; it much resembles the British monarch. In the role of President, the head of state advises members of the Parliament, and may serve as an advocate for the people. In emergent times the President may also advise and warn the people of upcoming warfare or political concerns. If there is an issue of Public Policy the Parliament is unable to decide on, one that is critical, then it may be cause for the President to declare state of emergency, in which state there is a lower house in the Parliamentary which typically has a term of 5-years (as opposed to the upper house which may have a…
Becker, L.B. 1975. Family traditions, In, S.C., Political communication: Issues and strategies for research. NY: Praeger.
Chan, K.W. 2007. Misconceptions and complexities in the study of China's cities: Definitions, statistics, and implications. Eurasian geography and economics. 48(4): 383-412.
Cheng, L. 2001. "China's political succession: Four mis-perceptions in the West," a paper delivered at the Woodrow Wilson Center, Washington DC, Feb 21, 2001; In, Martin, M.F., "Understanding China's Political System, 2010. CRS Report for Congress.
Cheng, L. 2009 Fall. Intra-Party democracy in China: Should we take it seriously. Leadership Monitor, no. 30, Brookings Institute.
India's Outsourcing Firms
Select the appropriate answer from the list and briefly discuss your reasons
The strategy behind attempts by Indian software and outsourcing companies to enter the Japanese market could be termed (c) global integration.
The Indian software and outsourcing companies have worked to enter not only the Japanese economic and business market, but to do so with a level of cultural integration in mind. This is a highly important component of global expansion in business (Wager, 2009). Indeed, the business person must be able to communicate at a certain cultural level in order to make a success of the business (Nelson, 2011). This is something that Indian companies have been highly aware of, providing cultural training for their employees. It is only with a high level of cultural sensitivity that foreign companies can successfully enter a new global market. This is particularly true in the case of Japan,…
Bellman, E. (2009, Aug. 17). India's Outsourcing Firms Lure More Japan Bausiness. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB125046661753935465.html
Hofstede, G.H. (2003). Culture's Consequences: comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations across nations. Sage.
Itoh, M. (1996, Spring). Japan's abidign sakoku mentality -- seclusion from other countries -- Economic Myths Explained. ORBIS. Retrieved from: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m 0365/is_n2_v40/ai_18338848/
Nelson, L. (2011). The Importance of Effecitve Cross Cultural Communication in International Business. Retrieved from: http://www.ehow.com/about_6472127_importance-cultural-communication-international-business.html
High tariffs have contributed to the United States $8 billion-plus trade imbalance with India (India, 2004).
There have been numerous diplomatic and business lobbying efforts over the past several years to further open India's markets to American goods. And, to a certain degree, those efforts have achieved success. India has reduced tariffs on a number of product categories and has cut its basic ceiling tariff rate from 25% to 20% (India, 2004). However, there were notable exceptions to that cut and India's average weighted tariff actually increased to 28% in 2004 compared to 21% in 2001 (2006 Index, 2006). In short, tariffs continue to be high in key product categories.
The good news is that India has been receptive to discussions on lowering its tariffs, but India still remains a protectionist economy that is not completely open for business. The government even controls pricing in certain sectors - such as…
2006 Index of Economic Freedom" (2006). Retrieved Nov. 29, 2006 from the Web site for The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/research/features/index/country.cfm?id=India
Bhatnagar, Parija (2005). "Is India's outsourcing honeymoon over?" CNN, Aug. 24. Retrieved Nov. 27, 2006 from the Web site for CNN at http://money.cnn.com/2005/08/23/news/international/india_outsourcing/index.htm
Bloch, Hannah (2001). "Pakistan seeks peace and credibility." Retrieved Nov. 28, 2006 from the Web site for CNN at http://edition.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2001/kashmir/feature.html.
Bokhari, Ashfak (2004). "Will India remain the 'king' of outsourcing?" Dawn, Feb. 9. Retrieved Nov. 28, 2006 from the Web site for Dawn at http://www.dawn.com/2004/02/09/ebr6.htm .
A lack of any national system subjects individual citizens to the costs of the healthcare system on the whole. As Rao (2006) reports, "public expenditure on health care today is a dismal 0.9% of GDP; the overwhelming majority of health costs are paid by patients out of pocket. For many, even minor illnesses can cause big financial setbacks, and hospitalisation is out of the question." (Rao, 1) the poor indicators for health discussed here throughout are particularly implicated here, with the understanding that the Indian government has willfully failed to positively impact the healthcare system and its severe limitations as an agency for the delivery of public health.
That stated, there is today a most concerted effort at bringing India into line with the ambitions of the world community. Its policies see India moving toward the uptake of a universal healthcare system which seems to be emerging from the environment…
Bahadur, a. (2005). 3rd India Health Summit - Universal Healthcare: India Challenges. International Health Economics Association. Online at http://www.healtheconomics.org/conferences/2005/11/21/3rd-india-health-summi.html
CNN Health. (2008). WHO Slams Global Health Care, Calls for Universal Coverage. CNN.
Dickenson Associates. (2006). Indian Banking & Financial Services. Private Equity Journal for India, 1(4). Online at .
Krauss, C. (2006). Private Equity Market in India Set to More than Triple. Bain & Company. Online at < http://www.bain.com/bainweb/publications/in_the_news_detail.asp?id=25246&menu_url=for_the_media.asp >.
The United States supported Pakistan by sending a naval force to the ay of engal. This resulted in a straining of relations between the two countries. India was expected to be a responsible nonaligned nation by denouncing the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. It chose to play the role of a silent spectator and did not take any action.
India invited the wrath of the United States as they refused to condemn the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. India did make up for its past mistakes eventually by improving relations with the United States, China, Countries in the South Asian loc and other developed nations while maintaining ties with the Soviet Union. There was a big change in India's policy when the 1990s saw the disintegration of the Soviet Union which resulted in the death of the bipolar political system in the world. This forced India, which was already suffering from economic…
Kapila, Dr. Subhash. (2005)India's Non-Alignment Doctrine A Policy Failure (www.boloji.complainspeak/009.htm)
Mohan, C.Raja. (2003) Pre-History of India's Foreign Policy, The Hindu
Ganguly, Sumit.India's Foreign Policy Grows up, ARTICLE: Volume XX, No 4, Winter 2003/04
Answering one form of the question, "Is there an Indian way of thinking?" amanujan (1989) states, "There is no single Indian way of thinking…Each language, caste, and religion has its special worldview. So, under the apparent diversity, there is really a unity of viewpoint, a single supersystem," (p. 41-42). The pluralism of India is not a colonial construct, and nor is it even a modern one. India's diversity and multiculturalism has been embedded in the fabric of its society for millennia. Most critical analyses that attempt to attach singular monadic identities onto India are not only prejudicial but categorically false. Considering the quantitative dominance of Hinduism throughout the subcontinent, it is miraculous from a sociological standpoint that so many strong minority faiths find expression, support, and celebration. "The diversity, fluidity, and complexity within as well as between cultures precludes a reification of their differences and allows one to avoid…
Chadha, M. (2003). Parsis split over marriage rule. BBC News. Retrieved online: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/2964155.stm
Choksy, J.K. (2008). Iranians and Indians on the shores of Serendib. In Hinnels, J.R. & Williams, A. (2008). Parsis in India and the Diaspora. New York: Routledge.
Herring, R.J. & Agarwala, R. (2009). Whatever Happened to Class? Landham: Lexington.
Hinnels, J.R. (2000). Zoroastrian and Parsi Studies. Aldershot: Ashgate.
India's Population Challenges
The United Nations (UN) reports that the world's population stood at about 6.5 billion in 2005, and is growing at about 1.2% each year. The UN projects that by 2050 there will be 9.1 billion people populating the planet, which as a stand-alone statistic is somewhat frightening, given that rapid growth is expected "in a group of 50 countries classified as the lease developed" (UN, 2005, p. 1). Between the years 2000 and 2005, about 76 million persons were added to the world's population each year, and India was responsible for 22% of that population growth (China added 11%). Indeed India is expected to overtake China "as the most populous country in the world by 2030" (UN). India added about 16.5 million people per year in the 2000-2005 period, while China adds only about 8.4 million people per year in that same window of time, the UN…
Chandrasekhar, S. (1968). How India is Tackling Her Population Problem. Foreign Affairs,
Ganapathy, Nirmala. (2011). Education key challenge in India's population boom. The Straits
Times / Asia News Network. Retrieved July 11, 2011, from http://www.asianewsnet.net.
India is a culturally rich and vibrant land. Its traditions stretch back to one of the oldest civilizations in human history, the Indus Valley civilization, which blossomed during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. ("India") and reached northwestern India. The Indian culture as we know it today emerged when Aryan tribes from the northwest invaded the subcontinent about 1500 B.C. ("India") and mixed with the original Dravidian culture. South Asia was united during the Maurya Empire during the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C., peaking during the rule of Ashoka ("India"). India experienced a Golden Age experiencing a blooming of science, art, and culture during the Gupta dynasty. Islam was introduced to India via a series of invasions that spanned 700 years. The Delhi Sultanate was established in the 10th and 11th centuries through the invasions of the Turks and Afghans. Emperor Babur established the Mughal Dynasty in the early 16th…
Central Intelligence Agency. "India." cia.gov. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2014
This brought about significant change in ndia. As a result of the First Opium War, China had ceded Hong Kong and opened five more ports to the British. This allowed the British better access to the Chinese market, and it was opium, at first from ndia, that they sent to trade, in particular for in-demand products such as Chinese tea. n turn, profits from opium sales in China were funneled back into strengthening the British presence in ndia (Biswas, 2008).
As this trade with China expanded, ndia became more strategically important. When ndia was administered by the British East ndia Company, the primary objectives of the British on the subcontinent were to send goods from ndia back to Britain. t was the opening of the Chinese market that demanded change for the British in the way that they administered ndia. ndia was no longer a property strictly with economic value,…
India had provided the means for the British to trade with China, and this trade in turn had a significant influence on British policy in India. The Konbaung Dynasty in Burma was caught in the middle, and the British ultimately realized that it was to their benefit to take control of that country as well, resulting in the Anglo-Burmese War. This war in turn facilitated the strengthening of trade relations with China. When we examine the history of the 1850-1870 era in these three countries, we can see that the British were the tie that binds. Historical conjecture resulted from the ways in which British interest interacted with each of these countries. Events in one impacted events in other, via British policy and actions. The responses of Burma and China to the British incursions were conflict, but the result was defeat. This ushered in a period of acquiescence on the part of those two countries. Burma attempted to get through British rule by not resisting, the Chinese took a different path. Neither country was entirely successful, and British influence continued to grow steadily through this period.
Biswas, S. (2008). Opium financed British rule in India. BBC. Retrieved February 4, 2010 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7460682.stm
Ahmed, I. (2007). The 1857 uprising. Academy of the Punjab in North America. Retrieved February 4, 2010 from http://www.apnaorg.com/articles/news-20/
Communication is sharing of information and meaning (Hassan, 2007) and that meaning dictates the effectiveness of teaching and learning. Students -- and other people, in general -- often interpret the oral information or message according to the non-verbal expression that accompanies it. A verbal approval said in an ironic tone can send an opposite impression of censure. Non-verbal communication should, therefore, be given serious consideration, especially in a second-language school setting (Hassan).
Findings of the study categorized non-verbal communication into 8 (Hassan, 2007). Kinesics consists of boy language and gestures, such as a happy mood, negative body expressions, kind and friendly look, nodding to encourage, exhaustion, and raised fingers, which embarrassed. Proxemics refers to the space between the teacher and the students. The closer they were, the greater the students' understanding of the lecture. Students disliked distance. Vocalics covers the pitch, tone, rhythm and volume of the teacher's voice. Students…
BBC (2009). Country profile: India. BBC News: British Broadcasting Corporation.
Retrieved on April 20, 2009 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/country_profiles/1154019.stm
-. Country profile: Pakistan. Retrieved on April 20, 2009 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/country_profiles/1157960.stm
Hassan, M.T. (2007). Non-verbal communication: the language of motivation for Pakistani students. Vol 7. Language in India. Retrieved on April 20, 2009 from http://www.languageinindia.com/Aug2007/nonverbalpakistan.pdf
India and Commodity Sample
Commodity production, in many countries, provides both economic and financial stability for its constitutions. In many instances, commodity production can determine overall prosperity of a particular nation, heavily dependent on its production. Many emerging countries, for example, depend heavily on exporting commodities to other more developed nations. Examples include oil from South America, oranges from Brazil, sugar from Costa ica, and manufacturing from China. As the articles indicate, India is dependent on the textile industry with respect to the production of clothing. As such, government policies and societal norms designed to help this industry flourish are very important to the overall prosperity of the nation. In addition, globalization provides added financial incentive in which to specialize in a particular trade. Being a low-cost producer in the textile industry for instance, provides India with a competitive advantage relative to its rival Asian countries. As such, it can…
1) Jacque, L., 1996, Management and Control of Foreign Exchange Risk. Norwell, Massachusetts: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
2) Papaioannou, M., 1989, The Use of Derivatives Instruments by Multinational Firms: Some Survey Results. Bala Cynwood, Pennsylvania: The WEFA Group.
Over a period of time, the Ayurveda medicine lost its importance and today, its benefits are lost to the entire world. The power of herbs was not passed on to subsequent generations and so, the Indian society continues to use the form of medicine introduced by the British instead of relying on its indigenous herbs. This is another example of the decentering of culture due to British influence. Besides, they influenced the agricultural practices, work ethics and industrial manufacturing processes to a large extent. This extensive rule by the British left no aspect of the society untouched and this led to the loss of many indigenous methods of agriculture and manufacturing that were producing superior results.
Another aspect of decentering was the introduction of English into the society. Prior to British arrival, the country was fragmented by different castes and regions and each region had their own language. A significant…
British Influences in India. (2010). Retrieved from: http://www.ukinindia.org/
Hodgson, Francis Cotterell. (1863). British Influence in India, an essay. Oxford: Oxford University.
French, Steven. (2007-11-01). Decentering 'Colonial' Science. Metascience. Vol 16(3). pp 543-547.
Wyatt, Andrew; Zavos, John; Hewitt, Vernon. (2002). Decentering the Indian Nation. Commonwealth and Comparative Politics. Vol 40(3). pp1-7.
India, a primarily Hindu country, is emerging as a player in the software industry. With over 1 billion people within her borders, India's culture is one of the oldest and largest in the world. Such a vast pool of talent intertwined with cultural identity makes for an interesting breed of workers, and, at the top of that chain, a fascinating approach to managing these workers.
Sunil Jalihalm, CIO of eVector Mobile, a wireless software provider in angalore, India, was born in raised in India and has worked in various executive positions in India and America. Thirty-six years old and he has already worked at several large and start-up companies - several here in America. The toughest part of management has, and always will be, surprisingly enough, the actually managing that must be done. Not the management of decisions and the direction of the company, but leading the people underneath you.…
John Calvert and Richard Franceys. "Management development for public health: India." (1996). Reaching the Unreached: Challenges for the 21st Century. 22nd WEDC Conference. New Dehli.
Landsburg, Steven E. "Challenges and Frustrations of a CIO in India" TechRepublic 3 July 2002. http://builder.com.com/article.jhtml;jsessionid=WITMKPI5MLTWRTQQAAZCFFI?id=r00520020703wei01.htm&_requestid=107184 .
Krishna, Sumi. "The impact of structural adjustment policy on gender and environment in India." (1994a). Centre for Women's Development Studies, New Delhi.
Dan Ramirez and Susan Perdorna are interested in starting up a new company in Banglore, India and wish to locate some R&D Staff there and a small sales force to tap into the Indian market. Their families are also interested in the opportunity to invest. The type of corporate governance that they will select to manage the venture is a critical success factor in the new business division's success. The both the managers and investors will undoubtedly have to deal with the principal-agent problem given that the venture is oversees. Since the investors will be foreign based they will want to ensure that they are given rights and treated equitably as shareholders. They will also want to ensure that their agents act with integrity and maintain ethical business behaviors at all times. Furthermore, the investors will want to ensure that there is full disclosure and transparency.…
Today, industries that are dominated by human services including it, consulting and pharmaceuticals have low tariffs. For FDI-based strategies to be successful for consumer products, the multinational corporations (MNC) looking to expand into India will need to be much more culturally aware and sensitive than the it outsourcing companies hiring call center agents, programmers and systems analysts. For a consumer products company to succeed they will need to navigate the many laws and regulations of running a business in India, negotiate for lower tariffs to import products, and build a supply chain in India as well. It is attractive for MNCs looking to expand into India using Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) strategies, yet they must concentrate on the cultural sensitivities of the country first, partner closely with the Indian government, and establish supply chains that immediately infuse local economies in India with capital. The Indian government has become more accepting…
Alok Aggarwal (2008). Emerging Markets: India's Role in the Globalization of it. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 51(7), 17.
Chandana Chakraborty, Peter Nunnenkamp. (2008). Economic Reforms, FDI, and Economic Growth in India: A Sector Level Analysis. World Development, 36(7), 1192.
Cyril Shroff (2008, June). India Guide: M&a and private equity in India. Asialaw Review.
India is amongst the most populated nations in the world and is one of the oldest civilizations in the world. The economy of India has been an important in the study of world economies for many years. The purpose of this discussion is to provide a detailed view of India's economy. We will focus on Current Statistics such as; exchange rates, inflation, interest rates, Gross National Product, and Gross Domestic Product. The discussion will also discuss the currency that the country currently utilizes. In addition, we will examine current trading partners and policies. We will also discuss trade agreements and dominant industries and companies. Finally, our discussion will focus on the black market transactions that take place in the country.
According to the world fact book India's economy consist of agriculture, participation in a large range of industries, village farming, and handicrafts. (India) The factbook explains that India's…
Banknet India. http://www.banknetindia.com/banking/intrestrate2712.htm
Documents signed Between Islamic Republic Of Iran And India. 2003. http://www.meadev.nic.in/economy/ibta/agreements/indiran-25jan2003.htm
Economic Probe. 2004 January. http://www.indiainfoline.com/
Highlights of EXIM Policy 2002-2007. India Export Import Portal. http://exim.indiamart.com/indian-exim-policy/exim-policy-2003-highlights.html
India has also become a major proponent of technology and labor exchange in order to promote growth and break down societal and economic barriers (Embassy of India, no date).
Lastly, the Indian foreign economic policy with regards to the United States has been a key driver of economic growth. The U.S. is India's largest trade partner, and services export has become a hallmark of that trade. India has a strong comparative advantage in the English language vs. other major developing nations and has leveraged this through the building of increased trade channels with the United States. India began to forge stronger trade ties with the Clinton Administration, in concert with internal economic modernization policies. Since that point, trade has become a critical part of India-U.S. dialogue, complete with the easing of economic sanctions from the U.S. And a series of agreements and joint governmental alliances. India has become much more…
No author. (2008). Indian economy overview. Economy Watch. Retrieved April 7, 2010 from http://www.economywatch.com/indianeconomy/indian-economy-overview.html
Jenkins, R. (2003) India's states and the making of foreign economic policy: The limits of the constituent diplomacy paradigm. Publius. Vol. 33 (4) 63-82.
No author. (2010). Gulf has a special focus in India's foreign policy: Tharoor. The Economic Times. Retrieved April 7, 2010 from http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics/nation/Gulf-has-a-special-focus-in-Indias-foreign-policy-Tharoor/articleshow/5708600.cms
Embassy of India. (n.d.) India's foreign policy -- 50 years of achievement. Embassy of India in Washington DC. Retrieved April 7, 2010 from http://www.indianembassy.org/policy/foreign_policy/fp%28intro%29.htm
India's sacred cow" by Marvin Harris explicates the religious, social, and even practical uses of the cow, strengthening Indians' belief in the sanctity of the domesticated animal. Harris' thesis argues that "[t]he sacredness of the human cow is not just an ignorant belief that stands in the way of progress. Like all concepts of the sacred and profane, this one affects the physical world; it defines the relationships that are important for the maintenance of Indian society." From this main point, this summary and analysis paper looks into the religious ritual of considering the cow as a sacred symbol of Hinduism.
The article first elucidates on the practical uses of the cow, an imperative step towards developing Harris' arguments later, explaining why the sacredness of the cow became an important religious ritual in India. Drawing from the activities, processes, and nature of agricultural farming history in the country, Harris establishes…
During the 1980s, to help spotlight international concern regarding the unprecedented nuclear arms race, India joined the Six-Nation Five-Continent joint.
Amidst India's resolve to maintain its commitment to nuclear disarmament, it consistently opposed discriminatory treaties like the Nuclear non-Proliferation Treaty
(NPT) and Comprehensive Nuclear Test an Treaty (CTT); holding its nuclear options while other countries hold their nuclear weapons/options (India's Foreign
Another contemporary concern involves the fact that different departments report different figures regarding the exact number of Indians who live abroad. Anirudhan Sampath, CPI-M, has demanded that India give voting rights in the electoral process of India to those Indians who live abroad.
Yadav cautions India that Pakistan has sent weapons to India through Nepal and Uttar Pradesh, and warns that India need to constantly be on our guard; that China and Pakistan have never been friends of India and that they never will be. Vijay ahadur…
Ahluwalia, M.S. 1994. India's economic reforms [Online] Available at: http://planningcommission.gov.in/aboutus/speech/spemsa/msa012.pdf [Accessed 09 August 2010].
Aiyar, S. 2007. Licensed to BOOM; India has come a long way from the days of waiting eight years for a scooter and pleading with MPs for a quota phone. A combination of crisis, the political audacity of P.V. Narasimha Rao and Manmohan Singh's ideas, delivered economic freedom, the privilege of choice to Indians. India Today. [Online]. Available at HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P2-16397796.html [Accessed 09 August 2010].
Background Note: India 2010. U.S. Department of State. [Online]. Available at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3454.htm [Accessed 09 August 2010].
Basu, K. 2008. The enigma of India's arrival: A review of Arvind Virmani's propelling India: From socialist stagnation to global power. . [Online] Available at: http://relooney.fatcow.com/00_New_3213.pdf [Accessed 18 August 2010].
India and U.S.: Poverty and Millennium Development Goals in relation to Globalization
India is selected as the welfare state under study in this paper, with a focus on poverty, one of the key Millennium Development Goals (MDG), and highlights the question of how globalization contributes to, or ameliorates poverty in India. The conditions in India are analyzed herein, and compared with those in the United States (U.S.). This paper concentrates on ascertaining the influence of globalization on penury (extreme poverty and/or destitution) in India. For that purpose, it is essential to first define both globalization and poverty, prior to evaluating the extent that globalization has impacted such poverty, if any.
Definitions: Globalization and Poverty
The appropriate beginning here is first to define our terms: specifically, what is globalization? One definition describes it as the interchange of culture, ideas, and products such that the result is international integration. In business terms,…
Arora, R.U.. "Gender Inequality, Economic Development, and Globalization: A state level analysis of India." The Journal of Developing Areas (2012): 147-164.
Arzaghi, M. And Anil, R. "migration as a way to diversify: Evidence from Rural to Urban Migration in the U.S.A." Journal of Regional Science, 53(4), 2013, 690 -- 711.
Austin, N. "Poverty in the United States." Urban Institute, 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.urban.org/research/publication/poverty-united-states/view/full_report
Bardhan, B. "Poverty and Inequality in China and India: Elusive Link with Globalization." Economic and Political Weekly 22 September 2007: 3849-3852.
This is mainly grounded in government's denial of actual economic and social conditions of the country. It appears that either the government officials are completely unaware of the situation in the country or they are hell-bent on ignoring the truth that's staring them in the face. This is clear from following statement of former Prime Minister Rao when he began one of his speeches by "delineating the social structures into three segments. The crust, according to him, consists of about six crore (1 crore= 10 million) people, who do not need to be canvassed about economic reforms. The next layer contains 25-30 crore people belonging to the middle classes, who are beginning to appreciate the benefits of liberalization. It is the next segment, of 55-60 crore of lower income and poor people who remain unappreciative of the changes in the economy."(5)
The political structure itself is not exactly wrong. The…
M.S. Panini, "The Social Logic of Liberalization," Sociological Bulletin, 44, no. 1 (March 1995) pp. 34-62.
Arun Ghosh, "India's Macroeconomic Situation," Alternative Economic Survey 199596 (New Delhi: Alternative Survey Group, Delhi Science Forum, 1996) p. 11.
Arun Ghosh, "Planning Imperatives, Occasional Paper 3," Working Group on Alternatives (1996) p. 2.
National Council of Applied Economic Research, Economic Survey (New Delhi: National Council of Applied Economic Research, 1997).
Emerging Superpowers: India & China
The global integration of China & India reflects their emergence as powerful modern economies.
From a global perspective, China's impact is truly staggering. (Harris, 2005)
Globalization has been a force for good. China and India are its greatest success stories. (Bandow, 2011)
Some avid movie goers or comic book readers are already familiar with the term "superpower." There are also a number of informed economists, political scientists, and trend forecasters that understand the term "superpower" in a different sense. This word gets thrown around in the press and in the media quite often when referring to countries of distinctive power and influence beyond a specific level, which is not often described or qualified. This begs the average person to ask, what is a superpower and what makes a country a superpower? For the purposes of this paper, the focus will be limited with…
Badkar, Mamta. "RACE OF THE CENTURY: Is India or China the Next Economic Superpower?" Web, Business Insider, 2011, Available from: http://www.businessinsider.com/are-you-betting-on-china-or-india-2011-1?op=1 . 2012 October 31.
Bandow, Doug. "Is India An Economic Superpower In the Making?" Web, Forbes, 2011, Available from: http://www.forbes.com/sites/dougbandow/2011/03/07/is-india-an-economic-superpower-in-the-making/ . 2012 November 01.
Chin, Curtis, S., & Collazo, Jose B. "Tracking China to its 'superpower moment.'" The Japan Times Online, Web, 2012, Available from: http://www.japantimes.co.jp/text/eo20120911a2.html . 2012 November 01.
Harris, Jerry. "Emerging Third World powers: China, India, and Brazil." Race & Class, Vol. 46, No. 3, 7 -- 27, 2005.
The protests also highlighted the tensions created between by the reservation policies of the government when 4 people were killed in a clash between another ajasthan community -- the Meenas, who are already included in the lowest category of castes -- and the Gujjars, who were demanding the downgrade (Ibid.)
Another drawback of the reservation system in India is that it has only helped the privileged "creamy layers" of the Scheduled Castes, creating a 'super-caste' within a caste, while a vast majority of the underprivileged dalits, adivasis and Other Backward Classes (OBCs) have not benefited to a significant extent. The policy also severely compromises quality and the notion of meritocracy that is so essential for meaningful competition in an increasingly globalized world community.
Despite serious problems with India's reservation policy, it continues to thrive and even expand in scope. This is mainly because politicians have a vested interest in promoting…
Gentleman, Amelia (2007). "Fighting their way to the bottom in India." International Herald Tribune, June 1, 2007. Retrieved on September 7, 2007 at http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/06/01/asia/india.php
Mukherjee, Aruni (2006). "The Quagmire of Caste Reservations." South Asian Analysis Group
Retrieved on September 7, 2007 at http://www.saag.org/papers18/paper1787.html
The current Indian Prime Minister, Mr. Manmohan Singh, has pushed for increasing the reservation quota for the backward castes and to extend the scope of quotas to the private sector during his tenure (Mukherjee, 2006)
In Literacy Coaching, parts 1 and 2 (Pratt-Fartro, 2009), it is clear that the concept of literacy coaching is helpful because it allows all the children in a classroom to be taught together instead of children being taught one-at-time, each child taken out individually to spend time with the reading coach. However, the big question I have is whether this approach is as effective as having one-on-one time with the students. Reading skills can really be improved from one-on-one time, as Sioux Falls Public Schools Education Foundation (2011) shows with their paired oral reading approach to improving literacy. I think that this could be a more effective approach in many ways because it gives students the time and attention they need to focus on their own unique struggles.
So while reading specialists can go into classrooms and guide teachers, as Pratt-Fartro (2009) points out in part 2 of…
Nathaniel Roberts’ To Be Cared for: The Power of Conversion and Foreigness of Belonging in an Indian Slum takes a unique look at the way in which the Christian religion takes on meaning for the lives of Indians living in a slum in Chennai. The process by which Roberts presents this world is interesting because he starts with the people themselves first, and not really with the religion or how it impacts their lives. Instead, Roberts takes a different approach—or, in better words—the opposite approach. He shows how their lives impact their religion. This paper will discuss Roberts’ To Be Cared For and describe what it means to be a foreigner among a group of Indians, who are outsiders themselves—separate as a caste from the rest of the Indian people—the cast-offs, who are nonetheless welcomed by Christ. This book is about what that experience is like and what it…
Roberts, Nathaniel. To Be Cared For: The Power of Conversion and Foreignness of
Belonging in an Indian Slum. CA: University of California Press, 2016.
India is a parliamentary republic, the largest democracy in the world with over a billion people and counting.
Head of State
The head of state is a ceremonial position occupied by the President. The current President is Ram Nath Kovind, and vice president is M. Venkaiah Naidu, positions held since July-August of 2017 (CIA World Factbook, 2018). The president is elected by an electoral college, which is comprised of appointed members of both houses of parliament as well as members of state legislatures (CIA World Factbook, 2018).The President serves for a five year term, and there are no term limits on the position.
Far more important a role than president is held by the head of government, the Prime Minister. Members of parliament of the majority party elect the Prime Minister. The current Prime Minister of India is Narendra Modi, who was elected in 2014. Modi is leader…
India from an economic standpoint. What will one discover? This country has changed much in the past decade. They are not the same as compared to the past. Management is aware of what needs done macro economically in order to make a living and help consumers and businesses to stay afloat. One will discuss an article in depth and the implications of it.
One will summarize the arguments that were used in The Economy; THE OUTLOOK: India Comes of Age, As Focus on eturns Lures Foreign Capital. These are as follows. India has failed in attempting to replicate China in regards to economic growth. However, this particular country does not have the type of advantages that are prominent in comparison to their counterpart. This is because everything is cheaper and that their policies are supportive through the government. In fact, many have feared that that India would become marginalized because…
CIA World Factbook. (2011). India Economy. Retrieved June 14, 2011, from CIA World Factbook:
Advertising and Globalization
Advertising and globalisation in India
Wellington, New Zealand
The article reviewed focuses on India and contemporary advertising however uses the history of the industry's development in India and a discussion of the broader international trends in marketing for context. The introduction of advertising in India has impact the society and the various cultures found in India on multiple fronts. During the 1990's, advertising in India has seen a massive expansion; especially in regards to foreign advertisements. As India has steadily developed from an underdeveloped country to a more modern economy.
With this development, India has attracted a host of international companies who have entered the market. However, compared to other rapidly developing economies like China, India has also focused on developing domestic industries and has often implemented protectionist policies early in its development. This has also had major implications on the development of the marketing industry…
CIA. (2011, September 26). South Asia: India. Retrieved from The World Factbook:
Healthcare in the United States and India
The healthcare systems in the United States and India have starkly different origins: the former arose out of employer based insurance coverage while the latter began through government funding. As Sai Ma and Neeraj Sood document in a report on India's healthcare challenges, the Indian government faced the challenge of redesigning their healthcare infrastructure after their independence in 1947 (2008). The Bhore Committee, assembled by the central government, established that unsanitary conditions, poor nutrition, inadequate health education and a lack of prevention must be addressed in order to improve the quality of life for India's population. To meet these needs, the central government established a three-tiered system consisting of primary health centers (PHCs) to meet basic health needs, subcenters (SCs) for public health concerns, and community health centers (CHCs) for more specialized care. Doctors employed at these facilities received training at publically funded…
Arora, N., Banerjee, A.K., (2010) Emerging Trends, Challenges and Prospects in Healthcare in India. Electronic Journal of Biology, 6(2), 24-25
Berman, P., Ahuja, R., Bhandari, L. (2010) The Impoverishing Effect of Healthcare Payments in India: New Methodology and Findings. Economic & Political Weekly, 45(16), 65-71.
Ma, S., & Neeraj, S. (2008) A Comparison of the Health Systems of China and India. RAND Center for Asia Pacific Policy. Retrieved from http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/occasional_papers/2008/RAND_OP212.pdf
Manchikanti, L., Caraway, D.L., Parr, A.T., Fellows, B., Hirsch, J.A. (2011) Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010: reforming the health care reform for the new decade. Pain Physician, 14(1), 35-67.
Indian nationalism as a response to the British presence in India as of 1945, from the standpoint of your role in the game (i.e. from Maharaj)
"Outlining the reasons why democracy should not prevail in Kashmir" (quoted from your role sheet) 3. As Maharaja of Kashmir, you wish your territory to be left intact. You do not want a united and democratic India under the rule of the INC. Your paper needs to provide a principled defense of that objective.
Who Am I?
There are many, many reasons why I do not want democracy for Kashmir, but the logical way to approach this would be first to tell you something about myself and then to detail my reasons against democracy:
I was born on September 23, 1895 and am the great grandson of Maharaja Gulab Singh. I pride myself on possessing many of his values but at the same time…
Hyland, JL. Democratic theory: the philosophical foundations. Manchester, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Manchester University Press ND, 1995.
Kofmel E. (ed). Anti-Democratic Thought. Charlottesville, Virginia, USA: Imprint Academic, 2008.
MAHARAJAS, THE DESPOTS
India has instituted a number of industrial policies over the years, ranging from a wave of nationalization in the late 1970s to more modern re-opening of the country's markets and participating in the international economic system. More recently, the country has made a push for a booming telecommunications industry. This is one area can government can have a significant influence, because telecommunications are almost always highly regulated. Moreover, governments have the ability to invest or to undertake policies to encourage investment, in telecommunications resources. In 1994, India began with the National Telecom Policy. This set out the basis for competition in the telecom industry, including in basic services, cellular services and paging. This move also allowed for private long distance carriers. The NTP was the first step towards the liberalization of telecommunication in India, a move that preceded the technology boom but allowed for the infrastructure investment that has supported…
Gerber, J. (no date). International Economics: Sixth Edition. Pearson.
Rajan, R. & Prasad, E. (no date). Next generation financial reforms for India. Booth School of Business. Retrieved April 9, 2016 from https://www.google.ca/#q=chicago+booth&gws_rd=cr
Singh, H., Soni, A. & Kathuria, R. (no date). . Telecom policy reform in India. World Bank. Retrieved April 9, 2015 from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTRANETTRADE/Resources/Singh.pdf
The Economic Times (2015). Economic crisis: Is the future bleak? The Economic Times. Retrieved April 9, 2016 from http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2015-09-06/news/66268108_1_meghnad-desai-crisis-economists
India and China are making mammoth strides in the area of development. However, while development in both nations has been remarkable, there is today much worry about whether such growth yields and will yield adequate poverty decline. Within the past two decades, researchers have seen a large and noticeable fall within the number of people that live on the famous, less than U.S.$1.25 a day, which is the World Bank's global poverty starting point -- down from the reported 1.9 billion in 1990 to five hundred millions less, (1.4 billion) in 2005 (Bardhan, 2010, p. 77). By this measure, international poverty rates fell from 42% (1990) to 25% (2005), and may continue to fall to 15% by the end of 2015, equivalent to 900 million people.
Nevertheless, U.S.$1.25 signifies a very low living standard for people to live on daily. Those below it researchers consider, are in great deprivation, and…
Aziz, J. (2008). Real and Financial Sector Linkages in China and India. Washington: International Monetary Fund.
Bardhan, P. (2010). Awakening giants, feet of clay. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Bhalla, A. (2012). Poverty and exclusion of minorities in China and India. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Bhide, A., & Monroy, C. (2011). Energy poverty: A special focus on energy poverty in India and renewable energy technologies. Renewable And Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15(2), 1057-1066. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2010.11.044
India is the world's second-most populous country with 1.2 billion people, and has a workforce of 502.1 million, which means that there are a lot of workers and it can be difficult to generalize working conditions with this many workers and in such a diverse country. There are some unique labor force characteristics worth taking into consideration. The first is diversity -- India has many different cultures, religions and languages. There is a high degree of economic stratification. There is a large pool of child labor, estimated to be 26.9 million. Only around 2/3 of Indians are literate. The nation's median age is around 27, so the workforce is fairly young (CIA World Factbook, 2016). The largest employers are government agencies, such as the national railway system, and many Indian states have histories of socialist or even Communist leanings, as does the country as a whole.
Budhwar, P. (2000). Determinants of HRM policies and practices in India: An empirical study. Global Business Review. Vol. 1 (2) 229-247.
Budhwar, P. & Sparrow, P. (1997). Evaluating levels of strategic integration and devolvement of human resource management in India. International Journal of Human Resource Management Vol. 8 (4) 476-494
CIA World Factbook. (2016). India Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved April 18, 2016 from
Women Status Contemporary India
The Status and ole of Women in Contemporary India
The women in contemporary India have a very significant role as they fulfill crucial responsibilities in almost every sector including family life, agricultural development and industrial development. However, it is unfortunate that such contributions have remained mostly indistinguishable to the planners and policy makers due to which the Indian women have always experienced an unstable status in the country. Even in this modern era of science and technology, women in India are still considered a disadvantaged group as there has been no change in the conventional structure of society as well as cultural and moral standards (Chakrapani and Kumar, 1994).
In addition, a majority of women are still unaware of the social laws that have been designed to alleviate the problems women face in the society. As a consequence, distressed situations influence Indian women more than Indian…
Berman, B.J., Bhargava, R., & Laliberte?, A. (2013). Secular States and Religious Diversity. Vancouver: UBC Press. Print.
Chakrapani, C., & Kumar, S.V. (1994).Changing Status and Role of Women in Indian Society. New Delhi: MD Publications. Print.
Chowdhuri, J.P. (2012). Caste System, Social Inequalities and Reservation Policy in India: Class, Caste, Social Policy and Governance Through Social Justice. Saarbru-cken, Germany: Lambert Academic Publishing. Print.
Jain, T.R., & Ohri, V.K. (2006). Indian Economy: Issues in Economic Development and Planning in India and Sectoral Aspects of Indian Economy. New Delhi: V.K. Publications. Print.
But sometimes the victims themselves are afraid to voice their grievances in the public because speaking up entails shame, ostracization, and even extra-judicial killings. The victims can express their grievances in public "only at certain times and in certain ways" because their rights are infringed on social and cultural levels (Dewey).
The fact that cultural and traditional beliefs and attitudes contribute to violations of women's rights in a systematic manner can be observed by reading literature on the practice of dowry. Many Indian legal and philosophical thinkers use relativistic terms to contest the notion that the practice contributes to the abuse of women. They contest the notion because they argue the concept of human rights is a estern notion, sometimes disregarding cultural variations and sensibilities of the Indian nation (Gupta). The general critique of the concept of human rights as a western notion may be valid in some matters, but…
Dewey, Susan. "Dear Dr. Kothari': Sexuality, Violence Against Women, and the Parallel Public Sphere in India." American Ethnologist, 36/1 (2009): 124-139.
Duggal, Ravi. "The Political Economy of Abortion in India: Cost and Expenditure Patterns." Reproductive Health Matters, 12/24 (Nov. 2004): 130-137.
Grewal, Indu and Kishore, J. "Female Foeticide in India." International Humanist and Ethical Union. 1 May 2004. Web. 12 Dec. 2011
Gupta, Nidhi. "Women's Human Rights and the Practice of Dowry in India." Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, 48 (2003): 85-123. Web. 12 Dec. 2011
Art Interpretation India & Letter
INDIA 2011 & THE LETTER TO OTTAWA
It's hard not to connect with the commonality of these two pieces: they are both comments and complaints. They each reflect what could be but what is not; perhaps what used to be but is no longer. It is difficult to tell if they reflect anger or disappointment or are just a call to make sure things get better. There is no doubt that each reflects some reach out for action.
The story of my experiment with truth. Erik Olsen tells me of his uncertainty of the results of this piece alongside the ways that he presents the perfect, the medicinal, the successful and the ideal. Yet the way he does it is with a presentation of opposites of a sort in a way that it cannot really be clear what he thinks. It is an…
In the photographs provided, the building's architectural context has quite obviously changed over time.
The oldest-looking photo of the three shows little development in the surrounding area, while the placement of trees on the building's immediate ground looks artful.
The other two photos are more recent, as one shows subsequent development in the area behind the building.
One give a glimpse of a large white building whose twentieth-century style does not sit entirely harmoniously with the Victorian-seeming construction of the building under consideration -- and also shows broken windows visible in the main central tower.
The other photo displays recent blight and disrepair on a smaller building -- advertising posters, missing bricks and roof tiles -- although it's not clear whether this smaller building is part of the larger complex around the building under consideration.
One other noteworthy bit of context can be glimpsed in the oldest of…
' Indians across the political spectrum, especially the country's powerful nuclear weapons establishment, are critical of the NPT, arguing that it unfairly warps international hierarchies to the disadvantage of the non-nuclear-weapon states" (1998:15). In its efforts to balance the pressures from the international community with its own self-interests in formulating foreign policies, the position adopted by India has been starkly different than other countries. In this regard, Karp concludes that, "Most states party to the NPT accept the unfairness of the treaty as a tradeoff that serves their own and global interests. India's leaders insist that fair and genuine nuclear disarmament must start with the nuclear-weapon states themselves, a demand formalized by former Prime Minister ajiv Gandhi in his 1990 global nuclear disarmament initiative" (Karp 1998:14).
As a result of these events, the 20th century witnessed the formation of various positions in Indian foreign policy that would endure throughout the…
Berlin, D.L. 2006 "India in the Indian Ocean." Naval War College Review 59(2): 58-59.
Chollett, D. & Lindberg, T. 2007 "A Moral Core for U.S. Foreign Policy." Policy Review 146: 3-
Davis, C.B. & Rill, L.A. 2008 "Testing the Second Level of Agenda Setting: Effects of News
Home to the world's tenth largest economy and second largest population, India defies swift generalization. It includes a vast range of developmental situations, cultures, languages, and climates. The country remains largely rural, with just 26% of its people living in cities. Yet in 1995 it had over 30 cities of one million or more residents, including three of the world's 20 largest cities -- Bombay, Calcutta, and Delhi -- according to United Nations estimates (The Anguish of India, 1997).
Currently Indian labor laws, regulations, and workforce standards are very outdated. India is plagued with corruption. India has been ranked 9th in a list of 75 countries where dishonest practices are common, which is indeed an uncertain distinction. The corruptions, delays, bureaucratic red tape, and archaic labor laws are ingrained in India's business culture. These pitfalls have deterred foreign investors from investing in India (Stokes, 2003).
"Background Note: India," 2010, viewed 23 August 2010,
Chennai, Matrade, 2005, "Product Market Study: Consumer Behavior in India," viewed 23 August 2010,
Das Gupta, Aruna, 2007, "Social responsibility in India towards global compact approach." International Journal of Social Economic, 34(9), 637-663.
"Doing Business in India.," n.d., viewed 24 August 2010,
This behavio is not consideed dishonest; in fact, and Indian peson would be consideed ude if he o she did not ty to attempt to give a peson what has been equested.
Anothe vey impotant aspect of business cultue in India is the meeting etiquette. Meeting Etiquette is influenced by all sots of cultual elements descibed above, including social class. Fo example, in India, one must geet the eldest o moe senio fist, and when leaving a goup each peson must bid faewell individually. Though shaking hands is common, this is only in big cities, whee the natives ae accustomed to Westenes. Men and women, howeve, do not usually shake hands.
The next pat of the business cultue is knowing Indian names, and whee they oiginate. Accoding to one aticle, names ae based upon "eligion, social class, and egion of the county." Fo Hindus fo example, in the noth, people…
references taken from "India: Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette." (2011). Kwintesential. Retrieved August 13, 2011, from .
List provided by Shukla, M. (2011). "Guide to India." Executive Planet: Wiki. Retrieved August 13, 2011, from < http://www.executiveplanet.com/index.php?title=India >.
Jayaganesh, M & Shanks, G. (2009). "A cultural analysis of Business Process Management governance in Indian organizations." Department of Information Systems, University of Melbourne. Retrieved August 13, 2011, from .
Jayaganesh, M & Shanks, G. (2009). "A cultural analysis of Business Process Management governance in Indian organizations." Department of Information Systems, University of Melbourne. Retrieved August 13, 2011, from . s
McKnight, D., Stokes, P., Vilmenay, J. (2003). "India - A Market Analysis: For Staples Incorporated." University of Maryland. Retrieved August 13, 2011, from < http://www.sixsmart.com/SSPapers/subindia.htm >.
FDI in India
India is ipe for the Picking
India ranks second only to China in its attractiveness as a target for foreign direct investment. Of particular interest are the retail and technology sectors, as well as construction and manufacturing sectors. India is an up and coming market with potential for companies that want to expand into this lucrative land of opportunities. This research examines the opportunities exist in India as well as the climate that makes it a favorable location. It also addresses the obstacles to its continued expansion.
Although India has many opportunities, it has several problems with its policies that make create a certain risk, particularly in the area of taxes and other policies. India is in a state of flux and it is experiencing growing pains. As a result the Indian government keeps changing policies as far as taxing issues are concerned. This decreases confidence due…
Ahmed, R. (2011). Is FDI the Magic Wand for Indian Retail? India Real Time. 22 September
2011. Retrieved from http://blogs.wsj.com/indiarealtime/2011/09/22/is-fdi-the-magic-wand-for-indian-retail/
Babu, S. & Prabnesh, K. (2008). Causal relationships between Foreign Institutional Investments
and stock returns in India. International Journal of Trade and Global Markets. 1 (3): 259-265
U.S. Justice System vs. India's Justice System
This paper compares the system of justice in India with the system of justice in the United States. Although they are both democracies -- in fact India is the biggest democratic country in the world -- the two countries are quite different in their approach to formal justice. Moreover, the system of justice in India has been the subject of a great deal of criticism in recent years due to the corruption that has been found in the system.
Comparing the U.S. And Indian Justice Systems
The legal system in India is backed by the Indian Constitution and is a mix of "adversarial and accusatorial," according to the Loyola University in Chicago (LU). There is an attempt to respect both Hindu and Muslim jurisprudence and to "preserve the timeworn tenets of both" (LU). In rural areas of India, an informal system of justice…
Bhushan, Prashant. (2009). 'My Honest And Bonafide Perception.' Outlook India. Retrieved September 15, 2012, from http://www.outlookindia.com .
Country Listing. (1995). India: The Criminal Justice System. Center for Children's Law and Policy. Retrieved September 14, 2012, from http://www.country-data.com.
Global Corruption Report 2007: Corruption in Judicial Systems. (2007). New York: Cambridge
Loyola Library. (2010). Criminal Justice System in India. Retrieved September 14, 2012,
They grant significant respect to women, which allows them to easily adapt to the workplace. Humor is not valued within the Indian workplace, their culture encouraging formal relationships between employees.
The Work Environment in the U.S.
The U.S. work environment is significantly different than that in India. The business environment in the U.S. is results-oriented, encourages and support performance, efficiency, and productivity. The U.S. managers are trained in time management, given the fact that they must reduce the time spent for certain tasks and activities.
In addition to this, the work culture in this country is rather informal. Even so, employees must respect the work relationship they have with their superiors. In comparison with Indians, U.S. workers hold frequent meetings. The common characteristic is represented by the fact that participants in the meeting must respect certain speaking rules. The dressing code is variable and is established in accordance with the…
1. The Outsourcing History of India (2011). Outsource2India. Retrieved February 19, 2011 from http://www.outsource2india.com/why_india/articles/outsourcing_history.asp .
2. India (2009). ITIM. Retrieved February 20, 2011 from http://www.geert-hofstede.com/hofstede_india.shtml .
3. United States (2009). ITIM. Retrieved February 20, 2011 from http://www.geert-hofstede.com/hofstede_united_states.shtml .
4. Doing Business in India: A Cultural Perspective (2004). Stylusinc. Retrieved February 20, 2011 from http://www.stylusinc.com/business/india/business_india.htm.
These other barriers are of various natures and can include social and cultural barriers or difficulties related to an unsatisfactory communications system or transportation network.
From a cultural perspective, the Indian population is highly different from the American one. The people are more conservative and might find it difficult to accept foreigners. However, since the Exceed Corporation is focused on offering their consultancy services to state institutions or the Indian government, they would have little to do with the general population. And also, the Indian citizens are more and more oriented towards the liberalization of their economy. The language barrier would be barely existent since the large majority of the Indians speak English. "English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication" (Central Intelligence Agency, 2008).
However still underdeveloped, at least in comparison to the United States, the communication systems and transportation networks…
Gupta, R.K., 1997, Briefing Paper: Non-Tariff Barriers or Disguised Protectionism, Consumer Unity and Trust Society International, Number 2
Mehta, R., 2006, Non-Tariff Barriers Affecting India's Exports, Asian Development Bank, India Resident Mission, INRM Policy Brief No. 10
Office of the United States Trade Representative, Foreign Trade Barriers, Retrieved at http://www.ustr.gov/assets/Document_Library/Reports_Publications/2004/2004_National_Trade_Estimate/2004_NTE_Report/asset_upload_file973_4773.pdfon February 12, 2008
World Trade Organization, 2007, India - Trade Policies by Sector, Retrieved at http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/tp283_e.htm . On February 12, 2008
tarbucks in India
Identifying Global Opportunities
Global Business Opportunities
tarbucks is a global retailer of coffee, and is seeking new growth markets, since its largest markets (U.., Canada, UK) are all mature. The company has nearly 20,000 stores (2011 Annual Report). The company has premium positioning in the market with its brand, logo and patents providing key intellectual property to expand globally.
When looking for potential markets, tarbucks seeks the opportunity to license or to form joint ventures with established food service companies. This allows tarbucks to leverage its brand in new markets, while gaining local market expertise. The company has demonstrated in the past that it is skilled at adapting to changing times and new technology, but at its core is a great coffee business.
Business Opportunity Analysis
Looking at new market opportunities, tarbucks has already identified China as a major area for growth (Loeb, 2013). However,…
The company will compile its information on a daily, weekly, monthly and quarterly basis and then communicate this back to Seattle head office, while Tata head office in Mumbai will also receive the information. Most of the decision-making for the business is between the Starbucks manager there and the Tata partner manager. They make joint decisions, and typically rely on information from the joint venture. Only performance measures are communicated back to head office, so there is not much need for a global MIS. However, by linking the Indian operation in with the pre-existing global Starbucks MIS the company will achieve its objectives of being fully connected.
Technology for Managing Information
One of the important considerations here is that Starbucks relies on global MIS. It does not need to create it so much as integrate it with the existing systems. This means expending on infrastructure in India in order to support the company's rapid growth in that country. For Starbucks, being prepared from an information systems perspective for rapid growth is an essential component of the market entry strategy. The company will utilize the Internet, cloud-based computing, and will also use traditional Internet networks and storage, communicating with email and instant message.
Module 9: Identifying human resources for global business activities
India, as we saw earlier, as many strengts. Tese strengts ave caused many analysts to lump te country in wit te so-called BRIC nations -- Brazil, Russia, India, Cina -- wic are expected to become key global players. Tis puts India in a position to benefit from international trade and investment. (2)
One way in wic India stands to gain is similar to te ways in wic foreign multi-national's ave gained by te country being open to foreign investments. India as te ability to build plants and industry on a global scale, but it must develop a blue print for ow different industries can acieve productivity and efficiency comparable to te advanced countries. Indians makeup 16.7% of te world's population, despite tat it encompasses just 2.0% of te world's land area. Terefore, tere is a pressing need for India to develop long-range sustainability programs so as to best manage natural…
There needs to be a more thorough focus on how CS programs in India require disclosures, how these disclosures need to be handled, and guidance on how best for the CEO to respond and be responsive to them (Dizik, 2009). A press release will not solve this issue, yet a strategic plan aimed at averting problems like this in the future will. The CS requirements in India are among the most stringent and extensive globally for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and also require an Indian national to be on the board of directors (Sharma, Tyagi, 2010). Coca-Cola needs to make a formal apology to the Indian people and provide very concrete, step-by-step directions as to how they will alleviate this problem going forward, including their key board members as well. A comprehensive plan is necessary to turn around the situation and place it on a better overall path of progress.…
Alina Dizik. (2009, November 19). Education for Executives: Building Responsibility - Firms Look to Business Schools to Develop Good Practices. Wall Street Journal (Eastern Edition), p. B.8.
(Ghosh, Chakraborti, 2010)
Ghosh, a., & Chakraborti, C.. (2010). Corporate Social Responsibility: A Developmental Tool for India. IUP Journal of Corporate Governance, 9(4), 40-56.
Microsoft in India and China
Microsoft: Strategy in India and China
Microsoft's Strategy in China
Although the Chinese Trademark Law is now largely in conformity with the TRIPs Agreement, the benefits of protection may not be realized for some time. At ground level there is a general culture of acceptance of counterfeit goods, partly because it makes previously unobtainable foreign goods affordable and partly because there is a lack of interest in enforcing IP rights that are largely owned by foreign companies. In this environment, counterfeiting will always seem attractive as it allows those involved to access an already existing market with low entry costs. In the meantime, however, foreign entities could take an active role in furthering the protection of their rights.
Licensing of IP rights to Chinese nationals and establishing joint ventures would be advantageous. The foreign party would have the benefit of local assistance in navigating legal…
Butterton, G., 'Pirates, dragons and U.S. intellectual property rights in China: problems and prospects of Chinese enforcement' (2008) 38 Arizona Law Review 1100.
Leung, M. 1999. 'Counterfeit Beanie Babies: customs to the rescue', The China Business Review, p. 18.
USTR, 2006. Executive Office of the President, USTR Announces Results of Special 301 Annual Review, Official Press Release.
Xinbin. Yang 2008. "Laser Disc Industry:"Opening Up Golden Road. Jingji ribao (Economic Daily) (April 2): 1. In FBIS-CHI, as "China: Article on Laser Disc Industry."
Pilgrimages in India
A Quest for Finding Oneself in India: Introduction
Humans are born with an incredible amount of mental capacity to learn and grow, yet we are not born with a pre-determined set of rules guiding our thoughts. Religious practice around the world is thus the result of a collaboration of ideas between humans within a society in order to bring a framework of understanding into everyday life. Yet even with justifications of existence provided by religion, some individuals choose to pursue unanswered questions, in order to find a deeper meaning to life, and existence. Pilgrimage is such a quest, and is the pursuit of knowledge, as well as a journey of the mind and body, in search of answers to the unknowable questions of the universe. Pilgrimage also serves to prove one's own devotion to his or her faith, and can be qualified as a measure of…
"Essay on Bhakti Movement of India." PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity. Web. 14 Dec. 2011. .
"Foot Pilgrimage to Murugan Shrines." Murugan Bhakti: Skanda-Kumara Website. Web. 14 Dec. 2011. .
Haberman, David L. Journey through the Twelve Forests: an Encounter with Krishna. New York: Oxford UP, 1994. Print.
"History of Pilgrimage." HOME. Web. 14 Dec. 2011. .
Is There Room at the Top?
The question as to whether the United States is currently and will remain a superpower is the topic of much scholarly debate and in the general population around the dinner table. The follow up question to that, of course is, is there room at the top for another superpower, and if so which country or countries will rise to the occasion? Is America really finished as the world's superpower? There are respected intellectual, members of the elite media core, think tank theorists, and many in society at large that seem to think so. In many newspapers, magazines, and on reputable news programs around the world, learner authors announce the end of the American era and advise that the rise of China and India, the resurgence of Putin's Russia, and the noted expansion of the European Union signifies a significant and profound shit…
China State Council, (2005). White paper: China's peaceful development road. Accessed 28, January 2009 at:
Goldstein, A. (2005). Rising to the challenge: China's grand strategy and international security. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Ikenberry, J. (2008). The rise of China and the future of the West. Foreign Affairs,
Sony Music India or SMI, is a solely retained subsidiary of SME, Sony Music Entertainment. The company initiated set-up in India from 1996 to 1997 in order to market both international and national music titles in India. Because of its success and use of state-of-the-art technologies, SMI has become one of the most advanced music companies India. Customers value the added services SMI offers especially if they decide to launch a digital platform for their music and other projects. India has already experienced a boost in sales thanks to the growing E-commerce in the country. The music industry overseas with iTunes and SoundCloud provide consumers with a variety of choices for music making companies like SMI feel a need to compete and therefore generate their own presence within the music industry. Therefore SMI began an "e-initiative" that enabled music lovers along with other users to visit the website, www.sonymusicindia.com, to…
Mani, D. (2013). Case Summary: Sony Music (India). ISBInsight. Retrieved 9 December 2014, from http://isbinsight.isb.edu/case-summary-sony-music-india/
Sony Music India,. (2014). Case Study -- Sony Music India. Retrieved 8 December 2014, from http://www.idealake.com/pdf/CaseStudy/CaseStudy-SonyMusic.pdf
Fielding suffers from a strong attachment to English literalism and rationalism, in which he feels himself obligated to support British colonialism because it is not only inevitability but also a positive influence upon India. Aziz allows suspicion to harden into grudges and a strong feeling of distain for both the British and loyalists. Even when Aziz is ultimately acquitted the reaction of the individuals involved in the case reveals the strong hyperbole of loyalists vs. revolutionaries. Aziz sees himself as tainted and fed up with the culture of the British. While Fielding sees the inevitable confession of Adela as the actions of a strong willed individual standing up to her peers to do the right thing. It is in their different perspectives that we see the truth behind the loyalist vs. revolutionary dichotomy; it is a strong desire on either side to find confidence in their own actions and ability…
Aryans came to dominate India.
How the Aryans Came to Dominate India
The general scholarly and historical view is that the first group of people to invade the indigenous people of India was the Aryans. The date given for this invasion is approximately 1500 BC.
The Aryans are described as "… semi-nomadic Nordic Whites, perhaps located originally on the steppes of southern ussia and Central Asia, who spoke the parent language of the various Indo-European languages" ( Aryans: Who Were the Aryans). It is also commonly accepted that they brought certain cultural, social and organizational traditions with them that had a profound impact on the continent which shaped its history. "The Aryans brought with them strong cultural traditions that… still remain in force today" ( India). This invasion resulted in the domination of the indigenous Dravidian people ( Boeree). Furthermore, the Aryans lived in and dominated the northern…
Aryans: Who Were the Aryans? Retrieved from http://www.indhistory.com/aryan.html
Boeree C. Early Chinese and Indian History. Retrieved from http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/chinaindiahistory.html
Harris R. ( 2007). INDIA: ARYAN PATRIARCHY AND DRAVIDIAN MATRIARCHY.
Retrieved from http://www.integralworld.net/harris32.html
ecause of rhetoric that was rampant through the region, the result was "a skewed perception among some Chinese intellectuals that Indian must have been a race of violent and uncouth barbarians" (Mather, 1992). The once positive relationship between the two regions was tarnished, as evident by the "Discourse on Triple Destruction" which illuminates the barbarian traits that the Indian people have (Mather, 1992). This laid, along with the foundational elements Scripture of Lao-tzu Converting the arbarians, for a negative perception of India and allowed for huddism to flourish on Chinese terms.
uddhism in China was taught as "radical dualism," with teachings that focused on sudden enlightenment on salvation through grace rather than through ascetic practices" making it more appealing to a larger population of Chinese (Whyte, 2008). The Consul General of China asserts that "in Northeast Asia and some Southeast Asian countries, the historical influence of Chinese culture could be…
Mather, Richard B. (1992). Chinese and indian perceptions of each other between the first and seventh centuries . Journal of the American Oriental Society, 112(1), 1-8.
Siwei, Mao. (2011, June 19). China and india: related yet different civilizations. Retrieved from http://www.defence.pk/forums/world-affairs/115473-china-india-related-yet-different-civilizations.html
Whyte, Bob. (2008). Religion in china. Retrieved from http://www.sacu.org/religion.html
Cultural Blending That Occurred hen the British Colonized India
Throughout the course of history, the British were known as the world's conquerors. This is because they established a series of colonies around the globe that supported the nation and its self-interest. During their occupation of India, there was focus on blending different cultures to create a unique society. (Bingham)
This transformed India from being a backward region to one that was able to improve its standard of living and make steps towards joining the modern world. The result is that a new social identify was developed. To fully understand the way that this occurred requires examining cultural blending, how it shaped their identity, if it was permanent, what caused it to change and if it was beneficial. These different factors will illustrate the way this occurred and the impact it had on India's development. (Bingham)
The British first arrived…
Bingham, Jane. Indian Art and Culture. Hoboken: Wiley, 2005. Print.
Kasbekar, Asha. Pop Culture in India. Oxford: ABC CLIO, 2006. Print.
d) When expanding, a crucial decision refers to the actual place in the foreign country where to open the new operational facility. This should be selected based on the concentration of the target market as well as its access to the location.
e) The fact that the company has been successful in the past does not automatically mean that it will be successful in the future expansion projects. It is crucial to adapt each decision to the specifics of the expansion project.
f) The decision of whether to use a local or a delegated managerial team depends on each situation and should be made after a thorough analysis of the project features and requirements.
g) While it cannot be said that a specific industry or business is recession proof, the McDonald's experience in India has shown that there are still businesses which thrive in times of crisis. It…
Adams, B., 2007, McDonald's strange menu around the world, Trifter, http://trifter.com/practical-travel/budget-travel/mcdonald%E2%80%99s-strange-menu-around-the-world / last accessed on October 13, 2010
Bellman, E., 2010, McDonald's to expand in India, Wall Street Journal, http://online.wsj.com/article/SB124628377100868055.html last accessed on October 13, 2010
Laws, E., Faulkner, H.W., Moscardo, G., 1998, Embracing and managing change in tourism: international case studies, Routledge, http://books.google.com/books?id=uLfiZCnkUK8C&dq=disney+in+europe&source=gbs_navlinks_s last accessed on October 13, 2010
Sidhpuria, Retailing franchising, Tata McGraw-Hill, http://books.google.com/books?id=QkOciPWuuD8C&dq=mcdonald%27s+entry+in+india&source=gbs_navlinks_s last accessed on October 13, 2010
This is the largest chain of specialist coffee shops in India. Other brands, such as Cafe Coffee Day Xpress Kiosks offer takeaway coffee and other hot drinks and are found at busy locations, such as airports and railway stations. Additional competitors, neither of which are as dominant as Cafe Coffee Day include Cafe Mocha and Qwiky's. Cafe Mocha operates 50 upscale locations in major metro areas and caters to the upscale younger workers who have higher-than-country average per capita incomes. Qwiky's operates a smaller chain of outlets called coffee pubs, with the goal of creating ambience and a sense of relaxed atmosphere while selling higher-end coffees and specialty drinks.
The rise in coffee drinking is part of the transition to more branded consumption in India, and is led by the growth of branded coffee cafe chains such as Barista, Cafe Coffee Day and Qwiky's (KPMG 18).
3e. Context (Environmental) Analysis…
(Olsen) One of Coca-Cola India's community projects was the "Elixir of Life Project," which brought clean water into 100 schools benefiting more than 30,000 children, and earned Coca-Cola India 2008's Golden Peacock Award. (Muruganantham).
One of the major themes of the Bible, and perhaps the reason for it's existence, is the concept of communal responsibility. People must be responsible to the community in which they exist, otherwise conflict, destruction, and harm is often the result. In the modern world large multinational companies must also be responsible to the communities which produce and consume their products. In the case of Coca-Cola India, Coke's inability to maintain production values allowed pesticide contamination of their product. Their initial response was anything but neighborly; calling the CSE liars, incompetents, seeking gag orders and threatening lawsuits. However once they came to the understanding that they did indeed have a responsibility to the local…
Muruganantham, G., (2010, November) Case study on Corporate Social Responsibility of MNC's in India., Paper presented at the International Trade & Academic Research
Conference (ITARC), London. Retrieved from Academy of Business and Management Research web site, Web. 29 Feb. 2011.
Olsen, Thomas a., Monica Pinto, and Shalina Virji., (2005) "Navigating Growth in Emerging Markets: Six Rules for Improving Decision Making Between corporate
and Local Leadership." Journal of Business Strategy 26 (6), Retrieved from Academic OneFile. Web. 1 Mar. 2011.
Silvio Napoli Schindler India Case Analysis
As Luc Bonnard, how would you evaluate Silvio's first seven months as General Manager of Schindler's India operation.
It has been a failure on many fronts. With not a single elevator sold with the exception of the glass-sided unit being installed without Silvio's knowledge when he was out of the country due to the birth of one of his children, the low-end, no-customization strategy is failing fast. The supply chain that was supposed to be entirely functioning within India is not even close to being production-level and the Swatch strategy is not generating any business whatsoever. The biggest failure however is at the cultural level both within India and most importantly, with the production center managers Schindler has running various manufacturing plants throughout Europe and globally. The lack of congruence on cultural dimensions can also have many manifestations, from the failure of a business…
Alpander, G.G. & Lee, C.R. 1995, "Culture, strategy and teamwork: The keys to organizational change," The Journal of Management Development, vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 4-4.
Gunasekaran, A. & Ngai, E.W.T. 2005, "Build-to-order supply chain management: a literature review and framework for development," Journal of Operations Management, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 423-451.
Holweg, M. & Pil, F.K. 2001, "Successful Build-To-Order Strategies Start With the Customer," MIT Sloan Management Review, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 74-83.
Sharma, A. & LaPlaca, P. 2005, "Marketing in the emerging era of build-to-order manufacturing," Industrial Marketing Management, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 476-486.