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Information Age Display
The "Information Age" exhibit at the National Museum of American history greatly increases one's appreciation of history and of the historical influence of technology on the world today.
Items seen within the exhibit
Digital CD ROM
How the information adds t appreciation
Technological know how of the times
Effects on later inventions
In the National Museum of American History, there is an exhibit which captures the inventor within all of us. This exhibit, the Information Age exhibit, has on display hundreds of items, spanning the 150-year length of the Information Age. From the telegraph to the portable computer and digital CD ROM, these devices have helped shape the world around us, and have given us access to a whole new way of life. The "Information Age" exhibit…
Privacy in the Information Age
Privacy has never been as problematic an issue as it has been as a result of the information age. Because of lightning fast developments in information systems and technology, the mere use of a password has long ceased to be sufficient to ensure privacy when using the computer. imilarly information systems are used for surveillance of citizens while on any expedition outside of their home, from shopping to vacations. A combination of satellite and computer technology thus creates a large amount of privacy problems rather than providing the security they are promoted for.
According to Hoffman and Carreiro (1997), the right to privacy entails the right to be left alone. This right includes the right to freedom from intrusive actions such as wiretapping, unnecessary surveillance and mail interception. In the information age this right has to be respected in terms of computer technology as well.…
Smith, Graham K. "Privacy in the Information Age: Individual freedom faces competition from technological advance." De Montfort University: School of Computing and Mathematical Sciences, April 1994. http://www.ccsr.cse.dmu.ac.uk/resources/privacy/privinfoage.html#CHANGES
information age, human resources is emerging is a critical strategic function, contributing substantially to the execution of strategy. Technology companies, for example, seek to hire the most creative, intelligent people they can find, because that is what gives them the competitive edge in an industry characterized by rapid innovation cycles and short product life cycles. This paper will explore the transition of human resources from administrative function to a key component of strategic management.
right and McMahan (2011) identify human capital as the link between practices and performance. hen companies set out their strategy and break that down into job descriptions, they still need to have the right people in the right roles to execute that strategy. They need human resources departments to define those roles, but also to ensure that the right people are attracted, retained and motivated -- all of which are tasks with which the modern human…
De Wit, B. & Meyer, R. (2010). Strategy: Process, context, an international perspective. Cengage.
Leemans, C. & Duts, S. (2013). Human resources development as a strategic business lever. Move Learning. Retrieved April 25, 2013 from http://www.movelearning.com/downloads/HRDstrategyGB.pdf
Wright, P. & McMahan, G. (2011). Exploring human capital: Putting human back into strategy human resource management. Human Resource Management Journal. Vol. 21 (2) 93-104.
However, the types of questions posed and the types of answers returned are critical no matter what methodologies are used, because these are factors that the skilled practitioner can readily understand and apply. Practitioners should understand whether the research was designed to definitively answer some question or simply to point in the direction of further needed research. They should know whether the study was attempting to determine causal factors or simply highlight different links between factors. Rumsey claims that by understanding how data claims are limited, by the design of the study, by sample size, by statistical measures utilized, or through some other factor, the professional can know how to determine how valid research is and what can be done with it confidently.
Depoy and Gitlin claim that a practitioner should be able to apply multiple research techniques in analyzing and applying data, but they focus on such questions are…
Depoy, E., and Gitlin, L. Introduction to research: Understanding and applying multiple strategies. New York; Mosby.
Rumsey, D. (2003). Statistics for Dummies. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Thus, as the issue of terrorism has become an increasing problem, the Internet has become a reliable means of communication. In this sense, "extremist sites advocating violent ideologies or asserting the right to use violence in general and terrorist sites that call for or support specific terrorist attacks" are quite common nowadays (Waterman, 2007). The initiators of the ideas promoted on the Internet in these cases are a negative presence of the society and manage to control to a certain situation the receivers of the messages, thus transforming the society.
The Internet has become one of the most important sources of information. Whether there are research papers published or films being reviewed, it is now part of our everyday life. At the same time though, the use of the Internet has dramatically reduced the audience of the written newspaper. In this sense, in relation to the political races currently underway,…
Associated Press. (2005) "Internet impact grew six fold since '96 races. Newspapers' influence continues downward spiral, Pew report finds." Accessed 18 April 2008, at http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/7109625/
Hoffman, C. (2000) "Wired for Politics? Researchers Examine Internet's Impact." University of Cincinnati. Accessed 18 April 2008, at http://www.uc.edu/news/polinet.htm
Waterman, S. (2007) "Analysis: terrorist use of the Internet." Cyber War website. Accessed 18 April 2008, at http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Analysis_Terrorist_use_of_the_Internet_999.html
This is a good thing, according to writers such as Jay Rosen.
One important factor that Rosen points out is that online journalism in the form of blogging, which is open to all citizens and all professionals, is also free from the ethical obligations of traditional journalism. This means that the traditional press was often subject to manipulation by powerful interest parties, which by definition made reporting inaccurate. Hence citizens were beginning to substantially lose their trust in the press. According to Rosen, this trust is to be reestablished by citizen journalism, not least because it is a much more interactive phenomenon than the traditional press. Online journalists can build their reputation by means of networking with their colleagues and their readership. As such, the value as well as validity of blogging is established by its readership. Most importantly, this also influences the way in which traditional journalism will operate…
Anesthesia ecord Keeping Needs to Change
Healthcare Informatics is a growing field (Ben-assuli, 2015). Because electronic record keeping has been shown to improve quality, decrease medical errors, improve documentation and decrease cost, there has been a large amount of encouragement toward the adaptation of electronic health records (EH) (Bloomfield & Feinglass, 2008). In 2003, the Institute of Medicine published a report that defined the core functions necessary in all electronic health record systems (IOM, 2003). The United States Government developed an Office of Health Information Technology to help support the implementation of healthcare technologies (Bloomfield & Feinglass, 2008). The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid established incentive programs for EHs that include all of the Meaningful Use criteria in order to help increase the number of providers who use healthcare information technologies (CMS, 2013). Because of this, the number of EHs are growing (Ozair, Jamshed, Sharma & Aggarwal, 2015).
Avidan, A., & Weissman, C. (2012). Record completeness and data concordance in an anesthesia information management system using context-sensitive mandatory data-entry fields. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 81(3), 173-181.
Ben-Assuli, O. (2015). Electronic health records, adoption, quality of care, legal and privacy issues and their implementation in emergency departments. Health Policy, 119(3), 287-297.
Bloomfield, E.L., & Feinglass, N.G. (2008). The anesthesia information management system for electronic documentation: What are we waiting for? Journal of Anesthesia, 22(4), 404-411.
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid: EHR incentive program, Accessed June 1, 2015, http://www.cms.gov/Regulations-and-Guidance/Legislation/EHRIncentivePrograms/index.html?redirect=/EHRIncentiveprograms
The Progressives transformed America in a multitude of ways, some positive and some negative. Most importantly the situation offered voice to many who had not previously had voice, or at least gave permission to build one and created a completely different relationship between individuals, the economy and even government. Definitions used during the progressive era still apply to many attributes of social, political and economic reform today and many of the anti-corruptive checks and balances that were begun during the progressive era are lasting even into the modern information age. Diner contends that the progressive era marked an opening of opportunity for individuals and groups to help redefine American democracy in such a way that people might be better protected from industrialism, economic concentration and better allow the government or representative government to help control the destiny of the nation. (12) Most importantly Diner stresses that for many groups this…
Diner Steven J. 1998. A Very Different Age: Americans of the Progressive Era. New York: Hill & Wang.
In an information age, developing discernment and discrimination when digesting sources of information is a critical skill. Information literacy is the critical skill of being able to recognize credible sources and become a critical consumer of data. As Head & Wihbey (2014) point out, “finding useful information and a sense of what to trust” are now considered essential job skills (p. 1). Therefore, information literacy needs to be approached in a more serious manner. Knowing how to research and locate adequate, appropriate, and correct information is important in almost every field. Information literacy is not just a job skill; lifelong learning depends on developing information literacy (Module 1).
As importance as researching on the Internet can be, the ability to research is not sufficient. Information literacy involves an understanding of the process of delving into academic databases and utilizing the professional research skills that librarians can offer. Research shows that…
Paterson Public Schools School 28 or Public School Twenty Eight was erected in 1962. The president is John J. Pasquale and the vice president is Leonard R. Jacoby. The general contractor for the school is Thomas Construction Company. PS28 is located in New Jersey. The school's address is 200 Presidential Blvd., Paterson, NJ 07522. The school's telephone number is [HIDDEN] . There are a total of 360 students in the school.
The school has several classrooms dedicated to specific areas such as pre-kindergarten, special education, and performing arts. The students range from pre-kindergarten all the way to grade 8. So the age range is around 4-13 years of age. Because New Jersey is located within the tri-state area, the population is diverse with black, Hispanic, Asian, and white students and faculty. The principal, Nancy Castro is Hispanic as well as the Assistant Principal, Victoria, Larosiliere. The majority of the students…
Warfare: An Overview
In today's age, traditional warfare, though a major player as we see in the Iraq war, has in some arenas taken a back seat to information warfare.
y definition, information warfare is the offensive and even defensive utilization of information and information systems to deny, exploit, corrupt or destroy an adversary's information, information-based processes, information systems and computer-based networks while protecting one's own. Parties use information warfare to gain military, public relations or economic advantage. (www.psycom.net)
Users of information technology are most often nation-states and corporations. For instance, by gaining access to a rival company's databases, a business can get a valuable advantage on price-points and supply chains. Countries can decide how much to spend on military equipment by discovering how much in military stocks adversary nations have.
One major focus recently on information warfare has been hackers. For instance, the most recent generation of mobile phones…
Bibliography www.iwar.org.uk: The information warfare site.
www.psycom.net/iwar.2.html: Glossary of information warfare terms.
www.fas.org/irp/wwwinfo.html: Web source of information warfare sites.
protect the privacy of the individual via EU Directive for Protection of Personal Data
The internet revolutionized the human life as we know it. It established a culture of liberty aided by not just ingenuousness but also standardized protocols. This was achieved by transmitting the essential products for business-related growth, adopting a model of governance with no formal existence of regulations along with free availability of abundant software packages. This internet revolution can't be underestimated as it has its pros and cons, which also comes under discussion in this paper. With the surging popularity of internet, there happen to be a plethora of new dilemmas knocking at the door. There are tons of merits of Internet for that matter while its demerits have been ignored and hidden along the sidelines. These issues have materialized in the preceding decade and the demand is urgent to solidify a legislation which is tasked…
Andrew, S. (2011). The Federal Trade Commission and Privacy: Defining Enforcement and Encouraging the Adoption of Best Practices, 48 SAN DIEGO L. REV. 809, 854 -- 56.
Aquilina, K. (2010). Public security vs. privacy in technology law: A balancing act? Computer Law & Security Review. Volume 26, Issue 2, March 2010, Pages 130 -- 143
Asinari, M and Poullet, Y. (2004). Public security vs. data privacy -- Airline passengers' data: adoption of an adequacy decision by the European commission. How will the story end?' Computer Law & Security Report, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 370 -- 376.
Bambauer, D.E. (2013). Privacy vs. Security. The Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology. Vol. 103, No. 3.
IT Governance lays special emphasis on the system of information technology, along with the performance and risk management of the IT infrastructure in an organizational context. The primitive focus of IT Governance is the assurance of the fact that investment in the Information technology infrastructure is contributing to generate business value and at the same time lessen the potential risks pertaining to the Information Technology. This objective is attained by adequate maintenance and implementation of an organizational configuration with properly allocated role of information technology governance. IT Governance is scrutinized in relation to how the IT model generates value that goes hands on with the overall corporate governance strategies in an organization.
Importance of IT Governance
IT Governance refers to a framework to enhance the efficiency of the managerial processes in an organization. It is generally regarded that the efficiency of the Information Technology in an organization is…
Currie, Wendy, and Bob Galliers, eds. Rethinking Management Information Systems: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. Questia. Web. 10 Mar. 2012.
Luftman, Jerry N., ed. Competing in the Information Age: Align in the Sand. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. Questia. Web. 10 Mar. 2012.
Rathmell, Andrew, Stephanie Daman, Kevin O'brien, and Aarti Anhal. Engaging the Board: Corporate Governance and Information Assurance / . Santa Monica, CA: Rand, 2003. Questia. Web. 10 Mar. 2012.
Williams, Steve, and Nancy Williams. GUI Bloopers 2.0: Common User Interface Design Don'Ts and Dos. Updated ed. Boston: Elsevier/Morgan Kaufmann, 2008. Questia. Web. 10 Mar. 2012.
Information technology is one of the major trends in today\\'s world, and it is changing every professional. It is imperative for healthcare leaders to understand the emerging information technologies, and how those technologies can transform the delivery of healthcare and the administration of healthcare institutions.
There are several different technologies that will transform the healthcare field in the coming decade. Already, we have seen the emergence of distance health care. While initially developed for rural communities, the increasing use of apps, ubiquitous high speed internet, and new applications of long-distance health care promises to shift more care to the home, including many diagnostic functions previously only available at healthcare facilities.
Artificial intelligence is the next wave in the development of healthcare decision-making systems. AI will advance such systems by imbuing them with the capacity to learn, to continually upgrade their knowledge, to build on what they learn. These systems…
Information Age and Society's Safety
The information age is the third era that human race has entered. It is referred to as an age as it has affected every society on the globe and has turned out to be global phenomena. Information Age flows the preceding the agricultural and industrial Age. By the term information age we generally refer to the easy means of sharing information through the internet and other modern communication means.
One often confuses information with information society. Information society is limited to certain societies in the world while information age is a global phenomenon (Kizza).
It is also a fact that information is power. Initially it could be difficult to understand how information can be considered as power. But if we consider how everyday life is influenced by information, especially those that are derived from the internet, it would help understand the power that information possess.…
Binkley, P. 'Wikipedia Grows Up'. Feliciter 2006: 59-61. Print.
Caulfield, T., and R. Brownsword. 'Human Dignity: A Guide To Policy Making In The Biotechnology Era?'. Nature Reviews Genetics 7 (2006): 72-76. Web.
Gabriel, W. 'Terror On Facebook, Twitter, And Youtube'. The Brown Journal of World Affairs Spring 2010 (2010): n. pag. Print.
Kizza, Joseph Migga. Ethical And Social Issues In The Information Age. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2003. Print.
Age of Traffic Speeders
General Problem Area
This research proposal is designed to find out the relationship between speeding in a motor vehicle, and the age of the speeder. There are many variables that make up the sum total of a traffic accident, and one of those is whether or not any or all of the vehicles were speeding at the time the accident occurred (Vinluan, 2008). The proposal here will not focus on accidents, however, or even tickets, specifically. The goal is only to determine whether a person speeds and what that person's age is, not to examine the consequences or potential consequences of that action. While these can be important for those who speed in that they can be putting themselves and others at risk, the study here is not focused on what may result from the behavior, only if the behavior occurs and in what age group…
Actual speeds on the roads compared to the posted limits, final report 551. (2004). Arizona Dept of Transportation.
Engineering speed limits - FHWA safety program (2014). United States Department of Transportation - Federal Highway Administration, Office of Safety.
Elvik, R. (2012). Speed limits, enforcement, and health consequences. Annual Review of Public Health, 33: 225 -- 238.
Marvel, C.C. (2010). Meaning of "residence district," "business district," "school area," and the like, in statutes and ordinances regulating speed of motor vehicles. American Law Reports -- Annotated, 2nd Series, 50. The Lawyers Co-operative Publishing Company; Bancroft-Whitney; West Group Annotation Company.
1) Given the recent tardy but well-meaning responses by the federal, state and local officials in the Gulf Coast, it can be assumed that the nation remains relatively unprepared for a terrorist attack of September 11-proportions. The U.S. is struggling to negotiate a nuclear arms treaty with Iran and North Korea (the latter having recently agreed to forego additional nuclear weapons testing in exchange for light-water nuclear reactors, a "breakthrough" that returns the U.S. To the same position it had under the Clinton administration) and is waging a fighting war in Afghanistan and Iraq.
2) "Taking the battle to the enemy" appears to be immensely preferable, at least from the perspective of someone sitting safely at home pontificating about it, than waiting for an attack of any sort on the nation's interests.
3) Certainly, the U.S. And much of the world has increasingly come to rely on the…
Age and Learning a New Language
hat is the ideal age for a person to be able to learn a new language? hat are the dynamics (besides age) that contribute to SLA? This paper delves into those subjects using scholarly articles as resources.
The Literature on Learning a New Language and Age
"…Early beginners, through their longer exposure to L2, reach the necessary competence levels in their two languages sooner to allow transfer in both directions…" (Djigunovic, 2010).
hy are very young students especially gifted to pick up new languages quickly? The scholarship shows that younger learners "…have no awkwardness or inhibitions with the new language" and don't get too upset when they make mistakes (Cenoz, 2003, p. 77). As to whether or not younger learners "…soak up new languages" simply because the soak up information like a sponge soaks up water, Cenoz has his doubts. Indeed studies show younger…
Cenoz, Jasone. (2003). "The Effect of Age on Foreign Language Acquisition in Formal
Contexts. In Age and the Acquisition of English As a Foreign Language, M. Mayo, and M.
Lecumberri, Eds. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.
Cummins, Jim, and Davison, Chris. (2007). International Handbook of English Language
Age Stratification and Methods of Social Networking
Old Age and Interpersonal Relationships
As the baby boomer generation ages, America becomes increasingly a senior nation. This has caused an increasing degree of scrutiny to be directed at the process of aging, and the effects which it has upon the social fabric of the nation. Only a few decades ago, as Grant McCracken puts it, old people were "expected to remove themselves from the public stage, to relinquish positions of influence and usefulness, to retire their claims to a place at the center of things." (2004) hether they were locked away in nursing homes or the back bedrooms of their own children's homes or quaint little apartments and retirement facilities, the elderly were generally like ideal children seen and not heard or noticed. However, increasingly middle aged and senior individuals are beginning to appear as vibrant actors in society and culture, boosted…
Mahoney, S. (2003) "Seeking Love" AARP Magazine (online). Accessed at http://www.aarpmagazine.org/lifestyle/Articles/a2003-09-23-seekinglove.html,25 Jun 2004.
McCracken, G. (2004) "Plenitude" Accessed at http://www.cultureby.com/books/plenit/html/Plenitude2p4.htm,25 Jun 2004.
Navon, A. & Sieger, M. (2000) "Pal Power: If friends are the gifts we give ourselves, it's good to be greedy. Hold on to the ones you've got -- and grab some more."
Time, Nov 13, 2000.
Information has been for many centuries a mean to pass on different facts from generation to generation. Things like the Holocaust or the Indian massacres in the Americas live in our conscience, but can be proved only by the documents that have told us about them. I have picked these exact two examples because they are opposites in terms of information preservation. If we consider the Holocaust, any of its contesters can be countered by using documents of the time like the videos that the Nazis made in the extermination camps, the enraged speeches that the Nazi leaders held against the Jewish communities or the testimonies of the survivors. The Indian extermination, however, is not backed up by documents at such a level. Some of the reasons for this are the fact that the Indians relied more on oral preservation of information, from generation to generation, and to…
Information Technology (IT) is a broad-based term that includes a combination of the acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of information in a computing or telecommunications platform. In terms of a scientific discipline, it is relatively new, appearing in a 1958 article in the Harvard Business Review in which the authors said, "this new technology does not yet have a single established name. e shall call it information technology (IT)" (Dunn, 2011). The field has been part of the tremendous growth in computing and telecommunications, and remains vital -- it is behind the recent emergence of next generation web technology, bioinformation, cloud computing, global information systems, and large scale databases.
The IT area manages technology in a wide variety of fields that include software, hardware, information systems, and programming languages. IT professionals perform a wide variety of functions from installation of applications and hardware to designing and maintaining complex networks and…
Benefits of Technology use. (2003, January). Retrieved from U.S. Department of Education: http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/os/technology/plan/national/benefits.html
Pros and Cons of Modern Technologies. (2008, September 17). Retrieved from Tech Aid: http://www.techacid.com/2008/09/17/pros-and-cons-of-modern-technologies/
Technology Transfer in the Food Industry. (2-11, October 14). Retrieved from CSIRO: http://22.214.171.124/en/Outcomes/Food-and-Agriculture/Food-industry-technology-transfer.aspx
Dunn, J. (2011, November 11). The Fascinating History of Information Technology. Retrieved from Edudemic.com: http://edudemic.com/2011/11/history-of-it/
Age and Love
Passionate relationships are one of the most profound aspects of human social and individual development. Passionate intimate relationships are the next developmental stage after the childhood learning done in a family. It is through our passionate and intimate relationships that individuals learn the life lessons of becoming an adult. Some argue that young people do not have the capacity or reasoning skills to have passionate intimate relationships because they lack the ability to make adult decisions. Yet there is no evidence that people under the age of 18 are not fully capable of healthy passionate intimate relationships. This work will argue that age is an irrelevant aspect when it comes to the ability to have healthy intimate relationships because age does not determine maturity. ith maturity comes the skills needed to develop respect for your partner as well as the communication skills needed to maintain a healthy…
Carruthers, Martyn "Are you Growing Up or Growing Old?: Emotional Maturity 2." (2011) http://www.soulwork.net/sw_articles_eng/emotional_reality_2.htm Web. 20 Nov. 2011.
Davila, Joanne, Sara J. Steinberg, Melissa Ramsay Miller, Catherine B. Stroud, Lisa R. Starr, and Athena Yoneda.. "Assessing romantic competence in adolescence: The Romantic Competence Interview." Journal Of Adolescence 32. 1: (2009):55-75. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost . Web. 25 Nov. 2011.
Dragon, William, Steve Duck. Understanding Research in personal relationships: A Text with Readings. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 2005.
Hatfield, Elaine, Earle Schmitz, Jeffrey Cornelius, and Richard L. Rapson. "Passionate love: How early does it begin?." Journal Of Psychology & Human Sexuality 1. 1 (1988): 35-51. PsycINFO. Web. 25 Nov. 2011.
Information Technology Copyright Issues
There is no doubt that the digital revolution ushered forward by the computer and Internet age has changed myriad aspects of contemporary society. In addition to significant social and cultural changes and the evolution of political discourse on a global basis, the digital revolution has also profoundly changed the landscape of centuries of established legal principles that pertain to the proprietary ownership and protection of original intellectual property (Halbert & Ingulli, 2009). At the time that modern laws of copyright, trademark, and the very definition of intellectual property were created and defined as legal concepts the prospect of their light-speed transmission and storage in vast quantities by ephemeral entities that exist mainly in cyberspace were completely outside of the scope of contemplation by legislators and intellectual property creators alike.
As a result, the first two decades of the Internet age have witnessed legal disputes arising from…
Bagley, C.E. And Savage, D. (2005). Managers and the Legal Environment: Strategies
for the 21st Century. CA: South-Western College/West Publishing.
Halbert, T. And Ingulli, E. (2009). Law & Ethics in the Business Environment.
Cincinnati: West Legal Studies.
Further, midrange systems can support a few thousands users, and often have operating systems more focused on distributing resources throughout a network vs. being a computing-intensive system. While there is increasingly a focus in midrange systems to provide both distributive support for networks and computing power, the predominant use of these systems is in synchronizing the many databases a small to mid-size organization up to a few thousand users need. Mid-range systems have also become pervasively used throughout a variety of specialized uses, sometimes called vertical markets. The IBM as/400, one of the most popular midrange systems, has literally hundreds of thousands of applications that have been created just for a specific vertical market need.
Mainframes on the other hand are used for much more compute-intensive tasks including the completion of massive transaction sets and database calculations. A mainframe is typically used for also managing the entire array of integration…
Translating complex functions into computer code is well outside of the capabilities of non-professionals.
Conversely, organizations whose websites do little besides help establish a searchable web presence to direct prospective customers to brick-and-mortar establishments, or whose websites need to support only a small variety of relatively simple, one-dimensional orders (such as quantity and color preferences of a small number of products) may very well be able to minimize the cost of web creation. Generally, they may still require information technology (IT) professionals to help them launch the website and create its most essential features. However, unlike business organizations that require highly sophisticated websites capable of supporting a large number and variety of complex functions, they may be able to purchase web creation services in an ad-hoc manner. For example, the organization may be capable of providing the artwork and logos in a form that only requires that they be translated…
George, J.M. And Jones, G.R. (2008). Understanding and Managing Organizational
Behavior. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Electronic privacy law applies to employment and business records and information management in the workplace, with different rights and regulations depending on the specific communications medium involved. Generally, employee privacy rights to e-mail systems and telephone message recording and retrieval systems are determined by the employment contract or by the employment policies of the employer and are not subject to legal disputes initiated by employees ((Halbert & Ingulli p.78-80). The only exception giving employees privacy rights to communications is that (live) telephone conversations may not be intercepted or recorded without the permission of at least one person participating in the conversation by federal law. However, state law determines whether employers may record conversations in which they participate.
Approximately half the states allow any person in a conversation to record a telephone call without the knowledge or consent of the other person on the line; the other half require the…
Equal Employment Opportunity: Age Discrimination. United States Department of Labor website retrieved February 5, 2008, at http://www.dol.gov/dol/topic/discrimination/agedisc.htm
Friedman, L.M. (2005)
History of American Law.
New York: Simon & Schuster
Additionally, it is apparent that the nature of the phenomenon makes it amiable to a qualitative approach. The literature did identify notable exceptions to the qualitative approach that were useful interrogators of the theoretical basis for practice.
Throughout the literature presented in this work, there is a tacit acceptance of the transition age. The researchers have not challenged this position though many of them did allude to the variation that exists within the population of special education students. This variation is a factor in many of the challenges that special education students experience, so that the past failure to give attention to this factor presents an opportunity for present research to fill this void.
As a proxy for age, Abbot & Heslop (2009) identified timing as an essential factor in the success of the transition program. While in their research timing was connected to multiple concepts, within the framework alluded…
Abbott, D., & Heslop, P. (2009). Out of sight, out of mind? Transition for young people with learning difficulties in out-of-area residential special schools and colleges. British Journal of Special Education, 36(1), 45-56.
Carter, E.W., Lane, K.L., Pierson, M.R., & Stang, K.K. (2008). Promoting self-determination for transition-age youth: Views of high school general and special educators. Career Development for Exceptional Individuals, 31(2), 115-125.
Guy, B.A., Sitlington, P.L., Larsen, M, D., & Frank, a.R. (2009). What are high schools offering as preparation for employment? Career Development for Exceptional
Individuals, 32(1), 30-41.
The information starts with warm-up activities and ends with cool-down exercises. This logical or chronological order and progression helps with ease of understanding the topics as well. As far as using it to help train clients, this information can be useful in every stage of exercise. Also, the clients should expect to receive credible, useful information with traceable resources. This site provides these things and helps to detail exercises for specific populations as well, like people with diabetes or other limiting diseases or disabilities. The page is devoid of any misleading information and does not contain any information for marketing purposes either, which makes the information much more credible as it comes from a place of wanting to inform instead of wanting to sell a product.
Website used for research: http://www.unm.edu/~lkravitz/Article%20folder/age.html
This website is based at the University of New Mexico's homepage and is relatively credible given the fact that it comes from an educational resource. Also, the site is written by a professor with a Ph. D. This person is familiar with citation and referencing the resources used to make specific arguments on the page. The information is very credible compared with other sites and I would be comfortable having older clients read and understand this information. As far as the usefulness of the information provided, the page is broken down into different types of training. This helps make it more useful to people looking for specific exercises or information relative to aging and exercise. The page also includes information that is useful to professionals as well as older adults, adding to the usefulness of the information it contains.
The author, also a UNM professor, seems to have an excellent grasp on dividing the information up in a way that allows it to be useful as well as easy to read and digest. The information starts with warm-up activities and ends with cool-down exercises. This logical or chronological order and progression helps with ease of understanding the topics as well. As far as using it to help train clients, this information can be useful in every stage of exercise. Also, the clients should expect to receive credible, useful information with traceable resources. This site provides these things and helps to detail exercises for specific populations as well, like people with diabetes or other limiting diseases or disabilities. The page is devoid of any misleading information and does not contain any information for marketing purposes either, which makes the information much more credible as it comes from a place of wanting to inform instead of wanting to sell a product.
This tremendous range of business enterprises that rely heavily on their it systems also presents many additional opportunities for anybody aspiring toward a career in it network administration.
Many times, the wide range of organizations that now employ it professionals such as network administrators means that it is possible to combine several different types of interests within the choice to work in it network administration. For example, the law enforcement community has incorporated all sorts of it applications into the field. Criminal investigators now routinely use sophisticated computer systems and custom-designed applications to track criminals, map geographical areas in relation to crime patterns, and to compare sensitive records with other law enforcement agencies across the country as well as internationally (Burnett, 2007). Some of the most advanced it systems used by modern law enforcement agencies includes sophisticated software applications for cracking encryption codes used to unlock the communications devices confiscated…
Baker, W., Hylender, C., and Valentine, J. (2008). Verizon Business Data Breach Investigation Report. Retrieved October 17, 2009, from: http://www.verizonbusiness.com/resources/security/databreachreport.pdf
Burnett, E. "Crime Analysis Reporting and Mapping for Small Agencies: A Low-
Cost and Simplified Approach." FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin; Vol. 76 No. 10
Searching for information on Google is like trying to find a needle in a haystack. Is that true? Was the library of the 19th century more efficient? Explain.
Google makes searching easy by typing in search terms in the browser. When search terms are searched in the browser, it brings up a list of items from the search terms. This makes the searching in Google much easier to find what the user is looking for. The 19th century brought about revolution in the respect that the libraries introduced directories that were placed on the tables in the libraries to look for and find information more efficiently. Google has used the internet to search for information through data bases that come from all over the world. The libraries of the 19th century only had them on a table, which means that people still had to go to the library. Google…
A virtual counter-revolution. (2010, Sept 2). Retrieved from The Economist: http://www.economist.com/node/16941635
Boswell, W. (2005, June 17). Google vs. Libraries. Retrieved from About.com Web Search: http://websearch.com.about.com/b/2005/06/17/google-vs.-libraries.htm
Ozer, N. (2011, Mar 23). Judge Cites Privacy Concerns in Rejecting Google Books Settlement. Retrieved from ACLU: http://www.aclu.org/blog/technology-and-liberty/...privacy-concerns-rejecting-google-books-settlement
This struggle is indeed not necessary, as the technology to mitigate it has been in existence for years.
From the citizen point-of-view, I would be concerned with the increased use of the Internet in terms of privacy issues. This is particularly so of sensitive information such as medical records. I would not necessarily want these to be readily available to anyone with an Internet connection and a search button.
In general, however, I find myself in agreement with the view that the sense of community is gradually changing. A large amount of the country's workforce is now online, either from their office buildings or from home. People all over the world can meet and communicate in an instant without ever meeting face-to-face. For the sense of community, I believe that this is a good thing. In an urban setting, where all but the most superficial of relationships have more or…
Using a stratified random sampling technique to evenly select respondents from the three segments of manufacturing, professional services, and consumer packaged goods will be verified with a t-test to ensure statistical reliability as well. The design of the study will be two-phased with secondary research completed of the existing series of studies and body of research on the impact of cloud computing on the financial performance of small businesses. This first phase of study will also serve as the foundation for the second phase of analysis, which is questionnaire design. The questionnaire will be comprised of questions on the levels of investment in cloud applications, the resulting savings attained, and the planned savings as a result of the investment.
The population of users are small businesses with sales of less than $5M annually in the manufacturing, professional services, and consumer packaged goods industries. The CEO will be the…
DeFelice, A., & Leon, J. (2010). Cloud Computing. Journal of Accountancy, 210(4), 50-55,12.
Truong, D. (2010). How Cloud Computing Enhances Competitive Advantages: A Research Model for Small Businesses. The Business Review, Cambridge, 15(1), 59-65.
Eithe way, such a volume simply could not be as pactical and useful as eithe the two independent volumes of the Physician's Desk Refeence o the single and easily navigable website un by Medline Plus. This website's seach-ability allows fo an easie coss-efeencing between phamaceuticals and nutitional supplements, as well, without tying to keep a book open to seveal pages at once.
Cost is also a majo facto in the two efeences. Though olde editions of the Physician's Desk Refeence can be found elatively cheaply (ionically, via online shopping), the cuent edition costs almost one hunded dollas puchased new. Medline Plus is fee, making the cost benefit of this option at least equal to the benefits deived fom ease of use and completeness of infomation. On this last point, the Physician's Desk Refeence often contains moe detailed infomation on vaious dugs, but these details ae pesented in a vey dy…
references also list common side effects and interaction warnings. Medline Plus, however, also presents all of this information as if in response to specific consumer questions, rather than in a simple list of facts as in the Physician's Desk Reference. Though this reference is still the standard of the industry, the fact that it is mainly directed towards physicians (cf. The title) makes it less easy to use. Overall, Medline Plus is a more effective resource for the average user today.
Social Security checks would be months behind if done manually. However, the other side of this coin is a gorgon's head: public information needs to be easily available while private personal information is protected as much as possible. In reality, information technology is a powerful tool to beat crime, terrorism and poverty, if we only wield that sword properly.
So what is the key? I say it is education, but not the kind we all think about with memorization and regurgitation. We need to teach our children to think, to make rational decisions, to behave ethically and to measure their actions by their effects. We need to train children to seek out the truth and how to know it when they find it. We need to teach them the have the courage and passion to use it. We must become a nation of life long learners, for knowledge will be…
Marsden, C.T. (Ed.). (2000). Regulating the Global Information Society. London: Routledge. Retrieved December 9, 2006, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=109329915
Peters, Katherine McIntyre. (1999). A Fitting History. Govexec.com. http://www.govexec.com/features/0399/0399s5s2.htm www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=108165029
Webster, F. (2002). Theories of the Information Society. London: Routledge. Retrieved December 9, 2006, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=108165031
Homeland Security and Information Technology
Security and Technology
Geospatial Information System
The 9/11 bombing of the World Trade Center raised the awareness of the American public relative to the need for increased national security. The agency that is in the forefront of providing this security is the Department of Homeland Security. This agency is responsible for a broad range of security issues and, as a result, is confronted with a wide range of technological needs. The agency is forced to confront individuals and organizations who have availability to the latest technological innovations available on the market and the Department of Homeland Security must not only be prepared to confront the latest technology it must also anticipate future innovations.
Security and Technology
In today's world dominated by technology possessing information is even more important than it once was. The old adage is that information is power and the adage…
Federal Bureau of Investigation. (n.d.). Cybercrime. Retrieved March 3, 2011, from The FBI: http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/investigate/cyber/cyber
Goodchild, M.F. (2010). Twenty years of progress: GI Science in 2010. Journal of Spatial Information Science, 3-20.
John D. Woodward, N.M. (2002). Biometrics: Identity Assurance in the Information Age. Columbus, OH: McGraw-Hill Osborne Media.
Jussi, P. (2007). Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses. New York: Peter Lang.
The effects of information technology on the society
The social capital framework
In this paper, we evaluate the validity of the statement that IT is radically changing the social world. We perform a critical analysis of the concept of social world and social capital and how it is influenced by information technology. This is carried against the backdrop of the concept of information technology as the conceptual framework. The paper concludes that indeed the statement that IT is radically changing the social world is true.
The contemporary society has witnessed a series of transformations which can directly be attributed to the concept of technological dynamism. Technological dynamism is a concept which was defined by Albu (2009) as the rate of exchange in the level of predictability of new technologies. The technological advancements that we witness today are largely as a result of the lack of knowledge that exists…
Veenstra, G. (2000). Social capital, SES and health: An individual-level analysis. Social Science and Medicine, 50, 619-629.
Wellman, B.A., Quan-Haase, A., Witte, J., & Hampton, K. (2001). Does the Internet increase, decrease, or supplement social capital? Social networks, participation, and community commitment. American Behavioral Scientist, 45(3), 437-456.
Woolcock, M., & Narayan, D. (2000). Social capital: Implications for development theory, research, and policy. The World Bank Research Observer, 15, 225-249.
Protecting People and Information: Threats and Safeguards
In this contemporary era, we are living in a world that rotates around "Information Economy." This means that the wheels of the world no longer run predominantly on agricultural products or merchandise. The secret of surviving in the present days is the creation and propagation of information (Hill & Pemberton, 1995).
Information is vital for the continuous functioning of every venture. Today, information has been converted into a purchasable, profit-making and vandalized product. It has been notified in a report too that "corporate data is gold in this information age, and organizations have to understand how to protect it just as they would protect precious metals." This brings one to the absolute conclusion that the protection of information is exceedingly important as it is an asset just like the workforce, equipments or resources are for an organization (Hill & Pemberton, 1995). The necessity…
Andress, A. (2003). Surviving Security: How to Integrate People, Process, and Technology (2nd ed.). Boca Raton, FL: Auerbach. Retrieved November 11, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=108484660
Cyber Criminals Are Hunting Your Data, So Lock Them Out. (2006, February 25). Western Mail (Cardiff, Wales), p. 31. Retrieved November 11, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5013934143
Hill, L.B., & Pemberton, J.M. (1995, January). Information Security: an Overview and Resource Guide for Inf. ARMA Records Management Quarterly, 29, 14+. Retrieved November 11, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5037075795
In the modern world, lateral relationships is continually being used by organizations as a viable means of communication and influence flows make up the new structures in organizations. Lateral organizational structures differ greatly from vertical structures that are always designed around power dynamics and only allow for vertical flow of information, from the top managers downwards to the lowest ranking employee. Under such arrangements, the top leaders bear the responsibility of making key decisions that decide the fate of the firm. However, this is not ideal as there should be efficient and sufficient collaboration between workers in an organization. Workers strive to meet the same goals and the organization's vision so communication channels among employees should always be open. This can only be achieved under lateral structures. This paper, therefore, discusses the lateral structures that are used in organizations, the history of such organizational designs and their place…
Galbraith, J.R. (1973). "Seven lateral relationships" Viewed from: http://www.provenmodels.com/104/seven-lateral-relationships/jay-r.-galbraith
Gish, W. (2014). "What Are the Lateral Structure Arrangements in Use in Organizations?"Viewed from: http://www.ehow.com/info_10026277_lateral-structure-arrangements-use-organizations.html
Grimsley, S. (2014). "Horizontal Communication: Definition, Advantages, Disadvantages & Examples." Viewed from: http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/horizontal-communication-definition-advantages-disadvantages-examples.html#lesson
Lacoma, T. (2014). "Disadvantages of a Flat Organizational Structure." Viewed from: http://www.ehow.com/list_7425327_disadvantages-flat-organizational-structure.html
Privacy: E-Marketing as a Threat to Privacy
Privacy is one of the most complex issues facing e-commerce today. Due to advances in information technology, it is becoming harder for individuals to maintain control over their personal information. More specifically, the advent of the information age has brought with it numerous concerns particularly because the accessibility of the internet allows for easy collection, processing, storage and utilization of personal information by multiple parties, which they use to their own advantage (Pavlou, 977). hen it comes to e-commerce, information privacy is also a major source of concern because firms make use of their websites to gather information about their consumers, and they utilize this information to develop marketing strategies and conduct customized promotions. One study by PriceaterhouseCoopers (PC), for example, revealed that two thirds of all customers surveyed would embrace e-commerce more if they knew retail sites would not misuse their personal…
Denning, Tamara., Kohno, Tadayoshi and Levy, Henry, M. "Computer security and the modern home." Communications of the ACM, Vol. (56)1, (2013) 94-103. Print
Lycett, Mark. "Datafication: making sense of (big) data in a complex world." European Journal of Information Systems, Vol. (22) 1, (2013) 381-386 .Print
Pavlou, Paul "State of the information privacy literature: Where are we now and where should we go?" MIS Quarterly, Vol. (35)4, (2013) 977-988. Print
Willison, Robert. & Warkentin, Merril. "Beyond deterrence: An expanded view of employee computer abuse." MIS Quarterly, Vol. (37)1 (2013) 1-20. Print
ETHICS & INFOMATION TECHNOLOGY
Ethics & Technology
The first aspect of this article that struck the author is how human beings began as hunter-gatherers of food, materials for shelter, and defense -- and now human beings are hunter gatherers of information. Just as hunting and gathering affected the kind of society humans were millions of years ago, hunting and gathering information in the 21st century affects the kinds of societies present in the west and in other cultures that are technologically advanced as well as technologically integrated to a substantial degree. While the materials that we hunt may have changed, the urge and commitment to hunting and gathering remains strong in the human species.
The article is a general meditation on ethics during the information age, now, and what the implications for ethics are with the advent of technologies that change our daily lives. In this way, the topic of…
Introna, L.D. (2002) The (im)possibility of ethics in the information age. Information and Organization, 12, 71 -- 84.
Mason, R.O. Four Ethical Issues of the Information Age. Available from http://www.ida.liu.se/~TIMM32/docs/4etical.pdf . 2012 May 29.
Business -- Information Systems
Author's note with contact information and more details on collegiate affiliation, etc.
This paper is a reflection of the experience of interfacing with internet browsers. Reflecting upon this experience in the information or digital age is a worthwhile activity. How consumers interface with software is an intriguing issue from an economic perspective, from a business perspective, and from a consumer perspective. We are in the age of the peer-review. If a website or a browser is arduous or unpleasant to interact with, those details will travel around the world via the internet with great acceleration. Thus it is important for software to function efficiently, have pleasing aesthetics, and be simple to maneuver. How a browser is organized, the kind of experience the user has with the browser and the website, is important and crucial in the information age. If a browser is not a…
Student Searches, Free Speech & Expression, and Privacy in the Wired Age
Student searches and in-school discipline for off-campus conduct
Free Speech and Expression on and off campus
Privacy in the wired age on and off campus. (Facebook, twitter, myspace, blogs, cellphones)
What are a students' constitutional rights when it comes to searches and seizures, on and off campus discipline, free speech, expression, and privacy in the wired age when on and off campus? How are students protected by the United States Constitution and Bill of Rights when it pertains to the three items listed above?
Students are often subject to rules and regulations that are associated with school codes of conduct and those rules and regulations are sometimes not reflective of constitutional rights to free speech and free action inside the laws. These long list of potential violations are printed by institutions and are made available to students, in…
In short students and especially minor students and their parents should make themselves aware of the codes of conduct the student is expected to uphold and live within those guidelines even if they feel the guidelines are overreaching as students have little recourse because even most public institutions such as public schools are still considered voluntary and enrollment in them requires certain standards to be upheld. This is not to say it is likely that all new students will read and memorize a code of conduct but they must beware that violations especially that hurt others will not likely be tolerated. It is not likely that the constitutional protection of students will be expanded, rather to the contrary laws that protect others from immoral, unethical and/or illegal or harmful behaviors in a public forum such as the internet, across email, and cell phones will likely be expanded. It also must be made clear that the intent to harm another does not have to be present for that harm to be done or for the individual(s) responsible to be held accountable for it. In other words consider yourself under public scrutiny when you are enrolled in any institution and act accordingly, upholding the law and the moral and ethical standards associated with your role as a student.
Wheeler, T. (2011). Facebook Fatalities: Students, Social Networking, and the First Amendment. Pace Law Review, 31(1), 182-227. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Williamson, L. (2009). Private Rants Become Public When Aired Online. InsideCounsel, 20(211), 67-68. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Strategic Planning in IT
IT Impact on Service Industry Performance
Implementation of IT Innovations
1992 U.S. VALUE-ADDED AND EMPLOYMENT BY INDUSTRY
AVERAGE ANNUAL GROTH IN GDP PER HOUR,
MAJOR SECTORS OF THE U.S. ECONOMY
Management TASKS IN BUREAUCRACY VS ADHOCRACY ORGANIZATIONS
This paper addresses the following problem statement: "ithout information technology (IT), a business will not be able to compete globally in any industry, nor in any market it wants to enter. It will not be able to effectively and efficiently optimize its success."
In order to evaluate this statement, a number of issues were examined. The rapid pace of technological change and the effects of technology revolution have launched the world into an era of organizations that are experiencing extraordinary growth in both the development and the dissemination of information and communications technologies. This paper reviews the current literature on the subject of the integration…
American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. (2000). Houghton Mifflin Company.
Andreu, R., Ricart, J.E., and Valor, J. (1991). The Strategic Dimension of Transactional Information Systems: Some Organizational Implications. Journal of Information Systems, 1, 223-32.
Ansoff, H.I. (1965). Corporate Strategy. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Bailey, M.N. And Quinn, J.B. (1994). Information Technology: The Key to Service Performance. Brookings Review, 12 (3), 36+.
The industrial age was an age of giant, mega corporations that were often bogged down by inefficient and outdated distribution, innovation, and production techniques. y contrast, the information age of the past 20 years or so has brought forth a new business form, a fluid congregation of businesses, sometimes highly structured, sometimes amorphous, that come together on the internet to create value for customers and wealth for their shareholders. This phenomenon has been commonly referred to as "digital capital," "information technology revolution," or "new economy." However, as both the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the Nasdaq soared to historic highs and record volatility in just a few short years, a widespread and quite fundamental disagreement emerged concerning whether or not the high-tech boom was nothing more than one huge bubble.
This paper analyzes and examines the present condition of the United States economy. Part II discusses what phase of…
Bedroussian, Armen, Devol, Ross C., Fogelbach, Frank, Goetz, Nathaniel H., Gonzalez, Ramon, R., and Wong, Perry. "The Impact of September 11 on Metropolitan Economies." January 2002. Retrieved at http://www.milken-inst.org/presrel/NationalMetroImpact Report.pdf on July 21, 2002.
Jordan, Meredith. "Economists: Turnaround in Early 2002." Retrieved at http://atlanta.bizjournals.com/atlanta/stories/2001/07/09/story5.html . onJuly 21, 2002.
Moore, Geoffrey H. Business Cycles, Inflation and Forecasting, 2nd edition, 1983. Ballinger Publishing Co., Cambridge, MA.
EconEd Link." Retrieved at http://www.econedlink.org/datalinks/index.cfmonJuly 21, 2002.
At the same time, the ability to rapidly share information, to comment, and even to view advertisements for products that might otherwise have gone unnoticed is in many ways the inevitable step of the development of the human consciousness. We are social beings that have always worked towards building better connections in our cultures and civilizations. Some attempts have been decidedly counterproductive, perhaps most of all the attempts to silence individuals within a society and limit the free flow of information. Societies that don't produce a lot of noise don't produce a whole lot of anything else of lasting value, either.
If noise is a reflection of activity, then the noisiest civilization or society is also the busiest -- not necessarily the most productive in terms of moving humanity further along a trajectory towards "goodness," however that might be defined, but certainly the most productive in terms of attempts. The…
Phishing Spea Phishing and Phaming
The following is intended to povide a vey bief oveview of examples of some the most dangeous and pevasive secuity isks in the online and netwoked wold. One of the most insidious of identity theft is known as phishing. The tem 'phishing' efes to the pactice of "fishing fo infomation." This tem was oiginally used to descibe "phishing" fo cedit cad numbes and othe sensitive infomation that can be used by the ciminal. Phishing attacks use "…spoofed emails and faudulent websites to deceive ecipients into divulging pesonal financial data, such as cedit cad numbes, account usenames and passwods, social secuity numbes etc." (All about Phishing) . Thompson ( 2006) clealy outlines the basics of a phishing attack.
A typical phishing sends out millions of faudulent e-mail messages that appea to come fom popula Web sites that most uses tust, such as eBay, Citibank, AOL, Micosoft…
references the CISA Review Manual, 2006.
Thompson, S.C. (2006). Phight Phraud: Steps to Protect against Phishing. Journal of Accountancy, 201(2).
This study by Thompson provides some significant aspects that the business owner and customers in online commerce should pay attention to. These include basic but important aspect that should include in e-training; for example, never e-mail personal or financial information or never to respond to requests for personal information in e-mails. This provides useful background to the issue of risk identification and is also related management of this threat.
Wetzel R. ( 2005) Tackling Phishing: It's a Never-Ending Struggle, but the Anti-Fraud Arsenal Continues to Grow. Business Communications Review, 35, 46+.
This study A sheds light on the implications in term of the costs of identity fraud to financial institutions. The study underscores the severity of the vulnerabilities faced by today's organizations in the online world. The author refers to the obvious cost to intuitions like banks and also discusses hidden costs that relate to the erosion of customer confidence as a result of ID theft.
ehavioral Finance and Human Interaction a Study of the Decision-Making
Processes Impacting Financial Markets
Understanding the Stock Market
Contrasting Financial Theories
Flaws of the Efficient Market Hypothesis
Financial ubbles and Chaos
The stock market's dominant theory, the efficient market hypothesis (EMH) has been greatly criticized recently for its failure to account for human errors, heuristic bias, use of misinformation, psychological tendencies, in determining future expected performance and obtainable profits.
Existing evidence indicates that past confidence in the EMH may have been misdirected, as the theory's models do not show a thorough understanding of trading operations in a realistic light.
Researchers have suggested that a variety of anomalies and inconsistent historical results demand that traditional financial theories, namely the EMH, be reconstructed to include human interaction as a key decision-making process that directly affects the performance of financial markets.
This research paper aims to determine whether or not there is a…
Barrett, Larry. (January, 2001). Emotional investing a recipe for disaster. CNET News.com.
Bernstein, Peter. (1998). Against the Gods: The Remarkable Story of Risk. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Brennan, Phil. (March 12, 2002) The Great Stock Market Scam. NewsMax.com.
Business Week. (September 29, 1997) The Perils of Investing Too Close to Home.
Globalization, fostered by free flow of information and rapid progress in technology, is a driving force that no country can turn back. It does impose market discipline on the participants which can be harsh, but is the mechanism that drives progress and prosperity. Globalization emerged as a buzzword in the 1990s but the phenomena it refers to are not entirely new. As a ubiquitous term, what does "globalization" mean? Some observers emphasize the rapid and free flow of capital as the essential element. Others emphasize labor-that capital flows to where labor is highly productive while relatively cheap, that different parts of the production process can be performed in various far flung places by multiple sources of labor, and that workers themselves move within and between nations often and more easily.
According to Micklethwait and Wooldridge there are "three engines" driving globalization today. The first of those three engines is technology.…
Bowring, Philip. Thinking at Cross-Purposes About Globalization., International Herald Tribune, 02-01-2001.
Godfrey, B.J. 1984. Inner-City Revitalization and Cultural Succession: The Evolution of San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury District. Yearbook of the Association of Pacific Coast Geographers 46: 79-91.
1985. Ethnic Identities and Ethnic Enclaves: The Morphogenesis of San Francisco's Hispanic Barrio. Yearbook of the Conference of Latin Americanist Geographers 11: 45-53.
Godfrey, Brian J., Urban development and redevelopment in San Francisco. (California). Vol. 86, The Geographical Review, 07-01-1997, pp 309(25).
Age and Age Discrimination on an Organization
We hear so much about race, gender and sexual orientation discrimination on the job. And this is with good reason. America, unfortunately, has a long and torrid history of racial and gender discrimination, and the last 20 years have added sexual orientation discrimination to the list, especially given stories of gays being banished from the military.
African-Americans, in particular, were long barred from certain jobs, and even when they were fully integrated into the workforce during the 1980s, they faced the very low glass ceiling, as do women. oth African-Americans (and minorities in general) and women face challenges on the job in getting promotions and raises that white male Americans do not even dream of.
Today, the newest frontier in discrimination on the job is age discrimination. In reality, though, age discrimination has been around forever; it is only now getting some attention…
AFLCIO. 2004. Discrimination: Age. http://www.aflcio.org/yourjobeconomy/rights/rightsatwork/disc_age.cfm
EEOC. 2001. http://www.eeoc.gov/employers/smallbusinesses.html
Employment Practices Solutions: 2004. Westinghouse and Northrop settled 2 age discrimination lawsuits for $14 million.
Gallagher, John. 2005. Class action suits likely to increase as companies cut older workers. Columbus Ledger-Enquirer, Jan. 15, 2005.
They have a moral obligation to the South African people in this area for many reasons. First, they have an obligation to make certain that they can participate in the global economy to give their citizens the same chances for advancement as other nations. Secondly, they have a moral obligation to do everything possible to keep their citizens safe.
When one discusses the topic of security in Information and Communication Technology (ICT), much of the discussion focuses on the technology itself. Currently, the South African banking industry is attempting to establish standards that represent best practices in information security (Tshinu, Botha, and Herselman, 2008). These measures currently focus on the technological aspects of information security. However, the development of industry-wide best practices must take all sources of vulnerability into consideration, including the moral and ethical responsibility to keep information safe.
Therefore, the development of best practices cannot ignore the human…
Anderson, R. & Moore, T. 2006. "The Economics of Information Security." Science [Online] 314 (5799), pp.610-613, October 27, 2006. Available at:
http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~rja14/Papers/toulouse-summary.pdf (Accessed June 20, 2010).
Anderson, R. & Moore, T. 2007. "The Economics of Information Security: A Survey and Open Questions." Fourth Bi-annual Conference on the Economics of the Software and Internet Industries. January 19-20, 2007: Toulouse, France. [Online] Available at:
The notion of the individual's environment as a direct determinant of one's behavior has been a cornerstone of learning theorists such as Skinner (1953) and Lewin's field theory (B = f [P, E]; Lewin, 1951). While Skinner concentrated on how environmental contingencies and reinforcement shaped behavior, Lewin's original conceptualization consisted of both dispositional characteristics of individual that include both genetic and the chacterological variables (P; the Person) and the psychological environment (E; the psychological environment). As attempts to explain the totality of influences on a person's behavior as developed by Lewin the notion of psychological environment was expanded to include the social, situational, and organizational influences that contribute to behavior (Forehand & Von Haller, 1964; Glick, 1985). The term "organizational climate" has been used to identify these different types of environmental influences that exist within organizations; however, as Glick (1985) discusses this term has not been well defined…
Erikson, E.H. (1950). Childhood and society. New York W.W. Norton
Forehand, G.A., & Von Haller, G. (1964). Environmental variation in studies of organizational behavior. Psychological bulletin, 62(6), 361-382
Glick, W.H. (1985). Conceptualizing and measuring organizational and psychological climate:
Pitfalls in multilevel research. Academy of Management review, 10(3), 601-616.
4). The strength associated with this approach is ensuring that an organization has access to its mission-critical data in the event of a disaster, with the concomitant weakness being the relatively modest costs involved.
The next step in developing the organization's information system recover plan is to take stock of existing hardware. As Cohen emphasizes, "If you have been hosting your company's Web site on an office computer, it is time to stop. For the cost of a cup of coffee per day, a Web-hosting center can fully protect your site off-site, where it will not tie up your company's bandwidth" (p. 3). This approach to maintaining important contacts with customers and an organization's intranet has several strengths over an organization's hosting the Web site in-house. For instance, eagan (2006) notes that, "A hosted solution provides an organization with the flexibility of deploying an IP-enabled system without the maintenance costs…
Cohen, B. (2004, November 17). Data recovery planning -- What you need to know.
SmallBusinessComputing.com. [Online]. Available: http://www.smallbusiness computing.com/webmaster/article.php/3436831.
Reagan, C. (2006, February). Using VOIP to recover telecommunications services: A new generation of disaster recovery processes and telecom systems can help your enterprise deal with a crisis. Business Communications Review, 36(2), 60-61.
An overview of information processing theory
The theory of information processing was one of the first major new developmental theories to arise during the 20th century. Unlike some other developmental theories, it was heavily influenced by the natural sciences, specifically the development of information technology (IT) and computers (Miller 2002: 276). Within the context of the theory human beings are regarded as 'processing' organisms based upon a kind of technological metaphor for the human brain. The language of information technology is very distinct. "Input -- output' connotes a different sort of thinker than does 'stimulus -- response' or 'assimilation -- accommodation'" (Miller 2002: 272). In the model of information processing, a particular type of information is filtered through the brain via the senses and produces a new type of output based upon the innate structural components of the mind.
Information processing theory could thus be called…
Miller, P. (2002). Theories of developmental psychology. (5th Ed). Worth Publishing.
Mental therapy using non-intense video games and how it affects brain health among the aged population showing early symptoms of dementia.
The deterioration of cognitive abilities and brain tissue due to age could have several adverse effects on mental systems and could even lead to dementia. Thus, researchers are trying to discover methods which could help keep brain function, independence, health and cognition among aged people in its best shape. Usually, with age, the white and gray matter of the brain shrivels with this action seen more in its prefrontal cortex than other regions. Other affected brain parts are the cerebellum, the prefrontal cortex on the side as well as the central temporal lobe structure which includes the hippocampus. Despite this, the occipital cortices and the entorhinal do not experience any form of shrinkage (Ballesteros et al., 2015). Common symptoms of this shrinkage include reduced memory strength, lower mental processing…
age and several thousand miles separated Russian Alexander Pushkin and American Flannery O'Connor. This essay seeks to illustrate why they deserve to be considered as icons of world literature. Pushkin's body of works spans poetry -- romantic and political, essays, and novels. Influential music composers like Prokofiev, Shostakovich, Rimsky Korsakov and Tchaikovsky adapted the lyrical and dramatic elements of Pushkin's works. Flannery O'Connor's work, on the other hand, was largely restricted to short stories. The profundity of her work lies in its uniqueness -- not volume. Her stories hide gruesomeness, truth and religious thought that is not immediately obvious at a superficial level.
The short-story "The Queen of Spades," while not necessarily representative of all of Pushkin's work gives us an idea of the narrative skills that keep the reader on edge. (Pushkin, 1834) The twists in the story combine elements of fantasy. ut at heart this is a story…
Pushkin, A., Eugene Onegin. 1833. Trans. Charles Johnston. New York: Viking Penguin, 1983.
Pushkin, A., Boris Godunov. 1831. Trans. Philip L. Barbour. New York: Greenwood
Publishing Group, Inc., 1976.
Pushkin, A., The Queen of Spades and Other Stories. 1834. Trans. Rosemary Edmonds. New York: Penguin, 1978.
Project Management, Sustainability and Whole Lifecycle Thinking
ITT Project Management - Sustainability and Whole Lifecycle Thinking
Although the sustainability movement has been advocated predominately in response to the irresponsible expansion of inefficient infrastructure by industrialized nations, with the United States and Japan now making significant efforts to embrace "green" growth practices, a growing movement has emerged that promoting sustainability throughout developing nations presents the most productive path. Even as the most modernized nations continue to update their consumption patterns to better suit the technological age, seeking efficiency and effectiveness that is sustainable for the foreseeable future, rising powers like China, India, and Brazil are expanding their spheres of influence at the expense of the natural environment. To address the threats posed by developing nations repeating the mistakes of prior generations, mistakes which run the gamut from China's reckless damming of its nation's natural waterways to India's inability to address its…
Carroll, J. (2009). Project management for effective business change in easy steps. UK: In Easy Steps, Ltd.
Cleland, D., Bursic, K., Puerzer, R., and Vlasak, A. (Ed.). (1998). Project management casebook. Sylva, NC: Project Management Institute.
Collyer, S. (2009) Project management approaches for dynamic environments. International Journal of Project Management, 27 (4), p.355-364. Retrieved from website http://espace.uq.edu.au/eserv/UQ:175094/Project_Management.pdf
Finkbeiner, M. (2009). Carbon footprinting: Opportunities and threats. The Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 14, 91-94. Retrieved from http://www.lifecycleinitiative.org/wp - content/uploads/2012/12/Carbon-Footprinting-opportunities-ans-threats.pdf
O'Hara and Shadbolt's (2010) article discusses privacy in the age of the Internet. The authors argue that "privacy is a game for the rich and well informed" (2010). There is the constant question these days when it comes to a person's privacy. How do we know who is saying what about us? Who is looking at us? Data is gathered, aggregated and graphed, but, the authors insist, "its use should be clear and traceable" (2010). Also, if people are out there making money based on information that is gathered about individuals, shouldn't those individuals be compensated for that information?
It does not seem very fair that certain individuals have more access to information than others -- as used in the example of government officials in the article (O'Hara & Shadbolt, 2010). This is offering more freedom to some individuals because of their position and this is unconstitutional. There are certain…
Lay, Mary M., Wahlstrom, Billie J., Rude, Carolyn D., Selfe, Cynthia D., & Selzer, Jack.
(2000). Technical Communication. Irwin McGraw-Hill.
O'Hara, Kieron., & Shadbolt, Nigel. (2010). Privacy on the data Web. Communications of the ACM,53(3), 39-41.
Yeh, Jin-Tsann., & Lin, Chyong-Ling. (2010). Measuring the effectiveness of advertisements sent via mobile phone: Implications of the appeal, endorser, and involvement model and purchasing behavior. Social Behavior and Personality,38(2), 249-256.
Behaviors to Improve Customer Service
Library scientists are confronted with patrons with a diverse background in library usage, as well as experience in accessing information from online resources. Understanding how people interact with information and theories such as Marchionini's Information-Seeking Process and Kuhlthau's Information Search Process can help practitioners provide better service to patrons. To this end, this paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature concerning these issues, followed by a summary of the research and important findings
Some people walk into learning resource centers fully equipped with the skill set needed to intuitively navigate their way through the ISBNs, Dewey Decimals and the Internet maze to find precisely what they need and many information-seeking models assume this level of expertise for all students. For instance, Savin-Baden and Wilkie (2006) report that, "Many information-seeking models approach students as experts, who are completely aware of what they…
Kuhlthau, C.C. (1994). Teaching the library research process. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press.
Marchionini, G. (1995). Information seeking in electronic environments. Cambridge: Cambridge
Savin-Baden, M. & Wilkie, K. (2006). Problem-based learning online. Maidenhead, England::
Taylor, J. (2006). Information literacy and the school library media center. Westport, CT:
UMUC Haircuts Stage
Process Models -- Technology Solution
Strategy for Competitive Advantage: Increase customer loyalty and customer base (from advertising and foot traffic) through marketing and the assessment of the shop location and potential marketing partners.
Business Process to Improve: Employee scheduling.
Business Process Explanation
Current business process. Scheduling employees is one of the most time consuming tasks facing Myra, the owner of UMUC Haircuts. The current employee scheduling process is conducted entirely by hand. When Myra hires a new employee, she asks them to identify their availability according to three categories: 1) Best and most consistently free days and times; 2) generally free days and times; and 3) days and times reserved for personal needs. Myra makes every effort to work with her employees to optimally schedule according to their personal needs, which include time to attend classes, work a second job, and care for their children or elderly…
Bucklin, L.P. And Sengupta, S. (1993, April). Organizing successful co-marketing alliances. Journal of Marketing, 57(2), 32-46. Retrieved http://groups.haas.berkeley.edu/marketing/PAPERS/PBUCKLIN/organ.txt
Heineman, G.T. And Councill, W.T. (Eds.) (2011). Component-based software engineering: Putting the pieces together. Addison-Wesley, Boston, MA.
OSdata.com. (2006). Retrieved http://www.osdata.com/system/system.html
Many see collaboration as an investment strategy. While some may see collaboration as a scary area to approach in research, in actuality, collaboration involves more than simply sharing techniques or data. Numerous researchers in fact, regard collaboration as an important step in research. However, many researchers do not know how to collaborate. By increasing the amount of benefits one receives from collaboration, it then takes center stage as an important aspect of research.
Collaborative research yields higher levels of creativity and helps one network with people they may work with in the future. Overall, when one takes on the endeavor of collaborating in regards to research, there is less work. This is because there are more people helping in gathering information and compiling/analyzing data. Less work means more time spent on providing quality information and research to the project.
Another thing to note is criticism. Any work done…
Iso.org,. (2013). ISO 27001 - Information security management. Retrieved 26 February 2016, from http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/management-standards/iso27001.htm
Savoie, M. (2012). Building successful information systems. [New York, N.Y.] (222 East 46th Street, New York, NY 10017): Business Expert Press.
Savoie, M. (2012). Building successful information systems. [New York, N.Y.] (222 East 46th Street, New York, NY 10017): Business Expert Press.