Informative Speech Essays (Examples)

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informative speech essays (examples) essays

An informative speech is a speech that is given to provide the audience with information about a topic.  The primary purpose of informative speech is to educate the audience.  Therefore, these speeches should be free from bias.

Students often ask us what the difference is between a speech and an essay.  While the answer to that can actually be a little complex, it comes down to length and simplicity.  While the average adult reads approximately 300 words (or one page) per minute, they can only listen to about 150 words per minute.  This means that a 10-minute speech should only be about 1,500 words in length.  In addition, audio processing and memory are generally inferior to visual processing and memory, so you want to keep your points simple and easy-to-understand.  

These differences can become critical in an informative speech.  Your job is to teach the audience about a topic, and it might be a topic that is unfamiliar to many of them.  However, because of length and simplicity, you cannot go into the level of detail that you would in an essay.  You are going to have to carefully consider whether the information you want to present is critical to an understanding of the topic, and leave more nuanced discussions of issues to a written presentation. 

You also want to think about structure.  Complex sentence structure is one of the hallmarks of college-level writing.  However, complex sentences can be difficult to follow in a speech.  Keep your sentences simple, but vary their format, so you can keep the listeners engaged. 

However, just like informative essays, you want to make sure that you keep your informative essay free from bias.  You can be enthusiastic about the topic, but make sure that you are educating your audience, not trying to convince them to embrace your perspective on the topic! 

We have a wide variety of sample informative speeches for you to examine.  To really understand them, we suggest you read them out loud!

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Speech on the Benefits of

Words: 1420 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1325449



Since the war in Iraq, thousands of American soldiers have been injured, and some of them paralyzed by explosions that shattered their spinal columns.

Traumatic paralysis is often irreversible because the network of nerves in the human spinal cord cannot repair themselves when they are badly damaged.

Applications of cloning technology will allow us to grow new nerve tissue for implantation into damaged spinal cords to restore their functions (Sagan, 1997).

Seventh Point - Cloned Human Organs Can Save Thousands of Lives Every Year:

Medical applications of cloning technology already allows doctors to grow human skin for burn victims.

The exact same technology will allow us to make human organs by actually cloning the cells from the same person to make replacement organs (Soares, 2002).

This means an end to long waiting lists for donor organs and will make the difference between life and death for thousands of people every…… [Read More]

References

Krock, L. (2001) on Human Cloning: Three Views. (NOVA/PBSonline)

Accessed November 1, 2007 at www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/baby/cloning.html

Sagan, C. (1997) Billions and Billions: Thoughts on Life and Death at the Brink of the Millennium. Random House: New York

Soares, C. Why Human Clones Won't Work Yet. Discover (Jan/02)
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Speech Analysis of I Have

Words: 765 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18693186

King's introduction is blunt: "One hundred years later, the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. And so we've come here today to dramatize a shameful condition. In a sense we've come to our nation's capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir." (King, 1963)

The introduction, however, although not as famous as the speech's conclusion, serves not merely as a crowd-pleaser or an attention getting device to rally the weary souls of the marchers of the movement King lead, but does actually state, quite explicitly, the real, concrete physical goals of the march. King's idealistic conclusion is remembered, but he did not merely call for racial equality, he…… [Read More]

Works Cited

King, Jr., Martin Luther. "I Have a Dream." August 23, 1963. From Great Speeches,

Volume 1.

King, Jr., Martin Luther. "I Have a Dream." August 23, 1963. American Rhetoric.

Full e-text. [1 Nov 2006]  http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/mlkihaveadream.htm
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Speech Video Game Violence a

Words: 1034 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86769428



There is plenty of anecdotal evidence to support this theory -- several prominent school shootings have been ostensibly linked to video game playing -- but real scientific evidence is also emerging that suggests a more subtle but similar effect. In one study, college-age participants who had spent time playing Wolfenstein 3D, a first person shooter computer game, "punished" their opponents by subjecting them to loud noises of high intensity more frequently and for longer periods of time than participants that had played a non-violent computer game. In the words of Dr. Craig Anderson, one of the psychologists and researchers who conducted the study, "violent video games provide a forum for learning and practicing aggressive solutions to conflict situations."

Basically, time spent playing violent video games is time spent learning life skills that could be detrimental and counter-productive in real world situations, and could even replace more socially valuable skills sets…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Psychological Association. "Violence in the Media - Psychologists Help Protect Children from Harmful Effects." Accessed 13 July 2009. http://www.psychologymatters.org/mediaviolence.html

Gunter, Barrie. The Effects of Video Games on Children. Wiltshire: Sheffield Academic Press Ltd., 1998.

Jenkins, henry. "Congressional Testimony on Media Violence." Accessed 13 July 2009.  http://web.mit.edu/comm-forum/papers/jenkins_ct.html 

Kirsh, Steven J. Children, Adolescents, and Media Violence. London: Sage Publications, 2006.
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Speech Outline Annette Marquez Organization

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53326332



Body:

I. Main Point 1. Everything you do should be done exclusively on the behalf of authentic love for God -- otherwise nothing, even successfully performed, will ever matter.

A. An example can be observed in Micah's words: "He has told you, human one, what is good and what the Lord requires from you: to do justice, embrace faithful love, and walk humbly with your God" (Micah 6:8). This quotation shows the proper way to serve God, and it is impossible without the authentic love for Him.

B. The work of the auditor/accountant is based on serving the purposes of others. It is impossible to serve people in a proper way without love for human beings as God teaches us: "Be kindly affectionate to one another with brotherly love, in honor giving preference to one another" (Romans, 12:10). Still it is impossible to love others without authentic love for God…… [Read More]

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Speech by a Teacher Teachers in Public

Words: 1041 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73462439

Speech by a Teacher

Teachers in public schools are not permitted to invoke specific Biblical theories, parables, or otherwise invoke the word of God -- either denominationally or generally -- in their classes. The constitutionally imposed rule -- separation of church and state -- is widely considered appropriate and important to the American democracy within the secular and legal community.

Moreover, the rules of public schools make it clear that it is psychologically, morally, constitutionally and socially unacceptable to stealthily (or otherwise) attempt to interject God's word or God's prophets' narrative into an educational setting.

But a competent, alert and effective Christian teacher today need not break those rules in the process of presenting information God would approve of. Why? That is because there are values that God has emphasized in the Holy Bible that can be presented to students without ever identifying them as having come from God Himself.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cable News Network -- CNN. "Innocent man freed after serving 15 years in prison." KPLCTV.

Retrieved September 30, 2012, from http://www.kplctv.com.

Cumming-Bruce, Nick. "U.N. Says Syrian Refugee Numbers Are Surging." The New York

Times. Retrieved September 30, 2012, from  http://www.nytimes.com .
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Speech on the New 7

Words: 1306 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69895634

" (Fletcher in Gogeometry Website, 2008). The trail to Machu Picchu is known as one of the best trekking sites in the world, particularly for its landscapes that showcase the remnants of its historic past as well as its diverse ecology (ibid).

Mexico's Chichen Itza also showcases its nation's rich, historical past in the same way the Machu Picchu does. Chichen Itza, roughly translated as "at the mouth of the well of the Itza," is considered as a political, commercial, and religious center of the ancient Mayan tribe in Mexico. In this city, one can locate the Temple of Kulkulan (Feathered Serpent), the Observatory, an astronomical observatory, and Temple of the Warriors and the Sacred Cenote (Well of Sacrifice). These structures have religious and scientific significance for the Mayan culture (ibid.).

Not too far from Mexico, we can find Brazil's huge Christ Redeemer structure. "Christ the Redeemer is a large…… [Read More]

References

Garrison, L. (n.d.). Petra - Lost City in Jordan and One of the New Seven Wonders of the World. Retrieved at http://cruises.about.com/od/southwestasiacruises/ig/Petra/?once=true&on Nov. 12, 2008.

Gogeometry Website. (2007). New 7 Wonders. Retrieved at  http://www.gogeometry.com/wonder_world/index.html . On Nov. 12, 2008.

Seven Wonders of the World Website (2007). The World Has Voted for the New 7 Wonders! Retrieved at http://www.sevenwondersworld.com/on Nov. 12, 2008.

Table:
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Speech Outline

Words: 791 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90700398

Speech on Alcoholism and Addiction

Main Points: I. Alcoholism is an addiction, not a character flaw.

Treating alcoholism requires modern rehabilitation methods.

The "Twelve-Step" program advocated by Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)

represents an extremely effective route to recovery.

Central Idea: For centuries, society has viewed addiction to alcohol and other substances as a defect in one's moral fiber, rather than a medical affliction. Modern scientific exploration into the subject of addiction has revealed that alcoholism is actually the result of neurotransmitters in the brain becoming activated, chemical responses throughout the body, genetic influences, and even environmental factors. By revising the widespread belief that addiction to alcohol is one's own "fault," and recognizing the litany of variables which determine whether somebody will be prone to addictive tendencies, the stigma placed on alcoholism may eventually be lifted.

Introduction

A. For as long as mankind been aware that the actions of an individual are…… [Read More]

References

Dodes, L. (2002). The heart of addiction: A new approach to understanding and managing alcoholism and other addictive behaviors. New York, NY: Harper-Collins

Narcotics Anonymous Fellowship. (1991). An introductory guide to narcotics anonymous, revised. Narcotics Anonymous World Services, Inc. Retrieved from http://www.na.org/admin/include/spaw2/uploads/pdf/litfiles/us_english/Booklet/Intro Guide to NA.pdf
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Fundamental of Speech

Words: 1235 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21912006

Mary Kay Ash: A Biography of a Woman with 'Skin-Deep Beauty'

Introductions to Mary Kay Ash, founder and chairman emeritus of Mary Kay Cosmetics Inc.

"If you think you can, you can. And if you think you can't, you're right." These lines are the guiding principles and philosophy of Mary Kay Ash as she managed her life as a mother, businesswoman, leader, and philantrophist.

Mary Kay Cosmetics Inc. is a company founded by Mary Kay Ash, a business venture that became successful because of her hard work and perseverance. Although its products promotes beauty and skin care products, things that often symbolize vanity among men and women alike, it will become evident, as you will later find out in this speech, that Mary Kay Inc.'s goals, objectives, and products are more than just a display of vanity, but is 'skin-deep.' Through the various programs (environmental, social, and human-empowerment) organized by…… [Read More]

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Fundamentals of Speech

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51404706

Parent-Teachers' Association (PTA) meetings, several adamant parents requested an improvement in quality of the Highland Oaks cafeteria lunches. The school administration, including the superintendent, has maintained a long-standing relationship with the Mariela Catering Corporation and opposes terminating this relationship. Because the audience may be hostile, a speech must be sympathetic to the views of the administration, even while antagonistic opinions are expressed. A Negative Method persuasive technique would be an appropriate approach, because there are several solutions to the problem that should be presented (and dismissed) in this presentation. Changing catering companies is only one of many alternatives, and the administration must not feel threatened by the PTA's concern over the school lunches. However, to change the status quo, the school administration must be made aware of the nutritional needs of its students and the concern by the parents over the quality of catering. The PTA must take into consideration…… [Read More]

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Male & Female Communication General

Words: 905 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17908922

For example, women are taught to collaborate, and affirm rather than subvert other people in conversation. But women can recognize that the need to speak up when provoked, if they are conscious of their conversational tendency. A woman whose idea is stolen by a male co-worker in an aggressive, male-dominated firm that praises competition cannot simply complain to her boss after the meeting where the co-worker claimed 'their' idea was 'his,' or assume that the truth will eventually be revealed about the theft. Likewise, a male who wishes to maintain a good relationship with a female boss can benefit from engaging in conversation that is not stereotypically 'facts' related (like baseball scores) but is more relational, such as inquiring about how the boss' day is going (Simon & Pedersen, 2005).

Again, stereotyping is never valid, and if you meet someone who differs from these generalizations, or if you yourself do…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Buchanan, Holly. "Male vs. female: Communication Styles." Marketing to Women.

2006. 8 Nov 2007.  http://marketingtowomenonline.typepad.com/blog/2006/02/male_vs_female_.html 

Tannen, Deborah. You Just Don't Understand. New York: Quill, 2007.

Simon, Victoria & Holly Pedersen. "Communicating with Men at Work: Bridging the Gap with Male Co-Workers and Employees." Male / Female Communication Newsletter. March 2005. 8 Nov 2007. http://www.itstime.com/print/mar2005p.htm
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Language and Literacy Every Workplace Without Exception

Words: 1463 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6884949

Language and Literacy

Every workplace without exception relies on language as a primary means of communication. Therefore, all types of literacy are required in order for an organization to function properly. The different types of literacy range from multicultural awareness to written language to public speaking. For the purposes of this project, I examined and analyzed several different workplace environments for their usage of language and their different literacy demands. My personal workplace environment is a high-stress, hustle-and-bustle office. Phones are ringing constantly throughout the day, memos are being circulated on a near-daily basis, and most employees need to be familiar with company literature including quarterly financial reports. In addition to the rigors of interpersonal communication, which entails informal as well as formal conversations, we deal with inter-office communications with those who work at remote office locations, with offices located abroad, with clients, and with various others with which we…… [Read More]

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Pros and Cons of Robotic Surgery

Words: 1583 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65063876

speech: Robotics in medicine

In the 1950s, robots were envisioned as large, hulking devices with relatively limited capabilities. But "robot, taken from the Czech robota, meaning forced labor, has evolved in meaning from dumb machines that perform menial, repetitive tasks to the highly intelligent anthropomorphic robots of popular culture" (Lanfranco, "Robotics"). Similarly, in the 1980s, video games were primitive and allowed users to manipulate images on a screen with halting, sticky joysticks. Today, it is common to play relatively sophisticated video games via the Internet from around the world. Fusing the modern capabilities of robots and computers has yielded one of the most important developments in modern medicine in recent years: robotic surgery. Robotics can offer people potentially life-saving, less invasive surgery. One day, having surgery performed on you by a doctor in another country may become commonplace. The use of robotic surgery is likely to increase in the future…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Davies B. "A review of robotics in surgery." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical

Engineers. 214 (2000):129 -- 140. PubMed. [14 Mar 2014]

"History of robotic surgery." Brown School of Medicine. [14 Mar 2014]

 http://biomed.brown.edu/Courses/BI108/BI108_2004_Groups/Group02/Group%2002%20Website/history_robotic.htm
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Stand Your Ground Law 'Stand Your Ground'

Words: 1203 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47614641

Stand Your Ground Law

'Stand your ground' laws

To inform

tand your ground' laws are extremely controversial pieces of legislation.

Attention-getter: 'A man's home is his castle.' How often have we heard this phrase? This concept is at the foundation of the right to defend yourself by using deadly force against an intruder who invades your home. However, recent laws have expanded the 'castle doctrine' and other, existing self-defense laws. Many of these new laws are called 'stand your ground' laws, the most liberal of which exists in Florida.

It is important to gain a historical perspective on 'stand your ground' laws to understand the controversy

tand your ground' laws are extremely polarizing pieces of legislation.

Credibility statement:

My interest in this topic arose during the George Zimmerman murder trial, in which Zimmerman (a member of a neighborhood watch) was accused of killing an unarmed teenager named Trayvon Martin.

Zimmerman…… [Read More]

References

Block, M. (2012). A history of 'stand your ground' laws. NPR. Retrieved from:

http://www.npr.org/2012/03/20/149014228/a-history-of-stand-your-ground-law-in-florida

Botelho, G. & Yan, H. (2013). George Zimmerman found not guilty of murder in Trayvon

Martin's death. CNN. Retrieved:  http://www.cnn.com/2013/07/13/justice/zimmerman-trial/index.html
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Capsule Stress Management Techniques Outline

Words: 1026 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80281983

Prioritize. Try not to schedule too many things at once. In the words of one article by the health center at Colorado University entitled "10 Great Stress Reducers," learn to say 'no.' Also, learn to live within your budget. In other words, don't sweat the small stuff, and don't make yourself crazy by overcommitting yourself and leaving everything to the last minute. Ask yourself, do I need this? Do I have to do this?

Of course, no one can completely avoid stress in their life, and in fact, some forms of stress can be good. Lots of people like the positive, controlled stress of exercise or performing. There is a different 'perfect' balance of stress and relaxation for every person. But everyone can benefit from learning some ways to counteract the physical strains of being under stress. Stretching -- and stretching often, even simply rolling down your spine, touching your…… [Read More]

Works Cited

10 Great Stress Reducers." (2008). Colorado University. Retrieved 24 Feb 2008 at http://www.colorado.edu/studentgroups/wellness/NewSite/StressHelpfulTips10Great.htm

How to survive finals with less stress. (2008). Colorado University. Retrieved 24 Feb 2008 at http://www.colorado.edu/studentgroups/wellness/NewSite/StressHelpfulTipsFinals.html

Stressed Out?" (Jan 2007). The National Institute of Health. NIH. Retrieved 24 Feb 2008 at http://newsinhealth.nih.gov/pdf/NIHNiH%20January07.pdf

Stretch Often." (2008). Colorado University. Retrieved 24 Feb 2008 at http://www.colorado.edu/studentgroups/wellness/NewSite/StressHelpfulTipsStretch.html
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Lesson Plan Critique and Feedback

Words: 1346 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17224534

Lesson Plan Critique -- Parts of Speech (3rd grade)

Lesson Plan -- Parts of Speech

Thank you for sharing your lesson plan with me. I enjoyed reviewing the plan and visualizing the lesson being taught in your enthusiastic classroom of third graders. I have provided an overall summary of what I see as the strengths and weaknesses of the lesson plan. I have also given specific suggestions about ways to change out the lesson with the idea of maximizing your ability to meet the needs of a heterogeneous mix of students typical of third grade, and of this school and community.

Strengths and weaknesses of the lesson plan. Overall, the lesson is interesting and could be conducted in a manner that is highly engaging to the students. As it is outlined, the lesson covers several parts of speech. Depending on the experience of the children, this may be too broad…… [Read More]

Sources:

Bryan, A. (1997). Colourful Semantics. [In S. Chiat, J. Law and J. Marshall (Eds.), Language disorders in children and adults: psycholinguistic approaches to therapy. London, UK: Whurr.]

Ebbels, S. (2007, February). Child Language Teaching and Therapy, 23 (1), 67-93. DOI: 10.1191/0265659007072143 Retrieved  http://clt.sagepub.com/content/23/1/67 

Lea, J. (1970). The colour pattern scheme: a method of remedial language teaching. Moor House School, Hurst Green, Surrey, UK.

Linden, M.J. And Whimbey, A. (1990). Why Johnny Can't Write: How to Improve Writing Skills. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
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Speaking Outline Full Text Follows

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1718261

Memorable Closing:

More than any phrase, memorable quote, or image, let me leave you with these statistics: 14,000 routine killings committed in 2005 with guns, to which must be added 16,000 suicides by firearm and 650 fatal accidents. The NRA says that 'guns don't kill, people kill.' Perhaps this is true, but guns certainly make it much, much easier ("America's tragedy," the Economist, 2007).

Full text of speech

General Subject: Gun Control

Specific Subject: Problem/Solution

General Purpose: To persuade my audience to support the strengthening of gun control laws

Specific Audience-centered Purpose: After hearing my speech, members of the audience will support the passage of gun control laws, including stricter background checks and limits upon the type of weapons that can be purchased by civilians.

I. Introduction

A. Attention Step:

One sunny day in March, at a gun store in Virginia, a young man named Cho Seung-hui walked into a…… [Read More]

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Speaker Critique on Friday 6 15 I Went

Words: 996 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80891516

Speaker Critique

On Friday 6/15 I went to home depot to see a speech on "How to Manage You Lawn and Garden." I had seen a flyer in the store on a previous visit and decided that this would be an interesting event to attend so that I could learn how to take care of my yard at home. This was a free event that just required showing up at the specified time. I was hoping to pick up some tips on how to better care for my flowers and grass as I always seem to have hard time making it look good all summer long.

Evaluation of Speaker

The speaker was a representative from expertvillage.com. He had been invited to speak to the audience in regards to how to manage ones yard and garden. His motivation for giving this speak came from his intense passion for sharing with others…… [Read More]

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Communicating Effectively

Words: 599 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76613044

Communicating Effectively

The five choices that a speaker can make are invention, arrangement, style, delivery and memory. Invention refers to the resource that are used in the speech -- cards, slides, or other aids. Arrangement reflects the structure and content of the speech. Style reflects the tone or style of the speech -- how does the speaker intend to make the point. Style can be humorous, argumentative, informative or some other style. The delivery includes things like gestures, use of hands and other body language. How the speaker uses eye contact is important here in the delivery. Finally, memory refers to how the speaker will ensure that the audience remembers the material. This can mean punctuating key moments with jokes, or it could mean using graphs and visuals, or it could mean that key points will be subject to repetition.

The delivery method plays an important role in constructing a…… [Read More]

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No Child Left Behind Done the Right Way

Words: 1304 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70541446

education topics of a certain flavor. Specifically, the author sought out articles about special attention and special case schools for troubled youth as well as the use of pre-kindergarten programs to give at-risk and other youth a head start before they enter the somewhat chaotic system that every other child must traverse. Put another way, the subject and articles all relate to how to improve and prepare students and thus prevent or remedy any struggles they may have before or during their schooling. This is important because for each article, there will be a summary of the thesis and main ideas, why the source is credible, and why this source would be worthy of an argument and/or persuasive paper. While not all journal articles are of the same quality, scholarly journals are always the best and most reliable source of information when speaking of an academic and scientific process or…… [Read More]

References

Brown, L.H. & Beckett, K.S. (2007). Parent Involvement in an Alternative for Students

at Risk of Educational Failure. ProQuest, 39(4), 498. Retrieved from http://reddog.rmu.edu:2056/docview/202687371?accountid=28365

Fletcher, J., Greenwood, J., Parkhill, F. & Grimley, M. (2013). Raising reading achievement in an 'at risk', low socioeconomic, multicultural intermediate school..

EbscoHost, 36(2), 149-171. 23. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9817.2011.01497.x
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Language and Comprehension Are Both

Words: 1763 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99663052

Ketch asserts that it is through this natural process that students comprehend and become critical thinkers. Likewise, Pinnell seems to share similar beliefs about natural processes and educators allowing children to explore these processes. The author asserts that

"Concentration on skills draws attention away from the normal and self-reinforcing uses of language, and instruction often unnecessarily makes a natural everyday activity seem foreign and stilted. Language studies suggest that efforts should be redirected to take advantage of nature's most powerful incentive for developing facility with language -- the child's intention to communicate meaning to other people, the use of language for a variety of purposes (Pinnell."

Both of these assertions support the importance of oral language. Ketch encourages this by explaining the importance on conversation is developing critical thinking skills. Likewise Pinnell enforces this by explaining the importance of language use among children.

Conclusion

The purpose of this discussion was…… [Read More]

References

Ketch, a (2005). Conversation: The comprehension connection. The Reading Teacher, 59(1) 8-13.

Pinnell, G.S. (1975. Language in primary classrooms. Theory into Practice, 14(5), 318-327.
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Oral Presentation Analysis FOX2 Technologies An Oral

Words: 1827 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 832496

Oral Presentation Analysis

Fox2 Technologies: An Oral Presentation Analysis

The following account assesses the content, context and quality of an oral presentation delivered by Fox2 Technologies President and Founder Jim Weldon at the Hyatt Regency Boston in 2009. The analysis below describes the technology featured in the presentation, an aircraft weighing mechanism that affixes to the landing gear and helps to optimize fuel efficiency performance. The account provides an assessment of the introduction, a delineation of the objectives, and details on the organizational patterns employed to convey an informative and persuasive argument. The discussion also outlines the delivery dynamics and the qualities in the speaker which both strengthened and weakened the overall presentation. Ultimately, this discussion offers a positive evaluation of the presentation, which succeeds in making compelling arguments in favor of the universal adoption of the technology in question.

Introduction:

In the delivery of an oral presentation, there are…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Lecture Notes. (2011). Speech Evaluation Notes. University of ?

Weldon, J. (2009). Fox2 Technologies. YouTube.
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Dysarthria Mayo Clinic Dysarthria Website the Title

Words: 576 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63490455

Dysarthria

Mayo Clinic Dysarthria Website

The title of the Website being reviewed is Dysarthria and its address is http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dysarthria/DS01175. 2. The website is sponsored by the Mayo Clinic, which is a not-for-profit health care entity that provides information to medical professionals, conducts research, and provides patient care, and is written by the Mayo Clinical Staff, a number of medical and research professionals. 3. The Mayo Clinic specializes in treating difficult health issues and is known for its groundbreaking treatments. This center is consistently placed as one of the best hospitals in the U.S. And devotes close to half of its resources to research. 4. While it is a hospital that encourages new patients, there does not seem to be any economic bias within the website itself and is entirely devoted to the presentation of the latest and most up-to-date information concerning the disease Dysarthria. 5. In fact, the website was…… [Read More]

References

"Dysarthria." Mayo Clinic. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dysarthria/DS01175

"Dysarthria." American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Retrieved from  http://www.asha.org/SLP/clinical/Dysarthria/
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Advertising and Personal Selling

Words: 945 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49903028

Marketing Mix for Panera Bread Company

Advertising

Advertising refers to any form of non-personal communication meant to persuade, inform, and remind customers to buy a product (Shapiro, 1984). Panera Bread Company has adopted the informative approach as a way of winning and retaining customers. In this strategy, the aim is to let the clients get to know the features of the products being offered. These features include the price, quantities sold, the quality as well as how the products are consumed. Some information to the effect of the ingredients used to bake the breads as well as how the bread needs to be consumed (Peter and Donnelly 2013).

The informative objective also involves teaching the clients about the hazards of overconsumption of the product. Panera Bread Company has warned the clients of over consumption of bread -being a processed food in its adverts. The action seeks to comply with the…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Peter, J. Paul and Donnelly James H. Marketing management: Knowledge and skills. 11. ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2013. Print.

Scott, David Meerman. The new rules of marketing and PR: how to use news releases, blogs, podcasting, viral marketing, & online media to reach buyers directly. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2007. Print.

Shapiro, Benson P. The marketing mix. Boston, Mass.: Distributed by the Pub. Division, Harvard Business School, 1984. Print.
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Television's Negative Effect on Society

Words: 938 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13917784

As children are our future, showing violent and frightening images on television has a negative impact on society because it aids in the creation of a society that is both aggressive and fear. And what causes war and conflict other than aggressive fear?

In addition to creating a society filled with those who are both aggressive and fearful, television creates a society filled with those who do not succeed academically and intellectually, preparing the world to spiral into a downturn of less than qualified leadership. According to Hedley et al.'s book, the negative correlation between television viewing and academic performance can be supported by five major studies. These studies, conducted mostly during the 1980s, used data collected primarily from educational and academic sources, such as the Educational Testing Service, the California Assessment Program, and the National Assessment of Educational Progress. Susan B. Neuman, in Literacy in the Television Age, a…… [Read More]

In addition to creating a society filled with those who are both aggressive and fearful, television creates a society filled with those who do not succeed academically and intellectually, preparing the world to spiral into a downturn of less than qualified leadership. According to Hedley et al.'s book, the negative correlation between television viewing and academic performance can be supported by five major studies. These studies, conducted mostly during the 1980s, used data collected primarily from educational and academic sources, such as the Educational Testing Service, the California Assessment Program, and the National Assessment of Educational Progress. Susan B. Neuman, in Literacy in the Television Age, a book published in 1999, adds to this data by arguing that the television could have been a great educational tool. Tha I t is not, and is rather a tool commonly seen as eroding academic ability, certainly speaks volumes to its nature. Neuman argues that three arguments have been made, associating television with negative affects on society. Some have argued that television takes time away from more academic pursuits like reading and imagining, while others suggest that it shapes the way that students' think. The other argument holds that TV makes students exhibit poor behavior during class. Clearly, one of the most important pursuits of a child or adolescent's life is education. Without it, society will be doomed to malfunction. Because television impacts education negatively, it has a negative impact on society.

Now that we've established how television can have a negative impact on society through encouraging violent behavior and poor academic performance, we can start to consider what can be done. Clearly, children are the focus of television's negative affects on society. Therefore, it must be children that are targeted in order to improve this situation. The burden must fall on parents, who should closely monitor what children watch and how much television they watch a day. Parents should encourage children to engage in other, more intellectually stimulating behavior, such as reading. By doing this, the negative societal affects or television can be removed. So make sure the children in your life aren't watching too much TV or shows that are inappropriate for them.

Thus, the television has been a wonderful invention that has helped us travel to other worlds. But the amount of children watching televisions for periods as long as their parents go to work is causing problems, impacting society negatively. In order to create future leaders who are not aggressive or intellectually stunted, parents must strictly monitor children's television watching.
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Pragmatic Models in the Analysis of Real

Words: 1929 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29740994

pragmatic models in the analysis of real human behavior has been a major area of study. There are two main theories that are put into test for the analysis. These are the speech act theory and the implicature theory. The pragmatic model is very fundamental for the modeling of interpersonal communication and general language use.

It is important to note that the pragmatic models serve to emphasize the elements of creativity and motivational aspects of the human characteristics in the interaction domain. Language is a form of communication and communication by itself has creative aspects to it in terms of two aspects. Throughout the human history, there have been various forms of interactions that involve the aspect of communicative exchange of words or rather language. It is this history that forms the patterns of correlations that also emphasizes the individual human behavior that is often referred to as self-concept. With…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bach, K. (1987a). On communicative intentions: A reply to Recanati. Mind & Language, 2, 141-154.

Bach, K. (1999a). The semantics-pragmatics distinction: What it is and why it matters. In K. Turner (Ed). The semantics-pragmatics interface from different points-of-view (pp. 65-84). Oxford: Elsevier.

Bach, K. & R.M. Harnish (1979). Linguistic communication and speech acts. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Carston, R. (1988). Implicature, explicature, and truth-theoretic semantics. In Ruth Kempson (Ed). Mental Representations: The Interface between Language and Reality
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Register to Vote

Words: 1346 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44373562

Voting is one of the most important rights in a democratic society. In the United States, this right has been intermittently fought for by minority groups such as black people, women and others. It is a right that has been earned by pioneers and fighters, and one that is being taken for granted all too easily in today's society. According to a column by Hillary Clinton (2001) for example, young people between the ages of 18 and 24 are losing interest in voting. A survey conducted by the National Association of Secretaries of State concludes that this generation may become the first class of non-voters. This does not bode well for the United States of the future. The country's past is riddled with struggle in order to reach the state of democracy that everybody enjoys today. The right to vote is one of the most important privileges granted by this…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Center for Voting and Democracy. Title Voting & democracy report, 1995. Washington, D.C.: Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995.

Clinton, Hillary Rodham. "Talking it Over." The White House. November, 2001.  http://clinton4.nara.gov/WH/EOP/First_Lady/html/columns/2000/Tue_Nov_14_185710_2000.html 

Hutton, Barbara. Voter education: manual for trainers. Bellville: Project Vote, 1993.

Leidy, Maureen. "Importance of Voting" PageWise.com, 2002. http://www.wallbuilders.com/resources/search/detail.php?ResourceID=22
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Special Education Goetze and Walker

Words: 4835 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11725792

Then students use AlphaSmart software to paste the picture and explain in a paragraph why, how and where in the plot they feel that picture relates to the story. This tests three things: (a) student concentration; (b) student level of understanding of the general plot; and - student imagination. This is an important implementation because it opens the students' horizons and allows them to see the general links and relations that their own lives might have with the stories that they read. The implementation of taking the pictures is one way that this has been successfully achieved. This use of a camera is a very flexible application and is being used in different ways for different special-needs students.

May (2003) found that cameras are being used to also expand the span of words or vocabulary amongst the special-needs students. The teacher hands out a set of words to the students…… [Read More]

References

Beukelman, D.R., Beukleman, H.M., Ranklin, J.L., Wood, L.A. (2003). Early Computer Literacy: First Grades Use the "Talking" Computer. Reading Improvement. 40: 3. Retrieved August 16, 2007 from www.questia.com

Castek, J., Coiro, J., Henry, L.A., Leu, D.J., Mcmullan, M. (2004). The Lessons That Children Teach Us: Integrating Children's Literature and the New Literacies of the Internet. The Reading Teacher. 57: 5. Retrieved August 16, 2007 from www.questia.com

Doering, a., Hughes, J., & Huffman. D. (2003). Preservice teachers: Are we thinking with technology? Journal of Research on Technology in Education. 35(3), 342-362. In Speaker, K. (2004). Student Perspectives: Expectations of Multimedia Technology in a College Literature Class. Reading Improvement. 41: 4. Retrieved August 16, 2007 from www.questia.com

Dowrick, P.W. Kim-Rupnow, W.S, and Power, T.J. (2006). Video Feedforward for Reading. Journal of Special Education. 39: 4. Retrieved August 16, 2007 from www.questia.com
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American Domestic Terror Groups and

Words: 1694 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50671911

In your explanation, compare and contrast domestic and international terrorism. Also, please indicate whether either type of terrorism is subject to defeat. or, in a free society such as ours, must we simply learn to live with the annoyance and tragedies of ideological, political, and/or religiously-motivated violence?)

Domestic terrorism is much more statistically common than foreign terrorism, as those who feel they have cause to be angry enough to act against anything are much more likely to act against something they see as wrong in their own environment, Opportunity and ease of access also plays a role in this observation. Though terrorist acts are exceedingly rare they do occur on a somewhat regular basis if definitions are kept broad and are more likely to be domestic in nature than foreign born. (Lewis, 2000, p. 201) Domestic and international terrorism are similar in some ways, they both experience the kind of…… [Read More]

References

Daniels, D.J. (2002, December). The Challenge of Domestic Terroism to American Criminal Justice. Corrections Today, 64, 66.

Hamm, M.S. (September 2005) Crimes Committed by Terrorist Groups: Theory, Research and Prevention Retrieved April 1, 2008 http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/211203.pdf

Hulnick, a.S. (2004). Keeping Us Safe: Secret Intelligence and Homeland Security. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Lewis, C.W. (2000). The Terror That Failed: Public Opinion in the Aftermath of the Bombing in Oklahoma City. Public Administration Review, 60(3), 201.
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Conversation Along the Past Recent

Words: 5588 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85540457

In this instance then, the face and politeness phenomena become of crucial importance. Since the conversations in phone call centers are not conducted face-to-face, the most important aspect becomes the politeness (Stembrouck, 2006). This is vital for complete customer satisfaction and can be identified and corrected through discourse analyses.

All in all, the employees at the call center have the ultimate purpose of transferring data to the customers in a way that is both polite and informative. The discourse analysis conducted on the pre-recorded phone calls is a useful means of monitoring the communication between employee and customer. It allows the corporate management to identify any shortages in communication, resulting in customer dissatisfaction. The conversational analysis is a helpful approach to identifying internal problems and resolving them in a way that increases customer satisfaction and organizational revenues.

4. Types of Discourse Analyses and their Applications

As established in the previous…… [Read More]

References

Bielski, L., 2000, E-Business Models Stress Putting the Customer First, ABA Banking Journal, Volume 92

Buttle, F., 2003, Customer Relationship Management, Elsevier Science and Technology Books

Chimombo, M., Roseberry, R.L., 1998, the Power of Discourse: An Introduction to Discourse Analysis, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

Cook, G., 1990, Discourse, Oxford: OUP
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Candidates Project Have Chosen to

Words: 3340 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35860743

She also clearly makes a stand against continuing to rely to any large degree on non-renewable resources and giving the scientific community more authority and right.

Clinton Platform;

Clinton's platform is currently relying very heavily upon the idea of helping the middle class. Her campaign bus is currently touring Iowa with a slogan of "The Middle Class Express." She is actively seeking middle class support, and her platform is dominated by issues resolving to make those who currently feel invisible in the current administration. She is speaking to the idea that the rich are getting richer, the poor are getting poorer and the middle class is disappearing. The sentiment is a strongly held belief in middle America and the platform is strong, as it speaks to the current feeling of America.

If you place your mouse over the numbers next to Clinton's opening picture on her official website her position…… [Read More]

Resources

AP, "Democratic rivals target Hillary Clinton in debate" October 30, 2007, http://www.clarionledger.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20071030/NEWS/71030060

Clinton, Hillary, Official Website 2008 Candidacy Retrieved October 30, 2007 from www, hillaryclinton.com

Clinton, Hillary, Senator NY Overview Immigration Retrieved October 30, 2007 at http://clinton.senate.gov/issues/immigration

CNN Elections 2008 Info Retrieved October 30, 2007 at http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2008/issues/issues.socialsecurity.html
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Oral Communication Courage Is Resistance

Words: 2001 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68296836

Individuals involved in my life during my work from 2003 until the present at Catholic Family Services include:

Supervisors:

Professionals:

Clients:

My learning experiences in Oral Communication which began with my formal employment in 1997 and continue even today can be considered comparable to lessons taught in a classroom, albeit, as at times I had to be my own teacher. I contend that the following things I have learned, in addition, to those previously pointed out (and even more) stem from the thought I frequently tell clients I work with: "What you learn today will make a BIG difference in your life." I have also learned what Parvis (Ibid.) stresses: "One of the best tools in mastering communication is listening." I listen as listening, I contend, constitutes a vital component of oral communication in human services. In interviewing, oral communication can be used to convey what is needed to help…… [Read More]

References

Cooley, Mason (1993; 1996). Columbia World of Quotations. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. Retrieved November 2, 2006 at http://www.bartleby.com/66/22/13522.html www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=106898058

Davidson, J. (2003). The Complete Guide to Public Speaking. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Fracaro, Ken. "Persuasion: a modern management technique.," Supervision, June 1, 2002. www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002400178

Parvis, L.F. (2001). The Importance of Communication and Public-Speaking Skills. Journal of Environmental Health, 63(9), 44.
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Communicating in Conflict Resolution the

Words: 2768 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27800998



Krauss and Morsella say that under the dialogic paradigm individual speakers act with respect to the individuals they are addressing, but they are acting as individual entities (p. 152). This is because we can only attempt to understand the mind of others, to decode their words, even their body language, and try to put that into a perspective of meaning to us as individuals. Krauss and Morsella provide points on how to improve our skills as communicators. Listening is tangential to being a good communicator. Listening trains us to hear more than words, but concepts too, and the concepts that others are trying to convey to us are essential to our understanding of their position in a conflict. Before we can resolve conflict, we must understand the nature of the conflict, and the nature of conflict can seldom be expressed in a few words or sentences. They are expressed in…… [Read More]

Reference List

Deutch, M. And Coleman, P. (2000). The Handbook of Conflict Resolution: Theory and Practice, Josey-Bass Publishers.
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Soil the Threats That the

Words: 1302 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40943087

These human actions that alter the living and nutrient conditions of soil organism include the repetitive tillage or burning of vegetation, soil erosion, overusing the land without replenishing it with humus or plant compost, clearing of forests. What can be done to solve this problem is to replenish the land with humus or plant compost, give the land rest after excessive use, planting of trees to reduce soil erosion etc. The soil organic matter is linked to the atmosphere; hydrosphere, biosphere and climate change in that the carbon cycle is the biogeochemical cycle by which carbon is exchanged among the hydrosphere, biosphere and atmosphere of the earth.

The following are the strategy that I feel should be taken to restore the regions of Udaipur in India. In this area it is evident that the unnecessary human activities of over grazing, slash and burn farming, and activities causing soil erosion have…… [Read More]

Soil is a very important resource in the earth and care should be taken to preserve and maintain its quality. If this is not done, soil will not be able to support the future generations and this means they will be low food production in the world leading to famine to both human beings and animals

Curry and Good. Using Soil Fauna to Improve Soil Health: New York: Stork and Eggleton, 1992

Hudson N
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Inclusion Has Long Been a

Words: 2760 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92334531

It can be used to establish language dominance, to determine whether a student is performing at grade level in academic subjects in his native language, and to distinguish whether or not a student's weaknesses are due to limited English proficiency or to a specific learning disability. The test has the following sections: 1) Readiness; 2) Speech; 3) Functional Word Recognition; 4) Oral Reading; 5) Reading Comprehension; 6) Word Analysis; 7) Listening; 8) Writing and Alphabetizing; 9) Numbers and Computation; and 10) Measurement. Not all parts of the test are administered to every student because the teacher/test administrator is encouraged to check off skills that she knows the student has mastered (Brigance Diagnostic Assessment of Basic Skills).

Obstacles Associated with the research

As it relates to conducting and carrying out the aforementioned research there are certain potential obstacles that exist. The first of which has to do with receiving the appropriate…… [Read More]

References

Brigance Diagnostic Assessment of Basic Skills. http://www.ncela.gwu.edu/databases/EAC/EAC0056.htm

Lombardi, T.P. (Ed.). (1999). Policy and Practice. Bloomington, IN: Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation.

Odom S.L. (2000) Preschool Inclusion: What We Know and Where We Go from Here. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education. Volume: 20 (1). Pg. 20.

Snyder, R.F. (1999). INCLUSION: A QUALITATIVE STUDY OF INSERVlCE GENERAL EDUCATION TEACHERS' ATTITUDES AND CONCERNS. Education, 120(1), 173..
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Heinrich Himmler the Nazi Leader of the

Words: 1479 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52890753

Heinrich Himmler, the Nazi leader of the SS. Specifically, it will discuss his direct involvement with the concentration camps and the extermination of the Jewish people. Heinrich Himmler (1900-1945) was an unsuccessful chicken farmer and fertilizer salesman who became a leader in the Nazi party in the mid-1920s. As head of the SS as well as the Gestapo, he was a cold, efficient, ruthless administrator. He was the organizer of the mass murder of Jews, the man in charge of the concentration and death camps.

HIMMLER THE EXTERMINATOR

Heinrich Himmler was born in 1900, and studied agriculture. He fought in the very end of World War I, and never seemed to make much of himself until he met Hitler. "Himmler was a passionate farmer. He had studied agriculture for several years, had a degree in agriculture, and was later the chairman of the board of the Organization of Agricultural Graduates"…… [Read More]

References

Devine, Carol, and Carol Rae Hansen. Human Rights: The Essential Reference. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press, 1999.

Editors. "Who was Heinrich Himmler?" Holocaust History Project. 31 Dec. 1998. 17 Nov. 2002.  http://www.holocaust-history.org/short-essays/heinrich-himmler.shtml 

Friedlander, Henry. The Origins of Nazi Genocide: From Euthanasia to the Final Solution. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.

Eisenhower, John. "Juxtaposed with History, Inquiry into why the Nazis Did What They Did." The Washington Times. 9 June 2002.
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Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells to

Words: 2115 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87064250



3.3 Data Collection

Is maternal UBE3A active following iPS treatment: Data will be gathered on the iPS-treated mice via positron emission tomography, and in vivo brain slice preparation, and Western Blot Analysis. H1 will essentially be ascertained following these tests.

Does iPS treatment rescue the motor and cognitive deficits associated with Angelman Syndrome: Data will be gathered from testing the treated mice in scientifically recognized tests of cognitive ability in a mouse model. This project proposes using the water maze test, the electric shock test, and the submerged platform test. H2 will effectively be answered using the data gleaned from these tests.

4. Conclusion

4.1. Potential Therapeutic and Other Considerations

The potential of using iPS treatment to rescue/alleviate the severe motor and cognitive deficits witnessed in Angelman Syndrome is theoretically viable. Reliable mouse models of AS exist with which to run the tests. The technology needed to tease iPS stem…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Abuhatzira, L., Shemer, R., & Razin, A. (2009). MeCP2 involvement in the regulation of neuronal alpha-tubulin production. Human Molecular Genetics, 1415-1423.

Condic, M.L., & Rao, M. (2008). Regulatory Issues for Personalized Pluripotent Cells. Stem Cells, 2753-2758.

Dindot, S., Antalffy, B., Meenakshi, B., & Beaudet, A. (2008). The Angelman syndrome ubiquitin ligase localizes to the synapse and nucleus, and maternal deficiency results in abnormal dendritic spine morphology. Human Molecular Genetics, 111-118.

Dobkin, B. (2007). Behavioral, temporal, and spatial targets for cellular transplants as adjuncts to rehabilitation for stroke. Stroke, 832-839.
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Cynicism vs Idealism in Antony

Words: 2246 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78501959

This godlessness might initially be viewed as being cynical. However, when one looks at the social and political climate of Shakespeare's time, and the reality that England was just passing through a conversion from Catholicism to the Anglican church, driven by Henry VIII's desire to divorce and remarry, it might not be accurate to label godlessness in the play as cynical. Perhaps that is the view that Shakespeare is suggesting is idyllic, given the turmoil that organized religion had helped create in his country in recent history. This lack of a clear-cut explanation of the godlessness in the play, and of the playful way in which Cleopatra obliterates any claim Antony might actually have to self-divinity, shows how cynicism and idealism are caught in this cycle.

Nowhere in the play is the cycle of cynicism and idealism more dramatically showcased than in the play's final scenes. Caesar has conquered Egypt…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fuller, David. "Passion and Politics: Antony and Cleopatra in Performance." Antony and Cleopatra: New Critical Essays. Ed. Sara Muson Deats. New York: Routledge, 2005.

111-136.

Hirsh, James. "Rome and Egypt in Antony and Cleopatra and in Criticism of the Play." Antony

and Cleopatra: New Critical Essays. Ed. Sara Muson Deats. New York: Routledge, 2005. 175-192.
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Judicial Review The Legacy of

Words: 1436 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63468149

As Treanor emphasizes, "What appears to be a puzzling, unconvincing, and uniquely aggressive exercise of judicial review was fully consistent with prior judicial decisions in which courts had invalidated statutes that trenched on judicial authority and autonomy" (455).

Texas v. Johnson (1989). Perhaps as no other issue in the post-September 11, 2001 climate is that of flag-burning. The debate is heated and emotionally charged, and it is easy to get caught up in the rhetoric. Nevertheless, it is important to keep in mind what the flag represents to many people and avoid characterizations that would lead to misunderstandings. The U.S. flag and - in the case of Texas v. Johnson, state flags can mean a great deal to citizens and it is natural to expect them to want their flags honored and respected. When people use the symbolism inherent in the national or a state flag, they touch buttons that…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Black's Law Dictionary. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1990.

Marcus, Maeva. Origins of the Federal Judiciary: Essays on the Judiciary Act of 1789. New York: Oxford, 1992.

Raskin, Jamin B. Overruling Democracy: The Supreme Court vs. The American People. New York: Routledge, 2003.

Texas v. Johnson, 491 U.S. 397 (1989).
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Post Abortion Syndrome Specifically the

Words: 1817 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68989230

Et al. "Psychological Responses of Women After First-Trimester Abortion." Arch Gen Psychiatry. Volume 57.8 (2000): 777-84. Lexis Nexis

Rearden, David C. "Abortion and Subsequent Substance Abuse." The Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. Vol 26.1 (2000): 61-75. Wiley Online Library

Rosen, Gerald; Spitzer, Robert; McHugh, Paul. "Problems with the post-traumatic stress disorder diagnosis and its future in DSM-V." British Journal of Psychology. Volume 192 (2008): 3-4. Hard Copy

Speckhard, Anne; Rue, Vincent. "Complicated mourning: Dynamics of impacted post abortion grief." Journal of Prenatal Psychology Health. Volume 8.1 (1993): 32

Speckhard, Anne; Rue, Vincent. "Postabortion Syndrome: An Emerging Public Health Concern." Journal of Social Issues. Volume 48.3 (2010): 95-119. Referenced in Government Study

Government Report

"Mental Health and Abortion." American Psychology Association. 2008. Web. 25 Feb. 2012.… [Read More]

bibliography with verifiable peer reviewed studies. It was simply a summery of the work, similar to some of the peer reviewed sources. Finally, the popular news article was also less accurate and more of an opinion piece and the author's bias were very obvious.
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Bluetooth Technology

Words: 7972 Length: 28 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16680382

BluetoothTM is a low cost, low power, short-range radio technology- originally perceived as cable replacement alternative for the cable / wire connected devices such as mobile phone hand, headsets, and portable computers. The BluetoothTM's goals expanded to include standardized wireless communications between any electrical devices and created a notion of Personal Area Network. The write-up traces history of BluetoothTM starting with its unusual name to formation of Special Interest Group, SIG's formation, its growth culminating into implementation of version 1.0b.

Version 1.0 of the Bluetooth came out in 1999-starting as early as 1994 by engineers from Ericsson. The specification is named after Harald Blatand- a tenth century Viking. Ericsson Corp. founded the Bluetooth SIG in February 1998, Intel Corp., IBM Corp., Toshiba Corp., and Nokia Mobile Phones. In December 1999, core promoters group enlarged to include four major players, namely, Micorsoft, Lucent, 3 Com and Motorola.

Then, the components of…… [Read More]

References

Books

Bluetooth Revealed, Brent, Miller. September 2000, Prentice Hall PTR

Bluetooth Demystified, Nathan Muller, J.J. September 2000, Prentice Hall PTR

Web Addresses
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American Scholar Ralph Waldo Emerson

Words: 874 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63190890

The "young grub" metaphor which he used to relate to the poets was confusing and I could not figure out how this metaphor was used in connection to the poets. Another complicated metaphor used by Emerson in his writings where he talks of the human mind claiming "It is one central fire, which, flaming now out of the lips of Etna, lightens the capes of Sicily." Likewise Emerson uses such metaphors which are difficult to understand throughout his essay and created confusion for me during my reading of "The American Scholar." No doubt Emerson's essay is a remarkable piece of American literature, his style of writing and his complicated metaphors make certain parts of his essay hard to read.

Regarding a scholar Emerson says that a scholar is the one who resists vulgarity "by preserving and communicating heroic sentiment, noble biographies, melodious verse and conclusions of history." To the best…… [Read More]

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Lesson Plan Primary Sources Basic

Words: 1078 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66162776



Students will be expected to submit a paragraph detailing their research methods on the date of the presentation.

Standards:

This lesson is intended for students who are capable of conducting independent research and synthesizing the collected information in a meaningful and succinct manner. Also the students will be assessed on their abilities to develop an attractive and informative presentation as well as their ability to speak publicly and respond to questions from their teacher as well as their peers.

Assessments:

At the outset of the lesson students will be presented with a packet including the assignments, lecture, useful guidelines in research, as well as the rubric in which they will be assessed on each of the interactive modules. The instructions packet will be clear and will be intended as an additional guide for students to ensure that they have every possible opportunity to succeed. Module two will be assessed through…… [Read More]

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Psychology -- Laughter & Humor

Words: 1026 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5628312

" Hence, Ayan adds, with laughter, the lives of people with elevated levels of cortisol might be saved. Arguably that's a bit of a stretch, but for the purposes of his article Ayan is justified in using it.

Keeping anxiety "at bay" through humor is the sum and substance of a 1990 study conducted by psychologists; 53 college students were told they were going to get an electric shock in 12 minutes albeit there was no such shock forthcoming. While waiting for this inevitable shock, some of the students were given a funny tape to watch while others watched a boring tape or nothing at all. The results were predictable: those exposed to humor "rated themselves as less anxious as the fictitious shock approached than did those in the other two groups" (Ayan).

In yet another study presented by Ayan to make his point, 56 women were asked to stick…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ayan, Steve. (2009). How Humor Makes you Friendlier, Sexier. Scientific American.
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Animal-Drawn Cart the Purpose of

Words: 2595 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36403867

Steel can create a very durable and rugged car that will often outlast the animals that are drawing it. However aluminum is as durable and element resistant as well as being extremely lightweight and is often the material of choice for many countries. Pneumatic or inflatable tires also have been a boon to carts by helping to absorb some shock as well as to distributing the weight over a wider surface without significantly increasing drag on the vehicle.

Aluminum casting is already a technique that is widely used in many parts of Africa and other developing countries. Africa, usually to make cooking utensils and the like. "Aluminium wheels with integral roller bearings could be made by these artisans and would provide a very low cost solution to the wheel and bearing problem." (Oram173) See figure 6 below:

These designs element the ordinary friction involved in a typical axle joint design…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Carts." Nation Master Encyclopedia. Nationmaster.com. http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Cart

The Golovan one-ox cart," in Land, June 1997 from Dept. Of Agriculture, sought Africa  http://www.nda.agric.za/docs/Infopaks/golovancart.pdf 

Light Single Drum Water Carrier." Animal Cart Programme. Development Technology Unit, Department of Engineering, University of Warwick, Coventry, England http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/sci/eng/research/dtu/pubs/tr/animals/tr30.pdf

Oram. CE. "The development of low-cost animal-drawn carts." Meeting the challenges of animal traction Starkey P. And Kaumbutho P (eds), 1999 Harare, Zimbabwe. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.
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Illegal File-Sharing it Seems'so

Words: 1387 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54614197

..for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research" was a more important right to protect under Fair Use Doctrine (Liebowitz, 1985, p.4). Freedom of access to information was more important, and creating an unregulated market environment of ideas. Granted, file sharing is not always used for such a legitimate purpose, but then again, neither were 'taped' VHS movies and programs.

While on the surface it would seem because intellectual property law that "provides the copyright holder an exclusive right to copy the intellectual product," is necessary because "the lack of competition in the reproduction of the intellectual product allows greater remuneration to the copyright holder than would otherwise be the case," the right to profit off of one's product is not absolute, and the consumer also has a right to fair use and access (Liebowitz 1985). Furthermore, even if Grokster…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hersche, Cody. "Zeros and Ones reach High Court." Legal Redux. April 2005. http://ledux.blogspot.com/2005/04/zeros-and-ones-reach-high-court.html

Liebowitz, S.J. "The Economics of Betamax: Unauthorized Copying of Advertising Based

Television Broadcasts." University of Chicago/University of Texas. June 1985.

November 18, 2008.  http://www.utdallas.edu/~liebowit/intprop/betamax.pdf
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Unifies and Permeates an Entire

Words: 1176 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91474170



Short story -- A brief story where the plot drives the narrative, substantially shorter than a novel. Example: "Hills like White Elephants," by Ernest Hemingway.

Allusion -- A casual reference in one literary work to a person, place, event, or another piece of literature, often without explicit identification. It is used to establish a tone, create an indirect association, create contrast, make an unusual juxtaposition, or bring the reader into a world of references outside the limitations of the story itself. Example: "The Wasteland" by T.S. Eliot alludes to "Paradise Lost" by John Milton.

Repetition -- The repeating of a word or phrase or rhythm within a piece of literature to add emphasis. Example: The story of Agamemnon in The Odyssey by Homer.

Blank verse -- Unrhymed lines of ten syllables each with the even-numbered syllables bearing the accents, most closing resembling the natural rhythms of English speech. Example: "The…… [Read More]

References:

Wheeler, Dr. L. Kip. "Literary Terms and Definitions." Web.

"Word List of Literary and Grammar Terms." Web.
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Efficient Mode of Communication Because

Words: 314 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42955935



Resumes - sometimes, this is not useful because a reader would sometimes need to read the entire resume before getting the general information.

Memos - the formatting of memos is among my list of least useful formatting because usually the information it contains is in general form.

White papers - this is sometimes not useful because of the length of information that it usually requires to become informative.

Press Releases - this is sometimes not useful especially when the integrity of the contents is questionable.

Contracts and Agreements - the formatting of contracts and agreements is sometimes bad because of the technicality of some conditions contained in them, thus, providing unclear information to readers.

Proposals - sometimes the format of proposals is not useful because of the limitations in terms of information that proposals contain.… [Read More]

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Pagan Setting Impact on the

Words: 3637 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15017391

He masked himself as Philostrate as he finds his way towards Athens. His standing for righteous activities and healthy language developed so quickly that in a short span of time he turned into a beloved companion of Theseus (Hubertis, 1916).

Palamon, meanwhile, has wasted seven more years in jail, and has almost gone insane. Incongruously, nevertheless, an acquaintance ultimately assisted him to getaway from his imprisonment. He took to his heels during the night, however, during daylight hours he used to hide under a copse of trees. Yet again by the farthest remote likelihood, Arcite came to pass the same copse in hunt of vegetation for a May festoon (Hubertis, 1916).

Although he had still been masked as Philostrate he started to speak to himself; believing he was alone, and to narrate the entire account of his unhappy condition. Palamon, eavesdropping on his acknowledgment, sensed as if a frozen blade…… [Read More]

Bibliography

A.J Minnis. Chaucer and Pagan Antiquity. D.S. Brewer, 1982. pp. 23-45

Thomas. J. Hatton. Thematic Relationships between Chaucer's Squire's Portrait and Tale and the Knight's Portrait and Tale. Studies in Medieval Culture 4, 1974:452-58.

Hubertis M. Cummings. The Indebtedness of Chaucer's Works to the Italian Works of Boccaccio. Menasha. George Banta Publishing Co. 1916. pp. 67-75

Derek S. Brewer. Honor in Chaucer. Essays and Studies 26 (1973):1-19. London: Macmillan Press, 1982. pp. 100-112.
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Penis Since the Beginning of Time the

Words: 2660 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38761943

Penis

Since the beginning of time the male species has had an obsession with that part of the personal anatomy known by its Latin root as the "tail"; or today known as one's pecker, "wankie," monkey, and a host of other rather humorous titles. Somewhere, however, in creating the world God must have became confused when creating man as, and being politically correct, he/she placed the tail on the man's front side and on the animals' rear side -- or maybe God just had a bad day on his/her day of creation. Regardless of what one wants to call his penis or tail, history has proven that man's obsession with the penis is ever ending. Simply consider the folklore surrounding John Dillinger whose penis was reportedly over 20 inches. If medical science were correct it would likely have taken Dillinger 20 minutes to get enough blood circulating in his penis…… [Read More]

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Twentieth Century Was a Century of Technological

Words: 1774 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34709409

Twentieth century was a century of technological progress, century when most of democratic and social principles were realized on practice, which made society more open, liberal, free and advanced. Human progress is dynamic and its development reached unseen results in last decades. New means of technology such as telecommunication, wireless communication, internet and simply development of transportation and interaction of different countries had introduced new concept to our world, concept of popular culture, culture of popular stereotypes which is resulted by means of mass media.

Mass media and press are often called fourth "power" which supplements three existing powers and contributes to the development and simply to the nature of relations on different levels in society. Its informative purposes have an essential meaning for society, as they provide people with different kind of information, help them to form their opinion about different evens, help them in creating their point-of-view and…… [Read More]

References:

1. Gidengil, Elisabeth Everrit, Joanna Conventional Coverage/Unconventional Politicians:Gender and Media Coverage of Canadian Leaders' Debates, 1993, 1997, 2000 article from Canadian Journal of Political Science / Revue canadienne de science politique, Canadian Political Science Association, 2003 available on web: www.gendermediaandpolitics.org/pages/publications.htm

2. McDowell, Stephen D. Canadian Communication and Cultural Policies: Coping with Globalization and Digital Media, Article

available on: http://www.uasnet.mx/centro/profesional/historia/U.S..CAN/rev/tres/mcdowell.htm

3. Buchwald, Cheryl Cowan. Canadian Universality Policy and the Information Infrastructure: Past Lessons, Future Directions. Canadian Journal of Communication. 22-2, 1997 p.161-194
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Politics Book Review Roy Oliver

Words: 932 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49823458

Neo-fundamentalism's pan-Islamic ideology has a profound appeal only for such displaced Muslim ethnic groups, as is also evidenced in Palestinian radical mobilization in such groups as Hamas.

But for Algerian Muslims living happily in Algiers, in comparison, this is not often the case. In fact, the author points to the behavior of the Algerians during their last election, noting that many nationals were openly calling for greater democratization in the street. They did not see this as incompatible with an Islamic state, necessarily, because they were more secure in their fused national and Islamic identity, and did not need neo-fundamentalist Islam to be the main source of their status and identity. The more secure, nationalistic, and unified the Islamic populace, the less appeal neo-fundamentalism's pan-Islamic ideology has, while "deterritorialism" has produced the transformation of Islamic conservatism into terrorist, radical Islam united across borders, as migrant and alienated Islamic ethnicities strive…… [Read More]

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Function of Schools Subtler and

Words: 3462 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91608207

In order to affect the formation and exercise of conscience, the church had to create, convince, and project an image of benevolence of itself to the world. This image, finely contructed, was then used to define its institutional mission in terms of some universal moral imperative that the church had assumed responsibility for serving..

The writer mentions the "doctrine of original sin" as a means to create this moral dilemma which provided the church the moral innitiative that it needed to fuel hysteria and therefore fear into the masses. The more fear the masses felt, the more susceptible they were to change that would benefit the church. This is much in the same way as the present day war on terror. The church however did not pretend to be able to provide people with grace itself, only the manner in which to achieve it. People could only achieve this goal…… [Read More]

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Administered a Culture Survey E G the Oci

Words: 833 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21187653

administered a culture survey (e.g., the OCI) to all store employees (a.k.a. "crew members") and management, do you think espoused culture as described by management would match the culture expressed by the employees? Why or why not?

I think it likely that the espoused culture as described by the management of Trader Joe would match that expressed by the employees as a whole since, as the article indicates, employees receive intensive training during which they are likely imbued with culture expectations on n overt and covert level. More so, Trader Joe has its culture explicitly delineated and customer service is emphasized. The employee of Trade Joe who wishes to retain his or her position - and who does not given the attractive compensation, the difficulty in retain a job today, the opportunities 'at the end of the tunnel' and Trader Joe's fun and positive working environment -- would seek to…… [Read More]

Bloomberg Business week "Twenty Best Companies for Leadership http://images.businessweek.com/ss/10/02/0216_best_places_for_leadership/17.htm

Solomon, M. (2010) Exceptional Service, Exceptional Profit: The Secrets of Building a Five-Star Customer Service Organization, Solomon, Amacom Books (New York)

Twitchell, J. (June 16, 2009) upstart to $1 billion behemoth, Zappos marks 10 years. Las Vegas Sun.
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Ladies and Gentleman Cultures Change Dramatically Over

Words: 956 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35781032

Ladies and Gentleman

Cultures change dramatically over time, and thus how we view different cultural and societal roles have also changed. In a modern context, where women are fighting for greater equality, what is considered gentlemanlike and ladylike has evolved since the time of Baldassare Castiglione's The Courtier. Although some elements remain relatively similar when comparing a modern idea of what a gentleman is, there are a number of clear distinctions that have changed dramatically.

Castiglione's The Courtier presents a very clear and defined sense of what it was like to be a gentleman and lady back in the 1500s, when it was written. Published in 1528, the work outlines both the characteristics of a gentleman, or courtier, and a perfect lady written in the style of fictional conversations. From this description, a character type can be generated, which can then be tested against the more modern connotation of gentleman…… [Read More]

References

Castiglione, Baldassarre. (1903). The Book of the Courtier. C. Scribner's Sons.

Reed, Austin. (2010). What do women expect of a 'modern gentleman'? Newslite. Web.  http://newslite.tv/2010/09/30/what-do-women-expect-of-a-mode.html 

Sayre, Henry M. (2011). Humanities: Culture, Continuity and Change. Volume 1. Pearson Education, Limited.
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Communication Analysis During the Process of Conducting

Words: 1224 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47177294

Communication Analysis

During the process of conducting an interview there is are selected approaches that are utilized to set the tone of the conversation. Depending upon the style, this can have an effect on the kind of questions and the answers that are provided. In the case of the interview between Michael Parkinson and Meg Ryan, his style had an effect on what was learned in the process. To fully understand what is taking place requires looking at how the interview was conducted. This will be accomplished by focusing on: the style, seating arrangement, questioning approach, purpose and how this could be improved. Together, these different elements will provide specific insights about how to conduct an effective interview. (Mestherie, 1999, pp. 93- 100) ("Meg Ryan on Parkinson," 2011)

Discussion

The interview Parkinson and Meg Ryan is taking a very confrontational style. This occurred when Parkinson began to have condescending responses…… [Read More]

References

Meg Ryan on Parkinson. (2011). You Tube. Retrieved from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VF6l6k-3ods

Andrews, P. (2005). Sports Journalism. London: Sage.

Ansell, G. (2005). Introduction to Journalism. Johannesburg: Jacana.

Eadie, W. (2009). 21st Century Communication. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishing.
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Evidence-Based Research Problem in Nursing

Words: 1019 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29177472

Still, the concept of guided imagery tends to stray far from traditional methods of pain management. Pharmaceuticals have long been a major method of treatment for pain, but have resulted in major backlashes in regards to patients becoming addicted, especially in long-term and chronic cases of pain. If guided imagery could be a successful method, it may reduce pain or increase pain tolerance, without the threat of chemical dependence.

There are a number of benefits which are seen in the ongoing discourse today. As such, the expected improvements include things like drops in blood high blood pressure, lower heart rates, and reduction of chronic pain symptoms, lessoning of headache pain, and increasing overall pain tolerance (Cornelius, 2010). In situations were patients going into a major surgery were coached with guided imagery, it was "shown to decrease stress and anxiety before and after surgery," thus helping reduce additional pain issues during…… [Read More]

References

Bresler, David E. (2012). Raising pain tolerance using guided imagery. Practical Pain Management. Web.  http://www.practicalpainmanagement.com/treatments/psychological/raising-pain-tolerance-using-guided-imagery 

Cornelius, Debra. (2010). Guided imagery improves treatment options for various conditions. Health. Web. http://voices.yahoo.com/guided-imagery-improves-treatment-options-various-6299902.html

Davies, Karen Sue. (2011). formulating the evidence-based practice question: A review of the frameworks. Evidence-Based Library and Informative Practice, 6(2), 75-81.
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Realm of Psychological Disorder Through the Use

Words: 2202 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14333578

realm of psychological disorder through the use of a character assessment. The character in question is fictional and the data used to evaluate the psychological profile derives from a movie. Melvin Udall, the main character in the movie "As Good as It Gets" serves as the character used in this assessment. Ultimately, I find and explore specific links to Melvin's condition in the movie to that of one suffering from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD).

In order to discuss the relationships previously mentioned, I needed to perform several steps in order to logically conclude that Melvin represents someone suffering from OCD symptoms. In order to accomplish this task, I first watched the film and examined many of the traits that Melvin demonstrated. Next, I used a set of ten questions which provided a baseline assessment formula. These questions are each answered separately within the body of this essay. This character assessment…… [Read More]

References

Atkins, L. (2009). A radical treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder patients. The Guardian, 14 Dec 2009. Retrieved from http://www.guardian.co.uk/lifeandstyle/2009/dec/15/obsessive-complusive-disorder- gamma-knife

Brooks, J.L. (1998) As Good As It Gets. Jack Nicholson, Helen Hunt, Greg Kinnear. Tristar Pictures.

Bouchard, C. Rheaume, J. Landouceru, R. (1998). Responsibility and perfectionism in OCD. Behavior Research Therapy 37 (1999). 239-248. Retrieved from http://homepage.psy.utexas.edu/Homepage/Class/Psy394Q/Research%20Design%20Clas s/Assigned%20Readings/Experimental%20Psychopathology/Bouchard99.pdf

Eddy, M.F., & Walbroehl, G.S. (1998, April 1). Recognition and treatment of obsessive- compulsive disorder. American Family Physician, p. 1623-1632.  http://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0401/p1623.html
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Integrated Corporate Communication ICC and Corporate Communication

Words: 7925 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18099641

Integrated Corporate Communication (ICC) and Corporate Communication (CC)

The established limitations are severely customized by globalization: the size of the company (where there is not a major link with the area of the performance, delocalization and outsourcing and being dependent on the network), design of the product and sales (where the relation with the competitors may be competitive cooperative) somewhat similar to the frequency of motor industry), competitive relations of space-time, the consumer models (which is focused with a turn down in the analogical media. The increasing significance of digital media and internet is also included. The most important of them is the advertising of television and the television itself); the importance of communication in the competitive environment, less protectionist measures of the economic systems, open spaces of competition, complex differentiation (Walther, 2007).

The incorporation of the global markets struggle to remove the inert environment and change them with the…… [Read More]

References

Argenti, P. And Forman, J. (2002) The Power of Corporate Communication, New York: McGraw-Hill.

Argenti, P.A. (2009) Corporate Communication, New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Argenti, P.A. (2009). Corporate communication. Singapore: McGraw-Hill

Argenti, P.A., Barnes, C.M. (2009). Digital strategies for powerful corporate communications. New York: McGraw-Hill
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Honolulu Rail Honolulu's Impeding Rail System Addressing

Words: 3651 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67390007

Honolulu Rail

Honolulu's Impeding Rail System:

Addressing the Necessary Factors to Ensure the Successful Implementation of a Mass Transit Rail System in Honolulu, Hawaii

The Honolulu High-Capacity Transit Corridor Project has already gone through a plethora of designs and revisions and has recently the project has been approved by the governing authorities. The project is meant to address many issues that can propel Honolulu into a more sustainable direction. Inspiration for this project did not require a great leap in human inventions and technology. In fact, many nations have already successfully constructed such rail systems. Not only have they proven successful, but they have been successfully transporting people for many decades now. However, for whatever reason, the United States has never adopted the efficiency of rail systems to the extent that other cultures around the globe have.

These issues that stand the most room for prosperity from the implementation of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Au, L. (2008, November 10). Voters on route drive rail victory. Retrieved February 3, 2011, from Honolulu Star Bulletin:  http://archives.starbulletin.com/content/20081110_Voters_on_route_drive_rail_victory 

Elfes, H. (2011, January 31). Siemens Prepares Bid for U.S. High-Speed Train Project. Retrieved February 2, 2011, from Bloomberg: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-01-31/siemens-prepares-bid-for-u-s-high-speed-train-project-faz-says.html

Environmental Graffiti. (2011). The 5 Best Mass Transit Systems in the World. Retrieved Feburary 2, 2011, from Environmental Graffiti: http://www.environmentalgraffiti.com/green-living/free-ride-the-five-best-mass-transit-systems-worldwide/1095

Hansen, e. a. (2007). Target Atmospheric CO2: Where Should Humanity Aim? NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, 1-35.
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Assure Model

Words: 1627 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84231300

Assure Model of Educational design and course development.

The ASSURE method educational course design, in particular coursed which integrate technology and media into the teaching process provides the teacher with a systematic approach to writing lesson plans. The model provides a plan used to help teachers organize instructional procedures in a complex environment which utilizes technology, multi-media, and traditional teaching methods. The ASSURE model is used to help teachers do an authentic and complete assessment of student learning at the termination of the class.

In a rapidly evolving educational environment, teaching methods and teaching theory is changing almost weekly. Every school district in the nation is feeling new pressures from the President's "No Child Will Be Left Behind" act to improve their test performance, and put an immediate and lasting halt to the declining educational performance which has permeated our nation's education system for the past 20 years. The ASSURE…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Veenman, Simon; Denessen, Eddie; van den Oord, Ingrid; Naafs, Ferdy, (2003) Direct and activating instruction: Evaluation of a preservice course., Journal of Experimental Education, 04-01, pp 197.

Heinich, R., Molenda, M., Russell, J.D. (1993). Instructional media and the new technologies of instruction. (4th ed.). New York: Macmillan.

Moore, M.G. & Kearsley, G. (1996). Distance education: A systems view. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

White, B.A. & Bridwell, C. (1998). Distance Learning Techniques. In M.W. Galbraith (Ed.), Adult learning methods (pp. 389-403) (2nd ed.). Malabar, FL: Krieger.
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Visual Aids Including Powerpoint Presentations Are the

Words: 1263 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80816107

Visual aids, including PowerPoint presentations, are the most powerful way to convey information. My message is related to helping employees with robust training materials. With the slide show presentation on PowerPoint, the employees have multimedia materials they can use for learning. For example, this presentation can teach employees how to incorporate PowerPoint presentations in their work. Using PowerPoint to teach PowerPoint is an ideal training program. Audio and video dimensions help all employees master the material. Moreover, the employees can take home the PowerPoint slides for reinforcement. The method of using PowerPoint is itself important because all workers need to create or interact with PowerPoint presentations at some point in their career.

However, not all PowerPoint presentations are equal. Some make their audiences fall asleep, while others convey information in ways that are both entertaining and informative. The intended audience for the presentation is management. With this target audience in…… [Read More]

References

Andrew, J. (n.d.). The importance of font in a presentation. Small Business Chronicle. Retrieved online:  http://smallbusiness.chron.com/importance-font-presentation-73096.html 

"Effective Presentations in Engineering and Science," (n.d.). PennState. Retrieved online: http://www.engr.psu.edu/speaking/Visual-Aids.html

Microsoft (2013). Choose the right colors for your PowerPoint presentation. Retrieved online: http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/powerpoint-help/choose-the-right-colors-for-your-powerpoint-presentation-HA001012072.aspx

Ryan, W. (2012). Visual Literacy, Learning to See. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
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Communication Style and Gender

Words: 2438 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74963573

Sociolinguistics - How gender influences the way people speak?

Definition of keywords

Sociolinguistics: This is a study of language in respect of social, class, regional, gender and occupational factors.

Gender: It is the condition of being a female or a male and is mostly used in relation to cultural and social differences.

Gender Equality: A condition in which the opportunities and rights are not affected by the change of gender.

Speak: To say in order to express or convey feelings or conversation (oxforddictionaries.com)

Within the study of discourse, comparative analysis of the way women and men use language has been a topic of interest for quite some time. However, to date no coherent framework for gender differences in language and its use has been established empirically, despite relatively extensive theorizing. One reason for this lack of framework lies in the absence of a consensus in how language, whether written or…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bridges of Madison County.(2010). Daily Motion.com. (Video) Retrieved from:  http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xehubk_the-bridges-of-madison-county-1995_music 

Cameron, D., 2007. The Guardian. [Online] Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/oct/01/gender.books [Accessed 29 November 2014].

Carli, L.L. (1999). Gender, interpersonal power, and social influence. Journal of Social Issues, 55, 81-99.

Freilino, J.P., Caswell, A. & Laasko, E., 2012. The Gendering of Language: A Comparison of Gender Equality in Countries with Gendered, Natural Gender, and Genderless Languages. Springer, pp. 268-281
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Rhetoric and How Is Has Been Altered

Words: 4190 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55033778

rhetoric and how is has been altered ever since Aristotle's days. The major emphasis is laid on comparing the two forms of rhetoric and seeing how it has changed over time. There is discussion on the use of rhetoric in daily life, politics and the media.

Rhetoric

Rhetoric is basically the art of speaking or language that has long been helping writers and speakers. The main purpose behind the use of rhetoric is to motivate or persuade people. Many a times people confuse informing and persuasion. Rhetoric has been used for informing people and just mere informative talk; however the main reason behind using it is to persuade persons. The skill of rhetoric has been used a lot in the Western culture and has played a central role in it. Sadly enough, rhetoric hasn't remained what Aristotle initially proposed it to be. In simple words, it could be that the…… [Read More]

References

Aristotle,, WR. Roberts, ES. Forster, and Ingram Bywater. Rhetorica. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1924. Print.

Dimaggio, Paul J. And Walter W. Powell . "The iron cage revisited: Institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organizational fields.." American Sociological Review, 48. 147160 (1983): Print.

Fontana, David. "Obama and the American Civil Religion from the Political Left ." The George Washington International Law Review, 41. 4 (2010): Print.

Gedicks, Frederick . " American Civil Religion: An Idea Whose Time is Past?." GEO. WASH. INT'L L. REV, 41. (2010): Print.
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Language-In-Use Whether it Is Presented as Text

Words: 2785 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42258460

language-in-use, whether it is presented as text or speech. The meaning of the term is very heterogeneous and covers more than one approach to this subject. These approaches are very different with regard to their focus, purpose and techniques.

As far as focus is concerned, discourse analysis may concentrate on the conclusions of the discourse itself or on the social processes and structure in accordance to which the discourse is constructed. Systemic linguistics approaches are appropriate for the first category, as there is always a very well defined boundary between language and society, with emphasis on the former. On the other hand, the common discourse analysis in sociology and social psychology has a broader focus and usually rejects the artificial distinction between discursive and social actions -- since "all discourse is action and all action is discursive."

The differences in purpose are not specific to discourse analysis but to social…… [Read More]

Reference:

1 Zellig S. Harris, Discourse Analysis, Language, Vol. 28, No. 1 Jan.-Mar., 1952, 1-30

2. Goodin G., Perkins K, Discourse Analysis and the Art of the Coherence, Collefe English, Vol. 44, No. 1, January 1982, 57-63

3. Hutchby, I, Woofit, R. Conversation Analysis: Principles, practices and applications, Cambridge, 1998

4. Fairclough, N. 'Critical and descriptive goals in discourse analysis', Journal of Pragmatics 1985, 9, pp739-63,
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How Teacher Gestures Affect Student Problem Solving

Words: 3166 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49810320

Teacher Gestures Affect Student Problem Solving

Learning is a process of brain development and change that is caused by diverse factors contributing to the learning experience of humans. Such includes mechanisms like speech and gestures.

This paper aims to study and provide information on the role of gesture mechanism in the learning process of students. From written articles and previous studies, this paper aims to gather and analyze data on how gestures affect change and development in the problem solving capabilities of children. It addresses issues on the fundamental role of using gestures in teaching: How are children's problem solving methods and approaches influenced by teachers' gestures?

Speech, naturally, is the very common approach of imparting thoughts and knowledge to anyone. It is the easiest way of expressing ideas, of presenting information, and of allowing the mind to picture what is being explained through verbalized characterization of the subject. Aside…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Begley, Sharon. (1998). Living Hand to Mouth.

Newsweek Vol 132(44), 69.

Flevares, L., Perry, M. (2001). How Many Do You See? The Use of Nonspoken Representations in First-Grade Mathematics Lesson.

Journal of Educational Psychology, 93.
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Applying Servant Leadership Within a

Words: 30193 Length: 100 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1967978

Initially, I had to point out when people were saying things that would indicate a connection between group members. However, once those connections were established, the group members moved rather rapidly towards directly relating with one another.

Another result of the group meetings is that the group members initially appeared very focused on the past. Small groups tend to do postmortems of old failures, archaeologizing (digging in the past for explanations of present behavior), and pathologizing (focusing more on problems than potentials). It was important for group members to discuss the past, but, what was interesting was that the other members of the group did a good job of reminding each other that the past is in the past. However, while finding it easy to state that the past was in the past, it was oftentimes difficult for group members to take the next step and begin discussion of the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Aarvik, Egil. 1984. Presentation speech of 1984 Nobel Prize for Peace. Stockholm: The Nobel Foundation. Online. Available from Internet, http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1984/presentation-speech.html, accessed 11 March 2010.

Adair, John. 1984. The skills of leadership. New York: Nichols Pub. Co.

Anderson, Ray. 2007. Ten theses on Dietrich Bonhoeffer: theologian, Christina, martyr. Sydney: Blogspot. Online. Available from Internet, http://faith-theology.blogspot.com/2007/06/ten-theses-on-dietrich-bonhoeffer.html, accessed 13 March 2010.

Berne, Eric. 1904. Games people play. New York: Grove Press.
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Care Bill Law's Impact on

Words: 1415 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74392003

In addition the effect of bill has changed the documentation awarded through the state as of a certificate toward a license and authorizes a doctor to pass on duties to a PA with the purpose of managing physician's scope of performance however Another effect of bill has enabled Indiana's doctor assistants to widen their area of the health care services and also provided an innovative average of patient care (Stephanie, Matlock (27 April, 2007). Health care bills gives right to patient to know what health care should be known by the plan as well as several limits on care, kinds of health care be not enclosed, any treatment diagram required to endorse in advance. Yearly planning about on disburse to physician and health providers, file a complaint regarding any, disagreement between patient and the plan, and also procedure to make complaint, allowance to access emergency room twenty four hours a…… [Read More]

Bibliography

American-Speech Language Hearing Association. (2007) Characteristics of Licensure Law. Retrieved on November 29, 2007 from www.asha.org

New York State. (April 2007) Managed Care Bill of Rights. Retrieved on November 29, 2007 from www.health.state.ny.us

Federal Trade Commission. (October 21, 2002) FTC staff opposes Ohio Bill to Allow Physician Collective Bargaining. Retrieved on November 29, 2007 at http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2002/10/physicians.shtm

Girardin, Pierre. Internet Health Services: A Case Study. Retrieved on November 29, 2007 from  https://www.isoc.org/inet96/proceedings/h5/h5_2.htm
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Status of a Newspaper The

Words: 2627 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15608122

This is also reflected in the view that there is a lot of difference between a high school senior and a college freshman. Regarding the world of student journalism, the U.S. Court of Appeals has also agreed with this view. This is reflected in the campus newspaper theft which was not taking place till the beginning of the 1990s. This is now a regular source of trouble for college student media. (Trends in College Media)

At the same time, this has not reflected in the quality of college newspaper, and some of them are of excellent quality. Let us look at some college newspapers for this purpose. One of them, namely the Boston College Chronicle has worked on the recently concluded papal conclave and also tried to inform the audience about what the world can hope from the new Pope. Certainly this information when they appear in a college magazine…… [Read More]

References

Censorship of College Student Newspapers. Administrative Censorship of the College Press. Retrieved at http://www.collegefreedom.org/report5.htm. Accessed on 28 April, 2005

CSU, Northridge Newspaper Silenced. 11 May, 1989. Retrieved at http://www.totse.com/en/conspiracy/institutional_analysis/papcensr.html. Accessed on 28 April, 2005

Davisson, John. GSEU Strikers Return to the Classroom. 25 April, 2005. Retrieved from www.columbiaspectator.com/- 32k Accessed on 28 April, 2005

Glaser, Dale; Collins, King. Review of Eagle and the Controversy of 1996-1997. Retrieved from www.greenmac.com/eagle/Updates/Up2.html. Accessed on 28 April, 2005
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Incremental Steps Like the One

Words: 2963 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50693397

The level of subject matter knowledge and argumentative ability an individual involved in an argument possesses determine rationality. Finally, the rational world paradigm presupposes that the world is composed of logical puzzles that human beings solve through rational analysis. As can be seen both paradigms offer highly differing presuppositions over what constitutes human beings and how they communicate among one another.

Although Fisher has not explicitly mentioned it, the conduit metaphor can be said to share certain similarities with the rational world paradigm. The conduit metaphor stresses that thoughts and feelings are transferred via language between individuals. This entails that senders of information put their thoughts and feelings into words, which have to then be extracted out by receivers using objective interpretation (Reddy, 1979).

The metaphor's assumption that receivers will be objective while interpreting the message is similar to the rational world paradigm's assumption that individuals will objectively examine how…… [Read More]

References

Axley, S. (1984) "The study of management in terms of the conduit metaphor." AMR, 9, 428-437

Berman, D. And Russell, G. (2005, July 5). "As rancor mounts, CNOOC needs to push its offer for Unocal." Wall Street Journal. P. C1.

Conduit Metaphor Paper." Retrieved Oct. 27, 2005:

http://damoo.csun.edu:8888/4154
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Code Switching Although it Sounds

Words: 3873 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 348387

344).

In his seminal work, Second-Language Acquisition in Childhood, McLaughlin (1985) reports that early research into language acquisition by preschool children suggested that interference between languages is not as inevitable or universal as was once believed. "Contrastive analysis, in its traditional form, was not able to account for the vast majority of errors that second-language learners made; in fact, learners from quite different language backgrounds appeared to make the same types of mistakes in the target language," he adds (McLaughlin, 1985, p. 14).

Since these early studies into language acquisition, other studies have shown that transfer from the first language does take place in the speech of children from certain first-language backgrounds and at certain times during the learning process. Therefore, McLaughlin cautions that, "It is an exaggeration to say that transfer from the first language is minimal and unimportant. The acquisition of phonological, syntactic, and morphological structures in a…… [Read More]

References

Bakker, P. (1997). A language of our own: The genesis of Michif, the mixed Cree-French

language of the Canadian Maetis. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bialystok, E., & Hakuta, E. (1994). In other words: The science and psychology of second-

language acquisition. New York: Basic Books.
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Web Evaluation

Words: 1253 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62662219

Web Evaluation www.whitehouse.gov is the official website of the executive branch of the United States government. The site includes links to biography pages for the President and Vice President, biographies of Mrs. Bush and Mrs. Cheney, histories of the White House, official speech transcripts, current and recent event news articles, and official statements of policy on issues ranging from the environment to foreign affairs. The White House website also includes a special educational section for kids as well as Spanish-language support. An official Presidential seal flanks each page in a top frame, denoting site authority and authenticity. Unfortunately, however, there is no information about the site's authorship, its web designers, or its editors. Legitimacy is inferred via the White House name and its implied prestige only. Consequently, www.whitehouse.gov also does not include any references to outside sources or websites, as its material is considered to be used as a primary…… [Read More]

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Nellie Mcclung's Book in Times Like These

Words: 1291 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3160258

Nellie McClung's book In Times Like These chronicles the struggles of common, Canadian women on the frontier in a series of speeches and essays by the author that were intended for the public at large or the audience of suffrage and temperance organizations. In Times Like These celebrates the rural and western ideal of life on the homestead for both women and men. It extols the moral superiority of Canadian country life over Canadian city life even while it strives to consciously uplift the Canadian urban locale through improved social policy. In her fiction, McClung once compared the country life to a nutritious and life-sustaining diet of "good brown bread" in contrast to the insubstantial "popcorn and chocolate" fare of the cities of the East.

This practical comparison of life through the 'staff' of life, of the goodness of home-cooked food often prepared by women vs. The mass produced capitalist…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Burton, Betty. "Nellie McClung." Manitoba Pageant. Summer 1975.Volume 20. Number 4.

"Maternal Feminism," Timelinks.1998. http://timelinks.merlin.mb.ca/referenc/db0015.htm[14 May 2005]

McClung. Nellie. In Times Like These. Originally Published 1914. Reprint Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1972.

"Nellie McClung," Timelinks.1998. http://timelinks.merlin.mb.ca/referenc/db0003.htm. [14 May 2005]
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Extracting Information Sentiment From Blogs

Words: 5886 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44933379



4. Transparency, authenticity, and focus are good. Bland is bad. Many people are looking for someone who is in authority to share their ideas, experiences, or suggestions (Bielski, 2007, p. 9).

Moreover, just as content analysis of other written and symbolic forms has provided new insights that might have otherwise gone unnoticed, the analysis of blog content may reveal some unexpected findings concerning hot topics and significant social trends that are shaping the users of this information. For example, a data infrastructure engineering team intern working at Facebook recently generated an eerily accurate global map based on Facebook friendship links. According to the developer, "I was interested in seeing how geography and political borders affected where people lived relative to their friends. I wanted a visualization that would show which cities had a lot of friendships between them" (Butler, 2010, para. 3). While Butler had some vague ideas about the…… [Read More]

References

Bichard, S.L. (2006). Building blogs: a multi-dimensional analysis of the distribution of frames on the 2004 presidential candidate Web sites. Journalism and Mass Communication

Quarterly, 83, 329-333.

Bielski, L. (2007). Got blogs? Not exactly a banking staple, a few pioneers have embraced this 'new media.' ABA Banking Journal, 99(5), 7-9.

Brynko, B. (2007, June). Northern Light's MI Analyst: New visions in marketing research.