Instructional Strategies Essays (Examples)

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Implementing an Instructional Strategy Into the Classroom

Words: 889 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 758657

Instructional Strategy Into the Classroom

The instructional strategy selected for implementation in the classroom is job aids. There is a large body of research that suggests that job aids can be used to effectively improve understanding, cognition, retention and interpretation of material in the classroom (Dwyer & Spaulding, 2001). Simply defined, job aids are simple tutorials that often contain graphics used to illustrate the steps needed to accomplish a task or define a problem (Thiagi, 1999). They can come in many different forms including: checklists, decision tables, worksheets, flowcharts, diagrams or any other items that help improve student performance with regard to individual tasks, without requiring memorization of the specific steps or factual information related to the task (Thiagi, 1999).

A good example of a potential 'job aid' is a yellow pages directory (Thiagi, 1999) which helps people locate and use telephone numbers. Job aids work by improving an individual's…… [Read More]

References

Dwyer, F. & Spaulding, K. (2001). "The effect of time-on-task when using job aids as an instructional strategy." International Journal of Instructional Media, Vol. 28, Issue 4, p. 437

Dwyer, F. & Spaulding, K. (1999). "Effect of job aids in facilitating learners' cognitive development." International Journal of Instructional Media, Vol. 26, Issue 1, p. 87

Rossett, A. (1991). "Job aids in a performance technology world." Performance & Instruction, Vol. 30, Issue 1, pp. 1-6

Thiagi, S. (1999). "Rapid instructional design." [online]. October 5, 2004, at http://www.thiagi.com/article-rid.html.
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Gaming as an Instructional Strategy

Words: 10150 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29985406

Knowles stated "The richest resources for learning reside in the adult learners themselves" (p. 66). An instructional strategy like gaming may help to facilitate tapping into the adult learner's experience. Through collaboration during the play of a game, learners may discuss prior experiences to aid in discovery of the correct answer. Gaming activities also permit peer feedback to be given to students based on their previous experiences. The millennial student desires immediate feedback and integrates their experiences into their learning (Tapscott, 1998). Again, through group discussion and collaboration, learners share previous experiences with others to confirm or not the correct answer.

By not tapping into the experience of adult learners, negative effects may result (Knowles, 2005). The adult learner identifies their experiences as who they are. In other words, their experiences help to define them as a person. Adult learners, who perceive their experiences as being ignored or devalued, perceive…… [Read More]

A somewhat controversial and negative environmental outcome identified from the review of literature was the competitive component to gaming. In an evaluation conducted by Gruendling et al.(1991), some learners (5%) felt threatened by competitive nature of gaming (N = 40) and stated that gaming can cause unnecessary anxiety and stress. Bloom and Trice (1994) stated that too much competition can take the fun out of the process of learning for some and perhaps discourage student participation.

Psychosocial Outcomes

Psychosocial outcomes were also identified from the review of literature. Gaming was found to have encouraged and enhanced active participation and communication-social interactions, improve peer relationships, promote teamwork and collaboration, as well as decrease participants fear, tension, stress, and feelings of intimidation (Ballantine, 2003; Bays & Hermann, 1997; Berbiglia et al., 1997; Bloom & Trice, 1994; Cowen & Tesh, 2002; Dols, 1988; Fetro & Hey, 2000; Gifford, 2001;
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Instructional Design Scrapbook of Instructional

Words: 2541 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8333049

Much like the Knirk and Gustafson design model, Kemp's model is also small scale and can be used for individual lessons.

In comparing Gange's Nine Steps of Instruction and Kemp's Design Model, several topics are included in both. Obviously both identify goals and objectives and making this information known to the student. Designing and delivering instructional experiences with specifically selected resources that will allow learners to master the objectives. The last is assessing student performance.

The differences between the two are visible in Gagne's nine steps following a sequential model of instruction - do this, then this, and this and end with this. The Kemp Model is a big picture view of instructional design. Here are all the things instructors need to take into consideration but not necessarily in a particular order. Kemps model does however give some guidance in knowing that planning, project management, support services and the summative…… [Read More]

Resources:

Kemp Design Model" (2007). Retrieved 12/03/07 at http://edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/Kemp_design_model.

Knirk and Gustafson design model" (2007). Retrieved 12/03/2007 from: http://edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/Knirk_and_Gustafson_design_model.

Mappin, D., Phan, R., Kelly, M. And Bratt S. "Module 4: An Overview of Instructional Systems Design" (1998). University of Alberta. Retrieved 12/03/2007 at http://www.quasar.ualberta.ca/edit573/modules/module4.htm.

Qureshi, E. "Instructional Design" (2004). Retrieved 12/04/2007 at http://web2.uwindsor.ca/courses/edfac/morton/instructional_design.htm.
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Instructional Design as it Pertains

Words: 1041 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25221093

"

One recent debate around the subject of instructional design is based in learning theories. Experts and laymen alike wonder if there is a specific learning theory that is more suited to using instructional design. Research indicates there is not as long as the instructional design is well planned and facilitated smoothly (Melo, 2004).

MY PLAN

In my own teaching career I plan to utilize instructional design on regular basis. I will begin each year with a careful evaluation of the student need. This will be done by examination of test scores, conversations in the classroom and concerns of the parents through a questionnaire process.

Once I have established the needs of the students I will apply them to the learning objectives that have been set out by the state, the county and the local school system. I will also align them with the various projects and unit studies that…… [Read More]

References

Instructional Design as a Process (accessed 8-5-06)

http://www.coe.uh.edu/courses/cuin6373/whatisid.html

Melo, Rubens (2004) Learning theory and instructional design using learning objects.

Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia
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Strategies in Differentiated Instruction

Words: 815 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70239304

Differentiated Instruction is an approach to education that is increasingly taking hold in the earlier stages of primary education. This proceeds from the understanding that all individuals learn, integrate and apply knowledge differently. This is true of learners at all ages.

The lesson plan here employs such strategies as they apply to a classroom of 3rd graders. The average age of students here is 9 and most students are believed to be of generally proficient learning capability.

Goals of the Lesson:

The lesson plan laid out here is contextualized by the Geography discipline with a specific focus in this unit on the 50 States. The primary goals of the lesson are to: teach students to identify all 50 States; to teach students to identify their geographical arrangement; and identify states according to key landmarks or other identifying symbols. The overarching goals is to help students connect the geographical and cultural…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Focus on Effectiveness (FOE). (2005). Differentiated Instruction. NETC.org.

Hall, T.; Strangman, N. & Meyer, A. (2009). Differentiated Instruction and Implications for UDL Implementation. National Center on Accessible Instructional Materials.

Williams, K. (2010). 8 Lessons Learned on Differentiating Instruction. Scholastic.com.
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Instructional Program Is an Effort

Words: 1816 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82370179



Assumptions/Conclusions

Scholastic claims that a multi-purpose approach to learning, such as that included in the Read 180 program, is ideal for enabling greater achievement among special needs children. Evidence gathered from the literature on first review seems to promote this concept. The evidence provided from in-depth studies of education and special needs students in integrated and segregated classrooms show many factors influence learning. These include collaboration with teachers, an integrated approach to learning, and an approach to learning that is individualized or tailored to the unique needs of the disadvantaged student. When these factors are considered uniformly, Read 180 has the potential to facilitate greater achievement and success among special needs students. Read 180 cannot however, have the label as a universal panacea for educational problems plaguing special needs programs. Further research is critical to assessing the full utility of Read 180 among each of the three core categories of…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Dymond, S.K., & Orelove, P. (2001). What constitutes effective curriculum for students with severe disabilities? Exceptionality, 9(3): 109-22.

Elliot, C., Pring, T., & Bunning, K. (2002). Social skills training for adolescents with intellectual disabilities: A cautionary note, Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 15(1):91-6.

Fisher, D. & Frey, N. (2001). Access to the core curriculum, Remedial and Special

Education, 22(3):148-57.
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Academic Strategies Involved

Words: 1446 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16691562

Instructional Strategy

Sam

The Encouraging Appropriate Behavior Specific Praise strategy is based on delivering positive reinforcement in the form of either verbal or written praise. It can help to foster desirable and appropriate relationships between students and instructors, and requires pedagogues to utilize a number of timely plaudits that are related to specific actions and academic behaviors for students. This strategy would be of immense benefit to Sam since he has a lengthy history of underachieving, and it would behoove him to gain attention in a classroom setting that is rewarding and for positive, on-task behaviors. Implementing this strategy with Sam would likely require utilizing a variation of types of praise with "other forms of behavior and reinforcement strategies" (Curran and the Iris Center, 2003, p. 6) since he is not used to approbation.

Criterion specific rewards serve as a preemptive means of "managing classroom behavior" ( Curran and the…… [Read More]

References

Curran, C and the Iris Center. (2003). Encouraging appropriate behavior. The Iris Center.  http://iris.peabody.vanderbilt.edu/wp-content/uploads/pdf_case_studies/ics_encappbeh.pdf
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Best Practice Instructional Strategy

Words: 1203 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22359165

Rationalism Politics Impacts Public's View

Web Article Review

The principle best-practice strategy elucidated within Louis DePaola's article entitled "Infection control in the dental office" is for practitioners to adhere to sanitary and hygiene mandates as noted within a pair of documents produced by the Centers for Disease Control. The first document is the Guide to Infection Prevention for Outpatient Settings: Minimum Expectations for Safe Care (which was published in 2011), and the companion Infection Prevention Checklist for Outpatient Settings: Minimum Expectations for Safe Care. These documents have a number of specific measures for those working in dental offices to follow to reduce the incidence of healthcare associated infections (HAI).

In addition to denoting several of the key guidelines for practitioners to adhere to in order to ensure safety and reduce the rate of infection transmission, the author also reinforces several key facets of this literature that apply to dental office…… [Read More]

References

DePaola, L. (2012). "Infection control in the dental office." http://static.ow.ly/. Retrieved from http://static.ow.ly/docs/RICDE%20Infection%20Control%20in%20the%20Dental%20Office,%20Standards%20of%20Care%202012%20(CE%20Article%20PDF)_Mcl.pdf
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Instructional Practices for High Level Learners and Standard-Based Curriculum

Words: 1426 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36854231

Instructional Practices for High Level Learners

When it comes to the right curriculum (instructional practices) that teachers and administrators should be developing -- that are effective in helping students achieve a high level of learning -- this paper points to a standards-based system (combined with creative curricula) as the most effective. There are a number of ways in which teachers can implement those practices that lead to a high level of learning in students -- and this paper reviews those strategies.

Explain various instructional practices designed to achieve high-level learning for all students in a standards-based curriculum.

Instructional practices in schools rarely stay static, according to a peer-reviewed article in the journal Computers in the Schools. In fact, many schools over the past few years have been actively engaged with "fundamental restructuring efforts" because teachers appear willing in many instances to try "…a range of instructional practices" that will be…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Copeland, S.R., and Cosbey, J. (2008-2009). Making Progress in the General Curriculum:

Rethinking Effective Instructional Practices. Research & Practice for Persons with Severe

Disabilities, 33(4), 214-227.

Liu, L., Jones, P.E., and Sadera, W.A. (2010). An Investigation on Experienced Teachers'
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Instructional Design Gagne's Nine Events

Words: 2504 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86599424

This creates a problem in terms of homework exercises: students without a computer at home could hardly be expected to complete computer assignments outside of the classroom. This widens the digital divide, as students with computers at home have a large advantage in terms of learning and concomitant future opportunities.

Solutions for the Digital Divide

The digital divide is a significant problem not only in education, but also in terms of job opportunities and the future of learners. It is directly connected to the divide between the very rich and the extremely poor, which means that it is imperative to address the problem if any social equality and human rights are going to be reached in the future.

TeacherNet (2007) cites the case study of Bowbridge Primary School, where an initiative has been launched to increase the learners' access to computers not only at school, but also at home. The…… [Read More]

Sources

LMS Associates (1990). Lesson Plan: History of Mathematics. http://www.eduref.org/cgi-bin/printlessons.cgi/Virtual/Lessons/Mathematics/History/MAH0001.html

Malachowski, Michael J. (2007). ADDIE-Based Five-Step Method Towards Instructional Design. http://fog.ccsf.cc.ca.us/~mmalacho/OnLine/ADDIE.html#ID

Mallette, Bryan (2007). Social Change Instructional Plan. http://www.lessonplanspage.com/SSSociologySocialChangeHS.htm

Milken, Lowell (2007). Technology Counts. Milken Exchange & Education Week. http://www.mff.org/edtech/article.taf?_function=detail&Content_uid1=276
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Instructional Design Offers Teachers a Number of

Words: 415 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65973467

Instructional Design offers teachers a number of advantages and disadvantages. Instructional design can provide a framework and allow the coordination of assessment, objectives and teaching. However, instructional design can be limited by weak learning objectives, and potentially supersede real concerns over learning. Despite these disadvantages, instructional design is a valuable teaching tool.

Instructional design can be defined as "is the analysis of learning needs and systematic development of instruction. Instructional design models typically specify a method, that if followed will facilitate the transfer of knowledge, skills and attitude to the recipient or acquirer of the instruction" (Wikipedia). While instructive, this definition does little to reveal the true nature of instructional design. A simpler definition may be of instructional design as "the systematic process of translating general principles of learning and instruction into plans for instructional materials and learning" (McNeil).

Cognitive learning theory provides the largest single influence on instructional design…… [Read More]

References

McGriff, Steven J. ISD Knowledge Base / "Theoretical" Introduction. Last Update: 10/27/2001. 26 June 2004. http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/s/j/sjm256/portfolio/kbase/Theories&Models/theoryintro.html

Smith, P.L., & Ragan, T. (1999). Instructional design. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

McNeil, Sarah. 20004. What is Instructional Design? CUIN 6373, Instructional Design. College of Education, University of Houston. 26 June 2004. http://www.coe.uh.edu/courses/cuin6373/whatisid.html#definitions

Rieber, Lloyd. Introduction to Instructional Design. 26 June 2004. http://www.arches.uga.edu/~lrieber/edit6170/ppt/intro_to_ID-rieber.ppt
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Instructional Technology Plan in Creating

Words: 1215 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59320676



Note that this framework also includes support for Expert Network and Learning Management applications to also increase school employees, teachers, and students' productivity as well.

Figure 1: Electronic Education Record Systems Hierarchy

Source: Murphy and Columbus (2002)

School it Continuity Plan

What is most critical is that the core business processes are not interrupted within the school, and that is the primary objective of the it Continuity Plan. These include the daily collaboration of employees, teachers, administrators, parents, teachers, service organizations and school district offices. The software platforms and applications relied on to support these processes include collaboration tools including e-mail, the website, the intranet portal and content management system, school supplier management and school procurement. To ensure these processes are not interrupted the systems and databases that contain these records need to be first replicated and then moved to an interim hosting center. It is imperative that the school…… [Read More]

Sources:

Klein, Russ (2006) -. Achieving Collaboration Excellence: Content Management, Data Integration and the Enterprise Portal. Aberdeen Group Research Report. Aberdeen Group. August, 2006

Murphy, Jim and Columbus, Louis. Re-Orienting Your Content and Knowledge Management Strategies. AMR Research. Report. October 31, 2002. Boston, MA. Downloaded from the Internet on February 9, 2007 at http://www.lwcresearch.com/filesfordownloads/ReorientingYourContentandKnowledgeMgmtStrategy.pdf

Olsen, Florence. The Power of Portals. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Page A32. Downloaded from the Internet on February 9, 2007:

 http://www.buffalo.edu/aboutmyub/pdf/48a03201.pdf
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Instructional Design a Recent Study Determined That

Words: 696 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74605837

Instructional Design

A recent study determined that "educational design research integrates design and research into a socially responsible approach to inquiry related to learning and teaching" (Oh, Reeves, 2010, p. 263). The Oh and Reeves study is just one example of why I include research-based design in my practice. Oftentimes, it behooves me to discover a variety of techniques available to address certain situations, and without research, I would have no access to those various techniques. Research allows me the opportunity to discover how others view the same problems that I am confronted, but even more importantly allows me to see solutions that I might not otherwise consider.

As Henry Clay Lindgren wrote in the 1950's "the terms theories of learning has a formidable sound to it. It may connote research with mice and monkeys, complex mathematical formulae, and esoteric research papers" (Lindgren, 1958), but what it really means is…… [Read More]

References

Bergom, I.; Wright, M.C.; Brown, M.K.; Brooks, M.; (2011) Promoting college student development through collaborative learning: A case study of., About Campus, Vol. 15, Issue 6, pp. 19 -- 25

Gardner, H.; (2011) Promoting learner engagement using multiple intelligences and choice-based instruction, Adult Basic Education and Literacy Journal, Vol. 5, Issue 2, pp. 97-101

Lindgren, H.C.; (1958) Learning theory and teaching practice, accessed on May 3, 2012 at  http://www.ascd.org/ascd/pdf/journals/ed_lead/el_195903_lindgren.pdf 

Oh, E. & Reeves, T.C.; (2010) The implications of the differences between design research and instructional systems design for educational technology researchers and practitioners, Educational Media International, Vol. 47, Issue 4, pp. 263- 275
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Strategy From the Viewpoint of

Words: 1965 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4587773

Just as Sarbanes-Oxley legislation created significant opportunities for management consultancies, the same holds true for sustainability requirements in European nations.

In conclusion, all management consultancies are attempting to position themselves as trusted advisors to firms looking to stabilizing existing sales while growing into emerging markets. Of the five included in this analysis, all also have social media channels that are well-populated with content meant to convey their thought leadership in specific areas as well. Yet in the area of equating strategies to IT investments, the majority take the approach that more IT spending is potentially the path out of strategies not performing well. Only the Boston Consulting Group takes a more strategic view of systematic change to businesses, choosing to layer in TI after the frameworks have been created. Their legacy strengths in the BCG and Growth/Share Matrices could be the impetus for this approach. Despite that fact, Boston Consulting…… [Read More]

References

Greiner, L., Motamedi, K., & Jamieson, D.. (2011). New consultant roles and processes in a 24/7 world. Organizational Dynamics, 40(3), 165.

Mors, M.. (2010). Innovation in a global consulting firm: when the problem is too much diversity. Strategic Management Journal, 31(8), 841.

Klaasjan Visscher, & J. Irene A Visscher-Voerman. (2010). Organizational design approaches in management consulting. Management Decision, 48(5), 713-731.
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Instructional Technology Enhances Learning Mission

Words: 3747 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83195107



The four pillars that must be included in a technology plan are: Infrastructure, software, hardware and the professional development (Cradler, 2013).

There are two basic categories that the software instruction and curriculum can be divided into:

Teaching and Learning Software Tools: the use of technology to improve the quality of education for the students as well as the teachers. Subscription-based electronic learning resources have enabled the teachers as well as the students to access more reliable and vast sources of information like they were never before able to do (Cradler, 2013).

Productivity Software Tools: the basic technology tools that have increased the usage of technology to the extent that it has changed the landscape of how work was done in the past and how it is being done today. Student information systems and the electronic gradin systems are an example of such tools (Cradler, 2013).

Productivity Tools

The most important…… [Read More]

References

Cradler, J. (n.d.). WestEd. Retrieved February, 2013, from Implementing Technology in Education: Recent Findings from Research and Evaluation Studies: http://www.wested.org/techpolicy/recapproach.html

Dexter, S. (2002). ETIPs -- Educational technology integration and implementation principles. In P. (Rogers, Designing instruction for technology-enhanced learning (pp. 56-70). Hershey: Idea Group Publishing.

International Society for Technology in Education. (2002). NETS for Teachers. Retrieved November 2007, from National Education Technology Standards Project: http://cnets.iste.org/

Massachusetts Department of Education. (2007). Technology Self-Assessment Tool (TSAT). Retrieved February, 2013, from the Office of Instructional Technology: http://www.doe.mass.edu/odl/
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Technology in Instructional Delivery The Case of

Words: 879 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4518783

Technology in Instructional Delivery: The Case of Capella University

The use of technology, particularly Internet technology, in instructional delivery in educational institutions has revolutionized the way people access and utilize educational information. Online instructional delivery, either in mixed (combination of traditional and online modes of instruction) or purely online formats, have made learning more interactive, not only between the learner and the tool, but also between the teacher and learner and among learners themselves. This increasing demand for an online mode of instruction delivery in educational institutions is a reflection of the need to not only adopt the new technology, but also to 'manipulate' this technology to suit the users' learning needs (Koschmann, 1996:8). The following description of the technology of instructional delivery at Capella University demonstrates this point.

In addition to its traditional format of instructional delivery, which is face-to-face classroom setting, Capella University has an online learning system…… [Read More]

Koschmann, T. (1996). In CSCL: Theory and Practice of an Emerging Paradigm. NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Merrill, G. And C. Galbraith. (2010). "Learning outcomes and instructional delivery method in professional and business related courses: An empirical study controlling for course and instructor differences." Journal of Business and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 21, No. 2.

Reiser, R. And J. Dempsey. (Eds.). (2007). Trends and Issues in Instructional Design and Technology. NJ: Pearson.
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Ells and the Appropriate Educational Strategy

Words: 637 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92856377

TESOL: Strategy

The instructional strategy utilized for this exercise was the concept of pairing actions with words in order to provide contextual meaning for the ELL. This was situated in an informal, casual method of conversational instruction during a one-on-one, face-to-face moment, in which I could engage the students individually to help reinforce concepts. This instructional strategy is based on the recommendation of Peregoy and Boyle (2013) to differentiate so as to expand on the meaning of the lesson of the day (p. 86). The idea here was that I would focus on vocabulary words that could be demonstrated actively, concentrating on verb conjugations (the difference between verb endings in present, past and future). For example I could say, "I pick up the pencil" at the same time that I pick it up. I would also spell this out on the board or on the ELL's paper. Then I would…… [Read More]

References

Peregoy, S., & Boyle, O. (2013). Reading, writing, and learning in esl: A resource book for teaching k-12 english learners.. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc.
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Images and Ideas Using Videos and Reflections to Guide Instructional Change in Early Childhood Classrooms

Words: 1656 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13650977

Disrupting by Imagining: Rethinking Early Childhood Research

Early Childhood Research

This research highlights four teachers who work in early childhood classrooms who have chosen to implement the use of video-observations of their teaching in conjunction with the reflective process. Each teacher profile will include discussions and interviews about their teaching and change implementation. The ideas for change will be based upon their own knowledge, skills, and dispositions along with evidence from the recorded and observed videotapes. After viewing their own instruction, practitioners began the process of implementing change for individual students as well as for their class overall. Teachers shared this experience with others in their school and provided information regarding their results based on the following three areas: 1) Analysis: individuals and/or groups in the process of reflection (grade level teams); 2) Strategies: offers other teachers and/or programs ways to introduce concepts to a group of teachers and/or school;…… [Read More]

References

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: the exercise of control. New York: Freedom.

Brophy, J.E. (2004). Using video in teacher education. San Diego, CA: Elsivier.

Copa, A., Lucinski L., Olsen, E, & Wollenburg, K. (1999). Promoting professional and organizational development: A reflective practice model. Zero to Three, 20(1), 3-9.

Cross, N. (2011). Coaching: Seven reasons to go to the tape. ASCD Express, 7(1).
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Curriculum Highly Effective Strategies of

Words: 2922 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27403899



In the example provided, the teacher could explain that homework assignments will allow them to learn more about how life in Ancient Greece and Rome influenced modern customs and practices, and the purpose of homework assignments is to break the information they are learning into smaller chunks so they do not have to memorize or learn too much information at once, which might become overwhelming. Knowing this, students are more likely to take time to complete assignments. A teacher can encourage the student to utilize a separate assignment notebook for each subject they are studying, and track daily assessments of what they learned in class about their study of Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece. This employs the technique of practice, which enforces student's ability to write well and apply scientific method or logical analysis to information they learn in class. Students may for example, be encouraged to make notes alongside…… [Read More]

References

Marzano, R.J., Gaddy, B.B., & Dean, C. (2000). What works in classroom instruction?

Aurora, CO: Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning.

Marzano, R.J. (1998). A theory-based meta-analysis of research on instruction. McEd. Accessed 7, May 2007:

http://www.mcrel.org/PDF/Instruction/5992TG_What_Works.pdf
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Solve Scenario School Improvement Strategies in Order

Words: 551 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43955766

Solve Scenario

School Improvement Strategies

In order to facilitate academic achievement for all students in the school three things need to happen; the school's culture must reflect the best practices in education through the development of a professional learning community, instruction must be differentiated in order to meet the needs of all students, and teacher expectations must be high in order to facilitate all student's learning.

The potential advantages and benefits of developing a professional learning community at a school are enormous. Applying these principles to education creates opportunities to explore new and creative ways to solve problems and enhance the educational achievement of students as well as develop and strengthen instructional teacher competencies. A supportive organizational culture is essential to sustaining the tenets of a learning organization. The culture should be humane, psychologically comfortable, and professionally supportive; a place where people have the tools and the training they need,…… [Read More]

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Instructional Effectiveness Many Scholars Claim

Words: 1604 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43779153

Time to develop and use assessments effectively must be built into the teachers' work week. They are time-consuming, but worthwhile, and should not be administered as an afterthought. The results tell us a great deal about students and ourselves. It will be a challenge to make sure assessments are meaningful and are accorded the time they deserve.

When we think of assessments, we often think about formal assessments, whether they are teacher-created quizzes, chapter tests from a textbook, or standardized tests that compare students across the country. Assessment can, and should, include the informal observations teachers make in their classrooms on a daily basis. Because teachers spend so much time with their students, they are in a good position to see both struggles and progress. It may be one of the easiest ways to see what students need because it is immediate and requires no preparation. We can learn from…… [Read More]

References

Hur, J.W., & Suh, S. (2010). The development, implementation, and evaluation of a summer school for English language learners. The Professional Educator 34(2).

Joosten-ten Brinke, D., Sluijmans, D.M.A., & Jochems, W.M.G. (2010). Assessor's approaches to portfolio assessment in assessment of prior learning procedures.

Evaluation in Higher Education 35(1), pp. 55-70.

Rhodes, T. (2010). Since we seem to agree, why are the outcomes so difficult to achieve? New
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Instructional Method Applicability Online Learning Is Becoming

Words: 683 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3055399

Instructional Method Applicability

Online learning is becoming increasingly common, given the rise of nontraditional learners who must fit their classes into a schedule with outside work and family obligations. However, grave concerns remain as to whether online learning is as effective as face-to-face learning. New technological methods of instruction have created ways in which synchronous or 'real time' education can take place, through chat rooms, versus asynchronous methods like message boards, which do not facilitate dialogue and debate. However, online learning is still often perceived as 'second best' versus face-to-face learning.

A 2010 report by the U.S. Department of Education contradicts this finding. It found that "on average, students in online learning conditions performed modestly better than those receiving face-to-face instruction. The difference between student outcomes for online and face-to-face classes -- measured as the difference between treatment and control means, divided by the pooled standard deviation -- was larger…… [Read More]

References

Means, Barbara; Toyama, Yukie; Murphy, Robert; Bakia, Marianne & Karla Jones. (2009).

Evaluation of evidence-based practices in online learning: A meta-analysis and review of online learning studies U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved:

 http://www2.ed.gov/rschstat/eval/tech/evidence-based-practices/finalreport.pdf
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Instructional Program Is to Educate Health Instructors

Words: 463 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55359233

instructional program is to educate health instructors so they can go out into their respective communities and provide critical health information to at-risk populations. It is thus absolutely essential that these teachers have accurate information yet are able to disseminate it in an accessible fashion. They must understand the material but also be able to use effective teaching strategies. With this in mind, the initial pedagogical techniques will be lecture-based, to get the necessary information across. However, to maintain a high level of student engagement early on in the process, there will be frequent class discussions about the material, as well as reinforcing tests and quizzes to ensure students are retaining what they have learned.

Once students have a base of knowledge, the teacher can assign practical exercises so the students can use what they have learned -- for example, simulating being teachers themselves and demonstrating how they would present…… [Read More]

Resources needed:

Access to the Internet

Requirements

Each student will be asked to research facts about domestic violence online, specifically to find a 'case study' of a woman affected by domestic violence as homework

In class, the student will be paired up. Each student will be asked to take on the persona of the abused woman; the other student, the police officer who has been called to her house due to a reported disturbance there by a neighbor. The two students will 'role play' the interaction. Then, they will switch roles and the second student will take on the persona of the victimized woman she (or he) researched.
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Strategy Is Particularly Important When

Words: 974 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25083590

Case studies, statistics, and other options are all good choices for methodologies, but they do not all work well for each specific type of study and therefore the type of methodology becomes highly significant.

Once all of these specific issues have been addressed, the researcher can assume that he or she has a good plan that can generally be used as the start of a research project. Sometimes, a research plan will have to be modified somewhat, but this is not always the case and some research plans are perfectly acceptable from the beginning. For those that are not, however, the research plan gives a good 'jumping-off' point from which changes can be made in order to get the best research study possible.

Ethical considerations are very important where research is concerned, and two specific ethical considerations will be discussed here. The first ethical consideration is that there will very…… [Read More]

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Instructional Leader Educational Leadership Is

Words: 2360 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86287014

4) Relying soley on anecdotal evidence and/or district wide standards for evaluation, that may not be based upon classroom use, but is rather based on novice understandings of educational needs is an error that must be eliminated from the school. School principles are increasingly exposed to for profit pulls and tugs of educational programs of technology that utilize standards that are untried and yet toted as "best practices" based on limited real research. Principles must develop appropriate ways to weed through options and opportunities and forward resources toward only those that are driven by real research data and have been proven effective in the kind of school culture where the principle leads. (Mory, 2004, p. 745) Technology is an essential aspect of the future for most children being educated today, and they must have alternatives for learning and growing with in such technology, yet it is also clear that there…… [Read More]

References

Bizar, M. & Barr, R. (Eds.). (2001). School Leadership in Times of Urban Reform. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Burton, J.K., Moore, D.M., & Magliaro, S.G. (2004). 1 Behaviorism and Instructional Technology. In Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology, Jonassen, DH (Ed.) (2nd ed., pp. 3-27). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Craig, H., & Perraton, H. (2003). Chapter 5 Open and Distance Education for Teachers' Continuing Professional Development. In Teacher Education through Open and Distance Learning, Robinson, B. & Latchem, C. (Eds.) (pp. 91-111). New York: Routledge.

International Society for Technology in Education. (2000). National Educational Technology Standards for Students: Connecting Curriculum and Technology. Eugene, or: International Society for Technology in Education.
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Instructional Improvement Plan for an

Words: 2900 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50774394

For example, managers can increase productivity by assigning the right number of employees to each project, avoiding over- or understaffing. Managers should also be sensitive to interaction problems between employees. When managers are aware of personality conflicts between employees, they should avoid assigning them to the same team.

Increasing productivity involves a careful study of employees' work performance and of managerial decisions, a daunting process in which individuals may feel unfairly singled out or victimized. While this process is painful, it is appropriate when responsibility for low productivity clearly lies with certain individuals. if, however, it is not obvious who the culprits are, the best approach to take is to consider not only individual responsibility, but also search for larger systematic factors behind the low productivity. The problem may be a result of poor management of people and inadequate allocation of resources. Alternatively, it could be the result of an…… [Read More]

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Instructional Leaders and Organizational Learning

Words: 1536 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6851264

Urban Middle School Focus

Identify Unique opportunities for growth and improvement. What new emerging initiatives are likely to increase growth and deepen improvement levels within an urban middle school?

Among the more prominent opportunities for growth and improvement have occurred in urban schools where educators are focusing on literacy achievement (Frey, 2002). Literacy has always been an essential element to learning and has opened the door to avenues for growth in other areas including in math and in science.

Another important area for growth and improvement includes moving from a static educational environment to one that is more dynamic, where informal and spontaneous educational learning styles are preferred to more traditional styles (Phillips, 2003). Now, more so than ever teachers see the benefit of adopting kinesthetic learning practices that engage students as experiential learners that are diverse, culturally different, and involved in their community (Phillips, 2003). These initiatives are challenging…… [Read More]

References:

Frey, N. (2001). "We grow our own." Journal of California English, 6(4), 12-13.

Frey, Nancy (2002)." Literacy achievement in an urban middle-level professional development school: a learning community at work." Reading Improvement. Cengage Learning. FindArticles.com. 26, July 2011: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb6516/is_1_39/ai_n28920111/

Haycock, K., Jerald, C., & Huang, S. (2001). "Closing the gap: Done in a decade." Thinking K-

16, 5(1), 3-20.
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Transition for Students With Severe Disabilities

Words: 2284 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11581711

Instructional strategies for transitioning students with disabilities from high school to post-High school vocational programs.

Like all young people, students with disabilities want to go out in life and make a career and learn skills, which are necessary for their future use. Some students with disabilities have a strong desire to attend college or a vocational school and some want to operate independently in the community. Most of these students with disabilities work either in paid or subsidized jobs and this is the reason they need to learn, especially in the high school to be prepared for his or her adult life. Transition services are thus services, which help the students to prepare for their future work and devise strategies and learning skills to cope up with the coming challenges. These services allow the students to identify and increase the scope of their skills as they will need to pursue…… [Read More]

D.W., Grossi, T., & Keul, P. A functional analysis of the acquisition and maintenance of janitorial skills in a competitive work setting. Journal of The Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps, 1988, 13(1).

Sharon Lesar Judge. Computer Applications in Programs for Young Children With Disabilities: Current Status and Future Directions JSET E. Journal, Volume 16, Number 1, Winter 2001.

Katherine J. Inge, Stacy Dymond, Paul Wehman, Curtis Sutphin, Christopher Johnston, Marguerite Faina, Community-Based Vocational Preparation for Students with Severe Disabilities: Designing the process. Vocational Options Project: Chapter 1 Accessed on 8-4-2003 at http://www.vcu.edu/rrtcweb/techlink/iandr/voproj/chap1/chapter1.html www.vcu.edu/rrtcweb/techlink/iandr/voproj/chap1/chapter1.html
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Teacher Instructional Technology With New Literacy Instruction

Words: 1140 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4005931

teacher instructional technology with new literacy instruction to improve elementary (K-5) student achievement in reading vocabulary?

The alternative hypothesis would be that new literacy instruction does have th potential to improve elementary (K-5) student achievement in reading vocabulary. In other words that significant difference is found between classrooms that employ new literacy instructions and classrooms that do not use this method.

The null hypothesis would be that no significant difference is found between classrooms that employ new literacy instructions and classrooms that do not use this method.

The study will choose 2 different schools in a certain district with classes k-5 where one school has introduced new literacy techniques (namely technological strategies), and the other school is still employing traditional instruction.

The schools would be as closely matched as possible with students coming from a similar socio-economic background and with their parents generally sharing a similar educational niche (i.e. either…… [Read More]

Sources

Babchuk, W. (1996). Glaser or Strauss? Grounded theory and adult education. Presented at the Midwest Research-to-Practice Conference in Adult, Continuing, and Community Education, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, October 17-19, 1996.

Glaser, B. (1993). Examples of grounded theory: a reader. Mill Valley, CA:

Sociology Press.

Glaser, B. (1998). Doing grounded theory. Mill Valley: Sociology Press.
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Personal Instructional Style According to

Words: 676 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33686136

The classroom with likely be culturally diverse, and students will be encouraged to bring their cultural experiences from the home into the learning environment.

My orientation towards feeling is important, because gaining an empathetic rapport with students when they experience personal and academic struggles is essential, so they do not blame themselves, or their teacher, or the subject itself. Judging in a fair manner, however, is also important to me, and I will not be so eccentric in my assignments to fail to use more standardized forms of assessment to drill students in basic skills and areas of knowledge. Students must have a sense of mastery of, for example, basic grammar, even if these principles are reinforced with fun assignments like writing a letter to their pet.

Understanding, I believe is best realized through activity and sorting out problems in open-ended assignments as well as drills. Creating challenging activities where…… [Read More]

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Team Plan Strategy for Program Implementation Success

Words: 1890 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21382543

Team Plan Strategy for Program Implementation

Success University (SU) a medium sized undergraduate institution located Southern California. SU offers Associates Bachelors programs Business, Psychology Education San Moreno campus online. SU decided launch programs Fall.

Strategies for as unified team

The members of the task force team will be selected internally to maintain the university culture and ensure that the team does not need training on the values, mission and vision of the university.

Strategies for as unified team

Including an already existing employee base will also boost their morale and ensure commitment to projects needs. The need for recruiting internally is because the ability of the faculty members is known and one can easily target them for an ideal position. The proposed members of staff to form the task force will also go through a vetting process from their colleagues. This will further go to advice the leader on the…… [Read More]

References

Balmer, J.M.T. (2001). Corporate Identity, Corporate Branding and corporate marketing European Journal of Marketing 34(4), 248-291.

Barney J.B., & Hesely W.S. (2008). strategic management and competitive advantage concepts and cases second eds. upper saddle river: pearson prentice-hall.

Lorenzen M. (2006). Strategic Planning for Academic Library Instructional Programming. Illinois West Publishing.

Michael A., & Jude K. (2005). Strategic Planning for Nonprofit Organizations. Second Edition. . Australia: John Wiley and Sons.
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Crafting and Execution Strategy Crafting Executing Strategy

Words: 1480 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99261253

Crafting and Execution Strategy

Crafting Executing Strategy Due Week 2 worth 280 points Assume a business owner business professional, a company industry choice, responsible creating executing company's strategic plan.

Crafting and Execution Strategy

Description of the company

Our company deals in distribution of imported tires for both trucks and small and medium sized motor vehicles. The company operates under the name Motor Tire Limited. In the region of operation, there are two other major suppliers who deal in imported tires only. One deals in imported tracks tires while, the other deals in imported small and medium size motor vehicles tires. In the market of tires, there are small companies who deal with supply of tires on demand basis but, they have slowly started expanding their operations with the realization that the two wheel motor vehicle industry is growing and, there are no key players in the industry.

Importance of Strategic…… [Read More]

References

Beasley M.S., Frigo M.L., & Litman J. (2007). "strategic risk:" Creating and protecting value. Strategic Finance, 88(24), 31-53.

Brown, S., Lamming, R., Bessant, J., & Jones, P. (2005). Strategic Operations Management. 2nd Edition. Burlington:: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann.

Cravens D., Merrilees B., & Walker R. (2000). Strategic Marketing Management For The Pacific Region. Sydney: Mcgraw-Hill.

Khurana, R., & Nohria, N. (2008). It's Time to Make Management a True Profession. Harvard Business Review, 86(10), 1-8.
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Teacher Instructional Technology Literacy Instruction Improve Elementary

Words: 1207 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59092318

teacher instructional technology literacy instruction improve elementary (K-5) student achievement reading vocabulary? Create a qualitative research scenario phenomenology approach.

Using phenomenology

Does the use of instructional technology improve elementary (K-5) student reading vocabulary?

In the era of high-stakes testing, student performance on reading has become increasingly important in determining school evaluations. Reading is a fundamental skill necessary for future success in life. Students are reading in a paper-based format less frequently, at younger ages. This research study will attempt to asses the impact of using technology within the classroom to enhance vocabulary recognition. Previous research indicates that "teacher-made online learning resources provide course content anchored resources that focus on specific real world tasks in class, and a supportive authentic learning environment to learners" (Li 2011).

Using technology to teach reading has several apparent advantages. First of all, it can deploy a multimedia strategy to enhance student engagement. Students are often…… [Read More]

References

Introna, Lucas. (2011). Phenomenological approaches to ethics and information technology.

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2011/entries/ethics-it-phenomenology

Li, S., Price, D., & Fu, Y. (2011). The impact of the teacher-made online learning resources.

The Business Review, Cambridge, 18(1), 35-40.
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Organizational Strategy Theme Suggested Source Communicate That

Words: 370 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99755999

Organizational Strategy

Theme

Suggested Source

Communicate that strategy is part of moving the organization to the future: http://workplacepsychology.net / 2011/02/18 / successful-strategic-execution-is-hard/

Managerial Tasks

Explain commonalities of tasks, how company tailor's strategic management to its needs http://www2.uhv.edu/chapao / Management4340/Lecture%20Notes / 2 eIM-LN-Chapter10.pdf

Add additional slide if too crowded; focus on tiering

Define and Examples of 8 Tasks

1-Build Organization; 2- Allocate Resources, 3- Ensure policies work; 4- Push for continual improvement, 5 -- Install systems, 6 -- Use Rewards, 7 -- Foster corporate culture, 8 -- Exert internal leadership

See above and perhaps use chart like this:

http://www.the-performance-factory.com/en/free-performance-library/the-8-a-unique-framework/

Marshaling Resources

1-Build the organization 2-Allocate resources 3- Ensure policies work http://www.gsu.edu/images/HR/HRI-high-performance07.pdf

Graphic: http://www.authoritydirectory.com/blog / competition-can-destroy-organizational-team-building/

Instituting Strategy-Facilitating Policies

4-Push for continuous improvement, 5-Install systems that are appropriate

FOCUS Process.

F - Formulate a plan. - Disaggregate student performance data.

O - Optimize time by preparing and following a timeline. - Plan…… [Read More]

Review highlighted points

Perhaps use FOCUS document to reiterate rest of presentation -- use graphic at:

http://www.focusmg.com/about
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Research-Based Instructional Approach That I

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77855244

Direct Instruction stands for society's equality and it works best.

Direct Instruciton should be used as a method for education because it has proven to be the most effective technique for actual learning and understanding. Since teachers are working directly with the student, they are can immediately respond to the needs of the student and adjust levels of comprehension based upon their different rates of comprehension. Additionally, the use of DI ensures that teachers do not "belabor" certain aspects of lessons and at the same time can either slow or speed up their lesson according to the student's needs. The focus is that this learning strategy places all of the emphasis upon the student and provides manevurability into the hands of the teacher. This creates high levels of confidence for the student because he feels that he is consistently accomplishing goals while increasing comprehension because the teacher adjusts to the…… [Read More]

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Cognitive Strategies

Words: 1045 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87319292

Cognitive Strategies in Education

Cognitive Strategies

The purpose of this work is the first define metacognition and explain the four cognitive strategies of chunking, mnemonics, advance organizers and rehearsals and then to consider how each one might be useful in helping facilitate understanding of metacognition. Finally this work intends to create a sample lesson plan that represents the strategies.

Metacognition can be defined as the learner's awareness of the knowledge they possess as well as their ability in understanding, controlling and manipulating of their own metacognitive processes. Metacognitive skills are important both from an educational perspective and throughout the individual's life. Metacognition is a new field which has left theorists in a vague position in terms of conventional terminology. The primary factor in metacognition is the "conscious awareness" on the part of the individual in learning as to the learning taking place and their control of the learning process.

I.…… [Read More]

Bibliography:

Barrett, Nancy F. (nd) Cognitive Styles and Strategies [Online] available at:

http://www.med.uiuc.edu/departments/internalMed/PDFs/CognitiveStyles.pdf

Metacognitive Skills (nd) available [Online] at: http://education.calumet. pur due.edu/vockell/EdPsyBook/Edpsy7/edpsy7_meta.htm

Jacobson, Rebecca (1998) Teachers improving learning using metacognition with self-monitoring learning strategies Education, 1998 June
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Teaching Strategy for Special Ed Special Education

Words: 589 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32469928

Teaching Strategy for Special Ed

Special Education Standard

Direct instruction is the most widely-used teaching strategy, although it has become controversial in recent years. Critics argue that it limits the creativity of good teachers and provides a crutch for poor ones (What is direct instruction? 2011). It is a teacher-centered approach that relies on structured lesson plans, offering little or no variation and no opportunity for discussion or active participation. The effectiveness of direct instruction has been demonstrated widely but it can be a poor choice for students with disabilities who would benefit from another approach.

What is Direct Instruction?

"Direct instruction is a theory of education which posits that the most effective way to teach is by explicit, guided instructions" (What is direct instruction? 2011). Although it is the oldest form of instruction, it gained attention in the 1980s when implemented in the schools of inner-city Baltimore. Instruction was…… [Read More]

References

Adams, G., and Carnine, D. (2003). Direct instruction. National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities. Retrieved from http://nichcy.org/research/summaries/abstract1

National Institute for Direct Instruction. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nifdi.org/15/

What is direct instruction? (2011). Teach-nology. Retrieved from http://www.teach-

nology.com/teachers/methods/models/direct/
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Employee Relations Develop a Strategy Specific to

Words: 1831 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16192930

Employee Relations

Develop a strategy specific to your organization for integrating job performance and training.

Job performance is an integral aspect within the health care services industry's overall. For one, it holds both associates and management accountable for their respective actions. This accountable provides a means of deterring any subpar performance on the part of employees who might otherwise be a detriment to the overall operations of the firm. By linking job performance to training, the organization can train those deficient in certain skills. In many instances training allows a means for personnel to acquire skills deemed necessary by leadership. By integrating both concepts, organizations can minimize waste while also growing talented personnel within the organization. This is particular important in regards to the changing landscape of the health care industry overall. Excessive and meaning regulation has created fundamental change within the industry overall. As such, job training must reflect…… [Read More]

References:

1) Draper, Elaine, Joseph LaDou, and Dan J. Tennenhouse. 2011. "Occupational Health Nursing and the Quest for Professional Authority," New Solutions 21, 47 -- 81

2) Fang, D., Wilsey-Wisniewski, S.J., & Bednash, G.D. (2006). 2005-2006 enrollment and graduations in baccalaureate and graduate programs in nursing. Washington, DC: American Association of Colleges of Nursing

3) Levsey, K.R., Campbell, D., & Green, A. (2007). Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow; Challenges in Securing Federal Support for Graduate Nurses. Journal of Nursing Education, 46(4), 176-183

4) Lucia, Patricia R.; Otto, Tammy E.; Palmier, Patrick A. (2009). "Chapter 1
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Advancing Formative Assessment Using Instructional Adjustments to Check for Understanding

Words: 646 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20427361

Formative Assessments

Popham -1 - Implementing one of Popham's four "steps" should be regular and a part of the everyday classroom management edict. For instance, as instructor's collect evidence, they must decide whether to proceed, review, or change instruction; students use evidence of understanding to help them reroute thinking processes ro adjust learning procedures; and, depending on the climate of the classroom, both teachers and students should adjust assessment by using different types of checking for understanding and learning targets.

Popham 2 -- Traditional evidence-gathering tools often rely on tests -- selected response items (multiple choice, true false) or constructed responses (short answer or essay). In a typical classroom, learning is a three step process; teacher lectures, students memorize or read, students take test. Popham suggests an alternate approach.

Popham 3 -- One non-traditional approach suggested by Popham (pp 59+) is that of using higher level, or socratic questioning, to…… [Read More]

References

Fisher, D. And Frey, N. (2007). Checking for Understanding. Alexandria, VA: Association

for Supervisrion and Curriculum Development.

Livingston, J. (1997). Metacognition: An Overview. State University of New York at Buffalo. Cited in:  http://gse.buffalo.edu/fas/shuell/cep564/metacog.htm 

Moss, C. Brookhart, S. (2009). Advancing Formative Assessment in Every Classroom.
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Scholastic's Read 180 Instructional Program

Words: 438 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7612699

However, forty percent, or 2.4 million of these students are enrolled in special education programs for the sole reason that they have not learned to read. According to Scholastic, "Read 180 is proven effective in accelerating reading achievement for all students- including those in Special Education."

Read 180 takes an approach to special needs students that focus on providing multi-functional support. These support systems include universal access provisions, multi-model approaches, individualized software and reports, pre-teaching methods in order to improve understanding, instructional routines that promote active participation of special education students, and an instructional model that sets a routine and repetitive structure for learning.

The question thus becomes whether this approach actually works for students with special needs? Although Scholastic argues that there is data that proves it does, this data has to be questioned in that it is provided by the company selling the product. Therefore, it is unknown…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Scholastic Homepage. Read 180 Product Information. www.scholastic.com.

Taberski, Sharon. On Solid Ground: Strategies for Teaching Reading K-3. New York: Heinemann, 2000.
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Effective Strategies for Integrating Ethical Use of Technology Into the K-12 Curriculum

Words: 1922 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98713218

integrating ethical use of technology into the K-12 curriculum

Integrating Technology in the Classroom

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 aims to close the achievement gap between disadvantaged and struggling students and their peers. The message is that every child can learn, and that schools are accountable for a child's progress.

At the federal level, there is to be more money for at-risk children in low-income communities. The government will invest in teacher training and innovative education practices that improve student performance.

While this new law defines a destination, it is up to the states and school districts to define the paths for getting there. Best practice begins with ensuring that all the components for successful integration of technology are in place. The primary ethical concerns of access, attitude, training, and support must be addressed before moving on to the more popular topic of integrating instructional technology into…… [Read More]

References

Dede, C. (1996) Emerging technologies and distributed learning. American Journal of Distance Education, 10, 2, 4-36.

Linn, M.C. (1997) Learning and Instruction in Science Education: Taking Advantage of Technology. Handbook of Science Education.

Salpeter, J. (1998) Taking stock: What's the research saying? Technology and Learning, 18(9) 24-25, 28-30, 32, 34, 36, 40.

Wenglinsky, W. (1998) Does it compute? The Relationship Between Educational Technology and Student Achievement in Mathematics. Princeton, N.J.
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Cricket in Times Square Instructional

Words: 1122 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21224100

"

The Cricket Eats

The Cricket Lives

The Cricket Does

The Cricket Has

Helps: Quote memory, rewrite text, apply information, apply extra materials to book.

Part 7- Writing Activity -- Pick one setting in Cricket in Times Square and write a 1-2 paragraph explanation of why that setting was used and your description of it (e.g. city, etc.). Be sure to develop concepts like: What do you see? What do you smell? Are there lots of people there? Why? Is it calm or busy? Is it dangerous? Imagine that you are in this setting and seeing it from the Cricket's point-of-view.

Part 8 - Fluency Activity

Part 1 -- Comparative and Superlative Adjectives (example questions, this from Chapter 13):

1. Chester stayed up most of the night

a) playing for the animals

b) learning new musical pieces

c) talking to Tucker and Harry

d) because he was too excited to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Guided Reading Level. (2007, June). Retrieved from hsnature.org: http://www.hsnature-ar.org/uploads/6/6/2/7/6627983/leveled_book_list.pdf

Glass, K.T. (2009). Lesson Design for Differentiated Instruction. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Miller, G. (2007). Reading Activities. Retrieved from:

http://www.mce.k12tn.net/reading24/cricket_in_times_square.htm
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Siop Sheltered Instructional Observation Protocol

Words: 520 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14945504

Several approaches will be helpful in creating this environment:

1. Developing useful study guides useful for ELLs. This will focus their ideas and attention on major ideas and gives a place of focus.

2. Assign reading partners or groups. Pairing ELLs with fluent readers will be very helpful. Teamwork can have a very strong effect on learning.

3. Encouragement: One strategy is the "Say Something" activity. Students take turns reading aloud, and following the reading, each student 'says something,' such as asking question, making a comment, making a connection to something already read, or responding personally to the text. The exercise also engages students as readers and get them thinking about the text

Assessment

Observation and assessment are also important components of this approach and must be successfully managed by the teacher in order to maximize learning and comprehension. Assessment occurs throughout a lesson and is informal, authentic multidimensional, and…… [Read More]

References

Echevarria, J. & Graves, a. (2003). Sheltered instruction: Teaching English language learners with diverse abilities. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Echevarria, J. & Short, D. (2003). The effects of sheltered instruction on the achievement of limited English proficient students. Retrieved from http://www.cal.org/crede/si.htm
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Intervention Strategy for Grief Long

Words: 2367 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63088772



Utay and Miller (2006) described a study in which researchers observed over 100 individuals with unresolved grief reactions. There were three phases of treatment employed with these individuals. The first stage of treatment involved cognitive structuring for the decision to grieve again and for procedure clarification. The second stage involved guided imagery for reliving, revising, and revisiting the scenes at which the loss occurred. The third and final stage involved future-oriented identity reconstruction. The researchers reported that the reliving of the event through guided imagery effectively changed the client's view of reality, and furthermore helped along their grief resolution (Melges & DeMaso (1980), as cited by Utay & Miller, 2006). Moreover, Guided imagery has been established as a versatile and effective intervention.

The importance in assisting the children's mother with the grief process lies in the fact that bereavement is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality, and it…… [Read More]

References

Elliott, K. (2000). Long QT syndrome. Alberta RN, January/February.

Firth, Hurst (2005). Clinical Genetics, New York: Oxford University Press, 378-9.

Gravitz, MA. (2001). Perceptual reconstruction in the treatment of inordinate grief. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 44(1), 51-5.

Joffrion, L.P., Douglas, D. (1994). Grief resolution: faciliatating self-transcendence in the bereaved. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 32(3), 13-9.
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Mncs Need to Consider When Devising Strategy

Words: 4193 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37467258

MNCs need to consider when devising strategy for training and development?

Nowadays quality management philosophy is given great importance as its role is considered in all the explanations of the major decision making policies regarding training in Multinationals (MNCs). As, Prajogo and McDermott (2006) and Reed et al. (2000) have described, in their respective studies, the importance and impact of the quality management philosophy on training. The positive effect that quality management and human resources training has on the company can also be measured by the number of MNCs who have got it in all their high-performance workplaces (Ashton and Sung, 2002; Smith et al., 2004). According to Arora and Asundi (2000) the IT industry of India has adopted the quality management philosophy to a great extent.

It was observed in a review of the last ten years of HRD research and scholarship, which was done in 2006 by Short…… [Read More]

Tharenou, P. (2001), "The relationship of training motivation to participation in training and development," Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, Vol. 74 No. 5, pp. 599-621.

Tracey, J.B., Hinkin, T.R., Tannenbaum, S. And Mathieu, J.E. (2001), "The in uence of individual characteristics and the work environment on varying levels of training outcomes," Human Resource Development Quarterly, Vol. 12 No. 1, pp. 5-23.

Van den Bossche, P., Segers, M. And Jansen, N. (2010), "Transfer of training: the role of feedback in supportive social networks," International Journal of Training and Development, Vol. 14 No. 2, pp. 81-94.
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Learning Reading Comprehension Strategies

Words: 1322 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45111792

Technology-Based Teacher Training and Teacher-Led Classroom Implementation on Learning Reading Comprehension Strategies

Summary of Article and Meaning

This study was done to examine the efficiency of an expertly advanced comprehensive reading comprehension strategies program. The purpose was to compare it to the traditional reading comprehension instruction which was offered to over 800 fourth and fifth graders. The study was done using 34 classrooms in the United States. Also, the treatment involved a strong, technology-founded teacher training component in addition to extremely encouraging materials that would be used for 53 classroom-delivered student instructions. The study utilized a research design which was a randomized trial performed at the classroom level. It was done with classes unsystematically apportioned to either the treatment which (classroom n=16) or the control made up of (classroom n=17) circumstances. Hierarchical Linear Modeling was executed on student success statistics, nested inside classrooms within treatment situations, for the classes that…… [Read More]

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Effective Teaching Strategy for Special Children

Words: 1419 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93606385

activity of learning is central in the life of humans, and forms the core of education, in spite of most learning taking place outside school (Shuell, 2013). Psychologists and philosophers have been striving for ages to comprehend how learning takes place, its nature, and how people can influence each other's learning by means of teaching and other similar activities (Shuell, 2013).

Learning Theories and Special Education

There are numerous propounded theories regarding how individuals learn, employed at schools by teachers for enriching their pupils' learning experience (LTSE, 2011). Teachers can apply an appropriate theory and help their pupils retain necessary information. This is applicable to how special education (SPED) can work with learning theories (LTSE, 2011).

SPED teachers should make the most of these theories in their classrooms; the best theories to aid special education are: Cognitive Load Theory, Gestalt, Component Display Theory, Sign Learning Theory, Connection Theory, L. Atincronbsch…… [Read More]

Walther-Thomas, C. S., Korinek, L., McLaughlin, V. L., & Williams, B. (2000). Collaboration for effective inclusive education: Developing successful programs. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Whitaker, K. S. (1998). The changing role of the principal: View from the inside. Planning and Changing, 29, 130-150

Williams, R., & Portin, B. (1997). The changing role of principals in Washington State. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL.
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Business Leaders Coaching for Commitment Managerial Strategies

Words: 917 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77268800

Business Leaders

Coaching for Commitment: Managerial Strategies for Obtaining Superior Performance, Dennis C. Kinlaw, Pfeiffer & Co.

Coaching for Commitment is an organized seminar style work written to teach management professionals the art of coaching employees. Specifically it outlines ways in which managers can employ the technique of coaching to build employee commitment.. Kinlaw also explains that through fifteen years of experience, teaching and managing that he has developed a system that will help organizations to thrive in today's rapidly moving and highly competitive business environment.

Kinlaw contends that the role of a manager is to a large degree associated with the concept of indirect motivation rather than direct product involvement. Yet, he makes clear that the greatest challenge of management lies in the fact that although they are expected to get results through indirect ways that they cannot simply directly control the employees who's competence they are responsible for.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Kinlaw, Dennis C. Coaching for Commitment: Managerial Strategies for Obtaining

Superior Performance, San Diego, CA: Pfeiffer & Co.
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Assessment Strategies K 12 Nationally

Words: 651 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95793614

President X of Education:

Even proponents of high-stakes standardized testing for grades K-12 have argued that such tests should be only one measure amongst many to validate the effectiveness of a school or student. Yet the emphasis placed upon such tests in determining school ratings and the increasing proportion of the day devoted to preparing for such exams has inevitably fostered teaching to the test rather than teaching higher-level concepts. There are concerns as well that students are being placed largely due to their scores based solely on a single result on a high-stakes state test (Hamilton, Halverson, Jackson, Mandinach, Supovitz, & Wayman16). Furthermore, the pressure on many teachers to demonstrate that students are performing well as a collective group often causes them to focus unduly upon 'bubble' students (students who are just below the cutoff) rather than raising the academic performance of the class as a while (Hamilton, et…… [Read More]

References

"Appropriate use of high-stakes testing in our nation's schools." APA. Web.

21 Nov 2015.

Breakstone, J., Smith, M., & Wineburg, S. "Beyond the bubble: New

history/social studies assessments for the Common Core." Phi Delta Kappan.
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Education Describe Your Most Important

Words: 1047 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4953699



How are these expectations communicated to your students?

I communicate my expectations to my students in written and verbal form when possible. At the beginning of each lesson, I hand out the overview of the lesson, which outlines the key deliverables and points of assessment. This helps students understand exactly what I will be looking for, and provides them with a focus for their learning experience. I also send students periodic updates when necessary, if my expectations change or if I want to check-in with students.

How would you promote these expectations during instructional time?

During instructional time, I promote my expectations of the students differently depending on the lesson. I try as best I can to provide examples of what I am looking for, so that students are clear about my grading parameters. Moreover, I promote instructional expectations sometimes by showing why the lesson is relevant to the students'…… [Read More]

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Standards of Practice

Words: 611 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47528557

Marzano's nine instructional strategies provide a useful springboard for structuring student activities in a clear and unambiguous fashion. Students can be easily intimidated by a difficult concept or a difficult piece of writing. Identifying similarities and differences can be a useful way to break down the exercise: asking, for example, how one character in a novel is similar or different to the main character of a novel the students previously read. Creating a similarity/difference chart can also be a valuable asset for visual learners.

The nine instructional strategies are also useful because they make use of a variety of different learning styles. Some students learn best by taking notes and verbally summarizing the material. Others learn through the use of interpersonal approaches, such as team-based learning, or non-verbal visual strategies. Using a diversity of learning techniques better ensures that all students will be "on board" with the concepts being taught…… [Read More]

References

Marzano's nine instructional strategies for teaching and learning. Retrieved from:

http://www.ntuaft.com/TISE/Research-Based%20Instructional%20Strategies/marzanos%209%20strategies.pdf
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Right Decision Concerning the Choice

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51728114



Strategy/implicit instruction is a student-centered approach, which focuses on the general skills, rules and processes required for learning a particular concept. The chief objective of strategy/implicit instruction is to encourage the students to apply higher-level thinking skills to problem solving and use acquired techniques in other spheres. Strategy/implicit instruction holds as one of its major goals to teach students to control and evaluate their progress, thus assessing the strategy effect. Strategy/implicit instruction requires a certain sequence of actions: the teacher points out the objective, reviews the knowledge and skills required for comprehension of the new material and then presents the new material. The instructional process consists in the following: the strategy is introduced and modeled by the teacher. While modeling problem-solving with the help of the new strategy, it is crucial that the teacher clearly describes his thinking process so that the students could use the same considerations while applying…… [Read More]

In has been proven by the experience of many teachers that strategy/implicit instruction in application to middle school mathematics can yield very positive results. Therefore, in my teaching practice, I would choose this very instructional strategy.

Strategy/implicit instruction is a student-centered approach, which focuses on the general skills, rules and processes required for learning a particular concept. The chief objective of strategy/implicit instruction is to encourage the students to apply higher-level thinking skills to problem solving and use acquired techniques in other spheres. Strategy/implicit instruction holds as one of its major goals to teach students to control and evaluate their progress, thus assessing the strategy effect. Strategy/implicit instruction requires a certain sequence of actions: the teacher points out the objective, reviews the knowledge and skills required for comprehension of the new material and then presents the new material. The instructional process consists in the following: the strategy is introduced and modeled by the teacher. While modeling problem-solving with the help of the new strategy, it is crucial that the teacher clearly describes his thinking process so that the students could use the same considerations while applying the strategy. Then the students are assigned problems to solve with the help of the newly-introduced strategy.

At this point it appears opportune to dwell upon a few literary sources dedicated to the strategy/implicit instruction. In the book Focus on Exceptional Children by Swanson (2001) the author lists the following components of this instructional strategy: mental scaffolding as basis for new understanding, student assessment of their own understanding and progress, connection between the new information and material already learned, and summarizing new information. The researcher also finds such general learning strategies as questioning, discussions, outlining and underlining, indispensable in strategy/implicit instructional process. Swanson considers it crucial that sufficient amount of time is dedicated to group instruction as well as individual practice. Swanson mentions seven criteria characteristics of strategy/implicit instruction. They are
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Response to Intervention Effectiveness

Words: 3002 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26765077

Intervention Effectiveness

Response to instruction and intervention RTI2 is reported as a general approach in education to closing the gap in achievement. RTI2 methods are constructed upon the Response to Intervention (RTI) model that was an option for schools under the 'Building the Legacy, Idea 2004 reauthorization of the individuals with Disabilities Education Act IDEA. (California Department of Education, 2011) RTI and the expanded RTI2 are reported as being based upon "17 years of practice that has refined continuous progress monitoring as a strategy for keeping students on a path toward success." (California Department of Education, 2011) RTI is reported as a strategy that moves all students through the steps set out in the learning standards and is further more stated to be an approach that views both academic and behavioral achievement of students.

Tier 1-3

Tier 1 included the 'Universal Interventions' which include "preventive, proactive, universal intervention in all…… [Read More]

References

Benchmark interventions -- reinforcement (2011) Department of Education. Retrieved from:  http://pubs.cde.ca.gov/tcsii/ch2/bnchmrkrnfrcmnt.aspx 

Case Study: El Rancho Unified School District in Pico Rivera, California (2011) International Reading Program. Retrieved from: http://www.reading.org/downloads/resources/rti0707_implications.pdf

Case Study: Pella Community School District, Iowa (2011) International Reading Program. Retrieved from: http://www.reading.org/downloads/resources/rti0707_implications.pdf

Implications for Reading Teachers in Response To Intervention (RTI) (2011) International Reading Program. Retrieved from: http://www.reading.org/downloads/resources/rti0707_implications.pdf
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Jaime Escalante Hero Teaching Hope

Words: 1767 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4316610

movie Stand and Deliver (Menendez & Musca, 1988), which is based on the true story of Jamie Escalante, an individual who overcame ethnic, cultural, and socioeconomic issues to become a highly successful mathematics teacher. Discuss the beliefs he held and the strategies he employed in his classroom that contributed to high achievement levels in his students.

The final report of the National Mathematics Advisory Panel (2008) presents a three-pronged argument for an effective math curricula: 1) It must foster the successful mathematical performance of students in algebra and beyond; 2) it must be taught by experienced teachers of mathematics who instructional strategies that are research-based; and, 3) the instruction of the math curriculum must accomplish the "mutually reinforcing benefits of conceptual understanding, procedural fluency, and automatic recall of facts" (National Mathematics Advisory Panel, 2008, p. xiv). Jamie Escalante began teaching before this report was released, but he knew from experience…… [Read More]

References

____. (2004, April 13). "Hero'" Teacher Escalante Addresses Students At Wittenberg Commencement May 9. Wittenberg University. Retrieved http://www4.wittenberg.edu/news/1998/commspeaker.shtml

____. (2008). National Mathematics Advisory Panel, Foundations for Success. The Final Report of the National Mathematics Advisory Panel, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, D.C. Retrieved  http://www2.ed.gov/about/bdscomm/list/mathpanel/report/final-report.pdf 

Barley, Z., Lauer, P.A., Arens, S.A., Apthorp, H.S., Englert, K.S., Snow, D., & Akiba, M. (2002). Helping at-risk students meet standards: A synthesis of evidence-based classroom practices. Retrieved March 20, 2008, from the Midcontinent Research for Education and Learning [Web]. Retrieved http://www.mcrel.org/PDF/Synthesis/5022RR_RSHelpingAtRisk.pdf

Berkas, N., & Pattison, C. (2007, November). Manipulatives: More than a special education intervention. NCTM News Bulletin. Retrieved March 20, 2008, from the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics [Web] Retreived http://www.nctm.org/news/release_list.aspx?id=12698
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Education Over the Last Several

Words: 4983 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79674112

Think about a change you would like to see in your educational or work environment. How would you implement this change? Consider and discuss the possible resistance that you may encounter from your professional community. How would you support them throughout the change process? How would you overcome any resistance to the change?

A change that can be implemented inside an educational environment is to unify the approach educators are using in reaching out to students. What normally happens is most teachers have different theories and practices they are following. This can be problematic as some of the most experience educators may be reluctant to alter their techniques. Instead, they will often focus on formats (such as: the traditional lecture setting) to present news ideas to students. This is problematic, as the class will quickly become bored with the dry approach that is being utilized. To deal with these issues…… [Read More]

References

Adams, C. (2006). Differeniating Instruction. Waco, TX: Puff Rock Press.

Bender, W. (2009). Differentiating Math Instruction. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Demmitt, C. (2007). Evidence-Based Counseling. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Dryer, W. (2007). Team Building. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass.
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Pyramid of Intervention

Words: 1001 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58509114

Pyramid of Intervention

What is the purpose of the Pyramid of Intervention?

For students that are struggling in their quest to learn, there are a number of interventions available through various educational channels. One of those interventions is the "Pyramid of Intervention" (POI), and according to professors with the University of South Florida, this pyramid is designed for children who need additional intervention to ensure their continuing development as learners. "A tiered intervention model is an excellent fit with the presumption" -- in the very important period of early childhood -- "that young children…" should be given learning opportunities that take place in the natural environment and in "inclusive settings" in order to meet their needs (Fox, et al., 2009).

Moreover, there has been a need for a particular intervention that addresses the social and behavioral issues young learners go through, and Fox explains that there is a "…substantial body…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fox, L, Carta, J., Strain, P., Dunlap, G., and Hemmeter, M.L. (2009). Response to Intervention

And the Pyramid Model. University of South Florida / Technical Assistance Center on Social

Emotional Intervention. Retrieved September 18, 2013, from  http://nhcebis.seresc.net .

Howery, K., McClellan, T., and Pederson-Bayus, K. (2013). "Reaching Every Student" with a Pyramid of Intervention Approach: One District's Journey. Canadian Journal of Education,
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Educational Technologies and Online Learning

Words: 1513 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60612633

There are varying educational backgrounds and levels in distance education and the delivery method must be in a way that is interactive using visuals, charts, graphs and other stimulating realia.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the Dick & Carey Model of Instructional Design and the Jerrold Kemp Model of Instructional design are both excellent models for developing both traditional and distance learning materials. However, the differences among the types of ISD Comparison 6 learners must be clearly identified and defined in order for either of these models to be successful. With technology changing the face of education, instructional design models will also need to change in order to best educate and meet the needs of the different types of learners.… [Read More]

References

Dick, Walter, & Carey, Lou. (1985) The Systematic Design of Instruction (2nd ed.) Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman and Company.

Kemp, Jerrold E. (1977). Instructional Design. (2nd Ed.) Belmont, CA: Fearon Publishers, Inc.

Brown, Frederick G. (1981). Measuring Classroom Achievement. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Dalton, William. Assessing Student Learning: It can be more than a survey. Retrieved May 25, 2006 at http://fie.engrng.pitt.edu/fie95/2c1/2c14/2c14.htm
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Adult Literacy Educational Program Design

Words: 3982 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52046011

" (Purcell-Gates, Degener, and Jacobson, 1998)

Activities in the classroom that use generative themes derived from the adult learner's lives "have been seen to facilitate their acquisition of literacy." (Friere, 1992; as cited in: Purcell-Gates, Degener, and Jacobson, 1998) According to Purcell-Gates, Degener, and Jacobson (1998) the use of "life-context-specific materials and activities in adult literacy programs is supported by research that documents the powerful role of context in learning." Stated as an example is "...workplace literacy programs teach literacy skills as they are needed within specific work contexts. Compared to programs that concentrated more on 'genera' literacy, adult programs that incorporated job-related materials were associated with larger increases in both job-related and general literacy." (Purcell-Gates, Degener, and Jacobson, 1998) However, it is noted that other studies state findings that "much of the growth made by participants in general literacy programs is likely to be lost if recently learned skills…… [Read More]

References

Basic Reading Skills - Adult Literacy Supplemental Assessment (2009) National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL). National Center for Education Statistics. Online available at  http://nces.ed.gov/naal/alsa.asp 

Ways to Get Involved (2009) ProLiteracy. Online available at http://www.proliteracy.org/NetCommunity/Page.aspx?pid=499

Issues in Literacy (2009) SIL International. Online available at http://www.sil.org/literacy/issues.htm

Britt, Robert Roy (2009) 14% of U.S. Adults Can't Read. Live Science. 10 Jan 2009. Online available at http://www.livescience.com/culture/090110-illiterate-adults.html
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Intasc Standard IV Artifact Educational Software Intasc

Words: 546 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64195841

INTASC Standard IV

Artifact: "Educational Software"

INTASC Standard IV: Multiple Instructional Strategies -- The teacher understands and uses a variety of instructional strategies to encourage student's development of critical thinking, problem solving, and performance skills.

This artifact evaluates educational software. Computer utilization is one way add instructional strategies into the classroom. In the process, it looks beyond the design of the software to consider how the software might mesh with current instructional practices. The artifact also looks at practical aspects of installation and ease of set-up for student use, factors that would influence how effectively the software can be used in the classroom. The artifact looks at a variety of reading-based software from basic phonics skills to comprehension. It includes illustrations from the software to demonstrate facets of the software. The artifact also looks at cost, an important issue in budget-strapped school systems.

By looking not only at the software…… [Read More]

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Theoretical Underpinnings of My Teaching

Words: 2776 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45730059

The works of Borko and Putnam (1998) expressed the contemporary perspectives to the concept of contextual learning. Situated recognition (uses both social and physical contexts),social cognition (uses an individual's construction of a given knowledge) as well as distributed cognition which employs or relates to both the social and situated nature of cognition (Clifford and Wilson,2000). While employing this ideas, I emphasize on problem solving, recognition of the fact that teaching as well as learning must occur within multiple contexts, assist my students in the process of learning, anchor my lesson and teachings on various diverse real life context of my students, encourage my students to learn from one another while also employing an authentic assessment technique.

Audience Analysis and Considerations

The audience basically comprises of adult learners who are either interested in advancing their careers or leaning of better ways of running their own firms. Their learning style is based…… [Read More]

References

ATHERTON JS (2002) Learning and Teaching: Learning from experience [Online]: UK: Available:  http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/experience.htm 

Borko, H., and Putnam, R.T. "The Role of Context in Teacher Learning and Teacher Education." In Contextual Teaching and Learning: Preparing Teachers to Enhance Student Success in and Beyond School. Information Series No. 376. Columbus: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Center on Education for Training and Employment, College of Education, The Ohio State University, and Washington, DC: ERIC Clearinghouse on Teaching and Teacher Education, American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education, 1998. (ED 429-263)

Brown, B.L. Applying Constructivism in Vocational and Career Education. Information Series No. 378. Columbus: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, on Education and Training for Employment, College of Education, The Ohio State University, 1998. (ED 428-298) http://cete.org / acve/majorpubs.asp

Clifford, M., and Wilson, M. "Contextual Teaching, Professional Learning, and Student Experiences: Lessons Learned from Implementation." Educational Brief no. 2. Madison: Center on Education and Work, University of Wisconsin-Madison, December 2000.
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Laura Erlauer-Myrah 2006 Entitled Applying

Words: 1332 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22767230

It must be noted that the students should not only learn from the subject, but they must also enjoy while doing it. Thus, it is strongly recommended for any educators to use a variety of instructional materials that would enhance the quality of teaching. The use of visual aids, over head projectors, power point presentations and even video presentations are some of the most effective instructional materials. These materials are proven able to enhance the students' interest to the subject matter and at the same time proven effective in getting the message across to the students.

Another challenge for the educators is making a right choice on what kind of teaching approach to use: decide theory first, application first, or a mixture. As a teacher, he/she must know how to be flexible in the way he/she teaches. The teacher must know how to adapt with the various qualities and attributes…… [Read More]

Reference:

Erlauer-Myrah, Laura. 1 December 2006. "Applying brain-friendly instructional practices: one principal's advice: start with a group of motivated teachers to plant the seeds of climate change." American Association of School Administrators
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Differentiated Learning & Assessment -- PLC Presentation

Words: 1743 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47845156

Differentiated Learning & Assessment -- PLC Presentation

Differentiated instruction and assessment recognizes that the individual needs, strengths and weaknesses of students must drive learning (Wormeli, 2007). Changing the outcomes of traditional lesson plans to account for differentiated learning is a fundamental part of ensuring student success. Each student's readiness, interest and learning profile is at the core of this approach. Students are diverse; therefore, instructional and assessment practices should be as well, to improve student outcomes in all content areas.

Many teachers design lessons that have a set of specific learning objectives and standardized assessments for students. However, today's learning models ask teachers to adopt multiple objectives and use different levels of assessment for more individualized learning (Dobbertin, 2012). Differentiation of process, then, refers to the way in which a student accesses material (i.e., one student may explore a learning center, while another may conduct an online search for information).…… [Read More]

References

Dobbertin, C. (2012). Just How I Need to Learn It. Educational Leadership, 69(5), 66-70

Forsten, Char, Grant, J., & Hollas, B. (2003). Differentiating Textbooks: Strategies to Improve Student Comprehension & Motivation. New Hampshire: Crystal Springs Books.

Heacox, Diane. (2002). Differentiating Instruction in the Regular Classroom: How to Reach and Teach All Learners, Grades 3-12. Minnesota: Free Spirit Publishing.

Painter, D.D. (2009). Providing Differentiated Learning Experiences Through Multigenre Projects. Intervention in School & Clinic, 44(5), 288-293.
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Learning Environment Critical Aspects for

Words: 1644 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11140703

The presenter will maintain a checklist during the course of the presentation and will identify each topic as it has been completed. This will allow the presenter to make sure that all the necessary topics are covered in time and there is room to perform the activities. The presenter will also distribute feedback forms to the participants. They will be required to complete these feedback forms at the end of the presentation and deposit them with the presenter or at a designated desk before leaving. The information on the forms will enable the presenter to assess whether the goals of the presentation have been met. The feedback forms will also have space where the participant may enter an email address so that the presenter may contact them to learn how they are progressing with the implementation of the ideas shared during the presentation.

Summary

Intermediate division teachers can create effective…… [Read More]

References

Blanchard, K. (n.a.). The Seven Dynamics of Change. Inside Management, pp. 81-84.

Bressell, N.C. (n.a.). The Classroom of the 1990s and the New Millennium. Accessed on 26 May 2012 from http://www.icponline.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=110&Itemid=50

Fouts, J.T. And Myers, R.E. (1992). Classroom Enviornments and Middle School Students' Views of Science. Journal of Education Research, July/August 1992, pp. 103-110.

Ontario. (2005). Education for All.
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Orderly-Restrictive Learning Environments Fairmont Academy

Words: 1816 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23772922

This would allow my students to be properly engaged during the time of issuing instructions. The instruction time is also to be maximized while disciplinary cases minimized in order to help in the achievement of academic success.

I will research, evaluate and implement effective instructional strategies in the classroom settings that can help in providing the students with a rich as well as appropriate environment that is appropriate for learning.

I will implement the Response to Intervention model. In order to analyze as well as use the available student data in the implementation of effective instructions / Interventions.

I will teach on how technology can be utilized in English lessons in order to motivate the students as well as apply the diverse learning styles.

How I will achieve my objectives

I will achieve my objective by sticking to a very strict lesson plans as well as the application of the…… [Read More]

References

Benjamin, a. (2002). Differentiated Instruction, a Guide for Middle and High School Teachers. Larchmont, NY: Eye on Education.

Ellis, E., Gable, R.A., Gregg, M., Rock, M.L. (2008). REACH: A framework for differentiating classroom instruction. Preventing School Failure, 52(2), 31-47

Glanz, C (2004). The Challenge of Local Language Writers in Uganda

The Case of Two Luganda Authors. in: African Media Cultures.
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Literacy Instruction ' Additionally This Work

Words: 691 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32418713

.." And is a concept which has as its basis that "at the beginning of learning, students needs a great deal of support" and over time the support is removed in a gradual manner as the student become prepared to be more independent. Modeling is the process of assisting the students in the construction of meaning and assisting them in learning the necessary strategies and skills in the learning process and in meaning making with what has been learned. Cooperative learning is a strategy for instruction that has been found to be especially effective in literacy instruction and the students "learn to read, write, and think by having meaningful engagements with more experienced individuals." (Wells, 1990; as cited in Useful Instructional Strategies for Literature-Based Instruction, 1997) the Greece School District website 'Reading Strategies: Scaffolding Student's Interactions with Texts' document provides information concerning reading strategies that may be used along with…… [Read More]

References

Tom D. (1994), Teaching method: Best practice for teachers, Retrieved July 25, 2007 at http://northonline.sccd.ctc.edu/eceprog/bstprac.htm

Saskatoon Public Schools (2004),Balanced Literacy Instruction, Retrieved July 25, 2007 at http://olc.spsd.sk.ca/DE/PD/instr/strats/balancedliteracy/index.html

The TELUS Learning Connection, What is balanced literacy? Retrieved July 25, 2007 at http://www.earlyliterature.ecsd.net/balanced%20literacy.htm

Houghton Mifflin Company (1997), Useful Instructional Strategies for Literature-Based Instruction, Retrieved July 25, 2007 at http://www.eduplace.com/rdg/res/literacy/lit_ins4.html
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Expertise and Development

Words: 3086 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30692249

Expertise

Professional development requires us to reflect on our successes and failures and the ways in which we can learn from them. Nothing stays still. One certainty is that the hazards we face next year will be different ones. It is important to take time occasionally to reflect on what you stand for, where your leadership agenda is taking you, what you need to know in order to realize that agenda, what the results of previous attempts to intervene in change were, and how you would proceed differently next time. These activities help keep us energetic and motivated, and rightly focus attention on the future as well as the present (Taleff, 2006, p. 44).

Instructional Strategy

One of the difficulties in all academic staff development program is making the leap from a focus on skills and techniques to a consideration of the underlying 'working theory' which informs those techniques. It…… [Read More]

References

Appiah-Opoku, S. (2007). Indigenous Beliefs and Environmental Stewardship: A Rural Ghana Experience. Journal of Cultural Geography, 24(2), 79+. Retrieved September 4, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5023123538

Bicker, A., Sillitoe, P., & Pottier, J. (Eds.). (2003). Development and Local Knowledge: New Approaches to Issues in Natural Resources Management, Conservation, and Agriculture. New York: Routledge. Retrieved September 4, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=104247737

Grammig, T. (2001). Technical Knowledge and Development: Observing Aid Projects and Processes. New York: Routledge. Retrieved September 4, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=108411358

Gutierrez, X. (2008, July). Strategic Investing in Distressed Assets. Mortgage Banking, 68, 66+. Retrieved September 4, 2011, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5036899636
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Piaget vs Vygotsky Cognitive Constructivism and Social

Words: 1213 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64721030

Piaget vs. Vygotsky

Cognitive Constructivism and Social Constructivism are both theories in the field of Cognitive Development which focuses on the development of how people attain knowledge about their surroundings and come to understand their world throughout their life span. Both psychologists, Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky, came up with their own theories on cognitive development. Piaget came up with the idea of Cognitive Constructivism, while Vygotsky came up with Social Constructivism, both of which have become the most studied theories in this branch of psychology.

Piaget focused on categorizing children's cognitive development into stages and made note of the different approaches that children at a given stage and age has toward acquiring new knowledge. Vygotsky's focus was on a more social perspective and suggested that children's ability to learn comes from their social and daily interactions with their surroundings and culture. It is this that helps them think and…… [Read More]

References:

Martin, J. & Sugarman, J. (1997). The social-cognitive construction of psychotherapeutic change: Bridging the social constructionism and cognitive constructivism. Review of General Psychology. 1(4): 375-388.

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