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Internal Analysis SWOT Analysis Resource-Based View RBV

Words: 1285 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: SWOT Paper #: 171148

Internal Analysis SWOT Analysis

esource-Based View (BV) analysis in Kraft Foods Company

esources in Kraft Foods Company

Physical resources

Kraft Foods Company has an advance of physical resources. These resources are meant for production and creation of a sustainable environment of productivity. Within the notion of productivity, Kraft Foods Company benefits from the resources since they offer the company a positive strength or capability to perform in the market. Increase in the amounts of resources translates to increase in productivity within the organization. Therefore, fullness of resources within the company has fostered its existence and strength of productivity in the market. Physical resources are the tangible facets that are used in production. For instance, the company relies on manufacturing structures, tools, and transportation mechanisms like trucks. These tangible resources are of immense assistance when it comes to productivity within the organization.

The physical resources give the company strength of productivity.…… [Read More]


Henry, A. (2007). The Internal Environment: A Resource-Based View of Strategy.

Understanding Strategic Management. Oxford University Press. Retrieved on November 6, 2012 from 

The Value Chain. (2007). Retrieved on November 6, 2012 from:
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Internal Versus External Forces and Strategy

Words: 1378 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40521508

Kaplan vs. Porter

The author of this report has been asked to compare and contrast two very popular models when it comes to strategic business decisions and the management involvement surrounding the same. One of those two approaches is the work of Kaplan and Norton while the other is that of Porter. Kaplan and Norton had a "notion," per the assignment parameters, of a strategic management system while Porter's work as come to be known as the Five Forces. The two frameworks are similar in some ways but they are also very different in other ways. This brief report shall compare and contrast the two approaches in several ways so as to reveal what makes them different and what makes them the same. While the two approaches being compared and contrasted in this report are different, they are both aligned toward the same overall goal and are centered on the…… [Read More]


MindTools. (2016). Porter's Five Forces: Assessing the Balance of Power in a Business Situation. Retrieved 18 March 2016, from 

SASB. (2014). Sustainability and the Five Forces Model. Sustainability Accounting Standards Board. Retrieved 18 March 2016, from 

VBM. (2013). Summary of Strategy Maps - Kaplan Norton. Abstract. Retrieved 18 March 2016, from
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Internal Analysis and SWOT Analysis

Words: 1128 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: SWOT Paper #: 30702261

Analysis of California Pizza Kitchen Strengths and Weaknesses

California Pizza Kitchen has been able to rise above the difficult economic conditions in their largest markets by concentrating on the most strategically important process areas first. At the center of their strengths, the chain has is the ability to support their global brand with a unique, branded dining experience (Fair Disclosure Wire, 2010). Creating the integration between a restaurant's global brand and having the dining experience support and accentuate the brand's messaging and value is elusive and yet very profitable (McCaw, 2009). This is the greatest strength that California Pizza Kitchen has been able to attain in its history including its growth across geographies.

The second greatest strength of the company is its ability to continually create unique food entrees and continually keep the in-restaurant dining experience new and exciting even for the most loyal customers. This ability to create a…… [Read More]


Dasu, S., & Chase, R.. (2010). Designing the Soft Side of Customer Service. MIT Sloan Management Review, 52(1), 33-39.

Event Brief of Q2 2010 California Pizza Kitchen Earnings Conference Call - Final. (5 August 2010). Fair Disclosure Wire

Monica Hanefors & Lena Mossberg. (2003). Searching for the Extraordinary Meal Experience. Journal of Business and Management, 9(3), 249-270.

McCaw, B. (2009, September). Brand Licensing. The Licensing Journal, 29(8), 23-26.
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Internal P Loading in Shallow

Words: 6811 Length: 21 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 45622903

This study demonstrates that different total P. fraction releases may differ between two bodies of water under similar oxygen conditions (Kisand & Noges, 2003). This study is important in that it highlights the complexity of understanding P. fractions in any given body of water. There are a multitude of potential reactions in any body of water. Oxygen plays a role in the reactions of any individual lake, but one cannot make predictions based on oxygen level alone.

Shallow lakes differ from stratified lakes in many ways. A stratified lake typically reaches equilibria in such a manner that it becomes divided into regions. This is not the case with shallow lakes. With a shallow lake, the entire lake may change from clear water to macrophyte dominated to algae dominated, each phase has its own state of equilibrium (Dokulil & Teubner, 2003). Total chlorophyll to phosphorus ratios are different in these various…… [Read More]


Burger, D., Hamilton, D., Pilditch, C., & Gibbs (2007).Benthic nutrient fluxes in a eutrophic polymictic lake. Hydrobiologia. 584, 13-25.

Dokulil, M., & Teubner, K. (2003). Eutrophication and restoration of shallow lakes - the conceptof stable equilibria revisited. Hydrobiologia. 506-509, 29-35.

Farmer, J., Bailey-Watts, a., Kirika, a., and Scott, C. (2006).

Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 4 (1): 45-56.
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Internal Theft Subways Internal Theft Shrinkage

Words: 1877 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 835460

Presently, the ed Line consists of three segments Downtown LA, Wilshire Center and N. Hollywood and the total coverage is 17.4 miles. Apart from this, the review identified the possible financial and schedule risks. It was inferred that the cost and completion schedules were justified; however funding risks were present for the North Hollywood segment. Apart from that, MTA's overall finances and the operating budget shortfalls might impact the ed Line. Therefore it was recommended that FTA need MTA to keep its finance plan up-to-date and to clearly find out and make priority in its different capital and operating costs revenues by source, and the specific revenues which are to cover specific costs. FTA approved the recommendation. Finally the report concluded that the ecovery Plan's 7-year projections of revenues and costs can be supported and were justified. Nevertheless MTA would be encountering a deficit of $1.1 billion. ("Transportation Investment Projects…… [Read More]


Albrecht, Steven. (1996) "Crisis management for corporate self-defense." American

Management Association, New York.

"Case Study: Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) District of Columbia" pp: 39-48. Retrieved 10 May, 2007 from 

Gibbs, Michael. (2002, October) "Home on the Page: Retail Burglary" Security
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Internal Business Process Perspective Balanced Scorecard Turns

Words: 613 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93255825

internal business process perspective balanced scorecard turns attention aspects organization's operations possibility direct control managers employees. Here a summary approach: Niven, P. (N.D.) Internal Process perspective.

The balanced scorecard at the Duke Children's Hospital

The change process at Duke Children's Hospital was decided upon as the healthcare institution faced severe challenges. Its operational costs were increasing while its revenues were decreasing. Issues had been raised about eliminating specific programs and reducing the palette of services offered. The levels of productivity on the part of the staff members were decreased, as was their satisfaction and the satisfaction of the patients.

In addressing these issues, the managerial team at the hospital focused on the integration of the clinicians and administrators in a strategic manner, with the aid of the balanced scorecard. As a result, the revenues increased and the net margin of the hospital increased by $15 million. Employee satisfaction also increased…… [Read More]


Meliones, J.N., Ballard, R., Liekweg, R., Burton, W., 2001, No mission No margin: It's that simple, Journal of Health Care Finance, Vol. 27, No. 3

Balanced scorecard basics, The Balanced Scorecard Institute,  last accessed on August 4, 2011
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Internal and SWOT Analysis Economic

Words: 909 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: SWOT Paper #: 87510725

The market is assumed to have perfect information to the price is assumed to reflect all publicly available information. As such, credit ratings or bond yields provide insight into how the market views this company, based on all publicly available information.

There is no guarantee that any source is going to have the information you seek. Indeed, once could waste a lot of time, especially if one is determined to hunt down unique sources of information for each competency and capability. Most of this information can be found from the top 2-3 sources; other sources may not be entirely superfluous but the researcher must understand that there is a point of diminishing returns with respect to most sources in the library or Internet. A search of an academic database can take hours to yield two useful articles, neither of which sheds any more light than what can be found on…… [Read More]

Brown, T. (2009). Corporate innovation at Southwest Airlines: An interview with Herb Kelleher, founder and former chair & CEO. Business Horizons. Vol. 52 (5) 409-412.

Weiss, D. & Maher, M. (2009). Operational hedging against adverse circumstances. Journal of Operations Management. Vol. 27 (5) 362-373.

ATW. (2009). Southwest reaches tentative deal with pilots, adds three routes at DEN. Air Transport World (Online edition). Retrieved May 15, 2010 from
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Environment Under Armour Is a Worldwide Company

Words: 814 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 89690984


Under Armour is a worldwide company that produces performance sports apparel. In an environment where people are always looking for the "latest and greatest," a company with a high-tech and unique product can certainly flourish. In the world of athletics there is a desire for quality products that improve performance. Additionally, local and younger athletes look towards professional athletes to set the trend as far sports apparel, equipment and accessories are concerned. The technology used in the Under Armour products is new, and has potential to change for the better as technology changes. A wide range of athletes are looking for this type of performance gear, so products need be either very specialized or appeal to multiple demographics. There is a huge market not only in the United States, but in all parts of the world where an emphasis on athletics is prevalent. While these products are not traditionally…… [Read More]

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Internal Revenue Service Is a

Words: 1247 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 80189288

A major objective of the custodial Financial reporting system is to be continuously and accurately responsive to regular and ad hoc requests for custodial financial reports" (Website of the Internal evenue Service, 2008).

The new information system has not been entirely implemented in the meaning that it still in the stages of control and testing. Once its implementation has been completed, the FMIS is expected to perform the following tasks:

Support the financial audit conducted by the General Accountability Office

Prepare the financial statements of the Internal evenue Service

Prepare reports for trending on operational impact

Feed the BPMS (the Business Performance Management System), the CCW (Compliance Data Warehouse) and the CAP (Custodial Accounting Project)

etrieve the information necessary for the Federal Payment Levy Program (FPLP), and finally

Analyze and report on modules with credit balances belonging to frozen credit processes (Website of the Internal evenue Service, 2008)

The GAO…… [Read More]


Johnson, S., 2008, GAO to IRS: Get Control of Yourself, CFO,  accessed on December 10, 2008

Website of the Internal Revenue Service, http://www.irs.govlast accessed on December 10, 2008

Website of the U.S. Government Accountability Office,  accessed on December 10, 2008
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Environment Zebra and Quagga Mussels

Words: 677 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 38701182

d.). It has been estimated that in the Midwest, where infestation levels have been notoriously high, that "hundreds of millions of dollars in maintenance and damage repair" have been direct consequences of zebra and quagga mussel invasions (Arizona Game and Fish Department, n.d.). There are as many as 10 trillion quagga and zebra mussels in the Great Lakes today (National Wildlife Federation, n.d.).

Based on what is known about zebra and quagga mussels, it is hypothesized that their populations can be reduced using systematic methods of cleaning boats and monitoring local and especially man-made waterways. It has been shown that man-made waterways such as canals can act as "superhighways" particularly conducive to the rapid spread of the quagga and zebra larvae (National Wildlife Federation, n.d.). Ballast water regulation has been shown to be an effective preventative measure, but it is not the only means by which to curb the growth…… [Read More]


Aquatic Invasive Species of Pennsylvania (n.d.). Retrieved online:

Arizona Game and Fish Department (n.d.). Quagga mussels. Retrieved online: 

National Wildlife Federation (n.d.). Invasive mussels. Retrieved online:
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Internal Communication True Software Inc

Words: 1779 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 24707288

It helps keep the employees motivated and involved when information is shared with them as and when the need arises. It is also critical to bear in mind that messages must be exchanged and delivered in a timely fashion. Sharing the facts that the entire world already knows is a surefire way of losing employees' trust. Stale information is of no use to the stakeholders and usually results in greater mistrust and friction. However for timely delivery of information, senior management or whoever is responsible for transferring information from one end to another must avail all forms of communication including:

Face-to-face meetings, Voicemail and email messaging, Brochures, pamphlets etc. Apart from time, another thing that must be kept in view is the content of messages or information delivered to employees. Messages must be clear and consistent at all times. Brown adds, "Make sure messages are clear, consistent and credible. While…… [Read More]


Gordon, Gloria the state of internal communication - three views. (Panel Discussion) Publication: Communication World; Date: 03/01/1998;

Geddie, Tom B. Internal communication: a model for the future Publication: Communication World; Date: 01/01/1995;

David Brown in DEPTH: Business STRATEGIES: Internal communications should be of vital importance to any business the Business Review (Albany) - August 19, 2002
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Internal Confidential MEMO103642 John Doe

Words: 1589 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 18818788

This population of aging, having had just one child, will rely upon society as a whole to care for them, instead of an extended family as was once traditionally and culturally the case.

The Rural Subsistent Dwellers

Evidenced by the lower income figures reported widely, China's rural farming populations have perhaps been the hardest hit by the One Child Policy. here ancient traditions and customs once dominated the way of life in the rural areas, China's reform policies, especially that one limiting One Child per family, have long impacted the rural way of life and productivity in China (Diamant, Neil, 2000, 93). here families that farmed once had children, sometimes numerous children, and those children helped to farm and bring in productive crops that could sustain the family, with the results of the family's labors far reaching and providing a source of income as well; since the One Child Policy…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Diamant, Neil J. Revolutionizing the Family: Politics, Love, and Divorce in Urban and Rural China, 1949-1968. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2000. Questia. 28 Apr. 2009 .

England, Robert Stowe. Aging China: The Demographic Challenge to China's Economic Prospects. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2005. Questia. 28 Apr. 2009 .

Peerenboom, R.P. Law and Morality in Ancient China: The Silk Manuscripts of Huang-Lao / . Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1993. Questia. 28 Apr. 2009 .
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Amazon's Business Environment

Words: 2553 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92528084

External and Internal Environments for Amazon

External and Internal Environments

Two segments of the general environment

Everything being equal, it is the primary objective of any company or business to gain a bigger market share, grow, affect its bottom line, and be successful. In order for the business to accomplish its goals, the business should deal with all its stakeholders who include suppliers, employees, shareholders, customers, competitors, and society. A business will encounter stiff competition in all its market be it locally or internationally for it to achieve its objectives and goals. For a business to gain competitive advantages over its rivals within the industry, it must be able to understand the present and predict future trends. The business should also take into consideration the internal and external environments of the business industry, which will impact the business activities directly and indirectly. Jeff Bezos founded Amazon, which is the world's…… [Read More]


Chu, C.-P., Guo, W.-C., & Lai, F.-C. (2012). On the competition between an online bookstore and a physical bookstore. NETNOMICS: Economic Research and Electronic Networking, 13(3), 141-154.

Hitt, M., Ireland, R.D., & Hoskisson, R. (2012). Strategic management cases: competitiveness and globalization. Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.

Ritala, P., Golnam, A., & Wegmann, A. (2014). Coopetition-based business models: The case of Amazon. com. Industrial marketing management, 43(2), 236-249.

Rothaermel, F.T. (2013). Strategic Management: Concepts: McGraw-Hill Irwin.
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The Internal and External Environment

Words: 361 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80777737

In addition to these factors,
Microsoft also has to contend with challenges to its core business of
personal productivity applications from a wide variety of competitors.
Internally, Microsoft's environment is hard-driving, very focused on
development schedules, and has a definite intensity of focus. The internal
environment is dominated by engineering expertise and depth of insight over
and above work-life balance, an issue the company has struggled with for
years. In addition the internal environment is dominated by managers who
have been promoted based on their technical prowess and not necessarily
their management ability. This makes for a tense yet very focused internal
culture where accomplishment is everything. As a result the company's
internal environment is not necessarily marked by a work-life balance;
instead it is a culture that rewards technical insight, intelligence and

DataMonitor (2006) - Microsoft Corporation Company Profile. Publication
Date 5 April 2006. eference Code: 1103…… [Read More]

DataMonitor (2006) - Microsoft Corporation Company Profile. Publication
Date 5 April 2006. Reference Code: 1103

Greene (2005) - Troubling Exits at Microsoft. Business Week Online.
September 26, 2005. Accessed from the Internet on January 18, 2007 from
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How environment influences business

Words: 6102 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84890856

Effect of External and Internal Environment
Organizations have both an internal and external environment. To begin with, the forces or circumstances within the borderline of the organization are the components of the internal environment. Notably, the internal environment comprises for the most part of the owners, employees, board of directors, stakeholders, and the corporate culture. On the other hand, factors that are extrinsic to the organization are the components of the external environment. It is imperative to note that these are elements that the organization bears no control of as they impact the entire the industry and therefore the organization cannot influence how such aspects will shape up (Nieuwenhuizen, Badenhorst-Weiss, and Rossouw, 2008). On the other hand, factors within the internal environment are those that the organization can control and have an effect on how they will turn out to be. The external environment is categorized into the general…… [Read More]

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the role of financial managers vis a vis macroeconomic environment

Words: 1576 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94952006

Executive Summary

The financial manager's role is to understand the impact that different internal and external factors will impact the company's ability to achieve its financial and market objectives. The macroeconomic environment has both direct and indirect effects on the company. The major macroeconomic variables such as inflation, interest rates, unemployment, GDP, and exchange rates can all directly influence the financial performance of the company. But these variables also impact on things like government policy, so there are indirect impacts on financial performance as well, and the financial manager also needs to understand these.

The main tool that financial managers use are complex financial models. These models seek to illustrate the impact that different variables have on the company – both internal and external variable. Forecasts are created using different macroeconomic and market variables, and these forecasts can highlight a range of different financial conditions, along with the expected impacts…… [Read More]

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Development of Canine Behavior Genetics vs Environment

Words: 4662 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 91836586

Canine Behavior: Genetics vs. Environment

The debate over nature vs. nurture as it applies to learning dates back over a hundred years. Certainly, during much of the 20th century, the distinction between learned and inherited behavior appeared much clearer than it does today. The concept that any type of behavior was either learned or merely developed without learning seemed a rationale and straightforward belief. esearch based on these expectations caused some scientists to conclude that rat-killing behavior among cats, for example, is a learned behavior rather than an instinctive one, that human fears are all acquired, or that intelligence is completely the result of experience. Learning theorists were arguing at this point that most behavior is learned and that biological factors are of little or no importance. The behaviorist position that human behavior could be explained entirely in terms of reflexes, stimulus-response associations, and the effects of reinforcers upon them…… [Read More]


Ader, R., Baum, A., & Weiner, H. (1988). Experimental foundations of behavioral medicines: Conditioning approaches. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Black, A.H., Solomon, R.L., & Whiting, J.W.M. (1954, April). Resistance to temptation as a function of antecedent dependency relationships in puppies. Paper presented at the Eastern Psychological Association meeting, New York. In American Psychologist, 9, 579.

Brush, F.R., Overmier, J.B., & Solomon, R.L. (1985). Affect, conditioning, and cognition: Essays on the determinants of behavior. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Dogs and People: The History and Psychology of a Relationship. (1996). Journal of Business Administration and Policy Analysis, 24-26, 54.
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Environment Affects Organizational Effectiveness to Achieve an

Words: 1244 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63482231

Environment Affects Organizational Effectiveness

To achieve an ethical institution, individuals must concentrate as much on institutional culture as on individual behavior. When individuals focus on these two, they will find that culture is created by two processed the establishment of institutional values and the implementation of those values. This study focuses on the role of the environment in shaping the organizational culture.

A number of ethical issues derive from vice, error and weakness. However, most of these stem from an institutional culture that promotes prudently or internal values at the expense of the ethical ones. In such a culture, good managers will make right decisions that are sometimes ethically problematic. This implies that they will make knowledgeable decisions, with strength of virtue and character, but those decisions will be unethical.

The environment in which an institution operates also shapes the cultural values, goals, norms and institutional beliefs. Therefore, because of…… [Read More]


Green, S. (2011). The would-be pioneer. Harvard Business Review. 89(4), 124-126. This article can be found in EBSCO.

Scarborough, J. (2011). The origins of cultural differences and their impact on management. Westport, Conn: Quorum Books.

Usunier, J.-C. (2008). International and cross-cultural management research. London: SAGE.
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Internal and External Security Threats

Words: 1712 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28823917

These different elements show the overall nature of possible threats that could be facing a variety of organizations and how to mitigate them. This is important, because given the rapid changes in technology and the way various threats could occur, requires all entities to be watchful of different situations. Where, those who implement such strategies will be able to adapt to the various challenges that they are facing in the future; by understanding the nature of the threat and how to address it. Over the course of time, this will help to keep an organization flexible in addressing the various security issues, as the approach will require everyone to remain watchful and understand new threats that could be emerging. This will prevent different weakness from being exploited, by knowing where they are and then fixing them.


Safety, Security, and Physical Plant Systems. (n.d.)

eaver, K. (2010). Introduction to Ethical…… [Read More]


Safety, Security, and Physical Plant Systems. (n.d.)

Beaver, K. (2010). Introduction to Ethical Hacking. Hacking for Dummies. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. 11.

Gallagher, M (2008). Security Tools and Methods. Cyber Security. Cheltenham: Elger. 45 -- 46.

Meyers, M. (2007). Malicious Software. Mike Myers A + Guide. San Francisco, CA: McGraw Hill. 18.
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Internal Supply Chain at a Local Mcdonald's

Words: 1465 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80260220

Internal Supply Chain at a Local McDonald's

Description of the company from an Australian market perspective, the products offered in the store visited, and the supply chain in which the store operates

The Australian McDonald's corporate Web site indicates that the company opened its first restaurant in an Australian suburb in 1971 and there are currently almost 800 McDonald's restaurants throughout the country, employing approximately 85,000 people (About us 2011). Although Australian McDonald's typically feature a majority of the standard fare offered at the company's restaurants around the world, some also feature regional specialties as shown in Table 1 below.

epresentative products from a Sydney-based McDonald's restaurant




Boston deli bagel

NYC benedict bagel

Bacon and egg McMuffin

Bakehouse brekkie roll

osti brekkie wrap

Assorted beverages


Hamburger/cheeseburger permutations

French fries

Baked fruit pies

McChicken sandwich

Chicken McNuggets


Various "combo" meals

Various family "dinner box" meals (available…… [Read More]


'About us.' (2011) McDonald's Australia. [online] available: .au" target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">
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Internal Supply Chain Analysis

Words: 3642 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 90449747

Organization Behavior

Internal Supply Chain Management


Harvey Norman is a large scale retail chain owned and operated by Harvey Norman Holdings Ltd. It is one of the most successful retailers in the Australian region. It promotes and sells all kinds of consumer products of world's top quality brands. The major product lines include personal computers, cameras, gaming, mobile phones, audio and video players, home appliances, furniture & bedding, gifts, home decoration and interior designing, fitness machines, leisure, etc. Headquartered in New South Wales, New Zealand, Harvey Norman operates with more than 230 stores in Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, Malaysia, Croatia, Singapore, Slovenia, and Northern Ireland. It was established in 1982 by Gerry Harvey and Ian Norman. The holding company, Harvey Norman Holdings Ltd. has also franchised a number of retail chains in Australia; including Space Furniture, Joyce Mayne, Ariston Appliances, Domayne, etc.

Harvey Norman has a wide…… [Read More]


Agrawal, N., & Smith, S.A. 2009, Retail Supply Chain Management, Quantitative Models and Empirical Studies, International Series in Operations Research & Management Science, Vol. 122. U.S.: Springer

Bamford, D., & Forrester, P. 2010, Essential Guide to Operations Management: Concepts and Case Notes. U.S.: John Wiley and Sons

Blythe, J., & Megicks, P. 2010, Marketing Planning: Strategy, Environment and Context, 3rd Edition. U.K: Prentice Hall

Boyer, K.K., & Verma, R. 2009, Operations and Supply Chain Management for the 21st Century. U.S.: Cengage Learning
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Internal Validity and External Validity Are Important

Words: 692 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88930547

internal validity and external validity are important when designing, implementing, and reviewing empirical research. Internal validity refers to the design of the research and its methodology. Issues like sampling, statistical analyses, robustness of the variables, survey instruments, and researcher bias can impact internal validity. With regards to my research question, internal validity is of the utmost importance. The independent variables in this case include two different types of interventions: bloodless cardiac surgeries and blood transfusions. However, it is important to operationalize these two independent variables so that the researchers are clear on what exactly constitutes a bloodless surgery and a blood transfusion. Moreover, issues like hospital setting must be taken into account as a potentially confounding variable. When, where, and how these procedures are implemented can all have a bearing on the internal validity of the research design.

Likewise, the dependent variables are morbidity and mortality in patients. It is…… [Read More]


"Internal Validity," (n.d.). Retrieved online: 

Osborn, D.R. (n.d.). External validity. Retrieved online:

Shander, A., Moskowitz, D. & Rijhwani, T.S. (2005). The safety and efficacy of 'bloodless' cardiac surgery. Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia 9(1).

Whitson, B.A., Huddleston, S.J., Savik, K. & Shumway, S.J. (2007). Bloodless cardiac surgery is associated with decreased morbidity and mortality. Journal of Cardiac Surgery 22(5): 373-8.
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Environment Influences the Body Plans of Organisms

Words: 646 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94256143

Environment Influences the Body Plan of Organisms

The distinction between adiata and Bilateria, or organisms with a radial or bilateral symmetry, is that the latter have a dorsal/ventral polarity resulting in bilateral body axes (reviewed by Martindale and Henry, 1998). By comparison, species with radial symmetry, the adiata, have a single anterior/posterior axis in their body plan and no dorsal/ventral polarity. Another general distinction is the presence of three germ layers in the Bilateria, which are the endoderm, ectoderm, and mesoderm. These three pluripotent cell types will give rise to organs and internal epithelial layers, skin and nervous tissues, and muscle and connective tissues, respectively.

ole of Environment

adiata contain a digestive tract that is perpendicular to radial structures (reviewed by Martindale and Henry, 1998). For example, the cnidarians have a mouth that is surrounded by radial pattern of tentacles. After the food enters the mouth, it collects in a…… [Read More]


Martindale, Mark Q. And Henry, Jonathan Q. (1998). The development of radial and biradial symmetry: The evolution of bilaterality. American Zoologist, 38, 672-684.

Yoshimura, Kazuya and Motokawa, Tatsuo. (2010). Bilaterality in the regular sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina is related to efficient defense not to efficient locomotion. Marine Biology, 157, 2475-2488.
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Environment of Cdhs Colorado Division

Words: 1966 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Assessment Paper #: 95196983

(Colorado Department of Human Services (CDHS), 2011)


Even though, the services provided by the Colorado division of child welfare are of satisfactory quality but there are certain areas on which the Colorado division of child welfare has to work in order to enhance the quality of its programs and services. The Colorado division of child welfare shall opt for a more facilitated and properly administered organizational structure as this would enable the management to work in a more effective and efficient manner. (Policy Studies Inc., & American Humane, 2009)

The Colorado division of child welfare shall also work on properly assigning the responsibilities to the staff members on the basis of their functionality, position, skill and abilities. In addition to that, Colorado division of child welfare shall also work on the communication gap that prevails in the organization and shall facilitate communication between the staff and shall explicitly state…… [Read More]


City and County of Denver (2013). Rules Regulating Child Care Centers. [report] Denver: City and County of Denver, pp. 1-8.

Colorado Department of Human Services (CDHS) (2011). Child And Family Services Review Performance Improvement Plan. [report] Alamosa: Colorado Department of Human Services (CDHS), pp. 1-39.

Colorado Department of Human Services (CDHS) (2011). 2011 Annual Evaluation Report The Division of Child Welfare. [report] Alamosa: Colorado Department of Human Services (CDHS), pp. 1-25. (2013). Division of Child Welfare. [online] Retrieved from: [Accessed: 17 Jul 2013].
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Internal Controls the Generalized Lack

Words: 1133 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42240870

This implies a comparison of the results of the internal and external audits. Additionally, aside results and documents consulted, it is also necessary to assess the various variables used in the evaluations.

It is for instance possible for the company to alter the findings by focusing on more favorable variables. As a specific example, a financial audit could reveal increased organizational abilities to honor company debts, but this conclusion could solely be founded on the assessment of the company's short-term liquidity, in a context in which the assessment of the long-term liquidity would have revealed financial instabilities. In this order of ideas, the risks of altered results would decrease and the relevance of the findings would increase to better allow the auditor to assess the quality of the internal control systems.

At this stage, the auditors would make use of several technological applications through which to increase the efficiency of…… [Read More]


2003, Sarbanes-Oxley Compliance. A Checklist for Evaluating Internal Controls -- General Ledger and Financial Reporting Processes, AXS-One,  last accessed on June 25, 2010

Internal Control Checklist, IDAHO Management Control Systems,$FILE/Cklist60.rtf  last accessed on June 25, 2010

Internal Control; Self-Assessment Checklist, the University of Utah,  last accessed on June 25, 2010

Phases of a Control Evaluation PowerPoint
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Internal Analysis Brand Recognition

Words: 1969 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: SWOT Paper #: 19019962

Louis Vuitton -- Case Study

Key Issues

To formulate a plan for the expansion of the brand into the international market. The planning and execution of strategies that would help on long-term commitment of support in the international market, depending upon different parts of the world.

The formulation of strategies and plans in cases of economic down times and interference of government policies.

Assess the performance of the company by taking into consideration the consumer trends, relevant fashion of time, the scope and demands of every international market.

To evaluate an effective model of communication and monitoring in order to analyze the trends of the existing markets that includes domestic market, variety and innovations of the products of the company.

Internal Analysis: Brand Recognition


The parent company, Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton is one of the most famous, renowned and old fashion and apparel house. The company and the brand…… [Read More]

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Internal and External Challenges to Organizational Behavior

Words: 603 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Creative Writing Paper #: 93564096

successful leadership styles, strategies and traits.

Two leadership styles that I believe are successful and effective styles are servant leadership and transformational leadership. Both of them emphasize strategies of helping followers to become better overall, and both build on positive traits of trust and integrity. Servant leadership focuses on putting the needs of the other ahead of one's own. It is truly about serving one's followers and thereby building an organization that is grounded in compassion, empathy, and the desire and ability to actually help other people overcome the obstacles they face, whether they are in a particular work habit, a personal problem, or a financial difficulty. Servant leaders look out for their followers as though they were their sheep.

Transformational leaders focus on using Emotional Intelligence (EI) and Social Intelligence (SI) to build relationships and transform their followers into the kind of workers that the organization needs to succeed.…… [Read More]


Eichenwald, K. (2005). Conspiracy of Fools. NY: Broadway Books.

Sanders, T. (2006). The Likeability Factor. NY: Three Rivers Press..
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External Environment's Internal Impact on a Company

Words: 2205 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 70675811

Internal company and the External Environment
Based on your research, what are the key drivers for success in the large office supply store industry? This section should be at least 2 pages in length.
There are key success factors for the large office supply store industry. One of the key success factors is location and significance. It is imperative to note that one of the most pivotal success factors for any business is its location. This is the same case for large office supply stores. It is imperative for such corporations to locate their retail stores in a high-traffic area, for instance a mall or a highly frequented intersection. Furthermore, it is essential to make certain that the business is situated near consumers that the corporation seeks to target. The utmost potential customers for office stationeries comprises of the corporate or business consumers, therefore positioning a store in the area…… [Read More]

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Business Organisations Environments Exist Business Organizations Environments

Words: 1743 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63461293

Business Organisations Environments Exist

Business Organizations Environments

Organisations have changed their normal horizon of working and they have transformed their general perspective to work. In the current era strategies have been transformed and effectiveness prevails in the international business arena. This paper would solely focus on the aspects of internal and external environments within the organisation and how these environments affect the general procedures of an organisation in the longer run. The evaluation of this paper is based on several questions and these questions are answered below in detail.

Internal pressures in an organisation and quite critical and complex. At times they can change the entire scenario of a worker and they have the tendency to either bring laurels for the company or they can also tarnish the career of an individual. That is the reason why all these aspects should be kept in mind when an individual is working…… [Read More]


Davis, P. & Desai, A., 2000. Mode Of International Entry: An Isomorphism Perspective.. Journal of International Business Studies, Volume 4, pp. 3-28.

Johnson, R. & Scholes, G., 2008. Exploring Corporate Strategy. 8th ed. London: Prentice Hall.

Judge, T. & Robbins, S., 2010. Organizational Behavior. 14th ed. London: Prentice Hall .

Kinicki, A. & Kreitner, R., 2009. Organizational Behavior. 9th ed. NewYork: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
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Organizational Environment Starbucks In-Depth Analysis of Organizational

Words: 2333 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 19537026

Organizational Environment Starbucks

In-depth Analysis of Organizational Environment - Starbucks

Starbucks Organizational Culture and Environment

Global Perspectives of Starbucks

Social esponsibility embraced by Starbucks

Starbucks Planning Process

Decision Making Process of Starbucks

Starbucks Corporate Strategy

Organizational Structure of Starbucks

Starbucks uses a mechanistic structure as a contemporary design

Starbucks Organizational Culture and Environment

Starbucks Corporation is considered as one of the leading coffee house chains that offer best quality coffee to its customers. This retail corporation is based in the United States, initiated in the early years of the decade of 1970. Due to its popularity, the company rapidly expanded to various locations around the globe. The vision, goals and strategies designed clearly indicated the fact that the owners did not believe in having growth that can abate the corporate culture, therefore, the corporate culture was considered to be one of the integral aspects for the company. The mission statement…… [Read More]


Anthony, W.P., Gales, L.M., & Hodge, B.J. (2003). Organization Theory: A Strategic Approach. 6th Edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.

BCG. (2012). Howard Schultz on Global Reach and Local Relevance at Starbucks - An Interview with the CEO. bcg.perspectives. Retrieved from: 

Behar, H. (2007). It's Not About the Coffee: Leadership Principles from a Life at Starbucks. USA: Portfolio.

SeaZone. (2012). Successful Application of Organizational Behavior: Starbucks - Achieving Success the Starbucks Way. Yahoo Voices. Retrieved from:
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Tesco's Marketing Environment and Performance Today There

Words: 3213 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60395038

Tesco's Marketing Environment and Performance

Today, there are a number of retail grocery and general merchandise corporations competing at the global level, including Walmart, Carrefour and Tesco. Although Walmart remains the largest retailer in the world today, Tesco in particular is fast acquiring its market share in several regions, especially China. Moreover, the company's innovation in providing efficient products and services to its customers has provided it with a distinct competitive advantage in its core United Kingdom domestic market, where it remains the largest grocery retailer in the country today. In fact, one of the main themes to quickly emerge from the research that follows is just how important Tesco is to its customers, with most simply taking the company's presence for granted. To determine how Tesco achieved this impressive level of performance, this study examines the company's proven track record of superior performance in a highly competitive industry to…… [Read More]


Benady, D 2010, The Tesco Test,' Marketing, 26.

'Brand Health Check: Tesco' 2008, December 3, Marketing, 18.

Child, PN 2002, Summer, 'Taking Tesco Global: David Reid, Deputy Chairman of the United

Kingdom's Largest Grocer, Explains the Company's International Strategy,' The
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Business Environment Is Mainly Characterized by Various

Words: 1304 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20155588

Business environment is mainly characterized by various human economic activities including the production, sale, and purchase of goods and services that are carried out with the main objective of earning profits. Generally, the business environment can be described as a set of conditions that facilitate and promote the human economic activities. This environment is basically comprised of the internal business environment and the external business environment. The internal business environment includes the factors that are within the control of business while the external business environment refers to factors that are beyond the control of the business enterprise. One of the most common aspects of the business environment and human economic activities is the economy, which is generally influenced by various factors.

ole of Business in the Economy:

Business is defined as the management and coordination of individuals and resources in order to achieve specific production objectives, with the main goal…… [Read More]


Bernanke, B. (2011, February 9). The Economic Outlook and Monetary and Fiscal Policy.

Retrieved November 3, 2012, from 

"Introduction to the Economy, Fiscal and Monetary Policy." (n.d.). Retrieved November 3, 2012, from 

"McDonald's Issues First Worldwide Social Responsibility Report." (n.d.). CSR Press Release.
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Marketing Internal Influences on Gateway

Words: 1783 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5184703

"Building a successful buzz campaign hinges on finding the right carriers for the message: influencers who are obsessed with staying one step ahead of their peers." (Khermouch & Green, 2001)


In conclusion, this phase of the marketing experience revolved around the perceived impact of various internal influences on consumers as they would be convinced to purchase Gateway Plasma Screen Televisions. The report looked at various aspects and marketing approaches such as demographic data gathering including age and income as well as psychographic data gathering which incorporates personality style or lifestyle data in the marketing of products. The world has become highly technologically advanced and has therefore introduced many new sources or opportunities such as direct database marketing, email contact points and internet shopping to marketing and consumerism management. Marketing and selling have therefore greatly changed. It is no longer a viable approach to just blanket advertise and other traditional…… [Read More]


Khermouch, Gerry & Green, Jeff (2001, July 30). "Buzz Marketing: Suddenly This Stealth Strategy Is Hot -- but it's Still Fraught with Risk." Business Week Online. Retrieved on February 20, 2005, at 

Silverman, George (1997, November). How to Harness the Awesome Power of Word of Mouth. Direct Marketing Magazine, 32-37. Retrieved on February 20, 2005, from Market Navigation, Inc., Web Site: 

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Google Internal & External Google

Words: 685 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47837604

Careful selection of the right employees is one mechanism of external control deployed by Google.


Google controls its employees not through fear, but by motivating them to do good works: "With millions of visitors every month, Google has become an essential part of everyday life - like a good friend - connecting people with the information they need to live great lives" it proclaims (Top ten, 2009, Google). Google offers generous compensation packages to its employees that are individually tailored, and given the difficulty of finding good health insurance and 401 (K) s in the current economy, this also acts as an incentive to remain at the company.

Google's workplace environment, which includes free lunches, free fitness classes -- even free dry-cleaning -- creates an atmosphere of a college campus or even a summer camp. Employees have little incentive to leave the workplace. They have a greater sense of…… [Read More]


Benefits. ( 2009). Google. Retrieved December 19, 2009 at

Top ten reasons to work at Google. (2009). Google. Retrieved December 19, 2009 at
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Management of Change Campaign Internal

Words: 2506 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16564369

The content language adopted for white collar workers will be a simple, plain one as the goal is for the message to be understood best and used by the employees in their interaction with the customers. In global communication campaigns, the language will be the same for white and blue collar workers and therefore a simple and plain one for everyone. In specific communications, the language can increase in complexity if the auditorium that needs to receive the message had a higher education level.

The content will take under consideration the cultural differences between the corporate headquarters country (e.g. UK) and the local offices (e.g. Korea) and adapt global campaigns to the local requirements. Additionally, the content will be designed to match company objectives and how these objectives can be understood by personnel. Therefore, a specialized team will be dedicated to understanding the personnel, the company values the personnel needs…… [Read More]

Reference List

Acosta, C., Leon, V.J., Conrad, C., Gonzalez-Cervantes, R. And Malave, C.O. 2004. Case Study on Culture and the Implementation of Manufacturing Strategy in Mexico. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, vol. 23(3): pp. 173-181.

Davis, Alison. 2005. Applying Employee Demographics. Strategic Communications Management. August 1st, 

Hofstede, G. 1984. Cultural Dimensions in Management and Planning, Asia Pacific Journal: pp.84-99.

Internal Comms. 2006. The Top Seven Macro-Trends in Internal Communications. April edition,
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Improving the Organization's Internal Business Processes and

Words: 655 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87348711

improving the organization's internal business processes, and show how they relate to the mission, vision and strategy of the organization.

Three areas where Apple must focus on improving their internal business process include: enhancing the work environment, quality control and research / development. These are important as they will have an impact on the company's mission, vision and strategy. In the case of the work environment, improving conditions will help to lead to better collaboration between employees and managers. It is at this point when critical issues can be identified early and new ideas are shared with executives to make the firm more competitive. ("Internal Controls and Safe Working Environment," 2012)

Quality control is when Apple is concentrating on dealing with design flaws and issues associated with their products. This is occurring because the firm is working with third party providers in China (i.e. Foxxcon). In the past they have…… [Read More]


Internal Controls and Safe Working Environment. (2012). CDII. Retrieved from: 

Sebastian, A. (2012). Apple's Market Value. Extreme Research. Retrieved from: 

Thompson, N. (2012). Does Apple have Bruise. New Yorker. Retrieved from:
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Starbuck's Strategy and Internal Initiatives for Profitable

Words: 3178 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 89738645


Stabuck's Stategy and Intenal Initiatives to Retun to Pofitable Gowth

Stabuck's Stategy and Intenal Initiatives to Retun to Pofitable Gowth





Michael Pote's 5 Foces Model

Industy Competition

Theat of New Entants

Buye's Bagaining Powe

Bagaining Powe of Supplies

Fomulate Stategic Maketing

Impove Standing of Stock Maket

Stabuck's Stategy and Intenal Initiatives to Retun to Pofitable Gowth

As Stabucks was expanding, anothe emphasis was set on hiing talented leadeship in managing the huge momentum of the oganization. Significant amount of esouces was geaed towads developing an oganizational infastuctue, which would satisfactoy suppot the expected pospective size of Stabucks. Schultz accepted that numeous business visionaies failed by not making the coect systems and pocesses to guaantee a suitable establishment fo thei entepeneuial divisions to be actualized. Togethe with his patnes, he made the planning, legal logistics, accounting and financial impotant…… [Read More]

references are continually evolving. Subsequently economic situations likewise change. In this setting, Starbucks neglected to stay abreast of the changing market positions and consumer behavior. In the most recent months, Starbucks' performance is going on a downtrend. It is essential that the explanations for this downtrend must be recognized, and remedies must be invested. The remedies also need to be permanent and not just short-term.

Whilst transient activities are required to address strategic progressions, it is more imperative to set a strategic objective, or if fundamental, reform the present strategic objective to fit in with to the conditions in today's business environment and the future business. Hence, it was suggested that Starbucks might also concentrate on marketing while upgrading its operational adequacy. Marketing has been the missing segment in the Starbucks practice as of late. It is consequently imperative to emphasize on this area.


Thompson, A. & Shah, A. (2010). Starbuck's strategy and internal initiative to return to profitable growth. Mu-nchen: GRIN Verlag GmbH.
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External Environment Analysis if We

Words: 719 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20926505

Annual reports are strong for the breadth of information discussed, but with respect to depth are better used for internal analysis. They provide an overview of external issues but that overview should be supplemented with other research. Trade magazines and academic journals often have very specific articles that may or may not be of relevance to an external analysis. hen they are relevant, they tend to provide excellent detail. Analyst conference calls, as with annual reports, are best used for internal analysis, but in these calls if management feels that external forces were the key factor in firm performance in the past quarter, the discussion will center on that performance. The Bureau of Economic Analysis is valuable for learning about broad economic trends, but those trends are not put into context of the industry. Newspaper articles may be excellent sources, but they can also be useless. Information literacy is required…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Websters Online. (2010). Retrieved May 15, 2010 from (2010). Retrieved May 15, 2010 from 

Bureau of Economic Analysis website: 

LaMotta, L. (2009). Southwest soars despite fuel costs. Retrieved May 15, 2010 from
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Walmart Internal an Internal Analysis of the

Words: 1799 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50951804

almart Internal

An Internal Analysis of the al-Mart Corporation

The al-Mart Corporation is among the most successful, recognizable and notorious brand names. The chain of retail stores is associated with low prices, convenient one-stop shopping and geographically permeating accessibility. However, the retail chain is also frequently associated with a poor record on labor rights, negative performance in environmental categories, destructive community orientation, abuse of human rights in its developing sphere production operations, distribution of low-grade products and a general strategy of stifling local business enterprises and devastating local economies. The result is a relative mixed outlook for al-Mart, which will certainly continue to enjoy some level of dominance in the U.S. And global retail markets but which must also work to make internal organizational changes that can improve its reputation and its compliance with expectations regarding the environment, human rights, labor and community citizenship. The internal analysis conducted here below…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Banker, S. (2010). The Walmart Sustainability Value Chain. Logistics Viewpoints.

Blanchard, C. (2008). Adding Value to Service Providers: Benchmarking Wal-Mart. Benchmarking: An International Journal, 15(2), 166-177.

Chandran, P.M. (2003). Wal-Mart's Supply Chain Management Practices. ICFAI Center for Management Research.

Gogoi, P. (2008). Wal-Mart Supplier Accused of Sweatshop Conditions. BusinessWeek.
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Macro and Micro Environment in Management

Words: 1940 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31330476

Macro and Micro Environment in Management

Planning is an important function of management. It is an act of formulating a program for a definitive course of action. The management defines a goal and puts forward its strategies to accomplish the objectives defined.


For an organization to begin its planning, it needs to evaluate and assess whether it is ready. An organization need to realize where it is standing and what it wishes to accomplish. They need to assess this by an analytical study of their recent history, their strengths and weaknesses. The organization can also set up a planning committee and hand this job over to them. In any case the organization or a planning committee will need to recognize specific issues that should be addressed to in the planning process.

An important thing to consider here is that enunciated visions comes from those who…… [Read More]


Baxmann, M., Spatial Consensus-building Through Access to Web-based GIS:

An Online Planning Tool For Leipzig [online]. Cambridge, MA. Available from: [Accessed 30 August 2005]

Burby, R.J. et al., 1998. Improving Compliance with Regulations: Choices and Outcomes for Local Government. Journal of the American Planning Association. Volume: 64. Issue: 3. Page Number: 324+.

Gillin, E., 2002. Airline Woes Preceded Sept. 11 and Will Remain Long After [online]. Available from:  [Accessed 30 August 2005]
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External Environment Facing Toyota the Global Car

Words: 1823 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58565868

external environment facing TOYOTA, the global car manufacturer. This paper discusses impacts of the company's internal organizational strategy (structures and management). The work is divided into two tasks. Task 1: Critically evaluates key factors (e.g. environmental, global, competition, technology) impact TOYOTA performance. Task 2: Provides strategic recommendations for senior managers of the TOYOTA.

Examine the external environment of TOYOTA and how this impacts on the internal organizational strategy (structures and management). Critically evaluate the key factors (e.g. environmental, global, competition, technology) that impact on TOYOTA performance. Findings are drawn from use of analysis tools (e.g. PESTLE, Porter's five forces, SWOT).

Strategic Analysis

We begin our analysis of Toyota by looking at the company through three analytical prisms: Porter's Five Forces Analysis, SWOT Analysis, and PESTLE. It is necessary to define what these analytical prisms are, initially, i.e., define terms, before beginning the analysis in earnest.

Porter 5 Forces Analysis

Porter's…… [Read More]


1. Toyota seeks 15% of global car market: Japanese automaker targeting Russia, India, China and Brazil,, November 13, 2006

2. Global Economic Research: Global Auto Report: Strengthening Car Sales Drive Global Vehicle Output To Record High -- Production increase will support global economic activity, Feb. 25, 2011, Scotiabank Group

3. Toyota Motor Corporation Global Web site,  / (Accessed on March 10, 2011)

4. European car makers and their suppliers: changes at the interface, RT McIvor, PK Humphreys… - European Business & #8230;, 1998 -
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Marketing Communication Plan for Internal Use

Words: 1548 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42994152

An important aspect of the marketing management plan relates to communication. Key internal stakeholders must be kept informed of the objectives of the marketing plan, progress, as well as any relevant updates as the implementation of the plan proceeds (Ferrell & Hartline, 2014). Effective engagement of internal stakeholders is crucial if the desired outcomes are to be achieved. When internal stakeholders are well informed of the marketing objectives, they are likely to be more committed to the initiative, hence increasing the success of the initiative. At HtW, internal stakeholders mainly include the board, the management, and members of staff. The board acts as the overall decision making organ of the organization. It formulates polices and the strategic direction of the organization and supervises the management. Communicating the marketing objectives and progress to the board would, therefore, be vital. The board requires such information for purposes of decision making on aspects…… [Read More]

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Employing Strategy a Competitive Environment This Assignment

Words: 903 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48663530

Employing Strategy a Competitive Environment This assignment builds strategy elements created Assignment 1. Please assigment Write a (4) page paper: 1.Create environmental scan company indicating significant environmental threats discuss company respond threat ensure impact business minimal.

Employing strategy

Environmental scan

The Amber Snack Company operates in a highly complex and dynamic industry, in which the final success of the firm is influenced by a series of external factors, and mostly, by the company's ability to integrate these factors within its business model. The more relevant examples in this sense refer to the threats which impact the industry, which can be summarized as follows (the table also provides recommendations as to how the company should approach the threat):

The threat

The proposed solution


Intensifying competition in both domestic and international market places

Attract new customers

Increase customer loyalty


Increasing operational costs due to increasing international prices in commodities

Better…… [Read More]


Dyck, B. Neubert, M. (2008) Management: current practices and new directions. Cengage Learning

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Ireland, D.R., Hoskisson, R.E., Hitt, M.A. (2011). Understanding business strategy. Cengage Learning.
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Southwest Airlines External & Internal

Words: 1093 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 23263604

This savings on fuel has also given Southwest more funds to invest in programs to reduce turn-around time of their jets between flights .

Southwest Airline's Internal Weaknesses

As with any company the size of Southwest, they have several weaknesses, with the most significant being their heavy dependence only on passenger traffic as their primary source of revenue. Despite efforts to move into logistics and supply chain services, the company is still struggling to gain significant success in more profitable business services markets (Kumar, Johnson, Lai, 2009).

Despite having an employee base that has the lowest turnover and highest levels of morale, Southwest also has one of the most rapidly declining sales-per-employee revenue levels for U.S.-based airlines (Kumar, Johnson, Lai, 2009). One of the factors that contribute to this is the fact that Southwest has more ground crew members than other airlines, an investment the company makes to attain the…… [Read More]


Christopher P. Ball. (2007). Rethinking Hub vs. Point-to-Point Competition: A Simple Circular Airline Model. The Journal of Business and Economic Studies, 13(1), 73-87,116.

Bernoff, J., & Li, C.. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.

David a Carter, Daniel a Rogers, & Betty J. Simkins. (2006). Does Hedging Affect Firm Value? Evidence from the U.S. Airline Industry. Financial Management, 35(1), 53-86.

D'Aurizio, P.. (2008). Southwest Airlines: Lessons in Loyalty. Nursing Economics, 26(6), 389-92.
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Q 1 Change Agents Internal External Upheaval Organization's

Words: 783 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32355609

Q.1 Change agents, internal external, upheaval organization's employees. Compare contrast advantages internal vs. external interventionists. Q.2 When organizational reengineering organizational transformation approaches change management? Give instances, elaborate.

Change agents, whether internal or external, will always cause an upheaval among an organization's employees. Compare and contrast the advantages of internal vs. external interventionists.

Internal proponents of change have the advantage of knowing the organization's standard operating procedures. They can tailor their recommendations in light of their knowledge of the organization's personality, core beliefs, and central mission. However, this insider knowledge can also mean that these analysts fail to think 'outside the box' when making suggestions. They may also have additional 'baggage' regarding how they are perceived by other members of the organization, based upon past personal disputes. Change resistance is inevitable, and the last thing an organization needs is for change to be stymied by personal conflicts and resentment. There may…… [Read More]


Bond, Paul. (March 8, 2011). Netflix stock drops after Facebook movie streaming announcement. Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 17, 2011 at 

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Retrieved March 17, 2011 at 

Smashing the clock. (2006, December 11). Businessweek. Retrieved March 17, 2011 at
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External Environment Ford Motor Company Is -

Words: 3537 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58395527

External Environment

Ford Motor Company is - according to its financial statements for the last year - in relatively good financial shape, especially if one considers the current weak state of the economy, the past recessionary months and the still extremely shaky state of the recovery. This paper analyzes the current strengths and weaknesses of the company as it moves toward increasing globalization.

A useful tool in analyzing the external environment in which Ford is presently situated can incorporate Michael Porter's Five Forces model, which is graphically summarized below: (

Ford is vulnerable to the threat of both new entrants (in terms generally of new car models as well as specifically of new environmentally friendly cars) as well as the threat of substitute products from other car companies eager to attract the same consumers that Ford wishes to attract. Honda, for example, is likely to become one of Ford's primary…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hamel, Gary and C.K. Prahalad. Competing for the Future. Boston: Harvard Business Press, 1997. /en/innovation/engineFuelTechnology/modularHybridTransmission.htm
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Strategic Management Internal Analysis and SWOT Brief

Words: 707 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: SWOT Paper #: 4585423

Strategic Management: Internal Analysis and SWOT

Brief Introduction of McDonald Company

McDonalds is a foodservice retailer giant across the world with more than 33,000 locations and serving almost 68 million people every day. It's a global company but with a local presence in 119 countries operated by the local people. (McDonalds, 2012)

Main strengths of the McDonald

Customer elations: McDonalds have mastered the art of deepening their connection with all classes of customers by providing a great service and experience. This connection with the customers has continued to improve and grow positively. McDonalds places customer experience in all they do. They recognized the fact that customers are the reason for their existence.

Hygienic Food Processing Methods: Customers who attend McDonalds for a meal are allowing them to check the standards of the food they eat by inspecting the places where the food is being prepared from. This gives them confidence…… [Read More]


Marketing Teacher. (2012). SWOT Analysis McDonald's. Retrieved on June 13, 2012 from 

CK Prahalad & G. Hamel (1990). Business Analysis. Retrieved on June 13, 2012 from 

Scribd (2012). SWOT Analysis on McDonald's. Retrieved on June 13, 2012 from 

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Inclusive Environment Managing in the

Words: 1296 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99269199

Change in itself is a challenge in the workplace, as this results in a significant amount of uncertainty and stress among workers. The first thing a manager should therefore do is ensure that workers are involved and informed regarding the ensuing changes. In terms of nondiscrimination, the appointment of new workers should also be handled in an inclusive and informative way.

econdly, it is also important that no person be favored or indeed disfavored as a result of their ethnic or minority background. Existing workers should be informed at all times that management employs fair practices in the hiring process. These hiring processes should then be honored, regardless of a prospective employee's ethnic or other background. Management should keep in mind that the law allows neither negative nor positive discrimination on the basis of minority.

Thirdly, once a minority employee is hired, it is important to integrate this person within…… [Read More]


Barmes, Lizzie and Ashtiany, Sue. 2003. "The Diversity Approach to Achieving Equality: Potential and Pitfalls." The Industrial Law Journal, December; 32, 4, pg. 274.

Garvin, Stacey J. 1991. "Employer Liability for Sexual Harassment." HR Magazine, June; 36, 6. pg. 101.

Kohl, John, Mayfield, Milton and Myafield, Jacqueline. 2004. "Human Resource Regulation and Legal Issues." Journal of Education for Business; July/August, 79, 6, pg. 339

Kuhn, Dennis M. And Stout, David E. 2004. "Reducing your Workforce: What you don't know can hurt you. Strategic Finance, May; 85, 11, pg. 40.
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Business Environment Interaction of the Business Environment

Words: 1288 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86541801

Business Environment

Interaction of the Business Environment

The environment of a company is much like the natural world in that there are many layers to any single organization (Marques, 2007). Political forces are present because there are factions and beliefs within a company which cause different politics to be formed. The economics of running an organization are a different facet of the environment which many consider the most important part of the business (after all the business of business is to make money), but it is actually a piece of the larger while which is neither more important or less than any other. Very business also has a social component. All of the different relationships that occur in the wider world can be found in any large organization. Another part of the environmental whole that affects every other part has to do with the technical functioning of the business. Technology…… [Read More]


Laumer, S., Eckhardt, A., & Weitzel, T. (2010). Electrojnic human resources management in an e-business environment. Journal of Electronic Commerce Management, 11(4), 240-251.

Loewe, M., Blume, J., & Speer, J. (2008). How favoritism affects the business environment: Empirical evidence from Jordan. The Middle East Journal, 62(2), 259-272.

Marques, J. (2007). The influence of the global business environment in realizing the millennium development goals. Journal of Global Business Issues, 1(1), 17-25.

Ruff, F. (2006). Corporation foresight: Integrating the future business environment into innovation and strategy. Research Technology Management, 278-295.
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Reshaping the Sensory Environment Sensory Accuracy Survival

Words: 1297 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91865122

eshaping the Sensory Environment

Sensory Accuracy

Survival of all animals depends on the accuracy with which sensory information is processed by the nervous system. Integrating this information in an efficient and effective manner depends on dynamic strategies that the nervous system relies on to determine the reliability and accuracy of the sensory inputs (reviewed by Zaidel, Turner, and Angelaki, 2011). This essay examines contemporary theories that attempt to explain how these strategies function.

eliability-Based Cue Combination (BCC) Theory

The reliability of a sensory cue is believed to determine the weight an organism assigns to a given cue, such that a more reliable cue may have a greater influence on behavioral outcomes (reviewed by Zaidel, Turner, and Angelaki, 2011). Empirical support for this theory has come from studies examining the integration of multisensory information. This theory has been called reliability-based cue combination (BCC).

eliability, as defined by BCC, is used interchangeably…… [Read More]


Bestmann, S., Oliviero, A., Voss, M., Dechent, P., Lopez-Dolado, E., Driver, J. et al. (2006). Cortical correlates of TMS-induced phantom hand movements revealed with concurrent TMS-fMRI. Neuropsychologia, 44, 2959-2971.

Burge, Johannes, Girshick, Ahna R., and Banks, Martin S. (2010). Visual-haptic adaptation is determined by relative reliability. Journal of Neuroscience, 30, 7714-7721.

Scarfe, Peter and Hibbard, Paul B. (2011). Statistically optimal integration of biased sensory estimates. Journal of Vision, 11, 1-17. Retrieved 13 Apr. 2012 from

Winter, J.A., Allen, T.J., and Proske, U. (2005). Muscle spindle signals combine with the sense of effort to indicate limb position. Journal of Physiology, 568, 1035-1046.
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office'space organizational culture environment

Words: 962 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 44036235

Office Space opens with an extended scene showing Peter stuck in traffic on his way to work. The morning commute is the commencement of many workers’ days, and impacts their perception of their job and overall quality of life. Yet it is corporate culture itself that is the primary focus of Office Space. Supervisor Lumburgh micromanages, focusing on inane details as a means to assert his authority, without considering the big picture issues he could be focusing on to help the company. As Peter’s dissatisfaction mounts, he takes increasing risks with his career, which ultimately pay off. Initech represents the dysfunctional way many companies continue to operate. The progressive tech companies of today have learned that the organizational culture and leadership styles exhibited in Office Space are detrimental to employee satisfaction, productivity, and ultimately to the success of the organization.

The environment at Initech is bureaucratic and hierarchical, leading to…… [Read More]