International Relations Essays (Examples)

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International Failure on Agreement to

Words: 578 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2235376

y using the last two centuries as an excuse to motivate the motive for which their countries are unwilling to make any compromise, the Chinese representative practically expresses his point-of-view regarding the situation. It is difficult to determine whether or not he is right, as one might come across an ethical dilemma in trying to do so. The Chinese and other developing nations are uncertain whether it is more important for them to experience economic progress or whether it is more important for the international public to perform great efforts with the purpose of saving the environment. It all comes down to personal gain in the end, as the Chinese appear to be unsupportive regarding the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

China, India, razil and South Africa are more concerned about their own well-being than they are in the well-being of the international public as a whole. Goldstein (p. 340)…… [Read More]

Being likely to become world leaders when considering their economy, the Chinese would be seriously affected as a result of participating in reducing emissions. China's emerging industrial economy is supported by fossil fuels, thus meaning that its current evolution would be slowed down because of its involvement in saving the environment. The struggle for power and wealth eventually appears to be perceived as being more important than the struggle to stop Global Warming. By using the last two centuries as an excuse to motivate the motive for which their countries are unwilling to make any compromise, the Chinese representative practically expresses his point-of-view regarding the situation. It is difficult to determine whether or not he is right, as one might come across an ethical dilemma in trying to do so. The Chinese and other developing nations are uncertain whether it is more important for them to experience economic progress or whether it is more important for the international public to perform great efforts with the purpose of saving the environment. It all comes down to personal gain in the end, as the Chinese appear to be unsupportive regarding the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

China, India, Brazil and South Africa are more concerned about their own well-being than they are in the well-being of the international public as a whole. Goldstein (p. 340) perfectly exemplifies the reason for this by relating to how in international relations, "more than other social settings, collective goods problems pose formidable challenges to successful cooperation among the large number of independent (state and nonstate) actors." Reciprocity is very important in this situation because it determines the degree to which each state is willing to collaborate in ameliorating the global warming process. However, while some countries express support in regard to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, others prefer to continue to pollute the environment as they acknowledge the fact that there will always be someone willing to reduce emissions, making it less important for them to be involved in this.

Rapp, Tobias; Schwagerl, Christian; Traufetter, Gerald. "How China and India Sabotaged the UN Climate Summit," Retrieved August 29, 2011, from the Spiegel Online Website:,1518,692861-2,00.html
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International Crime Law the Objective

Words: 1557 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15486347

The ICJ made clear that it did not desire and was not trying to expand its jurisdiction and stated that the issues did not "expand its jurisdiction into new areas by stating that the issues did not "concern the entitlement of the federal states w/in the U.S. To resort to the death penalty for the most heinous crimes" and that the function of the ICJ is to resolve international legal disputes not for functions of a criminal appeals court.

Summary and Conclusion

It is the purpose of Article 41 of the VC to allow for an interim period pending trial in which the consular officers of the country involved are enabled to go on with their business in the period between the commission or occurrence and the trial of the crime for which the individual is accused. It is important to note that Under Article 41 of the 1963 Vienna…… [Read More]


International Law Commission -Vienna Convention on Consular Relations and Optional Protocols U.N.T.S. Nos. 8638-8640,Vol. 596, pp. 262-512

Warren, Mark (2005) Consular Notification - Statutory and Regulatory Provisions Human Rights Research

Davidson, Jerome (2005) Consular Privileges and Immunities Amendment Bill 2005 Presented to the Senate: Foreign Affairs - Commencement: Day of Royal Assent Consular Privileges and Immunities Amendment Bill 2005.

International Crime Law
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International Developments in Corporate Governance

Words: 8350 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54002787

For example, Shu-Acquaye (2007) cites the basic differences in the legal systems in various parts of the world as contributing to the different approaches to corporate governance. Likewise, Shu-Acquaye cites these differences and adds, "The American corporate governance system adheres to the idea of shareholder primacy. Because the United Kingdom, Austria, and Canada share a legal system based on English common law and equity principles, they are similar to the United States -- shareholder primacy is the predominant norm in each of these countries."

By sharp contrast, other countries such as Japan and Germany are characterized by stronger protection for their employees, creditors, and other nonshareholder stakeholders in general, representing examples of a stakeholder-orientated system. In their book, the Control of Corporate Europe, Barca and Becht point out that, "Germany has always had a prominent place in the international corporate governance debate. The country is among the largest and richest…… [Read More]


Aaronson, Susan Ariel, 2002 (Fall), "Broadening Corporate Responsibility: Is Maximizing Shareholder Value Alone a Good Enough Long-Term Strategy?," the International Economy 16(4): 46

Ashby, Meredith D. And Stephen a. Miles, Leaders Talk Leadership: Top Executives Speak Their Minds (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002)

Barca, Fabrizio and Marco Becht, the Control of Corporate Europe (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002).

Brada, Josef C., Saul Estrin, Josef C. Brada et al. (eds.). Corporate Governance in Central Eastern Europe: Case Studies of Firms in Transition (Armonk, NY M.E. Sharpe, 1999).
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International Organizations Have a Charter

Words: 1060 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20300483

The effect of these sanctions can range from the alterations in the foreign policy to the declining export of oil for the country. One domain that has been exposed to restricted development is the oil industry. However it is also noteworthy that the economy of Iran is not entirely dependent on the export of oil for its growth (Momeni, Najafi, & Fathollahi, 2012). Moreover, the sanctions had a negative impact on the potential influx of foreign investors while Iran has also contested these sanctions on various grounds in different organizations. Such a situation has influenced the pace of development of the country. Nevertheless other researchers have persuasively argued that these sanctions have targeted the oil and gas industry, but other businesses embedded in the traditional industries of Iran had trivial effects from such sanctions. Therefore, it has been concluded that the business related to small firms have displayed no significant…… [Read More]


Abbott, K.W., & Snidal, D. (1998). Why states act through formal international organizations. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 42(1), 3-32.

Momeni, F., Najafi, S.M.B., & Fathollahi, J. (2012). The Necessity of Economic Structural Transformation in Developing Countries toward a Knowledge-based Economy Case Study: Iran.
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International Law the Objective of This Work

Words: 1866 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86378846

International Law

The objective of this work in writing is to examine what it means to 'keep the peace' in the present age and the world facing challenges and threats of unprecedented scope, scale and complexity. The question addressed in this research is that which asks where in such endeavors are the existence of international institutions and legal doctrines likely to suffice and where are international institutions and legal doctrines likely to fall short?

The ole of International Law in the Modern World

In the National Strategy for Homeland Security it is stated that "virtually every community in America is connected to the global transportation network by the seaports, airports, highways pipelines, railroads, and waterways that move people and goods into, within, and out of the Nation. We must therefore promote the efficient and reliable flow of people, goods and services across borders, while preventing terrorists from using transportation conveyances…… [Read More]


Besson. S. And Tasioulas, J. (2010) The Philosophy of International Law. Oxford University Press. 2010.

Cassels, A. (1996) Ideology and International Relations in the Modern World. London and New York. Retrieved from;

Coleman, Katharina P. (2007) International Organizations and Peace Enforcement Operations: The Politics of International Legitimacy. Cambridge University Press 2007. Retrieved from:, Jutta (2005) Enforcement Mechanisms in International Law and International Environmental Law. Ulrich Beyerlin et al., eds. Ensuring Compliance with Multilateral Environmental Agreements: A Dialogue Between Practitioners and Academia (2005) Environmental Law Network International Review 3-14]. Retrieved from: 

Hathaway, Oona A. (2005) Between Power and Principle: An Integrated Theory of International Law. Chicago Law Review 2005.
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International Capital Markets Capital Markets

Words: 5359 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25723755

Inappropriate exchange rates can spell disaster. A fixed exchange rate is ideal. There are sharp mismatches in the financial and the banking sectors of the countries. The national debts of countries have also become subjects of alarm and controversy. "The global economic upturn seems to be gathering pace -- it certainly is in Asia, now the world's fastest growing region. A period of economic growth offers a chance for governments to get their fiscal affairs in order, to reduce their debts burdens and so reduce the risk of pro-cyclical fiscal tightening later." (Krueger, 2003) the capital flow must be regulated but not restricted. There must be a level playing field for all countries. All these are absent in the modern international capital market. (Krueger, 2003)

International Capital Market - Analysis

The modern market is in crisis and is volatile. And after 1990 many nations have removed the restrictions on capital…… [Read More]


Anderson, Sarah. (1998, Dec) "International Financial Flows" edited by Tom Barry (IRC) and Martha Honey (IPS), Foreign Policy in Focus, Vol. 3, no. 41. Retrieved 27 February, 2008 at 

Bordo, Michael D; Goldin, Claudia; White, Eugene N. (1999, May) "The Great Depression as a Watershed: International Capital Mobility over the Long Run" NBER Working Paper No. 5960. Retrieved 26 February, 2008 at 

Cowen, David. "Exchange Rate Regime Choice and Economic Performance in the Interwar

Years" the Journal of Economic History, Vol. 57, No. 2 (Jun., 1997), pp. 491-493. Retrieved 27 February, 2008 at (
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International Law Assess the Legality

Words: 2295 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44073436

The case involving Milosevic was has different sub-plots, as he would claim that the actions he took were to prevent the country from being overrun by terrorists. Yet, at the same time, as some of these atrocities were being committed, NATO would attack Serbia in an effort to halt these violations. In this aspect, one could argue that the actions taken by NATO were in violation of international law. As they were not supported by a UN mandate, instead the actions were NATO countries working in concert with one another to go after Serbia. This is despite the fact that Serbia did not attack any of NATO allied nations.

When you look at the situations from the realist perspective, they would argue that the application of different international standards is an attempt to circumvent the power of the nation state over its people. Where, the ICC is unilaterally determining what…… [Read More]


Franck, Thomas. "What Happens Now?" American Society of International Law. 97, no. 3 (2003): 607 -- 620.

Goldsmith, Jack. "The Limits of Idealism." Daedulus. 132, no. 1. (2003): 47 -- 63.

Higgins, Rosalyn. "Policy and Impartiality." 915 -- 931.

Thomas Franck. "What Happens Now?" American Society of International Law. 97, no. 3 (2003): 607 -- 620.
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International and Trade Policy of

Words: 2928 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75313189

' (Adams, 1982) Local agencies helped the magistrate, remedied public mores, and also inspected the conduct of the "Hyangni" and served as power base for the local "yangbans. "Yangbans" were dispatched to the province from the capital. Yangbans -- constituted of the class of advantaged / privileged civil and military servicemen. Yangins constituted of middle-level bureaucrats, peasants and merchants, whose children were allowed to sit the exam for governance service. "Chungins" -- were technical personnel and professional specialists composed of the side children of 'Yangbans"

Leonid (2011) points out that 'The literati composed of the dominant social class in Choson Korea. Most of them were the "Yangbans" the members of the two orders of officialdom who served as civil or military officials.' Since it was this yangbans who directed the government, economy and culture of Choson Korea, it may be designated a Yangban society as opposed to the aristocratic society…… [Read More]

Works cited

Buzo, Adrian. (2002). The Making of Modern Korea: A History. New York: Rout ledge

Carter J. Eckert, Kibalk Lee (2009) Korea Old and New, A history, Lehokak: Publishers for Korea Institute, Harvard pp 107-131.

Cumings Bruce. (1997). Korea Place in the Sun: A Modern History. New York: W.W. Norton.

Pp 45-67
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International Business Foreign Direct Investment

Words: 2198 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91339318

For instance, McDonald's has a solid partnership with Starbucks that came as a natural solution to the increased consumption of coffee in its restaurants. Starbucks happens to be the world's leading specialty coffee retailer with a worldwide presence that matches that of the fast food producer.


Other factors affecting decision

Vietnam is an Asian country with strong oriental cooking habits, which might not be very compatible with McDonald's typical menu of cheeseburgers and fries with a Coke on the side. Furthermore, the local food seems to be relatively healthy, which again is not something that cam be said by McDonald's food.

In 1990s, the company tried to enter this market, but didn't due to the lack of suitable business partners. A few years later, KFC and Lotteria entered the market and consolidated their position. Therefore, at this point the restaurant chain would need a couple of strong breakthrough strategies…… [Read More]

Reference list:

IMF -- International Monetary Fund, accessed June 09, World Economic Outlook - Vietnam.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs, accessed June 09, 

Ministry of Planning and Investment:

Thuy, L.T. 2005. Technological Spillovers from Foreign Direct Investment: the Case of Vietnam. University of Tokyo,
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International Conflict Analysis Nations Have

Words: 3628 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3926225

The coelation between coopeative initiation and eceptive tendencies, howeve, is much weake" (p. 32).

The oveiding theme that emeges fom all of the foegoing analytical models is the fact that although intenational conflicts and be effectively modeled and deconstucted in ode to gain a bette undestanding of the pecipitating factos and how they play out in eal-wold settings, they do not necessaily povide the insights needed to develop esolutions to these conflicts no do they povide peemptive altenatives that could stop the conflict fom stating in the fist place. Indeed, epidemiologists use compaable techniques to undestanding how disease pocesses evolve and spead thoughout a human population, but diffeent techniques ae equied to develop coesponding cues and teatments fo thei diseases. Similaly, the analysis of intenational conflicts that is needed to help decision-makes identify viable solutions will equie an additional and supplemental type of analytical methodology.

Given the potential fo death…… [Read More]

references. New York: United Nations University Press.

Bercovitch, J. (1999). Resolving international conflicts: The theory and practice of mediation.

Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.

Kenneth B. (1962). Conflict and defense. New York: Harper and Row.

Goertz, G. & Diehl, P.F. (1992). Territorial changes and international conflict. New York:
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International Globalization Is the Phenomenon

Words: 433 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83137299

Therefore, when corporate responsibility is linked with certain broader national intentions like health and international development and also trade and the environment, then it would be better for all concerned, instead of the corporation aiming for economic development and gains and nothing else. (Ping Sustainable Future: Toward a New Vision for Corporate esponsibility in Canada)

Canada is one country, in which it is easy to improve competitiveness and to enlarge the global influence that it is capable of exerting by being able to mobilize the human capital within the state, and also being able to pioneer advances in technology. Therefore, it can be concluded that an MNE does have the responsibility of working towards a better global efficiency, and not to just consider economic factors during the process of country selection. (Ping Sustainable Future: Toward a New Vision for Corporate esponsibility in Canada)


Globalization: International Trade and Migration" etrieved…… [Read More]


Globalization: International Trade and Migration" Retrieved at  Accessed on 1/3/2005

Ping Sustainable Future: Toward a New Vision for Corporate Responsibility in Canada" (March, 2003) Retrieved From" . Accessed on 1/3/2005

Political Analysis and Strategy" Retrieved at Accessed on 1/3/2005
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International Affairs Political Science -

Words: 2284 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19605268

S. It is now the Germans, the British, the Italians, the Swedes, and all of the European Union."

Over the last fifty years the American foreign policy has been characterized by "liberal internationalism and globalism"

During the period between 1781, which was the beginning of the confederation through the year 1941 the country was equal in unilateralist and isolationist in theoretical framework of international affairs. However in 1941 at the time Pearl Harbor was attacked oosevelt sold the theoretical stance of internationalism to the citizens of America as well as to the epublican Party. Isolationism stated that our neighbors were far away across vast oceans, so therefore, why bother with problems that far away from our homes. Stated by Kupchan (2003) is: " The unilateralism came from two things:

1) American exceptionalism, the sense that we were a new, unique nation, and we don't want to engage in the world,…… [Read More]


The Post Cold War Army Online at

Deprivation, Violence and Identities (2003) Office of International Affairs Update from The Ohio State University September/October 2003. Online available at

Russia Country Analysis: A Country Report Online available at: Deprivation, Violence and Identities (2003) Office of International Affairs Update from The Ohio State University September/October 2003. Online available at

Kupchan, Charles (2002) The End of the American Era: U.S. Foreign Policy and the Geopolitics of the Twenty-first Century - Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs Online available at / 9/prmID/876
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International Politics the Threat of

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91834848

In all cases there is the perception of the U.S. interfering in issues that should be dealt with locally, interfering to protect their own interest and to enforce their own values; a situation which leads to resistance. Terrorism may be argued as an action undertaken when people feel that they cannot be heard in another way.

This resistance has been seen in terrorist attacks which may be directly related to the associated with the U.S. foreign policy actions in the Middle East. In 1979 there was the Iran Hostage Crisis, when the U.S. embassy in Tehran was seized by Iranian demonstrators, demonstrating against U.S. policies. 52 U.S. staff were taken hostage; in a crisis which lasted 444 days (Houghton 74). The well-known terrorist attacks of 9/11 may also be seen as relating to the actions and perceptions of the U.S. In the Middle East, with Al Qaeda objecting to the…… [Read More]

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International Lending and Financial Crisis

Words: 2001 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35269295

International Lending and Financial Crisis

One of the major global financial crises is the financial crisis of 2007-2009. The financial recession that occurred between 2007 and 2009, encompasses the housing bubble that instigated the financial crisis, federal expenditure, and foreign exchange rates. Also, referred to as the 'Great recession', this global financial crisis had adverse impacts not only on the financial markets but also on the economies of nations across the globe, being the worst financial crisis in history. The financial crisis emanating from the U.S. affected other nations owing to financial globalization and led to discussions regarding restructuring of the international financial system (Ozkan, 2012). In particular, the global financial crisis originally started in and adversely impacted the financial sector of developed nations, especially in the United States, and subsequently had a detrimental impact of the real sector of affected nations as the financial institutions in the United States…… [Read More]


Ahid, M., & Augustine, A. (2012, August). The impact of global financial crisis on Jordan.

Argandona, A. (2012). Three ethical dimensions of the financial crisis. Retrieved from:

Boundless. (2016). Limitations of Monetary Policy. Retrieved from:
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International Political Order Is in

Words: 1749 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35329443

The dependency interactions were sustained by the cooperation of ranks and elites in the periphery who benefited from their economic associations with the core states.

On the other hand, the problem of underdevelopment was basically diagnosed on the basis of weaknesses of domestic ranks in poor countries. While these diagnoses recognized the exploitative global interactions between rich and poor states, they were conducted on the basis that poor countries failed to play a historic role in overhauling conventional elites and practices as well as leading political and economic development.

While the concepts developed by dependency theories were adopted by several developing countries, they were condemned for being too deterministic through an overemphasis on the role of global forces on nations in the South. This criticism included the fact that dependency theories were efficient in explaining why countries didn't develop as compared to their explanations on how some nations really developed.…… [Read More]


Dyck, R. (n.d.). The Politics of Development and Underdevelopment. In Studying Politics: An

Introduction to Political Science (pp. 372-400).

Dyck, R. (n.d.). WORLD POLITICS: Global Anarchy, Global Governance. In Studying Politics:

An Introduction to Political Science (pp. 434-452).
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International Politics What Do You

Words: 1968 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9930512

A threat to security, that continues to grow ever since the beginning of the twentieth century, is that of drugs and national and international crime that is directly linked to it. The U.. government is actively implementing policies of fighting illegal drug trafficking and use both nationally and internationally. The cooperation in this matter between Mexico, the main gate for illicit drugs from Latin America and the U.. is vital. The U.. President approved in 2007 the list of major illicit drug producing or trafficking countries that was to be submitted to the U.. Congress in 2008. Among the major players in the field of illicit drugs were: Afghanistan, the Bahamas, Bolivia, Brazil, Burma, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Haiti, India, Jamaica, Laos, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru. Meanwhile, Europe came under the threat of massive illicit drugs entering the continent through Africa, so the issue gained in proportions…… [Read More]

Sekilich, Daniel. 2009. Terror on the Seas: True Tales of Modern-Day Pirates. Macmillan the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation. 2007. (accesed: Aug 23, 2009. Available at:

World at Risk. A Global Issues Sourcebook CQ Press. A Division of Congressional Quarterly Inc. 2002

ONDCP. Certification for Major Illicit Drugs Producing and Transit Countries. Available at: (accessed Aug 22, 2009)
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International Trade There Are Two References Used

Words: 450 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57084638

International Trade. There are two references used for this paper.

The United States currently maintains a moderate trade relationship with China. It is important to look at potential positive and negative effects of increased trade, and what the current state of uncertain long-term relations with the Chinese government could have on United States firms and the United States economy.

Inflation in China

China exports have had a major impact on keeping the price of goods down throughout the world for the past decade. However, as noted on the "opening day of China's biggest trade fair, the common refrain was that prices of everything from rice to steel were rising sharply, and that prices for exports to the United States, Europe and other markets would have to follow (Bradsher, 2004)."

The increase in steel prices is already having a negative effect on some United States businesses as evidenced when "an exporter…… [Read More]


Bradsher, Keith and Chris Buckley. 16 April, 2004. "Inflation looks to be next export from China Economy's growth lifts prices for goods from rice to steel." International Herald


Haggard, Stephan. 01 January, 2004. "The balance of power, globalization, and democracy:

international relations theory in Northeast Asia." Journal of East Asian Studies.
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International Order That Is Emerging

Words: 4028 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11866176

The author explains that is the case because it would lead to complete chaos (Ikenberry 2005). In addition a neo-imperial system of American rule is too expensive and burdened with inconsistencies, and based on an exaggerated accounting of American power (Ikenberry 2005). The asserts that Likewise, there are an array of incentives and impulses that will persuade the United States to try to organize unipolarity around multilateral rules and institutions. The United States may want to renegotiate rules and institutions in some global areas, but it ultimately will want to wield its power legitimately in a world of rules and institutions. It will also have incentives to build and strengthen regional and global institutions in preparation for a future 'after unipolarity'. The rising power of China, India, and other non-Western states presents a challenge to the old American-led order that will require new, expanded, and shared international governance arrangements (Ikenberry…… [Read More]


Assem, Arjan van den and Volten P. (2006) POLITICAL CULTURE and INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. Department of International Relations University of Groningen the Netherlands Paper prepared for the EpsNet plenary conference,

Ikenberry G. John. (2005) Power and liberal order: America's postwar world order in transition. International Relations of the Asia Pacific.

Volume 5, Number 2 Pp. 133-152

Litwak Robert S. 2002.The Imperial Republic after 9/11. Wilson Quarterly. Pgs. 76-82
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International Order an Increasingly Liberal

Words: 2567 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56462348

Therefore, there arose a need for the embracing of economic theory and political strategy that made this sort of free commerce possible (Porter, 2002, p. 44). In fulfillment of this need, the pure view of liberalism that was explained earlier was highly effective as a remedy (Miller, 1998, p.64). Under a liberal international order, free trade, political expression and human rights could be realized, in stark contrast to the deprivations and limitations of the wars that so recently threatened to destroy the entire planet.

Perhaps due to the liberalization of the international order, or in spite of it, the U.S.S.R. tightened restrictions on its economy and citizenry in the years after World War II, adding to the superpower's isolation and economic woes; eventually, however, this policy of separation and isolation eventually sealed the U.S.S.R.'s fate, and led to the collapse of Communism in the early 1990's. ecause of this collapse,…… [Read More]


Beeson, M., & Bellamy, a.J. (2003). Globalisation, Security and International Order after 11 September. The Australian Journal of Politics and History, 49(3), 339+.

Conquest, R. (1999, February). Liberals & Totalitarianism. New Criterion, 17, 4.

Cumings, B. (2000, May 8). FREE-MARKET LIBERALISM IS NOW PROCLAIMED a UNIVERSAL MODEL for SUCCESS, but THIS BELIEF IS BASED on a PARTIAL and LIMITED WORLDVIEW: The American Ascendancy Imposing a New World Order. The Nation, 270, 13.

Foot, R., Gaddis, J., & Hurrell, a. (Eds.). (2003). Order and Justice in International Relations. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
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International Opportunities for Exxon

Words: 348 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16267852

Exxon Mobile's Global Expansion

Exxon Mobile is a multinational company in the oil and natural resources industry that has a presence in many different parts of the civilized world. Surprisingly, Exxon Mobile does not have any locations or subsidiaries in Central America. Because of this fact, it is natural that the conglomerate should expand its presence in response to the "globalization of markets" (Weston, 2002, p. 69) in this part of the world. As such, there are numerous factors that make Guatemala ideal for its to broaden its global environment in.

The characteristics that best suit Guatemala as a suitable place for Mobile Exxon to expand its global operations in predominantly relate to its location. Although it is in central America, it borders the North American country of Mexico in which Exxon has operated out of for over 100 years. Additionally, central America in general is located between North and…… [Read More]


Richter, B.K., Cohen, K., Harrington, J. (2014). Do business and politics mix?" Harvard Business Review. 92(11), 133-137.

Weston, J. F. (2002). "The Exxon-Mobile merger: an archetype." Journal of Applied Finance. 12(1), 69-88.
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Challenges an International Organization Faces

Words: 942 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5695390

International elations

The ole of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and their Involvement in the elief Efforts Following the 2002 Nyirangongo Eruption

The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) operates under the remit of the United Nations Secretariat, with 35 global offices and approximately 1,900 staff (OCHA, 2012). The organization has four principle roles which are stated as being a part of its' mission (OCHA, 2012). The first role is as an inter-agency body; involved in the mobilization and coordinating of actors that respond to humanitarian emergencies, which it aims to perform in a principled manner to help alleviate the suffering caused by disasters and emergencies (OCHA, 2012). The actors that are mobilized and coordinated by the OCHA include United Nations (UN) actors and non-governmental organizations (NGO's) at both national and international levels (OCHA, 2012). The second role of the OCHA…… [Read More]


OCHA, (2012), retrieved 12th August 2012 from 

O'Malley, Stephen, (2002, Sept 16), The role of OCHA in the emergency operations following the eruption of the Nyiragongo Volcano in Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo, report for the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, retrieved 12th August 2012 from
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Terrorism and International Peace

Words: 2639 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2696696

International Peace and Terrorism

This section discusses the importance of primary data in completing the proposal. Different techniques to be used in collecting the primary data are discussed. The proposal also discusses the strategies that can be used in carrying out the qualitative analysis. The study suggests coding, triangulation and computer assisted program for the analysis of the proposal.

Primary Data

The section provides the importance of primary research in competing the study. The paper also discusses various techniques that the researcher can use to collect the primary data. The primary data are very critical in completing the proposal and the researcher will collect the primary data from various sources. Catino, (2014) argues primary sources are very critical to complete a research in security studies because without using the primary sources, a researcher will not be able to adequately gain an in-depth analysis on the subject. Thus, the proposal will…… [Read More]

Sources Why they are Essential for Security Studies . Henley Putnam University.

Guion, L.A. Diehl, D.C. & McDonald, D.(2011). Triangulation: Establishing the Validity of Qualitative Studies., University of Florida, IFAS Extension.

Rothbauer, P. (2008). Triangulation. In Given, Lisa (Ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods." Sage Publications. pp. 892-894.

Golafshani, N. (2003). Understanding Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research. The Qualitative Report, 8(4).

Ramraj, V.V., Hor, M., Roach, K. & Williams, G. (2012). Global Anti-Terrorism Law and Policy. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
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International Law Consists of Customs

Words: 1486 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99213216

S. policymakers about the international consensus on questions and issues. The U.S. thus uses international law in its foreign policy and also contributes to its formation and development. This is why it formally recognizes and respects fundamental rules and principles as guide to its foreign policy (Joyner).

However, American foreign policy has not focused very much on international law (Rivkin and Casey 2000). Since the end of the Cold War, many international organization have struggled to modify the traditional law of nations governing the relationships between States into an international regulatory code. This intended and new international law would also govern the relationship between citizens and their government. It would regulate primary domestic issues, such as environmental protection and the rights of children. It would also virtually eradicate the use of military force, avoid all civilian casualties during combat, promote the equitable criminal prosecution of individual state leaders or officials…… [Read More]


Joyner, Christopher C. International Law. Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy, 2002. Retrieved on January 1, 2008 at

Mitchell, Paul Andrew. Citizenship is a Term of Municipal Law. Supreme Law Firm:

Supreme Law Library, 2005. Retrieved on January 1, 2008 at

Rivkin, David. B., Jr. And Lee a. Casey. The Shoals of International Law. The National