Internet Addiction Essays Examples

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Internet Compulsion and Addiction Introduction

Words: 545 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8716459

As is the case with so many other benign behaviors (and even behaviors that are generally useful and beneficial), the Internet became a source of compulsion and addictive behaviors for many of those who are already naturally inclined toward compulsivity and addiction (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2008). Those who use the Internet appropriately generally establish routines for checking e-mail and may also regularly use the Internet for social networking and interpersonal communications. However, they do not characteristically spend ever-increasing amounts of time online; they do not neglect other aspects of their lives to pursue online activities, and they can function without becoming dependent on their Internet habits.

Conversely, some Internet users exhibit these typical signs of compulsion and addiction that are generally associated with compulsion and addiction (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2008). They may spend so much time checking email, updating social networking pages, pursuing online interpersonal communications, and playing computer games that their computer use interferes with ordinary daily activities. They may sacrifice sleep, academic performance, and their other interests as their Internet addiction increases. In extreme cases, individuals may withdraw from their face-to-face social relationships and previous interests because they spend all of their waking existence online. Under those circumstances,…… [Read More]

Gerrig R. And Zimbardo P. (2008). Psychology and Life. Upper Saddle River, NJ:

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Internet Use Effects on Health

Words: 830 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63020874 skills are built and educational choices are made that influence the entire adulthood" (90). Thus, the concern on the possible effects Internet addiction can have on the youth's development as an adult makes escalating Internet use and eventual addiction not just a concern, but must also be considered as a serious mental health problem that progresses through the user's formative years from adolescent to adult stages. It is in the context of Kaltiala-Heino's study that Internet addiction is seen as a progressively escalating health concern that can affect an adolescent's eventual development into an adult, negatively affecting his/her development or achievement of normative social and intellectual skills and capacities.

In terms of escalating Internet use and its relationship in the development of physical health problems among users, Griffiths' (2002) study generated the finding that physical health problems resulting from excessive Internet use is also influenced by mental health problems exhibited by Internet addicts. He identified Internet addicts as highly-involved in "Internet chat rooms (i.e., chatting) or play fantasy role-playing games -- activities that they would not engage in except on the Internet itself" (284).

Relating mental health problems as the 'starting point' through which physical health problems arise and…… [Read More]

Griffiths, M. (2002). "Occupational health issues concerning Internet use in the workplace." Work & Stress, Vol. 16, Issue 4.

Kaltiala-Heino, R. (2004). "Internet addiction? Potentially problematic use of the Internet in a population of 12-18-year-old adolescents." Addiction Research & Theory, Vol. 12, Issue 1.
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Internet Addictive Disorder or Iad Is Defined

Words: 635 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57422039

Internet Addictive Disorder or IAD is defined in this paper as a "maladaptive behavior surrounding the use of the Internet," and it was established earlier that this kind of disorder is not yet formally recognized, most especially among the scientific community. IAD is significant and poses a crucial problem for every individual who gets acquainted with Internet use, and even though IAD may be difficult to define and determine accurately, the problems it poses to an individual and the society around him/her can be considered serious and critical.

This paper also discussed some behavioral patterns in which one can observed an individual or even one's self if they are afflicted with this kind of disorder. Primarily, IAD is considered to be type of an obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD). Another theory says that IAD is only a "phasic" behavior, which can be rationally explained because of the overwhelming effect of Information Technology, particularly the Internet, in everybody's lives. Although these theories only describe and try to explain the phenomenon of IAD as a psychological disorder, scientists and other proponents against the psychological theories that explain IAD have raised certain arguments. These IAD opponents stated that Internet Addictive Disorder is not entirely a…… [Read More]

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Internet Advertising

Words: 1968 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64738195

Internet Advertising as a Career Choice

Using the Internet, entrepreneurs can run sophisticated businesses from anywhere. That is why places like Boulder, Colorado, now have some of the densest concentrations of technology-related businesses in the country, most of them small independent firms. The desire for and availability of more lifestyle choices will continue to drive economic decentralization. Splintering consumer tastes are also moving the industry away from its centralized past. Cable, satellite broadcasting, and the Internet all feed Americans' appetites for customization. This trend has helped create three new broadcast networks and more specialized media, while the market share of mass network programming has declined sharply. Larger media companies now depend on small-scale producers to meet the new consumer demands. (1)

More successful Internet businesses have been spawned by Caltech graduate Bill Gross than by any other person on the planet. Through idealab!, his Southern California-based incubator, he has launched dozens of enterprises that are now worth many hundreds of millions of dollars, including e-commerce pioneers like CitySearch and eToys. (2) At last count, there were more than 100 million Web pages. Not long ago, pundits, experts, and Internet aficionados could be heard urging CEOs - that notoriously technophobic group…… [Read More]

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Internet Sex Addiction Have We

Words: 940 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18542855

[how] such activities fit into an individual's sexual biography and impact relationships between sexual partners and peers" (p. 1099).

Participants will be invited to complete a brief online questionnaire that details their participation in OSAs, as well as their demographic information and the nature of their current relationships, including their relationship satisfaction, sexual satisfaction, and participation in extra-dyadic sexual relations (i.e. infidelity). In addition, participants will also complete a screening questionnaire to determine whether or not they meet a clinical cut off point to be considered addicted to Internet Sexuality or OSAs (Delmonico & Miller, 2003). The surveys will be delivered using a free online survey website, such as, and the sample will be drawn from a selection of students on campus through posting on social networking sites such as Facebook and using flyers posted around the campus. Due to the online nature of the survey, all data collected will be completely anonymous, thereby addressing any concerns related to confidentiality in investigating a personal subject such as sex and the Internet.

The results of the data will be analyzed to compare the frequency of OSA with relationship outcome measures, including relationship satisfaction and sexual satisfaction. While the existing literature…… [Read More]

Cooper, a., Morahan-Martin, J., Mathy, R.M., & Maheu, M. (2002). Toward an Increased Understanding of User Demographics in Online Sexual Activities. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 28, 105-120.

Cooper, a., Mansson, S., Daneback, K., Tikkanen, R., & Ross, M.W. (2003). Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 18(3), 277-291.
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Internet-Based Persuasion the Feature of

Words: 693 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38127689

I do not believe there is anything the website could do to persuade people out of an addiction; the best it could hope for is to persuade people to begin fighting an addiction.

The web site really did not impact me personally, but it was not due to a design flaw in the web site. I am a non-smoker who does not have any plans to ever become a smoker. I grew up in a smoking household and am sensitive to cigarette smoke, so I spent much of my childhood with smoking-related illness. A website that tries to prevent people from smoking does not have to be very persuasive for me to listen to its message.

One of the things that I think the website failed to do, which would have made it more persuasive, was to work with the ABCs of attitude. I think it missed the opportunity to really impact the affect that one feels upon encountering a smoker. I remember a smoking cessation poster that used to hang in my school nurse's office when I was in high school. The photo showed a very unattractive older woman, smoking a cigarette, with a tagline that read something like…… [Read More]

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Computer Addiction Causes and Potential

Words: 874 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3934232

This is what creates the continual need to share literally everything going on in their lives, as each post releases a significant dopamine rush (Charman-Anderson, 17, 18).

Dopamine is also the reason why the many forms of computer addiction are so difficult to treat. With anonymity comes the opportunity to create multiple identities or personas online (Soule, 66, 67). This is what leads employees who have Internet addictions to create many different online identities, giving them ethical and moral leeway they would never give themselves. This aspect of personas and the forgiven unethicacy of conduct of personas is a key factor in online crimes committed by employees during company hours (Nykodym, Ariss, Kurtz, 82, 83). The personas of the addicted computer addicts are orchestrated for specific dopamine-driven production to fuel and feed habitual behaviors online

(Quinn 180). These strategies to ensure a steady supply of dopamine may not even be obvious to the addict; they engage in a multifaceted approach to computer addiction that includes cybersex, gambling and compulsion to update status and shop online for example. For the addicted computer user, each interaction with a given application, especially on social networks, is like pushing buttons or pulling the arm…… [Read More]

Charman-Anderson, Suw. "Seeking Addiction: The Role of Dopamine in Social Media." Computer Weekly (2009): 16-23.

Neumann, Peter G. "Are Computers Addictive?" Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM 41.3 (1998): 128-135.
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Ethics and Addiction it Is

Words: 1677 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87736357

These kinds of compulsive behaviors are observed on a daily basis. It has been highlighted by the authors that there is an acceptable use policy implicated on the students in academic institutions and on the daily basis, without regarding the restrictions placed by these policies, students work against the policy. According to the policy, computers within the universities can only be used for academic purposes only. The policy has highlighted that computers in an academic environment should not be used for online sharing, downloading, social networking and gaming (Nykodym, Ariss, & Kurtz, 2008, p. 7). But in the campuses and academic institutions, it is seen that the students usually sit in for social networking and gaming. Thereby, from here it can be seen that either the students don't want to follow the policies or they don't want to understand the restrictions placed in the policies.

The authors have highlighted that gaming has an addictive potential based on the fact that there are strong cognitive components involved that include a strong expectation of a positive outcome. Other than gaming, gambling is a behavior that leads to certain compulsive behaviors and addiction (Roberts, 2010, p. 54).


Occurrence of computer addition cannot…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Nykodym, N., Ariss, S., & Kurtz, K. (2008). Computer Addiction and Cyber Crime. Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics .

Poulsen, K. (2011). Kingpin: how one hacker took over the billion-dollar cybercrime underground. Crown Publishing Group.
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Slaves to the Internet Slavery

Words: 1004 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29974330

They are at a point in their life where decisions in their life affect their future and sitting in front of a computer unless it is your field of study is not getting them anywhere. The factors of this addiction are the lack of socializing, entertaining the user, and the rising of technology.

However, again we have to ask ourselves if it is a disorder, then what does it do to the human brain? In Scientific American, a study was published that indicates that brain scans hint that excessive time online is tied to stark and lethal physical changes in the brain. The work suggests that self-assessed Internet addiction, primarily through online multiplayer games, rewires structures deep in the brain. Even more telling, surface-level brain matter appears to shrink in step with the duration of online addiction. Loosely defined, addiction is a disease of the brain that compels someone to obsess over, obtain and abuse something, despite unpleasant health or social effects. And the internet addiction definitions run the total gamut, but most researchers have similarly described it as excessive Internet use that interferes with the rhythm of daily life. However, unlike addictions to substances such as narcotics or nicotine,…… [Read More]

Matyszczyk, Chris. "America's First Internet Addiction Detox Program.", 20 Aug.

2009. Web. 20 Apr 2012. .
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Use of Content Filters on Internet in High School

Words: 14424 Length: 42 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61344044

Internet has grown exponentially since its first introduction to the public. The precursor to the Internet was the ARPANET. The Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the Department of Defense (Carlitz and Zinga, 1997) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) were the primary creators of the ARPANET. Subsequently however, efforts from private entities and universities have helped develop the network infrastructure, as it exists today. "The goals of ARPA's 'Resource Sharing Computer Network' project were to develop the technology for and demonstrate the feasibility of a computer network while improving communication and collaboration between research centers with grants from ARPA's Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO)." (Press, 1996) J.C.R. Licklider of MIT undertook groundbreaking work in developing computer interactivity. Later, he implemented his vision though time-sharing systems-affordable interactive computing. The effort of the NSF also helped to distribute the features of this new networking capability to all major universities and research centers in the U.S.A. (Carlitz and Zinga, 1997)

Purpose of this study

Changes in computer technology and the adaptation of computers to traditional educational needs have required that schools, universities and libraries make the necessary move to introduce the technology in their classrooms. As beneficial as the Internet has become…… [Read More]

Ansari, Asim, Skander Essegaier, and Rajeev Kohli. "Internet Recommendation Systems." Journal of Marketing Research 37.3 (2000).

Bannan, Karen J. "Clean It Up." PC Magazine 20.16 (2001).
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Addictive Use of the Internet

Words: 4339 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38308237

" Another strongly associated physical symptom is the persistence of migraine. Wieland observes that 40% of severe IAD youth take medication for migraine. The physical detriment of migraine develops into lifelong problems that are many times hard to cure or incurable.

The physical health of youth internet addicts are hard to dissect, partly this is because physical health often results from psychological addiction, and as a result, are attributed to traditional addict like symptoms and affects. The negligence of addicts in relations to their health causes indirect health problems, that may not be directly linked to IAD, but internet use lies at the heart of how such problems will occur and are dissected.

Research Question/Hypothesis:

The problem of internet addiction among youth has been carefully dissected through both social and scientific constructs. However, prevailing research into the actual physical and mental health of youth as a direct result of internet addiction has been lacking. The specific research question that this study will center on what the direct relationship between time spent on the internet by young adults is with their physical and mental health.


In order to assess the correlation between time spent and health among teens the development…… [Read More]

Young, K.S. (1998). Caught in the net. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Simon, M. (1997). How internet has an effect on the social skills of children. The Vocal Point [Online]. Available:

Suler, J. (1996). Review of the internet aggression by Norman Holland. The Psychology of Cyberspace [Online]. Available: l
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Women & Addiction Substance Addiction

Words: 1079 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93397394

Physiological effects are also a give away when we think of the effects of substance abuse. For instance, it has been noted that women have higher chances of developing liver disease, brain and heart damage than men even if their period of drinking is lesser than their male counterparts. A link between breast cancer and alcohol abuse was also found (National Women's Health Report Online, 2007).

Treatment-wise, it was noted that women who struggle with substance-related problems do not have accessible services and resources. There is also a need to "develop training curriculum for workers on the issues of domestic violence..." (Institute for Women's Leadership, n.d., pp. 3-4) as domestic violence often leads to substance abuse as it is used by women as coping mechanism to such kind of marital difficulties (NCADV, 2009). The method of "intervention" or other forms of therapy which are confrontational in nature are also problematic for women because they tend to be overly concerned with what others will think of them, as well as their significant groups or circles (Estronaut, 1999).

Gender Specific: The Need to Study Women's Issues in Substance Abuse

At this point, we have already established the differences of substance abuse between…… [Read More]

Califano, J.A. Jr. (1998). Substance Abuse and Addiction - the Need to Know. American Journal of Public Health, 1, pp. 9-10.

Chih-Hung, K. et al. (2006). Tridimensional Personality of Adolescents With Internet Addiction and Substance Use Experience. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 51(14), pp. 887-894.
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Internet in Response to the

Words: 3019 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61803821

This lead was accomplished through a partnership nearly a half-century old among government, industry and academia. I member of that partnership was the National Science Foundation (NSF). As Strawn noted, early on, scientists and engineers at American universities began to join the young ARPANet, as they worked on basic research funded primarily by the NSF. Acknowledging this, the NSF began supporting national supercomputing centers, in the mid-1980s, as a means of giving American scientists, engineers, and students greater access to high-performance computing that was state of the art, and developed Computer Science Network (CSNET).

Creation of these national supercomputer centers by NSF was critical to the development of the Internet. To further enhance U.S. scientists' access to these centers, NSF established the NSFNET national backbone network that connected the NSF supercomputing centers to U.S. universities. NSF also promoted the creation of regional networks to connect colleges and universities to the NSFNET. When the NSF-supported regional networks sought additional members from the private sector, one of the great technology transfer successes of all time was set in motion (Strawn).

And, as all of this really was instigated with the Soviet Union's early lead in the Space Race, it is not a…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Bellis, M. Inventors of the Modern Computer. 2007. November 7, 2007 .

Brief History of the Internet. 10 Dec 2003. Internet Society. November 7, 2007
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Vein Thrombosis Dvt and Internet

Words: 1410 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75573416


This study is particularly pertinent to the Asian Internet cafes and community situation as countries like Korea have become the center of the online gaming community. "If Japan is the hub of the console industry, then neighboring South Korea is the hub of the online gaming industry - most notably, the massively multiplayer online gaming industry. " (Fahey R. 2005)

In this regard Korea is known as the world's "most wired society" (ibid) and the amount of tie spent on online gaming is very high, making it a country where rates of DVT can be expected to increase. The fact that gaming is so popular has been "implicated in the deaths of young players who played for so long that they developed deep vein thrombosis. " (ibid)

The above facts form the foundation of the present proposal. The aim of this study is firstly to ascertain the importance of computer usage and the role that Internet cafes play in the prevalence of deep vein thrombosis. To this end various studies and reports such as the New Zealand study referred to above will be consulted. Questions such as, to what extent is extensive computer usage a significant factor in DVT…… [Read More]

Bode. K. (2003) Blaming the Game: Violence, addiction and DVT? Retrieved May 26, 2005. Web site: 

Beware 'e-thrombosis': it could be terminal. Retrieved Mat 25, 2005 from the Guardian. Web site:,12597,884805,00.html
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Pornography the Internet

Words: 2472 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12964570

Pornography/The Internet

Today, technological and Internet advances have brought about some severe consequences, including the rise and exponential growth of online pornography sites. One effect of this has been a high level of exposure and even addiction to such sites. Consequences have included depression, loss of work, social withdrawal, and the like. Since it is unlikely that Internet pornography will disappear, individuals and groups need to focus on mitigating addiction, unwanted exposure, and negative consequences. Researchers should focus their efforts on investigating the nature of Internet pornography and its varied consequences for individuals. Only by understanding the negative consequences associated with Internet pornography can we fight these and ensure our growth and survival as a healthy society.


In today's world of technology and advancement, it is a sad fact of human nature that we do not derive only benefits and productive work from the wonderful progress we have made in terms of information and the online world. Indeed, many have succumbed to the addictive nature of sites that encourage time-wasting and economically harmful activities. In addition, there has been a growing online industry that caters not only for gaming, gambling and similar addictions, but also for even more socially…… [Read More]

Bostwick, M. And Bucci, J.A. (2008, Feb). Internet Sex Addiction Treated With Naltrexone. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 83(2). Retrieved from: 

Braun-Courville, D.K. And Rojas, M. (2009, Aug). Exposure to sexually explict Web sites and adolescent sexual attitudes and behaviors. Journal of Adolescent Health 45(2). Retrieved from:
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Sexual Addiction

Words: 1724 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96193523

Sexual addiction is a disorder that is characterized by repetitive and compulsive thoughts about sex and sexual acts. Like other types of addictions the behavior must have a negative impact on the person so that it leads to issues with the person's social, occupational or legal functioning. The current paper describes sexual addictions, the controversy surrounding their diagnosis, and some proposed diagnostic criteria. The second half of the paper discusses a treatment plan combining cognitive behavioral therapy and a 12-step program in the treatment of internet pornography addiction. Issues surrounding treatment are also discussed.

Sexual addiction is a disorder of intimacy that is characterized by repetitive and compulsive thoughts about sex and sexual acts. Like other types of addictions the behavior must have a negative impact on the person such that it leads to issues with the person's social, occupational or legal functioning (Garcia & Thibaut, 2010). As the disorder progresses the person has to increase the intensity of the behavior in order to get the same results. The behavior can range from excessive masturbation, to the excessive use of pornography or other sexual devices, to illegal activities such as exhibitionism and child molestation. Sex addiction also involves compulsive searching…… [Read More]

American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders-IV-text revision. Washington DC: Author.

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders-5. Washington DC: Author.
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Heroin Abuse and Addiction a Drug Can

Words: 2071 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9059642

Heroin Abuse and Addiction

A drug can be any substance, which can modify the functions of every living organism that consumes it. In medical terms, drugs provide instant but temporary relief from several unhealthy symptoms. Drugs such as Heroin produce many unwanted side effects. They are extremely toxic and can lead to a very unhealthy dependency that has behavioral and physiological roots, both. Heroin has lasting health consequences; it can also lead to death. The purpose of this essay is to provide a literature review of causes and consequences of heroin abuse and addiction. Our culture surrounds abuse of the heroin substance that leads to diseases and other problems indirectly.

A Literature review on Heroin Abuse and Addiction

Excessive use of painkillers and other relief providing substances lead to addiction. There is a fine line between substance abuse and substance addiction. Addiction can be any inherited disease and it makes an individual ill at a particular genetic level. The abuse of any substance leads to the substance addiction. Addictive drugs and alcohol are the painkillers as they kill an emotional or physical pain, chemically. The perception of reality of an individual's mind is altered by these substances. A person gets…… [Read More]

Connolly, S. (2000). Heroin: Need to Know. London: Heinemann Library.

Connolly, S. (2000). Steroids: Just the Facts. London: Heinmann/Raintree.
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Methadone Treatment for Heroin Addiction

Words: 671 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97872760


Methadone use has a number of side-effects such as constipation, sweating, loss of libido, sleep disturbance, weight gain, dental problems, vomiting, and serious bowel problems. While most of the side-effects are reduced or managed by controlled prescription, they can occasionally be severe enough to affect a person's health sufficiently for him to discontinue treatment (Withers, 1999)

One of the 'advantages' of methadone, i.e., it blocks the euphoric high of heroin can also become a disadvantage at times, as many addicts under methadone treatment miss the 'high' of heroin and could overdose themselves for the sake of experiencing the euphoria.

Methadone is a long-acting opioid. In other words, its effect in the body remains for up to 36 hours. This makes it difficult for patients under methadone treatment, desirous of becoming completely drug-free, to kick their methadone habit. According to some, it is far more difficult to kick the methadone habit as compared to heroin ("Methadone and Methadone Addiction," 2005) Withdrawal symptoms of methadone are similar to that of other opiates and may include nervousness, muscle contractions, sweating, diarrhea, and hallucinations. While the withdrawal symptoms of methadone may be less severe than that of heroin, they last much longer --…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Methadone & Methadone Addiction." (2005). Narconon of Oklahoma. Retrieved on November 26, 2007 at

Methadone: Fact Sheet." (2000). Office of National Drug Control Policy. April 2000. Retrieved on November 26, 2007 at
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Privacy for High School Students

Words: 12892 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13864282

Internet: Privacy for High School Students

An Analysis of Privacy Issues and High School Students in the United States Today

In the Age of Information, the issue of invasion of privacy continues to dominate the headlines. More and more people, it seems, are becoming victims of identity theft, one of the major forms of privacy invasion, and personal information on just about everyone in the world is available at the click of a mouse. In this environment, can anyone, especially high school students, reasonably expect to have any degree of privacy? High school students, after all, are not protected by many of the same constitutional guarantees as adults, but their needs for privacy may be as great, or greater, than their adult counterparts. To determine what measure of privacy, if any, high schools students can expect at home and school today, this paper provides an overview of the issue of privacy, followed by an analysis of its various dimensions as they apply to this segment of the population. A discussion of current and future trends is followed by a summary of the research in the conclusion.

Review and Discussion

Background and Overview. In his essay, "The Costs of Privacy," Kent…… [Read More]

Alarming Number of Teens Addicted to the Internet. (2001, February 1). Korea Times, 3.

Albanes, R., Armitay, O., Fischer, B., & Warner, J. (1998). Marijuana, Juveniles, and the Police: What High-School Students Believe about Detection and Enforcement.
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Positive and Negative Effects Video Games Have in Relation to Addiction Human Interaction and Violence

Words: 5997 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31230091

Computer Games Research

When considering the short history of computers, video and PC gaming are very recent on the timeline of technology. This is one of the reasons why there have not been many conclusive studies on the negative and/or positive effects of electronic games on children and young adults -- the most formative years. With the ever-increasing interest and involvement of children in this activity, much concern has been expressed about the impact of these games, especially ones of a more violent nature, on physical and psychological development. At the crux of the debate is the question of whether they are detrimental to a young person's health. There are specific concerns about such factors as aggression, addiction, criminal activity, obesity and reduced academic achievement.

Studies thus far show both positive and negative results from playing video and PC games. Some research finds that the playing or observing of violent games does affect young children negatively, with increased levels of short-term aggressive behavior. Further, some children exhibit addictive behavior and become less sociable and less academically capable. Other studies suggest that computer games have little or no impact on factors such as aggression and can even be a positive educational…… [Read More]

Anderson, C.A., and K.E. Dill "Video Games and Aggressive Thoughts, Feelings, and Behavior in the Laboratory and in Life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2000, 78, 772-790.

Ask, A., Autoustinos, M., and A.H. Winefield, "To kill or not to kill: Competitive aggression in Australian adolescent males during videogame play." Children in the New Media Landscape. C. van Feilitzen and U. Carlsson (Eds.). Goteborg, Sweden: UNESCO International Clearinghouse on Children and Violence on the Screen, 2000.
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Environmental Science Our Current Addiction

Words: 380 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73490820

However, not every element of renewable energy will prove advantageous for us to implement. All of the forms of renewable energy have not been mass implemented on a large scale in the past. This means that we would have o completely redesign our energy plans in order to accommodate these new technologies. This will prove labor intensive and costly in the initial implementation stages (Hick 2009).

Yet, despite disadvantages, these new renewable energy sources are crucial to a better life tomorrow. Some prove much too costly to implement with any sort of immediate returns, such as massive wind energy plants. However, solar energy is much less costly, easier to access from an individual standpoint, and completely unlimited. Solar energy proves one of the most desirable and cost effective renewable energy sources for today, and can be implemented while we develop more strategies for the future.


Hick, Matthew. (2009). Advantages and disadvantages of renewable energy. Renewable Energy Today. Retrieved October 11, 2009 at

White, Dowl. (2009). The advantages of renewable energy. Ezine Articles. Retrieved October 11, 2009 at… [Read More]

Hick, Matthew. (2009). Advantages and disadvantages of renewable energy. Renewable Energy Today. Retrieved October 11, 2009 at 

White, Dowl. (2009). The advantages of renewable energy. Ezine Articles. Retrieved October 11, 2009 at
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Combating Alcoholism and Addiction

Words: 2074 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46383990

vignette pertaining to addiction. Ethical and legal factors will be considered. Also discussed will be cross cultural matters related to the topic. Possible solutions to the issue at hand will also be considered.

Middle-aged couple, Anna and James, drops in for an appointment as Kevin, their son aged 16 years, faces suspension from school because of 'drug paraphernalia' found in his school bag. While James is Native-American, Anna is Japanese-American. James goes on to say that it is all Anna's fault, stating that she has smoked pot on a daily basis for the most part of their married life. Anna is of the view that she at least isn't a slobbering drunk like James, further elucidating that James over-indulges in drinking alcohol on weekends. It is discovered, in the course of assessment that James as well as Anna come from alcoholic homes.

Session one

Much is to be taken into consideration with Kevin and his parents. Firstly, both James and Anna need to describe their addictions, or possible addiction behavior to see whether it is a problem.

Certain instruments can be found that assist counselors in determining whether or not further evaluation is warranted, whether the client has any mental…… [Read More]

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Mental and Phsyical Health Effects

Words: 2208 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7864555

" (Wagner, 2000, p. 6)

As an almost limitless tool for advertisement, though some self censorship has recently occurred as more and more people reduce ad time by restricting adware and popup ads on their computer systems, the internet can ad to the most vile of physical, social and mental health state, especially in the young and impressionable.

For these reasons and more, it makes sense for everyone -- especially for children and young adults -- to consider how advertising can affect four basic types of health. First, it can affect our physical health. We may learn about a healthy practice or vitamin, but may also be prone to engaging in unhealthy activities, lulled by media depictions of glamorous smokers and drinkers, as well as by direct ads for tobacco and alcohol. Second, advertising can affect our emotional health by delivering media-imposed definitions of beauty, sexuality, maturity, and problem-solving. Advertising plays an influential role in other emotional health issues, such as instant gratification. Third, advertising can affect our social health, because it often communicates attitudes, values, beliefs, and ideologies, including those of consumption, competition, and materialism. Finally, it can affect our cultural health, when we observe how, when, and if…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Fox, R.F. (2001, November). Warning Advertising May Be Hazardous to Your Health: Ads Pose a Threat to Physical, Emotional, Social, and Cultural Well-Being. USA Today (Society for the Advancement of Education), 130, 62-77.

Gattiker, U.E. (2001). The Internet as a Diverse Community: Cultural, Organizational, and Political Issues. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
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Subsuming the Heterogeneity of the

Words: 5532 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70825338

697). Rutherford goes on to submit that Graham's narrative is more about the city within a city (cyberspace), in "all its forms and functions," than it is about the utopian of "dystopian visions of technology" that some authors have alluded to.

As for Graham's book, in the Introduction he explains that he has put together a book with a myriad of inputs from scholars in several technology-related fields; and, in publishing this 2004 classic he intended to "transcend the Anglo-American domination of recent English-language debates on ICTs (Information and Communication Technologies) and cities" (Graham, p. 23). In other words, there are competent authors and journalist in Europe, South and East Asia, Latin America, Australia and elsewhere that have worthy scholarship to share.

What Graham's book accomplishes, according to Graham's assessment (p. 22), is to take the "hybrid" concept of "cybercity" to lay out in clear narrative the "inseparable fusion of relations that are mediated by ICTs with those that are mediated between human presence, and movement, within and between urban places" (Graham, p. 22). He says at the outset, and proves throughout the book, that his intention is to place emphasis on the ways that that the use and experience…… [Read More]

Basset, Elizabeth H., and O'Riordan, Kate. "Ethics of Internet Research: Contesting the Human

Subjects Research Model." Ethics and Information Technology Vol. 4 (2002): 233-247.
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E-Communities' Impact the Impact of

Words: 4918 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52542696

Twelve ESL learners who participated subsequently found that participating in text-based online chat rooms promoted a noticeable difference in their face-to-face conversations, particularly in noticing their own linguistic mistakes.

Psychologists stress little if any learning occurs without attention. "Text-based online chat, a particular form of synchronous computer-mediated communication (CMC) involving written oral-like conversation, has the great potential of increasing noticing for two reasons:

1. Compared to face-to-face conversations, CMC allows conversations to flow at slower speeds than face-to-face; consequently permitting "speakers" to have longer times to process receiving and producing the target language.

2. CMC can save texts (previous messages) in format that users may later access. (Lai and Zhao)

The following copy of "ESL Online Talk Community" illustrates concept Lai and Zhao present.

Practice makes perfect, but many ESL students do not have opportunities to practice speaking English. This Website is trying to establish an online community to enable learners to practice their English with fellow learners all over the world, anytime you like. All you have to do to join this online community is:

a) Download and install MSN Messenger (

b) Get a free hotmail account (

c) Sign up to join in the ESL Online Talking…… [Read More]


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Psychosocial Impact of Modern Technologies

Words: 4966 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48269452

They are in the process of transition from becoming children in the home to an equal partner in the world of equals. Some of the children get pleasure from the required intellectual stimulation, being productive and seeking success then they succeed in becoming competent. If they do not succeed, then they develop a sense that they are inferior. (Erikson's Eight Stages of Human Development) A similar type of development continues even in the next stage, and one of the main objectives is education at this stage. The present situation in the world is that there are a lot of disasters and there has to be more training given to students all over the world for this purpose. The method of teaching used should provide a lot of psycho-social impact as then only the students will be able to understand the need for controlling of disasters and try to take an active hand.

For this to be done the first requirement is the judgment of psychosocial impacts of disasters on individuals. Any individual knows that the likely range of reactions to disasters is extensive and to a certain extent the reactions will depend on the nature of the disaster, as also…… [Read More]

Comparative Social Inclusion Policies and Citizenship in Europe" Retrieved from Accessed on 30 July, 2005

Eyre, Anne. (November, 2004) "Psychosocial aspects of recovery: Practical implications for disaster managers" The Australian Journal of Emergency Management. Vol. 19 No. 4. Retrieved at ($file/AJEMNovweb2-4.pdf. Accessed on 31 July, 2005
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Cloud Computing Will Be Discussed to Show

Words: 9986 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12816018

cloud computing will be discussed to show that the good outweighs the bad. Furthermore, it will be further discussed that the government is looking into using cloud computing because it will cut IT cost down and increase capabilities despite the fact people are concerned with security issues that this may bring to the public.

In completing a dissertation, it is very hard to go through the challenges that it requires. From the start and until this moment, I had gone through many challenging stages. The challenges that I faced were deciding the topic, reading various journals and articles, narrowing down focus within a large area, getting information on cloud computing, which all required time and effort. Despite the strong tasks that I faced, I finally made it and the 'final product' is about to be released. I feel extremely happy to have this chance to learn through the process since it is a valuable experience to do such a big project on my own. This is work certainly does not show only my contribution. It also shows other people involvement.

1. Abstract & #8230;. ii

2. Acknowledgement iii

3. Proposal 5

3.1 Summary of funding requirements

1.1 Objective 6

Within…… [Read More]

2010. Cloud Computing Security. Viewed 30 April 2010.

2010. Cloud Computing: IT's role in governance. Viewed 30 April 2010.
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Interview How Does Social Networking

Words: 890 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18613480

Only a single respondent said that he knew someone with an Internet addiction, but that was because of an unhappy marriage, rather than anything dangerous about the medium's potential for social networking: "infidelity was common even before the Internet."

Three said that they did feel emotional distress when unable to connect online even for a day, although one respondent said that was because she needed to connect for work-related reasons. All of them said that they used social networking to remain connected to friends and family, and that if they knew that they would be 'off line' for any reason, that they would experience considerable work and personal distress, because that constant 'connectiveness' was demanded in modern society. But they believed their engagement in social networking facilitated rather than hampered real world relationships.

All of the subjects said that being addicted to the Internet was fundamentally different from being addicted to drugs or alcohol, and qualified the use of 'addiction,' even if they said that they thought it might exist in some limited instances. All of them denied every being addicted themselves, or of ever being addicted. Three out of the four subjects said that their lives were better because…… [Read More]

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Media in the Modern World

Words: 2270 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99020877

Cable television is also prevalent in Hong Kong, which has adopted a free-market approach to cable programming (Oba and Chan-Olmsted 2005). Any attempts to limit this "intrusion" of information that could be interpreted as culturally imperialist or as an "invasion" of the West would be met with a huge public outcry from the people of Hong Kong, who are by now accustomed to having this type of media access.

It should also be noted that STAR TV also reaches India. Pashupati et. al. suggest that the reluctance of government-run media to welcome companies like STAR TV may stem not from their "westernizing" influence, but from the decreased advertising revenues that come with competition. This pragmatic approach to examining the relationship between public- and privately-owned media may well explain many of the governments' reservations about welcoming other media outlets (see Pashupati et. al. 2003, pp.266). It is possible that the preservation of national unity and providing information to the citizens is not as high of a priority as producing revenue for the state.

These new technologies are, for all intents and purposes, unstoppable in the East Pacific-barring a shift to totalitarianism, there is no way that either Hong Kong or India…… [Read More]

Introduction to IT & Society: Issue I: Sociability," IT & Society I, pp. i-xi.

Yuen-Ying, C. 2000. "The English-Language Media in Hong Kong," World Englishes, 19:3, pp. 323-335.

Zacharias, U., 2003. "The Smile of Mona Lisa: Postcolonial Desires, Nationalist Families, and the Birth of Consumer Television in India," Critical Studies in Media Communications 20:4, pp. 388-406.
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Negative Impact of Videogames on

Words: 4076 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72184598

while the parents were asked to complete the Conners' Parent Rating Scale (CPRS). This helped the researchers obtain information regarding the behavioral abnormalities, hyperactivity, inattention, ADHD, etc.

Statistical analysis of the gathered information clearly revealed an increase in inattentive behavior (p ? 0.001 for both Internet and console video games) and ADHD (p = 0.018 and 0.020 for console and Internet games, respectively). The researchers also concluded that students who engaged in video gaming for more than an hour showed significantly lower academic performance with (Grade point average (GPA), p = 0.019 and 0.009 for console and Internet games, respectively). The association between the time spent on playing video games and the YIAS (p < 0.001), was clearly evident indicating the development of video game addiction among the subjects who played for more than one hour daily [Philip and Terry, (2006)]. This study shows that children playing video games may develop attention deficit, which in turn can affect their school performance. It is also evident from the study that children can easily develop an addictive personality, consuming time and energy that could otherwise be fruitfully channelized to academic pursuits.

One of the early studies by Marny and Douuglas (2003) analyzed…… [Read More]

1) Online Education, 'Video game Statistics' Accessed Mar 26th 2010, available at,

2) NIMF, 'Effects of Video game playing on Children', Accessed Mar 26th 2010, available at,
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Technology Changing Communication in Today's World How

Words: 733 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61209337

Technology Changing Communication in Today's World

How Technology has Changed Communication

Even though communicating can be just as easy being in front of your computer at home, it is still not the same as being in touch with others and having intimate relationships. Most families, who have upgraded technology in their homes for work and school, should prioritize their time to eliminate the barriers that social networking can create because it is a lot different to have long distant relationships and has disadvantages compared to the ones we share in person. Having this type of communication, the computer and internet, in the home can create a scapegoat for spouses to get involved with to get away from their problems.

When relationships between people lack the closeness that two people can share, relationships are just not the same with interactions completely limited to the individuals. According to Sternberg's Theory, relationships require intimacy, passion, and commitment, and without them it will be lacking and fail (Grant). Online, we communicate through a headset, by typing, and looking at another person's web camera or pictures, yet we are not face-to-face to experience their personality, and it is easy to get the wrong impression. How…… [Read More]

Grant, S. "Robert j. sternberg." N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2011. .

Grohol, J. "Internet addiction guide." Psychcentral. N.p., 16 April 2005. Web. 21 May 2011. < >.
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Action as Principal I Would Certainly Notify

Words: 1901 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51527553


As Principal, I would certainly notify Ms. Paulson immediately regarding this issue. This initial action would be specifically in accordance with her individual rights. Additionally, this preliminary notification would provide her with an opportunity to confess to any wrongful action or provide other information that could be potentially helpful to (or even negate) any further investigation. Hopefully, some useful data leading to appropriate routes for corrective actions will be birthed from this interaction. Though even if no help comes of this tactic, it is nevertheless clear that many core principles of teacher supervision, evaluation and even educational law are relevant in this case.

Supervisory issues with reference to this matter would unquestionably rest on the shoulders of Ms. Paulson. As a primary educational advocate in the classroom, she is ultimately responsible for creating and maintaining an effective means of supervising her students. If for any reason she feels unable to adequately monitor her class, it is also her responsibility to bring her concerns to myself or any other actionable superior. If sufficient headway is not garnered through Ms. Paulson's initial interview regarding this matter, it is certainly likely that her supervisory methods will be cause for a deeper investigation.…… [Read More]

Cooley, V.E., & Shen, J. (2003). School Accountability and Professional Job Responsibilities: A Perspective From Secondary Principals. NASSP Bulletin, 87 (634), 10-25.

Hallinger, P. (2005). Instructional Leadership and the School Principal: A Passing Fancy that Refuses to Fade Away. Leadership and Policy in Schools, 4 (3), 221-239.
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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Assessment Developing Intervention

Words: 1218 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6323195

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Assessment - Developing Intervention

Cognitive-behavioral therapy assessment developing intervention

This intervention addresses the case of Chaney Allen as a subject and incorporates group CBT as well as journaling. Allen's case would have been helped by community CBT because in addition to needing help on a personal level, she also needed community support -- both to help in combating her depression and addiction and in order to have emotional resources for raising her children. This Treatment Plan incorporates writing into CBT, in order to help participants process the characteristics of their addiction, change their perceptions and visualize positive choices.

Develop an assessment according to DSM-IV-TR diagnosis. In the analysis, discuss any automatic thoughts and core beliefs that Chaney Allen, possibly could have had.

Treatment Plan:

Initial assessment:

Session 1: Introduction to CBT

During this session, CBT would be explained and an overview of the following sessions would be given. Emphasis would be placed on empowering individuals to make decisions to change their behavior. An analogy to culture shock could be used here in order to help patients understand the stages of recovery. Participants would first be asked to journal about a time when they moved to a new place…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
A, R., McCann, M., Flammino, F., Shoptaw, S., Miotto, K., Reiber, C., et al. (2006). A comparison of contingency management and cognitive-behavioral approaches for stimulant-dependent individual. Addiction, 267-274.

Du, Y.-s., Jiang, W., & Vance, A. (2010). Longer term effect of randomized, controlled group cognitive behavioural therapy for Internet addiction in adolescent students in Shanghai. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 129-134.
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Psychological Factors That Motivatehackers

Words: 1420 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45686459

Psychological Factors Motivating Hackers

Recent advances in IT (Information Technology) has revolutionized the business model where different organizations have launched online businesses to achieve global competitive market advantages. Despite the benefits that businesses derive from the new business model, hackers have taken the advantages of changes in the business landscape to penetrate into the database of different organizations and steal sensitive information. Many companies have lost an enormous amount of money from these events. Some hackers have gone to the extent of defacing the websites of legitimate business organizations. While some hackers are motivated by financial gains, some hackers are politically motivated. However, some hackers are motivated to enhance their social status in the hacking community.

Investigating the psychological factor that motivates hackers is the best strategy to understand motives behind the hacking. Woo, (2003) argue personal and financial benefits are the major factors that make hackers indulging in hacking activities. In the United States, many companies have been subject to hacking attacks where hackers stole millions of credit cards and later sell them in the black markets. For example, some hackers busted into the database of the Target Company in 2013 and stole over 40 million credit card information,…… [Read More]

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Teaching Can at Risk Student

Words: 2866 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65369102

Description of Learning:

Educational institutions are teaching subjects for a digital future but it is from a superficial manner however students need a deeper knowledge of it as a curriculum. When teaching students about math, it should be integrated in all subjects they are learning by being motivated by educators (Singhal, 1997). As shown in the examined scenario planning with an elementary school, it is apparent things became better for the students as far as the educational resources, and environment, which ultimately affects the learning process. Educational institutions must engage partnerships with other schools around the world. By providing student exchanges they will produce world class students, the internet is facilitating the process of globalization and providing virtual interaction with others. As it is shown in schools, technology is the key to change the educational environment and resources. The internet is encouraging students to engage in meaningful cross cultural dialogue and mutual learning about how issues of race and ethnicity, sexual orientation, religion, national origin, social class, and age influence the interaction of different cultures living together (Black).

In order to teach math to at risk students who require more one on one learning or could benefit from it, the…… [Read More]

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Analyzing Research Methods and Statistics Impact of Teenage Sexting on Children and Its Consequences

Words: 4952 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79039669

Social Media Use by Minors, Teens and Youths

Benefits of children and adolescents using social media

Socialization and Communication

Enhanced Learning Opportunities

Accessing Health Information

Risks of youth using social media

Cyberbullying and Online Harassment


Facebook Depression

Privacy Concerns and Digital footprint

Influence of advertisements on buying

Legal Ramifications

On 'Too Young': Mixed Messages from Parents and the Law

Putting concerns over sexting into context -- the 'sexualization' of culture

Role of Monitoring of Cell Phone Use and Capable Guardians

Role of other professionals -- e.g. Pediatricians

Research Methods and Statistics: Impact of Teenage Sexting on Children and Its Consequences

Literature review

Defining Sexting

To date, not one state in the country has legally defined sexting. The closest thing many states have come to prohibiting the same, are legislations against the sharing of nude / semi-nude photos of minors via cellphones. The word sexting is a combination of the words sex and texting. It is usually interpreted to mean the sharing of sex-related material, to sexually arouse the recipient. The majority of the studies done on sexting focused on the prevalence of the trend among youths. The fact that these studies had varied sampling methods and definitions of what…… [Read More]

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Cw Mills

Words: 643 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12592481

CW Mills

Contemporary life presents a set of paradoxes that can be resolved through what C.W. Mills calls the sociological imagination. Mills makes a distinction between the inner world and the outer, highlighting the conflicts that can arise between the two. According to Mills, the predominance of the private world sometimes creates a sense of alienation from the public world. To develop a sociological imagination is to reconnect the private with the public. Placing a person in one's historical, cultural, and social context means developing a greater understanding of both psychology at the individual level and sociology at the collective.

The presence of an online universe characterizes the points of distinction, conflict, and convergence between the public and the private. On the one hand, the Internet can create a universe that is self-obsessed, narrow, and narcissistic. As Mills puts it, "private lives are a series of traps" when the person becomes too disconnected from the sociological imagination (p. 3). The Internet has the potential to ensnare a person's psyche, which is why Internet addiction is sometimes pathologized and presented as a problem unique to the modern world. Whether porn or multi-player role-playing games, the Internet offers a slew of activities…… [Read More]

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Social Factors Social Influences on

Words: 748 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79720058

This may explain why the Internet also has been shown an addictive capacity to focus viewer's attention for extended period of time even to the point of ignoring the user's other needs (Block 2008, p.308). Contrary to expectations an 'eye-tracking' research study found online readers read 77% of available content while broadsheet newspaper readers read an average of 62%, and tabloid readers about 57% (Goldsmith 2007). Online readers were less methodical in their approach to text, but although their eye jumped around more than their print counterparts, their less 'linear' approach to absorbing content heightened awareness and retention (Goldsmith 2007). This suggests that what we absorb online may make a viscerally strong impression, for good or for ill. Even students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder who have trouble with routine tasks of daily life show focused attention when confronted with many video games and computer applications, because, researchers believe, that such repetitive applications stimulate the pleasure-seeking areas of the brain (Brown 2007).

As society changes and grows increasingly connected through technology, individuals are exposed more and more to the compelling format of online media. Violent or other simulative content absorbed on the Internet, including sexual content and online gambling, may…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Block, Jerald J. (2008). Issues for DSM-V: Internet addiction. The American Journal of Psychiatry. 165(3): 306-7. Retrieved March 18, 2009, from ProQuest Medical

Library database. (Document ID: 1440637631).
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Analyzing the the Cause Effect Paper

Words: 674 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40423510

Social Media Impact on Household Relationships

From time immemorial, family and the household relationships have been a safe haven for most people. In theory, regardless of what individuals are going through, be it at work or at school, the family setting is where individuals are able to openly talk about their problems to one another, be understood without any judgement, find resolves to their problems and still have the privacy of their issues maintained. However, owing to the advancement in technology, this has ceased being the case with the aspect of privacy being flung out the door. In the present day, with the advancement and progression of social media, the family and household relationships have been altered and at times been adversely impacted.

The positive impact of social media can be perceived from the results of the studies done on the impact of social media sites on the affiliations of college students. Social media has been employed by college students in their associations and interactions in order to strengthen and fortify as well as expand their real-life linkages. These linkages may be passionate relationships, long distance interactions, or even spontaneous associations (Sinclaire, 2009). In general, social media has had a…… [Read More]

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Impact of Likeability in Management

Words: 17400 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86852530

likeability is effected by management in the international workplace. It assumes a phenomenological approach to the notion of likeability, and is based on the idea that likeability in management is fundamental to achieving "connectedness" among employees and to inspiring the drive needed to ensure an organization's success. By conducting a survey of employees and managers from every major business continent of the globe (Asia, Europe, America, the Middle East), it seeks to understand the different ways in which likeability is manifested, discerned, appreciated, and utilized in the cross-cultural international workplace. Its aim is to fill a gap in likeability research regarding the importance of international managerial likeability and hopes to raise awareness about the essentiality of likeability to success. It also aims to identify the phenomenon of likeability as it appears in different cultures. Identifying that phenomenon and coming to terms with it will help business managers to better develop likeability across cultures and ensure success in the international market. It is discovered in this study that among the participants interviewed, the majority stated that likeability is something that depends upon how one "relates" and/or connects to others. Personality, behavior, and even exterior qualities, such as "looks" and the way…… [Read More]

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Social Networks on Teenagers the

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51675006

The common point-of-view is more focused on the negative impact of social networking than on its advantages. O'Keeffe and Clarke-Pearson (800)

argue that this is as a result of social networking influencing teenagers and adolescents more negatively and the positive effects that it brings. They state that "daily overuse of social media has negative impact on health, and physical growth of teens and preteens." Recent research also shows that teenagers are fond of expressing negative offline behaviors in the online social networks. These include the formation of cliques, sexual experimentation, peer pressure and bullying. In addition to this, there are other new behaviors that are introduced as a result of their use of social networks such as privacy issues, internet addiction, and "sexting." These teenagers feel comfortable in these social networks and thus are easily drawn to these behaviors and have difficulty in withdrawing when they are needed to. However, there are many advantages of their use of social networks which have raised concern on their importance and the need of changing the mind-set of teenagers regarding these social networks. Valentine and Holloway (303)

have argued that online social networking has led many adolescents to become offline introverts but online,…… [Read More]

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Compulsive and Addictive Behavior

Words: 721 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23245151

Compulsive and Addictive Behavior


Recent statistics say that about 50% of all persons between 18 and 34 open their Facebook page after waking up each morning (Reimer, 2013). More than half of them do so on their smartphones even before getting out of bed when they wake up. Almost half of young Americans surveyed said they obtain their news through Facebook. Other youngsters consider Facebook not only a medium of interaction with friends but also about news and developments. More than 10% of all persons aged 25 and younger as against only 6% of older ones can be interrupted during sex by a Facebook message; 22% of this same age group during a meeting as against only 11% of older adults; 24% will be interrupted while on the way to the bathroom as against only 12% among older ones; and 49% during a meal as compared to only 27% among older persons. These statistics also say that 48% of Facebook users make updates and check for notifications when they are already in bed; and 18% of those 25 and younger cannot do without a few hours of checking out of their Facebook page (Reimer).

Overall addition statistics…… [Read More]

Today: MediLexicon International. Retrieved on September 17, 2013 from

Reimer, J.L. (2013). Facebook addiction statistics -- a new era of addiction. Life Mental

Health: Word Press. Retrieved on September 17, 2013 from