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He donated many buildings and temples to other rulers and territories. Within his own kingdom, he also built several cities, of which the most notable is Caesarea, also known as the "capital on the sea." He rebuilt Samaria and renamed it Sabaste, in honor of Augustus. He also built many gymnasiums, baths, parts, and streets throughout his area of rulership (Battle, n.d.) The fortresses he built include the Herodium, Macherus, and the Masada on the western shore of the Dead Sea.
In Jerusalem, Herod built a place for himself in the northwest corner of the Upper City. This included three towers, which he named after Phasael, Mariamne, and his friend Hippicus. The base of the largest tower is called the Tower of David, and still exists today.
Herod also rebuilt and enlarged the Maccabean fortress north of the temple; he renamed it Antonia to honor Mark Anthony. It is probable…
Battle, J.A. (n.d.) Intertestament Period. New Testament Survey. Western Reformed Seminary. Retrieved from: http://wrs.edu/Materials_for_Web_Site/Courses/NT_Survey/Chapter_1 -- Intertestament_Period.pdf
Bennema, C. (2001). The Strands of Wisdom Tradition in Intertestametnal Judaism: Origins, Developments, and Characteristics. Tyndale Bulletin Vol. 52, No. 1. Retrieved from: http://tyndalehouse.com/tynbul/library/TynBull_2001_52_1_03_Bennema_WisdominJudaism.pdf
Burch, J. (2008). The Life and Teachings of Christ. The Synoptic Gospels. Retrieved from: http://www.pfce.us/documents/Life_of_Christ_Synoptics.pdf
Carson, D.C. (2006). A Brief History of the Interestamental Period and Beyond. Retrieved from: http://davcarson.home.mindspring.com/Intertestamental//briefhistory.htm
Second Temple Period
According to the Jewish history, the Second Temple period started in 530 CE and ended in 70 CE and this is the period during which the Second Temple existed in Jerusalem. The sects of Judaism that include Zealots, Essenes, Pharisees and Sadduccees also formed during this time period. With the end of the First Roman-Jewish War, this period also came to an end along with the destruction of the Temple and Jerusalem by the Romans.
As for the Second Temple, it is considered to be a significant Jewish Holy Temple that was constructed on the Temple Mount in the city of Jerusalem and was constructed during the Second Temple period between the aforementioned years. After the destruction of the First Temple in the year 586 CE, the Second Temple replaced it during the time in which the Jewish nation was in exile in abylon. It is believed…
Butler, Chris. Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic era (336 BCE-31 BCE).The Flow of History, 2007.
Jonge, H. "The New Testament Canon," in The Biblical Canons. eds. de Jonge & J.M. Auwers (Leuven University Press, 2003).
Kennedy, Lindsay. Seven Events that Shaped the New Testament World.My Digital Seminary, 2013.
Samuelson, Norbert Max. Revelation and the God of Israel.Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Julius Scott Jr.'s work of literature Jewish ackgrounds of the New Testament, is quite fascinating. The manuscript is well researched and dedicated to a number of crucial events that influenced the form of practice of both Christianity and Judaism. The author incorporates a variety of sources, both traditional and otherwise, in an attempt to reconstruct some of the critical elements in the intertestamental period that greatly influenced both of these religions for posterity. In order to better identify the central theme of this book and the author's intention in writing it, it is necessary to begin with background information about him and the scope of focus of the book to ultimately determine whether or not he has achieved his purpose with this work.
One of the most salient facets about the background of Scott Jr. is the fact that he is a Christian. The author is an emeritus professor at…
Scott, Jr., J. Julius. Jewish Backgrounds of the New Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2006, ISBN: 978-0-8010-2240-1.
1. J. Julius Scott, Jr., Jewish Backgrounds of the New Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2006), 356.
2. Scott Jr., Jewish Backgrounds, 273.
THE ROMAN WAY
Rome exerted tremendous pressure on its colonies to conform, and do things in the Roman Way. When in Rome, one does as the Romans do. The Via Romana is a road referring to the Roman way. Rome conquered Alexander's vast empire and then imposed the Imperium (the imperial right to rule) upon the world. Religio-Romana refers to the Roman religion of paganism and polytheism. Roman religion. Romans are to practice Rome's religion without changing it. The Roman practices will be executed as they have always been since the beginning of Roman civilizations. This includes worshipping the Roman emperor as god. The political connection between Rome's religion and the people impose the belief and practice: Roman religion is the truth. Mos Maiorum refers to the living traditions. People are to live their lives according to Roman traditions. This is the daily life of Romans extant in the…