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With the development of Rome and the Roman empire, Roman or Italian civilization spread throughout the Western world and into the Near East and North Africa. This is the very civilization that has remained today (acken).
acken, ALC. (1996). A Short History of Italy. http://www.giura.com/LaCentralItaly.htm
C News. (2005). Italy Demands U.S. Punish Killers. C MMV. http://news.bb.co.uk/go/pr/fr/_/2/hi/europe/4328551.stm
Drug Reform Coordination Network.(2002). Government Proposal Would Recriminalize Drug Possession, Including Marijuana. http://stopthedrugwar.org/chronicle/314/italy.html
Ferrarini, GA. (2005). Corporate Governance Changes in the 20th Century. ECGI-Law Working Paper number 29/2005. Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. http://papers.ssnn.com/so13/papers.cfm?abtract_id=695762
Meglio FD. (2005). The Future: 6 arriers to Italy's Success. Antonio Parente. http://www.italiansrus.com/articles/ourpaesani/eu.htm
Pasquino, G. (1990). Political Science in Italy: Recurrent Problems and Perspectives. Working Paper # 26. ologna: Universita di ologna. http://www.diba.es/icps/working_papers/docs/Wp_26.pdf
Serjeant, J. (2005). Italy Prepares Riposte to U.S. Report on Iraq Death. The Rocky Hill Democrats. http://rockyhill.demo.info/USItalyRelationsInJeopardy.htm
Wikipedia. (2005). History of Italy as a Monarchy and…… [Read More]
The student should also develop a checklist and a timeline. This is akin to the process a chef would use to run a kitchen -- planning, prepping, cooking and serving a banquet for example is a similar process.
One program that directly offers an internship is the culinary arts program at Anne Arundel Community College in Maryland (De Sanctis, 2006). This school offers a 10-week internship course on Italian culture and cuisine. There are other programs as well, suitable for students at other culinary institutes. A Minneapolis-based company called orld Endeavors runs a culinary internship in Florence that is suitable not only for Italian-speakers but can be taken by non-speakers as well (orld Endeavors, n.d.). Also in Florence, the APICIUS Culinary Institute offers internships around Italy, which offers a different route. An American studying cuisine in Italy can then take internships to other parts of Italy, for a total Italian…… [Read More]
Italy v. Argentina
Italy's population (July 2011 estimate) is 61 million and the country has a growth rate of 0.42%. The country has a higher death rate than growth rate, but the impact of this is mitigated somewhat by migration. If the current population and growth rate is extrapolated out to 2050, Italy would have 71.85 million people by 2050. Argentina currently has 41.77 million people. The current population growth rate of Argentina is 1.017%. If this growth rate is applied to the current population through 2050, then Argentina will have a population of 63.12 million. The population growth for each country each decade will be as follows:
The current GDP for Italy is $1.782 trillion, which equates to $30,700 per capita. Italy has the world's 11th largest economy. It is difficult to find long-range statistics about Italy's GDP. A chart produced by the IMF shows the GDP…… [Read More]
S.A., France and Great Britain). Collapse of empire, revolution, which resulted in creation of Weimar republic and adoption of new Weimar constitution only turned the situation from bad to worse in some few years. Hyperinflation, unemployment and poverty supplemented by the sense of humiliation and frustration of a former strong and proud nation, led to the spread of radical leftist political ideas of ultra-nationalism. This ideology was mainly propagandized by German national socialist party of Adolph Hitler, which received wide support among former soldiers, officers and oligarchy, who were interested in stabilization of economy and state control over prices and protectionism.
Italy participated in WWI on the side of Allies, but outcomes of war were not victorious for the country. It had an outstanding debt to France, the U.S.A. And Great Britain. Militarisation of industry was followed by after war economical stagnation and recession, which turned into high unemployment and…… [Read More]
Italy enjoys one of the largest economies in the Euro-11, ranking third behind France and Germany. Italy was unified in 1861 following nearly 1400 years of domination by city-states, foreign powers, and the Papal See. During these years, different cultures developed in the north and south, leading to great economic disparities as the north, with its Venetian, Milanese and Florentine heritages, developed a strong industrial economy. By comparison, the south, formerly dominated by Naples and the Kingdom of the wo Sicilies, remains rural and undeveloped.
GDP and GDP Per Capita,
Italy's GDP for 2001 was 1,217 billion Euros, or 1,095 billion dollars at the average exchange rate for 2001. (Economist Intelligence Unit, January 7, 2003.) Estimated GDP for 2002 was $1.438 trillion after adjustments for Purchasing Power Parity, with a 2002 per capita GDP of 25,000 after a similar adjustment. (he World Factbook, 2002) GDP per capita was 18,800 in…… [Read More]
Italy and USA Analysis
COUNTY A: Italy
Business Environment and Activities
Analysis of Exports and Imports
Balance of Payments and Exchange ates
Social Environment and Demographics
Hofstede's Country Characteristics
Power Distance Index
Uncertainty Avoidance Index
ationale and Support
COUNTY B: United States
Business environment and activities
Analysis of exports and imports
Balance of payments and exchange rates
Social environment and demographics
Hofstede's Country Characteristics
Power Distance Index
Individualism/Collectivism score91 13
Uncertainty Avoidance Index 14
Long-Term Orientation 14
ealistic idea 14
ationale and support 15
SECTION 3 -- What type of business do you suggest to develop between COUNTY A and COUNTY B? Support your idea with the research you have gathered to complete this assignment. 15…… [Read More]
Italy want to see Italy first hand. I do not want an established tour. I do not like being told where to go. No, I do not want the usual show set up for tourists. I have my 'Fodor's: Exploring Italy, second edition' and that should be enough.
No, Italy represents many different worlds and 50 kilometers in any direction can make quite a difference in experiences. Sure, in the northern regions one can travel via tour to the grand canals of Venice or see the Alps leading into Switzerland. In the central regions, the bus can swoop you around to see the romantic city of Rome so every traveler can be exposed to the history of mankind or tour the Vatican. And in the southern regions there are so many tours of the many beautiful Art Museums, lemon tree groves, a smoking active Volcano, or the vast beaches of…… [Read More]
The April 12 issue of Newsweek International published an article on the Benetton family, Italians who parlayed one sibling's skill with knitting needles into a world-recognized company. The company has had a recent past full of financial turmoil, and this article tells some of how they have dealt with it.
The company Benetton began when Luciano Benetton received many compliments on a sweater his sister had knitted for him. In a rags-to-riches story worthy of repeating, he sold his accordion to buy his sister a knitting machine so she could produce sweaters faster, and he sold them for her.
Benetton took some steps other small businesses might not have thought necessary. He traveled to Scotland to learn about sweater-making from people who had done it for a very long time.
One of the pertinent things students of international business might notice is that the Benettons seem to not care…… [Read More]
Spain & Italy
Spanish politics has long been forced to deal with the reality that the country is comprised of a number of culturally and ethnically distinct regions. As each region struggles to maintain and assert its unique identity with the framework of a larger Spanish state, a greater Spanish identity has been difficult to muster. Many Spaniards view themselves and their loyalties in regional or ethnic terms first and foremost, and as Spaniards second, if at all. In contrast, Italy has forged a strong sense of identity that frequently overrides regional differences. Italians usually view themselves as Italians foremost, and identify with regional labels only in a secondary way. There is a move, however, to divide Italy's regions and create a new sense of identity, especially among those in the north of the country. The ultimate objective of this political movement, spearheaded by the Liga Nord party, is to…… [Read More]
From the end of the War to the early 1950s, the ank of Italy was credited for attracting and managing international aid, which helped bring the country out of a steep state of emergency and on the path of reconstruction. International aid came from Interim Aid, the Marshall Plan and the World ank (Einaudi).
Italy's Technical Redesign
A substantial part of Italian construction legacy was destroyed during World War II and designers and architects were called to the scene to restore and renew Italian dwelling places (Web Marketing Team, 2009). Companies contributed experimental works. Feal Company created steel fittings. Olivari Company manufactured door handles. ticino Company produced electric power control devices. Furniture companies came up with novelties in the 50s. These products included stackable kitchens and home appliances. One of the producers a few times became the second worldwide exporters of the goods after the United States. The turnout so…… [Read More]
Geographical Location of Italy and Its Effect on the Italian Cuisine
Italy is located in the Northern part of Europe and is geographically separated from other European countries by high mountains. Mountains occupy quite a portion of the country that create and provide magnificent valleys, forest, plains, rocks, and foothills. The Mediterranean coastlines similarly add to the beauty of Italy. Moreover, Italy has a variety of weather conditions. These geographical features of Italy influenced the Italians to develop magnificent cuisines.
Italy is a nation in which every place seems to be bordered by a natural environment. Hence in every location, there seems to be a variation of culture. This is one factor why Italy produces a variety of great cuisines. Moreover, the rich sources of food ingredients, which the Italians derive from planting in its rich natural environments, help Italy to invent different tastes in their cuisines.
The geographical features…… [Read More]
From a Piedmontese expansionist Cavour became a politician whose actions were concentrated on the Unification (Davis, 2000).
Unlike Garibaldi and Mazzini, Cavour's actions towards militia were minor and towards ideology there were none, for the ideas of Unification and nationalism were foreign and ridiculous to him. He even had a conflict with Mazzini: they both disliked each other and did not try to understand the other's position. He stood in opposition to the figures of nationalists and their ideas. When it came to military actions, Cavour was not taking part with them, he only planned them and as a Prime Minister did accept some military decisions or did not -- for example the decision of taking part in the Crimean War.
As a long and complicated process, the Unification of Italy needed the devotion of many people, but it was also in need of leaders that would make the right…… [Read More]
EU and Italy
Italy Attempts to Maintain Peace During Its Presidency of the European Union
Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon is on a mission this week: he is trying to strengthen ties with the European Union, and he is hoping to do this by way of Italy. Israeli relations with the European Union have become increasingly strained lately, noted by a new poll in which most Europeans believe that Israel is the greatest threat to world peace (Schattner 1). Thus, Sharon is trying to negate this image by taking a three-day trip to Rome, where he will hold talks with Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi.
Sharon will use this visit to acknowledge the support Berlusconi has shown to Israel ever since Italy took over the rotating role as president of the European Union. Sharon will also use this opportunity to gain Italy's support in taking concentrated international action in the war…… [Read More]
Allied Campaign in Italy in orld ar II
ith the invasion of North Africa, the United States Army in late 1942 began a ground offensive against the European Axis that was to be sustained almost pause until Italy collapsed and Germany was finally defeated. This was the largest commitment to battle ever made by the U.S. Army, some four million were to fight on the European continent and a million more in lands bordering the Mediterranean Sea.
Alongside the Americans were British, Canadian, French, and other Allied troops in history's greatest demonstration of coalition warfare, while Soviet armies on another front were to contribute enormously to the victory. Highlighted areas were Salerno, Anzio, the Gustav Line and the war north of Rome.
In "From Salerno to the Alps," Chester Carrs reported that in the less than two years between the Allied September 1943 landing south of Naples at Salerno and…… [Read More]
Schooling in Renaissance Italy
Grendler, Paul F. Schooling in Renaissance Italy: Literacy and Learning 1300-1600. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991.
Let those men teach boys who can do nothing greater." The first quotation from the Italian author Petrarch in Paul F. Grendler's Schooling in Renaissance Italy: Literacy and Learning 1300-1600, is perhaps most humorous to a modern reader's eyes and ears, because it sounds dangerously like the phrase 'those who can't do, teach,' a very common and often repeated cliche today. However, this quotation also highlights the profound shift in the way that education was viewed, and would be viewed, over the course of the next three hundred years of Italian history. Increasingly, education became valued by members of the Italian elite and by Italian society as a whole. Education came to be prized as a commodity and an example of refinement and taste, when exhibited by one's self…… [Read More]
Schooling in Renaissance Italy
The popular expression is that we are what we eat - but it is at least as true that we are what we study. As Paul Grendler outlines in his study Schooling in Renaissance Italy, Literacy and Learning, 1300-1600, we can come to a deeper understanding of the ideals that were held up for the upper classes in Renaissance Italy. This paper examines the specifics of what was taught to Italian boys during the Renaissance as well as assessing what larger cultural and social ideals were being referenced by such an education.
The most obvious element of this education - especially in chapters five through nine, which this paper focuses on - is its backward-looking nature. This was above all else a neoclassical education, with a focus especially on the great Latin writers but with a nod also made to Greek writers. It is important to…… [Read More]
All ivers un to the Sea
Water is life. That may be a cliche, but it is also a fundamental truth. Without water nothing can live, and certainly not human beings. We depend on it directly to keep our bodies functioning but we also depend on it in indirect ways: To water our crops and to provide rivers in which goods may be shipped. And -- and this is no small thing itself -- because they provide beauty to our lives. However, despite the fact that water is vital, we (as humans) are all too often disinclined to care for it.
All environmental preservation must include an aspect of protection for watersheds. Indeed, protection of watersheds must often be at the center of a sound environmental policy. This paper examines the state of two Italian watersheds and what their future may be. That future, of course, will be…… [Read More]
After the noise level of Rome, the silence of the Venetian canals was welcome.
Just as before, though, the two inexperienced travelers hadn't booked a hostel in advance. They headed straight for a tourism office that phoned a couple of cheap hotels for them to check availability. "You're lucky you're here in the off-season," the woman said without a smile in a thick Italian accent. "There is a room, for eighty euros. But it is on the Lido."
The what?" Toby asked.
Isn't there anything cheaper?" asked Dylan, who suddenly shed his usual shyness after hearing the price of a single room.
The tourism office worker rolled her eyes and found no humor in the ignorant American boys. She instead drew out a map of Venice without saying a word and with a highlighter marked where they were a few footsteps from Santa Lucia train station and then on the…… [Read More]
As Metternich was forced to resign, the German princes hastened to make peace in order to avoid political experiments like the ones that were developed by the republicans and socialists in France. They introduced, by appointing liberal ministers, civic and political reforms, guaranteeing the powers of the legislature and citizen rights.
However, the most important step was the attempt to achieve political unification, by founding a National Assembly that would insure the representation of all Germans. Elections were held and the Assembly met at Frankfurt on May 18. Ironically, the enthusiastic members of this assembly discovered the enormous differences of opinion between them. The liberals and the democrats were at the center of the political fight. The democrats were still trying to conspire for a much more radical course of action. The form of national unification was one of the major points of disagreement. The Grossdeutsch movement pleaded for an…… [Read More]
The Golden Bull of 1356 fixed the number and identity of the electors. And while the Empire finally received an orderly method of choosing its sovereigns, the power of these sovereigns had largely passed from the center to the periphery. The old empire existed in name only.
Italy too is part of the story of the German rulers of the Holy Roman Empire. The part of Italy north of the Papal States was an actual part of the Holy Roman Empire, while Sicily, in the extreme south, was at times under the rule of the Emperors. In particular, Frederick II was famed for the glorious, and learned, court he maintained in Sicily. Italy was very strongly affected by political developments North of the Alps. The same divisions between Church and State that plagued the rest of the Empire were prominent in the Italians city states as well. For Italy, like…… [Read More]
Florence train station and its qualities. The Florence train station might be expected to be designed in the classic or even art deco style, but instead, it is a classic and well-known example of Italian modernism.
The Firenze Santa Maria Novella or the Stazione di Santa Maria Novella is the main train station in Florence. A group of Italian architects called the Gruppo Toscano (Tuscan Group) completed it in 1934. Architects Giovanni Michelucci and Italo Gamberini were two of the members of this group. Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini approved of the final design of the station after a controversial competition, and many architects believe the Tuscan Group modeled their design after Viennese modern architecture and America's Frank Lloyd Wright, known for his modern and novel architecture. The Tuscan Group only designed the front of the building, the platforms, waiting areas, and such were designed by an Italian Ministry of Communications…… [Read More]
Cosimo De Medici
e know all about the de Medici family - one of the most important dynastic families in Europe and in particular concerning the cultural and artistic life of Italy and so of the continent. And yet, as Dale Kent makes clear in her authoritative (and fascinating) account of the family and in particular of the life of Cosimo De'Medici, we actually know less about the family than we think. Kent argues that common ideas - and common misconceptions -- about the De'Medicis reflect not only flawed knowledge about this family in particular but also more general flawed assumptions about their era and about prevailing attitudes of the time towards artistic patronage and indeed towards art.
Kent's book is as much an ethnographic exploration of the culture and society of fifteenth-century Florence as it is about Cosimo de'Medici himself - although in her telling the man and the…… [Read More]
Michael Baxandall's Painting & Experience in 15th Century Italy
In his work, Painting & Experience In 15th Century Italy, the art critic Michael Baxandall attempted not simply to discuss the art of this particular period in Italian history, but to relate it this period's art to the social context that spawned the greatness and the significance of what we now call early Renaissance painting. Baxandall's central thesis is that the style of painting in any society, from the Renaissance to our own, is reflective not simply of an artistic tradition, handed down from master to master in terms of technique, but is also reflective of the rhythms and habits of ordinary, daily life. Baxandall attempts a synchronic, or specific and contextually located study of this period of art, and the perspective of the art's gazers, rather than attempts to make an argument about the nature of art in general in…… [Read More]
hile the monody was a traditional element of opera, through the Baroque era monody gave way to far more elaborate and melodramatic forms of singing and stage delivery. hen professional musician Claudio Monteverdi came on the Florentine opera scene in the 17th century, the character of opera changed to include a lush stage set, elaborate costumes, and almost over-the-top elements of production. The aria also became a hallmark of the opera through Monteverde's influence, which also helped opera spread throughout Italy and later, throughout the Continent and even to England. In England, the art form built upon the earlier tradition of medieval stage plays and masques, which when added with Italian elements developed a unique style of English opera.
Opera: History." MSN Encarta. Page 2. Online at http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761570299_2/Opera.html#endads.
Opera: History." ikipedia. Online at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opera#History.… [Read More]
Founded in Bologna, Italy in 1926, Ducati is a leading manufacturer of high performance motorcycles. Since the 1950s, its motorcycles have dominated international motor racing competitions and have competed in road racing competitions with engine capacities of over 500cc (a measurement for the motor cylinder capacity). he motorcycle market is primarily spread across North America, Europe and Japan with new markets emerging in South America, India and China. Product diversification can be divided into four segments: the motor scooter market, the off-road market, the road market with engine capacities of less than 500cc, and the road market with engine capacities of over 500cc. he road market segment with engine capacities of over 500cc includes four sub-segments: sport, touring, dual and cruiser. he following analysis will investigate possible strategies for the company over the next 5 years.
Analyzing the Internal Environment
Demographic -- Ducati has a diverse customer base…… [Read More]
Italy is a cultural hub of gender identity where issues of feminism and masculinism have been deeply entrenched for many years. For centuries Italy has been considered a more masculine country, though the majority of work documented related to masculinism actually is sparse. Issues of feminism and masculinity has surfaced in the workplace, where naturally access to issues such as equal employment and technology have surfaced. Gender inequality issues in Italy have in fact created a basis for the continuance of a feminism-masculinism dichotomy.
Masculinism has been defined as "the property by which humans of the male sex are defined as manly" (Noumenal, 2004). Alternatively, Simone de Beauvoir described femininity as "neither a natural nor an innate entity, but rather a condition brought about by society." This statement is more true than any other, as evidenced by gender inequality differences largely the result of the paternalistic nature of the culture…… [Read More]
Agriculture represents the lifeblood of any civilization -- we settled into communities for the purpose of growing crops and thereby making our lives easier. For most of the history of civilization, agriculture was the dominant form of economy. Wealth was measured in growing land, or in the number of animals owned. Even after the invention of money, agriculture remained a critical source of wealth. In pre-Italy, the city states often gained wealth through trade, but in the countryside wealth remained related to agriculture, as food was the most important thing to most people. In the 20th century, food scarcity became rare, and agriculture diminished in importance -- nobody was truly worried where their next meal would come from, so other goods took on more value. Today in Italy, agriculture is worth 2% of the economy, or $3.6 billion, and it employs 3.9% of the labor force of the country,…… [Read More]
Managing Cultural Diversity: Hofstede's Five Cultural Dimensions Applied to the U.S. And Cuba
Cuba Relations Background
Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions - U.S.
Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions - Cuba
Implications for Rescue orkers
This paper analyzes the history and cultural differences between the United States and Cuba using Hostede's cultural scale. Cuba and the U.S. have a long history of political tension which manifested in a trade embargo being issued against Cuba. This not only a source of tension between the Americans and Cubans but nearly every nation that is a member of the United Nations has consistently voted to lift the embargo except Israel and some island called Palau which has accepted the U.S. position. Not only are there staunch political differences, the cultural differences are estimated to be nearly polar opposites; especially on the criteria of the individualism cultural dimension. It was concluded that if these two cultures had…… [Read More]
Copernicus challenged the accepted viewpoint of the Christian West that the Earth stood still as the centermost point of the Universe. This tradition stemmed from the Ptolemaic model of a geocentric universe and correlated well with the religious tradition of the Church that the Earth was where God Himself became Man and walked among His children. Thus, the Earth had a special significance and should be thought of as being the center of the Universe in order to support the notion that people were important to God. Aside from this theological tradition were the scientific or observational facts that Ptolemy had used to describe the geocentric model of the universe, accounting for the movements of the stars, sun and moon. However, as Copernicus pointed out, there was an alternate view of the movements of the stars—the heliocentric model, which could also be found among the work of earlier scholars, scientists…… [Read More]
Both World War I and II were world events that left territories, countries, nations, and individuals exhausted from the effort and from loss. These wars proved ultimately ironic when the term "the war to end all wars" proved tragically inaccurate with the outbreak of World War II. In addition to the devastation, however, were significant changes, developments and effects on the world and its paradigms. Decolonization, for example proved to be one of the most important effects. Whereas colonization was a mainly European paradigm as means of transport and new discoveries enabled increasing voyages across the world, the World Wars created the ability of territories to become autonomous, searching for their own identity rather than identities that were associated with those of their colonizers. For Italy, World War II also held its own specific events and paradigm shifts as the country became a territory affected by war and…… [Read More]
S. markets are listed as being:
Also is concern in the presence of the government in the telecommunications market sector. U.S. exporters need to know that shipping of foods and agricultural products must be done to meet Italian requirements whether sealed and bonded or not. Italy has also banned the commercialization of four corn varieties approved by the EU. The biotech corn ban may be in violation of EU regulations. The United States and the European Union are the two regions with the largest amounts of imports in Textile and Clothing as well as in terms of their GDP and power of purchase. There are also investment barriers in place making it a lengthy process and investors are prohibited from the airlines and aircraft manufacturing markets. Government procurement is also a problem as it is fragmented in Italy and there are problems with Conclusion:
There are…… [Read More]
Geert Hofstede: Cultural Dimensions
Please define Power Distance in one sentence and summarize the differences (if any) in Power Distance among France, Italy, Arab World and Indonesia.
People in societies exhibiting a large degree of power distance accept a hierarchical order in which everybody has a place and which needs no further justification, but in societies with low power distance, people strive to equalize the distribution of power and demand justification for inequalities of power. France, Indonesia and the Arab World all score high on the Power Distance scale compared to Italy, which makes them more authoritarian societies.
With a score of 68, France scores high on the scale of the PDI, compared to Italy which has a score of 53. It is therefore a society in which inequalities are accepted. Hierarchy is needed if not existential; the superiors may have privileges and are often inaccessible. Power is highly centralized…… [Read More]
Roberto Rossellini's movie Paisan and its significance and importance, combining and analysis of its visual/literary/conceptual dimensions with post-war Italian culture and history (1946)
Roberto Rossellini's movie Paisan and its significance
Following the Second orld ar, extremely harsh period encompassed the economic and social development of many nations. Italy in this period was no exception as leading forces continued to challenge the development of the country. The post war period saw varied challenges mitigating their way into the society, expected to introduce a new era of fascism, which was already on paper as Mussolini had already put it in place. It is within the ensuing decade that Roberto Rossellini continued to foster his career in the film industry, establishing the production of the movie Paisan. Paisan is uniquely different from its predecessors, such as Open City by Roberto in all its aspects, except the fact that it retains the evident attractiveness…… [Read More]
Thus, German nationalism and the German nation-state came into being, an entity that existed well into the 19th century.
Similarly, the nation of Italy was highly influenced by the events of the French Revolution of 1789 and the outbreak of war between France and Austria in 1793. During this time, a number of important changes occurred within Italy, most of which like Germany were filled with violence and destruction, all in the name of nationalism and national sovereignty. Following Napoleon's military triumphs in late 1796, various northern Italian cities attempted to organize themselves into republics, cities like Bologna, Milan and Genoa, but with the Peace of Campo Formio with Austria in 1797, France gained control of all northern Italy with the exception of Venice which experienced the collapse of its independence and liberty.
Under the influence of Napoleon and his generals, much of Italy was re-structured into a form of…… [Read More]
Films as Expressions of a Society's Values
Criminals are glamorous and so are the people who follow them.
The countries to be compared are the United States and Italy.
Each American film has an Italian counterpart that is similar in premise, characters, and sometimes time period.
The films that will be referenced are: Angel of Evil (Italy) -- Blow (USA); Giallo (Italy) -- Se7en (USA); The Girl with the Pistol (Italy) -- I Shot Andy Warhol. (USA)
How is the criminal lifestyle glamorized? How is the criminal lifestyle glorified? The paper will locate and explain examples as well as counterexamples.
The comparison will elucidate which culture glorifies criminals as well as the people who follow them, such as detectives, the media, or people who are fans of their work.
Narrative & Production
A. There must be some initial exposition and/or summary of the plot of each film (brief), as…… [Read More]
The term "enaissance" means "to be reborn," or "rebirth," and as a cultural movement in Europe, the enaissance is generally accepted to have begun in Florence Italy in the late 13th century. Some claim that it was the result of the fall of Constantinople and the many Greek scholars and texts which found their way to Italy soon after bringing with them not only the knowledge of the classical world, but the new Islamic knowledge that was derived from it. This influx on knowledge started a cultural revival which sought to recapture the glorious past of the classical world, but soon exploded into the creation of an entirely new cultural identity based on the classical past but transformed into something completely unique. The ideas of the enaissance spread throughout Europe completely transforming European nations artistically, economically, politically, socially, technologically, and in virtually every other aspect of culture. One can…… [Read More]
oberto osellini's "Open City" with regard to the war in ome and "Paisa" for a view of different aspects of the war (religious tolerance, sex, inability to communicate and partisan activities, "Seven Beauties" (a grotesquely comic alternative view of the war) as well as Ignazio Silone, (Fontamara) for the prewar attitudes and Giorgio Bassani (The Garden of the Finzi Contini) for the life and attitudes of Jews and gentiles in Italy. Describe Italy in World War II and is aftermath through the late 1940's and how they impact through to the present day.
The history of any particular period can frequently best be described by the movies and works that were produced during that period. There is no exception made in the case of pre- and during the War Italy when certain movies and a novel that described the conditions captured the situation precisely. The description of this material and…… [Read More]
The interior architecture of the Querini Stampalia Foundation also provides a connection to the more historical details of Venetian and Italian architecture while at the same time not tying itself to the restrictions of an historic reproduction. Something as simple as a staircase has become, under Scarpa's careful design and guidance, something of strange geometric beauty that almost crosses the line into sculpture. The odd split in the stones that make up the stairs, and the spaces left in the faces of the stairs, look almost Moorish in their design. They could also be seen to draw from far more ancient sources, like the Romans who occupied Italy long before the Moors were ever heard of in Spain. The regular geometry of the stairs makes them appear both very strong and also simple and easy to build, which would definitely have been favored qualities of older civilizations working with other…… [Read More]
This specific example is also indicative of some of the general ways in which the building was modified and updated. In his restoration of Castelvecchio, Carlo Scarpa uses the basic geometric designs and patterns of the original medieval castle, but accentuates, develops, and emphasizes these geometric expressions in a very modern way. The concrete beam in the example above compliments the angularity of the room at large, but is almost an exaggeration of it. The beam itself s composed of three slabs of concrete at right angles to each other, forming three sides of a square or a sort of sideways "c," with the bottom open to the floor. Not only does the beams itself represent an intrusion of modern geometric appreciation into the castle, but even the construction of the beam itself reflects Scarpa's extreme devotion to geometry and geometric expression. This amplifies the geometry that is such an…… [Read More]
Many say he was the ultimate realist, who would declare war only after every other option failed, but who unified Germany with a series of wars that ultimately led to the fall of Paris and a unified and extremely powerful German state. He was a shrewd negotiator who realized that he could gain power over other countries by allying with them and then isolating them. He was adept at pitting one country against another for his own political gain, and he would promise territory and expansion to get what he wanted.
Germany definitely had more potential for leadership after the unifications took place. Germany had industry, a strong military, and a perceptive leader who would wage war when necessary and negotiate when necessary. Germany was the most powerful nation on the European continent after it unified.
Spielvogel. Jackson J. Western Civilization. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing…… [Read More]
As regards its advantages in the Italian market -- the Italian culture places a rich emphasis on food and wine, is interested in expanding its export business, and with a reputable wine export business flourishing in Italy, Kudler can gain a foothold with its own wine products.
eaknesses: Possible discrepancies between American and Canadian definitions of 'organic' may cause concerns. Then too, there is the reluctance of Canadian winemakers to allow alien influences to penetrate their market. Their aptitude in aggressively marketing themselves against current imports may pose challenges to Kudler.
As regards Italy, current economic difficulties cause the Italian population to prefer discount stores and cheaper food. Similarly too, the Italian retail market and European Union competitors may be unwelcoming to an American competitor that is attempting to enter their field.
Opportunities: There is an explosion in the demand for organic food. The Canadian wine market is still experimenting…… [Read More]
There are so many things that make successful storytelling. One of the major components that stick out is the events in the story. Selecting and arranging the events is highly important in the process of composing the story passage. ithout the events, there really is not kind of story. Brainstorming and writing down an important list of the things that have gone on is something that is very vital. The more ideas a story has the better it will be to the reader. hat makes good storytelling is the fact they a writer knows how to capture the reader's attention without having to go back and repeat themselves over and over. It is also important to make sure that the story has a lot of detail and also the links that are between them. The details make a story really good because it draws the reader into the…… [Read More]
In the mid-nineteenth century, Italy had faced a great number of obstacles that would have impeded a united Italy, but for the movement of the leaders and the fighters who banded together under the same ideal. Prior to the beginning of the nineteenth century, Italy itself was split into many states and kingdoms, in accordance to the different ethnic peoples of the country. Through the political activism engaged by such celebrated names as Mazzini, Garibaldi, Cavour, Pallavicino and Victor Emmanuel II, and the people's enthusiasm to see their kingdoms united, Italian nationalism was not just a dream shared by many. In all respects, Italian nationalism also became a reality.
The Leaders of Italian Unification
Of the proponents regarding Italian unification, perhaps one of the most vocal of the group would be revolutionary activist Giuseppe Mazzini. As many nationalists believed, the strength of a nation came not from the…… [Read More]
Starbucks coffee company is a leading roaster and retailer of specialty coffees. It has its base in Seattle and has many stores within the U.S. And internationally. The objective of starbucks is the establishment of Starbucks as the most recognized and respected brand of coffee in the world. For this goal to be achieved, starbucks continues to expand its retail operations by selectively pursuing other opportunities so that they can leverage and grow the company's brand by the introduction of a variety of new products (Balaban, s & Kieta, C., 2008).
Starbucks aims at entering more and more foreign countries. Among countries that Starbucks may consider venturing into is Italy. The initial idea to set up starbucks was from the Italian coffee tradition which was infused with the leisure approach found in Seattle. Despite the fact that the idea came from Italy, Italy has been considered a mountain that starbucks…… [Read More]
When businesses go international, they have to operate in a more competitive, uncertain, and risky business environment. The forces present in the Global environment bring a number of challenges for the businesses; making it more difficult for them to maintain their market share, enhance profitability, and keep the customers satisfied (Cherunilam, 2007). To compete successfully and ensure a sustainable future in the international markets, business organizations have to analyze these forces carefully and strategize accordingly. Globalization has also impacted the way countries use to recognize themselves as internationally competitive and advanced than other countries (Tellis, Stremersch, & Yin, 2003).
This paper presents a comprehensive discussion on the positive and negative impacts of Globalization and the efforts which nations and business organizations make in order to become internationally competitive and keep up pace with the Globalization. The paper starts with a brief description of different environmental forces that are…… [Read More]
This would be only natural for central bankers, as wealth effects may be a very relevant factor in determining fluctuations in aggregate demand. Studies on wealth effects have been conducted in recent years, also in the ank of Italy, making use of household surveys. For a given level of net worth, the wealth effect may be defined as the extent to which household consumption changes in response to a change in asset prices relative to the general consumer price level. Conceptually, this is no different from the old Pigou effect, but while that worked through changes in consumer prices that reduced the "value" of money balances in real terms, we now have asset prices rather than consumer prices as the main factor. While consumer prices may be relatively stable, asset prices could move substantially, and the wealth effect could actually be a destabilizing rather than, as was once thought, a…… [Read More]
The rules and regulations are designed to level the competition and to disrupt advantages of a country based on price and favored tax status. All of the countries in the union must abide by these tax and trade regulations. In January of 2004, Denmark and Sweden were forced to remove import restrictions on alcohol purchased for personal consumption (EPHA, 2007).
A recent decision by the European Court of Justice (ECJ) determined that the Swedes have attained a monopoly on alcohol. They are attempting to limit the general consumption and limit underage drinking in their country. Alcoholism is considered to be problematic in Sweden and lawmakers see a need to take measures to attempt to curb overall consumption of alcoholic beverages.
The effects of this decision are two-fold, when one considers the impact on expanding Olde Distillerie products to Sweden. The first affect is that this decision supports alcohol as an…… [Read More]
However, the Act of Union in 1707 that combined England, Wales, and Scotland into the United Kingdom had a profound effect on the production of Scotch Whiskey (Beverage Testing Institute, 2007). The English government levied heavy taxes on Scottish whiskey, while lowering taxes on English gin (Beverage Testing Institute, 2007). This resulted in a boom in illegal stills across the country. Many present-day producers have their origins in these illegal operations. In 1823, the Excise Act reduced taxes on Scotch Whiskey to a level where it was once again a viable legal industry (Beverage Testing Institute, 2007).
Scotch whiskey was ingrained in the culture of Scotland. Whether they are malted, blended, or single grain concoctions, they are a part of Scottish history that is slowly becoming adopted by others around the globe. The whiskey market experiences periods of boom followed by periods of bust. The market has not been one…… [Read More]
Purchase of Organic Food in Germany and Italy
Answering the esearch
Understanding the Term Organic
The Impact of Understanding on Purchase Decisions
Education and the Purchase Decision
Education and Attitudes
Culture and the Purchase of Organic Food
Culture and the Attitude to Organic Food
The research was conducted with a sample of 50 respondents; 20 in Germany and 30 in Italy. Only questionnaires which were fully completed included in the findings analysis. All respondents were either solely or jointly responsible for the purchase of groceries was in their household. This binding section starts with a presentation of the descriptive statistics for the samples in both countries, before moving on to an examination of the various questions which guided the research, and a testing of the hypotheses assessing the impact of education on attitudes towards organic food and intention to purchase, and cultural differences between those residing in…… [Read More]
The government is trying to create an environment that is favorable for investing and the rapid pace of economic growth indicates that this is a success. However, there remains considerable political risk. Relations with many of Turkey's neighbors have been difficult in the past and relations with Greece in particular could sour a move by the country into the EU. If EU membership is taken off the table -- which could happen if the country fails to resolve the Cyprus issue, the Kurdish issue and the Armenian issue -- the political scene could become highly unstable.
Turkey has strong financial resources. There has been a strong influx of capital into the country. Despite strict government control of the banking sector, the government's desire to modernize its banking and investment climate means that capital is available. Talent is less available. hile many Turks speak English, it is difficult to find top…… [Read More]
In Italy, the local marketing approach would also emphasize the authentic nature of the environment except that local marketing would be less explicit and devoid of specific references in that regard. Instead, it would attempt to present services, menus, and other accoutrements in a manner that would allow local customers to come to their own conclusion that the hotel provides a highly authentic Italian experience.
This exercise was extremely valuable to the study of Human Resource Management issues. Prior to this exercise, it would not have occurred to me how important local customs in a foreign country might be from the perspective of human resource management and the potential for civil liability to American employees working abroad. The exercise also provided an opportunity to make an important decision based on the comparative potential risks and rewards of two alternate courses of action.
From the perspective of marketing in…… [Read More]
Another important factor for Italy is the fact that, although the food and beverage market is shrinking, certain geographic areas in the country are experiencing a lack of this service. This can be used to perpetuate the public perception of scarcity, which can then be mitigated by Kudler's products. In creating a communications strategy for Italy, the two main factors to focus on are therefore nice markets, specific brands and specific geographic areas where the perception of scarcity can be used to sell products (Aruvian 2010).
Advertising and Promotion Programs
Three distinct channels that can be used by marketers for maximum effect include the sales channel, the product channel, and the service channel (Kwik 2009). Specifically, what
Kudler needs to do in its target countries is to differentiate its products in the target markets. In Canada, for example, it needs to specifically differentiate its wines. Although there is an underserved…… [Read More]
Julia Fox -- a Personal Narrative
This is the story about my venture into a business start-up, about my travels and my education, and what I have learned along the way. I was born in Italy but I moved to the United States at the age of six, to live with my father, an American. Through the years Italy seems to always have called my name; I made many trips to Italy to visit my mother, my brother and the rest of my family.
Most of my friends don't realize that I speak and read in Italian fluently because of the fact that my mother constantly speaks to me in my native language. In fact, she has never spoken to me in English. I have learned through research that a bilingual person's brain "…has two active language systems which work simultaneously" which helps my "general reasoning" -- and may prevent…… [Read More]
Italian and ritish Cultures and Management Styles in Tourism: Q. Hotel
A Critical Analysis of Italian and ritish Cultures and Management Styles in Tourism:
Italy is a country in a stage of transition. It is no longer a predominantly agrarian society nor yet a fully industrialized economy. It is also a land of striking contrasts, with no unified social or economic patterns. As a society, Italy is centuries old; as a modern sovereign state it was born but yesterday. The very nature of the political unification process probably accounts for some of the disunity. It was not a broad-based movement but occurred predominantly under the auspices of one family, the Savoys, who succeeded in expanding their influence and political rule throughout the country (Rosenzweig & Nohria, 1994). The masses participated only vicariously through national figures and agitators, such as Garibaldi, Mazzini, and Cattaneo, whose dreams of a republican…… [Read More]
The T&M Company is investigating whether it should use target costing for its towels, especially as it moves into the Italian market. Management might be halfway insane for targeting a country for international expansion that is only going to pay 20% less than our current revenue per towel, but it is my job as to crunch the numbers and figure out how we can do that. One technique is target costing. Target costing begins with the revenue per unit that is expected, then takes into account the margin that we are targeting. What is left is the amount of that is budgeted for the production of the item in question (Arrington, n.d). Target costing is useful in a situation like this because it provides a target for the company. It is easier to earn the profits that we seek if we are able to know what the total production…… [Read More]
Race for Colonies in the Late 19th Century
Although European imperialism had started in the 15th century when a number of European powers such as Spain, Portugal and Great Britain began to look for new settlements around the world, another great race for colonies occurred in the late 19th century. This time around, other countries such as the United States and Japan also joined Europe in the race. Some of the major reasons for the establishment of colonies in the late 19th century and specific examples of such colonies are outlined below.
The industrial revolution in Europe and the United States had greatly increased their technological and military power by the second half of the 19th century. Japan, too, had embarked on a path of rapid modernization in the mid-nineteenth century. As a result, several countries in Europe (including England, France, Germany and Italy), the U.S. And Japan…… [Read More]
If someone living 2,000 years from now wanted to know what took place in the year 2005, it would be necessary to go through impossible amounts of information. Today, scores of individuals with varying agendas write about day-to-day events. Thousands of publications and electronic media maintain records. Before the Common Era the situation was naturally much different. Because so few accounts exist of this time period, anthropologists and historians have to make educated guesses to fill in the blanks. This same problem exists with early ome and Italy. No account written earlier than the late 3rd century exists and no continuous account recorded before the age of Augustus now survives. Thus, most of the information concerning the Etruscan traditions either comes from individuals such as the oman historian Livy, the Greeks, and archaeological finds.
Born in Northern Italy in 59 BC, Livy wrote a 142-book history of ome called…… [Read More]
There is some possibility that mandates for maintaining and/or establishing operations in certain regions might be implemented to ensure adequate food distribution to all of Italy as a means of addressing current trends and concerns, such a move is considered highly unlikely (Datamonitor 2010; Aruvian 2010). It is also unclear whether such a move by the Italian governement would be damaging or even necessarily applicable to Kudler Fine Foods unless it expanded its product offerings to wider and less expensive grocery offerings. Little else in the legal environment of this market has changes (Alvin 2010).
There are also legal entities and agencies in the European Union that influence and affect the Italian retail grocery market, and general European economic cooperation policies and tendencies also present something of a barrier to entry from an American competitor such as Kudler Fine Foods (Alvin 2010; Aruvian 2010). Organizational decision-making must account for the…… [Read More]
WWII: Battle of Monte Cassino
History has been known to repeat itself. Today in Iraq for example, United States and Allied troops are torn when drawing up plans to win the war in the holy land. The problems stem from their not being able to directly attack certain Muslim holy locations or shrines even though Iraqi insurgents are constantly utilizing these positions as sanctuaries and initiation points for waging battles against the allied forces or the new Iraqi government. During World War II, the Axis powers with Adolf Hitler and the Nazi army also attempted to use similar tactics to fend off attacks by Allied forces.
This report discusses the Battle of Monte Cassino and the pros and cons of the Allied Forces' actions during World War II. A historic shrine was completely destroyed by the events of the Allied forces during the Battle of Monte Cassino in the Italian…… [Read More]
CATHOLIC BAOQUE VS. THE POTESTANT BAOQUE IN NOTHEN EUOPE
Catholic Baroque in Italy vs. the Protestant Baroque in Northern Europe
The following study compares the theatricality of the Catholic Baroque in Italy to the Protestant Baroque in Northern Europe. The discussion will focus on Caravaggio's "the Crucifixion of Saint Peter" to embrandt's "The eturn of The Prodigal Son." It also extends to include the way each artist handles the religious subject reflecting both the different sensibilities of these two artistic styles and the religious thinking of these two areas.
The Baroque period is argued to have taken place between the 1500s and 1700s. As the 16th approached, Western Europe experienced a reformation that divided Christianity between Protestants and Catholics. Most countries in Northern Europe (Switzerland, Holland and Britain) became Protestants whereas Southern countries (Spain and Italy) became Catholics. The sharp divide caused different art styles. In their churches, the Protestants…… [Read More]