Italy Essays (Examples)

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Italian Feminism and Masculinity

Words: 8053 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81769165

Italy is a cultural hub of gender identity where issues of feminism and masculinism have been deeply entrenched for many years. For centuries Italy has been considered a more masculine country, though the majority of work documented related to masculinism actually is sparse. Issues of feminism and masculinity has surfaced in the workplace, where naturally access to issues such as equal employment and technology have surfaced. Gender inequality issues in Italy have in fact created a basis for the continuance of a feminism-masculinism dichotomy.

Masculinism has been defined as "the property by which humans of the male sex are defined as manly" (Noumenal, 2004). Alternatively, Simone de Beauvoir described femininity as "neither a natural nor an innate entity, but rather a condition brought about by society." This statement is more true than any other, as evidenced by gender inequality differences largely the result of the paternalistic nature of the culture…… [Read More]

References

Angier, N. 2000. "Women: An Intimate Geography." Anchor.

Barker, P. 1998. "Michel Foucault -- An Introduction." Edinburgh University Press.

Beccalli, B. 1994. The Modern Women's Movement in Italy, in New Left Review. Volume a, Issue 204: 86-112.

Boccia, M.L. 1991. "The Gender Representation." In Bono and Kemp, "Italian Feminism." Blackwell.
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Italian Agricultural Sector

Words: 2762 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74528494

Italy

Agriculture represents the lifeblood of any civilization -- we settled into communities for the purpose of growing crops and thereby making our lives easier. For most of the history of civilization, agriculture was the dominant form of economy. Wealth was measured in growing land, or in the number of animals owned. Even after the invention of money, agriculture remained a critical source of wealth. In pre-Italy, the city states often gained wealth through trade, but in the countryside wealth remained related to agriculture, as food was the most important thing to most people. In the 20th century, food scarcity became rare, and agriculture diminished in importance -- nobody was truly worried where their next meal would come from, so other goods took on more value. Today in Italy, agriculture is worth 2% of the economy, or $3.6 billion, and it employs 3.9% of the labor force of the country,…… [Read More]

References

Bartolini, F., Gallerani, V., Raggi, M. & Viaggi, D. (2010). Water management and irrigated agriculture in Italy: Multicriteria analysis of alternative policy scenarios. Water Policy Vol. 12 (2010) 135-147.

CIA World Factbook: Italy (2014). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved November 4, 2014 from  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/it.html 

EU (2014). Review of the concentration processes in the agricultural sector and inside the downstream sectors of the agrofood chain. European Union. Retrieved November 4, 2014 from http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docgener/studies/pdf/chap41_en.pdf

No author (2014). Italy -- agriculture. Nations Encyclopedia. Retrieved November 4, 2014 from  http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Europe/Italy-AGRICULTURE.html
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Military Conflict

Words: 1855 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66233248

WWII: Italy

Both World War I and II were world events that left territories, countries, nations, and individuals exhausted from the effort and from loss. These wars proved ultimately ironic when the term "the war to end all wars" proved tragically inaccurate with the outbreak of World War II. In addition to the devastation, however, were significant changes, developments and effects on the world and its paradigms. Decolonization, for example proved to be one of the most important effects. Whereas colonization was a mainly European paradigm as means of transport and new discoveries enabled increasing voyages across the world, the World Wars created the ability of territories to become autonomous, searching for their own identity rather than identities that were associated with those of their colonizers. For Italy, World War II also held its own specific events and paradigm shifts as the country became a territory affected by war and…… [Read More]

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International Trade Economics Trade Between

Words: 1604 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49878155

S. markets are listed as being:

Import Licensing

Services arriers

Also is concern in the presence of the government in the telecommunications market sector. U.S. exporters need to know that shipping of foods and agricultural products must be done to meet Italian requirements whether sealed and bonded or not. Italy has also banned the commercialization of four corn varieties approved by the EU. The biotech corn ban may be in violation of EU regulations. The United States and the European Union are the two regions with the largest amounts of imports in Textile and Clothing as well as in terms of their GDP and power of purchase. There are also investment barriers in place making it a lengthy process and investors are prohibited from the airlines and aircraft manufacturing markets. Government procurement is also a problem as it is fragmented in Italy and there are problems with Conclusion:

There are…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Italy: Economy [Online] located at  http://www.geographyiq.com/countries/it/Italy_economy_summary.htm 

The World Textile and Clothing Trade: Globalization vs. Regionlization [Online] at http://64.233.161.104/search?q=cache:RhDXwbnGQ6KJ:blake.montclair.edu/'cibconf/co

2001 Country Reports on Economic Policy and Trade Practices; Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs U.S. Department of State, February 2002

Italy in the World Economy ICE Report 2003-2004
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Ideas of Geert Hofstede Cultural Dimensions

Words: 1702 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66538878

Geert Hofstede: Cultural Dimensions

Please define Power Distance in one sentence and summarize the differences (if any) in Power Distance among France, Italy, Arab World and Indonesia.

People in societies exhibiting a large degree of power distance accept a hierarchical order in which everybody has a place and which needs no further justification, but in societies with low power distance, people strive to equalize the distribution of power and demand justification for inequalities of power. France, Indonesia and the Arab World all score high on the Power Distance scale compared to Italy, which makes them more authoritarian societies.

With a score of 68, France scores high on the scale of the PDI, compared to Italy which has a score of 53. It is therefore a society in which inequalities are accepted. Hierarchy is needed if not existential; the superiors may have privileges and are often inaccessible. Power is highly centralized…… [Read More]

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Roberto Rossellini's Movie Paisan and Its Significance

Words: 2137 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21710534

Roberto Rossellini's movie Paisan and its significance and importance, combining and analysis of its visual/literary/conceptual dimensions with post-war Italian culture and history (1946)

Roberto Rossellini's movie Paisan and its significance

Following the Second orld ar, extremely harsh period encompassed the economic and social development of many nations. Italy in this period was no exception as leading forces continued to challenge the development of the country. The post war period saw varied challenges mitigating their way into the society, expected to introduce a new era of fascism, which was already on paper as Mussolini had already put it in place. It is within the ensuing decade that Roberto Rossellini continued to foster his career in the film industry, establishing the production of the movie Paisan. Paisan is uniquely different from its predecessors, such as Open City by Roberto in all its aspects, except the fact that it retains the evident attractiveness…… [Read More]

Works cited

Andall, Jacqueline. Italian Colonialism: Legacy and Memory. Oxford [u.a.: Lang, 2005. Print.

Bertellini, Giorgio. The Cinema of Italy. London [u.a.: Wallflower Press, 2004. Print.

By, Alexander S. "Paisans." New York Times (1923-Current file): 1. Feb 07

1999. ProQuest. Web. 9 Nov. 2013 .
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Nation States the Formation of

Words: 883 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23854205

Thus, German nationalism and the German nation-state came into being, an entity that existed well into the 19th century.

Similarly, the nation of Italy was highly influenced by the events of the French Revolution of 1789 and the outbreak of war between France and Austria in 1793. During this time, a number of important changes occurred within Italy, most of which like Germany were filled with violence and destruction, all in the name of nationalism and national sovereignty. Following Napoleon's military triumphs in late 1796, various northern Italian cities attempted to organize themselves into republics, cities like Bologna, Milan and Genoa, but with the Peace of Campo Formio with Austria in 1797, France gained control of all northern Italy with the exception of Venice which experienced the collapse of its independence and liberty.

Under the influence of Napoleon and his generals, much of Italy was re-structured into a form of…… [Read More]

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Films as Expressions of a Society's Values

Words: 2037 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94045278

Culture

Films as Expressions of a Society's Values

Criminals are glamorous and so are the people who follow them.

The countries to be compared are the United States and Italy.

Each American film has an Italian counterpart that is similar in premise, characters, and sometimes time period.

The films that will be referenced are: Angel of Evil (Italy) -- Blow (USA); Giallo (Italy) -- Se7en (USA); The Girl with the Pistol (Italy) -- I Shot Andy Warhol. (USA)

How is the criminal lifestyle glamorized? How is the criminal lifestyle glorified? The paper will locate and explain examples as well as counterexamples.

The comparison will elucidate which culture glorifies criminals as well as the people who follow them, such as detectives, the media, or people who are fans of their work.

Narrative & Production

A. There must be some initial exposition and/or summary of the plot of each film (brief), as…… [Read More]

References:

Abrams, Nathan, Bell, Ian, & Udris, Jan. Studying Film. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2001. Print.

Bellantoni, Patti. If It's Purple, Someone's Gonna Die -- The Power of Color in Visual Storytelling. Oxford, UK: Focal Press, 2005. Print.

Benyahia, Sarah Casey, Gaffney, Freddie, & White, John. AS Film Studies -- The Essential Introduction. New York, NY: Routledge, 2006. Print.

Bordwell, David, & Thompson, Kristin. Film Art -- An Introduction. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2008. Print.
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Renaissance the Term Renaissance Means To Be

Words: 973 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55481193

enaissance

The term "enaissance" means "to be reborn," or "rebirth," and as a cultural movement in Europe, the enaissance is generally accepted to have begun in Florence Italy in the late 13th century. Some claim that it was the result of the fall of Constantinople and the many Greek scholars and texts which found their way to Italy soon after bringing with them not only the knowledge of the classical world, but the new Islamic knowledge that was derived from it. This influx on knowledge started a cultural revival which sought to recapture the glorious past of the classical world, but soon exploded into the creation of an entirely new cultural identity based on the classical past but transformed into something completely unique. The ideas of the enaissance spread throughout Europe completely transforming European nations artistically, economically, politically, socially, technologically, and in virtually every other aspect of culture. One can…… [Read More]

References

Gundersheinmer, Werner. (1993). The Italian Renaissance. Canada: Renaissance

Society of America. Print.

Saliba, George, (2007). Islamic Science and the Making of the European

Renaissance. Massachusetts; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Print.
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Roberto Rosellini's Open City With Regard to

Words: 1493 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56402090

oberto osellini's "Open City" with regard to the war in ome and "Paisa" for a view of different aspects of the war (religious tolerance, sex, inability to communicate and partisan activities, "Seven Beauties" (a grotesquely comic alternative view of the war) as well as Ignazio Silone, (Fontamara) for the prewar attitudes and Giorgio Bassani (The Garden of the Finzi Contini) for the life and attitudes of Jews and gentiles in Italy. Describe Italy in World War II and is aftermath through the late 1940's and how they impact through to the present day.

The history of any particular period can frequently best be described by the movies and works that were produced during that period. There is no exception made in the case of pre- and during the War Italy when certain movies and a novel that described the conditions captured the situation precisely. The description of this material and…… [Read More]

References

Bassani, G (1962) The Garden of the Finzi-ContiniFaber and Faber

Ignazio Silone Fontamara

http://www2.webster.edu/~corbetre/personal/reading/silone-fontamara.html

You Tube open City
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Querini Stampalia Foundation at First

Words: 596 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65326879



The interior architecture of the Querini Stampalia Foundation also provides a connection to the more historical details of Venetian and Italian architecture while at the same time not tying itself to the restrictions of an historic reproduction. Something as simple as a staircase has become, under Scarpa's careful design and guidance, something of strange geometric beauty that almost crosses the line into sculpture. The odd split in the stones that make up the stairs, and the spaces left in the faces of the stairs, look almost Moorish in their design. They could also be seen to draw from far more ancient sources, like the Romans who occupied Italy long before the Moors were ever heard of in Spain. The regular geometry of the stairs makes them appear both very strong and also simple and easy to build, which would definitely have been favored qualities of older civilizations working with other…… [Read More]

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Castelvecchio Mixing Old and New

Words: 618 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32186187



This specific example is also indicative of some of the general ways in which the building was modified and updated. In his restoration of Castelvecchio, Carlo Scarpa uses the basic geometric designs and patterns of the original medieval castle, but accentuates, develops, and emphasizes these geometric expressions in a very modern way. The concrete beam in the example above compliments the angularity of the room at large, but is almost an exaggeration of it. The beam itself s composed of three slabs of concrete at right angles to each other, forming three sides of a square or a sort of sideways "c," with the bottom open to the floor. Not only does the beams itself represent an intrusion of modern geometric appreciation into the castle, but even the construction of the beam itself reflects Scarpa's extreme devotion to geometry and geometric expression. This amplifies the geometry that is such an…… [Read More]

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Western Civilization European Statesmen Cavour's

Words: 327 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10698903

Many say he was the ultimate realist, who would declare war only after every other option failed, but who unified Germany with a series of wars that ultimately led to the fall of Paris and a unified and extremely powerful German state. He was a shrewd negotiator who realized that he could gain power over other countries by allying with them and then isolating them. He was adept at pitting one country against another for his own political gain, and he would promise territory and expansion to get what he wanted.

Germany definitely had more potential for leadership after the unifications took place. Germany had industry, a strong military, and a perceptive leader who would wage war when necessary and negotiate when necessary. Germany was the most powerful nation on the European continent after it unified.

eferences

Spielvogel. Jackson J. Western Civilization. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing…… [Read More]

References

Spielvogel. Jackson J. Western Civilization. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Company, 1997.
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Product Launch Plan for Two

Words: 3731 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75226315



As regards its advantages in the Italian market -- the Italian culture places a rich emphasis on food and wine, is interested in expanding its export business, and with a reputable wine export business flourishing in Italy, Kudler can gain a foothold with its own wine products.

eaknesses: Possible discrepancies between American and Canadian definitions of 'organic' may cause concerns. Then too, there is the reluctance of Canadian winemakers to allow alien influences to penetrate their market. Their aptitude in aggressively marketing themselves against current imports may pose challenges to Kudler.

As regards Italy, current economic difficulties cause the Italian population to prefer discount stores and cheaper food. Similarly too, the Italian retail market and European Union competitors may be unwelcoming to an American competitor that is attempting to enter their field.

Opportunities: There is an explosion in the demand for organic food. The Canadian wine market is still experimenting…… [Read More]

Wagner, P. (3/24/2009). Wine distribution, Retrieved January 6, 2011 from  http://en.allexperts.com/q/Wine-1615/2009/3/Wine-Distribution-1.htm 

Welcome to the Golden State. (2005). California Wines. Retrieved January 6, 2011 from http://www.california-wine.org/webfront/base.asp

Wines of Canada. (n.d.) Organic wines. Retrieved January 6, 2011 from  http://www.winesofcanada.com/organic_wines.html
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Story Design

Words: 4486 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46361414

successful Storytelling?

There are so many things that make successful storytelling. One of the major components that stick out is the events in the story. Selecting and arranging the events is highly important in the process of composing the story passage. ithout the events, there really is not kind of story. Brainstorming and writing down an important list of the things that have gone on is something that is very vital. The more ideas a story has the better it will be to the reader. hat makes good storytelling is the fact they a writer knows how to capture the reader's attention without having to go back and repeat themselves over and over. It is also important to make sure that the story has a lot of detail and also the links that are between them. The details make a story really good because it draws the reader into the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Buss, H.M. "Gender, genre and identity in women's travel writing." Biography 21.6 (2005): 444-447,514.

Campisi, D., Costa, R., & Mancuso, P. "The effects of low cost airlines growth in italy." Modern Economy, 18.5 (2010): 59-67.

Folks, J.J. "Mediterranean travel writing: From etruscan places to under the tuscan sun." Papers on Language and Literature 14.7 (2006): 102-112.

Iannone, F. "A model optimizing the port-hinterland logistics of containers: The case of the campania region in southern italy." Maritime Economics & Logistics 14.1 (2012): 33-72.
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Global Business

Words: 3054 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64425726

Global Business

When businesses go international, they have to operate in a more competitive, uncertain, and risky business environment. The forces present in the Global environment bring a number of challenges for the businesses; making it more difficult for them to maintain their market share, enhance profitability, and keep the customers satisfied (Cherunilam, 2007). To compete successfully and ensure a sustainable future in the international markets, business organizations have to analyze these forces carefully and strategize accordingly. Globalization has also impacted the way countries use to recognize themselves as internationally competitive and advanced than other countries (Tellis, Stremersch, & Yin, 2003).

This paper presents a comprehensive discussion on the positive and negative impacts of Globalization and the efforts which nations and business organizations make in order to become internationally competitive and keep up pace with the Globalization. The paper starts with a brief description of different environmental forces that are…… [Read More]

References

Benetton, (2012). The Group. Retrieved on May 3rd, 2012, from

CIA, (2012). Italy: Economy Overview. Retrieved on May 3rd, 2012, from

Cherunilam, F. (2007). International business: text and cases. India: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

Dconti, (2012). Effects of Globalization on Italy. Retrieved on May 3rd, 2012, from
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Strengths and Weaknesses of Italian Nationalism

Words: 1768 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16000140

Italian Nationalism

In the mid-nineteenth century, Italy had faced a great number of obstacles that would have impeded a united Italy, but for the movement of the leaders and the fighters who banded together under the same ideal. Prior to the beginning of the nineteenth century, Italy itself was split into many states and kingdoms, in accordance to the different ethnic peoples of the country. Through the political activism engaged by such celebrated names as Mazzini, Garibaldi, Cavour, Pallavicino and Victor Emmanuel II, and the people's enthusiasm to see their kingdoms united, Italian nationalism was not just a dream shared by many. In all respects, Italian nationalism also became a reality.

The Leaders of Italian Unification

Of the proponents regarding Italian unification, perhaps one of the most vocal of the group would be revolutionary activist Giuseppe Mazzini. As many nationalists believed, the strength of a nation came not from the…… [Read More]

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Reverse Mortgage Comparison of Spain

Words: 4594 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8602779

This would be only natural for central bankers, as wealth effects may be a very relevant factor in determining fluctuations in aggregate demand. Studies on wealth effects have been conducted in recent years, also in the ank of Italy, making use of household surveys. For a given level of net worth, the wealth effect may be defined as the extent to which household consumption changes in response to a change in asset prices relative to the general consumer price level. Conceptually, this is no different from the old Pigou effect, but while that worked through changes in consumer prices that reduced the "value" of money balances in real terms, we now have asset prices rather than consumer prices as the main factor. While consumer prices may be relatively stable, asset prices could move substantially, and the wealth effect could actually be a destabilizing rather than, as was once thought, a…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Deaton, Angus (2005) Franco Modigliani and the Life Cycle Theory of Consumption. Research Program in Development Studies and Center for Health and Wellbeing. Princeton University. Online available at  http://www.princeton.edu/~deaton/downloads/romelecture.pdf 

Fessler, David (2008) How Reverse Mortgages Could Help Fund Your Retirement. Contrarian Profits. 24 Oct 2008. online available at http://www.contrarianprofits.com/articles/how-reverse-mortgages-could-fund-your-retirement/6947

Hugh, Edward (2008) Have We Seen 'Peak' Italian Retail Sales? Europe EconoMonitor 3 Sept 2008. Online available at http://www.rgemonitor.com/euro-monitor/253471/have_we_seen_peak_italian_retail_sales

Le Goff, Philippe (2003) the Reverse Mortgage: A Solution to Retirement Funding? Economics Division. 14 Feb 2003. Parliamentary Research Branch. Online available at http://dsp-psd.pwgsc.gc.ca/Collection-R/LoPBdP/PRB-e/PRB0259-e.pdf
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Starbucks Coffee Company Is a Leading Roaster

Words: 1112 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61719559

Starbucks coffee company is a leading roaster and retailer of specialty coffees. It has its base in Seattle and has many stores within the U.S. And internationally. The objective of starbucks is the establishment of Starbucks as the most recognized and respected brand of coffee in the world. For this goal to be achieved, starbucks continues to expand its retail operations by selectively pursuing other opportunities so that they can leverage and grow the company's brand by the introduction of a variety of new products (Balaban, s & Kieta, C., 2008).

Starbucks aims at entering more and more foreign countries. Among countries that Starbucks may consider venturing into is Italy. The initial idea to set up starbucks was from the Italian coffee tradition which was infused with the leisure approach found in Seattle. Despite the fact that the idea came from Italy, Italy has been considered a mountain that starbucks…… [Read More]

References

Alini, E. (2012). Italy Meets Starbucks. Retrieved November 9, 2012 from http://www2.macleans.ca/2010/10/28/italy-meets-starbucks/

Innovation Zen, (2006). Why Starbucks is not Present in Italy. Retrieved November 9, 2012 from  http://innovationzen.com/blog/2007/01/15/why-starbucks-is-not-present-in-italy/ 

Faris, S., (2012). Grounds Zero: A Starbucks-Free Italy. Retrieved November 9, 2012 from http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/grounds-zero-a-starbucksfree-italy-02092012.html

Balaban & Kieta, C. (2008). Starbucks Coffee Company. Retrieved November 9, 2012 from http://cobweb2.louisville.edu/faculty/regbruce/bruce//cases/starbucks/starbucks.htm
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Olde Distillerie Going Global With

Words: 4780 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4950119

The rules and regulations are designed to level the competition and to disrupt advantages of a country based on price and favored tax status. All of the countries in the union must abide by these tax and trade regulations. In January of 2004, Denmark and Sweden were forced to remove import restrictions on alcohol purchased for personal consumption (EPHA, 2007).

A recent decision by the European Court of Justice (ECJ) determined that the Swedes have attained a monopoly on alcohol. They are attempting to limit the general consumption and limit underage drinking in their country. Alcoholism is considered to be problematic in Sweden and lawmakers see a need to take measures to attempt to curb overall consumption of alcoholic beverages.

The effects of this decision are two-fold, when one considers the impact on expanding Olde Distillerie products to Sweden. The first affect is that this decision supports alcohol as an…… [Read More]

References

Celtic Whisky Campagne. 2003. History of Whisky and of Distillation (I).[Online]Available at:  http://www.celtic-whisky.com/histrya.htm . Accessed 24.

European Public Health Alliance. (EPHA). (2007). *UPDATED* ECJ case on Swedish alcohol retail monopoly. [Online]. Available at: www.epha.org/a/2239Accessed 23 December 2007 [Accessed 23, December 2007].

FedEx. 2007. Czech Republic. Country Profile. [Online] Available at http://www.FedEx.com/us/international/irc/profiles/irc_cz_profile.html?gtmcc=us[Accessed 26, December 2007].

FedEx. 2007. Ireland. Country Profile. [Online] Available at http://www.FedEx.com/us/international/irc/profiles/irc_ie_profile.html?gtmcc=us[Accessed 26, December 2007].
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Findings and Evaluation of Reseach Examining Attitides to Organic Produce

Words: 3804 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20438609

Purchase of Organic Food in Germany and Italy

Descriptive Statistics

Answering the esearch

Understanding the Term Organic

The Impact of Understanding on Purchase Decisions

Education and the Purchase Decision

Education and Attitudes

Culture and the Purchase of Organic Food

Culture and the Attitude to Organic Food

Evaluation

The research was conducted with a sample of 50 respondents; 20 in Germany and 30 in Italy. Only questionnaires which were fully completed included in the findings analysis. All respondents were either solely or jointly responsible for the purchase of groceries was in their household. This binding section starts with a presentation of the descriptive statistics for the samples in both countries, before moving on to an examination of the various questions which guided the research, and a testing of the hypotheses assessing the impact of education on attitudes towards organic food and intention to purchase, and cultural differences between those residing in…… [Read More]

References

Curwin, J., & Slater, R. (2006). Quantitative Methods for Business Decisions. London: Thompson Business Press.

de Vaus, D. (2013). Surveys In Social Research. Abingdon: Routledge.

Hofstede, G. (2005). Culture's Consequences: Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions and Organizations Across Nations. London: Sage.

Russell Sage Foundation. (2016). Percentage of Population of Select Countries with a Batchelors Degree. Retrieved from  http://www.russellsage.org/sites/default/files/Fig10_Comparative_hires_0.png
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Scotch Whiskey the Olde Distillerie

Words: 5163 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20382463

However, the Act of Union in 1707 that combined England, Wales, and Scotland into the United Kingdom had a profound effect on the production of Scotch Whiskey (Beverage Testing Institute, 2007). The English government levied heavy taxes on Scottish whiskey, while lowering taxes on English gin (Beverage Testing Institute, 2007). This resulted in a boom in illegal stills across the country. Many present-day producers have their origins in these illegal operations. In 1823, the Excise Act reduced taxes on Scotch Whiskey to a level where it was once again a viable legal industry (Beverage Testing Institute, 2007).

Scotch whiskey was ingrained in the culture of Scotland. Whether they are malted, blended, or single grain concoctions, they are a part of Scottish history that is slowly becoming adopted by others around the globe. The whiskey market experiences periods of boom followed by periods of bust. The market has not been one…… [Read More]

References

Barrow, a. First Swedish Malt Whiskey. Slashfood. April 17, 2006. [Online] Available at http://www.slashfood.com/2006/04/17/first-swedish-malt-whisky/[Accessed 23, December 2007].

Beverage Testing Institute. 2007. All About Scotch Whiskey. [Online] Available at http://www.tastings.com/spirits/Scotch.html[Accessed 23, December 2007].

Broom, D.(2006) Global market review of malt whisky - forecasts to 2011. Bharat Books. [Online] Available at http://www.bharatbook.com/bookdetail.asp?bookid=12503&publisher=[Accessed 23, December 2007].

FedEx. 2007. Ireland. Country Profile. [Online] Available at http://www.FedEx.com/us/international/irc/profiles/irc_ie_profile.html?gtmcc=us[Accessed 23, December 2007].
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Marketing Memorandum CEO Potential Acquisition

Words: 617 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38676624

In Italy, the local marketing approach would also emphasize the authentic nature of the environment except that local marketing would be less explicit and devoid of specific references in that regard. Instead, it would attempt to present services, menus, and other accoutrements in a manner that would allow local customers to come to their own conclusion that the hotel provides a highly authentic Italian experience.

PERSONAL REFLECTION

This exercise was extremely valuable to the study of Human Resource Management issues. Prior to this exercise, it would not have occurred to me how important local customs in a foreign country might be from the perspective of human resource management and the potential for civil liability to American employees working abroad. The exercise also provided an opportunity to make an important decision based on the comparative potential risks and rewards of two alternate courses of action.

From the perspective of marketing in…… [Read More]

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Country Analysis Our Company Is

Words: 1136 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1853914

The government is trying to create an environment that is favorable for investing and the rapid pace of economic growth indicates that this is a success. However, there remains considerable political risk. Relations with many of Turkey's neighbors have been difficult in the past and relations with Greece in particular could sour a move by the country into the EU. If EU membership is taken off the table -- which could happen if the country fails to resolve the Cyprus issue, the Kurdish issue and the Armenian issue -- the political scene could become highly unstable.

Turkey has strong financial resources. There has been a strong influx of capital into the country. Despite strict government control of the banking sector, the government's desire to modernize its banking and investment climate means that capital is available. Talent is less available. hile many Turks speak English, it is difficult to find top…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

CIA World Factbook: Italy. (2009). Retrieved November 4, 2009 from  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/it.html 

CIA World Factbook: Turkey. (2009). Retrieved November 4, 2009 from  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tu.html
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Kudler Fine Foods -- Communication

Words: 970 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27166314



Another important factor for Italy is the fact that, although the food and beverage market is shrinking, certain geographic areas in the country are experiencing a lack of this service. This can be used to perpetuate the public perception of scarcity, which can then be mitigated by Kudler's products. In creating a communications strategy for Italy, the two main factors to focus on are therefore nice markets, specific brands and specific geographic areas where the perception of scarcity can be used to sell products (Aruvian 2010).

Advertising and Promotion Programs

Three distinct channels that can be used by marketers for maximum effect include the sales channel, the product channel, and the service channel (Kwik 2009). Specifically, what

Kudler needs to do in its target countries is to differentiate its products in the target markets. In Canada, for example, it needs to specifically differentiate its wines. Although there is an underserved…… [Read More]

References

Alvin, E. (2010). Italy may run out of grocery stores. Accessed 5 December 2010. http://ffog.net/italy-may-run-out-of-grocery-stores-in-2016-20105742.html

Aruvian, R. (2010). Food retail industry in Italy. Accessed 5 December 2010. http://www.reportlinker.com/p0199296/Food-Retail-Industry-in-Italy-PEST-Framework-Analysis.html

Datamonitor. (2010). Food and Grocery Sales via Key Retail Formats in Italy to 2013. http://www.just-drinks.com/market-research/food-and-grocery-sales-via-key-retail-formats-in-italy-to-2013_id91649.aspx

Kwik, H. (2009). Channel strategy. http://responsiblemarketing.com/blog/2009/10/27/channel-strategy-new-product-marketin
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Starting a Fashion Business Is Challenging

Words: 1275 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76383873

Julia Fox -- a Personal Narrative

This is the story about my venture into a business start-up, about my travels and my education, and what I have learned along the way. I was born in Italy but I moved to the United States at the age of six, to live with my father, an American. Through the years Italy seems to always have called my name; I made many trips to Italy to visit my mother, my brother and the rest of my family.

Most of my friends don't realize that I speak and read in Italian fluently because of the fact that my mother constantly speaks to me in my native language. In fact, she has never spoken to me in English. I have learned through research that a bilingual person's brain "…has two active language systems which work simultaneously" which helps my "general reasoning" -- and may prevent…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brainy Quotes. (2014). Mark Twain. Retrieved October 4, 2014, from  http://www.brainyquote.com .

Diamond, J. (2013). Benefits of Being Bilingual. Retrieved October 4, 2014, from  http://www.buzzle.com .

Santiago, A. (2011). Why Is Education So Important for Success? About.com. Retrieved October 4, 2014, from http://healthcareers.about.com.
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Italian and British Cultures and Management Styles

Words: 2710 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45589612

Italian and ritish Cultures and Management Styles in Tourism: Q. Hotel

A Critical Analysis of Italian and ritish Cultures and Management Styles in Tourism:

Q Hotel

Italy is a country in a stage of transition. It is no longer a predominantly agrarian society nor yet a fully industrialized economy. It is also a land of striking contrasts, with no unified social or economic patterns. As a society, Italy is centuries old; as a modern sovereign state it was born but yesterday. The very nature of the political unification process probably accounts for some of the disunity. It was not a broad-based movement but occurred predominantly under the auspices of one family, the Savoys, who succeeded in expanding their influence and political rule throughout the country (Rosenzweig & Nohria, 1994). The masses participated only vicariously through national figures and agitators, such as Garibaldi, Mazzini, and Cattaneo, whose dreams of a republican…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Adams, E. 1991. "Quality Circle Performance." Journal of Management, 17 25-39.

Adler, N. 2006. International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior. Cincinnati, OH: SouthWestern.

Adler, N., and Jelinek, M. 1986. "Is Organisational Culture 'Culture Bound'?" Human Resource Management, 25, 1, 73-90.

Aran, J.D., and Walochik, K. 2007. "Improvisation and the Italian Manager." International Studies of Management and Organization. 26, 1 73-89.
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Target Costing

Words: 1614 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99738944

Accounting

The T&M Company is investigating whether it should use target costing for its towels, especially as it moves into the Italian market. Management might be halfway insane for targeting a country for international expansion that is only going to pay 20% less than our current revenue per towel, but it is my job as to crunch the numbers and figure out how we can do that. One technique is target costing. Target costing begins with the revenue per unit that is expected, then takes into account the margin that we are targeting. What is left is the amount of that is budgeted for the production of the item in question (Arrington, n.d). Target costing is useful in a situation like this because it provides a target for the company. It is easier to earn the profits that we seek if we are able to know what the total production…… [Read More]

References

Arrington, W. (n.d.). Target Costing. Retrieved from www.freequality.org/documents/Training/Target%20Costing.pptx

Feil, P., Yook, K., and Kim, I (2004, Spring). Japanese Target Costing: A Historical Perspective. International Journal of Strategic Cost Management. Retrieved from http://economiceducation.us/dotAsset/785833.pdf

Tsorakidis, N. (2009). Break-Even Analysis. Retrieved from http://bookboon.com/en/business/finance/break-even-analysis-1

Walther, l. (2012). Chapter Eighteen. Cost-Volume-Profit and Business Scalability. Retrieved (including video lecture) from  http://www.principlesofaccounting.com/
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Early Western Civilization

Words: 1369 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10885455

Race for Colonies in the Late 19th Century

Although European imperialism had started in the 15th century when a number of European powers such as Spain, Portugal and Great Britain began to look for new settlements around the world, another great race for colonies occurred in the late 19th century. This time around, other countries such as the United States and Japan also joined Europe in the race. Some of the major reasons for the establishment of colonies in the late 19th century and specific examples of such colonies are outlined below.

Industrial Revolution:

The industrial revolution in Europe and the United States had greatly increased their technological and military power by the second half of the 19th century. Japan, too, had embarked on a path of rapid modernization in the mid-nineteenth century. As a result, several countries in Europe (including England, France, Germany and Italy), the U.S. And Japan…… [Read More]

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Etruscans if Someone Living 2 000 Years From

Words: 3381 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43197328

Etruscans

If someone living 2,000 years from now wanted to know what took place in the year 2005, it would be necessary to go through impossible amounts of information. Today, scores of individuals with varying agendas write about day-to-day events. Thousands of publications and electronic media maintain records. Before the Common Era the situation was naturally much different. Because so few accounts exist of this time period, anthropologists and historians have to make educated guesses to fill in the blanks. This same problem exists with early ome and Italy. No account written earlier than the late 3rd century exists and no continuous account recorded before the age of Augustus now survives. Thus, most of the information concerning the Etruscan traditions either comes from individuals such as the oman historian Livy, the Greeks, and archaeological finds.

Born in Northern Italy in 59 BC, Livy wrote a 142-book history of ome called…… [Read More]

References Cited

Bloch, Raymond. 1965. Etruscan Art. New York: Cowles. London: Thames

Bloch, Raymond. 1969. Etruscans. New York: Cowles.

Bonfante, Larissa, ed. 1986. Etruscans Life and Afterlife. Detroit: Wayne State.

Bryce, Trevor. 1999. Kingdom of the Hittites. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Kudler Fine Foods Italian Entrance

Words: 1304 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6616052

There is some possibility that mandates for maintaining and/or establishing operations in certain regions might be implemented to ensure adequate food distribution to all of Italy as a means of addressing current trends and concerns, such a move is considered highly unlikely (Datamonitor 2010; Aruvian 2010). It is also unclear whether such a move by the Italian governement would be damaging or even necessarily applicable to Kudler Fine Foods unless it expanded its product offerings to wider and less expensive grocery offerings. Little else in the legal environment of this market has changes (Alvin 2010).

There are also legal entities and agencies in the European Union that influence and affect the Italian retail grocery market, and general European economic cooperation policies and tendencies also present something of a barrier to entry from an American competitor such as Kudler Fine Foods (Alvin 2010; Aruvian 2010). Organizational decision-making must account for the…… [Read More]

References

Alvin, E. (2010). Italy may run out of grocery stores. Accessed 5 December 2010. http://ffog.net/italy-may-run-out-of-grocery-stores-in-2016-20105742.html

Aruvian, R. (2010). Food retail industry in Italy. Accessed 5 December 2010. http://www.reportlinker.com/p0199296/Food-Retail-Industry-in-Italy-PEST-Framework-Analysis.html

Datamonitor. (2010). Food and Grocery Sales via Key Retail Formats in Italy to 2013. http://www.just-drinks.com/market-research/food-and-grocery-sales-via-key-retail-formats-in-italy-to-2013_id91649.aspx

Kwik, H. (2009). Channel strategy. http://responsiblemarketing.com/blog/2009/10/27/channel-strategy-new-product-marketin
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WWII Battle of Monte Cassino History Has

Words: 2237 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64322020

WWII: Battle of Monte Cassino

History has been known to repeat itself. Today in Iraq for example, United States and Allied troops are torn when drawing up plans to win the war in the holy land. The problems stem from their not being able to directly attack certain Muslim holy locations or shrines even though Iraqi insurgents are constantly utilizing these positions as sanctuaries and initiation points for waging battles against the allied forces or the new Iraqi government. During World War II, the Axis powers with Adolf Hitler and the Nazi army also attempted to use similar tactics to fend off attacks by Allied forces.

This report discusses the Battle of Monte Cassino and the pros and cons of the Allied Forces' actions during World War II. A historic shrine was completely destroyed by the events of the Allied forces during the Battle of Monte Cassino in the Italian…… [Read More]

References

Colvin, David, & Hodges, Richard (1994). Tempting providence: the bombing of Monte Cassino. History Today, Vol. 44.

Eagle19. (n.d.). The Battles for Monte Cassino and the Defense of the Gustav Line. Retrieved October 15, 2004, at http://www.eagle19.freeserve.co.uk/cassino.htm

Griess, Thomas E. (2002). The Second World War Europe and the Mediterranean. The West Point Military History Series.

Hapgood, David, & Richardson, David (1984). Monte Cassino: The Story of the Most Controversial Battle of World War II. Add City: Add Publisher.
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Prehistoric and Post Modern Art Baroque

Words: 1285 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76455584

CATHOLIC BAOQUE VS. THE POTESTANT BAOQUE IN NOTHEN EUOPE

Catholic Baroque in Italy vs. the Protestant Baroque in Northern Europe

The following study compares the theatricality of the Catholic Baroque in Italy to the Protestant Baroque in Northern Europe. The discussion will focus on Caravaggio's "the Crucifixion of Saint Peter" to embrandt's "The eturn of The Prodigal Son." It also extends to include the way each artist handles the religious subject reflecting both the different sensibilities of these two artistic styles and the religious thinking of these two areas.

The Baroque period is argued to have taken place between the 1500s and 1700s. As the 16th approached, Western Europe experienced a reformation that divided Christianity between Protestants and Catholics. Most countries in Northern Europe (Switzerland, Holland and Britain) became Protestants whereas Southern countries (Spain and Italy) became Catholics. The sharp divide caused different art styles. In their churches, the Protestants…… [Read More]

References

Forster M. R. (2001). Catholic Revival in the Age of the Baroque: Religious Identity in Southwest Germany, 1550-1750. New York: Cambridge University Press

Franchot J. (1994). Roads to Rome: The Antebellum Protestant Encounter with Catholicism. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press

Kleiner F. S. (2015). Gardner's Art through the Ages: Backpack Edition, Book D: Renaissance, and Baroque. New York: Cengage Learning

Kleiner F. S. (2016). Gardner's Art through the Ages: The Western Perspective, Volume 2. New York: Cengage Learning
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Applying for the Position of

Words: 999 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88284076



(?Recognized as the official photographer for a promotional website, www.oldsanjuanpr.com.

CERTICATION & TRAININGS

Certified Professional Final Cut Pro-End-User Level 1, the Edit Center, New York, NY

Pursuing Certification Motion and DVD Studio Pro 4 HD End-User, the Edit Center, New York, NY

Screenwriting 101: Introduction to Screenplay Writing, Mark Troy, Writers.Net

Screenwriting 102: Advanced Screenplay Writing, Mark Troy, Writers.Net

WORK EXPERIENCE

2006

SILVER HILL HOSPITAL

New Canaan, CT

to present

Residential Counselor/Psychiatric Technician

2009-present

Responsible for ensuring efficient, quality functioning for adolescent unit in 28-day Transitional Living Program. Assign, assist and supervise residents in weekly duties. Supervise and participate in-house staff meetings. Manage and operate equipment safely and correctly. Cover house operations in the absence of the Senior Residential counselor. Carry out admission and discharge process for residents, while ensuring transitional living experience fosters growth and independence in residents.

( Promoted to Residential Counselor after 5 months of employment as…… [Read More]