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John Quincy Adams
The author of this report is asked to answer to one major question relating to John Quincy Adams, He had great success as Secretary of State but was not nearly as successful as resident of the United States. The author is asked to ascertain why he might have done so well in the former role but so mediocre to poor in the latter role. This report will offer analysis based on personal conjecture and scholarly sources.
At first glance, the author of this report would offer a personal opinion. Secretary of States and resident, at least in a more modern context, are entirely different jobs with the depth and breadth of the resident's office being much more massive and expansive than Secretary of State. The Secretary of State, in modern days, is a catch-all ambassador and representative of the resident's foreign policy and is indeed supposed to…
POTUS. (2013, September 26). John Quincy Adams - President of the United States (POTUS). POTUS -- Presidents of the United States. Retrieved September 26, 2013, from http://www.potus.com/jqadams.html
Miller Center. (2013, September 26). American President: Biography of John Quincy Adams. Miller Center. Retrieved September 26, 2013, from http://millercenter.org/president/jqadams/essays/biography/print
BigMo. (2013, September 26). Big Mo's Presidents Review: Number 6: John Quincy Adams. Big Mo's Presidents Review. Retrieved September 26, 2013, from http://thepresidentsatbigmo.blogspot.com/2007/03/number-6-john-quincy-adams.html
Adams ran for the presidency against Monroe. However, this was the Era of Good Feelings and Monroe was very popular with the public.
In 1824, five men ran for Presidency. John C. Calhoun dropped out to be vice-president (McGrady, 2004). Since everyone was from the same party, there were no presidential tickets in this election. They voted for each separately. Jackson won the most votes, followed by Adams, William Crawford and Henry Clay. Still, Jackson did not have a majority, so the election was sent to the House of epresentatives.
The 12th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States requires that if no candidate for president receives a majority, the election is decided by the House of epresentatives from among the three candidates with the highest electoral votes (Encarta, 2004).
Since only the top three candidates were looked at, Clay was eliminated. Because Clay believed he would face Jackson…
Wikipedia. (2004). John Quincy Adams. Retrieved from the Internet at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Quincy_Adams .(Encarta. 92004). Adams, John Quincy (U.S. president). Retrieved from the Internet at http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761577199_2/John_Quincy_Adams.html.
McGrady, Frank. (2004). John Quincy Adams. Potus. Retrieved from the Internet at http://members.bellatlantic.net/~vze2rdt7/6jqa.html.
US-History.com. (2004). Election of 1824. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h262.html .
Pearson Education. (2004). John Quincy Adams. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0760591.html .
President of the United States. Specifically it will discuss the life of President John Quincy Adams. The sixth President of the United States, John Quincy Adams was the first son of a former president Americans elected to the office. Historians do not see him as one of America's most outstanding presidents -- he faced adversaries and controversy while he served in office. However, looking back, he was a remarkable man and leader, who literally died on the floor of the House of epresentatives, dedicating his entire life to serving the American people.
John Quincy Adams was born on July 11, 1767 in Braintree, Massachusetts. He was the son of John Adams, and he grew up when America was at war with England, fighting for American independence. Some of his earliest memories include watching the Battle of Bunker Hill with his mother (Lipsky 7). By the time he was eleven years…
Editors. "John Quincy Adams." AmericanPresident.org. 2005. 23 Sept. 2005.
Howe, John R. "John Quincy Adams: A Public Life, A Private Life." Journal of Southern History. Volume: 67, Issue: 2, 2001, pg. 444.
Lipsky, George A. John Quincy Adams: His Theory and Ideas. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1950.
Holton notes that years after Louisa's trip to Abigail's she confessed "that as the stagecoach carried her little family north toward Quincy, her sense of dread approximated that of a prisoner headed to the gallows." This isn't surprising that Abigail has this effect on her. Louisa feels inadequate around Abigail, which seems normal considering Abigail's intelligence and her independence as a woman. It probably was not normal for women of this time to be so in control of everything, which Abigail definitely was.
The dynamic between Louisa and Abigail is an interesting one to read about and though the two are always kind to one another, there doesn't seem to be a whole lot of affection there. When Louisa gets sick, it doesn't surprise Abigail at all because she thought that she was going to be some frail, weak being. Holton writes that in Louisa's memoirs she talks about how…
The manner in which she coped with the travails of traveling overseas in a time far before airplanes underscores the strength of character of this remarkable woman. The trip also marked the first time she had been away from her children for any length of time, solidifying her independence and contributing to her overall psychological development. Furthermore, Akers notes how Abigail was able to analyze, criticize, and incorporate ideas, concepts, trends, styles, and material objects from the Old orld. "Her confidence in herself as a person had been bolstered by the many opportunities to test her mind and values in the intellectual and social capital of Europe," (91). Furthermore, based on her letters, Akers infers that her trip abroad strengthened her already deep affection for America, the new nation she watched being born and growing with the help of her husband. Her travel abroad also indicated to Abigail how the…
Akers, Charles W. Abigail Adams: An American Woman. Boston: Little, Brown, 1980.
It is quite disconcerting that Lovell has a wife whom he hasn't seen in four years, and this also bothers Abigail.
The fact that Abigail would keep Lovell around, despite the fact that he is inappropriate with her shows her vulnerabilities as a woman at that time. Her husband is away and while she is good at acting strong and authoritative, she is a woman essentially doing what was a man's job at that time. She doesn't escape John's criticism, however, when it comes to her financial management.
Both John and Abigail are people that never were concerned with the luxuries of life, but it is how Abigail makes her money while John is away. She sells the things that woman want and think they need and she is able to survive off of this.
At the end of chapter fourteen, Abigail shows her strength and her entrepreneurial sense again…
Holton, Woody. Abigail Adams. Free Press; 1st edition. 2009.
Abigail believes that this man -- Peter de Windt -- must be a good man if he is asking Caroline to marry him because she isn't all that attractive. She says, clearly he wasn't given to 'fashionable pleasure' (389). Then there is Abigail -- Charles' daughter -- who has become a sort of religious zealot and Abigail Adams fears that it will be difficult for her to find a husband as well. This chapter really shows the importance of having a husband in those days. Abigail is pleased that her namesake -- Abbe -- marries well and her husband is able to take care not only of his wife, but his wife's mother as well. The relief Abigail Adams gets from knowing that her grandchildren will be taken care of is evident. Being comfortable and not having to worry about money is something that Abigail wishes for all of her…
Lynne ithey prefaces her biography of Abigail Adams by noting that the first Lady was "a tiny woman ... with ... A forceful personality that belied her size," (ix). Abigail Adams was, as ithey describes her, a "maddeningly contradictory" individual who defied conventional gender norms during her time, waged fierce rhetorical political battles against what she viewed to be British oppression of the colonies, and was unmistakably at the heart of the changing social and political realities of revolutionary America. One of the proto-feminists in the United States, Abigail Adams also championed similar civil rights causes such as the emancipation of slavery, but like most in her time, often seemed to straddle the fence on both of these contentious issues. ith one foot in one world and one in another, Abigail Adams did defy definitions and deserves to be remembered as ithey portrays her: as a quintessential American…
Withey, Lynne. Dearest Friend: A Life of Abigail Adams. New York: Simon and Schuster/Touchstone, 1981.
Before this tariff was passed, Calhoun and worked hard in the federal government to increase its military power, and was instrumental in bringing the United States into the ar of 1812 (ThinkQuest). hen he began to see the disparity between the states, however, his attitude began to shift towards advocating state power.
The Tariff of Abominations was a major indicator of this increasing disparity (Trumbore). It imposed tariffs on imported goods, especially from Britain, which led to higher prices for goods in the largely agricultural and therefore non-industrial South (Trumbore). In addition, British importers were left with a huge loss in profit, making them less able to buy the cotton and other agricultural products with which the South provided them costing Southerners even more money (Foreign Affairs).
As the Tariff of Abominations and other issues of disparity in state power grew in prominence, the idea of the compact theory grew…
Cole, Bruce; Drake, Frederick, and Lynn Nelson. State's Rights and American Federalism. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1999
John C. Calhoun: He Started the Civil War." Weider History Network. Retreived 8 February 2009. http://www.historynet.com/john-c-calhoun-he-started-the-civil-war.htm
John C. Calhoun: Southern Leader." Library ThinkQuest. Retrieved 8 February 2009. http://library.thinkquest.org/3055/graphics/people/calhoun.html
Tariff of 1828." Foreign Affairs, the J.Q. Adams Administration. Retrieved 8 February 2009. http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h268.html
admittance of Missouri into the Union such a contentious issue?
During the period of early nineteenth century, there was a one by one admittance of several states from the British rule into U.S. government, acquiring a representation in the senate. It was the time when there was an equal number and representation of free and slave states in the U.S. senate. When Missouri tried to admit as a state, it was first expected that it would be a slave state. But at the same time, Maine, which was a factory area and destined to be a free state, demanded its representation in the Senate. At first, the Senate joined the two bills as a same with the exception that only the southern boundary of Missouri which is the Louisiana Purchase north of 36°30'N lat would be the slavery prohibited area. This compromise is known as the Missouri Compromise in the…
Alexander Hamilton carried on an affair with the wife of "a notorious political schemer," Maria Reynolds. Andrew Jackson married Rachel Jackson before her divorce from Lewis Robards was finalized and therefore was accused of marrying a married woman. Jackson's opponent in 1828, John Quincy Adams, was in turn accused of "corrupt bargaining" during his term. Jackson also championed Margaret O'Neill Timberlake, who married his secretary of war, John Eaton. "Peggy O'Neill" was considered a woman of "questionable virtue," and as a result Martin Van Buren became Jackson's successor in the presidency. After the death of Jackson and Eaton, Peggy married a 19-year-old dance teacher (which raised eyebrows, as she was 59), who embezzled her money and ran off to Europe with her 17-year-old granddaughter.
Other scandals concerned Richard Mentor Johnson, who ran for vice president in 1836 with Martin Van Buren. He supposedly shot Tecumseh during the ar of 1812,…
Ferling, John. Adams vs. Jefferson: the tumultuous election of 1800. New York: Oxford University Press. 2004.
It will use historical evidence to examine the role of the church is a spiritual entity. It will examine the role of the church as a political entity throughout changing political landscapes. It will explore the role of the church as a social service provider with regards to the importance of this role in helping black people to redeem themselves in light of historical cultural atrocities that they have faced.
In order to examine that topics of interest un this research study the following research questions be addressed.
1. How has the black church served as redemptive force in helping the black people to heal?
2. What factors served as a redemptive force in helping the image of black people in the black church to improve?
3. How has a black church helped black communities to regain and maintain their self-sufficiency?
4. How has the black church served…
Aaron. (1845), the Light and Truth of Slavery. Aaron's History: Electronic Edition. Retrieved June 19, 2010 from http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/aaron/aaron.html#p6
Adams, John Quincy. (1872). Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams. Retrieved June 19,
2010 from http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/adams/adams.html#adams6
Robert Hayden, one of the most important black poets of the 20th Century, was born in Detroit, Michigan in 1913 and grew up in extreme poverty in a racially mixed neighborhood. His parents divorced when he was a child and he was raised by their neighbors, illiam and Sue Ellen Hayden, and not until he was in his forties did he learn that Asa Sheffey and Gladys Finn were his biological parents. During the Great Depression he was employed for two years by the Federal riter's Project, and published his first volume of poetry Heart-Shape in the Dust in 1940. He taught English at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee for twenty-three years, and then at the University of Michigan from 1969 until his death in 1980. Among his other works were The Lion and the Archer (1948), Figure of Time (1955), A Ballad of Remembrance (1962), orks in Mourning Time…
Bloom, Harold. Robert Hayden. Chelsea House Publishers, 2005.
Fetrow, Fred M. "Middle Passage: Robert Hayden's Anti-Epoch" in Bloom: 35-48.
Gates, Henry Louis and Evelyn Brooks Higgenbotham. Harlem Renaissance Lives: From the African-American National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2009.
Kutzinski, Vera M. "Changing Permanences: Historical and Literary Revisionism in Robert Hayden's Middle Passage" in Bloom: 306-21.
19th century, the federalist/anti-federalist schism dominated political discourse in the United States. The so-called "first party system" became less relevant as increasing numbers of citizens became politically active, leading to a greater plurality of voices and opinions. Even then, political parties had not yet become fully formed. Most elections had candidates running independently. However, the anti-federalists had become the Democratic-Republicans and they emerged as a dominant presence in the controversial 1824 presidential election. When he was defeated in that election by John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson and his supporters started the Democratic Party as an opposition group. In response, John Quincy Adams and his Secretary of State Henry Clay rebranded the Democratic-Republican Party the National Republicans.
Jackson's Democratic party grew in popularity during his presidency. An opposition party, the Whig party, emerged in response in the 1830s. For the next several decades, the Democrats and the Whigs were the primary…
The Democrats took over Congress in the 2006 mid-term elections, and while the party wished to have the administration adopt a policy to either "get out now" of Iraq, or "stabilize, then withdraw."
Those suggestions were met with patriotic, even nationalistic opposition from Bush and his very vocal vice president, Dick Cheney (Hartung, 44-45). "However reasonable the merits" were of Congress cutting off funding for the war in Iraq, Hartung continues, Cheney and others supporting the administration held a hammer over their heads in the form of jingoistic phrases like, if you vote to cut off funds you are "voting against the troops" (Hartung, 44). Leaving American troops hanging out there in Iraq would be unthinkable, it was argued from the Bush point-of-view.
Meanwhile, author Lewis B. Smith points out that arguing against the Bush invasion of Iraq was pointless for Congress, due to the sense of patriotism in the…
Bennet, Douglas J. (1978). Congress in Foreign Policy: Who Needs It? Foreign Affairs, 57(1),
Delaney, Kate. (2006). What's New? Don't Forget Capitol Hill. The Journal of American
History, 93(2), 437-440.
His accomplishments included simplifying government jobs, and helping create the Democratic Party. He is most remembered as a great general and for defying Congress. Martin Van Buren served from 1837 to 1841. He was married to Hannah, and he died in 1862. His vice-president was ichard Johnson, and his nickname was the "Little Magician." His accomplishments included regulating banks and federal funds, and creating an independent treasury. He is most remembered for the Panic of 1837, and for being opposed to slavery. William Henry Harrison served in 1841 and died after only one month in office. He was married to Anna. His vice-president was John Tyler. He is most remembered for being the first president to die in office. John Tyler served from 1841 to 1845. He was married to Letitia and then Julia and he died in 1862. His nickname was "Old Tippecanoe." His accomplishments included annexing Texas and…
Editors. "Biographies." Vice-Presidents.com. 2006. 22. Sept. 2006. http://www.vicepresidents.com/Biography%202006.htm
Editors. "The Presidents of the United States." WhiteHouse.gov. 2006. 22 Sept. 2006. http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/index2.html
Henry Clay gave his famous speech in support of the American System to the House of Representatives in 1824, although Alexander Hamilton had used the same term decades before. It rested "on the idea of harmonizing all the segments of the economy for their mutual benefit and of doing so by active support from an intervening national government" (Baxter 27). Clay's conversion to this policy was surprising since Hamilton had been a member of the Federalist Party while Henry Clay was supposedly a Democratic Republican and a Jeffersonian, opposed to Federal plans for government aid to industry, a national bank, protective tariffs and federal funding for highways, canals, railroads and other internal improvements. After the ar of 1812, however, the first political party system had come to an end and the Federalists were discredited by their opposition to the war and threats of secession in New England. During…
Baxter, Maurice G. Henry Clay and the American System. University Press of Kentucky, 2004.
Hounshell, David A. From the American System to Mass Production, 1800-1932. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984.
ith respect to these principles, Unitarians have historically supported social justice movements within the United States, such as the Civil Rights movement, and anti-war causes. They also support interfaith dialogue, and believe there is value in all religious faiths, not just Christianity. The merged organization does not hold solely to Universalist or Unitarian beliefs, but honors both in the shaping of the tradition. Many women have served prominently in the movement since its inception, as have African-Americans. Unitarian Universalists also support full social equality for gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered people (GLBT).
Unitarian Universalists have occasionally been accused of being irreligious, because of their tolerance of so many conceptions of faith, and the fact that they do not insist that adherents subscribe to a particular conception of God, or even to believe in a traditional, anthropomorphic form of the divine at all. Unitarian Universalists view the religion as part of…
Hughes, Peter. "Michael Sevetus." Unitarian Universalist Historical Society (UUHS).
March 24, 2011. http://www25.uua.org/uuhs/duub/articles/michaelservetus.html
Rasor, Paul. "Unitarian Universalist views of God." Unitarian Universalist Association (UUA).
March 24, 2011. http://www.uua.org/publications/pamphlets/spiritualtopics/151278.shtml
Washington Community 1800 -- 1828 by James Sterling Young. Specifically it will contain a review of the book, bringing new light to the audience reading it. This is a historic look at Washington D.C. In its very earliest years, focusing on the political climate, and how it forged the fledgling city. The author, James Sterling Young, is a historian and political scientist. Currently, he serves as the director of the Program on the Presidency at the Miller Center at the University of Virginia. When he wrote the book in 1966, he was a professor at Columbia University (Editors). One of the major points of the book is how Jeffersonian politics affected Washington during his time as president through 1828. The review will also analyze the role early Washington has played on contemporary Washington.
The author's intent in writing the book is clear from the beginning. In the Preface he writes,…
Barone, Michael. "Boardinghouse Rules." U.S. News & World Report; 01/08/2001, Vol. 130 Issue 1. 21.
Editors. "James Sterling Young." Miller Center. 2010. 9 Feb. 2010.
Scherr, Arthur. "James Monroe and John Adams: An Unlikely "Friendship." The Historian 67.3 2005: 405+.
As if to say scientific achievement and technological advancement work together with agriculture and mining to produce. Each complements and supports the other with Integrity watching over all. There was a speech given by Ayn Rand about the New York Stock Exchange about money from Atlas Shrugged?
The interpretation was if you think money is the "root of all evil," think again. hy would someone make such a statement. hy not say "what is the root of money" instead. Money is nothing of itself, it is a tool used by men in exchange for goods and services. Money cannot exists without man. It is the principles of man that determine how money is traded. They give money power or value based on the decisions they apply to the tool. He further states that "Money is not the tool of the moochers, who claim your product by tears, or of the…
Durante, Diane. "Integrity Protecting the Works of Man." < http://www.forgottendelights.com/NYCsculpture/salute/SalutesApril.htm#Integrity > April 2011.
Johnson, A. "Reviewing the Pediment of the NYSE." Reyte on Publishing. 2010.
"Museum Planet." NYSE. Federal Hall and Vicinity. < http://www.museumplanet.com/tour.php/nyc/fh/15 > 10 December 2011
"New York Stock Exchange." NYX.com. NYSE Euronext. Web. 5 Nov. 2011.
Othello: The Moor of Venice
Did Shakespeare intend for the character Othello to be a dark-skinned African or did he intend for Othello to actually be a Moor, with swarthy skin color? It is clear from the title of the play that the Bard intended Othello to indeed be a Moor, but what do scholars say about Shakespeare and race -- and who were the Moors? How is the character Othello portrayed today? These are points that has been debated and discussed for as long as the play has been seen on stage -- and read in print format. The question that is not asked often is -- does it really matter what the skin color Othello has on stage? Thesis: racism has no doubt played a role in the many Othello characters that have appeared on stage, but the play is so brilliantly composed that if indeed bigoted attitudes…
Alexander, Catherine M.S., and Wells, Stanley. Shakespeare and Race. New York: Cambridge
University Press. 2000.
Dobson, Michael, and Wells, Stanley W. The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare. Oxford, UK:
Oxford University Press, 2001.
Because of this, many modern Masonic lodges offer tours to the public where non-Masons can visit the lodge and learn more about Masonic activities (ich & Merchant, 2003).
Since the mid-nineteenth century, many scholars have also equated Masonry with Mormonism, because of both groups' reliance on secret rituals and closed temples. This is one reason the Masons have begun to open up their temples to the public. Authors ich and Merchant continue, "In summary, in the United States, Masonic policies have evolved and gradually moved away from the secrecy and pseudo-historical claims that once characterized the society. Secrecy was not abandoned, but it became less important" (ich & Merchant, 2003). Thus, Masons have changed with the time, and modernized their organizations until they fit in our modern western society, and that is probably one reason that so many Masonic lodges still exist today.
Today, the rituals and secrecy of the…
Editors. (2007). History of freemasonry. Retrieved from the Masonic Service Association of North America Web site: http://www.msana.com/historyfm.asp20 Sept. 2007.
Fuller, R.C. (2001). Spiritual, but not religious: Understanding unchurched America. New York: Oxford University Press.
Johnson, M.M. (1917). Freemasonry in America prior to 1750. Boston: Caustic-Claflin. Retrieved from Books.google.com Website: http://books.google.com/books?id=CfNGEeB2nuoC&dq=freemasonry+America20 Sept. 2007.
Rich, P., & Merchant, D. (2003). Religion, policy, and secrecy: The Latter Day Saints and Masons. Policy Studies Journal, 31(4), 669+.
uh.edu). He also made the electing process more democratic by having conventions where he had representatives from every state nominate a presidential candidate to represent their individual parties. This would provide a more accurate representation of who the people themselves saw as President.
Jackson also had great influence on the economic situation of that era. In order for Americans to start to buy more American goods, Jackson wanted to pass a tariff on all English goods. Although this meant that America would get more of their things sold and purchased, it also meant that Americans had to pay more for necessary goods that came from abroad (McGraw-Hill, p.338). This angered the South who owned property and were most affected by the rise in these tariffs. This was the beginning of the Nullification Act. This act was made as a compromise to steadily reduce the tariff placed throughout the years, but…
McGraw Hill. The American Republic to 1877: Unit 5: The Growing Nation:
Chapter 11: The Jackson Era. The McGraw Hill Companies and Glencove.
2004, 2nd edition. Print.
"Learn about the Jacksonian Era." Digital History. n.d. n.p. 27 May 11
Decatur's death was unpleasant and unfortunate. Allegedly over a matter of honor, it actually was not. There was no specific issue of right and wrong, but there was the perceived issue of status and career. There is no doubt that Decatur could have done more had death not silenced him. This is often the case with great men who do great things against the will of others.
This book is fascinating and interesting, and Allison (2005) makes a strong argument and presents a clear thesis. The evidence that he has for who Stephen Decatur was and what he contributed to the country and the Navy is a great tribute to a man who most people have either forgotten or had not even heard about. I agree with the authors conclusions in that Decatur did appear to be a great man. Whether he was killed as a matter of honor as…
Allison, Robert J. (2005). Stephen Decatur: American Naval Hero, 1979-1820. Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.
As is often the case, these good times could not last forever. Just like our modern day governmental debt being financed by foreign investment, Andrew Jackson and the nation faced reality when in 1837 foreign investors came to banks to collect. The speculative bubble of 1837 burst in what historians accurately termed the Panic of 1837. English and other European bankers called in the many outstanding loans the states had out as well as many private investors. Paying back these loans instantly crushed the nation's gold supplies which created a ripple affect where many local and state banks could not pay their debts, investors or the governmental reserves. These events lead to many forced bank failures and a national recession ensued.
The Missouri Compromise
In hindsight, we as a nation know now that the southern states who were in favor of slavery were prepared to defend their right to own…
Brulatour, Meg. Transcendental Ideas: Reform: Social and Political Changes in the Time of Emerson and Thoreau: The 19th Century at a Glance. Ed. Meg Brulatour. VCU. Retrieved on 21 Nov. 2004, from http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/transcendentalism/ideas/reformback.html .
Lorence, James J. Enduring Voices: To 1877 the Enduring Voices, a History of the American People. 4th ed., vol. 1. ADD CITY: Houghton Mifflin Company, ADD YEAR.
Pessen, Edward. The Many-Faceted Jacksonian Era: New Interpretations. Westport, CT: Greenwood P, 1977.
Welter, Rush. The Mind of America, 1820-1860. New York: Columbia UP, 1975.
During the nineteenth century, many accomplishments in women's rights occurred. As a result of these early efforts, women today enjoy many privileges. They are able to vote and become candidates for political elections, as well as own property and enjoy leadership positions.
During the early nineteenth century, the women's rights movement came into effect. omen like Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony created many organizations for equality and independence. However, even with these activist groups, victory would not be fast or easy.
Changing social conditions for women during the early nineteenth century, combined with the idea of equality, led to the birth of the woman suffrage movement. For example, women started to receive more education and to take part in reform movements, which involved them in politics. As a result, women started to ask why they were not also allowed to vote.
The Start of the Revolution…
Berg, Barbara. The Remembered Gate: Origins of American Feminism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.
Degler, Carl N. At Odds: Women and the Family in America from the Revolution to the Present. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.
Pessen, Edward. Jacksonian America: Society, Personality, and Politics. Homewood, Illinois: Dorsey Press, 1969, 1978.
Ryan, Mary P. Womanhood in America: From Colonial Times to the Present. New York: New Viewpoints, 1979.
d.). They moved among several homes before settling on a large farm they named "Peacefield." With Adam's absences, Abigail not only helped maintain the farm but managed it and handled the finances along with raising their three sons and two daughters -- three of which she would outlive.
After his election, Abigail Adams, despite her "activist" roles, was quite aware of her position as the President's wife and First Lady of the land. She served as hostess to the public. She greeted guest seated formally, a technique she learned at uckingham Palace. It was not that she considered herself royalty, but Abigail was a short lady at 5'1" and she felt more comfortable seated. Like all first ladies, she influenced fashions of the day, believing that the mode of dress in that day was too revealing (The National First Ladies Library, n.d.).
She was the first Lady to reside in…
Adams, J.Q. (n.d.). Abigail Smith Adams. Retrieved July 9, 2009, from John-adams.org: http://www.john-adams.org/abigailadams.net/
The National First Ladies Library. (n.d.). First lady biography: Abigail Adams. Retrieved July 8, 2009, from Firstladies.org: http://www.firstladies.org/biographies/firstladies.aspx?biography=2
Vinci, J. (2004, January 5). Abigail Smith Adams. Retrieved July 9, 2009, from Colonialhall.com: http://colonialhall.com/adamsj/adamsAbigail.php
The main causes of the war relied in the issue of slavery as well as the right of the states to be part of a federal entity with equal rights and voices. The implications for this war were enormous as it provided a different future for the colonies and for the U.S. As a whole.
The main cause of the war was, as stated, the issue of slavery. In this sense, the Mexican war played an important role. It pointed out the importance of the slavery issue even in an apparently international situation. The Wilmot Proviso is essential in this way. Thus, it represented an additional act to a bill that enabled the U.S. To satisfy the financial needs of Mexico. The act in itself however was not passed because it pointed out the fact that none of the territories acquired during the Mexican war should be opened to slavery;…
Africans in America. The Compromise of 1850 and the Fugitive Slave Act. 2007.Available at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2951.html
Caughey, John Walton. The California gold rush. University of California Press: Berkeley, 1975.
Civil Rights Act of 1866. Historycentral.com. 2000. Available at http://www.historycentral.com/documents/civilrightsact.html
Cornell University Law School. "13th Amendment." United States Constitution. 2010. Available at http://topics.law.cornell.edu/constitution/amendmentxiii
Inner Truth and Outer Truth
The forefathers of our country were not known for their emotional clarity. Neither were they known for expressing publicly their private sense of self. Those who became known at all were known for their hard work and dedication to the public causes meant to benefit the common good. We can perceive them only through our own eyes, much changed by the passage of time.
It is not for us to judge them, but to seek to understand as we hope that those who come after us will seek to understand us. The writings that historical figures have left us reveal their lives in guarded ways, in styles they had been taught were good and proper. If we search closely we may know something of what went on in their inmost hearts. John Woolman sat beside Newbegun Creek and listened quietly for Truth to "open the…
com). Sedate it is definitely not. e read, "Even from this distance the tower's abundant ornamentation is clear. Its Northern Italian Gothic style adds exotic elements to the neighborhood's skyline." (iboston.org). Trinity Church cannot be overlooked when examining the history and architecture of Boston. It is said, "James O'Gorman described Trinity as 'a cultural event of the first importance in American history'" (O'Gorman qtd. In iboston.org). Trinity church is significant because it "represents a departure of the Boston's mind from its Puritan past, and emergence of American creativity as a force in architecture" (iboston.org). The churches of Boston are not special to Bostonians. It is written in the Catholic Historical Review that in 2005, "The National Trust for Historic Preservation announced... that it had included the Historic Catholic Churches of Greater Boston, Massachusetts, in its 2005 list of America's Eleven Most Endangered Historic Places" (Catholic Historical Review). The churches of…
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Old State House." Story of Boston Online. Retrieved May 15, 2008. http://www.storyofboston.com
Boston History and Architecture. Retrieved May 15, 2008. http://www.iboston.org
Historic Places." Catholic Historical Review. Gale Resource Database. Retrieved May 15, 2008. http://www.infotrac.galegroup.com