Review 3 resources (journal articles or web sites) that define data modeling. Provide the reference in APA format, identify the value of the site, and summarize the findings of the site.
ata modeling: Website reviews
Ambler, Scott W. (2011). ata Modeling 101. Agile ata. Retrieved at:
This resource provides an introduction to data modeling with a comprehensive table of contents with easy 'links' to various areas of the article. It clearly defines different types and uses of data modeling, such as the three basic styles of data model: conceptual models; logical models; and physical models. Most of the article is devoted to comparing conceptual and logical models, given that these are most the commonly used in agile products. It also provide a step-by-step overview of the general data modeling process including: the need to identify entity types; identify attributes; apply naming conventions; identify relationships; apply data model…… [Read More]
The significance of establishing the reliability and repute of sources of information cannot be overemphasised. Reputable sources of information are important for obtaining accurate information on a given topic. This paper evaluates two different selected sources of information on the connection between climate change and earthquakes. One of the sources is from a scientifically reputable resource and the other one is from a questionable resource. Following a brief summary of the articles, attention is paid to differences between the reliability of the resources, specifically highlighting why one source is more scientifically valid than the other.
The first selected source is an article in The Guardian by McGuire (2016). According to the author, global warming could be causing not only more destructive hurricanes, but also increased seismic activity. As the atmosphere is connected to other elements of the earth system, including oceans, ice glaciers, and the underground (geosphere), climate change is…… [Read More]
Critique of the Journal Article "Using the Attribute Hierarchy Method to Make Diagnostic Inferences about Examinees' Cognitive Skills in Critical Reading" by Changjiang Wang and Martin J. Gieri
Gierl, M.J., Wang, C., & Zhou, J. (2008). Using the attribute hierarchy method to make diagnostic inferences about examinees' cognitive skills in algebra on the SA. Journal of echnology, Learning, and Assessment, 6(6). Retrieved from http://www.jtla.org.
One problem with evaluating the effectiveness of different types of test questions is that it is often unclear why students get particular exam questions wrong (or right). he SA is a particularly controversial and challenging test and can have a long-lasting impact upon a college applicant's life, depending on what score he or she receives. hus, effective analysis of SA questions for veracity is essential to be fair to the high school students that take the test.
he purpose of the study by Gierl,…… [Read More]
Statistical Analysis eported in Two Journal Articles
esearch endeavors, albeit it clinical, empirical, descriptive, historical, or case study oriented, must at all times adhere to the rigors of effective or best-fit research practice. Without stringent controls placed on the area of investigation no research endeavor will advance any body of knowledge. To this end all research must be finely tuned and described as to intent or purpose, phenomenon to be assessed and reported upon, and relevance and efficacy of conclusions drawn. The remainder of this report will focus one a particular component in a research endeavor that is crucial for the acceptance of findings and conclusions drawn, namely the statistical technique employed to analyze the measured data obtained. However, prior to the actual evaluative critique pertaining to the two articles chosen I first want to present to the reader a brief scenario as to the importance of selecting the most…… [Read More]
Schwarz, K., Mion, P., Hudock, D., & Litman, G. (2008). Telemonitoring of heart failure patients and their caregivers: A pilot randomized controlled study. Progress in Cardiovascular Nursing, 23(1), 18-26.
Telemonitoring know-how provides one of the most auspicious alternatives to the delivery of health care services at the home of a patient. This research study was purposed to assess the effect of a primary care-based telemonitoring intervention on the rate of recurrence of hospital admissions.
The main research question discussed in this article is whether telemonitoring can benefit heart failure and chronic lung disease and thereby decrease the number of patient admissions.
Type of Quantitative Sampling
With respect to quantitative sampling, the study used a stratified random sampling by disease, whether heart failure (HF), chronic lung disease (CLD) or both, was made up of the random selection of patients for apportionment to the control and intervention groups from three ampoules, holding…… [Read More]
1994 Federal Assault Weapon Ban on Gun Violence Outcomes, by Koper and oth (2001) was published in the Journal of Quantitative Criminology.
Key Claims in the Text
The key claim of the authors is a little bit strange. They perform a study on short-term data and then claim that they need long-run data in order to be able to analyze short-run outcomes of the assault rifle ban. They claim that "the ban may have contributed to a reduction in gun homicides" but then follow that up with "any likely impact from the ban will be very difficult to detect statistically for several more years." This is waffling -- they are avoiding making any meaningful claims. In addition to this, the authors when describing the rationale for the assault weapon ban, cited themselves and an unattributed newspaper article, creating an easy strawman. They actually cite themselves throughout the paper, at an…… [Read More]
Bias is ever-present. While we are generally aware of the basic forms that bias takes, often bias arses unconsciously, which makes it more difficult to detect. All studies have bias -- these biases begin with our own enculturation. The lenses through which we examine every facet of the world have been shaped by our experiences, and thus there is the bias of our own culture, of how we studied science, and of the preferred methodologies that underpins every decision made. Thus, no study can be said to be free from bias, it is more important to recognize where there is bias, and how such bias influences the study design, our interpretation of the findings and ultimately our vision of the objective truth.
Peppard et al. (2013) studied the increased prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing in adults. In this study, the authors examined time series data from an ongoing community-based study in…… [Read More]
Improving After-Sale everse Logistics in Department Stores: A Brazilian Case Study
After-sale reverse logistics has grown in significance in the last decade. So as to contribute to scientific innovation, the authors present a structured process for reverse logistics. Additionally, the article looks into conventional supply chains in terms of similarities of its inventory management, transport operations and data management. The authors aimed to come up with a structured procedure for reverse logistics that would be based on process management. In their aim, they looked at three levels: performance management, resource management and product entry management in the reverse logistics chain. The authors conducted a field research of three departmental stores and did a literature review on the subject matter. The data collected from the stores utilizing questionnaires and interviews showed that an improved structuring of the reverse logistic process in the departmental stores and other kind of retail stores can…… [Read More]
Health care professionals may not clearly understand the many ways stress can affect the body, and so, patients with migraines and other problems that seem to be triggered by stress would be wise to discuss their thoughts with their physician, and perhaps seek alternative forms of therapy that treat the stress, and well as the result.
In conclusion, it seems clear from these and many other studies that stress can be a major cause of mild to severe migraine headaches. Many physicians treat their patients not only for the pain, but to help them reduce stress from their daily lives to reduce the occurrence of these debilitating headaches. Stress can have a strong negative effect on the body, as these studies indicate. Managing stress may not simply be a quality of life issue. For many, managing stress can also be the key to a more healthy, pain-free life.
Block,…… [Read More]
Accordingly, operational definitions have become a psychological standard by which psychological research has been-based for nearly a century; they enable a clear path of communication between psychologists and psychological researchers.
2- Do you have any hypotheses (2-tailed) related to any of these variables? List 3 possible hypotheses.
One-tailed hypothesis: predicts the direction in which the results will go.
hypothesis regulates or controls the course of experimentation.
Two-tailed hypothesis: hypothesis states that one factor affects another rather than state a direction, or that there will be a difference between the scores without stating the direction of the difference.
Definition: A hypothesis is a tentative statement about the relationship between two or more variables. A hypothesis is a specific, testable prediction about what you expect to happen in your study. For example, a study designed to look at the relationship between sleep deprivation and test performance might have a hypothesis…… [Read More]
journals include articles that have been evaluated and approved by professionals in the field. With that said, no one journal article is perfect. Some articles may lack strong theoretical foundations while others may contain flawed research designs. In your literature review, it is important to point out both the strengths and limitations of articles related to your topic and state how your research seeks to address them.
Post by Day 4 a brief summary of one article you plan to include in your literature review. hen evaluate the article, noting its strengths and limitations.
Annotated bibliography entry
McCreary, L.L., & Dancy, B.L. (2004). Dimensions of family functioning: Perspectives of low-income African-American single-parent families. Journal of Marriage and Family, 66(3), 690-701.
his research article is a qualitative study designed to assess family functioning of African-American single-parent families. All too often the functioning of single-parent families is assessed in a holistic manner,…… [Read More]
This section of the study describes the frequency distribution of the data collected during this study and idea of "central tendency, associated mean, median and mode." Various measures of dispersion are also reviewed, with an explanation of whether the research supports or disproves the hypotheses explored.
Variables - Independent and Dependent
The data collected reflects the independent and dependent variables explored for purposes of this study. The independent variables explored include: sex and gender of study participants, ethnicity of participants, socioeconomic status and religious or moral practices. The dependent variables explored include: participants age, the type of justice used (restorative model or correctional models).
The statistical analysis measures the frequency distribution for "numeric" discrete variables and "categorical variables" labeled (e.g. A_AGE) (USF, 2001:3). All variables are un-weighted for purposes of this study. Table 1.1 below provides the statistical analysis and distributions for the independent and dependent…… [Read More]
Given the capriciousness of the human condition with respect to continuing redefinitions of personal and professional success, human resource managers are faced with some difficult choices in formulating recommendations for best practices. Therefore, the learning journal would undergo a series of draft versions that would be used to solicit feedback from experts in the field who could point out flaws and areas that required additional research or support to be valid and trustworthy. The solicitation of feedback process would follow the guidance provided by Neuman (2003) who recommends having a manuscript reviewed by knowledgeable individuals who possess the requisite credentials to provide informed feedback. This feedback would be carefully reviewed and the collaborative process would result in changes and additions where they were deemed necessary and appropriate.
Outcomes and New Learning
Some of the overriding themes that emerged from the learning episodes outlined above was that the more researchers…… [Read More]
Now is the time for each organization to examine and strengthen its conflict of interest policies." (illars)
The conflicts she described were: accepting benefits, using confidential information, insider trading, and targeted marketing. Her intention of course was not to provide a complete list of possible conflicts of interest; it was more to give a general overview of new scenarios for nursing management to consider.
After listing some conflicts of interest, she then went on to provide some strategies to combat these specific examples. "The following 2 strategies have been identified as most effective in preventing conflicts of interest. Nurse Executives throughout the healthcare industry now hold positions to either implement various prevention strategies or persuade other healthcare administrators to adopt conflict of interest policies." (illars)
Results believe the article certainly helped me by contributing a new understanding of the future of nursing management in the international healthcare industry. orld economics…… [Read More]
International Human esource management Articles
In this paper, we will critically evaluate two separate journal articles related to international human resource management (IHM) and draw out their contribution to IHM in an integrated literature review. The topics of these two articles are Development and Globalization. First, we will overview both of the articles separately in this introductory phase and then in the literature review we will support our outline of concepts and ideas in the two articles. A critical analysis will then be done relevant to the articles which will examine the strengths and weaknesses of the articles. After the critical analysis we will advise how both of the subject matter discussed can be applied to multinational companies either large or small.
Finally, we will give a conclusion and recommendation in which the former will include summary of what we have found looking back at the overall paper and the…… [Read More]
Nurse-headed telephone triage has increasingly been employed for managing physician consultation demands in British general practice. Prior research works are vague when it comes to delineating the association between nurse triage call results and practical clinical experience. A majority of studies are restricted to scrutinizing out-of-hours nurse phone triage. This particular study has been performed within the framework of current knowledge, thereby contributing a solution angle highly relevant to the nursing profession. This study's key purpose was investigating whether or not primary care nursing staff's (who undertake digital decision-backed software phone triage) professional traits are associated with call disposition (Varley, et al., 2016).
Telephone triage application is an approach utilized for tackling increasing nurse workloads. Nursing staff offer an effective and safe triage service within various settings such as primary care, in which they may prove efficient in terms of managing doctors' workload in out-of-hours and…… [Read More]
Violence and Victims
Journal: "Violence and Victims" by Springer Publishing Company
Violence and Victims is a social work journal that informs "clinical decisions, legal actions and public policy" (Springer Publishing, 2011). It is a peer-reviewed journal that includes subject matter on "theory, research, policy, and clinical practice in the area of interpersonal violence and victimization" across a myriad of professional disciplines to the likes of medicine, law, sociology, psychology and social work (Springer Publishing, 2011). Some important topics, issues and questions that are discussed include subjects like how to assess a violent offender, how to counsel victims of violence, among other topics.
The editors of this journal include a myriad of different doctors from all over the United States. The editor-in-chief is from the University of Washington of the Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute, while others that are associate editors and on the editorial and advisory board are various individuals…… [Read More]
esults suggest that heavy multitaskers underperformed because their brains are unable to filter out irrelevant stimuli (why). The where question or the research coverage was addressed by the psychological research account but was already left out by the popular media article. The answers to most of the basic questions are already covered by the abstract of the psychological research which can be found in the first page. As such, in a glance, you can have access to the gist of information gathered by this empirical work. On the other hand, the answers to these basic research questions are gradually unraveled as you read along the popular media article.
On the Structure
The primary source article follows the usual format of a research report. It has an abstract on the first page, an introduction, clear and detailed objectives, narration of the results and discussion. One can also read about how the…… [Read More]
An eligible employee shall be entitled to a total of seven days of leave because of the death of a parent, spouse, son, daughter, or person for whom the employee serves as designated representative... If the deceased died in the line of duty as a member of the uniformed services. Such leave is intended to permit the employee to prepare for or attend the burial ceremony of the deceased member of the uniformed services and may be paid or unpaid leave.
Conversely, however, the United States Federal government presently has no laws in place to similarly (or otherwise, in comparable and appropriate ways) formally acknowledge and honor the passing of federal government personnel other than military personnel.
According to U.S. Code Title 5, Part III; Subpart E; Chapter 63; Subchapter II (2005), the federal government does in fact authorize, according to three separate sections of Title 5: (1)…… [Read More]
obtained from the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. It is a case study regarding sexual hyperactivity treated with psycho stimulants (methylphenidate or MPH) for a condition called familial male precocious puberty. Familial male precocious puberty is "a form of precocious puberty resulting from an activating mutation of the luteinizing hormone receptor" (Weissenberger, 2001). The definition of precocious puberty is described as a condition of advanced sexual maturation. The first significant bodily changes tend to occur in females before age 8 and in males before age 9 (Weissenberger, 2001). This case study refers to a 5-year-old boy who was previously diagnosed with FMPP.
The independent variable, or the factor that the researcher can vary, in this "experiment" was the type of medication the child was put on to treat his FMPP. efore he was initially treated at the National Institute of Health, he was being treated…… [Read More]
Against All Odds: Preventing Pressure Ulcers in High-isk Cardiac Surgery Patients
There are three authors of the article reviewed who represent several degrees, including one master's degree, and certifications. The authors are (Cooper, Jones, & Currie, 2015):
Danielle Nicole Cooper, N, BSN, CCN-CSC
Sarah Layton Jones, N, BSN, CCN
Linda Ann Currie, N, MSN, ACNS-BC, CCN-CSC
The Authors have credentials that include Adult Health Nurse Specialist-Board Certified (ACNS-BC) and Critical Care Nurse -- Cardiac Surgery Certificate (CCN-CSC) certificates.
The article is peer reviewed and appears in the Critical Care Nurse journal and was published in October, 2015. The article sites twenty-two different sources, most of which were published within the last five years.
The title of the article includes the phrase "Against All Odds," which honestly seems a bit dramatic. The Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center (VCUMC) nursing staff implemented preventative measures to decrease rates of all hospital-acquired pressure ulcers,…… [Read More]
Leslie L.C., (2010). Hourly rounding benefits patients and staff. http://Www.americannursetoday.com/From-our-readershourly-rounding-benefits-patients-and-staff/
This article states that even as hourly rounds have been proven to have its good effects, the proper implementation of the same is a hindrance in the way of reaping the benefits of the program.
With statistical data the article states that nursing satisfaction is achieved by the process as the nurses get additional time for bedside care.
However there are implementation problems as research has shown that the evidence-based practice change is challenging and complex and there is no universal method of implementation.
Tucker, Bieber, Attlesey-Pries, Olson and Dierkhising, (2011)suggests that the implementation should incorporate several essential components to the successful implementation and the translation of the process into practice which include understanding the complex nature of the intervention, the assessment of the adopters and an effective communication plan (Tucker, Bieber, Attlesey-Pries, Olson & Dierkhising, 2011).
esearchers also stress…… [Read More]
On page 469 the authors point to research by Fergusson et al. (2006) that showed that "childhood exposure to partner violence did not increase the risk of being a perpetrator or a victim of partner violence." In fact, there are scholars whose research indicates that "…most maltreated children do not turn to criminal offending later in life" although there are "long-term consequences" for children that were abused (Reckdenwald, 469). Those consequences may include "…revictimization, self-destructive [personal] behaviors, and substance abuse"; clearly a child that was abused and later abuses alcohol or drugs (or other destructive behaviors like becoming obese through poor diet) is not necessarily hurting others, so the cycle of violence doesn't hold up on those cases.
Moreover, another strong point made by Reckdenwald is that childhood abuse can lead during adolescence to: a) poor performance in school; b) mental health issues; c) peer groups made up of "deviant"…… [Read More]
Articles on the History of Christianity
Christopher J. Haas' article "Imperial Religious Policy and Valerian's Persecution of the Church, A.D. 257 -- 260" was published within the scholarly journal Church History in 1983, and the author focuses his attention on the persecution of Christians by the Roman Emperor Valerian. According to Haas, one of the most compelling aspects of Valerian's persecution of Christians was the sudden shift in his official religious policy in the year 257 A.D. Haas asks in the article, "prior to that time the church was largely undisturbed, but the years 257 -- 258 witnessed a series of increasingly severe imperial edicts directed against Christianity. What prompted this sudden reversal of imperial religious policy in 257?,"1 and it is this question which forms the foundation of his subsequent scholarly inquiry. y reading this article, one learns that Valerian actually launched his campaign of persecution against Christians in…… [Read More]
articles seem to be saying same thing or do they contradict each other? Is the tone similar in each article, meaning can you tell what the researchers feel about the subject? Do they support the same idea, did they hypothesize similar ideas?
The following are two research essays on the burden of caregivers. The similarities of both essays are that both demonstrate the huge responsibility and unmitigated onus that caregivers carry that consequent in causing them stress and hardship. Differences include the fact that one was carried out on a population in Italy, whilst the other was carried out on a sample in America.
It is striking, too, to note, that although both concluded that caregivers needed more support, the American study recommended ways that individuals could create this for themselves, whilst the Italians-based study placed the responsibility on the community and social work profession. The tone of the articles,…… [Read More]
Motivation Theory and Ergonomics
The study by Szalma (2014) entitled "On the Application of Motivation Theory to Human Factors/Ergonomics: Motivational Design Principles for Human-Technology Interaction" proposes a set of principles and guidelines for motivational design that can be applied to the field of ergonomics. In terms of health and occupational safety, the article focuses on how motivation theory can be useful for reducing risks associated with fatigue, stress and boredom in the workplace environment by assessing the motivation aspects within the technology-human interaction. This paper will discuss the objectives of Szalma's (2014) study, the theory used, the concepts utilized, the argument made, the method employed, the evidence obtained, the values identified, the literature reviewed, and the contribution to ergonomic knowledge that the study makes.
The article sets out to achieve the following objectives: first, the article attempts to "describe a theoretical model of motivation in human technology interaction," and, second,…… [Read More]
Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, Elizabeth Weeks Leonard (2011) raises some of the legal issues attendant upon the new Affordable Care Act in regards to state vs. federal rights. The tenets of federalism, according to Weeks (2011), promote the rights of individual states above the rights of the federal government, which should be limited and narrowed inasmuch as is practically possible. The federal oversight and mandates that are built into this piece of legislation have been objected to by many states and individuals as overly intrusive, and Weeks (2011) provides an analysis of why the Affordable Care Act is objected to as a matter of law and as a matter of principle. Understanding this issue requires an understanding of the nature, sources, and functions of law as they are perceived in the United States in regards to healthcare.
The nature of laws in the United States are perceived by…… [Read More]
6) Doiron, R. (1994). Using Nonfiction in a Read Aloud Program: Letting the Facts Speak for Themselves. The Reading Teacher, 47(8), 616-624.
This article challenges the pervasive role that fiction has played in read-aloud programs and develops a rationale for including nonfiction. It has a 20-item
Annotated ibliography of nonfiction read-aloud texts.
7) Mountain, L. 2005. Rooting out meaning: more morphemic analysis for primary pupils. Reading Teacher, Vol. 58(8): 742-749.
The research on morphemic analysis is reviewed and explored as to ways to give pupils in grades 1-3 an early start on using prefixes, suffixes and roots to construct word meaning. The strategies for teaching morphemic analysis and modification of methods to use with younger children are examined.
8) Joshi, R.M. 2003. Misconceptions about the assessment and diagnosis of reading disability. Reading Psychology, Vol. 24: 247-266.
This article is about the diagnosis and remediation of reading disabilities and talks about…… [Read More]
performed by a group of professionals that included: Dr. Xiao-Mei Li (Doctor of Philosophy in Nursing, egistered Nurse), dean and associate professor of the nursing department of Chinese university, Jiao tong University's College of Medicine; Kai-Na Zhou (Master of Science in Nursing, N), assistant researcher in the same department; Professor Dr. Hong Yan (PhD), public health department of same university's College of Medicine; Yin-Ping Zhang (PhD N), Associate Professor at the same department; and Professor Dr. Duo-Lao Wang (PhD) from Medical Statistics department, Faculty of Population Health and Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK. The randomized clinical study was titled "Effects of music therapy on anxiety of patients with breast cancer after radical mastectomy." The Care, Cure and Core model of Hall was used. A clinical trial of 120 women suffering from breast cancer was conducted between March and November 2009, using randomized controlled research design. Half…… [Read More]
side-listed positions possible. There are also questions with regard to the nature of e-commerce queries and the trends in sponsored links that shed light on their effectiveness overall.
Comparing Literature eviews
In both articles, the literature reviews are thorough and very well organized. Starting with (Jansen 2007) the depth of literature review to the cause -- and effect level of the analysis is impressive. The researchers who completed the analysis in this article have found many references to research that refute their claim, that sponsored search is more effective. In fact the secondary research and open-ended discussions completed by the Marketing Leadership Council (2006) are exactly the opposite of the findings of (Jansen 2007). Of the two, the latter has created a bibliography that supports how contextually-driven sponsored search is relative to non-sponsored research, showing that search engine results page (SEP) is an accurate metric for evaluating the effectiveness of…… [Read More]
It is clear that weight loss is not simple, and so, a nutritionist must understand this when dealing with patients, so they can help motivate them, create enough diversity in the diet to make the patients happy, and still promote weight loss and better health.
Our society is obsessed with thinness, and yet, more people are overweight than ever. Clearly, the lifestyle of the nation needs to be modified. etailers and restaurants can help by providing healthier choices on their menus. Schools can help by creating healthier cafeteria choices, and beginning nutritional education at a young age. Parents can help by promoting a healthier lifestyle for the entire family, and health care professionals and researchers can help by discovering new ways to manage and treat obesity in children and adults. If all facets of society work together, it seems that people would become healthier and happier as a result. It…… [Read More]
181). Thus, it seems that a majority of hoarder have some kind of mental or psychiatric issue. The dementia patients who hoarded food were sometimes successfully treated with the drug fluvoxamine 15 Phenyopropanoloamine (Hwang et al., 1998, pg. 287), while most of the elderly received physical assistance in cleaning and/or clearing out the home, but this treatment was not "consistently effective" (Steketee, Frost & Kim, 2001, p. 182). A majority of the elderly hoarders were women, while dementia patients did not show a specific pattern. More than have of the elderly who hoarded lived alone, and had never married (Steketee, Frost & Kim, 2001, p. 182).
Another study in 2001 studied the same problem of hoarding in the elderly, and found some similar results. The study followed 62 cases found through social and service organizations, where the members were 65 or older. Caseworkers were interviewed about their elderly clients, and…… [Read More]
Longitudinal evaluation of a GIS laboratory in a transportation engineering course," Bham, Cernusca, Luna and Manepalli look at the effectiveness of a geographic information system-based tutorial in the teaching of transportation engineering. The authors studied students who were given this form of tutorial in conjunction with other learning techniques. They found that the students who received this tutorial performed better than those who did not. The paper serves to build the body of evidence with respect to GIS as a teaching technique for this subject. The authors sought to show that this technique is effective, and they accomplished that. The study was significantly rigorous to make a reasonable contribution to this field of study.
The article initially introduces the problem. They noted that "previous studies reveal that ... entry-level engineers lack significant exposure to transportation engineering methodologies" despite having hourly requirements for study in transportation-related courses in civil engineering programs…… [Read More]
The provincial capital of Enga is Wabag. The two other main centers of population are Wapenamanda and Laiagam. Porgera, at the western edge of the province, is home to a gold mine operated by Barrick Gold.
Enga is unique among the provinces in Papua New Guinea in that it has only one major linguistic and ethnic group: Enga speakers. Although dialects of the Enga language vary greatly from Laiagam in the west to Wapenamanda in the east,
Engans' shared ethnic identity overshadows the existence of other ethnic groups in the province, such as Ipili speakers
(around Porgera) and Nete speakers.
Porgera, the giant gold and copper mine in the far west, has brought about rapid change for some, but most people still grow cash crops -- coffee, pyrethrum and cool-weather
European vegetables -- in their steep mountain gardens.
Porgera is all but spent, but other nearby mineral finds mean that…… [Read More]
The bottom line is that while is it helpful for future grant writers to gain knowledge of models, to get a grasp of "scaffolding, coaching, and collaboration" in the classroom environment, there is no substitute for being out in the society, in formal settings, to collaborate with "experts, colleagues, and peers" in learning the ropes of grant proposal writing and getting projects funded.
Attending workshops, conferences, and signing up for training sessions are all necessary when going for large dollar grants from institutions like the National Institutes of Health and other government granting agencies. "Learning and doing are inseparable," Ding writes; without the classroom knowledge, the social collaboration and "real world experiences" of meeting key people and attending high-powered training sessions, the grant writer seeking funds from big government sources is going to fail most of the time. And quite apart from the actual research and writing of the proposal,…… [Read More]
articles as a whole. While there are surely differences between the three articles, they do indeed share a common theme that can be identified and enumerated.
The first article speaks about "fearless dominance" and how the personal traits therein lead to failure or success when it comes to the position of the United States President. They note that the psychopathic personality is one that is teeming with superficial charm, egocentricity, dishonesty, guiltlessness, callousness, risk taking, poor impulse control and so forth. By extension, there is often a strong link between the psychopathic personality disorder and deviancy or criminality-based behaviors and mindsets. There is also often strong comorbidity with depression, anxiety and so on. However, a lot of those traits listed at the onset of this report could be associated with the acts of political leaders who have to act in a bold and decisive way. Their actions are scrutinized and…… [Read More]
articles regarding pedagogy to bridge the gap between practice and theory in education. We will see how new teachers can apply their freshly absorbed knowledge in order to benefit them in their fresh classroom environments in the area of ESOL teaching. Increasingly, immersion is seen to be effective in improving ESOL as well as it is in the teaching of foreign languages. What the study discovered is that interaction is the key in training children in ESOL
ESOL Effectiveness Online
In an article in Journal of esearch on Technology in Education analyzes the effectiveness ESOL students in communication using the agency of electronic discussion boards. The study focused on the use of electronic discussion boards equipped with ESOL students who were in grades K-12 in school. There has been a movement within ESL in recent years to concentrate on competency as opposed to grammar and form, hence the format…… [Read More]
Since I have been reading more scholarly work, I have noticed a vast improvement in the way I write my papers. My grades have improved as a result. Writing term papers is not as taxing as it was before and the writing seems to flow faster than it used to when I first started writing a lot of formal essays.
Still, I prefer to write for myself. When I use my journal I feel like I am taking time for myself to reflect on my feelings. Otherwise, I might not have any way of learning about myself. I do not chat to my friends a lot about how I feel and writing is a therapeutic outlet for me. Eventually I would like to infuse my academic writing with the personal tone that comes through in my journal writing, if a personal tone is appropriate for the assignment. Otherwise, I will…… [Read More]
patient suffering from dogged and severe mental illness requires some form of rehabilitation. The aim of psychiatric rehabilitation is aiding the disabled person to form the social, intellectual, and emotional skills necessary for life in society. To learn, work, and live within the community without much professional support. The general philosophy of such rehabilitation encompasses two intervention methods. The first being individual-centered, aiming to develop a patient's skills while interacting in a stressful environment. The other method is ecological, aimed towards development of environmental resources that will help minimize potential stressors.
The majority of disabled individuals require a combination of the two strategies. This is where the role of ehabilitation Counselor comes to play. ehabilitation counselors help promote independence in an effected individual. They aid persons with mental, physical, and emotional disabilities gain the kind of independence that they cannot manage on their own. By having an educated person there…… [Read More]
Quality of Life Measures
Quality of life is measured using a variety of surveys. The most common of these surveys is the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), which measures several categories of physical functioning, as well as containing a Mental Health Component (MCS). Another commonly used quality of life measure is the Dutch AND-36. Masala, etl al (2012) used the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and the 36-item Medical Outcomes Study as well as the SF-36. The van Ginneken et al. (2010) study employed the Sickness Impact Profile (SIP-68), Impact on Participation and Autonomy (IPA) scale, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in addition to the AND-36.
Physical Activities Measures
Physical activity is measured with a number of self-assessment and objective tools including peak oxygen uptake during cycle ergometry, walking distance in a timed exercise, "isokinetic muscle strength of knee extensors, body mass index, waist circumference, skinfold thickness," and…… [Read More]
American dreams can sometimes be just a pipe dream as many new articles showcase the bad side of dreaming. In one article, "Poll: hites and Republicans Rank as Angriest Americans" by Rafferty, hite Republican Americans have shown the most anger at the current state of America. Polls recently released information showing whites in America are the angriest because 54% of the white American population have grown more outraged in the last few years. Latinos come in second 43% and African-Americans third at 33%. Another poll revealed 73% of whites feel anger at least once each day in comparison to the 66% of Latinos and the 56% of American blacks.
The topics they feel the angriest of are consumer fraud and congressional dysfunction. Overall, there is a growing sentiment that the American dream is no longer possible. "52% of the country said the idea of the "American dream" no longer holds…… [Read More]
Retrieved from Dissertation Abstracts International. (Order No. 3132743)
In addition to sexual minority stress, same-sex parents may experience stressors that are specific to parenting, similar to the parental stress experienced by heterosexual parents (Lichtanski, 2004). Stress related to parenting can be chronic, as the stressors may be pervasive, ongoing, and require that families adapt to compensate for the effects of the stressors
Bos, H.M.., van Balen, F., van den Boom, D., & Sandfort, G.M. (2004). Minority stress, experiences of parenthood and child adjustment in lesbian families. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 22(4), 1-14. doi: 10.1080/02646830412331298350 4
Non-legal same-sex parents who have more restrictions and fewer rights may experience parenting as more stressful than same-sex parents who have full parenting rights. Examples of this may be feeling frustrated by not being able to provide health insurance to their children or concern about not having custody if the parents' relationship ends.…… [Read More]
Ethical Misconduct Among Industrial Hygienists in England by Burgess and Mullen (2002). There are a lot of codes of ethics published for ethical hygienists, but surprisingly few articles discussing ethics in the profession. In this article, the authors note that "failure to behave ethically might have serious and possibly fatal consequences," highlighting the need for a greater level of discussion with respect to ethics in the profession. The authors conducted a survey of 43 industrial hygienists, and found that 33 of them had witnessed ethical misconduct.
The authors provided with their survey nine different categories of ethical misconduct, thereby making clear the definition of the term. Some that were found to have occurred were data fabrication, failure to share credit on work, failure to protect confidentiality, criticizing the integrity of another hygienist for one's own gain, and plagiarism. Some of these could result in injury, but many violate the code…… [Read More]
new ways of thinking about and conceiving the world. I have particularly appreciated the multidisciplinary approach, as all course readings have in some ways synthesized sociology, ethnography, anthropology, and psychology. e have learned to view the world through structuralist-functionalist approaches, as with many of the readings in the text Seeing and Thinking Sociologically, which refers to the "architecture of everyday life." The architecture of everyday life incudes blueprints of language/linguistics and related issues like semantics.
Moreover, social status and hierarchy is also constructed and has an architecture of its own. As Hutson describes in "The Power of the Hoodie-earing CEO," outward symbols of social status such as dress or clothing markers, cars, or visible signs of wealth are not the only means by which a person can convey and communicate social status and power. Mark Zuckerberg became famous for wearing a casual outfit to almost all of his presentations: a…… [Read More]
Article Analysis in Relation to the Nature of the Book Trade between Europe and China
Written by T.P. Yang, The New Book Trade in Shanghai, is an amazing article that attempts to define the roots and growth of the new book trade establishments in China. Appearing in The China Weekly Review, the article not only highlights the factors that contributed towards the said growth, but also the reasons for the depression in sales during the previous year (1930), and the various approaches that merchants adopted in an attempt to remedy the situation.
In relation to the factors that contributed towards the growth of the new establishments, the author highlights five key points. These include; the growing demand from the reading public, the opening of outfits keen on spreading propaganda, the profit potential of the sector, the need to offer an alternative to the rigid processes of earlier entities, and the…… [Read More]
One issue at hand as it relates to counselor bias and how to avoid it is that not all racial, ethnic and other social traits are easily detectable. Not all disabilities, as another example, are not obvious to the naked eye. Even ethnic/national origin traits are not something that a person can simply observe. Black people, just as one example, could be born and raised in the United States but they could just as easily be from Britain or Haiti. White people can easily be from Europe, the United States, Canada, Australia or even parts of South America (Hays, 1996).
Where this detection can be an issue is that some patients do not readily or easily self-identify the traits that are related to the aggravating issues or conditions in their life. As such, the counselor must build a rapport with the client and make it clear that they have to…… [Read More]
Tony Bush wrote an article regarding overcoming the hindrances to effective clinical supervision, which was published in Nursing Times website. Bush's publication was influenced by the fact that clinical supervision is one of the most commonly misunderstood practices in contemporary nursing. However, clinical supervision provides a supportive and nurturing service to nurse practitioners by assisting them to critically reflect on the actions during the delivery of patient care. As a result, the author seeks to examine and explore the existing role and status of clinical supervision in the Nursing Health Service.
Clinical supervision is basically described as a complex activity with multi-faceted functions that seeks to provide emotional support to counselors receiving supervision and providing them with extra education. This concept can also be described as a means of evaluating and monitoring counselors' professional performance and enhancing the quality of their respective duties. In the nursing field, clinical…… [Read More]
It aims to serve a wide range of fields, and show the application of philosophy to case studies as well as more esoteric subjects. For example, one of its most recent special editions was called "The art of the unseen: Three challenges for racial profiling," and focused upon the politics as well as the philosophy of race in law enforcement in the U.S. An article on "acial profiling and background injustice" explored the idea as to whether background injustice compounded the injustices of profiling an individual based on his or her race. This suggests it would be suitable for my proposed article, which details the ethical and practical concerns of 'revolving door' politics in the U.S., where objective decisions are compromised because of the close relationship between members of industry and government decision-makers. The journal is especially interested in profiling topics of current interest, and because of increased scrutiny about…… [Read More]
As a result, it becomes more difficult to ascertain exactly what mode of intervention would best be suited for helping children overcome health matters that are at least to some degree beyond their control.
That said, a defining strength of the research is its chosen method of intervention. The perspective that the health of the children at the center of this study cannot be improved without effectively improving the health habits of their respective families is a centering position and one that endows the study with a significant value to the public health. As the study finds in its conclusion, "social and structural environments in which Hispanic children are reared may play an important role in determining their risk for obesity and related behaviors." (Arredondo et al., p. 30) Even lacking any empirical validity and lacking the capacity to be replicated, it does offer an array of correlations that can…… [Read More]
Race, Class, Gender Journal
Word Count (excluding title and works cited page): 1048
Race, Class, and Gender is an anthology of articles that express various interpretation and insights of the relationship between race, class, and gender and how these things shape the lives of people and society. he topics and points-of-view offered in the anthology are vast and interesting. hey offer a strong historical and sociological perspective on such issues as prison populations, the working poor, or the life of Muslims in the United States. his journal is my personal reflection after reading this book. How did the reading make me feel? Did any of the readings make me feel uncomfortable? Was there any part of the book that rang true with me? Were any of the articles disturbing, shocking, surprising, or impressive? Finally, an original poem will be included in response to the experience of reading Race, Class, and…… [Read More]
Pangman and Seguire Journal Review
"Sexuality and the Chronically Ill Older Adult:
A Social Justice Issue"
"Sexuality and the Chronically Ill Older Adult: A Social Justice Issue" is an article by Verna C. Pangman and Marilyn Seguire, first published in 2000 in Volume 18 of the journal Sexuality and Disability. In their article, Pangman and Seguire provide a penetrating look at an issue all too often obscured by either false assumptions of unimportance, or perhaps mere squeamishness. The subtitle of their article makes it clear that Pangman and Seguire are approaching this issue from a political (if not indeed activist) standpoint: they seem particularly concerned that there is a sense of invisibility to the sex problems of the elderly, and a willingness to ignore those problems. They offer nurses a way of thinking about these issues.
Summary of Article
Pangman and Seguire begin by brushing away some of the myths…… [Read More]
Theoretical foundation explored within this article is that there is a real relationship that exists between psychotherapists and clients, and that this relationship profoundly affects the outcome of the sessions (Gelso et al., 2012, p. 495). This relationship is couched with other working relationships between the therapist and the client. Moreover, the real relationship can be analyzed from the perspective of both the client and the therapist, so that it exists within a "dyad" (Gelso et al., 20102, p. 496.
One of the weaknesses of the literature review in the study completed by Gelso et al., "The unfolding of the real relationship and the outcome of brief psychotherapy" is that it is not distinguished within its own section. It is intertwined with the introduction of this document, and even extends into the hypothesis section. Additionally, the vast majority of the literature cited was conducted by the principal researcher in this…… [Read More]
Kim, Wang-Bae (003). Economic Crisis, Downsizing and "Layoff Survivor's Syndrome"; Journal of Contemporary Asia, Vol. 33, 003
This article empirically examines the effects of downsizing on layoff survivors in South Korea to determine if any of the unintended negative consequences of economic restructuring are present. While studies at the macro level on the downsizing that has occurred since the 1997 economic crisis has highlighted changes to the labor market, governmental policies, labor movement, and the flow of foreign capital, research into the socio-psychological impact of downsizing on South Korea using an empirical approach is quite infrequent. This study adopts the broad hypothesis that layoff survivors' perceptions of a past downsizing influence their mental health, but seeks to identify specific factors that affect negatively on survivors' well-being. Layoff survivors' perceptions are evaluated in two key aspects: attitudes toward working conditions and attitudes toward the downsizing process…… [Read More]
Nursing Journal on an EBP Process:
Together with his colleagues at the University of Washington, Jeffrey . Harris developed and published an article regarding the most appropriate means for disseminating evidence-based practices. The framework was geared towards spreading evidence-based practices that focus on health promotion. The authors argued that the basis for widespread adoption of evidence-based health promotion practices is mainly dependent on developing and evaluating effective dissemination approaches. Consequently, they created a practical framework based on existing literature on dissemination and their experiences in conducting such practices. The framework is commonly known as the Health Promotion esearch Center (HPC) framework, which was developed by the Prevention esearch Center at the University of Washington and funded by the Center for Disease Control. CDC funded the development of this evidence-based health promotion framework to carry out research on community-based prevention and management of chronic diseases.
Summary of the Article's Key Points:…… [Read More]
Keijsers, L., & Poulin, F. (2013, March 11). Developmental changes in parent -- child communication throughout adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 49(12), 2301-2308. doi:10.1037/a0032217
The science of Developmental Psychology purposes and endeavors to elucidate the change that comes about in both children and adults in the course of time. I have decided to focus and lay emphasis on this topic as the most change takes place in the course of a person's lifespan during this particular period (Mcleod, 2012). Further, the topic "Developmental changes in parent-child communication throughout adolescence," lays emphasis on the individual changes and variations in the patterns of change between the association that exists between the child and the parent in the course of adolescence. Particularly important is the fact that any individual during its infancy is largely attached to the parent and therefore communicates a lot. However, according to this topic, it is delineated that the attachment and…… [Read More]
cartoon in the Albuquerque Journal on September 15, 2009. The gist of the article revolves around choices in healthcare and who is responsible for those choices. In the first panel, and insurance salesman is talking with an average American asking, "Are you tired of having your health care decisions made by a big, unfeeling corporate bureaucracy?" In the next frame, his wife asks, "ho was that?" -- The husband, holding a brochure entitled Obama Care, responds, "Somebody from a huge, unfeeling government bureaucracy, offering to make our health care decisions."
This is clearly focused on the healthcare debate and the fact that American is under pressure from all sides in its healthcare conundrum. e know that at least twenty percent of America's population has either no insurance or is underinsured -- and that this is the highest percentage in the developed world. This is particularly alarming noting that more money…… [Read More]
Gallant, J. (2016). Alleged sex abuse victim's fight for justice turns into bureaucratic nightmare. Toronto Star. 2 Dec, 2016. Retrieved online: https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2016/12/02/alleged-sex-abuse-victims-fight-for-justice-turns-into-bureaucratic-nightmare.html
In this article, Gallant (2016) describes the ongoing legal battle between Sveta Kholi and her former neurologist, Paul O'Connor. Kholi has accused O'Connor of sexual abuse. After the complaint was lodged formally, a complex bureaucratic process ensued whereby the entire case appears to have been stalemated. The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario has a committee that formally handles complaints, and the Health Professions Appeal and Review Board (HPARB) is a civilian body that hears appeals specifically from that very same College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario.
However, the bureaucratic complications become even trickier. According to the journalist, the College of Physicians and Surgeons also has an Inquiries, Complaints and Reports Committee. The HPARB has ordered on two separate occasions for the Inquiries, Complaints, and Reports…… [Read More]
Offshoring IT: Beyond the usual suspects" y Karl Flinders (January 19, 2016), Computer
This paper provides a summary of the title article together with a detailed conclusion concerning the contriution the article makes to the topic of offshoring information technology (IT) services. In addition, an evaluation concerning the authoritativeness of the article including the qualifications of the author, the scholarly nature of the pulication, the use of citations and reference sources within the article, the intended audience of the article, and the overall format and style of writing of the article. Finally, the paper concludes with an assessment concerning whether this article should or should not e considered to e authoritative according to formal academic considerations.
In this article, Flinders draws on authoritative sources to make the point that growing numer of usinesses of all types and sizes are electing to outsource their IT needs, with India, China and Malaysia,…… [Read More]
Self-Portrait With Straw Hat
Journal by Vincent Van Gogh -- Self-portrait
So many artists have painted self-portraits. Self-portraiture requires the artist to turn his inner eye upon his raw soul. I paint myself as an observer of my physical qualities. But I am also in search of understanding myself. Why do I feel so alienated from the world, even from my friend Gauguin and my brother Theo? My quest to understand myself is never-ending. That is why I have painted myself so many times. This time I chose to paint my portrait with myself wearing a straw hat. I chose a brighter and lighter color scheme than I chose in my previous self-portraits of myself such as this one, Self-Portrait with Pipe and Glass.
The color arrangement of my most recent self-portrait highlights the darkness of my eyes in the midst of a sea of bright colors. Yes, it is…… [Read More]
Sand-Jecklin, K., & Herman, J. (2014). A Quantitative Assessment of Patient and Nurse Outcomes of Bedside Nursing eport Implementation. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 23(19-20), 2854-2863.
This particular research piece is quantitative in nature. The basic analysis element in a study of this kind as Keele (2011) points out is statistical analyses and numbers. This is more so the case given that it generates data that could be transmuted into operational statistics, as it seeks to quantify the problem i.e. "quantify quantitative outcomes of a practice change to a blended form of bedside nursing report." It is clear that the authors in this case seek to quantify behaviors and opinions in an attempt to come up with results from a sample population that is significant. I selected this topic due to its relevance to clinical practice. This is particularly the case given that there are very few published studies that have…… [Read More]