Journalistic Essays Examples

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Tom Shulich Coltishhum a Comparative Study on

Words: 9196 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33144233

Tom Shulich ("ColtishHum")

A comparative study on the theme of fascination with and repulsion from Otherness in Song of Kali by Dan Simmons and in the City of Joy by Dominique Lapierre

ABSACT

In this chapter, I examine similarities and differences between The City of Joy by Dominique Lapierre (1985) and Song of Kali by Dan Simmons (1985) with regard to the themes of the Western journalistic observer of the Oriental Other, and the fascination-repulsion that inspires the Occidental spatial imaginary of Calcutta. By comparing and contrasting these two popular novels, both describing white men's journey into the space of the Other, the chapter seeks to achieve a two-fold objective: (a) to provide insight into the authors with respect to alterity (otherness), and (b) to examine the discursive practices of these novels in terms of contrasting spatial metaphors of Calcutta as "The City of Dreadful Night" or "The City of…… [Read More]

References

Barbiani, E. (2005). Kalighat, the home of goddess Kali: The place where Calcutta is imagined twice: A visual investigation into the dark metropolis. Sociological Research Online, 10 (1). Retrieved from  http://www.socresonline.org.uk/10/1/barbiani.html 

Barbiani, E. (2002). Kali e Calcutta: immagini della dea, immagini della metropoli. Urbino: University of Urbino.

Cameron, J. (1987). An Indian summer. New York, NY: Penguin Travel Library.

Douglas, M. (1966). Purity and danger: An analysis of concepts of pollution and taboo. New York, NY: Routledge & K. Paul.
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Pulitzer Joseph Pulitzer and His

Words: 3734 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75282459

His dedication and intelligence allowed him to eventually become not simply passable in his English speaking skills, but a lawyer, a U.S. Congressman, one of the best journalists of his era (and, according to some biographers, of any era), and an incredibly eloquent (if somewhat bombastic) speaker and letter writer -- not to mention one of the wealthiest men in the world, especially in the field of newspaper publishing (Brian; Seitz).

In 1878, not even fifteen years since his arrival in the country, Joseph Pulitzer bought his first newspaper company -- the St. Louis Dispatch. The paper was in disarray, but fate intervened in the form of the Evening Post and its owner, John Alvarez Dillon. The two papers were combined and began issuing a joint newspaper that very same day, with Pulitzer immediately taking over the editorial page, which he was quick to put to use then and after…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Boylan, James. Pulitzer's School: Columbia University's School of Journalism, 1903-2003. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.

Campbell, W. Joseph (a). The Year that Defined American Journalism. New York: Routledge, 2006.

Campbell, W. Joseph (b). Yellow Journalism: Puncturing the Myths, Defining the Legacies. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2001.

Douglas, George. The Golden Age of the Newspaper. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1999.
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Weblogs and Their Influence Weblogs Have Developed

Words: 6204 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36852070

Weblogs and Their Influence

Weblogs have developed from a personal hobby and an Internet specialist niche to an important contemporary mainstream communications phenomenon. Weblogs or blogs have entered into almost every sphere of communications and knowledge sourcing. While blogging is relatively easy to explain in terms of the mechanics of its functioning, it is much more difficult to understand in terms of the implications and potential for development; particularly with regard to the fields of politics, journalism, academic research and education.

One of the essential functions of Weblogs is to filter the masses of online information, which is growing at an exponential rate. This is a crucial aspect as, through technology such as RSS syndication, the user can selectively access and edit large amounts of information from thousands of formal and informal sources. RSS and news reading software is one of the latest developments in the Weblog field and are…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Andrews, Paul. "Is Blogging Journalism? A Blogger and Journalist Finds No Easy Answer, but He Discovers Connections." Nieman Reports Fall 2003: 63+. Questia. 6 May 2005 .

Blood R. Weblogs: a history and perspective. 7 September 2000. Accessed May 3, 2005.  http://www.rebeccablood.net/essays/weblog_history.html 

Cooper Katz Launches New Service to Help Corporations Address Issues Bubbling Up from Blogs and Other Online Channels. Accessed May 7, 2005

 http://www.wwwcoder.com/main/parentid/283/site/4323/266/default.aspx
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Media News

Words: 2247 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67881431

Multisource Comparison:

British vs. American newspapers and journalistic styles

The popular stereotype that 'the British' are more erudite, well-spoken and intelligent than Americans persists, as can be seen in the tendency to bestow a British accent upon any characters who are intended to be perceived as cold, aloof, and intellectual in American sitcoms. In the world of newspapers, however, such stereotypes evaporate. The British possess some of the most widely-read newspapers in the world. However, it is often American papers like New York Times that are considered the superior newspapers of record, even more so than the London Times in the eyes of most British journalists. Despite the homogenization of the news due to the permeation of online media culture, British and American newspapers continue to have distinctly different characters. In Great Britain, newspapers are expected to be far more partisan and far less scrupulously fact-checked than their American counterparts.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"American vs. British newspapers." Rhetorica. 19 Nov 2002. [8 Jul 2012]

 http://rhetorica.net/archives/469.html 

"British vs. American Journalism." Britain and America. 1 Jun 2007. [8 Jul 2012]

 http://britainandamerica.typepad.com/britain_and_america/2007/06/british_versus_.html
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Editor's Memo Recently it Has

Words: 1237 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16057558

The presence of the web, which allows time-sensitive information to be blogged as it occurs, plus the dire nature of the threat tipped the scales in favor of not releasing the information. It was seen as akin to not releasing certain details about a victim, to enable the police to conduct a more effective investigation of what potential suspects did or did not know.

However, it must be remembered that the primary interest of the newspaper is to tell the truth, not to further a particular social objective, as defined by a government agency, whatever the agency's goals. In the case of the hostage-taking, individual officer's lives were at stake. However, it would not be ethical to refuse to release information about the treatment of inmates at the prison that lead to the riots, even if this information was inflammatory. The benefits of exposing such abuses are so great, when…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"FAQ about comments." The New York Times. December 13, 2009.

 http://www.nytimes.com /" target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">
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War of the Worlds Was

Words: 989 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82766252



It makes sense, then, that H.G. ells once "said he would 'rather be called a journalist than an artist'" (ells qtd. In McConnell 176). If the dangers of the twentieth century would come from the way unrestricted scientific advancement coupled with self-interest results in new, terrifying methods of industrialized slaughter, then the particular mode or perspective of the artist, as an opposed to the journalist, would be insufficient or irrelevant. In other words, if both the journalist and the artist seek truth, but the artist also seeks beauty, then the journalist is actually the one better suited for a world in which beauty has been overwhelmed by death and destruction on a scale and with a swiftness heretofore unimagined.

The narrator of The ar of the orlds reflects this shift, because he tells his story with as little artifice and characterization as possible, instead opting to describe the "death […]…… [Read More]

Works Cited

McConnell, Frank. "H. G. Wells: Utopia and Doomsday."Wilson Quarterly (1976-). 4.3 (1980):

176-186.

Partington, John. "The Pen as Sword: George Orwell, H.G. Wells and Journalistic Parricide."

Journal of Contemporary History. 39.1 (2004): 45-56.
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Eason Jordan Op-Ed on Iraq for CNN

Words: 774 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92944307

The somber tone revealing the tense nature of reporting for CNN in Iraq. The intent of his piece was not to ask for forgiveness, but rather to enable understanding for why he did the things he did. He explains he couldn't divulge any of those stories he heard for fear of putting his staff and Iraqi citizens in danger.

By writing this piece in paragraphs, it looked more like a personal essay than an article. He kept it in the first person and included an introduction and conclusion, noting how he felt about having to hide these stories from the public. Although some of it makes it seem like a letter, the structure, and the transitions in-between paragraphs clearly denotes an essay. Some of it was written in defense of his actions, and then in the end he expressed remorse for having to keep it all inside. However, the overall…… [Read More]

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Modoc War Was Fought Near

Words: 1414 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63080670

Rather, the Union argues, Washington was ill-informed in its preparations for the campaign. Furthermore, the paper condemns Washington for seeking to force the removal of the Modocs from their native country in which they co-exist successfully with the whites.

Another example of the paper being protective of the military occurs on January 10, 1873, when the army was having little success flushing the Indians out of 'Lava Bed.' The Army cavalry was made to retreat after an attempted advance. The Union described this failed mission in a five sentence article. The last sentence of the article noted that the Army was expecting the arrival of Howitzer guns the following week. The title of the article, did not reference the failed offensive, but instead read was The Modoc War- The Howitzers Coming.

Most of the articles give daily updates as to the war. If there was any combat the previous day,…… [Read More]

"The Modocs: A Blundering War," Sacramento Daily Union, May 12, 1873

"Massacre of Modoc Prisoners," Sacramento Daily Union, June 10, 1873

"The Modocs," Sacramento Daily Union, June 6, 1873
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Memoirist's Commitment to the Truth

Words: 702 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75170758

It is about impression and feeling, about individual recollection. This memoir is a combination of facts about my life and certain embellishments. It is a subjective truth, altered by the mind of a recovering drug addict and alcoholic" (rey 2006).

Defenders of rey were even more explicit in noting that telling a good story and creating a vivid image in the mind of a reader often demands the use of certain literary techniques. Lee Gutkind, in an article titled "The Creative Nonfiction Police" pointed out that even Henry David Thoreau compressed certain elements of Thoreau's famous two years spent on Walden Pond into one for the sake of creating a more compelling narrative (Gutkind 2004). Compressing certain events can be used to create the impression of how an event 'really felt' even if it is not how the event really was, much like how time sometimes seems to slow down…… [Read More]

Frey was decried in the media because many of the hard, factual aspects of his narrative were not supported by documented evidence. In fact, it could be joked that other than the fact that he admitted he was a liar and an addict, everything else was fiction. Frey defended himself stating that: "I believe, and I understand others strongly disagree, that memoir allows the writer to work from memory instead of from a strict journalistic or historical standard. It is about impression and feeling, about individual recollection. This memoir is a combination of facts about my life and certain embellishments. It is a subjective truth, altered by the mind of a recovering drug addict and alcoholic" (Frey 2006).

Defenders of Frey were even more explicit in noting that telling a good story and creating a vivid image in the mind of a reader often demands the use of certain literary techniques. Lee Gutkind, in an article titled "The Creative Nonfiction Police" pointed out that even Henry David Thoreau compressed certain elements of Thoreau's famous two years spent on Walden Pond into one for the sake of creating a more compelling narrative (Gutkind 2004). Compressing certain events can be used to create the impression of how an event 'really felt' even if it is not how the event really was, much like how time sometimes seems to slow down or speed up, or how in the mind of a child a teacher might seem like an ogre, even if this memory is unfair. Creating such impressions through distortion is part of the memoirist's art. Furthermore, any time a reader sees: "I said" or "I thought" on the page of a memoir, charges of fraud could arise. It is unlikely the writer has the ability to accurately recollect conversations and thoughts in their entirety, years after the events took place.

There is a line over which memoir cannot cross, however: blatantly pretending to have an experience one did not, such as living through the Holocaust, would clearly be unacceptable. But creating a work of fiction and claiming that to be a memoir was not quite what Frey did: admittedly, the ethical line is a fine one, and it is subjective in terms of where the writer 'crosses the line.' But demanding absolute veracity from memoirists would come at a great price: the death of literary nonfiction itself. Ultimately, no one was really hurt by Frey -- the truth was brought to light by real journalists, for those readers who needed to know 'just the facts.'
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Zinsser William Writing About Your

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25198622



Source C

Roberts, Rev. Dr. Mark D. "Oprah, James Frey, and the Question of Truth" markdroberts.com.

30 January 2006.

Tone: Moralistic

Claim: James Frey's book is fraudulent and should never have been published.

Purpose: To explain his outrage at Frey's misrepresentation and the publisher's lack of fact-checking.

Important information in the title: Frey's supposedly inspirational and gut-wrenching story was prominently featured on Oprah's book club and became a best seller.

Important info in the background material: The author was published by the same publishing house as Frey, under a different imprint. He states that Frey was treated very differently than he was in terms of the scrutiny to which Frey's story was subject.

Sentence explaining author's claim and how he/she would respond to the prompt: Some things are factual and facts must be honored.

Important parts of the text that specifically show claim/purpose/tone: specifically show claim/purpose/tone: I'm tempted to say…… [Read More]

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Rights Constitution Election System General

Words: 1291 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66088935

Eason Jordan made what he defined as a "life and death" decision to withhold information that might get his informants killed in Iraq. "It's very simple," he said. "Do you report things that get people killed? The answer is no.," (cited by Rutenberg, 2003). Jordan's decision is a little bit surprising, considering the media's generally ruthless approach to journalism: such as the push to get the story first, or to glean information before competitors in the industry. Journalism is cutthroat enough on an individual level: leading reporters on the ground and editorial boards to make decisions that are in the best interest of the company, but which are not necessarily ethical.

In the case with Eason Jordan, however, it seems that the editorial choice might have been the ethical one. Although "several journalism professors and commentators said Mr. Jordan had compromised CNN's journalistic mission so the cable network could continue…… [Read More]

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Death of Jesus

Words: 1098 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77876221

Death of Jesus - Use of Dramatic License by Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John

Historically there has been a constant heated debate about the degree to which the environment, culture and propriety of the early Christian church may have had on scripture. For some that answer has of coarse been to say it is all a fable to sell books, and on the other end of the spectrum the answer is that each word regardless of the stylistic literary tools used to string it to another word the collective words of the bible are the literal words of God, period. Kenneth oodward contends that Father Raymond E. Brown in his book, The Death of the Messiah chastises modern believers and non-believers alike for either rejecting the Gospels out-of-hand because they are not a work of pure historical accounting or assuming that the Gospels received no influence from the environment in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Woodward, Kenneth "The Death of Jesus," Newsweek April 4, 1994.
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Language of News Reporting in

Words: 2320 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72791834

Instead, however, the headline does follow the sequence of events as they happened to present a more chronological overview of the event while still maintaining a good inverted pyramid structure. For example, take the head line of the news story in Appendix A: 'Iranian election uproar tests U.S.', this headline without giving specifics of the actual election result implies that the results were not great overall because of the impact that it has on the relations between U.S. And Iran. Hence, whoever reads this headline and know even the slightest bit about the background of the U.S.-Iran relations will interpret the possible results without actually reading about them.

Similarly, when analyzing the headline in Appendix B, 'Regime Change Brewing in Iran?' another format of headline comes to mine. The headlines can also be used to exhibit the actual strategic breakdown of the news story in a single sentence. This simply…… [Read More]

Paragraphing is also a very important aspect in the language use of any news troy as it not only breaks down the news story into separate parts but also allows the journalist to use transitional words like meanwhile or furthermore that allows the story to have a flow and simultaneously allows the journalist to represent different emotions and importance of facts through difference in language use form one paragraph to the next (Ghadessy, 1988).

Conclusion

In the paper we have discussed how in the modern era the text of and the
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Massacre at El Mozote

Words: 2352 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43424229

Massacre at El Mozote

This report is a critical book review of Mark Danner's excellent 1994 book called "The Massacre at El Mozote: A Parable of the Cold ar" published by Vintage Books, a division of Random House. The book comes highly acclaimed from sources such as the ashington Post and New York Times. "Once in a rare while a writer re-examines a debated episode of recent history with such thoroughness and integrity that the truth can no longer be in doubt. Mark Danner did just that in a long article that took up most of last week's issue of The New Yorker. Mr. Danner's subject was the massacre in December 1981 in the Salvadoran village of El Mozote." (Lewis) The review is basically a reaction paper where I point our some of the book's strengths and weaknesses as well as describe to content of the book and my understanding…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Danner, Mark D. The Massacre at El Mozote: A Parable of the Cold War. 1st ed. New York: Vintage Books, 1994.

Lewis, Anthony. "Abroad at Home; The Whole Truth." New York Times [New York] December 6, 1993. 5 Dec. 2004 .
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Anna Quindlen Born in 1952

Words: 1156 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43507479

This column probably reflects her own accession in the world of journalism and her own struggles as a female coping with a male dominated environment.

The same cutting-edge, analytic journalism style can also be seen in the column entitled "Killing the Consumer." The case that Anna Quindlen makes here is against the cigarettes producers, who are now targeting younger smokers in order to increase their revenues. Further more, they are now customizing their brands to fit particular categories of individuals, like young women, for example.

Quindlen's stance is again targeting females as the representative individuals for her articles. While on one hand, she is hitting quite hard against smoking and the cigarettes producers in general, she is particularly edgy against new brands designed to attract women as new smokers and against the way cigarettes manufacturers run ads with different magazines to promote their new products.

Quindlen's style is easily recognizable…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Quindlen, Anna. Not Semi-Soldiers. Newsweek. November 12, 2007. On the Internet at http://www.newsweek.com/id/67917.Last retrieved on November 13, 2007

2. Quindlen, Anna. Killing the Consumer. Newsweek. October 01, 2007. On the Internet at http://www.newsweek.com/id/41699.Last retrieved on November 13, 2007 http://www.annaquindlen.com/.Last retrieved on November 13, 2007
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Blackhawk Down

Words: 1413 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61359191

Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War by Mark Bowden. Specifically, it will contain a general book report on the book, with emphasis on the leadership qualities of the angers in Somalia. "Black Hawk Down" was first serialized in the "Philadelphia Enquirer" by the author, Mark Bowden. The book was made into a commercially successful film that chronicles one U.S. Army anger mission in Mogadishu, Somalia when a United Nations Aid mission was operating in the country. Shortly after this mission and its' loss of U.S. soldiers, the Clinton administration withdrew the United States from Somalia. The story in the film is well-known, but the book goes into much more detail, and many of the situations change from the fictional account of the film, which was dressed up for Hollywood.

From the beginning, the plan related in "Black Hawk Down," to swoop into Mogadishu and grab two of General…… [Read More]

References

Bowden, Mark. Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War. NewYork: Penguin Books, 2002.
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Tube Technoculture One of the

Words: 1828 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64768532

However, most people who are looking for verifiable information are not going to sift through the detritus of YouTube, but will instead go to reliable sources: books, journals, studies, and reports that present verifiable facts and information. There is a place for YouTube as an entertainment medium, but that is perhaps its limits -- at this point in time. Peter Levinson (1999, p. 146) sums up YouTube when (speaking of the internet) he says:

"In other words, in terms of our understanding of media, the biggest contribution of the personal computer revolution and the Internet may be the light they shed on television as they render it, incredible as it may seem to our television age sensibilities, into an art form."

The art form meaning that we can rely upon television news media in a journalistic way, and as one that saves us from suffering hours upon hours of amateur…… [Read More]

References

Blue Man Group and Venus Hum, I Feel Love. YouTube 2010, viewed 11

May 2010,  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5d04D3CgSIQ&feature=related .

Matt Damon Absolutely Shreds Sarah Palin. YouTube 2010, viewed 10 May

2010,  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BvKFJ6iyGrI&NR=1 .
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Night and Good Luck 2005

Words: 1366 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28849209

However, in the way that it brings Murrow to life and pays tribute to something he did that has likely been forgotten, the film makes a case for redefining what constitutes a good political film. Because the events depicted so clearly mirror events in our own political world and life, yet are done so in a way that grippingly recreates a lost era of the 1950s, a viewer gains the sense of being 'transported' in a way that is the essence of cinema.

The film's theme raises a potentially provoking challenge to our own media obsession -- yes, it is easy to condemn McCarthy now, with the wisdom of hindsight, now that McCarthy has become a synonym for baseless slander and the Soviet Union is defunct. However, after 9/11, another threat to the nation, the Department of Homeland Security engaged in a number of questionable tactics, including surveying the library…… [Read More]

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Friedrich Engels Biography Friedrich Engels

Words: 5699 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64371288

This does not suggest that one assimilate the ideas of another without having first contemplated those ideas at length, rounded them with individual ideas, expectations, experiences and theories before adopting those ideas and holding the originator of the ideas as a source of ideological guidance.

Engels is described by social researcher Dudley Knowles (2002) as a "Hegelian (20)." As mentioned earlier, Engels took a position in favor of Hegel when the philosopher was coming under fire from the university philosophy professor where Engels attended university. As has been previously mentioned, again, and from the positions Engels took and his manner of expressing his positions that were counter authority and anti-authority in nature, it leaves open to speculation Engels' motivation in backing Hegel; was it sincere agreement in philosophy, or his tendency to follow his young and somewhat immature tendencies to thwart the sitting authority? Given that Engels took a journalistic…… [Read More]

Works Cited

 http://www.questia.com /" target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">
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Poetry Has Often Been an

Words: 698 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32048318

The most important structural changes in this second draft are the removal of passive voice and the creation of a complete these, so the paragraph stands alone, as an introduction.

Draft 3

Poetry can be quickly developed and then easily smuggled out of any situation in the coat pocket of the writer or even written years later in memory of an event where life and/or liberty had been lost. This power is left the poet; to recount atrocity and build ideas associated with awareness for social change. The reader can then respond emotionally or even actively, by envisioning and challenging the ideas in the work or by taking action to change them in the future. It can remind the reader of a needed demand for social and political change and an expression of the debasement of individual rights, that can be applied to other situations. The images that poetry conveys…… [Read More]

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Representations of Tradition

Words: 2145 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82772002

eauty for Ashes

The Yiddish short story "If Not Higher" by I.L. Peretz was published in Warsaw in 1900, decades before the holocaust. Fifty years later, the short supposedly true story of "The Kozshenitser Rebe" was published in Yiddish by Orenshtayn in a book of memorials to Jewish leaders. oth stories tell of the behavior of a specific (assumably Hassidic) rebe on an important Jewish holiday. However, apart from this basic similarity, these two stories are radically different. This may be partly a function of having different authors and of coming from different historical areas. However, if the differences between style and content with these two works is indicative not of the personal styles of the authors, then one is left with another option: namely that the striking differences between these two works is a result of the holocaust and the slaughter of the Jewry of Eastern European. If these…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Orenshtayn, Binyomin. "The Kozshenitser Rebe," in Kugelmass and Boyarin, eds. From a Ruined Garden: The Memorial Books of Polish Jewry, pp. 113-116.

Peretz, I.L. "If Not Higher," in Howe and Greenberg, eds., A Treasury of Yiddish Stories, pp. 231-233.
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Lurking Within the Literature Associated With the

Words: 791 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79824166

Lurking

Within the literature associated with the foundational introduction of internet chat rooms and list serves is at least a limited representation of work associated with the concept of lurking. Lurking is a phenomena associated with live internet chat behavior. The lurker signs in to a chat room and watches and assimilates all the information exchanged but does not interact with the other chatters. He or she does not interject but simply reads it the information. There are several reasons why an individual may lurk. The intent may be malicious, in the sense that the person is looking for personal information tot somehow use against the participants of the chat room, or they may simply be harmlessly eavesdropping, cyber people watching if you will. The three most commonly addressed circumstances in the literature, having to do with lurking are, social psychological in a research sense, journalistic integrity and of course…… [Read More]

References

Giffords, E.D. (1998). Social Work on the Internet: An Introduction. Social Work, 43(3), 243+. Retrieved March 28, 2004, from Questia database,  http://www.questia.com .

Gumpert, G. (1998). The Demise of Privacy in a Private World: from Front Porches to Chat Rooms. Communication Theory, Eight (Four), 408-425.

Hanson, G.M. (1995, May 8). Virtual Chaos: Crime Goes Online. Insight on the News, 11, 6+. Retrieved March 28, 2004, from Questia database,
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Palestine and the Jewish State

Words: 3235 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23180794

Palestine under Occupation: Reaching the ‘Other’ through Bearing Witness and Citizen Journalism
Introduction
The conflict in Palestine is largely portrayed in the mainstream media as a complex issue (Chomsky & Pappe, 2015). A theoretical reason for this portrayal of the conflict is rooted in what Robinson (2002) has described as the ‘CNN effect’—the special relationship that exists between the state and the media, which facilitates the construction of a narrative that supports the aims of the state, particularly when it comes to foreign intervention. Al-Ghazzi (2017) has described, for example, how CNN uses embedded reporting to foster a narrative supportive of the U.S.’s aims in the Middle East. With a particular focus on the Palestinian conflict, Western mainstream media and states partake in the CNN effect by framing the conflict as ‘complicated’. This complication, however, is not represented in the largesse unevenly distributed between the two sides of the conflict.…… [Read More]

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Perceptions of Presidents With Disabilities

Words: 5791 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1358067

He would sometimes be wheel chaired to the door through which he would enter to make a public appearance, but once at the door, his leg braces would be put on him, and he would rely on his son's arm for support and balance (43-48). Later, with his son's support, he was able to use a cane, and the extent of his disability was successfully downplayed by the force of his political platform and the attention he commanded with powerful words and the presentation of himself in a dignified way with strong posture (43-48).

"Deeply concerned that the image of a 'permanently crippled man' seeking to lead a crippled nation out of the Depression would be damaging to his campaign, oosevelt's aides every effort to portray the Democratic nominee as a man who had conquered polio and who could walk. As he traveled across the country, his leg braces, without…… [Read More]

Reference List

Bardes, Barbara A., Shelley, Mark C., Schmidt, Steffen W. (2008).

American Government and Politics Today: The Essentials,

Coates, Peter A. (2006). American Perceptions of Immigrant and Invasive

Species: Strangers on the Land,
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United States Still the World's

Words: 3011 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27607486



Models of Media and Politics

A review of media / political models sheds some light on why the United States' cultural themes have been such a dominant dynamic in Europe, among other global venues. In describing the three models of media and politics, Daniel C. Hallin and Paolo Mancini report that the media in Southern Europe (the "Mediterranean" or "Polarized Pluralist Model") is "an institution of the political and literary worlds" more than it is market-driven (Hallin, et al., 2004 90). The North and Central European model is called the "Democratic Corporatist Model" -- and is certainly more market-driven and far less politically driven; and the third model is the "North Atlantic" or "Liberal model" of media and politics (Hallin 87).

The North Atlantic or Democratic Corporatist model, according to Mark a. aker II encompasses Germany, Austria, Switzerland, the "Low Countries" and Scandinavia, and can be broken down into three…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Arango, Tim, 2008, 'World Falls for American Media, Even as it Sours on America. The New York Times, Retrieved Nov. 24, 2010, from  http://www.nytimes.com .

Artz, Lee, and Kamalipour, Yahya, 2007, the Media Globe: Trends in International Mass Media. Rowman & Littlefield: Landham, MD.

Baker, Mark a., 2010, 'Hallin & Mancini, the North / Central European or Democratic Corporatist Model by: Mark a. Baker II', Global Media. Retrieved Nov. 24, 2010, from  http://globalmediastudies.blogspot.com .

Hallin, Daniel C., and Mancini, Paolo, 2004, Comparing Media Systems: Three Models of Media and Politics. Cambridge University Press: New York.
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Communicating in Conflict Resolution the

Words: 2768 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27800998



Krauss and Morsella say that under the dialogic paradigm individual speakers act with respect to the individuals they are addressing, but they are acting as individual entities (p. 152). This is because we can only attempt to understand the mind of others, to decode their words, even their body language, and try to put that into a perspective of meaning to us as individuals. Krauss and Morsella provide points on how to improve our skills as communicators. Listening is tangential to being a good communicator. Listening trains us to hear more than words, but concepts too, and the concepts that others are trying to convey to us are essential to our understanding of their position in a conflict. Before we can resolve conflict, we must understand the nature of the conflict, and the nature of conflict can seldom be expressed in a few words or sentences. They are expressed in…… [Read More]

Reference List

Deutch, M. And Coleman, P. (2000). The Handbook of Conflict Resolution: Theory and Practice, Josey-Bass Publishers.
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Shattered Glass Is a 2003

Words: 1163 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63895235



Moving beyond the plot and the intricacies of life at the New epublic though, and into the world of Hollywood producers, writers, and actors, one must also ask about the veracity and credibility of the portrayals of journalistic acumen for the general public. Films such as Alan Pakula's All the President's Men (1976), Peter Weir's the Year of Living Dangerously (1982), or oland Joffe's the Killing Fields (1984), all present the journalistic morality surrounding slant, sourcing, and frankly, what to exclude to ensure the acceptance of the story. There are more examples about aggressive and expose' hunting reporters, but one asks if Glass is not being shown as the typical, epitomizing print journalism through the eyes of Hollywood, as opposed to the rouge, well-intentioned, but naively arrogant, reporter? (Bowden).

When one replays some of the key scenes in the movie, one is struck by the calm, but budding nervousness Christensen…… [Read More]

REFERENCES CONSULTED

Beckerman, G. "Facts and Fictions: Shards of Glass." Columbia Journalism Review.

42.3 (2003): 54. Print.

Bowden, M. "When the Front Page Meets the Big Screen." The Atlantic Monthly.

293.2 (2004): 146. Print.
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American Photographs Revisited Douglas R

Words: 1107 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56979970

Images of war, homelessness, and poverty also convey poignant messages that can be construed differently by different people. The photographer presents the image but the viewer deciphers it. When photographs like those from Walker Evans are used as journalistic content, they can become imbued with meaning and political ideology. Other images are less equivocal. For example, a shot of a homeless man sleeping on a bench in Beverly Hills would immediately connote income disparity in the United States.

Another issue Nickel raises in "American Photographs Revisited" is the confluence of art and science in the medium of photography. Evans and other professional photographers and photojournalists craft their images, painstakingly addressing variables like lighting and atmospheric conditions with tweaks to their camera techniques. New technology including digital photography and editing software has expanded the range of possibilities for photographers. The art of photography is extended to book layout in works like…… [Read More]

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Primo Levi Good Journalist Reports

Words: 936 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69204876

Somehow his scientific side needs to make sense of the horrors that are taking place about him, regardless that everything seems completely insane. He states he had "the curiosity of the naturalist who finds himself transplanted into an environment that is monstrous but new, monstrously new." He adds that he "thought too much" while in Auschwitz, which only made him continually vacillate back and forth from hope to despair.

Throughout all of his ordeals, Levi continues his writing and scientific analysis for rational answers, to no avail. His goal of finding answers to the cruelty remains unattained. When one of the guards denies even an icicle to decrease a child's thirst, Levi asks in his broken German, 'Warum?' (why?). The guard replies, 'Hier ist kein warum' (there is no why here). At times Levi's observations are so unemotional that he is almost too objective, as if he is going to…… [Read More]

References

Levi, Primo. Survival in Auschwitz. New York: Touchstone, 1996.
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Leopold and Loeb the Murder

Words: 3456 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97468588

The groundskeeper explained to the golfers, you are lucky to be alive, "You were sitting on a box of dynamite." The headline of small yet front page article LEOPOLD and LOEB OUGHT to READ THIS. A completely unrelated story of luck, becoms a very sobering reminder to the Sheboygan readers of the nationally infamous Chicago trial, still taking place and likely nearing the sentencing stage. On the same front page of the paper the details of the trail are played out in a larger article where the Sheboygan paper describes details of the trial findings, including the usage of phrases such as "death blow" submitting for public perusal the findings, as to who was the actual killer, (Loeb) and using descriptive testimony of witnesses with regard to Leopold and Loeb's varying psychosis. One passage describes a moment when Leopold began to show sympathy and then promptly apologized for doing so.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Abrahamsen, David. The Psychology of Crime. New York: Columbia University Press, 1960.

ALIENIST DECLARES LEOPOLD and LOEB ARE DEVOID of SOUL; Quotes One as Saying He Could Think of Killing Just Like Choosing Pie." New York Times August 5, 1924; 1.

Busch, Francis X. Prisoners at the Bar: An Account of the Trials of the William Haywood Case, the Sacco-Vanzetti Case, the Loeb-Leopold Case, the Bruno Hauptmann Case. 1st ed. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1952.

Cannon, Carl M. "The Problem with the Chair - a Conservative Case against Capital Punishment." National Review 19 June; 1.
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Grundstein-Amado 2001 Stated That Usually

Words: 2169 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66541155



A true inquiry system tests the compliance of people - management, employees, public to the ethical system. One way to test this is to verify whether people concerned are informed about the standards or give credibility to ethical procedures, or in other words, it is important to verify how useful they think they are for specific business conduct.

A concrete way of establishing a system of inquiry, apart from observing the alignment of the mission or the values statement of an organization with the Code of Ethics, is developing a questionnaire. The questions need to establish by what methods the values and specific policies are communicated. Moreover it is important to assess the understanding of policies and procedures by examining opinions of people in different problematic situations involving conflicts or interests and other delicate issues. Their chose of an ethical course of action reflects a deeper understanding of the problem…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Grundstein-Amado R. (2001) a Strategy for Formulation and Implementation of Codes of Ethics in Public Service Organizations www.informaworld.com5, pages 461-478

Kremer R. (1993) Using the new

ACM code of ethics in decision making Communications of the ACM, 36(2) pp.98-107 Retrieved at  http://sern.ucalgary.ca/courses/cpsc/451/W98/Ethics.html 

American Society of Newspaper Editors Code of Ethics retrieved at  http://www.asne.org/kiosk/archive/principl.htm
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Half the Sky From a Feminist Perspective

Words: 1781 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19788825

Half the Sky from a Feminist Perspective

In the last sixty years, women in estern countries and to a lesser extent the rest of the world have become outspoken about women's rights, demanding equal rights in political, economic, cultural, social, and domestic spheres. Their struggles and activism, generally known as feminist movements, helped to elevate the status of women in many countries. Yet, as Nicholas D. Kristoff and Sheryl udunn document in their book Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for omen orldwide, the struggle for gender equality is far from over. Kristoff and udunn demonstrate the deeply troubling picture of gender relations around the world where women and girls are systematically subjected to brutality, mistreatment, and discrimination. In their attempt to expose gender inequality in the world, Kristoff and udunn are largely successful, but their analysis is not well-grounded in feminist scholarship, which weakens their argumentation.

Kristoff and…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Einstein, Zillah. Global Obscenities: Patriarchy, Capitalism, and the Lure of Cyberfantasy. New York: New York University Press, 1998.

Harvey, David. A Brief History of Neoliberalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. Print.

Healing, Raven. "White Stockings and Black Widows: Women in Chechnya -- Myths and Realities." Off Our Backs 35.3/4 (2005): 44-47. Web. 22 Oct. 2011. JSTOR.

Kristoff, D. Nicholas, and Sheryl Wudunn. Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide. New York: Knopf, 2009. Print.
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Embedded The Relationship Between Form

Words: 6480 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 601775

), [he knows] that media companies are responsive to pressure when it is sustained, sophisticated and well executed," he fails to offer any concrete examples of this kind of pressure or how it might actually be applied (Schechter, 2003, p. 242). He does propose "a Media and Democracy Act, an omnibus bill that could be a way of showing how all of these issues are connected," but he does not provide any details of what might actually be included in this all-encompassing piece of hypothetical legislation (p. 242). Rather, he simply asserts that this potential legislation (that, if it actually included regulations to effectively combat the problems with American journalism would almost certainly never have passed at the time of his writing and would still be extremely unlikely now) could magically "create one easy to market and explain package of proposals that can forge a coalition with many stakeholders and…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Cognitive compression effect. In (2000). M. Danesi (Ed.), Encyclopedic dictionary of semiotics, media, and communications. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Frontani, M.R. (2004). Embedded: Weapons of mass deception-how the media failed to cover the war on iraq. Journalism History, 30(2), 111.

Gaither, T.K. (2007). Advertising's war on terrorism: The story of the U.S. state department's shared values initiative. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 84(4), 843-844.

Goodman, A., & Goodman, D. (2006). Static: Government liars, media cheerleaders, and the people who fight back. New York: Hyperion.
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Orwell in Why I Write

Words: 1573 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10263533

"

Orwell presents a rather romantic picture of the life of a writer. A writer is someone who is driven internally, psychically, spiritually. The desire to write might initially be due to an admiration of a famous author, or a personal affection for the Harry Potter books. Or, the desire to write might be due to a want of recognition, fame, or even fortune. Writing can be used as a weapon as with bitter letters to politicians or ex-girlfriends.

Some writing is purely journalistic in tone, whereas other writing is all fluff. With his characteristic humor, Orwell takes a dig at journalists when he states, "Serious writers, I should say, are on the whole more vain and self-centered than journalists, though less interested in money." The essay "Why I Write" is an effective piece of prose because the author is credible, and bolsters his argument with humility as well as…… [Read More]

References

Orwell, George. Animal Farm. Signet, 1996.

Orwell, George. "Why I Write." Retrieved online:  http://orwell.ru/library/essays/wiw/english/e_wiw
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Social Media Facebook Facebook A Vehicle

Words: 4720 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3817057

As recent events in the Middle East have clearly demonstrated, Facebook is more on the side of the politically disadvantaged and the poor as they have increasingly embraced Facebook and other social media while the governments in the region tried to ban them. Many governments such as that of China do not allow Facebook primarily because they want to avert scenarios they have seen in the Middle East.

Facebook revolutions

It was in the wake of 2008 when Oscar Morales, a young man in Columbia, decided that he had had enough of FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia), a Marxist group which routinely kidnaps people, keeping them as hostages for months or years, while many of the hostages die in captivity. Angry and depressed by the actions of FARC, one night he turned to Facebook which he had been using to connect with his friends and high school classmates. He…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Alexanian, Janet A.. "Eyewitness Accounts and Political Claims: Transnational Responses to the 2009 Postelection Protests in Iran." Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 31.2 (2011): 425-442. Project MUSE. Web. 3 Oct. 2011. .

Burns, Alex and Ben Eltham, "Twitter free Iran: an evaluation of twitter's role in public diplomacy and information operations in Iran's 2009 election crisis," in Papandrea, Franco & Armstrong, Mark (Eds.). Record of the Communications Policy & Research Forum 2009. Sydney: Network Insight Institute. Web. 26 Nov. 2011 .

China, Walid. "The Facebook Revolution." New African 503 (2011): 24. MasterFILE Premier. Web. 26 Nov. 2011.

Eltahawy, Mona. "The Middle East's Generation Facebook." World Policy Journal 25.3 (2008): 69-77. Academic Search Premier. Web. 26 Nov. 2011.
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Films the Devil Wears Prada a Few

Words: 2591 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90055966

films (The Devil Wears Prada a Few Good Men), report research themes strongly depict ethical moral choices actions characters, roles, dilemmas. The themes: followership, abuse power, moral decision making, altruism, shadow casters.

Films have along time been sources of amusement, inspiration, contemplation, or reflection. "The Devil wears Prada" and "A few good men" are all these things. They represent movie creation filled with questions and morals that transformed them in subjects of interpretation and reflection for the themes both these films touch upon.

The present paper analyses these two films from the perspective of the moral message they try to send across. More precisely, both these films have similarities and differences in terms of the way in which they tackle the issue of honor, leadership, follow ship, power and abuse of power, decision-making and moral strength. From this perspective, the paper addresses the subjects of these two films in order…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Business Dictionary. "Abuse of power def." n.d. 23 February 2011 .

Bellafante, Gina. "In 'The Devil Wears Prada,' It's Not Couture, It's Business (With Accessories)." 18 June 2006. 23 February 2011 .

Changing Minds.org . Five reasons to follow. n.d. 23 February 2011 .

Public Radion International. The science behind making decisions . 29 May 2009. 23 February 2011 .
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Front-Page War How Media Complicity

Words: 3781 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19321252

The British government has learned that Saddam Hussein recently sought significant quantities of uranium from Africa, (George W. Bush, State of the Union Address, Jan. 28, 2003) the claims were quickly picked up and repeated by the media. So were claims that Iraq had nuclear weapons. "We believe [Hussein] has, in fact, reconstituted nuclear weapons." (Dick Cheney, NBC's Meet the Press, March 16, 2003) Yet, after the search for chemical and nuclear weapons was eventually called off without any actual discover of such weapons, the media made startling little of the fact that Donald umsfeld said "I don't believe anyone that I know in the administration ever said that Iraq had nuclear weapons." (Senate appropriations subcommittee on defense hearing, May 14, 2003)

In fact, shortly thereafter "USA Today and the Los Angeles Times, echoed this fudging -- last year 'weapons,' this year 'programs' -- declaring that 'the jury's still out'…… [Read More]

Ridge, George. "Embedded: the media at war in Iraq." Military Review. January-February 2004.  http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0PBZ/is_1_84/ai_n6112518 

Roberts, Paul Craig. "The Brownshirting of America." AntiWar.Com. 16 October 2004.  http://www.antiwar.com/roberts/?articleid=3798 

Scheer, Christopher; Scher, Robert; Chaudhry, Lakshmi. "Bush's Lies About Iraq." The Nation. 11 March 2004.  http://www.thenation.com/doc.mhtml%3Fi=20040329&s=scheer
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Status of a Newspaper The

Words: 2627 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15608122

This is also reflected in the view that there is a lot of difference between a high school senior and a college freshman. egarding the world of student journalism, the U.S. Court of Appeals has also agreed with this view. This is reflected in the campus newspaper theft which was not taking place till the beginning of the 1990s. This is now a regular source of trouble for college student media. (Trends in College Media)

At the same time, this has not reflected in the quality of college newspaper, and some of them are of excellent quality. Let us look at some college newspapers for this purpose. One of them, namely the Boston College Chronicle has worked on the recently concluded papal conclave and also tried to inform the audience about what the world can hope from the new Pope. Certainly this information when they appear in a college magazine…… [Read More]

References

Censorship of College Student Newspapers. Administrative Censorship of the College Press. Retrieved at  http://www.collegefreedom.org/report5.htm . Accessed on 28 April, 2005

CSU, Northridge Newspaper Silenced. 11 May, 1989. Retrieved at  http://www.totse.com/en/conspiracy/institutional_analysis/papcensr.html . Accessed on 28 April, 2005

Davisson, John. GSEU Strikers Return to the Classroom. 25 April, 2005. Retrieved from www.columbiaspectator.com/- 32k Accessed on 28 April, 2005

Glaser, Dale; Collins, King. Review of Eagle and the Controversy of 1996-1997. Retrieved from www.greenmac.com/eagle/Updates/Up2.html. Accessed on 28 April, 2005
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Media and Politics - The

Words: 4148 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15504717

Thirdly, the growing up-to-the-minute exposure of the journalists to the physicality of the war detracted from the big picture and instead exaggerated the importance of singular happenings and specific events.

It is in the loss of the big picture that the Bush regime is most able to capitalize on its military's control of the press. While in the 1990s, the President's father struggled with "pooled" journalists and the lack of coherent and stable eye witness accounts, the current President instead embedded an army of over 700 journalists inside the United tate's military campaign as they waged war on the unsuspecting Iraqis.

There is a pretty fine line between being embedded and being entombed," observed Dan Rather in response to the Gulf War of the 1990s.

With the American journalists and those internationally desiring the protection of the winning force fully embedded with the American soldiers at war, the military operation…… [Read More]

Sides, Hampton. "Unembedded." The New Yorker. March 24, 2003.

Jamail, Dahr. "Fallujah: How not to Handle Insurgency." The Arab-American News, April 27th.

Morford, p. 2.
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Violence History and Suppression of

Words: 1748 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5013805



Garcia Marquez explores the isolation, solitude, and melancholia experienced by the Macondo community, as a metaphor for a parallel isolation, solitude, and essential disconnectedness from the world as experienced by Colombia, and Latin America as a whole. Moreover, as in the life of that Latin American nation, non-reflective violence occurs again and again. Suppression of memory further isolates Macondo until eventually, Macondo creates a society (i.e., a reality) based (oxymoronically) on pure fantasy. Here, Garcia Marquez powerfully suggests how suppression of collective memory: of violence; invasion; challenges to collective identity; outside exploitation, and all else that serves to explain, for better worse, the history of a group, only deepens and increases inevitable disconnectedness within that place and its people.

orks Cited

Garcia Marquez, Gabriel. One Hundred Years of Solitude. Gregory Rabassa

Trans.). New York: Avon, 1971.

One Hundred Years of Solitude." Sparknotes. Retrieved May 11, 2005, at http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/solitude.htm.

Restorina, Maria…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Garcia Marquez, Gabriel. One Hundred Years of Solitude. Gregory Rabassa

Trans.). New York: Avon, 1971.

One Hundred Years of Solitude." Sparknotes. Retrieved May 11, 2005, at  http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/solitude.htm .

Restorina, Maria R. "Gabriel Garcia Marquez and His Approach to History in One Hundred Years of Solitude." Retrieved May 11, 2005, from: www.loyno.edu/history/journal/1994-5/Estorino.htm
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National Public Radio Is the

Words: 852 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84687162

Wile te umbrella organization provides good press coverage, it does not provide financial security. Because it as no commercial base, it is easy to maintain its journalistic integrity in reporting, never avoiding certain topics out of respect or necessity; to te contrary, it is forced to rely on te generosity and te government for its funding. Listener support is valued at 34% of its total operating budget, but 6% of its funding comes from local and state funding, as well as 13% from Corporation for Public Broadcasting allocations.

Never as tis organizational pique been more at risk tan it was tis summer, wen at te President's urging, a House subcommittee voted to sarply reduce te government's support for CPB and NPR, reducing te organization's operating budget from $400 million to $300 million. Suc drastic measures put te wole NPR sceme at risk; sould te Congress not ave rallied last minute…… [Read More]

http://www.npr.org/about/nprworks.html 

National Public Radio. "How is NPR Supported?" National Public Radio. Available Online:  http://www.npr.org/about/privatesupport.html 

Fatri, Paul. "Public Broadcasting Targeted by House. Panel Seeks to End CPB's Funding Within 2 Years." Washington Post. Friday, June 10, 2005; Page A01.
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City in Modern Literature Professor

Words: 3609 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74863134

And moreover, Barth summarizes Sennett's book as a discussion of how "eighteenth and nineteenth-century Paris and London" reflected an "erosion of public life through an analysis of middle-class behavior in the theater and on the street."

And Barth adds that Sennett's work "...lacks the terse logic of comparative history," and "makes many excursions into fleeting aspects of culture, yet in its discussion of the theater misses the rise of vaudeville house and music hall as the nursery of a new urban audience." Yes, Barth concludes, Sennett is correct that "public and private behavior changed between the three decades," but instead of documenting those public and private changes, Barth continues, Sennett calls upon (in Sennett's words) "...the expectations of a sophisticated, intelligent general reader."

And if that reader discovers (continuing with Sennett's words as quoted in Barth's essay) "a reasonable analysis of how a malady of modern society has come about,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Axhausen, K.W. 2000. Geographies of Somewhere: A Review of Urban Literature. Urban Studies 37 (September): 1849-1864.

Barth, Gunther. 1977. Richard Sennett: The Fall of Public Man. American Historical Review

82 (December): 1214-1215.

Berman, Marshall. 1977. Facades at Face Value: The Fall of Public Man. The Nation (August):
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Jurgen Habermas the Public Sphere Jurgen Habermas

Words: 2623 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 602843

Jurgen Habermas

The Public Sphere

Jurgen Habermas and the "Public Sphere"

The idea that the continuum of people in a geographical space make up some sort of cohesive unit has been championed since the beginning of known history. Humans need the protection of groups because only then does brain power outweigh the otherwise immense power of fang and claw. This seems to be an evolutionary imperative that remains strong within people. However, as people gather together, they begin to realize that their close proximity also means that they have the power to decide how they will live as a community, and that every person can influence that through the power of voice. Every person has the ability to state and opinion, no matter how inane it may seem to the others of the group. Teacher's will often say that there are no dumb questions, and within a social group, there…… [Read More]

References

Anderson, B. (2006). Imagined communities: Reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism. London: Verso.

Benkler, Y. (2006). The wealth of networks: How social production transforms markets and freedom. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Bourdieu, P. (2005). The political field, the social science field, and the journalistic field. In. R. Benson & E. Neveu (Eds.), Bourdieu and the Journalistic Field. (pp. 29-47). Cambridge: Polity Press..

Habermas, J. (1991). The public sphere. In C. Mukerji & M. Schudson (Eds.)., Rethinking popular culture (pp. 398-404). Berkley, CA: University of California Press.
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Der Spiegel Was One of the Most

Words: 927 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12267005

Der Spiegel was one of the most well-known magazines in Germany with a long history of journalistic excellence. Starting in 1947, the magazine was known for bold investigative reports that revealed the hypocrisies of the political system and challenged status quo. After buying shares of the magazine from Richard Gruner and John Jahr, Rudolf Augstein becomes the sole owner of the magazine in 1960s. However a major strike at the rival magazine Der Stern inspired the employees at Spiegel to initiate a similar move and pass a statute that would give employees overreaching powers. Instead of agreeing to this move, Augstein sells 50% stake of his company to his employees thus giving them more say in important decisions. He sells additional 25% to G+J. this leaves Augstein with 25% stake in the magazine. All is working fair till Augstein dies in 2002 leaving his children the heir to his 25%…… [Read More]

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Rating the News Sites Following in a

Words: 1107 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86809013

ating the News Sites

Following in a long line of sensational celebrity trials to captivate the collective attention of America, the prosecution of Dr. Conrad Murray for his negligence in the death of pop star Michael Jackson has captured the country's notice in recent months. Accordingly, the nation's major news outlets, including CNN.com, FOXNEWS.com and MSNBC.com, have all chosen to dedicate a large portion of their daily reporting to the dramatic Murray trial. By closely examining the coverage of these three news providers, in terms of presentational style, journalistic integrity and the presence of bias, it is possible to construct a rigorous review of the methodology employed by the country's largest news and media outlets. Due to the overriding ideological differences espoused by the respective management of the CNN, FOX News and MSNBC news corporations, the reporting and coverage they provide on a seemingly objective issue like the Murray trial…… [Read More]

References

CNN.com-Justice-Blogs-HeadLine News In Session. (2011, November 09). The death of michael jackson: Dr. conrad murray on trial [Web log message]. Retrieved from http://insession.blogs.cnn.com/category/conrad-murray/

Piazza, J. (2011, November 13). What will michael jackson's family do now that the trial is over?. Retrieved from  http://www.foxnews.com/topics/conrad-murray-michael-jackson.htm 

Rueters. (2011, November 11). Factbox: Charges, outcomes for conrad murray in jackson trial.

Retrieved from  http://today.msnbc.msn.com/id/45148562#.TsBryIIZZ5g
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Journalist Peace Journalist in Iraq While it

Words: 1447 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79407433

Journalist

Peace Journalist in Iraq

While it is always critical for journalists who are war correspondents (Appeals Chamber, 2002) to exercise extreme care in reporting on what they see, they still have many basic rights and obligations that need to be protected and actively defended. In this instance, many of these are directly threatened and must be addressed because they could be seen as extreme encroachments upon core Constitutional expectations. In particular, there seem to be at least the following major points that could be used as the basis for a successful defense:

There is no indication that the incident in question is of sufficient importance to justify a direct suppression of the First Amendment right to the Freedom of the Press. The fact that there is or might be a verbal agreement and a PR strategy would not constitute as justification for not reporting on what amounts to otherwise…… [Read More]

NYT v. Sullivan (2011). From Wikipedia at  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_Times_Co._v._Sullivan .

Robbe, A. (2011). The Embedded War Journalism Controversy. Knol. Viewable at http://knol.google.com/k/the-embedded-war-journalism-controversy#.

Winslow, D. (2009). New Afghanistan embedded rule bars photographing troops killed in action. National Press Photographers Association. Viewable at  http://nppa.org/news_and_events/news/2009/10/embed.html .
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Adults With Learning Disabilities it Has Been

Words: 14280 Length: 53 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 855258

Adults ith Learning Disabilities

It has been estimated (Adult with Learning Disabilities) 1 that 50-80% of the students in Adult Basic Education and literacy programs are affected by learning disabilities (LD). Unfortunately, there has been little research on adults who have learning disabilities, leaving literacy practitioners with limited information on the unique manifestations of learning disabilities in adults.

One of the major goals of the (Adult with Learning Disabilities) 1 National

Adult Literacy and Learning Disabilities Center (National ALLD Center) is to raise awareness among literacy practitioners, policy makers, researchers, and adult learners about the nature of learning disabilities and their impact on the provision of literacy services. This fact sheet provides: a definition of learning disabilities in adults; a list of common elements found in many useful LD definitions; and a list of areas in which LD may affect life situations of adults.

Background

In 1963, the term "learning…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Author Unkown. Adult with Learning Disabilities

http://www.niwl.org/nalldc/ALLDissues.html

Corley, Mary Ann & Taymans, Juliana M. Adults with Learning Disabilities:A Review of Literature

 http://www.josseybass.com/cda/cover/0,0787960624%7Cexcerpt,00.pdf
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Media Ethics

Words: 4981 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58882093

Media in America as the Fourth Estate: From Watergate to the Present

During the 1970's, the role of the media changed from simply reporting the news to revealing serious political scandals (Waisbord, 2001). The media's role during Watergate was viewed as the mirror that reflected the most that journalism could offer to democracy: holding powers accountable for their actions. This became a trend in the American media and journalism had high credibility in the years that followed, and a great increase in journalism school enrollment followed.

However, during the 1980's and 1990's, this trend withered away. Investigative journalism is no longer rampant the firmament of American news. While the tone of the press was self-congratulatory in the post-Watergate years, the state of American journalism is currently viewed in a less positive light.

For the elite, the shift in journalism is welcomed. For example, according to John Dean, an American journalist,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Altbach, Philip. (1995). International book publishing, and Encyclopedia. Fitzroy Dearborn.

Bagdikian, Ben. (1993). The Media Monopoly. Beacon Press.

Barton, C. Franklin, Jay B. (1994). The First Amendment and the Fourth Estate: the Law of Mass Media,6th ed. Foundation Press.

Coronel, Sheila. (July 31, 2000). Investigative Reporting: The Role of the Media in Uncovering Corruption. Southeast Asian Press Alliance.
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Why the Cocks Fight

Words: 1344 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30918567

Cocks Fight: Dominicans, Haitians, and the Struggle for Hispaniola

The American writer and free lance journalist Michele Wucker in her first book has written about both Haiti and the Dominican epublic complex relations in terms of their cultures and on the sources of their great effort both in their island home as well as in the United States.

According to the book, the Caribbean island of Hispaniola is home to historic, where this continuing conflict between two countries has been intensely separated by language, race and history. However, at the same time it has been forced continuously into argument by their shared geography. The book is emotional from the beginning with the fighting and posturing of blood sport, as observed by the writer in her first Haitian cockfight (1):

The air cracks with the impact of stiffened feathers as each bird tries to push the other to the ground. Around…… [Read More]

References

1. Bob Corbett. Why The Cocks Fight: Dominicans, Haitians And The Struggle For Hispaniola

By Michele Wucker. New York: Hill & Wang. May 1999

2. Rob Ruck. Why The Cocks Fight: Dominicans, Haitians, And The Struggle For Hispaniola by Michele Wucker. "A history of Hispaniola." August, 1999.

A www.post-gazette.com
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Starbucks and the Changing Trends

Words: 1134 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79997686

Starbucks

Proposed research into the possibility of Starbucks opening franchises in targeted African Countries and how these franchises will be managed.

The paper is a look at the possibilities of having Starbucks open branches in targeted African countries. INA bid to inform this possibility, the paper looks at the history of Starbucks, the steps and successes that Starbucks has achieved so far, the changes that have been made within Starbucks and the effect of these changes. This will help make the decisions later on whether Starbucks is ready to go into other markets far and outside the U.S.A.

Company situation

Starbucks is an American global coffee company and a coffee house chain that has its base in Seattle Washington. This is the largest coffeehouse company boasting of over 23,000 stores located in 64 countries all over the world. The rapid growth of Starbucks has become a reference success story in…… [Read More]

References

Onward, H. (2008). Starbucks makes organizational changes to enhance customer experience. Retrieved July 21, 2014 from  http://news.starbucks.com/news/starbucks-makes-organizational-changes-to-enhance-customer-experience 

This is a Starbucks website page that highlights a piece of communication within the organization of the changes that were to be made within the organization and the people responsible fro the changes.

Journalistic inc. (2008). Starbucks Makes Organizational Changes. Retrieved July 21, 2014 from  http://www.qsrmagazine.com/news/starbucks-makes-organizational-changes 

This website page highlights the outside the changes that the new CEO of Starbucks, Schultz initiated upon entering the organization among them being the U.S. field operations, organizational review, support functions changes and the communication trends.
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Psychology and Politics Example

Words: 3758 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92578892

strengthen mental discipline.

letter of Gratitude

(a) Lincoln's "higher purpose"

[b] What idea or insight in the full article would you recommend to others?

[a] what seems to be driving Stephen Glass? what are his life goals and aspirations?

[b] how do you think Glass would assess his own intelligence?

[c] Identify and discuss at least two strategies for deception Glass used.

[d] Did Glass leave what Greenspan called "a trail of casualties" in his wake?

[e] What advice would you give to editors about how to avoid hiring someone like Stephen Glass?

[a] Why should judges care if attorneys submit plagiarized legal briefs or motions?

[b] Do you think these punishments (taken as a whole) were too lenient, too severe, or about right?

[c] What distinction did the court make between these two cases?

[d] Do you think this kind of public shaming is too harsh?

PART 7

PART…… [Read More]

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United Kingdom Freedom of Expression within the Social Media

Words: 2770 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22157867

The Positive and Negative Effects of Freedom of Expression within the Social Media in the U.K.

Introduction

In essence, social media in the UK provides an amazing platform for people to freely express their views, share information, and interact. Indeed, as McGoldrick (2013, p. 49) observes, “Facebook and other internet-based social networking sites (SNSs) have revolutionized modern communications.” Some of the most popular social media platforms in the country include, but that are not limited to, Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, etc. It is important to note that unlike in the physical world where relations between people are governed by various social rules and etiquette standards, relations on social media tend to present a limitless and unrestricting facade. In recent times, some countries have attempted to limit the way people relate on social media – even closely monitoring content in an attempt to ensure that freedom of expression in social media is…… [Read More]

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Book Trade between China and France An Assessment

Words: 4613 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76277952

The Nature of the Book Trade between China and France

Introduction

In the past, it was apparent that the Chinese government’s approach to matters culture and art did not significantly differ from its stance on a variety of other factors that involved various internal affairs of the nation. However, while it may have exercised some control on the distribution aspect of culture and art, it has largely remained ineffective as far as control on the consumption front was concerned. In general terms literature has always been an important item of culture and art. In recent times, more and more current authors are exploring modern literature. Towards this end, geographical boundaries no longer act like a limiting factor. As a matter of fact, this is increasingly becoming a competitive frontier amongst contemporary authors. Chinese authors, who have been missing in action in this particular case, are catching up. In addition to…… [Read More]

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Karol Jozef Wojtyla 1920-2005 Served

Words: 1809 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87199336

Similarly, no one can deny that this Pope's message of peace and tolerance was more than Papal doctrine and became, instead, Vatican Foreign Policy, delivered in person by someone who "walked the walk and talked the talk." Precisely because of this, the book gives the contemporary reader insights into a tenuous time -- a time of Cold War tensions, a time when the economic stability of much of the world was unknown, and most especially a time in which many feared the coming millennium.

Ironically, one of the final public scenarios presented in the book deals with the then Cardinal atzinger, prefect for the Congregation of the Faith, authoring and espousing the primacy of the Catholic Church. Despite the seeming arrogance of such a statement, the Pope called the documents "close to my heart" and explained that, "our confession . . . . isn't arrogance that deprecates other religious but…… [Read More]

REFERENCES and WORKS CONSULTED

Flynn, R., R. Moore, J. Vrabel. (2002). John Paul II: A Personal Portrait of the Pope

And the Man. St. Martin's Press.

Gertz, S. (October 1, 2003). "Christian History Corner: John Paul II's Canonization Cannon."

Christianity Today. Cited in:  http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2003/octoberweb-only/10-20-52.0.html
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Citizen Participation Can We Measure

Words: 3250 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56309194

Further, the view that citizens cannot objectively assess service delivery (and, conversely, that public officials can) has been a limiting factor to the institutionalization of citizen surveys. Watson et al. point out, however, that a disparity between the subjective views of citizens and the 'objective' assessments of service quality provides city leaders with the opportunities to both communicate more effectively and take steps to reduce the disparity.

Citizen surveys have a number of distinct advantages: they identify problems, evaluate services, influence budget priorities, identify citizen preferences, and "send a message to residents that the city government is concerned about their opinions" (234).

In an effort to promote citizen surveys and explore if citizen surveys are actually effective and worth a city government's time, Watson et al. look at the citizen survey creation and tradition in Auburn, Alabama. The first survey conducted, administered in 1985, convinced public officials that surveys served…… [Read More]

References

Rosener, Judy B. (1978). Citizen Participation: Can We Measure Its Effectiveness? Public

Administration Review, 38(5) 457-463.

Rosener, Judy B. (1982). Making Bureaucrats Responsive: A Study of the Impact of Citizen

Participation and Staff Recommendations on Regulatory Decision Making. Public Administration Review, 42(4) 339-345.
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Public Communication Ethics Response A

Words: 2137 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46331261

This is a contractual obligation, as money has been received for a certain service.

This is closely related to the third obligation in the model, which is "duty to the organization." The press has an obligation to provide the public with a wide variety of viewpoints in order to ensure public debate and accurate information. If a certain piece of information is withheld from the public as a result of its controversial content, this constitutes unfair censorship. The general principle of the press is to promote knowledge rather than censorship. Hence, information that could cause disagreement should not be withheld on those grounds alone.

On the other hand, the press in general also has a duty to society in terms of providing accurate information. The advertisement is in direct opposition to generally accepted facts regarding slavery. Hence publishing it on the strength merely of publishing whatever opinion is paid for…… [Read More]

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Defoe's Pyrates Images From History

Words: 2162 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44359372

But you can substitute the myth with the authentic, amazing, wonderful truth. n the end, think the truth would make a far better movie."

REFERENCES

Bonanos, C. "Did Pirates Really Say 'Arr'?" Slate Publications. Cited in:

http://www.slate.com/id/2167567

Defoe, D.A General History of the Pyrates. Dover Books, 1999.

McGinnis, R. "The Real Life and Fictional Characters Who inspired J.M. Barre's

Captain Hook." Literary Traveler, 2008. Cited in:

http://www.literarytraveler.com/authors/captain_hook.aspx

Cordingly, David. Cited in: http://www.davidcordingly.com

____. Under the Black Flag: The Romance and the Reality of Life Among the Pirates. Harvest Books, 1997.

Johnson, C. Pirates: A General History of the Robberies and Murders of the Most

Notorious Pirates. Conway Maritime Press, 2008.

Leeson, P. "An Arrghchy: The Law and Economics of Pirate Organizations."

Journal of Political Economy. 115 no 6 (2007): 1049.

Ossian, R. (n.d.) "Book Review: A General History of the Pyrates." Cited in:

http://www.thepirateking.com/books/books_ghp_review.htm

Pennell, C.R. Bandits at Sea: A…… [Read More]

Ibid.

Ibid, 11-14, 97-99, 206. See also Cindy Vallar, "Pirate Treasure." Pirates and Privateers -- the History of Maritime Piracy. n.d. Cited in:  http://www.cindyvallar.com/treasure.html 

Templeton.
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Prologue to This Book Caputo

Words: 1658 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63888964

His exorcism begins in the return to Vietnam and his final view of the doomed war. As he was first in, he is among the last out as the North Vietnamese take Saigon.

The postscript was published in 1996 and details some of the anxieties Caputo experienced while writing the memoir and the difficulties he had handling his fame and notoriety after its publication. The author on his experiences that, "My mind shot back a decade, to that day we had marched into Vietnam, swaggering, confident, and full of idealism. e had believed we were there for a high moral purpose. But somehow our idealism was lost, our morals corrupted, and the purpose forgotten (ibid., p. 345)." This is a profound change in his perception of the war when he first came to Vietnam in 1965.

The moral conflict plays through the entire book. The personal choice for him was…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Caputo, Philip. A Rumor of War. New York, NY: Holt Paperbacks, 1996. Print.