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Just-in-Time in an Automobile Industry
What significant challenges barriers face automobile industry company implements Just-in-Time
Implementing Just-in-time in an automobile industry
Just-in-time is a collection of organization practices that aim to meet the customer quality satisfaction by innovatively reducing waste, continuously improve products and reduce cost of inventory. The result of Just-in-time production is to achieve excellence in manufacturing (Jack E.M. And Jessica O.M., 2007). Just-in-time (JIT) is a system of management originating from the Japanese Auto industry that follows from increases in the changes of customer specification and the need to reduce wastes through obsolete inventory following technological advancements.
Barriers in Implementing Just-in-time
Implementing just-in-time in an automobile company is a challenge when it comes to sourcing of parts that require shipment from suppliers outside the region of the automobile supplier. The need for zero inventories poses as a challenge in the automobile industry to the extent that, shipment…… [Read More]
The Liabilities of JIT
Considering the fact that manufacturers are often engaged in a variety of business models at once, any CEO of one of these companies would need to contemplate what while JIT me be excellent for the make-to-stock productions strategies, it would potentially be problematic for its build-to-order and mass customization strategies as well (Song, Dinwoodie, 2008). The innate uncertainty of mass customization strategies makes JIT as a strategy very difficult to manage to optimal performance levels. Adding in the fact that often supplier relationships in many manufacturers lack the real-time system and process integration achieved by Toyota with their TPS system (Amasaka, Sakai, 2009) just amplifies for many companies the losses that happen from a lack of integration.
JIT as a manufacturing strategy has to be selectively applied to only those manufacturing strategies that can benefit most from them. The use of JIT in make-to-stock manufacturing-based…… [Read More]
Some companies such as General Electric, Motorola and Dell have tied the Just-In-Time philosophy into other philosophies such as Six Sigma where near perfection is sought after in the manufacturing approach. Just-In-Time has been highly praised as the savior of the manufacturing process.
But, there are limitations in the philosophy such as cultural differences. "The organizations cultures vary from firm to firm. There are some cultures that tie to Just-In-Time's success, but it is difficult for an organization to change its cultures within a short time." (Academic Emporia, 1999)
Another limitation is that in the past, manufacturers used a more traditional approach that relied on storing large inventories for down cycles. Just-In-Time has an adverse affect during these times because there is the potential that new inventory will not be delivered and thus shut down the entire process. "Also Just-In-Time is quite different for workers, in the sense that due…… [Read More]
" When JIT was newly introduced all the deliveries were done by bicycles which were handled by humans, although with the rise in scale came the adoption of van and lorries for the deliveries. And this in turn has other problems which were highlighted by Cusumano (1994). Firstly the time which is wasted while the vans are stuck in traffic jams, this can result in late deliveries, the inventory which is used in transporting inventory and lastly the scrap material which is wasted (e.g. petrol or diesel burned). JIT unconditionally presumes a level of input cost constancy such that it is advantageous to stock inputs at today's prices. If input prices are anticipated to rise storing inputs may be sought-after.
The leading problem with Just in Time strategy is that it leaves the supplier and downstream consumers open to supply shocks and large supply or demand changes. For internal causes…… [Read More]
The just-in-time inventory model has become popular in both retail and manufacturing situations in recent years, because it has many advantages that appeal to companies, and because technological innovation has made this system easier to implement. The just-in-time (JIT) system involves receiving goods only when they are needed, in order to avoid a buildup of inventory (Investopedia, 2014). The traditional inventory method was to have a buffer of inventory. This provided security for managers, knowing that they would not have outages (in retail) or downtime (in manufacturing). The buffer approach to inventory, however, comes with high costs that are associated with carries this inventory -- in particular warehouses, additional staff and the risk that the inventory becomes obsolete (MindTools, 2014). This paper will examine the just-in-time inventory concept, and the case study of Wal-Mart, one of the earliest proponents of JIT, will be used.
Just in Time
A just-in-time…… [Read More]
Eli Whitney developed the interchangeable parts system when accepting a contract to manufacture muskets for the U.S. Army in 1799 (A rief History of (Just-In) Time). Over the next 100 years, large scale processes held focus while manufacturers focused on individual technologies. The system of engineering drawing developed and modern tools were perfected during this time.
In the late 1890s, Fredrick W. Taylor created "Scientific Management" by observing workers and work methods, then implementing Time Study and standardized work. Frank Gilbreth added Motion Study and invented Process Charting, which focused on all work elements, including non-value added elements. Lilian Gilbreth added the study of motivations of workers and how attitudes affected the outcome of processes. These three originated the idea of eliminating waste.
Around 1910, Henry Ford and Charles E. Scrensen created the first comprehensive Manufacturing Strategy. Ford is considered to be the first practitioner of Just In…… [Read More]
Many JIT factories contain fail-safe mechanisms such as providing all workers with a box in which to put the component parts of the items they are assembling -- if a part is left in the box, the worker knows that he or she has forgotten to include it.
High standards of quality lessen the need to 'do things over' which can also slow down the production line. To ensure that high standards are maintained, a low inventory means that there are few excess parts. This demand for accuracy keeps costs downs, and the pressure high upon workers not to 'slack off.' Moving needed components to workstations is coordinated in a careful and systematic process. Often there are workers on the floor whose sole responsibility is to ensure that the production floor moves smoothly. This responsiveness is echoed in the organization's JIT responsiveness to consumer demand. Responsiveness to the market means…… [Read More]
Strategic arehousing at Toyota Motor Company
This essay examines just in time strategic warehousing as implemented at Toyota Motor Company. The Toyota website describes its philosophy regarding just in time production as a strategy for the complete elimination of waste. The webpage defines just in time as making "only what is needed, when it is needed, and in the amount needed." The webpage discusses how the need to efficiently produce a large number of automobiles, which can consist of approximately 30,000 parts, it is necessary to create a detailed production plan that includes parts procurement and warehousing. By supplying parts in minimum needed amounts, the just in time system eliminates waste, inconsistencies and unreasonable warehousing requirements, all resulting in improved productivity for Toyota (Toyota website, 2011).
A former Toyota vice-president and chief engineer, Taichi Ohno, promoted the idea of just in time, having borrowed the concept from the supermarket industry.…… [Read More]
When it comes to inventory management, there are two basic methods that are used far more than any other structured and defined methods. Indeed, those two methods are just-in-time (JIT) and economic order quantity (EOQ). Both have their upsides and downsides but the structures of the two are notably different in what they focus on. However, the root goal of both is effective inventory management and that is a noble cause. While there is no "perfect" way to manage inventory from an ideological or mathematical perspective, it is held by many that just-in-time and economic order quantity are the two best official options out there.
Basic EOQ Defined
According to Investopedia, the basic EOQ would be the square root of two times the order cost times the demand rate, all over the carrying cost per unit. Since the cost per unit is $48, the carrying cost…… [Read More]
narrative introduction conclusion analyzing case study. Be address:
Overall, Lisa Harrington's "From just in case to just in time" provides a case study of the inventory and supply chain management needs of the airline (MO) industry. It acknowledges the fact that improvements in parts and technology are creating a situation in which airlines are in need of less equipment than they previously used to require. As such, overstocking of inventory is commonly found throughout this industry, which is paving the way for a couple of different options. One of these is for Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) to take an active role in not only provisioning equipment but also in monitoring and maintaining it. Another is the emergence of airline supply parts/inventory management companies such as AA. Lastly, there is a need for third party alternative OEM providers to provision and maintain equipment, while possibly emphasizing a "dynamic delivery ability" (Li…… [Read More]
THE TWO FACES OF WAR
The basic and universal sentiment is that war assaults people's rights to life, security, subsistence, peace and liberty (Lacewing, 2012). Some contend, however, that war is just under certain conditions, which morally justify it. This Theory consists of three parts, namely the justice of resorting to war or jus ad bellum; just conduct in war or jus in bello; and justice at the end of war or jus post bellum. The justice basis of resorting to war is grounded on six criteria, which justify it. It has a just cause. It has the right intention. It is made through the proper authority. It is made as a last resort. It has a probability of success. And it has a proportionate response. Justice in war refers to the treatment of the enemy. There is justice if weapons prohibited by international law are…… [Read More]
The 2001 incidents also made other nations act supportive toward U.S.'s decision to wage war against Iraq, with the international public apparently believing that the Americans had been entitled to fight terrorism everywhere. In spite of the fact that the idea of the U.S. waging war in Iraq had a rather vindictive nature, little nations actually appeared willing to condemn the actions performed by the Bush administration.
The U.S.'s decision to go to war against Iraq appears to be unjustified, considering the fact that there had been no rational grounds for such an act. The main issue to be addressed relating to the event is whether it is reasonable for a nation to invade another on the basis that the latter either owns weapons of mass destruction or has the capability to produce them. Taking into account the fact that the U.S. had probably been suspicious concerning Iraq's intention is…… [Read More]
Is the ar in Iraq Justified?
This paper will explore the concept of war from the point-of-view of the just war theory. In order to better understand war, one must look at the concept from all angles including the point-of-view of peace movements. hat is the Just ar Theory and what are its principles? hat does the theory represent and who believes in this theory? By answering such questions, one can better understand the state of the war's current conflicts that are resulting in death and destruction. More specifically, this paper will look at the current war in Iraq and beg the question: is the war in Iraq justified? This paper will look at sources that attest to both sides of the issue in hopes to find that the war is not justified at this moment. Part of the problem with discussing the war in Iraq is that…… [Read More]
Time management and scheduling plays a vital role in any company. Our case study analysis will be based on the fact that successfully integrating your department's activities and your own responsibilities with those of the other departments plays a key role in getting the job done on time and with the best results. Every member of the company must be a team player and, as any team player, you have to know what your role is on the field.
After having been recently hired by ABC Inc. And placed in charge of campus recruiting, Carl Robins successfully completed a recruitment program for new possible hires within the company. The 15 trainees were to work for the operations Supervisor, Monica Carrolls and needed to be prepared for their future position. The schedule was pretty tight and just as straightforward: the paperwork regarding the new trainees was to be completed by the…… [Read More]
First, the relative quiet produced by the surge permits the United States to withdraw its forces far more safely than if the country were in flames; if this opportunity is seized, the surge will have made an important contribution" (Zelleke & Dujarric 2008). The United States has ultimately striven to bring regional stability to Iraq and to Afghanistan, not to establish a permanent presence, and such stability is to be welcomed by all, particularly those who live in these nations who desire peace.
The means of a just war must be limited by proportionality to the offense.
The offense is a potentially future attack, "one we have good reason to believe is coming, then we can prevent it with what it takes to prevent it in proportion to how reasonably we can expect it and what means would be involved in such a potential attack" (Pierce 2005). Given the extent…… [Read More]
Time Management skills are not specialized or exclusive to a certain group, instead every single person needs to acquire them in order to make themselves more productive and to get more out of their day. You may not read it anywhere but time management is closely connected with sense of achievement and success, which further boosts your self-confidence and makes a more effective person, student, and employee on the whole. This is my personal experience and I know how time management has helped me get more done and how this has led to success in various ways. There is a simple Pareto Principle very famous for its advocacy of time management. This principle states that 80% of work can be done with 20% of effort so if we apply 80% of effort, imagine what we can achieve. In fact I am so sure of the effectiveness of time management skills…… [Read More]
Less than a fad, it became a generic term for process improvement, perhaps because of the commonness of the name 'reengineering,' which could be applied to any of the previously existing managerial philosophies and approaches that pre-dated its birth. Even its advocates admitted that "by the mid-2000s reengineering has largely lost its violent language and radical character. It has become a generic label for making change in organizations" (eengineering 2011, INC).
eengineering is not accompanied by a specific methodology of "statistical quality control" like Six Sigma, and virtually any organizational change can be labeled reengineering "large restructurings in industry leading to mass lay-offs, off-shorings, and out-sourcings" which may not necessarily lead to the maximization of organizational efficiency in the long run, but merely result in short-term profits. eengineering has become a way for almost any desired change to sound like a process improvement, no matter how hasty, ill-advised or self-serving…… [Read More]
Ring of Time, by E.. White. Specifically, it will contain an interpretation of the essay's meaning and theme E.. White's essay seems simple at the first reading, but it gets more complex as the essay unfolds. The topic of time is common throughout the essay, and is ultimately the topic and theme White is talking about in the essay. He uses locations like the circus to show how time follows us wherever we go.
THE RING OF TIME
At first glance, "The Ring of Time" just seems to be an essay about the excitement and magic of the circus, and of circus performers. However, if the reader looks deeper, "The Ring of Time" is really about time, and how time passes so quickly in our lives. White talks about the circus ring, and the horse going round and round, but that is really a metaphor for the circle of time.…… [Read More]
Inventory turn is the amount of times that the inventory is moved in a given year. The inventory turn is calculated as the cost of goods sold divided by the average inventory level (Investopedia, 2014). The inventory turn is expressed either in how many times the inventory turned over, or how many days' inventory is on hand at any given time.
In general, inventory turn is used to measure sales performance and process performance. On the sales side is the numerator, the cost of goods sold. This reflects how much inventory the company is moving. But the denominator is the process performance side of the equation. The company must determine the levels of production for each good. The better aligned these production levels are with the sales, the more control the company will have over the inventory turn. Increasing inventory turn is easier when the company is able to manage…… [Read More]
just war seems to be an issue of discussion that people are very passionate about. The excuses given for the starting of a war as well as the reasons for why a war continues to go on is something that can vary. The reason why a war begins may not persist a given amount of time later, nor may it be the same reason why it comes to an end. According to the Just War Theory (Christopher 2003), there are four tenets that should be considered most important.
First of all, a war must only be started after all other attempts of resolving an issue have failed (Christopher 2003). Discussions by the two opposing parties must be had in order for a war to even be thought of. This means that if a declaration of war is to be made, it is because it is literally the last resort to…… [Read More]
HG Wells' the Time Machine reminds me of the contemporary state of the world and its problems that can actually be reduced to three attributes: environmental causes, political conditions, and economic conditions.
The Eloi seem at first sight to be a peaceful Utopian community who, although not intellectual, has used technology to control their environment and to make it work for them. Only through the duration of the book and more significantly much later, does the narrator realize that the activities of the Eloi have actually despoiled the environment. The traveler travels ahead to approximately 30 million years ahead of his own time and sees lecherous insects swarm over the country and ravage it. The further he travels, the more closely he sees the earth's rotation gradually cease, the planet become increasingly colder, and the Earth become a more forbidding, dank, and lifeless place. Eloi and similar civilizations…… [Read More]
Up until the point that the United States dropped the second atomic bomb on Japanese citizens, World War II was a just war. However, dropping the second bomb, perhaps even the first bomb, on innocent civilians, removed the war out of traditional rules of warfare and brought the world into a new phase of combat. Up until that time, the general rules of war prohibited using civilian targets. In fact, Germany was the first one to break this rule and this unjust act was one of the reasons the United States entered the war.
At the time the second bomb was dropped, the war ceased being just. However, after the bomb was dropped, new rules and regulations were created to accommodate this new face of war, therefore changing the rules of the game and thus the definition of a just war.
ailey, S. Prohibitions and Restraints in war. Oxford:…… [Read More]
evolutionary history of Mexico [...] revolutionary period/era in Mexican social development and describe the atmosphere of the period. The Mexican evolution was a period of great upheaval in the society and government of Mexico. It was an attempt to equalize class and social status and bring modernization to the country. However, ultimately the evolution failed, because Mexico remained as divided as ever after the evolution -- partly because the evolutionaries themselves could not work together and agree on just what reforms they wanted and needed. Most Mexicans still see the Mexican evolution as an almost "holy" occurrence in the country. That is why they usually capitalize the word when referring to the evolution. It did bring some reforms to the country, but not nearly enough.
The Mexican evolution began in 1910 with the initial idea of overthrowing President/dictator Porfirio Diaz. The poor people of Mexico resented the upper classes and…… [Read More]
Kill directed by Joel Schumacher. Specifically it will explain the major components of the criminal justice system (police, courts, corrections) that are evident in the movie. This film is based on the life of a young trial lawyer in Mississippi, who defends a black man who killed the two white crackers that raped and tried to murder his young daughter. It is an interesting look at the court system in the south, and how flawed it can be.
All the major components of the justice system are evident in this movie. The police (both black and white) are evident during the arrest, the murders, and the trial, the courts are evident as the trial progresses, and corrections is evident when Brigance visits his client in jail while the trial continues. They work together to try to keep the peace and bring justice to the people throughout the film, and the…… [Read More]
The best way to approach this situation is to understand some basic concepts. First, each product has fixed costs. Thus, the fixed costs are going to exist in every year a product is sold. This has ramifications for the X5 in the final year.
The second factor that needs to be considered is cost-volume-profit analysis. This technique is used to determine the contribution to fixed costs that each product makes. Thus, CVP is used to find the price point at which the profit is maximized. The key point to remember is that as the price falls, volume increases. The company cut sell all the product by cutting the price to the variable cost level, but that will not deliver any profit. But there is a point at which profit is going to be maximized, and that is the point at which the company should price each product. Then,…… [Read More]
Art of Living" by Robert Grudin. Specifically, it will contain a critical, philosophical essay on a major theme or idea from the book. Robert Grudin's book expands on time as a way for us to make our lives more meaningful. e tend to become "impoverished in time" as we run helter skelter through our lives, and Grudin's book encourages the reader to think more about their goals and aspirations, rather than their day-to-day existence.
TIME AND THE ART OF LIVING
The author states his premise early in this book, in the Preface in fact, and he carries it throughout the text. "My premise, which is quite traditional, is that the acceptance and appreciation of nature are the only channels to its elusive bounty, the only valid foundations of boldness and achievement" (Grudin Preface). This is not a book about how to organize your time, or how to make more time…… [Read More]
Business by Alexander Hill
Alexander Hill's book Just Business is highly important for both people interested in business and those interested in Christianity. ithin this manuscript, Hill attempts what some may think of as unthinkable -- to apply Christian ethics to the business world to develop a framework for enacting religious principles within the modern commerce. To the author's credit, he develops a solid structure for doing so, and devotes a good portion of this work to deconstructing various case studies and applying his ethical approach to them. As such, the reader is privileged to not only theory but also to examples in which Hill's theory is elucidated. Hill makes quite a convincing case; whether or not it is pragmatic in contemporary business practices, however, is largely up to the reader to discern.
One of the most effective aspects of Just Business is the author's structuring of the work. The…… [Read More]
AM - 7:30 AM: I gradually pull myself out of bed after pressing the snooze button three times. I walk to the bathroom to brush my teeth and shower. Then I return to my room where I get dressed, briefly hesitating because I don't know exactly what to wear; many of my clothes are in a heap on the floor.
After getting dressed, I go eat breakfast in the kitchen. I head straight for the fridge, where I find milk for the cereal I eat almost every day. I also pour myself a cup of juice. While I eat, I cram for some of my classes and review material I know will be on a test today.
I stuff my books into my knapsack and head outside. I walk to school at a brisk pace, meeting a few friends along the way. We chat on our way to…… [Read More]
Myra's case is just one instance of many that a mental health nurse encounters on a regular schedule.
Nursing is best practiced when it follows the intentions of its founder Florence Nightingale who urged that nursing should be a practice that should literally provide for and care for the patient. Nursing, in other words, should be purely patient-centered. This caring extends to all aspects not just to the illness so that one treats the patient in a holistic way, considering all components of the patient such as the family, his or her social needs, hobbies, desires, spiritual inclinations and so forth. When done in this way, nursing extends itself from an automatic, robotic procedure to something that can motivate the nurse and uplift the patient (Watson, 1998). 'Nursing', in other words, extends to caring for the patient as a whole.
An effective nurse will strive to accomplish her best in…… [Read More]
ithin the realm of social contract theory, citizens within a given state consent, either tacitly or explicitly, to surrender various rights and freedoms to the authority of the state. In return, the state guarantees protection of citizen's rights and freedoms. The state also guarantees citizen's protection from external aggression and preservation of national security in return for citizens' sacrifice of certain rights. Citing national security protocol, safeguarding civilian life and forestall another terrorist strike in the wake of 9 / 11, Jean Bethke Elshtain wrote that the fight against terrorism waged by the Bush regime against the Middle Eastern perpetrators and their allies qualifies as just war. hile the claim that waging retaliatory war deterred recurrence is a reasonable one, the manner in which the U.S. went about it defied the Jus in bello principle of just war. The inhumane treatment of suspected terrorist in the Guantanamo Bay and the…… [Read More]
Concerts Across Time
The performer that I watched in a pop music concert is named PJ Morton. He is a keyboardist and vocalist, who performed with what looked like the helping of a full band. There were two baroque concerts that I watched. The first was entitled "Little Baroque Suite," whereas the second one was entitled "Une Fete Baroque." On the whole I did not enjoy these concerts very much. I certainly did not enjoy the first two I have listed in this document. I found Morton's music and songwriting to be extremely bland, if not boring. This sentiment applied doubly so to "Little Baroque Suite." The music was extremely staid and just seemed to plod (if not march) along. The concert I liked best was "Une Fete Baroque," mostly because the various musicians and vocalists (and the conductor, especially) in this concert actually performed, complete with dancing and a…… [Read More]
Daughter of Time
"Everybody knows that Richard III, the last of the Plantagenet kings, murdered his two nephews. But everybody could be wrong -- according to Scotland Yard's Inspector Grant, who studies 500-year-old evidence to try to determine who really killed these two heirs to the British throne…"
(Harris, 2001, p. 1).
On the initial page of author Josephine Tey's book, The Daughter of Time, the author (whose real name is Elizabeth MacKintosh and who also uses the name Gordon Daviot) embraces the quote, "Truth is the Daughter of Time." That is an appropriate use of the proverb because much of the discussion of Tey's fictitious historical novel centers on the concepts of truth and perception when it comes to King Richard III.
Summary of the Book
One of Tey's characters that she uses in this novel, and in several of her other books, Alan Grant, is an inspector with…… [Read More]
Big Time Toymaker and Chou over an agreement to distribute a new strategy game. Some of the areas covered are whether or not a contract existed between the two parties, objective intent, and how e-mail comes in to play with enforceability. Also we see if the statute of frauds applies to this scenario and the defenses that either party has in the case. Lastly, we look at the different remedies that can be sought out to reimburse the party harmed by the breaching of the contract.
Case Scenario: Big Time Toymaker
In the Theory to Practice scenario between Chou and Big Time Toymaker (BTT), the parties were trying to come to an agreement to distribute the new strategy game invented by Chou called Strat. Between meetings, emails and oral agreements, the parties tried to draft a contract for BTT to distribute the game. In the end it didn't work out…… [Read More]
Students Having a Difficult Time
hy are students having a difficult time graduating in 4 years?
There is a constant change occurring around the globe, and for that no one can just stick to one point and be left behind but has to move with the same pace as time asks to even in the field of education, and the result one expects to get once one is graduated is a nice job, everything is in a move of constant change.
Students need a full four-year period to graduate, and in this span of their life, which means 18-22-year age, they have to face assorted problems, which can be financial, parental stress, the courses being covered themselves and pressure from other ends.
This research paper, discusses the problems which are most commonly faced by many students because of the speedy nature of a four-year graduation program. It thoroughly discusses all…… [Read More]
City of Alexandria -- Time Series Data
Tufte (2001) and other ambassadors of the visual display of data have shown us how easily it is to understand complex data when it is graphically represented in ways that our minds are designed to understand. Tufte argues that "experience with the analysis of data…is essential for achieving precision and grace in the presence of statistics, .but even textbook of graphical design are silent about how to think about numbers" (Tufte, 2001, p. 104). Tufke remarks, that "Illustrators too often see their work as an exclusively artistic enterprise -- the words "creative," "concept," and "style" combine regularly in all possible permutations -- a Big Think jargon for the small task of constructing a time-series a few data points long" (Tufte, 2001, p. 204). Visual display of data has other uses than simply an elegant way to view, appreciate, and analyze data. The process…… [Read More]
In his novel Hard Times, Charles Dickens is not shy in confronting what he sees as the paramount social evils of his day, particularly when those evils come in the form of ostensibly beneficent social movements themselves. In particular, Dickens satirizes Jeremy Bentham's Utilitarianism through the characterization of Thomas Gradgrind and Josiah Bounderby as men of cold reason and hard facts, and uses the fates of the various characters to demonstrate the destructive potential of Utilitarian ethics when applied without a comprehensive, objective standard for determining good and bad. The city of Coketown represents the physical embodiment of the cruel, alien world produced by the enactment of Utilitarian policy, and contrasts with its creators expressed dedication to facts and reason. By considering the characterization of Gradgrind and Bounderby, the setting of Coketown, and the narrator's particular use of language throughout the novel alongside the philosophy of Utilitarianism as…… [Read More]
eal-Time Language Change
"The moral of the story is that if we think we observe a change in progress from a to B, we need to provide evidence not just of the existence of B, but also of the prior existence of A" (Britain, 2008:1).
So it is how Britain summarizes his overall findings of an investigation into the origins of a conservative conservational variant in 19th century New Zealand English. It turns out to be the case that the MOUTH diphthong that he was looking into was not really all the present in actual usage as had often been thought. And yet the changes that did not come about did not arise in isolation, which was why they were seen as being movement away from what others would assume to be a standardized language base (Coupland, 2010). Instead, it was more of an example of why it is important…… [Read More]
While the contribution margins of the X6 and X7 appear to be maximized, that only holds for the levels of R&D investment. A shift in the R&D investments levels, therefore, is critical to maximizing profit over the four years. his requires a greater understanding of how R&D affects demand for the two products. he X6 clearly benefits from a high level of R&D, but this impact may wane as it reaches total saturation. he X7 sales still have potential as well, and they benefit from R&D investment. Consumers love getting a great product for cheap.
here will not be a next step, but if there was, a shift in the R&D strategy would need to be conducted in order to deliver even greater success. However, the current strategy was a strong one. he use of the contribution margin analysis provided the basis for this assessment because it allowed for more…… [Read More]
The cast -- including Bruce Willis as himself with a new-found sense of artistic commitment that includes a beer and a belly, John Turturro as his anxiety-ridden agent (especially fun to watch), and Robert De Niro as a producer dealing with two crumbling projects and a second crumbling marriage. His teenage daughter (Kristen Stewart) throws in some fun, if predictable antics, too.
If the characters had a little more depth, the comedy and the story would play better. Only one character actually is an adolescent, but everyone behaves that way. Even if this is an accurate description of Hollywood, it's no fun to watch. People go to the movies to get away from their teenagers, not babysit someone else's, and this movie felt like a chore. My regular readers know I am loathe to adopt a points system, but I have to say that this one deserves at least six-and-a-half…… [Read More]
Vision for Society: A Just Society
The Vision: A Just Society
It is a moral duty for those in immigration department to ensure that immigrants get free English classes to help them promote their own life. In AACA, there are rules that do not allow employees to help immigrants. For instance, reading letters for immigrants who cannot read and understand English is not a responsibility of AACA staff. In this regard, clients end up going back with unsolved problems because AACA staffs are not obliged to assist them. Although such acts do not form part of the organization's duty, helping these immigrants read bills and solve their problems is a moral duty that calls for commonsense. Commonsensical thoughts from Kant's point-of-view begin with the idea that what is good; is a good will. The thought of good will is a noteworthy reasonable decisive factor that Kant employs all through his…… [Read More]
It's Just Too Late' by Calvin Trillin is the story of FaNee Cooper, a rebellious child who dies in a tragic car accident. While there are several characters that contribute to her death, namely her mother and Charlie Stevens, FaNee is the only one who can truly be held responsible for her death.
At first glance it appears that Charlie Stevens is responsible for FaNee's death. This is based on the fact that he was driving the vehicle that crashed, killing FaNee, and is reaffirmed by the fact that the jury found him responsible. Yet there are several reasons why this simplistic blame is not accurate.
The first reason is that Charlie was not acting like himself that night, he was driven to drive chaotically by FaNee's actions. FaNee led Charlie to believe that they were being chased by her father who had a gun and would kill them.…… [Read More]
"Catherine's face was just like the landscape -- shadows and sunshine flitting over it in rapid succession; but the shadows rested longer, and the sunshine was more transient..." Chapter 27,
This quote reveals a strong metaphor, describing Catherine's face as being "just like the landscape." Doing this not only provides brilliant imagery but also links Catherine to the land, and to her home, prevalent themes in Bronte's work. Catherine has essentially become spiritually one with the land in which she lives, anchoring her in geographic space and time. All issues of ownership of property, especially given Heathcliff's use of property ownership as a means to assert his political and social power, revert to Catherine.
Moreover, Bronte is sure to point out that the landscape of Catherine's face is filled with "shadows and sunshine," which are "flitting over it in rapid succession." This is an extension of the metaphor, showing…… [Read More]
" (Yates, n. d.)
3. Whether or not the U.S. military has overcome the fundamental obstacle to achieving force readiness prior to the commencement of combat operations
The U.S. army no doubt is capable of producing the desired results in the proper time as and when it is demanded to operate anywhere in the world operation Just Cause which by today's standard is remote proved that the army was capable of speed and efficiency but showed that after the initial attack there was a lack of coordination in bringing civil unrest and chaos under control. The war in the Persian Gulf - which in fact has two series of operations, first the 'Eagle' and later the "Desert storm' involved sophisticated weapons and systems across continents proved some of the weakness of the army. The fiasco of operation Eagle ought to make us question the current setup of having so many…… [Read More]
Chinese Tourism for Hotels
Just as the 4ps are no longer sufficient to capture the sophisticated buyer of regular goods, the inquiring traveler is part of a larger network of service consumers who has a need more. And that's why the now recognized 7ps can play a major role in reaching out to tourist customers who come from different cultures or otherwise have an expectation of being part of something special that recognizes their passing needs (Khanna, 2011).
It is for this reason that many hotels that have an interest in the massively growing Chinese tourism sector have already turned their attention to this unique, well-informed, and rather well prepared community of buyers (Chen, L., 2011). As with any other customer, Chinese visitors want to be greeted with a sense of detail that at least tips its hat to the fact that both parties to the transaction respect what the…… [Read More]
Los Angeles Times Review by Sharkey, Betsy:
The Help is a successful film because it uses humor to take the edge off the pain of racism.
The cast contributes to the success of The Help.
The theme of "courage and conviction" is what adds emotional depth to The Help.
The film is realistic, depicting mundane life events showing how racism impacted the everyday lives of Americans.
LitLovers Author Bio of Kathryn Stockett
Great novels and films like The Help are based on transforming personal experience into creative writing.
Stockett grew up in Mississippi, and everyone she knew had black housekeepers like the ones we meet in The Help.
Stockett conducted research in the library, because she set her book in the 1960s and not in her own generation.
The relationships between white householders and black domestic servants can sometimes be emotionally intimate.
Washington Post Review by Hornaday, Ann. "Black, white,…… [Read More]
The symbolism of the story is very suggestive. The title "Emergency" hints at the main event in the story: Georgie, an orderly at the Seattle hospital saves in a mysterious a man who had come at the E.R. room with a knife thrust deep into his eye. Ironically, the other eye was artificial. The doctor who is presented with the case takes it as something that is part of the routine, but admits that it is beyond his competence: "He took his time getting down the hall to her, because he knew she hated Family Service and her happy tone of voice could only mean something beyond his competence and potentially humiliating. He peeked into the trauma room and saw the situation: the clerk-that is, me-standing next to the orderly, Georgie, both of us on drugs, looking down at a patient with a knife sticking up out of his face.…… [Read More]
Retrieved 2 Jan 2004 at http://www.vanderbilt.edu/~cyrus/ORB/orbmusic.htm#early
ajor artists, sculptors, and architects
Unlike the famed ichelangelo and Da Vinci, much of the plastic arts of this period are by anonymous hands and crafts persons.
While mosaics and wall paintings remained the preferred means of embellishing buildings in the Byzantine East, the Latin West deployed carved stone by and large.
The lines of churches and cathedrals are angular, deploying a theme of reaching to heaven, while the more grotesque sculptures on the friezes make use of more rounded shapes
Some of the most inventive art of the iddle Ages appears in the expansive portals of churches, on the rectangular sides of piers, and on the cramped contours of column capitals.
The bright Byzantium mosaics are a sharp contrast to the more staid stone of the Latin West.
VI. Expressive content, Style and…… [Read More]
One cannot anticipate every possible bad -- or good -- scenario. Yet as cataclysmic as 9/11 proved, the recession that followed did not come from one cause -- planning and examination provided earlier hints of a slow down. One could argue that the overconfidence that the market could only go up during the heady days of the 90's tech boom, and the refusal to consider other possibilities not only contributed to 9/11's impact but sowed the seeds for recession just as much as the unexpected. Thus planning is still key, and planning if done efficiently can still be part of a speedy implementing strategy. One must always first look at what's important to a company and decide where the company needs to go. A company must identify business needs before deciding what the practices will be to satisfy those needs, and develop and implement an effective active plan only after…… [Read More]
At times, marvel how far have come. Ever since was a young boy, under the influence of my father, a molecular biologist, dreamed of researching genetically inherited diseases. Today, live that reality in my current field of work and research as a graduate student in neuroscience.
Thus, long before most children, because of my early exposure to the field of biology, was intimately aware that one's genetic inheritance could determine an individual's future physical and emotional health. Perhaps it comes as no surprise that soon decided was genetically coded to become a medical researcher. will receive my Ph D. n the summer of 2006 in neuroscience. But my current studies in the field of genetics have also soberly reminded me of how far both my own learning and the field of genetics need to be stretched, before the objectives of genetic research into inherited diseases can be realized.…… [Read More]
Man on Fire" with two-time Academy Award winner Denzel ashington; and also starring Dakota Fanning, Christopher alken, and Mickey Rourke, among others. The film was produced in 2004; it runs 1 hour and 50 minutes.
The drug of choice for the protagonist, former U.S. intelligence agent turned bodyguard Creasy, is alcohol. Creasy takes a swig of liquor from a flask while riding in a car, he pours Jack Daniels bourbon into a short glass in his bedroom and drinks from a glass, and after being asked what his flaws might be, he says, "I drink." He takes large swigs of straight liquor on numerous occasions but he is never seen doing other drugs like cocaine or marijuana.
The use of alcohol by the protagonist Creasy is seen as part of his every-day activities. He doesn't seem particularly pleasured by his consumption, but on the other hand there is nothing terribly…… [Read More]
I agree with the author's conclusion that the latest round of troubles is destined not to be the last, though I do not think it is because of anything inherently incompatible between the two religions or cultures, but rather because people tend to dislike outsiders, and territorialism on a societal scale tends to get worse when socio-economic situations worsen, too. This is the current case in India.
I do not think that Indians, Christian or Hindu, are any worse than anyone else in this regard. It is just one of the more depressing aspects of human nature, it seems. The article does not give much information about religion, but a lot…… [Read More]
spending time reflecting on the lives and accomplishments of Fannie Coralie Perkins, Betty Friedan, Eleanor Roosevelt, Margaret Louisa Higgins, and Ida B. Wells-Barnet, a number of responses come to mind. First, it is important to note what makes each of these women unique and how they contributed uniquely to society. Second, it is important to note how they are all similar and how the contributed collectively to the evolution of women in society.
Fannie Coralie Perkins was born in the late 19th Century and lived 85 years (until 1965). Almost 20 years after (1982) her death, Perkins was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame, an honor bestowed upon her posthumously because of the substantial mark she left on history. One of the defining moments that sparked her interest in issues of social justice and, subsequently her life's work, was her witness of the "Triangle Shirtwaist Fire," where several…… [Read More]
Right Time to Speak Up and Speak Out
When we let a situation go by without doing what's right -- speaking the truth or straightening out a mistake that ends up hurting someone -- we may tend to regret it later.
When I was in high school, I had several male friends that played sports and some of them became close friends -- good enough friends that we stay in touch through email today. Like a lot of adolescents, we were given to experiment with things we shouldn't be involved with, like attending parties where there were drugs and where alcohol was served.
The only way I could get out of the house was to fudge the truth to my parents, telling them that I was going on an overnight to my friend's house (we didn't call them "slumber parties" then), and my parents trusted that I would…… [Read More]
She even has an affair with Fiyero, a prince from another region of Oz.
Finally, after many more adventures, Elphaba embraces sorcery, largely after her sister Nessarose, becomes the Wicked Witch of the East, and she finds a book of magic at her late lover's castle. After her sister is killed by Dorothy's house, Elphaba's descent into sorcery is complete. She kills the evil Madame Morrible, which she was unable to do before. However, there is always a question whether she is truly evil or not. She says late in the book, "The real disaster of this inquiry is that it is the nature of evil to be secret'" (Maguire 372). Ultimately, she chases Dorothy and her group because she fears the treasured ruby slippers of her sister will end up in the evil Wizard's hands. She thinks, "If the shoes fell into the hands of the Wizard, he would…… [Read More]
The idea that a holiday is supposed to be a day off from work seems to be lost after the hostess as been cooking a turkey since 5am, and relatives had to slog through hours of traffic or long lines at airport security. Why not just approach the table as any other meal, but with more family members, than try to assemble the perfect sage-stuffed, wine-paired Thanksgiving?
Of course, the other major holidays seem like a mere lead-up to Christmas and Chanukah. The masses are in a desperate frenzy while searching for the perfect gift. A hapless shopper finally falls into a tear-stained muddle at the cash register, as she buys a generic pair of slippers for her father, since she was unable to find a tennis racket from his favorite manufacturer. People, spurred on by the consumption encouraged by advertising buy gifts strangers, from the mailperson to their garbage…… [Read More]
These values can be as operational for the parent/child association as it is for the owner/pet relationship.
Strategy for communication
The objective of any family is for all members to live in agreement with each other. It is the first basis of a Childs education and moral standards (Gouze & Wendel, 2007). With that said, a strategy called floor planning is what will be utilized for Jeff and Roger.
This method should also be done throughout the instigating stages of counseling for Jeff and Roger. Jeff and Roger will be requested to draw a floor plan of their house. They will then be asked to remember the odors, sounds, colors, and people that are in their home. While they are drawing particular questions are asked regarding the environment such as;
What room does the family gather in?
What conversations take place in the various rooms?
Are any rooms…… [Read More]
Nursing Mentor Scenario
Introduction- Just as the theoretical and practical backgrounds of nursing have changed over the past several decades, so has the nursing education environment itself. . Students now entering the field are diverse in culture, educational background, and most especially age and experience. Traditional undergraduates coming directly from High School or Junior College often interact with more mature and experienced students. In addition, nursing instructors remain challenged to recognize different learning needs and styles, and respect that adaptive scenarios might be necessary to further the learning opportunities for many students. e thus see that the most effective way of teaching in the modern nursing classroom is to adjust one's pedagogical paradigm outward and to actively find new and innovative ways of reaching each student, rather than expecting each student to completely bend to the tried and true curriculum of previous generations (Young, L., Petson, B., eds., 2006). Too,…… [Read More]
Dreaming is just one of the natural phenomenons that human beings do during the process of sleeping. Indeed, this natural process is not constrained to any particular characteristic and people with cultural diversity, all age groups and different social backgrounds dream throughout their entire lives. Since dreaming is linked to the mind and soul, thus it is considered that people will continue to dream until they are living (Hobson 2004).
Dreaming is an entire chain and cycle of metaphors, feelings, sensation and insight that forms a story while a person is asleep. Since the dreams people see are not in one shape, hence it can be peaceful, thrilling, practical, scary, chaotic, or implausible. This means that during the entire phenomenon of dreaming, a person can hallucinate about humans, houses, places such as cities, hills, rivers and various other things that the individual have not even seen in real life (Hobson…… [Read More]
childhood is a fascinating time for children, and the adults around them who watch them grow. It is a time of exploration, self construction, and improved understanding. Middle childhood is between the ages of 6 and 8, with some reports extending that age range to as much as 11 years old (CDC 2012). This is the period of the child who is featured in this observation and empirical analysis. She and her two parents live in a suburban neighborhood that can be seen as middle class. She is about six and a half, and has just entered elementary schooling in the context of first grade. As she closes in on her first year of real school, it is clear how the social environment of that school has impacted her overall development.
The observation was carried out in three stages. First, I met her and her mother at a local park,…… [Read More]
busy haven't time write. Please refer attached essay I write. The attachment tells words needed presented. A run life - I a mother twin girls years. I 45 I life.
The roles and responsibilities of students and lecturers
One way to conceive of the responsibilities of students and lecturers is in terms of a job: the students have a job to come to work on time and to be prepared to learn. Lecturers have a responsibility to similarly prepare the material and take note of students' learning needs. When neither students nor lecturers are 'doing their jobs,' the classroom suffers. Even a great teacher lecturing to an ill-prepared class made up of students who refuse to listen with open minds will struggle to create a positive classroom experience. Students who are trying to learn are invariably frustrated by professors who do not apply themselves to the task of teaching and…… [Read More]