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However, Kenyans can also be very demonstrative to others, openly hugging and touching family and friends in the street. "Especially in cities you'll often see street preachers, who offer religion as a solution of the many social ills in Kenya," and many Muslims wear traditional garb, but it is rare for individuals to be openly harassed for transgressing religious dictates. Even "in Muslim areas, religious rules on sexuality are interpreted liberally" (Introduction to Kenyan culture, 2010, Kenya Advisor).
While rural societies tend to be more conservative, not even the most traditional Kenyan tribal society is culturally static. For example, one tribe, the Samburu, has traditionally believed "that girls have no need for education because all their needs are catered for by their fathers and husbands" but in other segments of Kenyan society, women have assumed positions of leadership and have pressured the Samburu to change (What is Kenyan culture, 2010,…
Douglas, Scott. (2005). Running through Kenya. Slate. Retrieved February 6, 2010 at http://www.slate.com/id/2117122/entry/2117123/
Lesson 2: Cultural anthropology. Characteristics of culture. (2007). Online study guide for Cultural Anthropology: The Human Challenge. By William A. Haviland, Dana
Walrath & Harold E.L. Prins. Cenigage. Retrieved February 6, 2010 at http://www.coastlearning.org/preview/pdfs/CulAnthrSG02.pdf
Introduction to Kenyan culture. (2010). Kenya Advisor. Retrieved February 6, 2010 at http://www.kenya-advisor.com/kenya-culture.html
There are several news sources, Kenyan, regional, and international, that cover news relevant to the African nation. Top international news agencies like the BBC do cover topics that are relevant to Kenya. For example, the BBC and other major news sources covered the recent discovery of oil in Kenya. It was the first time that oil was discovered in Kenya, and has huge implications for the country's economic and social development. For this reason, even the American financial and business news media has been covering the topic. Forbes ran an article about how Anglo-Irish oil company Tullow had been drilling in the northwestern region of Kenya. Tullow Oil has drilling rights in 15 African countries. This time, oil was found in Turkana County, which Forbes describes as an "arid" environment ("Kenya Strikes Oil for the First Time," (2012). President Mwai Kibaki admits that it could take several years before…
"Kenya: Malaria Drug Effectiveness Hit by Under-Dosage," (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://www.irinnews.org/Report/95059/KENYA-Malaria-drug-effectiveness-hit-by-under-dosage
"Kenya Strikes Oil for the First Time," (2012). Forbes. Retrieved online: http://www.forbes.com/sites/mfonobongnsehe/2012/03/26/kenya-strikes-oil-for-the-first-time/
Mayoyo, P. (2012). How embassy staff collude with cartels to con Kenyans. Daily Nation. 25 March
Assessing the economic situation in Kenya in terms of its desirability for foreign businesses is a somewhat complex task, not nearly as straightforward as it can be in many other nations. The mixture of progress, opportunities, and significant threats and hindrances in the country make it seem quite attractive to foreign business entities in certain ways, while at the same time the prospects these businesses face are less definite and secure than is typically desired. In terms of pure economic growth, Kenya appears to be doing quite well both in absolute terms and when compared to the rest of the world -- and extremely so when compared to the bulk of the African continent, and especially sub-Saharan Africa. GDP growth faltered during the years of the global recession, as would be expected, but Kenya's economy seems to have suffered less and has begun to recover faster…
In 1998 for instance the U.S. embassy in Nairobi was blown by a car comb killing at least 200 people mostly Kenyan, it also happened in 2002 where suicide bombers killed 15 people in an Israel owned paradise hotel in Kikambala Mombasa where terrorists reportedly shot a missile at an Israel airline at the airport in Mombasa. These were the most serious attacks on the foreign interests in Kenya that lead to most western countries issuing negative travel advisory to the country. In its response to this the country has sought to improve its security apparatus and legal framework to fight terrorism, this is evident when in 2004 Kenya opened a new counterterrorism center which is the first in Africa.
Although the country has come out as a leader in some key economic sectors notably in telecommunication, it still faces enormous development challenges brought about by social and political instability.…
World Bank, (2012). Kenya. Retrieved September 23, 2012 from:
United Nations Development Program, (2012). International human development indicators:
Kenya Country Profile: Human Development Indicators. Retrieved September 23, 2012 from http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/KEN.html
The government has made moves to privatize its major electricity providers and other utilities. Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda have formed the East African Community (EAC), which, much like the European Union, promotes economic growth through the elimination of tariffs and customs, allows cross-pollination of workers and fosters regional cooperation in building national infrastructure. Growth has begun to increase, but 46% of Kenyans still live in poverty (Kenya, 2012, U.S. State Department). Kenya also cooperates with the U.S. government, as part of its stated commitment to fight terrorism (Kenya, 2012, U.S. State Department).
One problem in fostering national unity is the proliferation of divided loyalties amongst the Kenyan people. Due to the arbitrary borders drawn in the wake of decolonization, there are between 40 and 70 tribes in Kenya, and these often claim people's loyalty above their loyalty to the nation (Introduction to Kenyan culture, 2012, Kenyan trip advisor). Even during…
Goffard, Christopher. (2012). Keeper of Africa's arts and crafts. LA Times. Retrieved:
History of Kenya. (2012). Lonely Planet. Retrieved:
With the rise in popularity of aila Odinga, who is a member of the Luo tribe, it was felt that a more populist government might be in Kenya's future. Thus, when Kibaki was declared the winner under what many considered suspicious circumstances the frustrations of many years percolated into mass violence.
The violence that erupted was the result of a lack of ethnical pluralism within Kenya. As pointed out earlier, Kenya has been ruled essentially by members of the Kikuyu tribe since Kenya's declaring of independence in 1963. The other tribes inside Kenya have been anxiously awaiting to take part in the Kenyan government and with the rise of Odinga it was felt that this would occur. Unfortunately when it did not years of frustration led to violence. In order for this to be avoided in the future efforts must be made to increase ethnic pluralism, that is, an increase…
Amnesty International. Amnesty International Says Kenya Must Investigate Post-Election Violence and Hold Perpetrators Responsible to Prevent Future Unrest. 15 February 2008. 13 January 2011 .
Ongiri, I. "Kenya: I Acted Under Pressure." The Standard 2 January 2008.
Mental health in Kenya is a challenging and pervasive issue and what makes it even more complex is the lack of adequate mental health practitioners, raging poverty and the stigma attached to mental problems. Mental health advocacy campaign seeks to address these issues by raising awareness about them through mass events, local seminars and distribution of appropriate literature on the subject and its seriousness.
II A. Factors affecting mental health situation in Kenya
Serious brain drain results in sparse specialist care
Debilitating effects of poverty
Influx of refugees
Poor healthcare policy affecting education, health and social goals
f. Stigma attached to mental problems resulting in poor attitude making the problem worse
a. o bring about a change in attitude
b. o raise awareness about debilitating effects of mental health neglect
c. o push for changes in mental healthcare policy
d. o influence the legislative…
This source explains how legislative process works and how policy making has been affecting mental health situation in Kenya.
10. Ndetel., D. The challenges of human resources in mental health in Kenya. S African Psychiatry Rev 2007; 10:33-36
The source gives information on brain drain and how that has resulted in lack of competent psychiatrists in the field of mental health.
Ecobank of Kenya, like the larger Ecobank system itself, operates primarily in the personal and business banking industries, serving as a place for cash deposits and the handling of many routine banking activities including money transfers and various smaller-scale loans (Ecobank 2010). The attractiveness of this industry is dependent on many complex factors, and is especially difficult to assess given the current economic climate and the recent (or potentially ongoing) global recession. Kenya has a fairly strong economy relative to much of Africa, however, and continued growth is quite likely as global recovery continues, making the banking industry a highly desirable one in the country. Ecobank Kenya is one of the larger banks operating in the country, and is poised for faster growth and a gain in market share and overall volume as economic recovery truly begins to occur and Kenyans begin to progress and develop economically again…
Ecobank. (2010). "Kenya." Accessed 16 November 2010.
QuickMBA. (2010). "Porter's Five Forces." Strategic Management. Accessed 16 November 2010. http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/porter.shtml
Whitley, R. (2007). Business Systems and Organizational Capabilities. The Institutional Structuring of Competitive Competences. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.
A group of writers note about the country, "In 2003, the official HIV prevalence declined to 6.7%. Tuberculosis, other infectious diseases, and malnutrition remain some of the country's biggest public health problems" (Hugenberg, Anjango, Mwita & Opondo, 2007). Because the country experiences so many health concerns, the cost of health care delivery is high.
The latest numbers from 2001-2002 indicate that Kenya spends about 5.1% of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in health care delivery. That equates to about $19.2 in U.S. dollars per resident (Hugenberg, Anjango, Mwita & Opondo, 2007). The group of writers continue, "The Ministry of Health operates 52% of health institutions; private parties run the other 48%. Patients paid privately for 45% of all health expenses, the Ministry of Health paid 35%, and international donors, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), churches, or other sources paid for the rest" (Hugenberg, Anjango, Mwita & Opondo, 2007). Under the new plan,…
Editors. (2010). Health care and medical services. Retrieved 11 Feb. 2009 from the Government of Kenya Web site: http://www.kenya.go.ke//index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=37&Itemid=1.
Hugenberg, F., Anjango, W.O., Mwita, a., & Opondo, D. (2007). Firearm injuries in Nairobi, Kenya: Who pays the price? Journal of Public Health Policy, 28(4), 410+.
McIver, B. (2007, March 7). The kids of Kibera; in Africa's AIDS-ravaged slums Daily Record, p. 31.
Onyango, D. (2009). Kenya's new private equity health plan. Retrieved 11 Feb 2009 from the Orato.com Web site: http://www.orato.com/world-affairs/kenyas-new-private-equity-health-plan .
Exporting to Kenya and Vietnam:
Kenya is the largest economy in East Africa making her a regional transportation and financial hub. The growth of the country originates from the fact that Kenya has promoted rapid economic growth since independence. Kenya has promoted economic growth through various initiatives such as public investment, incentives for private industrial investments that are often foreign investments, and the encouragement of small-scale agricultural production ("Kenya: Economy," 2011). In contrast, Vietnam was considered as one of the fastest-growing economies worldwide from 1990-1997 and 1998-2003. The economic growth of the company can be partly attributed to the significant foreign trade and foreign direct investment over time since the authorization of foreign investment in 1988. The country was transformed into the second-largest exporter of rice from a net food importer between 1990 and 2005. While the country still runs a structural trade deficit that was approximately $12.4 billion in…
"Kenya: Economy." (2011). Global Edge -- Your Source for Global Business Knowledge.
Retrieved from Michigan State University website: http://globaledge.msu.edu/Countries/Kenya/economy
"Kenya." (2010). Trade Representative. Retrieved from Office of the United States Trade
Representative website: http://www.ustr.gov/sites/default/files/uploads/reports/2010/NTE/2010_NTE_Kenya_final.pdf
In fact, as far back as 1947, Paul osenstein-odin, the Deputy Director of the World Bank Economics department remarked that 'when the World Bank thinks it is financing an electric power station, it is really financing a brothel.' (Moyo, P39).
The fact that Coca-Cola is, however, directing their money directly to the American ed Cross "in support of ed Cross and ed Crescent partners operating in the Horn of Africa" is a rational and wise step since it will prevent diversion of resources and, instead, ensure that the intended and appropriate individuals and services will receive the aid. These funds will then be administered by the Kenya ed Cross, by the Ethiopia ed Cross, and by the Somalia ed Crescent for immediate conveyance of water to the affected areas and to providing impacted communities with the critical drugs, health care, and food. Focusing on the essentials, Coca-Cola is stepping in…
Bates, R, When Things Fell Apart: State Failure in Late-century Africa, Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics, 2008
Coca-Cola Company. (August 12, 2011). "Hunger Relief in Kenya"
Maren, M. The Road to Hell: the ravaging effects of foreign aid and international charity. London: The Free Press, 1997.
HIV and AIDS in Kenya
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a very deadly disease. This disease causes debilitating illness and ultimately causes early death in people who are in the prime of their lives. This illness has major affects on the families that are impacted. HIV / AIDS ruins the lives of many, those infected and their families. Children are orphaned, wives are widowed and families become improvised because of these horrible diseases. This disease diminishes the individual's ability to work and support themselves and their families. The cost of caring for the person with this disease is an overwhelming burden on the household finances. Africa is known for its pandemic of HIV / AIDS, which needs more attention and worldwide care (Kyobutungi et. al., 2009). Kenya is one of the countries in Africa where many people are infected, ill because of HIV /…
Avert. (2009). Global HIV and AIDS estimates, end of 2009. Retrieved on January 25, 2011 from http://www.avert.org/worldstats.htm
Ayikukwei et. al. (2008). HIV / AIDS and cultural practices in western Kenya: the impact of sexual cleansing rituals on sexual behaviors. Culture, Health & Sexuality. 10 (6) 587-99
Bariagaber, H. (2001). Demographic and socio-economic consequences of HIV / AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of African Studies. 15 (2) 168-184
CDC. (2010). HIV in the United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved on January 24, 2011 from http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/resources/factsheets/us.htm
Terrorism in Kenya
Acts of terrorism: USA targeted abroad and preparedness
There have been long running enmity between the U.S.A. And the Middle East, and in specific the terror groups who have successfully managed to brand themselves as the ambassadors fighting for the interests of the Islam nation. After the 9/11 dark event the world changed and with the reactionary treatment of the U.S.A. To the event, the terrorists found alternative means of targeting the U.S.A.: their agencies and agents abroad.
In this case the Kenya will be picked as the case study geographical region and looked at in terms of how terrorists have twisted the war on terror by Kenya, to be a USA issue and hence targeting retaliatory attacks on the country's lowest citizens as well as the preparedness to emergencies and management of terror disasters that the country has and how the U.S.A. is helping in enhancing…
Crown, (2012). Exercise Grand Prix. Retrieved December 10, 2012 from http://www.army.mod.uk/infantry/regiments/5882.aspx
Kenya: A Case Study in Reform
From its rough beginnings, Kenya has instituted a series of economic reforms in an attempt to raise the condition of the Kenyan people. They are an attempt to bring the Kenyan people out of a state of poverty and repression to one of stability and security about their ability to sustain themselves. Each reform has been better than the last, but they are still far from solving these issues in their country. This paper will cite the reasons for this as being a need for the people to regain the feeling of nationalism echoed in the early years of independence.
Prior to1800 Kenya consisted of groups of small tribal governments. Kenya is grouped into more than 70 ethnic groups, Some of the ethnic tribes are large e.g. The Agikuyu who form a majority of the population within their homeland in the central…
Africa Guide. World of Information Sessional Paper No. 2 of 1997 on Industrial Transformation
Amoako, Dr. K.Y. Claiming the 21st Century: Africa's Agenda (Speech). Executive
Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa at the National
Summit on Africa, (Washington D.C., 17 February 2000)
The race between new drugs and new resistances has not stopped since then.... And in 1986, WHO's expert panel concluded that a magic solution could not be relied upon, and that furthermore, malaria patterns were determined by a variety of socioeconomic as well as biological, climatic and geographic factors. " (Banfield, 1998. p. 35)
The article refers as well to the impact of malaria on the people of Kenya "... where people in the Bomet district were dying at a rate of three or four a day..." (Banfield, 1998. p.35)
Another general study which includes informative data relative to the topic of this study is The Heavy Cost of Malaria and AIDS by De Giorgio (2000). This article refers to some significant economic aspects and to the way that the high rate of malaria infections is affecting the economy of Kenya, as well as other countries in the region. The…
ALAII J. et al. (2003) COMMUNITY REACTIONS TO THE INTRODUCTION OF PERMETHRIN-TREATED BED NETS FOR MALARIA CONTROL DURING A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL IN WESTERN KENYA. Retrieved November 3, 2006, at http://www.ajtmh.org/cgi/reprint/68/4_suppl/128.pdf http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002294055
Banfield, J. (1998, September). Malaria: Africa's Public Enemy No. 1. African Business 35+. Retrieved November 4, 2006, from Questia database:
The United Kenya Club was founded in 1946 and was the first multi-racial social organization in Kenya; the organization sponsored concerts and cultural events open to all ethnicities (if you could afford a ticket price). The liberal paternalists pressed for programs that would introduce "profit-making crafts to landless laborers," would "encourage the growth of a prosperous rural elite" and also would encourage progressive agricultural practices among poor peasants. Moreover, the liberal paternalists (Kennedy 248) wished to "instill estern principles of hygiene and child care" among African women and their daughters.
Missionaries were traditionally among the liberal paternalists, Kennedy points out, and when Sir Philip Mitchell became governor of Kenya, he "sought to invigorate the peasant agricultural sector" in order to build a more diversified economy (Kennedy 249). Mitchell also believed "with some justification" that a few of the white leaders among the British settlers "could be persuaded to cooperate in…
Clough, Marshall S. 1998. Mau Mau Memoirs: History, Memory, and Politics. Boulder, CO:
Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Edgerton, Robert B. 1989. Mau Mau: An African Crucible. New York: The Free Press.
Elkins, Caroline. 2005. Imperial Reckoning: The Untold Story of Britain's Gulag in Kenya.
sports apparel markets in the United States and Kenya. The aim is to make a comparison between these markets in terms of how the youth perceives branded products within these markets. My population focus will specifically be young people and business owners to determine the interaction of these populations for the marketing of branded sportswear.
With this in mind the research purpose of the paper will be first to determine the attitudes of young people in the respective countries of investigation towards branded sportswear. This will include whether and why they would prefer to buy branded products as opposed to non-branded ones. Also, the popularity of existing brands will be determined, also in a comparative way, determine which is most popular among young people. In terms of this, the size of each market will be determined.
The practical purposes that will follow include recommending ways in which businesses can develop…
Schram, T.H. (2006) - Chapters 1, 2
Trochim, W.M.K., & Donnelly, J. (2006) - Chapters 1, Sections 1-1f, Chapter 6
Kenyan reform policy Successful?
The need for reform in Kenya has been clearly demonstrated. But the question remains, has this reform been successful? The slogan of "Harambe" fueled the passions of the Kenyan people and drove them to strive as one nation to lift themselves up from poverty and oppression. It has been ten years since the last reform and it is now time to look back and see what has been accomplished.
To measure the success of the reforms we will consider several economic indicators both before the reform and after to see how they have changed. Then these factors will be considered as a whole to develop a better outlook on the entire picture. e will consider education, the performance of the industrial sector, the trade and tourism sector, the finance sector, rate of inflation, employment and wages, the agricultural sector, construction, social services and some comments on…
Adams, Martin. LAND REFORM: NEW SEEDS ON OLD GROUND? Overseas Development Institute. Number 6, October 1995.
African Perspective. Kenya at the Crossroads. Fourth Issue - Winter 2000/2001. http://www.sis.gov.eg/public/africanmag/issue04/html/enafr12.htm
Appleton, Simon, Arne Bigsten and Damiano Kulundu Manda Educational expansion and Economic decline: returns to education in Kenya,1978-1995.
Bureau for Africa U.S. Agency for International Development KEN YA Country Profile U.S.
Victims can participate in the proceedings, presenting their voices and concerns. They are invited, and it would be good for us if they present their concerns in court. They can also request compensation from those under investigation.
It will be a demanding process and there could be delays and setbacks. Our first trial was stayed two times. We had to appeal the genocide charges against President Al Bashir. So there will be fights in court. We will persist and do our part. We count on your support. But I want to be clear: we will not go further than these six individuals. We are helping Kenya to start, to break impunity. Kenyans will decide on their own way forward.
Doing justice for massive crimes is a long journey. Different countries have chosen different paths. South Africa is well-known for its truth commission, in Argentina we started prosecuting the top leaders…
Kofi Annan Foundation (2010). "Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation, Two Years On,
Where Are We?" Statement by Luis Moreno Ocampo, Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court. http://kofiannanfoundation.org/newsroom/speeches/2010/12/kenya-national-dialogue-and-reconciliation-two-years-where-are-we-statemen
business world, many strategies have been devised to gain and retain customers. Phenomena such as globalization, market saturation, and better information technology have driven strategies such as customer awareness and long-term customer relationships to be favored above relatively short-term strategies to gain new customers, such as product price and quality (Kinuthai et al., 2012, p. 223). Indeed, creating brand loyalty in order to retain customers in the long-term has played a key role in long-term business success. To accomplish this, brands such as those operating within sportswear have emphasized strategies to appeal to consumers responding to products at the individual level. As such, customer loyalty is a significant determinant in the amount of product being bought and the frequency of repeat purchases.
On the basis of this, the dissertation will aim to examine brand loyalty among the youth of a developing country (Kenya) as compared to the same phenomenon in…
Aspara, J. (2009). Stock ownership as a motivation of brand-loyal and brand-supportive behaviors. Journal of Consumer Marketing. 26(6). Pp. 427-436. Retrieved from: http://www.yconomie.com/aspara/articles/aspara-2009_stock_ownership_brand_loyal_behaviors.pdf
Ayuk, A. And Nyaseda, C. (2008, Spring). CFC Model. The Appropriateness of Celebrity Endorsement in Developing African Nations: A study of Cameroon and Kenya. IBA 8010. Retrieved from: iba8010kelly.alliant.wikispaces.net
Baker, M., Sterenberg, G., and Taylor, E. (n.d.) Managing Global Brands to Meet Consumer Expectations. Retrieved from: http://www.brsgroup.com/PDFs/Managing_Global_Brands.pdf
Haig, M. (2004). Brand Royalty: How the World's Top 100 Brands Thrive and Survive. London and Sterling VA: Kogan Page Ltd. Retrieved from: http://www.untag-smd.ac.id/files/Perpustakaan_Digital_1/BRAND%20NAME%20PRODUCTS%20Brand%20royalty%20%20how%20the%20world%92s%20top%20100%20brands%20thrive%20and%20survive.pdf
Economics - Country Analysis
Country Overview and Current Events (News)
Ethiopia, traditionally known as Abyssinia, is a landlocked Sub-Saharan country located at the Horn of Africa in East Africa, bordering Somalia, Kenya, Eritrea, Djibouti, Sudan, and the newly-created South Sudan. It covers approximately 1,126,829km2 of land; about the size of the state of Texas, and was, until the split of Sudan, the second-largest country in Africa. Being landlocked, Ethiopia largely relies on the port of Djibouti, to which it is connected by both rail and road. Economic elements such as this, together with the country's history, population, geography and economic performance have been explored in the subsequent sections of this text.
Population: the U.S. Census Bureau, in June 2013, estimated Ethiopia's population to be 93,877,025; a figure that makes the country the second-most populous in Africa, after Nigeria (orld Bank, Index Mundi). Ethiopia's population has been on a steady increase…
AFDB. "Inflation Dynamics in Selected East African Countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda." AFDB Brief, 2012. Web. 18 March 2014 http://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Publications/07022012Inflatin%20East%20Africa%20-%20ENG%20-%20Internal.pdf
This article analyses the trend in Ethiopia's inflation rates vis-a-vis those of other countries in the Sub-Saharan region and was a valuable source of regional statistics, which formed the main basis for comparison.
Broussar, Nzinga, and Tekleselassie Tsegay. "Youth Unemployment: Ethiopia; Country Study." International Growth Center, 2012. Web. 18 March 2014 http://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Publications/07022012Inflation%20East%20Africa%20-%20ENG%20-%20Internal.pdf
This article analyzes the trend in Ethiopia's employment patterns. It reinforced my arguments that unemployment is more prevalent in urban Ethiopia, and that the country's informal sector contributes more to GDP than the formal sector.
orries of the Heart
How does the concept of gender change the way we think about colonialism in Kenya and Africa? Give specific examples.
Is colonialism 'bad' or 'good?' Conventional wisdom in the 19th century suggested that colonialism was beneficial to the residents of Africa and East Asia, because it was 'civilizing' and was even necessary, to 'carry the white man's burden' of enlightening non-Christians. Then, in the wake of the decolonization process of the 20th century, colonialism was portrayed as an unmitigated evil by nationalists. In her book orries of the Heart: idows, Family, and Community in Kenya, the African-born writer Kenda Mutongi attempts to question such dichotomies. Mutongi notes that when she was growing up, many of the women she met expressed a kind of nostalgia for the colonial era. The authors' mother, for example, remembers the carefully managed, sanitized hospitals of the British, which she said fell…
Mutongi, Kenda. Worries of the Heart: Widows, Family, and Community in Kenya. Chicago:
University of Chicago Press, 2007.
Colonial Authorities in Africa and Their Attempts to Curb Leisure Activities through the Law: The Conflict between African Identity and British Rule
The British colonial administrators in Africa viewed Africans like “children” in need of training in terms of how to be more masculine ala the Western tradition: for that reason, Oliver Bell, president of the British Film Institute, wrote “the native must be treated as we treat a ten-year-old white child, i.e….he must be shown films of action of the Western type” (Burns, 2002, p. 103). While it was true that Africans enjoyed cowboy films, in the years that followed Bell’s recommendation, there occurred among the settlers the sense that cowboy films were inspiring a violent attitude among the Africans and should therefore be banned. This attempt on the one hand to cultivate a Western ethic in the African and on the other to curtail aggressive or perceived hostile…
The problem is that the RPP reports, almost in passing, that in all documented cases no victim has been looked into or his case considered before the execution was perpetrated. No prosecution or investigation had been held either. Rather, the victim was summarily executed.
More so, police routinely threaten haphazard witnesses of these killings with, a t least, one witness, being abducted and killed.
This makes all the difference between justified and non-justified execution, and there becomes no difference between a police and a thug. The very fact that he police threaten witnesses indicates some apprehension on the official's part of his selection and execution of a particular man. One may, further, suspect that not only were some of the killings unjustified, but, using this approach and wilding this power, Africans police may arbitrarily target scapegoats of their choosing whom they wish to manipulate or who have, for instance, offended…
Nzau Musau, (10 April 2012) Kenya: Extrajudicial Killings Still on, RPP Says
British Empire in the 1950's
In the aftermath of the Second World War the British Empire was began to disintegrate with a number of colonies engaging in conflicts aimed at driving the British out and gaining their independence. In response to these uprisings, the British used a variety of strategies with a varying amount of success. The outcome of these "small wars" in colonies such as Kenya, Aden, Cyprus, and Borneo depended upon how the British operated in that particular area and their individual response to the uprisings. In short, each conflict was unique, contained unique circumstances, and therefore required a unique response on the part of the British.
The British operated their colony in Kenya as a place to resettle British citizens in the lush farmland formerly owned by the native Kenyans. As a result, when the native Kikuyu tribe revolted, the British used the revolt as a means…
Carver, Michael. 1981. War Since 1945. New York: Putnam.
Goktepe, Cihat. 2003. British Foreign Policy Towards Turkey, 1959-1965. London:
Frank Cass Publishers.
Walker, Jonathon. 2011. "Red Wolves and British Lions: The Conflict in Aden." In
esearch Method and Design Proposal
A research design is the approach utilized for a study used as a guide in gathering and analyzing data. There are two popular methods of research; qualitative and quantitative research methods. Qualitative research is an inductive, holistic, subjective, and process-oriented method technique employed to understand, interpret, describe, and establish a theory on a given topic, phenomena, or setting. Investigators employ this technique when their studies attempt to describe life experiences and give them meaning. In most cases, the method has associations with words, language and experiences, rather than measurements, statistics and numerical figures. When the investigators use this method, they adapt a person centered, and holistic view to comprehend the given phenomenal without focusing on particular concepts. In addition, this method is dynamic and developmental, and it does not employ the use of formal structured instruments (Hodkinson, 2009).
Most importantly, qualitative data methods…
Bickman, L. (2008). Chapter 1 Applied research design: A practical approach. Retrieved from http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/23770_Ch1.pdf
Grimes, A.D., & Schulz, F.K. (2002). Descriptive studies: What they can do and cannot do.
Lancet, 359, 145-149.
Hofferth, S.L. (2005). Secondary data analysis in family research. Journal of Marriage and Family, 67, 891 -- 907.
NYC African Restaurants
African Restaurants in NYC
The restaurant's soft industrial lighting makes the chrome gleam. A soft and expansive backdrop of blue gives the space a cool and slightly futuristic industrial like a hip loft in the future. Exposed brick walls are tinged in a blue sheen and the distressed wood chairs and tables have been stained steel gray and have marble table tops. In three weeks, Cisse Elhadji, the owner of Ponty Bistro in Midtown, will open his new restaurant La Terengea. Located at 144 West 139th St., the restaurant us nestled in between the Hudson and Harlem rivers a few blocks west of the City College of New York. The location of the restaurant is quite lucrative given its relative proximity to both Central Park as well as Yankee Stadium.
Though Elhadji has succeeded once with an African restaurant, La Teregenga is still a gamble.…
Communion with nature can come in the form of visual art and craft; in the form of storytelling; or in the form of dance. Each of these modes of creative expression invokes the unknown, powerful forces that underlie creation. Even though science can measure, explain, and manipulate nature it cannot answer the ultimate questions of why and how nature -- or human beings -- exist in the first place. Religious rituals offer human beings a way to seek answers to life's biggest questions through direct experience.
Different cultures have approached nature differently but traditional cultures share in common a reverence for the natural world that is all but absent in modern, industrialized societies. The religions that have sprouted up in modern nations parallel the worldview that human beings should triumph over nature rather than work with nature. In Baraka, devastating footage of death and destruction show what human beings are…
The demonstration in Tiananmen Square showed that there were alrge semgnets of the population that wanted change, but Deng's response was to crush the movement with violence and to assert the supremacy ofm centalzied rule once more..
These actions show some of the difficulties of independence and of developing a new political structure when many adhere to older political structures and ideas. One response is to try to wipe out the old with violence, but regimes tend to become reactionary about their own ideas as well and to crush any opposition, real of perceived.
9. Arab unity has not materialized for a number of historical reasons related to the different ways in which the countries of the region have developed so that the leaders of some of the states are wary of other leaders, because of differences in economic structures in the various countries, and because of different reactions to…
Beatrice envies Nyaguthii for her ability to attract men and wants to be like her. She thinks her own inability to attract men is because of her lack of money and because she is a poor girl from the country. She hasn't enough money to buy skin lightening creams or new stockings with "no ladders" (runs) in them. "Clothes? But even here she never earned enough..." In the beginning Beatrice doesn't see that she and Nyaguthii are both in the same boat, that an empty life is an empty life, no matter what you are wearing, that society and the class system are keeping her from having any sort of meaningful life. "My god, she wept inside, what does Nyaguthii have that I don't have?"
Beatrice cannot fit in with the urban people around her, people who frequent the barroom scene. Worldly city dwellers tend to look down on simple…
a) Madhu's business is not highly globalized. He produces and sells in the UK. However, one of his major inputs is chefs, and the ones with the skills he needs are not typically found in the UK. Indian chefs almost always come from India or from expat Indian communities elsewhere. This element of his business is globalized, because Indian cooking is a specialized skill that originates from a specific geography, and is not readily found either in the UK or in other parts of the world.
b) The four drivers of globalization are cost, market, government and competition. In the case of Madhu, the most important are market and competition. Cost is not a major factor. Madhu does not appear to have an issue with the cost of Indian chefs in Britain. There is no indication in the case that he is unwilling to pay a higher price…
Weapons of Mass Destruction and the Next Terror: Assessment of How a Significant Terrorist WMD Attack Might e Conducted by a Non-State Actors Perpetrator and Why They Can't Stage an Attack
Weapons of Mass Destructions (WMD) have considerable effect to the economies of both developed and developing countries. In the modern world, most terror groups have resolved to use Weapons of Mass Destruction to harm their enemies. The entire syndicate comprises state actors and the terror group, which intends to destroy the target country. The state actors have direct links or channels of communication with such attackers, foreign allies, and several residential alliances with almost similar connections to the terror groups. Most of the terror groups lack essential materials that would aid in the making of some of the most dangerous weapons such as nuclear bombs. The various forms of attack involved when using lethal weapons include dispersion, dissemination, and…
Anthony Cordesman, Terrorism Asymmetric Warfare, and Weapons of Mass Destruction, (New
Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002).
Eric Croddy, James Wirtz, Weapons of Mass Destruction, (London: ABC-CLIO, 2005).
The section will provide non-alcoholic drinks and an environment where Christians can feel like they are in "paradise." This will as a result ensure that the hotel enlarges its target group. By including this, Paradise Hotel will be a suitable destination for all including domestic tourists who will get an opportunity to enjoy their local delicacies as well as a taste of international delicacies.
The hotel will feature fully renovated and modernized guestrooms with an extra intimate hot tub and relaxation space. The new look hotel will include an elegant late-night poolside lounge which will comprise of sun-loungers, day beds and decks. The main idea behind the renovations of the pool is to transform outdoor spaces into outdoor living rooms that offer flexible dining, drinking, events and relaxing spaces. The intimate spa will have floor cushions and new striking lights. ith these renovations in place, the hotel will therefore provide…
Atzmon, Gilad. Web Log post. Peacepalestine. Peacepalestine, 24 Oct. 2005. Web. 22 Mar. 2010. .
"Easy to Implement & Maintain 5-Step Action Plan." Best Perfomance Systems: Keeping People and Profits Healthy. Bestperfomancesystems.com. Web. 22 Mar. 2010. .
"Investing in Kenya: Tourism Industry." Article Garden:Sustainable Living Articles. Article Garden. Web. 22 Mar. 2010. .
Muhoho, Robert. "Mombasa Beach Hotels- Top 10 Beach Hotels in Mombasa Kenya." Buzzle.com: Intelligent Life on the Web. Buzzle.com. Web. 22 Mar. 2010. .
The target family immigrated to the United States of America (USA) in 2001 from Western part of Kenya in East Africa. Composed of two parents and three children, a ten-year-old girl, eight-year-old boy and a five-year-old girl, the family's move to the U.S.A. was not an easy one. The man of the family, Oyot, before immigrating to the U.S., worked as a primary school teacher in a small township of ongo in Nyanza province of Kenya. Life in Kenya was unbearable for him as his monthly salary was insufficient for his family.
Oyot had always wanted to leave Kenya in search of a better life for his family; there were issues that motivated his immigration to The U.S.A. First, in Africa, families are extended and some members of Oyot's family mocked him continually. They claimed that he was cursed and that he would never amount to anything. Oyot belongs…
Clegg, L.H. (1997, January). EBONICS:A Serious Analysis of African-American Speech
Patterns. MAAT News .
Kenya and the National Assembly . (2008, Oct 16). Kenya National Assembly Official Record
(Hansard). SACCO in Kenya .
Letter," by Mariama Ba, "Devil on the Cross," by Ngug" wa Thiongo, and "July's People," by Nadine Gordimer. Specifically, it will discuss and explain gender and family in "So Long a Letter," the aspects of Colonialism and Imperialism in "Devil on the Cross," and cultural freedom and integrity in "July's People."
THREE AFRICAN NOVELS
In "So Long a Letter," Mariama Ba writes of Ramatoulaye, a Senegalese schoolteacher in her 50s, whose husband decides to take a second wife without Ramatoulaye's knowledge. Of course, the new wife is younger and prettier than Ramatoulaye, and her husband's selfish move devastates her. The book is written in the form of a touching and emotional letter to her best friend from childhood, someone she feels she can trust. "e walked the same paths from adolescence to maturity, where the past begets the present" (Ba 1).
Family and gender are two of the most important…
Adeeko, Adeleke. "Plotting Class Consciousness in the African Radical Novel." Critique. 38.3 (1997): 177-192.
Ba, Mariama. So Long a Letter. England: Longman, 1979.
Folks, Jeffrey J. "Artist in the Interregnum: Nadine Gordimer's July's People." Critique. 39.2 (1998): 115-126.
Gordimer, Nadine. July's People. New York: Viking, 1981.
One of the most difficult paradigms in research is defining what exactly constitutes the idea of "theory." There are many different authors with many different views on this.
Harlow (2009) articulates the problem associated with defining "theory" is that there is no fixed, universal meaning for this concept. One of the guides towards identifying the components that constitute a theory could be the specific research direction at issue. In the natural science, for example, "theory" could refer to the law or system of laws. In a social sciences discipline, "theory" might suggest a construct or set to order and understand the phenomena under study.
While it is difficult to explain or define the concept of theory, Harlow also points towards the importance of understanding the concept of "theory" in terms of research, since it forms the central concept around which the research is conducted. Hence, understanding what is meant…
Best, H. (2013). Theories of Social Changes by Raymond Boudon.
Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (2009). On Being a Scientist: A
Guide to Responsible Conduct in Research. Washington D.C.: National
ears are blasted daily by the drumbeat of environmental forewarnings. The seas are rising. The glaciers are melting. Don't drive -- take the bus. Recycle. Turn off the lights. Adjust that thermostat. Save the polar bears! Reduce your carbon footprint!
Nothing against carbon, or ecologists, or polar bears, but while society focuses on reducing carbon footprints, why aren't more folks out there creating footprints for God? ho is marching through the pain and the rain and the snow to rekindle faith that God will intercede in broken lives, and will help repair the world's environmental problems if we just put one foot in front of the other in a march towards Christian truth?
hy have we been waiting for inspiration as to what we should do in this troubled world? Are not seeing that global warming and rising sea levels are sending us warning that we need to trust God's…
Faris, Stephan. (2008). Craig Sorley. Time. Retrieved October 25, 2011, from http://www.time.com .
Sorley, Craig. (2011). Christ, Creation Stewardship, and Missions: How Discipleship into a Biblical Worldview on Environmental Stewardship Can Transform People and Their Land.
International Bulletin of Missionary Research, 35(3), 137-143.
Srokosz, M.A. (2008). God's Story and the Earth's story: Grounding our concern for the Environment in the biblical meta-narrative. Science & Christian Belief, 20(2), 163-175.
Terrorism Affects the International Tourism Industry
There is an undeniable relationship between terrorism and tourism. This is because of the industry power tourist sites are attractive avenues for terrorists to cause unprecedented magnitudes of economic and social disruption. The 21st century economy is dominated by three sectors namely information technology, tourism, and telecommunications. Tourism generates ten percent of international employment with a surplus of 30% in the Caribbean region. World tourism organization estimates that over two hundred million people across the world will be employed in the industry by 2015. The tourism and travel sectors have expanded by 700% in the last two decades (Gabbay & Ghosh, 2013). It is further projected that tourists will spend twice as much in foreign nations on tourism activities. For most developing nations, tourism is the leading source of income in terms of GDP thus a key influence in the economic growth. The issue…
Beirman, D. (2013). Restoring tourism destinations in crisis: A strategic marketing approach. Crows Nest, N.S.W: Allen & Unwin.
Gabbay, R. & Ghosh, R.N. (2013). Tourism and economic development: Case studies from the Indian Ocean region. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
Keyes, D.C., & Jonathan L.Burstein. (2010). Medical response to terrorism: Preparedness and clinical practice. Philadelphia [u.a.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Huggett, C., & Pownall, D. (2010). Teaching travel and tourism 14. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
Terrorism Affects Tourism in Istanbul
The terror group, Islamic State, caused an explosion near Istanbul's historic Sultan Ahmed Cami Mosque (popularly known as the Blue Mosque). This raised serious concerns with regard to tourism in the country of Turkey. This recent explosion, which claimed the lives of ten tourists, followed another terror bombing incident in the country's capital Ankara, on 10th October, 2015, which claimed the lives of over a hundred individuals. Following the nation's tense situation, travel specialists from Turkey started raising concerns (Parvan, 2016). Turkish tourism could suffer a serious blow in light of the 12th January terror attack, in Istanbul's historical hub, near the famed Blue Mosque. According to Turkish travel specialists, considering that Turkey borders Syria and has been a target of terror attacks earlier, tourists were already uneasy about visiting. Thus, the events that transpired on January 12 will do nothing, but aggravate their qualms…
Bajpai, P. (2015). The Paris Attacks And The World Economy -- Investopedia. Retrieved March 30, 2016, from http://www.investopedia.com/articles/investing/111715/paris-attacks-and-world-economy.asp
Calder, S. (2016). Istanbul bombing travel Q&A: How significant is the attack? How will it affect tourism in the city? Retrieved March 30, 2016, from http://www.independent.co.uk/travel/news-and-advice/istanbul-bombing-travel-qa-how-significant-is-the-attack-how-will-it-affect-tourism-in-the-city-a6807626.html
Chebib, K. (2016). Impact of Istanbul Attack on the Turkish Economy and Tourism. Retrieved March 30, 2016, from http://blog.euromonitor.com/2016/01/impact-of-istanbul-attack-on-the-turkish-economy-and-tourism.html
Dalay, G. (2016). Turkey's terrifying challenges after Istanbul attack. Retrieved March 30, 2016, from http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2016/01/istanbul-attack-pretext-demonise-refugees-turkey-160113114154831.html
Notwithstanding the challenges involved, the stakes are high and there is little room for false starts or experimentation; therefore, identifying a general set of best practices that Gambian organizations can follow in developing their own set of sustainable productivity practices represents a valuable and timely undertaking, which relates to the purpose of the study which is discussed further below.
Purpose of Study
The overall purpose of this study was to study to provide a review of the relevant juried and scholarly literature together with the findings of a survey of Gambian business leaders to generally identify the most pressing priorities for developing the nation's infrastructure and sustainable organizational productivity. The specific purpose of the study was to determine whether SMEs face the same types of challenges of to optimum performance as their larger corporate counterparts, and to identify any peculiar organizational characteristics that determine levels of performance between SMEs and…
These types of trips accounted for 33% in 2004, a major increase since 2002, when they only accounted for 17% in all international trips. Finally, the third most common stimulus for trips abroad was that of visiting family and friends. In 2002, the rate of these trips was of 28%, but by 2004 it had declined to 22%.
Another trend obvious in the past recent years is that of Polish tourists visiting destinations considered untraditional so far. This is generally the result of intensified marketing efforts and the most relevant example in this sense is the still growing number of Polish individuals traveling to the African countries, namely Kenya. Also, the results are due to a long historical relationship between Poland and Kenya, basically the fact that Poland has offered scholarships to the Kenyan students and that they have also helped defend the British territories in Kenya against Germany, during…
Ebrill, L.P., 1994, Poland: The Path to a Market Economy, International Monetary Fund
Smith, M.K., Robinson, M., 2006, Cultural Tourism in a Changing World: Politics, Participation and (Re)presentation, Cahnnel View Publications
Thomas, R., Augustyn, M., 2006, Tourism in the New Europe: Perspectives on Some Policies and Practices, Elsevier
2002, Number of Polish Tourists Up, Polonia Global Fund, http://pgf.cc/2002/06/15/number-of-polish-tourists-up/last accessed on January 13, 2009
Still, embassy targeting is a very common practice used by terrorists as well. Despite the fact that they should be considered one of the most important institutions of a state abroad they are not exempted from threats such as terrorist acts. Moreover, the security level such a facility would imply does not detract terrorists and does not limit their actions.
Thirdly, it must be taken into account the fact that bombings are not the only means used by terrorists in their activities. Also, apart from attacking targets through bombs, they also use fire attacks, arms, and even kidnapping techniques to follow their goals. However, apart from these physical techniques, terrorists also use advanced technology to communicate and even inflict harm. They use different internet websites, such as various fundamentalist Islamic sites where proponents of terrorist action try to rally support for their cause against western civil and military targets. Also,…
American Memorial site. Two Days of Infamy - We Must Never Forget. 2008. Accessed 11 January 2008, available from http://americanmemorialsite.com/beirutembassy.html
American National Security Policy. Terrorism, threats and trends. N.d. Accessed 11 January 2008, available at http://myoops.org/twocw/mit/NR/rdonlyres/Political-Science/17-471American-National-Security-PolicyFall2002/B8E0BAB9-0DEA-42D1-8E95-076CB37E65FF/0/1747102InternationalTerrorism.ppt
BBC, Toll climbs in Egyptian attacks. 23 July 2005. Accessed 11 January 2008, available at http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/4709491.stm
Department of State. Bombings in Nairobi, Kenya and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Bureau of Public Affairs August 7, 1998.
Workers are employed in fisheries, mining, and defense industries while the farmers work in the agricultural collectives. Standards of living are defined by the family background as to the political and ideological heritage. The children of revolutionaries (those who died in the Korean War) are given special educational opportunities at an elite school called the Mangyndae Revolutionary Institute. However, the children and descendants of those who were in collaboration with the Japanese or the "exploiting class" are considered to be 'bad elements' in the society.
North Korea supports equality in aspect of the genders. The employment of women is expected and demanded by the South Korean government and those working with children under the age of four are expected to put the children in permanent nurseries if there is no family to take care of them while the mother works. However, the women are paid less than are men and…
Edgell, Alvin G. (2003) Globalization and Cultural Encounters 2003
International and Third World Studies Journal and Review Vol. XIV 2003 Dept
Political Science Kent State University.
Opondo, Patricia a. (2000) Cultural Policies in Kenya 2000 May 1 Arts
Globalization, Genetic Modification of Crops and Agricultural Hysteria on the Left
One of the most telling images in the modern media of recent date, regarding the issue of genetically modified foodstuffs was the sight of silos of genetically modified seed being sent back from an African nation experiencing a profound crisis of famine. Despite the fact that such seeds would have helped the immediate problem, fears were too great that the nation would be rendered dependant upon subsidized food from the first world, and more to the point, become test subjects for a questionable new technology. However, amongst the strident cries in Europe and Africa against genetically modified produce, which have driven some individuals to engage in 'eco-terrorist' practices of sabotage, the American consumer has become comfortable, one might state, in a kind of blissful ignorance over the debate. American genetically modified crops are not even required to be labeled…
Bigman, David. Editor. (2002). Globalization and the Developing Countries. Oxford University Press.
DeGregori, Thomas R. (2002). The Environment, Natural Resources and Modern Technology, Ames: Iowa State Press.
DeGregori, Thomas R. (2003).
Origins of the Organic Agriculture Debate. Ames: Iowa State Press.
Horn of Africa experienced what was termed the worst drought in 60 years. The drought, caused by the failure of the rains for two consecutive seasons, led to a severe food crisis across Djibouti, Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya, and killed more than 100,000 people while placing hundreds of thousands at risk of starvation. According to Hiller and Dempsey (2011), the greatest tragedy was that the world had seen this disaster coming, but little had been done to prevent it. From as early as 2010, there had been clear indications of a looming crisis and its consequences. La Nina, a climate condition that would lead to drier than normal conditions over the entire area had already been confirmed. Further warnings of the crisis were repeated and became more strident in 2011. In light of all the warning signs, it is, therefore, rather surprising that proper response from the international aid system…
Bart, C., 1988. Budgeting Gamesmanship. Academy of Management Executive. vol.(2)4, pp. 285-294.
Hiller, D & Dempsey, B., 2011. A Dangerous Delay: The cost of late response to early warnings in the 2011 drought in the Horn of Africa. Oxfam International and Save the Children. Available at https://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/bp-dangerous-delay-horn-africa-drought-180112-en.pdf. [Accessed 25 April 2015]
Kaplan, R. & Norton, D., 1996. The balanced scorecard: translating strategy into action. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press
Mintzberg, H., 1987. Crafting strategy. Harvard Business Review. Vol. (65)4, pp. 66-75.
Kenyan Healthcare Assessment
Across the globe, manmade and natural calamities are on the rise, occurring almost every single day and having destructive effects on individual people, households and entire communities. People's lifestyles and quality of life are undermined by both minor and major catastrophes. The African continent has long struggled with internal conflicts that have had destructive impacts, threatening its inhabitants' survival. Extensive casualties have resulted from these occurrences. It is an undisputed fact that war and conflict interferes with communities' social, religious, economic and educational dimensions. This section attempts to understand disaster-related emergency preparedness and healthcare scenario in the epublic of Kenya.
Just like a majority of other African nations, Kenya has encountered manmade and natural catastrophes that have led to huge losses of life. One good example would be the 2007-08 post-election clashes. The nation witnessed largely politically-initiated inter-community fights that had immense, large-scale consequences. Hence, its healthcare…
Aragon Penoyer, D. (2010).Nurse staffing and patient outcomes in critical care: A concise review. Critical Care Medicine, 38(7), 1521-1528. doi:10.1097/ccm.0b013e3181e47888
Wafulapaul. (2014). Study: Staffing of medics is skewed. Read more at: https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/health/article/2000138842/study-staffing-of-medics-is-skewed . Standard Digital [nairobi].
Moreover, the global neglect of women (in terms of science) is reflected in the fact that women have been excluded as experimental subjects in drug research, Rosser continues. Certainly pregnant women have been excluded from experiments with pesticides and radioactive materials, but beyond that Rosser explains that "…these drugs and materials are then used without ever having been tested on women" (1991, p. 143). And yet notwithstanding their exclusion from testing, women's research has led to a vast resource of knowledge vis-a-vis the natural environment.
To wit, Rachel Carson correctly extrapolated the deadly effects on the environment due to agricultural pesticides (DDT in particular), and in fact changed the way the government approached pesticides (1991, p. 144). Indeed, Carson's books ("Silent Spring," "Under the Sea-Wind," and others) had an enormous impact on the nation's grasp of environmental dangers and led eventually to the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency…
Alldred, Pam, and Dennison, Sarah, 2000, 'Eco-Activism and Feminism: Do Eco-Warriors and Goddesses Need it?', Feminist Review, No. 63, 124-127.
Biehl, Janet, 1991, Rethinking Ecofeminist Politics, South End Press, Cambridge MA.
Eaton, Heather, 2005, Introducing Ecofeminist Theologies, Continuum International Publishing Group, New York.
Kheel, Marti, 1993, 'From Heroic to Holistic Ethics: The Ecofeminist Challenge', in Ecofeminism: Women, Animals, Nature, G. Gaard Ed., Temple University Press: New York.
In Kingston's more feminine rendering of identity, although she resists the ideals of silence and sexual repression, she accepts the idea that women have more permeable boundaries of selfhood and stronger ties to their family in the telling of her text.
Both works point to the inexorability of the past, especially for individuals of ethnic or racial minorities who consider themselves 'other.' Obama is 'other' because of his multiethnic heritage that alienates him from parents as well as friends, and because of the Americanness that separates him from his father. Kingston sees herself as Chinese, but female in a culture as well as a nation that mistrusts this aspect of a woman's self. Both make claims to how their lives speak for other lives -- Obama explicitly with his overly political narration, and his determination to use his struggle as fuel for success as an advocate of community enfranchisement, Kingston…
Kingston, Hong Maxine. The Woman Warrior. Vintage, 1989
Obama, Barak. Dreams from my Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance.
Three Rivers Press, 2004.
The town has suffered from a series of grenade attacks which have left many Kenyans citizens injured. The increasing incidents of explosive material in the nation from Ukraine were netted by the Kenyan police. Kenya with the help of American intelligence has netted has arrested the suspects awaiting trial.
Attacks in the Kenyan nation should be investigated using the right procedures. The explosive material in the area where the attacks have been experienced should be isolated to avoid contamination of evidence. There is also a need to collect evidence from witnesses in the area. The witnesses in the area of incident have crucial evidence which can lead to the arrest of the terrorist. The procedures of evidence collection and preservation can be useful in identifying the source of the explosive and during the trial. The police should ensure that the people are dispersed from the area to ensure that they…
BBC NEWS AFRICA (23 June 2012). "U.S. warns of 'imminent' threat of attack in Mombasa" retrieved on 25/06/2012 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-18563678
UN Security Council
Proliferation of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons to terrorist organizations is inarguably one of the greatest menaces threatening international peace and security today.[footnoteef:1] Since the turn of the century, this sentiment has grown in strength across the world, and as a countermeasure to this threat, in 2004, the United Nations Security Council passed esolution 1540 to combat the dangerous nexus between the spread of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and terrorism. Adopted under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, the esolution mandates that all member states criminalizes and put into place a national enforcement system to deter and punish proliferation activities. Additionally, provisions under esolution 1540 entail physical safety and security measures, as well as the adoption of border and export controls to detect, deter, prevent, and combat illicit trafficking. [1: During the 2010 Washington, DC Nuclear Security Summit, the United States President Barack Obama stated that…
AG/RES. 2333 (XXXVII-O/07) Support for Implementation at the Hemispheric Level of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540 (2004)," adopted at the fourth plenary session (June 5, 2007); ASEAN Regional Forum,
Charter of the United Nations, chp. VIII, art. 52.
Fawcett, p. 3; UN Secretary-General's remarks to the Security Council debate on the role of regional and sub-regional organizations in the maintenance of international peace and security New York, 6 November 2007.
Devil on the Cross, War?
nga exhibits meekness and self-hatred. Her self-loathing prompts her to bleach her black skin and iron her hair. When she interacts with her fellow passengers in the taxi, War?
nga lacks the resolve she has following her encounter with the Devil on the golf course immediately prior to the Njeruca revolt. Witnessing the circumstances and listening to the speeches at the Devil's Feast was not enough to spur her on to eventually wield a deadly weapon. War?
nga needed her visions to empower her and awaken her to the injustices of her people and her nation. War?
nga kills the Rich Old Man, her fiance's father, for five solid reasons: her conversation with the Devil alerted her to the realities of life; M-turi's call to arms and his entrusting War?
nga with the gun; her newfound self-confidence and transformed personality; War?
nga's anger at the…
Aspara, J. (2009). Stock ownership as a motivation of brand-loyal and brand-supportive behaviors. Journal of Consumer Marketing. 26(6). Pp. 427-436. Retrieved from: http://www.yconomie.com/aspara/articles/aspara-2009_stock_ownership_brand_loyal_behaviors.pdf
In this work, Aspara investigates the psychological motivations underlying stock ownership and its influence on brand loyalty as well as finding empirical evidence to support the explication of these motivations. The author points out that, although consumption and investment psychologies, respectively, have been seen as separate realms, the study reveals that they can have a significant mutual influence. Indeed, the author has found that many individuals who become stockowners in a company also experience a positive and increased motivation towards brand loyalty for that company. Positive word-of-mouth has also been found among individuals becoming stock owners in a company.
What this means for the study to be conducted on brand loyalty among the youth in the United States and Kenya may not be considered in terms of…
economy of the East Africa area
Economic growth literally involves critical issues pertaining to life and death. oughly 1.374 billion individuals survive on lower than 1.25 dollars/day, at America's 2005 purchasing power parity (PPP). Around 2.6 billion individuals (which constitute 40% of global population) survive on lower than 2 dollars/day. These individuals struggle with poor health and malnutrition; reside in areas with poor, degraded surroundings; are social outcasts; have low literacy levels or are wholly illiterate; have little voice over political matters; and struggle to earn meager wages as laborers, or on tiny, marginal farms, or in shabby slum areas (Todaro & Stephen, 2012). From 2010-2012, 15% of global population came under the 'chronic undernourished' category of individuals. Most of these individuals, numbering 850 million, belonged to developing countries (FAO, WFP, and IFAD 2012: 9).
This paper will deal with ways by which economic evaluations can explain the issue, and…
Bardy, R., Rubens, A., & Massaro, M. (2015). The Systemic Dimension of Sustainable Development in Developing Countries. Journal of Organizational Transformation & Social Change, 12(1), 22-41. doi:10.1179/1477963314Z.
Cypher, J.M. (2014). The Process of Economic Development (4th Edition), Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.
FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations), WFP (World Food Programme), and IFAD (International Fund for Agricultural Development). (2012). The State of Food Insecurity in the World. Rome: FAO.
Mah, J.S. (2015). R&D Promotion Policies of Developing Countries and Fairness in International Trade Relations. Journal Of Economic Issues (M.E. Sharpe Inc.), 49(1), 179-196. doi:10.1080/00213624.2015.1013886
Accountability in a Liberal Democracy: A Critical Appraisal
A liberal democracy is defined as a political philosophy by which people have inalienable rights to power and free elective process of their country. In other words, a liberal democracy is a political system characterized with a free election, and political decision made by an independent legislature, a multiple political system, and independent judiciary. In a liberal democratic system, people have the right to voice a decision making process of their country with application of a majority rule and vote a candidate they wish to run the political office. A liberal democracy is a democracy of the people and for the people.
Typically, liberal democracy gives the citizens the overall strategy to improve the political economy of their country through a better government. Under a liberal democratic rule, people have the right to vote and participate in the civil engagement to protect…
Borowiak, C.T. (2011). Accountability and Democracy. The Pitfalls and Promise of Popular Control. London. Oxford University Press.
Chen, W. & Hsu, J.C. (2014). Horizontal Accountability in a Polarised New Democracy: The Case of Post-Democratisation Taiwan. Australian Journal of Asian Law. 15(2): 1-19.
Cheung, C. & Leung, K.(2007). Enhancing life satisfaction by government accountability in China. Social Indicators Research. 82.3: 411-432.
Kellman, A. (2004). Democracy Assistance in Practice: The Designing of a Political Party Training Program in the Republic of Kenya', MA thesis, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
Determinants of Maternal Mortality
Be sure to complete the entire worksheet (Parts 1-4).
Maternal Mortality atio:
Go to the World Health Organization website link, "Cause-Specific Mortality and Morbidity: Maternal Mortality atio Data by Country," listed in this week's Learning esources.
Select five different countries, representing different geographical regions.
Download data of these countries (or write them up in an Excel sheet).
Draw a time series chart of maternal mortality ratios of these countries.
efer to the "Time Series Chart Example" document in this week's Learning esources.
What are your main observations regarding this chart ?
There are two distinct aspects perceived from this chart. For starters, the maternal mortality ratio is greater for low income countries and middle income countries. This is regardless of the fact that the statistics indicated are declining as the years progress. Between the five nations, India indicated the highest decline through the years, followed by…
Resources or any additional resources.
In general, the inference from the statistics shown in the graphs above is that low income nations and middle income nations have the highest ratios in relation to the five nations selected. On the other hand, the high income and developed nations have the lowest ratios of the indicators with regard to the five nations selected.
© 2015 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 11 of 11
easons to hear victim experiences.
The victims of rape have a right to be heard, and it is not only healthy for their psychological composure, but also for the community to know what menace this is and face it. There are several reasons why the rape victims should be heard, here are some:
A. May inspire others to speak out; this way more of the victims will get the confidence to speak out make the society to embrace the cruelties of the crime and act upon it.
B. Educational purposes- the experiences that the society has had can be used to educate the entire community on the ills of the heinous act and it is an education that cannot be given better than the victims themselves, for a safer future society.
C. Public awareness- the victims should be allowed to speak so as to help heighten the public awareness on…
AFROL (2011). Sierra Leone: Gender Profile. Retrieved March22, 2011 from http://www.afrol.com/Categories/Women/profiles/sierraleone_women.htm
Asencio, M., (1999). Machos and Sluts: Gender, Sexuality, and Violence among a Cohort of Puerto Rican Adolescents. Blackwell Publishing.
Dothaneagle.com, (2011). Apologies issued for unprosecuted rape of black woman in 1944.
Retrieved March22, 2011 from http://www2.dothaneagle.com/news/2011/mar/21/apologies-issued-unprosecuted-rape-black-woman-194-ar-1607570/
Between 1950 and 1984, the Green evolution began to influence farming. This saw world grain production improve by 250%, even though much of this gain was non-sustainable. These agricultural technologies temporarily increased crop yields, but there are signs as early as 1995 that not only are these technologies reaching their peak of assistance, but they may now be contributing to the decline of arable land e.g. persistence of pesticides leading to soil contamination and decline of area available for farming. Developed nations have been willing to share these technologies with developing nations that have famine crisis, but there are ethical restrictions in regards to thrusting such technologies on lesser developed countries. This is often accredited to an association of inorganic fertilizers and pesticides with a lack of longevity. It is thought that these technological advances might not be as great in those famines which are the result of war. Increased…
Chossudovsky, Michel. 2008, Global Famine, viewed 11 August 2010,
Harsch, Ernest. 2003, Famine spreads across Africa, viewed 11 August 2010,
We must, however, muster the political will to make our cities fit for our children, and the time to act is now!"
For me, the most important parts of the conference were the opportunities to meet new friends from all over the globe, and to attend some of the training events and seminars that help us focus on the things we can do on a daily basis to improve the potential for our own countries as well as globally. It is clear that we all have a global responsibility -- something done in China or Iceland, for that matter, has global consequences. We can no longer isolate ourselves as a species or as a culture. Indeed, with the Internet and modern technology and social networks (Facebook, etc.), it is not unusual to have friends in several countries. This should be a good thing- and it seemed as if most of…
Some Chinese researchers assert that Chinese flutes may have evolved from of Indian provenance.
In fact, the kind of side-blon, or transverse, flutes musicians play in Southeast Asia have also been discovered in Africa, India, Saudi Arabia, and Central Asia, as ell as throughout the Europe of the Roman Empire. This suggests that rather than originating in China or even in India, the transverse flute might have been adopted through the trade route of the Silk Road to Asia. In addition to these transverse flutes, Southeast Asians possessed the kind of long vertical flutes; similar to those found in Central Asia and Middle East.
A considerable amount of similarities exist beteen the vertical flutes of Southeast Asia and flutes from Muslim countries. This type of flute possibly came from Persians during the ninth century; during the religious migration to SEA. Likeise, the nose-blon flute culture, common to a number of…
Purple highlight means reference from his thesis, chapters 1-5
Blue highlight means reference from his raw research that was sent (17 files)
Yellow highlight means that writer could not find reference; one of the 17 files received
Gray highlight means writer found this source
Benazir Bhutto: The first and only female leader of Pakistan, Bhutto was a strong political figure and fighter for freedom and women's rights in Pakistan and other Muslim countries. Exiled and brought back by popular demand, she was assassinated in 2007.
Mo Yan: Mo Yan is an incredibly prolific and respected author in modern China, whose works are largely concerned with social commentary. He was formerly a soldier in the People's Army and is a member of the ruling Communist Party.
Khmer Rouge: The followers of Pol Pot and the Communist Party in Kampuchea (now Cambodia) were known as the Khmer Rouge. The regime is noted for the massive human rights violations and state-sponsored murders in the guise of social engineering.
Nigeria and Biafra: Biafra was a secessionist state in Nigeria populated largely by the Ibo people. The secession of te state, which was recognized by several neighboring African countries,…