Kenya Essays (Examples)

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Economic Development

Words: 3492 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32400864

Kenya: A Case Study in Reform

From its rough beginnings, Kenya has instituted a series of economic reforms in an attempt to raise the condition of the Kenyan people. They are an attempt to bring the Kenyan people out of a state of poverty and repression to one of stability and security about their ability to sustain themselves. Each reform has been better than the last, but they are still far from solving these issues in their country. This paper will cite the reasons for this as being a need for the people to regain the feeling of nationalism echoed in the early years of independence.

Kenya's History:

Prior to1800 Kenya consisted of groups of small tribal governments. Kenya is grouped into more than 70 ethnic groups, Some of the ethnic tribes are large e.g. The Agikuyu who form a majority of the population within their homeland in the central…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Africa Guide. World of Information Sessional Paper No. 2 of 1997 on Industrial Transformation

Amoako, Dr. K.Y. Claiming the 21st Century: Africa's Agenda (Speech). Executive

Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa at the National

Summit on Africa, (Washington D.C., 17 February 2000)
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Impregnated Mosquito Bed Netting in

Words: 5949 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35956222

The race between new drugs and new resistances has not stopped since then.... And in 1986, WHO's expert panel concluded that a magic solution could not be relied upon, and that furthermore, malaria patterns were determined by a variety of socioeconomic as well as biological, climatic and geographic factors. " (Banfield, 1998. p. 35)

The article refers as well to the impact of malaria on the people of Kenya "... where people in the Bomet district were dying at a rate of three or four a day..." (Banfield, 1998. p.35)

Another general study which includes informative data relative to the topic of this study is The Heavy Cost of Malaria and AIDS by De Giorgio (2000). This article refers to some significant economic aspects and to the way that the high rate of malaria infections is affecting the economy of Kenya, as well as other countries in the region. The…… [Read More]

References

ALAII J. et al. (2003) COMMUNITY REACTIONS TO THE INTRODUCTION OF PERMETHRIN-TREATED BED NETS FOR MALARIA CONTROL DURING A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL IN WESTERN KENYA. Retrieved November 3, 2006, at http://www.ajtmh.org/cgi/reprint/68/4_suppl/128.pdf http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002294055

Banfield, J. (1998, September). Malaria: Africa's Public Enemy No. 1. African Business 35+. Retrieved November 4, 2006, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002294055

Brown D. (1994) When Disease Resists; Malaria's Toll Rises in Tropical Regions As Effectiveness of Chloroquine Falls Off. www.highbeam.com/Search.aspx?q=impregnated+mosquito+bed+netting+%20publication:%5b%22The%20Washington%20Post%22%5dThe Washington Post. www.highbeam.com/Search.aspx?q=impregnated+mosquito+bed+netting+%20pubdate:%5b19940211;19940217%5dFebruary 14, 1994

Brown D. (1996) Antimalarial 'Bednets' Greatly Reduce Child Mortality in Africa, Studies Show. The Washington Post April 4, 1996. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002358265
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Persuasive Business Memo

Words: 574 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60419579

Burger Delight Expansion to Kenya was recently contacted by the Kenyan Minister of Trade and Commerce in relation to Burger Delight commencing operations in Kenya. With the Minster's support for this, I have investigated the Kenyan market to ascertain whether it would be a viable market to enter. Based on this research, I have concluded that the possibility is worth considering further. Please find to follow a summary of the research conducted, with reasoning showing the viability of expansion into Kenya.

Kenyan Economy

The Kenyan economy has been stagnating due to poor government and poor management since the 1990's, however despite these setbacks Kenya is well placed to serve as an engine of growth in East Africa (Emulate Me). In 1993, Kenya had the support of the World Bank and the IMF and economic performance improved remarkably. Since that time, various events caused a downturn in the economy. In 1999…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Emulate Me. "Kenya." CountryReports.Org, 2002. http://www.countryreports.org/content/kenya.htm

JamboKenya. "Food & Drink." Jambo Kenya Network, 2001.  http://www.jambokenya.com/jambo/travel/food.htm 

U.S. Department of State. "Background Notes: Republic of Kenya." March 1998. http://www.state.gov/www/background_notes/kenya_0398_bgn.html
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Mau - Contrasting Views of

Words: 2957 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27594973

The United Kenya Club was founded in 1946 and was the first multi-racial social organization in Kenya; the organization sponsored concerts and cultural events open to all ethnicities (if you could afford a ticket price). The liberal paternalists pressed for programs that would introduce "profit-making crafts to landless laborers," would "encourage the growth of a prosperous rural elite" and also would encourage progressive agricultural practices among poor peasants. Moreover, the liberal paternalists (Kennedy 248) wished to "instill Western principles of hygiene and child care" among African women and their daughters.

Missionaries were traditionally among the liberal paternalists, Kennedy points out, and when Sir Philip Mitchell became governor of Kenya, he "sought to invigorate the peasant agricultural sector" in order to build a more diversified economy (Kennedy 249). Mitchell also believed "with some justification" that a few of the white leaders among the British settlers "could be persuaded to cooperate in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Clough, Marshall S. 1998. Mau Mau Memoirs: History, Memory, and Politics. Boulder, CO:

Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Edgerton, Robert B. 1989. Mau Mau: An African Crucible. New York: The Free Press.

Elkins, Caroline. 2005. Imperial Reckoning: The Untold Story of Britain's Gulag in Kenya.
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Unbowed Colonization Has Left a Lingering Legacy

Words: 890 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60794816

Unbowed

Colonization has left a lingering legacy on all affected nations. In Unbowed, Wangari Maathai Muta describes the direct and indirect impact of colonization, via her life experiences in colonial and post-colonial Kenya. The Nobel Peace Prize recipient was ultimately able to use some of the tools left by the British, such as the British court and parliamentary system, in order to dismantle some of the most destructive remnants of the colonial enterprise. Maathai Muta's life and legacy embodies the central irony of the post-colonial era: that the evils of colonization can be counterbalanced by colonialisms' own political, economic, and social institutions. Maathai Muta's story focuses on the environmental impact of colonization: an economic and political model based on the exploitation of both labor and land. It is this type of multifaceted exploitation that characterizes the worst of colonization. Yet it was because of colonization that Kenya and other African…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Maathai, Wangari Muta. Unbowed. Alfred A. Knopf.
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Validity When Conducting a Research Study the

Words: 969 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71047213

Validity

When conducting a research study, the researcher needs to pay particular attention to the reliability and validity of his or her research instruments. These concepts form the basis of the academic acceptability and even excellence in a study. Hence, any researcher should be concerned with maximizing especially the validity of his or her work. In addition to internal consistency, various forms of validity can be identified, including face validity, content validity, criterion validity, and construct validity. All these validity forms form an important component of ensuring the strength of a research project.

Internal consistency refers to the homogeneity of a measure. When a questionnaire is offered to sports apparel customers in one of the countries (United States or Kenya) represented in the study, for example, it should be ensured that all the questions would produce valid scores for specific populations. This can be done by comparing half the items…… [Read More]

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Sports Apparel Markets in the United States

Words: 887 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23562131

sports apparel markets in the United States and Kenya. The aim is to make a comparison between these markets in terms of how the youth perceives branded products within these markets. My population focus will specifically be young people and business owners to determine the interaction of these populations for the marketing of branded sportswear.

With this in mind the research purpose of the paper will be first to determine the attitudes of young people in the respective countries of investigation towards branded sportswear. This will include whether and why they would prefer to buy branded products as opposed to non-branded ones. Also, the popularity of existing brands will be determined, also in a comparative way, determine which is most popular among young people. In terms of this, the size of each market will be determined.

The practical purposes that will follow include recommending ways in which businesses can develop…… [Read More]

References

Schram, T.H. (2006) - Chapters 1, 2

Trochim, W.M.K., & Donnelly, J. (2006) - Chapters 1, Sections 1-1f, Chapter 6
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Economic Development

Words: 2868 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68510566

Kenyan reform policy Successful?

The need for reform in Kenya has been clearly demonstrated. But the question remains, has this reform been successful? The slogan of "Harambe" fueled the passions of the Kenyan people and drove them to strive as one nation to lift themselves up from poverty and oppression. It has been ten years since the last reform and it is now time to look back and see what has been accomplished.

To measure the success of the reforms we will consider several economic indicators both before the reform and after to see how they have changed. Then these factors will be considered as a whole to develop a better outlook on the entire picture. We will consider education, the performance of the industrial sector, the trade and tourism sector, the finance sector, rate of inflation, employment and wages, the agricultural sector, construction, social services and some comments on…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Adams, Martin. LAND REFORM: NEW SEEDS ON OLD GROUND? Overseas Development Institute. Number 6, October 1995.

African Perspective. Kenya at the Crossroads. Fourth Issue - Winter 2000/2001. http://www.sis.gov.eg/public/africanmag/issue04/html/enafr12.htm

Appleton, Simon, Arne Bigsten and Damiano Kulundu Manda Educational expansion and Economic decline: returns to education in Kenya,1978-1995.

Bureau for Africa U.S. Agency for International Development KEN YA Country Profile U.S.
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Peace Justice and Reconciliation Following

Words: 1924 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67376544

Victims can participate in the proceedings, presenting their voices and concerns. They are invited, and it would be good for us if they present their concerns in court. They can also request compensation from those under investigation.

It will be a demanding process and there could be delays and setbacks. Our first trial was stayed two times. We had to appeal the genocide charges against President Al Bashir. So there will be fights in court. We will persist and do our part. We count on your support. But I want to be clear: we will not go further than these six individuals. We are helping Kenya to start, to break impunity. Kenyans will decide on their own way forward.

Doing justice for massive crimes is a long journey. Different countries have chosen different paths. South Africa is well-known for its truth commission, in Argentina we started prosecuting the top leaders…… [Read More]

Reference

Kofi Annan Foundation (2010). "Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation, Two Years On,

Where Are We?" Statement by Luis Moreno Ocampo, Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court. http://kofiannanfoundation.org/newsroom/speeches/2010/12/kenya-national-dialogue-and-reconciliation-two-years-where-are-we-statemen
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Sports Apparel

Words: 3353 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98795890

business world, many strategies have been devised to gain and retain customers. Phenomena such as globalization, market saturation, and better information technology have driven strategies such as customer awareness and long-term customer relationships to be favored above relatively short-term strategies to gain new customers, such as product price and quality (Kinuthai et al., 2012, p. 223). Indeed, creating brand loyalty in order to retain customers in the long-term has played a key role in long-term business success. To accomplish this, brands such as those operating within sportswear have emphasized strategies to appeal to consumers responding to products at the individual level. As such, customer loyalty is a significant determinant in the amount of product being bought and the frequency of repeat purchases.

On the basis of this, the dissertation will aim to examine brand loyalty among the youth of a developing country (Kenya) as compared to the same phenomenon in…… [Read More]

References

Aspara, J. (2009). Stock ownership as a motivation of brand-loyal and brand-supportive behaviors. Journal of Consumer Marketing. 26(6). Pp. 427-436. Retrieved from:  http://www.yconomie.com/aspara/articles/aspara-2009_stock_ownership_brand_loyal_behaviors.pdf 

Ayuk, A. And Nyaseda, C. (2008, Spring). CFC Model. The Appropriateness of Celebrity Endorsement in Developing African Nations: A study of Cameroon and Kenya. IBA 8010. Retrieved from: iba8010kelly.alliant.wikispaces.net

Baker, M., Sterenberg, G., and Taylor, E. (n.d.) Managing Global Brands to Meet Consumer Expectations. Retrieved from: http://www.brsgroup.com/PDFs/Managing_Global_Brands.pdf

Haig, M. (2004). Brand Royalty: How the World's Top 100 Brands Thrive and Survive. London and Sterling VA: Kogan Page Ltd. Retrieved from: http://www.untag-smd.ac.id/files/Perpustakaan_Digital_1/BRAND%20NAME%20PRODUCTS%20Brand%20royalty%20%20how%20the%20world%92s%20top%20100%20brands%20thrive%20and%20survive.pdf
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Rainwater Harvesting Systems in Farming

Words: 2021 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54109575

Individuals interviewed should be allowed to remain anonymous and receive the final results before publication.

Preliminary Results

It will be crucial to educate the local communities on how to use the system to their advantage for providing healthy water for farming and daily living purposes. To preserve the autonomous identity of these villages by empowering them with the tools they need to successfully provide the water each community will need. The research will need to focus on empowering local communities with the capabilities of providing for themselves. Currently, Sub-Saharan Africa receives millions of dollars annually in foreign aid (Haile, 2005). It is a primary goal of this research to find ways to reduce that dependence on foreign aid. The research will promote an increase overall agricultural productivity because of access to clean water. In addition, it will help improve farming methods and health of livestock so that those within the…… [Read More]

References

Boers, Th. M. & Ben-Asher, J. (1982). A Review of Rainwater Harvesting. Agricultural Water Management, 5(1982), 145-158.

Fewkes, A. (2006). The Technology, Design and Utility of Rainwater Catchment Systems. Water Demand Management. IWA Publishing, London, UK.

Gould, J. & Petersen-Nissen, E. (1999). Rainwater Catchment Systems for Domestic Supply: Design, Construction and Implementation. ITDG Publishing, London, UK.

Haile, Menghestab. (2005). Weather Patterns, Food Security, and Humanitarian Response in Sub-Saharan Africa. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Biological Sciences, 360(1463), 2169-2182.
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Doctor and Patient Relationship Behavior in a

Words: 756 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80002998

doctor and patient relationship behavior in a new light. The research documented in this article attempted to describe the effect of bedside case presentations vs. conference room style presentations. The impact of the medial care was interpreted through the patients perceptions of their medical care.

The research contained in this article was premised upon the idea that a significant difference may be noticed through different doctor presentations. The dichotomy presented here was bedside presentations may be more effective than the more rigid and academic style of the conference room presentation. They wrote "Despite the potential advantages of bedside presentations for students and physicians, there has been a trend to move clinical teaching away from the bedside and into the conference room. Concern about patients' discomfort with bedside presentations appears to be one reason for this change. Studies of such presentations have focused on patients' impressions and measurements of patients' anxiety.…… [Read More]

Key Finding

The researchers of this article found that there is much ignorance about the health benefits of exclusive breast feeding in Kenya. Many of the perceived ill health symptoms appeared to be associated with a lack of exclusive breast feeding practices. The authors suggested that more needed to be done in terms of educating young mothers and caregivers in this environment to practice exclusive breast feeding methods on their infants. Too much reliance is given to "their own backyard garden, and popular and folk medicines."

Matsuyama, A., Karama, M., Tanaka, J., & Kaneko, S. (2013). Perceptions of caregivers about health and nutritional problems and feeding practices of infants: a qualitative study on exclusive breast-feeding in Kwale, Kenya. BMC public health, 13(1), 525.
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Economics Country Analysis

Words: 3685 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10554050

Economics - Country Analysis

Country Overview and Current Events (News)

Ethiopia, traditionally known as Abyssinia, is a landlocked Sub-Saharan country located at the Horn of Africa in East Africa, bordering Somalia, Kenya, Eritrea, Djibouti, Sudan, and the newly-created South Sudan. It covers approximately 1,126,829km2 of land; about the size of the state of Texas, and was, until the split of Sudan, the second-largest country in Africa. Being landlocked, Ethiopia largely relies on the port of Djibouti, to which it is connected by both rail and road. Economic elements such as this, together with the country's history, population, geography and economic performance have been explored in the subsequent sections of this text.

Population: the U.S. Census Bureau, in June 2013, estimated Ethiopia's population to be 93,877,025; a figure that makes the country the second-most populous in Africa, after Nigeria (World Bank, Index Mundi). Ethiopia's population has been on a steady increase…… [Read More]

Works Cited

AFDB. "Inflation Dynamics in Selected East African Countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda." AFDB Brief, 2012. Web. 18 March 2014 http://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Publications/07022012Inflatin%20East%20Africa%20-%20ENG%20-%20Internal.pdf

This article analyses the trend in Ethiopia's inflation rates vis-a-vis those of other countries in the Sub-Saharan region and was a valuable source of regional statistics, which formed the main basis for comparison.

Broussar, Nzinga, and Tekleselassie Tsegay. "Youth Unemployment: Ethiopia; Country Study." International Growth Center, 2012. Web. 18 March 2014  http://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Publications/07022012Inflation%20East%20Africa%20-%20ENG%20-%20Internal.pdf 

This article analyzes the trend in Ethiopia's employment patterns. It reinforced my arguments that unemployment is more prevalent in urban Ethiopia, and that the country's informal sector contributes more to GDP than the formal sector.
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Worries of the Heart How Does the

Words: 746 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41445525

Worries of the Heart

How does the concept of gender change the way we think about colonialism in Kenya and Africa? Give specific examples.

Is colonialism 'bad' or 'good?' Conventional wisdom in the 19th century suggested that colonialism was beneficial to the residents of Africa and East Asia, because it was 'civilizing' and was even necessary, to 'carry the white man's burden' of enlightening non-Christians. Then, in the wake of the decolonization process of the 20th century, colonialism was portrayed as an unmitigated evil by nationalists. In her book Worries of the Heart: Widows, Family, and Community in Kenya, the African-born writer Kenda Mutongi attempts to question such dichotomies. Mutongi notes that when she was growing up, many of the women she met expressed a kind of nostalgia for the colonial era. The authors' mother, for example, remembers the carefully managed, sanitized hospitals of the British, which she said fell…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Mutongi, Kenda. Worries of the Heart: Widows, Family, and Community in Kenya. Chicago:

University of Chicago Press, 2007.
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Police Are Still Routinely Executing

Words: 733 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2424631



The problem is that the RPP reports, almost in passing, that in all documented cases no victim has been looked into or his case considered before the execution was perpetrated. No prosecution or investigation had been held either. Rather, the victim was summarily executed.

More so, police routinely threaten haphazard witnesses of these killings with, a t least, one witness, being abducted and killed.

This makes all the difference between justified and non-justified execution, and there becomes no difference between a police and a thug. The very fact that he police threaten witnesses indicates some apprehension on the official's part of his selection and execution of a particular man. One may, further, suspect that not only were some of the killings unjustified, but, using this approach and wilding this power, Africans police may arbitrarily target scapegoats of their choosing whom they wish to manipulate or who have, for instance, offended…… [Read More]

Source

Nzau Musau, (10 April 2012) Kenya: Extrajudicial Killings Still on, RPP Says

AllAfrica.com
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British Strategic Culture

Words: 779 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20363727

British Empire in the 1950's

In the aftermath of the Second World War the British Empire was began to disintegrate with a number of colonies engaging in conflicts aimed at driving the British out and gaining their independence. In response to these uprisings, the British used a variety of strategies with a varying amount of success. The outcome of these "small wars" in colonies such as Kenya, Aden, Cyprus, and Borneo depended upon how the British operated in that particular area and their individual response to the uprisings. In short, each conflict was unique, contained unique circumstances, and therefore required a unique response on the part of the British.

The British operated their colony in Kenya as a place to resettle British citizens in the lush farmland formerly owned by the native Kenyans. As a result, when the native Kikuyu tribe revolted, the British used the revolt as a means…… [Read More]

Reference List

Carver, Michael. 1981. War Since 1945. New York: Putnam.

Goktepe, Cihat. 2003. British Foreign Policy Towards Turkey, 1959-1965. London:

Frank Cass Publishers.

Walker, Jonathon. 2011. "Red Wolves and British Lions: The Conflict in Aden." In
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Descrptive Design Research Method and Design Proposal

Words: 2120 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90647310

Descrptive Design

Research Method and Design Proposal

A research design is the approach utilized for a study used as a guide in gathering and analyzing data. There are two popular methods of research; qualitative and quantitative research methods. Qualitative research is an inductive, holistic, subjective, and process-oriented method technique employed to understand, interpret, describe, and establish a theory on a given topic, phenomena, or setting. Investigators employ this technique when their studies attempt to describe life experiences and give them meaning. In most cases, the method has associations with words, language and experiences, rather than measurements, statistics and numerical figures. When the investigators use this method, they adapt a person centered, and holistic view to comprehend the given phenomenal without focusing on particular concepts. In addition, this method is dynamic and developmental, and it does not employ the use of formal structured instruments (Hodkinson, 2009).

Most importantly, qualitative data methods…… [Read More]

References

Bickman, L. (2008). Chapter 1 Applied research design: A practical approach. Retrieved from http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/23770_Ch1.pdf

Grimes, A.D., & Schulz, F.K. (2002). Descriptive studies: What they can do and cannot do.

Lancet, 359, 145-149.

Hofferth, S.L. (2005). Secondary data analysis in family research. Journal of Marriage and Family, 67, 891 -- 907.
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Challenges of Opening NYC Restaurant

Words: 4930 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66820861

NYC African Restaurants

African Restaurants

African Restaurants in NYC

The restaurant's soft industrial lighting makes the chrome gleam. A soft and expansive backdrop of blue gives the space a cool and slightly futuristic industrial like a hip loft in the future. Exposed brick walls are tinged in a blue sheen and the distressed wood chairs and tables have been stained steel gray and have marble table tops. In three weeks, Cisse Elhadji, the owner of Ponty Bistro in Midtown, will open his new restaurant La Terengea. Located at 144 West 139th St., the restaurant us nestled in between the Hudson and Harlem rivers a few blocks west of the City College of New York. The location of the restaurant is quite lucrative given its relative proximity to both Central Park as well as Yankee Stadium.

Though Elhadji has succeeded once with an African restaurant, La Teregenga is still a gamble.…… [Read More]

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Sacred Art Ritual the 1992

Words: 1191 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81978995

Communion with nature can come in the form of visual art and craft; in the form of storytelling; or in the form of dance. Each of these modes of creative expression invokes the unknown, powerful forces that underlie creation. Even though science can measure, explain, and manipulate nature it cannot answer the ultimate questions of why and how nature -- or human beings -- exist in the first place. Religious rituals offer human beings a way to seek answers to life's biggest questions through direct experience.

Different cultures have approached nature differently but traditional cultures share in common a reverence for the natural world that is all but absent in modern, industrialized societies. The religions that have sprouted up in modern nations parallel the worldview that human beings should triumph over nature rather than work with nature. In Baraka, devastating footage of death and destruction show what human beings are…… [Read More]

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World War II Also Marked

Words: 2272 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99236996

The demonstration in Tiananmen Square showed that there were alrge semgnets of the population that wanted change, but Deng's response was to crush the movement with violence and to assert the supremacy ofm centalzied rule once more..

These actions show some of the difficulties of independence and of developing a new political structure when many adhere to older political structures and ideas. One response is to try to wipe out the old with violence, but regimes tend to become reactionary about their own ideas as well and to crush any opposition, real of perceived.

9. Arab unity has not materialized for a number of historical reasons related to the different ways in which the countries of the region have developed so that the leaders of some of the states are wary of other leaders, because of differences in economic structures in the various countries, and because of different reactions to…… [Read More]

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Glory Just a Poor Farm

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95884386

Beatrice envies Nyaguthii for her ability to attract men and wants to be like her. She thinks her own inability to attract men is because of her lack of money and because she is a poor girl from the country. She hasn't enough money to buy skin lightening creams or new stockings with "no ladders" (runs) in them. "Clothes? But even here she never earned enough..." In the beginning Beatrice doesn't see that she and Nyaguthii are both in the same boat, that an empty life is an empty life, no matter what you are wearing, that society and the class system are keeping her from having any sort of meaningful life. "My god, she wept inside, what does Nyaguthii have that I don't have?"

Beatrice cannot fit in with the urban people around her, people who frequent the barroom scene. Worldly city dwellers tend to look down on simple…… [Read More]

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Curry Crisis A Madhu's Business Is Not

Words: 599 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10385936

Curry Crisis

a) Madhu's business is not highly globalized. He produces and sells in the UK. However, one of his major inputs is chefs, and the ones with the skills he needs are not typically found in the UK. Indian chefs almost always come from India or from expat Indian communities elsewhere. This element of his business is globalized, because Indian cooking is a specialized skill that originates from a specific geography, and is not readily found either in the UK or in other parts of the world.

b) The four drivers of globalization are cost, market, government and competition. In the case of Madhu, the most important are market and competition. Cost is not a major factor. Madhu does not appear to have an issue with the cost of Indian chefs in Britain. There is no indication in the case that he is unwilling to pay a higher price…… [Read More]

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Weapons of Mass Destruction and the Next

Words: 5067 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10464176

Weapons of Mass Destruction and the Next Terror: Assessment of How a Significant Terrorist WMD Attack Might Be Conducted by a Non-State Actors Perpetrator and Why They Can't Stage an Attack

Weapons of Mass Destructions (WMD) have considerable effect to the economies of both developed and developing countries. In the modern world, most terror groups have resolved to use Weapons of Mass Destruction to harm their enemies. The entire syndicate comprises state actors and the terror group, which intends to destroy the target country. The state actors have direct links or channels of communication with such attackers, foreign allies, and several residential alliances with almost similar connections to the terror groups. Most of the terror groups lack essential materials that would aid in the making of some of the most dangerous weapons such as nuclear bombs. The various forms of attack involved when using lethal weapons include dispersion, dissemination, and…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Anthony Cordesman, Terrorism Asymmetric Warfare, and Weapons of Mass Destruction, (New

York:

Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002).

Eric Croddy, James Wirtz, Weapons of Mass Destruction, (London: ABC-CLIO, 2005).
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Hotel Lodging Operations Analysis of

Words: 3690 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17478181

The section will provide non-alcoholic drinks and an environment where Christians can feel like they are in "paradise." This will as a result ensure that the hotel enlarges its target group. By including this, Paradise Hotel will be a suitable destination for all including domestic tourists who will get an opportunity to enjoy their local delicacies as well as a taste of international delicacies.

The hotel will feature fully renovated and modernized guestrooms with an extra intimate hot tub and relaxation space. The new look hotel will include an elegant late-night poolside lounge which will comprise of sun-loungers, day beds and decks. The main idea behind the renovations of the pool is to transform outdoor spaces into outdoor living rooms that offer flexible dining, drinking, events and relaxing spaces. The intimate spa will have floor cushions and new striking lights. With these renovations in place, the hotel will therefore provide…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Atzmon, Gilad. Web Log post. Peacepalestine. Peacepalestine, 24 Oct. 2005. Web. 22 Mar. 2010. < http://peacepalestine.blogspot.com/2005/10/paradise-mombassa-translated-and.html >.

"Easy to Implement & Maintain 5-Step Action Plan." Best Perfomance Systems: Keeping People and Profits Healthy. Bestperfomancesystems.com. Web. 22 Mar. 2010. .

"Investing in Kenya: Tourism Industry." Article Garden:Sustainable Living Articles. Article Garden. Web. 22 Mar. 2010. .

Muhoho, Robert. "Mombasa Beach Hotels- Top 10 Beach Hotels in Mombasa Kenya." Buzzle.com: Intelligent Life on the Web. Buzzle.com. Web. 22 Mar. 2010. .
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Cultural Characteristics

Words: 1023 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2673515

Immigration

The target family immigrated to the United States of America (USA) in 2001 from Western part of Kenya in East Africa. Composed of two parents and three children, a ten-year-old girl, eight-year-old boy and a five-year-old girl, the family's move to the U.S.A. was not an easy one. The man of the family, Oyot, before immigrating to the U.S., worked as a primary school teacher in a small township of Rongo in Nyanza province of Kenya. Life in Kenya was unbearable for him as his monthly salary was insufficient for his family.

Oyot had always wanted to leave Kenya in search of a better life for his family; there were issues that motivated his immigration to The U.S.A. First, in Africa, families are extended and some members of Oyot's family mocked him continually. They claimed that he was cursed and that he would never amount to anything. Oyot belongs…… [Read More]

References

Clegg, L.H. (1997, January). EBONICS:A Serious Analysis of African-American Speech

Patterns. MAAT News .

Kenya and the National Assembly . (2008, Oct 16). Kenya National Assembly Official Record

(Hansard). SACCO in Kenya .
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African Literature

Words: 1098 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81335112

Letter," by Mariama Ba, "Devil on the Cross," by Ngug" wa Thiongo, and "July's People," by Nadine Gordimer. Specifically, it will discuss and explain gender and family in "So Long a Letter," the aspects of Colonialism and Imperialism in "Devil on the Cross," and cultural freedom and integrity in "July's People."

THREE AFRICAN NOVELS

In "So Long a Letter," Mariama Ba writes of Ramatoulaye, a Senegalese schoolteacher in her 50s, whose husband decides to take a second wife without Ramatoulaye's knowledge. Of course, the new wife is younger and prettier than Ramatoulaye, and her husband's selfish move devastates her. The book is written in the form of a touching and emotional letter to her best friend from childhood, someone she feels she can trust. "We walked the same paths from adolescence to maturity, where the past begets the present" (Ba 1).

Family and gender are two of the most important…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Adeeko, Adeleke. "Plotting Class Consciousness in the African Radical Novel." Critique. 38.3 (1997): 177-192.

Ba, Mariama. So Long a Letter. England: Longman, 1979.

Folks, Jeffrey J. "Artist in the Interregnum: Nadine Gordimer's July's People." Critique. 39.2 (1998): 115-126.

Gordimer, Nadine. July's People. New York: Viking, 1981.
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International Marketing in Sports Apparel

Words: 3703 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54065745

THEORY

One of the most difficult paradigms in research is defining what exactly constitutes the idea of "theory." There are many different authors with many different views on this.

Harlow (2009) articulates the problem associated with defining "theory" is that there is no fixed, universal meaning for this concept. One of the guides towards identifying the components that constitute a theory could be the specific research direction at issue. In the natural science, for example, "theory" could refer to the law or system of laws. In a social sciences discipline, "theory" might suggest a construct or set to order and understand the phenomena under study.

While it is difficult to explain or define the concept of theory, Harlow also points towards the importance of understanding the concept of "theory" in terms of research, since it forms the central concept around which the research is conducted. Hence, understanding what is meant…… [Read More]

References

Best, H. (2013). Theories of Social Changes by Raymond Boudon.

Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (2009). On Being a Scientist: A

Guide to Responsible Conduct in Research. Washington D.C.: National

Academies Press
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Ears Are Blasted Daily by the Drumbeat

Words: 2037 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9156008

ears are blasted daily by the drumbeat of environmental forewarnings. The seas are rising. The glaciers are melting. Don't drive -- take the bus. Recycle. Turn off the lights. Adjust that thermostat. Save the polar bears! Reduce your carbon footprint!

Nothing against carbon, or ecologists, or polar bears, but while society focuses on reducing carbon footprints, why aren't more folks out there creating footprints for God? Who is marching through the pain and the rain and the snow to rekindle faith that God will intercede in broken lives, and will help repair the world's environmental problems if we just put one foot in front of the other in a march towards Christian truth?

Why have we been waiting for inspiration as to what we should do in this troubled world? Are not seeing that global warming and rising sea levels are sending us warning that we need to trust God's…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Faris, Stephan. (2008). Craig Sorley. Time. Retrieved October 25, 2011, from http://www.time.com.

Sorley, Craig. (2011). Christ, Creation Stewardship, and Missions: How Discipleship into a Biblical Worldview on Environmental Stewardship Can Transform People and Their Land.

International Bulletin of Missionary Research, 35(3), 137-143.

Srokosz, M.A. (2008). God's Story and the Earth's story: Grounding our concern for the Environment in the biblical meta-narrative. Science & Christian Belief, 20(2), 163-175.
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How Terrorism Affects the International Tourism Industry

Words: 5575 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90258062

Terrorism Affects the International Tourism Industry

There is an undeniable relationship between terrorism and tourism. This is because of the industry power tourist sites are attractive avenues for terrorists to cause unprecedented magnitudes of economic and social disruption. The 21st century economy is dominated by three sectors namely information technology, tourism, and telecommunications. Tourism generates ten percent of international employment with a surplus of 30% in the Caribbean region. World tourism organization estimates that over two hundred million people across the world will be employed in the industry by 2015. The tourism and travel sectors have expanded by 700% in the last two decades (Gabbay & Ghosh, 2013). It is further projected that tourists will spend twice as much in foreign nations on tourism activities. For most developing nations, tourism is the leading source of income in terms of GDP thus a key influence in the economic growth. The issue…… [Read More]

References

Beirman, D. (2013). Restoring tourism destinations in crisis: A strategic marketing approach. Crows Nest, N.S.W: Allen & Unwin.

Gabbay, R. & Ghosh, R.N. (2013). Tourism and economic development: Case studies from the Indian Ocean region. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

Keyes, D.C., & Jonathan L.Burstein. (2010). Medical response to terrorism: Preparedness and clinical practice. Philadelphia [u.a.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Huggett, C., & Pownall, D. (2010). Teaching travel and tourism 14. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
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Ghana Blunch and Verner Determinants of Literacy

Words: 6824 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30089731

Ghana

Blunch and Verner (Determinants of Literacy)

How does a country make progress? The answers seem to be obvious on paper - if difficult to effect in the world itself. Those of us who are citizens of the First World tend to believe that we understand what is required for a nation to "develop." But Blunch and Verner, in their study of literacy and numeracy skills in Ghana, demonstrate how complicated the idea of "development" is and how culturally specific.

That development should take different courses in different parts of the world should, in fact, not be a surprise to us at all. One of the problems of modernization projects has always been that there is a certain essential arrogance to nearly all of them because there is embedded in them the idea that every "backward" country could improve itself (i.e. become like the nation that is sponsoring the modernization…… [Read More]

References

Branford, S. And Kucinski, B. (1988). The Debt Squads. London: Zed Books.

Broad, R. (1988). Unequal Alliance. Berkeley: UC Press. http://canadianeconomy.gc.ca/english/economy/globalization.html

http://www.ghanaeducation.org/academic http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/gh.html

http://www.economicjustice.org/campaigns/AfricaIMF.html
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Analyzing How Terrorism Affects Tourism in Istanbul

Words: 3682 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22171233

Terrorism Affects Tourism in Istanbul

The terror group, Islamic State, caused an explosion near Istanbul's historic Sultan Ahmed Cami Mosque (popularly known as the Blue Mosque). This raised serious concerns with regard to tourism in the country of Turkey. This recent explosion, which claimed the lives of ten tourists, followed another terror bombing incident in the country's capital Ankara, on 10th October, 2015, which claimed the lives of over a hundred individuals. Following the nation's tense situation, travel specialists from Turkey started raising concerns (Parvan, 2016). Turkish tourism could suffer a serious blow in light of the 12th January terror attack, in Istanbul's historical hub, near the famed Blue Mosque. According to Turkish travel specialists, considering that Turkey borders Syria and has been a target of terror attacks earlier, tourists were already uneasy about visiting. Thus, the events that transpired on January 12 will do nothing, but aggravate their qualms…… [Read More]

References

Bajpai, P. (2015). The Paris Attacks And The World Economy -- Investopedia. Retrieved March 30, 2016, from http://www.investopedia.com/articles/investing/111715/paris-attacks-and-world-economy.asp

Calder, S. (2016). Istanbul bombing travel Q&A: How significant is the attack? How will it affect tourism in the city? Retrieved March 30, 2016, from http://www.independent.co.uk/travel/news-and-advice/istanbul-bombing-travel-qa-how-significant-is-the-attack-how-will-it-affect-tourism-in-the-city-a6807626.html

Chebib, K. (2016). Impact of Istanbul Attack on the Turkish Economy and Tourism. Retrieved March 30, 2016, from http://blog.euromonitor.com/2016/01/impact-of-istanbul-attack-on-the-turkish-economy-and-tourism.html

Dalay, G. (2016). Turkey's terrifying challenges after Istanbul attack. Retrieved March 30, 2016, from http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2016/01/istanbul-attack-pretext-demonise-refugees-turkey-160113114154831.html
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Independence Less Than Half a

Words: 12705 Length: 46 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94035562

Notwithstanding the challenges involved, the stakes are high and there is little room for false starts or experimentation; therefore, identifying a general set of best practices that Gambian organizations can follow in developing their own set of sustainable productivity practices represents a valuable and timely undertaking, which relates to the purpose of the study which is discussed further below.

Purpose of Study

The overall purpose of this study was to study to provide a review of the relevant juried and scholarly literature together with the findings of a survey of Gambian business leaders to generally identify the most pressing priorities for developing the nation's infrastructure and sustainable organizational productivity. The specific purpose of the study was to determine whether SMEs face the same types of challenges of to optimum performance as their larger corporate counterparts, and to identify any peculiar organizational characteristics that determine levels of performance between SMEs and…… [Read More]

References

About us. 2010. The Gambia Experience. Retrieved from http://www.gambia.co.uk/Docs/About-

Us/Default.aspx.

American Psychological Association. (2002). Publication manual of the American Psychological

Association (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
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Polish Tourists and Their Recent

Words: 2747 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26134263

These types of trips accounted for 33% in 2004, a major increase since 2002, when they only accounted for 17% in all international trips. Finally, the third most common stimulus for trips abroad was that of visiting family and friends. In 2002, the rate of these trips was of 28%, but by 2004 it had declined to 22%.

Another trend obvious in the past recent years is that of Polish tourists visiting destinations considered untraditional so far. This is generally the result of intensified marketing efforts and the most relevant example in this sense is the still growing number of Polish individuals traveling to the African countries, namely Kenya. Also, the results are due to a long historical relationship between Poland and Kenya, basically the fact that Poland has offered scholarships to the Kenyan students and that they have also helped defend the British territories in Kenya against Germany, during…… [Read More]

References

Ebrill, L.P., 1994, Poland: The Path to a Market Economy, International Monetary Fund

Smith, M.K., Robinson, M., 2006, Cultural Tourism in a Changing World: Politics, Participation and (Re)presentation, Cahnnel View Publications

Thomas, R., Augustyn, M., 2006, Tourism in the New Europe: Perspectives on Some Policies and Practices, Elsevier

2002, Number of Polish Tourists Up, Polonia Global Fund, http://pgf.cc/2002/06/15/number-of-polish-tourists-up/last accessed on January 13, 2009
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Vulnerability and Weakness of the

Words: 3719 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70266661

Still, embassy targeting is a very common practice used by terrorists as well. Despite the fact that they should be considered one of the most important institutions of a state abroad they are not exempted from threats such as terrorist acts. Moreover, the security level such a facility would imply does not detract terrorists and does not limit their actions.

Thirdly, it must be taken into account the fact that bombings are not the only means used by terrorists in their activities. Also, apart from attacking targets through bombs, they also use fire attacks, arms, and even kidnapping techniques to follow their goals. However, apart from these physical techniques, terrorists also use advanced technology to communicate and even inflict harm. They use different internet websites, such as various fundamentalist Islamic sites where proponents of terrorist action try to rally support for their cause against western civil and military targets. Also,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

American Memorial site. Two Days of Infamy - We Must Never Forget. 2008. Accessed 11 January 2008, available from http://americanmemorialsite.com/beirutembassy.html

American National Security Policy. Terrorism, threats and trends. N.d. Accessed 11 January 2008, available at http://myoops.org/twocw/mit/NR/rdonlyres/Political-Science/17-471American-National-Security-PolicyFall2002/B8E0BAB9-0DEA-42D1-8E95-076CB37E65FF/0/1747102InternationalTerrorism.ppt

BBC, Toll climbs in Egyptian attacks. 23 July 2005. Accessed 11 January 2008, available at http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/4709491.stm

Department of State. Bombings in Nairobi, Kenya and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Bureau of Public Affairs August 7, 1998.
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Non-American Culture the World Outside

Words: 2709 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15001249

Workers are employed in fisheries, mining, and defense industries while the farmers work in the agricultural collectives. Standards of living are defined by the family background as to the political and ideological heritage. The children of revolutionaries (those who died in the Korean War) are given special educational opportunities at an elite school called the Mangyndae Revolutionary Institute. However, the children and descendants of those who were in collaboration with the Japanese or the "exploiting class" are considered to be 'bad elements' in the society.

North Korea supports equality in aspect of the genders. The employment of women is expected and demanded by the South Korean government and those working with children under the age of four are expected to put the children in permanent nurseries if there is no family to take care of them while the mother works. However, the women are paid less than are men and…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Edgell, Alvin G. (2003) Globalization and Cultural Encounters 2003

International and Third World Studies Journal and Review Vol. XIV 2003 Dept

Political Science Kent State University.

Opondo, Patricia a. (2000) Cultural Policies in Kenya 2000 May 1 Arts
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Conflict Issues in Globalization

Words: 1937 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35894566

Globalization, Genetic Modification of Crops and Agricultural Hysteria on the Left

One of the most telling images in the modern media of recent date, regarding the issue of genetically modified foodstuffs was the sight of silos of genetically modified seed being sent back from an African nation experiencing a profound crisis of famine. Despite the fact that such seeds would have helped the immediate problem, fears were too great that the nation would be rendered dependant upon subsidized food from the first world, and more to the point, become test subjects for a questionable new technology. However, amongst the strident cries in Europe and Africa against genetically modified produce, which have driven some individuals to engage in 'eco-terrorist' practices of sabotage, the American consumer has become comfortable, one might state, in a kind of blissful ignorance over the debate. American genetically modified crops are not even required to be labeled…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bigman, David. Editor. (2002). Globalization and the Developing Countries. Oxford University Press.

DeGregori, Thomas R. (2002). The Environment, Natural Resources and Modern Technology, Ames: Iowa State Press.

DeGregori, Thomas R. (2003).

Origins of the Organic Agriculture Debate. Ames: Iowa State Press.
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Management Decision-Making

Words: 2912 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64068892

Horn of Africa experienced what was termed the worst drought in 60 years. The drought, caused by the failure of the rains for two consecutive seasons, led to a severe food crisis across Djibouti, Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya, and killed more than 100,000 people while placing hundreds of thousands at risk of starvation. According to Hiller and Dempsey (2011), the greatest tragedy was that the world had seen this disaster coming, but little had been done to prevent it. From as early as 2010, there had been clear indications of a looming crisis and its consequences. La Nina, a climate condition that would lead to drier than normal conditions over the entire area had already been confirmed. Further warnings of the crisis were repeated and became more strident in 2011. In light of all the warning signs, it is, therefore, rather surprising that proper response from the international aid system…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bart, C., 1988. Budgeting Gamesmanship. Academy of Management Executive. vol.(2)4, pp. 285-294.

Hiller, D & Dempsey, B., 2011. A Dangerous Delay: The cost of late response to early warnings in the 2011 drought in the Horn of Africa. Oxfam International and Save the Children. Available at  https://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/bp-dangerous-delay-horn-africa-drought-180112-en.pdf . [Accessed 25 April 2015]

Kaplan, R. & Norton, D., 1996. The balanced scorecard: translating strategy into action. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press

Mintzberg, H., 1987. Crafting strategy. Harvard Business Review. Vol. (65)4, pp. 66-75.
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Ecofeminism In Search of Universal

Words: 6347 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96383318

143).

Moreover, the global neglect of women (in terms of science) is reflected in the fact that women have been excluded as experimental subjects in drug research, Rosser continues. Certainly pregnant women have been excluded from experiments with pesticides and radioactive materials, but beyond that Rosser explains that "…these drugs and materials are then used without ever having been tested on women" (1991, p. 143). And yet notwithstanding their exclusion from testing, women's research has led to a vast resource of knowledge vis-a-vis the natural environment.

To wit, Rachel Carson correctly extrapolated the deadly effects on the environment due to agricultural pesticides (DDT in particular), and in fact changed the way the government approached pesticides (1991, p. 144). Indeed, Carson's books ("Silent Spring," "Under the Sea-Wind," and others) had an enormous impact on the nation's grasp of environmental dangers and led eventually to the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Alldred, Pam, and Dennison, Sarah, 2000, 'Eco-Activism and Feminism: Do Eco-Warriors and Goddesses Need it?', Feminist Review, No. 63, 124-127.

Biehl, Janet, 1991, Rethinking Ecofeminist Politics, South End Press, Cambridge MA.

Eaton, Heather, 2005, Introducing Ecofeminist Theologies, Continuum International Publishing Group, New York.

Kheel, Marti, 1993, 'From Heroic to Holistic Ethics: The Ecofeminist Challenge', in Ecofeminism: Women, Animals, Nature, G. Gaard Ed., Temple University Press: New York.
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Race Ethnic Relations Book Comparison

Words: 1759 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38850394

In Kingston's more feminine rendering of identity, although she resists the ideals of silence and sexual repression, she accepts the idea that women have more permeable boundaries of selfhood and stronger ties to their family in the telling of her text.

Both works point to the inexorability of the past, especially for individuals of ethnic or racial minorities who consider themselves 'other.' Obama is 'other' because of his multiethnic heritage that alienates him from parents as well as friends, and because of the Americanness that separates him from his father. Kingston sees herself as Chinese, but female in a culture as well as a nation that mistrusts this aspect of a woman's self. Both make claims to how their lives speak for other lives -- Obama explicitly with his overly political narration, and his determination to use his struggle as fuel for success as an advocate of community enfranchisement, Kingston…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Kingston, Hong Maxine. The Woman Warrior. Vintage, 1989

Obama, Barak. Dreams from my Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance.

Three Rivers Press, 2004.
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Managing Homeland Security the Government

Words: 634 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17911203

The town has suffered from a series of grenade attacks which have left many Kenyans citizens injured. The increasing incidents of explosive material in the nation from Ukraine were netted by the Kenyan police. Kenya with the help of American intelligence has netted has arrested the suspects awaiting trial.

Attacks in the Kenyan nation should be investigated using the right procedures. The explosive material in the area where the attacks have been experienced should be isolated to avoid contamination of evidence. There is also a need to collect evidence from witnesses in the area. The witnesses in the area of incident have crucial evidence which can lead to the arrest of the terrorist. The procedures of evidence collection and preservation can be useful in identifying the source of the explosive and during the trial. The police should ensure that the people are dispersed from the area to ensure that they…… [Read More]

Reference

BBC NEWS AFRICA (23 June 2012). "U.S. warns of 'imminent' threat of attack in Mombasa" retrieved on 25/06/2012 from  http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-18563678
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UN Security Council

Words: 5883 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61388417

UN Security Council

Proliferation of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons to terrorist organizations is inarguably one of the greatest menaces threatening international peace and security today.[footnoteRef:1] Since the turn of the century, this sentiment has grown in strength across the world, and as a countermeasure to this threat, in 2004, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 1540 to combat the dangerous nexus between the spread of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and terrorism. Adopted under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, the Resolution mandates that all member states criminalizes and put into place a national enforcement system to deter and punish proliferation activities. Additionally, provisions under Resolution 1540 entail physical safety and security measures, as well as the adoption of border and export controls to detect, deter, prevent, and combat illicit trafficking. [1: During the 2010 Washington, DC Nuclear Security Summit, the United States President Barack Obama stated that…… [Read More]

References

AG/RES. 2333 (XXXVII-O/07) Support for Implementation at the Hemispheric Level of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540 (2004)," adopted at the fourth plenary session (June 5, 2007); ASEAN Regional Forum,

Charter of the United Nations, chp. VIII, art. 52.

Fawcett, p. 3; UN Secretary-General's remarks to the Security Council debate on the role of regional and sub-regional organizations in the maintenance of international peace and security New York, 6 November 2007.

http://www.un.org/Docs/sc/unsc_background.html
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African Literature

Words: 996 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9877462

Devil on the Cross, War?

nga exhibits meekness and self-hatred. Her self-loathing prompts her to bleach her black skin and iron her hair. When she interacts with her fellow passengers in the taxi, War?

nga lacks the resolve she has following her encounter with the Devil on the golf course immediately prior to the Njeruca revolt. Witnessing the circumstances and listening to the speeches at the Devil's Feast was not enough to spur her on to eventually wield a deadly weapon. War?

nga needed her visions to empower her and awaken her to the injustices of her people and her nation. War?

nga kills the Rich Old Man, her fiance's father, for five solid reasons: her conversation with the Devil alerted her to the realities of life; M-turi's call to arms and his entrusting War?

nga with the gun; her newfound self-confidence and transformed personality; War?

nga's anger at the…… [Read More]

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Sports Apparel

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4402580

Aspara, J. (2009). Stock ownership as a motivation of brand-loyal and brand-supportive behaviors. Journal of Consumer Marketing. 26(6). Pp. 427-436. Retrieved from: http://www.yconomie.com/aspara/articles/aspara-2009_stock_ownership_brand_loyal_behaviors.pdf

In this work, Aspara investigates the psychological motivations underlying stock ownership and its influence on brand loyalty as well as finding empirical evidence to support the explication of these motivations. The author points out that, although consumption and investment psychologies, respectively, have been seen as separate realms, the study reveals that they can have a significant mutual influence. Indeed, the author has found that many individuals who become stockowners in a company also experience a positive and increased motivation towards brand loyalty for that company. Positive word-of-mouth has also been found among individuals becoming stock owners in a company.

What this means for the study to be conducted on brand loyalty among the youth in the United States and Kenya may not be considered in terms of…… [Read More]

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Significant Challenge Facing East Africa Economies

Words: 2034 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7065435

economy of the East Africa area

Economic growth literally involves critical issues pertaining to life and death. Roughly 1.374 billion individuals survive on lower than 1.25 dollars/day, at America's 2005 purchasing power parity (PPP). Around 2.6 billion individuals (which constitute 40% of global population) survive on lower than 2 dollars/day. These individuals struggle with poor health and malnutrition; reside in areas with poor, degraded surroundings; are social outcasts; have low literacy levels or are wholly illiterate; have little voice over political matters; and struggle to earn meager wages as laborers, or on tiny, marginal farms, or in shabby slum areas (Todaro & Stephen, 2012). From 2010-2012, 15% of global population came under the 'chronic undernourished' category of individuals. Most of these individuals, numbering 850 million, belonged to developing countries (FAO, WFP, and IFAD 2012: 9).

This paper will deal with ways by which economic evaluations can explain the issue, and…… [Read More]

References

Bardy, R., Rubens, A., & Massaro, M. (2015). The Systemic Dimension of Sustainable Development in Developing Countries. Journal of Organizational Transformation & Social Change, 12(1), 22-41. doi:10.1179/1477963314Z.

Cypher, J.M. (2014). The Process of Economic Development (4th Edition), Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.

FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations), WFP (World Food Programme), and IFAD (International Fund for Agricultural Development). (2012). The State of Food Insecurity in the World. Rome: FAO.

Mah, J.S. (2015). R&D Promotion Policies of Developing Countries and Fairness in International Trade Relations. Journal Of Economic Issues (M.E. Sharpe Inc.), 49(1), 179-196. doi:10.1080/00213624.2015.1013886
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A Critical Appraisal Review of the Literature on Accountability in a Liberal Democracy

Words: 1752 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12885809

Accountability in a Liberal Democracy: A Critical Appraisal

A liberal democracy is defined as a political philosophy by which people have inalienable rights to power and free elective process of their country. In other words, a liberal democracy is a political system characterized with a free election, and political decision made by an independent legislature, a multiple political system, and independent judiciary. In a liberal democratic system, people have the right to voice a decision making process of their country with application of a majority rule and vote a candidate they wish to run the political office. A liberal democracy is a democracy of the people and for the people.

Typically, liberal democracy gives the citizens the overall strategy to improve the political economy of their country through a better government. Under a liberal democratic rule, people have the right to vote and participate in the civil engagement to protect…… [Read More]

Reference

Borowiak, C.T. (2011). Accountability and Democracy. The Pitfalls and Promise of Popular Control. London. Oxford University Press.

Chen, W. & Hsu, J.C. (2014). Horizontal Accountability in a Polarised New Democracy: The Case of Post-Democratisation Taiwan. Australian Journal of Asian Law. 15(2): 1-19.

Cheung, C. & Leung, K.(2007). Enhancing life satisfaction by government accountability in China. Social Indicators Research. 82.3: 411-432.

Kellman, A. (2004). Democracy Assistance in Practice: The Designing of a Political Party Training Program in the Republic of Kenya', MA thesis, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
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Looking Into Application Determinants and Prevention of Maternal and Child Mortality

Words: 592 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14148782

Determinants of Maternal Mortality

Be sure to complete the entire worksheet (Parts 1-4).

Maternal Mortality Ratio:

Go to the World Health Organization website link, "Cause-Specific Mortality and Morbidity: Maternal Mortality Ratio Data by Country," listed in this week's Learning Resources.

Select five different countries, representing different geographical regions.

Download data of these countries (or write them up in an Excel sheet).

Draw a time series chart of maternal mortality ratios of these countries.

Refer to the "Time Series Chart Example" document in this week's Learning Resources.

What are your main observations regarding this chart ?

There are two distinct aspects perceived from this chart. For starters, the maternal mortality ratio is greater for low income countries and middle income countries. This is regardless of the fact that the statistics indicated are declining as the years progress. Between the five nations, India indicated the highest decline through the years, followed by…… [Read More]

Resources or any additional resources.

In general, the inference from the statistics shown in the graphs above is that low income nations and middle income nations have the highest ratios in relation to the five nations selected. On the other hand, the high income and developed nations have the lowest ratios of the indicators with regard to the five nations selected.

© 2015 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 11 of 11
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Gender Violence Rape and on

Words: 2232 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66909517



Reasons to hear victim experiences.

The victims of rape have a right to be heard, and it is not only healthy for their psychological composure, but also for the community to know what menace this is and face it. There are several reasons why the rape victims should be heard, here are some:

A. May inspire others to speak out; this way more of the victims will get the confidence to speak out make the society to embrace the cruelties of the crime and act upon it.

B. Educational purposes- the experiences that the society has had can be used to educate the entire community on the ills of the heinous act and it is an education that cannot be given better than the victims themselves, for a safer future society.

C. Public awareness- the victims should be allowed to speak so as to help heighten the public awareness on…… [Read More]

References

AFROL (2011). Sierra Leone: Gender Profile. Retrieved March22, 2011 from http://www.afrol.com/Categories/Women/profiles/sierraleone_women.htm

Asencio, M., (1999). Machos and Sluts: Gender, Sexuality, and Violence among a Cohort of Puerto Rican Adolescents. Blackwell Publishing.

Dothaneagle.com, (2011). Apologies issued for unprosecuted rape of black woman in 1944.

Retrieved March22, 2011 from http://www2.dothaneagle.com/news/2011/mar/21/apologies-issued-unprosecuted-rape-black-woman-194-ar-1607570/
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Sociology Causes of Famine in

Words: 2111 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92051101

Between 1950 and 1984, the Green Revolution began to influence farming. This saw world grain production improve by 250%, even though much of this gain was non-sustainable. These agricultural technologies temporarily increased crop yields, but there are signs as early as 1995 that not only are these technologies reaching their peak of assistance, but they may now be contributing to the decline of arable land e.g. persistence of pesticides leading to soil contamination and decline of area available for farming. Developed nations have been willing to share these technologies with developing nations that have famine crisis, but there are ethical restrictions in regards to thrusting such technologies on lesser developed countries. This is often accredited to an association of inorganic fertilizers and pesticides with a lack of longevity. It is thought that these technological advances might not be as great in those famines which are the result of war. Increased…… [Read More]

References

Chossudovsky, Michel. 2008, Global Famine, viewed 11 August 2010,



Harsch, Ernest. 2003, Famine spreads across Africa, viewed 11 August 2010,

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International Collegiate System Has Been

Words: 895 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73018842

We must, however, muster the political will to make our cities fit for our children, and the time to act is now!"

For me, the most important parts of the conference were the opportunities to meet new friends from all over the globe, and to attend some of the training events and seminars that help us focus on the things we can do on a daily basis to improve the potential for our own countries as well as globally. It is clear that we all have a global responsibility -- something done in China or Iceland, for that matter, has global consequences. We can no longer isolate ourselves as a species or as a culture. Indeed, with the Internet and modern technology and social networks (Facebook, etc.), it is not unusual to have friends in several countries. This should be a good thing- and it seemed as if most of…… [Read More]

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Traditional Se Asian Bamboo Flutes

Words: 28549 Length: 95 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64807002

The organization of the five chapters in the study includes:

Chapter I: Chapter I includes the design of the study, the study's research problem and three research questions, study objectives, the scope and limitations of the study, significance of the study of DNA, research methodology and philosophy of the studies from different related literature.

Chapter II: During Chapter II, the researcher presents information to address the first research question; presented in the introduction for the thesis: What evidence points to the origin of flutes in SEA? During Chapter II, the researcher relates the kinds of flute in SEA that have been passed on from one generation to the next and their physical structure which attributes scale, sound, expressions, melody, and rhythm. In Chapter II, the researcher also discusses the studies on ethnic groups of SEA and their flutes, and additionally notes studies on history of geology and aboriginals' migration map…… [Read More]

works cited:

Purple highlight means reference from his thesis, chapters 1-5

Blue highlight means reference from his raw research that was sent (17 files)

Yellow highlight means that writer could not find reference; one of the 17 files received

Gray highlight means writer found this source
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Purdah Purdah Is Practice of

Words: 1317 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20399953



Benazir Bhutto: The first and only female leader of Pakistan, Bhutto was a strong political figure and fighter for freedom and women's rights in Pakistan and other Muslim countries. Exiled and brought back by popular demand, she was assassinated in 2007.

Mo Yan: Mo Yan is an incredibly prolific and respected author in modern China, whose works are largely concerned with social commentary. He was formerly a soldier in the People's Army and is a member of the ruling Communist Party.

Khmer Rouge: The followers of Pol Pot and the Communist Party in Kampuchea (now Cambodia) were known as the Khmer Rouge. The regime is noted for the massive human rights violations and state-sponsored murders in the guise of social engineering.

Nigeria and Biafra: Biafra was a secessionist state in Nigeria populated largely by the Ibo people. The secession of te state, which was recognized by several neighboring African countries,…… [Read More]

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Goal 8 Target 12-13 the

Words: 969 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80468430

These technologies are key to sustaining economic growth and increase productivity within these countries.

Access to electricity remains far from adequate, specifically in sub-Saharan Africa, where as much as 74% of the population remains without electricity. This is one area that needs urgent attention by means of a global partnership between the public and private sectors.

Clearly, there are many gaps that still need to be addressed between the Millennium Goals and reaching the established targets. With the current global economic recession, it is however very unlikely that the 2010 targets will be met, and at least unlikely that the goals for 2015 will be met. However, it is encouraging that an effort is made to improve the situation, despite the financial difficulties experienced across the world.

Despite the gloomy projections in terms of meeting the overall goals, the UN report also cites considerable success in terms of countries using…… [Read More]

Sources

UN Department of Public Information. (2008, Sept). End Poverty 2015: Millennium Development Goals.

 http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/2008highlevel/pdf/newsroom/Goal%208%20FINAL.pdf 

MDG Monitor (2007). Develop a Global Partnership for Development: Success Stories. http://www.mdgmonitor.org/story.cfm?goal=8
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Somali Civil War on the

Words: 2138 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31970020

In 1991 a short-lived coalition of opposition groups seized the capital Mogadishu and ousted Said Barre. By 1992 it is estimated that over half a million people had died through war or from starvation. Between 800,000-1.5m people fled the country to refugee camps in Ethiopia, Kenya, Yemen and Djibouti. From there many moved to Nairobi or Addis Ababa before embarking on a journey to the 'West'.

In May 1991, the people of north-west Somalia broke away to form the Republic of Somaliland.

Although not recognised by the international community, its creation has resulted in relative political stability. Elsewhere, the ruling coalition collapsed resulting in a state of anarchy and civil war that exists today with rival warlords vying for power. Since 1991 most asylum seekers have come from these central and southern regions. In Somaliland the voluntary repatriation of refugees from neighbouring countries is now taking place. Return visits to,…… [Read More]

Sources:

Post-Conflict Identities: Practices and Affiliations of Somali Refugee Children - Briefing Notes, E.S.R.C Economic and Social Research Council, University of Leeds, the University of Sheffield; August 2005 http://www.identities.group.shef.ac.uk/pdfs/briefing%20'Somalia'%20and%20the%20Roots%20of%20the%20Diaspora.pdf

World Bank Org., 'Cry Havoc: Why Civil War Matters';

 http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/IW3P/IB/2003/06/30/000094946_0306190405396/additional/310436360_200500070100004.pdf 

Causes and consequences of forced migration' http://www.forcedmigration.org/guides/fmo016/fmo016-6.htm
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Role of Private Investment on

Words: 14411 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 672069

This also implies inadequacies in fiscal sustainability, which influences investments in private sectors.

The second channel happens through the level, composition and quality involved within the public investment, which shows the level at which the public investment replaces the private investments (Schmidt- Hebbel, Serven, & Solimano, 1996).

The final channel regards the level of taxation on the corporate earnings and the rules applicable in depreciations.

There have been arguments that fiscal policy and public expenditure reduces the private investments in two different manners. These include increasing the interest rates or lowering the private funds involved in financing the investments.

According to the neoclassical theory, the interest rate is also an imperative variable in finding the level of investment. Consequently, it results into a negative effect because it upsurges the interest payable in investments. Concurrently, McKinnon and Shaw, contends that this is likely to cause a positive relationship between the investment…… [Read More]

References

Shrestha, M.B. (2005), "ARDL Modelling Aproach to Cointegration Test," Proceedings of the 46th Annual Conference of New Zealand Association of Economists, Paper

No. 13, Wellington, July 2005.

Keynes, J.M. (1936). General Theory on Employment, Interest and Money., London,

Macmillan.
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Global HR Management Human Resource

Words: 3280 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69567668

Employee development and training is an alternate zone. In the IT business, training is not simply about recognizing training needs and giving the presupposed training, but anticipating and reckoning the necessities and advancing suitable training to equip employees so that they can handle the challenges.

Another serious challenge is the way businesses have the ability to fuse all the sub-systems in HR and help them in accomplishing a definitive objective: extraordinary performance. Individuals must be groomed to get in tune with the performance culture. Making an environment that invigorates the formation of information and its sustenance all through the organization is an enormous challenge. However, investments in Human Resource Information Systems (HRIS) must create, maintain, and enhance a performance driven culture. The role shifts to that of a facilitator. HR will include the entire organization in this process and go about as an advisor and facilitator. This is a HR…… [Read More]

References

Aswathappa, A. (2009). International business. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill.

Bell, M.P. (2012). Diversity in organizations. Mason, Ohio: South-Western College.

Burke, R.J. (2005). Reinventing human resource management: Challenges and new directions. London [u.a.: Routledge.

Congress, E.P., & Gonza-lez, M.J. (2013). Multicultural perspectives in social work practice with families. New York: Springer Pub. Company.
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Wicked Problems in Design Thinking Focuses on

Words: 1139 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95570936

Wicked Problems in Design Thinking" focuses on the process of and concepts behind design, and how these have changed over the centuries of human intellectual history. Whereas, at first, the concept was subject to categorization within a specific subject field, the author argues that this can no longer be the case. Indeed, since the start of the 20th century, there has been a shift away from compartementalized subject fields towards a greater understanding of design as integrated with other fields of thought. Indeed, the author argues for design as a "liberal art."

Furthermore, Buchanan argues that the refinement and expansion of knowledge cannot extend its usefulness beyond the library or laboratory without an integration of sets of knowledge via communication. Often, the design process, by its nature as an integrative discipline, is one of the ways in which such usefulness can be achieved.

"…knowledge is achieved by a new kind…… [Read More]

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Economic Development

Words: 1913 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60797145

International Trade Theory and Export Promotion

The two graphs represent the production outputs of two countries. The first graph represents a developed country, which specializes in the production of machines, which is capital intensive.

The second graph represents a developing country which specializes in textiles, which is labor intensive. The factor endowments model of international trade is based on the concept that each country has a certain specialty that they are skilled at producing and that there are not enough resources or skills in every country to produce everything that is needed. Each country specializes what it is good at producing and trades for goods that it cannot product itself.

In perfect trade equilibrium, the production and consumption of both items would be increased. When the value of exports and the value of imports for both countries are equal, then both countries are at maximum consumption of both goods. In…… [Read More]

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What Were the Causes of the Civil War in Somalia

Words: 3477 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64181976

Somalia Civil war

SOMALIA- CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR

Columbia Encyclopedia describes the geographical position of Somalia in these words:

Somalia is directly south of the Arabian Peninsula across the Gulf of Aden. It comprises almost the entire African coast of the Gulf of Aden and a longer stretch on the Indian Ocean. It is bounded on the NW by Djibouti, on the W. By Ethiopia, on the SW by Kenya, and on the S. And E. By the Indian Ocean. Mogadishu is the capital. There are 18 regions. (The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, 2000)

Somalia has been ruled by various imperial empires. Some of its earlier rulers were the nations of Oman, Turks and Zanzibar. Most of these nations lost control in Somalia. Britain, France and Italy came to this part of the world in the 19th century. Each country has had a say during its rule. It was…… [Read More]

References

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, Columbia University Press, Page 43895, 2000

I.M. Lewis: A Modern History of Somalia: Nation and State in the Horn of Africa, I.M. Lewis, Westview Press, 1988

Simons, Anna: Networks of Dissolution: Somalia Undone, Westview Press, 1995

Learning from Somalia: The Lessons of Armed Humanitarian Intervention, Walter M. Clarke, Jeffrey M. Herbst, Westview Press, 1997
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Human Trafficking

Words: 2269 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24354280

Child Soldiers:

One of the most alarming trends across the globe in the past few years has been the increased participation of children in armed conflicts as soldiers. According to a report by the United Nations, the exploitation of children and involvement in armed conflict is an issue that must come to an end. The report states that the increased involvement of children in armed conflict as soldiers is created by adults, which implies that it can only be eradicated by adults ("Children at Both Ends of the Gun" par, 2). As children have been increasingly exploited to participate in war as soldiers, there is an ever-growing need for an international campaign to demobilize child soldiers and stop their use in such conflicts. One of the major ways to stop this trend is for governments to denounce the practice of forced recruitment, which constantly put children in armed conflicts against…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

"Biography." Emmanuel Jal. Emmanuel Jal, 2008. Web. 27 Nov. 2013. < http://emmanuel-jal.webs.com/biography.htm >.

"Children at Both Ends of the Gun." Impact of Armed Conflict on Children. UNICEF, n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. .

Jal, Emmanuel. "Sharing My Story." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 21 Dec. 2012. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. .
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Perceptions of the Youth Regarding Branded Sportswear

Words: 911 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35283398

perceptions of the youth regarding branded sportswear in a developed and developing country. Specifically, the countries to be investigated will include the United States and Kenya. To make such a comparative investigation, a significant amount of qualitative data will have to be collected and analyzed. According to Shank (p. 140), this is one of the most important components of study, since data tends to be the foundation of research findings. Hence the quality of the data will necessarily also dictate the quality of the findings and the usefulness of the study for interested parties in the future. Specifically, the study can have implications for marketing professionals within sportswear companies, as well as for those who used on a freelance basis by sportswear companies in either country. Further implications could be important for sportwear manufacturers and sellers who attempt to make an entry from either Keny or the United States to…… [Read More]

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Emergency Communications System

Words: 776 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63682913

ECS can be set-up as an early warning and emergency communications system in areas usually affected by natural disasters or conflicts and with high volume of mobile phone users and text message/SMS users. In case of an impending political conflict or natural disaster, UniComm's ECS will be part of an area's communication plan as people take action in response to the information/message they received through the ECS.

Pilot Plan

UniComm, as part of its preparations for the international launch, will set-up special launchings in one country in Asia (Philippines) and Africa (Kenya) where the ECS can be tested in terms of its overall packaging. As the nature of the ECS service is more on the side of public service, UniComm will seek partners from the private sector with strong relationships with the government and non-government units operating within the chosen sites in each country. ECS will be tested in the…… [Read More]

References

Coyle, D. And M. Childs. (2005). "The role of mobiles in disasters and emergencies."Enlightenment Economics. Accessed on April 24, 2014. Accessed at:  http://www.enlightenmenteconomics.com/about-diane/assets/disasterreport.pdf 

Habschle, A. (2011). "Novel uses of mobile phones, the Internet and Social Media." Institute for Security Studies. Accessed on April 24, 2014. Accessed at: http://www.issafrica.org/iss-today/novel-uses-of-mobile-phones-the-internet-and-social-media

Robnagel, H. And O. Junker. (2010). "Evaluation of a mobile emergency management system -- a simulation approach." 7TH International ISCRAM Conference, Seattle, USA.