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Labor Union Acts the Rights
Words: 1869 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27926544
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This was certainly needed as technology has also evolved from time to time and the nature of labor that was being used in the 1920s or so is not the same as is the nature today. This is certainly commendable. Along with the changes in laws, the emphasis on labor and its problems have also been shifted out of the center stage and matters that were directly being dealt with by the Secretaries Office have shifted out. This shows clearly that importance of the problems of labor have now become of a much lower priority and this is also clearly seen in the patterns of development of American business and industry where many production units have transferred their labor problems by shifting them out of United States. The government has also clearly remained out of the ambit of labor laws as no laws are applicable to government laborers. Thus it…


Norris-LaGuardia Act" Wikipedia. Retrieved at  2 September, 2005

Taft-Hartley Labor Act" (2001-05) The Columbia Encyclopedia. Sixth Edition. Retrieved at . Accessed 2 September, 2005

The NLRB: The Wagner Act of 1935" United States National Labor Relations Board.

Retrieved at . Accessed 2 September, 2005

Labor Union & the American
Words: 1061 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8617727
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Surveys have found that the public find business leaders to be more trustworthy than union leaders and many members of non-union families disapprove of unions. Other factors include the increased trend towards smaller sizes of new factories. Moreover, the American workforce has changed significantly in terms of composition, i.e. age, sex, education and race. Some cyclical phenomenon in the political, social and economic environment in the U.S. has also lead to the decline in union membership. These cyclical explanations for the decline include economic factors like the rising unemployment rates in the U.S., the mounting influence of the epublicans since 1952 in national politics, and the drop in class conflicts in the country. The unions also must take a major portion of blame for failure to deploy significant portions of their budgets for organizing new union activities. (Caplow; Bahr; Chadwick; Modell, 1994); (Goldfield, 1989)

As of 2006, only 12.5% of…


Bennett, James T; Kaufman, Bruce E. (2002) "The future of private sector unionism in the United States" M.E. Sharpe.

Caplow, Theodore; Bahr, Howard M; Chadwick, Bruce A; Modell, John. (1994) "Recent Social

Trends in the United States, 1960-1990" McGill-Queen's University Press.

Farber, Henry. S; Krueger, Alan. B. (1992) "Union Membership in the United States: The

Labor Union Democracy
Words: 643 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92419817
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Labor Democracy

Labor Unions a are combination of seemingly contradictory elements. On the one hand, labor unions are conceived of like an army with soldiers of labor winning battles in conflict with management. On the other hand, the membership looks upon them much like the high school debate team where everyone on the team expresses themselves. The leadership of the union many times feels like elected colonial militia officers with dozens or hundreds of soldiers whose loyalty he can not quite completely count upon and who may act like rank amateurs. In this short essay, the author will consider a case study in labor union democracy in the International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU).


In a Politics & Society article, Levi et al. Points out that in Europe, scholars are more concerned about deliberation and membership involvement. Alternately, American scholars focus on procedural democracy and participatory democracy providing a…


Levi, M., Olson, D., Agnone, J., & Kelly, D. (2009). Union democracy reexamined. Politics Society,

Labor Union Giving an Overview
Words: 3220 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 15802917
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The procedures, rules and regulations for creating the unions are varying in different parts of the world. Moreover, those labors are not accustomed to the working conditions, rules and regulations and provide less desirable attributes for labor works. Hill (2007) also explained with extensive research statistics for the establishment of union programs in different regions such as Mexico.Despite rules and regulations, the labors are forced to work as salves. They are not given the complete incentives that their job description offers. With this in mind, the labor unions continue to present an idea on its rapid growth so that labors can be given their rights with freedoms. According to Hill (2007), labor unions though provide some solutions for immigrant labors however; effective programs and measures are working towards the change that is needed by these unions (Hill, 2007). The formation of labor unions can be useful to control the illegal…


Baldwin, R.E. (2002). The Decline of Us Labor Unions and the Role of Trade. Washington, D.C.: Institute for International Economics.

This book depicts the history of labor unions and tells us the circumstances under most of the labor unions declined. It tells us about the role played by labor unions in the past and what were their failures due to which they faced their decline. Besides this, it also relates the labor unions with trade.

Compa, L. (1993). Labor Rights and Labor Standards in International Trade. Law and Policy in International Business, 165-191.

Compa, in this article describes the problems that labor faces in many companies and how due to these problems many of the members of these unions leave their team. This article tells that it is imperative that labor unions should not involve in each and every matter of the company but should only involve in such matters where they think it is suitable.

Employee Representation a Labor Union Refers to
Words: 640 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 79335944
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Employee Representation

A labor union refers to an association of employees that have come together in pursuit of common goals, such as better pay. Labor relations are wider in scope; they refer to the interactions between the labor unions (employees' representatives) and employers - and usually deal with the maintenance of collective bargaining agreements.

Labor relations date way back to the formation of the very first significant unions: the Knights of Labor, the American Federation of Labor (AFL), and the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO). The Knights of Labor, however, failed to achieve its objectives due to its large membership. AFL, unlike the other two, initially restricted its membership to skilled tradesmen. However, with the 1935 formation of CIO, which incorporated both skilled and unskilled laborers, conflicts resulted and the two unions later merged.

Question Three

Enacted in 1926 and later on expanded to rope in the airline industry, the…

Labor and Union Studies in Washington and Oregon State
Words: 3095 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 79832287
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Labor and Union Studies in ashington and Oregon States

The United States labor movement has its roots in the complex trappings of the industrial revolution. Laborers were just starting to come to the United States from foreign countries because they had learned that there were many jobs available for even the most unskilled worker. People were also moving from rural areas in America to the cities in an attempt ti have a better life also without the uncertainties that governed farm profits. The growth in many industries was a result of new technologies that allowed people to purchase items that had previously been made by hand far cheaper because the products could now be mass produced in the factories. The problem was that the owners of these factories did not care how the workers were treated because there were many more begging to have a low-paying job in a factory…

Works Cited

Bloom, Nick, Toby Kretschmer, and John van Reenen. Work-Life Balance, Management Practices and Productivity. London: London School Of Economics -- Center for Economic Performance, 2006. Print.

Brundage, Michael. "Working at Microsoft." qbrundage. Web.

Bureau of Labor Statistics. "Union Membership in Oregon -- 2010." United States Department of Labor (2010). Web.

Grant, Michel, and Jean Harvey. "Unions and Productivity: Convergence or Divergence in Perspectives." International Studies of Management & Organization 22.4 (1992): 93-98. Print.

Labor and Union Case Study the Objective
Words: 976 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 68427642
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Labor and Union Case Study

The objective of this work in writing is to conduct a case study on labor and unions and to answer the questions of: (1) Is the grievance process an effective method for resolving workplace disputes? And (2) How would you suggest that unions and employers improve their ability to correctly interpret the collective agreement?

In the case study at focus, several employees have a discussion, which results in an altercation, and two employees are fired as a result. The employees were then advised that they could file a grievance. One of the employees, named Green met in the cafeteria with a representative of the Grievance Committee and related her side of the story and believed that by meeting with the Grievance Committee member that she had filed an official grievance. One week later the other employee, Swallows, was reinstated. When Green inquired about the grievance,…


Borrell, Charles A. (2006) How Unions Can Improve Their Success Rate in Labor Arbitration. All Business. Dispute Resolution Journal Feb-Apr 2006. Retrieved from: 

Travis, Mark C. (nd) Improving the Grievance Process: Grievance Mediation As An Alternative to Arbitration. Retrieved from:

Union Labor Contemporary Voices Routinely
Words: 3659 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 59545153
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To intimidate striking workers or escort strike breakers, workers who would replace the individuals striking, across picket lines some employers contracted private companies like the Pinkerton Detective Agency.

The United States Department of Labor reports that the Coal Strike of 1902 proved to be a turning point in U.S. policy. On October 3, 1902, to address the strike in the Pennsylvania anthracite coal fields that he perceived to threaten a coal famine, President Theodore oosevelt resolved to end the strike by setting a precedent for the Federal Government's interventions. After a bitter battle, with President oosevelt's intervention, both sides of the coal labor dispute agreed to the findings of the Anthracite Coal Strike Commission. As a result, labor and industry accepted that the public possessed overriding rights as well as vital interests. President oosevelt's voice and negotiation skills returned peace to the coalfields (the Coal Strike of 1902…, 2010).



A Brief History of the Labor Movement. (2006). NPR. Retrieved March 8, 2010 from 

Florida State Union. (2009). Retrieved March 8, 2010 from 

Greenhouse, S. (2010). Most U.S. union members are working for the government, new datashows. The New York Times. Retrieved March 8, 2010 from 

History at the Department of Labor. (2010). United States Department of Labor.

Labor the Department of Labor Is Present
Words: 2901 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7859708
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The Department of Labor is present today to promote, foster and develop the welfare of the employees or the labor force in the United States. The labor system focuses on the improvement of the working conditions and the fulfillment of opportunities for more profitable employment. As it would be known, rules and regulations are there to keep things in order. Similarly, the Labor system in the country is guided by laws that guarantee the rights and privileges of the labor force of the country.

The Department of Labor has made laws concerning working conditions, minimum hourly wage, and freedom from employment discrimination, worker's compensation and unemployment insurance. The labor system also aids in job training programs and it helps workers find jobs. Everyone needs a decent source of income and if a person has some sort of skill or talent, they should definitely make use of it.

The basic…


Baron, J.N., Jennings, P.D. & Dobbin, F.R. (1988). Mission control? The development of personnel systems in us industry. American Sociological Review, pp. 497 -- 514.

Bronfenbrenner, K. (1996). Role of union strategies in nlrb certification elections, the. Indus. & Lab. Rel. Rev., 50 p. 195.

Democratizing the Global Economy: Empowering Workers, Building Democracy, Achieving Shared Prosperity. (2005). [e-book] Available through: AFL-CIO  [Accessed: 21 Feb 2014].

Lindsey, A. (1964). The pullman strike. Chicago: University Of Chicago Press.

Labor Negotiating Practices the Issue of Labor
Words: 1715 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34401992
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Labor Negotiating Practices

The issue of labor negotiating practices is one of the most important issues that companies must address. This is because the sensitiveness of labor problems is reflected in their legal implications. The battle between employers and employees becomes more and more difficult and requires advanced negotiation skills.

Company's Stance towards Labor Issues

The company that is analyzed in this case is represented by the companies that joined their forces in order to purchase Twinkies and other important brands from Hostess in their attempt to invest in their revival. These companies are represented by Metropoulos and Co. And Apollo Global Management. The potential of these brands has been acknowledged by the two companies that are interested in opening up new production plants. This means that they will hire a large number of employees. However, the issue in this case is that these companies are not interested in allowing…

Reference list:

1. Feintzeig, R. (2013). New Twinkie Maker Shuns Union Labor. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 20, 2013 from .

2. Farrell, J. (2013). Twinkies and Labor Unions: Explaining the Hostess Collapse. Retrieved May 21, 2013 from

Labor Organizations Discuss the Similarities and Differences
Words: 1361 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5821750
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Labor Organizations

Discuss the similarities and differences between at least three labor organizations discussed in Chapter 3.

The Knights of Labor was a standard labor union comprised of individual workers across the nation. They were inclusive in terms, employing both skilled workers in crafts industries as well as unskilled laborers such as coalminers. (Rayback, 1966, p. 168). They had limited political objectives such as the eight-hour workday and the prohibition of child and convict labor. Their broader objectives were social: to improve the image and social status of the working man.

The AFL was not a labor organization, but a federation of affiliated labor unions. (Dubofsky & Foster, 2004, p. 138). The AFL was exclusive, accepting skilled workers in crafts industries and skilled workers in industry. The AFL's goals were economic, they provided financial and political support for affiliated labor unions in contract negotiations with employers. (Dubofsky & Foster, 2004,…

Works Cited

Chaison, G. (2006). Unions in America.

Foner, P.S. (1997). History of the Labor Movement in the United States, Vol. 4: The Industrial Workers of the World 1905-1917.

Rayback, J.G. (1966). A History of American Labor.

Dubofsky, M. & Foster, R. (2004). Labor in America: A History.

Unions There Are Several Differences
Words: 1030 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 6345286
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There is a greater emphasis on written decrees or by-laws in union governance. Such rules help to enforce the structure of the union and create a system of governance (Housden, 2010). However, these rules lack consistency and at times lack transparency. For employers, such rules are generally limited and the managers are given significant leeway with respect to achieving their singular goal.

Lastly, the nature of the publicly-traded corporation means that there is more consistency and transparency in governance of employers. The governance principles and structures do not vary significantly from one employer to the next, even if the overall effectiveness of the governance mechanisms does. In unions, governance can vary dramatically. There is far less transparency, and there is often little direct contact between union leadership and the rank-and-file. Union leadership serves the needs of multiple locals, in addition to union head office. The possibility of conflicting objectives between…

Works Cited:

Banks, a. & Metzgar, J. (1989). Participating in management: Union organizing on a new terrain. Labor Research Review. Vol. 1 (14) 1-55.

Friedman, M. (1970). The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits. New York Times Magazine. Retrieved February 5, 2011 from 

Housden, C. (2010). Union governance finally cleaned up with passing of bylaws. Scan Online. Retrieved February 5, 2011 from

Labor Dear Interns Congratulations You
Words: 592 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99158098
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The more effective such systems of transport, the easier it is for labor to either to commute to work a fair distance from their home. Cities provide concentrated sources of labor that may not need to commute far distances. Also, the willingness of laborers to leave their home communities and relocate is an important cultural factor to remember, as well as the cost of transportation. Finally, in some areas, gas for cats is quite expensive, while public transportation is fairly cheap, which will affect labor patterns of migration and may be different than one might expect from one's experience in America.


Local attitudes to international companies, towards a diverse workforce, and to employing refugees may vary from country to country.

Labor market:

The diversity of the labor force, whether it is primarily skilled or unskilled, diverse or homogeneous in its ethnic, age, or skill composition will affect what types…

Reference for Business. Business Encyclopedia. Published by Thomson, Inc. Available 21 Nov 2006 at

Union Membership Paradox Union Is
Words: 2242 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28920360
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(Labor Law: Decline of union membership and power has led to rise in lawsuits)

What happened at the same time was that employers were able to finally step up their opposition to unions, which was something that they had probably wanted to do for a long time, and this was achieved through the methods of legal proceedings as well as political pressurizing and lobbying. Today, unions can no longer protest en masse and show their innate strength and power by threatening strikes and walkouts and staging them, because lawyers of today are well versed and knowledgeable in the ways and means to employ in launching attacks against large firms, like for example, they can take up the cause of retired workers who had been affected by constant and long-term exposure to asbestos in an asbestos manufacturing company, and it would be possible for these lawyers to win hundreds and thousands…


Definition of Union" Retrieved at  on 11 March, 2005

Dresang, Joel. (Feb. 12, 2005) "Drop in Union Membership has Labor Officials Worried" Retrieved at . Accessed on 11 March, 2005

Joyce, Frank. (22 February, 2005) "Fate of the Union" Retrieved at . Accessed on 11 March, 2005

Shachtman, Max. "The Fight for Socialism: The Principles and Program of the Workers Party" Retrieved at . Accessed on 11 March, 2005

Labor Elections America Is a Competitive Place
Words: 676 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 76460006
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Labor Elections

America is a competitive place and many of the economic and social systems in place reflect this quality. Economically, capitalism and all of its market specific rules apply to the many working people in this nation as well. The purpose of this essay is to describe how labor unions are affecting these economic processes and how they can contribute to the greater conversation revolving around the economy and employment issues. This essay will describe a union election from the standpoint of a campaign manager of union candidate to express my personal feelings and strengths towards this analysis. The second part of this essay will address the GMFC case study and explain my actions with a philosophy on employee relations.

Corporations appear to have much of the political power in the country today as far as labor realations are concerned. Labor unions are dwindling in power every year as…


Griswold, D. (2010). Unions, Protectionism and U.S. Competitiveness. Cato Journal, 30 (1), Winter 2010. Retrieved from - journal/2010/1/cj30n1-10.pdf

US Department of Labor. Unions and Union Members. Viewed 2 Aug 2013. Retrieved from 

US Department of Labor. Conducting Local Union Officer Elections. Viewed 2 Aug 2013. Retrieved from

Labor Issues Around the World
Words: 1338 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41802451
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Many Chinese workers, including children, are forced to work in poor conditions (Ka Wai, 2004). Many workers are working in the town ship and village factories. According to a government report in 1984, the majority of township and village enterprises in China have at least one major problem that causes occupational disease. Many factory workers are working in dangerous conditions, in which poisonous chemicals, dust, and noise are predominant. As a result, many workers suffer from a variety of preventable health conditions.

Companies like Nike and eebok often subcontract factories in poor countries because they do not have to deal with production. By distancing themselves through subcontracting, benefiting from low production costs without having to take responsibility, they make huge profits.

In Indonesia, United States sportswear company Nike is often at the center of labor concerns (CNN, 2001). Workers at nine Indonesian factories under contract by Nike say they have…


2001). Hazardous forms of Child Labor in Nepal. GEFONT Paper presented in Preparatory Meeting on Developing Asian Network on Hazardous Child Labour

Manila 26-28, 2001. (Retrieved from the Internet at .(March 13, 2003). Informal sector marred by poor working condition. Mercantile Communications. Retrieved from the Internet at (February 22, 2001). Abuse rife at Nike's Indonesia plants. Retrieved from the Internet at .

Ellis, Becky. (2000). Globalisation, Sweatshops and Indonesian Women Workers. Retrieved from the Internet at .

Union Organizing Campaign I Human Resource Management
Words: 710 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36004894
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Union Organizing Campaign

I Human esource Management college I assignment studying alot unions workplace assignment I .Thanks Written Assignment 2 2-4 pages You hired XYZ a consultant. They facing a union organizing campaign.

Senior Management

The Consultant

The union organizing campaign

All employees should be allowed to join labor unions. The protection of the rights of employees in joining unions is one factor that leads to better establishment of a company. The company has to respect and acknowledge the responsibilities of unions in representing the interests of the employees.

The advantages of joining a union are that, it gives the employees the mandate to act together as a team, so as to improve on the working conditions at their respective places of work. Working in a union free environment denies the workers the chance to raise their grievances about the poor status of their places of work, for fear of…


Bragger, J.D., Rodriguez-Srednicki, O., Kutcher, E.J., Indovino, L., & Rosner, E. (2005). Work-Family Conflict, Work-Family Culture, and Organizational Citizenship Behavior among Teachers. Journal of Business and Psychology, 20(2), 303-324.

Brown, S.L. (2000). Union Transitions among Cohabitors: The Significance of Relationship Assessments and Expectations. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62(3), 833-846.

Burchielli, R. (2006). The Purpose of Trade Union Values: An Analysis of the ACTU Statement of Values. Journal of Business Ethics, 68(2), 133-142.

Lam, H., & Harcourt, M. (2007). A New Approach to Resolving the Right-to-Work Ethical Dilemma. Journal of Business Ethics, 73(3), 231-243.

Union Labor Disputes Canada Wal-Mart
Words: 6077 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74391495
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But when it just recently occurred in 2004 at a store in Jonquiere, British Columbia, the reader must appreciate that a real battle had been won. The original efforts of that particular store for example had the local labor Commission reject certification by a margin of 74 to 65. When the union announced that it won the coveted certification at Quebec, it was quite a blow to the retailer. The Quebec Labour elations Commission issued the order certifying the United Food and Commercial Workers Union (UFCW) as the bargaining agent of employees in Wal-Mart's store in Jonquiere. As noted, the reason a victory of this magnitude is huge is because of the policies and tactics used by Wal-Mart. The retailer works diligently to prevent its workforce from engaging in any collective action and they have consistently shown that they are willing to cross the line to guarantee their position.



Baek, Seung Wook. (2000.) "The Changing Trade Unions in China." Journal of Contemporary Asia: March.

Budd, John W. (1994). "The Effect of Multinational Institutions on Strike Activity in Canada." Industrial and Labor Relations Review.

Corbett, Brian (2002). "Southern hospitality." Ward's Auto World, August.

Delsohn, Gary. (1997.) "UPS Strike May Revive American Labor Movement." Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News: Sept.

Union Membership Decline in the
Words: 1561 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22045793
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Various suggestions have been made as to how to correct for these losses, such as job retraining for more technical jobs.

As more and more union jobs are outsourced to foreign workers, more union workers in the United States are unemployed, with little recourse except to retrain and to target another type of work. hen they do so, they may not be as eager to join a union given that being a union member did not protect them the last time.

More and more companies are altering business relations and work relations today by outsourcing to foreign climes, in effect exporting jobs, as has been charged. Theoretically, though, this should be accompanied by different kinds of jobs in the United States, with the promise of higher tech jobs, more computer-oriented work, and higher salaries as a result. Observers see something else happening, however, as more and more manufacturing jobs are…

Works Cited

Burn, Timothy. "Unions Halt Decline in Membership." The Washington Times (20 Jan 2000), 1.

Freeman, Richard and Arthur Ticknor. "Wal-Mart Is Not a Business, it's an Economic Disease." Executive Intelligence Review (14 Nov 2003). July 31, 2007. .

Goldman, Abigail and Nancy Cleeland. "An Empire Built on Bargains Remakes the Working World." Los Angeles Times (23 Nov 2003). July 31, 2007.,1,2729555.story?coll=la-home-business .

Union Members in 2006." News: United Stats Department of Labor (25 Jan 2007). July 31, 2007. .

Labor Relations Have Changed Tremendously
Words: 361 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96377356
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The open and free market economies proved successful from a management perspective, and government supported the primacy of the profit motive.

The consequences of these fluctuations has been a system that favors management in the United States. Labor unions have been systematically ridiculed socially, lumped together with communism and therefore derided by the American public. Similarly, labor unions have lost their political clout to a certain degree, and management has secured political power over laborers. Wages have remained deplorably low, so low that income disparity in the United States resembles that of Third World nations. Income disparity in the United States is the steepest of any other industrialized nation. Countries with strong labor laws such as the nations of northern Europe tend to be more egalitarian societies with fewer class distinctions and less of a wealth gap. The American model allows unbridled business growth at the expense of social justice.…


Freeman, R. (1996). Solving the new inequality. Boston Review. Retrieved April 13, 2007 at

Labor and Class Issues as
Words: 1619 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84794358
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But the sad fact is that most of these people will not meet this future, and will likely spend much of their lives working for different companies, all looking to get the most out of their employees for the least amount of pay and benefits.

Certainly people need to feel like their work is important and like they have a place and are making a positive difference in their community. But many of the jobs that people have currently have no promise of future employment, and the pride and energy that the workers give in the hopes of attaining a better life for themselves and their families will be met with silence from their employers. The American Dream is all but dead, and social class has more to do with where a person will end up in life more than any other deciding factor of potential in a person's life.…

Works Cited

Kovacic, Kristin. "Proud to Work for the University." What We Hold in Common: An Introduction to Working-Class Studies. By Zandy, Janet. New York: The Feminist Press at the City University of New York. 2001. pp 12-16.

Mantsios, Gregory. "Class in America: Myths and Realities." Rereading America. Eds.

Colombo, Gary; Cullen, Robert; and Lisle, Bonnie. Boston: Bedford St. Publishers. 2000. pp 162-163.

Labor Economic
Words: 3173 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99131376
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Labor Economics

Labor is a commodity that needs to be purchased for business activity. In the uncivilized world of the past labor could be exploited to the extreme, but in modern times trade union movement, increased public consciousness, health, safety and environmental regulations and labor regulations have meant that the near slavery condition of the past are totally unacceptable.

Nevertheless, labor remains a commodity requiring efficient, humane and cost effective management to increase profitability and balance human rights and investors' interests. This effort has resulted in labor economics developing as a branch of microeconomics. This paper reviews labor economics and its importance in the modern day economic and business activities.




Important Components of Labor Economics

Labor Supply and Demand

Quality of Labor (Investments in Human Capital)


Non-Wage Labor Costs

Wage Differentials

Workers Mobility

Pay & Productivity

8. Economics of Discrimination

9. Social Accountability

10. Trade Unions…


1. What is Labor Economics-Economics 150 Course Outline, Retrieved from Internet on 12 Oct 2005, 'What%20is%20Labor%20EconomicsEconomics%20150%20Course%20Outline'

2. Engels, F., Introduction to Karl Marx's Wage Labor and Capitol, Retrieved from Internet on 12 October 2005, 

3. Labor Economics, Retrieved from Internet on 12 Oct 2005, 

4. From Encyclopedia Wikipedia, Retrieved from Internet on 12 Oct 2005,

Labor and Union Studies the
Words: 2077 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78255908
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The Great ailroad Strike of 1877 was the nations' first major rail strike and witnessed the first general strikes in the country's history. The strikes and the violence it brought about temporarily paralyzed the country's commerce and led governors in ten states to mobilize sixty thousand militia members to reopen rail traffic. The strike would be broken within a few weeks, but it also helped set the stage for later violence in the 1880's and 1890's, including the Haymarket Square bombing in Chicago in 1886, the Homestead Steel Strike near Pittsburgh in 1892, and the Pullman Strike in 1894 (1877: The Great ailroad Strike, 2006).

There have been many protests in American history against corporations, industrialists, bankers, Wall Street and the economic devastation their unregulated activities including the 19th-century labor movement that featured thousands of strikes and protests. The current protest that can be compared to that of the Great…


1877: The Great Railroad Strike. (2006). Retrieved from -rail-strikes-1877

Hogarty, R.A. (2001). Leon Abbett's New Jersey: the emergence of the modern governor.

Philadelphia, PA: American Philosophical Society.

Mullen, S. (2011). The Strikes of 1877 & 1886: Historic Precedents For Occupy Wall Street.

Unions in America Today the Document Outlines
Words: 2038 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 12719302
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Unions in America today

The document outlines the pros and cons of unions in America. It takes into consideration how unions improve the working environments for workers. The paper considers the power of unions on law makers, collective bargaining and other advantages. The cons include decline in competitive advantage for American companies, low productivity and motivation and many others.

In any organization, unions act as binding agreements between employees and management. In this case, a group of persons are responsible for conducting negotiations with the management for the purpose of enhancing the welfare of workers. Unions originate from the period of American depression when workers faced various work challenges including low remuneration, and unfavorable working conditions. The purpose of this essay is to explore the pros and cons of unions in America in the current times.


Unions improve the working conditions and welfare of workers

One of the positive…


Bennett, J.T., & Kaufman, B.E. (2002). The future of private sector unionism in the United

States. Armonk, N.Y: M.E. Sharpe.

Pride, W.M., Hughes, R.J., & Kapoor, J.R. (2012). Business. Mason, OH: South-Western

Cengage Learning.

Labor When IT's Flat on Its Back
Words: 2262 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60574986
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Labor When it's Flat on its Back," by Thomas Geoghegan.

Specifically, it will discuss whether I agree or disagree with Geoghegan's question and title of his book.


Geoghegan is a labor lawyer who has a dim view of the modern American labor movement. He believes it is past its prime and usefulness, and will eventually dwindle away, dying a lingering and painful death, and leaving millions of Americans unrepresented in its wake. He believes this will occur if total labor union membership falls below 10% in the United States. "U.S. manufacturing has gone down the drain, and with it, it seems, the entire labor movement. Just 16% of the workforce now [1991], down from 20-25% ten years ago. Maybe it will drop to 12. Once it drops to 10, it might as well keep dropping to zero" (Geoghegan 3).

Unfortunately, the author's predictions seem to be coming…


Author not available. "An Interview With Labor Lawyer and Author Tom Geoghegan." All Things Considered (NPR). 25 Oct. 1995.

Editors. "U.S. Union Membership." The Labor Research Association. 2002. 6 Dec. 2002.

Geoghegan, Thomas. Which Side are You on? Trying to be for Labor When it's Flat on its Back. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1991.

Lowery, James. "Do We Need Labor Unions in America?" Resources for Labor Union Organizing (RLUO). 2001. 6 Dec. 2002.

Labor Scholars in the Early
Words: 404 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 45725184
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External factors that have adversely impacted labor's ability to remain organized include social and political changes in the United States. During the 1960s, labor had the opportunity to join with the Civil ights movement in fulfilling core goals such as the prevention of labor exploitation. Instead, the political turmoil of the 1960s left labor without strong enough leadership. Moreover, "unlike European union movements, American organized labor has avoided the formation of a political party and has remained within the framework of the two-party system," ("The Labor Union"). This may indeed be the most significant factor preventing productive labor union organization: the lack of interest in a labor-based political party. The Democratic Party usually champions labor issues but not with sufficient enthusiasm or clout. To increase their chances for future success, unions need to do the following: reach out to minorities and women; reach out to workers in skilled as well…


"The Labor Union." Retrieved 10 Feb 2010 from 

Silverman, J. (nd). How labor unions work. How Stuff Works. Retrieved 10 Feb 2010 from

Unions Get New Memberships a
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This new generation of activists on college campuses nationwide has inspirited students to talk about their concerns about workers rights. This effort was also conducted largely through e-mail campaigns over the Internet. Some graduate students have already formed their own unions.

Appealing to Right-To-Work States

Arizona, famously known as a right-to-work state, is emerging as a new stomping ground for labor unions. Organized labor is making one of its largest efforts in state history to recruit new members and increase its political clout (Graham and Pitzl).

The effort cuts across a broad swath of industries that includes iron workers, painters, grocery-store workers, and state government employees.

Two unions kicked off their combined effort to organize state government workers, citing low pay and the need to have a voice on working conditions.

Union groups are leading the drive to establish a minimum wage in Arizona. "Arizona's labor unions have never been…


Asher, Herbert, Eric Heberlig and Randall Ripley. American labor unions in the electoral arena. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2001.

Boone, Louis and David Kurtz. Contemporary Business. Fort Worth, TX: Dryden Press, 1999.

Edwards, Richard. Rights at Work: Employment Relations in the Post-Union Era. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1994.

Graham, Chad and Mary Jo Pitzl. "Ariz.'s growth attracts unions." 20 Aug 2006. 6 May 2009 .

Unions Are Necessary and Toward
Words: 1722 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90491979
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As well when the same individuals were polled responses given stating that they believed that unions would become weaker in the future totaled 53%. It is certain that should unions fail to exist that individuals in today's work and labor forces would certainly receive less compensation, less vacation and leave time, less fringe benefits and that they would receive much less in the way of pension from the company following retirement.

Recommendations for Future Research

Arising from this brief review are recommendations for further research for the purpose of examining why it is that labor and worker unions are likely to become weaker in the future than they are presently.


Mishel, Lawrence and Walters, Matthew (2003) How Unions Help All Workers. Economic Policy Institute. 26 Aug 2003. Online available at:

Grabelsky, Jeff (2004) uilding and Construction Trades Unions: Are They uilt to Win? ILR Collection 2004. Online available…


Mishel, Lawrence and Walters, Matthew (2003) How Unions Help All Workers. Economic Policy Institute. 26 Aug 2003. Online available at: 

Grabelsky, Jeff (2004) Building and Construction Trades Unions: Are They Built to Win? ILR Collection 2004. Online available at: 

Majorities Say They Agree That Labor Unions Are Necessary to Protect the Working Person, but Plurality Believe Unions Will Become Weaker in the Future (2010) Public Agenda Organization. 1 Mar 2010. Online available at: 

Sirolli, Carmen J. Sr. (nd) Bargaining Units vs. Management: Are Police Unions Necessary? Online available at:

Labor Racketeering
Words: 484 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39176383
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labor racketeering "Big Four," including specific examples. 2. Discuss illegal drugs present day major sources profit organized groups estern Hemisphere.

Labor racketeering occurs when a body manipulates a labor movement by making use of unlawful, aggressive, or deceitful with the purpose of achieving personal benefits. Organized crime groups are often inclined to get actively involved in such activities as a result of the diverse ways in which they can gain control over businesses and industries. Racketeering can lead to workers being denied a series of rights and experiencing economic problems. Labor racketeering has seen significant progress during recent years and criminals have adapted to a constantly changing environment by coming up with strategies to maintain their influence.

The Labor Department directed a great deal of resources toward investigating alongside of the "big four" unions. The International Brotherhood of Teamsters, the Laborers International Union, the Hotel and Restaurant Employees and Bartenders…

Works cited:

Abadinsky, H. "Organized Crime, 10th ed." (Cengage Learning)

Union Organization and Management's Role
Words: 663 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 72626275
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roles would suit you best and why?

Of all the listed roles, I think that monitoring union election outcomes would suit my personality best. This role requires a strong sense of ethics and impartiality. ather than being an advocate for a single candidate this role requires the monitor to ensure that everyone is playing by the rules regardless of his or her position. If elections are not perceived as fair, people will lose confidence in the process. Also, free and fair elections are more likely to ensure that support is retained for the union, even in the face of declining union membership. Some unions have had a history of questionable ethics and bias, and continuing to uphold high standards ensures that people still believe in the value of labor unions and the fact that labor unions genuinely represent their interests. I tend to prefer not to be engaged in conflict…


Union authorization cards. (2012). SHRM. Retrieved from:

Union Issues of Interest at
Words: 1021 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82224405
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However, the statistics listed on the AFL-CIO website about "Health Care Facts" are sobering. 47 million people, including 8.7 million children have no health coverage at all. Health care premiums were $1,320 on average in 2001, but skyrocketed to $3,266 in 2007. According to the graphic "Exploding Health Care Costs are Devastating orking Families," every 30 seconds in the United States someone files for a bankruptcy that is related to medical care, and other than the pharmaceutical and health insurance companies, even employers are being "crippled" by health care costs. This means lower wages for workers, as employers pass the increased expense onto workers, and hire fewer workers because of the cost of healthcare. Ultimately it is heartening to read that the AFL-CIO is mobilizing behind the move to put healthcare at the top of the national agenda, even if it has not devised the perfect solution to insure that…

Works Cited

Health Care Facts." AFL-CIO. 13 Mar 2008. 

Join the Fight for Health Care." AFL-CIO. 13 Mar 2008.

Parks, James. "International Women's Day: Women Still Trail Men in Pay After 100

Years." 7 May 2008. AFL-CIO. 13 Mar 2008.