Labor Unions Essays (Examples)

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Labor Union Acts the Rights

Words: 1869 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27926544

This was certainly needed as technology has also evolved from time to time and the nature of labor that was being used in the 1920s or so is not the same as is the nature today. This is certainly commendable. Along with the changes in laws, the emphasis on labor and its problems have also been shifted out of the center stage and matters that were directly being dealt with by the Secretaries Office have shifted out. This shows clearly that importance of the problems of labor have now become of a much lower priority and this is also clearly seen in the patterns of development of American business and industry where many production units have transferred their labor problems by shifting them out of United States. The government has also clearly remained out of the ambit of labor laws as no laws are applicable to government laborers. Thus it…… [Read More]

References

Norris-LaGuardia Act" Wikipedia. Retrieved at  http://www.answers.com/topic/norris-laguardia-actAccessed  2 September, 2005

Taft-Hartley Labor Act" (2001-05) The Columbia Encyclopedia. Sixth Edition. Retrieved at http://www.bartleby.com/65/ta/TaftHart.html. Accessed 2 September, 2005

The NLRB: The Wagner Act of 1935" United States National Labor Relations Board.

Retrieved at http://www.stfrancis.edu/ba/ghkickul/stuwebs/btopics/works/wagner.htm. Accessed 2 September, 2005
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Labor Union & the American

Words: 1061 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8617727

Surveys have found that the public find business leaders to be more trustworthy than union leaders and many members of non-union families disapprove of unions. Other factors include the increased trend towards smaller sizes of new factories. Moreover, the American workforce has changed significantly in terms of composition, i.e. age, sex, education and race. Some cyclical phenomenon in the political, social and economic environment in the U.S. has also lead to the decline in union membership. These cyclical explanations for the decline include economic factors like the rising unemployment rates in the U.S., the mounting influence of the epublicans since 1952 in national politics, and the drop in class conflicts in the country. The unions also must take a major portion of blame for failure to deploy significant portions of their budgets for organizing new union activities. (Caplow; Bahr; Chadwick; Modell, 1994); (Goldfield, 1989)

As of 2006, only 12.5% of…… [Read More]

References

Bennett, James T; Kaufman, Bruce E. (2002) "The future of private sector unionism in the United States" M.E. Sharpe.

Caplow, Theodore; Bahr, Howard M; Chadwick, Bruce A; Modell, John. (1994) "Recent Social

Trends in the United States, 1960-1990" McGill-Queen's University Press.

Farber, Henry. S; Krueger, Alan. B. (1992) "Union Membership in the United States: The
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Labor Union Democracy

Words: 643 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92419817

Labor Democracy

Labor Unions a are combination of seemingly contradictory elements. On the one hand, labor unions are conceived of like an army with soldiers of labor winning battles in conflict with management. On the other hand, the membership looks upon them much like the high school debate team where everyone on the team expresses themselves. The leadership of the union many times feels like elected colonial militia officers with dozens or hundreds of soldiers whose loyalty he can not quite completely count upon and who may act like rank amateurs. In this short essay, the author will consider a case study in labor union democracy in the International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU).

Summary

In a Politics & Society article, Levi et al. Points out that in Europe, scholars are more concerned about deliberation and membership involvement. Alternately, American scholars focus on procedural democracy and participatory democracy providing a…… [Read More]

References

Levi, M., Olson, D., Agnone, J., & Kelly, D. (2009). Union democracy reexamined. Politics Society,
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Labor Union Giving an Overview

Words: 3220 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15802917

The procedures, rules and regulations for creating the unions are varying in different parts of the world. Moreover, those labors are not accustomed to the working conditions, rules and regulations and provide less desirable attributes for labor works. Hill (2007) also explained with extensive research statistics for the establishment of union programs in different regions such as Mexico.Despite rules and regulations, the labors are forced to work as salves. They are not given the complete incentives that their job description offers. With this in mind, the labor unions continue to present an idea on its rapid growth so that labors can be given their rights with freedoms. According to Hill (2007), labor unions though provide some solutions for immigrant labors however; effective programs and measures are working towards the change that is needed by these unions (Hill, 2007). The formation of labor unions can be useful to control the illegal…… [Read More]

References

Baldwin, R.E. (2002). The Decline of Us Labor Unions and the Role of Trade. Washington, D.C.: Institute for International Economics.

This book depicts the history of labor unions and tells us the circumstances under most of the labor unions declined. It tells us about the role played by labor unions in the past and what were their failures due to which they faced their decline. Besides this, it also relates the labor unions with trade.

Compa, L. (1993). Labor Rights and Labor Standards in International Trade. Law and Policy in International Business, 165-191.

Compa, in this article describes the problems that labor faces in many companies and how due to these problems many of the members of these unions leave their team. This article tells that it is imperative that labor unions should not involve in each and every matter of the company but should only involve in such matters where they think it is suitable.
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Employee Representation a Labor Union Refers to

Words: 640 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79335944

Employee Representation

A labor union refers to an association of employees that have come together in pursuit of common goals, such as better pay. Labor relations are wider in scope; they refer to the interactions between the labor unions (employees' representatives) and employers - and usually deal with the maintenance of collective bargaining agreements.

Labor relations date way back to the formation of the very first significant unions: the Knights of Labor, the American Federation of Labor (AFL), and the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO). The Knights of Labor, however, failed to achieve its objectives due to its large membership. AFL, unlike the other two, initially restricted its membership to skilled tradesmen. However, with the 1935 formation of CIO, which incorporated both skilled and unskilled laborers, conflicts resulted and the two unions later merged.

Question Three

Enacted in 1926 and later on expanded to rope in the airline industry, the…… [Read More]

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Labor and Union Studies in Washington and Oregon State

Words: 3095 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79832287

Labor and Union Studies in ashington and Oregon States

The United States labor movement has its roots in the complex trappings of the industrial revolution. Laborers were just starting to come to the United States from foreign countries because they had learned that there were many jobs available for even the most unskilled worker. People were also moving from rural areas in America to the cities in an attempt ti have a better life also without the uncertainties that governed farm profits. The growth in many industries was a result of new technologies that allowed people to purchase items that had previously been made by hand far cheaper because the products could now be mass produced in the factories. The problem was that the owners of these factories did not care how the workers were treated because there were many more begging to have a low-paying job in a factory…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bloom, Nick, Toby Kretschmer, and John van Reenen. Work-Life Balance, Management Practices and Productivity. London: London School Of Economics -- Center for Economic Performance, 2006. Print.

Brundage, Michael. "Working at Microsoft." qbrundage. Web.

Bureau of Labor Statistics. "Union Membership in Oregon -- 2010." United States Department of Labor (2010). Web.

Grant, Michel, and Jean Harvey. "Unions and Productivity: Convergence or Divergence in Perspectives." International Studies of Management & Organization 22.4 (1992): 93-98. Print.
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Labor and Union Case Study the Objective

Words: 976 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68427642

Labor and Union Case Study

The objective of this work in writing is to conduct a case study on labor and unions and to answer the questions of: (1) Is the grievance process an effective method for resolving workplace disputes? And (2) How would you suggest that unions and employers improve their ability to correctly interpret the collective agreement?

In the case study at focus, several employees have a discussion, which results in an altercation, and two employees are fired as a result. The employees were then advised that they could file a grievance. One of the employees, named Green met in the cafeteria with a representative of the Grievance Committee and related her side of the story and believed that by meeting with the Grievance Committee member that she had filed an official grievance. One week later the other employee, Swallows, was reinstated. When Green inquired about the grievance,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Borrell, Charles A. (2006) How Unions Can Improve Their Success Rate in Labor Arbitration. All Business. Dispute Resolution Journal Feb-Apr 2006. Retrieved from: http://www.allbusiness.com/human-resources/workforce-management-hiring-recruiting/4081239-1.html

Travis, Mark C. (nd) Improving the Grievance Process: Grievance Mediation As An Alternative to Arbitration. Retrieved from: http://www.adrspecialists.com/docs/IMPROVING%20THE%20GRIEVANCE%20PROCESS%20-%20Grievance%20Mediation%20(IIRHRC).pdf
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Union Labor Contemporary Voices Routinely

Words: 3659 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59545153

To intimidate striking workers or escort strike breakers, workers who would replace the individuals striking, across picket lines some employers contracted private companies like the Pinkerton Detective Agency.

The United States Department of Labor reports that the Coal Strike of 1902 proved to be a turning point in U.S. policy. On October 3, 1902, to address the strike in the Pennsylvania anthracite coal fields that he perceived to threaten a coal famine, President Theodore oosevelt resolved to end the strike by setting a precedent for the Federal Government's interventions. After a bitter battle, with President oosevelt's intervention, both sides of the coal labor dispute agreed to the findings of the Anthracite Coal Strike Commission. As a result, labor and industry accepted that the public possessed overriding rights as well as vital interests. President oosevelt's voice and negotiation skills returned peace to the coalfields (the Coal Strike of 1902…, 2010).

James…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

A Brief History of the Labor Movement. (2006). NPR. Retrieved March 8, 2010 from http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5758863

Florida State Union. (2009). Unions.org. Retrieved March 8, 2010 from http://www.unions.org/home/umap9-.htm

Greenhouse, S. (2010). Most U.S. union members are working for the government, new datashows. The New York Times. Retrieved March 8, 2010 from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/23/business/23labor.html

History at the Department of Labor. (2010). United States Department of Labor.
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Labor Negotiating Practices the Issue of Labor

Words: 1715 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34401992

Labor Negotiating Practices

The issue of labor negotiating practices is one of the most important issues that companies must address. This is because the sensitiveness of labor problems is reflected in their legal implications. The battle between employers and employees becomes more and more difficult and requires advanced negotiation skills.

Company's Stance towards Labor Issues

The company that is analyzed in this case is represented by the companies that joined their forces in order to purchase Twinkies and other important brands from Hostess in their attempt to invest in their revival. These companies are represented by Metropoulos and Co. And Apollo Global Management. The potential of these brands has been acknowledged by the two companies that are interested in opening up new production plants. This means that they will hire a large number of employees. However, the issue in this case is that these companies are not interested in allowing…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. Feintzeig, R. (2013). New Twinkie Maker Shuns Union Labor. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 20, 2013 from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324474004578443062380660262.html.

2. Farrell, J. (2013). Twinkies and Labor Unions: Explaining the Hostess Collapse. Retrieved May 21, 2013 from http://www.policymic.com/articles/19288/twinkies-and-labor-unions-explaining-the-hostess-collapse.
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Labor the Department of Labor Is Present

Words: 2901 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7859708

Labor

The Department of Labor is present today to promote, foster and develop the welfare of the employees or the labor force in the United States. The labor system focuses on the improvement of the working conditions and the fulfillment of opportunities for more profitable employment. As it would be known, rules and regulations are there to keep things in order. Similarly, the Labor system in the country is guided by laws that guarantee the rights and privileges of the labor force of the country.

The Department of Labor has made laws concerning working conditions, minimum hourly wage, and freedom from employment discrimination, worker's compensation and unemployment insurance. The labor system also aids in job training programs and it helps workers find jobs. Everyone needs a decent source of income and if a person has some sort of skill or talent, they should definitely make use of it.

The basic…… [Read More]

References

Baron, J.N., Jennings, P.D. & Dobbin, F.R. (1988). Mission control? The development of personnel systems in us industry. American Sociological Review, pp. 497 -- 514.

Bronfenbrenner, K. (1996). Role of union strategies in nlrb certification elections, the. Indus. & Lab. Rel. Rev., 50 p. 195.

Democratizing the Global Economy: Empowering Workers, Building Democracy, Achieving Shared Prosperity. (2005). [e-book] Available through: AFL-CIO  http://www.aflcio.org/content/download/6904/74567/file/res_6.pdf  [Accessed: 21 Feb 2014].

Lindsey, A. (1964). The pullman strike. Chicago: University Of Chicago Press.
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Labor Organizations Discuss the Similarities and Differences

Words: 1361 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5821750

Labor Organizations

Discuss the similarities and differences between at least three labor organizations discussed in Chapter 3.

The Knights of Labor was a standard labor union comprised of individual workers across the nation. They were inclusive in terms, employing both skilled workers in crafts industries as well as unskilled laborers such as coalminers. (Rayback, 1966, p. 168). They had limited political objectives such as the eight-hour workday and the prohibition of child and convict labor. Their broader objectives were social: to improve the image and social status of the working man.

The AFL was not a labor organization, but a federation of affiliated labor unions. (Dubofsky & Foster, 2004, p. 138). The AFL was exclusive, accepting skilled workers in crafts industries and skilled workers in industry. The AFL's goals were economic, they provided financial and political support for affiliated labor unions in contract negotiations with employers. (Dubofsky & Foster, 2004,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chaison, G. (2006). Unions in America.

Foner, P.S. (1997). History of the Labor Movement in the United States, Vol. 4: The Industrial Workers of the World 1905-1917.

Rayback, J.G. (1966). A History of American Labor.

Dubofsky, M. & Foster, R. (2004). Labor in America: A History.
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Unions There Are Several Differences

Words: 1030 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6345286



There is a greater emphasis on written decrees or by-laws in union governance. Such rules help to enforce the structure of the union and create a system of governance (Housden, 2010). However, these rules lack consistency and at times lack transparency. For employers, such rules are generally limited and the managers are given significant leeway with respect to achieving their singular goal.

Lastly, the nature of the publicly-traded corporation means that there is more consistency and transparency in governance of employers. The governance principles and structures do not vary significantly from one employer to the next, even if the overall effectiveness of the governance mechanisms does. In unions, governance can vary dramatically. There is far less transparency, and there is often little direct contact between union leadership and the rank-and-file. Union leadership serves the needs of multiple locals, in addition to union head office. The possibility of conflicting objectives between…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Banks, a. & Metzgar, J. (1989). Participating in management: Union organizing on a new terrain. Labor Research Review. Vol. 1 (14) 1-55.

Friedman, M. (1970). The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits. New York Times Magazine. Retrieved February 5, 2011 from  http://www.colorado.edu/studentgroups/libertarians/issues/friedman-soc-resp-business.html 

Housden, C. (2010). Union governance finally cleaned up with passing of bylaws. Scan Online. Retrieved February 5, 2011 from http://scan.lusu.co.uk/news/2010/11/17/union-governance-fi-nally-cleaned-up-with-passing-of-bylaws/
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Labor Dear Interns Congratulations You

Words: 592 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99158098

The more effective such systems of transport, the easier it is for labor to either to commute to work a fair distance from their home. Cities provide concentrated sources of labor that may not need to commute far distances. Also, the willingness of laborers to leave their home communities and relocate is an important cultural factor to remember, as well as the cost of transportation. Finally, in some areas, gas for cats is quite expensive, while public transportation is fairly cheap, which will affect labor patterns of migration and may be different than one might expect from one's experience in America.

Minorities:

Local attitudes to international companies, towards a diverse workforce, and to employing refugees may vary from country to country.

Labor market:

The diversity of the labor force, whether it is primarily skilled or unskilled, diverse or homogeneous in its ethnic, age, or skill composition will affect what types…… [Read More]

Reference for Business. Business Encyclopedia. Published by Thomson, Inc. Available 21 Nov 2006 at  http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/management/Gr-Int/International-Management.html
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Union Membership Paradox Union Is

Words: 2242 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28920360

(Labor Law: Decline of union membership and power has led to rise in lawsuits)

What happened at the same time was that employers were able to finally step up their opposition to unions, which was something that they had probably wanted to do for a long time, and this was achieved through the methods of legal proceedings as well as political pressurizing and lobbying. Today, unions can no longer protest en masse and show their innate strength and power by threatening strikes and walkouts and staging them, because lawyers of today are well versed and knowledgeable in the ways and means to employ in launching attacks against large firms, like for example, they can take up the cause of retired workers who had been affected by constant and long-term exposure to asbestos in an asbestos manufacturing company, and it would be possible for these lawyers to win hundreds and thousands…… [Read More]

References

Definition of Union" Retrieved at http://www.google.co.in/search?hl=en&lr=&oi=defmore&q=define:unionAccessed on 11 March, 2005

Dresang, Joel. (Feb. 12, 2005) "Drop in Union Membership has Labor Officials Worried" Retrieved at http://www.jsonline.com/bym/news/feb05/301017.asp. Accessed on 11 March, 2005

Joyce, Frank. (22 February, 2005) "Fate of the Union" Retrieved at http://www.alternet.org/story/21312/. Accessed on 11 March, 2005

Shachtman, Max. "The Fight for Socialism: The Principles and Program of the Workers Party" Retrieved at http://www.marxists.org/archive/shachtma/works/ffs06.htm. Accessed on 11 March, 2005
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Labor Elections America Is a Competitive Place

Words: 676 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76460006

Labor Elections

America is a competitive place and many of the economic and social systems in place reflect this quality. Economically, capitalism and all of its market specific rules apply to the many working people in this nation as well. The purpose of this essay is to describe how labor unions are affecting these economic processes and how they can contribute to the greater conversation revolving around the economy and employment issues. This essay will describe a union election from the standpoint of a campaign manager of union candidate to express my personal feelings and strengths towards this analysis. The second part of this essay will address the GMFC case study and explain my actions with a philosophy on employee relations.

Corporations appear to have much of the political power in the country today as far as labor realations are concerned. Labor unions are dwindling in power every year as…… [Read More]

References

Griswold, D. (2010). Unions, Protectionism and U.S. Competitiveness. Cato Journal, 30 (1), Winter 2010. Retrieved from http://www.cato.org/sites/cato.org/files/serials/files/cato- journal/2010/1/cj30n1-10.pdf

US Department of Labor. Unions and Union Members. Viewed 2 Aug 2013. Retrieved from http://www.dol.gov/compliance/topics/unions-elections.htm

US Department of Labor. Conducting Local Union Officer Elections. Viewed 2 Aug 2013. Retrieved from  http://www.dol.gov/olms/regs/compliance/localelec/localelec.htm
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Labor Issues Around the World

Words: 1338 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41802451



Many Chinese workers, including children, are forced to work in poor conditions (Ka Wai, 2004). Many workers are working in the town ship and village factories. According to a government report in 1984, the majority of township and village enterprises in China have at least one major problem that causes occupational disease. Many factory workers are working in dangerous conditions, in which poisonous chemicals, dust, and noise are predominant. As a result, many workers suffer from a variety of preventable health conditions.

Companies like Nike and eebok often subcontract factories in poor countries because they do not have to deal with production. By distancing themselves through subcontracting, benefiting from low production costs without having to take responsibility, they make huge profits.

In Indonesia, United States sportswear company Nike is often at the center of labor concerns (CNN, 2001). Workers at nine Indonesian factories under contract by Nike say they have…… [Read More]

References

2001). Hazardous forms of Child Labor in Nepal. GEFONT Paper presented in Preparatory Meeting on Developing Asian Network on Hazardous Child Labour

Manila 26-28, 2001. (Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.gefont.org/views/2001/child_labour.htm.(March 13, 2003). Informal sector marred by poor working condition. Mercantile Communications. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.nepalnews.com.np/contents/englishdaily/trn/2003/mar/mar13/local1.htm.

CNN.com. (February 22, 2001). Abuse rife at Nike's Indonesia plants. Retrieved from the Internet at http://archives.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/asiapcf/southeast/02/22/indonesia.slaveshop/.

Ellis, Becky. (2000). Globalisation, Sweatshops and Indonesian Women Workers. Retrieved from the Internet at  http://www.angelfire.com/pr/red/feminism/globalisation_ss_indo_women.htm .
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Union Organizing Campaign I Human Resource Management

Words: 710 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36004894

Union Organizing Campaign

I Human esource Management college I assignment studying alot unions workplace assignment I .Thanks Written Assignment 2 2-4 pages You hired XYZ a consultant. They facing a union organizing campaign.

Senior Management

The Consultant

The union organizing campaign

All employees should be allowed to join labor unions. The protection of the rights of employees in joining unions is one factor that leads to better establishment of a company. The company has to respect and acknowledge the responsibilities of unions in representing the interests of the employees.

The advantages of joining a union are that, it gives the employees the mandate to act together as a team, so as to improve on the working conditions at their respective places of work. Working in a union free environment denies the workers the chance to raise their grievances about the poor status of their places of work, for fear of…… [Read More]

References

Bragger, J.D., Rodriguez-Srednicki, O., Kutcher, E.J., Indovino, L., & Rosner, E. (2005). Work-Family Conflict, Work-Family Culture, and Organizational Citizenship Behavior among Teachers. Journal of Business and Psychology, 20(2), 303-324.

Brown, S.L. (2000). Union Transitions among Cohabitors: The Significance of Relationship Assessments and Expectations. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62(3), 833-846.

Burchielli, R. (2006). The Purpose of Trade Union Values: An Analysis of the ACTU Statement of Values. Journal of Business Ethics, 68(2), 133-142.

Lam, H., & Harcourt, M. (2007). A New Approach to Resolving the Right-to-Work Ethical Dilemma. Journal of Business Ethics, 73(3), 231-243.
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Union Labor Disputes Canada Wal-Mart

Words: 6077 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74391495

But when it just recently occurred in 2004 at a store in Jonquiere, British Columbia, the reader must appreciate that a real battle had been won. The original efforts of that particular store for example had the local labor Commission reject certification by a margin of 74 to 65. When the union announced that it won the coveted certification at Quebec, it was quite a blow to the retailer. The Quebec Labour elations Commission issued the order certifying the United Food and Commercial Workers Union (UFCW) as the bargaining agent of employees in Wal-Mart's store in Jonquiere. As noted, the reason a victory of this magnitude is huge is because of the policies and tactics used by Wal-Mart. The retailer works diligently to prevent its workforce from engaging in any collective action and they have consistently shown that they are willing to cross the line to guarantee their position.

Wal-Mart…… [Read More]

References

Baek, Seung Wook. (2000.) "The Changing Trade Unions in China." Journal of Contemporary Asia: March.

Budd, John W. (1994). "The Effect of Multinational Institutions on Strike Activity in Canada." Industrial and Labor Relations Review.

Corbett, Brian (2002). "Southern hospitality." Ward's Auto World, August.

Delsohn, Gary. (1997.) "UPS Strike May Revive American Labor Movement." Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News: Sept.
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Union Membership Decline in the

Words: 1561 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22045793

Various suggestions have been made as to how to correct for these losses, such as job retraining for more technical jobs.

As more and more union jobs are outsourced to foreign workers, more union workers in the United States are unemployed, with little recourse except to retrain and to target another type of work. hen they do so, they may not be as eager to join a union given that being a union member did not protect them the last time.

More and more companies are altering business relations and work relations today by outsourcing to foreign climes, in effect exporting jobs, as has been charged. Theoretically, though, this should be accompanied by different kinds of jobs in the United States, with the promise of higher tech jobs, more computer-oriented work, and higher salaries as a result. Observers see something else happening, however, as more and more manufacturing jobs are…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Burn, Timothy. "Unions Halt Decline in Membership." The Washington Times (20 Jan 2000), 1.

Freeman, Richard and Arthur Ticknor. "Wal-Mart Is Not a Business, it's an Economic Disease." Executive Intelligence Review (14 Nov 2003). July 31, 2007.  http://www.larouchepub.com/other/2003/3044wal-mart.html .

Goldman, Abigail and Nancy Cleeland. "An Empire Built on Bargains Remakes the Working World." Los Angeles Times (23 Nov 2003). July 31, 2007. http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-walmart23nov23,1,2729555.story?coll=la-home-business.

Union Members in 2006." News: United Stats Department of Labor (25 Jan 2007). July 31, 2007.  http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/union2.pdf .
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Labor Economics Alternative Pay Schemes

Words: 2504 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28796174

However, other factors must also be considered. They refer to age, family, education, distance and unemployment.

The age factor points out that younger people are more likely to migrate than older workers. This can be explained by the fact that the elderly have fewer years in which to benefit from the migration investment and that they often possess skills valuable for their current employer. The familial forces reveal that the risks associated with moving increase with the size of family; otherwise put, a family of two is more likely to move than a family of five. The educational features highlights that the higher educated the subject is, the more chances are he or she will migrate. The distance force points out that while the distance is short, the worker will vote in favor of migration; on the other hand, if the distance is longer, he will manifest reticence to moving.…… [Read More]

Reference:

McDonnel, B.M., 2008, Contemporary Labor Economics, 8th Edition, the McGraw Hill Companies
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Labor Relations Have Changed Tremendously

Words: 361 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96377356

The open and free market economies proved successful from a management perspective, and government supported the primacy of the profit motive.

The consequences of these fluctuations has been a system that favors management in the United States. Labor unions have been systematically ridiculed socially, lumped together with communism and therefore derided by the American public. Similarly, labor unions have lost their political clout to a certain degree, and management has secured political power over laborers. Wages have remained deplorably low, so low that income disparity in the United States resembles that of Third World nations. Income disparity in the United States is the steepest of any other industrialized nation. Countries with strong labor laws such as the nations of northern Europe tend to be more egalitarian societies with fewer class distinctions and less of a wealth gap. The American model allows unbridled business growth at the expense of social justice.…… [Read More]

References

Freeman, R. (1996). Solving the new inequality. Boston Review. Retrieved April 13, 2007 at http://bostonreview.net/BR21.6/freeman.html
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Labor and Class Issues as

Words: 1619 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84794358

But the sad fact is that most of these people will not meet this future, and will likely spend much of their lives working for different companies, all looking to get the most out of their employees for the least amount of pay and benefits.

Certainly people need to feel like their work is important and like they have a place and are making a positive difference in their community. But many of the jobs that people have currently have no promise of future employment, and the pride and energy that the workers give in the hopes of attaining a better life for themselves and their families will be met with silence from their employers. The American Dream is all but dead, and social class has more to do with where a person will end up in life more than any other deciding factor of potential in a person's life.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Kovacic, Kristin. "Proud to Work for the University." What We Hold in Common: An Introduction to Working-Class Studies. By Zandy, Janet. New York: The Feminist Press at the City University of New York. 2001. pp 12-16.

Mantsios, Gregory. "Class in America: Myths and Realities." Rereading America. Eds.

Colombo, Gary; Cullen, Robert; and Lisle, Bonnie. Boston: Bedford St. Publishers. 2000. pp 162-163.
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Labor Economic

Words: 3173 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99131376

Labor Economics

Labor is a commodity that needs to be purchased for business activity. In the uncivilized world of the past labor could be exploited to the extreme, but in modern times trade union movement, increased public consciousness, health, safety and environmental regulations and labor regulations have meant that the near slavery condition of the past are totally unacceptable.

Nevertheless, labor remains a commodity requiring efficient, humane and cost effective management to increase profitability and balance human rights and investors' interests. This effort has resulted in labor economics developing as a branch of microeconomics. This paper reviews labor economics and its importance in the modern day economic and business activities.

Outline

Abstract

Introduction

Important Components of Labor Economics

Labor Supply and Demand

Quality of Labor (Investments in Human Capital)

Wages

Non-Wage Labor Costs

Wage Differentials

Workers Mobility

Pay & Productivity

8. Economics of Discrimination

9. Social Accountability

10. Trade Unions…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. What is Labor Economics-Economics 150 Course Outline, Retrieved from Internet on 12 Oct 2005, http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~dackerma/labsyllabus.pdf#search='What%20is%20Labor%20EconomicsEconomics%20150%20Course%20Outline'

2. Engels, F., Introduction to Karl Marx's Wage Labor and Capitol, Retrieved from Internet on 12 October 2005, http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1847/wage-labour/Ch04.htm

3. Labor Economics, Retrieved from Internet on 12 Oct 2005,  http://www.oswego.edu/~economic/eco350/chap2.htm 

4. From Encyclopedia Wikipedia, Retrieved from Internet on 12 Oct 2005, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labor_%28economics%29
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Labor and Union Studies the

Words: 2077 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78255908



The Great ailroad Strike of 1877 was the nations' first major rail strike and witnessed the first general strikes in the country's history. The strikes and the violence it brought about temporarily paralyzed the country's commerce and led governors in ten states to mobilize sixty thousand militia members to reopen rail traffic. The strike would be broken within a few weeks, but it also helped set the stage for later violence in the 1880's and 1890's, including the Haymarket Square bombing in Chicago in 1886, the Homestead Steel Strike near Pittsburgh in 1892, and the Pullman Strike in 1894 (1877: The Great ailroad Strike, 2006).

There have been many protests in American history against corporations, industrialists, bankers, Wall Street and the economic devastation their unregulated activities including the 19th-century labor movement that featured thousands of strikes and protests. The current protest that can be compared to that of the Great…… [Read More]

References

1877: The Great Railroad Strike. (2006). Retrieved from  http://libcom.org/history/articles/us -rail-strikes-1877

Hogarty, R.A. (2001). Leon Abbett's New Jersey: the emergence of the modern governor.

Philadelphia, PA: American Philosophical Society.

Mullen, S. (2011). The Strikes of 1877 & 1886: Historic Precedents For Occupy Wall Street.
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Unions in America Today the Document Outlines

Words: 2038 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12719302

Unions in America today

The document outlines the pros and cons of unions in America. It takes into consideration how unions improve the working environments for workers. The paper considers the power of unions on law makers, collective bargaining and other advantages. The cons include decline in competitive advantage for American companies, low productivity and motivation and many others.

In any organization, unions act as binding agreements between employees and management. In this case, a group of persons are responsible for conducting negotiations with the management for the purpose of enhancing the welfare of workers. Unions originate from the period of American depression when workers faced various work challenges including low remuneration, and unfavorable working conditions. The purpose of this essay is to explore the pros and cons of unions in America in the current times.

Pros

Unions improve the working conditions and welfare of workers

One of the positive…… [Read More]

References

Bennett, J.T., & Kaufman, B.E. (2002). The future of private sector unionism in the United

States. Armonk, N.Y: M.E. Sharpe.

Pride, W.M., Hughes, R.J., & Kapoor, J.R. (2012). Business. Mason, OH: South-Western

Cengage Learning.
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Labor Force and Explain How the Unemployment

Words: 1279 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71445264

labor force and explain how the unemployment rate is calculated. Shortcomings of the current methods of measuring labor force participation rate and unemployment

Labor force is people between 16 and 65 years of age either employed or seeking employment. Labor force includes students, retirees, and prisoners, those engaged in gainful employment as well as persons without reported income.

In the United States of America, unemployment rate is calculated from the monthly surveys done by the Federal Bureau of Labor Statistics. It is estimated by dividing the number of persons without employment by the size of the available workforce that includes the employed and those unemployed.

omer (1986) states that this method used in calculating the unemployment rate also includes; Social Insurance Statistics such as unemployment benefits. He claims that this method is not detailed since some benefits expire before one can find a job. In addition, the other method, employment…… [Read More]

References

Langman, L., & Fishman, D.K. (2006). The Evolution of Alienation: Trauma, Promise, and the Millennium. Lanham.

Maslow, A. (1954). Motivation and personality. New York: Harper and Row Publishers.

Romer, C. (1986). Spurious Volatility in Historical Unemployment Data. The Journal of Political Economy, 1 -- 37.
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Labor When IT's Flat on Its Back

Words: 2262 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60574986

Labor When it's Flat on its Back," by Thomas Geoghegan.

Specifically, it will discuss whether I agree or disagree with Geoghegan's question and title of his book.

THE LABO MOVEMENT

Geoghegan is a labor lawyer who has a dim view of the modern American labor movement. He believes it is past its prime and usefulness, and will eventually dwindle away, dying a lingering and painful death, and leaving millions of Americans unrepresented in its wake. He believes this will occur if total labor union membership falls below 10% in the United States. "U.S. manufacturing has gone down the drain, and with it, it seems, the entire labor movement. Just 16% of the workforce now [1991], down from 20-25% ten years ago. Maybe it will drop to 12. Once it drops to 10, it might as well keep dropping to zero" (Geoghegan 3).

Unfortunately, the author's predictions seem to be coming…… [Read More]

References

Author not available. "An Interview With Labor Lawyer and Author Tom Geoghegan." All Things Considered (NPR). 25 Oct. 1995.

Editors. "U.S. Union Membership." The Labor Research Association. 2002. 6 Dec. 2002. http://www.lraonline.org/charts.php?id=29

Geoghegan, Thomas. Which Side are You on? Trying to be for Labor When it's Flat on its Back. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1991.

Lowery, James. "Do We Need Labor Unions in America?" Resources for Labor Union Organizing (RLUO). 2001. 6 Dec. 2002. http://union-organizing.com/edit.html
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Labor Scholars in the Early

Words: 404 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45725184



External factors that have adversely impacted labor's ability to remain organized include social and political changes in the United States. During the 1960s, labor had the opportunity to join with the Civil ights movement in fulfilling core goals such as the prevention of labor exploitation. Instead, the political turmoil of the 1960s left labor without strong enough leadership. Moreover, "unlike European union movements, American organized labor has avoided the formation of a political party and has remained within the framework of the two-party system," ("The Labor Union"). This may indeed be the most significant factor preventing productive labor union organization: the lack of interest in a labor-based political party. The Democratic Party usually champions labor issues but not with sufficient enthusiasm or clout. To increase their chances for future success, unions need to do the following: reach out to minorities and women; reach out to workers in skilled as well…… [Read More]

References

"The Labor Union." History.com. Retrieved 10 Feb 2010 from http://www.history.com/content/laborday/labor-history/the-labor-union

Silverman, J. (nd). How labor unions work. How Stuff Works. Retrieved 10 Feb 2010 from  http://money.howstuffworks.com/labor-union.htm
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Unions Get New Memberships a

Words: 2013 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68752032

This new generation of activists on college campuses nationwide has inspirited students to talk about their concerns about workers rights. This effort was also conducted largely through e-mail campaigns over the Internet. Some graduate students have already formed their own unions.

Appealing to Right-To-Work States

Arizona, famously known as a right-to-work state, is emerging as a new stomping ground for labor unions. Organized labor is making one of its largest efforts in state history to recruit new members and increase its political clout (Graham and Pitzl).

The effort cuts across a broad swath of industries that includes iron workers, painters, grocery-store workers, and state government employees.

Two unions kicked off their combined effort to organize state government workers, citing low pay and the need to have a voice on working conditions.

Union groups are leading the drive to establish a minimum wage in Arizona. "Arizona's labor unions have never been…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Asher, Herbert, Eric Heberlig and Randall Ripley. American labor unions in the electoral arena. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2001.

Boone, Louis and David Kurtz. Contemporary Business. Fort Worth, TX: Dryden Press, 1999.

Edwards, Richard. Rights at Work: Employment Relations in the Post-Union Era. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1994.

Graham, Chad and Mary Jo Pitzl. "Ariz.'s growth attracts unions." 20 Aug 2006. azcentral.com. 6 May 2009 .
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Unions Are Necessary and Toward

Words: 1722 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90491979

As well when the same individuals were polled responses given stating that they believed that unions would become weaker in the future totaled 53%. It is certain that should unions fail to exist that individuals in today's work and labor forces would certainly receive less compensation, less vacation and leave time, less fringe benefits and that they would receive much less in the way of pension from the company following retirement.

Recommendations for Future Research

Arising from this brief review are recommendations for further research for the purpose of examining why it is that labor and worker unions are likely to become weaker in the future than they are presently.

ibliography

Mishel, Lawrence and Walters, Matthew (2003) How Unions Help All Workers. Economic Policy Institute. 26 Aug 2003. Online available at: http://www.epi.org/publications/entry/briefingpapers_bp143/

Grabelsky, Jeff (2004) uilding and Construction Trades Unions: Are They uilt to Win? ILR Collection 2004. Online available…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Mishel, Lawrence and Walters, Matthew (2003) How Unions Help All Workers. Economic Policy Institute. 26 Aug 2003. Online available at: http://www.epi.org/publications/entry/briefingpapers_bp143/

Grabelsky, Jeff (2004) Building and Construction Trades Unions: Are They Built to Win? ILR Collection 2004. Online available at: http://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1057&context=articles

Majorities Say They Agree That Labor Unions Are Necessary to Protect the Working Person, but Plurality Believe Unions Will Become Weaker in the Future (2010) Public Agenda Organization. 1 Mar 2010. Online available at: http://www.publicagenda.org/charts/three-quarters-americans-say-they-agree-view-labor-unions-are-necessary-protect-workers-half-say

Sirolli, Carmen J. Sr. (nd) Bargaining Units vs. Management: Are Police Unions Necessary? Online available at: http://www.fdle.state.fl.us/Content/Florida-Criminal-Justice-Executive-Institute/Docs/sirolli-carmen-final-paper-(1).aspx
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Union Organization and Management's Role

Words: 663 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72626275

roles would suit you best and why?

Of all the listed roles, I think that monitoring union election outcomes would suit my personality best. This role requires a strong sense of ethics and impartiality. ather than being an advocate for a single candidate this role requires the monitor to ensure that everyone is playing by the rules regardless of his or her position. If elections are not perceived as fair, people will lose confidence in the process. Also, free and fair elections are more likely to ensure that support is retained for the union, even in the face of declining union membership. Some unions have had a history of questionable ethics and bias, and continuing to uphold high standards ensures that people still believe in the value of labor unions and the fact that labor unions genuinely represent their interests. I tend to prefer not to be engaged in conflict…… [Read More]

References

Union authorization cards. (2012). SHRM. Retrieved from:

http://www.shrm.org/templatestools/hrqa/pages/authorizationcardpresentation.aspx#sthash.lxeTf8tY.dpuf