Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly
Herb Kelleher is making waves in the air. As one of the world's foremost examples of democratic leadership, the co-founder and executive chair of Southwest Airlines is an exemplar for effective leadership behavior. His and his company's business model is firmly committed to imparting a democratic-participative corporate culture that approximates Lewin's definition of democratic leadership more than any other major executive today. Kelleher's leadership style and the leadership traits practiced by all of Southwest's staff regardless of rank, means a high level of employee job satisfaction, an extraordinarily low turnover rate, and a high level of customer satisfaction. The Southwest model might have caused chuckles in the boardrooms of yore, but the airline's model is catching the attention of researchers not only because of the uniquely upbeat and friendly corporate culture but also become of the bottom line. According to Allan Cohen, James atkinson, and Jenny Boone, "no airline…
Boje, David. "The Isles Leadership." The Leadership Box. 7 Dec. 2000. Online at < http://cbae.nmsu.edu/~dboje/teaching/338/behaviors.htm>.
Cohen, Allan, Watkinson, James, and Boone, Jenny. "Southwest Airlines CEO grounded in real world." Babson Insight. 28 Mar 2005. Online at < http://searchcio.techtarget.com/originalContent/0,289142,sid19_gci1071837,00.html >.
Simonton, Bennet. "Listening, a Tool for Leadership and Commitment." From Leading People to be Highly Motivated and Committed. < http://www.bensimonton.com/Listening-leadership-skills.htm >.
Leadership ehavior for Effective Decision Making
Effective decision making in the competitive business environment is closely linked with leadership skills. Managing change in existing organizations can often be extremely difficult, as it requires changing the organizational culture, the very roots that bind its members. This paper analyses the characteristics of a successful leader, illustrated with a practical example. Contrary to popular understanding, there is no unique style of leadership for all situations and the leader needs to be flexible and change his approach depending on case to case basis. The analysis takes into account the various theories on leadership - behavioral, contingency and transformational and evaluates the response of the leader to various situations in a typical organization operating in a fiercely competitive environment.
From the analysis, it is observed that the leader exhibited varying leadership styles and behavior to address and resolve various issues. The leader is found to…
Bennis, W. (1994) 'Visionary Leadership', in W.Bennis, J.Parikh and R.Lessem (eds) - 'Beyond Leadership: Balancing Economics, Ethics and Ecology', Blackwell: Oxford, pp.32-34
Gardner, H. (2001) 'Leading Minds' (ed) Manrik, J - 'Writers on Leadership', London: Penguin, pp. 73-76
Hampden-Turner, C. (1994) 'Charting the Corporate Mind' in W.Bennis, J.Parikh and R.Lessem (eds) 'Beyond Leadership: Balancing Economics, Ethics and Ecology', Blackwell: Oxford, pp.110-114
Jacobson, R. (2000) 'Leading for a Change: How to master the Five Challenges faced by every leader', MA: Butterwoth-Heinmann, pp.135-138
Legitimate power is the authority that the position contains. Reward power reflects the ability to motivate through rewards -- the position grants control over resources that can be allocated towards rewards. Coercive power reflects the position's authority to punish. Within the category of personal power is informational power, expert power and referent power. Informational power is that which comes from a leader's rational persuasive power and inspirational appeal. Expert power comes from one's knowledge and ability to apply that knowledge to rational persuasion. Referent power reflects the personal appeal of the leader. The seventh type of power is connection power, which reflects the ability of the leader to form coalitions that help to support his or her objectives.
4. People as leaders should not be judged on their social skills alone. There is a degree to which poor social skills can impact one's leadership potential -- for example in inhibiting…
Leaders are an important aspect to management and business. Leaders are what provide the basis from which subordinates follow. When a leader behaves in a way that provides a bad example to a subordinate or creates a chaotic environment, subordinates will follow suit and behave accordingly. Leadership behavior also lends to creation of a good or bad reputation for the leader.
When a leader treats his or her subordinates badly, that leader builds a bad reputation creating distrust and disharmony among subordinates. Culture also plays an important role in leadership as culture dictates personality. Personality is an important aspect of leadership style cultivation, lending to how a leader will treat his or her subordinates as well as interact with them. Leaders and subordinates are connected through behavior, culture, and personality. These articles highlight that relationship and outcome.
The first article discusses leadership behavior, acceptance of a leader by subordinates, and…
Boulton, F. (2011). Contemporary conflict resolution. Medicine, Conflict and Survival, 27(4), 247-249. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13623699.2011.645292
Chin, J. (2013). Diversity Leadership: Influence of Ethnicity, Gender, and Minority Status. OJL, 02(01), 1-10. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojl.2013.21001
Ford, J. (2010). Studying Leadership Critically: A Psychosocial Lens on Leadership Identities. Leadership, 6(1), 47-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1742715009354235
Koltko-Rivera, M. (2004). "The Psychology of Worldviews." Review of General Psychology, 8(1), 3-58. Retrieved from http://integralleadershipreview.com/5395-feature-article-leadership-and-worldview-what-in-the-world-is-a-worldview/
Follower Outcomes of Leadership Behaviors
Comment by Sabina:
Follower Outcomes of Leadership Behaviors
The founder and current executive chairman of University of Phoenix is John Sperling. He is a very respectable, influential, and powerful leader. John Sperling founded the University of Phoenix by offering classes in his garage. Today University of Phoenix is one of the largest private universities in the country. A great leader is one that is capable of leading the company effectively and increasing follower outcomes. In this paper I will discuss John Sperling and his leadership behaviors and how they influence follower outcomes. I will also discuss some of the follower outcomes that originate from good leaderships.
John Sperling utilized his skills, his knowledge, his business savvy and his strong leadership skills to create a very successful and profitable organization. "University of Phoenix founder and Chairman John Sperling rewrote the rules for success in…
Adamson, L. (2010). John Sperling, Apollo Group. Industry News. Retrieved from http://www.inc.com/magazine/20040401/25sperling.html
External Influencers (1998). External Influencers. Change. 30 (1) 17-19
Oshagbemi, T. (2008). The impact of personal and organizational variables on the leadership styles of managers. The International Journal of Human Resources Management. 19 (10) 1896-1910.
Team and Leadership Behaviors
Transactional leadership focuses on the outcome of performance. The emphasis on such a type of leadership becomes evident in the leader's ability to establish goals, clarifying who does what when, then administrating over the mechanics of the gears once they're set in motion. The article points to Whitman's range of leadership, from setting goals for profit margins, sales growth, and ultimately, her managing 2,400 employees. Meg Whitman already seems to be more in tune with the elements of transactional leadership as she is very meticulous about data, whether it be customer or otherwise. It is this nuanced management of detail that ends up forming policy and patterns for predictable successes for EBay.
The article begins unraveling the background aura behind the success of EBay, namely the fact that EBay does not have inventory or warehouse costs, the staff is very friendly, and the nature of the…
Leadership Behavioral Approach
"Leadership is the lifting of people's vision to a higher sight, the raising of their performance to a higher standard, and the building of their personality beyond its normal limitations" (Drucker, 1985). Ability to inspire others in a shared vision is one of the quality features of a leader. Leaders have cleared visions and communicate these visions to their subordinates to enhance corporate values.
The objective of this essay is to review the leadership behaviors and approaches common to the organisation.
The paper compares alternative leadership theories, and assesses the validity and utility of these theories with reference to the behaviors of leaders at Apple Computers.
Finally, the study develops a hypothesis and tests this hypothesis by critically analyzing the critical incident to judge leadership performance.
Leadership behaviours and approaches
Leadership behavior and approach are the combine styles that the leaders use to influence the subordinates to…
Bass, B., & Bass, R. (2008). The Bass handbook of leadership: Theory, research, and managerial applications. New York, NJ: Free Press.
Clark, N. (2009). Emotional Intelligence & Leadership. University of Southampton
School of Management.
DeRue, D.S., Nahrgang, J.D., Wellman, N., & Humphrey, S.E. (in press). Trait and behavioral theories of leadership: A meta-analytic test of their relative validity. Personnel Psychology.
Leadership and career.
According to Fiedler, the character of the leader determines the ultimate outcome of all forms of decision-making within the organization. Different leaders perceive different situations in different ways: "the key situational factor is the favorableness of the situation from the leader's point-of-view. This factor is determined by leader-member relations, task structure, and position power" (Fielder 1). In other words, whether the followers need direction; the flexibility demanded of the task; and the leader's degree of control over the situation will all influence the methods by which the leader exercises his or her capacity to wield power.
To some extent, I do agree with LPC theory, given that in my own experiences, I have seen many leaders be effective with various personality types. In the case of a workforce which is highly under-motivated (such as a fast food restaurant), a very rigid leader who uses a…
e. child care and health insurance). As, they can negotiate lower group rates for: the company and offer them as part of the total compensation package that everyone is receiving. (Northouse, 2010, pp. 89 -- 93)
Was urton a charismatic leader in the company at this time? Explain your answer.
Yes, urton was a charismatic leader. The reason why, is because he would utilize strategies that went above and beyond what traditional leaders were using to motivate employees. This is important, because his ability to use this technique helped him to be able to receive greater concessions out of employees in comparison with other carriers. At the same time, he was given greater amounts of flexibility in making adjustments to: the kinds tasks employees were able to do and their schedules. This gave urton the ability to adapt to changes that were taking place inside the industry. As, this allowed…
Butler, D. (2000). Business Planning. Oxford: Butterworth.
Harris, J. (2002). Organizational Behavior. Binghamton, NY: West Publishing Company
Nelson, D. (2007). Understanding Organizational Behavior. Mason, OH: Thomason
Northouse, P. (2010). Leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishing.
Leadeship Style Inventoy
Leadeship cises have been bewing since the past centuy. Evidently, the latest global economic lapses of financial makets aised a highe need fo an effective leadeship than it had been befoe. These cises led to a call fo contempoay oganizations to scutinize o assess the leadeship potential among thei employees and new ecuitments. Following the cuent changes in oganizational ules and business games, as well as andomly emeging competitions, the most fundamental pioity fo businesses and/o oganizations is to ascetain new leadeship potentials, develop them, and find the most appopiate ways to gow them. This pape theeby ecommends the need fo developing authentic and visionay leades by utilizing the "Leadeship Style Inventoy (LSI)" and matching the leadeship esults obtained, with distinguished job equiements. It futhe majos on the use of Kiesey Tempeament Sote and DiSC assessment as tools of evaluation, used in detemining an individual's leadeship competence…
references of cooperative extension faculty. Mexico: New Mexico StateUniversity.
Howell, R.E., Michael, J.A., & Wong, S.K. (1993). Leadership development in extension.
Journal of Extension, 31(1), 27-46.
Nahavandi, A. (2000).The art and science of leadership, 2nd Edition. Upper SaddleRiver, NJ:
Leadership Path Goal Theory
The Boy Scouts" using the "path- goal theory
Path Goal Theory
Explain how the theory works and include an example
Explain the effect of power and influence that leaders have on followers in the organization
Are the followers receptive?
Would you recommend another strategy?
Evaluate the role of transformational and transformational leadership in the organization
Effectiveness of transformational and transactional leadership in the organization
Assess the traits and characteristics of an effective team leader within the organization
Explain how the leadership supports vision, mission, and strategy in the organization
If you were the leader in the organization, what would you change and why?
The leadership theories are different in their relevance and approach, however, the importance of effective leadership cannot be undermined in operations of a successful organization. The boy scouts and other military organizations also…
Bolman, L.G., & Deal, T.E. (2011). Reframing organizations: Artistry, choice and leadership. USA: Jossey-Bass.
Samson, D., & Daft, R.L. (2009). Fundamentals of management. Australia: Cengage Learning.
Winkler, I. (2010). Contemporary leadership theories. USA: Springer.
I have grown fond of Mr. Joe Scott because of his ability to inspire his followers to do more than they would have expected to do. He has the capability of engaging his staff's commitment in a context of shared values and vision. He is capable of aligning the interests of the organization and its members. Those who have worked closely with him attest to his ability to inspire and motivate those who are working directly under him. He is capable is inspiring change because he's idealized influence, individual consideration, intellectual stimulation, and inspiration. He can maximize mutual interest and restrain in the process of exercising his power. His leadership style broadens and elevates the interest of the follower (Mind Tools, 2013). This ends up generating awareness and motivation towards the purpose and mission of the organization. His leadership traits bring the group purpose above individual needs for the…
Mind Tools (2013). Leadership Styles: Choosing the Right Style for the Situation. Retrieved from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_84.htm
Murray, A. (2013). Leadership Styles. http://guides.wsj.com/management/developing-a-leadership-style/how-to-develop-a-leadership-style/
After presenting group members with the concrete, tangible evidence of the club's usefulness to the surrounding community, it would then behoove Mario to clarify his goal of the present meeting by broaching the subject that the Club should continue after graduation. The best way of formally presenting this idea (which had been previously alluded to in the meeting via the introductory phase and the power point presentation) would be to initially express it in the form of a question -- which would ideally get an affirmative response from group members after the comprehensive review of the club's accomplishments and the specific involvement of group members in those accomplishments -- which Mario should then write on a whiteboard to serve as the goal of the present meeting.
Lastly, Mario's agenda should include a couple of relatively low-maintenance projects that could yield a high degree of tangibility that would allow the club…
Northouse, G. (2007). Leadership Theory And Practice. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, Inc.
Rowe, W.G. (2007). Cases In Leadership. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications
Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI)
The Leadership Practices Inventory relies on Kouzes and Posner's work and on what they called The Five Practices, that is challenging the process, inspiring a shared vision, enabling others to act modeling the way and encouraging the heart. Following these five practices, they developed the LPI, an instrument that would help determine leadership practices and capabilities for a person.
The LPI starts with a Five Practices Data Summary, however, I prefer to evaluate and thoroughly discuss each of the practices in part and the scores I have obtained here, compared with the average of all LPI observers rating and use an analytic summary for each case in part. I will leave the leadership behaviors ranking for the very end.
Model the way
In this practice, you have obtained three 10s, one 9, one 8 and one 7 (on a scale ranging from 1 to 10, with…
He projects a persona of trustworthiness, likability and brilliance that even his harshest critics admire. But a multiplicity of goals does not always make for a sense of coherent mission, and this sense of mission is required to sustain as well as initiate major changes. One of Obama's most-admired historical figures was Abraham Lincoln and: "Lincoln united his followers with a 'corporate mission' of preserving the Union and abolishing slavery, and this objective became more firm and resolute with the onslaught of the Civil War" (Lewis 2009). Of course, Lincoln had the advantage of having a single crisis to deal with -- Obama has many, spanning from healthcare, to the environment, to the financial crisis, to two wars. Creating a coherent philosophy to unite his ambitious, compassionate social objectives and the need for strong action on terror is no easy feat.
As a leader, Obama's greatest strength is his ability…
Finn, Christine & Sarah Baxter. (2008, November 23). Long-range love of Obama's absent mother. The Times. Retrieved July 11, 2010 at http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/us_and_americas/article5213328.ece
Lebovitch, Marge. (2010, February 29). Missing element in Obama's ties with GOP leaders.
Retrieved July 11, 2010 at http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/25/us/politics/25chemistry.html?scp=1&sq=Obama%20personality&st=cse
Lander, Mark. (2010, June 24). Short, tense deliberation, then a general is gone.
Frank's leadership style is ineffective, which is part of the reason why his company may not be doing so well. The leadership style that Frank exhibits in this case study is authoritarian in nature. Frank does not want to listen to his managers, or engage them in the learning process. Frank does not believe that what they have to say is valid, and shuts them out of the decision-making process entirely. His method of communication is completely unilateral. This is the problem in this case as a whole: bad leadership. The root causes of the problem are that Frank does not want to change either his leadership style or his method of managing the company.
The leadership behaviors and attitudes that Frank exhibits include refusing to listen, acting in an authoritarian manner, and blaming others for problems instead of taking personal responsibility. As the business development manager, Frank is…
"Leadership Case Problem A."
"Recommended Approach to Case Study Analysis."
Most conclusions on this approach were vague or indecisive in terms of social, psychological or mental significance (ice, 1978, 1981; Graen et al., 1972; Ashour, 1973).
Furthermore, over the years, many scholars have come to the realization that leadership is situational and hence there are many realistic settings like the environment, the employees, the resources, etc. that determine the characteristics needed in a leader as well as his/her business approach (Hershey and Blanchard, 1977, 1984). This is why it is important to first understand the different types of scenarios that a leader can face and then use those scenarios as the foundation on which most leadership techniques and approaches are built. This idea of leadership being situational is very helpful in outlining the methods through which leadership can be developed and has taken up a good part of the last three-decade of research (Mckenna, Boyd and Yost, 2007).
Adler, a. (1946). Understanding human nature. New York: Permabooks.
Ashour, a.S. (1973). The Contingency Model of Leadership Effectiveness: An Evaluation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 9: 335-76.
Bandura, a. (1997). Self-efficacy. The Exercise of Control. New York: W.H. Freeman. (Bass, B.M. 1985). Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectations. New York: The Free Press.
Bennis, W., and B. Nanus. (1985). Leaders. New York: Harper and Row.
Leadership in Organizations
Leadership refers to the process of influencing other people towards attainment of organizational or group goals. Leadership entails three key factors: first, leadership is a process of social influence. It is non-existent without followers and a leader. Second, leadership requires that the followers act voluntarily. The nature of compliance is voluntary thus differentiating leadership from other forms of influence based on formal authority. Finally, leadership elicits behavior in followers that are goal directed in an organized setting (Griffiin, 2010).
Most organizational sciences focus on the topic of leader-behavior approach. There is enough documentation showing that thousands of leader-behavior approach studies have undergone publication. However, the precise nature and correlation of leadership with key criterion variables such as commitment, subordinate satisfaction, and performance remains uncertain (Green & obinson, 2010). This paper focuses on leader-behavior research approach for studying leadership. It also incorporates the strengths and weaknesses…
Green. G., P. & Robinson, J.W. (2010). Introduction to Community Development: Theory,
Practice, and Service-Learning. Michigan: SAGE
Griffiin, R. (2010). Management. New York: Cengage Learning
Also, virtue ethics must ensure that the leader acts in the best interest of those who he represents, works with, and works for. However, this does not suffice in order to implement an effective leadership style.
In addition to this, the leader must be surrounded by individuals with similar ethical behavior. This would help the leader to achieve ethical responsibilities. Also, it would make it easier to observe any unethical conduct from the leader.
As mentioned above, there are also different levels of ethics, like mandatory and aspirational ethics. The lowest level of ethics, but not the least important, is represented by mandatory ethics. This type of ethics refers to compliance with the law. In this case, things are clear. All individuals, especially leaders, must respect the law.
Aspirational ethics refer to the effects and influence that leaders' actions have on others. The first people leaders influence are represented by…
1. Finkelstein, S. (1992). Power in Top Management Teams: Dimensions, Measurement and Validation. Academy of Management Journal. No. 8. Retrieved May 13, 2009.
2. Snell, S.A., Dean, J.W. (1992). Integrated Manufacturing Resources Management, A Human Capital Perspective. Academy of Management Journal. Vol. 35, No. 2. Retrieved May 13, 2009.
3. Kings, Queens, and Dictators (2000). Forbes.com, Inc. Retrieved May 16, 2009 from http://www.forbes.com/forbes/2000/0703/6515256a.html?partner=whiteglove_google .
4. Saddam Hussein (2005). Global Security Organization. Retrieved May 16, 2009 from http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iraq/saddam.htm .
Leadership and Realtors
I have many aspirations and many things I would like to accomplish in my lifetime. That said, one of my strongest vocations is establishing myself in my community as a successful real estate agent.
I've always had a knack for sales and I love architecture and residential construction. But my affinity for real estate probably dates back to my childhood, when my uncle Herbie used to drive me around in his big tan Buick Skylark, taking me to all his listings so I could see how he showcased his properties. My uncle Herbie used to make me guess how much he had listed each property for, if I was wrong, he would wonk me on the head with this old leather scabbard he had in the back seat, if I was right, he would give me a piece of salt-water taffy. Long story short, I've wanted to…
Burns, J.M. (1978) Leadership. New York: Harper Perennial Modern Classics
Helping Leaders Deal With Change and Ambiguity. (2009) Human Capital
Online. Retrieved from http://www.hcamag.com/business-review/Executive -
Leadership Qualifications in the orkplace
Proposed Leadership Model
For eras there have been people and leaders have discussed what the qualifications that make a great leader are. Leadership travels all the way back to the period of the ancient Greeks. In the 1500's, there was an Italian statesman named Niccolo Machiavelli, who wrote The Prince, and in this book he talked about the different methods for leaders to use in obtaining power (Leadership 2003). This all led to the current events dating to the early 1900's and what has been used and developed in today's society. There are a lot of theories of what a leader in the workplace should have and the idea that leaders during history have been people who were seen or looked up to as leaders and deeply appreciated. As people say "There are those that lead and those that follow." An individual with…
Akinboye, J., 2005. Executive behaviour battery. Ibadan: Stirling-Horden Publishers.
Borman, W., 2004. The concept of organizational citizenship. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13(6), p. 238 -- 241.
Cameron, J.D.E.K.R. & R.R., 2001. Extrinsic rewards and intrinsic: Reconsidered once again.. Review of Educational Research, pp. 30-54.
Charlton, G., 2000. Human Habits of Highly Effective Organisations.. Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.
According to Blass, et al., writing in Human Resources Management, the best way to acquire political skills, is through the mentoring process. The inexperienced individual who has a desire to become a leader in the HR field must have a mentor who is "…armed with organizational experience" that is borne of "vicarious and firsthand experience" and is willing to share "insights and cues with proteges on what it takes to be successful in the organization" (Blass, et al., 2007, p. 6). Mentors must be able to have an "adaptive capacity" to teach the political skills necessary to lead, Blass continues.
Politically skilled individuals generally possess "greater adaptive capacity," Blass continues, which can result in "positive and strong leader reputation" (p. 6). Moreover, Blass argues that individuals with well-honed political skills gain "influence" because they are socially astute, have learned adaptability, and adjust behaviors "to meet situational demands" (p. 11).
Blass, Fred R. And Ferris, Gerald R. (2007). Leader Reputation: The Role of Mentoring, Political
Skill, Contextual Learning, and Adaptation. Human Resource Management, 46(1), 5-19.
Choo, Ho Geok. (2007). Leadership and the Workforce in Singapore: Evaluations by the Singapore Human Resources Institute. Research and Practice in Human Resource
Management, 15(2), 104-114.
Transactional leaders use the extrinsic motivators, to get goals met within an organization, as stated by Suliman (2009). This type of leadership used internal reward or punishment mechanisms to get employees to follow their directive. Transactional leaders usually leave the current organizational structure and goals intact, since the characteristic of these leaders is not effective in situations that require change. Suliman, (2009) also argue that some leaders are very passive and only get involved if the necessary actions are contrary to the overall goal or achievement of the organization.
Visionary leaders are usually characterized as individuals who do not compromise their personal integrity for the overall goal of any organization or process. These leaders do not portray ordinary character traits, since they are usually concerned with direction or organizing action based on new possibilities or a progressive agenda as argued by McIntosh and Tolson (2009). These are usually interested…
Leadership Styles Among Male and Female Principal
It is the intention of this research to study the leadership and cognitive styles of teachers and instructors of both genders within the educational system and their preference for types of leadership in a principal of that institution.
The research will include teachers and educators from all levels of the educational system from grade school to high school. The study will also include teachers and instructors from all major academic fields of study offered in public and private schools. The studies conducted thus far in the educational arena indicate that teachers are equally inclined towards different cognitive styles.
Teachers prefer a mix of idealist, analytical and realistic cognitive styles of leadership in their Principals. Studies have also indicated that teachers prefer that principals are people oriented and task oriented in their approach to running the school or institution. In addition, teachers also prefer…
Berens, Linda V., and Dario Nardi. Personality Types, Descriptions for Self-Discovery. New York: Telos Publications, 1999.pp.
Blake, R.R., H. Shepherd, and Jane Srygley Mouton. Managing Intergroup Conflict in Industry. Houston, Tx: Gulf Publishing Company, 1964.pp.
Blau, Francine D., Marianne A. Ferber, and Anne E. Winkler. The Economics of Women, Men, and Work. Prentice-Hall Series in Economics. 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 2002.pp. xviii, 446
Bossert, S.T., et al. "The Instructional Management Role of the Principal." Educational Administration Quarterly 18.3 (1982): 34-64.
Leadership is defined as a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organization in a way that makes it more cohesive (obins, Pinsky, & Krichko, 2004). Bernard Bass' theory of leadership (Bass, 1990) states that there are three ways to explain the development of how one becomes a leader. The Trait Theory explains that some personality traits may lead people naturally into leadership roles. The Great Events Theory states that a crisis or important event may cause a person to rise to the occasion, which brings out extraordinary leadership qualities in an ordinary person. Finally, the Transformational Leadership Theory states that people can choose to become leaders or people can learn leadership skills. The latter theory is the most widely accepted theory today (Fabian, 2004).
When one considers a person as a leader, he/she does not think about personal attributes. Observation is typically…
Bass, B.M. (1990). From transactional to transformational leadership: Learning to share the vision. Organizational Dynamics (Winter), 19-31.
Beccaria, L.M., & Favero, N. (2000). [Expectations of nursing managers and assistants as to the managerial style of an executive director of a teaching hospital]. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem, 8(2), 83-90.
Bolman, L.G., & Deal, T.E. (1992). Leading and managing: effects of context, culture and cender. Education Administration Quarterly, 28, 314-329.
Fabian, N. (2004). Leadership -- what is it and are you headed for it? J. Environ Health, 67(3), 54, 52.
Therefore, culturally endorsed leadership theory may require some degree of code-switching (employing different languages or emphasizing and de-emphasizing certain cultural elements) on the part of leaders in order to maintain the balance of general attributes associated with positive leadership. In general, however, there is less of a reliance on the leader as an individual in this type of organizational leadership style, and more of a reliance on universally perceived leadership qualities.
Another fairly efficacious style of leadership for contemporary organizations is transformational leadership. Transformational leadership theory seeks to actuate a change by empowering the various individuals that comprise an organization with the tools necessary to perform their jobs better. Transformational leadership may require a restructuring of a company's objectives, or a reevaluation of the best ways to achieve those values. Oftentimes, transformational leaders are charismatic and are endowed with natural leadership attributes that endear them to people. Their goals are…
Ivey, G.W., & Kline, T.B. (2010). "Transformational and active transactional leadership in the Canadian military." Leadership & Organization Development Journal. 31 (3): 246-262. Retrieved from ProQuest.
Javidan,, Dorfman, P., De Luque, M., & House, R. (2006). "In the eye of the beholder: Cross cultural lessons in leadership from project GLOBE." Academy of Management Perspectives, 20 (1): 67-90.
Traywick, B. (2008). "Reagan's transformational leadership." www.youtube.com Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=puB0Bnt5xfY&feature=related
Leadership and Change Management
Consider a change that has been recently introduced in your organization. Using relevant change and leadership theories, critically analyze the benefits and problems that introduction of this change has brought. TO WHAT EXTENT HAS LEADERSHIP CONTRIUTED TO THE RESULTS OF THIS PROCESS?
RasgGas is a joint venture gas company between Qatar Petroleum, the State of Qatar's national oil and gas company (majority stakeholder), and ExxonMobil, an American Integrated Oil and Gas company. The company is about fifteen years old and has been involved in all aspect of exploration, development, production, liquefaction and marketing of gas from the North Field. RasGas is a major contributor to the State of Qatar's worldwide leadership in the production and marketing of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) export. The company has utilized technologies to drill high capacity gas well and build the largest and most efficient liquefaction trains in the world. These…
Brisson-Banks, C.V. 2010. "Managing Change and Transitions: A Comparison of Different Models and the Commonalities." Library Management, Vol. 31, No. 4/5, pp.241-52.
Brown, A.D. 1994. "Implementing MRPII: Leadership Rites and Cognitive Change." Logistics Informational Management, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 6-11.
Drew, S. And C. Coulson-Thomas 1996. "Transformation through Teamwork: The Path to the New Organization?" Managerial Decision, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 7-17.
Eisenbach, R. et al. 1999. "Transformational Leadership in the Context of Organizational Change." Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 80-88.
enhance the reliability of this exercise, I requested Alex, a good friend of mine, to rate me by checking statements he believed to be generally true about me. I then proceeded to complete the assessment exercise by checking statements that I believed were a true reflection of myself. Later on, I compared Alex's analysis with my self-analysis. This exercise, I must say, was critical in the assessment of my interpersonal skills related to both leadership and influence. I was able to identify a number of specific behaviors that ought to be changed.
In brief, the exercise revealed that I am fond of telling others that which they want to hear, as opposed to the truth. Upon reflection, I found out that this I do to avoid hurting other people's feelings. I also routinely have trouble displaying or demonstrating my true feelings. Again, this I do to avoid hurting others. Next,…
Adler, N.J. & Gundersen, A. (2007). International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior (5th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Sindell, M. & Hoang, T. (2001). Leadership Development: Management Development. New York, NY: ASTD Press.
Use of Transformational Leadership Traits in Emergency Service Oversight
In the context of emergency service oversight, each of the four components of transformational leadership are critical in that each much be orchestrated with the other to ensure accurate, responsive and thorough support. The emergency service oversight areas of training and development, leadership and measuring results, all must resonate with these core values if employees and associates are to see value in their contributions. In emergency oversight, employees must see value in their contribution and take a very high level of task ownership in their jobs. They must be led to have an extremely high level of accountability and pride in performance. Only by combining the aspects of transformational leadership can the foundation be created to provide these employees with the opportunity to attain their own personal goals while delivering exceptional service to others. As the emergency service aspects of performance…
Millissa F.Y. Cheung, & Chi-Sum Wong. (2011). Transformational leadership, leader support, and employee creativity. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 32(7), 656-672.
Brian T. Gregory, K. Nathan Moates, & Sean T. Gregory. (2011). An exploration of perspective taking as an antecedent of transformational leadership behavior. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 32(8), 807-816.
Northouse, E.G. (2009). Leadership, theory and practice. Sage Publications, Inc. pp. 171 -- 201.
Jens Rowold. (2011). Relationship between leadership behaviors and performance. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 32(6), 628-647.
JIM Kouzes, lecturer and author of nine books of leadership, including the best seller, "The leadership Challenge," qualities that make an effective leader have different perspectives.
There are four things that everyone look for in a good leader. Firstly, people want a leader who is honest to them, trustworthy, and has integrity. Secondly, people want someone who looks forward that is forward looking, who has a vision of the future, and thinks about the long-term, also people want someone who can forecast things in case of crisis. Thirdly, people want someone who is consistent, competitive, expertise and knows what they are doing. Fourth, people want a person who is inspiring, energetic, optimistic and positive about the future.
Research on how leaders execute or put all those attributes into action, or execute those qualities has produced five practices that successful leaders indulge those practices on the job and contribute to the…
Brady, Chris. (2007): Launching a Leadership Revolution: Mastering the Five Levels of Influence. New York: Business Plus.
Citrin, James M. (2007): The Dynamic Path: Access the Secrets of Champions to Achieve Greatness Through Mental Toughness, Inspired Leadership and Personal Transformation. New York: Rodale Press, Inc.
Covey, Stephen M.R. The Speed of Trust the One Thing that Changes Everything. New York: Free Press, 2006.
Kouzes, James. (2003): Leadership Challenge. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
I have had leadership experiences in different settings such as schools, teams, and the workplace and through these I have had a better understanding about leadership qualities and behavior. One of my leadership qualities is communication. I am able to convey clearly and concisely what I want done, and this in turn makes it possible for me to relate my vision to my subordinates and therefore work towards the common goal. In addition, this open level of communication has enabled my team to know that they can easily trust and rely on me and therefore makes me able work harder (Prive, 2012). Another leadership quality that I have is commitment and drive. I am constantly working hard to ensure that the set objectives are achieved, even in times when we experience setbacks. In addition, another leadership quality I have is honesty and being ethical. In general, corporate governance…
Organizational Leadership and Performance
The environment in which leaders of today operate is increasingly global. It is important to note, from the onset, that today's globalized environment significantly differs from the environment business operated in a couple of decades ago. In addition to being fast-paced, today's business environment is also more competitive and complex. The demands of the current era have meant that leaders of today must embrace new leadership approaches -- different from those applied by their predecessors two or three decades ago.
The Need to Appreciate Diversity
Today, every leader, as Daft (2014, p. 326) points out, "needs to understand the complexity of diversity issues, learn to create an inclusive culture, and support the development of minorities…" Unlike was the case a few decades ago, today's leaders are expected to lead teams of individuals, all of whom come from diverse backgrounds, ethnic roots, and have different motivations. It…
Adair, J. (2009). Leadership and Motivation: The Fifty-Fifty Rule and the Eight Key Principles of Motivating Others. Philadelphia, PA: Kogan Page Publishers.
Bell, A. (2011). Great Leadership: What it is and What it Takes in a Complex World. Mountain View, CA: Davies-Black Publishing.
Cancialosi, C. (2014). Today's Leaders Must Learn to Thrive in Disequilibrium. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/chriscancialosi/2014/07/28/todays-leaders-must-learn-to-thrive-in-disequilibrium/
Daft, R. (2014). The Leadership Experience (6th ed.). Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning
Summary and Analysis of The Forgotten Followers Contingency Model of Leadership and Follower Self-leadership by Seokhwa Yun and Jonathan Cox and Henry P Sims Jr.
This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of leadership and follower attributes on follower self-leadership. The abstract provides a clear summary of the study in terms of its purpose, research methodology, findings, implications and limitations of the study, practical implications, and originality/value of the study. As shown in the abstract, the purpose of the study was to assess the effect of leadership and follower attributes and follower self-leadership. The researchers found that the impact of leadership on follower self-leadership was dependent on follower need for autonomy.
As part of conducting the study, these researchers introduce several concept beginning with the idea that, “Not everyone wants to be empowered!” The statement basically highlights the two major differences in people’s response to self-leadership opportunities i.e. some people…
Effect on Leadership Role with His Officers
Sheriff Jones’ priorities influence his leadership behavior and the conduct of the other officers. His leadership style would resemble a transactional model as discussed in the management module. This leadership approach is premised on the idea that a quid pro quo occurs between a leader and his followers (Scott & Byrd, 2012). In such a case, the leader specifies the conditions under which the subordinates must work, and the subordinates perform what is expected of them. Moreover, his leadership role could be affected by his junior officers since his actions will directly influence their beliefs, attitudes, and values. It is believed that subordinates could significantly affect the Sheriff’s leadership of his people .and the judiciousness with which he uses his coercive authority. Such an influence could generate greater congruence between the officers’ attitudes and the Sheriff’s expectations hence increase the consistency between the…
unning Head: Situational Approach and Path-Goal TheorySituational Approach and Path-Goal Theory 4What is a situational approach to leadership?The situational approach, which Blanchard and Hersey developed, has the primary premise that varied situations require different leadership styles. According to Blanchard and Hersey, a situation refers to attitudes and values from which a group of people or individuals has to deal with the occurrences, planned occurrences, and the results embraced; That a tangible activity is the solution to a situation. However, situations are complex and have five elements (Thompson & Glas 2018). The elements include: The features of a group Structure of the interpersonal links within the group. Physical challenges on the group The features of a groups environment where members originate. The perceived representation among the group members and the group itself of values and attitudes engendered by them.Therefore, the situational influences inhibit a leader who has to implement his leadership…
ReferencesBans-Akutey, A. (2021). The Path-Goal Theory of Leadership.Academia Letters, 2.Thompson, G., & Glas, L. (2018). Situational leadership theory: a test from a leader-follower congruence approach.Leadership & Organization Development Journal.
Leadeship Skills Impact Intenational Education
CHALLENGES OF INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION
Pactical Cicumstances of Intenational schools
THE IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP IN EDUCATION
What is Effective Leadeship fo Today's Schools?
Challenges of Intecultual Communication
Challenges of Diffeing Cultual Values
Impotance of the Team
Cuent Leadeship Reseach
APPLYING LEADERSHIP IN AN INTERNATIONAL SETTING
Wagne's "Buy-in" vs. Owneship
Undestanding the Ugent Need fo Change
Reseach confims what teaches, students, paents and supeintendents have long known: the individual school is the key unit fo educational impovement, and within the school the pincipal has a stong influence upon the natue of the school, the conditions unde which students lean, and upon what and how much they lean. Despite this ageement about the cental ole of the pincipal, thee is little eseach concening the chaacteistics of pincipals associated with effective leadeship and with pupil accomplishment, and even less insight…
Allen, K.E., Bordas, J., Robinson Hickman, G., Matusek, L.R., & Whitmire, K.J. (1998). Leadership in the twenty-first century. Rethinking Leadership Working Papers. Academy of Leadership Press. http://www.academy.umd.edu/scholarship/casl/klspdocs/21stcen.html
Bennis, W.G. (1997). "The secrets of great groups." Leader to Leader, No.3. The Peter F. Drucker Foundation for Nonprofit Management. http://www.pfdf.org/leaderbooks/L2L/winter97/bennis.html
Crowther, F., Kaagan, S., et. al. (2002). Developing Teacher Leaders. Thousand Oaks: Corwin Press.
Culture delineates the behavioral customs, mutual practices, common outlooks and beliefs that dictate any organization. The leadership culture of an organization is a distinctive and potent aspect of its organizational culture. Leaders can be considered to be the cultural designers and planners of any organization. In the end, an entity embraces and espouses the individualities and priorities of its leaders. Forming a culture of leadership is a fundamental constituent of an organization's capacity to grow and progress year over year. This is not an element that can be executed at once. Instead, a culture of leadership advances gradually by undertaking the essential steps and investing time and resources that are needed to form leaders not just at the highest levels of organizations, but also all over the organization (Schein, 2006). Leadership culture can be outlined as the system of time and again unspoken customs, standards and suppositions that act as…
Different leaders espouse differing styles of leadership. The managers in various organizations benefit from diverse approaches comprising transformational leadership, transactional leadership, enigmatic leadership, dictatorial leadership or visionary leadership (Esfahani and Soflu, 2011). In the contemporary, there is increased consideration regarding the role that quality relationships play in the workplace and how they can profit the organization. Emotional intelligence is delineated as the subsection of social intelligence that takes into account the capability of an individual to monitor his or her own feelings and emotions as well as those of others, to distinguish amidst them and to utilize this information for guiding the individual's thoughts and actions (Hunt and Fitzgerald, 2013). In other words, emotional intelligence is the power of rational, coherent response and comprehending a sequence of emotions and belief that the managers with high social intelligence, through the assistance of ideal self-assurance and inherent control center have high capability…
History Of Leadership
Throughout much of history, leadership was viewed as an inherited position. It was rare that somebody would earn their way into a leadership position. Over time, a leadership model emerged that emphasized traits, and those who displayed those traits were funneled into a leadership system that, at best, worked on a linear hierarchy where tenure determined who held what position.
The major gains in leadership theory occurred when the study of leadership moved beyond these two concepts. By the 1940s and 50s, there was a move towards behavioral theories. Leaders weren't successful because of their traits, but because of the behaviors that existed, a concept that was similar but different. Behaviorism opened up the study of leadership, however. It was really the first theory that focused on emergent leadership over assigned leadership. It also began to separate the idea of management from that of leadership. That separation…
Northouse, P. G. (2016). Leadership: Theory and practice (7th ed.). Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage Publications.
Leadership Central (2015). Leadership theories. Leadership Central.com. Retrieved December 6, 2015 from http://www.leadership-central.com/leadership-theories.html
Leaders Can Manage Change
Transforming the Client Organization:
From Transactional Management to Transformational Leadership
Staying in step with customer and client needs is more than fulfilling their requests on a periodic basis and meeting their basic expectations, as any company that excels in client management understands. It is the ability to align every aspect of an enterprise to the needs and expectations, experiences and requirements of clients. Often internally-based organizations including those that are given the objective of being client-focused, end up paradoxically being the most myopic and inward-focused, resistant to change. Any organization that is experiencing this is in danger of losing the most valuable relationships and trust they have with customers. As leaders must continually push accountability, ownership and a clear sense of responsibility for results to the front lines of their enterprises, when traditional management and leadership strategies fail to deliver results, change is required. The intent…
Bibliography and References
Armenakis, A.A. & Harris, S.G. (2002) "Crafting a change message to create transformational readiness," Journal of Organizational Change Management, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 169-183.
Boga, I. & Ensari, N. (2009), "The Role of Transformational Leadership and Organizational Change on Perceived Organizational Success," The Psychologist Manager Journal, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 235.
Bordum, A. (2010), "The strategic balance in a change management perspective," Society and Business Review, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 245-258.
Brown, A.D. (1994), "Transformational leadership in tackling change," Journal of General Management, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1-1.
Leadership Trait Questionnaire (LTQ) is based on trait theory of leadership, which suggests that individuals possess specific personality or behavioral traits conducive to leadership like expressiveness, sensitivity, and determination. The questionnaire does not measure one's efficacy or effectiveness as a leader. ather, the questionnaire is designed to measure self-perceptions and perceptions of others. Because it takes into account both self-reports and the perceptions of others measured on the same scale, the LTQ is robust and reflects prevailing literature that shows that personality assessed using both self and observer ratings explains more variance in leadership than self ratings of personality alone," (Colbert, Judge, Choi & Wang, 2012, p. 670). Answers on the LTQ will reflect more about the leadership style one exhibits than one's innate abilities or prior successes as a leader.
Some of the qualities listed on the LTQ include self-confidence, trustworthiness, and sensitivity. Most of the qualities on the…
Colbert, A.E., Judge, T.A., Choi, D. & Wang, G. (2012). Assessing the trait theory of leadership using self and observer ratings of personality. The Leadership Quarterly 23(4): 670-685.
Zaccaro, S.J. (2007). Trait-based perspectives of leadership. American Psychologist 62(1): 6-16.
This essaydescribes the meaning of leadership and defines the characteristics and qualities of effective leaders. It discusses the manner in which leadership skills can be developed and assesses the importance of leadership in organizations seeking to achieve specific aims. Leadership styles, such as servant leadership and transformational leadership, are analyzed and qualities such as boldness, good judgment and emotional intelligence are examined to show how they support effective leadership. The paper concludes with a discussion of what leadership means to different people and how leadership styles can reflect an individuals own subjective take on leadership and how it should be demonstrated.
What is leadership?
How can leadership qualities be promoted?
How does a bad leadership experience impact a workplace culture?
Real-life leaders in the 20th century
Influential Leaders in Modern Times
Servant Leadership and Youth Programs
The Qualities That Define a Good Leader
Leadership Crucible Experience
Leadership is a practice that is learnt from the experiences of the leaders. According to Bennis and Thomas (2002), a crucible is delineated as a changing experience through which a person ends up having a new sense of self and character. In particular, the capacity to mine knowledge from such challenging and difficult experiences is what differentiates and tells apart successful leaders from their counterparts (Bennis and Thomas, 2002). The purpose of this essay is to ascertain, define and justify a crucible experience that one can have in life and delineate how that experience can have an effect on the personal style of leadership, behaviors, outlooks and viewpoint and shed light on how it will impact one as a leader in the organization.
So what can happen to make an individual go through a crucible experience? Leadership ability can be tested when one is abruptly and quickly…
Bennis, W. G., & Thomas, R. J. (2002). Crucibles of leadership. Harvard business review, 80(9).
Bono, J. E., & Judge, T. A. (2004). Personality and transformational and transactional leadership: a meta-analysis. Journal of applied psychology,89(5), 901
Markos, S., &Sridevi, M. S. (2010). Employee engagement: The key to improving performance. International Journal of Business and Management,5(12), 89.
Thomas, R. J., & Cheese, P. (2005). Leadership: Experience is the best teacher. Strategy & Leadership, 33(3), 24-29.
Autocratic leadership is the style of leadership in which the leader assumes total control of the entire decision making process. Whatever the leader says is what goes. This style of leadership is seen in very hierarchical settings, such as the military, where there is a clear chain of command: the leader at the top passes down the orders to those below, who pass them on out to their subordinates. There is no room for questioning the leader or for inserting one’s own will into the process: one gets orders, and one obeys them. As De Cremer (2006) points out, there is no room for latitude—one must stick to commands as they are.
Autocratic leadership traits are most often associated with masculinity or with male-dominated organizations (Eagly & Johannesen-Schmidt, 2001). This style of leadership is often associated with bullying, perhaps for that reason (Hoel, Glasø, Hetland, Cooper & Einarsen,…
Leadership Development Plan
It is imperative for an effective leader to have a plan in order to succeed. This takes into account a personal plan intended for growth and a professional one intended for improvement. The purpose of this paper is to highlight my personal strengths and weaknesses as a leader, ascertain the areas necessitated for enhancement, and pinpoint the leadership skills and practices that I will employ to become an effective leader. In addition, this paper will also delineate an outline of the goals and objectives that I deem to be a priority as well as a timeline for this leadership development. The general result will encompass an inclusive leadership plan of development that I will utilize to develop myself as an individual and also for any organization that I will eventually work for in the forthcoming periods.
The personal assessment of management skills facilitated clear awareness and discernment…
Bateman, T. & Snell, S. (2015). Management: Leading & collaborating in the competitive world (11th ed., Chapter 1). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.
Biro, M. M. (2012). 5 Leadership Behaviors Loyal Employees Trust, Forbes.
Bolden, R., Gosling, J. (2006). Leadership Competencies: Time to change the tune? Leadership, 2: 147.
Cameron, K. (2011). Responsible leadership as virtuous leadership. Journal of Business Ethics, 98: 25-35.
un Tzu informs that we cannot punish people until they feel loyalty to us: namely, until they consider themselves members of our group.
10. Keep them guessing
This quality may be pertinent only to leaders of a business / corporation. Her un Tzu advises keeping one's strategies and plans concealed from one's competitor so that one retains competitive advantage.
The Art of War, maintains un Tzu, is "a matter of life and death, a road either to safety or to ruin. Hence it is a subject of inquiry which can on no account be neglected." (pt. 2)
The same goes for the Art of Leadership. It is also "a subject of inquiry which can on no account be neglected" and its qualities need to be known and inculcated in order to have maximum success in the field.
'Leader' as term may be inchoate, but as many entrepreneurs have…
Bateman, T.S., & Snell, S. (2009). Management: Leading and Collaborating in a Competitive World, Eighth Edition. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Kotter JP. 1996. Leading Change. Boston, MA: Harv. Bus. School
Schein, E. (1985). Organizational culture and leadership. CA: Jossey-Bass.
Sun Tzu, (2001). The Art of War Wylie, TX: Pickard & Son, Publishers.
The first leadership scenario is when a co-worker was calling in sick constantly, and it was clear from their attitude that they were not engaged. In this case, the supervisor did nothing, and it ended up affecting the morale of the group. As leader, I would have begun to build a case with this employee for termination, documenting the absences and the fact that they were clearly bogus. The second leadership scenario recently witnessed is a situation where a new restaurant opened up. The service standards seem very high -- the people are all obviously well-trained. This type of thing means that there is a lot of leadership, so I would be sure to reinforce these positive behaviors. This can be done by offering praise, and highlighting the actions for which the praise is being given. So not "good job," but "good job dealing with that difficult…
Technical, interpersonal, and conceptual skills
Interpersonal skills entail knowing how to interact with others. No employee desires to have a boss who is inconsiderate or rude or one who has poor human skills. All these could reduce productivity and employee morale. Managers with effective human skills tend to have subordinates who have positive attitudes and strong desires to increase productivity. Managers are always expected in any organization to have harmonious relationships with those below them like supervisors, peers, and subordinates (Yukl, 2012).
Conceptual skills refer to an individual's aptitude to formulate ideas. These skills include formulating abstractions, thinking creatively, understanding issues, solving problems, and analyzing complex situations. Within the business context, these skills are viewed as integral prerequisites for top executive positions. Conceptual skills differ from technical skills and interpersonal skills. The three types of skills assume vital roles for certain purposes and in certain situations. However, conceptual skills…
Phillips, D. T (1993). Lincoln on Leadership: Executive Strategies for Tough Times. Warner Books, Inc.
Yukl, G.A. (2012). Leadership in Organizations. 8th Ed. Boston, MA: Pearson Education
This week, maybe not my most charismatic week to be honest. There are definitely times when I can turn on the charm and be very charismatic, but this week I don't think I've excelled in this regard. I think that I should pay attention to opportunities to be charismatic because this is a skill that can be developed. Since I know that I have it in me to be this way, I figure that I should probably cultivate this skill a little more, because that will help me to be a better leader.
I think back to a recent trip I took. I was able to get a free seat upgrade just by asking, and when I met people I was able to impress them right away, gain their confidence and talk business effectively. I got a lot out of that trip in that regard, just be…
Leadership is a complex process involving the ability of an individual to inspire, motivate and redirect ways of thinking. It refers to the ability to bring out the best in oneself and others. In any set up, there must be rules and regulations to guide the relationships between people and activities. In a set up like an organization, there are goals and objectives that the organization aims to achieve. These objectives and targets rely on the ability of a leader to organize and direct activities towards their attainment. Leadership is the ability of one individual to stir the sentiments and behaviors of others towards the achievement of the set goals. The leader does this by transforming the goals to be a common goal to others.
Methods used by leaders to influence group members
Leaders can use power to get things done. How a leader uses these powers determines the success…
Gitlow, L.A. Being the boss: The importance of leadership and power. Washington D.C: Beard
book, 2004. Print.
Hellriegel, D & Slocum, W.J. Organizational behavior. Mason U.S.A: Cengage learning, 2009.
Leadership is a process that helps in directing and mobilizing people. It has for the past 100 years been a subject of many studies. These studies have come up with theories of the nature and exercise of leadership. Some of these theories include trait theories of leadership, theories of emergent leadership, leadership style theories, psychodynamic theories, and the path goal theories among others. The second section of this paper focuses on evaluation of behavior of selected leaders. Leaders of different organizations exhibit specific behaviors that are in line with models and theories of leadership. Their behaviors can guide the behavior of individual followers, groups, or even teams. The analysis section touches on how leaders perceive their roles and what makes them develop as leaders. The summary wraps up all that the paper is about and what I have learnt.
Management and leadership are interchangeably used in our everyday…
Avolio, B.J., Walumbwa, F.O. & Weber, T.J. (2009). Leadership: Current theories, research, and future directions. Annual Review of Psychology, 60, 421-429.
Bass, B. (2008). The Bass Handbook of Leadership: Theory, Research, and Application. New York: Free Press.
Bennis, W. & Nanus, B. (1997). Leaders: Strategies for Taking Change 2nd Edition. New York:
Collins Business Essentials.
Leadership Strategy from the Top Down: Lessons from the Boardroom in Small and Medium Enterprises
Leadership and management theories and strategies have proliferated at a rapid rate in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, as organizations have grown larger and more complex and have faced pressures of a much faster pace of business. The demands made on leaders of business organizations and the need for strong leadership in navigating the ever-more changeable waters of modern business have grown along with businesses themselves, in both the degree to which leadership can affect operations and overall success as well as in the number of tasks and knowledge areas that leaders are supposed to be able to handle. Much of the diversification and increased scrutiny of leadership theories, processes, and practices can be attributed to the increased importance and complexity of leadership positions.
In something of an irony, however, the many different…
Demmer, W., Vickery, S., & Calantone, R. (2011). Engendering resilience in small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs): a case study of Demmer Corporation. International Journal of Production Research 49(18): 5395-413.
Gong, Y., Huang, J. & Farh, J. (2009). Employee learning orientation, transformational leadership, and employee creativity. Academy of Management Journal 52(4): 765-78.
Kotter, J. & Schlesinger, L. (2008). Choosing strategies for change. Harvard Business Review.
Kunze, F., Boehm, S. & Bruch, H. (2011). Age diversity, age discrimination climate and performance consequences -- a cross organizational stud. Journal of Organizational Behavior 32(2): 264-90.
The life and success of any organization is hinged on the leadership of that organization. An effective can transform the potential an organization has with regard to human capital and the available resources into a reality. An effective leader has the ability to propose new paradigms when old ones have become ineffective (IAAP, 2009). Effective leaders can change the minds of their followers and in the process make an organization achieve its identified goals. This paper seeks to illuminate whether the leadership at our procurement department is effective from the perspectives of the situational leadership and contingency theory approaches. The paper establishes whether the leadership and the procurement department were directive or supportive. The paper finally captures the insights that have been gained from analyzing the leadership at the procurement department.
The leader I worked with at the procurement department knew his goals and had the power to…
Burns, T., Stalker, G.M., (1961). The Management of Innovation. London: Tavistock.
Graeff, C.L. (1983). The Situational Leadership Theory: A Critical View. Academy of Management Review, 8(2), 285-291.
Hersey, P. & Blanchard, K.H. (1988). Management and Organizational Behavior. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
IAAP. (2009). Leadership Theories and Styles. Retrieved from http://www.etsu.edu/ahsc/documents/Leadership_Theories.pdf
Leadership Style: What Do People Do When they are Leading?
Hewlett Packard (HP) remains one of the most successful computer and related services company in the Diversified Computer Systems industry. In this text, I concern myself with the leadership style of Meg Whitman -- the CEO of HP. In so doing, I will amongst other things analyze how her leadership style aligns with the company's culture. I will also examine Whitman's strengths, weaknesses as well as personal and organizational values.
Born in 1956, Whitman has over the years earned herself an enviable reputation as an efficient and brilliant corporate executive keen on making a mark in a corporate environment dominated by men. Having cut her teeth at Hasbro, Stride ite, Disney, and most notably eBay where served as CEO for a decade, Whitman rose to become the head of HP. She has also in the past tried her hand in…
Ferris, G.R. & Treadway, D.C. (Eds.). (2012). Politics in Organizations: Theory and Research Considerations. New York, NY: Taylor and Francis Group.
Forsyth, D.R. (2010). Group Dynamics (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.
Fox, W. (2007). Managing Organizational Behavior. Cape Town: Juta and Company.
Hellriegel, D. & Slocum, J.W. (2009). Organizational Behavior (12th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
My organization is Miami-Dade Transit, for which I am a bus operator. The Transit system is an independent operating entity within the government of Miami-Dade County. Leadership of this company is typically appointed, and this was the case of the current Director, Ysela Llort. She was posted to the position at Transit in February 2012, after a career spanning many different units within the county, including Public Works, Aviation and Seaport, as well as an earlier role at Transit. Her background is diverse enough that she not only can effectively manage the transit system for one of the most highly-populated counties in the country but also that she can perform a role as liaison with the county, the government entity that funds and provides oversight for the Transit division. This paper will examine the leadership style of Ms. Llort, in the context of my experiences working there.
CBS (2010). Miami-Dade Commissioners livid over transit scandal. CBS News. Retrieved December 7, 2013 from http://miami.cbslocal.com/2010/12/07/miami-dade-commissioners-livid-over-transit-scandal/
LeMay, N. (2008). Leadership can be learned, but how is it measured? U.S. Aid. Retrieved December 7, 2013 from http://www1.msh.org/Documents/OccasionalPapers/upload/How_Can_Leadership_Be_MeasuredOP.pdf
Miami-Dade (2013). Ysela Llort -- Director. Miami Dade County Retrieved December 7, 2013 from http://www.miamidade.gov/biographies/transit.asp
Miami Today. (2012). Ysela Llort puts transit on track to open airport link station while trying to restore federal faith in the systems controls Miami Today. Retrieved December 7, 2013 from http://www.miamitodaynews.com/news/120308/story-profile.shtml
Defining an Ethical Leader
Jeffrey Immelt, General Electric
The nature of leadership is multifaceted and often requires the continual mastery of new skills, insights, intelligence and perspectives to stay effective over the long-term. Such is the nature of ethical leadership, which requires a steadfast focus on a core set of ethical principles and values that guide a leader's judgment, ensuring consistency over the long-term. These are also the fundamental aspects of any leader's long-term credibility as well, and their ability to transform their enterprises over the long-term as well (John, 2005). Ethical leaders often resonate with credibility and the willingness to also change quickly in response to the needs of their organizations, employees, stakeholders and customers.
The purpose of this analysis is to define what an ethical leader is, how managers can progress to being more ethical in their leadership style, and how Jeff Immelt, CEO of general Electric,…
Crainer, S. (2009). From Edison to Immelt: The GE Way. Business Strategy Review, 20(3), 18-22.
Gonzalez, T.F., & Guillen, M. (2002). Leadership ethical dimension: A requirement in TQM implementation. The TQM Magazine, 14(3), 150-164.
Heinze, E. (2010). The meta-ethics of law: Book one of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. International Journal of Law in Context, 6(1), 23-44.
Immelt, J. (2010). Renewing American Leadership. Vital Speeches of the Day, 76(2), 53.
Leadership and Management Training Guide:
Leadership and management are terms that have been used interchangeably as many people assume that they are similar despite of their fundamental differences. The main reason attributed to this trend is the fact that these concepts must go hand in hand because they are complementary and linked together. Actually, attempts to separate leadership and management always contribute to several problems more than it solves. However, much has been written regarding the importance and difference between leadership and management. The effectiveness of managers and leadership abilities in a management team basically depends on their understanding of the differences between the two.
Differences in Leadership and Management:
Effective leaders and managers have become necessary for the successful operation of teams, organizations, and groups. This is because of the similarities and differences that exist between leadership and management for effective functioning of each. Leadership is basically described as…
Bacon, T.R. (2011, June 3). Five Deadly Leadership Power Drains. Retrieved May 6, 2012,
DiMaio, R.O. (2011). How To Be A Leader. Retrieved May 6, 2012, from http://www.leadershipinstitute.org/resources/writing.cfm?w=6
Ricketts, K.G. (2009, February). Leadership vs. Management. Retrieved from University of Kentucky -- College of Agriculture website: http://www.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/elk1/elk1103/elk1103.pdf
Models of leadership and management
Comparison and contrast of leadership models
Application of leadership model: Case of Mark Zuckerberg
Table 1- Leadership Table
Leadership in public and private sector businesses is important for the growth of these businesses. Of late, many researchers have thoroughly investigated the role leadership in promoting businesses. Researchers have also tried to explore the common characteristics of global business leaders that have led their businesses to successful heights. Different models of effective leadership in corporations have also been drafted. One major aspect of leaders being explored in their ability to inspire people surrounding them and use this inspiration to achieve results that could be achieved without having complete trust of followers. While followers might be hard to make for a leader, and yet harder to retain, few researchers have put forth consolidated models of inspirational leaders that effectively make and retain followers.…
Brio, M.M. (2013). Think like Zuck: How Leadership diversity Sparks Innovation. Forbes Magazine. Retrieved from: [ http://www.forbes.com/sites/meghanbiro/2013/01/27/think-like-zuck-how-leadership-diversity-sparks-innovation/ ]
Forbes. (2013). The World's Billionaires: Mark Zuckerberg. Forbes Magazine. Retrieved from: [ http://www.forbes.com/profile/mark-zuckerberg/ ]
Drucker, P.F. (2004). What makes an effective executive? Harvard Business Review, 58-63.
Goffee, R., & Jones, G. (2001). Why Should Anyone Be Led by You? IEEE Engineering Management Review, 29(1), 94-100.
Sustainability in Leadership
Current global occurrences have posed a great challenge to the continued existence of living things on earth. At this stage in the history of man, humanity is struggling with a lot of challenges; and these challenges are not restricted to region or race. Problems associated with climate change, increased rate of poverty, inconsistent democracy, and lack of justice and fairness in society are common to all nations. At this critical moment, there becomes a vacuum to be filled with urgency by leaders whose sole desire and purpose is to salvage the earth from total destruction. The world needs leaders who possess strategies to effectively combat these challenges and lead their followers into lifestyles that are self-sustaining. Leaders who could bring about this much needed sustainability to our environments are regarded as Sustainability Leaders.
Purpose of Sustainable Development in Modern Leadership
Leadership in the traditional setting is,…
Banuri, T. & Najam, A. (2002). Civic Entrepreneurship: A Civil Society Perspective on Sustainable Development (Vol. 1: Global Synthesis). Boston, MA: Stockholm Environment Institute -- Boston Center.
Bennis, W. & Goldsmith, J. (2003). Learning to Lead: A Workbook On Becoming a Leader. 3rd ed. New York: Basic Books.
Brown, D. (2000). What Practical Difference Would the Adoption of the Earth Charter Mean to the Resolution of Global Warming Issues? P. Miller & L. Westra (Eds.), Just Ecological Integrity: The Ethics of Maintaining Planetary Life (pp. 205-214). New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Boutros-Ghali, B. (1998). Leadership and Conflict. In Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict (Ed.), Essays on Leadership (pp. 1-6). New York: Carnegie Corporation.
Response to Post #1
Your example of Shaar Mustaf, founder and leader of the Take Charge Juvenile Diversion Program, Inc. does exemplify the value of programs dedicated to helping at-risk individuals, especially young people, to overcome some of the most serious challenges they face in becoming productive and law-abiding members of society. However, I am not clear from your post what style or personal philosophy of leadership Mr. Mustaf uses to achieve the worthwhile objectives of the Take Charge Juvenile Diversion Program. I would be curious to know how much of his success and that of the organization and program is a function of his substantive knowledge and the effectiveness of the organization in other areas and how much of the success of the organization and program might be directly related to leadership style or leadership effectiveness on the part of Mr. Mustaf and, more generally, within the hierarchy…