Leadership Theory Essays (Examples)

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Leadership Theories

Words: 745 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19347408

Leadership Theories

Task-oriented leadership can be delineated as a behavioural manner in which the leader lays emphasis on the tasks that require being undertaken so as to meet particular objectives, or to attain a particular performance standard (Forsyth, 2009). The main reason why I would justify using this particular style of leadership is because it focuses on structure, plans, and schedules. In addition, task-oriented leadership encompasses aspects such as prioritizing objectives, forming detailed plans and schedules, reviewing tasks consistently to make certain that the project is on track. It also takes into account setting and adhering to rigid schedules for all elements of the project and assessing all of the elements of the project with the personnel. In this case, this style of leadership make it possible to consider all elements such as safety, innovation design, whether the budget constraints are still in place and whether all other aspects of…… [Read More]

References

Deutsch, M., Coleman, P. T., & Marcus, E. C. (Eds.). (2011). The handbook of conflict resolution: Theory and practice. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.

Forsyth, D. R. (2009). Group dynamics. New York: Cengage Learning.

Montana, P. J., Charnov, B. H. (2008). Management. New York: Barron's Educational Series, Inc.

Spahr, P. (2015). What is Task-Oriented Leadership? Keeping Detailed Projects on Schedule. St. Thomas University Online. Retrieved from: http://online.stu.edu/task-oriented-leadership/
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Leadership Theories the Objective of

Words: 1328 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18598898

The four lanchard leadership styles include:

1) directive;

2) managing;

3) coaching; and 4) delegating. (Clawson, 1989)

2) House's Path Goal Theory of Leadership - the motivational function of the leader consists of increasing personal payoffs to subordinates for work-goal attainment and making the path to these payoffs easier to travel by clarifying it, reducing roadblocks and pitfalls, and increasing the opportunities for personal satisfaction en route. (Clawson,1989)

V. CHARISMATIC THEORY

Charismatic leadership is measured by: (1) Followers' trust in the correctness of the leader's belief; (2) similarity of followers' beliefs to the leader's beliefs; (3) unquestioning acceptance of the leader by followers; (4) followers' affection for the leader; (5) followers' willing obedience to the leader; (6) emotional involvement of followers in the mission of the organization; (7) heightened performance goals of followers; and (8) belief of followers that they are able to contribute to the success of the group's…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Liu, W., Lepak, D.P., Takeuchi, R., and Sims, H.P (2003) Matching Leadership Styles with Employment modes: Strategic Human Resource Management Perspective. Human Resource Management Review. 13 (2003).

Clawson, J.G. (1989) Leadership Theories. University of Virginia Darden School Foundation. Charlottesville, VA. Online SSRN Research.

Stodgills Handbook of Leadership (1981) revised Bernard M. Bass New York: The Free Press 1981.

Mintzberg, Henry (1973) Mintzberg's Ten Managerial Roles -the Nature of Managerial Work 1973.
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Leadership Theories and Practical Application

Words: 5554 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 940525



The benefits of high-quality relationships come from relational resources (Wright, et al. 2005) they create. Such resources include durable obligations (e.g., arising from feelings of gratitude, respect, and friendship), network contacts and connections (including privileged access to information and opportunities, social status, and reputation of influential others), and the ability to have open information exchanges with those around them (Valle & Halling, 1989).

elationships that do not develop so well are considered lower quality. These relationships are not as beneficial for the individuals involved or for the organization as a whole (Gerstner & Day, 1997; Liden et al., 1997). Lower quality relationships are described as contractually defined, formal exchanges based on limited trust and in-role interactions (Luthans, 1998). These types of relationships generate management rather than leadership. They are characterized by lack of mutual respect, formal downward communications, little mutual understanding, limited support and commitment for one another, and no…… [Read More]

References

Bass, B.M. 2005. Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: The Free Press.

Bauer, T.N., & Green, S.G. 2007. Development of leader-member exchange: A longitudinal test. Academy of Management Journal, 39: 1538-1567.

Burns, J.M. 1978. Leadership. New York: Harper & Row.

Cox, T., & Beale, R.L. 2008. Developing competency to manage diversity. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.
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Leadership Theories Change in Response

Words: 1242 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6372423

However, Avery points out an important shift in managerial leadership styles. She sees it as a shift in the balance of power within an organization, rather than a shift in the way managers perform their daily tasks. She states, leadership involves letting go of conventional notions of control, order, and hierarchy, replacing them with trust and an acceptance of continual change, chaos, and respect for diverse members of the organization...the members are expected to be self-managing and self-leading (Avery, 29-30).

This statement summarizes Avery's view of how leadership styles will evolve in the future. The balance of power is shifting from the leader to the employee. In the future, employees will continue to become more independent and to seek their own methods of self-management. Leaders will have to be wiling to let go and become more of a guidance counselor than an authority figure. This trend was perhaps the most…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Avery, G. Understanding Leadership. London: Sage Publications, 2004.
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Leadership Theories

Words: 3171 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57420548

Sustainability

Phase 3 Discussion Board

The article that I have selected is "A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainability science," by Turner et al. (2003). The authors advocate for a system that allows scientists to fully understand "the consequences of changes taking place in the structure and function of the biosphere." The authors argue that current vulnerability assessments are insufficient, and move the discussion towards an enhanced framework.

Sustainability science is defined as "an emerging field of research dealing with the interactions between natural and social systems, and with how those interactions affect the challenge of sustainability: meeting the needs of present and future generations while substantially reducing poverty and conserving the planet's life support systems" so this paper fits in with key elements of that definition. First, the paper reflects the need to understand the planet's life support systems in a complex way. The interactions between elements of these…… [Read More]

References

Eagly, A. & Johnson, B. (1990). Gender and leadership style: A meta-analysis. Digital Commons @ UConn. Retrieved October 23, 2014 from http://digitalcommons.uconn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1010&context=chip_docs

Gardiner, M. & Tiggemann, M. (1999). Gender differences in leadership style, job stress, mental health in male- and female-dominated industries. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. Vol. 72 (3) 301-315.

Kruse, K. (2013). What is authentic leadership? Forbes. Retrieved October 23, 2014 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/kevinkruse/2013/05/12/what-is-authentic-leadership/

Kushell, E. & Newton, R. (1986). Gender, leadership style, and subordinate satisfaction: An experiment. Sex Roles. Vol. 14 (3-4) 203-209.
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Leadership Theories and How They Are Influencing

Words: 3160 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90237048

leadership theories and how they are influencing an organization. As, we carefully examine the different ones and discuss how this will impact the long-term sustainability of the firm. This is the point that we can determine how and when these different ideas should be used to motivate subordinates.

When most people hear the word leadership they will often think of a person that is sure of themselves. As they are using: their experiences and courage to help inspire everyone around them during the most challenging of times. Yet, when you look a little further, it is clear that genuine leadership is more than just an image or an ideal. Instead, it is common form of thinking and a way of life that can help to transform the world as we know it. To fully understand how this is taking place requires: providing a basic definition of this concept and examining…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Alasdair MacIntyre, 2011, Wikipedia. Available from: [10 Nov. 2011].

Concepts of Leadership, 2010, NW Link. Available from: [9 Nov. 2011].

Traditional Theories of Leadership, 2011, E How. Available from: [10 Nov. 2011]

Cherry, K, 2011, Leadership Theories, About. Available from: [9 Nov. 2011].
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Leadership Theories Select One of the Leadership

Words: 700 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5800868

Leadership Theories

Select one of the leadership theories and then identify how you might apply the principles of this theory to aid in merger and acquisition.

In any organization, the overall leadership style will play a major role in determining the direction of the company. As the actions that are taken by managers, will set the tone for future growth and how the staff will focus on achieving their different objectives. One of the most common leadership principals that are used is: situational leadership. This is when executives are looking at different circumstantial variables, to determine the most appropriate course of action. Where, their underlying amounts of leadership will be adjusted, to reflect the changing conditions. (Cherry, 2010) A good example of this can be seen with the merger that would take place between: Exxon and Mobile in 1999. What happened was oil prices were hitting at all time low,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

The Merger. (2010). ICMR. Retrieved from:  http://www.icmrindia.org/casestudies/catalogue/Business%20Strategy2/Business%20Strategy%20The%20Exxon-Mobil%20Merger%20Controversy.htm#The  Merger Rationale

Cherry, K. (2010). About.com. Retrieved from: http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/p/leadtheories.htm

Lopen, S. (2010). E How. Retrieved from: http://www.ehow.com/how_6946237_do-evaluate-public-school-environment_.html
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Leadership Theories Comparing and Contrasting

Words: 1470 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89786237

In contrast, a "selling and coaching" (S2) approach is demanded when the leader knows the follower may be uncertain about how to perform the task, but the subordinate has a high level of commitment, as in the case of an intern or a new hire. S2 is a motivational or mentoring approach. The employee craves direction, but will be motivated more by personality and praise than 'carrots and sticks' versus the S1 situation (Straker 2004).

A "participating/supporting" leadership situation (S3) is when the leader knows that the employees can complete the task but the manager wants more of an emotional investment or a higher level of excellence. An example of this approach might be a manager of a fast food establishment with a teenage, low-skilled workforce. The employees can do the job, but needs more motivation to perform at a high level rather than task-specific direction. Finally, an (S4) situation…… [Read More]

References

Avolio, B.J., & Yammarino, F.J. (2002). Transformational and charismatic leadership: The road ahead. San Diego, CA: Emerald.

DISC. (2010). Retrieved July 1, 2010 at http://www.discprofile.com/

Homrig, Mark a. (2001, December 21).Transformational leadership. Retrieved July 1, 2010 at  http://leadership.au.af.mil/documents/homrig.htm 

Straker, David. (2004). Hersey and Blanchard's situational leadership theory. Changing Minds. Retrieved July 1, 2010 at  http://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/styles/situational_leadership_hersey_blanchard.htm
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Analyzing the Leadership Theories

Words: 942 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94645693

Leadership Theories

Event in Health Care Organization

In order to run health care organizations such that they are always viable, when it comes to both economic and health results, health care leaders frequently feel attracted to a practical managerial point-of-view with insistence on the daily production pressures together with its need to react to both large and smaller issues. This tendency could restrict their capability of engaging on visionary leadership practices, that assist in changing their organizations for the futures. For instance, the present event in the health care of Kenya is that health care employees' need encounter a rising multitude of job demands: cost efficiency, patient care and administration as well as optimal employment, and might be less efficient in both secondary and primary role liabilities. Thus, leadership skills are required in assisting both providers and managers in making consistent and thoughtful choices amid values in competition. This matter…… [Read More]

References

Burns, J. M. (1978). Leadership. New York: Harper & Row

Guzman, Oscar. (n.d.) Organizational Leadership Theories, retrieved from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/organizational-leadership-theories-284.html

Leroy H., Anseel F, Gardner W.L. and Sels L., (2012), Authentic Leadership, Authentic

Followership, Basic Need Satisfaction, and Work Role Performance: A Cross-Level Study, Journal of Management published online DOI: 10.1177/0149206312457822 accessed at http://fanseel.be/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Leroy-Anseel-Gardner-Sels-in-press-JOM.pdf
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Leadership Theories Application

Words: 1248 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53548753

Leadership Application

Effective leadership has a big role to play when it comes to the life and success of any organization. Leadership normally transforms what is potential into a reality. Leadership is therefore the successful act that brings success to all of the potent potential that is in an organization as well as its people. Each day there are new paradigms that are proposed and at the same time the old ones are loosing their effectiveness. Leadership is therefore a major way through which people normally change the minds of other people and steer forward towards the accomplishment of the goals that have been identified within an organization. Organizations need leaders so as to orient and make new employees familiar with how things go about in the organization.in this case George Latour is making attempts of leading and coaching a new employee into the organization, Sherry Stern. However the relationship…… [Read More]

References

Fryer, B., Goodnight, J., Goulston, M., Lawrie, J.M. & Chappelow, C. (2004). The Micromanager. Harvard Business Review, 82(9), 31-39.

Chambers, H. (2005, Summer). Surviving the Micromanager. How to Succeed with Away Boss. Canadian Manager, 30(2), 24-25.

Simonton B.(2010). Good Leadership vs. Bad Leadership. Retrieved April 10, 2014 from http://www.bensimonton.com/good-vs.-bad-leadership.html#.U0evb8uLrFw

Benincasa R.(2007). 6 Leadership Styles, And When You Should Use Them. Retrieved April 10,2014 from  http://www.fastcompany.com/1838481/6-leadership-styles-and-when-you-should-use-them
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Leadership Theories and Applications

Words: 647 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32110708

Leadership

Frank's leadership style is ineffective, which is part of the reason why his company may not be doing so well. The leadership style that Frank exhibits in this case study is authoritarian in nature. Frank does not want to listen to his managers, or engage them in the learning process. Frank does not believe that what they have to say is valid, and shuts them out of the decision-making process entirely. His method of communication is completely unilateral. This is the problem in this case as a whole: bad leadership. The root causes of the problem are that Frank does not want to change either his leadership style or his method of managing the company.

The leadership behaviors and attitudes that Frank exhibits include refusing to listen, acting in an authoritarian manner, and blaming others for problems instead of taking personal responsibility. As the business development manager, Frank is…… [Read More]

References

"Leadership Case Problem A."

"Recommended Approach to Case Study Analysis."
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Nursing Leadership Theories Nursing Leadership Comparison and

Words: 1627 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51090014

Nursing Leadership Theories

NURSING LEADERSHIP: COMPARISON AND ANALYSIS OF CONCEPTS & THEORIES

The work of Cherie and Gebrekida (2005) report that there is both formal and informal leadership in that managers are formally "delegated authority, including the power to reward or punish. A manager is expected to perform functions such as planning, organizing, directing (leading) and controlling (evaluating)." On the other hand, informal leaders are "not always managers performing those functions required by the organization. Leaders often are not even part of the organization. Florence Nightingale, after leaving the Crimea, was not connected with an organization but was still a leader." (Cherie and Gebrekida, 2005)

Trait Theories

Early leadership theories included that of 'trait theories' which held a fundamental belief that "leaders are born, not made." Trait theory makes the assumption that an individual has "certain innate abilities, personality traits or other characteristics in order to be a leader." (Cherie…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Swansburg, C. Russel (2002). Introduction to Management and Leadership for Nurse.

Cherie, A. And Gebrekida. AB (2005) Nursing Leadership and Management. 2005. Retrieved from:  http://www.cartercenter.org/resources/pdfs/health/ephti/library/lecture_notes/nursing_students/LN_nsg_ldrshp_final.pdf
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Leader Comparing Leadership Theories the

Words: 2035 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77494899



Conclusion

It is difficult to show which theory works best in practice, as every company has a unique environment and workforce (Daft, 2004). However, few would argue that Theory X is an outdated leadership style that does not promote success. According to Kopelman et al. (2008): "At the heart of McGregor's argument is the notion that managers' assumptions/attitudes represent, potentially, self-fulfilling prophecies. The manager who believes that people are inherently lazy and untrustworthy will treat employees in a manner that reflects these attitudes. Employees, sensing that there is little in the job to spur their involvement, will exhibit little interest and motivation. Consequently, and ironically, the manager with low expectations will lament that 'you can't get good help nowadays,' oblivious as to the actual nature of cause and effect. Closing the serf-reinforcing cycle, the manager feels vindicated; that is, his low expectations were warranted. Conversely, the manager who believes that…… [Read More]

References

Benson, Gary L. (1983). "How Employee Assumptions Influence Managerial Behavior." Supervisory Management March: 2(7).

Bittel, Lester. (1989). McGraw-Hill Management Course. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Braden, Pamela. (2007). West Virginia University, Division of Business and Economics. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.wvup.edu/jcc/mgmt410/TheoryZ.pdf.

Daft, R.L. (2004). "Theory Z: Opening the Corporate Door for Participative Management." Academy of Management Executive 18, no. 4: 117-122.
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Leadership Theories

Words: 906 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21621349

Bases of Power

French and aven described five bases of power within any given organization that can still be used today to define each person's social role. The five bases of power were defined as coercive, reward, legitimate, referent, and expert power (Tauber, 2007, p.40). Each of these powers is visibly on display in the corporation described in the case study and the corresponding definitions can be applied to the employees and managers discussed in the study. Understanding the role of each employee and manager will also help to illuminate the power and dependency relationship that exists between them.

eward Power

eward power is the easiest power to define. It involves the dispensing of rewards in return for action that benefits either the entire company or the individual manager doing the rewarding. Because it is so easy to understand, it is also the easiest form of power to recognize and…… [Read More]

References

Tauber, R.T. (2007). Classroom management: Sound theory and effective practice (4th ed.).

Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.

Bouquet, C. & Birkinshaw, J. (2008). Managing power in the multinational corporation: How

low-power actors gain influence. Journal of Management, 34(3), 477-508.
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Organizational Success and Leadership Theories

Words: 1623 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59365304

Leadership

For any company or organization to function smoothly, there must be some elaborate management system in place. This is crucial as proper leadership would focus on guiding the company or organization through teamwork projects and is needed to keep everyone in the team motivated and willing to keep working no matter what. Understanding the leadership concepts and the different leadership theories makes those in charge better leaders. Some of these notable theories include:

The Leadership Exchange (LMX) theory

This theory focuses on the building of individual one on one relationship between the leader and every employee in the team rather than leading the team as a whole (Lunenburg, 2010). Since each relationship is bound to vary in quality, the leader will always have a good relationship with majority of the team regardless of the few bad relationships. These relationships (commonly referred to as dyads) give the leader a better…… [Read More]

References

Komives, S., & Dugan, J. (2010). Contemporary Leadership Theories (pp. 111-119). Sage Publications.

Lunenburg, F. (2010).Leader-Member Exchange Theory: Another Perspective on the Leadership Process. International Journal of Management, Business, and Administration, 13(1), 2-4.

Malloch, K. (2014). Beyond Transformational Leadership to Greater Engagement. Inspiring Innovation in Complex Organizations, 60-62.

Russell, E. (2011). Leadership Theories and Style: A Transitional Approach. Military Leadership Writing Competition.
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Application Social Work Leadership Theories

Words: 2748 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67228914

Social Work Leadership Theories and Areas of Application

Leadership Theories - Servant

The philosophy and collection of practices constituting the 'servant leadership' style enrich people's lives, improve organizations and, eventually, foster a kinder and fairer world. While the concept is ageless, the coining of the term "servant leadership" is attributed to obert K. Greenleaf, who cites it in his 1970 essay, The Servant as Leader. In his paper, Greenleaf states that servant-leaders are, first, servants. Leadership starts with one's inherent wish to serve. Subsequently, conscious choice generates the aspiration to lead. Such an individual sharply differs from the person who is, first, a leader, probably because of the latter's desire to procure material wealth or satisfy an abnormal power drive. Therefore, servant-first and leader-first types are positioned at two extremities of the continuum of leadership styles. Between the two, an endless assortment exists, forming part of human nature's infinite variety.…… [Read More]

References

212 books. (2012, December 7). An Introduction to Organizational Communication. Retrieved from 212 Books: http://2012books.lardbucket.org/books/an-introduction-to-organizational-communication/s09-01-approaches-to-leadership.html

Bal, V., Campbell, M., Steed, J., & Meddings, K. (n.d.). The Role of Power in Effective Leadership. Center for Creative Leadership.

Chuang, S.-F. (2013). Essential Skills For Leadership Effectiveness In Diverse Workplace Development. Online Journal for Workforce Education and Development, 6(1).

Cowles, T. B. (2015, December 7). Ten Strategies for Enhancing Multicultural Competency in Evaluation. Retrieved from Harvard Family Research Project: http://www.hfrp.org/evaluation/the-evaluation-exchange/issue-archive/evaluation-methodology/ten-strategies-for-enhancing-multicultural-competency-in-evaluation
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Leadership Models Literature Review of Situational Leadership

Words: 1331 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11741068

Leadership Models

LITEATUE EVIEW OF SITUATIONAL LEADESHIP

Situational leadership is a leadership paradigm proposed by Hersey and Blanchard as an alternative to the simplistic trait theories of leadership in vogue at the time. The main feature of the situational leadership theory of Hersey and Blanchard is that leaders are able to adapt their leadership styles to the level of readiness of the followers (Bovee et al. 1993). Employee readiness is a function of the ability and willingness of employees to engage in certain behaviours while leadership styles range from telling and selling styles to participating and delegating styles. These styles reflect varying emphasis on task and relationship behaviour by the leader. The telling style involves explicit instructions to the followers when they experience low levels of ability and willingness either due to a lack of information or confidence. The selling style is used when employees are unable to do the…… [Read More]

References

Arvidsson, M., Johansson, C.R., Ek, A., & Akselsson, R. (2007). Situational leadership in air traffic control. Journal of air transportation, 12(1), pp. 67-86. Accessed from EBSCO Business Search.

Bovee, C.L., Thill, J.V., Wood, M.B., & Dovel, G.P. (1993). Management. (International ed.). McGraw-Hill.

Cubero, C.G. (2007). Situational leadership and persons with disabilities. Work, 29, pp. 351-356. Accessed from EBSCO Business Search.

Hersey, P. (2002). Paul Hersey defines situational leadership terms. Telecommuting in the 21st century, 8(4), p. 87. Accessed from EBSCO Business Search.
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Leadership Three Theories Three Centuries

Words: 2027 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14621831

e. leadership (Pruyne, 2001, p. 6), but also that "determining how to abstract a set of leadership concepts that apply across contexts without sacrificing an understanding of how the conditions and qualities involved in leadership vary among those same contexts" remained elusive (Pruyne, 2001, p. 7). Experts provided extended series of examples, mostly from the 20th century, demonstrating how leadership characteristics change over time and vary with context. Therefore future, 21st-century leaders should learn from the confused, sometimes contradictory and still evolving historical development of the concept "leadership," in order to distill the useful concepts from mistakes and temporary analytical fads. What seems to persist from the development of leadership theory over the last three centuries, is that leaders can be made rather than born regardless of inherited socio-economic status, and that while certain traits may be more prominent or apparent in those who find themselves in positions of leadership…… [Read More]

References

House, R., Javidan, M., Hanges, P. And Dorfman, P. (2002). Understanding cultures and implicit leadership theories across the globe: an introduction to project GLOBE. Journal of World Business 37, 3-10. Retrieved from http://t-bird.edu/wwwfiles/sites/globe/pdf/jwb_globe_intro.pdf

Kirkpatrick, K.A. And Locke, E.A. (1991). Leadership: do traits matter? Academy of Management Executive 5(2), 48-60. Retrieved from  http://sbuweb.tcu.edu/jmathis/org_mgmt_materials/leadership%20-%20do%20traits%20matgter.pdf 

Pruyne, E. (2002). Conversations on leadership. Harvard Leadership Roundtable 2000-2001, 1-

78 Center for Public Leadership, John F. Kennedy School of Government. Retrieved from  http://www.morehouse.edu/centers/leadershipcenter/pdf/ConversationsOnLeadership.pdf
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Leadership Path Goal Theory the Boy Scouts

Words: 2436 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16812245

Leadership Path Goal Theory

The Boy Scouts" using the "path- goal theory

Leadership theories

Path Goal Theory

Explain how the theory works and include an example

Explain the effect of power and influence that leaders have on followers in the organization

Are the followers receptive?

Would you recommend another strategy?

Transformational Leadership

Transactional Leadership

Evaluate the role of transformational and transformational leadership in the organization

Effectiveness of transformational and transactional leadership in the organization

Examples

Assess the traits and characteristics of an effective team leader within the organization

Explain how the leadership supports vision, mission, and strategy in the organization

If you were the leader in the organization, what would you change and why?

Conclusion

eferences

Introduction:

The leadership theories are different in their relevance and approach, however, the importance of effective leadership cannot be undermined in operations of a successful organization. The boy scouts and other military organizations also…… [Read More]

References:

Bolman, L.G., & Deal, T.E. (2011). Reframing organizations: Artistry, choice and leadership. USA: Jossey-Bass.

Samson, D., & Daft, R.L. (2009). Fundamentals of management. Australia: Cengage Learning.

Winkler, I. (2010). Contemporary leadership theories. USA: Springer.
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Leadership SME Leadership Strategy From the Top

Words: 2109 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92981450

Leadership SME

Leadership Strategy from the Top Down: Lessons from the Boardroom in Small and Medium Enterprises

Leadership and management theories and strategies have proliferated at a rapid rate in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, as organizations have grown larger and more complex and have faced pressures of a much faster pace of business. The demands made on leaders of business organizations and the need for strong leadership in navigating the ever-more changeable waters of modern business have grown along with businesses themselves, in both the degree to which leadership can affect operations and overall success as well as in the number of tasks and knowledge areas that leaders are supposed to be able to handle. Much of the diversification and increased scrutiny of leadership theories, processes, and practices can be attributed to the increased importance and complexity of leadership positions.

In something of an irony, however, the many different…… [Read More]

References

Demmer, W., Vickery, S., & Calantone, R. (2011). Engendering resilience in small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs): a case study of Demmer Corporation. International Journal of Production Research 49(18): 5395-413.

Gong, Y., Huang, J. & Farh, J. (2009). Employee learning orientation, transformational leadership, and employee creativity. Academy of Management Journal 52(4): 765-78.

Kotter, J. & Schlesinger, L. (2008). Choosing strategies for change. Harvard Business Review.

Kunze, F., Boehm, S. & Bruch, H. (2011). Age diversity, age discrimination climate and performance consequences -- a cross organizational stud. Journal of Organizational Behavior 32(2): 264-90.
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Leadership Comparing Characteristics of Leaders and Managers

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98627222

Leadership

Comparing Characteristics of Leaders and Managers

The term leader and manager is often used in an interchangeable manner and it is likely that at some point most leaders have undertaken a management role. However, when looking at leaders and managers there are some distinct differences. These can be considered in terms of their characteristics and the way these characteristics manifest. A common theme in much literature is the way in which leaders may be identified as they have followers and inspire others

This refers to the concept of leaders having charisma. In this context there are many examples of leaders both good and bad. Leaders which fit in with this context include, John F. Kennedy former U.S. President, Nelson Mandela the South African leader, Richard Branson founder of the Virgin empire and Howard Schultz the CEO and inspiration behind Starbucks. These are all examples of charismatic leaders

. They…… [Read More]

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Leadership I Have Grown Fond of Mr

Words: 897 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36357745

Leadership

I have grown fond of Mr. Joe Scott because of his ability to inspire his followers to do more than they would have expected to do. He has the capability of engaging his staff's commitment in a context of shared values and vision. He is capable of aligning the interests of the organization and its members. Those who have worked closely with him attest to his ability to inspire and motivate those who are working directly under him. He is capable is inspiring change because he's idealized influence, individual consideration, intellectual stimulation, and inspiration. He can maximize mutual interest and restrain in the process of exercising his power. His leadership style broadens and elevates the interest of the follower (Mind Tools, 2013). This ends up generating awareness and motivation towards the purpose and mission of the organization. His leadership traits bring the group purpose above individual needs for the…… [Read More]

References List

Mind Tools (2013). Leadership Styles: Choosing the Right Style for the Situation. Retrieved from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_84.htm

Murray, A. (2013). Leadership Styles.  http://guides.wsj.com/management/developing-a-leadership-style/how-to-develop-a-leadership-style/
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Leadership Enhancing Lessons Experience According to Johnson

Words: 1315 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69084187

Leadership: Enhancing Lessons Experience

According to Johnson, & Giorgis (2002), Leadership is the process in which an individual influences actions of others towards common goals, Formulates policies, strategies, and influence people towards achievement of the same strategies. Over the past decades, various changes in the world have led to various definitions of leadership. The fall of the Soviet Union, globalization and various advances have changed the world we knew. A woman in leadership positions is a new phenomenon; various leadership trainings are available, and leadership as a skill is now an asset for professionals. For African Universities to ensure knowledge transfer and observing millennium development goals, a good leadership structure is essential. A leader has exception skills and acts outrageously to situations (Padam, 2009).

Scholars have advanced various theories on leadership. Leaders' Individual personal attributes beat explains the trait theory, when one looks closely at Mahatma Gandhi and Hitler it…… [Read More]

References

Johnson, N.J., & Giorgis, C. (2002). Leadership. The Reading Teacher, 56(3), 315-316. Retrieved from http:/ / proquest.com/docview/203276035

Padam, S. (2009). Leadership: Theory and practice. South Asian Journal of Management, 16(3), 136-137. Retrieved from http://.proquest.com/docview/222728386

Ilgen, D.R., Hollenbeck, J.R., Johnson, M., & Jundt, D. (2005). TEAMS IN ORGANIZATIONS: From input-process-output models to IMOI models. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 517-543. Retrieved from  http://search.proquest.com/docview/205830055 

Hanson, K., & Leautier, F. (2011). Enhancing institutional leadership in african universities: Lessons from ACBS's interventions. World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, 7(2), 385-417. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/20425961201000040
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Leadership Behavioral Approach Leadership Is the Lifting

Words: 1821 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59525585

Leadership Behavioral Approach

"Leadership is the lifting of people's vision to a higher sight, the raising of their performance to a higher standard, and the building of their personality beyond its normal limitations" (Drucker, 1985). Ability to inspire others in a shared vision is one of the quality features of a leader. Leaders have cleared visions and communicate these visions to their subordinates to enhance corporate values.

The objective of this essay is to review the leadership behaviors and approaches common to the organisation.

The paper compares alternative leadership theories, and assesses the validity and utility of these theories with reference to the behaviors of leaders at Apple Computers.

Finally, the study develops a hypothesis and tests this hypothesis by critically analyzing the critical incident to judge leadership performance.

Leadership behaviours and approaches

Leadership behavior and approach are the combine styles that the leaders use to influence the subordinates to…… [Read More]

References

Bass, B., & Bass, R. (2008). The Bass handbook of leadership: Theory, research, and managerial applications. New York, NJ: Free Press.

Clark, N. (2009). Emotional Intelligence & Leadership. University of Southampton

School of Management.

DeRue, D.S., Nahrgang, J.D., Wellman, N., & Humphrey, S.E. (in press). Trait and behavioral theories of leadership: A meta-analytic test of their relative validity. Personnel Psychology.
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Leadership Is a Process That Helps in

Words: 3349 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26347063

Leadership is a process that helps in directing and mobilizing people. It has for the past 100 years been a subject of many studies. These studies have come up with theories of the nature and exercise of leadership. Some of these theories include trait theories of leadership, theories of emergent leadership, leadership style theories, psychodynamic theories, and the path goal theories among others. The second section of this paper focuses on evaluation of behavior of selected leaders. Leaders of different organizations exhibit specific behaviors that are in line with models and theories of leadership. Their behaviors can guide the behavior of individual followers, groups, or even teams. The analysis section touches on how leaders perceive their roles and what makes them develop as leaders. The summary wraps up all that the paper is about and what I have learnt.

Literature review

Management and leadership are interchangeably used in our everyday…… [Read More]

References

Avolio, B.J., Walumbwa, F.O. & Weber, T.J. (2009). Leadership: Current theories, research, and future directions. Annual Review of Psychology, 60, 421-429.

Bass, B. (2008). The Bass Handbook of Leadership: Theory, Research, and Application. New York: Free Press.

Bennis, W. & Nanus, B. (1997). Leaders: Strategies for Taking Change 2nd Edition. New York:

Collins Business Essentials.
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Leadership for Organizations

Words: 2778 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47166714

Leadership for Organizations

Leadership

The success of organizations and individuals' careers are influenced by the role of leaders. Nowadays firms seek leadership skills in individuals for all sorts of careers while recruiting. Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) believe that it has become critically important to nurture leadership approach at all levels of the organization (Lussier, Achua, 2009, p. 4).

The topic of leadership has been gaining tremendous attention of academic world and media (ass, Riggio, 2006, p. 17). Many experts have written about leadership and the challenges related to it as the subject is highly valued and at the same time a complex phenomenon (Northouse, 2009, p. 1).

In today's world individuals need to develop skills and capabilities required in professional world through personal development. They need to assess their strengths, weaknesses, leadership competencies and goals in order to achieve leadership capabilities (Rothstein 2010).

Leaders need to possess a wide range…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Adams, J.D. (Ed.). (1986). Transforming leadership: From vision to results. Alexandria, VA: Miles River Press.

Allen, K.E. (1995). Making sense out of chaos: Leading and living in dynamic systems. Campus Activities Programming, 52-59.

Argyris, C. (1970). Intervention theory and method: A behavioral science view. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Armstrong, S., & Armstrong, S. (1996). The conductor as transformational leader. Music Educators Journal, 82(May), 22-25.
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Leadership the Globalized Economy That

Words: 2962 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30501997

In my opinion, leaders should be an example for their team regarding work. They should promote increased enthusiasm towards work, in order for their example to be followed by other members of their group.

However, when assessing an individual's leadership potential it is necessary to take into consideration its emotional intelligence level. People's emotional intelligence refers to their ability of understanding motions and feelings and their attitudes and reactions in different situations (Chapman, 2009). The emotional intelligence level reveals how we read people, how we tend to use our emotions, how we understand and manage these emotions, and impressions.

The results of my EIQ 16 test have revealed interesting aspects about myself that I was not really aware of. For example, on the reading people aspect I rated level 3, which means that I am competent in this field. This means that I am normally aware of my feelings and…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. Bolden, R. et al. (2003). A Review of Leadership Theory and Competency Frameworks. Center for Leadership Studies. Retrieved February 2, 2011.

2. Guardian Portrait of the Supervisor (2010). Keirsey. Retrieved February 3, 2011 from   http://www.keirsey.com/4temps/supervisor.asp  .

3. Chapman, a. (2009). Emotional Intelligence. Retrieved February 3, 2011 from   http://www.businessballs.com/eq.htm  .
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Leadership Has Been Ongoing for

Words: 1226 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16696429



I see that in my own leadership style I am oriented towards a transactional style, but that in order to improve my leadership I need to weave the daily leadership actions together better with an eye to creating long-term organizational excellence. I feel that I have developed strong communications skills and healthy leadership traits in terms of being rational but also being able to deal with the emotional elements of the job. I perhaps struggle a little at listening, but I also can be short-sighted with my decision-making, such that months or years later I find my decisions have set an undesirable tone that must be corrected. These are the most significant deficiencies between the leader I am and the leader I wish to become.

Long-term strategy can also be considered somewhat of a weakness. There is certainly a gap between the specificity of long-term strategies that the organization has…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Schermerhorn, John. (2001). Situational Leadership: Conversations with Paul Hersey. Ohio University. Retrieved August 1, 2009 from http://www.situational.com/PdfViewer.aspx?pdfPath=~/Pdf/Conversations_With_Paul_Hersey.pdf

Fielder, Fred. (1964). A Contingency Model of Leadership Effectiveness. Academic Press, Burlington, MA.

Vroom, VH & Yetton, PW. (1973). Leadership and Decision-Making. Yale University. Retrieved August 1, 2009 from http://www.lederne.dk/NR/rdonlyres/E8715858-DCEE-4355-88BB-B3E82FE7DA9B/0/18VictorVroom2.pdf

Enos, Darryl D. (2007). Performance Improvement. CRC Press, p. 153
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Leadership & Organizational Behavior Analysis of Leadership

Words: 1094 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45076745

Leadership & Organizational Behavior

Analysis of Leadership Theory and Organizational Behavior Theory

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the servant leadership theory and organizational behavior theory. The first part of the paper is focused on a description of the features of both theories. The second part seeks to point out how both theories are interrelated.

Main discussion of servant leadership theory

a) Definition: Servant leadership is a form of leadership where the leader places followers' interests above his own. The motive of the servant leader's influence is not to direct others but rather motivate and facilitate service and stewardship by the followers themselves. Followers' service to others and stewardship of organizational resources could be construed as organizational citizenship behavior (Vondey (2010), p. 5).

b) Characteristic Features: The servant leader experiences himself as a servant to employees, customers and community as the number one priority. He makes sure that…… [Read More]

References

Ang, S. & van Dyne, L. & Begley, T.M. (2003). The employment relationship of foreign workers vs. local employees: a field study of organizational justice, job satisfaction, performance, and OCB. J. Organiz. Behav. 24, 561-583.

Masterson, S.S. & Stamper, C.L. (2003). Perceived organizational membership: an aggregate framework representing the employee-organization relationship.

J. Organiz. Behav. 24, 473-490.

Spears, L. (2004). Practicing servant-leadership. Leader To Leader, No. 34, Fall 2004,
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Leadership Self-Assessment Analysis

Words: 2825 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88730466

Leadership Self-Assessment Analysis

In the wake of the corporal scandals of Enron and the Arthur Anderson Company, there have been increased calls for strong ethical leadership. Leadership had always been regarded as a key factor in ensuring the effectiveness of any organization. However, new models are also being developed to challenge the limitations of the prevailing classical theories of leadership.

This paper argues for a tempered approach, one that combines effective leadership with good management. Both factors are important, since over-managed and under-led organizations tend to lose sight of their goals. By the same token, while charismatic leaders can lead their organizations to high levels of success, the lack of management skills means that such victories do not last in the long run.

The growing awareness of corporate and white-collar crime has likewise presented new challenges to the classical leadership model. Organization leaders should now be wary of lawsuits the…… [Read More]

References

Bolman, Lee G. And Deal, Terrence E. 1997. Reframing Organizations: Artistry, Choice and Leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2nd ed.

Northouse, Peter G. 1997. Leadership: Theory and Practice. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publishing.
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Leadership Has Become a Prominent

Words: 2476 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65281814



According to the Ohio State University (2004), both could be equally appropriate in terms of overall company outcomes, as they are very similar in terms of valuing and inspiring follower excellence.

When considering the motivation towards leadership for each type of leader, the contrast is sharper. The servant leader, for example, leads from a motivations basis of egalitarianism. The leader's fundamental belief is that he or she is no better than followers. The company's collective goals are then reached by means of an egalitarian team effort, where both leader and followers learn from the experience. Servant leaders are therefore much more focused upon the non-traditional form of leadership, which exists in beign servants themselves (Patterson, edmer and Stone, 2003, p. 6). Followers are provided with a large amount of freedom to exercise the abilities they can bring to the promotion of the business goals. This means that a very high…… [Read More]

References

Bugenhage, M.J. (2006, Dec). Antecedents of Transactional Transformational, and Servant Leadership: A constructive-Development Theory Approach. University of Nebraska. Retrieved from: http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1001&context=aglecdiss

Changing Minds (2011). Bass' Transformational Leadership Theory. Retrieved from:   http://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/theories/bass_transformational.htm  

The Ohio State University. (2004, Dec. 22). Transformational and Servant Leadership: Content and Contextual Comparisons. Leadership Center. Retrieved from: http://leadershipcenter.osu.edu/library/publications/leadership-discoveries/2004/december-2004-transformational-and-servant-leadership-content-and-contextual-comparisons

Patterson, K., Redmer, T.A.O., and Stone, a.G. (2003, Oct.) Transformational Leaders to Servant Leaders vs. Level 4 Leaders to Level 5 Leaders -- the Move from Good to Great. Regent University. Retrieved from:   http://www.cbfa.org/Patterson.pdf
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Leadership & Team Experience There Are Many

Words: 561 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64994580

Leadership & Team Experience

There are many opportunities for leadership over the course of one's life. Leadership does not simply occur on the battlefield, or in the arena of sports. Leadership happens in the home, in the classroom, in the workplace, and out in the world, in general. While I have yet to hold a job, as a college student and human being, I have still encountered situations where there were opportunities for leadership present. Most of the leadership experiences in my life, for me, have been located in the classroom, or as part of my overall educational experience.

I have one particular experience that comes to mind. I was placed in a group for a humanities course. We were a group of six members. I remember this experience fondly for several reasons. We produced work that we were all satisfied with and proud of. We divided the tasks evenly…… [Read More]

References:

Northouse, P.G. Leadership -- Theory & Practice, Sixth Edition. Sage Publications, Inc., Western Michigan University, 2013. Print.
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Leadership Assessment Definition of Leader

Words: 1585 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28602647

un Tzu informs that we cannot punish people until they feel loyalty to us: namely, until they consider themselves members of our group.

10. Keep them guessing

This quality may be pertinent only to leaders of a business / corporation. Her un Tzu advises keeping one's strategies and plans concealed from one's competitor so that one retains competitive advantage.

III. Conclusion

The Art of War, maintains un Tzu, is "a matter of life and death, a road either to safety or to ruin. Hence it is a subject of inquiry which can on no account be neglected." (pt. 2)

The same goes for the Art of Leadership. It is also "a subject of inquiry which can on no account be neglected" and its qualities need to be known and inculcated in order to have maximum success in the field.

'Leader' as term may be inchoate, but as many entrepreneurs have…… [Read More]

Sources

Bateman, T.S., & Snell, S. (2009). Management: Leading and Collaborating in a Competitive World, Eighth Edition. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Kotter JP. 1996. Leading Change. Boston, MA: Harv. Bus. School

Schein, E. (1985). Organizational culture and leadership. CA: Jossey-Bass.

Sun Tzu, (2001). The Art of War Wylie, TX: Pickard & Son, Publishers.
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Leadership Application the Life and Success of

Words: 944 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39770523

Leadership Application

The life and success of any organization is hinged on the leadership of that organization. An effective can transform the potential an organization has with regard to human capital and the available resources into a reality. An effective leader has the ability to propose new paradigms when old ones have become ineffective (IAAP, 2009). Effective leaders can change the minds of their followers and in the process make an organization achieve its identified goals. This paper seeks to illuminate whether the leadership at our procurement department is effective from the perspectives of the situational leadership and contingency theory approaches. The paper establishes whether the leadership and the procurement department were directive or supportive. The paper finally captures the insights that have been gained from analyzing the leadership at the procurement department.

The leader I worked with at the procurement department knew his goals and had the power to…… [Read More]

References

Burns, T., Stalker, G.M., (1961). The Management of Innovation. London: Tavistock.

Graeff, C.L. (1983). The Situational Leadership Theory: A Critical View. Academy of Management Review, 8(2), 285-291.

Hersey, P. & Blanchard, K.H. (1988). Management and Organizational Behavior. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

IAAP. (2009). Leadership Theories and Styles. Retrieved from  http://www.etsu.edu/ahsc/documents/Leadership_Theories.pdf
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Leadership Is Critical to Any

Words: 942 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15874484

Contingency leadership theories are based on the view that the situation dictates the ideal leadership style -- and how much of that style can be learned or not is variable.

There are elements of leadership, however, that cannot be taught. In particular, the inspirational aspect of leadership is very difficult to teach. Leaders can reach their subjects in a number of different ways, using a wide range of triggers. While to a certain extent these ways can be identified through scientific study -- psychology and sociology in particular -- there is an element of relating to other people than is entirely inherent. Some leaders are simply born with better charisma and interpersonal skills than others. The former in particular is nearly impossible to teach -- those with charisma that makes others want to follow seldom can identify what it is they do that makes them so charismatic -- they simply…… [Read More]

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Leadership Eisenhower and Leadership the

Words: 1080 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73245354

Another writer notes, "The general who took the gamble to invade Normandy under adverse weather conditions was unlikely to be a passive observer of his own presidency" (Windsor 145). Eisenhower also inspired the American people to trust him, after all, his major campaign slogan was "I Like Ike," which shows that he inspired confidence and trust in the American people, and they believe in him enough to vote for him and led him lead them. All of these traits are traits of a good leader and Fire Starter, a man who inspires confidence and trust, and truly cares about those around him and their opinions.

Both Eisenhower and Studer understand how important leadership can be. Studer developed his theories after a long career in business and medicine, where he saw what worked and what did not work for industry leaders. He developed his theories with experience and understanding, just as…… [Read More]

References

Medhurst, Martin J. "Eisenhower's Rhetorical Leadership an Interpretation." Eisenhower's War of Words: Rhetoric and Leadership. Ed. Martin J. Medhurst. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press, 1994. 287-297.

Studer, Quint. "Twenty 'Sparks' That Help You Move from CEO." StuderGroup.com. 2007. 22 Sept. 2007. http://www.studergroup.com/dotCMS/knowledgeAssetDetail?inode=105998

Windsor, Duane. "14 Eisenhower's New Look Reexamined: the View from Three Decades." Dwight D. Eisenhower, Soldier, President, Statesman. Ed. Joann P. Krieg. New York: Greenwood Press, 1987. 143-163.
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Leadership Is the Ability of Influencing Individuals

Words: 713 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8358963

Leadership is the ability of influencing individuals or groups for attainment of particular goals. It is the ability of managing interpersonal behaviour by motivating others. There are a number of approaches to leadership, but these can broadly be categorized as Behaviouristic theory, Traits theory, Charismatic theories of leadership and transformational leadership. For the purpose of this assignment, we have chosen transformational leadership approach.

Transformational Leadership

The process of transforming and changing individuals is termed as transformational leadership. In simple terms, transformational leadership can be defined as the ability to make people improve, change and led. Transformational leadership involves assessment of subordinates' needs, motives and giving them due value. Thus, it can be said that a leader having characteristics of transformational leader has the ability to increase the performance of company by giving due value to the employees/subordinates. (Hesselbein and Cohen 1999)

Transformational leadership has four factors which are commonly named…… [Read More]

References

Hesselbein, Frances, and Paul M. Cohen. (1999). Leader to Leader. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Northouse, Peter G. (2001). Leadership Theory and Practice, second edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
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Leadership Styles and Professional Growth

Words: 4043 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93087766

Leadership Styles

It is highly likely that I will be able to develop high quality leadership traits with the passage of time.

Values and personality:

It is hard to become familiar with your personality because you cannot see the flaws in yourself. No matter how hard you try the positive aspects will come forward leaving the negative ones far behind. But observing yourself every once in a while is the key to success. It helps you change your personality according to the situation. If I had to put my values and my personality on a piece of paper I would begin it by telling about my behavior with my closed ones, my associates and especially with the ones I deal with on daily basis. I believe on taking everyone with me and not being competitive as competitiveness leads you nowhere. It might lead you to success somehow but leaves you…… [Read More]

References

Adair, John (2009) Effective Leadership London. Pan Macmillan.

Montana, Patrick J.; Bruce H. (2008). Management. Hauppauge, New York: Barron's Educational Series, Inc.

Schultz, Duane P. Schultz, Sydney Ellen (2010). Psychology and work today: an introduction to industrial and organizational psychology (10th ed. ed.). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall.

Zaccaro, S.J. (2007). Trait-based perspectives of leadership. American Psychologist, 62, 6-16.
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Theories and Applications of Leadership

Words: 645 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47198499

Leadership Applications and Theories

Tim has been described by both his boss and friends as charismatic. It is clear why this is so. In addition to constantly inspiring his staff (something he believes is critical in the acquisition of a competitive edge), Tim also continually motivates his team.

How effective do you think Tim's posts are in terms of expressing his charisma?

In the words of Williams (2011, p. 423), "charismatic leaders have strong, confident, dynamic personalities that attract followers and enable the leaders to create strong bonds with their followers." Essentially, charismatic leaders should be able to broadcast their 'charm' so that they can inspire others to action. Indeed, it is through their infectious charm (and not the formal positions they occupy) that leaders of this nature inspire followers. Tim's posts are highly inspirational and on this front, he succeeds in communicating with his team on a rather deep,…… [Read More]

References

Lussier, R. & Achua, C. (2012). Leadership: Theory, Application, and Skill Development (5th). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

Williams, C. (2011). Effective Management (5th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
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Leadership There Are a Number

Words: 1339 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50889579

By the same token, by not having any specific policy implications, servant leadership theory does not expressly reject the transformational, situational or results-focused ideas of leadership. It is merely an adjunct to these theories, and is mostly useful for deciding on whether or not somebody should become a leader in the first place.

Situational Leadership and Results-Focused Leadership

These two leadership theories are opposed to one another, but they share the same philosophical underpinnings. The underlying theory of each of these leadership styles is that the leadership style is flexible, and the best leaders have the ability to utilize different styles and techniques depending on the needs of the day. here the two differ is in the understanding of the most important determinant of leadership style. Situational leadership theory argues that leaders need to adapt to the different circumstances, changing their style to suit the challenges with which they are…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

The transformational leader- N.M. Tichy and M.A. Devanna ( 1990)

Servant Leadership- Robert Greenleaf

Leadership in organization - G. Yuki (2006)
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Leadership Models the Objective of

Words: 2045 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20257444



Individual Development:

This activity contains the following subtasks:

The individual personality, skills, strengths, needs, aim and fears of the team members are acknowledge;

The individual plans, problems, and challenges are provided assistance and support;

Individual responsibilities and objectives are identified and agreed upon;

Recognition and praise is given to individuals for acknowledgement of their effort and good work;

Individuals taking on extra responsibility, or receiving advancement is rewarded;

Individual team members are trained and developed; and Individual freedom and authority are developed.

SUMMARY and CONCLUSION

While there are similarities in the different styles of leadership the premises of each is based differently in theory as related to behavior and motivation. Transformational leadership is a leadership styles, which motivates, communicates, inspires, and provides support and direction in an interactive manner characterized by leadership by example. Transactional leadership is based primarily upon contingency and reward management and is in reality more akin…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bass, Bernard M. And Steidlmeier, Paul (1998) Ethics, Character and Authentic Transformational Leadership 24 Sept 1998. Online available at http://cls.binghamton.edu/BassSteid.html

Transactional Leadership (nd) Changing Mind Online available at  http://www.changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/styles/transactional_leadership.htm 

Definition Action-Centered Leadership. Description (nd) 123 Manage. Online available at  http://www.12manage.com/description_action_centered_leadership.html 

House, Robert J. (1996) Path-Goal Theory of Leadership: Lessons, Legacy, and a Reformulated Theory. 1996: Leadership Quarterly, 7(3), 323-352. JAI Press Inc. Online available at http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/papers/674.pdf
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Leadership Behavior for Effective Decision Making Effective

Words: 3368 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13903681

Leadership ehavior for Effective Decision Making

Effective decision making in the competitive business environment is closely linked with leadership skills. Managing change in existing organizations can often be extremely difficult, as it requires changing the organizational culture, the very roots that bind its members. This paper analyses the characteristics of a successful leader, illustrated with a practical example. Contrary to popular understanding, there is no unique style of leadership for all situations and the leader needs to be flexible and change his approach depending on case to case basis. The analysis takes into account the various theories on leadership - behavioral, contingency and transformational and evaluates the response of the leader to various situations in a typical organization operating in a fiercely competitive environment.

From the analysis, it is observed that the leader exhibited varying leadership styles and behavior to address and resolve various issues. The leader is found to…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bennis, W. (1994) 'Visionary Leadership', in W.Bennis, J.Parikh and R.Lessem (eds) - 'Beyond Leadership: Balancing Economics, Ethics and Ecology', Blackwell: Oxford, pp.32-34

Gardner, H. (2001) 'Leading Minds' (ed) Manrik, J - 'Writers on Leadership', London: Penguin, pp. 73-76

Hampden-Turner, C. (1994) 'Charting the Corporate Mind' in W.Bennis, J.Parikh and R.Lessem (eds) 'Beyond Leadership: Balancing Economics, Ethics and Ecology', Blackwell: Oxford, pp.110-114

Jacobson, R. (2000) 'Leading for a Change: How to master the Five Challenges faced by every leader', MA: Butterwoth-Heinmann, pp.135-138
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Leadership Characteristics of Administrators to

Words: 9690 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18379756

Most conclusions on this approach were vague or indecisive in terms of social, psychological or mental significance (ice, 1978, 1981; Graen et al., 1972; Ashour, 1973).

Furthermore, over the years, many scholars have come to the realization that leadership is situational and hence there are many realistic settings like the environment, the employees, the resources, etc. that determine the characteristics needed in a leader as well as his/her business approach (Hershey and Blanchard, 1977, 1984). This is why it is important to first understand the different types of scenarios that a leader can face and then use those scenarios as the foundation on which most leadership techniques and approaches are built. This idea of leadership being situational is very helpful in outlining the methods through which leadership can be developed and has taken up a good part of the last three-decade of research (Mckenna, Boyd and Yost, 2007).

There were…… [Read More]

References

Adler, a. (1946). Understanding human nature. New York: Permabooks.

Ashour, a.S. (1973). The Contingency Model of Leadership Effectiveness: An Evaluation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 9: 335-76.

Bandura, a. (1997). Self-efficacy. The Exercise of Control. New York: W.H. Freeman. (Bass, B.M. 1985). Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectations. New York: The Free Press.

Bennis, W., and B. Nanus. (1985). Leaders. New York: Harper and Row.
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Leadership Qualifications in the Workplace Quintessential Leader

Words: 3233 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70657123

Leadership Qualifications in the orkplace

Quintessential Leader

Proposed Leadership Model

For eras there have been people and leaders have discussed what the qualifications that make a great leader are. Leadership travels all the way back to the period of the ancient Greeks. In the 1500's, there was an Italian statesman named Niccolo Machiavelli, who wrote The Prince, and in this book he talked about the different methods for leaders to use in obtaining power (Leadership 2003). This all led to the current events dating to the early 1900's and what has been used and developed in today's society. There are a lot of theories of what a leader in the workplace should have and the idea that leaders during history have been people who were seen or looked up to as leaders and deeply appreciated. As people say "There are those that lead and those that follow." An individual with…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Akinboye, J., 2005. Executive behaviour battery. Ibadan: Stirling-Horden Publishers.

Borman, W., 2004. The concept of organizational citizenship. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13(6), p. 238 -- 241.

Cameron, J.D.E.K.R. & R.R., 2001. Extrinsic rewards and intrinsic: Reconsidered once again.. Review of Educational Research, pp. 30-54.

Charlton, G., 2000. Human Habits of Highly Effective Organisations.. Pretoria: Van Schaik Publishers.
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Leadership Books Number of Different

Words: 2584 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62032853

The passive style is described as management by exception where employees do not receive notice for their positive contributions to the organization, but instead are paid attention by their manager only when an error or problem arises. Punishment or disciplinary action is often the medium used in this approach. Active transactional leadership uses contingent rewards. With this approach, employees are praised for their performance and may be eligible for pay increases or other incentives (Bolman & Deal, 1991, p. 419). The type of leadership exhibited clearly determines the type of motivation used and often its success or failure.

The situational leadership theory of Hersey and Blanchard proposes that the optimal amount of task and relations behavior depends upon subordinate maturity. As the authors note, what the manager needs is a simple and logical framework for making decisions that will be successful (Hersey & Blanchard, 1990, p. 412). This theory prescribes…… [Read More]

References

Bolman, L. & Deal, T. (1991). Reframing organizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Bossidy, Larry; Charan, Ram; Execution, the Discipline of Getting Things

Done; Crown Business, New York, NY. 2002.

DuBrin, a.J., R.D. Ireland, & J.C. Williams. Management & Organization. Cincinnati: South-Western, 1989.
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Leadership - Central Core of Organizational Success

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81451501

Leadership - Central Core of Organizational Success

Effective Leadership in Corporations

you didn't mentioned anything about (For each theory explain how it might benefit a named organisation as well as how it could be incorporated effectively into the organisation.

Introduction to Leadership

What is leadership? A leader could be interpreted as someone who sets direction in an effort and influence people to flow the direction, helps them to establishment to goal, guides them towards achieves these goals, thereby allowing them to be effective. A leader is one who influences others to attain goals. he greater the number of followers correlates to the greater the influence. Additionally, the more successful the attainment of worthy goals, the more evident is the leadership. However, one must explore beyond this bare definition to capture the excitement and intrigue that devoted followers and students of leadership feel when they see a great leader in action.…… [Read More]

Transactional leadership was described by Max Webber in 1947, and then by Bernard Bass in 1981. The transactional leadership theory is widespread and commonly used inorganizations (e.g. military). It is based on transactions or deals made between an employee and an organization or between followers and leaders. A transactional leadership is based on a military like clear chain of command with a 'Carrot and Stick' philosophy. In short, it is a proven method of running an organization wherein, through reward and punishment, things are done! The main motivation behind transactional leadership is taught to be in the self-interest of the subordinate. There is an exchange process that is meant to affect a subordinate's behaviour in a positive way.

Transactional leadership works well in organizations that have a need for absolute and immediate response to authority, and where innovation is not a valued variable. A good example of this theory applied to an industry is the type of country-rebuilding that occurs after a war. The operations of the mercenary army company of Blackwater USA. It is not an accident that Blackwater USA leadership mirrors that of the military, since the company is, in effect, an army.

If one is familiar with Maslow's hierarchy of needs, then one will understand that this transactional leadership theory will work on people, whose needs in the bottom half of the
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Leadership at the Core of Leadership Is

Words: 2959 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83223179

Leadership

At the core of leadership is the interaction between the leader and the follower. Much of leadership theory can be understood in terms of how leaders and followers interact and what the underlying assumptions are with respect to the roles and nature of leadership. Because of the many different types of leaders, and successful examples thereof, leadership scholarship has developed multiple branches that seek to explain leadership, but no one branch has yet proved definitive. Instead of understanding leadership through a single paradigm, and it better to understand it in terms of multiple paradigms, and different leadership theories can be applied to the same situation, and any given leader might apply multiple leadership styles at the same time.

Part of the appeal of leadership scholarship is that it encompasses so many unique academic disciplines. Leadership scholarship began life as in business schools but has been studied in the psychological…… [Read More]

References

Avolio, B., Walumbwa, F. & Weber, T. (2009). Leadership: Current theories, research and future directions. Annual Review of Psychology. Vol. 60 (2009) 421-449.

Boyatzis, R., Smith, M., & Blaize, N. (2006). Developing sustainable leaders through coaching and compassion. Academy of Management Learning & Education. Vol. 5 (1) 8-24.

Falk, S. & Rogers, S. (2011). Junior military officer retention: Challenges & opportunities. Harvard University. In possession of the author.

Kocolowski, M. (2010). Shared leadership: Is it time for a change? Emerging Leadership Journeys. Vol. 3 (1) 22-32.
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Leadership as a Montage of

Words: 1665 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41831117


Like the passages model, the leadership as a point of view model focuses on
developing one extraordinary leader its end result. The process of
achieving that end result is similar to the servant leadership process, in
that it requires the leader to focus not on levels or situations, but
instead on a formula for success, namely "seeing what needs to be done,
understanding all the underlying forces play in a situation, [and] having
the courage to initiate action to make things better" (Clawson, 2006,
chapt. 1). Still, the model's process contains facets similar to the
situational model by asking leaders to look at underlying forces, as well
as facets similar to passages model by suggesting that leadership is a
function of a person's own qualities, which must be developed over time.
By focusing on the leadership as point of view model, organizations can
solve problems relating to the confusion of…… [Read More]

References
Charan, R., Drotter S., & Noel, J. (2003). Six Leadership Passages. In J.
M. Kouzes (Ed.)
Business Leadership: A Jossey Bass Reader, 1e. (chap. 12).
Clawson, J. (2006). Level Three Leadership, Getting Below The Surface, 3e.
Greenleaf, R.K. (2003). The Servant as Leader. In J. M. Kouzes (Ed.)
Business
Leadership: A Jossey Bass Reader, 1e. (chap. 9)
Hersey, P. & Blachard, K.H. (2003). Situational Leadership. In J.M. Kouzes
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Leadership Few Leaders'so Overtly and Ostentatiously

Words: 1195 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61324556

Leadership

Few leaders so overtly and ostentatiously embody the concept of transformational leadership as Sir Richard Branson. Branson heads the mega company Virgin Group. The leader's unconventional personality has been described as vocal and flamboyant, (Management and Leadership of Richard Branson at Virgin Group Ltd., 2010). Although Branson is known for his personal charisma, he does not limit himself to a charismatic leadership style. Charismatic leaders operate on the assumption that Charm and grace are all that is needed to create followers, (Leadership Styles, Changing Minds).

From his charismatic character flows a natural leadership style that encourages personal freedom of choice at the managerial level. Thus, Richard Branson can be best appreciated as a transformational leader, and one who has extraordinary vision. Transformational leadership is characterized by the empowerment of workers to make decisions that promote organizational goals, visions, and values. Transformational leaders aim to achieve an articulated vision of…… [Read More]

"Management and Leadership of Richard Branson at Virgin Group Ltd." (2010). UPX Success. Retrieved online: http://www.upxsuccess.com/leadership_richard_branson.html

"Most Recognized Organizational Leadership Models." Retrieved online: http://hubpages.com/hub/Global-Leadership-Models

Murray, A. (n.d.). Leadership styles. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved online:  http://guides.wsj.com/management/developing-a-leadership-style/how-to-develop-a-leadership-style/
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Leadership and Management Over Time the Terms

Words: 773 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42908452

Leadership and Management

Over time, the terms management and leadership have been used interchangeably but in reality; these two terms are essentially different in regard to roles, characteristics as well as functions. In this text, I concern myself with a number of leadership and management issues I have studied so far and their application in enhancing my leadership capabilities.

Approaches to Leadership and Management

It is important to note that a number of issues dictate the leadership approach one would most likely adopt as a preferred style. In my case, these issues include but of course are not limited to the way I prefer making decisions, feedback mechanisms available as well as the tasks under consideration. With that said, I would consider adopting the directive approach. According to Nohria and Khurana (2010, pp. 18), in a directive approach, the leadership position is taken to be the basis of power. When…… [Read More]

References

Bennis, W., 2009. On Becoming a Leader. Basic Books

Lussier, R.N. & Achua, C.F., 2009. Leadership: Theory, Application, & Skill Development. Cengage Learning

Northouse, P.G., 2009. Leadership: Theory and Practice. Sage Nohria, N. & Khurana, R., 2010. Handbook of Leadership Theory and Practice. Harvard Business Press

Singh, B.R., 2004. Management: Theory and Practice. Anmol Publications
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Leadership Priorities and Practice in Organizational Management

Words: 2127 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10230667

Leadership Priorities and Practice in Organizational Management

The enterprise software industry is going through a series of disruptive innovations that are disrupting the economics of the industry while also shifting the balance of power away from the Chief Information Officer (CIO) to the line-of-business leaders including the Vice Presidents, General Managers and Directors of Business Units. As this balance of power shifts throughout enterprise software, many long-standing approaches to developing, delivering, monetizing, and supporting software are also changing. One of the most successful companies in the enterprise software industry, specifically in the Aerospace and Defense sector, is Cincom Systems. Cincom has been able to attain a highly profitable business model by creating very customized systems for customers' needs while at the same time creating maintenance agreements that ensuring highly profitable recurring revenue stream over the long-term. This strategy has been largely responsible for the company's ability to withstand the recurring…… [Read More]

References

Adler, P.S., McDonald, D.W., & MacDonald, F. (1992). Strategic management of technical functions. MIT Sloan Management Review, 33(2), 19-19.

Carroll, S.J., & Gillen, D.J. (1987). Are the classical management functions useful in describing managerial work? Academy of Management. The Academy of Management Review, 12(1), 38-38.

Cunningham, J.B. (1979). The management system: Its functions and processes. Management Science, 25(7), 657-657.

Gold, B. (1991). Towards the increasing integration of management functions: Needs and illustrative advances. International Journal of Technology Management,, 10-10.
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Leadership Management Literature Abounds With

Words: 1436 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63143910

Indeed, without these legitimacy criteria, a leader would not be able to influence followers to either change or progress towards organizational goals: "The acceptance of leadership from another person involves an implicit contract in which followers sacrifice some level of personal autonomy and pledge loyalty and effort to the leader.... The followers must be sure that the leader has the competency to lead effectively and the trustworthiness and loyalty to the group and its goals to lead in the direction promised." (Chemers, 1997, p. 153) Since the focus of management is to build power, the nature of the image that ensues will perforce differ from that of leadership.

It is evident, by the discussion so far, that relationship building, image management, and inspiring confidence are essential parts of the leadership phenomenon. However, it must be noted that ultimately performance and productivity are the goals of effective leadership. Therefore, it is…… [Read More]

References

Chemers, M.M. (1997). An Integrative Theory of Leadership. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence

Erlbaum Associates.

Harris, T.E. (1993). Applied Organizational Communication: Perspectives, Principles, and Pragmatics. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
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Leadership in an International Business Changing Roles

Words: 1881 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29295472

Leadership in an International Business

Changing oles of Managers & Teams

Leadership and Employees Behavior in International Business

With the change in the structure of enterprises from national to international, the organizations are forced to hire talent from cross-cultural background. Due to this, a complexity for an organization while handling their human capital increases. In order to combat this complexity, it is important that the individuals inducted show an acceptance to diversity and eagerness to work in a cross-cultural environment. Similarly, the individual needs of such employees should also be satisfied in order to motivate them and enhance the effectiveness of their performance.

Where the nature of human resources changes in an international business, so does the role and responsibility of managers. Manager in such environment are expected to play a role of a leader who knows how to motivate his team, celebrate difference, handle conflicts effectively and improves overall…… [Read More]

References

Griffin, Ricky & Pustay, Michael, 2004, International Business, 4th ed, Prentice Hall.

Kets De Vries, Manfred.F.R. 2005. Characteristics of effective leadership. Management Today, 20 (10), 14-16.

Kotter, John, 2003. Leading change. What leaders really do? Management Today, 19 (3), 4-7.

Northouse, Peter G. 2004, Leadership: Theory and practice. 3rd ed. California. SAGE Publications.
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Leadership and Management Are Two Different Concepts

Words: 679 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75593301

Leadership and management are two different concepts. Management is involved with the operational oversight of employees, departments, or processes, while leadership is involved with leading the company through organizational changes that are intended to enable the company to meet its objectives. Leaders, as are expected to carry themselves in a positive manner to motivate and influence the rest of the organization positively, because they act as an example to the rest of the employees in the organization.

Since leadership is mainly influenced by the behavior, different leaders apply different strategies to ensure that the objectives of the company have been fully met (Sheahan, 2006). This paper therefore analyzes the difference between leadership and management, and ways of cultivating leadership skills in managers that benefits the organization. The paper also explains how managers can set effective expectations for their employees so as to increase the performance of the organization.

Leadership skills…… [Read More]

References

Harvard Business Review, (2012). The Real Leadership Lessons of Steve Jobs. Retrieved September 28, 2012 from http://hbr.org/2012/04/the-real-leadership-lessons-of-steve-jobs/

Robert G. & Rebecca H., (2012). What Do Managers Do? Exploring Persistent Performance

Differences among Seemingly Similar Enterprises. Harvard Business School Weekly Newsletter. Retrieved September 28, 2012 from http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/7091.html

Sheahan, K. (2006). Modern Leadership Theories. Retrieved September 28, 2012 from http://www.ehow.com/about_6303375_modern-leadership-theories.html
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Leadership Powell the Leadership Secrets

Words: 1525 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40914702

This is another circumstance, however, that is likely to limit the use of this text in management courses, which is truly a disservice to American industry and consumers. It is ironic that in living up to the principles of clarity and directness that it espouses, this tome will probably be read most by simple admirers of Powell and self-help fanatics, rather than put to extensive practical use in the real world.

Where the book might be lacking in a sense of academic rigor and obfuscation, it is hugely successful in its primary attempt to bring a sense of accountability and nobility back to leadership in this country. The United States has been somewhat short on inspirational and honest leaders in the past decade, and though this book is now seven years old it remains a testament to the type of mentality that apparently still exists even when it has faded…… [Read More]

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Leadership to Most People in

Words: 1078 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96634744



hen a rumor reaches the Persians that warriors from the city of Alamut are selling weapons to the enemies of Persia, Dastan's step brothers (who have royal blood, unlike Dastan) and Dastan's uncle (Ben Kingsley) Nizam plan to attack Alamut. Showing leadership in this wild world, Dastan leads a surprise attack on Alamut and opens the door for the rest of the Persians to come thundering into the walled city. A plot is soon devised to kill the king, and it involves giving the King a new robe to wear now that he has conquered a new city. Brother Tus gives the box with the gift to Dastan to in turn give it to the King, his stepfather. hen Dastan gives the robe to the King, it kills the King and hence, Dastan is suspected of killing the King for his own power play.

As Dastan and the princess ride…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Prince of Persia" (2010). Disney Pictures. Jerry Bruckheimer, Producer, Mike Newell, Director.
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Leadership in Any Organization Leadership

Words: 608 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83010504



Use of stakeholders of all kinds to achieve goals -- One is never a leader in isolation. Even the greatest musical conductor cannot make music without an expert orchestra that is inspired; without a team to ensure the production is put on; and an audience to attend and fund the venture. There are a number of stakeholders within any organization -- employees, stockholders, customers, vendors, professionals (legal, accounting, banking) that have a vested interest in seeing the business succeed. Including and using those stakeholders based on their expertise is the mark of a good leader.

Understanding of the particular psychology of the organization with which one works -- People are different, organizations are unique. Regardless of the strategic direction and goal, a good leader takes the time to understand the particular demographics and psychographics of the organization and appeals to the strengths of the resources, and tries to minimize the…… [Read More]