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Clearly there is an addiction problem here in Orange, Connecticut, and one can safely assume the same problem is persistent in Orange, California, and Orange, Florida. Pew Research reports that one in three teens sends more than 100 text messages -- a day! That's more than 3,000 a month! Girls are more text-friendly than boys, as the average texting girl sends and receives an estimated 80 text messages a day (compared with boys who send and receive 30 texts daily), according to Pew Research.
Technology Addiction specialist Dr. Hilarie Cash in Seattle explains that the "instant gratification of getting a text back floods the brain's pleasure center with the mood enhancing chemical dopamine," which leads to addiction. Some students interviewed by Dr. Cash report "withdrawal-like symptoms" if their phone's battery dies or they do not get text back quickly from someone they care about.
Doctor Michael Seyffert treats teens for…
Allen, Amy. (2010). Why Your Kid Can't Stop Texting: Study Shows Heroin-Like
Addiction. KCPQ. Retrieved February 8, 2012, from http://www.q13fox.com .
Lenhart, Amanda. (2010). Teens, Cell Phones and Texting. Pew Research Center. Retrieved February 8, 2012, from http://pewresearch.com .
Nationwide. (2011). Driving While Distracted: Statistics to Know. Retrieved February 8, 2012,
S. economy. At the time it was passed, there was only GATT, but no free trade with Mexico. However, the two nations were moving towards free trade. The result of the persistent lowering of trade barriers was that more American companies needed Mexican labor, and more Mexicans sought to come to the U.S. In search of that work. IRCA made it more difficult for some employers to find the labor they needed, reducing capital use efficiency. Furthermore, because IRCA stopped the circular flow of migration, Mexican workers entering the U.S. tend to stay, with is not consistent with the stated goals of NAFTA or IRCA, or the needs of the U.S. economy.
) Smoke and mirrors is the analogy that Massey uses for the current U.S. immigration policy. He views the issue as having been obfuscated by political interests, who since 1986 have acted without understanding of the underlying issues…
3) Smoke and mirrors is the analogy that Massey uses for the current U.S. immigration policy. He views the issue as having been obfuscated by political interests, who since 1986 have acted without understanding of the underlying issues and socioeconomic systems. He suggests that immigration policy, to be truly effective, needs to move away from the highly politicized smoke and mirror show to one that meets the needs of both the U.S. And Mexico. When Massey discusses the border as being in or out of control, he is referring to the common rhetoric surrounding the issue. If illegal immigrants are flowing into the country, the border is "out of control"; if they are not then the border must therefore be "in control."
Circular migration patterns refer to the tendency of workers, in the pre-1986 environment, to cycle through the agricultural system in the U.S. And then back into Mexico. As a result of IRCA, however, this natural cyclical flow was disrupted. The granting of amnesty to over 2 million undocumented workers and the increased border security essentially forced Mexican who came to the U.S. To stay. The result has been that illegal immigrants have shifted from a circular flow that seasonally impacted certain communities to a one-way flow that has now reached a critical mass and impacts the entire nation.
In Massey's view, immigration policy should be congruous with economic policy. As the U.S. And Mexico have made significant strides to economic integration, immigration policy should reflect this as well. The flows of workers across the border should be regulated, rather than restricted, as this would better meet the needs of both Mexican migrants and U.S. employers. If the U.S. has its trade policies aligned with stimulating economic improvement in Mexico, this will also contribute to greater control over migration.
A great deal of soul-searching was done on the part of the firm, but ultimately we emerged stronger as a result, and even more committed to quality customer service. The incident was also helpful in setting clearer guidelines as to what constitutes ethical behavior on the part of brokers.
One of the disadvantages of real estate is its individualistic nature -- even the best of firms can occasionally have difficulties with one or two proverbial 'bad apples.' However, as a firm, we are striving to create a sense of teamwork and a team ethic that we believe will become more popular in the industry as a model of running a firm.
If at any point during the story we can be of service to the newspaper, we would be happy to oblige. We have tried to put the incident behind us, but not the lessons we have learned. We would…
In reality, fingerprint matching is an exact science that cannot be accomplished in seconds. It takes experts hours and sometimes days to match fingerprints, and with the backlog of cases and law enforcement needs currently, the idea of instant fingerprint matching is pie in the sky at best. Fingerprints may be "harder to fake," but they are also much harder to identify than a photo.
In addition, Mr. Dershowitz notes that the right to anonymity is not guaranteed by the Constitution, and that Americans should be willing to give up some of their rights for their safety. This is true, but Americans must be very careful about what rights they choose to give up. The rush to give up rights in the name of safety can steamroll and turn into an ever evolving litany of rights that are suddenly "unnecessary" in the name of safety. Americans may not have the…
Saddam Goes." I appreciate the vision that Powell has for the future of Iraq. Whereas many people wallow in pessimism over the future of the Iraqi people and government, Powell takes a decisively optimistic stance, focusing on the economy of Iraq. Powell touched upon the idea that tourism in Iraq will improve if the war ends in a timely manner. I understand that Powell cannot delve into every aspect of a nation's economy in such a short piece. However, I would have liked to have seen more elaboration on the issue of improving the infrastructure in Iraq, not only for real estate developers and agribusiness, but for all entrepreneurs and economical sectors. If the war does come to a clear and timely finish, and the relief efforts are attended to summarily, potential business options in Iraq will range as far as they do in any prosperous, developed nation. Furthermore, Powell…
Feed the Children: Letter to the Editor
Letter to the Editor
This information is in reference to what is known as catfish dating. According to the 'Urban Dictionary' a catfish is "someone who pretends to be someone they're not using Facebook or other social media to create false identities, particularly to pursue deceptive online romances." (2015, p. 1)
Catfish dating is dangerous for many involved and those that meet online are not what they appear. Catfish dating has resulted in many disappointments and many dangerous situations for those attempting to date online and in many areas including economic, financial, emotional, and personal dangers.
Catfish dating results in people meeting individuals who claim to be one thing but are in another even those who are not even sexually the gender that they claim to be.
When dating online there are certain precautions that should be taken including…
How can we expect our children to learn how to think critically if we do not teach them about sex?
Cheers to The Dallas News for pointing out the woeful inconsistencies and shortcomings in Texan state education. The majority of Texas school districts "either teach an abstinence-only health curriculum or avoid talking about sex altogether" and the result? Texas has one of the highest rates of teen pregnancy in the nation. When evidence proves that our methods are not working, it is time to change them. Some teens are blessed with parents who make up for their state's lack of sex education programs. Unfortunately, many Texan teens remain ignorant at the behest of irresponsible parents. If withholding medical treatment for minors is against the law, then so too should withholding access to information about safe sex.
Finally, I would like to add that young people have a right to information:…
The presence of the web, which allows time-sensitive information to be blogged as it occurs, plus the dire nature of the threat tipped the scales in favor of not releasing the information. It was seen as akin to not releasing certain details about a victim, to enable the police to conduct a more effective investigation of what potential suspects did or did not know.
However, it must be remembered that the primary interest of the newspaper is to tell the truth, not to further a particular social objective, as defined by a government agency, whatever the agency's goals. In the case of the hostage-taking, individual officer's lives were at stake. However, it would not be ethical to refuse to release information about the treatment of inmates at the prison that lead to the riots, even if this information was inflammatory. The benefits of exposing such abuses are so great, when…
I also taught both History and Math at the Haverford School from 1989 until 1997. In addition to these leadership roles I have also completed career development courses such as: Curriculum Development, Team Building Techniques, Motivation Techniques, Classroom Management, Technology Integration, Marketing & Advertising, Recruitment & Retention Enrollment Management, Standardized Test Evaluation and others.
I feel that completing these types of courses indicates not only my continued interest in the field or work that I have chosen but also my dedication and commitment to performing well in that field. This dedication will help not only me but those that I work with in the future, and those that work as my subordinates. When one has a strong commitment to one's job, others are aware of that and they understand that they are not the only ones being asked to work for what is important to them. This helps the relationship…
Letter of Intention respectfully apply for the master's program in Organizational Leadership. I wish to use the knowledge that I will gain in that program to work toward my goal of leading a non-profit organization such as a school or a foundation. This type of work is very important to me and I feel as though I will do well for myself and others by working in this field. However, I understand that I must have proper training and education before I can be completely effective in my chosen profession. I also believe that I can bring a great deal of knowledge to the program, as evidenced by the work experience that I have already had.
I have worked at the Haverford School since 1995, both as the Director of Tuition Assistance and as the Associate Director of Admissions. In 1999 I was promoted to the Director of Admissions while still retaining my Director of Tuition Assistance position as well. I also taught both History and Math at the Haverford School from 1989 until 1997. In addition to these leadership roles I have also completed career development courses such as: Curriculum Development, Team Building Techniques, Motivation Techniques, Classroom Management, Technology Integration, Marketing & Advertising, Recruitment & Retention Enrollment Management, Standardized Test Evaluation and others.
I feel that completing these types of courses indicates not only my continued interest in the field or work that I have chosen but also my dedication and commitment to performing well in that field. This dedication will help not only me but those that I work with in the future, and those that work as my subordinates. When one has a strong commitment to one's job, others are aware of that and they understand that they are not the only ones being asked to work for what is important to them. This helps the relationship an employer has with his or her employees and also strengthens the bond that the worker has with those that he or she helps.
4.0.1 Observing that they have to keep up with the evolution of news, many newspaper companies have focused on maintaining their name in the news industry through redistributing their operations with paper and printing toward digital settings and platforms.
4.0.2 The commercial aspect of newspapers is especially important when considering their ability to stay strong in the news industry. However, as people discovered the increased effectiveness of buying things through the internet, newspapers experienced a significant decline in sales. Mediums such as Ebay or Craiglist have made it possible for sellers and buyers to interact more effectively and to be able to get a better understanding of what they were selling/buying. The graph below provides information regarding the evolution of newspapers ads in comparison with the evolution of Craiglist revenue. Although newspapers continue to dominate the industry, their severe decline in sales in the recent years emphasizes the fact that…
Carlson, Nicholas and Angelova Kamelia, "Newspaper Billions Become Craigslist Millions," Retrieved October 11, 2011, from the Business Insider Website: http://articles.businessinsider.com/2009-06-12/tech/29979663_1_rocket-ship-inbox-revenues
Martin Shannon E. And Copeland, David A. eds., The Function of Newspapers in Society: A Global Perspective (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2003).
Martin, Shannon E. And Hansen, Kathleen A. Newspapers of Record in a Digital Age: From Hot Type to Hot Link (Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1998).
"Preserving news in the digital environment: mapping the newspaper industry in transition," Retrieved October 11, 2011, from the Center for Research Libraries Website: http://www.crl.edu/sites/default/files/attachments/pages/LCreport_final.pdf
Letter to the Editor
The Washington Post
1150 15th Street, NW
Washington, D.C. 20071
Enhancing the American education system to increase the higher order thinking ability of learners for a better opportunity to achieve future success in the workforce
Through your renowned newspaper, it is an honor to express our views on enhancing the American education system to increase the higher order thinking ability of learners.
The writer has worked in a training capacity for a major corporation in the north for five years and with the University of Harvard for four years. The writer has spent four years volunteering at the local community center working with both secondary and postsecondary children. The writer's role at the Harvard University was as program coordinator for a special committee working with the local communities, universities, and school districts in developing a community of higher order thinkers that can contribute to…
Cavanagh, S. (2004). Students ill-prepared for college-ACT warns. Education Week, 24(8), .
Conley, D.T., & Barton, P.E. (2007). The challenge of college readiness. Educational Leadership, (), 23.
Horn, C.E., & Schaffner, H.A. (2003). Work in America: an encyclopedia of history, policy, and society. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, Inc.
McCarthy, M., & Kuh, G. (2006). Are students ready for college? What student engagement data says. Phi Delta Kappan, 87(9), 664.
public health threats, many grassroots organizations and individuals have found writing letters to the editors of their local newspapers to be an effective means of raising public awareness concerning these threats (White & Olson, 2010). A sample letter to the editor of the Philadelphia Inquirer concerning the alarming prevalence of childhood obesity in the Philadelphia community in general and inner-city communities in particular is provided below.
Public school students in Philadelphia need healthier choices in school cafeterias. As many people in Philadelphia already know, the prevalence of childhood obesity in our community is at near-epidemic levels. Nationwide, the increase in the number of overweight and obese American school-aged children has been staggering (McDuffie & George, 2009). In fact, in 2004, fully 16% of all young Americans were overweight and another 34% were at high risk of becoming overweight and these rates were far higher and increasing faster for…
Hogan, C.L. (2011, March 21). Michelle Obama stresses economic impact of childhood obesity. Nation's Cities Weekly, 34(11), 1-5.
McDuffie, T.E. & George, R.J. (2009, Spring). School day eating habits of inner-city, African
American adolescents. The Journal of Negro Education, 78(2), 114-119.
White, P. & Olsan, T. (2010, May). Legislative: Searching for health policy information on the Internet: An essential advocacy skill. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 15(2), 11-14.
Next, they'll attempt to take over all of Jerusalem and then all of Israel" (Briglia 2). There is a slippery slope fallacy in this statement. The writer bolsters his initial exaggeration which was simple by putting forth further exaggerations with the eventual claim that Jerusalem and Israel will be taken over by the Palestinian's.
In straw man, the opponent's is attacked through attributing the opponent to an implausible position which is weak when actually it's not the opponent's position. The opponent's position is summarized inaccurately and easily dismissed. In response to the question regarding the troops pullout from Iraq President George Bush says, "e've heard some people say, pull them out right now. That's a huge mistake. It'd be a terrible mistake. It sends a bad message to our troops, and it sends a bad message to our enemy, and it sends a bad message to the Iraqis."…
Briglia, Joesph. Letter. New York Post 20 September 2005: 2
Norris, Floyd. A Lack of Rigor Costs MBIA. 12 Nov. 2009. 6 April.
Papson, Betty. Letter. Baltimore Sun 20 September 2005: 1
Canadian Current Events Magazine
Prduced by NAME
This article describes the grwing trend in the crprate wrld f eliminating perfrmance reviews, which many find t be ineffective and even cunterprductive. The article ntes that wrkers and managers alike ften feel that perfrmance reviews d nt measure what they are meant t measure, and that they fail t prvide
Cntinued n New Mining Activity in Alberta
Letters t the Editr
Interview with Financial Expert
Prjected Grwth in 2012
Signs f imprvement in the labr market in the United States cntinue as the rate f peple applying fr unemplyment benefits hit its lwest number since May f 2008, accrding t recent numbers released by the U.S.
Canada is a cuntry whse main exprts are hckey players and cld frnts. Our main imprts are baseball players and acid rain.…
other: 3% (2006 est.)
Unemployment rate: 8% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9
2 trillion in 2006 revealing that more than 75% of the U.S. households have their homes. One of the factors leading to the growth of real estate during the period was the inflow of capital into the U.S., which assisted in bringing in cheap dollars into the U.S. economy. ith the growth of real estates in the U.S., many foreign companies, foreign financial institutions, foreign individuals, equity funds and foreign governments have taken advantages to invest in the U.S. economy. Typically, robust health of commercial and residential real estate is fundamental to the economic growth. One of the fundamental impacts of the inflow of dollars in the U.S. real estate is the downward pressure on the interest rates. ith the absence of foreign capital, the interest rates will be four times higher than the current levels, and such increase will put a rise in the mortgage rates, which will result…
Bianco, K.M.The Subprime Lending Crisis: Causes and Effects of the Mortgage Meltdown. Federal Banking Law Report.2008.
Caballero, R.J. & Kurlat, P. The "Surprising" Origin and Nature of Financial Crises: A Macroeconomic Policy Proposal. Working paper (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. Of Economics. No. 09-24.2009
Crotty, J. & Epstein, G. . Proposals for Effectively Regulating the U.S. Financial System to Avoid Yet Another Meltdown. University of Massachusetts -- Amherst. Economics Department Working Paper Series.2008
Hinojosa-Ojeda, R. the
What audiences will you need to consider in your response?
The primary target audience for my response includes current and future cruise ship passengers. The demographics will vary considerably, depending on the cruise line in question. Carnival appeals to a younger demographic; but there are other cruise lines that cater to a more mature crowd. Therefore, the language needs to be as neutral as possible.
The second audience I will need to consider includes shareholders and stakeholders. These are actual investors who own stock in our company, and they are our partners. They will need to retain confidence in us. Stakeholders include anyone in our supply chain line as well, as we do not want to mar our relationships due to a mishandling negative publicity.
Finally, I would also consider our staff. Staff members will need to know that we are on their side. We want to be diplomatic…
Lincoln-Douglas Debates and Politics in the Mid-19th Century
To the Editor of the Freeport Press:
I am writing today to express my strong support for Abraham Lincoln's candidacy in the upcoming Senatorial elections. There are many reasons why I have decided to vote for a Republican -- going against my life-long commitment to the Democratic Party -- not the least of which is the way in which Lincoln stood up to the demagoguery of Mr. Douglas. While Lincoln showed great skill at oratory, Douglas' dirty tactics and his obsession with the idea that Negroes are less than human have contributed to my decision in this election.
In fact, when Douglass loudly asserted that Republicans who supported an end to slavery were something akin to demons, I was outraged. When Douglas said he would "…nail it [Republican platforms] upon the back of every Black Republican in the state," he alienated me,…
They accuse Coyne of giving modern intellectuals "permission to remain biologically illiterate, through assuring them there is nothing useful or important that they could learn that would help them address the intellectual problems they face." (Tooby and Cosmides).
ithout undertaking an independent investigation of the evidence used to support each author's work, it is impossible to determine who makes the most valid arguments. However, if the facts listed argued by Tooby and Cosmides are true, then they do much to bolster the arguments made by Thornhill and Palmer. In fact, the arguments made by Thornhill and Palmer are very sound from a logical point-of-view, even if it is ultimately impossible to prove or disprove their hypothesis. That at least one species of animal has evolved a special organ specifically to accomplish rape clearly establishes that rape can be an evolutionary function and can be related to genetic evolutionary success. Furthermore,…
Coyne, Jerry. "Of Vice and Men: A Case Study in Evolutionary Psychology." The University of Denver Portfolio Community. 2007. The University of Denver. 12 Feb. 2008 https://portfolio.du.edu/portfolio/getportfoliofile?uid=98279.
Thornhill, Randy and Craig T. Palmer. "Why Men Rape." Iranscope.com. 2000. Iran Scope.
12 Feb. 2008 http://iranscope.ghandchi.com/Anthology/Women/rape.htm .
Tooby, John and Leda Cosmides. "Letter to the Editor of the New Republic." The University of Denver Portfolio Community. 2007. The University of Denver. 12 Feb. 2008 https://portfolio.du.edu/portfolio/getportfoliofile?uid=98280.
While each country struggled to repay its debt, England was quicker to do so; this was logical, for not only did it have more manpower, its livelihood faced less demolition than did the physical face of France. Yet, England struggled with its success in paying off its debt; it looked, with great disdain, upon its ever-hated neighbor, still in debt to the nited States. "England thought only of herself," Smith wrote, "and her prestige when she undertook to begin payment of her debt to us - a financial gesture without parallel in history."
While it was clear that Smith was grateful for England's eagerness to repay America, and the American taxpayers by turn, it was also evident that he understood this gesture to be what it was - a political declaration of strength and sovereignty by England, pointed directly at France. Smith perceived a less than subtle snubbing of France…
Until this last war we have never had an opportunity to requite the good turn France did us in our War of Independence. No Englishman can claim that England rendered us help at that time. And France helped us in a peculiarly generous manner which ahs never been fully realized by our people and which we have far not imitated." In that light, the American patriots felt a disarming lack of association with the British; this contrasted starkly with the popular sentiment for the French government, who had come to the aid of America in its time of need.
The letter to the editor that appeared on this day received special status for its intellectual adaptation of civil truths - indebtedness to France, historical barriers with England, and the aftermath of the war as it imprinted not only social and political changes but also new international dimensions. While all of this was important to the editor then, whose dominion placed it directly under the masthead for mass attention, its significance to history is found beneath the meaning and inside the words. Addressing the efforts of France that made American liberty possible, Smith wrote, "She did not so much lend us money as spend it in our behalf." These pronouns, simple as they seemed then, provide understanding now to future generations, shedding light on a time gone by when nations were not just people and states were not just land. They were one and the same, a motherland and fatherland, powerful enough to launch war and fight. In those days, we had a nation, and she was the reason for battle; the right to war was not so cut and dry on economic issues and political theology. The editor of the Times understood that Smith's Letter to the Editor was significant, yielding it not just front-page status on January 24th, but a lasting historical relevance.
Basis for Favoring France." Letter to the Editor. New York Times. December 24, 1924. Page 1. (From PROQUEST Historical Newspapers)
morality of the George Bush administration. The writer looks at classic texts to garner a sense of what political morality should be about and then holds the administration of Bush against the measurement to illustrate the lack of morality and the fact that it failed to promote the happiness of the United States people. In addition, the author explores the negative impact that was felt by other nations under the watchful lack of morality by the Bush administration.
According to the Two Treatises by Locke political power has no other purpose than for the greater good. He wrote that it was the right to make decisions and laws but that it was always and should only be for the greater good of the people that it served.
"Political power, then, I take to be a right of making laws, with penalties of death, and consequently all less penalties for the…
The Bush doctrine.(From The Editor)(Editorial)
Sojourners; 3/1/2005; Wallis, Jim
AGAINST WAR, OR JUST BUSH?(OPINION)(Letter to the Editor)
Wisconsin State Journal (Madison, WI); 3/20/2003
Executive Salaries are inflated.
'Bottom Line': Executive salaries are disproportionately high, causing a crisis of both economics and morale within American enterprises.
hat is the justification behind a particular salary?
Encyclopedia Britannica defines a salary as a wage derived from human labor. hat is the 'human labor' of an executive
Labor of executive involves managing company.
Labor of executive involves presenting a favorable image to the public.
Does the current labor of executives justify their current salaries?
ays that high salaries of executives detract from company morale.
ays that high salaries of executives are injurious to company economically.
Possible objections to lowering salaries.
Difficulty in recruiting potentially talented executives.
Hard work done by executives -- '24-7' job
C. "Based on standards across the industry" (Letter to Editor, New York Times)
Responses to objections
Excessively high salaries encourages executives to go where money is, not because care about/believe in company
Associated Press Wire. World.Com CEO got no bonus in 2001. The New York Times. April 22, 2002.
"Crown Cuts Executive Salaries." February 23, 1999. Pittsburgh Business Times.
Dudley, Brier. "Microsoft Executive Salaries Outpace Company's Growth." Wednesday, October 24, 2001. Seattle Times. Business & Technology Section.
Guda, Nelson. "Executive Rewards." The New York Times. Letter to the Editor. April 19, 2002.
honored to meet a delegation of nurses from ten different countries, because I feel we have a lot to learn from each other in terms of different philosophies of nursing. At the same time, we are all shifting more to evidence-based practice, which transcends linguistic and cultural differences. One of the most difficult things to explain would be access to care, as the United States has the top equipment and doctors in the world but the highest cost of care, too. I would try to explain that although many Americans support the Affordable Care concept, and would even like to see Obamacare taken a step further to improve access and quality of care, many citizens remain uninformed and believe that the current profit-driven model is acceptable.
Most problems can be framed as a policy issue, because policy has real implications for day-to-day practice. Longest's policy framework demonstrates how American policymaking…
American Nurses Association (ANA, 2016). Policy and Advocacy. Retrieved online: http://www.nursingworld.org/Mainmenucategories/Policy-Advocacy
"Disparities." Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Retrieved online: https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/foundation-health-measures/Disparities
Greear, J. (2015). Speaking truth to power. Retrieved online: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/jade-greear/speaking-truth-to-power_2_b_8824094.html
Mason, D.J., Gardner, D.B., Outlaw, F.H., & O'Grady, E.T. (2015). Policy and Politics in Nursing and Health Care. Elsevier.
This is also reflected in the view that there is a lot of difference between a high school senior and a college freshman. egarding the world of student journalism, the U.S. Court of Appeals has also agreed with this view. This is reflected in the campus newspaper theft which was not taking place till the beginning of the 1990s. This is now a regular source of trouble for college student media. (Trends in College Media)
At the same time, this has not reflected in the quality of college newspaper, and some of them are of excellent quality. Let us look at some college newspapers for this purpose. One of them, namely the Boston College Chronicle has worked on the recently concluded papal conclave and also tried to inform the audience about what the world can hope from the new Pope. Certainly this information when they appear in a college magazine…
Censorship of College Student Newspapers. Administrative Censorship of the College Press. Retrieved at http://www.collegefreedom.org/report5.htm . Accessed on 28 April, 2005
CSU, Northridge Newspaper Silenced. 11 May, 1989. Retrieved at http://www.totse.com/en/conspiracy/institutional_analysis/papcensr.html . Accessed on 28 April, 2005
Davisson, John. GSEU Strikers Return to the Classroom. 25 April, 2005. Retrieved from www.columbiaspectator.com/- 32k Accessed on 28 April, 2005
Glaser, Dale; Collins, King. Review of Eagle and the Controversy of 1996-1997. Retrieved from www.greenmac.com/eagle/Updates/Up2.html. Accessed on 28 April, 2005
Anonymity in the Internet
Anonymity on the Internet
Limit anonymity for Internet critics- by Edward Wasserman (Journalism Ethics)
I agree with the standing decision of channeling providers of network services to strengthen the way they manage information that the users publish. This suggests that privatized Internet censorship should be done by companies providing network services. All service providers across the world must responsibly restrict access to a wide variety of illegal content described broadly and enacted in order to restrict hate speech. This should reflect the position of the official government: it must incorporate information, which the government considers very politically sensitive. This move was made to strengthen efforts of increased pressure suppressing private companies to limit the further use of search engines, social media, and key online other tools.
Additionally, companies must be able to provide the virtual private networks evading the great boundaries of identification policy on expansion…
" And following that experience the class can discuss what acid rain does to the ecosystem and the teacher can show a video of a forest devastated by acid rain, or just photos of depleted forests and dead fish floating on a stream or lake (waters that have been polluted by acid rain).
About this time, students are asked: "here does the acid rain come from?" Let them guess, and talk about it. Then the teacher shows photos of smokestacks belching out clouds of brown sooty looking pollution and explain that once in the atmosphere, the pollutants (they don't need to know the science of precisely what chemicals bond with condensation but they could certainly relate to dirty polluted particles joining with raindrops) return to earth as acid rain. And as an additional part of this curriculum, students should be shown the various products that are produced in the factories…
Chappell, Tracey. (2008). Getting serious about inclusive curriculum for special education.
Primary & Middle Years Educator, 6(2), five pages.
EdChange. (2008). Curriculum Reform: Steps Toward Multicultural Curriculum
Transformation. Retrieved June 21, 2009, from http://www.edchange.org/multicultural/curriculum/steps.html .
Without knowing how to write persuasively, even a Harvard degree can get overlooked. Mastering persuasive writing is essential in the working world.
Persuasive writing proves exceptionally important in the working world after being hired, too. Some jobs directly demand persuasive writing skills. For example, marketing jobs might require copy writing skills; sales positions might entail writing frequent letters to clients. Whenever we need to encourage someone to use a new product or service or to continue to do business with the company in spite of recent setbacks, we need to write persuasively. Whether the letter is e-mail or type-written, persuasive writing skills are essential for success. Similarly, if we have to write a company memo, only persuasive writing skills can talk a supervisor into adopting a new communication protocol or adopting a new networking software system. Poor writing skills can even lead to being fired.
While persuasive writing seems impersonal,…
Nora Ephron's Boston Photographs:
Do Pictures Tell the Most Important Part of the Story?
In "Boston Photographs," writer Nora Ephron makes a case supporting the decision by newspaper editors to print a photo trilogy showing the tragic moments leading up to the death of a young mother. At the time the photos were printed, in over four hundred newspapers across the nation, there was great controversy. eaders expressed in phone calls and letters to the editor. Some editors chose not to print the photos at all.
Ephron argued that since death is part of life, readers should not be sheltered from it. She asked why photos from fatal car accidents show the wrecked vehicles and not the victims. Mangled steel is worthless; a human life is priceless. Why not capture on film the loss of that which is truly precious?
The so-named "Boston Photographs" were taken in 1975…
BBC News. (2005). Picture power: Vietnam napalm attack. http://news.bbc.co
Ephron, N. (2005). The Boston Photographs, reprinted in Chris Anderson and Lex Runciman, eds., Open Questions; Readings for Critical Thinking and Writing (Boston: Bedford/St.
Martin's, 2005). Retrieved from http://www.haverford.edu/writingprogram
journal Public Health Advocacy asserts that "e need unchained voices to challenge the powers that rule our world" (Avery, et al., 2003). The article goes on to insist that "Advocates have the freedom to agitate for the advancement of agendas," and for the American Public Health Association (APHA), that organization unchained the voices of their members to put pressure on members of Congress to: a) protect public health funding; b) protect the Affordable Care Act; and c) pass comprehensive legislation to reduce gun violence (APHA, 2013). This paper reviews the goals, the objectives, the message, the purpose and the media strategies that APHA used (and will use) as they advocate for public health issues.
The Public Health Action Campaign
The strategy that this campaign used in 2013 was timed to coincide with Congressional recess windows of time. Instead of APHA members going to ashington, D.C., members will buttonhole their senators…
American Public Health Association. (2013). APHA 2013 PHACT Campaign Toolkit.
Retrieved June 27, 2014, from http://www.apha.org .
Avery, B., and Bashir, S. (2003). The Road to Advocacy -- Searching for the Rainbow.
American Journal of Public Health, 93(8), 1207-1201.
As for the debate on what are the strengths and weaknesses of the sect, this is quite an opinionated topic; relying a great deal on personal spiritualism, faith, and the ability to redefine and accept alternative views. Certainly, a clear strength is the ability for the religion to coalesce into a vibrant community that is active in spreading their version of the word of God. Mormonism has donanted millions of bibles to various locations, is there with aid and help during natural disasters, and has spent millions erecting churches, civic projects, and housing in the developing world. Members are often fervent in theit belief system, and tend to be more the type who live by example rather than theory -- rather than practicing their religion on Sundays and holidays, most Mormons adhere to their system 24/7. Mormonism emphasizes eduction, the family, youth programs, a healthy life style, the absence of…
Bushman, R.L. Mormonism: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Jackson, a. Mormonism Explained: What Latter-Day Saints Teach and Practice. Wheaton, IL: Crossaway Books, 2008.
"Letters to the Editor." 7 March 1998. exmormon.org. February 2011 .
Mariottini, C. "The Mormon Church and the Clost Tribes of Israel." Frbruary 2006. Docto.claudemariottini.com. February 2011 .
Many believe this idea of luxury goods to be absolutely correct while others do not agree saying that it is a form of personal expression and accessorizing. The point still remains whether or not the price is worth pleasing a particular whim or opinion.
This is where the perception of the human mind comes into play. Perception of luxury goods to be an essential tool of quality despite the over pricing will lead many people to invest heavily on the luxury products. Perception of quality also plays a huge part, if the common man believes that the luxury goods have a high standard of quality and will project their lifestyle to be one of high standard as well, then the likelihood of investment form them will be much higher. However a negating perception of luxury goods would result in the absolute opposite. If the common man believes that the copies…
James, G. (2010). Made in China = Piece of Junk. Sales Machine. Accessed on November 1, 2010 from http://www.bnet.com/blog/salesmachine/made-in-china-piece-of-junk/12336
J.P. (2010). A Made in America Story -- Since 1905 | J.W. Hulme Co. The Salvage Yard. Accessed on November 3rd, 2010 from http://theselvedgeyard.wordpress.com/2010/09/25/a-made-in-america-story-since-1905-j-w-hulme-co/
Suk, J. (2009). The Law, Culture and Economics of Fashion. Stanford Law Review, 61-5, p. 1147+
Tiara, (2010). How Do Copycats Affect Small Fashion Lines? College Fashion. Accessed on November 1, 2010 from http://www.collegefashion.net/fashion-news/how-do-copycats-affect-small-fashion-lines/
Parents who see their child's life consumed by video games, and the Nintendo DS included, have serious and valid concerns when it comes to their child's well being. A balanced lifestyle is the healthiest lifestyle, and spending so much of one's day performing a single activity is numbing for the brain and the body. The American Enterprise, in an opinion piece on the effects of video games states, "Young Americans have an addiction problem, and it isn't drugs: It's video games. These inane mind-vacuums are the opiate of today's youth!" (American Enterprise, 12) This father's plea is a rather effective call to parents of children with such an addiction to video games to intervene in their child's situation. This situation is not universal, however, and with a little parenting, a child's habits can be managed so that they retain an interest in the outdoors and teamwork rather than sinking into…
Letter to the Editors, ed. "A Further Plea for Caution Against Medical Professionals Overstating Video Game Violence Effects." Mayo Clinic Proceedings (2011): 820-23. Print.
Moore, Stephen. "Numbed by Nintendo." The American Enterprise (2005): 12. Print.
"Watch Out For The Health Hazards Of Video Games." Nintendo 3DS Portable Gaming Console. Consumer Reports, 29 Mar. 2011. Web. .
black colleges/Tuskegee University
The psychological, economic, political importance of historically black colleges
In a workplace, the significance of scholarly and nourished atmosphere cannot be underrated in forming a stronger base for future success. (Historically Black Colleges - Letters to the Editor) Before the period of 1964, the 'Historically Black Colleges and Universities'- HBCU's, the postsecondary academic institutions were established and its educational purpose was to teach African-Americans. (The Importance of HBCUs) Historically, HBCUs came into being at a time when Black students were mainly barred from other institutions of higher education, and their purpose was to give these students with chances for scholarship and professional training. (Students at Historically Black Colleges and Universities: Their Aspirations & Accomplishments) HBCU's have been a main basis in the growth of the African-American middle class. They offer a helpful social, cultural, and racial atmosphere for people of color who are looking for a college…
History of Tuskegee University. Retrieved from http://www.tuskegee.edu/Global/story.asp?S=1070392& ; nav=CcX4DGwrTuskegee Accessed on 16 February, 2005
Recognizing National Historically Black Colleges and Universities and the importance and accomplishments of historically Black colleges and universities. (Introduced in House). Retrieved from http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z-c108:H.RES.82.IH : Accessed on 16 February, 2005
Students at Historically Black Colleges and Universities: Their Aspirations & Accomplishments. Retrieved from http://www.ets.org/research/pic/hbcprefa.html Accessed on 16 February, 2005
The Importance of HBCUs. The Common Sense Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.common-sense.org/?fnoc=/common_sense_says/99_february Accessed on 16 February, 2005
Ethics and Culture
Ethical and Cultural Competency
Vanaki, Z., Memarian, A. (2009). Professional ethics: beyond the clinical competency. Journal of Professional Nursing, 25 (5), 285 -- 291
The author found that the professional ethics are the core determinants to perform a better duty at the workplace. The behavior of a person at work place helps in making relationship and bonds with the team members, responsibilities, the patients, the staff and helps in better understanding of workplace strategies that are termed as professional ethics. The researchers found that the personality of a person depends a lot on the expression of compassion, love, care and attention. The survey was done on the nurses working in the hospital where they explained that despite the cultural differences, if they make a bond or a relationship of care with the patients. That helps a lot in maintaining the confidence of the patient and…
Siegel, C., Haugland, G., Rose, L.R., Reid, L., Hopper, K. (2011). Components of Cultural Competence in Three Mental Health Programs. Psychiatric services, 62 (6).
Vanaki, Z., Memarian, A. (2009). Professional ethics: beyond the clinical competency.
Journal of Professional Nursing, 25 (5), 285 -- 291
Marketing and Promotions Savvy
The last time I participated in a promotion was approximately two years ago. I was at a well-known popular retail chain and there was a company issuing sample giveaways. At the time, I was unfamiliar with the company itself. However, that did not stop me from going up to its table and walking away with what looked like a free sponge. It was actually a Magic Eraser, and it was a smaller version of the one found in retail locations.
This promotion certainly succeeded in raising my awareness of the product. I was not aware that such products existed prior to participating in this promotion. Now, I understand that these types of products exist to help one clean. Prior to using Magic Erasers, I would simply clean the walls in my home with sponges and various products that would inevitably damage them. I can do this…
Kempe, S. (2016). May 2016 letter from the editor. www.dataversity.net Retrieved from http://www.dataversity.net/may-2016-dataversity-letter-editor/
Kerr, K. (2015). Three tools to help shape your Twitter strategy. http://kulesafaul.com Retrieved from
As a part of its responsibility to monitor federal agency compliance with Section 501, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) collects and compiles data regarding agencies' hiring and advancement of workers with disabilities. At the time of hiring, federal agencies provide employees the opportunity to self-disclose that they have a disability, on a Standard Form 256 (SF-256); the numbers of people who so identify are reported to the EEOC. In1979, EEOC officially designated certain disabilities as targeted disabilities in its Management Directive 703 issued on December 6, 1979, which in 2003 was superseded by Management Directive 715. MD 715 defines targeted disabilities as "Disabilities that the federal government, as a matter of policy, has identified for special emphasis in affirmative action programs. They are: 1) deafness; 2) blindness; 3) missing extremities; 4) partial paralysis; 5) complete paralysis; 6) convulsive disorders; 7) mental retardation; 8) mental illness; and 9) distortion…
Supreme Court Decisions Interpreting the Americans with Disabilities Act, subpart
II (J)(1), at http://www.ncd.gov/newsroom/publications/2002/supremecourt_ada.htm , quoting the National Council on Disability, TOWARD INDEPENDENCE, app., at a-15 & a-37 (1986).
Robert L. Burgdorf Jr., "Substantially Limited" Protection from Disability
Discrimination: The Special Treatment Model and Misconstructions of the Definition of Disability, 42 Villanova L. Rev. 409, 529 -- 533 (1997)
Although further education teachers employed prior to this date are not required to attain this credentialing, they are being encouraged to do so in order to ensure their status as professional educators (Clancy 2007).
There is a push to increase the rigor of the credentialing process for further education teachers as well. In this regard, Thompson recently observed that, "Further education lecturers are already allowed to teach post-16 and post-14 pupils in schools in Great Britain. Further education teachers with Qualified Teacher Learning and Skills (QTLS) should first gain Qualified Teacher Status (QTS) before they will be allowed to teach in schools" (2010:3). This recommendation is based in large part on the fact that the QTLS is "not a test but really a personal narrative that each applicant presents to provide evidence of his/her professional practice and status" (Education: The Training Game 2009:10). The chief executive for the Institute for…
Black's Law Dictionary. 1999 St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Company.
Braid, M. 2007, September 23 "Teach students the bare necessities." Sunday Times of London 9.
Chenery, K. 2002, July 18 "Education Letter: FE teachers undervalued." Independent -- London
Halo 2 was a newsmaker as it is an exclusive game for the Xbox and can be played over its online gaming network. Microsoft's PR reminded everyone of that fact. They also let the whole world know that around 1.5 million copies of Halo 2 were already pre-ordered. The launch was very successful as Halo 2 sold more than 3 million copies within the first weekend.
Damage control is another part of PR. When Microsoft faced anti-trust allegations they initiated a major letter writing campaign to save their image from being defaced. They asked their customers to write letters to the editors send letters to their congressmen and do whatever they could to protect its good name. An important PR move is to make sure that the organization supports the right political party. Microsoft used to be a big supporter of the Democratic Party in the past. However it abandoned…
Microsoft Press Pass
PR Newswire: Microsoft
. .] a sure recipe for a second wave of financial disaster" (Segal, 2010), has an overall nonpartisan tone. Instead of focusing on the controversy between the parties, Segal, like Balassa, draws attention to facts. He discusses the vast amount of bankruptcies declared every year in the U.S. As a direct result of health-care costs (Segal, 2010).
The most conservative, and by far the largest publication, in the region is the Denver Post; it too sees the issues surrounding of health-care reform apolitically. Turning away from slander and political infighting, the article "Health Care eform Bill Cuts Deficit," by obert Pear and David Herzenhorn, discusses what they believe to be the basic concern of the health-care bill as it stands today: the cost to the consumer (2010). Their primary consideration is that the health-care reform bill currently under consideration does little to ease the financial burden of the insured (Pear…
Associated Press (2010, February 26). After Summit Democrats push ahead with health care reform. The Colorado Daily. Retrieved from http://www.coloradodaily.com/ci_14476700?!ADID=search.html
Balassa, John (2010, March 19). Not-for-Profit financing is key. The Colorado Daily.
Retrieved from http://www.coloradodaily.com/ci_144767700?!ADID=search.html
Gay, Chris (2009, September 3-9). The Wrong Argument: the democrats approach doesn't explain why the market can't fix health care. The Boulder Weekly.
Public relations is recognized for the publicity and awareness support it brings to businesses and corporations in their marketing efforts. It can be just as effective for nonprofit organizations. This is what the Center for Child Protection and Family Support in Washington, D.C., has found through its PR activities. The center is a nonprofit 501(c)3, community-based organization that addresses the harmful long-term effects of child abuse by providing innovative school-based and parent education programming in the Washington D.C. urban area in addition to training and consulting for local professionals. The center's three main themes are: Child abuse and neglect are serious, complex health and social problems with long-term consequences; the center is a trusted resource on child abuse issues; and every child deserves a childhood that is free from abuse and neglect.
The center has to have an ongoing PR plan to continually confirm its credibility as the…
Attn: Adrian Johnson
Letter to the Editor
In response to the recent article, eview of Abstract Expressionism, about the failures of Abstract Expressionism, it is important to remember the how American art during the 1930s embodied democratic values. In the 1930s, America was experiencing a depression that is commonly known as the Great Depression. This period was characterized by significant economic difficulties and collapse that culminated in a war. While the country was renowned as a land of opportunity and hope during this period, the Great Depression changed people's perception regarding the United States since it became a nation of despair and depression. Given the underlying economic situation in this period, artwork and the field of art in general was seemingly irrelevant as many artists were experiencing tremendous economic challenges and remained unemployed (Hittner, n.d.).
However, the series of social liberal recovery programs initiated…
Fisher, K. (n.d.). Expressing the Age: How the Painting of Jackson Pollock Displayed the Political Culture of Abstract Expressionism. Retrieved December 19, 2016, from https://philologiavt.org/philologia/article/view/113/79
Griffey, R. (2014, September). Thomas Hart Benton's America Today Mural. Retrieved December 19, 2016, from http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/bent/hd_bent.htm
Hittner, A.D. (n.d.). Art of the Thirties. Retrieved December 19, 2016, from http://www.antiquesandfineart.com/articles/article.cfm?request=966
1297). Another study referenced by Correll in the article claims that female consultants are rated "less competent" when described as being "a mother" than women who have no children at home. In our culture, Correll continues, fathers are not discriminated against because "…understandings of what it means to be a good father are not seen in our culture as incompatible with…what it takes to be a good worker" (p. 1298). But when women are mothers, they are seen as less "committed" than women without children.
Brown, Alan S. "Study: Women Are Putting Family Before athematics." echanical
Engineering 131.5 (2009): 10-12.
In this article two Cornell University professors conducted a study by researching "400 studies and analyses of women in math-related professions"; the results of their research shows that twice as many women as men "drop out of math-intensive careers, including engineering" Brown, 2009). Why do women leave engineering and math-intensive…
Mason, Mary Ann, and Ekman, Eve Mason. Mothers on the Fast Track: How a New
Generation Can Balance Family and Careers. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.
In this book, the authors present -- in a positive light -- a wide swath of issues that face working mothers, but the sum and substance is that "Mothers who persist do remarkably well" (p. 53). In fact, mothers with children "under six" earned more "and were promoted more quickly than women without children." Indeed, "successful mothers get the workplace to work for them," the authors report (p. 54). They get the work done well and completely, but they do it in a different time frame than men. One reason female lawyers and corporate executives who are also mothers succeed, the book explains, is that they have "the ability to say no" (p. 54). They refuse evening meetings, and to stay strong mothers in corporate positions have "physical stamina, an ambitious nature, and just plain luck" (p. 53).
This is where incentives come in to play. agner quotes Rudolf Hickel who distinguishes between an entrepreneurial state and a tax state (our present state of affairs). Hickel and Schumpeter both see the tax state as acting outside the normal laws of contract and property to confiscate wealth. The entrepreneurial state is just the exact polar opposite of this. Corporatist principles that have been incorporated into this system. Corporate structures were in their infancy in 1787 when the U.S. Constitution was written, hence the lack of corporatist principles (ibid, 56-57). e must now incorporate the wisdom of two centuries of follow on experience.
These corporatist principles would turn a government entity like a city into a private corporation with stockholders that would provide services. In this view, government has created some markets. It is in the market already. Therefore, for us to bring the entrepreneurial state, we need to introduce…
Barth, A. (1991, Feb ). The roots of limited government. Retrieved from http://www.fff.org/freedom/0291c.asp .
Domesticating the leviathan. (2007). Retrieved from http://homepage.mac.com/npayne/leviathan.html.
Johnson, K. (2011, November 9). Tsa's expansion is questioned. Retrieved from http://www.joplinindependent.com/display_article.php/wildblue1320890017 .
Standt, N. (2010). Taxation without representation. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University School of Wagner, R.E. (1993). Parchment, guns and constitutional order. Northamton, MA: Edward Elgar Pub.
Today the outbound telephone marketing industry has given political campaigns the ability to reach out to a large group of targeted voters in a quick and quiet way, just below the radar. This notion went way beyond the small volunteer call centers that have existed for over forty years. It was essential for the technology to be in place and widely utilized. Political campaigns could not have put into production a complete industry of dissimilar companies, large and small, with many thousands of telephones in call centers. This was a revolution as one could target using any criteria from gender, age, vote propensity, income, level of education, to presence of children. One could shape the message even within a single calling agenda, so that they may be calling all women, but the script may be different for younger women in comparison to older women. And maybe most importantly, one can…
Bimber, B., and Davis, R. 2003. Campaigning Online: TheInternet in U.S. Elections, New
York: Oxford University Press.
Cornfield, M. 2005. Commentary on the Impact of the Internet onthe 2004 Election,
Washington, DC: Pew Internet and American Life Project, March 3.
Hill People Page
In 1997, when Kirk Watson was running for mayor, Austin was in the drunken throes of enjoying a decade-long spell of unprecedented, economic growth. Unemployment was on the downswing. Corporate relocations and expansions were on the upswing. Venture capitol and new business creation was rising to an all-time high. Office buildings, apartment complexes, new home subdivisions, retail centers, along with all the roads to support them, were sprouting up all over the city. As a consequence, the city populace had become polarized in their feelings about growth and had split into two political camps. There were the developers who welcomed Austin's transition to a large, thriving metropolis much like the mega-cities of Dallas or Houston, and there were the environmentalists who didn't want Austin to be a city at all, but wanted to go back to the hip college town that was the Austin they knew in…
Fisher, R. & Ury, W. 1991, Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In, Penguin, New York.
Susskind, L. 1989, Breaking the Impasse: Consensual Approaches to Resolving Public Disputes, Basic Books, New York.
The Hill People Page
Gun Laws / Gun Violence
Gun violence, gun registration, and mass shootings in the United States -- and to a lesser extent in the United Kingdom -- have caused authorities great concern over the past few years. And these issues have received a great deal of media attention and hence are worthy of research. This paper reviews gun violence in the U.S. and in the UK, and gun laws that are in place and those that should be in place.
Mass shootings and gun violence in the U.S.
In the United States, as of October 1, 2015, there have been 294 mass shootings (a mass shooting is defined as one in which four or more people were killed or injured by a gun), and 45 of those occurred at schools (BBC). In the U.S. (again, up to October 1) 9,956 people have been killed in "gun incidents," and 20,000 people…
BBC. (2015). Oregon shooting: Statistics behind 'routine' U.S. gun violence. Retrieved October 13, 2015, from http://www.bbc.com .
Brattleboro Reformer. (2015). Our Opinion: Guns, money, and simplistic assumptions.
Retrieved October 13, 2015, from http://www.reformer.com .
Casciani, D. (2010). Gun control and ownership laws in the UK. BBC. Retrieved
The readings for this assignment deal mostly with racial / ethnic issues. The Mellody Hobson story (from TED), posted by Ben Lillie, explores the dynamics of color and race, pointing out that only two of Fortune 250 companies are chaired by African-American women. Hobson goes on to point out that people ought not to be just "color brave" but they should be willing to confront their demons, and should invite people of color to apply for jobs because diversity brings strength to a company.
I saw a feature on the TED movement on the wonderful CBS program, Sunday Morning, and clearly people like Mellody Hobson have a powerful impact on that stage when they reach deep into the well of progressive ideas and creative solutions. In the Obstacles to Cultural Competence, again the issue of ethnic differences was covered, and covered very well. It was fascinating to read…
Lillie, B. (2014). Be color brave, not color blind: Mellody Hobson speaks at TED2014.
Blog. Retrieved March 25, 2016, from http://blog.ted.com .
Student News Daily. (2005). Conservatives vs. Liberal Beliefs. Retrieved March 25, 2016,
From http://www.studentnewsdaily.com .
1923, in a letter to the editor of the New York Times, Gernsback wrote, "If the future of radio rests upon a foundation of advertising, it would be better that broadcasting did not exist at all." As much as radio advertisements bothered listeners, and continue to do so, advertising has been integral to radio's success. In the early days of radio at the beginning of the 20th century, "most radio stations were owned by businessmen, who used their stations to promote their own businesses," ("Advertising and Broadcasting go Hand in Hand"). In the 1920s, AT&T developed the model known as "toll broadcasting," which set the standard for all radio since then ("Advertising and Broadcasting go Hand in Hand"). By 1930, almost all (90%) of the radio stations in the United States broadcasted using the "toll" model, where operational costs were defrayed by selling advertisements. This "changed the way broadcast was…
"Advertising and Broadcasting go Hand in Hand." Retrieved online: https://www.voices.com/solutions/radio/history-of-radio-advertising
Gernsback, H. (1923). Radio and advertising [EXCERPTS FROM LETTERS]. New York Times, May 6, 1923, page XX8. Retrieved online: http://earlyradiohistory.us/1923ads.htm
McDonough, J. (2012). First Radio Commercial Hit Airwaves 90 Years Ago. NPR. Retrieved online: http://www.npr.org/2012/08/29/160265990/first-radio-commercial-hit-airwaves-90-years-ago
Further, the view that citizens cannot objectively assess service delivery (and, conversely, that public officials can) has been a limiting factor to the institutionalization of citizen surveys. Watson et al. point out, however, that a disparity between the subjective views of citizens and the 'objective' assessments of service quality provides city leaders with the opportunities to both communicate more effectively and take steps to reduce the disparity.
Citizen surveys have a number of distinct advantages: they identify problems, evaluate services, influence budget priorities, identify citizen preferences, and "send a message to residents that the city government is concerned about their opinions" (234).
In an effort to promote citizen surveys and explore if citizen surveys are actually effective and worth a city government's time, Watson et al. look at the citizen survey creation and tradition in Auburn, Alabama. The first survey conducted, administered in 1985, convinced public officials that surveys served…
Rosener, Judy B. (1978). Citizen Participation: Can We Measure Its Effectiveness? Public
Administration Review, 38(5) 457-463.
Rosener, Judy B. (1982). Making Bureaucrats Responsive: A Study of the Impact of Citizen
Participation and Staff Recommendations on Regulatory Decision Making. Public Administration Review, 42(4) 339-345.
Students who are bussed to a larger school can use the time to be productive; reading, homework, etc.
1.5-2 hours per day of commuting is unacceptable for students and will eat into their family and work time.
A larger school will provide greater opportunity for social networks, sports, music, drama, and more extracurricular activities.
Loss of community will make the younger students uncomfortable as well.
A larger school will provide greater academic opportunities for the HS students in preparation for university; there are more resources available.
The student to teach ratio will change and the students will be part of just another large classroom.
Thus, the question really comes down to potential. Neither side can equivocally state that the future of the students will be better or worse; there are arguments for both as well as the possibility that the solution will be quite positive for some,…
Cary, S. (2003). A Beginner's Guide to the Scientific Method. New York: Wadsworth.
Cresswell, J. (2003). Research Design. New York: Sage.
Groves, R. a. (2003). Introducing Political Philosophy. New York: Icon Books.
Hatton, J. (1996). Science and Its Ways of Knowing. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Benjamin Cummings Publishers.
Several members of the congregation left a prayer meeting to come out and see what the noise was all about.
Walter briskly walked right up to the man, slapped him hard in the face, grabbed Sonny, set him down, and backed up for a moment. He rolled up his sleeves. The fat man's face was bright red. He panted. He moved forward to attack Walter, swinging a right fist towards Walter's face.
Walter ducked away from the fist and then aggressively wrapped his powerful right arm around the fat man's head and pulled him hard into the dandelion yard in a wrestler's grip. Walter kept a headlock on the fat man while Elmo retrieved Sonny's bike from the street.
"Apologize!" Walter demanded of the fat man.
"Okay!" The fat man replied. "Let me go." Walter released his iron grip on the man and helped him back up. "Don't you ever…
Professional Nursing Ethics
It is not a good idea, but it is possible to become a nurse today without knowing what the Nightingale Pledge is and more important, what it represents. The reason it is not a good idea is simple; nursing is a field that carries with it a great social, moral and ethical responsibility. This accountability is now guided by the Code of Ethics with Interpretive Statements; however, the original blueprint was the Nightingale Pledge. We could consider that original pledge as nursing's equivalent to the physicians' Hippocratic Oath. In other words, the modern version of the Nightingale Pledge, the Code of Ethics with Interpretive Statements, is a thorough guide that helps both new and old nurse's alike carry out their responsibilities in a way that also meets all ethical duties required by the profession. The Nightingale Pledge has evolved for more than a century…
An area where being a nurse can become difficult in regard to ethics is in the area of personal values vs. professional ethics. Nurses must maintain their competence even if they do not live by the same values of their patients. A client's race, sex, or religion, for example, must not interfere with the understood obligations of the nursing community. Everyone should be treated equally. What comes to mind about this ethical obligation is the poor judgment that was shown by some healthcare workers throughout the nation immediately following September 11, 2001. This date is famous for the terrorist attacks that were perpetrated on the nation by individuals of the Muslim faith and of Middle Eastern decent.
For several weeks after that tragic day, however, many Muslim and Middle Eastern families, and anyone who looked like they could be of Middle Eastern decent, became the victims of blatant profiling and racism. What was worst about this news is that in some of these cases of obvious hate crimes, the racism was performed by hospital emergency room staffs because they refused to treat potential terrorists (as they were considered). When performing nursing duties, nurses must have a blind eye to the differences of the client's life values. A homosexual male should not be treated poorly because of his sexual orientation. A black woman who has been raped must not be judged to be immoral anymore than a white woman. Nurses must exercise sound ethical judgment and accept the responsibilities of the profession.
Nurses provide services that include respect for human dignity and they should not change their responsibility to the patient because of some social or economic status, personal attributes, or the nature of the medical condition. This scenario of personal values and professional ethics then can also be tested when it comes to working in an extremely hazardous environment. Nurses are exposed to communicable diseases on a daily basis and there are often patients who are violent or show other ideals of noncompliance. "It was an opportunity to learn about the challenges nurses encounter in their everyday practice -- health and social inequalities, HIV / AIDS, TB, poverty and compromised
Using social networks as a way of communication will reduce the transactional distance that Moore defines as psychological and communications spaces between learners and instructors (Moore, 1993).
As online communication rapidly links our personal and work life, a new community is emerging so new venues of communication with the community are also developing. "The use of online discussion groups offers a relatively new avenue through which the learner can take an active role in the learning process." (Larkin-Hein, 2001) log usage has dramatically risen over the past couple of years, connecting information and knowledge of an individual to a global community audience who can respond. Social networks such as Facebook and MySpace can bring students and instructors closer together. This breaks the ice among students in an online classroom and helps them to work in a friendlier atmosphere. Newer programs like Twitter are akin to instant messaging to the global…
Concas, G., Lisci, M., Pinna, S., Porruvecchio, G., & Uras, S. (2008). Analysing the Social Networks constituted by open source communities. Proceedings of the AIP Conference, USA Vol. 1060 Issue 1, p147-150
Hartsell, T., & Yuen, S. (2006). Video streaming in online learning. AACE Journal, 14(1), 31-43.
Joint Information Systems Committee. (2002). Video streaming: A guide for educational development. Manchester, UK: JISC Click and Go Video Project.
Kerka, S. (1996). Distance learning, the Internet, and the world wide web. ERIC Digest. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service NO. ED 359214).
During the founding the nation, before mass media, television, and the dominance of only a few major newspapers in each major city of the nation, America was filled with many small newspapers that were the voice of countless individual factions. America again has returned to its fractious beginnings online. No longer are their two, coherent singular voices in American politics. or, in the words of one South Korean political news site, now every citizen is a potential reporter.
The Internet has, in a few instances...made a notable difference in terms of how [contemporary] campaigns were conducted and how individuals engaged in civic life at various levels" (Palfry, 2004). Even the Obama campaign has not had full control over all of the discourse generated on the Internet regarding the candidate. One wonders, however well-intended, if Barack Obama appreciates the sexy message conveyed about his campaign by the self-proclaimed "Obama Girl" on…
Barack Obama. (2007). Myspace.com 2007. Retrieved 19 Jun 2007 at www.myspace.com/barackobama got a crush on Obama." (2007). You Tube. Retrieved 19 Jun 2007 at www.youtube.com/watch?v=wKsoXHYICqU
Davis, Richard. (1999). The Web of Politics: The Internet's Impact on the American
Political System. New York: Oxford University Press.
Klam, Matthew. (26 Sept 2004). Fear and Laptops on the Campaign Trail. The New
Jesse Jackson and Rev. Al Sharpton to Duke to denounce the acts of the lacrosse players; and three, according to the pragmatic theory of truth, with is certainly in play in America, something reported is true if it is useful to believe it is true.
Meanwhile, all the charges against the lacrosse players have been dropped (for lack of evidence), and the Attorney General of North Carolina, Roy Cooper, stated (www.cnn.law.com) that "...the inconsistencies were so significant and so contrary to the evidence that we have no credible evidence that an attack occurred..." Cooper went on to say that "No DNA confirms the accuser's story" and "no other witness confirms" her story; in fact, "other evidence contradicts her story." He criticized the district attorney who prosecuted the case, Michael Nifong, who was running for reelection at the time the charges were brought against the players; "...caution would have served justice…
TRANSITION: In an article published in the journal Review of Politics (Boffetti, 2004 p. 612), the author discusses the philosophical theories of two proponents of the pragmatic theory of truth, Richard Rorty and William James. Boffetti points out that, according to Rorty, "James said a lot of...conflicting things about truth - such as that it consists in some kind of agreement between ideas and reality" (Boffetti, 612). But what Rorty did approve of in the context of William James was "James first theory of truth," which is "truth is what works." James so-called second theory of truth, according to Boffetti's account of Rorty, is that "...ideas (which are themselves but parts of our experience) become true just insofar as they help us get into satisfactory relation with other parts of our experience" (Boffetti 612).
ARGUMENT #2: During the 2004 Presidential Campaign the Bush campaign committed put an ad on the air that made it sound like Democratic candidate John Kerry was trying to help the terrorists. The ad showed a dark forest and a pack of wolves, looking very hungry and seeming to be on the attack. The announcer's voice, a soft female voice, said: "In an increasingly dangerous world...Even after the first terrorist attack on America...John Kerry and the liberals in Congress voted to slash America's intelligence operations. By 6 billion dollars...cuts so deep they would have weakened America's defenses.
Meanwhile, the names most associated with pragmatism are philosophers William James, Richard Rorty, Charles Sanders Pierce, and John Dewey. The names most closely associated with recent presidential elections are Al Gore, George W. Bush, John Kerry and Karl Rove. But what
However, he questions the research that has been done in this area. First, he wonders whether the exercise is a placebo effect based on the anticipation of improvement. The second question is the acceptability of this treatment. Many CFS patients actively avoid exercise and many healthcare providers in fact recommend rest at all costs rather than a concern of relapse. However, the positive aspect of the CBT and the exercise is that it has the patients question their fears. In both cases, there is a psychotherapeutic affect that may be beneficial.
The use of antidepressants is another approach that has been suggested and studied. However, the results on this have also been mixed. As Demitrack (1996, p. 282) states, "At the present time, it is unrealistic to present medication as a sole treatment for this disease." It may be that medications could work in the short-term and provide enough symptomatic…
Center for Disease Control (2006, May 9). Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Retrieved January 30, 2007 http://www.cdc.gov/cfs/cfsbasicfacts.htm .
Demitrack, M. And Abbey, S. (1996) (Eds) Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. New York: Guilford Press.
Hyland, M.E. et. al. (2006) Letter to the Editor. The Lancet 367 (9522), 1573-1576
Komaroff, a., & Fagioli, L. (1996) Medial Assessment of Fatigue and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. In M. Demitrack and S. Abbey (Eds) Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (pg. 154-181). New York: Guilford Press,.
Aviation Safety: Is flying safer than driving?
There has been an ongoing debate regarding the relative safety of flying as opposed to driving over long distances. Many argue that flying is the safer option, since statistics have proven this mode of transport to be one of the safest in the world. On the other hand, flying has been perceived as unsafe because passengers have relatively little chance of survival should mishaps occur in midair. One interesting dimension in terms of aviation safety is the events during September 11, 2001. These have caused many travelers to choose driving over flying as a result of terrorism fears. When comparing statistics, however, it appears that flying is indeed safer than driving because of factors such as the fatigue that drivers may suffer and human error on American roads. When flying, passengers do not need to maintain any level of concentration in order to…
Blalock, G., Kadiyali, V., and Simon, DH (2005, Dec. 5). Driving Fatalities After 9/11: A Hidden Cost of Terrorism. Retrieved from: http://dyson.cornell.edu/faculty_sites/gb78/wp/fatalities_120505.pdf
Jones, P. (2003). Letter to the Editors: Flying vs. Driving. American Scientist. Retrieved from: http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/id.391,y.2003,no.3,content.true , page.1,css.print/issue.aspx
Kersten, M. (2011). How Did Aviation Change the Travel Experience? Grin Verlag.
Sivak, M. And Flannagan, M. (n.d.) Flying and Driving after the September 11 Attacks. American Scientist. Retrieved from: https://www.americanscientist.org/issues/issue.aspx?id=3312&y=0&no=&content=true&page=2&css=print
For example, one may see that there are "various interpretations" of certain news stories in which the subtext of what is said suggests a different story than the main narrative. While I know that often such in-depth reading is confined to the academic realm, this is not a necessary confinement. I truly understand that few things in life or in literature have just one interpretation or level of understanding, and it is therefore important to pay attention to all the details.
5. Apply literary terms and interpretive techniques to read, discuss, and write about literature.
Obviously as a teacher and as a student I have had a great deal of experience using literary techniques to discuss literature. I understand that literature interpretation is as independent discipline and like all fields has specific terminology with which one must be familiar in order to function. I am familiar with and understand a…
Gorski, Paul and Covert, Bob. "Defining Multicultural Education" Multicultural Pavilion: Working Definitions. http://edchange.org/multicultural/initial.html
The Parts of an Argument." The Writing Center, University of Virginia Writing Program. http://www.engl.virginia.edu/writing/wctr/Parts.html
Reuther made sure that the workers enjoyed economic benefits as well as job security, pensions, vacations, and most important of all supplemental unemployment benefits. He was successful in the campaign for wage increase. Reuther managed to bargain for a great wage for workers at GM in 1948. He managed an accord where GM had to increase annual wages per annum and had it tied up to a cost of living allowance. This is one reason why the working and living standards of workers were improved. He also pressed for workers early retirement. According to him, workers should be retired after 30 years of service. It is sad that the current generation takes these benefits for granted.
They benefited from healthcare programs, profit sharing, severance pay, plans for legal assistance, increment in vacation time, holidays and rest time. They were also given profit sharing benefits too.
Supplemental unemployment benefits were implemented…
Walter Reuther:greatest men of this century, Irving Bluestone, Time Magazine, 2000
From the Ashes of the Old, Chapter 1, Stanley Aronowitz,1998
The most dangerous man in Detroit:Walter Reuther, Nelson Lichtenstein, 1995
30 Years Later: Remembering the Big Marches, Ebony, 1993 the making of union democracy, social forces, 1997
Pollack and othko
The 1930s art world enjoyed several different creative styles. The Social ealists painted works that normally depicted a social message and, with Edward Hopper, even oppression. The egionalists also felt a need to show the trials of daily life. However, others began to see things in greater abstraction. Hans Hoffman was interested in expressive abstract art, and the American Abstract Artists favored a more mathematical perspective1. By the 1940s, the younger artists wanted to break away from earlier methods and pursue a method to show reality in a more unpredictable and immediate fashion. Jackson Pollack and Mark othko exemplified this new style. As othko said in a letter to the editor of the New York Times in 1943: "We are for flat forms becaue they destroy illusions and reveal truth."
This new artwork technique sprang from a non-realist language, searching for "power of color, internal luminosity and…
Anfam, David. Abstract Expressionism (World of Art). New York: Thames & Hudson, 1990
Baigell, Matthew. Story of American Painting. New York: Praeger, 1971.
Craven, David. Abstract Expressionism as Critical Critique. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Diehl, Gaston. The Moderns. New York: Crown, 1970.
technology plays a very important role in the learning process of students with ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) and ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). The previous problems encountered by lecturers and ADD/ADHD learners, such as learning adversities caused by complexities in the behavioral patterns, were reduced when technology started to play a role in the educational environment of ADD/ADHD students. Problems even in simple learning intervention are now rarely experienced by both the lecturers and ADD/ADHD learners ever since technology became part of the educational curriculum for special students.
There are different kinds of technologies that are applied these days to facilitate the learning process of ADD/ADHD learners. This includes multimedia computers and televisions among many other learning devices that have been developed. Their use in special classroom environments presents advantages and disadvantages, as how they also do to normal learners who have no disabilities. However, in an advocate to maximize…
Sanders, M. Video Game Therapy Scoring Points.
Retrieved on November 12, 2005 from Online.
Web site: http://www.freep.com/money/tech/games10e_20051010.htm
Rizzo, A.A., et. al. (2000). The Virtual Classroom: A Virtual Reality Environment for the Assessment and Rehabilitation of Attention Deficits