Filter Results By:

Reset Filters

We have over 1000 essays for "Local Government"

View Full Essay

Local NY gov The Local

Words: 1618 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 94981033

It appears that keeping people from moving is a priority and by implementing these plans, the town is effectively helping and serving its people (oysterbaytown.com.

Recommendations for Change and Conclusion

One must keep in mind that while Oyster Bay is a town much in tune with its citizens and their needs, there is still much room for improvement at the government level. By making changes locally, opens the floor to new ideas and way of solving problems. One change I would allow myself is to put a term limit on the council people. By allowing new members of the community on the board as terms complete, offers representation of a larger segment of the town's population. I would like to see more women represented as well the younger segment of the population. By making this change, government practices will become more flexible to other changes. ith the board as it…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Nash, Colin. "In Oyster Bay -- Suit Stalls Underhill Development -- Civic group seeks to keep land open." Newsday 2 Feb. 1997.

Oyster Bay Town: A message from Town Supervisor John Vendetto. 13 Jan 2005  http://www.oysterbaytown.com/ .
View Full Essay

Local Elections in the City of York

Words: 2512 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44602072

Local Elections in the City of York, UK

Many Western democracies are dealing with the problem of low voter turnout in elections. The United Kingdom is no different in this regard. Local elections seem to be particularly hard hit by an absence of voters participating in these elections. Political scientists everywhere have been studying the problem of low voter turnout for quite some time, though interviews and surveys with the voting population. Thus far, results of these studies have pointed to a variety of reasons why people may choose to not participate in voting in their local elections. This paper examines a May 2003 local election in the city of York in the United Kingdom, and looks at reasons why voter turnout in this election was relatively low.

In a local election in the city of York in May of 2003, the voter turnout was rather low. While it was…… [Read More]

References

Rallings, C. And Thrasher, M. (1997). Local Government Elections in Britain. London, Routledge.

Statistics About York." (2004). Neighborhood Statistics. Retrieved on January 12, 2004 at http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/AreaProfileFrames.

A asp?aid=175815&hid=14&tid=13.
View Full Essay

Local Economic Development in Porirua

Words: 3414 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47188932

The local and regional councils that administer the Porirua City metropolitan area have different, but interrelated responsibilities that must be taken into account in formulating effective economic developmental initiatives as described in Table 1 below.

Table 1

espective esponsibilities and Areas of Interest for egional and Local Councils in New Zealand

Council Type

Description of esponsibilities and Areas of Interest

egional Councils

esponsible for the integrated management of natural and physical resources, management of natural resources such as water and soil.

Local Councils

esponsible for carrying out multiple functions that enable them, among other things, to promote development projects with the private sector; also responsible for land-use planning, subdivision, service delivery, etc.; however, local councils are not involved in educational, health and welfare matters and these remain in the domain of national government.

Source: Gouldson & oberts, p. 54

Therefore, local councils would be best suited for establishing priorities for…… [Read More]

References

Blair, J.P. & Carroll. (2009). Local economic development: Analysis, practices, and globalization. New York: Sage Publishing.

-. Social capital in local economic development. In Theories of local economic development:

linking theory to practice, J.E. Rowe (ed.) (2009), Auckland: Ashgate Publishing.

Colbert, E. (1997). The Pacific Islands: Paths to the present. Boulder, CO: Westview Press
View Full Essay

Government Budgeting for Kelsey Budget Changes Needed

Words: 2104 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83456162

Government Budgeting for Kelsey: Budget Changes Needed to Better Protect and Serve the Community

"We're not going to use the budget as an excuse. We're not crying about it. But I'm going to push as hard as I can to get as many people on the streets as I can. We need all hands on deck," so were the words of the Philadelphia Police Chief when faced with a similar situation to what Kelsey faces now (Steele 2010 p 2). Police strength is an absolute necessity in the effort to fight crime, both on local and larger federal levels. Without the appropriate funding resources, many local police forces around the country are beginning to suffer in terms of just how effective they are at fighting crime overall. Limited budgets mean limited capabilities, and that is exactly what the city of Kelsey is experiencing right now. Essentially, the budget is already…… [Read More]

References

Budget of the United States Government. (2004). Budgets and taxes. Almanac of Policy Issues. Web. http://www.policyalmanac.org/economic/budget.shtml

City of Kelsey. (2006). Annual Budget for the Fiscal Year 2005-06. University of Phoenix. Web.  https://ecampus.phoenix.edu/secure/aapd/cist/vop/Government/KelseyCity/docs/KelseyBudgetBook2005.pdf 

City of Kelsey. (2009). Kelsey profile. City Government. University of Phoenix. Web.  https://ecampus.phoenix.edu/secure/aapd/cist/vop/Government/KelseyCity/docs/KelseyProfile.doc 

DeWeese, Adrianne. (2011). Police say safety tax is needed to help alleviate 'blackout.' The Examiner. Web.  http://www.examiner.net/features/x1896018474/Police-say-safety-tax-needed-to-help-alleviate-blackout
View Full Essay

Government Roles in Disaster Recovery

Words: 2333 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90881084

What they did not anticipate was the levees breaking nor were they aware of the level of immediate need of the people. He also says that with Hurricane Andrew, about two million residents were evacuated and only about 10% we left homeless whereas with Hurricane Katrina approximately the same number of residents were evacuated yet over 90% were left homeless (Halton, 2006). This was much more of a burden than FEMA had anticipated and it was a result of poor emergency response at lower levels of government.

Even still, FEMA should have been better prepared to handle the situation. They should have been called in earlier than they were and if this were the case they situation would have been easier to manage. Paulison says that FEMA was not fully aware of what was needed and where. This is a result of poor communication. y the time they were called…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Halton, B. (2006). FEMA's response to Hurricane Katrina. Fire Engineering, 159(5), 213-218.

Kelley-Romano, S. And Westgate, V. (2007). Blaming Bush: An analysis of political cartoons following Hurricane Katrina. Journalism Studies, 8(5), 755-719.

Perry, R.W. And Lindell, M.K. (2003). Preparedness for emergency response: Guidelines for emergency planning process. Disasters, 27(4), 336-350.
View Full Essay

Local Response Terrorism the City

Words: 840 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83337738

A lack of local understanding by FEMA and & #8230;. Caused a clear inability for these agencies to exercise their logistics plan during such a catastrophic event.

The first clear weakness was experienced by FEMA, the national organization appointed to deal with supplementing local relief efforts and providing extended services to those in need in an event of a natural disaster or terrorist attack. FEMA is supposed to work as a supplement to local emergency service efforts, and as such it is supposed to be in tune with the capabilities and procedures of the local agencies that were on the front line of Katrina disaster relief. However, the research shows that "there was nobody that even knew FEMA's history, much less understood the profession and the dynamics and the roles and responsibilities of that states and local governments" (University Transportation Centers Program, 2007, p 22). Essentially, FEMA operatives were not…… [Read More]

References

City of Hampton. (2012). Emergency operations plan: Abstract. Emergency Management. The City of Hampton Virginia. Retrieved September 5, 2012 from  http://hampton.gov/eoc/iframe.html?linkfrom=main&bc=Emergency%20Operations%20Plan%20%28abstract%29&url=./pdf/eop_abstract_2011.pdf 

National Response Team. (2004). National Incident Management System. Productions. Retrieved September 5, 2012 from www.nrt.org/Production/NRT/...385aNIMS.../NIMS-90-web.pdf?

University Transportation Centers Program. (2007). Comparison of Disaster Logistics Planning and Execution for 2005 Hurricane Season. Midwest Transportation Consortium. Retrieved September 5, 2012 from  http://www.intrans.iastate.edu/reports/disaster-management.pdf
View Full Essay

Government in Continuity Planning

Words: 612 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 71981214

Government in Continuity Planning

Since the 1950s, continuity planning has been a major part of U.S. government policy. This is because there were concerns that some kind of nuclear attack or natural disaster could have an adverse impact on entire regions of the country. When this happens the odds increase that there could be various forms of lawlessness in these areas. To mitigate these kinds of situations, continuity planning was created to ensure that vital resources and personnel are dispatched to these kinds of areas. (Daleo, 2009, pp. 919 -- 925) ("Continuity Guidance Circular," 2009)

After September 11th, is when these ideas were once again revisited. In this case, National Security Presidential Directive-51 (NSPD-51) and Homeland Security Presidential Directive-20 (HSPD-20) were enacted to provide a strategy for dealing with disasters. Taking the lead in this area is the Federal Emergency Management Administration (FEMA). They have created the Continuity Guidance Circular.…… [Read More]

References

Continuity Guidance Circular. (2009), FEMA. Retrieved from:  http://www.fema.gov/pdf/about/org/ncp/cont_guidance1.pdf 

Daleo, E. (2009). State Constitutions and Legislative Continuity. DePaul Law Review 58, 919 -- 925.
View Full Essay

Government Funds for Internet Education the Government

Words: 967 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78115255

Government Funds for Internet ducation

The government has a duty to provide the best possible education to our future leaders. It is imperative that the school environment is conducive to learning. Textbooks should be up-to-date, teachers should be well qualified and the curriculum should teach children the skills they need to succeed in the world, no matter what career path they choose. Denying funding to connect our children to the Internet is to deny them an adequate education. The purpose of the Internet far surpasses that of instant messages and email, the Internet is a useful tool for just about anything. Learning how to navigate the World Wide Web is not an option; it has become mandatory for anyone who wishes to thrive in this century and for the rest of time.

Brian Goldfarb, a student at Canyon High School in Anaheim, California whose ingenuity, computer savvy and his realization…… [Read More]

Ehlert, Bob. Technology Skills. Retrieved on November 16, 2002 from Web site:  http://www.findarticles.com/cf_dls/m1041/6_77/54635441/p1/article.jhtml 

Pedroni, Gulliermo. The Importance of the Internet in K-12 Education." Retrieved on November 16, 2002 from Web site: http://www.geocities.com/Athens/5461/paper_1.html

Government at all levels drive the Reinvention of Schools." Retrieved on November 16, 2002 from Web site:  http://www.nap.edu/readingroom/books/techgap/navigate.cgi
View Full Essay

Government Superfund in America There

Words: 1033 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54330822

As a part of this initiative, the EPA works with local communities to: establish the optimal use of the cleaned up sites, it provides relevant information to the potential buyers / developers and dispenses advice on technical needs for re-utilization of the site. ("SARA Overview," 2010)

In this particular case, the RTU is effective at helping communities be able to reclaim land that had once been considered to be contaminated. For business, this will have long-term benefits as the reclaimed land could help to support other commercial activities. At the same time, time it will help to increase property values, by taking land that was thought to be destroyed and making it re-useable once again. This will have ripple effects for a host of different businesses, as their net worth will increase from a rise in the price of land.

However, over the short and medium term, this will have…… [Read More]

Bibliography

SARA Overview. (2010). EPA. Retrieved from:  http://www.epa.gov/superfund/policy/sara.htm 

Title 42 Public Health and Welfare. (2008). GPO Access. Retrieved from:  http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/usc.cgi?ACTION=BROWSE&TITLE=42USCC103 

What is the Super Fund. (2010). EPA. Retrieved from:

View Full Essay

Government in the Market Economy

Words: 678 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15135750



B. In market economies, governments are supposed to provide economic conditions for private enterprises to function effectively. However, the main purpose is to create an environment for a healthy national economy, in which all the parties are prosperous, not only private enterprises (USINFO, 2007). The main difference between market economies and planned economies lies on whether the influence of the government is used to preclude private decision (Wikipedia, 2007). The fact that the Mercedes bidding process took place at the state and local level of governments probably influenced the inducements for this project. In other words, a federal government probably would not have offered such favorable tax condition for the Mercedes plant implementation, being more preoccupied on the social welfare.

C. The state and local governments were definitely in favor of the Alabama Mercedes project, and the enormous amounts of money invested in this project by the Alabama government prove…… [Read More]

Reference List

Hirschey, Mark. Case Study: Oh, Lord, Won't You Buy Me a Mercedes-Benz (Factory)? Fundamentals of Managerial Economics.

Government in a Market Economy (2007). U.S. Department of State. Retrieved July 17, 2007 at http://usinfo.state.gov/products/pubs/market/mktec8.htm.

Market Economy Introduction (2007). U.S. Department of State. Retrieved July 17, 2007 at http://usinfo.state.gov/products/pubs/market/mktec1.htm.

Market economy (2007). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved July 17, 2007 at  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Market_economy#Government_intervention .
View Full Essay

Government Budgeting

Words: 4599 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93287495

Government Accounting Office in America (GAO)

This is an examination of the Government Accounting Office in America. The writer discusses the history, purpose and background of the GAO as well as the duties that the office is charged with performing. The writer then analyzes literature that illustrates the office in action. The final discussion revolves around the question, "Is the office effective or is it a waste of money." There were four sources used to complete this paper.

During the last few years there has been a public outcry and demand to investigate government spending. The public was brought stories by the media about the government paying thousands of dollars for toilet seats, and spending hundreds of dollars on a screwdriver and other such tools. When the reports began to surface about wasted government spending the public became angry. Lobbyists across the nation began to demand an accounting of not…… [Read More]

Bibliography for a listing of non-GAO publications.) It should be noted that, as with any effort to put current events into historical context, alternative interpretations are possible. Often debated are the intent and motivation of the framers of the Constitution who created the census. In this report, we have quoted the Constitution and various laws relating to the decennial census and have attempted to place their language in an historical context. We are not, however, providing our own independent review or interpretation of the constitutional and statutory issues discussed in this report, which, unless otherwise noted, are based primarily on the analysis contained in the various publications and documents we relied upon in preparing this report.

Short answers to some frequently asked questions about the decennial census are in appendix 1. Appendix 11 contains information on changes in the apportionment of the membership of the House of Representatives between the 1920 and 1990 Decennial Censuses by region of country and on changes in the nation's population and its undercount by race and ethnicity between the 1950 and 1990 censuses, as well as a snapshot of the growth and cost of census-taking since the first decennial census in 1790. Major contributors to this report are identified in appendix III.

L. Nye Stevens Director, Federal Management and Workforce Issues

Chapter 1

Why Take the Census?
View Full Essay

Government Comparison of Three Budgets

Words: 1376 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36848788

The State of Nevada and Clark County appear to have a different manner of meeting budget deficiencies. The Office of udget and Management has an amount of finances reserved for supplemental and emergency funding, at a total of $153.1 billion dollars. Neither Clark County nor the State of Nevada appears to have emergency or supplemental funding in their budgets.

State of Nevada

The budget for the State of Nevada is larger than Clark County. The total 2006 budget for the State of Nevada is reported to be $2,400 million dollars with a deficit of -2.3%. The state of Nevada's transportation budget for 2006 was $4.6 million dollars; agriculture $21.1 million; education $56.6 million; health and human services $69.2 million; and $21.0 million for justice programs. These amounts are considerably higher than Clark County in comparison. The State of Nevada's Department of usiness and Industry recently released a new prevailing wage…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Clark County (2006). Clark County. Retrieved September 22, 2006, from Nevada's Clark County

Website:  http://www.co.clark.nv.us/ .

Office of Budget and Management. (2006). The White House's Office of Budget and Management.

Retrieved September 22, 2006, from the Office of Budget and Management's Website:  http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/ .
View Full Essay

Government That Governs Least the Best Sort

Words: 1393 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37587885

government that governs least the best sort of government for a freedom-Loving nation to have.

Does the Government that Governs Least Govern the Best?: A Closer Look

That government is best which governs least." This statement has been attributed to Thomas Jefferson, though there is no actual evidence of the statement in any of his extant writings. Whether Jefferson originally made this famous saying or not is inconsequential. The fact is, this saying has been repeated countless times over the past two centuries by proponents of democracy, states' rights, civil liberties, and all sorts of other precepts upon which our nation was supposedly founded. Those who believe that a true freedom-loving democracy consists of a government that stays out of the business of its citizens as much as possible are many and loud. There are many historically famous people who can be counted among the ranks of those who believe…… [Read More]

References

De Tocqueville, Alex. Democracy in America. New York: Harper Collins. (re-issue) 1988.

Publius. The Federalist Papers. New York: Signet. (re-issue) 2003.
View Full Essay

Local Special Districts in Florida

Words: 849 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48349320

Florida state government is divided up into branches that each hold a precise and specific mandate. As with the federal government, Florida's state government consists of three branches -- the executive branch, the legislative branch, and the judicial branch. Each branch has its own special duties and responsibilities. Moreover, the state also has local government agencies that serve both general and special purposes (American Government, n.d.). This paper will discuss each of these elements of the Florida state government.

Basic Structure

The basic structure of the Florida state government can be summarized by explaining the responsibilities of the Florida Governor and Cabinet, the Florida Legislature and the Florida Judicial branches of government (State and Local Governemnt, n.d.).

The Governor is the chief executive of the state government -- just like the President is the chief executive of the nation. In Florida, the Governor is responsible for overseeing the state budget…… [Read More]

References

American Government. (n.d.). Retrieved from  http://www.ushistory.org/gov/12.asp 

The Florida Constitution. (n.d.). Retrieved from  http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/index.cfm?submenu=3 

Forms of Municipal Government. (n.d.). NLC. Retrieved from  http://www.nlc.org/build-skills-and-networks/resources/cities-101/city-structures/forms-of-municipal-government 

State and Local Government. (n.d.). White House. Retrieved from  https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/state-and-local-government
View Full Essay

Local Participation in Tourism Development

Words: 7386 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Multiple Chapters Paper #: 82371250

Successful sustainable development also requires an evaluation of major trends and problems in the tourism industry rather than focusing on minor new developments that may have localized impact only (Butler, 1998).

Taken together, the foregoing indicates that irrespective of the precise definition that is used, sustainable tourism development is based on three main principles, economic, environment and social which are described below:

1. Economic: This principle refers to something that affects to the majority number of people and enhance the economic situation which is related to sustainable management of economic in tourism sector. This can regarded as opportunities to educate and train employees, support local suppliers, trade, producers and so on (Chapman, 2007). This principle is consistent with the observation by King (2008) that, "tourism in Thailand, as with tourism in the Asian region more generally, is a highly diversified, complex, and changing phenomenon, the impact and consequences of which…… [Read More]

References

'Bung Kan Is Thailand's 77th Province.' 2011, March 23. Pattaya Daily News. [online]

available:  http://www.pattayadailynews.com/en/2011/03/23/bung-kan-is-thailand%E2%80%99s-77th-province/ .

Burton, S., & Steane, P. 2004. Surviving Your Thesis. New York: Routledge.

Cater, E. 1993. 'Ecotourism in the Third World: Problems for Sustainable Tourism
View Full Essay

Government History

Words: 3756 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 94692179

status of federalism within the U.S. It is the thesis of the paper that the President, the Courts and Congress have assumed influential and significant roles in the shaping of federalism in recent decades. Initially, a conceptualization of federalism will be offered as established by the founding fathers. Current literature will then be used to identify factors associated with and the role assumed by the presidency, the Courts and Congress in federalism as it exists today within the U.S.

Conceptual Framework unique federal system of government to replace the original Articles of Confederation was established b the U.S. Constitution. On the basis of federalism, the Framer's of the Constitution delineated that national concerns were to be handled by a national legislative branch and executive branch of government while concerns at the local and state level would be handled by state legislatures and governors. It was the intent of the Framer's…… [Read More]

References

Brock, P. (2001). Supreme Court Justice Thomas Smith speaks. Montpelier Magazine (Spring, 2001), Harrisonburg, VA: James Madison University, Montpelier.

Eastman, J.C. (2002). Re-entering the arena: Restoring a judicial role for enforcing limits on federal mandates. Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy, 01934872, 25 (3), 931-952.

Greve, M. (2000). The supreme court's federalism. AEI Federalist Outlook, 2 (August 2000). Found at http://www.federalismproject.org/outlook/8-2000.html.

Jeffrey, K. (1995). Guide to regulatory reform: The federalism rule. Brief Analysis No. 151, National Center for Policy Analysis, Washington DC. Found at  http://www.ncpa.org/ba/ba151.html
View Full Essay

Government Take to Protect Children

Words: 3373 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39439117

This is largely due to the global nature of the phenomenon as the Internet is indeed the trademark of interdependence and globalization. The relations and connections it facilitates allow people around the world to come together in all sorts of activities, and, inevitably, pornography is one of them. Therefore, this type of complexity demanded a thorough response from the part of the authorities both at global and at the national level.

From a global perspective, the phenomenon is dealt with by numerous international organizations. On the one hand, the United Nations has been promoting concerted action in this field through the Economic and Social Council that supervises the activities of the Human ights Council. Its annual reports on the state of children around the world have improved the visibility of child pornography as a contemporary problem. From this point-of-view, the Council monitories the evolution of national states and its elaboration…… [Read More]

References

Child Net International. (2004) Retrieved 14 March 2007, at  http://www.childnet-int.org/ 

Council of Europe. (2001). Convention on cybercrime. Retrieved 14 March 2007, at  http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/EN/Treaties/Html/185.htm 

Interpol.(2006) Crimes against children. Retrieved 14 March 2007, from www.interpol.int/Public/Children/Default.asp

Livingstone, S., Bober, M. (2004) UK Children Go Online, Economic and Social Research Council. Retrieved 14 March 2007, from www.children-go-online.net
View Full Essay

Local Police Response to Terrorism in the City of Norfolk Virginia

Words: 2365 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 33902516

Norfolk Virginia is a medium sized city, and like many other local communities, has had to adapt to the new reality that the events of September 11, 2001 have forced the nation to accept. In the wake of the attacks a federal Commission was charged with exploring the causes, events, and lessons to be learned from the tragedy. This commission recommended a dual path approach to keeping the nation safe: firstly confronting terrorism outside the United States and improving and then maintaining adequate defenses against potential terrorist attacks. In the years following the attacks on the World Trade Center in New York and the Pentagon in Virginia, the city of Norfolk, in conjunction with both the state of Virginia and the federal government has implemented a number of new policies to deal with the threat faced by the community.

Essay

The events of September 11, 2001 have had a significant…… [Read More]

References

"2009 Virginia Terrorism Threat Assessment." (March 2009). Virginia Fusion Center.

Commonwealth of Virginia Department of State Police. Retrieved from  http://rawstory.com/images/other/vafusioncenterterrorassessment.pdf 

"9/11 Commission Report." (2004). The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks

Upon the United States. Retrieved from http://www.9-
View Full Essay

Government Grants

Words: 1419 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 32275854

federal grant application process. According to Grants.gov, a federal grant is an award of financial assistance from a federal agency to a recipient "to carry out a public purpose of support or stimulation authorized by a law of the United States."

The grant process is detailed and specific, with rules that must be closely adhered to. Although a few individuals receive federal grants, most federal grants are awarded to organizations, institutions, and state and local governments planning major projects that will benefit specific sectors of the population or the community as a whole. Organizations that receive government grants are subject to strict government oversight. They must meet detailed government performance standards during the duration of the project and funding period of the grant. Failure on the part of the grant recipient to perform under the requirements of the grant can result in penalties that range from economic sanctions to prison…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Local Jurisdiction What Are the

Words: 384 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 72766900

(erg, 2007)

Community oards

Non-voting public advocate groups that will advise the City Council on: how different policies will affect neighborhoods. Their main responsibility is to represent the interests of the general public. (erg, 2007)

What form of city or county government does your local municipal or county jurisdiction have?

Executive branch

Representative democracy.

Legislative branch

Representative democracy.

Judicial branch

Representative democracy.

Community oards

Representative democracy. (erg, 2007)

What kinds of elections do your local city, county, and school board employ?

Executive branch

Direct elections every four years.

Legislative branch

Direct elections every four years.

Judicial branch

Direct elections every four years.

Community oards

Appointed by orough Presidents. (erg, 2007)

ibliography

Community oards. (2011). NYC. Retrieved from: http://www.nyc.gov/html/cau/html/cb/directory.shtml

Mayor loomberg. (2011). NYC. Retrieved from: http://www.nyc.gov/portal/site/nycgov/?front_door=true

The New York City Council. (2011). NYC. Retrieved from: http://council.nyc.gov/html/home/home.shtml

New York City Courts. (2011). New York Unified Court System. Retrieved from: http://www.courts.state.ny.us/courts/nyc/index.shtml

erg, .…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Community Boards. (2011). NYC. Retrieved from: http://www.nyc.gov/html/cau/html/cb/directory.shtml

Mayor Bloomberg. (2011). NYC. Retrieved from:  http://www.nyc.gov/portal/site/nycgov/?front_door=true 

The New York City Council. (2011). NYC. Retrieved from:  http://council.nyc.gov/html/home/home.shtml 

New York City Courts. (2011). New York Unified Court System. Retrieved from:  http://www.courts.state.ny.us/courts/nyc/index.shtml
View Full Essay

Government Regulations Affecting Health Care in Hospice

Words: 6236 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 8359913

Government Regulations and Hospice

Government Regulations Affecting Health Care in Hospice

Hospice

Regulations Affecting Health Care in Hospice

Impact of rules on Hospice services

Annotated Bibliography

This paper focuses on how government regulations impact hospice. The paper starts off with an introduction to the hospice system that was revived by a nurse, Cecily Saunders, who then went on to become a physician, establishing one of the first modern hospices. The concept of total pain is explained in some detail. The body of the paper then includes the studies that have been conducted on patients and caregivers in hospice systems as well as on people who died after they were diagnosed with terminal illness resulting in death in six months following the prognosis. The overall conclusion that can be drawn here is that while in Japan there is a marked need for improving the Day hospice system, the American hospice industry…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Medical Directors Association. (n.d.). White Paper on Palliative Care And Hospice In Long-Term Care. Retrieved March 10, 2012, from American Medical Directors Association: http://www.amda.com/governance/whitepapers/palliative_care.cfm

Carlson, M.D., Morrison, R.S., Holford, T.R., & Bradley, E.H. (2007). Hospice Care: What Services Do Patients and Their Families Receive? Health Services Research, 42(4), 1672-1690.

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. (2008). Medicare and Medicaid Programs: Hospice Conditions of Participation; Final Rule. Federal Register, 73(109), 32088-32220.

Christakis, N.A., & Escarce, J. j. (1996). Survival of Medicare patients after enrollment In hospice programs . The New England Journal of Medicine, 172-179.
View Full Essay

Local Team Response Communication Hitches

Words: 1340 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82333334

There were incidences of the army having supplies but no requests came in for the supplies from FEMA which was supposed to be initiating that.

The lack of the CIA activation also meant there was no unified command on the ground hence the delay of the arrival of the active duty-federal troops in New Orleans. Even though there were in excess of 50,000 troops sent with resources from over 49 states, the operations did not proceed efficiently due to lack of the command from federal Northern Command, which was overseeing the large-scale deployments and operations of the active-duty military (Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, 2006:Pp11).

3. Politics and decision making process

In the event of any disaster, be it natural or an act of terrorism, there is always an attempt to politicize the process of making decisions particularly relating to the search and rescue and general response…… [Read More]

References

Department of Homeland Security, (2004). Catastrophic Incidence Annex. National Response

Plan. Pp1. Retrieved October 2, 2012 from  http://www.uscg.mil/hq/cg5/cg534/nsarc/Catastrophic_Incident_Annex.pdf 

Homeland Security, (2005). Catastrophic Incident Supplement to the National Response

Plan. Retrieved October 2, 2012 from  http://publicintelligence.net/catastrophic-incident-supplement-to-the-national-response-plan/
View Full Essay

Local Land Use Little Rock

Words: 1053 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26312346

. The state gives tax incentives for the creation and restoration of private wetlands and riparian zones, and the state's "Acres for Wildlife" program encourages farmers to take land out of production for the benefit of wildlife (Arkansas, 2007).

Environmental Concerns During Construction

Environmental issues are accounted for in planning and in the granting of permits, usually on the basis of an Environmental Assessment (EA) as required by law. During construction, the provisions of such a statement are to be followed to the satisfaction of city, state, and federal agencies charged with monitoring such issues, depending on the type of construction and jurisdictional considerations.

Public Participation

Public participation is encouraged during the hearings held by the Little ock Planning Commission in deciding on permits requested by developers and others or by the zoning agency if a variance is sought. The public may also participate in a similar manner when new…… [Read More]

References

Arkansas (2007). New Mexico Center for Wildlife Law. Retrieved December 16, 2007 at http://ipl.unm.edu/cwl/statbio/arkansas.html.

City of Little Rock (2007). Retrieved December 16, 2007 at  http://www.littlerock.org/ .

Planning (2005). City of Little Rock. Retrieved December 16, 2007 at  View Full Essay -->
View Full Essay

Local State and Federal Partnership Terrorism National

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76707768

Local, State and Federal Partnership: Terrorism

National Response Framework (NRF)

National Response Framework is a document that guides and presents an integrated national rejoinder to emergencies and disasters stipulating how all hazardous responses are conducted by nations (Alperen 2011). It deals with the large catastrophes and the smaller incidences. A comprehensive approach is established to respond to domestic incidences with the framework spelling out key responses that are principle, as well as the structures and roles that organize national response. Clear description on how States, private sector, Federal Government, nongovernmental organizations or partners and communities use these principles for an effective and coordinated national response are included. Moreover, the NRF shows specific circumstances whereby the Federal Government exercises a larger role involving federal interests and catastrophes where significant support is required by the state. Therefore, the NRF provides mechanism and structure for the National-level policies in regards to incidents management…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Local & International Disasters the

Words: 1211 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 76838686

As of May 2, 2009, CNN has reported there are 160 confirmed cases of swine flu across the United States of America and about 108 cases throughout the rest of the world.

Although the swine flu (H1N1) strain's discovery in the 1930s has shown not so much an aggressive spread of the disease through the years worldwide, a flaccid approach to the prevention and eradication of any communicable pathogen could result into a catastrophe worldwide, as transmission methods are numerous and casual like mere sneezing, coughing, and usual human activities, like handshakes, kissing and talking with an infected or healthy pathogen carrier.

Preventive measures include keeping one's self healthy by having a well-balanced diet, taking in ample or optimal amounts of water (8 glasses of water for normal individuals) to keep one normally hydrated, getting enough quality sleep and rest (normally 8 hours of sleep) with some stress relieving naps,…… [Read More]

References

Black, Richard. Global Warming risk 'much higher'. BBC NEWS. 23 May 2006.

View Full Essay

Local Climate Investigation Climate Investigation

Words: 796 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 50033349

"The Great Storm reigns today as the deadliest natural disaster in U.S. history. Between 10,000 and 12,000 people died during the storm...the added toll on commercial structures created a monetary loss of $30 million, about $700 million in today's dollars" (Smith 2003).

A more recent powerful tropical system that affected the Texas coast was that of Hurricane Carla. Carla illustrated how storms are particularly damaging to the low-lying areas of Texas near the Gulf Coast. "Carla's circulation enveloped the entire Gulf of Mexico with fringe effects along all Gulf Coast states," and one-half million residents of the area had to be evacuated to higher ground ("Texas Hurricane History," 2008, USA Today).

Because of its location in the Southeast, Houston is subject to the El Nino effect, the climate changes that occur because of variations in water temperature in the Pacific Ocean. El Nino years tend to have higher levels of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

About our office." (2008). National Weather Service (NWS). Retrieved 12 Aug 2008 at http://www.srh.noaa.gov/hgx/office.htm

The Great Christmas Eve Snow Storm." (2004) National Weather Service Forecast Office

NWS). Retrieved 12 Aug 2008. http://www.srh.noaa.gov/hgx/projects/xmasevesnow04.htm

Houston." (2008). Environmental Protection agency EPA. Retrieved 12 Aug 2008 at  http://www.epa.gov/hiri/pilot/houston.html
View Full Essay

Government Intervention in the Steel Industry 2002

Words: 4097 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16072750

Government Intervention in the Steel Industry

The Bush administration announced the imposition of sweeping tariffs of up to 30% on steel imports to the United States for a period of 3 years in March 2002 purportedly to save the ailing steel industry from collapsing. Predictably, the action has invited particularly harsh criticism from the U.S. trade partners that have been directly affected by the tax, i.e., the European Union, Japan, and China. Domestically too, the proponents of a free market economy have been no less critical of the measure, although the U.S. steel industry, in general, has welcomed the move.

This research report will focus on various aspects of the U.S. government's imposition of steel tariffs. It will discuss the benefits and costs of tariffs in general, and include a history of government's support of the U.S. steel industry, details of the steel tariff 2002, why it was imposed, and…… [Read More]

References

Anderson, William L. "A History of Privileges." (January, 1999). The Free Market. Retrieved on July 8, 2002 at  http://www.mises.org/freemarket_detail.asp?control=43&sortorder=articledate 

Anger over steel." (March 6, 2002). From Economist.com Global Agenda. Retrieved on July 9, 2002 at  http://www.economist.com/agenda/displayStory.cfm?Story_ID=1022220 

Arnold, James. (March 6, 2002). "Steel Sector Stares into Abyss." BBC News Online Business Report. Retrieved on July 8, 2002 at  http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/business/newsid_1857000/1857914.stm 

Bartlett, Bruce. "Suffering Steel Tariff Side Effects." (April 22, 2002). The Washington Times. Retrieved on July 9, 2002 at  http://www.washtimes.com/commentary/20.htm
View Full Essay

Governments' Intervention in the Foreign

Words: 653 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 16356721



Governments neutralize the monetary impacts of their foreign exchange activities. This sterilization seeks to prevent foreign exchange transactions from posing as obstacles to the domestic monetary policy objectives. The underlying disturbance is likely to cause conflict between governments. When the underlying disturbance to exchange rate originates from the domestic government, it is likely to pursue inflation objectives through non-sterilized foreign exchange interventions (Auerbach & Kotlikoff, 2009).

While other governments have boundaries on investments relating to international financial markets in different currencies, some governments factor objectives of nominal exchange rates into their financial policy decisions. For instance, the federal government occasionally alters the rate of federal funds while it undertakes compatible foreign exchange activities. Erecting the required monetary policy changes across the sale or purchase of foreign currency has a bigger impact on the foreign exchange rate. This is contrary to initiating this move through open market activities in state securities.…… [Read More]

References

Auerbach, a.J., & Kotlikoff, L.J. (2009). Macroeconomics: An integrated approach. Cambridge, Mass. [u.a.: MIT Press.

Madura, J. (2011). International Financial Management. Florence, KY: Cengage Learning, Inc.

Yotopoulos, Pan a. (2010). Exchange Rate Parity for Trade and Development: Theory, Tests, and Case Studies. Cambridge Univ Pr.
View Full Essay

Government Budget Process Over the

Words: 1035 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37867704

("ender," 2010)

Evaluate how Public Policy Decisions Affect the Receipt of Revenues

Politics and attitudes about where the various revenues should be spent can create heated amounts of debate. In the case of the Department of Defense, this can mean that periodic reviews could occur that can have an impact upon a host of different spending programs. At the same time, various assessments will take place with Secretary of Defense. Where, they will review the size and necessity of the various bases / personnel. A good example of this can be seen when the Secretary of Defense will recommend various base closures and force adjustments. As politics and changes in the Department's needs / availability of funds will affect what programs are going to receive the most appropriate amount of revenues.

Analyze the Economic Conditions that Affect Revenue Projections

The economic conditions will play a major role in determining how…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Base Closure List. (2005). MSNBC. Retrieved from:  http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/7834939/ns/us_news 

The Numbers. (2010). Tax Policy Center. Retrieved from:  http://www.taxpolicycenter.org/briefing-book/background/numbers/revenue.cfm 

Bender, B. (2010). Spending Critic Brown. Boston Globe. Retrieved from:  http://www.boston.com/news/nation/washington/articles/2010/04/08/spending_critic_brown_backs_mass_weapons_bid/ 

Dupy, T. (2010). Defense Secretary Wants Spending Cuts. Huffington Post. Retrieved from:  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/tina-dupuy/defense-secretary-wants-d_b_571906.html
View Full Essay

Government the Japanese Government Has a Constitution

Words: 2298 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48006341

Government

The Japanese government has a onstitution created in 1947. It is founded on three principles, respect for fundamental human rights, sovereignty of the people, and renunciation of war. There are also three branches of the government. The legislative or Diet, executive or cabinet, and judicial or courts.

The highest organ of state power, the Diet, is Japan's national parliament. They are the singular law-making organ of the states. There are 480 seats in the House of Representatives, 242 seats in the House of ouncillors, all a part of the Diet. Furthermore, all Japanese citizens, once they are 20, can vote in election.

Diet members elect not a president, but a prime minister from amongst the group. The cabinet, from where the prime minster leads, is responsible to the Diet. Things like currency are run by the Diet. On page 21 of hoi's book, he explains the connection between the…… [Read More]

Cummings, William K, and Philip G. Altbach. The Challenge Of Eastern Asian Education. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997.

Wade, Robert. Governing The Market. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2004.

Walter, Lynn. Women's Rights. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2001.
View Full Essay

Government - Federal Policy National

Words: 1427 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 15886792



Finally, this sub-component also recognizes the growing problem associated with diversion of prescription drugs into the illicit black market. The policy provides funding for methods to redress that issue by improved tracking of prescriptions for controlled substances, including the practice of "doctor shopping" sometimes used to obtain legal prescriptions for controlled substances with the intention of distributing them illegally for profit (USONDCP, 2004).

III. Disrupting the Market: Attacking the Economic asis of the Drug Trade: The third major component of the President's drug policy incorporates law enforcement and prosecution in a manner designed to address the economic basis of the drug trade. Specifically, the policy authorizes both increased funding as well as tactical reorganization of various elements of the criminal justice system with respect to the illegal drug trade. In that regard, the policy emphasizes a priority targeting initiative designed to identify and prosecute specific criminal organizations and enterprises involved…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Farwell, S. Man Who Sells Tips on How to Avoid Arrest Is Running for Congress; the Dallas Morning News (Mar. 3/08)

Macionis, J. (2003) Sociology 9th Edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

USONDCP (2004) the President's National Drug Control Strategy. Retrieved October 21, 2008 at  http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs04/index.html
View Full Essay

Government Politics Texas - A Good

Words: 3394 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16248028

" For most this is generally seen as a reference to the Federal Judiciary. One thinks of the arren Court, and the great number of decisions concerning civil rights, voting rights, etc. It is often not realized, however, to what an extent state judges play ar ole in shaping these issues. In many state court systems, the state system was actually more liberal than the Federal:

First and foremost, state constitutions may be used not only to broaden rights but also to restrict them. They are far easier to amend than the U.S. Constitution. Therefore, forces within a state dissatisfied with liberal court interpretations of the fundamental state law may, without nearly the same effort required on the federal level, undo those rulings....In Florida... voters adopted an amendment to the state constitutional search and seizure provision, requiring the provision to be "be construed in conformity with the 4th Amendment to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

 http://www.questia.com/ PM.qst?a=o&d=28520584" target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">
View Full Essay

Government - Governance Problems in

Words: 674 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89842985



The primary areas of concern of the FSA were different types of acts that would be injurious to the public interest, serious violations of law and regulations, and extremely inappropriate actions in the private banking unit. The main area of concern was that the private banking unit had amassed large profits illegally by allowing money laundering transactions, in which customers were mislead in various private bond deals and were sold securities and derivatives at an unfair price without being informed of the risks. Another issue of concern was that Citigroup had similar problems of non-compliance with regulations that had been reported in different countries, and that Citigroup in general had no disregard for a country's regulations.

The firms strategic options were to close the private banking unit in Japan, and launch a clean-up program that included firing certain high-level employees that were accountable for the scandal, and appoint a new…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

The Dynamic of Local State

Words: 1534 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84526969

" (Zimmerman, 25) The graduating implications of this premise can
be seen today in what must be assessed as a positive scenario, where local
governments are enabled to directly affect popular demand.
This endorsement of the preservation of local authority comes with the
understanding that implied powers are all those entitlements which are not
explicitly defined as unconstitutional, illegal or illicit. This is to
suggest that the federal government is in a place of authority still, to at
least restrict the movement of states and localities within the boundaries
of lawfulness. Simultaneously, federal government is prevent from levying
to great a social, economic or cultural control on state and local bodies
which it cannot acutely represent. Indeed, we may say that this is a
direct reflection of the compromise sought and discussed in this research
discussion. States and localities must be entitled to respond to their
publics, even as they…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Post, S.S. (2002). Understanding Interstate Compacts. American
Political Science Association.

Price, B. (2008). A (Very) Brief History of Dillon's Rule.
Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund.

Starn, M.L. (1983). Municipal Home Rule: Grassroots Democracy or a
Symbolic Gesture. Maine Townsman.
View Full Essay

American Federalism Pol 319 State & Local

Words: 2320 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82379330

American Federalism

POL 319 State & Local Governments

Brian Kimminau

emocracy in America has evolved from the concept of federalism allowing citizens at all levels to develop their own governance system. Since the founding of the United States in 1776 different governmental structures both on the state and local level developed. My paper takes a closer look at three different faces of state and local government in the United States of today: irect emocracy Government, Police Jury Government and Mayor-Council Government. While California and Louisiana are showcase examples for the irect emocracy and Policy Jury Government system, New York City stands exemplary for a strong Mayor Council governmental system. The goal of the paper is to point out the distinctive features of the three models, their historic background, and various impacts for citizens in the three geographic surroundings.

Case Study # 1 -- Examination of irect emocracy in California

What…… [Read More]

Does the legislature or the governor have more power in Louisiana based on your analysis? The governor has more power than the legislature because the legislature can completely overpower the governor. There is not one bill he can stop if they chose this veto and there is not an expense he can block for the same reason. The legislature can organize the executive branch anyway it chooses subject to the constitutional imperative of the presence of certain constitutional officers. Furthermore it can get rid of any regulatory authority in it, and propose any constitutional amendment it likes regardless of the governor's opinion on the matter

(Sadow, J.D. (23 May 2011, p.2).

How is the provision of funds to local and state efforts affected or optimized by Louisiana's French-based system? The state of Louisiana faces a severe decline in revenues through fiscal year 2012 which, if no corrective action is taken, will leave a significant funding gap in the state government expenditures and will create serious sustainability issues in financing of state obligations. It is essential that the state act now to reduce the cost of state government, through all means available, including efficiencies, economies, greater effectiveness, and other means to streamline government in order to overcome the projected severe revenue reductions occurring through 2012 . Louisiana also created the Commission on Streamlining Government (CSG) to examine each agency's constitutional and legal duties to gain efficiency and lower costs by reducing the size of state government. This commission is charged with making real reforms to reduce the size of government by finding and getting rid of a ballooning bureaucracy and duplicative services and low-performing programs both on the state and local government level (Streamlining Louisiana: Driving Government Reform in an Era of Fiscal Crisis (29 January 2010, p. 2). Proposers of the reform i.a. request the issuance of annual public reports online of all state grants by funding source, agency, parish and
View Full Essay

Right to Downsize Big Government

Words: 1754 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42581812

Today, China owns the majority of U.S. debt, thereby inflating the Yuan and further downgrading the security of the dollar across the globe. These trends mean that American taxpayer money will increasingly be used to benefit foreign governments, leaving even fewer resources available for American citizens. A smaller, more efficient government is clearly needed, but in order to reduce government growth, a grassroots effort needs to be created to encourage term limits and eliminate wasteful and redundant government bureaucracies. In order to be successful, though, this effort must be embraced across all political party lines but the payoff will be worth it. By curbing government growth and control in business and Americans' private lives today, the country will be able to regain its financial security and maintain America's fundamental constitutional liberties.

eferences

Beland, D. & Chantal, V.F. (2004). Fighting 'Big Government': Frames, federalism, and social policy reform in the United…… [Read More]

References

Beland, D. & Chantal, V.F. (2004). Fighting 'Big Government': Frames, federalism, and social policy reform in the United States. Canadian Journal of Sociology, 29(2), 241-244.

Branum, T. & Dokupil, S. (2002). Security takeovers and bailouts: Aviation and the return of Big

Government. Texas Review of Law & Politics, 6(2), 431-434.

Feulner, E. (2001, November 14). The Return of Big Government. The Heritage Foundation.
View Full Essay

Locke's Second Treatise of Government

Words: 1225 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43746432

"God gave the world to men in common" is a theme that supports the view that Locke would see property and something that should not be wasted, as waste deprives others. That survival is taken out of the equation tilts the moral balance towards Locke viewing much of the expropriation of land that occurs in South Florida as needless.

There remains the question of spinoff benefits, and this is something that lies at the heart of much debate about land use today. While the proverbial Donald Trump may not need to expropriate that land in order to survive, there are going to be people who work on that land who do support themselves and their families. The landowner is not necessarily the beneficiary of that land's development. On the surface it seems self-evident that if jobs are created that the expropriation should be viewed as acceptable by Locke. However, it…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

fema dhs and emergency management at local levels

Words: 665 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18939677

Loss of local control in emergency management is a legitimate concern. Yet access to state and federal resources is critical for effective emergency response. The most effective emergency response involves carefully coordinated roles between local, state, and federal agencies. Local agencies are always first responders, and therefore have a great deal of authority and responsibility in emergency management. States may have significant resources and distinct responsibilities to work with local officials. Yet the primary role of state agencies is “to supplement local efforts before, during, and after incidents,” (United States Department of Homeland Security, 2008, p. 6). States in many ways play the least visible role in emergency management, often working as liaisons between local governments requesting additional support and the federal government needing more information about the situation. Not all incidents require state or federal intervention and assistance, and city councils should not be concerned about losing control. Compliance…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

British Parliamentary System of Government With the

Words: 2576 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48035361

British Parliamentary System of Government with the United States Federal System of Government

The British Parliamentary system of government is one of the oldest political systems in the world that has evolved over a period of centuries. The British model has influenced the system of governments in many countries of the world including the United States. On the other hand, the U.S. system of government is a Federal system that came into existence when the United States (the former American colonies) rebelled against British rule and declared its independence in the latter part of the eighteenth century, followed by the adoption of its own constitution in 1787. Although having some similarities with the British System of government, the U.S. system of government is unique in several aspects, having its own characteristics. In this paper we shall look at some key features of the two systems of government and compare and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Baker, Jean H. "The United States Government." Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia, 2003. CD-ROM Version

The British Constitution -- an Introduction." April 22, 2002. December 10, 2002.  http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/british_constitution1.htm 

The British Parliamentary System." BBC Web Site. 2002. December 10, 2002.  http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/classic/A591383 

Judicial Independence" April 2002. December 10, 2002.  http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/judicial_independence.htm
View Full Essay

Impact of Local Economic Development Initiatives

Words: 4311 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43161334

Local Economic Development Initiatives

THE IMPACT OF LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

The Concept of Sustainable ural Communities in Local Areas

The Concept of ural Development in Local Areas

The Concept of Endogenous Development Initiatives in Local areas

Transformation is key when it comes to local economic development initiatives. Ever since World War II economies in so many different rural areas have been faced with the rising harsh economic circumstances that have been threatening people's everyday existence. A lot of the situations that they are going through have a lot to do with depopulation resulting for the most part from low growth in job opportunities, out-migration, an aging population, underemployment rate, high unemployment and low family income, lack of socio-economic infrastructure ( shopping centers, health centers, schools, power and electric supply water supply,). esearch show that the rural economy in both developed and developing nations countries has also gone through a big…… [Read More]

References

Andolina, R. (2012). THE VALUES OF WATER: Development cultures and indigenous cultures in highland ecuador. Latin American Research Review, 21(12), 3-26,231,235.

Blignaut, J. & . (2011). The impact of water scarcity on economic development initiatives. Water S.A., 34(12), 123-145.

Cole, M.A. (2009). imits to growth, sustainable development and environmental kuznets curves: An examination of the environmental impact of economic development. . Sustainable Development, 12(4), 23-67.

Gordon, T.M. (2009). Bargaining in the shadow of the ballot box: Causes and consequences of local voter initiatives. Public Choice, 23(14), 45-56.
View Full Essay

Which Is Better the Unitary or the Federal System of Government

Words: 1050 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60860349

Unitary State vs. The Federal State

Unitary vs. Federal

A unitary state government is one in which the state's entire affairs are overseen by a single central governing authority. A federal state government is one in which governing powers are shared between a central government and a local or state government(s). France offers us today an example of a unitary state, while the U.S. offers us an example of a federal state. To judge which type of government is better, one could look to these two examples -- but as neither appears to be ideal in its present-day condition (both are broke), this paper will instead look at the dynamic of both types of states to show why a federal state is preferable to a unitary state.

The unitary state solution is one that lends itself to the Weber-based system of modern bureaucracy, and for that reason is bound to…… [Read More]

Reference List

Macionis, J. (2006). Society: The Basics. Prentice-Hall.

Ritzer, G. (2009). Contemporary Sociological Theory and Its Classical Roots: The

Basics. NY: McGraw-Hill.

Washington, G. (1796). Washington's Farewell Address. Avalon Project. Retrieved from  http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/washing.asp
View Full Essay

Mandates and the Governments That Impose Them

Words: 706 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26733805

NCLB

Mandates And The Governments That Impose Them

No Child Left Behind (NCLB): The fiscal and budgetary impact on public organizations

Traditionally, public education has been left to the governance of state and local authorities. However, in creating the mandate of No Child Left Behind (NCLB), the federal government extended unprecedented authority over the ability of states to set minimal standards for student achievement and what was considered a failing school. Although not specifically fiscal in nature, NCLB affected both how schools were funded by determining how to 'grade' a school as failing or passing as well as the curriculum. "NCLB requires states to implement a wide range of annual student assessments including reading and math assessments for each grade level between 3rd and 8th and once during the high school grades" (Chapter 3: NCLB costs, n.d., Legislative audit: 1).

Tests cost money to operate, as do the materials to…… [Read More]

References

Blume, Howard. (2012). No Child Left Behind waiver could cost $2 billion, report says.

The LA Times. Retrieved:

 http://articles.latimes.com/2011/nov/12/local/la-me-no-child-20111112 

Chapter 3: NCLB costs. (n.d.). Legislative audit. Retrieved:
View Full Essay

the local'state and federal levels of disaster management

Words: 657 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20315950

At its simplest and most succinct, the mission of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA, 2018a) is “helping people before, during, and after emergencies,” (p. 1). To fulfill this mission, FEMA engages in a variety of related actions including strategic planning, intelligence gathering, communication, and coordination. FEMA conducts risk assessments, helps communities build resilience, and helps to protect or recovery essential services. FEMA (2018b) also outlines its five core mission areas, which include prevention, protection, mitigation, response, and recovery. FEMA remains active at each of these stages of emergency management and does not discriminate against any one type of emergency, playing as integral a role in natural disaster management as in technological, cyber, and terrorist-related incidents.
Prevention involves strategic planning, information gathering, intelligence sharing, threat detection, and any other activity that would involve stopping a problem before it manifests. Protection is a phase during which a disaster may be unpreventable,…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Strong Central Government

Words: 602 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 85941133

Balance of Power between the Federal and State Governments

The balance of power is a concept applied in the federal system to organize the government in a way that ensures there is proper division of powers between the federal, state, and local governments. America is referred to as a federal-constitutional-presidential republic because the U.S. constitution delegates specific powers to the national government, and reserves others for the state (Gerston, 2007). For a long time, the balance of power favored the states and guaranteed their independence from the national government, and also allowed them to exercise their authority to the benefit of the citizens. However, due to recent changes in economic circumstances, the balance of power has shifted in favor of the federal government; and governors and state attorney generals are constantly challenging decisions that overstep the federal government's constitutional role.

Majority of the citizens are also of the opinion that…… [Read More]

References

Gerston, L. N (2007). American Federalism: A Concise Introduction. New York: M. E Sharpe, Inc.

Welch, S., Gruhl, J., Rigdon, S. & Thomas, S. (2012). Understanding American Government. (13th Ed). Cengage Learning
View Full Essay

Confidence in Local Institutions

Words: 939 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 60304614

Trust and Government

The public trust in government has become an increasingly salient issue in recent years as many governments around the world have illustrated substantial volatility in their governance and their economies. In recent years there have been regime changes in the Middle East and North Africa that have been largely fueled by a mistrust of the governments. However, even in modern nations, there is often a deep mistrust of government on the State and Federal level. This makes it incredibly important for local governments to function efficiently and effectively as they are on the frontlines in regard to the political system for the local population. In the United States, a majority of the population feel that big government is the institutional form that is the greatest threat to America's future; significantly larger than big business or big labor. Therefore, local governments have many obstacles to overcome to in…… [Read More]

References

Carez, K. (2014, August 16). Do You Trust the Government? 87% of Americans Don't. Retrieved from Truthout:  http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/25628-do-you-trust-the-government-87-of-americans-don 't

Jones, J. (2015, June 19). In U.S., Confidence in Police Lowest in 22 Years. Retrieved from Gallup:  http://www.gallup.com/poll/183704/confidence-police-lowest-years.aspx 

McCarthy, J. (2014, September 22). Americans Still Trust Local Government More Than State. Retrieved from Gallup:  http://www.gallup.com/poll/176846/americans-trust-local-government-state.aspx 

Riffkin, R. (2015, December 4). Big Government Still Named as Biggest Threat to U.S. Retrieved from Gallup:  http://www.gallup.com/poll/187919/big-government-named-biggest-threat.aspx?g_source=Politics&g_medium=newsfeed&g_campaign=tiles
View Full Essay

International Mexico Local Currency Bond

Words: 1324 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 86883650

Nevertheless, the heavy reliance on such debt led in some cases to severe difficulties, as illustrated by the Mexican tequila crisis of late 1994 and the Brazilian crisis of 2001. In Mexico the problem happened when investors became increasingly reluctant to roll over their short-term peso-denominated cetes and instead shifted their funds to short-term dollar-indexed tesobonos. This shift to dollar-indexed liabilities supplied a temporary respite for the government but the short-term nature of outstanding securities also meant that the transformation in the structure of debt towards tesobonos was extremely quick. The rapid withdrawal of foreign investment from the domestic market at the end of 1994 and the resulting sharp drop in the Mexican peso resulted in an explosive growth in the peso value of dollar-indexed government liabilities, thereby adding a fiscal dimension to the external crisis (Jeanneau and Tovar, n.d.).

The local government bond market has expanded rapidly in Mexico…… [Read More]

References

Dalla, Ismail and Hesse, Heiko. (2009). Rapidly growing local-currency bond markets offer a viable alternative funding source for emerging-market issuers. Retrieved April 9, 2010,

from Vox Web site:  http://www.voxeu.org/index.php?q=node/4081 

Jeanneau, Serge and Tovar, Camilo E. (n.d.). Financial stability implications of local currency bond markets: an overview of the risks. Retrieved April 9, 2010, from Web site:

 http://www.bis.org/publ/bppdf/bispap36e.pdf
View Full Essay

Buying or Not Buying Local

Words: 2561 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 37545239

However, local enterprises face problems related to diseconomies of scale and this has forced them to charge higher prices which the lower and middle income classes cannot afford. There are instances where the local governments have had to intervene by subsidizing their operations something that has worsened the citizen's tax burden. Proponents of buying local have posited that buying locally made goods enhances velocity of money arguing that the currency will circulate more quickly and pass through more hands. Consequently, more people will have the benefit of that money and what it has purchased for them (Schwartz, 2009). Buying local as opposed to chain stores means more money will be put into the community.

However, quality of products and prices charged cannot be substituted with velocity of money. It is good when money flows in the local economy but no body in his right senses can buy an extremely expensive…… [Read More]

References

Cranbrook, C. (1997). The Rural Economy and Supermarkets. Suffolk: Great Glemham.

DeWeerdt, S. (2013, Jun. 22). Is Local Better? World Watch Institute.

McGinnis, M .V. (ed). (1999). Bioregionalism. London and New York: Routledge.

New, C. (2012, Sept. 18). Made in America Is a Luxury Label That Will Cost You. Huffington
View Full Essay

Efficiency of Nonprofit vs Government

Words: 4548 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46660649



Then, a second major difference resides in the sources used to retrieve the necessary funds. The nonprofit organizations do indeed get the support of the federal budget in the meaning that they are often exempt from tax payment; but they have to raise the funds by themselves without any additional help or interference. They do this through the organization of various events, such as concerts, dinner parties or theatre plays, during which wealthy members of the community donate money to the causes promoted by the NPOs. In the case of governmental institutions however, the funds come directly from the state officials. The money is initially collected from the general public in the form of taxes, fines or other transfers to the state budget, and then redistributed to the state agencies.

A third difference also deals with the financial nature of the organizational activities, but is somewhat different from the previous…… [Read More]

References

Alvarado, E.I., 1998, Is there a Difference between 'Nonprofit' and 'Not-for-profit'?, Idealist,  http://www.idealist.org/if/idealist/en/FAQ/QuestionViewer/default?section=01&item=09last  accessed on June 19, 2008

Feiock, R.C., Andrew, S.A., Understanding the Relationships Between Nonprofit Organizations and Local Governments, Florida State University, Retrieved at  http://www.fsu.edu/~spap/feiock/papers/Nonprofits_&_Public_Services.pdfon  June 19, 2008

Frumkin, P., Kim, M.T., 2000, Strategic Positioning and the Financing of Nonprofit Organizations: Is Efficiency Rewarded in the Contributions Markeplace?, the Hauser Center for Nonprofit Organizations and the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Retrieved at  http://www.ksghauser.harvard.edu/PDF_XLS/workingpapers/workingpaper_2.pdfon  June 19, 2008

Hopkins, B.R., 2005, Starting and Managing a Nonprofit Organization: A Legal Guide, Wiley
View Full Essay

Representative System of Government Has Motivated a

Words: 3360 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 32468859

representative system of government has motivated a vital chain of discussions in the literature about police workers administration and representation of women and racial minorities. The serious questions in this study are: (a.) Does the under oath police force rationally mirror a cross section of the groups being monitored? And (b.) hat aspects are measured in representation of women and minority police officers in law-enforcement agencies? Black and Hispanic depictions on police forces are strongly associated with its incidence in community populations. Regions differ in the quantity of female and minority illustrations, blacks being better characterized in southern police forces than in another place; women are better characterized in the northwest. Nevertheless, findings disclose that men, more often than not whites, maintain to hold unreasonably more sworn positions in the largest part of law-enforcement agencies. The data sets of female and minority representation also demonstrate the extent of female and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ayres, Ian, and Steven Levitt. Measuring Positive Externalities from Unobservable Victim Precaution: An Empirical Analysis of Lojack. Quarterly Journal of Economics, February 2008, 43-77.

Bahrke, Mike, and Bob Hoffman. Identifying the Fitness Needs of Law Enforcement Officers. Working Paper, Fit Force, 2007.

Coate, Stephen, and Glenn Loury. Will Affirmative-Action Policies Eliminate Negative Stereotypes? American Economic Review, 2003, 1220-40.

Donohue, John J, and Steven D. Levitt. The Impact of Race on Policing, Arrest Patterns, and Crime. Working Paper, Stanford University Law School, August 2009.
View Full Essay

W O Government There Are Times

Words: 1730 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78343797

isn.ch/serviceengine/Files/RESSpecNet/26990/ipublicationdocument_singledocument/30BD3E67-85DA-486F-8424-AF529E38F614/en/05_afghan.pdf

Cauchon, D. (2008). Hiring leaps in the public sector. USA Today. Retrieved May 10, 2011 from http://www.usatoday.com/money/economy/employment/2008-04-29-stateworkers_N.htm

CIA orld Factbook: United States. (2011). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved May 10, 2011 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/us.html

Effland, A.; Normile, M.; Roberts, D.; ainio, J. (2008). orld Trade Organization and globalization help facilitate growth in agricultural trade. Amber aves. Retrieved May 10, 2011 from http://www.ers.usda.gov/Amberaves/June08/Features/TO.htm

Gifford, D. (1995). Federalism, efficiency, the Commerce Clause and the Sherman Act. Emory Law Journals. Retrieved May 10, 2011 from https://litigation-essentials.lexisnexis.com/webcd/app?action=DocumentDisplay&crawlid=1&doctype=cite&docid=44+Emory+L.J.+1227&srctype=smi&srcid=3B15&key=3817dcb1059aa6fa22a90e0370c3a704

Nelson, S. (2010). Commandos crack down on Afghan drug trade. NPR. Retrieved May 10, 2011 from http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=124731730

Rashid, A. (2000). IMU insurgency threatens Tajikistan political reconciliation. Central Asia-Caucasus Institute Analysis. Retrieved May 10, 2011 from http://www.cacianalyst.org/?q=node/263

alters, N. (no date). A brief overview of government, law and order and social matters in Tari District. Australian National University. Retrieved May 10, 2011 from http://epress.anu.edu.au/ssgm/conflict/mobile_devices/ch10.html… [Read More]

Works Cited;

BBC. (2009). Q&A: Somali piracy. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved May 10, 2011 from  http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/7734985.stm 

CADS. (2006). Violence, narcotics and poverty: A harmful cocktail in Afghanistan. Center for Advanced Defense Studies. June 2006. Retrieved May 10, 2011 from http://se2.isn.ch/serviceengine/Files/RESSpecNet/26990/ipublicationdocument_singledocument/30BD3E67-85DA-486F-8424-AF529E38F614/en/05_afghan.pdf

Cauchon, D. (2008). Hiring leaps in the public sector. USA Today. Retrieved May 10, 2011 from  http://www.usatoday.com/money/economy/employment/2008-04-29-stateworkers_N.htm 

CIA World Factbook: United States. (2011). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved May 10, 2011 from  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications /" target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">
View Full Essay

Business and Government Relations Google

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 16008021

For example, the interior regions of China are extremely conservative politically and will not divulge information about the local government offices online, and Google needs to define this as a strategy in China (Hanson, Rothlin, 79, 80). Google needs to respect this and not index these pages and provide the Chinese government with a technology to provide updates on this auditing process.

Second, Google needs to define its operating strategy including its ethical principles as they relate to the Chinese government. The statement of these ethical principles needs to be developed in conjunction the Chinese government and key Chinese partners to ensure ownership of them. Further, these principles need to set the foundation for arbitrating government concerns and complaints about Google's operations (Hamilton, Knouse, Hill, 145, 146).

Third, Google needs to lead the development of a more effective framework for keeping China in compliance to the UN Int'l Covenant on…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Identify Government Policies on Competition

Words: 807 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99709763

Emissions

Policy Making and Power Plant Emissions

There are many considerations that a government official in charge of developing policy concerning gas and particulate emissions must take into account in order to protect the environment and citizens while allowing business and the basic functions of society and its infrastructure to progress. The balance that must be struck here is one of the major reasons that environmental policy is so complex, and why it is such a hot-button issue for many officials and constituents alike. The potential effectiveness of each policy detail that might be implemented, the cost of each proposed implementation, the benefits and detriments to the various parties, and all other related minutiae must be taken into account in order for the best possible policies to be developed and implemented. The following paragraphs will consider two different alternative policies for protecting the environment and the human population surrounding a…… [Read More]