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An Analysis of the Repulsive in Nabokov's Lolita
This paper will show why Vladimir Nabokov chose to illustrate a theme that is considered by many to be repulsive: it was a theme through which he could hold the mirror up to society and reflect what he saw happening in the world around him. hen Nabokov's Lolita debuted first in Paris and then in America in the 1950s, it provoked one of two reactions (aside from the compulsion to buy -- its first American paperback printing sold out): it provoked either condemnation or disinterest. Graham Greene was the first high-profile author to recommend the novel, but his recommendation did not deter his home country (Britain) from banning the book. It appeared that what the Russian-born Nabokov had set out to do, "to disturb the cultural purity of easily-shocked America," ("Fracturing the Pawn") had in one sense been successful: the easily-shocked…
"Fracturing the Pawn: Destruction of the Reader in Nabokov's Lolita." <
Goldman, Eric. "Knowing Lolita: Sexual Deviance and Normality in Nabokov's
Lolita." Nabokov Studies 8, 87-104, 2004. < http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/nabokov_studies/v008/8.1goldman.html >
Lolita in Light of Sontag's "Morality"
My experience reading Vladimir Nabokov's Lolita was a pleasant one, an aesthetic experience that, as Susan Sontag states, appealed to my consciousness. Sontag suggests that art is better understood as something that "enliven[s] our sensibility and consciousness" rather than as a blanket statement of moral code. In other words, genuine works of art operate within the aesthetic sphere of experience and do not aim at antagonizing consciousness or action. However, while my reading of Lolita was enjoyable and moral, it was not without its challenges. In fact, several times I had to wonder at the character of Humbert and his perspective and whether his thoughts and actions revealed anything to me about myself. In this paper I will examine the meaning of my experience reading Lolita in light of Sontag's assertions about morality and aesthetic pleasure and show why Nabokov's book may be viewed…
Nabokov, Vladimir. Lolita. NY: Vintage, 1997.
Sontag, Susan. "On Style." Against Interpretation and Other Essays. 1966.
It is very clear that he can be much more dark and scheming than he seems to be. That is illustrated by just how far he will go to possess Lolita - marrying her mother and then literally abducting her after her mother dies.
In addition, they both are tragic figures who never get what they really want. Humbert discovers he is capable of love, and that he loves Lolita, even when she is "passed her prime" at 17. He says to himself, "[a]nd I looked and looked at her, and knew as clearly as I know I am to die, that I loved her more than anything I had ever seen or imaged on earth, or hoped for anywhere else" (Nabokov 279). Humbert is capable of real love, or as real as it can be for him, at least, while Quilty seems to be an incarnation of the devil,…
Nabokov, Vladimir. The Annotated Lolita. Ed. Alfred Appel, Jr. New York: McGraw Hill, 1970.
In Lolita, Vladimir Nabokov creates the character of a clear anti-hero in Humbert, a man who has is guilty of pedophilia, possibly rape and murder. The bulk of the book, however, is devoted to Humbert's narration of his affair with his stepdaughter, a "nymphet" named Dolores Haze or, in Humbert's mind, Lolita. For Humbert, the various forms of love he feels for the young girl are inextricably linked with his lust and sexual desires.
This paper examines the running theme of Humbert's sexuality and lust in Nabokov's Lolita. For Humbert, love can only be seen in the context of his powerful desire to sexually possess the object of his attention. Thus, he is unable to express any love for the teenage Lolita -- filial or romantic -- without turning her into an object of his lust.
The first part of this paper looks at how Humbert treated the other…
Castronovo, David. "Humbert's America." New England Review, 23(2): 33-41. Proquest Database.
Dupee, F.W. "A Preface to Lolita." The Anchor Review. 2(1957): 7.
Lee, L.L. Vladimir Nabokov. Boston, Twayne Publishers, 1976.
Nabokov, Vladimir. Lolita. New York: Second Vintage International, 1955.
Vladimir Nabokov's "Lolita" is perhaps one of the most famous novels of the Twentieth Century.
For not only did Nabokov dare to explore the forbidden subject of an older man's obsessive love and lustful desire for a young girl, he did so with sheer poetry and language mastery. Joyce Carol Oates once said that "Lolita is one of our finest American novels, a triumph of style and vision" (Oates Pp). However beautifully written, "Lolita" is the story of a pedophile that preys upon a female child and then murders to both protect her and as revenge against the victim.
Although, it has existed throughout history, pedophilia is taboo in civilized societies. It is not only frowned upon morally but it is generally considered a criminal act of sexual exploitation because it is believed that a child cannot reason the act itself or the consequences.
Nabokov's novel may have…
Nabokov, Vladimir. Lolita. Vintage. 1989; pp 9, 15.
Oates, Joyce Carol. "Lolita." Pp. http://www.libraries.psu.edu/nabokov/wlolita.htm
Mintz, Phil. "Joey's Plea: Buttafuoco, in court, denies statutory rape allegations." Newsday. 4/16/1993; Pp.
Rogers, Reagan E. "Rape, statutory rape, and child abuse: legal distinctions and counselor duties." Professional School Counseling. 6/1/2003; Pp.
Nabokov's famous novel, Lolita, would have some important and essential differences had it been written by a woman. A female writer would have created a more complex and sympathetic characterization for Lolita, expanding on Nabokov's treatment of Lolita as simply a vulgar personification of the qualities of the nymphet. The impact of Humbert's obsession with Lolita and their sexual affair would have been explored more thoroughly by a female author. Further, Humbert would have felt a deeper remorse for his actions in the hands of a woman writer.
Lolita is, in essence, the story of the middle aged Hubert Humphrey's obsession and ensuing affair with a prepubescent girl. Early in his life, Humbert was traumatized by the death of his childhood love for Annabel Leigh. This death renders Humphrey attracted to young, prepubescent girls, or nymphets. Humphries meets Lolita, the beautiful young daughter of the bitter widow Charlotte…
Nabokov, Vladimir. 1989. Lolita. Vintage.
Vladimir Nobokov's book titled Lolita, is a story of a pedophilic romance between a girl and an older man. Famous for its eroticism and exploration of a taboo part of human sexuality, it delves into what makes a girl appealing to a man like Humbert and the consequences behind their affair. The novel discusses through a series of events, the sexuality of the 12- to 16-year-old Lolita and Humbert, a pedophilic man who calls the girls he likes "nymphets." What is a Lolita, why has it become so synonymous with underage female sexuality? (This is the question explored throughout the novel. And the passage later discussed ties into that. This is also the thesis.)
The four-year period in which Humbert and Dolores embark on a perverted, sexual experience develops what the archetype of Lolita is and the consequences of being one. Nobokov describes their sexual relationship vaguely with fleeting and…
Humbert's Metamorphosis In Lolita
In Vladimir Nabokov's famous novel, Lolita, the character of Hubert Humbert gradually changes from a man who refuses to accept responsibility for his own actions to someone who begins to understand the implications of his own free will. Humbert is a clever, articulate man who uses his many wiles to manipulate the lives of those around them, largely to fulfill his desire for the nymphet Lolita. Eventually, Humbert loses Lolita, an event that makes him reconsider his role in the events of his life.
Throughout the novel, Humbert is portrayed as an educated, literate man who uses his considerable charm and intelligence to go after whatever he wants in life, regardless of the consequences. Humbert is traumatized by the early death of his young lover, Annabel Leigh, leaving him with an attraction to young, attractive women. Humbert meets the young Lolita, the daughter of his repugnant…
Nabokov, Vladimir Vladimirovich. 1989. Lolita. Vintage Books USA.
Freud in Lolita
The narrator of Vladimir Nabakov's novel Lolita, Professor Humbert, begins his story by recounting his childhood and the early stages of his sexual life, and particularly his experiences with his first love (or at least, his first obsession), a young girl named Annabel Leigh. Humbert recalls their sexual (mis)adventures together in some detail, and his description of this childhood romance closely echoes Sigmund Freud's formulation of the "infantile sexuality" in his Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. However, Humbert and Annabel are thwarted each time they attempt a coupling, and Annabel dies soon afterwards. This creates a rift in the young Humbert such that he is unable to appreciate girls or women until he meets Lolita, further echoing another of Freud's theories, this time of the oppositional instincts elucidated in The Ego and the Id. By analyzing Humbert's experiences with Annabel and the effects of her…
Freud, Sigmund. The Ego and the Id. The Standard ed. New York, NY: W. W, Norton & Company, 1989. 37-38. Print.
Freud, Sigmund. Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. The Definitive ed. New York, NY:
Basic Books, 2000. 45-59. Print.
Nabakov, Vladimir. Lolita. 2nd Vintage International ed. New York, NY: Random House, 1997.
Lolita in Tehran -- Reading the Politics of Azar Nafisi
Lolita -- otherwise known as Dolores Haze, the object of Humbert Humbert's affection. Fitzgerald's Jay Gatsby. Daisy Miller, protagonist of Henry James' most famous long short story. These heroines and heroes of fiction might not, upon their surfaces seem to be politically oriented protagonists. Indeed, the author of Reading Lolita in Tehran begs her own, presumably estern reader, not to make superficial analogies between, for instance, Humbert Humbert's child victim Lolita and the marginalized status of women intellectuals in Iran. Although a reader could say that both were small, fragile, and oppressed by outside forces who could not appreciate their true inner worth until it was too late, Azar Nafisi argues that it is even more radical to simply appreciate estern works of literature for what they are, great texts that create and explore the world within their own plot…
Nafisi, Azar. Reading Lolita in Tehran. New York; Random House, 2003.
Lolita in Tehran -- the Threats of estern Literature and Freedom
Reading the great classics of estern literature in Tehran during the height of the fundamentalist Iranian regime's power over its citizens was a threatening and radical act of defiance. This was not simply because these books were banned. Specifically, estern literature and estern fiction in particular offered the girls who gathered for discussions in the author's living room the ability to express opinions contrary to the fundamentalist regime. estern novels always involve choices for the protagonist and the reader. hat do I do, wonders the character? hat do I think about what he or she does, wonders the reader? The main characters studied by the girls under the tutelage of Azar Nafisi, like Daisy Miller or Jay Gatsby, make choices -- some of them very dangerous, like going outside during a fever season, or risking a fortune for love.…
Nafisi, Azar. Reading Lolita in Tehran. New York; Random House, 2003.
She is ten and very tired."("Lolita," 87) Again in the hotel room, in the ecstasy of his dream, Humbert loses his 'word-control' in a dialogue with Lolita, building up the tension through a virtual linguistic explosion. Language breaks free, and Humbert lets himself be carried away into a maze of Latin and English and linguistic inversions: "hat's the katter with misses?' I muttered (word-control gone) into her hair. 'If you must know,' she said, 'you do it the wrong way.' 'Show, wight ray.' 'All in good time,' responded the spoonerette. Seva ascendes, pulsata, brulans, kitzelans, dementissima.Elevator clatterans, pausa, clatterans, populus in corridoro. Hanc nisi mors mihi adimet nemo! Juncea puellula, jo pensavo fondissime, nobserva nihil quidquam... "("Lolita," 95) Significantly, as Nabokov emphasized in his essay Good Readers, Good riters 'fiction is fiction', that is, it has to deceive as its name implies: "Literature is invention. Fiction is fiction. To call…
Couturier, Maurice. "Nabokov in postmodernist land." CRITIQUE: Studies in Contemporary Fiction 34.n4 (Summer 1993): 247(14)
Hustis, Harriet. "Time will tell: (re)reading the seductive simulacra of Nabokov's Lolita.(Vladimir Nobokov)(Critical essay)." Studies in American Fiction 35.1 (Spring 2007): 89(23).
Jenkins, Jennifer L. "Searching high and Lo: unholy quests for Lolita.(Critical essay)." Twentieth Century Literature 51.2 (Summer 2005): 210(34).
Moore, Anthony R. "How unreliable is Humbert in Lolita?." Journal of Modern Literature 25.1 (Fall 2001): 71(11).
The novel vividly illustrates this event, stated as follows:
The scorching blade slashed at my eyelashes and stabbed at my stinging eyes. That's when everything began to reel. The sea carried up a thick, fiery breath. It seemed to me as if the sky split open from one end to the other to rain down fire. My whole being tensed and I squeezed my hand around the revolver. The trigger gave; I felt the smooth underside of the butt; and there, in that noise, sharp and deafening at the same time, is where I tall started. I shook off the sweat and sun. I knew that I had shattered the harmony of the day, the exceptional silence of a beach where I'd been happy. Then I fired four more times at the motionless body where the bullets lodged without leaving a trace. And it was like knocking four quick times…
Bree, B. (Ed.). (1972). Camus. NJ: Rutgers UP.
Booker, (1993). Literature and domination: sex, knowledge, and power in modern fiction. Gainsville: Florida UP.
Camus, a. (1988). The Stranger. NY: Alfred a. Knopf, Inc.
Dupee, F.W. (1957). In Nabokov: a critical heritage. N. Page (Ed.). NY: Routledge.
But the girls can read the text from Lolita's point-of-view. They can appreciate her powerlessness, as they are powerless in the context of a state, held in the force of an oppressive regime even if the book is not explicitly about Iran.
Nafisi defends her choice of European classics because they uphold the integrity of the individual, and the individual was given scant appreciation in Tehran at the time. A pro-Revolutionary Iranian might have suggested an uplifting, dull theological text as appropriate reading for the girls. An anti-Iranian activist might have suggested a political tract against the regime should have been the focus of the group's secret reading.
By stressing that an individual is important outside of politics, and his or her inner life is worthy of creative and varied interpretation, Nafisi states that she was committing the most radical choice of texts of all. This is Nafisi would defend…
Nafisi, Azar. Reading Lolita in Tehran. New York: Random House, 2003.
Humpert loved Lolita for what she was and what she represented, but
not as a person. He exerted power and influence over her to meet his own
selfish desires; not because he truly loved her. ut in this way, love is
a major theme of Lolita. Love is the driving force of the work as love is
the cause of the madness and the actions which follow. However, it is a
love gone wrong, a love tainted with obsession. Humpert loves an idea and
loves nothing else. He is mad and his love is an obsessive kind that
drives all the major characters towards dismay endings. Thus Lolita is
perhaps also a warning on the dangers of unjust love, the power of love,
and the often indiscernible differences between love and obsession. Lost
must be giving, and Humpert is always taking. He cannot truly have loved
Lolita for he wanted…
Vladamir Vladimirohivic. Lolita New York: Putnman, 1955.
[i] I Vladamir Vladimirohivic Nabokov. Lolita. (New York: Putnman, 1955),
II. Nabokov, 234.
III. Nabokov 265.
Subtly, between the pages of memoir and of literary and political criticism, this book deals with the uncertain and uneasy solipsism of the world.
The way in which the totalitarian, theocratic regime seeks to impose its will on the women of Tehran is certainly horrific. Girls are forbidden to have any sort of color in their attire or about their person, as if someone the very existence of color would challenge the monochromatic existence of the regime. All must wear dark-colored robes related to the chador, and similarly dark veils that must cover every strand of hair; they must not wear lipstick or fingernail polish, or even pink socks. This robe makes women almost indistinguishable, a situation heightened by the Islamic prohibition against looking directly at unrelated women; Nafisi imagines that it makes her invisible, "I pretended that when I wore the robe, my whole body disappeared." (Nafisi, 167) in…
pervasive philosophies behind many postmodern forms of art and literature is the idea that human identities are defined more by their social circumstances than by any universal truths. The human is not a self-sufficient entity, but is built through social conventions. This notion reveals itself in the transitional postmodern works by Samuel Beckett and Vladimir Nabokov -- specifically, in Lolita and aiting for Godot. Humbert is continually attempting to reconcile his life as a suave intellectual with his hidden life as a pedophilic rapist. One way in which he does this is to call himself a "therapist"; which is an acceptable label for one of his faces, but also identifies him more subtly as "the rapist." This duel nature reflects the social limitations imposed upon his freedom, and the consequences they have for both his identity and his actions. Vladimir and Estragon encounter a different aspect of this philosophy: they…
1. Beckett, Samuel. Waiting for Godot. New York: Grove Press, 1982.
2. Lock, John. "Of Identity and Diversity." An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. New York: Penguin Classics, 1994.
3. Nabokov, Vladimir. Lolita. New York: Vintage Books, 1955.
Nature of Death in Life
In the novels Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov and Catch-22 by Joseph Heller, death stands as a continuous presence, serving as a motivator, a metaphor, a threat, and a theme all at the same time. Death enters into each story as it takes one or more characters and so becomes something with which the remaining characters must cope, but even more than this, death stands as a constant presence in life, always threatening to end it, coloring the choices made by the main characters, and giving them reasons for making the choices they make.
In Lolita, Vladimir Nabokov explores both a vision of contemporary America and the internal psychology of the characters, looking both outward and inward at the same time. Indeed, the novelist links the two so that the liberal but plastic landscape of American life is both decried and emulated by Humbert. He sees…
Heller, Joseph. Catch-22. New York: Scribner, 1994.
Nabokov, Vladimir. Lolita. New York: G.P. Putnam's, 1958.
Nafisi and Solomon
Nafisi copes with the hardships of surviving the new laws in Iran by turning to literature, in particular two books by Nabokov -- Invitation to a Beheading and Lolita. These two books act as a support for Nafisi and her book club, who see in the books a mirror of their own experiences under a totalitarian government. By reading about an experience that is similar to their own they can discover a world of empathy outside the walls of their own daily life experience and it becomes like a ladder for them to scale those walls and the tyranny around them. Reading is like their escape in a way and it is also like a refuge for them to bond and to grow as individuals too -- to recognize that there is more to life than what their government is willing to permit them.
Solomon copes with…
She does not accept a world in which their native land has fallen and they have no emotional reaction to leaving it. So she negotiates an identity which has lost something. When her husband cannot accept this identity, and then apparently abandons her at the train station, she negotiates the idea of an identity that is strong enough to survive and find love and gratification and recognition without him. When her husband cannot accept that identity and cries out that it is unbearable, she is forced (again) to recant it... In that moment, her husband kills her salesman-brute-lover as surely as he killed her dog. Is it any wonder that when she creates a noble, good lover in her mind, she conceals it from him for fear he will kill it... Or kill them both, by forcing her to again deny her dream self? When she tells him "Perhaps I…
Nabokov, Vladimir. "Conversation Piece" [archived online]
Nabokov, Vladimir. "That in Aleppo Once..." [archived online]
Nafisi, Azar. "Reading Lolita in Tehran." New York: Random House, 2003
Mentex. "Nabokov Tutorials - the Collected Series http://www.mantex.co.uk/ou/a319/nab-000.htm
fool's love in Naomi by Junichiro Tanizaki
Naomi (1924) by the 20th century Japanese writer Junichiro Tanizaki has often been anachronistically called the Japanese Lolita in that it relates the obsession of a middle-aged man for a much younger woman. (Nabokov's novel was published in the 1950s). Tanizaki's male protagonist Joji is somewhat younger than Nabokov's Humbert and the female heroine Joji is somewhat older (although still a teenager) than Lolita. Rather than a tale of exploitation of a man lusting after a young girl and selfishly indulging his Pygmalion fantasies, Naomi instead functions more as a cautionary tale of the foolishness of patriarchal, idealistic love.
hen Joji first spies Naomi, she is a waitress in a local cafe, and he is entranced by what he sees as her movie star-like appearance. Significantly, he compares her 'white' features to that of the famous American actress Mary Pickford, an adult actress…
Naomi by Junichiro Tanizaki. Kirkus Reviews. 29 Oct 1985. [16 Apr 2013]
Schneider, Jessica. "Junichiro Tanizaki's Naomi Than Vladimir Nabokov's Lolita." Pop Matters.
20 Jun 2010. [16 Apr 2013] http://www.popmatters.com/pm/review/127424-book-review-naomi-by-junichiro-tanizaki/
Enhancement Photos Magazines Ads - Artful Ad nspiring Dishonest & Harmful
Fashion has been on people's minds since time immemorial. Whether man, woman, child or elderly, individuals have sought to express themselves through how they dressed, one more conservative, the other extravagant and glamorous. Nowadays, it's quite a technique to skillfully attempt to dress people when being dressed sometimes implies having no clothing whatsoever. This effect is accurately illustrated in Picture 1 in which a marrying couple seem to be wearing, what looks like a uniform for the man, and a dressing gown for the woman. While one does notice the boxer shorts on the man and the extension of a real dress on the woman, the effect is nevertheless substantial. Deeply rooted in ritualized tribalists cultures, body painting nowadays stands for various purposes: it has come to represent either a form of extravaganza, or means by which people choose…
It is after all a ghost story, so one may assume, just based on the conventions of the genre, that the two apparitions in the story are indeed evil. Supposing the reader takes the narrator at her word, there is evidence to support that the red-headed lecher, Peter Quint, and his infamously beautiful paramour, Miss Jessel, are the hell raisers the Governess makes them out to be.
The Governess describes Miss Jessel in demonic terms when she spies her across the lake, "Another person -- this time; but a figure of quite as unmistakable horror and evil: a woman in black, pale and dreadful -- with such an air also, and such a face! -- on the other side of the lake. I was there with the child -- quiet for the hour; and in the midst of it she came" (James). According to this initial description, Miss Jessel fits…
James, Henry, and Robert Kimbrough. The Turn of the Screw. An Authoritative Text,
Backgrounds and Sources, Essays in Criticism. New York: W.W. Norton, 1966. Print.
Lane, Anthony. "Fright Nights." The New Yorker. 19 Feb. 2012.
The Representation of Muslim Women in Eastern and Western Literature: A Comparison
Representations of women in Middle Eastern literature represent a means by which the appreciation, perspective and overall role of women and how they are viewed by society can be determined. While some argue that literature and actually lived daily life are separate, literature serves as a measuring stick by which one can ascertain a definitive viewpoint on what the experience of being a Muslim woman is, and how such women are viewed. Literature can tell one volumes about how societies work and underscore the role that women play or don’t play and how others see them. While both eastern and western literature is incredibly vast, it is possible to get a definitive sense of how Muslim women are viewed; however, it is possible to get an overall sense of certain trends that arise over and over. This paper…
Arnold Friend is a Stalker
There are many nebulous aspects to Joyce Carol Oates short story, "here Are You Going, here Have You Been," for example, the origins of Connie's troubled relationship with her mother (is it strictly a jealousy thing?), the peculiarity of Arnold Friend's last name (what kind of friend is he?), the relevance of those secret numbers that Arnold Friend rattles off ("33, 19, 17") or even why the story is dedicated to Bob Dylan (is 'Bobby King' a reference to Dylan?), but one aspect of the story that is certainly clear is that Arnold Friend is a stalker, a predatory malcontent. And it is the purpose of this essay to conclusively demonstrate that Arnold Friend is a prototypical stalker by using three rubrics -- a psychological rubric, a literary comparative rubric, and a public opinion rubric - for evaluating his predatory behaviors.
Perhaps, it's best…
Nabokov, Vladimir. Lolita. New York: Random House Digital, 1955. Web.
Oates, Joyce Carol. "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" Epoch, Fall
Tierce, Mike and Crafton, John M. "Connie's Tambourine Man: A New Reading of Arnold Friend." Studies in Short Fiction. EBSCO Publishing, 2003. Web.
Then I ferret for poetry on the specific subject that boosts me. Generally, I love Tennyson and Emily Dickinson; perhaps I go, as I do in literature, for the relevant and inspiring.
Poems that have had the greatest impact on me include Joaquin Miller's Columbus: particularly the stanza:
What shall I say, brave Admiral, say,
If we sight naught but seas at dawn?"
"Why, you shall say at break of day, 'ail on! sail on! sail on! And on!'"(Derek, 2002, p.134)
Philosophers of literature argue regarding the impact literature may or may not have on the ethical psyche. Tolstoy's 'What is Art?" For instance, maintains that literature has a strong impact and, therefore, one should choose one's readings carefully. Plato asseverated, likewise, recommending literature as part of the diet of the Philosopher king. Ruskin, too, maintained that literature should be employed for the betterment of society, whilst in Confucian thought,…
Cory, B. (1999). Literature: a crash course. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications
Derek, W. (2002). Selected poems. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Kessler, J.M. (2003). Ashcroft v. free Speech Coalition. Appalachian J, 61-72.
What is interesting is that Wind appears to believe that he is acting in an ethical manner by informing Pnin of their plot, rather than surprising him with it when they reach America. Wind also seems to think that he is being generous and ethical by offering to pay for half of Liza's ticket to America, though why he would only offer to repay Pnin for half of the passage is an ethical question no reader could answer. He intends to take Pnin's entire wife when they reach America, and she is pregnant with Wind's child. Why offer to pay any part of Liza's passage, if Wind is not willing to pay her entire passage.
Liza's interactions with Pnin continue to be bizarre and unethical. She cheats on her husband Eric with a lover named George. Eric is aware of the affair and is willing to forgive the affair, but…
Nabokov, 1955V. (1955). Pnin. New York: Alfred a. Knopf.
The most proficient language users, namely bilinguals, favor inter- and intrasentential CS which "require most knowledge of both languages" (Poplack 1980:606) whereas tag-switched sentences are preferred by less proficient and non-bilingual speakers who, in comparison to their first language, are less competent in their second language.
3. Grammar of Intrasentential Code Switching
As already mentioned in chapter 2.2.1 the switching of languages within a single sentence is no random occurrence. As many researchers observed that "bilinguals tend to switch intra-sententially at certain (morpho) syntactic boundaries and not at others" (Poplack 2004:1). According to Poplack (2004:1) the government of grammatical constraints on CS has become a largely accepted fact. "Though, there is little consensus on what they are or how they should be represented" (Poplack 2004:1). The question arises in which way two separate grammars merge to one grammatically correct sentence and which grammar governs the switching. The following chapter gives…
Cantone, Katja Francesca (2005). Evidence against a Third Grammar: Code-switching in Italian-German Bilingual Children. ISB4: Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Bilingualism edited by James Cohen, Kara T. McAlister, Kellie Rolstad, and Jeff MacSwan. Cascadilla Press, Somerville, MA.
MacSwan, Jeff (2000). The Architecture of the Bilingual Language Faculty: Evidence from Intrasentential Code Switching. Bilingualism Language and Cognition 3(1), 37-54.
Myers-Scotton, Carol (2006). Codeswitching as a Social and Grammatical Phenomenon. An Encyclopedia of the Arts. 4:8 (800-805). Web 16 May 2011.
The criminal association principle suggests that being socialized to regard crime as acceptable or to admire criminals plays a role in the choices made in that regard. The fact that Pistone and Napolitano were actually raised in very similar circumstances where each had the same type of exposure to organized crime families illustrates that rational choice is more important than criminal association because Pistone made the conscious choice to become a federal agent rather than one of the criminals who controlled his childhood neighborhood (Macionis, 2003; chmalleger, 2008).
The segment of the criminal justice system portrayed by Episode 71 is criminal investigations and the operations of the criminal justice system. Fisher was allowed to plea bargain the charges of attempted murder despite the fact that she deliberately shot the wife of her lover in the head in the attempt to murder her. The episode suggests that her age was a…
Macionis J. (2003). Sociology. Princeton, NJ: Pearson.
Schmalleger F. (2008). Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st
Century. Hoboken, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Another argument which also regards this consideration is related to the fact that, even after his tragic disappearance, Peter Sellers' work still remains valuable and has not vanished from the public's consciousness. He is still present in classifications and constantly receives high scores. He was voted the 41st Greatest Movie Star of all time by Premiere Magazine and was also ranked in Empire's Magazine- "The Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time" list. In 2005, he was voted 14 in the list of the top 20 greatest comedians of all time, a classification realized by comedy insiders.
Also, a movie focusing on his life was recently released, which is another evidence that the world wide interest for this great actor remained the same, an interest that could only be provided for a personality of "the best."
That Peter Sellers is the best entertainer of the past period is stated not…
creative writer I am, where I'm from and what my parents did and all of that derivative kind of carp. I'm a bad creative writer. I write like Dan Brown. Which would be fine if I got paid like Dan Brown. Instead, I rip off opening lines from popular novels and misspell words that my spellchecker doesn't catch.
My editor wouldn't mind so much -- she's always said that there are no original ideas left anyway -- if I could put together a coherent sentence or two. I went to Santa Fe for inspiration and found nothing but Christmas-drenched enchiladas. And I love non-sequiturs, but not the good kind that make you think, just the bad kind that makes me sound scatteredbrained. No, my editor wouldn't mind me being a bad creative writer if all I had was yesterday's ideas and typos: I don't have any good stories either. My…
Court Was Correct: Silva Deserves to Teach
OJ Simpson was one thing; this time, the courts got it right. Professor Silva used questionable teaching methods, yes, but the federal court's decision was correct: Any possible improprieties did not amount to sexual harassment, and indeed fell into the category of protected speech under the First Amendment of the United States Constitution. As a result, exonerating Silva and reinstituting him with pay is the only possible correct result.
J. Donald Silva was a tenured Communications professor at the University of New Hampshire's Thompson School of Applied Science. (Court, 1) In his lectures in class, Silva once compared writing's focus to sexual activity, and on another occasion elucidated the meaning of a simile with a famed belly dancer's description of her craft. (Greve, 12)
Several female students complained that Silva's comments were inappropriate, and the University Appeals Board suspended him without…
Perhaps one of the most famous pedophiles in literature was Humbert in Nabokov's masterpiece, the novel Lolita. If that novel shows the reader anything, it's that pedophiles, though monstrous and selfish, are anything but simple creatures. This is absolutely true and reflected in the play How I Learned to Drive by Paula Vogel as Vogel has created Uncle Peck, the uncle who molests the main character L'il Bit. Vogel works hard not to present Uncle Peck as an antagonist; she shows him as tremendously flawed, but intricate and compassionate and very attentive of his niece, L'il Bit, as she struggles to exist in an insensitive family where her needs to be nurtured aren't being met even remotely.
This lack of nurturing sets L'il Bit to be a prime target for the attentions of Uncle Peck. Much in the play is made about the size of L'il Bit's breasts as…
Fiction's Come a Long Way, aby
The development of fiction from its nascent stages until today's contemporary works is a storied one. Many features mark contemporary fiction and differentiate it from the classics of the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries: For one, modern writers use different perspectives to narrate: In some works, the narrator switches from third-person omniscient to first person, and in some contemporary works, even the challenging second-person. Experimentation in styles also marks contemporary fiction: Nabokov, perhaps fiction's greatest ever stylist, has written one novel penned to ladies and gentlemen of the jury, and another as literary criticism on a purposefully mediocre poem. (Nabokov: Lolita and Pale Fire).
ut one of the most pronounced shifts in fiction over these centuries has been the move from stuffy, high art to a fixation on and immersion in pop culture. George Eliot, for instance, in "Daniel Deronda," interspersed a very staid…
Cisneros, Sandra: Woman Hollering Creek. New York: Vintage.
Cisneros, Sandra: Mexican Movies. New York: Vintage.
Cisneros, Sandra: Barbie-Q. New York: Vintage.
Johnson, Samuel: Rasselas. New York: Oxford.
portrayed in 'Lady Chatterley's Lover'. The book is quite old and the period of happening in the book is that of the First World War. The book was written by David Herbert Lawrence, an author who did not have a very high reputation as a classic writer in English. His intention was only to make money by way using his writing skills. Considering the period in which this book was written, he had probably gone a little too far from the limits which were prevalent in those days and the book was banned from sale in many countries as it was being considered to be obscene. In some countries, the ban even progressed to exist till the period of the 1960s. The reason was due to the prevalence of obscenity in the book and that was the primary reason to make the book extremely famous.
People were not permitted to…
Film and History. Retrieved from http://www.class.uh.edu/mintz/places/film-11c_sexuality.html Accessed on 31 May, 2005
Hatsom, Ian. Are we unshockable? Retrieved from http://www.efc.ca/pages/media/edmonton-journal.18jan97.html Accessed on 31 May, 2005
Lady Chatterley's Lover by David Herbert Lawrence (1885-1930): Chapter 1. Retrieved from http://classiclit.about.com/library/bl-etexts/dhlawrence/bl-dhlaw-lady-1.htm Accessed on 31 May, 2005
Lady Chatterley's Lover by David Herbert Lawrence (1885-1930): Chapter 7. Retrieved from
Merchants of Cool
On February 27, 2001 the Public Broadcasting System's (PBS) program Frontline aired The Merchants of Cool. The program examines the efforts of corporate America to exploit the teenage market. At the time of broadcast there were 32 million teenagers in the United States, the largest generation ever, spending 100 billion dollars annually on their own while their parents spent another 50 billion on them. This ability to impact the economy has made this generation the most studied in history. Robert Mc Chesney, media critic, has characterized the behavior of corporate America toward this youth market as analogous to the British Empire's takeover of Africa. I believe a valid comparison can be made between these two otherwise unconnected events.
Briefly, the earliest British colonies on the west coast of Africa were dedicated to creating wealth through the trade of slaves. Gold and ivory also attracted investors to the…
"Africa: British Colonies -- History of British Colonial Rule in Africa, Precolonial Racial and Ethnic Relations in British Colonial Africa." Online Encyclopdi,. n.d. Web. 5 February 2013.
"The Merchants of Cool." Frontline. Writ. Rachel Dretzin. Dir. Barak Goodman. Public Broadcasting System, 27 February 2001. Web. 4 February 2013.
Uzgalis, William. "John Locke." The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosopy. Edward N. Zalta, ed. Summer 2010. Web. 4 February 2013.
"Leaders inspire a shared vision by exciting and energizing others…they hold up a mirror to help mentees see something more in themselves -- the possibilities of their future…"
(Zachary, et al., 2010).
The five practices of exemplary leadership were developed by James M. Kouzes & Barry Z. Posner in 2002, and there have been a number of publications (in book form) put out by Kouzes & Posner to promote their list of five practices, the most recent being the book they published in 2010, A Coach's Guide to Developing Exemplary Leaders: Making the Most of the Leadership Challenge and the Leadership Practices Inventory. This paper delves into the five practices that Kouzes & Posner have developed including other authors' viewpoints vis-a-vis the Kouzes / Posner innovations in leadership.
The Five Practices
The first of the five is "Model the ay," which Kouzes & Posner illustrate with a story…
Kouzes, James M., and Posner, Barry Z. (2003). The Jossey-Bass Academic Administrator's
Guide to Exemplary Leadership. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Kouzes, James M., and Posner, Barry Z. (2009). The Student Leadership Challenge: Five
Practices for Exemplary Leaders. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Pangman and Seguire Journal Review
"Sexuality and the Chronically Ill Older Adult:
A Social Justice Issue"
"Sexuality and the Chronically Ill Older Adult: A Social Justice Issue" is an article by Verna C. Pangman and Marilyn Seguire, first published in 2000 in Volume 18 of the journal Sexuality and Disability. In their article, Pangman and Seguire provide a penetrating look at an issue all too often obscured by either false assumptions of unimportance, or perhaps mere squeamishness. The subtitle of their article makes it clear that Pangman and Seguire are approaching this issue from a political (if not indeed activist) standpoint: they seem particularly concerned that there is a sense of invisibility to the sex problems of the elderly, and a willingness to ignore those problems. They offer nurses a way of thinking about these issues.
Summary of Article
Pangman and Seguire begin by brushing away some of the myths…
Pangman, Verna C. And Seguire, Marilyn. "Sexuality and the Chronically Ill Older
Adult: A Social Justice Issue." In Sexuality and Disability, Volume 18
Number 1 (2000).
Glimpse Into the Mind of a Genius
Vladimir Nabokov wrote about the world in which he lived. His world was the first half of the twenty first century, and was filled with mistrust and double standards. His world was one of death and the darker side of human nature. It is this side of human nature that intrigued Nabokov and also something that his life had led him to experience first hand. In a world at war one is surrounded by death and death was a central theme of Nabokov's work. Nabokov's work reflected the world in which he lived. Nabokov uses stereotypical references to paint a clear picture of life during orld ar II."
Many consider Nabokov to be a literary genius who weaves complex plots and rich characters together in ways that can seem incomprehensible at times. No one will argue with his clever command of the English…
Nabokov, Vladimir. "Conversation Piece" Retrieved at http://ruslit.virtualave.net/nabokov/conversationl.html Accessed August, 2002.
Brian Boyd. Speak, Memory: An Autobiography Revisited. Alfred A Knopf Publishers. March,
Grossman, Lev. The gay Nabokov. Salon Media group, Inc. Salon.com. 2000. Retrieved at http://dir.salon.com/books/feature/2000/05/17/nabokov/index.html Accessed August
Thorpe, Vanessa. Gay brother 'is key to Lolita author" The Observer. Sunday May 21, 2000.
people learn about the world is through reading. eading a well written book can provide the reader with a window into a life, or world that he or she might otherwise never encounter. The well written manuscript can provide a foundational understanding of a lifestyle, class or tradition to those who have never experienced and will never have the chance to experience. While a reader can gather a lot of information by reading a book, it is difficult to determine whether the information in that book is completely accurate. Even in a biography the information is only as accurate as the perception and interviews of the person who writes the text. For the most accurate and insightful information about a person or a lifestyle one usually turns to an autobiography. An autobiography usually provides an accurate picture not only of the events that occur in the subject's life, but also…
BOB EDWARDS, Profile: Writings of Vladimir Nabokov on what would be his 100th birthday., Morning Edition (NPR), 04-23-1999.
Nina Khrushcheva, These memoirs, like their author, openly defy father time., The Washington Times, 05-02-1999, pp B8.
Nabokov, Vladimir. SPEAK, MEMORY
social conditions that spurred Marx's writing of the Communist Manifesto shared several interesting similarities, as well as numerous differences, with the social conditions that appeared as a result of the influence of the Communist Manifesto in the 20th century. Germinal, a book by Emile Zola, shows the social conditions that existed as communism was beginning to spread across the world. In contrast, the movie The Inner Circle chronicles the social conditions that existed after communism had swept across Europe and the Soviet Union.
Emile Zola's book, Germinal, depicts a society that existed before and during the time that the influence of communism was felt in Europe and the Soviet Union. Germinal depicts labor problems among coal miners in late nineteenth century France. Told through the eyes of a newcomer to the mines, Etienne Lantier, Zola's book depicts the lead character's struggles to improve working conditions by organizing worker resistance. Etienne…
Banning, T.C.W. The Oxford History to Modern Europe.
Marx, Karl. Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts. 1844.
The History Guide. Karl Marx, 1818-1883. 18 February 2004.
customs adopted by Guerrilla Girls in the world of today as well as that of yesteryears. It lists their history, their indoctrination as well as their different ways of dealing with the society and the people, in general.
The Guerrilla Girls - ho are they?
Guerrilla Girls -- a mission that was founded in New York in 1985 had a clear and specific task at hand of increasing the visibility of women and minorities in the art world. The Guerilla Girls are unknown, ape-masked performance artists and agitators who have made a mark in cultures jamming them into everyone's heart and mind for the last two decades or so. They have infused bull on the sexism in the worlds of art and not to forget the form so closely related with art, the media. The semian sirens stories and fables narrate to us of the safaris of the…
Zeisler, Andi *****es, Bimbos And Ballbreakers: The Guerrilla Girls' Illustrated Guide To Female Stereotypes Foundation for National Progress 2004
Author Unknown, URL: http://www.guerrillagirls.com/index.shtml
Film Analysis: American Beauty
Film Analysis: American Beauty
Film Analysis: American Beauty
American Beauty (1999) was written by Alan Ball, creator of the HBO series 6 Feet Under, and directed by Sam Mendes. American Beauty centers around the Burnham family, who, on the surface seems like a picture-perfect, white, upper-middle class, suburban family. The protagonist of the film is the father and husband of the Burnham family, Lester, who, fed up with the boredom and monotony of his life, has an interesting "mid-life" crisis, that includes a very active crush on his adolescent daughter's Lolita-type best friend.
The film follows the Burham family as each member (mother, father, and daughter) transition into new stages of their lives. Lester's transition is the most notable and spectacular. He loses his high paying job and begins working at a fast food restaurant. While working the drive-thru, he discovers that his seemingsly…
Carroll, N., & Choi, J. (ed.) (2006). Philosophy of Film and Motion Pictures: An Anthology. Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA.
LoBrutto, V. (2005). Becoming Film Literate -- The Art and Craft of Motion Pictures. Westport, CA: Greenwood Publishing Group.
Nichols, B. (2010). Engaging Cinema. New York/London: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.
Searching for One's Self
The rigors and difficulty associated with finding the self-presented by Robert Thurman and Azar Nafisi contrast with the idea of selfhood presented by Jean Twenge in markedly different ways. This fact is underscored all the more clearly by reading Thurman's "Wisdom," Nafisi's "Selections from Reading Lolita in Tehran" and Twenge's "An Army of One: Me." Specifically, Thurman and Nafisi are actually concerned with an exploration of the self to discover a unique identity within an individual. Twenge, on the other hand, is writing about the self in relation to the concept of selfishness, and largely posits the notion that the preoccupation with the self that typifies contemporary society is innately limiting in this regard. Quite simply, there is no difficulty associated with the sort of selfish selfhood that Twenge writes about, whereas such difficulties dominate the writings of Thurman and Nafisis because they are about finding…
normal I offer. hy? Because I potential a false flag attack London Olympics worth researching. Okay,'s deal. You write a paper length normal extra credit assignment explained Extra Credit Unit.
Conspiracy theory or terrorism? -- The 2012 London Olympics
There has been a lot of controversy in the recent years regarding conspiracies and how some of the world's most influential individuals are actively engaged in a plot to exploit mankind. False flag attacks are believed to be attempts performed by these individuals with the purpose of justifying their intervention in particular areas that they are interested in. This year's London Olympics represents one of the most intriguing opportunities for certain actors to put their strategies into work, considering that the world's attention is focused on the event and that the number of people present there would surely draw significant responsiveness from an international public concerned in penalizing individuals and groups…
Donald, Brooke, "Q&A: Stanford terrorism expert Martha Crenshaw on Olympic security," Retrieved August 6, 2012, from the Stanford University Website: http://news.stanford.edu/news/2012/july/terrorism-expert-olympics-072712.html
Jennings, Will, "London 2012: Olympic Risk, Risk Management, and Olymponomics," Retrieved August 6, 2012, from the University of Southampton Website: http://soton.academia.edu/WillJennings/Papers/132752/London_2012_Olympic_Risk_Risk_Management_and_Olymponomics
Joseph Watson, Paul, "Whistleblower Reveals Plan To Evacuate London During Olympics," Retrieved August 6, 2012, from the InfoWars Website: http://www.infowars.com/whistleblower-reveals-plan-to-evacuate-london-during-olympics/
Nieuwhof, Adri, "UK security firm G4S provides services to Israeli prisons, police and army," Retrieved August 6, 2012, from the Open Democracy Website: http://www.opendemocracy.net/ourkingdom/adri-nieuwhof/uk-security-firm-g4s-provides-services-to-israeli-prisons-police-and-army