1000+ documents containing “mainstreaming”.
People who have severe disabilities have lived under centuries of legalized reliance and exclusion. ith every law that showed the liberalizing of society's commitment to disabled people has come the realization by disabled people that prejudice in the community didn't really end. This discrimination continued because oppressive changes were introduced to limit society's responsibility and the few progressive changes that were introduced were never supported financially. It has become evident that institutional prejudice shall not be overcome by good intentioned but uncoordinated and financially unsupported changes.
ith these centuries, even millennia of prejudice and oppression, society has made our dependency apparently inescapable. Many disabled people, cannot work except in sheltered workshops at often less than the minimum earnings. Many physically disabled people cannot travel on commercial transportation without submitting to patronizing assistance or inconveniencing regulations that fluctuate from company to company. Many disabled people cannot live in their own homes because….
Mainstreaming the Non-Traditional Learner in Your Choir
Mainstreaming special children in learning provides them with opportunities to gain knowledge and skills in a method that suits them. It is also a process of allowing them to accept their disabilities and make themselves function at their best. For instance, in a choir/chorus, mainstreaming disable children can provide them with support to properly participate in the singing activities. The following paragraphs aim to define several ways that a teacher can do to help and support special children in a choir.
Teachers are the immediate source in children's learning process when in school. Thus, it is important that they know effective strategies and methods that can challenge and wake up the eagerness of children to learning. This is especially true to special students that bear disabilities. For a non-traditional learner in a choir, there are several learning styles that can guide teachers in managing his….
In education, the practice of teaching mentally or emotionally handicapped children in regular classrooms with non-handicapped children is known as mainstreaming. There has been an increasing interest in this practice since the 1960s due to numerous factors. For example, recent research shows that many handicapped students learned better in regular than in special classes. In addition, there have been charges that racial imbalances existed in special education classes. The federal Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975, which states that all handicapped children have the right to a "free and appropriate" education in the "least restrictive environment," has been frequently interpreted as supporting the expansion of mainstreaming (Columbia University Press, 2003).
Mainstreaming has worked well with those segments of the special student population whose disabilities are compatible with a classroom setting and is felt in general to better prepare handicapped students socially for life after school. It has also….
McIntyre, Maryann. (October, 1992). Should Schools Eliminate Gifted and Talented Programs? NEA Today, p. 39.
Saskatchewan Education. (1986). Toward the year 2000: Future directions in curriculum and instruction. Regina, SK: Saskatchewan Education.
Stanviloff, L. (2002). Support for Classroom Teachers Involved in Mainstreaming Students with Severe Handicaps. SSTA Research Centre Report #96-10: 60.
The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. (2003). Columbia University Press.
Instructors can be sympathetic to individual needs, especially with regard to disabilities like ADHD because they can be made aware of them without the potential for discrimination or early recourse, as would be the case in employment. (Lemaire, Mallik & Stoll, 2002, p.39) in vocational training, under the shop/shop models people with disabilities, including those with ADHD are given a bridge opportunity to transition into a workplace setting through the guidance of a program that mimics work and has many of the same expectations, but that does not place them at risk fro the common occurrence of repeated failures, resulting in a resume that marks them as unreliable to future employers. They are offered the opportunity to learn a real world skill, of their interest while being supported through personal growth that will allow them to function appropriately in a work setting. Success with future employers is the key….
Halpern, a.S., Yovanoff, P., Doren, B., & Benz, M.R. (1995). Predicting Participation in Postsecondary Education for School Leavers with Disabilities. Exceptional Children, 62(2), 151.
Lemaire, G.S., Mallik, K., & Stoll, B.G. (2002). Expanding Horizons: A Model Academic and Vocational Training Program for Out-of-School Youth with Disabilities. The Journal of Rehabilitation, 68(2), 39.
Neven, R.S., Godber, T., & Anderson, V. (2002). Rethinking Adhd: Integrated Approaches to Helping Children at Home and at School. Crows Nest, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin.
Proctor, T.J., & Baker, B.R. (1995). Inclusion: One Way a Professional Development School Can Make a Difference. Childhood Education, 71(4), 224.
Webster's New American Handy College Dictionary, a "disability" is: "...the incapacity to do something because of a handicap - physical, mental, etc." Meanwhile, the Random House Dictionary of the English Language goes further: "1. Lack of competent power, strength, or physical or mental ability; incapacity; 2. A permanent physical flaw, weakness or handicap." Those dry facts do not come close to describing the genuine compassion and bond a loving parent feels for a child with disabilities. And parents too, likely are not concerned with the operative "political correctness" of not using the word "disabled" - since now, a new set of words has come into play in the professional ranks. Is the child a "challenged" child - physically challenged, emotionally challenged, and mentally challenged? For the purposes of this study, the word "disability" will be emphasized
Parents of children with learning disabilities, who have been in special education programs (there….
ADD In School (2003). "What is ADD? ADD in School Presents Hundreds of Classroom Interventions http://www.addinschool.com/ .
Haller, Mary Cathryn (1999). Learning Disabilities 101: A Primer for Parents. Florida: Rainbow Books.
Lindamood-Bell (2002). "The Lindamood-Bell Approach to Learning is Global, Balanced, and Interactive http://www.lblp.com/ ,
Rosner, Jerome (1993). Helping Children Overcome Learning Difficulties. New York: Walker and Company.
The first installment of the Iron Man franchise can be analyzed in the context of whether it either reaffirms or criticizes mainstream culture. Indeed, the film does a bit of both. The movie script itself as well as the underlying method and motives of the filmmakers and actors in terms of how the film is being marketed and portrayed potentially irrespective of what is being asserted directly in the movie itself will also be assessed.. Iron Man and films like it play a two-sided game of both glorifying and condemning ideas that are political and ideological in nature but often does so in a way that is not even-handed or is otherwise not grounded in reality.
Iron Man Observations
hat is clear straight away with the interactions and the developments surrounding Tony Stark (Downey) and Obadiah is that the movie is making a statement about corporate greed and the practice of….
Fisje, John "The Cultural Economy of Fandom," pp. 30-49, in Adoring Audience
Friday, Kirster "A Generation of Men Without History": Fight Club, Masculinity, and the Historical Symptom," Postmodern Culture 13:3 (2003),
Henry A. Giroux and Imre Szeman, "Ikea Boy Fights Back: Fight Club, Consumerism,
xiii). That overconfidence can lead to "false confidence" which in turn leads to serious mistakes and losses for companies. Hayward presents four sources of false confidence: a) getting "too full of ourselves" (an inflated view of "achievements and capabilities"); b) getting "in our own way" (pride leads a manager to "tackle single-handedly decisions that should be made" with others in the company; c) "Kidding ourselves about our situation" (due to false confidence leaders fail to "see, seek, share, and use full and balanced feedback" from colleagues and employees in order to "ground our knowledge about what's going on around us"; and d) failing to manage the "consequences of our decisions ahead of time" (Hayward, pp. xiii-xiv).
Hayward, who conducted more than 200 interviews with CEOs and other executives in Europe, Australia and the U.S., came up with his model / theory called "behavioral decision theory" (Hayward, p. xvii). Basically, Hayward….
Answers.com. (2010) W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Retrieved June 14, 2010, from http://www.answers.com/topic/w-l-gore-associates-inc .
Byrne, John a. (1998). How Jack Welch Runs GE. BusinessWeek. Retrieved June 13, 2010,
From http://www.businessweek.com .
Dyck, Bruno, and Neubert, Mitchell. (2008). Management: Current Practices and New
, 2002). This may be particularly so since, as Van Wart (2003) points out, part of the reason for the omission of research on the subject of administrative leadership is due to the circumstance of contextual complexity in other words the difficulty of distinguishing between the varying nuances of leadership and administrative positions. One needs tight conceptualizations and empirical operationalization in order to do so. Whilst in a general stance, we may see 'leaders' as sharing the same tonal content, empirical research points out differences. The leader of paid employees, for instance, would have very different duties and expectations (and consequently responsibility) than the leader of a volunteer organization, and so forth. Issues of contextual complexity also apply to otter concepts such as mission. (Baliga & Hunt, 1988). The act of observation is also a factor in that the very act of the observer may affect the end-results (Kiel, 1994).….
Baliga, G, & Hunt, J. (1988) An organizational life cycle approach. MA: Lexington Books.
Denhardt, R. & Denhardt.T. (2000). The New Public Service: Serving Rather than
Steering. Public Administration Review 60 (6): 549
Kiel, J. (1994). Managing chaos and complexity in government. CA: Jossey-Bass.
Children and Media
Technology surrounds everything that children participate in nowadays. From using computers to watching television, the media influences children in just about every activity that they are a part of. The mainstream and social media have had a great impact on the behavior of children, as they are consistently exposed to numerous forms of the media at all times. As technology advances and children are more and more prone to watching television and participating in activities over the Internet, children will always be affected by how the media is presented to them. It can be difficult to shelter children from the growing media influence, however, the effects of this phenomenon on both the psychological and cognitive development of children need to be analyzed and considered (Christakis & Zimmerman, 2009).
Social life has been completely revolutionized due to the existence of the Internet and the development of social media. Social media….
Anderson, D.R. & Hanson, K.G. (2009). Children, media, and methodology. American Behavioral Science. 52(8), 1204-1219.
Bargh, J.A. & McKenna, K.Y.A. (2003). The internet and social life. Annual Review of Psychology. 55, 573-590.
Chau, C. (2010). YouTube as a participatory culture. New Directions for Youth Development. 2010(128), 65-74.
Christakis, D.A. & Zimmerman, F.J. (2009). Young Children and media: Limitations of current knowledge and future directions for research. American Behavioral Science. 52(8), 1177-1185.
Alternative Sexuality in Mainstream Media
Representations of transgender individuals have traditionally been highly stereotypical in mainstream media. According to Mocarski (et al. 2013), this is why the inclusion of Chaz Bono in the popular reality television show Dancing With the Stars was viewed as particularly radical, given that Bono is an openly transgender man. Bono participated in the competition as a male dancer, just like any other male involved in the show. But ballroom dance, the authors argue, is an inherently transgressive practice. On one hand, it reaffirms gender given that male and female roles are quite rigidly defined within the context of a dance. On the other hand, the costumes, sequins, and theatricality of dance, even for males, can be quite gender-disturbing. It is not uncommon to hear jokes about the sexual orientation of male dancers as a result.
On the other hand, some argued that as a white man who….
Pornification of Women in Western Media
The Pornification of Women in Mainstream Western Media
Sexuality is a normal part of life for every male and female. egardless of where he or she lives, or even what age a person is, sex will be a need. It is a known biological fact. However, the Western media has been blamed to play a large role in exacerbating the need. Back in 1811, a novel published by Jane Austin known as Sense and Sensibility mentioned the word chaperon. It was stated that back then a young woman and young man were never left alone. Even if they were left alone, they were left in the presence of a chaperone. (Poisoned by Porn; It's" 2010, 14) why was this the case? The answer to that lies in that sex is a need for every man or woman born into this world. It was back then that….
8 July, 2009 "Bad boob jobs," The Times of India.
2012, "Christina Aguilera's 'Your Body' Dress Doesn't Leave Much To The Imagination," The Huffington Post.
American Society of Plastic Surgeons (2012) 2011 Plastic Surgery Statistics Report. [report].
Baudrillard, Jean 1979. "Seduction." Translated by Brian Singer. New York: St. Martin's Press
He says, "The South was right, my friends, there is no doubt about it" (Taft and Holleman). Thus, the Christian Identity movement is strongly connected with one's personal feelings towards Jews and those of non-Anglo-Saxon origin, seeing them as obstacles. Robin succinctly defines these problems when he lists the basic beliefs of the Christian Identity movement. Robin states that the Christian Identity members believe in a "very conservative interpretation of the Christian Bible" in addition to their beliefs about race and descendants" (Fairley para. 21).
Although their beliefs are certainly rooted in ancient history, the Christian Identity movement does not act in a way that truly supports Christian beliefs for two reasons. First, they both ignore the doctrine that Christianity is for everyone and use violence. The fact that Christianity is for everyone is seen not only through the way that many mainstream churches act today, but also through Biblical….
Fairley, Allison. "Christian Identity Movement." The University of Virginia. 1998. The
Religious Movement's Homepage. 5 June 2009.
Ruthven, Malise. Fundamentalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Tuft, Carolyn & Joe Holleman. "Inside the Christian Identity Movement." The Ross
Abstract The media has a pivotal part to play in giving the public information on what occurs worldwide, especially in areas wherein audiences lack direct experience or knowledge. In this paper, the effect of media on the formation of public attitudes and beliefs and its association with social change will be examined. The paper will draw on diverse empirical research findings and assess media coverage influence in areas like disability, economic growth and climate change. These findings will offer insights into how media shapes public discourse as regards establishing agendas and making the masses concentrate on specific topics. With regard to the issue of disability, for instance, a link has been established between hardened attitudes towards the disabled and negative coverage by media channels of those availing themselves of disability benefit. Additionally, it has been discovered that media channels severely restrict information for audiences to understand such issues, with alternative resolutions….
Special Educational Needs Co-ordinators: To What Extent does being on the Senior Leadership Team Influence their ole?
The emergence of the Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator (SENCO) role in the United Kingdom represented an important development for addressing the need for additional support for special education teachers in ordinary schools (Winter & Kilpatrick, 2009). Although SENCOs are generally expected to closely collaborative with teachers in addressing the special needs of their students, there remains a lack of definitional clarity with respect to the precise role that should be played by SENCO in mainstream secondary schools in the U.K. today (Winter & Kilpatrick, 2009). The purpose of the proposed study is to determine to what extent being on the senior leadership team influences the role of SENCOs and in what ways as described further below.
The need for a viable framework to address the learning requirements of special educational needs (SEN) students has been….
Karimov, F. P., Brengman, M. & Van Hove, L. (2011). The effect of Website design dimensions on initial trust: a synthesis of the empirical literature. Journal of Electronic Commerce Research, 12(4), 272-273.
Neuman, W. L. (2009). Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. New York: Allyn & Bacon.
Powell, S. (2003). Special teaching in higher education: Successful strategies for access and inclusion. London: Kogan Page.
Special education needs and disability code of practice. (2015). U.K. Government: Department of Education. Retrieved from https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/ attachment_data/file/398815/SEND_Code_of_Practice_January_2015.pdf.
Accommodating students with disabilities means enabling the students to participate in normal classroom activities in the least restrictive environment possible: special provisions must be made for the student to compensate for his or her disability in a classroom otherwise populated by the students' peers. In the case of 'Joe,' a wheelchair-bound 12th grade student, there is no cognitive impairment that prevents him from understanding and participating in classroom learning. Although Joe has some physical challenges, these can be met within the traditional classroom with some support. For example, to accommodate Joe's hearing loss, having an assistant interpreter/note-taker; providing written lecture notes; using visual aids; and incorporating learning materials into the online component of the class are relatively minimal additional, assistive techniques that could help Joe -- and even also assist with the learning of other students (Working together PowerPoint, slide 7). Joe's mobility impairment can be accommodated by having classroom….
Working together PowerPoint
Reynolds, T., Zupanick, C.E. & Dombeck, M. (2014). The choice of educational settings:
The pros and cons of mainstreaming children with intellectual disabilities. Seven Counties. Retrieved from: http://sevencounties.org/poc/view_doc.php?type=doc&id=10364&cn=208
Mainstreaming People who have severe disabilities have lived under centuries of legalized reliance and exclusion. ith every law that showed the liberalizing of society's commitment to disabled people has come…Read Full Paper ❯
Mainstreaming the Non-Traditional Learner in Your Choir Mainstreaming special children in learning provides them with opportunities to gain knowledge and skills in a method that suits them. It is also…Read Full Paper ❯
Mainstreaming In education, the practice of teaching mentally or emotionally handicapped children in regular classrooms with non-handicapped children is known as mainstreaming. There has been an increasing interest in…Read Full Paper ❯
Instructors can be sympathetic to individual needs, especially with regard to disabilities like ADHD because they can be made aware of them without the potential for discrimination or…Read Full Paper ❯
Webster's New American Handy College Dictionary, a "disability" is: "...the incapacity to do something because of a handicap - physical, mental, etc." Meanwhile, the Random House Dictionary of…Read Full Paper ❯
Mainstream Culture The first installment of the Iron Man franchise can be analyzed in the context of whether it either reaffirms or criticizes mainstream culture. Indeed, the film does a…Read Full Paper ❯
xiii). That overconfidence can lead to "false confidence" which in turn leads to serious mistakes and losses for companies. Hayward presents four sources of false confidence: a) getting…Read Full Paper ❯
, 2002). This may be particularly so since, as Van Wart (2003) points out, part of the reason for the omission of research on the subject of administrative leadership…Read Full Paper ❯
Communication - Journalism
Children and Media Technology surrounds everything that children participate in nowadays. From using computers to watching television, the media influences children in just about every activity that they are a…Read Full Paper ❯
Gender / Sexuality
Alternative Sexuality in Mainstream Media Representations of transgender individuals have traditionally been highly stereotypical in mainstream media. According to Mocarski (et al. 2013), this is why the inclusion of Chaz…Read Full Paper ❯
Women's Issues - Sexuality
Pornification of Women in Western Media The Pornification of Women in Mainstream Western Media Sexuality is a normal part of life for every male and female. egardless of where he or…Read Full Paper ❯
Mythology - Religion
He says, "The South was right, my friends, there is no doubt about it" (Taft and Holleman). Thus, the Christian Identity movement is strongly connected with one's personal…Read Full Paper ❯
Abstract The media has a pivotal part to play in giving the public information on what occurs worldwide, especially in areas wherein audiences lack direct experience or knowledge. In this…Read Full Paper ❯
Education - Mainstreaming
Special Educational Needs Co-ordinators: To What Extent does being on the Senior Leadership Team Influence their ole? The emergence of the Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator (SENCO) role in the United…Read Full Paper ❯
Joe Accommodating students with disabilities means enabling the students to participate in normal classroom activities in the least restrictive environment possible: special provisions must be made for the student to…Read Full Paper ❯