249 results for “Marine Corps”.
Marine Corps and its development over time.
The Marine Corps were formed as a compliment to the naval forces. hile the navies fought at sea they still required some link to the land, which became essential for the naval operation success. It was in 1775 that the Continental Congress of the U.S. gave rise to two battalions of marines who served for the naval infantry and it was in 1798 that the U.S. Marine Corp was officially launched. 
In the past the focus of the military campaigns rested mainly on the basis of the naval strength. Land forces came as reinforcement. After the establishment of the Continental Marines the concept of having an elite force that acted completely separately but for the Naval forces arose and this gave birth to the United States Marine Corps. Amphibious in nature the Corp. distinguished itself through many operations and made its necessity…
Written by ARTHUR PARENT available at http://ut.essortment.com/unitedstatesma_rjfa.htm
E.B. Potter (ed), The United States and World Sea Power (New York: Prentice-Hall, 1955), 577-578, hereinafter cited as U.S. & Sea Power.
LtCol R.D. Heinl, Jr., "The Cat with More than Nine Lives," USNI Proceedings, June 1954.
Many of the everyday jobs in a civilian workplace can also be found on a military base. As such, they fall under the OSHA laws the same as any other workplace. Employers must ensure that the workplace is free from any workplace hazards and health issues that would harm the employee. Posters must be placed in conspicuous areas in the workplace identifying potential health and safety hazards. Employers must also inform workers about first aid methods. To make sure that employers are keeping their workplaces up to standard, an inspection from an OSHA employee may take place without advance notice. This usually happens when a complaint is filed with OSHA by an employee of an organization. The employer may not take action or discriminate against the employee that filed the complaint.
If OSHA finds that the complaint is warranted, the employer must correct the situation and obtain certification that the…
Baird, Chardie L. And Reynolds, John R. (2004). Employee awareness of family leave benefits: The effects of family, work and gender. The Sociological Quarterly. 34(2): 325-353.
http://www.envoynews.com/elarbee/e_article001597206.cfm?x=bfPCGs5,b5gm6J1l,w (Accessed on June 15, 2010).
http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document-p_table=OSHACT&p_id=2743 (Accessed on June 15, 2010).
General James Mattis led U.S. Marine Corps into war in Fallujah, Iraq in 2004 where he earned the nickname, “Mad Dog.” During the battle, members of the U.S. Marine Corps shot at ambulances and aid workers following General Mattis’ command. The Marine Corps cordoned off the city to prevent civilians from escaping and would pose for trophy pictures with individuals they murdered (Glantz, 2017). By the conclusion of the battle, U.S. Marine Corps had killed so many civilians to an extent that the municipal stadium had to be converted into a graveyard. Since then, Mattis has constantly protected U.S. Marine Corps who murdered many civilians, which has resulted in the lack of accountability for these killings.
General Mattis’ command for U.S. Marine Corps to kill civilians and shoot at aid workers and ambulances contrasted the wisdom of Sun Tzu on attacking by stratagem. In the book, The Art of War…
Speed, Intensity, Success
There are many things that a Marine needs to incorporate into his character and his action if he is going to be an effective member of his team and successfully achieve goals. Speed and intensity are two of the most important qualities for Marines to possess, for a variety of reasons. It is through these qualities that the Marine Corps has developed and maintained its reputation as an elite, effective, and highly efficient military force, and it is only through these qualities that this same reputation and the success rate upon which it is built can be maintained. The following paragraphs will detail the importance of speed and integrity to the members of the U.S. Marine Corps, demonstrating their necessity for continued success.
Speed carries obvious benefits, including becoming a more difficult target and achieving a greater element of surprise. The faster a task or…
Marines build leaders that last. By preparing soldiers that are ready and able to enter into any combative situation, soldiers are not only skilled in ways of warfare, but in ways of leadership as well. This is no mistake -- by establishing a set of core values and leadership skills, the Marines are prepared for almost anything. By integrating important values with distinctive leadership skills, the Marines are one institution that develops successful leaders. This paper will examine how intense training, challenges, responsibility, mentoring, and accepting failure as experience creates model leaders in Marines.
The Marine Corps Core Values are honor, courage, and commitment. (Marines) Simply put, "the qualities of maturity, dedication, trust and dependability commit Marines to act responsibly, to be accountable for their actions, and to fulfill their obligations" (Marines). These core values are just the stepping stones to what obligations lay ahead for each Marine.
Core Values. Marines Online. Site Accessed August 28, 2003. http://marines.com/about_marines/corpsvalues.asp
Real Leadership. Marines Online. Site Accessed August 28, 2003. http://marines.com/officer_programs/realleadership.asp?format=flash
Nelson, Wallace. "Leadership." Marines. November 1995. Site Accessed August 28, 2003. http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=9603154667&db=mth
Freedman, David. "Corps Values." Inc. Online. April 1998. Site Accessed August 28, 2003. http://www.inc.com/magazine/19980401/906.html
Behavior of Concrete in ivers and Marine Areas
The marine atmosphere and also the river atmosphere are infamously harsh on man-made structures; furthermore, the materials employed for construction are seriously examined through these elements and how they would impact each other. Strengthened concrete is among the materials frequently employed for near shoreline, as well as off the shore, structures. These structures, whether submerged in or suspended within the marine or river area are susceptible to high amounts of chlorides, sulphates and magnesium -- all of which are hazardous to the surrounding environment. Furthermore, they are also exposed to high velocity of waves, the potentially harmful results of that are well recorded. This paper will indicate whether another method of strengthened concrete design, inside the limits from the codes, for marine as well as river structures may be more beneficial in the perspectives of engineering, construction, sturdiness and financial aspects. This…
Castro P., Rincon O.T. de and Pazini E.J., (2001), Interpretation of chloride profiles from concrete exposed to tropical marine environments, Cement and Concrete Research, 31, 529 -- 537. Taken from: Overbeek, J and Van Der Horst. (2006). Revaluation of Concrete Design in Marine Engineering. Delta Marine Consultants.
Choong K.Y. (2003), Durability performance of fifties years old concrete jetties in tropical marine environment, International Conference on Port and Maritime R&D and Technology, 97 -- 103, Singapore. Taken from: Overbeek, J and Van Der Horst. (2006). Revaluation of Concrete Design in Marine Engineering. Delta Marine Consultants
Costa A. And Appleton J. (2002), Case studies of concrete deterioration in marine environment in Portugal, Cement & Concrete Composites, 24, 169 -- 179.
Dehwah, H.A.F., Maslehuddin, M., and Austin, S.A. (2002). Effect of Cement Alkalinity on Pore Solution Chemistry and Chloride-Induced Reinforcement Corrosion, ACI Materials Journal, V.99, No.3, pp. 227-233. Taken from: Islam, M., Islam, S., Mondal, B.C. And Islam, M.R. (2010). Strength behavior of concrete using slag with cement in sea water environment. Journal of Civil Engineering (IEB), 38 (2): 129-140.
NMCI Project Management
Need a prelimary scope statement-based NMCI project provided, analyze critique NMCI project term organization handled estimation, handled quality communication. 2.Explain challenges.
The NMCI (Navy-Marine Corps Intranet) project was meant to link all the Navy's disparate networks, into a single network operated by one contractor. The project was not well estimated in terms of time and money required to fund the whole project. According to Verton (2002)
the contractor EDS (Electronic Data Systems) discovered there were many legacy applications that could not be incorporated into the new system. This increased the number of multiuser kiosks that were required to operate these applications. The amount of time taken for a decision to be reached and approved was longer than had been initially estimated by the contractor. This delay has caused the project to lag behind schedule and if drastic measures are not taken it is likely the project will…
http://www.utsandiego.com/uniontrib/20040729/news_1b29eds.htmlCalbreath , D. (2004). EDS cites losses on military contract, from Feeney, M., & Sult, L. (2011). Project Management in Practice: Implementing a Process to Ensure Accountability and Success. [Article]. Journal of Library Administration, 51(7/8), 744-763. doi: 10.1080/01930826.2011.601273
Joyce, E. (2003). SEC Checking EDS Navy Contract, from http://www.internetnews.com/bus-news/article.php/2208171
. NMCI officials press for big changes. (2004), from http://gcn.com/Articles/2004/06/25/NMCI-officials-press-for-big-changes.aspx?Page=2
Onley, D.S. (2002). EDS: Despite report, NMCI project's on track, from http://washingtontechnology.com/articles/2002/05/16/eds-despite-report-nmci-projects-on-track.aspx
plenty of hostile reporters, media moguls and other types of individuals with access to a pen and a phone that do not agree with the Marine Corps mission. As the Marine Corps website states "the Marine Corps has been America's expeditionary force in readiness since 1775. e are forward deployed to respond swiftly and aggressively in times of crisis" (Our Purpose, 2014). Additionally, the Marine Corps mission is to be America's 'First Line of Defense'. Reporters or journalists that do not understand the Marine Corps mission oftentimes feel that Marines are there under the guise of taking from these countries instead of giving to them. As a Captain, my job is to ensure that our mission is accomplished and that it is done so in the least obtrusive manner, and that civilians are protected (including journalists). Therefore, explaining to these journalist in an ongoing manner, leading by example, and befriending…
Our Purpose (2014) accessed on February 24, 2014 at http://www.marines.com/history-heritage/our-purpose
F-35 Joint Strike Fighter
The F-35 Lightning joint strike fighter (JSF) is being developed by Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company for the U.S. Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps and the UK oyal Navy. The fighter is described as a "stealthy, supersonic, multirole fighter" which is being built "in three variants: (1) a conventional take-off and landing aircraft (CTOL) for the U.S. Air Force; (2) a carrier variant (CV) for the U.S. Navy; and (3) a short take-off and vertical landing (STOVL) aircraft for the U.S. Marine Corps and the oyal Navy. (American Federation of Scientists, 2010) The concept demonstration phase is reported to have started in November 1996 when contracts were awarded to Boeing and Lockheed Martin. The contracts were made for the construction of demonstrator aircraft for three different configurations of the Joint Strike Fighter.
The research questions in this study include those as follows:
Gertler, J. (2010) F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) Program: Background and Issues for Congress. Retrieve from: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/weapons/RL30563.pdf
Tiron, R. (2010) Senate Appropriators Reduce Funding for Lockheed's F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. 14 Sept, 2010. The Hill. Retrieved from: http://thehill.com/news-by-subject/defense-homeland-security/118661-senate-appropriators-slash-funding-for-f-35-joint-strike-fighter -
Axe, David (2009) Report: Two-Year Delay for Joint Strike Fighter. Danger Room. Wired News. 24 July 2009. Retrieved from: http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2009/07/report-two-year-delay-for-joint-strike-fighter/
F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) International, Air-Force Technology. Line retrieved from: http://www.airforce-technology.com/projects/jsf/
The Returning of Soldiers from Combat in America
Although Earnest Hemmingway's, "Soldiers Home" (187) was written in 1925, and the war at that time was different, there are several things in the story that still ring true today for servicemen. In "Soldiers Home" (187) Krebs, the main character in the story goes through some changes while he is away fighting in the Marine Corps. Krebs was a young man from Kansas who is in college at the time that he is drafted into the Marine Corps. So he leaves his friends and family to go overseas to fight for his country, as do the young men and women of todays armed forces. As told by the author Krebs fights in some of the toughest battles that were ever fought, "Belau ood, Soissons, Champagne St. Mihiel, and The Argonne Forrest" (187), he feels out of place when…
With Krebs not really trusting his parents, and his loss of love as well the author shows the reader several issues that can affect a soldier returning home from combat. Along with the loss of interest in relationships, and not having a reason to interact with the towns people or even listen to his parents, they all show some of the struggles facing returning servicemen and women then and today, and that they have faced upon their return from foreign places where they have been busily waging war for the entire twentieth century (Associated Content)
The problems with the American soldier returning home from combat are worse than people may think. They go a lot deeper than people may think. They can range from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Traumatic Brain Injury, hearing loss, anxiety, depression, and even isolation. These are the problems that are unseen by society and have been written about since at least 1925. Hemingway's story is not prescient or "ahead of its tie" because it recognized and described the issues of coming home from war in ways that can be identified with modern diagnoses and that reflect modern experiences. Instead, it is the simple commonality of the experiences of warfare that existed in the First World War and that still exist in today's military conflicts that makes this work still relevant. The fact that Hemingway so accurately describes a case of post Traumatic Stress Disorder doesn't matter nearly as much as the fact that this disorder still exists, and for the same reasons it existed nearly a hundred years ago. Until mankind learns to end warfare, traumas like those experienced by Krebs and by real soldiers in ongoing wars will continue to lead to the development f psychological disorders like PTSD as described in "Soldier's Home" and by countless servicemen and servicewomen that have served honorably in places of combat today.
As Krebs returns home from war in 1919, he is faced with issues of being back in the civilian society. Whether a soldier fought in World War I, World War II, Vietnam, Desert Storm, Somalia, or Iraq and Afghanistan, the problems of the returning veteran are handled the same then as they are now personally, within the soldier and with the general public.
integrate a HUMINT operation (2) support vetting process. You define specific approaches, basic source acquisition process a template identifying points integration.
Intelligence analysts play an essential role in HUMINT operations, taking into account that they are in charge of collection, processing and of exploitation. One of the most common form of intelligence that these analysts have to deal with is related to biographical intelligence, taking into account that they have to be able to realize when they are dealing with individuals who are likely to be dishonest. Such a person needs to deal with "people and their associated documents and media sources to identify elements, intentions, composition, strength, dispositions, tactics, equipment, personnel, and capabilities." (John A. United States Army, United States Marine Corps 119)
hile most people are likely to consider interrogation when taking into account an intelligence analyst involved in a HUMINT operation, the reality is that…
"A Guide to Intelligence," Retrieved June 1, 2013, from the GulfLink Website: http://www.gulflink.osd.mil/search/intel_sum.html
John A. United States Army, United States Marine Corps, "The U.S. Army/Marine Corps Counterinsurgency Field Manual, Edi-iile 3-24," (University of Chicago Press, 15.09.2008)
Changing Nature of arfare
According to generals like Rupert Smith and David Petraeus, postmodern conflict is radically different from warfare between industrialized states, such as the American Civil ar and the world wars of the 20th Century. It does not begin with a condition of peace or return to it after the total defeat of the enemy, but rather is a "continuous crisscrossing between confrontation and conflict," often with indecisive results (Smith 19). Confrontations with North Korea and Serbia, for example, continued long after the end of the actual fighting on the battlefield, and the political issues that gave rise to the conflicts remained unresolved. These types of conflicted often dragged on for years or even decades, as in Afghanistan and Somalia, and were always fought among the people, with enemies who had a strong tactical advantage over their better funded and equipped opponents because of their familiarity with local…
Bacevich, Andrew J. The Limits of Power: The End of American Exceptionalism. Holt Paperbacks, 2009.
Petreaus, David H. And James F. Amos, The U.S. Army and Marine Corps Counterinsurgency Field Manual. University of Chicago Press, 2007.
Smith, Rupert. The Utility of Force: The Art of War in the Modern World. Vintage Books, 2008.
This will continue to be the case for the foreseeable decades as the United States fights wars that are so far not yet even imagined. If these wars have been fought (as many have suggested) over the presence of the scarce resource of oil, the next wars may be fought over the even more precious resource of water.
Looking not too far into the future, the next wars may be fought over the consequences (the magnitude of which has not been determined) of climate change. As the surface of the world itself changes with rising seawater and increasing disastrous floods, hurricanes, and droughts, the nature of war is likely to change ever more dramatically and ever more quickly. Petraeus has proven to be the kind of military leader who can understand that strength is based on intelligence and flexibility, not a clinging to traditions and -- most importantly -- the…
Bacevich, a. (2008). thinks our political system is busted. In "The Limits of Power: The End of American Exceptionalism. New York: Metropolitan Books.
Petraeus, D. (2007). The U.S. Army / Marine Corps Counterinsurgency Field Manual. Retrieved from http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/army/fm3-24fd.pdf .
Smith, R. (2007). The Utility of Force: The Art of War in the Modern World. New York: Knopf.
African-Americans reaking arriers in World War II
African-Americans and Non- Combat Jobs
First General: enjamin O. Davis, Sr.
Doris Miller: "The Hero"
Phyllis Mae Daliey
African-Americans reaking arriers in World War II
History shows very well that African-American soldiers were a group of men that played a significant role in World War II. Furthermore, it actually shows that more than half a million had actually served in Europe. In spite of the numbers they still encountered racial discrimination: prior to the war the military maintained a racially segregated force. In recent that have been done by studies from the military, blacks were most of the time classified as not being the best fit but being very unfit for combat and were not permitted on the front lines. It is also important to note that they were typically given support duties, and were not permitted…
Bennie J. McRae, Jr. African-Americans in World War II. December 9, 2013. http://www.lwfaam.net/ww2 / (accessed April 18, 2014).
Charleen E. Mcgee, Ph.D. Smith. "Tuskegee Airman: The Biography of Charles E. McGee, Air Force Fighter Combat Record Holder ." 1-204. New York: Branden Pub Co; 2nd edition, 2014.
Miles, Johnnie H. "Educator's Sourcebook of African-American Heritage (Book of Lists)." 1-456. New York: Jossey-Bass; 1 edition, 2005.
Nalty, Bernard C. THE RIGHT TO FIGHT: African-American Marines in World War II. October 8, 2013. http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/npswapa/extContent/usmc/pcn-190-003132-00/sec1.htm (accessed April 18, 2014).
Female Soldiers in the Contemporary Society
Effectiveness of having women soldiers
Impediments preventing female soldiers from being considered equal
Education as the solution
There is much controversy regarding the presence of women in the military, in spite of the fact that the contemporary society has reached a particularly advanced level of civilization. Although women tended to be discriminated when being involved in military corps over the years, some situations required their presence and thus made it mandatory for men to accept them. The military in general acknowledged the important role that women can play in the army but there is still a lot to do in order for them to actually be appreciated for their abilities. Education is the key to better integrating women in the military and in order for army corps to be as effective as possible individuals who are part of them have to…
Agosin, M. (2001). Women, Gender, and Human Rights: A Global Perspective. Rutgers University Press
Benatar, D. (2012). The Second Sexism: Discrimination Against Men and Boys. John Wiley & Sons.
Irby, I. "FET' to fight: Female Engagement Team makes history." Retrieved August 14, 2013, from http://www.army.mil/article/101111/
Lapidus, L.M. "How far has the women's movement moved in the last 40 years?." Retrieved August 14, 2013, from http://www.trust.org/item/20130425123242-hj209/
In 1965, the first American ground troops went to Vietnam, where the American policy of containment of Communism was severely challenged. Vietnam became a junior leaders' war, with much of the responsibility of combat leadership resting on the NCO. Needing large numbers of NCOs for combat, the Army created the Noncommissioned Officers Candidate Course (Arms, 1989). There were many outstanding acts of heroism, including Sergeant First Class Eugene Ashley who was supporting Camp Lang Vei with high explosives and illumination mortar rounds. After a communication loss, he directed air strikes and artillery support and organized a small assault force. Five times Ashley's unit attacked enemy positions and then proceeded through booby-trapped bunkers. Wounded by machinegun fire, Ashley directed air strikes on his own position to clear the enemy. While being transported down the hill, he was killed by enemy artillery (Arms, 1989).
Today in Iraq and other parts of the…
Arms, L.R. (1989) Short history of the NCOs. Museum of the noncommissioned officer.
Website retrieved March 23, 2007.
Giangreco, D.M, and Moore, K. Why a 200-year-old decoration offers evidence in the controversy surrounding the Hiroshima bombing. American Heritage Magazine
51(8). [electronic version]
The military was a natural school for movement and delivery procedures that also served him in good stead later. Another thing that Smith took from the Marine Corps was a hands on management quality based upon fairness in evaluation and treatment. This quality has never failed him ("Frederick w. smith," 2012).
Another thing that Smith has not hesitated to do is to cut the perks for the top executives in the company when profits are low. A good example of this was Smith's own compensation which dropped by two percent due to the economy. While it may seem to be common sense to cut costs from the top down in a company during a recession, it has in recent American history been a rarity for American CEOs who have continued to rake in large perks while their lower ranking employees felt the pain exclusively. This flies in the face of…
Bomkamp, S. (2011, July 25). FedEx ceo's total fiscal 2011 pay falls 2%. Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/Business/wireStory?id=14154041 .
Frederick w. smith. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/page/smi0bio -.
Frederick w. smith: Young marine to chairman & ceo of FedEx. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.military.com/veterans-day/content/frederick-smith.html .
Smith, F. (Performer) (2010). FedEx ceo frederick w. smith: Delivering innovation. FORA.tv. [Video
Consider the following quotation in which he reflects on the companionship between him and his peers.
ar is brutish, inglorious, and a terrible waste. Combat leaves an indelible mark on those who are forced to endure it. The only redeeming factors were my comrades' incredible bravery and their devotion to each other. The Marine Corps training taught us to kill efficiently and to try to survive. But it also taught us loyalty to each other -- and love. The esprit de corps sustained us (Sledge 152).
This passage provides a very vital means on interpreting many of the different events discussed within this memoir. It also answers a lot of questions in regards to the author's true esteem for war, which does not appear to be 'necessary' whatsoever. It is worth noting that this passage concludes the manuscript, and delivers a sort of insight and value to the book that…
Hiatt, Bryan. "With The Old Breed: At Peleliu and Okinawa." World War II Database. 2005. Web. http://ww2db.com/read.php?read_id=21
Gilbert, Adrian. "With the Old Breed on Pelelui and Okinawa." War Books Review. 2010. Web. http://www.warbooksreview.com/war-books-review/2010/05/with-the-old-breed-on-pelelui-and-okinawa-.html
No author. "Book Review: With the Old Breed: At Peleliu and Okinawa." www.mobilemojoman.com. 2012. Web.
This best-selling book by Mikel Harry and Richard Schroeder has been held in high esteem for more than twenty years. Indeed the reputation earned by Six Sigma: The Breakthrough Management Strategy Revolutionizing the orld's Top Corporations has for the most part been excellent, especially in the corporate industry. The authors are highly qualified to write a book about Six Sigma since they basically founded the organization. Mikel Harry is known as a high-powered consultant to businesses, and before writing the book with Schroeder served in the U.S. Marine Corps (as an infantry platoon leader and company commander) and was instrumental in founding Motorola's Six Sigma Research Institute. In fact Harry is given credit for founding the Six Sigma strategy for implementation. Schroeder, meanwhile, is a partner with Harry in setting up Six Sigma; he too worked at Motorola, and he and Harry work as consultants with corporations around the…
Goh, Thong N. (2012). Six Sigma at a crossroads. Current Issues of Business and Law,
Harry, Mikel, and Schroeder, Richard. (2006). Six Sigma: The Breakthrough Management
Strategy Revolutionizing the World's Top Corporations. New York: Random House
Honor the Warrior, The United States Marine Corps in Vietnam written by William L. Myers an ex-United States Marine. The book follows the experiences of the young men of the third corps of the third battalion U.S. Marine Corps, known as the 3-3 discussing the medals and honors the unit won during the campaign and also how they felt during the battles.
The Way of the Warrior: A veterans U.S. Marines View of the Experiences of the Soldiers of the Vietnam War
They every warriors nightmare is to remember the battles and deaths of his friends yet there are many war heroes who enjoy the rapid rise to fame as they produce their memoirs of battles they have fought in and their experiences on the parade ground and the jungle or desert.
However William L. Myers, himself a four-year veteran of the Marine Corps, has taken a step away from…
capabilities of key medical personnel operating in an austere environment in terms of their performance measures on key indicators, the skill sets that they must possess and the method in which equipment and supplies will be transferred to the location where medical personnel are to provide care. N KPP requirements are also set out as well as parameters for measuring the desired goals and needs of this operation. The systems needs are also set out in this study along with requirements of integration and joint communications. The implementation of scheduled delivery of increments is set out as well. Included in this report are illustrations in the form of charts and tables to assist with the understanding of the concept, strategy and implementation of this program.
N KPP revision history reported by the Joint Chief of Staff Instructor includes renaming the instruction which was previously named 'Interoperability and Supportability…
Tactical Doctrine: USAF Medical Support For Special Operations Forces (2005) Air Force Tactics, Techniques and Procedures 3024.6. Retrieved from: http://static.e-publishing.af.mil/production/1/af_sg/publication/afttp3-42.6/afttp3-42.6.pdf
Initial Capabilities Document 7 For 8 (U) United States Marine Corps Expeditionary Energy, Water, 9 and Waste (nd) CDTM Document Number: 1111080576 v. 2. Retrieved from: http://www.hqmc.marines.mil/Portals/160/Docs/USMC%20E2W2%20ICD.pdf
JCIDS Process: Capabilities Based Assessment (CBA) (2015) AcqNotes. Retrieved from:
Sports-elated Military ecruiting Initiatives Today
armed forces have traditionally had a lot to offer for new entrants into the job market, but in recent months, these benefits have increasingly been insufficient to sell the idea of military service to young people during a time of war. In response to this shortfall in recruiting levels, military recruiters have resorted to a number of alternative approaches to marketing military service as a viable option to qualified candidates. To determine the current initiatives being used by military recruiters today, this paper will provide a review of the military's use of sports, specifically racing such as NASCA and NHA for recruiting purposes. An examination of the effectiveness, associated costs, and the history of these sports-related initiatives will be followed by a summary of the research and an assessment of current and future trends in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
Background and Overview.
Air Force Sports program. (2005). Official Site of the U.S. Air Force Sports Program.
Retrieved July 16, 2005 from http://usmilitary.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?
zi=1/XJ& sdn=usmilitary& zu=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.usafsports.com%2F.
About Us. (2005). The National Association for Stock Car Racing. Retrieved July 16, 2005
The Navy also established institutions to particularly cater for women wishing to enter the service. It recruited women into the Navy Women's eserve, which was known as
Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES), in 1942. More than 80,000 such women served the military in occupations relating to communications, intelligence, supply, medicine and administration. The Marine Corps Women's eserve was created in 1943. Women in this establishment held jobs such as clerks, cooks, mechanics, and drivers. An increasing number of women served in these positions, among others in nursing and the Coast Guard -- there were more than 400,000 American military women serving both in the United States and overseas during the Second World War. Although many of these women served close to combat stations, the work of the majority involved non-combat duties.
After the World Wars
The Korean War
When the Korean Conflict broke out in 1950, President…
Norris, Michelle. Roles for Women in U.S. Army Expand. NPR, Oct. 1, 2007. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=14869648
Women in Military Service for America Memorial Foundation, Inc. Highlights of Military Women. 2010. Retrieved from http://www.womensmemorial.org/Education/timeline.html
Women in the U.S. Army. Generations of Women Moving History Forward. 2010. Retrieved from http://www.army.mil/women/index.html
Car Maintenance Company in Iraq, April 2003
The 507th Maintenance Company was a unit in the American Army that was ambushed in the Battle of Nasiriyah during the invasion of Iraq as they were advancing towards Baghdad. This unit was developed and established to offer maintenance support to the 5th Battalion, which was the 52nd Air Defense Artillery at Fort Bliss, Texas. The unit was deployed to Kuwait during the build-up to Operation Iraqi Freedom in February 2003 and was later involved in the operation through which it received huge media attention. The significant media attention occurred after one of its members, Jessica Lynch, was rescued from an Iraqi hospital. Upon return from its deployment to Iraq, the 507th Maintenance Company supported Operation Enduring Freedom given the decrease of the threat of ballistic missile attacks. This unit of the United States Army was placed in a dreadful predicament by the…
"507th Maintenance Company." (2013, November 1). Global Security -- Military. Retrieved October 21, 2014, from http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/507maint-co.htm
Luo, M., & Roberts, C. (2003, July 26). Soldiers of Ambushed 507th Maintenance Company
Finally Tell Their Story. USA Today. Retrieved October 21, 2014, from http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/world/iraq/2003-07-26-lynch-convoy_x.htm
Starr, B. (2003, July 11). Father: 507th Ambush a "Preposterous" Tragedy. CNN. Retrieved
(Mahnken and Maiolo, 2008, p. 339); (Friedman, 2003); (Military Doctrine, Guerrilla Warfare and Counterinsurgency, 2003)
"Disaggregation" could provide a new strategy for the counterinsurgency model for its war against terrorism. Disaggregation would involve prohibiting links between theaters, preventing global or regional insurgents to associate with or exploit potential local terrorists, disrupting the flow of information, propaganda and materials within and between jihad hotspots, abolishing sanctuary areas, identifying and isolating radical elements from the local populace and interrupting inputs from Islamist sources emanating from the greater Middle East. This new approach must address the problem at three levels -- local, regional and global levels. (Mahnken and Maiolo, 2008, p. 339); (Friedman, 2003); (Military Doctrine, Guerrilla Warfare and Counterinsurgency, 2003)
Lessons Learnt by the U.S. Marines and the U.S. Army
The lessons learnt by the U.S. Army and the Marine Corps in Vietnam were profound but were soon forgotten, but the recent…
Amstutz, Mark R. 2005. International ethics: concepts, theories, and cases in global politics. Rowman & Littlefield.
Boot, Max. 2009. A New Counterinsurgency in Afghanistan. [Online]. Available at:
http://www.commentarymagazine.com/viewarticle.cfm/a-new-counterinsurgency-in-afghanistan-15116 [accessed 28 April 2008]
Cassidy, Robert M. 2006. Counterinsurgency and the global war on terror: military culture and irregular war. Greenwood Publishing Group.
He also contends that guerilla warfare is not a tactic that is practiced without discipline or structure. The structure and adherence to rules or laws, as Guevara, suggests, are elements that directly contribute to the efficacy of guerilla warfare as used by terrorist organizations and small countries.
It is often said that guerrilla warfare is primitive. This generalization is dangerously misleading…it can be conducted in any terrain, in any climate, in any weather…Its basic element is man, and man is more complex than any of his machines. (U.S. Navy & Marine Corps, 1989, 13)
This quote comes from the headquarters of the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps, two extremely talented branches of the United States military, which is arguably one of the finest militaries in the world. If leaders from these branches of the military have this to say about guerilla warfare as it is used…
Guevara, Ernesto "Che." Guerilla Warfare. 1961.
Irish Republican Army. Green Book, Volumes 1 & 2.
United State Navy, United States Marine Corps. Mao Tse-Tung on Guerilla Warfare. Washington, D.C., 1989.
-29 and -26 bombers were used by U.S. forces to decimate Korean cities through round-the-clock air war using incendiary bombs, delayed demolition explosives and an "infernal jelly" called napalm.[footnoteRef:38] Created secretly during World War II, napalm was basically a mixture of petroleum and a thickening agent, designed to fiercely adhere to the target and severely burn it. Though first used against enemy structures and humans in World War II, napalm was used in the Korean War to devastating effect.[footnoteRef:39] the results of the U.S. air war against North Korea were intentionally catastrophic: at the commencement of the War, North Korea had 22 major cities, 18 of which suffered at least 50% obliteration.[footnoteRef:40] Furthermore, the U.S. government seriously considered using the atomic bombs that had so decisively ended World War II in the Pacific Theater. Particularly in September and October of 1951, -29 bombers were used for multiple runs to drop…
Bizony, Piers. The Space Shuttle: Celebrating Thirty Years of NASA's First Space Plane. Minneapolis, MN: Zenith Press, 2011.
Blight, James G., and Janet M. Lang. The Fog of War: Lessons from the Life of Robert S. McNamara. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2005.
Boyne, Walter J. Beyond the Wild and Blue: A History of the United States Air Force, 1947-2007, Second Edition. New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 2007.
Chant, Christopher. The World's Greatest Aircraft. New York, NY: Crescent Publishing, 1991.
The USMC has established an immediate, direct, and clear relationship between recruiting and socialization." (Baker & Jennings, 2000, p. 369) by "socialization," the United States Marine Corps (USMC) means the precise functioning of each individual Marine in relation to the entire corps. Every marine, like every soldier in the regular army, and every sailor in the Navy, is destined for a specific purpose. hile military personnel may possess wide training in many different areas, there is nonetheless, a definite "military culture." Each and every member of America's Armed Forces - and those of all other nations as well - must fully understand how it is that they contribute to the organization tyo which they belong. The above-mentioned advertising campaigns focused mostly on very personal reasons for considering a military career. Unfortunately, personnel reasons do not always add up to the realities of military service, neither in terms of what the…
Military Recruitment and Management
motivational Speech importance Military Birthday Celebrations. I inspire motivate a crowd history importance Military Birthdays. I talk actual dates speak extremely important person important birth service.
Why celebrating military birthdays is important
The Marine Corps
The Air Force
The National Guard
Evoking self-assertive citizens
For one to take fate into his/her hands is an act of self-assertiveness. For one to do so and claim responsibility for the faiths of entire troops and units is the burden of proof for bravery. When such men and such women choose to take the helm and lead the nation's destiny as entrusted to them by the very latter, this is devotion and glory. The people in the military forces are the above. These are the people who must never be forgotten, those who are no longer with us and the living. The purpose of this essay…
Blythe, B. (2008). John Paul Jones (1747 -- 1792). National Park Service. Retrieved from http://www.nps.gov/revwar/about_the_revolution/jp_jones.html
Kroesen, F.J. (2013). Remembering a sin wave: A history of feast and famine for the U.S. Army (Special Report). Institute of Land Warfare. Retrieved from http://www.ausa.org/publications/ilw/DigitalPublications/Documents/sine-wave/index.html
Palmer, M.A. (n.y.). The Navy: The Continental period, 1775-1890. National History and Heritage. Retrieved from http://www.history.navy.mil/history/history2.htm
Values and Ethics
A person's worldview is shaped in many ways starting from birth. The values held by his family, friends and community are impressed upon him during the first years of his life, and form the basis by which he interacts with the world and through which he understands his experiences. hile many people remain truest to the ethics developed in childhood, and only develop complexity in their ethical standards as they age, others choose to stay true to the values that call to them most clearly and build up their values around a new pattern of beliefs. My values were rooted in my family of birth and developed through the influence of my friends and community, but they crystalized during the nearly two decades I spent serving in the U.S. Marine Corps. Among my core values are the Marine Corp ethical goals of honor, courage and commitment, and…
Merriam-Webster. 2011. "Definition: Honorable." Retrieved June 4, 2011 from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/honorable
Major Subordinate Element
Depict Command Relationships
JTF-50 COA Presentation Format
DJMO C340 EXERCISE MATERIAL
Air and naval strikes, in coordination with Sof and Marine for Operation theater entry.
Additional forces are brought to the shore whenever it is necessary.
With control area being denied to enemy forces
That could be of a big threat to mine clearing operations.
With central areas denied to enemy forces that could threaten other areas, mine clearing operations commence in the Strait of Mormuz
With the straight being open, some of the forces that are ashore and then withdrawn.
Phase II-Seize Initiative
DOTMLPF system of analysis provides defense leaders of the 21st century a holistic interpretation of today's battlefield by identifying and grouping the most important factors into an understandable and complete model. Doctrine, organization, training, material, leadership, personnel, and facilities compose this acronym's structure and are partnered together in a unique pneumonic while adhering to the systematic traditions of the American army and it's defense partners around the globe.
The purpose of this essay is to explore this system and highlight the one facet of this composition which demonstrates the most significant contribution to the entirety. While many of these facets certainly should be considered as significant, the material aspect seems to hold a significant presence beyond the others. I will explain how material supersedes the other attributes by comparing and contrasting their various special attributes. It is important to realize during this analysis that the DOTMLPF system relies on the…
Kelly, R. (2004). Logistics modernization: a marine corps warfighting imperative. Marine Corps Gazzette, 20.
Kelly, T. (2003). Transformation and homeland security: dual challenges for the U.S. army. Parameters,36-50.
Tegnella, J. (2007). A new era in combating WMD. JFQ,46, 66-67.
Coldest ar: A Memoir of Korea, a novel written by James Brady. This paper clearly outlines the summary of the book and highlights some of the events written by the author in his book. This paper explains Brady's purpose behind writing his masterpiece and clearly defines its theme. Critical analysis of the novel and information about the author are also included.
The Coldest ar: A Memoir Of Korea
The Coldest ar: A Memoir of Korea written by James Brady gives a first person's account of the second Korean war. In the book the author compares the tactical approach of the army vs. marine rifle companies. Serving as a young marine lieutenant in the United States Marine Corps for a year, Brady tells the story by illustrating to his audience the deplorable conditions of the soldiers and the critical experience they underwent, through his analysis and encountering. The author talks about…
Dennis D. The Forgotten War Is Remembered. Newsday. 16 Jun. 2000.
Smith H. Tales Making Courage, Hardships In Korean War. The Washington Times.11
James B. The Coldest War: A Memoir of Korea. Thomas Dunne Books-St. Martin's
The colors used are also drab and grey-green dominates to evoke a sense of claustrophobic death and destruction.
Another aspect that evokes atmosphere in the film is the use of music. Kubrick chooses a soundtrack which is both empty and banal yet also succeeds in emphasizing the loss of meaning and vacuity in what the young recruits have become. The director makes use of popular songs such as "These Boots Are Made for Walking" and "Surfin' Bird." The very emptiness of the lyrics tends to ironically emphasize the dehumanization and loss of identity which pervades the film (Maslin).
The theme of dehumanization is followed through in the graphic events of the battle and we also see the "…collapse of the individual into the group" (Anderegg 11). For example, when Joker tries to express his individuality by wearing a peace symbol on his uniform, he is sternly rebuked by a marine…
Anderegg, Michael, ed. ( 1991) Inventing Vietnam: The War in Film and Television.
Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
MASLIN J. FILM VIEW; INSIDE THE 'JACKET': ALL KUBRICK . ( 1987) Retrieved
American Way of War
The history of the American Way of War is a transitional one, as Weigley shows in his landmark work of the same name. The strategy of war went from, under Washington, a small scale, elude and survive set of tactics practiced by what seem today to be relatively "quaint" militias, to -- in the 20th century -- a full-scale operation known as "total war." True, "total war" was not a concept invented by the Americans in the 20th century. The North eventually practiced "total war" against the Confederates when Sherman's campaign left utter destruction of civilian territory in its wake. The ancient Romans practiced it when, under the direction of Cato, they destroyed Carthage because its mere existence, they felt, posed a threat to their prosperity. In the 20th century, however, "total war" received an enormous boost of technical support when the inventors of the atom…
Butler, Smedley. War is a Racket. LA: Feral House, 2003.
Chollet, Derek and James Goldgeier. America Between the Wars. NY: Public Affairs,
Debs, Eugene. "Anti-War Speech," 16 June 1918. Web.
Metal Jacket" Analysis
How does the director use the elements of the film, such as music, photography, sets dialogue, etc., to give the story a sense of realism? Give example to explain. "Gunny" on the History Channel's "Mail Call" was a former drill sergeant in the U.S. Marine Corps; his language is fairly reflective of that used by the drill sergeant in Kubrick's production, only Gunny's language is cleaned up for public consumption. Kubrick, though, makes it clear that notwithstanding General Patton's reprimand for slapping a combat-fatigued Army soldier, the U.S. Marines would curse you and beat the hell out of you if you did not shape up to their standards. The language, brutality and downright cruelty shown by the drill sergeants in this movie were all highly effective in communicating a sense of in-your-face realism about what was taking place; further, the military base sets used for the training…
He made a particularly notable commitment as head of the University of altimore to expand opportunities for lower-income students who had to work during the day so they could take classes at night.[footnoteRef:2] He also took the time to write a biography of his old friend whose military career he admired. [2: Hugel, 21]
Showing similar grit and determination, Puller refused to be deterred in his desire to see action when World War I ended and instead asked of the Marine Corps where he could be useful: again and again throughout World War II he continued to distinguish himself in shows of valor. He showed loyalty (as manifested in the close relationship he fostered with his old friend) and humility (in his respect for Pullen's very different but equally notable accomplishments). Military leaders have often been criticized for excessive rigidity in their thinking, but both men showed great flexibility in…
Hugel, David H. "The teacher and the warrior: A story of two young Virginians who met as
Marine recruits." Leatherneck, 93 (Feb 2010) 2: 18
Snider, Dan. "Dissent and strategic leadership of the military professions." Strategic Studies,
front line of defense and the first line of offense of American might, the United States military plays an essential role in maintaining the integrity of the nation's interests at home and abroad. In sharp contrast to the highly motivated and professional armed forces that are in place today, though, the U.S. military struggled to overcome the legacy of its conscription-based approach to maintaining adequate manpower during the Vietnam War where relatively short enlistment periods and high attrition rates resulted in diminished combat readiness and dangerously low levels of troop morale. This paper examines how the U.S. armed forces overcame this legacy to emerge as the preeminent military power in the world today. A summary of the research and important findings are presented in the conclusion.
Organizational Behavior in Today's Military
Over the past half century, the United States armed forces have experienced a number of changes to their…
Gates, R.M. (2008, September 29). National Defense University. U.S. Department of Defense
Greenberg, J. (2003). Organizational behavior: The state of the science. Hillsdale, NJ:
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
The two should know better but their emotions got the best of them. In this case I would myself (or ask another person who knows the two) pull one of the two aside gently but firmly and ask that he take a deep breath and not cause commotion to the point where we all suffer. I would say, "Take a break guy, please cool your jets for a few moments because you are causing all of us to be distracted from what we are supposed to be doing here. You're forcing us to be involved and we aren't part of your problem, so please, quiet down…"
If that wouldn't work, the next step of course is to notify the supervisor or foreman that we need help -- or to follow company policy in whatever form is required in that situation.
Who are my heroes?
I don't have any "heroes" in…
military imparts in an individual many important qualities that they carry out into the real world. These qualities are leadership, versatility, character, among others. The military is an excellent place to learn, to grow, and to better one's self. Many people have had long and successful careers that they earned only through being in the military. It teaches a person the importance of hard work, communication, and bravery.
The military allows for transition into a multitude of careers, especially career in the government. And in sectors where leadership skills are rare and sought after, the military prepares one to establish a secure foothold in these areas. Non-for-profits, volunteer organizations, and businesses all require strong and fearless leaders with clear direction and focus. The military offers exactly what a person needs early on to achieve anything they set out for. Six sections will be examined to show just how military lessons…
Ambrose, S.E. (1983). Eisenhower. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Burns, J.M., & Dunn, S. (2004). George Washington. New York: Times Books.
Cunningham, J.B., & Lischeron, J. (1991). Defining Entrepreneurship. Journal of Small Business Management, 29(1), 45. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8691.1993.tb00073.x
Gowel, D. (2012, March 1). 5 reasons the military is the best training for entrepreneurs | SmartBlogs [Web blog post]. Retrieved from https://smartblogs.com/leadership/2012/03/01/5-reasons-the-military-is-the-best-training-for-entrepreneurs/
First of all only a scant few of these Veterans groups will acknowledge the "promise" of free health care; for the most part these groups will tout the benefits already promised by the Veterans Administration and assert that cuts in these benefits are the same a broken promise-or contractual breach in legal terms. The idea of the United States military making a "promise" or forging a legally binding agreement between individual veterans or groups of veterans is barred by the United States Constitution. As will be demonstrated in the Literature eview, specific Constitutional language from Article I give Congress and only Congress the express authority to make laws and regulations pertaining to the armed forces. Therefore, the idea the military breached a contract with service members is, ultimately, inherently inaccurate. Combining the lack of specific language within the materials provided by any governmental agency with the clear language of the…
.... (n.d.). The RETIRED MILITARY ADVOCATE. The RETIRED MILITARY ADVOCATE. Retrieved November 29, 2010, from http://mrgrg-ms.org/
Best, R. (2003, August 7). Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers. Congressional Research Service, 1, 1-17.
Birkey, a. (2010, July 21). Fraudulent vets charity raised big money in Minnesota. The Minnesota Independent, p. 3.
Burrelli, D. (2008, August 12). Military Health Care: The Issue of Promised Benefits. Congressional Research Service, 1, 1-14.
Fourth Generation Warfare
Some analysts have argued that "fourth generation warfare" is new. This author will argue that there is nothing new about fourth generation warfare. Modern military analysts have simply been ignoring it because they know how to do second and third generation warfare. Fourth generation warfare is as old as human beings. Although it was only formally defined in the famous Marine Corps Gazette article of 1989, it predates formal warfare precisely because it involves terrorist actors. Since it existed from the beginning, it was just "under the radar screen" of military analysts who were used to modern technology and tactics.
The simplest definition of fourth generation warfare includes any kind of warfare in which one of the participants is not a state but instead a violent terrorist actor. Classical examples include such as the slave rising under Spartacus. Of course, this predates the modern concept of warfare…
Lind, William S, Nightengale, Keith, Schmitt, John F., Sutton, Joseph S., and Lieutenant
Wilson, Gary I. "The Changing Face of War: Into the Fourth Generation." Marine
Corps Gazette, October 1989, 22-26.
Murden, Simon. "Staying the Course in 'Fourth-Generation Warfare': Persuasion and Perservance in the Era of the Asymmetric Bargaining War." Contemporary Security Policy 28, no. 1 (April 2007): 197-211.
There is no cause worth killing and dying for, and killing and dying are not heroic.
It would be different maybe if another country invaded the United States (like we did Iraq) and want to change our government. Probably most people would fight that. But Vietnam and Iraq are "mistakes." Almost everybody knows it. Why should we die for a mistake? Why should 3,000 men and women die in Iraq for a mistake? More than 60% of the people in the U.S. are against the war in Iraq. They don't want it. And now the president wants to send 21,500 more troops there. That makes about 2,388 more who will also die. it's like throwing good money after bad. We never going to "win."
Anybody who goes in the military now must be just plain stupid. People that join up believe they'll find out what they're worth, how brave they…
Boyz in the Hood (1991). Film, 112 minutes. Columbia Tristar Home Video.
The demographics of military enlistment after 9/11 web site: http://www.heritage.org/Research/NationalSecurity/em987.cfm
Hedges, C. (2001). War is a force that gives us meaning. New York: Public Affairs.
Marriage a casuality of the war (2005). People, 17 Oct, 64 (16) 128-130, 132.
Usmj 91 Compliance
Summary of United States Marine Corps Article
United States Marine Corps Article 91 covers the issue of insubordination of superior officers. More specifically, it reads as follows:
"Any warrant officer or enlisted member who
(1) strikes or assaults a warrant officer, non-commissioned officer, or petty officer, while that officer is in the execution of his office;
(2) willfully disobeys the lawful order of a warrant officer, noncommissioned officer, or petty officer; or (3) treats with contempt or is disrespectful in language or deportment toward a warrant officer, noncommissioned officer, or petty officer while that officer is in the execution of his office; shall be punished as a court-martial may direct"
Purpose of Article
The obvious purpose of Article 91 is to ensure that enlisted personnel exhibit appropriate respect for their superior officers; that they always follow their orders; and that they never physically assault or…
USMC. (2013). 891. Article 91. Insubordinate Conduct toward Warrant Officer,
Noncommissioned Officer, or Petty Officer. Accesses online:
Charismatic vs. servant leadership
The career of General Colin Powell is by any measure an extraordinary one. Powell was the first African-American Secretary of State and a much-talked about candidate for the presidency in his own right. From the very beginning of his career, Powell eluded conventional definitions of what it means to be black in American politics and created a unique brand of charismatic leadership. Powell self-identified as a Republican but was unafraid to be an advocate for a different point-of-view when debates about the Iraq War raged within in the administration of George ush. Powell saw the involvement of the U.S. In Iraq as a flagrant contradiction of the principles he had learned while serving in Vietnam, which was to have a clear goal for an intervention; to use military force in a rapid fashion; and also to establish the support of the American people for…
Blanken, Rhea. "8 Common Leadership Styles." ASSOCIATIONS NOW, January 2013.
http://www.asaecenter.org/Resources/ANowDetail.cfm?ItemNumber=241962 accessed 26 Aug 2013)
Butler, G. "Humane leadership." Marine Corps Gazette, 96(2012) 8, 21-25. Available:
[footnoteRef:24] in the Archaic Period, Ancient Greece's initial maritime power was critical but also "sporadic."[footnoteRef:25] During the Classical Period, Athens in particular "pursued a policy of naval imperialism"[footnoteRef:26] and this Period saw the development of "siege warfare" in which the Greeks -- particularly the Athenians -- developed the skills to wage war on the open sea.[footnoteRef:27] in the Hellenistic Period, the scope of warfare was enlarged considerably, as whole areas of land were now in dispute. Consequently, there was an "ancient naval arms race"[footnoteRef:28] in which various kings extending beyond Greece fought for control of mainland Greece, islands of the Aegean, western Turkey and southern Syria.[footnoteRef:29] [21: EH.Net and C. Michael Hogan. "Economy of Ancient Greece." www.eoearth.org Web site. May 1, 2010. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Economy_of_Ancient_Greece (accessed January 17, 2013).] [22: Chester G. Starr. The Influence of Sea Power on Ancient History. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, Inc., 1989, 7.] [23: Ibid.,…
Woman in the Military
Although their numbers are still disappointingly small, military women now serve with distinction in every service. The women who served in Operation Desert Storm flew planes into enemy territory, fired weapons, commanded combat support units, ferried troops in to the combat zone and carried them fuel and supplies. At the end of the war, Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney applauded the women's performance: "They did a bang up job....They were every bit as professional as their male colleagues." He also noted that he "wouldn't be at all surprised to see the role of women in combat expanded in the year ahead." Yet, more than a decade later, women are still prohibited from direct combat. Recently, Jessica Lynch's actions on the battlefield in Iraq are once again fueling the debate over the role of women in the military. Many are in favor of letting women join men…
Active Duty Servicewomen by Branch of Service and Rank, 2001." Infoplease. 23 May 2003. http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0004600.html .
Hoar, William P. "Case Against Women in Combat." The New American. 8 Feb. 1993. Vol. 9,
No. 03. 23 May 2003. http://www.thenewamerican.com/tna/1993/vo09no03/vo09no03_women_combat.htm .
Jones, Rebecca. "Women in the Face of War." Oak Park and River Forest. 23 May 2003. http://22.214.171.124/search?q=cache:QX4Uem6XEmsJ:oprfhs.org/division/history/inter pretations/2000interp/Jones, Rebecca.doc+military+and+%22combat+exclusion%22+and repeal&hl=en&ie=UTF-8
In spite of the setbacks of Operation Blueheart, MacArthur was admirable in his courageous "promptitude to act," in the words of Winston Churchill (cited by Starling 1998, p. 298). After Blueheart's execution proved inconceivable, MacArthur immediately proceeded to draft the plans for the similar Operation Chromite. Operation Chromite, like Operation Blueheart, would rally the support of various branches of the military in a sweeping amphibious counteroffensive. MacArthur hoped to achieve the primary objective of American and United Nations presence in the Korean Peninsula: to stymie the communists.
If nothing else, MacArthur wanted to revitalize the spirits of troops stationed throughout East Asia and especially those trapped behind the Pusan Perimeter. On a reconnaissance mission on June 29, 1950 General MacArthur observed lackluster troops and was quoted saying Nobody is fighting," (Ballard 2001, p. 32). The seasoned CINCFE pointed out during the reconnaissance mission that among American and allied South Korean…
Ballard, J.R. (2001). Operation Chromite: counterattack at Inchon. JFQ Spring/Summer 2001.
Beidler, P. (2007). Ike v. Mac. Military History Jul/Aug 2007.
Brady, J. (2000). The Coldest Winter. St. Martin's.
Carpenter, R.H. (2000). Did MacArthur save the Marines? U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings; Aug2000, Vol. 126 Issue 8, p66, 6p.
U.S. Military Chain of Command
The traditional wars that have followed the Europeans models developed by Napoleon basically incorporate the leadership in writing and training troops for rules of engagement. ules of Engagement (OE) is described as a management tool that help in keeping soldiers within control and aligned with the specific mission. This management tool has contributed to benefits and costs in which training OE in each leadership level down to the individual soldiers enables every participant to make responsible decisions and achieve the mission as stated by the battlefield commander. Notably, the chain of command basically consists of various levels since it links everyone in the uniformed service ranging from the senior ranks to the junior ranks as well as the United States President. An important example that correlates an understanding of rules of engagement with limited war ideology is the Vietnam War. The Vietnam War incorporates various…
Boot, M. (2011, October 4). The War Over the Vietnam War. Retrieved September 29, 2012,
Lester, R.E. (1990). Records of the U.S. Marine Corps in the Vietnam War. Retrieved September
29, 2012, from http://cisupa.proquest.com/ksc_assets/catalog/11199.pdf
The development of the atomic bomb as well as its perceived success rate however made further development in chemical and biological weaponry unnecessary.
It is worth noting that biological weapons were never employed significantly in World War I and World War II. The effects of biological weapons even if crude has been pointed out by Spiers (2010) when he mentioned how Japanese surrendered in 1945 abut six of their soldiers released several plague-infested rates as well as sixty horses that were infested with the deadly glanders into the relatively quite and safer Chinese countryside. This left Changchun as well as its environs unsafe for habitation until the 1950s
A review of literature indicates that the United States never actively used chemical or biological weapons as part of its military operations. In its history of military development and its rise to be the world superpower. There are cases however when…
Anderson, F (F) ed. The Oxford Companion to American Military History
Black.J (2002) America as a Military Power: From the American Revolution to the Civil War
Chambers, JW (1999)ed., The Oxford Guide to American Military History
Doughty, R., Gruber, I, Flint, R, Grimsley, M and Herring, G (1995)American Military History and the Evolution of Western Warfare. Wadsworth Publishing
Ability of USA to Counter terror
DHS and enhancement of Special Operations Forces structure
Posse Comitatus Act of 1878 proscribed the use of military in civilian law enforcement. Currently, there are terrorists who are born and bread within the United States territory. These terrorists sometime carryout their heinous acts using Weapons of Mass Destruction (Brown, 2005). They also have networks that cannot be easily broken down by the Homeland Security agencies. It is the Department of Defense that has such capabilities. That is why the Coast Guards use facilities that belong to the Navy to ensure that banned drugs are never shipped into the United States. Special operations forces can train officers within the Department Of Homeland Security on how to reduce vulnerability to terrorism. They can also help in evaluating the adequacy of existing physical security systems. Department of Homeland Security has got no capability of combating terrorists threats…
Brown, T.D. (2005). The Role of Special Operations Forces in U.S. Homeland Security and Homeland Defense. Retrieved October 22, 2012 from http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA433677
Mann, W.R. (2010). Duvdevan: Israel's Most Elite Counter Terrorist Unit. Retrieved October
22, 2012 from http://www.realfighting.com/duvdevan.php
Malvesti, M.L. (2010). To Serve the Nation: U.S. Special Operations Forces in an Era of Persistent Conflict. Washington: Center fir a New American Security.
Lear and Comodore Barron, the commander of the American fleet in the Mediterranean agreed in 1805 that Ahmad was no longer useful to the American cause. As a result, Lear met with Muhammad D'Ghies, Tripoli's Minister for foreign affairs, and eventually reached an agreement. War prisoners would be mutually exchanged, and America had to pay a sum of $60, 000 to Tripoli. However, this sum was considerably smaller than what the Pasha had asked for in 1804. Legendary Commodore Charles Morris wrote, "On the 3rd of June, a peace was concluded with Tripoli by Colonel Lear, who had been authorized by the President to negotiate."
One of the most important consequences of the war was its power to produce some of the earliest American war heroes. In the absence of news correspondents, and the far-reaching means the press has today, the accounts of the war were given by the people…
Call for backup before attempting pursuit into unsecured potential gang situations
5.. Examples of gangs deploying military weapons and tactics against law enforcement:
2005: Contract assassination attempt against corrections officer in Lakewood, Wash. By United Blood Nation gang member in active service from Bremerton Navy Station (10)
2005: Ceres, California: Active-duty, U.S. Marine Iraq combat veteran gang member shoots two police, killing one, using military tactics (11)
2006: Verbal testimony by several gang members suggests veterans training gangs for combat (12)
2010: U.S.Marine Corps veterans charged with selling assault weapons to gangs (13)
2011: Twenty-seven AK-47s stolen from California's Fort Irwin Army base (14)
2011: National Gang Threat Assessment report: "Gang members are acquiring high-powered, military-style weapons and equipment, which poses a significant threat because of the potential to engage in lethal encounters with law enforcement and citizens alike" (15)
6. ACTION: If you believe you may encounter military-level threat…
References: All sources peer-reviewed, government or considered reliable.
Blankenstein, A. "Marines sold military assault weapons to L.A. gang members, authorities allege." Los Angeles Times L.A. Now, 9 Nov. 2010. 26 Dec. 2011 (4, 13)
Cooley, S. "Findings and proposals from the District Attorney's Office." L.A. County District Attorney. April 2008. 26 Dec. 2011 < da.co.la.ca.us/pdf/LADA_Gang_Crime_&_Violence_APR_2008.pdf > (9)
Federal Bureau of Investigation. "The Continuing Gang Threat." National Gang Threat Assessment 2011 Key Findings, National Gang Intelligence Center. 21 Oct. 2011 (15)
L.A. County District Attorney's Office. "Gang Crimes." Hardcore Gang Division, 1 Nov. 2011. 26 Dec. 2011 (16)
The Rock, a 1996 thrilling, high paced movie release, directed by Michael Bay and produced by Jerry Bruckheimer, demonstrated a series of intense and riveting scenes in which negotiation, and the negotiation process with accompanying successful attitudes, are played out in a violent and thrilling tale. Luckily for us, these negotiation scenes not only highlight the necessary skills and mind frames for successful marketing and business skills, but are also highly entertaining and artistically relevant. This suspenseful movie delivered high paced action scenes starring superstars Sean Connery, Nicholas Cage and Ed Harris. This movie artfully and demonstrably examined the use of negotiation skills in a high-stakes environment while simultaneously providing us with an opportunity to learn and understand the graceful and sometimes confusing task of information-based bargaining.
In order to fully understand and learn the useful applications presented in this film dealing with the techniques of information-based bargaining…
Karl Marlantes' Matterhorn
Karl Marlantes' novel of the Vietnam War, Matterhorn, seems to want to offer the reader an immersive approach towards the experience of Vietnam. If we can say of earlier Vietnam narratives -- whether in film, such as Oliver Stone's Platoon or Stanley Kubrick's Full Metal Jacket, or in fiction, such as Tim O'Brien's novels Going After Cacciato and The Things They Carried or Gustav Hasford's The Short-Timers (a cult classic of Vietnam fiction and the basis for Kubrick's film) -- that they have a sort of expressionistic technique, seeking to capture the experience of the war in a series of vignettes, we can see the originality of Marlantes' approach in greater relief to what has come before: his approach is not so much expressionistic as it is encyclopedic, an attempt to catalogue (in fiction) every single aspect of the one small event, the movement of a Marine…
Representations of War in the Longest Day and Saving Private Ryan
Hollywood's depictions and interpretations of the events that transpired on D-Day have long captured the attention of audiences worldwide. Though Hollywood depictions of the events that occurred prior, during, and after the invasion of Normandy may vary, they still aim to convey a similar message, one that assures the evil forces in the world will be overthrown and the world will be a much safer place. The Longest Day and Saving Private Ryan aim to present the events that lead up to the invasion of Normandy on D-Day in an artistic and creative fashion while attempting to maintain an air of realism. The approaches taken to depict the invasion of Normandy in The Longest Day and Saving Private Ryan are a positive contribution to the combat film genre. Though creative licenses were taken in each film, the manner in…
Beevor, Anthony. D-Day: The Battle for Normandy. New York: Viking Penguin, 2009.
Churchill, Ron. "Saving Private Ryan" a real life drama." UB Reporter 30, no. 2 (September
D-Day: June 6, 1944. http://www.army.mil/d-day / (accessed May 23, 2011).
This is significant, because it is showing how the best pilots will use the various tools on the aircraft to gain a greater understanding of the situation. (Drury, 2008)
Types of UAVs
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (2010), discusses the different kinds of UAVs that the military has been using. The most notable include: the Pioneer, the Tactical UAV, Global Hawk, Predator and Dragon just to name a few. These different aircraft are significant, because they are highlighting some of the various kinds of surveillance purposes that this used for. ("Unmanned Aerial Vehicles," 2010)
As a result, the information from this source is helpful, because it identifies some of the different kinds of aircraft that are being used. When you put these elements together, they are highlighting how this could contribute to pilot error by: illustrating how they may not have the experience in conducting various kinds of surveillance missions. ("Unmanned Aerial…
How to Become an Army UAV Pilot. (2011). E How. Retrieved from: http://www.ehow.com/how_5810859_become-army-uav-pilot.html
Security Industry. (2011). UPI. Retrieved from: http://www.upi.com/Business_News/Security-Industry/2011/02/24/Air-Force-cadets-get-UAV-pilot-training/UPI-14321298550588/
UAV Pilots Stay Clean. (2009). Dark Government. Retrieved from: http://www.darkgovernment.com/news/uav-pilots-stay-clean-and-disconnected/
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. (2010). FAS. Retrieved from: http://www.fas.org/irp/program/collect/uav.htm
" (Miles, 2006)
According to Norway's Department of Defense document entitled: "International Military Operations, Crisis Management - Multinational Operations" when a country is a participant in an "multinational crisis management" initiative entailed is "the ability, at short notice and in concert with allies and others, to contribute a military capability in some form for the purpose of bringing under control a given situation in which poses a threat either to international security or to other vital interests, or which is likely to have other unacceptable adverse consequences. Such crisis management may involve all kinds of security challenges, may in principle arise anywhere in the world, and may be led either by an established organization or alliance such as the UN, NATO or the EU, or conducted under the auspices of an ad hoc coalition of one kind or another." (Norway Department of Defense, 2003)
The work of Timothy D. Sisk…
Miles, Donna (2006) Multinational Experiment Lessons Already Benefiting Coalition Ops. American Forces Press Service News Articles, U.S. Department of Defense. 2006. Online available at http://www.defenselink.mil/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=15246
Sharp, Walter L. (2007) Multinational Operations. U.S. Department of the Navy and U.S. Department of the Marines and U.S. Department of the Army. Online available at http://www.js.pentagon.mil/doctrine/jel/new_pubs/jp3_16.pdf
Norwegian Defense Facts and Figures 2003. Forsvarsdepartmentet. Regjeringen Stoltenberg II. 2003. Online available at http://www.regjeringen.no/nb/dep/fd/dok/veiledninger_brosjyrer/2003/Norwegian-Defence-Facts-and-Figures-2003/4.html?id=275469
Sisk, Timothy D. (2003) Democracy and Conflict Management. August 2003. Beyond Intractability: A Free Knowledge Base on More Constructive Approaches to Destructive Conflict. Online available at http://www.beyondintractability.org/essay/democ_con_manag/?nid=1353
Hearing loss is very case specific because one person who has hearing loss or impairment may be able to hear certain sounds or be completely deaf.
Impairment entails something is not working as well as it should but there may still be some basic functioning. Hearing loss can go by many terms such as deaf, deafness, or hard of hearing. All could be one and the same situation but as pointed out, each individual is suffering from their own individual illness or situation and may or may not be comparable to any other hearing loss situation.
Although this report focuses on hearing loss as it is associated to military service, it is important to note that in the United States; approximately three of every thousand newborns are born with some type of hearing impairment thus making it one of the more common birth defects in our nation. This entails that…
Minter, Stephen G. (2002). "Does Your Hearing Conservation Program Measure Up? Once Described as "Sleep Aid Material," the Dry Topic of Hearing Conservation Metrics Draws Increased Interest as OSHA's STS Trigger Undergoes Review." Occupational Hazards, 3/1/2002.
Mosley, Gerry L. (2004). "National Guard and Reserve Unit Health Protections." Congressional Testimony, 3/30/2004.
PR Newswire (2003). "Compound Licensed by American BioHealth Group From U.S. Navy Shown to Protect Against Hearing Loss From Impulse Noise; - New Data Presented at Association for Research in Otolaryngology Meeting." PR Newswire Release, 3/3/2003.
Rabinowitz, Peter M. (2000). Noise-Induced Hearing Loss. American Family Physician, 5/1/2000,.
The use of private contractors to assist the U.S. military forces in times of conflict is not a new concept. According to author Gordon Campbell, ashington has "always" used contractors in times of war. There are many contemporary issues and potential problems when the U.S. military signs deals with private contractors, as it did in Iraq and is currently doing in Afghanistan. The main issue revolves around the concept of hiring 180,000 private contractors to support and in some cases substitute for U.S. service personnel in the war zone that was Iraq and is today Afghanistan. Is the hiring ethical, is it practical, and does it help the war effort? This paper reviews those issues and provides perspective from both sides of the issue using the available literature on this topic.
The Ethics of Paying Civilians to Enter Harm's way
The American military hired private contractors to pull…
Campbell, Gordon L. (2000). Contractors on the Battlefield: The Ethics of Paying Civilians to Enter Harm's Way and Requiring Soldiers to Depend upon Them. A paper prepared for Presentation to the Joint Services Conference on Professional Ethics 2000. Retrieved June
17, 2012, from http://isme.tamu.edu/JSCOPE00/campbell00.html.
Lardner, Richard. (2010). DynCorp, Other Private Contractors in Afghanistan Behaving
Badly. Huff Post. Retrieved June 17, 2012, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com .
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Call for backup before attempting pursuit into unsecured potential gang situations 5.. Examples of gangs deploying military weapons and tactics against law enforcement: 2005: Contract assassination attempt against corrections…Read Full Paper ❯
Negotiation Scene The Rock, a 1996 thrilling, high paced movie release, directed by Michael Bay and produced by Jerry Bruckheimer, demonstrated a series of intense and riveting scenes in…Read Full Paper ❯
Karl Marlantes' Matterhorn Karl Marlantes' novel of the Vietnam War, Matterhorn, seems to want to offer the reader an immersive approach towards the experience of Vietnam. If we can…Read Full Paper ❯
Representations of War in the Longest Day and Saving Private Ryan Hollywood's depictions and interpretations of the events that transpired on D-Day have long captured the attention of audiences…Read Full Paper ❯
This is significant, because it is showing how the best pilots will use the various tools on the aircraft to gain a greater understanding of the situation. (Drury, 2008)…Read Full Paper ❯
" (Miles, 2006) According to Norway's Department of Defense document entitled: "International Military Operations, Crisis Management - Multinational Operations" when a country is a participant in an "multinational crisis…Read Full Paper ❯
Hearing loss is very case specific because one person who has hearing loss or impairment may be able to hear certain sounds or be completely deaf. Impairment entails something…Read Full Paper ❯
Battlefield Contractors The use of private contractors to assist the U.S. military forces in times of conflict is not a new concept. According to author Gordon Campbell, ashington has…Read Full Paper ❯