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This definition implies that organizational commitment is essentially a conscious, value-based process." From this perspective, Bob should not have any ethical conflicts with his job if he is to be considered committed to it.
Yet at the same time, someone who has no moral problem with helping to produce weapons that cause such pain and mass destruction may not be of the moral character to be trusted with such a dangerous job. As Martin and Schinzinger (2004, p. 268) point out, "We must rely on individuals who have arrived at morally autonomous, well-reasoned positions for either engaging in or abstaining from weapons work" if we are to trust that they will not run "a wild course." Therefore it is not reasonable to expect someone like Bob to feel no conflict of values whatsoever; but it is reasonable to expect him to have worked out the proper reasoning behind his actions…
Henriquese I & Sadorsky P. 2006, 'The adoption of environmental management practices in a transition economy', Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 641-661.
Lang, DL 1990, Values: The ultimate determinants of commitment and legitimacy. Greenwood Press, New York, NY, USA
Martin, MW & Schinzinger R. 2004, Ethics in engineering, 4th edn. McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA
StateUniversity.com, 2010, Mechanical Engineer Job Description viewed 18 July, 2010,
For these customers, an electric olls-oyce would be ideal" (qtd. In Squatriglia, par. 5). The olls-oyce name is synonymous with excellence; it is good to know that they are extending that excellence to a more socially and environmentally conscious plateau, rather than restng on the laurels of luxury that the brand has built during the century of its existence.
This tradition of excellence is the main reason I would like to work for olls-oyce. To be a part of making -- and someday perhaps even designing -- a perfectly planned machine, a car I have envied for so long, would be an extraordinary experience. Their new car, the Phantom, is being built in a brand new factory in West Sussex (Schifsky, 3). I like that even though the company was bought by the German company BMW, the cars are still being manufactured in England. BMW's decision to build the factory…
Anon. Edmonds.com. 2004. Rolls-Royce history. [Online] (Updated Jan. 23, 2008). Available at: http://www.edmunds.com/rollsroyce/history.html (Accessed 28 October 2008)
Buerkle, Tom. International Herlad-Tribune. 1998. BMW wrests Rolls-Royce name away from VW. [Online] Available at: http://www.iht.com/articles/1998/07/29/rolls.t.php (Accessed 28 October 2008)
Schifsky, Chuck. Automedia.com. 2000. Rolls-Royce: a century of elegance [Online] Available at: http://www.automedia.com/Rolls-Royce:_A_Century_of_Elegance/res20030701rr/1 (Accessed 28 October 2008)
Squatriglia, Chuck. Wired Blog Network. 2008. Rolls-Royce considers an EV. No, seriously.... [Online] Available at: http://blog.wired.com/cars/2008/10/rolls-royce-con.html (Accessed 28 October 2008)
Third, subsystems engineers are more attuned to how their specific product and technology areas are driven by external market forces and market dynamics than system engineers typically are. The reason is that subsystem engineers, both hardware and software, seek to understand how customer and market needs impact their existing and future designs. As both of these classes of subsystem engineers are more focused on how to create valuable contributions to their specific area of expertise, monitoring market and customer trends tends to be a passion for many of them. It is not unusual for example to see an engineering team know more about market trends, research, unmet customer needs and competitors than a marketing department for the same product (Hoberman, 2009). This is precisely why subsystem engineers in high technology companies often end up running product management, product marketing and corporate marketing because they have a better grasp of the…
David Carrington, Paul Strooper, Sharron Newby, & Terry Stevenson. (2005). An industry/university collaboration to upgrade software engineering knowledge and skills in industry. The Journal of Systems and Software, 75(1-2), 29-39.
George T. Dasher. (2003). The interface between systems engineering and program management. Engineering Management Journal, 15(3), 11-14.
R. Harrison, a.W. Colombo, a.A. We-st, & S.M. Lee. (2006). Reconfigurable modular automation systems for automotive power-train manufacture. International Journal of Flexible Manufacturing Systems, 18(3), 175-190.
Steve Hoberman. (2009). How to Produce Adequate Definitions: Clear and complete attribute definitions improve data deliverables. Information Management, 19(5), 45.
Engineering Materials: High Strength Steel and Bus Seat Frames
The purpose of this paper is to conduct research and the review the findings. This paper seeks an understanding of the engineering material of high strength steel, the process in which it is made and the items it is used to build specifically that of bus seat frames. Over the course of the research, it is has been determined that high strength steel is effective when used in building lightweight yet safe and sturdy bus seat frames. This construct lends to the overall safety of buses using this material, specifically in existing models found in buses designed by a company called Fainsa located in Barcelona, Spain. This paper explores the process and design of these seats by looking at the process in which high strength steel is created. By understanding how high strength steel is made, one can better understand its…
(2005). "Compartmentalize." (Sept. 21, 2005).
(2005). "Steels for Strength." http://www.machinedesing.com/BDE/materials/bdemat6/bdemat6_8.html. (Sept. 21, 2005).
Basta, E., and Hoon, G. (2004). "Slitting ultrahigh-strength steels: Are you ready to process these coil types?" Stamping Journal 8,
Engineering the oman Colosseum
While the Colosseum stands, ome shall stand; when the Colosseum falls, ome shall fall; when ome falls, the world shall fall. -- The Venerable Bede quoting an Ancient Anglo-Saxon Peasant Prophecy
Perhaps the most enduring symbol of the greatness of the oman Empire can be seen today in the ruins of the Colosseum. This massive amphitheatre is situated in the middle of modern ome near the oman Forum and has become an iconic representation of the oman Empire at its zenith. Although estimates vary, analysts believe that at least 50,000 and perhaps as many as 80,000 spectators were accommodated in its capacious dimensions and the Colosseum has become the benchmark by which all subsequent stadia have been judged. Flush with the treasures and riches of Jerusalem, the builders of the Colosseum spared no expense in its design and construction, but despite its impressive seating capacity and…
Barbi, Gulomar, "The Colosseum," The World and I, 22(9) (2007, September), 37-40.
Burn, Robert, Roman Literature in Relation to Roman Art, London: MacMillan, 1888.
"Colosseum building materials," The Colosseum [online] available:
Katunin, A., Dragan, K., & Dziendzikowski, M. (2015). Damage identification in aircraft composite structures a case study using various non-destructive testing techniques. Composite Structures, 127, 1-9.
he research article shows that the application of composite structure has become increasing popular in the aerospace industry based on their unique properties, which include excellent weight ratio, strength, and corrosion resistance. o ascertain a safety of composite elements and structural integrity on aircraft, it is critical to test the structural integrity. hus, the authors test three composite structures developed from plastic, glass fiber reinforced, and hybrid composite along with the core manufactured using the same aluminum fact sheets and materials. he authors perform the test using various techniques that include ultrasonic, PZ sensing, vibration -based in section and thermography to analyze the application of the methods on aircraft elements. he results of the analysis reveal that pulsed thermography and ultrasonic scanning have allowed…
The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of experimental data combined with semi-empirical procedures to predict the strength of joints and basic laminate properties function. With an increase in the use of advanced composite structural materials, there is a need to enhance a greater understanding of the mechanical behaviors and mechanically fastened joints. The authors present a comprehensive review of the literature to enhance a greater understanding of "mechanics of mechanically fastened joints in polymer -- matrix composite structures." Thoppul, Finegan, & Gibson, 2009 p 301). The authors also examine relevant mechanical test standards and method. The review is followed by a discussion of joint design methodology, mechanical design, the influence of fastener preload selection and geometric effect. The article also examines the bearing failure along with the failure prediction both in dynamically and statically loaded joints. Finally, the study evaluates the effect of moisture and temperature on failure and strength.
Konka, H. P., Wahab, M. A., & Lian, K. (2013). Piezoelectric fiber composite transducers for health monitoring in composite structures. Sensors and Actuators, A194, 84-94.
Konka et al. (2013) investigate "sensing characteristics of piezoelectric fiber composite transducers (PFCTs)" (p 84) to evaluate an effectiveness of embedded sensor within the composite structures in order to monitor strain and stress concentration level. The PECT is used to predict the possibility of damage under the dynamic loads to avoid brittle failures and eventual catastrophic. The article believes that the PFCT is an ideal choice for the application of composite structures because it is easily embeddable, highly flexible, and highly compatible with composite manufacturing strategy. It is also believed that PECT is able to withstand stress when inside the composite structures.
Departmental managers should play a role in determining the specific areas of special competence required of engineers reporting to them and they should contribute to the in-house development of testing tools used to ensure competence in those areas.
Monitoring their professional status is also an ethical responsibility of every firm employing professional engineers (Harris, Pritchard, & abins, 2008). At a minimum, that means maintaining accurate records of certification status and dates; but it also means that the organization must apply the same level of concern to ensure that all in-house standards and testing requirements are met, beyond those formally required by law. In practice, every supervisor and department head must play an active role in that regard by singing off on individual employee compliance with periodic testing requirements.
More specifically, those elements of testing should be linked directly to performance by specifying different testing modules to correspond to every specialty…
Harris, C.E., Pritchard, M.S., and Rabins, M.J. (2008). Engineering Ethics: Concepts
and Cases. Cengage Publishing.
Fuel Cells in Green Engineering
The energy tomorrow is beginning to be available today. Fuel cells, which just a very few years ago were a pipe dream, are becoming g a reality, and they are used in areas ranging from space exploration to toy motivation (Joy). The promise of the fuel cell can be seen in the fact that they use the most abundant source of energy on the planet, Hydrogen atoms (Birch). They are also being seen as the energy savior because they emit a common, non-toxic waste which can also be utilized as a saving grace around the globe, water (Joy; Patturaja). A fuel that uses the most abundant element on the planet and emits clean, pure water does seem like science fiction, but there are already being used with it as a motive force.
The space shuttle has always been powered by hydrogen fuel cells (Joy). Although…
Birch, Amanda Sue. "Microbial Fuel Cells: Converting Waste to Water and Watts." Engineering and Technology for a Sustainable World. (2010). Print.
Fields, Scott. "Making the Best of Biomass: Hydrogen for Fuel Cells." Environmental Health Perspectives. (2003). Print.
Joy, Linda E. "A Basic Overview of Fuel Cell Technology." Automotive Community. (2007). Web.
Khan, Abdul Majeed. "Electricity Generation by Microbial Fuel Cells." Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences. (2009). Web.
Buckingham Palace -- Heating Engineering Structure
Buckingham Palace - Heating Structure
The average temperatures of the groundwater systems are primarily maintained at the recorded depths of 10-15m under the ground surface (this is estimated at the mean yearly air temperature for the specific region) with further depths increase based on the geothermal gradient of the region (this is estimated to be 2.6°C for every added 100m of depth). Consequently, there's a temperature velocity and difference between the two estimates of the air temperatures and underground or groundwater temperatures for all the year; the analysis shows that the groundwater temperature maintain to be cooler in comparison that the air temperature throughout the year even during summers. We have seen numerous building engineering structures hence utilize the groundwater temperatures to control the heat/cold within the buildings. Buckingham Palace in the United Kingdom is one exemplary illustration of the use of groundwater temperatures.…
Abesser, C. (2010). Open-loop ground source heat pumps and the groundwater systems: A literature review of current applications, regulations and problems. British Geological Survey.
Coopers (2010). KoolShade Solar Control. Available from: http://www.coopersfire.com.au/documents/literature/Koolshade/Koolshade%20brochure.pdf
Green Energy 360. 2008. [cited 27 May 2010]. Available from http://www.greenenergy360.org/heat_pumps/heat_pump_economics.php
Energy Saving Trust. 2010. [cited 27 May 2010]. Available from http://www.energysavingtrust.org.uk/Generate-your-own-energy/Ground-source-heat-pumps
All great constructive projects must have began with a mental image of that structure. To bring that mental idea intro fruition, a medium is needed to help model the mental aspects into something more concrete. The purpose of this essay is to examine and discuss some of the more important qualities associated with the architectural drawing. Specifically, this essay will address the difference between floor plans and site plans and some of the aspects about those differences will be highlighted. Next, the essay will address some other key concepts that deal with the architectural drawings and their modeling capabilities. The essay will conclude with ideas on how to best incorporate the use of architectural drawings into a real and solid project, manifested in the world.
Floor Plans and Site Plans
Floor plans and site plans have some differences and require different information and data. A floor plan is…
engineer engages in a process that is both technical, and social as he or she works to facilitate the creation of a product to meet the customer's needs. If this process were strictly functional application of mathematics, design specifications and materials testing, the bulk of the work could be done by a computer. But the design process is all together human, interwoven by cultural issues, communications issues, and the knowledge that is created as the engineering process travels from conception to completion.
In any design project there generally are different kinds of engineers - mechanical engineers, electronics engineers and so on. They speak different languages; they have different responsibilities, competencies and interests. To reconcile their different claims and proposals, negotiation is required. The book uses the example that refrigerators in the States are huge and in Europe they are small. Clearly there are technical reasons, but the main reason has…
Bucciarelli, Louis. Designing Engineers. 1996. Mass: MIT Press
Sharpe, Mike & Partworks, Brown. Air Disasters. 1999. USA: Brown Packaging Partworks
Invention by Design, by Henry Petroski, published in Cambridge, MA by the Harvard University Press in 1996. Specifically, it will discuss what in the book is relevant to the Mechanical Engineering program, the author's main points, and whether these points are valid or invalid. Henry Petroski's book takes engineering to a level that just about anyone can understand, and makes it interesting even to the layperson. This book is not only an excellent introduction to the many facets of engineering; it is also a fascinating look into engineering by example, from the simple paper clip to the complicated oeing 777 aircraft. It is a fascinating look into what makes good engineering, and what engineers actually do, and should be required reading for any engineering student.
INVENTION Y DESIGN
On first glance, "Invention by Design" seems to be simply a book about engineering. However, the author has several differing thoughts and…
Petroski, Henry. Invention by Design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press,1996.
Michael Cooley (1972) has suggested that the drawing office has been downgraded in importance as a result of the finer division of labor in engineering that began in the 1930s. He described how the creative design element had become increasingly separated from the work of executing drawings. The fragmentation of shop floor jobs was, according to Cooley, paralleled by fragmentation of the job of the designer/drafter. Until the 1930s, drafters in ritain were responsible for designing a component, stress testing it, selecting materials for it, writing the specifications, and liaising with the shop floor and customers. ut starting in the 1930s, these functions were progressively broken down into separate jobs and taken over by various specialists, such as stress testers, metallurgists, tribologists, methods and planning engineers, and customer liaison engineers, leaving drafters with only the job of drawing (3D Systems Corporation, 2001).
In effect, in the ritain of the 1930s,…
3D Systems Corporation. 2001, 3D Systems. Retrieved Nov 3, 2011. from the World Wide Web: www.3dsystems.com/
Brown, Richard D. 2009, Knowledge Is Power: The Diffusion of Information in Early America, 1700 -- 1865. New York: Oxford University Press.
Chandler, Alfred D. Jr., 1977, The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Cooley M. 1972, Computer-Aided Design-Its Nature and Implications. Richmond, Surrey: AUEW/TASS.
A popular joke posted on the flat hats of robed college graduates, listening to commencement speakers it the phrase -- 'will deconstruct for food.' In other words, now that this college graduate has a pricey liberal arts education that has taken him or her four years to obtain -- what does he or she do now? Also, last year, just "over half of all employers said they would raise starting salaries for new hires in the coming year. Those that do increase pay will make only modest adjustments, boosting salaries by 3.4% on average." (Geary, 2003)
The confusion expressed by such slogans as 'will deconstruct for food,' is often not reflective simply of what the graduate knows how to do -- he or she hopefully knows how to think and to engage in critical analysis, but what he or she wants to do with the rest of his or…
Geary, Leslie Harris. (9 Dec. 2003) "Jobs for College Grads Rising." CNN.com. Money. Retrieved 29 Nov 2003 at http://money.cnn.com/2003/12/08/pf/jobs_collegians/
Ferguson's Argument and Evidence
In Eugene Ferguson Engineering and the Mind's Eye, he makes the case that the existing privileging of science and math over the nonverbal and visual in engineering education is mutually a dangerous practice and a historical abnormality. y applying a well-demonstrated chronicle of engineering strategy, Ferguson claims that not all engineering complications can be resolved by analysis in mathematical; short of the ability to envisage machines, environment, and the structures. He goes on to explain the fact that engineers, a lot of the time, make poor judgment calls. These weak calls lead to crushing disappointments in nuclear power plants, bridges, refrigerators, and other machinery. The book holds a generous variety of old drawings and sketches and presents well-chosen themes, as well as a foretaste into the history of engineering, from its earlier stages to its status, scattered with the essential part played by the mind's eye.…
Brown, John K. 1999. "When Machines Became Gray and Drawings Black and White: William Sellers and the Rationalization of Mechanical Engineering." IA. The Journal of the Society for Industrial Archeology 25 (2): 29-54.
Buchanan, R. A. 1986. "The Diaspora of British Engineering." Technology and Culture 27 (3): 501-524.
Burke, John G. 1966. "Bursting Boilers and the Federal Power." Technology and Culture 7 (1): 1-23.
Hounshell, David A. 1980. "Edison and the Pure Science Ideal in 19th-Century America." Science 207 (4431): 612-617.
Technical: Three years' experience in the testing, calibration and repair of electrical equipment; ability to work under limited supervision; ability to read circuit maps and find work locations from them Strong computer skills including Windows 2000 and most Office products.
8) Design Engineer, Garmin International
Design and develop electronic circuits, equipment, systems, and products.
Technical: Previous work or internship experience with circuit design for consumer or aviation products; relevant experience with test equipment and software tools for electronics design, testing and documentation
Educational: Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering or Computer Engineering
9) Electronics Technician, Unknown firm in Kokomo
Applies electrical theory and related knowledge to test and modify developmental or operational machinery and electrical control equipment and circuitry.
Educational; Degree in Electronics
10) Digital Electronics Engineer, Aerospace Corp.
Provide technical expertise in the areas digital electronics and digital systems engineering including digital signal processing, ranging from baseband to high-speed…
Institute of Electric and Electronic Engineers. Retrieved January 28, 2008 http://www.ieeeusa.org/about/activities.asp
GE. Retrieved January 28, 2008. http://www.ge.com/company/businesses/factsheets/grc.html
U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Handbook. Retrieved January 28, 2008. http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos027.htm #earnings
complement your STEM background?
One of the most fascinating aspects about pursuing a degree in engineering is that, although engineering is applied science and mathematics, it is, in many ways also a very isolated academic discipline. Engineers tend to be separate from other students, do not have the same core class requirements as other students or freedom to pick elective courses as other students, and must develop their degree plans at an earlier time period than students pursuing other degree programs. This focus gives a rigidity that allows engineers to graduate from universities in a unique position. When one looks at groups of highly respected professionals, engineers who have obtained only their bachelor's degrees are perceived by many people to be among the ranks of professionals with graduate degrees, in part because people understand that an undergraduate education in an engineering discipline differs in tone, rigor, and depth from an…
This system has the ease of being used in any lighthouse irrespective of its current lighting and power systems. Due to this, Vega is the sole company in the world having such advanced technological and optical competencies. Through the system, all the beacons installed can be monitored from a central location, thereby reducing the quantity of false call outs and identifying faults which require manual attention.
Considering the Total Cost of Ownership -- TCO Vega's product offer a low TCO as their IT products recover the average cost of $30,000 for installation since it reduces the $1,250 per hour helicopter-assisted maintenance. The computer-managed systems have to be fail-proof as any type of false call could cost up to $3,500. This system manufactured by Vega uses the interactive technology capable of permitting technicians to switch lights on or off from a remote location. Vega enjoys economies of scale as it has…
Vega Industries Ltd.: A History" (May, 2004)
Case Study- Given by client
The system also has to undergo thousands of cycles and vibrations and needs to be able to stand up to the same reliability standards as the rest of the components on the bike.
Conventional and Proven ear Suspension Designs
Given all of the previously mentioned considerations, the design itself is important in making sure the rider and the manufacturer are getting the most out of the system.
The Fox acing Homepage (2011) has some excellent examples of both the strut style rear suspension as well as the shock with spring and strut combination system. The latter is typically reserved for use on higher-end advanced bikes since these systems are costlier and requires more maintenance. To be more specific, the Van C product represents the higher-end strut and spring combination while the Float design is a basic, oil dampened design for use on more entry-level designs. The Van C model is…
Bu, Yan; Tian Huang, Zhongxia Xiang, Xiaofan Wu and Chun Chen. (2010). "Optimal design of mountain bicycle based on biomechanics." Transactions of Tianjin University,
Volume 16, Number 1, 45-49.
DT Swiss Homepage. (2011). Accessed Jan. 5 at:
Alberta Tar Sands Issues
The tar sands oil reserves in Alberta, Canada, represent the second largest proven petroleum reserve in the world -- right behind the reserves in Saudi Arabia. The Alberta tar sands are located in the vast boreal forest of Canada, just north of Montana, and it is estimated that nearly 179 billion barrels of oil are in the tar sands, according to Bridget Mintz Testa, writing in the peer-reviewed journal Mechanical Engineering (Testa, 2008). The great volume of crude oil is seen as a positive, reliable source of energy for Canada and other countries that will be importing this oil. The extraction, production, and transportation of tar sands oil also represents a number of serious environmental impacts, which will be reviewed in this paper.
The Science Involved in Tar Sands Oil Production
Notwithstanding the fact that tar sands oil is in plentiful supply, one of the down…
American Petroleum Institute "Keystone XL Pipeline." Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://www.api.org.
Austen, Ian. "Oil Sands Industry in Canada Tied to Higher Carcinogen Level." The New York
Times. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://www.nytimes.com .
Chemical Engineering. "Solvent extraction method shows promise for recovering bitumen from tar sands." 118.9 (2011): p. 12.
Challenger Launch Decision
JOE KILMINSTE'S ACCOUNTABILITY IN THE CHALLENGE DISASTE
On January 28, 1986, the Challenger, one of the reusable space shuttle by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration or NASA, was launched off at the John F. Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida but exploded 72 seconds after liftoff. The launch was approved and ordered by the management of the Morton Thiokol, Inc., an aerospace company, that manufactures solid propellant rocket motors for big clients, including the NASA, and per NASA's urging despite the objection of Morton Thiokol's engineers that the 30-degree F. temperature was inclement to the shuttle's boosters. The launch was a publicized event as NASA's 25th mission and had a selected teacher, Christa McAulifee and six astronauts on board. All these passengers perished (Jennings 1996).
The launch was repeatedly postponed because the engineers of Thiokol notes the failure of an O. ring assembly in the…
Benner, L. (1996). The Challenger Launch Decision by Diane Vaughan. Book Review, International Society of Air Safety Investigators: ISASI Forum. http://www.ipri.org/Reviews/Vaughan.html
Jennings, MM. (1996). Summary of the "Challenger" Episode. Case Studies in Business Ethics, second edition. West Publishing. http://www.calbaptist.edu/dskubik/nasa.htm
Stubley, G. (1998). Engineers and Integrity. The Objectivist Center. http://www.ios.org/tex/gstubley_engineers-integrity.asp
Vaughan, D. (1996). The Challenger Launch Decision: Risky Technology, Culture and Deviance at NASA.. Paperback. University of Chicago Press.
Benjamin H. Namm Scholarship
(For Electro-Mechanical Engineering)
Every now and then, an opportunity presents itself that a person just wants to grab because it seems an opportunity made just for him. That's how I feel about the Benjamin H. Namm Scholarship. It would help me enormously in the pursuit of my dreams.
Since I was a child, I knew I must make something good out of my life. My father was a chemist, and he wanted me to go at least as high as he did, if not further. When I was only in elementary school, he taught me as if I was a college student! I would come home from school, eat a little snack in the kitchen, and then go straight to work. First and most important was math. My math book was always the first book I touched. My father was there to make sure I got…
Communication Effectiveness of Made at TU Organization
Made at TU Organization is an organization that existed at The University of Tulsa since the 1970s in order to help mechanical engineering students fund their projects. The organization was founded after the then Dean, Steve Bellovich, became interested in the efforts by mechanical engineering students at the institution to develop projects that help meet the needs of the local residents suffering from physical and developmental disabilities (The University of Tulsa, n.d.). Since its inception, Made at TU has developed to become an important student organization in this academic institution through leadership and service. The main objective/goal of Made at TU is to utilize the university's mechanical engineering students to help enhance the lives of people with disabilities. This paper focuses on examining communication effectiveness at the organization given the value of its social service aspects to the university's students and faculty.
It was observed by Cowper that the smallest loads could change the shape of the chain and thus the calculations for the load bearing capacities came to be formulated. Finally the movement of the load itself, where the curve is distorted when the load is at one end and not yet approached the middle, the curve at the middle takes a parabola. Thus the suspension bridges were modified as per Cowper's theory to include an arch in the bridge length that matched the curves of the chains, and it was also a feature that was named the 'inverted arch bridge.' (Cowper, 1847, p. 7)
In many ways the suspended bridge is superior over a span that is very long and for hundreds of years it has demonstrated its superiority over the other types by being consistently selected as the model for bridges. The origin of the suspension bridge was traced…
Brown, David J. 2001. Bridges: Three Thousand Years of Defying Nature. MBI Publishing Company.
Cowper, EA. 1847. Proceedings - Institution of Mechanical Engineers (Google eBook)
Institution of Mechanical Engineers (Great Britain), Institution of Mechanical Engineers (Great Britain). Mechanical Engineering Publications Ltd.
Croll, J.G.A. 1997. "Thoughts on the structural efficiency of cable-staved and catenarv suspension bridges JL." The Structural Engineer, vol. 75, no. 19, pp: 345-357.
Similarly, this type of non-invasive acoustic and vibrational monitoring has been used by doctors to get a better assessment of in vivo hip conditions so that they can better comprehend things like total hip arthroplasty (Glaser et al., 2010).
"Acoustic emissions are elastic waves generated by a rapid release of energy at a localized source. They are produced by events such as particle impact, gas evolution, boiling, phase transitions, precipitation. Some processes produce emissions that can be heard. A lot more emit either outside the audible frequency or at too low an intensity to be heard (McLenna, 1995, p.338). Using non-intrusive acoustic monitoring is definitely a way to monitor an entire structure continuously and effectively (Wu & Abe, 2003). Acoustic signal-based monitoring can assess individual entities and mechanisms or total structures, pinpointing abnormalities, failures or red flags which need attention (Wu & Abe, 2003). It provides experts with…
Allison, N. (2011, October 3). New Non-Invasive Continuous Glucose Monitor Will Talk to Your SmartPhone. Retrieved from Diabetesmine.com: http://www.diabetesmine.com/2011/10/new-non-invasive-continuous-glucose-monitor-will-talk-to-your-smartphone.html
Bergman, D., Jin, D., Juen, J., Tanaka, N., & Gunter, C. (2011, January). Distributed Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring. Retrieved from Illinois.edu: http://seclab.web.cs.illinois.edu/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/BergmanJJTGW11.pdf
Carlucci, A., Chiara, F., & Laforgia, A. (2006). Analysis of the relation between injection parameter variation and block vibration of an internal combustion diesel engine. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 141 -- 164.
Charles, P., Sinha, J., & Gu, F. (2009). Detecting the crankshaft torsional vibration of diesel engines for combustion related diagnosis. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 1171 -- 1185.
As a result, in such conditions, the flight control systems commands the engines to increase thrust without pilot intervention and with an accuracy that no pilot could achieve.
Human Factors Considerations
The F/a-18D Hornet that slammed into a residential neighborhood in San Diego last December came from the first family of fighter jets with full fly-by-wire technology, where a flight control computer gathers data from on-board sensors to control flaps and other control surfaces that were mechanically driven on planes decades ago. ut for all their high-tech appeal, do fly-by-wire systems distance pilots from the feel and behavior of their airplanes to the point that crashes become more likely (Milstein)?
In aviation, human factors is dedicated to better understanding how humans can most safely and efficiently be integrated with the technology. That understanding is then translated into design, training, policies, or procedures to help humans perform better (Human Factors).…
Aircraft flight control systems." n.d. Absoluteastronomy. 03 March 2009 http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Aircraft_flight_control_systems .
Alford, L.D., Jr. "Fly-by-wire T & E. challenge [aircraft test pilot handling compensation]." Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE February 2004: 3-7, Volume 19, Issue 2.
Bannister, Jonathan, et al. "Fly-by-Wire Report." 04 October 2006. Adelaide University School of Mechanical Engineering. 05 March 2009 http://www.mecheng.adelaide.edu.au/~marjom01/Aeronautical%20Engineering%20Projects/2006/group8.pdf .
Corporate information/history: Fly-by-wire." n.d. Airbus. 04 March 2009 http://www.airbus.com/en/corporate/people/company_evolution/history/part_6.html .
It involves the replacement of rule of thumb gradually with science for the mechanical arts.
The existence of the two rivers i.e. Euphrates and Tigris gave this name Mesopotamia which means the land between rivers to the region. Agricultural revolution was begun by the people of this region in about ten thousand years ago. They domesticated animals and plants instead of hunting and gathering as was common in the time. Their crops were tended in houses built of mud-brick or reeds and clustered in villages (Hyman 138). Their grains were stored in the granaries that they built and their trade and account were recorded in a token system that they developed. There was a sudden change and growth in the civilization of the southern Mesopotamia between 3000 and 3500, with the main focus being in the cities of Ur and Uruk. Rendering of the old ways of agriculture less…
Badiru, Adedeji, Triple C. Model of Project Management: Communication, Cooperation, and Coordination. Oxon: CRC Press, 2008.
"History of Greece." History World. 5 Jun. 2000. 22 March. 2010.
Hyman, Kavett. "Mesopotamia, A Difficult but Interesting Topic." Social studies 70.3 (1979):
Clearly the reputation of excellence in these areas of their business model is not accurately reflected in performance, as the recalls illustrate. From a crisis communications perspective, Toyota must admit it failed in one of the areas they are known for having pioneered in manufacturing, which is supply chain management and quality management. To do this, Toyota must first admits they are entirely at fault, this shows they are taking accountability very seriously for the massive quality management breakdown that led to the accelerator pedals not working properly. This is a foundational element of successful crisis communications is to take complete accountability for errors and seek to avert them in the future by relying on new, higher levels of transparency with customers and stakeholders as a result (Dolphin, 295, 296).
Third, Toyota had failed to show empathy for the families who lost loved ones due to this massive breakdown in…
Dolphin, Richard R. "Crisis Communications Today's Strategic Imperative." International Journal of Management Practice 1.3 (2005): 294-308.
Garcia, Helio Fred. "Leadership Communications: Planning for the Desired Reaction." Strategy & Leadership 40.6 (2012): 42-5.
Gross, Larry. "Fastening our Seatbelts: Turning Crisis into Opportunity." Journal of Communication 62.6 (2012): 919.
Smith, R.S. "How to Plan for Crisis Communications." The Public relations journal 35.3 (1979): 17-.
Most recently he held the position of Vice President of Marketing and Product Management at Whopper Systems, a developer of PACS medical imaging and information management software. John defined the product portfolio and roadmap, managed strategic partnerships and was instrumental in the company's growth and eventual acquisition by Eastman Kodak Health Imaging. John holds a B.Sc in General Science (Physics) from Tel-Aviv University and is currently in his second year of studies at the McMaster Graduate School of Business.
Chief Medical Officer - Michelle Pfeiffer, M.D.
Michelle is a 5th year resident in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at the McMaster University Medical Center. Michelle co-founded and is Vice President of Societal Resources, a company with diverse health care interests ranging from import/export of medical instruments to diabetes education in the United States and serving as a liaison between Medical Bandages and the Bosnian Ministry of Health. Michelle also helped design…
advance for your consideration of my application for enrollment in ABC University. I have the desire to learn, the ambition needed to pursue learning at the highest level of achievement, and I am eager to participate with your campus community on several levels.
The student body at ABC University is a very diverse group of students, reflecting the diversity in our society and representing many cultures, ethnicities, religions and political points-of-view. Since the University proudly promotes diversity, and prides itself on the myriad of cultures and backgrounds that are in attendance -- who are learning to solve problems with a worldview towards cooperation and understanding -- I will fit in perfectly with this community.
Not only will I assimilate well and be seamlessly integrated into the campus population, based on my background and experiences, I will be in a position to make a meaningful contribution to the learning and socially…
men are a growing academic minority in graduate schools?
During the Second ave of the feminist movement of the 1970s, one of the key lobbying points of the women's movement was the need for women to achieve parity amongst males in undergraduate and graduate education. Today, the reality of gender disparities in education is far more complex. omen already outnumber males as undergraduates and are beginning to outnumber them in graduate schools as well. However, before 'victory' is declared for feminism, it is important to view these statistics with some caution. Although the trend may indicate that males will be outnumbered by females at the undergraduate, masters and Ph.D. levels this does not mean that women are on a sunny and uncomplicated path to economic enrichment and personal fulfillment.
A recent study by the U.S. Council of Graduate Schools found that between the years of 2008-2009, "women were award 50.4%…
Francis, David. "Why Do Women Outnumber Men in College?" National Bureau of Economic
Research. 20 May 2014. http://www.nber.org/digest/jan07/w12139.html
Sanchez, Claudio." Women Outnumber Men Earning Doctoral Degrees." NPR. 15 Sept 2010.
20 May 2014. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=129874290
"the Most Lucrative Patent": Robert Fulton's Idea
In an 1807 letter, Robert Fulton wrote about his new invention and stated "the patent in contemplation will be the most lucrative that was ever obtained" (Sylla 44). He was referring to his steam engine, which not only revolutionized transportation but forever changed commerce in the United States and all over the world. Fulton wrote the letter to Robert R. Livingston, a wealthy New Yorker who was interested in Fulton's work and who became his partner and financier.
Born and raised in Pennsylvania, Fulton originally intended to become a painter. He went to London as a young man and actually had a showing of his work at the Royal Academy. He found it difficult to support himself on an artist's salary and so became a canal engineer. He went to Paris in 1797 and built a submarine called the Nautilis, he…
Gordon, John Steele. "The Steamboat Monopoly." American Heritage 44.7 (1993): 20-21.
Online. 2 May 2011.
"Newcomen Steam Engine." Wikipedia. 5 Apr. 2011. Web. 3 May 2011.
"Robert Fulton's Paddlesteamer: August 17th, 1807." History Today 57.8 (2007): 58-59. Online.
Also, their variety has increased. For example, there are dozens of hairdryers on the market, produced by several companies, from large ones, like Panasonic, Philips, or Braun, to smaller producers that address this field also.
These companies can now afford to introduce many types of hairdryers because they are manufactured in Asian regions, and their production costs have reduced, allowing them to expand their product range and to promote smaller prices that are attractive to customers.
Although these companies produce numerous types of hairdryers, the products of different companies are almost identical. There is little product differentiation. The quality of the products is similar, they provide similar benefits, they almost have the same price, the technology they use is similar, even their shape is similar. They mainly differ in color, and name.
Given the circumstances it does not matter much what brand the customer chooses to purchase. The customer makes…
1. Shivapriya, N. (2009). India Remains World's Top Outsourcing Destination. Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved April 27, 2010 from http://www.businessweek.com/globalbiz/content/jul2009/gb20090710_974200.htm .
2. Evaluating outsourcing destinations (2009). BioSpectrum Resource Guide. Retrieved April 27, 2010 from http://resourceguide.biospectrumasia.com/asialssrg/article_pdf/evaluatingoutsourcingdestination.pdf.
3. Negative effects of outsourcing (2008). Retrieved April 28, 2010 from http://www.bizbrim.com/outsourcing/negative-effects.htm.
4. Bryant, B. (2004). Offshore outsourcing affects American workers. WTN News. Retrieved April 28, 2010 from http://wistechnology.com/articles/603/.
" (Worden and arton, 2003) Assessment is a method that provides an estimate of the extent of the damage and prediction is the method that offers information concerning the structural safety and that provides estimation of the residual life.
It is reported that many modern approaches to damage identification are "based on the idea of pattern recognition (PR)." (Worden and arton, 2003) A PR algorithm is stated to be one that assigns to a sample of measured data a class label, usually from a finite set. In the case of damage identification, the measured data could be vibration modeshapes, full-field thermoelastic data, scattered wave profiles etc. The appropriate class labels would encode damage type, location etc. In order to carry out the higher levels of identification using PR, it will almost certainly be necessary to construct examples of data corresponding to each class." (Worden and arton, 2003, p.3) It is…
Dale, A.K. (1984) The Analysis of Gear Noise Excitation. Journal of the Society of Environmental Engineers.
Dempsey, P.J., Afjeh, A.A. (2003) Integrating Oil Debris and Vibration Gear Damage Detection Technologies Using Fuzzy Logic." International 58th Annual Forum and Technology Display, Quebec (Canada) June 11 -- 13, 2002.
Farrar, Charles R. And Lieven, Nick A. (2007) Damage Prognosis: The Future of Structural Health Monitoring. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A. 12 Dec 2007. Online available at: http://institutes.lanl.gov/ei/shm/pubs/PTRS%20Prognosis%2006.pdf
Hauser, G. (1985) A New Analysis Procedure for Noise and Vibration Diagnosis of Rotating Machinery. Paper presented at the INgenieurburo fur Technische Adkustik, West Germany.
Having this traditional silo-structured environment makes it very difficult to properly develop a curriculum surrounding service management. Because of this there is a significant gap that exists between the education received by business school graduates and the skills that they need to succeed in today's service heavy environment.
Non-traditional Business Skills and Tactics
Nontraditional business skills are often referred to as soft skills or people skills. These consist of the ability to communicate and understand people on an emotional level. These are often the skills that can determine the success or failure of a career (Thilmany, 2009). The skills are all related to human interaction. This includes most forms of communication, negotiation and leadership. Soft skills can be distinguished by different types such as informative, negotiating, listening, and communicative. Informative soft skills are those that send a message that has to be conveyed accurately. Negotiating or convincing soft skills is…
21 Business Skills Needed to Succeed. (2009). Retrieved September 22, 2009, from New
Horizons Web site: http://www.nhmn.com/COMMUNITIES/softskills/news/08-03-
Davis, M.M. And Berdrow, I. (2008). Service science: Catalyst for change in business school curricula. IBM Systems Journal, 47(1), 29-39.
"Curtiss - Wright: The Start of a New Era"
The Wright rothers historic flight of December 17, 1903, is the stuff legends are made of. Although there had been many others who attempted flight and flew aircrafts before them, like their mentor and predecessor Samuel Pierpont Langley, Wilbur and Orville Wright were considered pioneers in the "art of flying" (McIntyre, 1994). Langley was famous for the flight of the "Aeorodrome" that plunged into the Potomac River just days before the Wright rothers successful flight in 1903. He bore the wrath of Congressman who were upset because of the $50,000 loss of tax payer dollars that had been utilized to finance the flight.
ecause of the Wright rothers 'pioneer status' they were afforded "broad interpretations of their patents from the U.S. courts" (McIntyre, 1994). As such, the brothers held a virtually monopoly on human flight, and the brothers found themselves…
Bakewell, P. (2010). On pioneering wings in France, Southwest Review, 95(3), 479-500.
Boyne, W. (2003). Curtiss built well but not too wisely with its XP-31 Swift, a sleek looking but overweight fighter, Aviation History, 13(6), 10-14.
House, K. (2009). Into the air, Aviation History, 19(6), 46-51.
McIntyre, D. (1994). Odyssey of the flyer, American History Illustrated, 28(6).
Second, the data will be analyzed using the software application, Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) for Windows, Version 13. Statistical measures of correlation of it spending, including controlling for early adoption of SOA platforms, will be entered into the analysis. Finally, the results will be analyzed and recommendations made on specific strategies for attaining higher levels of efficiency in both patient care and operational contexts based on the analysis.
Lacking operational system integration that ultimately leads to higher mortality rates from diseases, accidents and HIV / AIDS, hospitals and healthcare centers in counties throughout Arizona in 2000 initiated a comprehensive program to install healthcare systems in hospitals and healthcare centers in Apache, Cochise, Santa Crux, Navaho, and Yuma counties. Maricopa and Pima counties also received upgrades to existing healthcare systems in place. Forty-six hospitals and healthcare centers' five-year spending on it software, hardware, and systems, mortality rates…
Susan Athey, Scott Stern. (2002). The impact of information technology on emergency health care outcomes. The Rand Journal of Economics, 33(3), 399-432. Retrieved June 22, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 246359991).
Berner ES, Detmer DE, Simborg D (2004) Will the Wave Finally Break? A Brief View of the Adoption of Electronic Medical Records in the United States. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2005 January-February;12(1):3-7. Epub 2004 Oct 18. Includes Interlocking Computer-based Health Records (C3PRs) supported by knowledge (Research & Development / Education & Training with it/informatics infrastructure)
Caper, Philip (1988). Defining Quality in Medical Care. Health Affairs, 7(1), 49. Retrieved June 13, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1100876).
Columbus and Murphy (2002) -. Re-orienting your knowledge and content management strategies. AMR Research Report., AMR Research. Louis Columbus and Jim Murphy. October 31, 2002
U.S. statistics indicate that 80% of aviation accidents are due to human errors with 50% due to maintenance human factor problems. Current human factor management programs have not succeeded to the degree desired. Many industries today use performance excellence frameworks such as the Baldrige National Quality Award framework to improve over-all organizational effectiveness, organizational culture and personal learning and growth. A survey administered to a sample population of senior aviation maintainers in 18 countries revealed a consistent problem with aviation human factors and the need for a more integrated framework to manage human factor problems in aviation maintenance.
Human Factors History
Current Human Factor programs in Aircraft Maintenance
Performance Excellence Framework
esearcher's Work Setting and ole
Statement of the Problem
EVIEW OF ELEVANT LITEATUE AND ESEACH
Human Factor Errors in Aircraft Maintenance Statistics
Current Human Factor Programs in Aircraft Maintenance 13
Aviation Performance Excellence Framework 12
Statement of esearch Question…
Boeing. (1993). Accident Prevention Strategies. Commercial Jet Aircraft Accidents
World Wide Operations 1982-1991. Retrieved 11 Nov, 2004 from http://www.hf.faa.gov / Portal/HFTimeline.aspx
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Scott Griffith, the brains behind Zipcar. Zipcar is a company that is engaged, basically, in the automobile rental business. The premise is that people join Zipcar, giving it membership-based revenue, and then they pay when they want to use the car. Zipcars are located in neighborhoods, so that people can walk to the nearest car after they have booked it, and just take it. The target market for Zipcar is mainly urbanites who generally do not need to maintain a full-time automobile but who might need one for temporary purposes -- a run to Costco, or a short trip -- where a Zipcar will be cheaper and more convenient than a conventional rental car option.
Griffith was educated in mechanical engineering, not running a car-sharing business. Griffith has stated on many occasions that his engineering background was critical to developing the traits needed to succeed as an entrepreneur…
Gara, T. (2013). The exit letter: Zipcar CEO Scott Griffith. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 18, 2014 from http://blogs.wsj.com/corporate-intelligence/2013/03/15/the-exit-letter-Zipcar-ceo-scott-griffith/
Gates, S. (2007). Seattle's Flexcar merges with rival Zipcar. Seattle Times. Retrieved May 18, 2014 from http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/?date=20071030&slug=flexcar31
Kilcrease, A. (2011). A conversation with Zipcar's CEO Scott Griffith. Gigaom.com. Retrieved May 18, 2014 from http://gigaom.com/2011/12/05/a-conversation-with-Zipcars-ceo-scott-griffith/
Levitt, R. (2014). A creative problem solver takes the car-sharing concept to a new level. Experience.com. Retrieved May 18, 2014 from https://www.experience.com/alumnus/channel-channel_id=entrepreneurship_guide&page_id=scott_griffith
Ursula Burns, Chief Executive Officer at Xerox
Although many authorities agree that the glass ceiling is still in place, it is clear that it has at least been shattered somewhat with many women leading Fortune 500 companies today. Leading the charge has been Ursula Burns, chairman and chief executive officer at Xerox Corporation since July 2009, making her the first African-American woman to lead an S&P 100 corporation. This paper reviews the relevant literature to provide Burns' background, an analysis of her leadership style and philosophy and how they align with the corporate culture at Xerox, an examination of Burns' personal and organizational values and an evaluation concerning how Burns' values most likely influence ethical behavior at this company. Finally, an analysis of Burns' three greatest strengths and weaknesses is followed by a discussion concerning the quality that most contributes to this leader's success and an assessment concerning how communication…
Alleyne, S. (2010, February). Unduplicated success: Named CEO of Xerox, Ursula M. Burns is making history as the first African-American woman to run one of the world's largest corporations. Black Enterprise, 40(7), 88-92.
Brimhall, C.L., Greif, T. & Buchsbaum, T. (2013, February). Teaching authentic adaptive leadership and organizational strategies using a case study. International Journal of Strategic Management, 13(1), 97-101.
Bryant, A. (2010, February 20). Xerox's new chief tries to redefine its culture. The New York
Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com /2010/02/21/business/21xerox.html?
2003). This was achieved with a channel only 750W and 400H, and power output remained consistent despite tests using 2M, 4M, and 8M methanol solutions as fuels (Lu et al. 2003). This shows that temperature has a much higher influence on performance than fuel solution or rate.
A more recent and in many ways more innovative use of silicon materials, in combination with others, shows potential to further increase the efficacy and efficiency of micro direct methanol fuel cells. By utilizing high-aspect-ratio carbon nanotubes as fuel delivery and reaction area structures for either the cathode or anode end of a micro direct methanol fuel cell, the reaction area and thus the efficiency of the fuel cell can be greatly increased (Wu et al. 2008). Though this conclusion has yet to be borne out by direct observational evidence, initial experimentation has shown that these nanotubes can be controlled in their growth…
Kamitani, a. Morishita, S.; Kotaki, H.; Arscott, S. (2008). "Miniaturized microDMFC using silicon microsystems techniques: performances at low fuel flow rates." Journal of micromechanics and microengineering 18.
Lim, S.; Kim, S.; Kim, H.; Ahn, J; Han, H.; Shul, Y. (2006). "Effect of operation parameters on performance of micro direct methanol fuel cell fabricated on printed circuit board." Journal of power sources 161, pp. 27-33.
Lu, G.; Wang, C. Yen, T.: Zhnag, X. (2003). "Development and characterization of a silicon-based micro direct methanol fuel cell." Electrochimica Acta 49, pp. 821 -- 828.
Mench, M.; Wang, Z.; Bhatia, K.; Wnag, C. (2001). "Design of a micro direct methanol fuel cell." Proceedings of the IMECE'01 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE) New York, New York USA November 11-16, 2001.
emotional positioning stategies. Maketing Intelligence & Planning, 23(1), 9-29.
Philip Kotle, & David Getne. (2002). County as band, poduct, and beyond: A place maketing and band management pespective. Jounal of Band Management, 9(4/5), 249-261.
Matin, Bidget, & Simintias, Antonis C. (1995). The impact of geen poduct lines on the envionment: Does what they know affect how they feel? Maketing Intelligence & Planning, 13(4), 16.
Keith Naughton. (2007, Octobe). An Electic Deam: THE $98,000 Tesla Roadste aims to be the ultimate geen ca. Will it succeed?. Newsweek, 150(18), E6.
Jason D. Olive, & Seung-Hee Lee. (2010). Hybid ca puchase intentions: a coss-cultual analysis. The Jounal of Consume Maketing, 27(2), 96-103.
Potheo, A., McDonagh, P., & Dobscha, S.. (2010). Is Geen the New Black? Reflections on a Geen Commodity Discouse. Jounal of Macomaketing, 30(2), 147.
Sangkapichai, M., & Saphoes, J.. (2009). Why ae Califonians inteested in hybid cas? Jounal of Envionmental Planning…
references. Public Finance Review, 38(1), 120.
Jack Ewing. (2008, October). Greener Luxury Cars, and Not Just Hybrids. Business Week (Online)
Furlow, N.. (2010). Greenwashing in the New Millennium. The Journal of Applied Business and Economics: Special Issue, 10(6), 22-25.
Patrick Hartmann, Vanessa Apoalaza Ibanez, & F. Javier Forcada Sainz. (2005). Green branding effects on attitude: functional vs. emotional positioning strategies. Marketing Intelligence & Planning, 23(1), 9-29.
Philip Kotler, & David Gertner. (2002). Country as brand, product, and beyond: A place marketing and brand management perspective. Journal of Brand Management, 9(4/5), 249-261.
The EVMI initiative will push the supply chain even more rigorously, requiring even greater financial investment. EVMI as a technology is an opportunity; the challenge for Chrysler is to transform their supply chain into a support infrastructure that can fully make this opportunity realizable. Additional opportunities for the company include the continual improvement of their quality management and compliance systems so they will be able to exceed CAFE requirement and create alliances with the NTSA, EPA and California emissions boards (Campbell, 2007). For the EVMI project to gain any momentum it would need to have the support of these three governing bodies. For Chrysler to realize the potential of the EVMI initiative it must also seek to transform its new product introduction process into one that can capitalize on low costs (Ibusuki, 2005) while also embracing innovation. This organizationally will be a very significant challenge for the company yet one…
Jeff Bennett. (2009, September 2). Car Makers Upbeat as Sales Rebound. Wall Street Journal (Eastern Edition), p. B.1.
Gillian Campbell. (2007, June). Big Changes for the Big Three? Quality, 46(6), 6.
Ford Motor Company, Investor Relations (2009). Ford Filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved September 1, 2009, from Ford Investor Relations Web site: http://finance.yahoo.com/q/sec?s=F
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A context of economic stability strengthens the country's status in the world, increases the value of the national currency and attracts foreign investors. But there should also exist a certain level of flexibility in order to encourage investors to open businesses within the country. Foreign investors need both security but also the promises of adaptability and flexibility, which will help them conduct organizational operations.
Stability should be offered by most industries and sectors, as well as national institutions. Among the sectors which reveal increased importance in offering stability are the financial sector and the banking sector. The financial sector, supervised by the country's central bank, must be stable as to develop and implement fair financial regulations, maintain an appropriate value of the national currency and reduce inflation. The banking sector has to be stable as to offer numerous credit and savings opportunities for entrepreneurs.
Benito, C.A., Neo-Classical Growth Model,…
Benito, C.A., Neo-Classical Growth Model, Development Economics Sonoma State University, retrieved from www.sonoma.edu/users/b/benito/econ403/units/NeoClassical.ppton February 7, 2008
Elbaum, B., Lazonick, W., 1984, the Decline of the British Economy: An Institutional Perspective, the Journal of Economic History, Volume 44, Number 2
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Selling Boeing Jets in China
Boeing Marketing Plan Outline
In defining a marketing plan for the promotion and sales of the Boeing 787 in China, the global market dynamics of the commercial aircraft industry need to be first considered followed by a framework for strategic marketing planning and execution. The extent of strategic market planning any aircraft manufacturer engages in will have a direct effect on their global ability to compete (Posey, 2008).
Global Market Dynamics
The global growth of mid-range commercial jets, ideally suited for the Chinese commercial jet marketplace, is expected to grow to $124B in 2012, representing nearly 1,400 in China alone (Posey, 2008) (MIT Lean Advancement Initiative, 2012). These jets are designed to seat between 66 and 90 passengers depending on the configuration ordered. Figure 1, Global Market Dynamics of the Commercial Aircraft Industry, shows the factors Boeing must orchestrate in their strategic marketing plans, with…
Kumar, S., & Wellbrock, J.. (2009). Improved new product development through enhanced design architecture for engineer-to-order companies. International Journal of Production Research, 47(15), 4235.
MIT Lean Advancement Initiative, (2012). Lean Supply Chain Now Concept Initiative . Lean Supply Chain Working Paper, 1, Retrieved April 14, 2012 from http://lean.mit.edu/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=835&Itemid=88
Posey, C.. (2008, July). World Demand for Turbines to Reach $106b in 2012. Power Engineering, 112(7), 27.
Jean Thilmany. (2007). Building a Plane in Four Minutes. Mechanical Engineering, 129(6), 16.
Competitiveness of Sustenance Lithographic Printing Industry with the Digital Printing Industry: A Case Study of the Lithographic Printing Industry in Nigeria
Major Constraints Affecting the Lithographic Printing Industry
The Effect of the Total Quality Management System on Lithographic
Industry and Compliance with a Changing World
Comparison of Lithographic Printing and Digital Printing to Develop
Avenues to Increase the Sale of Lithography
Stakeholder Opinions of the Proficiency of the Lithographic Printing
Although facing obsolescence from innovations in digital printing technologies, the lithographic industry is faced with several constraints to its competitiveness that form the focus of this study. The overarching aim of this study is to investigate and explore the future of the lithographic printing industry and develop ways on how lithographic printing can be sustained in the changing world of emerging technologies in the printing industry today. In support of this main aim, the study's objectives were to: provide…
Avery, C and Zabel, D 1997, The Quality Management Sourcebook: An International Guide to Materials and Resources. London: Routledge.
Beaujon, J 1936, Graphic Arts. Garden City, NJ: Garden City Publishing.
Cohen, P 2007, 'Deming's Fourteen Points,' Deming Articles. [online]. available: http://www.
The costs of raw materials continued to escalate as well, further impacting profitability.
More environmental regulations - There are many industrial regulations on the steel industries including the Kyoto doctrine that concentrates on green-based government initiatives to save the environment. All of these regulations further increase the costs that Tata must incur to continue operating.
Jaimy Lee. (2008, April). Humana engages public on health-sector solutions. Pweek, 11(17), 2. etrieved February 28, 2009, from ABI/INFOM Trade & Industry database. (Document ID: 1629703111). http://www.prweekus.com/Humana-engages-public-on-health-sector-solutions/article/109416/
Chad Terhune. (2008, August). THEY KNOW WHAT'S in YOU MEDICINE CABINET. Business Week,(4094), 48. etrieved February 28, 2009, from ABI/INFOM Global database. (Document ID: 1542853581). http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_31/b4094000643943.htm
Brandi White. (2007). A eport Card for 32 Payers: Not Making the Grade. Family Practice Management, 14(6), 43-9. etrieved February 27, 2009, from ABI/INFOM Global database. (Document ID: 1295595111). http://www.aafp.org/fpm/20070600/43arep.html
Tata Steel eferences (Amit, Mukherjee, Tridibesh, 1995)
Chatterjee, Amit, Mukherjee,…
References (Amit, Mukherjee, Tridibesh, 1995)
Chatterjee, Amit, Mukherjee, Tridibesh. (1995). Staying ahead of global competition: The Tata Steel strategy. Journal of General Management, 21(1), 71. Retrieved February 25, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 6986348). http://www.tata.com/aboutus/articles/inside.aspx?artid=m4rLPokLVbc=
T.V. Mahalingam. (2008, July). India Inc. On a steely voyage:Since the landmark acquisition of Corus by Tata Steel, Indian steel companies seem to have developed a hunger for acquiring steel companies and raw material assets across the globe.. Business Today. Retrieved March 1, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1518967231). http://www.businesstoday.intoday.in/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=6101
What solutions would you suggest for his three problems?
As the product liability for these lofts is very significant given their attachment to student's bunks, it's understandable why a $1M insurance policy is needed. it's also understandable why the university wants production off-campus and that their phone and e-mail systems not be used. Micheal Cain should approach his parents and ask to use their garage for production and also set up a Google or Yahoo e-mail account for the business, as they are free. He can use his cell phone number or get another cell phone just for the business. On the issue of insurance, this needs to be countersigned by his parents or an adult with financial collateral. In addition to the insurance, Micheal Cain should speak with the structural and mechanical engineering departments to test the loft to ensure it is safe and also to have it stress-tested…
Based on the foregoing considerations, it is suggested that the DCMP restructure their existing training programs and administration so that a more unified and centralized plan is in place, as well as providing for better instructor qualifications, evaluation, learning retention and more efficient and effective use of resources which are by definition scarce.
These broad general issues were refined for the purposes of this study into the research questions stated below.
What is the background of the District of Columbia area policy and community relations since World War II?
What are some major problems preventing positive relations between communities and the District of Columbia Metropolitan area police?
Can training programs of the District of Columbia Metropolitan Police Department enhance community relations?
What training modules can be used to enhance relations between surrounding communities in the District of Columbia Metropolitan area law enforcement?
Significance of the Study
Aben, E.L. (2004, September 13) Local police institution cites linkages with foreign law enforcement agencies. Manila Bulletin, 3.
About OPC. (2008). District of Columbia Office of Police Complaints. [Online]. Available: http://occr.dc.gov/occr/cwp/view , a,3,q,495435,occrNav_GID,1469,occrNav,|31085|,.asp.
Bedi, K. & Agrawal, R.K. (2001). Transforming values through Vipassana for principle- centered living: Evidence from Delhi police personnel. Journal of Power and Ethics, 2(2), 103.
Billington, J. (2008, March 7). Officers get crash course. Tulsa World, 1, 3.
Men, who also have tendencies to act in certain ways, come into contact with situations which stimulate some of their activities and repress others. Those who are stimulated have their growth increased'.
Cooley has discussed the possible sources for these changes in conception of differentiated unities, wholes, or realms encompassing and encompassed in human social life and its situation. Cooley is of the opinion that the human social life and its perspective can be desolated, but at the same it is connected and dependent upon the organic domain in which the situation occurs. According to him, the social life can initiate social changes; however, the social life itself is to be categorized into sub-systems based on cultural divisions.
Cooley has termed that the real cause behind any specific change or growth is based on the dynamic and convincing tendencies of the members' personalities. This is the reflection of the Cooley's…
Walter B. Bodenhafer. "Cooley's Theories of Competition and Conflict." Publications of the American Sociological Association, Vol. 25. 1930.18-24.
Coser. The Primary Group. Publications of the American Sociological Association. 1977. 307-310.
Charles Horton Cooley. "Now and Then." Journal of Applied Sociology 8 (1924): 259-262.
Charles Horton Cooley. Social Process. Southern Illinois University Press. Carbondale, IL. 1966. 24.
pag). Some business will continue as usual, of course: Abbott's nutrition division, based in Columbus, Ohio and employing approximately 2,000 people, announced that the nutrition unit will "fall under the umbrella of a new medical products company that will retain the Abbott name in a split announced ednesday" (Rouan n.pag). In addition, the announcement has apparently met with international investor approval: "At the news, Abbott's shares went up 7.3% in premarket trading on ednesday" (M2 Pharma n.pag).
The split is expected to occur in 2012 and will result in the currently-unnamed pharmaceutical company and the diversified medical products company, retaining the name "Abbott" (Abbott Laboratories n.pag).
(a). Pharmaceutical Company:
The pharmaceutical company is projected to have annual sales of approximately $18 Billion, a portfolio including Abbott's high-profile drugs such as Humira and Lupron, and a pipeline of "promising new specialty medicines and formulations" (Abbott Laboratories n.pag). According to Abbott's press…
Abbott Laboratories. A Tradition of Innovation. n.d. Web. 22 October 2011.
-- . Abbott Reports Strong Ongoing Third Quarter Results; Confirms Double-Digit Ongoing Earnings Growth Outlook for 2011. 19 October 2011. Web. 21 October 2011.
-- . Abbott to Separate into Two Leading Companies in Diversified Medical Products and Research-Based Pharmaceuticals. 19 October 2011. Web. 21 October 2011.
-- . Abbott Worldwide. n.d. 2011. Web. 21 October 2011.
team is a small collaborated group of people working actively together and combining their complementary skills to achieve common goals. The researcher of this study has participated in a team project, and the study discusses description of the team, and number of people in the team.
Description of the Team
The researcher of the study has participated in several team projects, and one of important team projects that the researcher has participated is a team formulated to prepare a proposal to find a solution to the cleaning of British Petroleum (BP) oil spill of 2010 in the United States. In 2010, there was an oil spill in the United States and the spill caused damages to some states in the United States. esearcher's organization is a Management Consultancy, and the organization formed a team to prepare a proposal on the cost-effective effective method for the cleaning of BP oil spill.…
Sans Institute (2009).Beer - The Key Ingredient to Team Development. White Paper, SANS Institute Reading Room.
Quick T.L. (1992), Successful Team Building. New York, NY: AMACOM Div
American Management Association.
University of Wisconsin-Madison (2007). Facilitator Tool Kit: A Guide for Helping Groups Get Results. University of Wisconsin System Board of Regents.
How Google's Innovative Technologies Have Changed the World
The Google founders deliberately designed and continually fuel a corporate culture that puts innovation at the center, acting as a highly effective catalyst for creating new products and services. One of the foundational elements of their culture is the ule of 20%, which gives engineers the flexibility of spending up to 20% of their time on projects they are interested in transforming from concept to finished product (Laffey, 2007). Since instituting this program at the launch of the company, products and services generated from its successful use has delivered 56% of total revenues to Google on an annual basis (MIT Sloan eview, 2006). Google Docs, Gmail, personal search, Google+, Android operating systems, Goggles (visual search) and Latitude are all the result of the ule of 20% Program (Manyika, 2009). Taken together, Google's technologies have made a major impact on the…
Brown, A.S. (2011). Google's autonomous car applies lessons learned from driverless races. Mechanical Engineering, 133(2), 31-31.
Cho, K. (2009). Powering the Google engine: Innovation is key. Fountainebleau, France, Fountainebleau: INSEAD.
Deegan, M. (2008). New products from google aimed at sparking innovation. SNL Kagan Media & Communications Report,, n/a.
Gopalakrishnan, S., Kessler, E.H., & Scillitoe, J.L. (2010). Navigating the innovation landscape: Past research, present practice, and future trends. Organization Management Journal, 7(4), 262-277.
This alone is a powerful image of civil rights, yet the scene evolves into one of the chief antagonist of the film trying to intercept the secret codes from the child. These codes are critical to unlocking the anagram on the back of the Declaration and while the antagonists succeed in learning from the boy what he is doing, Ben Gates' team misses being captured. This tension in the film continues with the conflict centering on knowledge of the treasure, and all along the real treasure is freedom.
The many explosive scenes that Director Jerry Bruckheimer is famous for also underscore the liberalism within this film. Starting with the first explosive scene where the Charlotte, an ancient whaling ship that contains a critical piece of evidence that will be used for solving another clue leading to the location of the map of the Templar's fortune. The center of conflict in…
So, there would be lesser availability of resources to help with environmental stewardship. Not only that, but there is no clear process in order to determine what to do as it pertains to this subject. Although the bulk of the standard allows for efficient communication and understanding with the company/organization, it has little clear instructions or details as it pertains to environmental stewardship, therefore limiting its use.
IV. ISO 14000
A. Historical background
The ISO 14000 series of environmental management standards is meant to aide organizations in management of the environmental effect of their business practices. The ISO 14000 series and ISO 9000 series are very similar with the ISO 9000 series being published in 1987. ISO or International Organization for Standardization was in charge of their publication and intended for ISO to encourage and become a viable platform for international trade and cooperation in various areas such as: commercial,…
Dash Inspectorate Pvt Ltd. (2013). ISO 14000 / ISO 14001 Environmental Management Standard. Retrieved from http://www.dashinspectorate.com/training-services/iso-certification-courses/iso-14000/
Dept of Trade and Industry (2007). Total Quality Management (TQM). Retrieved from http://www.businessballs.com/dtiresources/total_quality_management_TQM.pdf
Doganata, Y., & Curbera, F. (n.d.). Effect of Using Automated Auditing Tools on Detecting Compliance Failures in Unmanaged Processes. Retrieved from IBM TJ Watson Research Center website: http://www.doganata.us/papers/57010310.pdf
ISO 9000 Resources (2013). The 8 Basic principals of ISO 9001. Retrieved from http://www.iso9000resources.com/ba/principals-iso-9001.cfm
Charles Horton Cooley is a great sociologist who has contributed significantly to the field of sociology. He was born in Michigan State where he studied and work. He was a professor in the University of Michigan and lived near the university with his wife and three children. Looking glass self was one of his greatest works. The paper evaluates some of the sociologist major papers in the field of sociology and economics. The contributions to the conflicts theory and functionalism theory will also be evaluated in the paper. Charles Horton Cooley died in 1929 in the same state he was born of cancer.
Charles Horton Cooley born in 1864 was the forth born in a family of six siblings. His mother was Mary Elizabeth and his father was Thomas Cooley. The family lived in Ann Arbor in Michigan State. He attended the University of Michigan in 1887 where after graduating…
Ju, Biung-ghi. 2010. "Individual Powers and Social Consent: An Axiomatic Approach." Social Choice and Welfare 34(4):571-596
Landon, Charles E. 1960. "Technological Progress in Transportation on the Mississippi River System." The Journal of Business (Pre-1986) 33(1):43-43
Westley, Bruce. 1976. "Setting the Political Agenda what Makes it Change?" Journal of Communication (Pre-1986) 26(2):43
.....mechanical feasibility of a hybrid Epoxy/Glass/Flax composite material for handling bone fracture fixation like fracture plates. The introduction begins with definition of 'advanced engineering composite material'. The term means combination of both strong and soft constituents that are mixed together to enable the production process leading to enhancement of properties of the matrix as well as helping in the transference of the load between strong and soft materials due to their major thermal, mechanical, physical and corrosion resistance. These materials see use in engineering applications like biomechanical, aerospace, and automotive.
The study continues with the introduction noting some drawbacks to synthetic fibers, with key mention of glass and carbon. Such drawbacks include high energy consumption, non-renewability, and non-recyclability. In fact, interest has grown and shifted to use of natural fibers. Natural fibers provide manufacturers with several advantages such as ease in recycling, sustainability, easier to manufacture (requires less energy), and…
The Handbook also emphasizes that, "Engineers should be creative, inquisitive, analytical, and detail oriented. They should be able to work as part of a team and to communicate well, both orally and in writing" (Engineers 2010:4). In addition, good communication skills are regarded as important key attributes for engineers who frequently work with professionals from other disciplines (Engineers 2010).
Although every employment situation for defense industry engineers will be unique in some way, some common key attributes and skills required by Engineers Australia (2010) for professional engineers include the following:
1. Knowledge of science and engineering fundamentals;
2. in-depth technical competence in at least one engineering discipline;
3. Ability to undertake problem identification, formulation, and solution;
4. Understanding of social, cultural, global, and environmental responsibilities and the need to employ principles of sustainable development;
5. Ability to utilise a systems approach to complex problems and to design and operational performance;…
"Engineers." 2010 Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010-11 Edition. [online] available:
Hetrick, R. 1996 "Employment in high-tech defense industries in a post Cold War era." Monthly
Labor Review, 119(8): 57-59.
Lower quenching temperatures create microstructures that demonstrate a greater elasticity, with smaller and less brittle connections forming between microstructures.
12) Martensite is a high-carbon steel formed from the rapid cooling of austenite in a process that does not allow carbon to diffuse out of the heated metal. Tempered Martensite has reduced hardness but increased toughness, and the metal is partially decomposed into ferrite and cementite by the tempering process.
13) Yes; there are some limited applications where the brittleness of quench-hardened steel will not pose a significant barrier to use. In most applications, however, tempering is required after quench hardening in order to reduce brittleness and increase the toughness of the steel.
14) Furnace: All heat shields must be in place, and the area in and around the furnace must be kept clear of all dust, debris, and other equipment. Ventilation paths must be substantial and remain free from blockages,…
Askeland, T. & Phule, P. (2006). The science and engineering of materials. Ontario:
hat is AI?
Future of AI
The Expert System
hat is an Expert System?
Three Major Components of an Expert System
Structure of an Expert System
Field and Benefit
Debate on Comparison
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the Expert System Defined
Consulting applies a knowledge-based system to commercial loan officers using multimedia (Hedburg 121). Their system requires a fast IBM desktop computer. Other systems may require even more horsepower by using exotic computers or workstations. The software used is even more exotic. Considering there are very few applications that are pre-written using AI, each company has to write it's own software to determine the solution to their specific problem.
An easier way around this obstacle is to design an add-on. The company Fuziare has developed several applications which act as additions to larger applications. FuziCalc, FuziQuote, FuziCell, FuziChoice, and FuziCost are all products…
Barron, Janet J. "Putting Fuzzy Logic into Focus." Byte April (1993): 111-118.
Butler, Charles, and Maureen Caudill. Naturally Intelligent Systems. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1990.
Bylinsky, Gene. "Computers That Learn By Doing." Fortune 6 Sep. 1993: 96-102.
Liebowitz, Jay. "Roll Your Own Hybrids." Byte July (1993): 113-115.