Media Bias Essays (Examples)

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Media During Wartime the Media

Words: 2326 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27270034

Unlike other wars, this was not against the armies of a nation, but a cohort of individuals who were driven by an ideology (Islamism). This army knew no boundaries and did not use conventional tactics of war fare. Even when the Taliban were imprisoned, the media first reasoned and then insisted that the Geneva Convention on the treatment of prisoners of war applied to these prisoners. Bill Maher, comedian, political commentator and host of the program "Politically Incorrect" called the terrorists "freedom fighters." (Landau, 2009) Many editorials were written excoriating Americans for ill-treatment of these prisoners. Some in the media even averred that these prisoners deserved the same rights guaranteed to those in correctional facilities in the United States. This meant that those imprisoned in the war on Terror could be given specific rights as afforded by the Constitution of the United States of America. The media in its insistence…… [Read More]

References

Acheson, Dean, and Dean Acheson. The Korean War. New York,: Norton, 1971.

Hersh, Seymour. "Torture at Abu Ghraib: American Soldiers Brutalized Iraqis. How Far up Does the Responsibility Go?" The New Yorker May 10, 2004.

Landau, Saul. Freedom Fighters, Terrorists or Schlemiels? . 2009. Available: http://www.counterpunch.org/landau01302009.html. April 14, 2009.

MediaResearch. How the Media Vote. 2009. Mediaresearch.com. Available: http://www.mediaresearch.org/biasbasics/biasbasics3.asp. April 14, 2009.
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Media Audiences

Words: 3186 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41413857

New Media Implications

The improvement of internet and other technology and its ready availability to more and more people has revolutionized the structure and population of the media around the world. People that would normally be members of the audience have become the creators of news and vice versa. The lines that separate news makers and people that normally would be making news or expected to make news have blurred significantly and in several different ways. There are many examples of countries that could be focused on for this subject but one of the best is the United States.

Media Structure

There are multiple ways in which the structure of news creators has changed and evolved over recent months and years. One way in which the idea regarding audience and news sources has been altered significantly is the corporate structure of the people that are providing the news. The companies…… [Read More]

References

Babad, E. (2005). The Psychological Price of Media Bias. Journal of Experimental

Psychology. 11 (4), 245-255.

Barkow, J., O'Gorman, R. & Rendell, L. (2012). Are The New Mass Media Subverting

Cultural Transmission. Review of General Psychology. 16 (2), 121-133.
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Bias Within the Media

Words: 797 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68524749

Presence of Media Bias in News Programs

Media

The topic of discussion revolves around bias in media, specifically in news program. The question "Are news reporters and news stations out of control?" warrants further clarification before the paper offers an answer. What exactly is meant by out of control? Are they out of control in what respect? Which news reporters and news stations are we talking about? There is a huge array of news stations around the world. Some are publically funded and some are privately funded. There is a news program on television and online for virtually every topic imaginable including technology, economics, finance, world/current events, health, education, as well as what many of us are familiar with, general news programs that cover local, domestic, and limited international news. Out of these, which are we talking about? The answers to the primary questions that the paper will argue depend…… [Read More]

References:

Giles, D. (2003) Media Psychology. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.: Mahway, NJ.

Wahl-Jorgensen, K. & Hanitzsch, T. (eds) (2009) The Handbook of Journalism Studies. Routledge: NY.
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Controlling the Media in Egypt

Words: 4404 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87859540

Media Control in Egypt

The media in Egypt is much more controlled than in many other countries, including the United States. That control began with President Gamal Abdel Nasser, moved through Anwar Sadat, and then on to Hosni Mubarak. During that time, the television and newspapers were strictly controlled, and only what the president wanted people to see was placed in them. There is significant evidence that the control of the media in Egypt was done largely to oppress the people, and to make sure they were only hearing and seeing what the government wanted them to hear and see. Social, political, and economic factors are all significant in the control of the Egyptian media, which many believe should be uncontrolled and independent. That would allow it to provide actual, factual information, instead of only what the government agreed that the people were allowed to know.

Introduction

The Egyptian media…… [Read More]

References

Amin, Hussein, and I- Chapter One: General Status. "Report on the State of the Media in Egypt." The Arab Center for the Development of the Rule of Law and Integrity Project Title: Strengthening the Rule of Law and Integrity in the Arab World Report on the State of the Media in Egypt Second Draft Author: Dr. Hussein Amin. Arab Rule of Law. (n.d.). Web.

"Egypt." Freedom House. 2012. Web.

Elmasry, Mohamed Hamas. Journalism with Restraint: A Comparative Content Analysis of Independent, Government, and Opposition Newspapers in Pre-Revolution Egypt. 2012. Web.

El Zahed, Hala. "Egyptian Press and the Transition to Democracy." Egyptian Press and the Transition to Democracy: A Study of the Conditions and Challenges Facing National Print Media Post. 2011. Web.
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Crime Reporting Bias

Words: 514 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92078282

Media Bias in Crime eporting

In what ways do the media construct crime images?

In general, the media have tremendous power to influence public thought and opinion, such as by the choice of stories to report as well as by the specific manner in which they describe offenders, victims, and circumstances. When it comes to crime, the media construct images in various realms, including the relative frequency (and risk) of certain types of crimes and the public expectation about what groups of people are more likely to be offenders or victims of those crimes. For example, by choosing to report crimes featuring a white victim and a black offender, the media can portray one race as being composed of more offenders than the other and one race as being composed of more victims than the other. Similarly, by choosing to report more on particularly gruesome crimes, the media can establish…… [Read More]

References

Tate, K. (2014). Illegal Immigrants Would Get Voting Rights, Medicaid, Licenses under

New NY Bill. Breitbart.com. Retrieved online:

http://www.breitbart.com/Breitbart-Texas/2014/06/16/Illegal-Immigrants-Would-Get-Voting-Rights-Medicaid-Licenses-Under-New-Bill

Wilkes, D.E. (2007). Unforgivable Racism: Black Men, Criminal Justice. Res Ipsa (Spring Finals Edition) University of Georgia School of Law. Retrieved online: http://www.law.uga.edu/dwilkes_more/57racism.html
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Bias With Stock Recommendations Following

Words: 1916 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96093372

As Mokoaleli-Mokoteli et al. (2009) point out, though, previous research has confirmed that while it is accurate to suggest that analysts provide optimistic reports on the majority of the stocks they include in their analytical portfolios, such recommendations do not routinely affect the market in any substantive way. According to these researchers, "After accounting for risk and transaction costs, investors do not earn better than average returns from following analysts' stock recommendations" (Mokoaleli-Mokoteli et al., 2009, p. 388). There is also the matter of the human propensity to be overly optimistic in those situations where there are complex issues involved, a tendency that has also been well documented in the scholarly research (Mokoaleli-Mokoteli et al., 2009). According to Mokoaleli-Mokoteli and his colleagues, "Both analyst overoptimism, as measured by the tone of their report, and conflicts of interest distinguish between new buy and new sell recommendations. This is consistent with the…… [Read More]

References

Cao, J. & Kohlbeck, M. (2011). Analyst quality, optimistic bias, and reactions to major news. Journal of Accounting, Auditing & Finance, 26(3), 502 -- 526.

Mokoaleli-Mokoteli, T., Taffler, R.J. & Agarwal, V. (2009, April/May). Behavioural bias and conflicts of interest in analyst stock recommendations. Journal of Business

Finance & Accounting, 36(3) & (4), 384 -- 418.
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Media Injustice and the Media There Was

Words: 672 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99052329

Media

Injustice and the Media

There was a point in the not-too-distant past when it was reasonable to perceive the media as a force collectively aimed at informing the public, exposing corruption, surfacing scandal and general performing the responsibility of protecting the people's right to know. However, several forces have permeated the so-called 'fourth estate,' diluting the media's acceptance of this responsibility. At one end of the spectrum, the growth in value of cable news such as CNN or MSNBC has created a highly monetized and commercially-motivated form of news. At the opposite end of the spectrum, the increasing visibility of social media such as Facebook and Twitter in spreading news stories has removed much of the accountability or professionalism from our media outlets.

The result is that our media outlets rarely have the motivation to ensure that a well-informed public is made aware of injustice in all its forms.…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Boettger, B. (2012). The Social Responsibility of Social Media. Media Post.

Chiyamwaka, B. (2008). Media Ethics: A Call To Responsible Journalism. Hippo Lodge Liwonde.

Christians, C.G. (2007). Utilitarianism in Media Ethics and Its Discontents. Journal of Mass Media Ethics, 22(2-3), 113-131.

Daily Graphic. (2009). Ethical, Responsible Journalism Essential for Media's Success. Modern Ghana.
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Media Book Critique Tuned Out

Words: 1401 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 363883

A college student talking to an old high school friend through Instant Messaging may send that friend a copy of an interesting article that flashed across the screen. News may not be prime reason for using the Internet but still the Internet is vital for transmitting news and opinion, even of dispatches from war torn areas, or disaster afflicted zones where the conventional media cannot penetrate. In ages past, sitting around the television watching the news may have had other purposes than information -- family togetherness, relaxation, as well, but that did not discount the information received.

Furthermore, the Internet provides a plurality of viewpoints that the three networks and the major city newspapers did not and often still do not provide. One could even make a parallel to the plethora of newspapers of the turn of the century, all biased and slanted and somewhat dubious in fact-checking perhaps (but…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Mindich, David. Tuned Out: Why Americans under 40 don't follow the news. New York: Oxford Press, 2004
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Media Representation of Issues in Immigration Is

Words: 1345 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8590622

Media epresentation of Issues in Immigration

Immigration is a fundamental element of American history. Centuries ago, immigration was not the issue that it is in the 21st century. There is a very small percentage of Americans that can trace their heritage back to the beginning of the country without at least one family member or even generation of family that are not immigrants. Around the turn of the 20th century, with the advent of industrialization and the mass exodus from numerous countries into the United States, immigration has been a white, hot point of contention in American culture and American media. The focus of this paper is a very recent article in The New York Times about President Obama's decision to allow a specific demographic of illegal immigrants to remain the country legally providing them opportunities to obtain legal documentation, attend institutions of higher education, and work without fear of…… [Read More]

References:

Cohen, T. (2012) Obama administration to stop deporting some young illegal immigrants. CNN, Available from  http://www.cnn.com/2012/06/15/politics/immigration/index.html . 2012 June 25.

Preston, J., & Cushman, Jr., J.H. (2012) Obama to Permit Young Migrants to Remain in U.S. The New York Times, Available from  http://www.nytimes.com/ 2012/06/16/us/us-to-stop-deporting-some-illegal-immigrants.html?pagewanted=all. 2012 June 25.
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Media Consumption

Words: 1208 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32395727

Media

In a one day diary of media consumption, it becomes evident that many of my interactions with the world are via media. I receive most of my information through media forms as well. Even when relaxing, media is something that drives the process. There is also a lot of passive consumption of media in my daily life. My media consumption will be analyzed through the lens of different media theories.

Turow

Turow argues that media and advertisers have become exceptionally adept since the 1970s at understanding audiences, their consumption patterns, and how to exploit these. For our part as audience, we have much less understanding of our own consumption patterns. This exercise was the first time that I had really given thought to my daily media exposure, only to realize that my use of media is constant, throughout the day, and sometimes very passive. I used media forms as…… [Read More]

References

Turow, J. (1997). Breaking up America University of Chicago Press: Chicago.

Fenton, N. (no date). The internet and social networking. In possession of the author.
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Media Presentation Analyzation Design & Ethical Relationships

Words: 2028 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54660876

Media Presentation Analyzation: Design & Ethical Relationships

The war in the Middle East is an example of an on-going media presentation that is covered in the radio, television and on the Internet. More recently covered are the accounts of the beheadings of those kidnapped and in yesterday's news, of numerous people killed or wounded in the Iraqi car blasts in Najaf, Iraq. This paper will examine the design and ethical relationships of the media's presentation of the war in Iraq using the attached article downloaded off the Internet for the analysis. It will examine television and the new media environment of the Web, for both have become central in determining both the design and ethical dimensions of the media's coverage of the war in the Middle East.

Turning on the television means establishing a connection with the place of broadcasting and being literally and continually present at the birth of…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Bruce, B.C. (2000), "Credibility of the Web: Why we need dialectical reading," Journal of Philosophy of Education, vol. 34, no. 1, pp.97-109.

Design -- Media Presentation Analysis
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Biased Media

Words: 1323 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76554132

Media Failings

Medial Failings

The media is often assailed for a number of failings. These failings include focusing on the wrong things, not focusing on the right things nearly enough and focusing on the proper things in the wrong overall way. While the media certainly mishandles class issues and other problems of import, their usual goal is probably not comedy but instead pushing one worldview and viewpoint over another and specifically instead of another. While media in general is largely ineffectual and problematic on a number of levels, some of their activities border on the insidious and starkly negative.

The pull quote from the test pretty much summarizes Diana Kendall's summary of American media in a nutshell. To show the quote again and in its entirety, it was "rather than providing a meaningful analysis of inequality and showing realistic portrayals of life in various social classes, the media either play…… [Read More]

References

Baum, M.A., & Groeling, T. (2008). New Media and the Polarization of American

Political Discourse. Political Communication, 25(4), 345-365.

doi:10.1080/10584600802426965

Colombo, G. (2013). Rereading America: cultural contexts for critical thinking and writing (9th ed.). Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martins.
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Media Representations of the Israeli-Palestinian

Words: 2299 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76101907

Four of his movies are still amongst the top 20 earners of all time. Making of Schindler's list and setting up Shoah foundation; which filmed disturbing tales from Holocaust survivors portrayed Spielberg as an ultra Zionist by most. The view after Munich has somewhat changed and most American and Israeli Jews criticized the movie and labeled it as portraying Israeli's as murderers while popular belief amongst Jews is that of retaliation. There is the hit squad, Bombs used in beds, in cars and even in phones with gruesome gun fights and cold blood executions by Mossad operatives representing Jews as killers.

A neutral viewer may argue that the movie lacked details on Palestinian terrorists portrayed only as targets rather than human beings with feelings.

Spielberg managed to deliver what the news media missed. No spice but reality, mistakes and regrets by both sides. He managed to explain what impact this…… [Read More]

Work Cited

"The Art of the Kill." Manila Bulletin, 4 March 2006, NA. Database online. Available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5014088880. Internet. Accessed 21 March 2012.

FAIR, "In U.S. Media, Palestinians Attack, Israel Retaliates,"

http://www.fair.org/activism/network-retaliation.html (Accssed on 22 March 2012)

"Predators and Prey: The Mind Games of Terrorism." The Daily Mail (London, England), 27 January 2006, 58. Database online. Available from Questia, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5013505260. Internet. Accessed 21 March 2012.
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Bias Few Things in the

Words: 2004 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86351448

Without taking into account these factors, strategic planning will not measure up to the requirements of planning adequately for the future.

The author also notes that the complexity of strategic planning is increased by the flexibility of the all the factors involved. Thorough analysis is therefore required to construct a viable strategy that takes into account as many factors as possible. As an example, Habegger (2009: 3) mentions the United Kingdom, whose strategic foresight has been at the root of the country's national policy since the 1960s. Beginning as a way to enhance the innovative force of the British industry, the strategy has grown to include social, ecological, technological and political aspects. One part of this improved strategy is the "Horizon Scanning Centre," established in 2004. Its two core activities include the Sigma Scan and foresight projects. The Sigma Scan involves an information basis for all foresight activities, based upon…… [Read More]

References

Barber, M. 2006. Wildcards -- Signals from a future near you.

Conway, M. 2005. Strategic Planning Revisited: A Futures Perspective. World Futures Society Annual Conference.

Edmund, N.W. Decision Making: A Guide to creative Decision Making and Critical Thinking.

Graves, T. Stealth Foresight for Innovation: Creating support for creative change in large organisations in Australia. Journal of Futures Studies. November, Vol. 12, No. 2.
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Bias in the Curricula

Words: 995 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43394625

Bias in Curricula

Native American Bias in K-12 Literature

There are many artifacts used in curricula that illustrate a racial bias towards marginalized groups. American Indians are one such group adversely affected by stereotypical and offensive portrayals in educational material and literature. Native Americans are typically not even mentioned in American history textbooks past 6th grade curriculum. When they are referenced, it is often in terms of Pilgrims and Thanksgiving. Other times they are depicted as adversaries to be defeated in the "settling" of the West. As far as most Americans have been taught in the educational system, Native Americans virtually ceased to exist after 1890. In addition, there exists a very pervasive and subtle dehumanizing Native American stereotype that has become ingrained in American popular culture (i.e., sports teams, Halloween costumes, etc.). These misrepresentations -- and the misperceptions that follow - are commonly held by all Americans, and have…… [Read More]

References

Banks, L.R. (2005). The Indian in the cupboard. New York: Random House/Listening Library.

Olson, H.A. (2001). Classification or organization: What's the difference? Knowledge

Organization 28(1), 1-3.

Phillips, W.S. (1963). Indian Campfire Tales: Legends about the Ways of Animals and Men. New York: Platt & Munk.
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Media and Politics - The

Words: 4148 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15504717

Thirdly, the growing up-to-the-minute exposure of the journalists to the physicality of the war detracted from the big picture and instead exaggerated the importance of singular happenings and specific events.

It is in the loss of the big picture that the Bush regime is most able to capitalize on its military's control of the press. While in the 1990s, the President's father struggled with "pooled" journalists and the lack of coherent and stable eye witness accounts, the current President instead embedded an army of over 700 journalists inside the United tate's military campaign as they waged war on the unsuspecting Iraqis.

There is a pretty fine line between being embedded and being entombed," observed Dan Rather in response to the Gulf War of the 1990s.

With the American journalists and those internationally desiring the protection of the winning force fully embedded with the American soldiers at war, the military operation…… [Read More]

Sides, Hampton. "Unembedded." The New Yorker. March 24, 2003.

Jamail, Dahr. "Fallujah: How not to Handle Insurgency." The Arab-American News, April 27th.

Morford, p. 2.
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Media Manipulation Does the American

Words: 2199 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79243485

"

Meanwhile, "False Balancing" is where "both sides are seldom accorded equal prominence," Parenti asserts. As an example of this tendency, Parenti writes that when it comes to a conservative issue, NPR (National Public Radio), perceived as a liberal institution, interviews a "right wing spokesperson" alone. But when it's a liberal issue being discussed, NPR has a liberal and a conservative on together.

Endorsement / Disparagement: Some media use "labels" like "the president's firm leadership" and "a strong defense" without offering any details as to why the president's leadership is "firm" or the defense is "strong." The campaign in California (Proposition 226) against unions used the phrase "union bosses" often, to give a negative tone to unions, but corporate executives were never alluded to as "corporate bosses."

Framing: Another kind of manipulation mentioned by Parenti is "Framing": this involves "bending the truth rather than breaking it." Examples of framing include:…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Aufderheide, Patricia. (1999). General Principles in Media Literacy. Media Literacy:

Resource Guide.

Goldstein, Patrick. (2005). 2 reminders that journalists once pursued greatness. LA Times

Calendarlive.com (October 18, 2005).
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Media Worlds

Words: 780 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73618705

MEDIA WORLD & CULTURE

The Media World in Today's Culture

The Media World and Today's Culture

The Media World and Today's Culture

The media is the most indispensable medium that most urbanized and developing countries have adapted to accessing first hand and vital information. It is also in the branch category of the most growing industries in today's global economy. However, the industry is faced with controversies from other sectors such as culture and politics. Implications of the social media and media personalties have always been at the limelight, especially with how the youth and children perceive what they see and hear from the media. It is therefore, necessitated to review how the current global culture allows for the continuity of the world of media.

Reading Discussions

According to Kaya and Cakmur, media has been a centre-stage in Turkey die to the linkage it has to politics. Turkish media is…… [Read More]

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Media Coverage of the Scott Peterson Case

Words: 1740 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21771339

Media Coverage of the Scott Peterson Case man allegedly slaughters his pregnant wife in cold blood! This sensational headline for the sensational case of Scott Peterson could very easily and ironically, accurately sum up the details of Peterson case. Peterson is accused of pretending to go fishing on Christmas Eve, killing his wife and his unborn son because of anxieties about becoming a father and because he desired his beautiful mistress more, and hiding the evidence. Then, he is accused of fleeing the investigating team by dying his hair, abandoning his mother and father in law during their hour of grief, and hiding out with his own parents.

AS such, the Peterson legal case in terms of reportage provides few challenges in terms of supposedly non-legitimate media outlets such as The New York Post, for example, or the celebrity driven show "Extra!" On TV. These media outlets might be challenged…… [Read More]

Works Cited

1."Curtain set to rise on Peterson trial Defense accuses prosecution of withholding evidence." (May 31, 2004) CNN.com. Retrieved on June 13, 2004 http://www.cnn.com/2004/LAW/05/31/peterson.trial.ap/index.html

2."A day of shopping, at the spa: Slain wife's final day before reported missing told to jurors." (June 3, 2004) CNN.com. Retrieved on June 12, 2004 http://www.cnn.com/2004/LAW/06/03/peterson.trial.ap/index.html

3."Geragos: Peterson baby born alive." (June 3, 2004) on June 15, 2004 at http://www.cnn.com/2004/LAW/06/02/peterson.trial/index.html

4.Jeffrey Toobin: Peterson prosecution begins unconventionally. (June 11, 2004) CNN.com. Retrieved on June 14, 2004 http://www.cnn.com/2004/LAW/06/09/toobin.peterson/onindex.html
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Media How Technology Shapes Society a Society

Words: 1689 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12162383

Media

How Technology Shapes Society

A society is a conglomerate of people who, for some reason, are throw together in a particular bounded region. The group has to make laws that will govern their actions and they also determine how they will live together in the most productive manner. But, there are events and devices that some say can change the way this group of people behaves and what laws they will make for one another. For example, an early hunter-gatherer society subsisted on what they could kill and find. Then someone invented the hoe, and they became cultivating societies (Keel, 2011). This meant that the people did not have to roam so far afield to find they needed to exist. Thus they could stay closer together and build up societies. Small events sometimes shape great changes in society without the people within the society realizing that the invention will…… [Read More]

References

Anderson, P., & Tushman, M.R., (1990). Technological discontinuities and dominant designs: A cyclical model of technological change. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35(4), 604-619.

Beals, G., (1997). The biography of Thomas Edison. Retrieved from  http://www.thomasedison.com/biography.html 

Carlson, W.B., (1992). "Artifacts and frames of meaning: Thomas A. Edison, his managers, and the cultural construction of motion pictures," in W.E. Bijker and J. Law Shaping technology/building society: Studies in sociotechnical change. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, pp. 175-198.

Chandler, D., (2002). Technological or media determinism. Retrieved from http://www.aber.ac.uk/media/Documents/tecdet/tdet01.html
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Bias Intercultural Communication and Leadership

Words: 1285 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47589575



Q5. How will you deal with others in your workplace who feel they have no biases but you are aware that they do?

I think that sensitivity training and diversity education should be mandatory components of all workplaces. This type of training should include self-administered questionnaires like the HIAT to raise awareness about the commonness of prejudice and also role-playing and discussions about different assumptions and communication styles. I should note that I do not believe that explicitly 'calling someone out' on their prejudices and shaming them is particularly helpful; firmly presenting an alternative point-of-view or way of looking at the situation is much more effective. Organizations must also have strong and effective anti-discrimination policies to reduce bias. This can help all workers. "We have developed a "good person/bad person" paradigm of diversity. A more accurate depiction, however, is that we all have bias of one kind or another. It…… [Read More]

References

Best practices: Employers. (2013). Workplace Empathy. Retrieved:

http://workplaceempathy.com/library/bestpractices/employer

FAQ. (2013). HIAT. Retrieved:

 https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/demo/background/faqs.html#faq1
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Media Television Industry Narrowcasting Is

Words: 1034 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98030521

Government officials and elected officers become unwilling to provide limited public funds to broadcasters whose audiences are becoming smaller, forcing public service programmers to reach for larger audiences with different types of program content. "While multiple program sources -- cable, home video -- make it unlikely that these systems will move toward "mass audience programming" it is the case that the face of broadcasting is changing in these contexts" (Narrowcasting, 2012).

Digital signage networks for narrowcast advertising are becoming part of the mainstream and not some sort of on the edge experimental medium reserved for the daring and advanced. ather than being seen as a risk in the eyes of media buyers, they are becoming a vital communications path for marketers and advertisers wishing to sway consumer spending decisions at the point of purchase. It isn't particularly surprising that narrowcast digital signage networks are entering the mainstream. Advertising buyers and…… [Read More]

References

Little, D. (2007). Digital signage -- InfoTrends sees significant growth for narrowcasting.

Retrieved from http://ezinearticles.com/?Digital-Signage-InfoTrends-Sees-

Significant-Growth-for-Narrowcasting&id=633856

Narrowcasting. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.museum.tv/eotvsection.php?entrycode=narrowcasting
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Media and Society

Words: 857 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19630056

Media & Society

Media can have a strong influence on society. Media has the ability to shape how people view the world, how they perceive different issues and media can also have a direct influence on behavior in society as well. With political ads, the objective is direct behavioral influence, the behavior being voting, so the media role with these ads is a content-dependent relationship. The ads are intended to bring about a specific behavior, but the ads are also intended to change perspectives and dialogue, both about candidates and about the issues for which those candidates stand. This paper will examine two advertisements from the 2012 Presidential election campaign, one from each side, in order to illustrate this concept.

Cognitive/Affective/Behavioral

The Romney ad "Stand up to China" works primarily on the affective level. The copy of the ad is hilariously childish to anybody who understands anything about foreign policy…… [Read More]

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Social Media in Healthcare Organizations Social Media

Words: 988 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21359438

Social Media in Healthcare Organizations

Social Media Social media increasingly integral part healthcare organization's website online strategy. Write a -- page (excluding title reference pages)

Using social media in healthcare organizations

Social media are a new way of co-creating and collaboration on content with others. It provides practical resources for healthcare organizations, in raising awareness of health related issues to the public, and facilitating change in behavior which will help people to live safer and healthier lives Sae Won & Choi, 2007.

With social media, they can disseminate information in real-time and link groups of people around common issues. Any website or platform that allows users to publish and share information with each other is referred to as social media. The information shared can be videos, photos, or messages. Technologies for social media are in different forms namely wikis, internet forums, social blogs, podcasts, magazines, weblogs, social bookmarking, videos, and…… [Read More]

References

Azu, M.C., Lilley, E.J., & Kolli, A.H. (2012). Social Media, Surgeons, and the Internet: An Era or an Error? [Article]. American Surgeon, 78(5), 555-558.

Choi, C.J., Eldomiaty, T.I., & Sae Won, K. (2007). Consumer Trust, Social Marketing and Ethics of Welfare Exchange. Journal of Business Ethics, 74(1), 17-23.

Hassid, J. (2008). Controlling the Chinese Media: An Uncertain Business. Asian Survey, 48(3), 414-430.

Sae Won, K., & Choi, C.J. (2007). Habits, Self-Control and Social Conventions: The Role of Global Media and Corporations. Journal of Business Ethics, 76(2), 147-154.
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American Media Representation of Islam

Words: 3949 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4285978

" (Iyengar, 2001) Lastly, the manner of presentation of a news story "significantly affects its ability to set the public agenda." (Behr and Iyengark 1985; Dearing and Rogers, 1996) Concluded is that: "In the current regime, American politics is almost exclusively a mediated experience. The role of the citizen ahs evolved from occasional foot soldier and activist to spectators. Those who seek public office invest heavily in efforts to shape news coverage of their candidacy. The returns from this investment provide them with leverage over public opinion, by setting the public agenda or by projecting a general impression of competent leadership..." (Iyengar, 2001)

The report published by the "ediaatters for America' website entitled: "According to aher, CBS's "Free Speech" is a isnomer" states that Bill aher, HBO's Real Time with Bill aher show host states that "CBS rejected his request to comment on religion for his planned "Free Speech" segment…… [Read More]

Miles, M.B., & Huberman, a.M. (1984). Qualitative data analysis, a sourcebook of new methods. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Miller, W.L., & Crabtree, B.F. (1992). Primary care research: A multimethod typology and qualitative road map. In B.F. Crabtree & W.L. Miller (Eds.), Doing qualitative research. Research methods for primary care (Vol. 3). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

The American Media Representation of Islam & Terrorism Post 9-11
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Sampling Techniques Reveal Media Psychology the First

Words: 576 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36766157

Sampling Techniques eveal

Media Psychology

The first study of focus regards perceptions of news media bias and how individual and interpersonal factors affect those perceptions. The sampling method used in this study is non-probability. The researchers worked in conjunction with an international marketing company. The company contacted a massive quantity of people via mail inquiring for participation via mail and via telephone; they had more than 500, 000 participants. The researchers and the international marketing company solicited people based on census data so as to reach intentionally reach & sample a diverse population of participants. They collected data using surveys and questionnaires. The authors were concerned with drawing participants across levels of income, gender, race, and marital status. They made more than one adjustment to their sample group before sending out the questionnaires. They used the census data to draw on populations across age, population density and household size.

The…… [Read More]

References:

Eveland, Jr., W.P., & Shah, D.V. (2003) The Impact of Individual and Interpersonal Factors on Perceived News Media Bias. Political Psychology, 24(1), 101 -- 117.

Malhotra, N., & Krosnick, J.A. (2007) The Effect of Survey Mode and Sampling on Inferences about Political Attitudes and Behavior: Comparing the 2000 and 2004 ANES to Internet Surveys with Nonprobability Samples. Political Analysis, 15, 286 -- 323.
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Role of Media and Its Effects

Words: 675 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98825320

ole of Media in Disasters

The ole of Media in Affecting Public Perception of Hurricane Katrina 'Victims'

esearch conducted in the 1950s and 1960s has effectively demonstrated that the general public tends to respond to both local and national disasters in an orderly and compassionate way marked specifically by the desire of individuals to help those in need. This viewpoint contrasts sharply with the ways in which disasters, and those affected by disaster, are portrayed by the media. Tierney and colleagues' (2006) article "Metaphors Matter: Disaster Myths, Media Frames, and their Consequences in Hurricane Katrina" illustrates that the public draws much of its information about ongoing disasters from media outlets which both create and perpetuate a series of negative myths which do nothing to alleviate the suffering of those directly impacted by disaster. Hurricane Katrina serves as a strong example of the manner in which a media framework can directly…… [Read More]

References

Tierney, K., Bevc, C, & Kuligowski, E. (2006, Jan.). Metaphors matter: Disaster myths, media frames, and their consequences in Hurricane Katrina. The ANNALS of the American

Academy of Political and Social Science, 604(1): 57-81. doi:10.1177/0002716205285589
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2016 Rio Olympics Gender Bias Coverage

Words: 692 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53417791

Gender Bias in Coverage of the 2016 Rio Olympics

Over the past centuries, gender bias has been one of the dominant issues in the Olympic games. hile there has been a noticeable increase in the women participation in the Olympic games, nevertheless media bias has been largely remarkable where men receive more media attentions than female counterparts. In the recent 2016 concluded Olympic game in Rio, media have been found using the sexiest languages to refer the female athletes. Based on the tone of the commentators, it is clear that women athletics are treated differently compared with the male counterpart in sport. The commentators lay emphasize on clothing and physique rather than their abilities and performances.

Analysis of more than 160 million words from academic papers, newspapers, and social media reveals that men are three times mentioned than women referring men as big, strong, fastest, or real. However, women are…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Angelini, James R., Paul J. Macarthur, and Andrew C. Billings. "What's The Gendered Story? Vancouver's Prime Time Olympic Glory on NBC." Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media 56.2 (2012): 261-79. Print.

Billings, Andrew C., James R. Angelini, and Andrea H. Duke. "Gendered Profiles of Olympic History: Sportscaster Dialogue in the 2008 Beijing Olympics." Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media 54.1 (2010): 9-23. Print.

Bates, Claire. "Is some Olympic commentary sexist?" BBC News Magazine 11 Aug. 2016: 1+. Web. 19 Sept. 2016. .
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Does Mass Media Reflect or Shape Culture

Words: 2980 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87546360

Mass Media & Values

The author of this report has been asked to answer a rather broad but still important question. The question at hand is whether the mass media is simply a representation of the broader cultural values, attitudes and stereotypes of a society or whether the mass media is involved with shaping the same rather than just being a reflection or representation. The author of this response does not mean to be non-committal or waffling but the answer is actually a little of both. There are some instances where mass media is simply just groveling to the masses but there are some instances where narratives are being established and cultural trends are being written. What is true in a given situation usually depends on the situation but it is not entirely hard or difficult to tell which is happening in a given instance. While mass media output is…… [Read More]

References

ABC News. 'Fox's Temptation Island Draws Fire'. ABC News. N.p., 2015. Web. 17 Nov. 2015.

Al-Jazeera. 'Hungary Journalist To Sue Syrian Refugee She Tripped'. Aljazeera.com. N.p., 2015. Web. 17 Nov. 2015.

Cassell, Paul. 'The Physical Evidence In The Michael Brown Case Supported The Officer [Updated With DNA Evidence]'. Washington Post. N.p., 2014. Web. 17 Nov. 2015.

Darren O. 'What's In A Name: Do MTV, History, And TLC Have Branding Issues?'. starcasm.net. N.p., 2013. Web. 17 Nov. 2015.
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Media Is Playing a Major Influence in

Words: 640 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15764271

media is playing a major influence in determining how the general public will look at what is occurring. In the case of the Arizona immigration law, (a.k.a. Arizona S 1070) it is giving the authorities the power to arrest, detain and deport illegal immigrants. To fully understand the media coverage of this issue requires: examining the message they are portraying, the way it is affecting public perceptions, how it is impacting the U.S. economy and what inclusion strategies could be utilized to moderate the effects of the media. Once this occurs, it will provide the greatest insights as to how this law could be redefining the overall scope of the debate on this issue based upon the coverage that it is receiving. (Archibald, 2010)

What message does the media piece try to portray? Is it biased? Was it sensationalized or objective?

The message that media is trying to portray is…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Archibald, R. (2010). Arizona Enacts Stringent Law. New York Times. Retrieved from:  http://www.nytimes.com/ 2010/04/24/us/politics/24immig.html

What does Arizona's Immigration Law Do? CNN. com. Retrieved from: http://articles.cnn.com/2010-04-23/politics/immigration.faq_1_arizona-immigration-law-reform-sb1070?_s=PM:POLITICS
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Media Consumption

Words: 4745 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73159402

media consumption and subsequent behaviour?

Profiling the criminal behavior of rampage perpetrators is one of the main areas of focus in the social science research community. Gender, mental health issues, social exclusion, genetic susceptibility or predisposition, and ultimately, violent media, are most of the factors that guide researchers in the field, seeking to develop broader frameworks of understanding rampage violence. Over the past three decades, 78 cases of public mass shootings have been registered by the Congressional Research Service (2013). An FI report indicated a rise in typical mass shootings, from 6.4 incidents occurring between 2000 and 2007 to an average of 16.4 incidents between 2007 and 2013 (2013). Most of these public mass shootings have been found to occur either at workplaces or at schools across the United States.

The proliferation of mass shootings over these past few decades has further brought into the public and academic's attention the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Anderson, C.A., Berkowitz, L., Donnerstein, E., Huesmann, L.R., Johnson, J.D., Linz, D., Malamuth, N.M. And Wartella, A., 2003. The influence of media violence on youth. Psychological Science in the Public interest, 4(3), pp. 81-110.

Berkowitz, L. And Geen R.G., 1966. Film violence and the cue properties of available targets. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3(5), pp. 525-530. [pdf]

Bjorkqvist, K., 1985. Violent films, anxiety, and aggression. Helsinki: Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters.

Bushmann, B.J. And Huesmann, L.R., 2001. Effects of televised violence on aggression. In D. Singer and J. Singer, eds. Handbook of children and the media. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. pp. 223-254.
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Media Accounting Analysis Is an Important Step

Words: 992 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97385589

Media

Accounting analysis is an important step in determining the overall health and well being of a particular business organization. Accounting practices must be correctly aligned with the larger, overall business strategy as laid out by the leadership of the organization. Accounting analysis feeds into the larger financial picture of the company and provides a means to audit and improve the often difficult task of keeping track of the many exchanges and trades.

To successfully analyze Fairfax media, is ultimately necessary to perform a solid accounting analysis on the company's practices. This being an external evaluation, requires a certain amount of circumstantial inference to help fully describe the implied accounting methods used in this large company.

Fairfax must incorporate four important financial documents to fully gain an understanding of their accounting practices. The income statement, the balance sheet, the cash flow statement and the statement of changes in equity must…… [Read More]

References

Fairfax Media 2011 Financial Report

Fairfax Media 2012 Financial Report.

Fairfax Media Full Year Results Presentation 2013. Aug 22, 2013.

King, M. (2013). Fairfax reports $128m profit. The Motley Fool, 22 Aug 2013. Retrieved from http://au.finance.yahoo.com/news/fairfax-reports-128m-profit-023222418.html
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Media Ethics

Words: 4981 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58882093

Media in America as the Fourth Estate: From Watergate to the Present

During the 1970's, the role of the media changed from simply reporting the news to revealing serious political scandals (Waisbord, 2001). The media's role during Watergate was viewed as the mirror that reflected the most that journalism could offer to democracy: holding powers accountable for their actions. This became a trend in the American media and journalism had high credibility in the years that followed, and a great increase in journalism school enrollment followed.

However, during the 1980's and 1990's, this trend withered away. Investigative journalism is no longer rampant the firmament of American news. While the tone of the press was self-congratulatory in the post-Watergate years, the state of American journalism is currently viewed in a less positive light.

For the elite, the shift in journalism is welcomed. For example, according to John Dean, an American journalist,…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Altbach, Philip. (1995). International book publishing, and Encyclopedia. Fitzroy Dearborn.

Bagdikian, Ben. (1993). The Media Monopoly. Beacon Press.

Barton, C. Franklin, Jay B. (1994). The First Amendment and the Fourth Estate: the Law of Mass Media,6th ed. Foundation Press.

Coronel, Sheila. (July 31, 2000). Investigative Reporting: The Role of the Media in Uncovering Corruption. Southeast Asian Press Alliance.
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Media World and Its Power

Words: 574 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37198061

Social Influence

Media and the role it plays in shaping society

The media plays an essential role in shaping socially-acceptable behaviors in U.S. society, taking into account the way it succeeds in making people consider that it would be important for them to take on certain attitudes. TV media in particular tends to be biased in presenting the masses with information. By concentrating on sensational stories and on concepts like violence and sexuality, the media has the tendency to put across a false portrayal of society and thus influences people to believe that they need to uphold particular ideas.

In many areas violence rates remain constant, but the media has been seen to introduce more stories related to violence in these respective territories. This is largely because ideas like violence and sex make the masses more interested in wanting to become acquainted with the news. There is a relationship of…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Barker, M., & Petley, J. (2013). "Ill Effects: The Media Violence Debate." Routledge

Fourie, P. (2008). "Media Studies: Media history, media and society." Juta and Company Ltd.
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Media's Role in the Presidency and How

Words: 1590 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24789020

media's role in the presidency, and how different newspapers portray the President. Specifically, it will analyze the way the President is being treated by the media. The media can support or detract from any presidency, and the media always has an opinion. George . Bush suffers in some media, and is championed in other media, and that is to be expected for such a public and visible figure.

The President and the Media

President George . Bush's presidency has been shrouded in controversy since the Presidential election of 2000, and the voting fiasco in Florida. After the September 11 terrorist attacks, Bush's popularity with the public soared to an 89% approval rating (Dickerson and Tumulty 30), but his popularity has dwindled as the latest ar with Iraq continues. Some of this public approval or disapproval stems from Bush's treatment in the media, for the American public knows mostly what it…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Allen, Mike. "Inside Bush's Top-Secret Trip." Washington Post. 28 Nov. 2003, p A47.

Bumiller, Elisabeth."On Secret Iraq Trip, Bush Pays Holiday Visit to G.I.'s." New York Times.com. 28 Nov. 2003. 1 Dec. 2003.  http://www.nytimes.com/ 2003/11/28/international/middleeast/28SECR.html

Dickerson, John F. And Tumulty, Karen. "The Love Him, Hate Him President." TIME. 1 Dec. 2003, 30-41.

Laidlaw, Scott. " Bush Picks Up Fund-Raising in Mich., N.J." Miami Herald.com. 1 Dec. 2003. http://www.miami.com/mld/miamiherald/news/politics/7385698.htm
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Media News

Words: 2247 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67881431

Multisource Comparison:

British vs. American newspapers and journalistic styles

The popular stereotype that 'the British' are more erudite, well-spoken and intelligent than Americans persists, as can be seen in the tendency to bestow a British accent upon any characters who are intended to be perceived as cold, aloof, and intellectual in American sitcoms. In the world of newspapers, however, such stereotypes evaporate. The British possess some of the most widely-read newspapers in the world. However, it is often American papers like New York Times that are considered the superior newspapers of record, even more so than the London Times in the eyes of most British journalists. Despite the homogenization of the news due to the permeation of online media culture, British and American newspapers continue to have distinctly different characters. In Great Britain, newspapers are expected to be far more partisan and far less scrupulously fact-checked than their American counterparts.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"American vs. British newspapers." Rhetorica. 19 Nov 2002. [8 Jul 2012]

 http://rhetorica.net/archives/469.html 

"British vs. American Journalism." Britain and America. 1 Jun 2007. [8 Jul 2012]

 http://britainandamerica.typepad.com/britain_and_america/2007/06/british_versus_.html
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How the Media Portrays Black Males

Words: 1988 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69520690

Media Forms

The media has a significant influence not only on individuals but also on the society as a whole. Media representations are not merely an echo and emulate of society but rather they are highly discerning and fabricated portrayals. It is the capability of these representations to form and structure our awareness of the world, which is taken into account in this paper. One important aspect that can be shed light on, is the representation of the minority groups or disadvantaged groups in the media (Sanson et al., 2000). This is particularly of great importance since the issues of discrimination and racism have historically and even today been deemed high-profile subject matters. It is imperative to point out that the roles in which these minority groups are portrayed and represented in the media have a tendency of emphasizing stereotypes about them (Sanson et al., 2000). The focus on this…… [Read More]

References

Dubriel, J. G. (2006). The television portrayals of African-Americans and racial attitudes.

Moore, K., Jewell, J., & Cushion, S. (2011). Media representations of black young men and boys: report of the REACH media monitoring project.

Punyanunt-Carter, N. M. (2008). The perceived realism of African-American portrayals on television. The Howard Journal of Communications, 19(3), 241-257.

Sanson, A., Duck, J., Cupit, G., Ungerer, J., Scuderi, C., Sutton, J. (2000). Media Representations and Responsibilities: Psychological Perspectives. The Australian Psychology Society.
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A review of an Annotated Bibliography involving Media presentation of hate crimes against African Americans

Words: 772 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65774703

Media Presentation of Hate Crimes Against African-Americans: Annotated Bibliography

Baum, M., Potter, P. he relationships between mass media, public opinion, and foreign policy: oward a theoretical synthesis. Annual Review of Political Science, vol. 11 (2008): 39-65. Web.

Potter and Baum's paper firstly assesses the wide-ranging advances in academic knowledge with regard to foreign policy and public opinion in the course of the last decades, placing emphasis on comparatively recent researches. Subsequently, the authors propose a structure, on the basis of the market equilibrium principle, designed to synthesize the unconnected research programs which make up the literature pool on foreign policy and public opinion. For achieving this, the authors integrate mass media -- a third key strategic player -- that, in their opinion, has a crucial part to play, together with leaders and ordinary citizens, in influencing public outlook towards, and power over, foreign policy, besides considering the leader-public relationship. hey…… [Read More]

This research work specifically explores game "enemies" and the extent of violence players inflict upon these virtual enemies. Findings reveal that most games scrutinized fostered conflict and intense violence toward Jews and Blacks. In the games Selepak studied, players were meant to brutally slay, dismember, and injure minorities for proceeding forward. These games were, typically, adapted classic video game versions wherein racial, ethnic, and religious minority characters replaced the original enemy characters. The study indicates that radical and hate websites offer video games aimed at indoctrinating players holding white supremacist beliefs, enabling racists to practice aggression against minorities. This can, subsequently, have a bearing on their interactions in the real world.

Mastro, Dana, Maria Knight Lapinski, Maria A. Kopacz, and Elizabeth Behm-Morawitz. The Influence of Exposure to Depictions of Race and Crime in TV News on Viewer's Social Judgments, Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, (2009), 615-635. Web.

Mastro and colleagues' two-study experiment makes use of a group-centered priming structure for exploring the link of exposure to TV news depictions connecting violence and race to viewers' actual racial views. The first study's outcomes suggest that viewers' gender as well as the news suspect's racial identity have an influence on successive judgments, including victim and criminal attributions. The second research provides fairly consistent outcomes, suggesting, further, that the suspect's racial identity greatly impacts attitudes towards the Black community in the wider society, outside of the mediated situation.
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Define Media

Words: 941 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7913810

media as an extension of the human society. Toward this end, this study will conduct a review of the literature in this area of inquiry. In today's society media is linked with almost every activity and as well, media saturates the lives of individuals. Social media, including such as Facebook, Flicker, and LinkedIn are used by many individuals to keep in contact with friends and family who live both near and far away.

The word media is a Latin derivation of the word medius which means 'middle' and as such, media serves as a mediator between media individuals and institutions in society. McLuhan (nd) writes that in a culture such as the one in which American society is presently situated and in fact, which the entire world society presently exists "it is a bit of a shock to be reminded that, in operational and practical fact, the medium is the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Croteau, David, and William Hoynes. Media Society: Industries, Images, and Audiences. 4th ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 2011. Print.

Postman, Neil. Amusing Ourselves to Death Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business. New York, NY: Penguin, 2005. Print.

McLuhan, Marshall. Understanding Media; the Extensions of Man. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964. Print.
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Free Are American Media Events Occur and

Words: 1125 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25129975

Free Are American Media

Events occur and become news, news circulate all around the globe. In early times it was almost impossible to convey these happening with in short period of time but with the advent of time technology grew exponentially and gave a fast source of communication called "media."

Media has played a very important role throughout. Any event occurring in one side of the globe gets to the other side within a span of minutes. They cover events such as politics, sports, entertainment etc. And telecast it to the other regions. Every event that had occurred in the past has been covered by the regions local and international media. The point lies in the contradicting news telecasted by the media i.e. one event coverage contradicting to the same event covered by another channel.

The process of broadcasting consist of many events such as coverage, filtration, etc. A channel…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Czitrom, Daniel J. Media and the American Mind: From Morse to McLuhan. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1982. Questia. Web. 28 July 2012.

Davis, Richard, and Diana Owen. New Media and American Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Questia. Web. 28 July 2012.

Entman, Robert M., and Kimberly A. Gross. "Race to Judgment: Stereotyping Media and Criminal Defendants." Law and Contemporary Problems 71.4 (2008): 93+. Questia. Web. 28 July 2012.

Fox, Julia R., and Byungho Park. "The "I" of Embedded Reporting: An Analysis of CNN Coverage of the "Shock and Awe" Campaign." Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media 50.1 (2006): 36+. Questia. Web. 28 July 2012.
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Mass Media and Racism

Words: 1594 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85064028

Racism in Media

Television news casting has a long history of perpetuating negative stereotypes of the Black community through what the news broadcasts and how it creates images that are transformed into symbols that become associated with the African-American community. Through these images, certain signs and symbols are created that later become associated with the Black community. hile attempts to make media more inclusive have marginally succeeded, failure lies in its inability to create any sort of social change but instead continues to perpetuate stereotypes.

In "Racism and the Media," Yasmin Jiwanai describes the role the media has on people's everyday lives. Jiwani writes that the media provides "us with definitions about who we are as a nation; they reinforce our values and norms; they give us concrete examples of what happens to those who transgress these norms; and most importantly, they perpetuate certain ways of seeing the world and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Balkaran, Stephen. "Mass Media and Racism." The Yale Political Quarterly Vol. 21 No. 1

(October 1999). Web. 3 December 2012.

Brown, Michael K. Whitewashing Race: The Myth of a Color-Blind Society. Los Angeles:

University of California Press, 2003. GoogleBooks. 3 December 2012.
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How Does Mass Media Affect American Values

Words: 1607 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23317422

Media in America [...] How does mass media affect American values? American media is pervasive in nearly every aspect of society today. Newspapers, magazines, online Web sources, television, radio, and film all create a sense of commonality, and often a sense of how to behave, think, and react to social and societal situations.

Today, Americans rely on a variety of media for most of their news, information, and values, whether they know it or not. While this may seem like a recent occurrence, experts and researchers have been seeing this trend in media influence for decades. Two experts note, "Over a half century ago, Lippmann (1922) also noted this role of the news media in defining our world, not just the world of politics during and between elections, but almost all of our world beyond immediate personal and family concerns" (Bryant and Zillmann, 1994, p. 2). Thus, the media has…… [Read More]

References

Arant, M.D., & Meyer, P. (1998). Public journalism and traditional journalism: A shift in values? Journal of mass media ethics, 13(4), 205-218.

Brown, A. (1996). Economics, public service broadcasting, and social values. Journal of media economics, 9(1), 3-15.

Coleman, A.W. (2000). "Calvin and Hobbes": A critique of society's values. Journal of Mass Media Ethics, 15(1), 17-42.

Gomez, D.S. (2001, April). Sex, peers, media -- and family values: The NEA health information network's 'can we talk?' program helps thousands of parents talk with their kids, in English or Spanish. NEA today, 19, 29.
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Representation of Women Through Media Has Changed

Words: 3860 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15767963

Representation of Women Through Media Has Changed From 1960s

How representation of women through media has changed from the 1960s

Susan Douglas suggests that fifty years ago, mass media existed in the form of music, television, and magazines. However, she suggest that the journey has been tough owing to the manner in, which the media represents women. The media used a sexist imagery to represent women, especially women who took part in music. Although researchers suggest that the media is a powerful tool, she suggests that the public had an option to resist the media by turning off their television, or ignoring advertisements in the magazines (Douglas 1995). Mass media had substantial influence on the social, cultural, economic, spiritual, political, and religious phases of the society as well as personal level thinking, feeling, and acting. Notably, mass media has both a good side and a bad side; it is insidious…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Adams, Carol J. 2004. The Pornography of Meat. Continuum. New York/Continuum.

Ames, Jonathan. 2011. "I Guest Directed a Porn Shoot." New York Press. 27 Nov. http://nypress.com/i-guest-directed-a-porn-shoot/

Belkin, Lisa. 2008. "The opt-out revolution." New York Times Magazine. 26, 42 -- 47, 58, 85 -- 86.

Brewer, Chad. 2005. "The Stereotypic Portrayal of Women in Slasher Films: Then vs. Now." Master Thesis, Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College.
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Impression New Media in the

Words: 614 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97115029

This correlates well with the authors' earlier indication from existing surveys, that a large amount of voters made decisions to vote for or against a candidate on the strength of information found online.

The authors also found that more informal means of information dissemination, such as blogs and YouTube, were very effective in terms of winning support for rallies. The main reason for this is the increasing access of the public to the new media. Ultimately, the authors found that politicians who used the new media in creative and effective ways were those who also won the most votes. Although the new media are certainly not the only influencing factor in determining the success or failure of a candidate, its prevalence in society today can hardly be overstated. Particularly, the political purposes of raising money, organizing volunteers and spreading information are areas in which the new media excel.

The research…… [Read More]

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Race and Media

Words: 1427 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43812851

Race and Media

Larson, Stephanie Greco. (2006). Media & Minorities: The Politics of Race in News and Entertainment. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. Print.

The First Amendment of the Constitution of the United States guarantees, among other rights, that Americans will have the right to free speech. It is based on the premise of this right that there is also a free press in the U.S., and solidifies the fact that they are able to report without any fear of repercussion from an oppressive government. Unfortunately, this does not guarantee that everything that the media does will be unbiased. Many cases can be put forward that demonstrate this, but in the book Media & Minorities: The Politics of Race in News and Entertainment Stephanie Greco Larson looks at how the free media has treated racial diversity in the United States.

The basic premise of the book is that…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Larson, Stephanie Greco. (2006). Media & Minorities: The Politics of Race in News and Entertainment. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. Print.
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Communications Media

Words: 1676 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56247823

War coverage-Media obsession

To argue about the role of media in our lives would be only redundant since we already know and acknowledge the influence of media over our perception of the world. How the various news media including newspapers, television, radio and more recently Internet affect our thinking and shape our perception requires some close analysis of the way these agencies gather and present news. There is an interesting process that works behind the seemingly simple task of news presentation. For one the media is almost always biased regardless of how they defend their impartiality. We must remember that journalists are capable of molding our perception because they have a certain hidden agenda and if they were unbiased in their opinion, they would have had little impact on our thinking. In an unbiased news piece, it is up to the viewer or reader to decide whom he would side…… [Read More]

References

Stuart Allan, News Culture. Open University Press: Buckingham 1999

William V. Kennedy, The Military and the Media: Why the Press Cannot Be Trusted to Cover a War.: Praeger Publishers. Westport, CT. 1993.

The Washington Times. Lynch, West and Common Sense. November 23, 2003. B05.

Christopher Hanson, American Idol: The Press Finds the War's True Meaning. Columbia Journalism Review. Volume: 42. Issue: 2. July-August 2003, 58+.
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Contribution of the Media in the Disintegration of the Hispanic Community

Words: 853 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84034739

Mainstreaming

Contribution of the Media in the Disintegration of the Hispanic Community

Hispanic identity is a spectrum. There are numerous cultures and ethnicities that compose the Latin American identity. epresentations of Latinos and Hispanics on American television are limited and reflect cultural bias. There are rarely depictions of successful Hispanic business owners or as government agents/employees. Only in the past few decades has attention be formally paid to the quality and quantity of Latino representations in American media. epresentations of this group have increased since the late 20th century, yet there are still relatively scarce representations of Latinos, and many of the ones that are present are stereotypical. Stereotypical depictions of Latin Americans on television impact non-Latinos' perceptions and attitudes toward Hispanics. Hispanics are affected by media representations of their heritage that results in a reshaping of the cultural identity and potentially harming the self-esteem of Hispanic people. Other Hispanics,…… [Read More]

References:

Davila, Arlene. Talking back: hispanic media and U.S. latinidad. Centro Journal, 12(1), 37 -- 47, 2000.

Mastro, Dana E., & Behm-Morawitz, Elizabeth. Latino Representation on Primetime Television. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 82(1), 110 -- 130, 2005.

Mastro, Dana E., Behm-Morawitz, Elizabeth, & Kopacz, Maria A. Exposure to Television Portrayals of Latinos: The Implications of Aversive Racism and Social Identity Theory. Human Communication Research, 34, 1 -- 27, 2008.

Rivadeneyra, Rocio, Ward, L.Monique, & Gordon, Maya. Distorted Reflections: Media Exposure and Latino Adolescents' Conceptions of Self. Media Psychology, 9, 261 -- 290, 2007.
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Social Media on the Advertising

Words: 6661 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95314298



Safeguarding the privacy of the respondents is vital. Setting a certain criteria to guarantee the security and privacy of the respondents will be useful like informing the respondents that their names will be kept confidential, their location and company will be mentioned only if they give their consent, participation is completely voluntary, and it cannot be imposed. In any way, no such information will be publicized that can help to identify or recognize the respondent unless the respondent himself ask for publicizing his personal info.

Interview Questions

1. How would you describe the current balance of social media vs. traditional advertising and marketing?

2. Are the types of consumers targeted with online vs. traditional advertising different and if so in what way?

3. Have you considered using social media for advertised your business and if so what do you see as some of the benefits?

4. Do you think social…… [Read More]

References

Bryant, J., & Zillmann, D. (2002). Media Effects: Advances in Theory and Research. Mahwah: Lawerence Erlbaum Associate.

Curran, J. (2002). Media and Power. London: Routledge.

Bryant, J., & Zillmann, D. (1994). Media Effects: Advances in Theory and Research. Hillsdale: Lawerence Erlbaum Associates.

Franklin, B. (1999). Social Policy, the Media, and Misrepresentation. London: Routledge.
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People Internet Mobile Media Change Ways News

Words: 1666 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33445304

people internet mobile media change ways news created received? How change power relationship traditional news organisations 'audiences'?hat benefits drawbacks developments?

Internet's Effect on the News Industry

The internet is responsible for having revolutionized virtually all domains, given that more and more individuals come to break away from conventionality and embrace the internet. The media and news devices in particular have been severely affected as a result of the fact that the internet has experienced progress in the recent years. It is very important for someone who wants to succeed in the contemporary society to be acquainted with the internet, as most of today's affairs occur on the internet. People in the present are inclined to surf the internet when they want to check out the latest news, as it provides them with the opportunity to select the exact news that they are interested in, without having them watch a whole…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Allan, Stuart, Online News: Journalism and the Internet (Maidenhead, England: Open University Press, 2006)

Lee, Angela M. "News Consumption Revisited," Retrieved May 21, 2011, from the University of Texas Website: http://online.journalism.utexas.edu/2010/papers/LeeCarpini10.pdf

MacDonald, Randall M. The Internet and the School Library Media Specialist: Transforming Traditional Services (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997)

Mitchell, Bill, "The Internet Changes the Way News Is Gathered," Retrieved May 21, 2011, from the Poynter Website: http://www.poynter.org/uncategorized/9538/the-internet-changes-the-way-news-is-gathered/
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How Social Media Has Added Conflict to Workplaces

Words: 1817 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18925325

Social Media/Workplace Conflict

Every day, most of us create permanent records of our lives and the things we do through our Internet use, emails, texts, tweets, blogs, and similar technology. Information intended for friends and family can sometimes be disseminated more widely than expected or planned. Unless one avoids these technologies altogether -- a difficult feat in today's society -- one can no longer be assured that a private life is truly private. Further complicating the issue is the use of these technologies in the workplace. The line between our public and private selves continues to blur. Current legislation is aimed at protecting privacy rights of employees in balance with employers' concerns about the use of social media during work hours and, in some cases, with the use of employer-owned devices. Legal issues can quickly become complex and there is not sufficient practical guidance to help employers navigate an increasingly…… [Read More]

References

Dorsch, M. (2012). Tweeting the election. State Legislatures (38)4, pp. 28-30.

Folger, J.P., Poole, M.S., and Stutman, R.K. (2001). Working through conflict: strategies for relationships, groups, and organizations, 4th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Freifeld, L. (2012). Social media at work. Training 49(6), p. 7.

Hearing, G.A., and Ussery, B.C. (2012). The times they are a changin': The impact of technology and social media on the public workplace, part I. Florida Bar Journal 86(3), pp. 35-39.
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Multifaceted Media Representations of Mental Illness in

Words: 1029 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19743324

Multifaceted Media epresentations of Mental Illness in Australia

In the 21st century, the age of the digital and social media revolutions, as well as the age that demands information, media, and technological literacy from the average person, it is becoming common and respected knowledge that all forms of media have the power to influence behavior and attitudes. Media is a form of communication, entertainment, and education. While most media is not generally considered as contributing to normative/institutional education, media educates viewers nonetheless. Media educates viewers as to how to participate in various cultures by practicing similar beliefs, rituals, behaviors, attitudes, and preferences and more. Media teaches culture, whatever the culture may be. It is a common experience of the human condition to feel pressure to conform at various stages of life. The paper analyzes and reflects upon the messages the media sends viewers regarding attitudes of people with mental illnesses.…… [Read More]

References:

Highet, N.J., Luscombe, G.M., Davenport, T.A., Burns, J.M., & Hickie, I.B. (2006) Positive relationships between public awareness activity and recognition of the impacts of depression in Australia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 40, 55 -- 58.

Hocking, B. (2003) Reducing mental illness stigma and discrimination -- everybody's business. Medical Journal of Australia: Schizophrenia Supplement, 178, S47 -- S48.

Huang, B., & Priebe, S. (2003) Media coverage of mental health care in the UK, USA, and Australia. The Psychiatric Bulletin, 27, 331 -- 333.

Stout, P.A., Villegas, J., & Jennings, N.A. (2003) Images of Mental Illness in the Media: Identifying Gaps in the Research. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 30(3), 543 -- 561.
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Societal Themes and Media

Words: 4244 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4871452

Societal Themes and Media

Several different themes, narratives and ideas of the society are taken up by the media and presented to the masses in many different ways. In some cases, the purpose behind this adaptation is pure entertainment, meanwhile in the other cases; the media tries to put forth a message for the population[footnoteRef:1]. Media has the potential to positively as well as negatively affect the thought process of the people pertaining to any story, theme or narrative[footnoteRef:2]. In this paper, the theme or concept of having a fair skin, as a key to all kinds of success, in the Indian subcontinent and South Asia shall be discussed in its relationship with the media. [1: Barthes and Lavers 1972] [2: Eco 1982]

The preference of fair skin in the subcontinent- An Overview

Color has always created issues in the society. hen we talk about the est, we can see…… [Read More]

Works cited

Barthes, Roland and Annette Lavers. Mythologies. New York: Hill and Wang, 1972.

Eco, Umberto (1982) The Narrative Structure of Ian Fleming. In Waites, B., Bennett, T. And Martin, G. (ed.) Popular Culture: Past and Present. Kent: The Open University. p.242-262

Hanna, Richard, Andrew Rohm and Victoria L. Crittenden. "We're all connected: The power of the social media ecosystem." Business Horizons 54, no. 3 (2011): 265 -- 273.

Patzer, Gordon L. Looks. New York: AMACOM, 2008.
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Women Political Candidates Social Media Differently Men

Words: 1797 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79704291

women political candidates social media differently men? Does social media ultimately empower hurt women politics? Cite "Digital Divas" Essay 2: We 200 million girls world don't attend school.

Gender issues

How do women political candidates use social media differently than men?

The number of women on social networks far outnumber men. Statistics also show that women use social media as their preferred modes of communication compared to men. Generally, politics is thought to be a male dominated field. On social media, it is believed that outsiders and newcomers to politics are favored. This makes social networks to be an asset to women political candidates. This is because in the male dominated field, they are often the minority or newcomers and receive preferential treatment on social media Gelber, 2011()

Gender and communication experts suggest that social media is a better form of communication for women since they are better at writing…… [Read More]

References

Gelber, A. (2011). Digital Divas: Women, Politics and the Social Network. Shorenstein Center Goldsmith Fellow, Spring 2011.

United States Department of State Bureau of International Information Programs. (2012). Global women's issues: Women in the World today. Washington DC: United States Department of State Bureau of International Information Programs.
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How the Media Portrays Science to the Society

Words: 1909 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16900521

Media

A scientist is a person who engages in systematic activities in order to gain knowledge. A person who makes use of scientific methods is also a scientist. The person must be an expert in one scientific field. A scientist will study the world, perform experiments, develop theories and write all this in papers (Weingart, 2012). Any person who is interested in the sciences is a scientist. From amateurs to professionals, provided the individual is curious to find out what would happen when he performs an experiment, the person is a scientist. Some of the famous scientists are Charles Darwin, Aristotle, Albert Einstein, Isaac Newton, and Leonardo Da Vinci. These scientists have been widely covered and spoken of in the media. These individuals have excelled in their respective fields. They have experimented and made theory discoveries that are still in use to date. Most of their works have not been…… [Read More]

References

Brossard, D., & Scheufele, D.A. (2013). Science, new media, and the public. Science, 339(6115), 40-41.

Jarman, R., & McClune, B. (2010). Developing students' ability to engage critically with science in the news: identifying elements of the 'media awareness' dimension. The Curriculum Journal, 21(1), 47-64.

Weingart, P. (2012). The lure of the mass media and its repercussions on science The Sciences' Media Connection -- Public Communication and its Repercussions (pp. 17-32): Springer.
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The Way Blacks are Represented in Media

Words: 844 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85132429

Media and African-Americans

The mainstream media should not stand in isolation from the society on which it reports. In fact, it should be an integral part of society and should represent fairly all groups of people in a spirit of equality and fraternity. Unfortunately, such a spirit appears to be lacking, especially with regard to the issue of race in today's world. The relationship between the media and black people is a tense one: it often appears as though the media is used to excite racial tensions and to inspire dislike and even hatred for blacks in America. The major terms that will be examined in this essay are the ways in which the media aggravates racial stereotypes, how crime is reported and how violence against African-Americans is represented, informing the public about ideas of crime and injustice towards blacks in America.

The media's messages contribute to triggering and/or aggravating…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Baum, M., Potter, P. The relationships between mass media, public opinion, and foreign policy: Toward a theoretical synthesis. Annual Review of Political Science, vol. 11 (2008): 39-65. Web.

Holt, Lanier Frush. Writing the Wrong: Can Counter-Stereotypes Offset Negative Media

Messages about African-Americans? Journalism and Mass Communication, vol. 90, no. 1 (2013): 108-125. Web.

Lee, Spike, dir. Malcolm X. LA: Warner Bros., 1992. Film.