Medicare And Medicaid Essays (Examples)

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Medicare and Healthcare Administration CFOS

Words: 605 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46187201

With four out of every ten hospital stays covered by Medicare, and almost half of hospitals’ overall revenue, Medicare cost strategies are critical for healthcare financial management (Herman, 2012). In “7 Strategies to Help Hospitals Break Even on Medicare,” Herman (2012) discusses ways hospital administrators can better manage their Medicare strategy. Hospitals do not break even on Medicare unless they implement proactive strategies for addressing potential shortfalls. Short of advocating for political reform of Medicare policies and programs, Herman (2012) claims that hospital CFOs can actually develop methods of financial management that minimize losses and ensure solvency. Herman (2012) offers seven suggestions to hospital administrators and CFOs, the most important of which is forming strategic alliances and partnerships.
Strategic partnerships are important to hospitals not just for Medicare cost structuring but for overall cost-effectiveness. Pooling resources allows all partners to benefit from their relationships, while also improving the quality of…… [Read More]

References



Herman, B. (2012). 7 Strategies to Help Hospitals Break Even on Medicare.

Kivlahan, C., Orlowski, J. M., Pearce, J., Walradt, J., Baker, M. & Kirch, D. (2016). Taking Risk: Early Results From Teaching Hospitals’ Participation in the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation Bundled Payments for Care Improvement Initiative. Academic Medicine 91(7): 936-942.

 


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Medicare vs Medicaid While Many

Words: 1273 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62242300

Ordinary insurance companies were not willing to extend insurance services to older citizens since it was considered a losing proposition.

With the enactment of Medicare, 99% of older people in the country have health insurance and poverty among this group has dropped significantly. With this program, people now have access to better healthcare services which has resulted in increased life expectancy. The reason we can say with some degree of certainty that Medicare has met its goals is grounded in the fact that it has provided elderly with greater access and more choices of healthcare facilities. Medicare gives them the opportunity to choose the best physician, good inpatient services and also pays their bills right on time to avoid problems with hospital and medical care authorities. "Medicare provides health benefits to 41.7 million elderly and disabled Americans. Most (88%) have their health bills paid by the traditional fee-for-service program, while…… [Read More]

References

MEDICARE at a GLANCE, fact sheet, March 2004: Accessed 12th March 2005:

http://www.sppsr.ucla.edu/classnet/students/sub.cfm?courseid=517&page=weblinks&department=sw

MEDICARE Advantage, fact sheet, March 2004: Accessed 12th March 2005:

http://www.sppsr.ucla.edu/classnet/students/sub.cfm?courseid=517&page=weblinks&department=sw
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Medicare & Medicaid the Two

Words: 760 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81951285

In 2003, President Bush expanded Medicare, by subsidizing prescription drug costs under Part D.

There are further changes to Medicare and Medicaid in the Affordable Care Act. There were expansions in the number of preventative health care services offered for free (such as colorectal screening), and by closing gaps in prior coverage (HHS, 2012). Berenson (2010) notes that the ACA pays for this expanded coverage by decreasing Medicare spending by reducing payments to private plans under Medicare Advantage and reduced payments for many providers. There are fears that this will cause many providers to either refuse Medicare patients or that the quality of care will be lowered. There are also changes to the structure of Medicare, the end result being more government intervention on the cost side of the program, in an attempt to use the program's bargaining power with health care providers to lower its costs. It is possible…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Berenson, R. (2010). Implementing health care reform -- why Medicare matters. New England Journal of Medicine. Retrieved October 31, 2012 from  http://comedsoc.org/images/Implement%20HCR%20Why%20Medicare%20Matters%20NEJM%207-8-10.pdf 

Ford, G. (1976). Statements on signing the Health Maintenance Organization Amendments of 1976. The American Presidency Project. Retrieved October 31, 2012 from  http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=6435 

Golinker, L. (2001). Medicare vs. Medicaid: Program comparison. NLS.org. Retrieved October 31, 2012 from http://www.nls.org/conf/medicare-medicaid.htm

HHS. (2012). Through the Affordable Care Act, Americans with Medicare will save $5,000 through 2022. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved October 31, 2012 from http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2012pres/09/20120921a.html
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Medicare Medicaid Current and Future Trends

Words: 838 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39868717

This means that the program will need to support many more people than it currently does, and there will be fewer (proportionally) workers paying into the system (Johnson 2006). The particular problem cited and explored by this author is prescription drug coverage, with the researcher predicting ongoing volatility in coverage laws and particulars, but truly this trend has many far-reaching implications.

The aging of the U.S. population and the increased burden this places on the Medicare program is alarming for another reason, as well: despite ongoing efforts to correct the situation, over a quarter of Medicare payments go to beneficiaries and their providers in the last year of the beneficiary's life (iley & Lubitz 2010). This is a problem for several reasons, not the least of which is that is represents a fairly inefficient use of Medicare dollars -- payments and benefits that improve the quality of life in earlier…… [Read More]

References

Johnson, P. (2006). Changes in reimbursement rates and rules associated with the Medicare Prescription Drug Improvement and Modernization Act. American Journal of Health System Pharmacy 63(7):2-6.

Riley, G. & Lubitz, J. (2010). Long-Term Trends in Medicare Payments in the Last Year of Life. Health Services Research 45(2): 565-76.

Saleh, S. & Callan, M. (2006). Trends in Medicare Disproportionate Share (DSH) Distribution in U.S. Hospitals: 1996 -- 2003 Journal of Health Care Finance 33(2):70-83.
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Medicare Was Initiated in 1966 to Provide

Words: 555 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30927805

Medicare was initiated in 1966 to provide healthcare coverage to senior citizens who were otherwise uninsured. It has often been said that the costs of providing Medicare coverage has far exceeded the funding available to support this program and thus the whole system is in crisis. However this may not actually be true. Even though it is true that Medicare costs have exceeded government's initial estimates but so have the income level of Americans over the years which helps in raising the funding sources significantly. We must understand that Americans need to contribute to Medicare payments during their working years and with higher income, more money goes into Medicare funds which, helps in meeting the rising costs of this program.

Medicare is primarily funded by the payments made by citizens during their working years. While still working, Americans need to pay a certain percentage of their income to Medicare so…… [Read More]

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Medicare Diabetes Prevention Act of

Words: 1429 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26075126

The CDC has provided almost $7 million in funding to establish DPPs for research purposes, which means the number of pre-diabetes individuals helped by these programs will be very limited (CDC, 2012). While these programs will probably provide free or nearly-free diabetes preventive services to a large number of individuals, most underserved patients will not benefit from these programs.

S. 452 is worded in such a way that establishing DPPs under Medicaid will be optional for states (Sebelius, 2010). As of 2010, 43 states covered the expense of screening Medicaid patients for diabetes, but only 13 states provided reimbursement for obesity preventive services. This suggests that states are willing to pay for screening, but not preventive services like lifestyle interventions; however, if only a few states implement DPPs for Medicaid recipients, this will provide a proof-of-principle experiment in a real-world setting and establish the overall healthcare savings such programs can…… [Read More]

References

CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). (2012). National Diabetes Prevention Program. Funded Organizations. CDC.gov. Retrieved 17 Apr. 2013 from http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/prevention/foa/index.htm.

Civic Impulse, LLC. (2013). S. 452: Medicare Diabetes Prevention Act of 2013. GovTrack.U.S.. Retrieved 17 Apr. 2013 from http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/113/s452.

DPPRG (Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group). (2003). Costs associated with the primary prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the diabetes prevention program. Diabetes Care, 26, 36-47.

Green, Lawrence W., Brancati, Frederick L., Albright, Ann, and PPDWG (Primary Prevention of Diabetes Working Group). (2012). Primary prevention of type 2 diabetes: Integrative public health and primary care opportunities, challenges and strategies. Family Practice, 29, i13-i23.
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Financial Impact of Medicaid

Words: 1886 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21349879

Medicaid Budget Analysis

The author of this report has been charged with doing a budgetary analysis of the federal program that is known is Medicaid. While its counterpart Medicare focuses on helping those that have reached retirement age, Medicaid is geared more towards those people of any age that are encountering poverty and/or that have encountered a recent disaster like a hurricane or an earthquake. This report will answer several questions about Medicaid including the general budgetary policies that Medicaid follows, the legislative committee(s) that are assigned to the task, how the budgetary changes affect the community, whether a deficit/cut situation is better or whether surplus/additional funding should be done instead, the political climate in the home state of the author of this report, how the people in that home state drive the agenda and how this all differs from developing legislation overall. At least five references will be cited…… [Read More]

References

270 To Win. (2015). Iowa Presidential Election Voting History. 270towin.com. Retrieved 3 October 2015, from http://www.270towin.com/states/Iowa

Ballotpedia. (2015). Government budgets - Ballotpedia. Ballotpedia.org. Retrieved 3 October 2015, from http://ballotpedia.org/Government_budgets

Kaiser. (2015). Medicaid and Its Role in State/Federal Budgets & HealthA Reform. Kff.org. Retrieved 3 October 2015, from http://kff.org/medicaid/fact-sheet/five-key-questions-and-answers-about-medicaid/

Levey, N. (2015). Head of federal agency overseeing Medicare and Medicaid steps down. latimes.com. Retrieved 3 October 2015, from http://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-medicare-medicaid-head-resigns-20150116-story.html
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Medicare Combine Parts a And

Words: 898 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63183407

Medicaid offers service regardless of age (aidmann 1998). The author asserts that raising the age eligibility will simply increase the responsibilities of the Medicaid system (aidmann 1998).. On the other hand, the article also asserts that an increase in the eligibility age to 67 will only make a small difference in Medicare savings. The article explains that it would only add one year to the life of hospital insurance trust fund (aidmann 1998)..

Analysis of these reforms using Priester's framework

Priester has some definite opinions about the values that the healthcare in America should have. Priester explains that any type of healthcare reform that is put into place should incorporate the successes of healthcare systems in Canada and the Netherlands (Priester 1992). Priester also contends that new healthcare reform values should include Fair access, Quality Care, Efficiency, Respect for patients, Patient advocacy, and Personal responsibility (Priester 1992).

According to Priester,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Building Better Medicare for today and tomorrow (1999) Retrieved on October 23, 2004 from;  http://medicare.commission.gov/medicare/bbmtt31599.html 

Kogan R., Park E. (2003). Retrieved on October 23, 2004 from; http://www.cbpp.org/11-3-03health.htm

Priester R. (1992) A values Framework for health system reform. Health Affairs,

Waidmann, T, (1998) "Potential Effects of raising Medicare eligibility age," Health Affairs. Retrieved on October 23, 2004 from; http://64.233.161.104/search?q=cache:hoNzhNjyAvMJ:content.healthaffairs.org/cgi/reprint/17/2/156.pdf+Raising+Eligibility+age+for+medicare&hl=en
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Medicare SCHIP and PPACA Who Is Eligible

Words: 712 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42551445

Medicare, SCHIP, and PPACA

Who is Eligible for Medicare?

Medicare is essentially an insurance program available to individuals when they reach retirement age. It is however important to note that to be eligible for Medicare, individuals must first satisfy a few requirements. To begin with, in addition to being a U.S. resident, one has to be of age 65 and above to be eligible for Medicare (Medicare, 2012). As Medicare (2012) further points out, the individual seeking to join the program (or their spouse) must have "worked for at least 10 years in Medicare-covered employment…" It is however important to note that those who have a disability do not necessarily have to be aged 65 years or older to be eligible for Medicare (Medicare, 2012). This also applies to individuals suffering from End-Stage enal disease. Those who meet the age requirement above but do not have the prerequisite work history…… [Read More]

References

Cordes, J.J., & Ebel, R.D. & Gravelle, J.G. (Eds.). (2005). The Encyclopedia of Taxation and Tax Policy (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: The Urban Institute Press.

Faust, H.S. & Menzel, P.T. (2011). Prevention Vs. Treatment: What's the Right Balance? New York: Oxford University Press.

Medicare (2102, August 3). Medicare Eligibility Tool. Retrieved from: http://www.medicare.gov/MedicareEligibility/Home.asp?dest=NAV|Home|GeneralEnrollment#TabTop

State Children's Health Insurance Program -- SCHIP (2013). SCHIP Information Center. Retrieved from:  http://www.schip-info.org/
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Medicaid and HMO's

Words: 2428 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97026135

Medicaid has long been an issue of debate throughout the country. Healthcare is a critical need and many Americans do not have any healthcare. Therefore, Medicaid is vitally important because it provides healthcare to the poor. For many years, both federal and state governments have attempted to reduce the cost associated with Medicare. Some states have resorted to allowing HMO's to take responsibility for some of the recipients of Medicaid. This is particularly true is Georgia with the passage of House Bill 392. According to Goggin (2002) "the shift to managed care has been evident in both the private and public sectors ... Today, over 85% receive health care through some type of "managed delivery." Similarly, growth in managed care coverage of Medicaid clients has grown from 14% in 1993 to 56% in 2000 (Goggin 2002)."

For the purposes of this discussion we will focus on the implications of this…… [Read More]

References

Baily, M.A. (2003). Managed Care Organizations and the Rationing Problem. The Hastings Center Report, 33(1), 34+..

Georgia Medicaid Managed Care RFP Review

Medical Association of Georgia. 2005.

House Bill 392 (AS PASSED HOUSE AND SENATE). 2005. 33 0691/AP
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Medicaid Health Care Assistance How Does the

Words: 1084 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69946352

Medicaid Health Care Assistance

How does the organization fund its programs?

Medicaid was developed for the sole purpose of providing health care services to low income individuals and families. For those people that cannot afford to pay for these services, the program makes it possible for you to get the treatment you need when obtaining them is challenging (based upon financial considerations). To qualify for this entitlement program there are a number of different factors that will be taken into account to include: the age of a person, nationality, disability (if any), income and property owned. ("Overview," 2011)

The program is funded by the states / federal governments and it is managed by each state individually. The federal government pays an average of 57% of Medicaid's expenses. While the state, designs their own program within specific federal requirements. In general, state participation in the program is voluntary. The way that…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Overview. (2011), CMS. Retrieved from: https://www.cms.gov/MedicaidGenInfo/

Luhbi, T. (2011). Shrinking Medicaid Funds. CNN. Retrieved from:  http://money.cnn.com/2011/03/28/news/economy/medicaid_states/index.htm 

Robertson, G. (2010). NC Medicaid Fraud. Business Week. Retrieved from: http://www.businessweek.com/ap/financialnews/D9EL8IV80.htm

Villareal, P. (2006). Federal Medicaid Funding. NCPA. Retrieved from:  http://www.ncpa.org/pub/ba566
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Medicare Prescription Drug Benefits What

Words: 2583 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2671038

(2003) that examined the access that black and Hispanic Medicare beneficiaries have to prescribe drugs for chronic conditions. Not much has changed in the times since then and taking the findings of the study it can be established that the Black and Hispanic Medicare beneficiaries are subject to medication under use for economic reasons. This is also true for the chronically-ill black and Hispanic beneficiaries, who require constant medication but have no resources and have very meager drug coverage. The three common diseases that cause the depravity foremost are heart ailments, diabetes and HIV / AIDS. Though the federal initiatives have given importance to the three diseases in removing disparities, yet the benefits are to reach the target. (Briesacher; et al., 2003)

The general access to prescription drugs is not available for black and Hispanic Medicare beneficiaries. Thus these groups of people may need a different amendment in the policy…… [Read More]

References

Bagchi, Ann D.; et al. (2007) "Prescription Drug Use and Expenditures among Dually Eligible

Beneficiaries." Health Care Financing Review, vol. 28, no. 4, pp: 43-45.

Blevins, Sue A. (2001) "Medicare's Midlife Crisis"

Cato Institute: Washington, DC.
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Medicaid Changes US Health Policy

Words: 664 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96885303

There will no longer be automatic re-enrollment for recipients. The plan seeks to cut the cost of Medicaid by moving at least half of the recipients out of the program (Medicaid changes on the horizon in Illinois, 2011, Quad City Times).

Even President Obama recently proposed cost cuts to the federal Medicaid program, in light of the pressure to reduce government expenditures. Obama has proposed replacing the federal Medicaid matching formula with a single rate and also to reward states for efficiency and enrollment reduction (Luhby 2011). (The set limits will increase if the unemployment rate increases and the U.S. another recession). The bill would also bolster the controls of the Independent Payment Advisory Board (Luhby 2011).

Still, if the Affordable Care Act's full provisions are put into action, it could prove highly beneficial for a particular problem that afflicts Illinois -- that of reimbursement for physicians who serve Medicaid…… [Read More]

References

Fletcher, Michael A. (2011, June 9). GOP governors push back against Obama on federal

Medicaid rules. The Washington Post. Retrieved June 17, 2011

http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/gop-governors-pushback-against-obama-on-federal-medicaid-rules/2011/06/09/AGyJzDVH_story.html

Luhby, Tami. (2011, April 13). Obama lays out plans for cutting Medicare, Medicaid. CNN.
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Access to Care Medicare Is

Words: 1286 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3905923

Further, in order to be covered by Medicare, the stay at the nursing home must include care that requires skilled nursing. In other words, Medicare will not cover custodial, non-skilled or long-term care that includes activities of daily living, such as cooking, cleaning and hygiene. A stay at a skilled nursing facility under Medicare is limited to one-hundred days per ailment. Medicare will pay for the first twenty days in full. The remaining eighty days requires the patient to pay a co-payment of approximately $124.00 per day.

Under Medicare Part , Medicare will provide medical insurance to a qualified individual. This coverage includes physician and nursing services, x-rays, laboratory and diagnostic testing, influenza and pneumonia vaccinations, blood transfusions, renal dialysis, outpatient hospital treatment, some ambulance transportation, immunosuppressive drugs for organ transplant recipients, chemotherapy, hormonal treatments and other outpatient medical care treatments as administered in a physician's office. However, medication administration…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Marrelli, Tina M. (2001): Handbook of Home Health Standards and Documentation Guidelines for Reimbursement. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Matthews, Joseph L., Dorothy Matthews Berman. (2007): Social Security, Medicare and Government Pensions: Get the Most out of Your Retirement and Medical Benefits. New York: NOLO.

Vogel, Ronald J. (1999): Medicare. Anne Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
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Understanding how Medicaid'services have improved healthcare

Words: 4133 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64629307

educe Medicaid Program Costs and Enhance Utilization and the Quality of Care Through Medicaid Managed Care

Medicaid is a type of health insurance provided and funded by the federal government and states to provide coverage to all Americans who are eligible low-income adults, children, elderly adults, pregnant women, and individuals with disabilities. Managed Care is a health care delivery system that was organized to manage cost and quality. The use of managed care in Medicaid is to deliver Medicaid health benefits and additional services through contracted arrangements that are between state Medicaid agencies and managed care organizations. By contracting with different types of managed care organizations, states can reduce Medicaid program costs and better manage the use of health services as well as enhance health care quality (Medicaid.gov).

Medicaid Managed Care is a federal government sponsored medical care system designed to deliver quality care and to reduce cost of health…… [Read More]

References

Ae-Sook, K., & Jennings, E. (2012). The evolution of an innovation: Variations in Medicaid managed care program extensiveness. Journal of Health Politics, Policy & Law, 37(5), 815-849. doi:10.1215/03616878-1672727

Bisgaier, J., & Rhodes, K. (2011). Auditing Access to Specialty Care for Children with Public Insurance. The New England Journal of Medicine, 364(24).

Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, (2013). Policy basics: Introduction to Medicaid. Retrieved from http://www.cbpp.org/cms/index.cfm?fa=view&id=2223

Charlson, M.E., Wells, M.T., Balavenkatesh, K., Dunn, V., & Michelen, W. (2014). Medicaid. managed care: How to target efforts to reduce costs. BMC Health Services Research, 14(1), 16-31. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-14-46
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Prescription Drugs Number of Medicare

Words: 1531 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92313347

The Act creates a positive balance between government interests to save money and the interests of Medicare recipients to receive a wide range of drugs for their specific needs. The current ban on government negotiations with pharmaceutical companies serves to protect Medicate recipients by using the positives of the free market, such as the experience and purchasing power of PBMs. hile there are serious potential problems with this approach, such as the potential for fraud between pharmaceutical companies and private interests, overall the ban on government negotiations with pharmaceutical companies provides a good balance between recipient and government interests.

orks Cited

American Legislative Exchange Council. Prescription Drugs. 19 October 2005. http://www.alec.org/2/4/talking-points/7.html

Barry, Patricia. New Salvos in the Prescription Drug ars: Class action suits are exposing schemes that gouge consumers. AARP Bulletin, January 2005.

19 October 2005. http://www.aarp.org/bulletin/prescription/a2005-01-06-salvos.html

Dealey, Sam. Drug Dealings: Democrats had it right before. National Review Online, May…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Legislative Exchange Council. Prescription Drugs. 19 October 2005. http://www.alec.org/2/4/talking-points/7.html

Barry, Patricia. New Salvos in the Prescription Drug Wars: Class action suits are exposing schemes that gouge consumers. AARP Bulletin, January 2005.

19 October 2005. http://www.aarp.org/bulletin/prescription/a2005-01-06-salvos.html

Dealey, Sam. Drug Dealings: Democrats had it right before. National Review Online, May 05, 2004, 9:12 A.M. 19 October 2005. http://www.nationalreview.com/comment/dealey200405050912.asp
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Guide to Medicare Ethics

Words: 692 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35990847

Healthcare Law -- Ethics & Policy

Memo to ABC Hospital Board of Directors: How to develop strategies to help mitigate abuse and fraud within our organization by understanding fraud and abuse issues.

The Department of Health and Human Services has provided a great deal of good information for healthcare professionals and the public in terms of ways to avoid and/or deal with fraud and abuse. This document reflects the ways in which this hospital can be on the lookout for fraud and abuse when it comes to Medicare. This document will also explain the difference between fraud and abuse in the Medicare system.

Medicare Fraud

Typically Medicare fraud means a person in this hospital -- or a doctor affiliated with this hospital contractually -- would knowingly submit false statements or somehow misrepresent what his or her services actually were, in an attempt to cheat the federal government. Also a healthcare…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Department of Health and Human Services / Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.

Medicare Fraud & Abuse. Retrieved March 1, 2015, from http://www.cms.gov.
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Eligibility Rules and Agency Program Policy the Medicaid

Words: 895 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69525794

Eligibility ules and Agency/Program Policy

The Medicaid Program

Medicaid is a federal assistance program that is administrated at the federal level by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and at the state level by the corresponding state agencies of the individual states. It is a program designed to assist needy individuals with medical expenses. Medicaid eligibility is quite strict and is an example of eligibility by rule and regulation as well as by means testing (Chambers & Wedel, 2005).

The program provides coverage for all of the following healthcare services for program beneficiaries: Inpatient hospital services, Outpatient hospital services, Laboratory and X-ray services including radiation therapy, Physician's services, Podiatric services, Naturopathic services, Vision care, Family planning services, Home health services, Certain chiropractic services, Health clinic services, Early Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT), Dental services, including orthodontia services, Maternity clinic services, Ambulatory surgical center facility services, Emergency hospital…… [Read More]

References

CMS. (2010). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services -- Centers for Medicare

and Medicaid Services. Overview: Medicaid Eligibility. Retrieved April 11, 2011

from: http://www.cms.gov/MedicaidEligibility/

Chambers, D.E. And Wedel, K.R. (2005). Social Policy and Social Programs: A Method
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Medicaid Budgetary Policy Analysis

Words: 2173 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58075660

Budgetary Analysis

Process for Budgetary Policies and Assigned Legislative Committees

A government budget can be defined as an official contract or arrangement that specifies the amount of revenue to be raised, where such revenues will be sourced, and the manner in which the revenues will be utilized. In most societies, the budget is in actual fact an assortment of policy contracts that specify the tax laws and also the level of spending for particular programs; thus they are more than just a complete and inclusive document. The process for budgetary policies therefore refers to the guidelines and procedures that are employed by policy makers to frame, ratify, and implement these agreements for revenues and spending (Crain, 2004).

For state governments as well as the federal government in America, the process for creating budgetary policies is comparatively simple to define in a conventional manner. Generally, the first phase of the process…… [Read More]

References

Black, J. (2009). How to Un-Supplement a Tsunami of Fiscal Proportions: An Examination of the Supplemental Appropriations Process. Georgetown University Law Center.

Cooper, J.C. (2010). Prime Numbers: Deficit Cuts A Priority for Americans. Fiscal Times. Retrieved 30 May 2015 from: http://www.thefiscaltimes.com/Columns/2010/07/26/Prime-Numbers-Deficit-Cuts-A-Top-Priority-for-Americans

Crain, W.M. (2004). Budgetary Processes. In The Encyclopedia of Public Choice (pp. 370-373). Springer U.S..

Hall, M.A. (2014). States' Decision Not to Expand Medicaid. North Carolina Law Review. Retrieved 30 May 2015 from: http://www.nclawreview.org/2014/07/states-decision-not-to-expand-medicaid/
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Healthcare Medicare Part D Medicare

Words: 688 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74576291



Although the Medicare prescription drug program has provided access to medications for seniors at a lower cost to the government than was originally expected and has lowered the out of pocket costs for the consumers, there is talk about needing to overhaul the program. Critics contend that the government should be able to negotiate lower costs for prescription drugs than private insurances can. It is also felt that the entire program is too confusing for the elderly beneficiaries and needs to be made more understandable (Wechsler, 2008). All of these proposed changes come with Medicare still trying to uphold there objectives of providing affordable prescription drugs to seniors.

It is believed that even with these proposed changes taking place there is still a need for greater education about the program as a whole. It is hoped that with increased education that consumers will be more informed about the choices that…… [Read More]

References

Hsu, John, Fung, Vicki, Price, Mary, Huang, Jie, Brand, Richard, PharmD, Rita Hui,

Fireman, Bruce and Newhouse, Joseph. (2008). Medicare Beneficiaries' Knowledge of Part D Prescription Drug Program Benefits and Responses to Drug Costs. Journal of the American Medical Association, 299(16), 1929-1939. doi: 10.1001/jama.299.16.1929)

Lichtenberg, Frank R. And Sun, Shawn X. (2007). The Impact of Medicare Part D on Prescription Drug Use by the Elderly.

Health Affairs, 26(6), 1735-1744. doi:
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Accountable Care Health Organizations

Words: 763 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70558961

Medicaid and the ACA

Discuss the issues central to the expansion of Medicaid created by the Affordable Care Act. From state policy perspective is this a good way to increase access to healthcare at a reasonable cost? Be sure to discuss the success stories you uncover as you complete your research for this question. eview the following and consider the questions below as part of your initial post.

From the State's perspective, expanding Medicaid under the ACA is a sound financial investment. However, the Supreme Court ruled that each state could decide to enter the program individually and as a consequence many states have not. These states claim that they cannot afford the program. However, a report by the Congressional Budget Office clearly shows that the Federal Government will actually be responsible for the bulk of the costs in the first decade of the program -- about 93% of the…… [Read More]

References

Angeles, J. (2012, July 25). How Health Reform's Medicaid Expansion Will Impact State Budgets. Retrieved from Center on Budget and Policy Priorities: http://www.cbpp.org/research/how-health-reforms-medicaid-expansion-will-impact-state-budgets

Klein, S., McCarthy, D., & Cohen, A. (2014). Health Share of Oregon: A Community Oriented Approach to Accountable Care for Medicaid Beneficiaries. The Commonwealth Fund, 1-12.

Semro, B. (2014, April 29). Numbers Tell the Story of ACA's Success, But They Also Show Millions are Missing Out. Retrieved from The Huffington Post: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/bob-semro/numbers-tell-the-story-of-obamacare_b_5228695.html
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Icd 10 and Its Implementation

Words: 1031 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28953871

Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) announced in January that ICD- 10-CM will be implemented into the HIPAA mandated code set on Oct. 1, 2013.

Introduction to the new structure of ICD manual o Statistics

The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is a program that is designed in order to record statistics of morbidity and mortality and for the indexing of hospital records of disease.

ICD is published by the World Health Organization (WHO).

It has always been statistically difficult to categorize diseases according to any one specific category since different professions that work with diseases have traditionally classified them according to different categories. The pathologist, for instance, is primarily interested in the natural course of the disease process, whilst the anatomist may prefer to have a classification that groups the disease according to the effected part of the body. The statistical classification of disease and injuries depends upon how the…… [Read More]

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502 Correct

Words: 1056 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93687380

Healt Care Policy

Te government of te United States can influence ealt policy in many ways. Specifically, Congress as te autority to pass laws affecting te ealt care system in te country. Most recently tey debated te new ealt care law tat was passed in 2009. Tis debate was primarily between te Republicans in Congress, wo felt tat easier access to existing private insurance plans was te key to overauling te system, and te Democrats, wo preferred a government run plan to compete wit te private plans (Keefe, 2009).

Te President as te role of ceerleader and adviser, witout a direct role in passing laws. President Obama went on te campaign trail to try to rally people to is side and convince tem tat is plan to cover te uninsured, lower costs, and improve care (Stolberg, 2009). Te President can elp steer te discussion towards te direction e would like…… [Read More]

http://www.ncpa.org/pub/ba649 .

Antos, J. (5 Aug 2010). A mistaken prognosis for Medicare. The American. Retrieved from:

http://www.american.com/archive/2010/august/a-mistaken-prognosis-for-medicare.
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Healthcare Policies

Words: 1952 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86833684

Health Policies Medicare

hen everyone in our country finally starts to reach the age of 65 years of age or older, then every person will become eligible for Medicare. It is clear that there are some elderly that are having minimum health concerns while others recurrently are dealing with medical issues for which they will have to seek out treatment by the doctor. However, research is starting to display that there are at least five top conditions that are enhancing on medical and drug spending. It is obvious that Heart disease circumstances are the number one medical issue that the those that are considered elderly are facing and that is becoming very costly to them. Most are unaware that the second one is the disease cancer and it could be internal or external for various elderly patients. Other issues such as joint ailments a lot of the times can cost…… [Read More]

Work Cited:

Wenzlow, Audra T., et al. "Effects of a Discharge Planning Program on Medicaid Coverage of State Prisoners with Serious Mental Illness." Psychiatric Services 62.1 (2011): 73-8.

Sommers, Benjamin D. "Loss of Health Insurance among Non-Elderly Adults in Medicaid." Journal of General Internal Medicine 24.1 (2009): 1-7.

Verdier, James, and Allison Barrett. "How Medicaid Agencies Administer Mental Health Services: Results from a 50-State Survey." Psychiatric Services 59.10 (2008): 1203-6.

Harman, Jeffrey S., Allyson G. Hall, and Jianyi Zhang. "Changes in Health Care use and Costs After a Break in Medicaid Coverage among Persons with Depression." Psychiatric Services 58.1 (2007): 49-54.
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Fraud Specifically Health Insurance Fraud

Words: 7682 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45702393

Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), previously the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA), that by the time 2011, health care expenditure will arrive at $2.8 trillion, as well as it will bill for 17% of the Gross Domestic Product. As a result, it is no revelation that white-collar offenders observe health care deception as a rewarding effort. Certainly, the General Accounting Office ("GAO") quotes that such deception accounts for up to 10% of entire health care expense (3).

As health care deception outlays taxpayers almost $100 billion a year, federal, as well as state agencies have given health care fraud tribunal a key center of attention. All through her term, Attorney General Janet Reno made impeaching health care fraud a top precedence at the Department of Justice ("DOJ"), subsequent only to brutal offenses (3).

The government focuses its pains to perceive, as well as take legal action against health care fraud…… [Read More]

Bibliography

(1) Adelaide Few & Jay Trezevant, Fighting the Battle Against Health Care Fraud & Federal Enforcement Actions, 72 FLA. B.J. 34, 34-6 (1998)

(2) Alice A. Love, Leniency Offered Health Care Providers that Admit Federal Fraud, S.D. Union Trib., Oct. 22, 1998

(3) Andy Bunds, The results of the Health Insurance Regulations on Health Care Fraud and Abuse, 72 Mont L. Rev. 63, 72 (2001)

(4) Brian A. Kaset, Sailing Without Safe Harbors: Physician Recruitment and the Law of Fraud and Abuse, 9 Healths Span. 9, 9 (1992)
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Sociology Discussion Responses Response to Post

Words: 1112 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15656227

Sociology Discussion Responses

Response to Post #

Your post raises some very important issues that face the entire nation as well as the individual states such as New Mexico. The largest social services programs such as Medicare and Medicaid are unsustainable for the long-term, largely because of the dramatic demographic changes in American society since their development. Today, the average longevity is almost double what it was in the early 20th century when the average life span was only 47 years of age. Likewise, the fact that the post-Word War II Baby-Boom generation is now entering retirement age means that larger than ever numbers of program beneficiaries will have to be supported by fewer working program contributors. Meanwhile, the economy is undergoing a very difficult period and unemployment and underemployment rates, even for college graduates, are at all time lows. Some of the most sensible approaches to solutions might include…… [Read More]

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Future of Healthcare Operations the

Words: 3083 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93994062

Then, when you combine this with the fact that Medicaid serves 53 million people with an annual budget of $329 billion, means that rising costs is severely affecting this program. ("Medicaid Reform," 2005) the inflexibility of this program has contributed to problem as a one size fits all approach is taken. Then, when you combine the different state programs offered through Medicaid, means that an uneven standard of inflexibility is used. An illustration of this can be seen by looking no further than the overall focus of Medicaid, where an emphasis is placed on addressing major health issues. This is problematic because like with Medicare, an approach must be taken of dealing with the patient once they are facing major health issues. Then Medicare has to engage in multiple functions to include: comprehensive acute / primary care, long-term care services (for those who qualify), a source of funding for uncompensated…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Medicaid Reform. (2005, June 15). Retrieved March 3, 2010 from National Governors Association website:

http://www.nga.org/Files/pdf/0506medicaid.pdf

President Cuts Medicare, Medicaid to Help Reform Costs. (2009, June 15). Retrieved March 3, 2010 from California Health Line website: http://www.californiahealthline.org/articles/2009/6/15/president-outlines-cuts-to-medicare-medicaid-to-help-cover-reform-costs.aspx

Anderson, L. (2009, July 9). Research Project Finds Medicare Part D Increases Spending on Prescription Drugs.
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Preventing Unnecessary Hospital Readmissions

Words: 5603 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61470120

causes for Medicare and Medicaid patients to be readmitted to hospitals within thirty days of a prior discharge. This is a fairly pervasive and major problem and it is one that demands solutions. As part of this capstone, there will be a number of facets and tools used. There will be a problem description that identifies what the problem is and why it is important. There will be a solution description that broadly asserts what is needed to address and resolve the problem identified. There will be an implementation plan that will lay out how the program will be rolled out to the locations and the people that work therein. There will also be an evaluation plan that will be used to monitor and assess performance so that any deficiencies can be spotted and addressed before they become full-on conflagrations that can sap the performance and outcomes of the project.…… [Read More]

References

Challen, L., Kelso, C., & Gandi, B. (2014, May). Association between prescription drug benefit and hospital readmission rates. Hospital Pharmacy, 49, 449-454. http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org.library.gcu.edu:2048/10.1310/hpj4905-449

Cisneros, F. F. (2015). Transformational Tool Kit for Front Line Nurses, an Issue of Nursing Clinics of North America. London: Elsevier Health Sciences.

Communication and dissemination strategies to facilitate the use of health and health care evidence. (2013). Retrieved from http://effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/index.cfm/search-for-guides-reviews-and-reports/?productid=1208&pageaction=displayproduct#toc

Costantino, M. E., Frey, B., Hall, B., & Painter, P. (2013, November 5). The influence of a postdischarge ntervention on reducinghospital readmissions in a Medicare population. Population Health Management, 16(5), 310-316. http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org.library.gcu.edu:2048/10.1089/pop.2012.0084
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Management of Continuum of Care Services as

Words: 1121 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83512191

Management of Continuum of Care Services

As the new director appointed for the Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), I realize the climbing costs of payments of these two programs and have met with the other members to come up with a plan of that will help enforce the strategies and guidelines in the state of North Carolina that can help us follow a budget that will assist the overall national requirements for persistent care. In doing so fellow board members have met with me to look at the Medicare Modernization Act (MMA), Administration on Aging (AoA), and other parts of the medical services to help come up with an arrangement that will help us reduce costs in our particular area that will assist the national healthcare problems that we currently face.

After looking at the problems within our own area we have decided to enforce the guidelines of the current…… [Read More]

References

Department of Health and Human Services, (n.d.). Administration on aging. Washington, DC: Retrieved from http://www.aoa.gov/aoaroot/about/Budget/DOCS/FY_2012_AoA_CJ_Feb_2011.pdf

Revering, S. (2007). Update on medicare part d. Informally published manuscript, Department of Health, Massachusetts university, Boston, Retrieved from http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:vFwR3GhqkgkJ:www.mass.gov/Eeohhs2/docs/dmh/prescription_fact_sheet.ppt+medicare+modernization+act&hl=en&gl=us&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESj-oSY8OF2PkNp5h6mbuap2CtLuhDndi5ccDFVvjGqHqGhGux-tRa0s5PrbP7CSCvtILHI8AE86mRKjnUnetKPMIgY98MGCNV_PE5PG4ZCS7robDOijjRgzUo_mPol6_0rmXtnE&sig=AHIEtbS4whuLInutr1XLxYchmbqxo8OIRw&pli=1
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Reimbursement Ethics and Compliance Impact of Health

Words: 1349 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94066832

eimbursement Ethics and Compliance: Impact of Health Care eform on Medical Coding and Billing

"Medical billing and coding lays the foundation for any successful healthcare provider," yet its common practices are undergoing significant changes under the recent proposal for health care reform (Griffey, 2013). The nature of medical coding and billing is increasingly becoming more and more complicated. The recent healthcare reform legislation, passed in 2010, promises to complicate the situation even further. Such reforms will undoubtedly have a huge impact on medical billing and coding processes.

The reform bill was a monumental piece of legislation passed by Pres. Obama and his Democratic supporters in 2010. There are a number of stipulations which aim to help increase access to appropriate health care for millions of Americans who are currently without any coverage, helping lower the cost of premiums too much more affordable rate for most Americans but also increasing the…… [Read More]

References

Eastaugh, Ben & Sternal-Johnson, Chris (2010). What will health care reform do to medical billing? MD Alliance Billing. Web. http://mdalliancebilling.wordpress.com/2010/03/22/what-will-health-care-reform-do-to-medical-billing/

Griffey, Kimberly. (2013). Medical billing and coding and health care reform: What you need to know. Ultimate Medical Academy. Web. http://info.ultimatemedical.edu/blog/bid/276367/Medical-Billing-and-Coding-and-Health-Care-Reform-What-you-Need-to-Know

Hart, Bradley. (2012). Ethics in Medical Coding: Theory and Practice. McGraw Hill.

Jackson, Jill & Nolen, John. (2010). Health Care Reform Bill summary: A look at what's in the bill. CBS News. Web. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-503544_162-20000846-503544/health-care-reform-bill-summary-a-look-at-whats-in-the-bill/
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Mr H Appealing HMO Decision

Words: 714 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63984167

H's claim with an HMO plan is the need for individuals to remain within the network to receive care. Initially, Mr. H was denied coverage because he did not get a referral from his primary physician to see a specialist. The original treatment to which Mr. H's primary care physician was subjecting Mr. H was 1. not effective and 2. The physician suggested a radical amputation for his condition while the second opinion Mr. H sought suggested a much less radical procedure which would allow Mr. H to retain his mobility. It could be logically argued that had Mr. H not gone 'out of network' he would have suffered substantial medical harm. Furthermore, while the HMO cited as a reason for denial of claim a provision in the plan documents that prevents referrals outside the plan's network when the network's physicians have the capability to perform the required procedure, Mr.…… [Read More]

References

Appeals of local coverage determinations. (2010). Medicare.gov. Retrieved October 31, 2010

http://www.medicare.gov/basics/lcds.asp

Bacon, David. (2004). ERISA preemption of tort suits. Metro Corp Counsel. Retrieved October

31, 2010 at http://www.metrocorpcounsel.com/current.php?artType=view&artMonth=June&artYear=2009&EntryNo=1914
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Strategic Management Process for Implementation

Words: 3248 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2721765

RATIONALE for the ELEMENTS

The rationale for the elements stated within the mission, vision and values statement is that through educating and assisting patients in signing up for and choosing their provider under the Medicare Advantage plan that the patients will be enabled to receive the best possible benefits for their individual health maintenance needs.

E. PROPOSED STRATEGIC GOALS

Strategic goals of this program includes those as follows:

1) Enrollment of all patients in the Medicare Advantage program who are eligible for this coverage.

2) Assisting all Medicare Advantage enrolled patients in utilizing this coverage to the best possible level enabling them to receive the best care possible.

F. IDENTIFICATION of CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS

Critical success factors are identified as being those as follows:

Adoption of the necessary technology applications to assist patients;

Efficiency and effectiveness in getting information out of patients concerning the assistance offered by the HMO; and…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Medicare Advantage: How Does it Relate? (nd) Medicare Prescription Drug Coverage. AARP. Online available at http://www.aarp.org/health/medicare/drug_coverage/a2004-03-29-medicareadvantage.html

Hoadley, Jack (2006) Medicare's New Adventure: the Part D Drug Benefit. Commission on a High Performance Health System. The Common wealth Fund Online available at http://www.cmwf.org/usr_doc/Hoadley_medicaresnewadventure_911.pdf

Rosenfeld, Sheera; Bernasek, Cathy; and Mendelson, Dan (2005) Medicare's Next Voyage: Encouraging Physicians to Adopt Health Information Technology. Health Affairs 24. No. 5, 2005. Abstract online available at http://healthaff.highwire.org/cgi/content/abstract/24/5/1138

Medicare Prescription Drug Program (2006) Chapter 5: Covering Health Issues 2006. Online available at  http://www.bvsde.paho.org/bvsacd/cd57/covering/cap5.pdf
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Healthcare Integrity Is a Major Issue for

Words: 1315 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2662441

Healthcare

Integrity is a major issue for healthcare organizations because there are many avenues for fraud, and for people to demonstrate a lack of ethics. The problem is that the temptation is sometimes too great and despite the fact that there are laws in place to guard against these practices unethical behavior takes place anyway. The government, which supplies a lot of the money which goes for treatments through Medicare and Medicaid, has structured certain laws to make sure that the practices of healthcare organizations are ethical, but billions of dollars in fines are still doled out every year. The big drug companies complain of arcane and hard to decipher legalese, but the fact is that although they realize the issue and the penalty they continue to subvert the law. This paper looks at qui tam statutes and cases, Medicare and Medicaid admissions criteria, installing a corporate integrity program, and…… [Read More]

References

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASLHA). (2010). Summary of self- referral and anti-kickback regulations. Retrieved from  http://www.asha.org/practice/reimbursement/medicare/regulations_sum.htm 

Hanford, J.T. (2001). Regulation of the healthcare professions. Ethics & Medicine, 17(3), 188-190.

Louthian Law Firm. (2012). Healthcare fraud qui tam whistleblower protection lawsuits.

Mattie, A. & Ben-Chitrit, R. (2009) The federal False Claims Act and qui tam actions: What every healthcare manager should know. Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues, 12(2), 49-65.
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Policy Changes in Healthcare Finance Healthcare Finance

Words: 2462 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81516587

Policy Changes in Healthcare Finance

Healthcare Finance

CPT Codes

The American Medical Association (2013) developed the Current Procedure Terminology (CPT) codes decades ago in the 1960s. The first edition was published in 1966 and over the subsequent years several updated versions were created. The reasons for developing the CPT code system was to make communications about medical procedures easier between health care providers, help patients and their doctors submit claims for services to insurance providers, create a structure that would facilitate the development of an electronics records system, and create categories that would help researchers collect data on the health care field.

The CPT code system expanded with each subsequent edition and with publication of the second edition the codes were transitioned from a 4 to a 5 digit system (American Medical Association, 2013). This transition was necessary as the services covered by the code expanded beyond medicine, radiology, and…… [Read More]

References

ACRO (American College of Radiation Oncology). (n.d.). Introduction to Relative Value Units and how Medicare reimbursement is calculated. ACRO.org. Retrieved 30 Oct. 2013 from www.acro.org/washington/rvu.pdf.

Altman, Stuart H. (2012). The lessons of Medicare's prospective payment system show that the bundled payment program faces challenges. Health Affairs, 9, 1923-1930.

American Medical Association. (2013). CPT process -- how a code becomes a code. AMA-ASSN.org. Retrieved 30 Oct. 2013 from  http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/physician-resources/solutions-managing-your-practice/coding-billing-insurance/cpt/cpt-process-faq/code-becomes-cpt.page .

Brinjikji, W., Kallmes, D.F., Lanzino, G., and Gloft, H.J. (2012). Hospitalization costs for endovascular and surgical treatment of ruptured aneurysms in the United States are substantially higher than Medicare payments. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 33, 1037-1040.
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History of Hospitals Delivery of Inpatient Services

Words: 1191 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44676932

Hospitals

Health care in the United States has evolved through governmental and private answers to historical trends, starting with the first days of the United States. Often arising as responses to serious gaps in health care, these remedies traditionally build on each other and have resulted in a uniquely American health care system. The trickle of Baby Boomers into "the elderly" is now posing new challenges for both governmental and private providers, which must be met by new responses and a newly adapted health care system.

Discuss the government's role in responding to historical trends that impact the delivery of hospital care and how this has added to the expansion of hospitals in the United States.

Commencing with the very existence of our Republic, the United States government has taken a leading role in dealing with historical trends, significantly impacting delivery of hospital care and expansion of hospitals in this…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barton, P.L. (2010). Understanding the U.S. health services system, 4th ed. Chicago, IL: Health Administration Press.

Hays Companies. (n.d.). Inpatient vs. outpatient care. Retrieved April 22, 2012 from contnt.mybenergy.com Web site: http://content.mybenergy.com/ContentTemplates/WellnessTemplate.aspx?view=user&userid=101412&link=799

Setness, P.A. (2002, June 20). The looming crisis in geriatric care: As baby boomeers age, healthcare policy fallout seems inevitable. Retrieved April 22, 2012 from ERMS.tourolib.org Web sit: https://erms.tourolib.org/url/http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=129196051&sid=4&Fmt=3&clientId=14844&RQT=309&VName=PQD

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2012). Timeline of the Affordable Care Act. Retrieved April 22, 2012 from Healthcare.gov Web site: http://www.healthcare.gov/law/timeline/index.html
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Balanced Budget Act of 1997

Words: 1100 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12670779

Balanced Budget Act of 1997

Introduction with Background

In the last several years, health care costs have been increasingly exponentially. To control the expenses associated with Medicare and Medicaid, the Balance Budget Act of 1997 was enacted. At the heart of its focus, was on reducing the total amounts of fees that are provided to health care providers, doctors and nurses. This is troubling, as these transformations will have an impact on facilities and health care professionals (who may not want to work with these kinds of patients). When this happens, there will be a decrease in choices and the overall quality of services that are provided to these individuals. This is the point that these challenges could adversely impact treatment options that are provided. (Kilgore, 2009)

Evidence of this can be seen in a study that was conducted by Kilgore (2009). She found that the act has changed consumer…… [Read More]

References

Comparative Analysis. (2012). Business Dictionary. Retrieved from:  http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/comparative-analysis.html 

Qualitative Research. (2012), Wilderdom.com. Retrieved from:  http://wilderdom.com/research/QualitativeVersusQuantitativeResearch.html 

Kilgore, M. (2009). The Effects of the Balance Budget Act of 1997. Med Care, 47 (3), 279 -- 285.

Olsen, W. (2012). Qualitative Comparative Analysis. University of Manchester. Retrieved from: http://www.methods.manchester.ac.uk/methods/qca/
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Challenges in Healthcare

Words: 902 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46703249

Healthcare Crisis

Health insurance has gone up over the past two years as a result of a nationwide increase .insurance companies have the tendency of settling only a percentage of a patient's bill. The truth of the matter is patients are not the only people who suffer due to this crisis the doctors too fall victims as mots of them opt to close down since they are underpaid by the insurance companies as well as being forced to pay the yearly premiums for malpractice .physicians are taken as the ones who are at fault for the ongoing healthcare crisis. This is true to some extent but they are not the bones to blame entirely as there are many parties involved in this issue. First of all when we look at the money involved we can say that this crisis is the fault of insurance companies since they are out there…… [Read More]

References

Sharfstein J. Fontanarosa P. & Bauchner H.(2010). Critical Issues in U.S. Health Care

Health Care on the Edge. Retrieved March 14, 2014 from  http://www.commed.vcu.edu/IntroPH/Introduction/2014/criticvalissues.pdf 

Lipthrott, D.(2004). Who is to blame for the healthcare crisis? Retrieved March 14, 2014 from  http://www.ethicalhealthpartnerships.org/whoistoblame.html
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Pour Let it Pour General

Words: 1020 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46537174

However, this might turn competent healthcare professionals away, who were angry that they no longer could exercise discretion over their treatment, in conference with their patients. Patients might refuse to come to the hospital. And those that did would cause costs to escalate, as they stayed longer, received more extensive care, and thus exhausted their insurance benefits.

A summary presentation of a comprehensive solution that would cover all of the issues

Firstly, the board of directors should be convened to establish a policy about what the religiously founded hospital considers to be a quality life and an ethical system of evaluating critical patients, when dispensing care. Doctors, nurses, and other involved personnel must be convened to discuss various issues that continually arise and a uniform policy must be established, so that such ethical decisions are not solely the burden of patients and healthcare providers in the field.

A press release…… [Read More]

Works Cited

National Coalition on Health Care. (2004) "Health Insurance Cost." Retrieved 2 June 2005 at http://www.nchc.org/facts/cost.shtml

National Coalition on Health Care. (2004) "Health Insurance Coverage." Retrieved 2 June 2005 at http://www.nchc.org/facts/coverage.shtml
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PPACA on March 23 2010 the Patient

Words: 1009 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73826994

PPACA

On March 23, 2010 the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) was signed into law by President Barack Obama. Along with the Health Care Reconciliation Act of 2010, the PPACA became part of the overall Health Care Reform concept of 2010. The health care reform process was promoted as a way to completely transform the health care industry and ensure that all Americans received affordable health care. hile supporters praise the legislation as a revolutionary law which will benefit ordinary Americans, critics claim that the Obama Administration used the health care reform process as a means of gaining control over the entire health care system. In an attempt to compare and contrast the provisions of this new law, this essay will discuss several provisions of the new health care legislation and compare the benefits as well as the criticisms of them.

Section 5501 of the PPACA provides for…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Appleby, Julie. (2011, Jan. 10). Effort To Reward Medicare Advantage Plans Draws Criticism. Kaiser Health News. Retrieved from http://www.kaiserhealthnews.org/Stories/2011/January/10/Medpac-on-Medicare-Advantage-bonuses.aspx

"Side Effects: Obamacare Could Punish Docs for Better Quality Care." (2010, July 16). The Heritage Foundation. Retrieved from http://fixhealthcarepolicy.com/health-care-news/side-effects-obamacare-could-punish-docs-for-better-quality-care/

Gold, Jenny. (2011, Jam. 18). "Accountable Care Organizations, Explained." NPR. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/2011/04/01/132937232/accountable-care-organizations-explained

"Health Care Reform: Annual Fee on Prescription Drug Manufacturers and Excise Tax on Medical Devise Manufacturers." (2010, Apr.). Covington & Burling LLP Retrieved from http://www.cov.com
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Medical Fraud and Abuse --

Words: 635 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92526914



The facts that you have provided indicate extremely troubling circumstances that could seriously jeopardize the welfare of your organization. It is well-settled law that entities contracting for the services of subsidiaries are legally responsible for legal and ethical improprieties committed by those subsidiaries irrespective of whether or not the contracting organization had any specific involvement in or knowledge of those actions. Accordingly, we would strongly advise that you take immediate action to rectify the situations described in the manner outlined in our recommendations below.

ecommendations

To avoid the potentially serious criminal, civil, and financial consequences arising under MWHC's respondeat superior responsibility to prevent fraud and abuse in connection with its association with subsidiaries, it is hereby recommended that MWHC immediately:

1. Instruct the subsidiary to cease and desist from offering its contracted home health agency employees compensation of any kind in connection with client durable medical equipment (DME) orders from…… [Read More]

References

Reid, T. (2009). The Healing of America: A Global Quest for Better, Cheaper, and Fairer Health Care. New York: Penguin Group.

USDHHS. (2004). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services-Office of Inspector

General-Statement of Organization, Functions -- and Delegations of Authority.

Federal Register. Vol. 69, No. 127; July 2, 2004. Retrieved November 14, 2010,
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Medical Care to African-americans The

Words: 940 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58895838

This information was obtained from the facilities giving dialysis and it was for the first two months only. The study excluded darbepoetin doses as it had only been administered to a few patients. Inpatient EPO doses were not easily determinable as they are not billed differently to Medicare. The use of outpatient EPO only may be underestimating the total use of the medication. The cohort dealt with the biasness by determining the amount of time a patient stayed in hospital. The calculations on the average dose of EPO for every patient per day was by adding the total dose for a whole month then separating it by the number of days of outpatient then multiplying by 30 to get the total of a calendar month. According to the medical reports the study used the right amount of doses. The study was not randomized as it was aimed towards the African-American…… [Read More]

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Nurse Reg Regulations and Guidelines in Nursing

Words: 531 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4025861

Nurse eg

egulations and Guidelines in nursing

The CMS-implemented Pay-for-Performance initiatives are designed to incentivize greater quality of care by all medical practitioners for all recipients of Medicare/Medicaid services (Fenter & Lewis, 2008). The fee-for-service model that the CMS still employs on a wide basis incentivizes a lower quality of care that leads to or includes more services, which has direct detrimental effects for patients and increases the cost burden on the Medicare and Medicaid programs and thus on the federal budget and on taxpayers (Fenter & Lewis, 2008). The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Organizations' Core Measures are a set of guidelines meant to modernize and standardize the processes and criteria of accreditation and ongoing measurement and quality assurance at health organizations (JCAHO, 2011). These standards are also related to care, but involve licensing and accreditation rather than payment and thus work as different incentives (JCAHO, 2011).

As…… [Read More]

References

Fenter, T. & Lewis, S. (2008). Pay-for-Performance Initiatives. Journal of Managed Care Pharmacy 14(6): S12-5.

JCAHO. (2011). Specifications Manual for Joint Commission National Quality Core Measures. Accessed 3 April 2012.  http://www.jointcommission.org/specifications_manual_joint_commission_national_quality_core_measures.aspx
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Heath Care Health Care Plans Health Care

Words: 988 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32060505

Heath Care

Health Care Plans

Health Care

Types of Health Insurance

Indemnity Insurance

This type of insurance is also known as a traditional or fee-for-service plan. The benefit of an indemnity plan is the flexibility; this plan allows members to choose any doctor or hospital. However, members must pay an annual deductible and then a percentage of each medical bill. Although these plans offer the greatest freedom to select any doctor, they are usually the most expensive option.

Typically, the member or the provider sends the bill to the insurance company. These plans usually have an annual deductible before the insurer starts paying. Once the deductible has been met most indemnity plans pay a percentage of what they consider the "Usual and Customary" charge for covered services. The insurer generally pays 80% of the Usual and Customary costs and the member is responsible the other 20%, known as coinsurance. If…… [Read More]

References

Rich, R.F. & Erb, C.T. (2005). The two faces of managed care regulations and policy-making. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Retrieved July 30, 2011, from  http://igpa.uillinois.edu/system/files/WP114.pdf 

"The Types of health insurance." (2011). Health insurance guide. Retrieved July 30, 2011, from  http://www.healthinsuranceadvice.org/types.html
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Risk Management Issue Over the Last Several

Words: 1526 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42441406

Risk Management Issue

Over the last several years, the issue of patient safety has been increasingly brought to the forefront. Part of the reason for this, is because a number of high profile accidents have taken place. This has increase the chances that patient will develop complications. Evidence of this can be seen by looking no further than the most commonly reported cases involving malpractices lawsuits to include: incidents involving misdiagnosis, prescription medication errors, Obstetrics and surgery. As, these different events account for a total of: 62% of all medical malpractice cases. ("CRICO Coverage," 2011) This is significant, because it shows how the underlying risks facing many health care organizations have risen exponentially. In the case of the health organization we are studying, they have taken different steps to address these kinds of issues that they are facing. To fully understand the overall scope of their strategy requires: looking at…… [Read More]

Bibliography

CRICO Coverage. (2011). Harvard University. Retrieved from: http://www.rmf.harvard.edu/

Gray, J. (2005). Real Time Patient Safety Audits. Quality Safety Health Care, 14, 284 -- 289.

Rogers, A. (2004). The Working Hours of Hospital Staff. Health Affairs, 23 (4), 202 -- 212.

Watson, R. (2008). Improving Patient Safety. Journal of Critical Care, 23 (2), 207 -- 221.
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NYS Scope of Practice for Registered Nurses

Words: 931 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70939818

Standing Orders, Computerized Order Entry, & Admission Pressure Ulcers

Standing orders are non-patient specific orders written by a physician or a nurse practitioner (Primer on standing orders for immunizations and emergency treatment of anaphylaxis, n.d.). New York RNs can administer certain immunizations with a standing order and protocols. Implications have come from designing workflows in the computerized order entry systems if not properly fitted with the existing information systems. Physicians are now responsible to assess, document, and treat present on admission pressure ulcers.

In the state of New York, RNs must be CPR certified with American Red Cross, American Heart Association, or other equivalent organization to administer immunization agents with a standing order and protocol. For adults, 18 or older, authorized agents include Hepatitis A, Hepatitis , Influenza, Pneumococcus, Meningococcus, Diphtheria, Tetanus, Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Varicella, Inactivated Polio, and any additional approved by the oard of Regents. For children, under…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Campbell, E. e. (2009). Computerized Provider Order Entry Adoption: Implications of Clinical Workflow. J Gen Intern Med, 24(1) doi:10.1007/s11606-008-0857-9, 21-26.

Lyder, C. & . (Oct 2009). Annual Checkup: The CMS Pressure Ulcer Present-on Admission Indicator. Advances in Skin and Wound Care, 22(10) doi:10.1097/01.ASW.0000361385.97489.51, 476-484.

Primer on standing orders for immunizations and emergency treatment of anaphylaxis. (n.d.). Retrieved from NYSNA: http://www.nysna.org/practice/scope/primer.htm

(2001). The BRN Report, 14(1). California Board of Nursing.
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Graduate MSW Focus and Intentions

Words: 1171 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27894275

Social Work Statement of Purpose

While some people may be able to point to a distinct time or place in their lives when they knew how they wanted to make their livelihood, for others, the path to a profession cannot be mapped so precisely. My motivation to seek a Master's Social Work (MSW) degree is rooted in diverse experiences in both my personal and occupational lives.

I grew up in a family with a strong sense of community. In my extended family, some members had limited resources but they still found ways to be of help to their neighbors. When I think back to the years of my upbringing, I remember that many people in my family and community communicated their values to me, and expected me to assume a helpful stance in my life. As I grew, those expectations did too, and I learned that an aspect of my…… [Read More]

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Federal Government Healthcare Programs the

Words: 1664 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74783782

The problems facing Medicare recipients and the federal government almost seem to be overwhelming. There are proponents of a plan to privatize Social Security and health insurance, placing the onus on the individual to pay for his own health care through savings specifically for this. Some others would have the program go through the private HMOs who have, in the past, contained the costs of care by having primary care physicians manage a patient's care and purposely keeps the costs of care down.

As with Medicaid, the recipients of Medicare would have difficulty obtaining health care without this program. The recipients would most likely have no other health insurance. The trend being what it is, a lot of individuals retiring today are fortunate to have pensions from their companies, much less health benefits. ithout a national health insurance plan, like Medicare, those individuals would have to pay for health care…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Kay, Joseph. "Bush Plans renewed Assault on Medicaid." World Socialist Website. 8 Feb. 2005.

13 Aug. 2005. http://www.wsws.org/articles/2005/feb2005/medi-f08.shtml.

Kay, Joseph. "U.S.: States, Federal Government Prepare Massive Medicaid Cuts." World

Socialist Website. 11 May 2005. http://www.wsws.org/articles/2005/may2005/medi-m11.shtml.
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Health Politics What Is the Role of

Words: 3149 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37669681

Health Politics

"What is the role of Congress in policy making process"?

Policy is a plan to identify goal or possible course of actions with administrative or management tools to accomplish these goals. n the other hand, policy is the authoritative decision made by the U.S. executive, legislative, judicial branch of government to influence the decision of others. Government is a key player in decision-making process and congress plays important roles in decision-making . In the United States, both House of Representatives and House of Senate fulfill the congressional policy responsibilities, and congress plays important role in health policy, which includes obesity prevention measures or health insurance program. Congress is an important arm of government that makes law. Important strategy that congress uses to make policy preference is by passing a bill into law. Typically, the congress could make a decision to pass or not to the policy of the…… [Read More]

Oregon Department of Human Services.(2008). The impact of federal policy on Oregon's health care reform efforts: Opportunities and barriers within Medicaid and the State Children's Health Insurance Program. Medical Assistance Programs.

Waller, M. (2005).Block Grants: Flexibility vs. Stability in Social Services. Brookings Institution Policy Brief.

Zuckert, M.P. (2002). Launching Liberalism: On Lockean Political Philosophy. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.
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Health Policy Analysis Nursing &

Words: 3179 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25929258

" (Jacobs and Skocpol, 2007)

rown and Sparer (2003) state that Medicare is "...administered by the federal government. Not only eligibility criteria and financing policy but also the benefit package, policies governing payments to providers, and decisions about the delivery system (for instance, fee-for-service vs. managed care) are determined in Washington, D.C., with no direct participation by the states. (the program delegates important decisions about coverage and payments to third-party insurers -- fiscal intermediaries and carriers -- and thus these national determinations do not preclude considerable regional variations that reflect local differences in wage costs and other factors)." (2003) Medicaid is state-managed "...although a framework of federal rules constrains state program administrators, they retain wide, and widening, discretion on all of the basic issues: eligibility, benefits, payments, and organization of care." (rown and Sparer, 2003)

V. Eligibility, Physician ehavior and Low-Income Population Access to Care

The work of aker and…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Miller, Edward Alan (2007) Federal Administrative and Judicial Oversight of Medicaid: Policy Legacies and Tandem Institutions Under the Boren Amendment. 15 Nov 2007. The Journal of Federalism advance Access. Online available at: http://publius.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/pjm035v1

Medicaid Policy Statement Committee on Child Health Financing 1 July 2005. Pedatrics Vol. 116, No. 1 http://aappolicy.aappublications.org/cgi/content/full/pediatrics;116/1/274

Lundy, Kay Saucier, Lundy, Karen Saucier, and Janes, Sharyn (2009) Community Health Nursing: Caring for the Public's Health. Jones & Bartlett 2009.

Jacobs, Laurence R. And Skocpol, Theda (2007) Inequality and American Democracy: What We Know and What We Need to Learn. Russell Sage Foundation 2007.