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Mexican-American War (1846-1848)
The Great Territorial Loss
From the perspective of the United States, the Mexican-American War, together with the Louisiana Purchase, represented important land acquisitions as part of the country's relentless expansion westward. In this regard, Kurth (1999) reports that, "There were grand achievements in this national project of continental expansion, especially the southwestern annexations, which were achieved through U.S. military victory in the Mexican-American War. In this case, the United States took advantage of the fact that Britain and France were disrupted by serious internal turmoil."
With Britain and France otherwise occupied with their more immediate domestic issues, the U.S. was free to pursue its expansionist Manifest Destiny plans for the Western regions of the country, including most especially California and its vast resources and temperate weather.
From the perspective of the Mexicans, though, the invasion by the United States was a heavy-handed blow by an international bully…
Coward, John M. "Dispatches from the Mexican War," Journalism History 26 (2000, Spring) 1:
Huston, James L. "Southerners against Secession: The Arguments of the Constitutional
Unionists in 1850-51," Civil War History 46 (2000, December) 4: 280-291.
This resulted in describing Mexican Catholicism as syncretic. Ordinary Mexicans live on the belief of Catholics. Mexico has been greatly influenced by the Catholic Church. Therefore, the relationship between the Catholic Church and the state has been occasionally hostile and tense. ecent decades have been marked with active protestant missionaries among the poor people in urban cities and southern parts of Mexico (aingruber et al., 2010).
There is a rich cultural diversity in the current modern world. A wide range of populations are immersed in shared value systems and beliefs based on customs, ways of life and norms. It is important to be aware of cultural differences at all nursing levels in order to communicate and educate nurses and clients (Lee & Brysiewicz, 2009). Nursing care founded on cultural sensitivity has recognized the importance of acknowledging and respecting human beings as a whole. This is regardless of religion, heritage, knowledge,…
Klee, K. et al. (2012). Using Continuous Process Improvement Methodology to Standardize
Nursing Handoff Communication. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, ISSN 0882-5963,
04/2012, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp. 168 -- 173
Lee, M. B & Brysiewicz, P. (2009). Enhancing problem solving and nursing diagnosis in year III
Diaz, Villa and Zapata's Ideas of Government and the Individual:
Similarities and Dissimilarities
Government in many areas of the world has changed from one in which the people are the vassals of the government to one in which the government is the servant of the people. Individuals form societies because they have a selfish need for protection, and they form governments for that purpose. Unfortunately, those governments sometimes abuse their power and forget what the government is for. Mexico had three rulers in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries who epitomized divergent beliefs regarding the government and individual rights. This essay reflects the authoritarianism of Diaz, Villa and Zapata and how they dealt with the subject of individual rights.
Porfirio Diaz had one of the longest reins as ruler of Mexico of any leader. Ostensibly he was the leader of a representative republic, but in reality…
McLynn, Frank. Villa and Zapata: A History of the Mexican Revolution. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2000. Print.
It seemed that it could bring political upheaval which became a worry to the United States. Hence, the existing lesser issues between these two countries had to receive increased attention. These were like drug, migration, trade, investment, and environmental concerns (ichard Sicotte, 2009).
Despite the two nations failing to come to an agreement on the best strategy that could be used in solving The Mexico's balooning foreign debt, the government of the United Sates went on to work with the Mexicans and proving support efforts that can buoy the economy of Mexico and try to reschedule the debt. One of the step taken by the United States was when it was announced that the several debt relief agreements in August 1982. Based on the terms of agreement, a purchased ahead of schedule U.S.$600 million in Mexican crude oil was done by United State as a strategic oil reserve. Treasury of…
A.H. Sevier,(2008). Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo. Retrieved March 7, 2012 from http://www.sonofthesouth.net/mexican-war/treaty-guadalupe-hidalgo.htm
Earthy Family, (2013). The History of Mexico. Retrieved March 7, 2012 from http://www.earthyfamily.com/mexico-history.htm
Richard Sicotte, (2009). The Mexican-U.S. War: A Turning Point in Mexican Development?
University of Vermont. Retrieved March 7, 2012 from http://www.uvm.edu/~econ/documents/USMEXWAR.pdf
In this sense, the structure of the society changed as well. More and more Mexicans became part of the American culture and contributed to its definition. The Mexican family played a major role in creating the sense of multiculturalism inside the society. Unlike the traditional way of life of the American family the Mexican family was quite different. In this sense, "Mexican residents were given one year to move south of ht the new boundary or become American residents. Most became American citizens" (Nostrand, 1975). Therefore, the family component was an important part in the assimilation process and in the creation of a unitary familiar background for the Mexican community. The specificity of the community relied heavily on the need to feel comfortable and to create a similar environment to the one in the native country.
Another impact of the presence of the Mexican family was the change in the…
Jenkins, P. A history of the United States. New York: Palgrave, 1997.
Nostrand, Richard L. "Mexican-Americans Circa 1850." Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 65, No. 3. 1975, pp. 378-390.
The Gold Rush. Mexicans in the Gold Rush. 2006. 31 Jan. 2008. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/goldrush/peopleevents/p_mexicans.html
More precisely, while the Blacks were in fact the tools of the British presence in America and their desires for freedom were exploited by the Loyalists, in the case of the Indians, their presence in the Civil War was also related to their desire to reshape their territories. Thus, the strong motivation of the Indians after the war began was to reconsider the borders the white people had imposed on them during the century (Abel, 1992, 2).
A similarity between the presences of the two sides in the two distinctive conflicts was the fact that in the end they were both used by the main actors of the confrontation in the wider game of victory. Thus, the slaves were used as part of the actual military against the British and the Loyalists, while different Indian tribes were used by one side or another in their own struggle for victory.
Abel, a.H. (1992) the American Indian in the Civil War, 1862-1865. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Africans in America. (n.d.) Revolution. The Revolutionary War. Retrieved 14 March 2008 at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part2/2narr4.html
Grinde, D.A. Jr. (1984) "Red vs. Black: Conflict and Accommodation in the Post Civil War Indian Territory, 1865-1907." American Indian Quarterly, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 211-229.
Jenkins, P. (1997). A history of the United States. New York: Palgrave
Faux finds that this promise has not been fulfilled, in part because of what NAFTA does not do:
NAFTA provided no social contract. It offered neither aid for Mexico nor labor, health or environmental standards. The agreement protected corporate investors; everyone else was on his or her own. (Faux 35)
For Mexico in particular, says Faux, NAFTA has been a failure, and the economy still depends too heavily on the remittances sent back into Mexico by immigrants in the United States, both legal and illegal, to support their families.
The economic disparity between the U.S. And Mexico has become a way for some American companies to exploit workers in Mexico by building factories along the border to benefit from lower wages. This helps Mexican workers to a degree, though it does not do so in a way that raises the standard of living in that country or that keeps many…
Faux, Jeff. "How NAFTA Failed Mexico: Immigration Is Not a Development Policy." The American Prospect, Volume 14, Issue 7 (July-August 2003), 35.
Fitzgerald, David. "Nationality and Migration in Modern Mexico." Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Volume 31, Issue 1 (2005), 171.
Greider, William. One World, Ready or Not. New york: Simon and Schuster, 1997.
Baker, S., G. Smith, & E. Weiner.
The Effects of Poverty:Mexican Immigrants Living in America for the First Time
According to an article in the Chicago Tribune in August of 2002, at the end of the summer of 2001 one of the Bush administration's major initiatives was amnesty for Mexican illegal immigrants in the United States. The presidents of America and Mexico seemed all but in love, and borders appeared about to dissolve. A year later, at the time the article went to print, it was just after the shock of September 112. The war on terrorism was happening so the question was where did the mammoth Mexican immigration to the United States stand? Also being addressed was the issue of how Americans understood the character and threat of such an unprecedented new invasion by Mexican immigrants?
According to the Center of Immigration eforms, in the absence of far more direct immigration controls than ever,…
Rodriguez, Luis. Always Running. Salem Press. 1998
Lerner, Andrew. Poverty and Disillusionment Await Los Angeles Immigrant Children. UCLA Journal of Sociology. Janury 2003.
Geyer, Anne. U.S. Border Control. Universal Press syndicates. Chicago Tribune. 2002.
After the era of Avila Camacho ended in 1946, the spirit of revolution still held the country of Mexico enraptured. While it transformed its citizenry from pragmatic public agents to denizens of great hope, it also lent legitimacy to the governments in place until 1970. By the time they stalled in a frozen revolution, the "Mexican Miracle" of 1940-1968, the legacy of the now governmentally-installed revolution manifested itself in the independence witnessed after 1940. At that point, the new paradigm for leadership pushed for the nation's industrialization, fostering growth among the working and middle classes. These social changes were manifested in Mexico's economics, social fabric, and reputation.
During the time of the "Mexican Miracle," urban bourgeoisie came into such capital that they were able to, for the first time independently, link with foreign investments and markets became a reality, and so by 1960 Mexico was once again as…
Hellman, Judith Adler. Mexican Lives. New York: New Press, 1994.
Hellman, Judith Adler. Mexico in Crisis. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1983.
Wyman, Donald. Mexico's Economic Crisis: Challenges and Opportunities. San Diego: University of California Press, 1983.
Mexican-Americans' Perceptions of Culturally Competent Care:"
Peer Journal Review
One of the most important goals of any health care provider is insuring the highest level of safe and effective care for their patients. In previous years, the role of cultural influences on patient care, as well as on provider service, has been largely ignored.
Today, however, most researchers and health care workers fully recognize the immense influence culture can exert on the success, or the failure, of health care.
In response to this reality, Maria R. Warda's work, "Mexican-Americans' Perceptions of Culturally Competent Care," published in the Western Journal of Nursing Research, addresses the practical question of just what constitutes "culturally competent care," specifically as it relates to Mexican-Americans. In particular, Warda notes that the four main areas of cultural care as defined by "the ispanic literature on cultural care" (Warda, 2000, p. 203), are "family, spirituality, communication, and health…
Hughes, J. (1994) The Philosophy of Social Research. Essex, Longman.
Proctor, S. Linking philosophy and method In the research process: the case for realism. Nurse Researcher. 5, 4, 73-90.
Warda, Maria. R. Mexican-Americans' Perceptions of Culturally Competent Care. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 2000, 22(2), 203-224.
S. were Protestant and that 18% of them mostly converted from Catholicism (Weiss and Solis 2007). The Hispanic population increased by 28% from 2000 to 2005. The survey identified the reasons why Hispanics would not assimilate and integrate easily or smoothly into the non-Hispanic religious culture in the U.S. Many Hispanics have a different approach to religion. They are generally more devout than non-Hispanics. This attitude derives from a mystical experience and understanding of their faith. This faith, in turn, connects powerfully to their language and original customs. Their identity links more with the community than that of the Anglo-Saxon church of the U.S. The Pew study interviewed approximately 4,000 Hispanics nationwide. The broad differences between Hispanics and non-Hispanics in the practice of their religious faith in the U.S. included denominations, faith experience, choice of place of worship, and the use of the Spanish language. About 68% of Hispanic adults…
Althoff, Andrea. Migration and Transformation of Latino Religious Identities in the U.S.
Calvin College, 2007. Retrieved on March 7, 2008 at http://www.calvin.edu/henry/schedule/althoff.pdf
Dow, James W. The Growth of Protestant Religions in Mexico and Central America.
Oakland University, 2003. Retrieved on March 7, 2008 at http://personalwebs.oakland.edu/~dow/personal/papers/meso/sssr_2003/e_connected.pdf
Unlike the transatlantic slave trade, they are not being recruited to work in any specific geographical area or any clearly defined industry or economy. True, many of the women are sold as prostitutes or concubines, and the children as labourers, but there are relatively few established and stable routes and markets. hile the transatlantic slave trade was legal and carried on as a form of legitimate commerce, the modern slave trade is illegal. Records of these underground business transactions are largely hidden from public view; so are the human beings who are bought and sold in this twenty-first-century slave trafficking. The pervasiveness and the relatively invisible nature of this illegal trafficking make it difficult to define and develop a strategy for abolishing it.
Actions of Mexico:
As this work has previously stated there are several innate problems associated with ideology surrounding prostitution, as well as illegal immigration with…
Andrews, Sara K. "U.S. Domestic Prosecution of the American International Sex Tourist: Efforts to Protect Children from Sexual Exploitation." Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 94.2 (2004): 415.
Barr, Juliana. "Captives and Cousins: Slavery, Kinship, and Community in the Southwest Borderlands." Journal of Southern History 70.3 (2004): 639.
Dodson, Howard. "Slavery in the Twenty-First Century." UN Chronicle Sept.-Nov. 2005: 28.
Eldridge, Philip J. The Politics of Human Rights in Southeast Asia. London: Routledge, 2002.
a) Luz Maria Gordillo wrote Mexican Women and the Other Side of Immigration because the stories of women are often excluded in analyses of immigration. The focus of this book is on 20th century cross-border narratives, and touches upon issues of race, class, gender, sexuality, and identity. The author's focus is 20th century cross-border experiences.
The book is not for or against anyone. However, the author argues in favor of a more balanced historiography and approach to the immigration issue, and urges a more compassionate view of immigration as well. The author does champion the rights of women.
b) After the introduction to the topic, Gordillo divides Mexican Women and the Other Side of Immigration into four main chapters: "La Fiesta de los Ausentes," "Transnational Sexualities," "The Politics of Movement," and "Transnational Identities and Citizenship." In the introduction, the author addresses the core focus of the book, which…
As a reader, the setting descriptions that the author used created an atmosphere of being "present" during the war. he maps used have helped the reader follow the warriors and deal with the facts surrounding the U.S. war with Mexico. he book really represents its era, as it is today, when it comes to the political and military problems and the relationship of the two countries.
he denouement of the plot happened, when at last, the reaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed on February 2, 1848 by American diplomat Nicholas rist. he United States was given undisputed control of exas and established the U.S.-Mexican border of the Rio Grande River. he present-day states of California, Nevada, Utah and parts of Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and Wyoming were ceded to the United States. Mexico received $15,000,000 which is less than half the amount the United States had attempted to offer Mexico…
The denouement of the plot happened, when at last, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed on February 2, 1848 by American diplomat Nicholas Trist. The United States was given undisputed control of Texas and established the U.S.-Mexican border of the Rio Grande River. The present-day states of California, Nevada, Utah and parts of Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and Wyoming were ceded to the United States. Mexico received $15,000,000 which is less than half the amount the United States had attempted to offer Mexico before the war had begun. The $3.25 million debts that the Mexican government owed to the United States citizens were also assumed by the United States.
What if the United States did not colonize Mexico, would there be another nation to take charge? As Mexico has gained its independence as a republic in the years after 1836, it established diplomatic ties with Britain, France, and the United States. Nearly during those years, there was an existing political dispute between the United States and Britain over the Oregon territorial boundary. Although the United States has succeeded on conquering almost 40% of its territory, not all of the Americans were in favor of what had happened. One of the country's great men, then Lieutenant Ulysses Grant, who became the 18th President of the United States, also served in the Mexican-American War (1846-1848) under Generals Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott. He was a genius and keen observer of the war as he has learned to judge the actions of colonels and generals. As written on his memoirs, he admitted that the war against Mexico was one of the most unjust ever waged by a stronger against a weaker nation. This was just a clear indication that, aside from the citizens' belief on the Manifest Destiny, considering the territorial dispute with another super power nation (Britain), the United States did the conquest primarily because of concerns that Britain might also attempt to occupy the area.
As you have finished reading the book, your thinking will be greatly influenced by the central idea of the book - the motives of each belligerent party; how they stood for what they believe and ought to achieve; the call for personal agenda; and the discovery of unsung injustice. This is somewhat a call from the author, as he stated in the introduction that this time should not be "relegated to the attic of memory."
Unequivocally, the most important results of the Mexican War and the Mexican Cession on the United States were the expansion of territory provided to the fledgling nation. This expansion of territory was well aligned with the notion of Manifest Destiny, or the inherent belief that the entirety of the western portion of the North American continent rightfully belonged to the new nation (regardless of the fact that large parts of it were occupied by Mexico). resident olk was one of the many who supported this view (Sang-Rae, 2011, p. 97).
erhaps the most tangible piece of evidence to support the above thesis is the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which capped the war the Mexican-American War that spanned from 1846-1848 (Dawson III, 2006, p. 253). This treaty was singularly responsible for the annexation of Texas and the demarcation of its border (the southern part of…
Porterfield, J. (2006). The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, 1848: A primary source examination of the treaty that ended the Mexican-American war. Library Media Connection. 25(1): 81.
Salvucci, R.J. (2009). Santa Ana never had an iPhone: some thoughts on the price of peace and the financial misfortunes of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. Journal of the Historical Society. 9(1): 67-86.
Sang-Rae, L. (2011). Rethinking the Mexican-American War and Mexico's historical interpretations. Asian Journal of Latin American Studies. 24(3): 97-119.
S. democracy. In 1998, the Center for the Study of Latino Health and Culture at UCLA convened several middle-aged Latinos to discuss the Latino society in California while they were growing up. Born in the 1940s and 1950s, they remembered a much more segregated and exclusionary society than the one today, and the hurt remains: They described growing up in a situation in which being Latino was simply not validated. "Back then [1950s]... who cares? You're just a Mexican, you're a 'beaner,' you know, you're a 'greaser'" (Hayes-Bautista, 2004, p. 14).
The Mexicans born after the war had a very different experience than their parents and grandparents. The children of the postwar era were mostly children of U.S.-born Mexicans and grew up in barrios populated almost completely by the U.S.-born residents (Hayes-Bautista, 2004, p. 19)
Much did not change for the Mexicans from the 1940s to 1960s, with discrimination and…
Hayes-Bautista, David E. Latinos in the Golden State. Berkley: University of California Press, 2004.
Kowalski, Kathiann. Life in the Barrio. Cobblestone (2004) 25.5.
Menchaca, Martha. Mexican Outsiders. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2004.
Moore, Shirley Ann Wilson. We feel the want of protection: The politics of law and race in California, 1848-1878. California History (2003) 81:3-4, 96(31).
In San Antonio, where people of Mexican descent are the majority, there are many more activities that are geared to their culture and lifestyle. However, there are also large disparities in what is considered Mexican and what is not. Some people do follow stereotypes, and others are completely different from what a person not familiar with Mexican culture would consider "typical" for people of that ethnicity. Overall, Mexican people are hardworking and desirous of seeking a better life for themselves and their families. This is evidenced by the large numbers of them who come to the United States, both legally and illegally, in search of better conditions and the opportunity to make a living (Fisher, 1996). They do have cultural and lifestyle beliefs that are somewhat different from what is commonly seen for those who do not share their culture, and because of that marketers have to spend time learning…
American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. (2008). San Antonio city, Texas - ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates: 2006 -- 2008. Factfinder.census.gov.
Fisher, L.F. (1996). Saving San Antonio: The precarious preservation of a heritage. Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press.
San Antonio (city), Texas. (2012). State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau.
Economic Problems Faced by Mexican Immigrants
Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free... " (Lazarus) this excerpt from the inscription found on the statue of liberty represents the idealized version of American immigration. The reality of immigration for many foreign nationals, especially those from Mexico, is a completely different story. For most Mexican immigrants the road to the "American Dream" is an uphill climb, paved with economic, social, and linguistic (language) barriers.
Luis Rodriguez, the author of Always Running is no stranger to the reality of the American dream. His father, Poncho Rodriguez, immigrated to America from Mexico looking for a better life for his family. In America Poncho thought he could offer his children a life filled with dignity, hope, and promise. Instead, what Poncho found was a country filled with prejudice, economic ceilings (based on ethnicity), and poverty.
Camarota, Stephen A. "Labor Market Characteristics of Mexican Immigrants in the United States." Immigration from Mexico Assesing the Impact on the United States. 2001. Center for Immigration Studies. 3 June 2003. http://www.cis.org/articles/2001/mexico/labor.html
Camarota, Stephen A. "Poverty and Income." Immigration from Mexico Assesing the Impact on the United States. 2001. Center for Immigration Studies. 3 June 2003. http://www.cis.org/articles/2001/mexico/poverty.html
Le, CN. "The Model Minority." Asian Nation the Landscape of Asian America. 2001. 3 June 2003. http://www.asian-nation.org/model_minority.shtml
Rodriguez, Luis. Always Running La Vida Loca: Gnag Days in L.A.. New York: Shimon & Shuster, 1993.
Women in Mexican Media
It is all too easy to dismiss the importance of the press because so much of it is unimportant. There are endless videos of car chases on local news programs. Skinheads throwing chairs at the hosts of what are putatively news programs. Endless stories of alien kidnapping in the tabloids. And all-too-frequent blurrings between advertising policy and editorial content.
But the news is, of course, more than this. Or at least it can be. No democratic nation can be run without a free press because no society can be run without giving more power to some people than to others. Without a free press to ensure that those with substantial amounts of power are not being corrupted by it is to have watchdogs alert to what they are doing. This is the role that the press serves, as a proxy for the people.
Most citizens have…
Gans, H. (1979). Deciding what's news. New York: Vintage.
Govines, Valeria. (2003). Interview. http://www.csmonitor.com/2003/0218/p01s03-woam.html
Shaw, David. (2003). Interview.
Cultural and racial diversity are characteristics that permeate our society. The cultural differences that are present in people from different backgrounds have an impact on nearly every aspect of life. The field of psychology and the manner in which psychological treatment is delivered is profoundly affected by the cultural background of the client. The purpose of this discussion is to analyze and synthesize current or recent Literature looking at the psychology of diversity focusing on Mexican-Americans and acculturation, looking at the family and issues in the family with marital status, issues with children, and work issues.
Importance of acculturation
Acculturation is an issue that permeates many different disciplines and the manner in which these disciplines are practiced. According to Rudmin (2003)
"Acculturation comprehends those phenomena which result when groups of individuals having different cultures come into continuous first-hand contact, with subsequent changes in the original culture patterns of either…
Capps, R.C. Bronte-Tinkew, J., and Horowitz, A. (2010). Acculturation and Father Engagement with Infants Among Chinese and Mexican origin Immigrant Fathers. Fathering: A Journal of Theory, Research, & Practice about Men as Fathers, 8(1): 61-92
Carranza, F.D., Sukkyung Y., Chhuon, V., Hudley C. (2009) Mexican-American Adolescents Academic Acievement and Aspirations: The Role of Perceived Parental Educational Involvement, Acculturation and Self-Esteem. Adolescence, 44(174): 313-333
Grzywacz, J.G., Rao, P., Gentry, A., Thomas A., Marin, A. (2009) Acculturation and Conflict in Mexican Immigrants' Intimate Partnerships: The Role of Women's Labor Force Participation. Violence Against Women, 15 (10): 1194-1212
Hancock T., Siu K. (2009) A culturally sensitive intervention with domestically violent Latino immigrant men. Journal of Family Violence. 24 (1): 123 -- 132
The term "manifest destiny" was coined by John L. O'Sullivan during the administration of President James Knox Polk in the middle of the 19th century. However, the concept of manifest destiny seemed to have guided the original settling of the European colonies in North America, with the accompanying sense of entitlement to the lands and people therein. Manifest destiny suggested that God ordained America to be special, and wanted Americans to conquer and amass as much land as possible. Territorial acquisition became the cornerstone of American politics in the 19th century. Under President Polk, the boundaries of the United States stretched as far as they could possibly go, warranting war with a neighboring state: Mexico. Therefore, the events leading up to the Mexican War were directly linked to the overall concept of Manifest Destiny.
However, there were other precursors to the Mexican War. ebellions in California led to…
University of Virginia (2013). American president. Retrieved online: http://millercenter.org/president/polk/essays/biography/1
"War Fever and Antiwar Protests." Digital History. Retrieved online: http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/disp_textbook.cfm?smtID=2&psid=3266
Mex Am / Hispanic Am. Hlth Care
Sub- cultural Scholarly Paper: Hispanic-American Health
Due to the rising cost of health care and lack of communication and cultural attitudes towards health many Hispanics are faced with poor health, obesity, and in most cases serious illness. This paper provides insight into health concerns, dilemmas of the subculture, and the specifics revealed in the interview process as relates to the individual, the family and ultimately, the community and the culture's collective society.
Subcultural Scholarly Paper: Hispanic-American Health
The theoretical framework used to evaluate this subculture is Purnell's Model. This is a subculture study of Hispanic-Americans in relation to their lack of knowledge concerning their personal healthcare.
Description of Subculture:
One way to address the challenges of providing health care to differing cultures is through advances in the development of competence among cultural providers in the healthcare field as per the minority which…
Basiotis, P.P., Carlson, A., Gerrior, S.A., Juan, W., and Lino, M. (2004). "The Healthy Eating Index, 1999-2000: Charting Dietary Patterns of Americans." Family Economics and Nutrition Review, Vol. 16, Number 1, p. 39.
"Healthy People 2010: Objectives Draft for Public Comment." National Alliance for Hispanic Health. Available: http://www.hispanichealth.org/pdf/hp2010.pdf Accessed November 27, 2004.
'Hispanic Health Data." (n.a.) National Council of La Raza. Available: http://www.nclr.org/content/programs/detail/25670 . Accessed November 27, 2004.
National Alliance for Hispanic Health. Available: www.hispanichealth.org. Accessed November
Plant in Mexico
GM501-xx (xx = section #)
Management Theories and Practice II
Introduction (Summary of the Case)
This case study looks at the need for American management in Mexico and the benefits and obstacles to such a working relationship. More contemporary and dynamic management is needed in Mexico for the most part and many firms desire it strongly. Many of the most successful companies still understand that the maquiladora industry needs to be able to step up its level of production so that it can compete on a more versatile level that can play a more rigorous hand within the world market and with what can be constructed within the U.S. There needs to be more of a general perspective of American managers acting as ambassadors of goodwill. There needs to be a more heightened sense of responsibility in this light.
Major Issue (What and Why and How)…
De Forest, M.E. (1994). Thinking of a Plant in Mexico? Academy of Management Executive.
The Story of Mexico:
Comparing Two Views on the Meaning of Mexican Independence
Modern Mexico is a collection of charming traditions, a still-burgeoning culture, a very rich history, an ever-flourishing social strata and a growing political and economic influence in the Americas. In other words, modern Mexico is a country on the verge of many successes. Yet, just as any other nation on its way to becoming a world power, Mexico has, still, many obstacles to overcome. These range from aiding the poor thorough networks of social services and thereby minimizing income inequalities, quelling drug-related violence in its northern provinces, quenching corruption throughout the nation, and implementing other related reforms for the future benefit of the country. hile it is true that Mexico has numerous challenges to undertake, the country has always been successful at overcoming even the harshest tests. This paper will undertake a discussion of how…
Krauze, E. (1997). Mexico: Biography of Power (Insurgent Priests). (New York: Harper Collins).
No Author. (2010). "Independence." Mexico 2010 (Bicentennial Website). Retrieved February 2, 2012, .
Marry a Mexican, " highlighting underlining things essay. e talked patterns follow class: animal images, food images, religious images, discussion race color.
Point: The narrator Clemencia has been scarred by her previous relationships with men and the image of men given to her by her mother.
Evidence: Clemencia says: "I'll never marry…Mexican men, forget it…For a long time the men clearing off the tables or chopping meat behind the butcher counter or driving the bus I road to school today, those weren't men. Not men I considered potential lovers. ..I never saw them…my mother did this to me" (Cisneros 69).
Explanation: Clemencia's feelings about Mexican men, although she is Mexican herself, have their roots in both class-based and personal prejudice -- American society relegates Mexicans to largely subservient positions but she has also witnessed the gender-based prejudices within Mexican culture directed at her mother.
Point: There are invisible class differences…
Cisneros, Sandra. "Never marry a Mexican." Full text available:
http://www-classic.uni-graz.at/bibwww/summerschool/reader/CSAS/texts/Mod2_Heide_170709_SandraCisnerosNeverMarry.pdf [3 Nov 2013]
Because Chavez also deployed faith and prayer in achieving his goal, he was able to fuse the Christian religion that was so important to the farm workers into a vital element of the Chicano movement in a way that advanced rather than impeded its political struggles.
Part 3, entitled "Taking Back the Schools," brings an urban dimension to the struggle for Chicano rights. The high drop out rate, crumbling buildings, lack of Mexican-American teachers all mobilized Latino and Latina students to walk out of their schools in 1968. They demanded better conditions under which to realize their education, and although not all of the urban ills were addressed by their collective action, this act provides an important reminder of the ability of young people in urban circumstances to use their anger for political rather than self-destructive means.
Part 4, "Fighting for Political Power," concludes the book. It describes the creation…
Rosales, Franciso Arturo. Chicano! The History of the Mexican-American Civil Rights Movement. New York, 1996
conservation of the Mexican gray wolf. It highlights the time line as well as the events in the course of the exercise. The paper outline steps taken by the United States Fish and ildlife Service in the implementation of the recovery plan as well as the outcome.
The Mexican Gray olf
The Mexican gray wolf had not been seen in the southwestern mountains of the United States for more than 30 years until their reintroduction (Desert USA). The reintroduction of this animal species gave them a second chance as a protection measure led by the United States Fish and ildlife Service, under the Endangered Species Act (Cosmosmith).
The Mexican gray wolf is a rare and a small animal with genetically distinct features compared to other wolves in North America (Smith). This animal once dominated the vast southwestern part of the United States including Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and Mexico.Over the…
Defenders of Wildlife . "Mexican gray wolf." 2012. www.defenders.org. 16 April 2012.
Cosmosmith. "The Mexican Gray Wolf." 1999. www.cosmosmith.com. 16 April 2012.
Desert USA. "Mexican Gray Wolf." 2012. www.desertusa.com. 16 April 2012.
McKinnon, Shaun. "Gray wolf numbers up, still below goal." 03 February 2012. www.azcentral.com. 16 April 2012.
S. And Mexico as this political issue binds them on common ground, creating the synchronic relationship between them. Mexico must do more to create jobs and economic growth to keep her young people at home, because the implications of emigration on both countries are staggering. Hispanics are now the fastest growing minority in the country, and most of them have come from Mexico. These emigrants are taxing the social systems of the country, especially in order States like California and Texas, and Mexico is losing an entire generation of young men, which can only cripple the country in the long run. Mexico is a land of poor people, and the government must work to create better living conditions, better jobs, and a vibrant economy to turn the country and the people around.
Author not Available. (2005). Zapatista Delegates. Retrieved from the Zapatistas.net Web site: http://zapatistas.net/comandantes/22 July 2005.
Author not Available. (2005). Zapatista Delegates. Retrieved from the Zapatistas.net Web site: http://zapatistas.net/comandantes/22 July 2005.
Mahler, Gregory S. (2003). Comparative Politics: An Institutional and Cross-National Approach. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Tese women endured extreme ardsips in order to fulfill teir roles. Tey often ad to live in almost starvation level circumstances, since most of te food ad to be given to te battle ready individuals. Often tey would toil for ours to find food, dig roots, and oter metods to see te fruits of teir labor be provided te figting men. Tey endured te malnutrition as well as miserable living conditions in order to provide sustenance for te group. Many times tey even endured cildbearing under inospitable surroundings (Soto, 44). As nurses, tey ealed te wounded and endured te contamination of dangerous diseases as well as nursed back to ealt many of te fallen men during te Revolution. Many of tem suffered severe infections and diseases as a result of contact wit te sick, many primary records reveal tat anywere from ten to twenty percent of te soldaderas contracted serious…
http://www.mexconnect.com/MEX/austin/revolution.html [Online] 1996.
Tuck, Jim. Poncho Villa and John Reed: Two Faces of Romantic Revolution. Tucson, Arizona. The University of Arizona Press, 1984.
Resendez-Fuentes, Andres. "Battleground Women: Soldaderas and Female Soldiers in the Mexican Revolution." Americas: A Quarterly Review of Inter-American Cultural History. 1995. 52(4): 525-553.
Chicano/Mexican Culture History In the United States: Conflict and Assimilation in the Contemporary American Society
American society is described by many historians and social scientists to be a "melting pot" of cultures, and pseudo-societies of people with different races and nationalities. This is because throughout the years that America had been established as a stable political and economic society, a sudden influx of migration occurred, resulting to the arrival of numerous displaced people from all over the world. The surge in immigration in the United States are caused by the two world wars, which happened in during the early 1920s (World War I) and 1940s (World War II).
In effect, there has been immigration of German Jews, Asian nationals, and even the country's nearest neighbors, Spanish-speaking nationals from Central and South America. Among these Spanish-speaking nationals were the Mexicans, who were forced to leave their country to find better opportunities…
Douglas, M. (1990). Thrown among strangers: The Making of Mexican culture in frontier California. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Saldivar, J. (1997). Border Matters: Remapping American Cultural Studies. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Salvador, R. (2003). Are Chicanos the same as Mexicans? Iowa State University. Available at http://www.public.iastate.edu/~rjsalvad/scmfaq/chicano.html.
Tatum, C. (2001). Chicano Popular Culture. University of Arizona Press. Available at http://www.uapress.arizona.edu/samples/sam1406.htm .
Move Frida and the Mexican Culture in hich She Lived
Julie Taymor's "Frida" is (in addition to a biography of the Mexican painter Frida Kahlo) a motion picture offering insight in Mexican culture and of the Central American society in general. The movie depicts the life of Frida Kahlo and how it was influenced by the fact that she was Mexican. The action in the script is contributed by characteristic Latin music in creating a perfect image of Mexico. Frida's tumultuous life along with the eclectic cinematic formulas succeeds in making the movie a hallmark of Mexican culture.
The movie displays Mexico in the first half of the twentieth century in an accurate manner. From the very first scene, when the camera pans on a typical Mexican garden, the public is without doubt expected to relate to a Mexican way of life. The animals and the vegetation are all characteristic…
1. Nevins, Joseph Operation Gatekeeper: The Rise of the "Illegal Alien" and the Making of the U.S.-Mexico Boundary (New York: Routledge, 2002).
2. Frida. Dir. Julie Taymor. Miramax Films, 2002.
3. "FRIDA KAHLO: PUBLIC IMAGE, PRIVATE LIFE A SELECTION OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND LETTERS at NMWA July 6, 2007 -- October 14, 2007." Retrieved June 30, 2010, from the National Museum of Women in Arts Web site: http://www.nmwa.org/news/news.asp?newsid=280
African-American and Mexican-American
Civil Rights in Texas
This essay discusses African-American and Mexican-American civil rights in Texas. The goal is to discover what some of the key events was in each the African-American and the Mexican-American battles for their group's civil rights. The secondary objective is to see how these movements resembled each other and how they differed from one another and if one was more effective than the other. As the United States and its individual states like Texas become more racially diverse, all new criteria will arise that may be more closely linked to India's caste system than to what we understand and take for granted here in the United States. Economic barriers and not racial barriers are gradually becoming the underlying motivator of the civil rights movement. In other words, being black or Mexican will not matter in regard to civil rights. If the respective…
Arnoldo De Leon. (1982). "The Tejano Community, 1836-1900." Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.
Alwyn Barr (1973). "Black Texans: A History of Negroes in Texas, 1528-1971." Austin: Jenkins.
Michael L. Gillette. (1978). "The Rise of the NAACP in Texas." Southwestern Historical Quarterly. 81, April.
David Montejano (1987). "Anglos and Mexicans in the Making of Texas, 1836-1986." Austin: University of Texas Press.
Gender in Mexican Intellectual History
Juana Inez Ramirez de Asbaje, also known as Juana Ines de la Cruz, was an amazing woman in both Latin American and world history. Here was a woman writing in the 17th century who was willing to discuss the sexual practices of the males around her and to criticize them. Being a nun, this was even more out of the ordinary and makes Asbaje an even more extraordinary figure. In the 1600s, a woman's place was at the home either as a servant or as a bearer of children to a proper husband. It was not proper for a female to be educated or to think. For many women who were born with an untimely and unfortunate intellect, the only venue for them to learn was by entering the church. In her "Response to Sor Filotea," she states that as a young girl, Asbaje asked…
De Cruz, Juana, and Alan S. Trueblood. A Sor Juana Anthology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP,
Economic and Professional Performance
This is a paper that explores the economic and professional performance of Mexican-American and Chinese-Americans.
There are six references used for this paper.
The United States is a country rich in diversity. It is interesting to look at Chinese-Americans and Mexican-Americans and determined their professional performance, as well as their economic performance.
Mexican-Americans are one of several groups which make up the Hispanic population in the United States, and are found mostly "in California, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Texas. Although there may be cultural differences, most Hispanics share North American values, including a desire for upward mobility (Coates)."
Many Mexican-Americans find their efforts to improve their economic condition challenged by their language skills and education levels. The majority of Mexican-Americans speak Spanish and understand little or no English. Education "is a serious problem, partly because many Mexican-American families are migrant workers who move…
Coates, Joseph F., Jennifer Jarratt and John B. Mahaffie. Future work. (effects of changing
Demographics, new technology, global economy, and new demands on workers).
The Futurist. (1991): 01 May.
Edgerton, Russell. A new case for accelerating minority educational advancement. (L. Scott
elics of the Mexican evolution
There are numerous facets of Mexican culture and civilization represented in the Mexican Teotihuacan monument. An analysis of these different elements indicates that some of the goals of the revolution are embedded within this particular work. It renders various members of Mexican society who have a critical impact on both Mexico's history as well as its future. In this regard, the monument is of immense important to Mexico, because it helps to illustrate some of that country's glorious past -- and alludes to the impact that past could have on both its present and its future.
It is critical to denote that some of the more stark representations of this monument are from Mexico's pre-Hispanic past. Numerous people, some of whom are Mexican, attribute Mexico's present existence to the work that the conquistadores pioneered in this area during their global colonial rampage. There are myriad…
Hearn, K. (2016). Who built the great city of Teotihuacan? http://science.nationalgeographic.com / Retrieved from
This test, embodied in Article 10 of the treaty, said that land grants would be considered valid to the extent that they were valid under Mexican law" (Ebright 29). According to Montoya (2002), although the treaty was ratified, the subsequent years were clouded by legal battles over quiet title to the lands involved because of the absence of Article X: "The process of defining property rights and ushering in market capitalism that had begun by issuing such a large land grant would continue under the U.S. legal and economic system. But for the next fifty years, charges of patronage, absentee landlordism, and unjust claims would cloud title to the land" (36).
The research showed that the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo concluded the U.S.-Mexican ar and gained the United States Upper California, Texas and New Mexico in exchange for a paltry $15,000,000 and some nebulous assurances that the U.S. would…
Black's Law Dictionary (6th Ed.). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1990.
Ebright, Malcolm. Land Grants and Lawsuits in Northern New Mexico. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1994.
Montoya, Maria E. Translating Property: The Maxwell Land Grant and the Conflict over Land in the American West, 1840-1900. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2002.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. (2007). Azteca Web Page. [Online]. Available: http://www.azteca.net/aztec/guadhida.html .
Cotton must be picked within a very narrow harvest time. If it is not harvested when the time is right much of the production will be lost. It was the intent of the workers to time the strike so that it would have the greatest impact on owners in hopes that it would force them to raise wages for workers. However, many of the owners did not see the migrant workers as American citizens and treated them much as slaves were treated in the old South. They used tear-gas, saw-off shotguns, and arrested workers that participated in the strike (Guerin-Gonzales, p. 121).
Schools were closed and children were used to make up for the lost workforce. They also recruited cotton pickers from Texas to fill the labor gap (Guerin-Gonzales, p. 128). These substitutions reduced the impact of the strike and many migrants lost their positions as a result. The strike…
Guerin-Gonzales, C. Mexican Workers and American Dreams: Immigration,
Repatriation, and California Farm Labor, 1900-1939. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, NJ. 1994.
Hamilton, N. Central American Migration: a Framework for Analysis. Latin American Research Review. Vol. 26. No. 1. 1991. pp. 75-94.
Sanchez, G. Becoming Mexican-American: Ethnicity, Culture, and Identity in Chicano Los Angeles, 1900-1945. Oxford University Press. New York.
Resentment toward Hispanics grew constantly from their arrival in New Mexico. Amerindians in the present day are also reluctant to accept Hispanic customs and their traditions have not changed much in the last centuries (Silverberg, 1970, p. 70).
Politics is a domain rarely dealt with by Native Americans in New Mexico, mostly because of the discrimination they risk facing as a result of joining politics in an Anglo-dominant government and because they are aware they have limited chances to occupy a high position in the state administration. The Civil Rights Division has approached this condition and emphasized that the state Administration should not act inequitable toward Native Americans who want to engage in performing politics (CASES RAISING CLAIMS UNDER SECTION 2 OF THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT). Mexican-Americans have a larger contribution to the New Mexico political scene, even with the fact that their authority is often oppressed by the government…
1. Blake, K. "Sacred and Secular Landscape Symbolism at Mount Taylor, New Mexico," Journal of the Southwest 41.4 (1999): 487.
2. Blanton, C.K. "George I. Sanchez, Ideology and Whiteness in the Making of the Mexican-American Civil Rights Movement, 1930-1960," Journal of Southern History 72.3 (2006).
3. Gomez, L.E. "Race, Colonialism, and Criminal Law: Mexicans and the American Criminal Justice System in Territorial New Mexico," Law & Society Review 34.4 (2000).
4. Griesbach, D."Resilience as Resistance: Representing Hispanic New Mexico to the Federal Writers' Project in Lou Sage Batchen's Placitas Stories," MELUS 32.1 (2007)
mistreatment of Mexicans in America, in addition, it portrays the treatment of Mexican women by their own society as mirroring the very discrimination and disrespect that they are treated with as a race. There were three sources used to complete this paper.
LITERATURE SHOS SOCIETY'S DEFECTS
Throughout history the authors of literature have used their works to educate readers about a serious societal problem as they foresee it. The treatment of Mexicans in this country is not always understood or brought to public light. There are three plays which do in fact depict the treatment of Mexican immigrants here in America and on a side note the plays display the discrimination shown to Mexican women by their own race. It is interesting to compare the plays and discover the very treatment they try and change they subject their women to.
hen one initially reads the plays: "Simply Maria" by Josefina…
Actos" by Luis Valdez
"Simply Maria" by Josefina Lopez,
Real Women have Curves" also by Josefina Lopez,
nature of U.S.-Mexican trade relations, it is difficult indeed not to think of the statement of Mexican President Porfirio Diaz at the turn of the last century, "Poor Mexico, so far from God, and so close to the United States." For Mexico does continue to seem to occupy a benighted position vis-a-vis its richer and more powerful neighbor to the north, a position that is in no small measure defined and continually recreated by the nature and mechanisms of international trade between the two nations. This paper examines the nature of the trade relations between the United States and Mexico in the light of several classical economics theories and models as well as in respect to recent developments in the wake of the 1992 signing of the NAFTA accord and the last decade's worth of increasing globalization.
Economic Theories and Models
We begin by discussing and summarizing some of the…
Danaher, K. & Burbach, R. (eds.) (2000). Globalize this!: The battle against The World Trade Organization. Los Angeles: Community Archives Publications.
Esty, D. (1994). Greening the GATT: Trade, environment, and the future. Washington DC: Institute for International Economics.
NAFTA and its affects on the Mexican foreign trade. The writer explores what NAFTA is and how it operates then outlines the way it impacts the Mexican foreign trade. There were six sources used to complete this paper.
NAFTA's Impact on Foreign Trade with Mexico
The North American Free Trade Agreement was put together in 1993 and provides agreed upon resolutions for its members when it comes to free trade boundaries and rules. The NAFTA allows its members to regulate things such as tariffs, import and export regulations and other issues that come up in the course of trade business between the nations. NAFTA had a positive impact on Mexico's free trade industry because it strengthened an already strong relationship between the United States and Mexico.
Several years before the NAFTA agreement went into place Mexico began working on its economic reforms to improve its trade business both locally and…
Bulmer, Victor; Craske, Nikki, Serrano, Monica. Mexico and the North American Free Trade Agreement: who will benefit?
Glick, Leslie, Alan. Understanding the North American Free Trade Agreement: legal and business consequences of NAFTA
The ancient Mexican region not only stands out as a mythological haven, but also as a culturally vibrant and technologically advanced civilization. Among the Mesoamerican civilizations, the Aztecs standout for their significant contributions in the fields of astronomy, medicine, and also for their bizarre ritualistic practices.
The Aztecs represent an important group of the Mesoamerican civilizations. They arrived from the north to the 'valley of Mexiaco' or what is currently the city of Mexico, during 1200 AD. Known as the 'Tenochca' or the 'Toltec' tribe, the Aztecs dominated the Mexican valley between the 14th and 15th centuries. Initially, confronted by the Culhuacans the Tenochcas had to flee the mainland and move towards the island. Under the command of Itzacoatl, the Tenochcas gained freedom and undertook the construction of the grand city of Tenochtitlan. As new regions in the valley of Mexico came under the Aztecs they also absorbed the…
1) Glenn Welker, " The Indigenous People," Accessed Oct 17th 2005,
Available at, http://www.indians.org/welker/aztec.htm
2) Richard Hooker, "The Mexica / Aztecs," Accessed on 17th Oct 2005,
Available at, http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/CIVAMRCA/AZTECS.htm
Newborn babies are given "a mile hallucinogenic drug, tsentsema" (84), in the form of an uncooked leaf from the tsentsema plant. The idea is to help the baby "see" an arutam soul, when the baby is under the influence of the tsentsema plant. The belief is that boys need them but girls don't, and boys are not born with an arutam, so they must obtain them along their growth pattern. The arutam is believed to give supernatural powers, and helps a person survive through the lifetime
Meanwhile, Daniel Steel writes in the journal Ethnohistory (Steel 1999) that technology has affected the Jivaro culture (albeit in a different way that technology has affected Mexico). In fact, the Jivaro have been known for their skills in warfare, which relates to their need to protect their communities and gardens from intruders who would do them harm. hile the violence against women in Ciudad…
Camacho, Alicia Schmidt. "Gender Violence and the Denationalization of Women's Rights in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico." CR: The New Centennial Review 5.1 (2005): 255-292.
Harner, Michael J. The Jivaro: People of the Secret Waterfalls. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972.
Livingston, Jessica. "Murder in Juarez." Frontiers: A Journal of Women's Studies 25.1 (2004):
Lopez, Ian F. Haney. "The Social Construction of Race: Some Observations on Illusion,
Before Anglos came to dominate the land, Cabeza de Baca portrays a kind of paradise-like environment, where even the sheepherders were like "musicians and poets" and "the troubadours of old," and every person had a story (Cabeza de Baca 11). This has been called a method of "preserving the culture" against the dominant discourse of Anglos: Cabeza de Baca, along with other writers of her generation are portrayed as trying to "get it [their culture] right" in an effort to transcend the overwhelming discourse of the Anglo "other" (Cabeza de Baca xx). Using Hispanic phrases and names, blurring historiography and biography, and the view of the past as a kind of lost "Eden" are all aspects of the authors 'agenda' (Cabeza de Baca xx). Cabeza de Baca deliberately uses English as a way of communicating with the Anglo reader and 'setting the record straight.'
Yet while Cabeza de Baca strives…
Cabeza de Baca, Fabiola. We fed them cactus. UNM Press, 1954.
As I have expanded my work efforts at the hospital, I have realized more and more that the human element in such relationships is irreplaceable. While technology may shape the future of the human race, only humanity can touch individual lives. Even the greatest advances in medical knowledge and techniques require similar progress in healthcare accessibility, better education about health issues, and strong doctor-patient relationships. Spending time watching the doctors and talking to patients convinced me that, in addition to my research in technology, I wanted to work directly with people who are in need of help.
I am excited to be back on my original path towards medicine, and am confident that my computer science skills will add much value as I research medical technology. My work at the hospital has shown me that there is much room for improvement in the medical industry, particularly when it comes to…
Juana Inez De La Cruz
The Achievements Of Sor Juana Inez De La Cruz
Considering the times in which she lived, Sor Juana Inez de la Cruz (1648 to 1695) achieved many amazing things that to this day are unrivaled in the annals of the Catholic Church and the history of Mexico, her native land. As the alleged illegitimate daughter of Dona Isabel Ramirez and Pedro Manuel de Asbaje, Inez de la Cruz as a child was very precocious and curious about all things in her environment which, by itself, is rather unexpected, due to being raised in the small and impoverished Mexican village of San Miguel, a place without schools or educational mentors except for the Catholic Church which, at the time, did not see much potential in educating a girl of her social stature.
As Geoffrey Kantaris points out, Inez de la Cruz learned "to read very early.…
Kantaris, Geoffrey. "Sor Juana Inez de la Cruz (1648-1695)." Our Word . org. Internet. Accessed August 30, 2005. http://ourword.org/node/70.
"Sor Juana." Answers.com. 2003. Internet. Accessed August 30, 2005. http://www.answers.com / topic/cruz-juana-in-s-de-la.
2005, the British publication, The Economist, published an article regarding immigration and the parties who benefit from it. At the time, a decade ago, Prime Minister Tony Blair failed in his attempt to rally support against illegal immigration throughout the European Union (EU). Countries across the continent experienced intense political division regarding this issue. Those who favored politics argued for illegal immigration to cease; those who prioritized economics supported immigration, legal or otherwise. The article explains that to ease tensions within the British government, Blair proposed official supporting of legal immigration and the intensification of stopping illegal immigration. Blair ensured that the administration and bureaucracy regarding legal immigration was streamlined. The article then proceeds to question which parties in society benefit from immigration and how.
Immigration, from the perspective of The Economist is an occurrence that should be calculated, regulated, and firmly enforced. The article questions who benefits from immigration;…
Hirschman, C. (2005). Immigration and the American Century. Demography, 42(4), 595 -- 620.
The Economist. (2002). Britain: Who gains from immigration?; Immigration. The Economist, 363(8279), 30.
Student last name
intended to provide an overview of the individuals and movements who played important part in Chicano movement
Chicano movement is one of the most eminent chapters in the history of Mexican-Americans. The Chicano movement reflects a decade's long pursuit of Mexican-Americans for their rights. Although it has its roots in 1800s, the movement grew stronger in 1940s. In order to understand what Chicano movement really is, one needs to understand the past events leading to it. It is a common saying in Mexican-Americans that we did not crossed the borders, the border crossed us. There have been several treaties signed between Mexicans and Americans which provided a lot of benefits to Mexicans along with citizenship, however when the senate revised these treaties, all these leverages were removed depriving Mexicans of their lands and other properties. Then started the journey of Chicano Movement. There are various individuals and several movements who…
Chavez, E. (2002). "Mi Raza Primero!" (My People First!): Nationalism, Identity, and Insurgency in the Chicano Movement in Los Angeles, 1966-1978. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Gonzales, M.G.(2000). Mexicanos: A History of Mexicans in the United States. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
Rosales, F.A. (1997). Chicano! History of the Mexican-American Civil Rights Movement. Houston, TX: Arte Publico.
Lopez, I.F. (2004). Racism on Trial. Cambridge: Harvard University Press
Treatment of omen in Mexican Culture
The choices for women have, across both time and space, almost always been far more constrained than the choices of men. They have in fact all too often been reduced to a single pair of opposing choices: The pure or the corrupt, the white or the black, the chaste or the sexual - the virgin or the whore.
Mexican culture is certainly not exempt from this tendency to place women on one side of this dichotomy or the other, but in the case of Mexican images of women this division of the female half of the population into the chaste, good woman and the terrible promiscuous one becomes complicated by issues of race (and racial purity), by the historical condition of colonization and post-colonization, by the partial displacement, partial incorporation of native belief systems by Catholicism.
These many complications and elaborations of this essential…
Diaz del Castillo, Bernal. Historia de Conquista de la Nueva Espana. Madrid: Espasa, 1997. http://www.findarticles.com/m2278/2_25/67532177/p1/article.jhtml http://gateway.library.uiuc.edu/mdx/malintzin.htm http://www.utexas.edu/students/cwiforum/issue1/malinche.html http://www.mexconnect.com/mex_/travel/slenchek/slmalinche.html
Paz, Octavio. The Labyrinth of Solitude. New York: Grove, 1985.
Rebolledo, Tey D, and Eliana Rivero. "Myths & Archetypes." Infinite Divisions: An anthology of Chicana Literature. Tucson: U. Of Arizona P, 1993.
However, over the years, history book publishers have not followed suit and described the soladeras in a positive way. For instance, one of Casaola's most well-known photos is of a harried soldadera in a train station. The photograph's saturated colors make the scene deeply emotional and compelling, with a feeling of urgency and dynamic motion. The spontaneity of the picture and transparency of reality provide an historical accuracy and high degree of precision. Yet, the caption of one history book, for example, relates how many of the soldaderas were forced to ride on the rooftops of the trains, instead of inside the wagons. Many of the women died early deaths when the train sped through dangerous ravines and cliffs. This was anything but a supportive interpretation of the photograph and not why Casola took the photographs.
On the other hand, Casola's photographs, especially this one in the train station, did…
Coerver, Don M.. Suzanne B. Pasztor and Robert Buffington. Mexico: an encyclopedia of contemporary culture and history Santa Barber, CA: ABC-Clio.
Fuentes, Andres. "Battleground Women: Soldaderas and Female Soldiers in the Mexican Revolution." The Americas 51 no. 4 (1995): 525-553.
King, Benjamin. "Iconography and Stereotype: Visual Memory of the Soldaderas" http://www.umich.edu/~historyj/pages_folder/articles/Iconography_and_Stereotype.pdf (Accessed May 3, 2010)
Macias, Anna. Against All Odds: The Feminist Movement in Mexico to 1940 Westport CT: Greenwood Press, 1982
Immigrating to America contains a unique set of circumstances that are individual to each person and their home country of origin. In an effort to better understand these migration patterns it is useful to analyze the specific cases of immigration. The purpose of this essay is to examine the policies regarding immigration on three different countries. The three countries in question are Mexico, China and India. The essay will compare and contrast each country as they are described. In these descriptions the essay will argue for reasons as to why citizens of these countries are motivated to immigrate to America. Also included in this analysis will be the reaction from the collective forces of America and the specific impact that each country's immigrants create and sustain. Finally, a brief overview of how immigration effects the economy of the hosting America and whether it is necessary to enforce or create new…
Lahiri, Tripti. "Q&A: Why the U.S. Needs Indian Immigrants." Wall Street Journal. 29 Oct 2012: n. page. Web. 31 Mar. 2013. .
Preston, Julia. "Mexican Immigration to U.S. Slowed Significantly, Report Says. The New York Times, 23 April 2012, Web. 31 Mar 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/24/us/mexican-immigration-to-united-states - slows.html?_r=0
Terrazas, Aaron. "Chinese Immigrants in the United Sates." Migration Information Source. Migration Policy Institute, n.d. Web. 31 Mar 2013. .
narrative analysis of historical content, themes, patterns, and events related to "race and empire in U.S. History. For this reason, six books have been considered. The paper will cover the narrative analysis of historical content related to race and empire in U.S. History, summary of the chronological themes, and the strengths and weaknesses for each book.
Manifest destinies: the making of the Mexican-American race
The key to the approach of Gomez is the thought that Mexican-Americans do not from ethnicity, in fact a race. The difference lies in societal construction. Rather than having inborn worth, race is history reliant and given meaning by social processes, institutions, and persons. In the view of Gomez, the identity of Mexican-American is a result of social attitudes and legal definitions during the era, after the war between U.S. And Mexico. In fact, for Mexicans, there was no proper racial model[footnoteRef:1]. [1: Gomez,…
8. Hardy, T.J.. Race as an Aspect of the U.S.-Australian Alliance in World War II. (Diplomatic History, 2013)
9. Mora, A.P.. Jose Angel Hernandez. Mexican-American Colonization during the Nineteenth Century: A History of the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands. (The American Historical Review, 118(3), 818-819., 2013)
10. Guyotte, R.L., & Posadas, B.M.. Filipinos and Filipino Americans, 1870 -- 1940. Immigrants in American History: Arrival, Adaptation, and Integration, 347, 2013
American tourism in Mexico provides a window into understanding U.S.-Mexico relations. By promoting tourism as a path to economic development, Mexico shows that it is still dependent on the U.S. This is the same U.S. that fought a war with Mexico, took land from Mexico (the southwest region of America), and still continues to treat Mexico with condescension (threats of building a wall, calling all immigrants rapists and murders, and knocking down the culture of Mexicans). Yet, Mexicans should think that relying on Americans for tourism is a good thing? Instead of relying on the tourism industry for economic development, Mexico should be developing its industries. After all, the development of industry is what helped America create a strong economy. As Berger and Wood note: “tourism as a modern social practice first gained popularity with the advent of the railroad and steamship” (Berger & Wood, 2010, p. 2). Without…
History of Texas
questions, (2-3 sentences each question), one page.
Explain the Empresario system. hat is it? And what is the purpose of it?
After the successful Mexican ar of Independence liberated Mexico from Spanish rule in 1821, the 1824 Constitution of Mexico joined Texas with the state of Coahuila to form the new state of Tejas y Coahuila. In order to increase the population within this unsettled frontier, and protect it from roving bands of Indians and American encroachment, the fledgling government of the Mexican Republic instituted the Empresario system. This system authorized immigration anglo agents like Stephen F. Austin to relocate large groups of colonist families to the state in exchange for land grants and settlement rights. The Empresario system granted settlers a league of land for only $100, provided the newcomers adopt Mexican citizenship, learn the Spanish language, and convert to Catholicism.
How does the Mexican Secretary…
Haley, James L. Passionate Nation: The Epic History of Texas. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, Inc., 2006. Print.
Haynes, Sam Walter, Paterson, Thomas, & Wintz, Cary D Major Problems in Texas History: Documents and Essays. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company., 2002. Print
Hispanics Groups in the United States
While many people speak of the Hispanic population, there really is not a single Hispanic population in the United States. The term Hispanic generically refers to Spanish-speakers. Therefore, there is a wide variety in the Hispanic people one may find in the United States. Therefore, this paper will examine four different Hispanic groups, Mexican-Americans, Puerto icans, Cuban Americans, and South Americans. It will do so by looking at the linguistic, political, social, economic, religious, and familial conventions of these different cultures.
When many people think of Hispanics in the United States, they think of Mexican-Americans. This is because Mexican-Americans are the largest U.S. Hispanic group; in fact, the U.S. has the second-largest population of Mexicans, second only to Mexico. Mexican-Americans tend to be Spanish speakers, though they may actually speak a variety of Native American languages, depending on where in Mexico the person originated.…
Buffington, S. (2011). Cuban Americans. Retrieved September 30, 2011 from Countries and their Cultures website: http://www.everyculture.com/multi/Bu-Dr./Cuban-Americans.html
Camarota, S. (2007). Senate amnesty could strain welfare system. Retrieved September 30,
2011 from Center for Immigration Studies website: http://www.cis.org/articles/2007/welfarerelease.html
Pinon, F. (Unk.). Mexican-American politics. Retrieved September 30, 2011 from Cengage
Response from District Superintendent
How did the parents' letter make you feel? Be candid in your response.
How did I feel when reading this belligerent letter? My first impression after reading half way through the letter was, here is a member of (or an ideological believer in) the Tea Party and the school's multicultural programs give him a perfect opportunity to rage against immigration. Reading all the way through, and reading it a second time, it is apparent that the father has a chip on his shoulder because he served in combat missions and now that he is out of uniform he believes he has the right to rage against what he feels is too much attention paid to other cultures / subcultures in America.
He can say that he was in the service with others of different nationalities and ethnicities -- and therefore he can't…
Fram, A. (2010). Hispanics Face Most Discrimination In U.S. (Poll). Huff Post Politics.
Retrieved October 1, 2013, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com .
ISLLC Standards. (2008). ISLL standards that help define strong school leadership. Retrieved October 1, 2013, from http://www.schoolbriefing.com.
Merced County Public Schools (2010). Multicultural Education Plan. Retrieved October 1, 2013,
Politically, they are an extremely strong force in Florida politics, and they have gained the sympathy of many other Americans because of the strong anti-Cuban (i.e. Castro) sentiment in the country. Socially, many early Cuban American immigrants have assimilated into the country. They have higher college education rates than other Hispanics, and they have moved up the ladder to own businesses and join the middle class in many areas. Economically, they have a higher median family income than other Hispanic groups, they contribute to the American economy, (since most cannot send money back to Cuba), and they have transformed Miami into what some call "little Cuba." Cubans are also primarily Catholic and continue their beliefs after they immigrate, and they tend to maintain close family relationships with extended family members in close proximity, like other Hispanic groups. What is different is that there can be decided differences between early Cuban…
Hayes-Bautista, D.E. (2004). La Nueva California: Latinos in the Golden State. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Lassiter, S.M. (1998). Cultures of color in America: A guide to family, religion, and health.
Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group.
Admittedly, these two teams were faced with a daunting challenge in acquiring and interpreting those works of art that were most appropriate for their exhibition goals, and interpretive efforts must use some framework in which to present the resources in a fashion that can be understood and appreciated by the targeted audiences.
Nevertheless, there is little or no discussion concerning the fusion of artistic styles in the two catalogs, with a preference for a neat and orderly, date by date, presentation of representative works that typify the points being made by the exhibition. Despite these shortcomings, both catalogs were shown to be authoritative references that were supported by relevant citations and imagery. Likewise, both catalogs provide useful overviews of the materials that are being presented preparatory to their interpretation, helping place the information in its historical context.
The research showed that interest and appreciation in colonial Latin American art…
Bailey, Gauvin Alexander. Introduction in Art of Colonial Latin America. New York: Phaidon
Paz, Octavio. Metropolitan Museum of Art: Mexico: Splendors of Thirty Centuries. Los Angeles: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Pierce, Donna, Gomar, Rogelio R. And Bargellini, Clara. Painting a New World: Mexican Art
CUBAN CASE STUDY Mrs. Demetilla Hernandez a 63-year- Cuban woman seeks consultation Liberty health-maintenance organization (HMO) clinic weakness, lethargy, fatigue experienced 2 months. A week ago, cooking dinner daughter, Mariana's house, momentarily lost balance slipped kitchen floor.
CUBAN CASE STUDY
As a health-care provider, what are the typical Cuban communication patterns you need to be aware of in dealing with Mrs. Hernandez?
Latino families are often multigenerational in their composition. As the grandmother, Mrs. Hernandez assumes control over the family meals. This is a very important part of her identity. ather than communicating directly, food is love and emotions and feelings are communicated through food.
Q2. Describe the traditional Cuban food patterns. How would you assist Mrs. Hernandez
in developing a plan for a 1500-calorie diet and regular exercise?
People who have grown up in poor, food-insecure settings often develop patterns of eating high-calorie, high-carbohydrate comfort foods and many Latino…
Ortiz, B. (et al. 2007). Complementary and alternative medicine use among Hispanics in the United States. The Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 41(6):994-1004.
Dura-Vila, Gloria, and Matthew Hodes. (2011). Cross-cultural study of idioms of distress among
Spanish nationals and Hispanic-American migrants: susto, nervios and ataque de nervios. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 1-11. Retrieved: http://www-ncbi-nlm-gov.proxy1.cl.msu.edu/pubmed/22270268 .
Pletcher puts forth the point that many wished to overtake Texas, for example, from Mexican control because of a certain level of hatred on the part of Americans for their neighbors south of the border. Perhaps, as well, there was a certain level of jealousy on the part of Americans for the extensive culture, lifestyle and tradition of the Mexican people, something which was not existent in any major way in the United States at that time.
It is said that history repeats itself, and in the connection between racism and early annexation, there is no exception. Pletcher is correct in his discussion of the very real possibility that the seeds of racism against Mexico that started so many years ago were something that was still alive and well in the 1970s. Also, this point is still emerging in the current events of today.
Southerners Seeking to Extend Slavery