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Early stardom and the culture that surrounds celebrity might have contributed most to Michael Jackson's biosocial, cognitive, and psychosocial development. At age five he began singing in a group with his brothers. At first, his father prohibited the Jackson children from leaving the house at might but they would sneak out to the neighbors to sing ("Michael Jackson"). Michael Jackson therefore developed an early dedication to success and professional development. Having stardom heaped upon him at a young age introduced Michael to a multitude of people that stimulated his psycho-social development and made up for the stern, almost isolationalist household in which he was raised.
Moreover, with fame came fortune, and having early influxes of money contributed to the superstar's cognitive development. Money imparted a sense of power and control over his life that he might not have experienced had he remained in Gary or followed in his father's blue…
'Michael Jackson." Wikipedia. < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Jackson >.
Diversity Critique of Michael Jackson
Jay Leno opened his Tonight Show monolog the other night by saying that the Santa Barbara Sheriff's office has a warrant out for this man and the camera showed a picture of Michael Jackson. The picture showed Jackson as we know him today -- long straight black hair, pale complexion and the famous Michael Jackson nose. Jay Leno then added, "Or this man." The camera panned onto another picture of Jackson where he had a completely different complexion and hair style - and a different nose. "Or this man," and a third photo was shown which portrayed Jackson completely different than the first two pictures. "Or this man," and a forth picture was shown. I have to admit, I laughed... Jay Leno stopped at four pictures but I knew he could have taken the joke even further.
This is a diversity critique about Michael Jackson.…
ALLMICHAELJACKSON.com. Ed. Unknown. 21 Nov. 03 http://www.allmichaeljackson.com/biography.html.
Britt, Donna. "Shielding Kids Should Come Before Reprisal." Washington Post [Washington, DC] 21 Nov. 03, Metro.
FLACCUS, GILLIAN. "Bitter Rivalry Between DA, Michael Jackson Reflected In Latest Case." AP Worldstream 21 Nov. 2003.
Marino, Nick. "POP NOTES: HIP-HOP'S RISE, MICHAEL'S DEMISE How Rap Hastened Michael Jackson's Decline, Long Before Latest Scandal." The Atlanta Journal and Constitution [Atlanta] 21 Nov. 03, Home, Features.
1984 saw the release of dolls modeled after Michael Jackson as well as the shooting of a Pepsi-Cola commercial along with the other members of the Jackson 5 at the Shrine Auditorium. He unfortunately suffered second degree burns to his scalp when his hair was accidently set on fire using pyrotechnics during a simulated concert. He underwent plastic surgery to hide the scars on his scalp and had his third rhinoplasty with the first being after breaking his nose while performing a complex dance routine in 1979 and therefore he required another one to repair the botched one that had made it difficult for him to breathe and in turn affected his career. He never completely recovered from his injury and Pepsi received an out of court settlement from the company worth 1.5 million dollars which he donated the Brotman Medical Center that set up a "Michael Jackson Burn Center"…
Americans have even been moved to call the document divinely inspired, in another irony, as Constitution gives the right to every American to worship as he or she chooses, free of state influences.
Kammen convincingly shows that how Americans feel about the Constitution is often very different from what lies within the document. In doing so, he encourages the reader to take a more critical view of his or her own conception of the Constitution and to question assumptions that we have somehow always known what the Founders envisioned. e are neglectful of our duties as citizens, says Kammen, if we do not read the Constitution in light of its cultural history and grow more reflexive and self-critical as a nation about the way we view it. The Constitution is malleable in our elected and unelected officials' hands and minds, and in our own collective mind as a culture.
Rosen, Jeffrey. PBS. "The first hundred years." The Supreme Court. 2007. December 30, 2009.
"Text of John Roberts' opening statement before the Senate Judiciary Committee." USA Today.
September 12, 2005. December 30, 2009.
A nearly 50-year-old man who cannot grow up and lives in "Neverland" is nearly as sad as the adults who feel they must regress to childhood with "whoooing" ghosts, witches, and goblins in their front yards for the month of October. This is not childhood revisited, it is adulthood resisted, and the only people it serves are the merchandisers and merchants who gleefully look forward to the Halloween season as the beginning of an orgy of holiday spending. As author Elliot continues, "In time, infantile societies become degraded, unable to meet the realities that face them" (Elliot 86). Unfortunately, it is quite easy to see our own society degrading as it crawls further into childhood and less onward into adulthood. We have already seen the degradation of neighborhoods, families, and social life in much of our society, and our self-centered lifestyles geared to earning more money to buy more "Stuff"…
Elliot, Michael. "Boo, Humbug!" Time Magazine. 27 Oct. 2003, p. 86.
Oedipus the King" by Sophocles, "The Lottery" by Shirley Jackson, and "My Papa's Waltz" by Theodore oethke. Specifically, it will interpret and illustrate how the theme of parents may be seen in these three pieces.
Each of these pieces concern the family, but not the normal family unit most people expect. Each of the parents in these three pieces obviously contributes to the lives of their children, but not necessarily in the positive ways most parents are expected to contribute to the growth and abilities of their progeny. Their children grow in spite of their parents, rather than because of them.
The child in "My Papa's Waltz" has fond memories of his father, as this passage shows. "We romped until the pans / Slid from the kitchen shelf;" (oethke 880). However, as with many childhood memories, these views are distorted. Clearly, the father in the piece is a drunkard, and…
Jackson, Shirley. "The Lottery." Work of the Scholars in Cyber English. 2000. 10 May 2004. http://mbhs.bergtraum.k12.ny.us/cybereng/shorts/lotry.html
Judd. "Review of Shirley Jackson's 'The Lottery.'" BrothersJudd.com. 2004. 10 May 2004. http://www.brothersjudd.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/reviews.detail/book_id/396/Lottery.htm
Nassaar, Christopher S. "Sophocles' 'Oedipus the King'." Explicator 55.4 (1997): 187-189.
Roethke, Theodore. "My Papa's Waltz." The Bedford Introduction to Literature: Reading, Thinking, Writing, Sixth Edition. Ed. Michael Meyer. 880.
Portraits: Talking ith Artists at the Met, The Modern, The Louvre, And Elsewhere
Attempting to put art into words can be like trying to put that proverbial lightning in a bottle: art often seems to defy description, much as art critics attempt to do so. Even artists themselves often struggle with articulating the concepts behind their works. Various attempts over the years have been made to make art, particularly abstract modern art more intelligible, including trying to film the artist Jackson Pollock painting one of his famous 'drip' paintings from below the surface of a piece of glass. In the book Portraits: Talking with Artists at the Met, the Modern, the Louvre, and Elsewhere, the New York Times art critic Michael Kimmelman adopts a different technique and actually asks prominent modern artists to talk about art in front of paintings and photographs at various museums. Not only does he ask…
Kimmelman, Michael. Talking With Artists at the Met, the Modern, the Louvre and Elsewhere.
New York: Random House, 1998.
1970, backstage of ?The Ed Sullivan Show?, a kid was wondering around, waiting to perform on stage with his band when Ed Sullivan approached him and said "Never forget where your talent came from, that your talent is a gift from God." Like most people who have been given a special gift and are expected to use it for the benefit of others, the same was expected of the twelve years old and he lived up to the expectations. The boy was, and never stoped being, what I call, a sensitive. It seems to me that some people in the world are more susceptible to suffering than most of us, they see different and feel much more; they all appear to have in common a special affection for art, in which ever form: poets, painters, musicians, writers are all more or less sensitives. On June 25th 2009, on a Thursday,…
Cloud, John. "With a Dramatic Pause, the World Mourned the Death of a Brilliant but Troubling Idol." In Special Commemorative Edition Time. July 2009. Print.
Jackson, Jermaine. "My Brother Michael." Interview with Andrew Billen. The Times Magazine (2011): 44-49. Print.
Jackson, Michael. Moonwalk. New York: Harmony Books, 2009. Print.
Most people have had relationships that began with promise but ended badly. This is certainly the case with myself, and in my case, I can think of one popular song that always reminds me of the optimistic beginning and disastrous end of a certain relationship. This song is "Billie Jean," a well-known and bestselling single by the late Michael Jackson from his 1983 album Thriller -- which still ranks among the best-selling albums of all time. Many people will remember the slow and ominous chord progression of the song's opening, or the memorable video which introduced America to the "moonwalk," Jackson's signature dance move. What is most interesting to me is the way in which the song follows Knapp's classic ten stages of relational development. This is apparent from the song's opening, where the singer and a young woman meet as strangers in a social situation, in the…
People of the State of California v. Conrad obert Murray
The involuntary manslaughter trial of Michael Jackson's personal doctor, Conrad Murray, was in the news seemingly every day for months. Even though the trial has concluded and the world knows that Dr. Murray was found guilty, it is important to look at the court proceedings and how the evidence led the jury to that verdict. Dr. Murray administered a powerful drug called propofol - an anesthesia drug that is only supposed to be used in closely monitored hospital settings - to Michael Jackson to help him sleep.
The argument by the prosecution was that Dr. Murray did this even though he knew the dangers, and that he administered too much of the drug to Jackson, resulting in a fatal overdose. At that point, Murray did not act quickly enough in calling the paramedics and did not do enough to save…
Kepner v. United States, 195 U.S. 100 (1904).
Neubauer, D.W. & Fradella, H.F. (2010). America's courts and the criminal justice system, 10th ed. New York: Wadsworth.
People v. Broussard, 76 Cal.App.3d 193, 197 (1977).
There is a similar goal in the "Thriller," but with the annotation that Michael Jackson also aims to follow the story line and, at the same time, create sensations for the listeners. The musical piece is called "Thriller," so the music has to communicate a message that would occasionally intrigue, even frighten the listener. If one remembers the video clip, there is always that suspicion existing in the air. Since the video clip is not always available, these sensations need to be transmitted through the music.
When listening to Bach's piece, one has the feeling that his music is more universal and atemporal than Michael Jackson's music. One can listen today with the same pleasure to Bach's Brandenburg Concerto no.2 as to a musical piece that was not written 300 years ago, but rather only 25, as Thriller was. There is nothing tedious throughout the entire piece of the classical…
The Power of the Situation
Sam Sommers (2008) writes in an article entitled The Elusive Power of Daily Situations about an incident in which he broke a finger of each one of his hands and had to undergo a minor surgical operation that was necessary to ensure the healing process. He describes how this situation was altered for him by his anxiety over the various choices and complications that were part of this type of surgery, by the discomfort he felt wearing a flimsy hospital gown that he was unable to tie due to his broken fingers and being in an unfamiliar place, and by his embarrassment at the incident that resulted in the injury in the first place. Sommers relates this to the phenomena of the power of the daily situation as he writes "As we know from decades of research in social psychology, many of us…
Berger, P.L. And Luckmann, T. (1966) The Social Construction of Reality.
Biali, S. (2007) Was Michael Jackson a Highly Sensitive Person (HSP)? Are You? Retrieved on May 2, 2011 from http://www.psychologytoday.com / blog/prescriptions-life/200907/was-michael-jackson-highly-sensitive-personhsp-are-you.
Gleitman, Fridlund, and Reisberg. (2004) Personality. Psychology Today. 6th Ed. New York W.W. Norton and Co.
Markman, A. (2009) People, Situations, Attributions, and the Hollywood Movie. Retrieved on May 2, 2011 from
While it used to be primarily the face, the breasts and more visible parts of the body that people chose to have cosmetic surgery on, today they are taking things a step further. According to Davis (2002) one of the most popular "new sex surgeries" is the "designer vagina." These surgeries are supposed to improve the aesthetics of the vagina as well as make them 'tighter'.
Clearly, people are becoming bolder and surgeries are becoming more invasive. For many people, the effect these surgeries have on their relationships with their bodies is improved self-esteem and confidence. But for many others, it becomes just one part of an endless and futile attempt to attain perfection.
Davis, S.W. (2002, March 22) Loose lips sink ships, Feminist Studies
oyster, F. (2005, July 28) Hee hee: Michael Jackson and the transgendered erotics of…
Davis, S.W. (2002, March 22) Loose lips sink ships, Feminist Studies
Royster, F. (2005, July 28) Hee hee: Michael Jackson and the transgendered erotics of voice, National Sexuality Resource Center
Songs for win ower
For the United States, the events of September 11, 2001, and the post-9/11 developments arc full of historical drama. In he 9/11 Commission Report, the summary of the drama is stark: 'On September 11, the nation suffered the largest loss of life-2,973-- on its soil as a result of hostile attack in its history.' his description is usually accompanied by countless stories and mini- histories involving persons, families, workers. Citizens of the U.S. And of other nations too, near and far from New York and Washington, DC, found their comings and goings full of new meaning.
Union Square had become a public site for families and friends of the dead, grieving their losses or seeking the missing by posting photos, laments, poems, prayers. hey also scrawled their epithets of rage. he unity of work and remembrance, forged amid unfolding trauma, reminded me of the families of…
The late King of Pop also contributed to this catalog of songs we are reviewing today.
What More Can I Give was originally written to bring peace to the Korean Peninsula and the never-ending war-like crisis there. But the sudden intrusion of terror on September 11th threw a wrench at the project. Plans were quickly arranged for the urgent. On October 21st, 2001 Michael hosted United We Stand: What More Can I Give.
The benefit concert included the performance of "What More Can I Give." A song exclusively written and produced by Michael Jackson. And so he invited a total of 35 artists for an all-star tribute. Tom Petty, Carlos Santana, N'SYNC, were among many who attended. Including Ricky Martin, Celine Dion, Beyonce Knowles, Usher, Maria Carey, The Hanson's, and fragments of The Backstreet Boys, and Boyz to Men.
ating the News Sites
Following in a long line of sensational celebrity trials to captivate the collective attention of America, the prosecution of Dr. Conrad Murray for his negligence in the death of pop star Michael Jackson has captured the country's notice in recent months. Accordingly, the nation's major news outlets, including CNN.com, FOXNEWS.com and MSNBC.com, have all chosen to dedicate a large portion of their daily reporting to the dramatic Murray trial. By closely examining the coverage of these three news providers, in terms of presentational style, journalistic integrity and the presence of bias, it is possible to construct a rigorous review of the methodology employed by the country's largest news and media outlets. Due to the overriding ideological differences espoused by the respective management of the CNN, FOX News and MSNBC news corporations, the reporting and coverage they provide on a seemingly objective issue like the Murray trial…
CNN.com-Justice-Blogs-HeadLine News In Session. (2011, November 09). The death of michael jackson: Dr. conrad murray on trial [Web log message]. Retrieved from http://insession.blogs.cnn.com/category/conrad-murray/
Piazza, J. (2011, November 13). What will michael jackson's family do now that the trial is over?. Retrieved from http://www.foxnews.com/topics/conrad-murray-michael-jackson.htm
Rueters. (2011, November 11). Factbox: Charges, outcomes for conrad murray in jackson trial.
Retrieved from http://today.msnbc.msn.com/id/45148562#.TsBryIIZZ5g
Media in the Courtroom
High profile court cases, especially murder trials and celebrity cases are more likely to attract the national media than ordinary cases that usually of no interest beyond the local level. These are also the kinds of cases when the issue of TV cameras in the courtroom is most significant, and when judges have to give serious thought to handing down gag orders that block all public discussion of the case for the duration of the trial. In this era of Internet, Facebook, 24-hour cable news and YouTube, any events or statements in the court can easily become 'viral' and be seen instantly by millions of people around the world. For most of the 20th Century, recording devices and movie and TV cameras were not allowed in the courts, but only reports from the print media and drawings by sketch artists. This technology existed for many decades…
Ferguson, R. 2011. "Cameras in the Courtroom." The American Spectator.
Mesereau, T.A. 2011. "Effectively Handling High-Profile and Celebrity Cases." Los Angeles Lawyer, Survival Guide for New Attorneys in California, Fall 2011 Issue
Marketing success is almost always found in celebrity endorsements. We can take a look at Pepsi ads which have featured Madonna, Michael Jackson, Brittany Spears, and even Mike Tyson. Pepsi is known around the world, just as the celebrities whom are featured on the Pepsi commercials. In other words, in using the notoriety of celebrities, a corporation may be able to increase its market share into the pockets of consumers who are more familiar with the celebrity than the product. The celebrity thus is a bridge between the consumer and the product. But what happens when those celebrities are notorious for other things as well as their entertainment or sport talent? And why do the corporations continue to utilize these celebrities if these celebrities have been known to engage in improprieties or dubious activities?
Corporations have a business model that has multiple branches leading from three or four…
Dr. Conrad Murray was found liable in the death of Michael Jackson. Do you think Dr. Murray violated the physician/patient relationship? Why or why not?
Murray did not violate his physician-patient relationship with the pop king. It can be safe and reasonably assumed that he must have informed Michael thoroughly about the nature and consequences of the drugs he (Michael) sought and begged for. Interviews, reports and open court records reveal that there was full trust, implied as well as express, between them as it should be between a patient and his physician. It was unlikely that Michael would trust or hire a doctor whose credentials were not impeccable. And it would be just as unlikely for Dr. Murray to be careless or negligent in his duties to his celebrity patient and to his sworn oath. Drugs and other medications were strewn in Michael's room. Dr. Murray was bound to…
On the contrary, if I had been able to be a clergyman or an art dealer, then perhaps I should not have been fit for drawing and painting, and I should neither have resigned nor accepted my dismissal as such. I cannot stop drawing because I really have a draughtsman's fist, and I ask you, have I ever doubted or hesitated or wavered since the day I began to draw? (Van Gogh, Letter to Theo, April 1882).
That he was a talented artist was undeniable. Yet, art was no substitute for religion, and, further still, art was no direct avenue to sanctifying grace. Van Gogh's increasing sense of alienation and feeling of despair would continue unabated -- evidenced by he and his brother Theo's inability to live together for long; the inability of his dream of an artists' collective (the artistic equivalent of a kind of monastic community) to come…
Fritillaries. (2006). Musee d'Orsay. Retrieved from http://www.musee-
Garrigou-Lagrange, R. (1938). The Three Ways of the Spiritual Life. London: Burns
17). He is disgusted that news executives that direct what should be covered are less interested in "what's happening in Afghanistan" but more interested in "Michael Jackson and Laci Peterson" (Fenton, p. 20).
hat are the excuses TV executives, editors and producers give for focusing on scandal, sexual trysts, and embarrassing situations for celebrities? Fenton claims that those "gatekeepers of the news" will tell anyone listening that "the average [viewer] simply cannot absorb that much hard news, especially about events abroad" (p. 20). The CBS veteran insists that the media power brokers believe that "Americans are too broadly under-informed to digest nuggets of information that seem to contradict what they know of the world" (p. 20). That would seem to be a very condescending, elitist attitude on the part of the TV industry in particular.
Fenton (p. 22) asserts that because of the very real threats of terrorism on the…
Dorfman, Lori, Woodruff, Katie, Chavez, Vivian, and Wallack, Lawrence. "Youth and Violence
On Local Television News in California." American Journal of Public Health 87.8 (1997):
Downie, Leonard, and Schudson, Michael. "The Reconstruction of American Journalism."
Embedded Communication in Advertising
"There is no evidence that advertising can get people to do things contrary to their self-interest." -- JI Fowles, in Advertising's Fifteen asic Appeals
"Good advertising does not just circulate information. It penetrates the public mind with desires and belief." -- Leo urnett, Advertising Executive and Creator of the Marlboro Man
"The ability to attract new smokers and develop them into a young adult franchise is key to brand development." 1999 Philip Morris report
When the preceding collection of opinions regarding the influence of modern advertising are considered in conjunction with the iconic advertising image shown above, it becomes quite clear that, much like advertising itself, forming an informed position on this ubiquitous aspect of modern marketing is simply a matter of perception and perspective (elch 120). Corporate conglomerates and other private enterprises ascribe tremendous value to the persuasive power of advertising, bombarding the general public…
Altman, David G., Michael D. Slater, Cheryl L. Albright, and Nathan Maccoby. "How an unhealthy product is sold: Cigarette advertising in magazines, 1960 -- 1985." Journal of Communication 37, no. 4 (1987): 95-106.
Belch, George E., Michael A. Belch, and Angelina Villarreal. "Effects of advertising communications: Review of research." Research in marketing (1987).
Bovee, Courtland L., and William F. Arens. "The Indictments Against Advertising." Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum. Laurence Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. New York, NY: Pearson Higher Education, 2008. 685-691. Print.
De Gregorio, Federico, and Yongjun Sung. "Understanding attitudes toward and behaviors in response to product placement." Journal of Advertising 39, no. 1 (2010): 83-96.
Does Having a New Black President
Make it Easier for Minorities to Advance to Leadership Roles in Business?
"Excuse me, sir. I'm looking for the Color Line. ould you know where I can find it?" (Miller)
The United States has made great strides in regard to minority relations by electing its first black president. By today's standard, minority entails many different things such as classifying by nationality, race, religious preference, physical disability, gender or sexual preference. Throughout history, there have been many great leaders who came from their respective minority groups. For example, few people are aware of the fact that the Roman Empire had black emperors and even less know that one of them, Septimius Severus, through his legislative changes to military pay scales and community control laws, may not only have been the greatest black emperor, he may actually have been the most influential Roman emperor…
Works Cited, cont.
Rawls, John (1955). "Two Concepts of Rules." The Philosophical Review. Vol. 64, pp. 3-13.
Smith, Virginia Whatley. (1995). "Minorstreaming: Resolving Problems of the Color Line in the 21st." Black Issues In Higher Education 15 June.
Toronto Star. (2009). "Good News On Diversity." Toronto Star (Canada). Section: Editorial, pg. A26, 03190781, November 17, 2009.
U.S. Small Business Administration. (1999). "Minorities In Business." Retrieved on November 20, 2009 from http://www.sba.gov/ADVO/stats/min.pdf .
Music and Personal Association
What music do you associate with childhood? How did/does this music make you feel? How do your choices reflect your childhood experiences?
There is not much that I can recall about my childhood in detail. My memory tends to be unreliable at best. That is why I find it so incredible that the music of the Beatles remains a vivid and constant presence in my memories. Indeed, even before I remember knowing that red means 'stop' or green means 'go,' I knew all the words to "Yellow Submarine." It was almost as if I was born with the melody to "Hey Jude" in may head. In fact, since my parents were such devoted listeners to the Beatles, I have little doubt that this was the soundtrack to my gestation.
The constant presence of the Beatles would have an indelible impact on me. There are…
He is one of the few artists that were recognized for his work while he was still living.
One of Michelangelo's most exquisite pieces is Pieta. In this sculpture, we can see how Michelangelo was moving away from the traditional form of sculpting. Creighton Gilbert notes that how Mary and Jesus are depicted in the statue is not typical of Michelangelo's day. Mary is seated with the dead Jesus in her lap and this image "first emerged as an abbreviation of the scene of Christ mourned" (160). Harold Keller maintains that the piece is filled with contrasts, horizontally and vertically. e also have the opposites of the clothed and the naked. The position of Jesus' body is different from most pietas of the day in that it is horizontal, producing a "step-like composition based on the sharp right able between the corpse and the upper body of the Madonna towering…
Barzun, Jacques. From Dawn to Decadence. New York: Harper Collins Publications. 2000.
Gilbert, Creighton. History of Renaissance Art. New York: Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1973.
Keller, Harold. The High Renaissance in Italy. NY: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. Publishers. 1969.
Lace, William. Michelangelo. San Diego: Lucent Books. 1993.
Women in the U.S. have played exceptional role in variety of fields and done a great deal of service to their gender by attracting attention to what women can achieve. Diane Sawyer is one such remarkable American who rose to fame when in 1987, she was refused entry into Kremlin in ussia because she was a woman and instead of succumbing to the rules, she had the courage to say that she wasn't a woman but an American journalist. We can only imagine the power of those words because they were enough to grant her an entry into one of the most well guarded places in the world in a land that has the staunchest laws.
Since then Sawyer has not looked back. Diane was brilliant on CBS as an investigative reporter, a newsperson and an exceptional interviewer. She interviewed some of the most well-known people like Saddam…
Rose Blue and Joanne Bernstein, Contemporary Women's Series: Diane Sawyer. Hillsdale, NJ.
Zichy, Shoya, Women and the Leadership Q: The Breakthrough System for Achieving Power & Influence, with special contribution by Bonnie Kellen, New York.
The Power of the Situation and the Fundamental Attribution Error
As noted by Sommers (2009), while there is a tendency within our culture to view the human character as stable and unalterable, the contextual power of a situation can cause individuals to behave in unexpected ways. Perhaps the most powerful example of situational influence is during times of war, where individuals are socialized to become obedient to a commanding officer's orders and to put aside their own ethical codes as they can view other human beings as 'the enemy.' This can be seen at the notorious Iraqi prison Abu Ghraib, where ordinary American soldiers from otherwise stable, normal backgrounds committed human rights abuses against prisoners. This was in violation of military protocols, but the 'us vs. them' culture in which the soldiers were immersed clearly had an influence upon their behavior. The soldiers became so habituated to the abuses…
Bright lights, loud noises. (2011). Your Little Professor.
Retrieved April 9, 2011 at http://www.yourlittleprofessor.com/noises.html
Leung, Rebecca. (2004, April 27). Abuse of Iraqi POWs by GIs probed. CBS News. Retrieved April 9, 2011 at http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2004/04/27/60II/main614063.shtml
English 1540 EL 10 Take-Home Exam:
Please read the short essay called "Something from the Sixties" reproduced for you below. Feel free to make notes as you read if this helps you to understand it. Then, complete the following questions in complete sentences and paragraphs.
Something from the Sixties
About five o'clock last Sunday evening, my son burst into the kitchen and said, "I didn't know it was so late!" He was due at a party immediately -- a sixties party, he said -- and he needed something from the sixties to wear. My son is almost fifteen years old, the size of a grown man, and when he bursts into a room glassware rattles and the cat on your lap grabs on to your knees and leaps from the starting block. I used to think the phrase "burst into the room" was only for detective fiction, until my son…
Despite the more commercial and thrilling aspect of this film, Lee retains his trademarks, from close-up shots to his signature floating shot and infusion of music and athletic iconography.
Lee continues to infuse his films with social and political commentary. Although he has not made as many feature films in recent years as he did in the past, he continues to produce and direct works that focus on social issues, as well as the black experience. Although Lee may be outspoken at times, his viewpoints and socio-political beliefs have not changed during the course of his career. His ability to retain his identity in an ever changing world have made Lee a truly unique director.
Jungle Fever. Dir. Spike Lee. United States: 40 Acres & a Mule Studios, 1991.
Jungle Fever explores the concept of interracial relationships and how they are viewed by the community. The film, like…
Bollag, Brenda. "NY Independent Cinema at Cannes: Jim Jarmusch's "Down by Law" and Spike
Lee's "She's Gotta Have it." Film Quarterly, Vol. 40, No. 2 (Winter, 1986-1987), pp. 11-
13. JSTOR. 21 April 2012.
Diawara, Manthia and Kolbowski, Silvia. "Homeboy Cosmopolitan." October, Vol. 83 (Winter,
global PR trends?
The introduction of the Internet has changed the face of global commerce and thus the role of public relations. Only through the use of the unfiltered medium of the Internet could Martha Stewart issue a Christmas letter on her own personal website, to her many, presumably adoring world fans, about her positive yet trying experiences behind bars. The online medium allows an individual to have unfiltered contact with the public, when disseminating slanted information to the public. The information no longer needs to be passed through any screened form or censorship, as might occur when transmitted through the use of commercial television or radio.
Also, the Internet is more focused in the sense that the speaker does not have to quickly cut back to a sponsor -- public relations on the Internet can be more extensive, yet also more covert, and it can even be disguised as…
Television, the four powers of television are characterized as the power to entertain, the power to socialize and educate, the power to inform, and the power to create community and consensus. The four are not mutually exclusive and can be found operating in pairs or larger groupings on individual shows.
The power to entertain is understood by everyone and is the primary power for most people. The television networks have played to this power from the beginning, carrying over what they had been doing on radio into the new medium to create programs that would gather large audiences around comedies, dramas, variety shows, and the like. This primary power has continued into the cable era, with many cable networks imitating the broadcast networks in these terms by presenting movies, dramatic shows, and comedies or by shaping non-fictional programs so they entertain, seen in the many so-called reality shows that are…
ATTACTION, SEX, LOVE, & ELATIONSHIPS
Attraction, love, sex, and relationships are fundamental to human condition. Each individual human is separate and distinct from every other one, yet there are numerous aspects to the human experience that every human shares -- attraction, love, sex, and relationships are prime examples of commonalities shared among the human race. Science(s) have demonstrated that sexual attraction and the desire for close relationships form and manifest in humans very early on their development, often before children have reached school age. With reference to several psychological, academic resources, the paper aims to explain some of the key components of sex, love, attraction, and relationships.
Key Components to Attraction, Sex, Love, & elationships
While attraction, love, sex, and relationships remains quite a substantial mystery to many people, there are professional and researchers in areas such as psychology where they are making headway toward a comprehensive understanding of…
Baumeister, R.F, & Leary, M.R. (1995) The Need to Belong: Desire for Interpersonal Attachments as a Fundamental Human Motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117(3), 497 -- 529.
Fisher, PhD, H.E., Aron, PhD, A.A., Masher, D., Li, PhD, H., & Brown, PhD, L.L. (2002) Defining the Brain Systems of Lust Romantic Attraction, and Attachment. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 31(5), 413 -- 419.
Gillath, O., Mikulincer, M., Birnbaum, G.E., & Shaver, P.R. (2008) When Sex Primes Love: Subliminal Sexual Priming Motivates Relationship Goal Pursuit. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 1057 -- 1070.
Gonzaga, G.C., Turner, R.A., Keltner, D., Campos, B., & Litmus, M. (2006) Romantic Love and Sexual Desire in Close Relationships. Emotion, 6(2), 163 -- 179.
Life is ephemeral in nature. In life, occurrences, situations, and circumstances are constantly changing. It is through these changing circumstances that opportunities arise. These opportunities provide life with excitement and wonder. To better enjoy life, a plan of activities is often needed to ensure that an individual doesn't become entrapped by the natural progressions of life. Negative aspects such as complacency, boredom, or animosity towards others can quickly turn life into a struggle. To avoid and alleviate many of these pitfalls, the creation of a personal bucket list is helpful. My list for instance, includes many aspects in which I am personally passionate about. This list, although incomplete, will provide ample excitement and reprieve from the daily rigors of life. Below are my bucket list and the reasoning behind each activity.
Travel to all seven continents volunteer / help out and make a difference.
The world is a…
Higher Ed Course
Course Design: 20th Century History and Popular Music
For many students, popular music is scene as being disposable and readily replaceable. The nature of the modern media cycle means that much of what dominates the sphere of popular music is inherently designed to achieve vast commercial appeal with a short shelf-life. However, there are also ways in which popular music has figured critically into moments in history. This is the premise that underscores the proposed higher education course, which would be couched within the broader discipline of History.
The proposed course is intended to draw parallels between important moments in history and the way that the culture of popular music connected to these moments or in some powerful instances such as the British Invasion, oodstock and the Hip Hop movement, even came to define some of these important historical moments. Using different eras in history…
Hiebert, J. & Morris, A.K. (2012). Teaching, Rather Than Teachers, As a Path Toward Improving Classroom Instruction. Journal of Teacher Education, 63(2), 92-102.
Hurtado, S.; Milem, J.; Clayton-Pederson, A. & Allen, W. (1999). Enacting Diverse Learning Environments: Improving the Climate for Racial/Ethnic Diversity in Higher Education. ERIC Digest.
Shaw, K. (2012). Leadership Through Instructional Design in Higher Education. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 12(3).
Dadaism in the Modern orld
The Danger of Definitions: Dadaism and its Modern Manifestations
Though there have been countless movements and representations of rejections of convention in the history of modern art in many cases these standards were developed by individuals acting in accordance with the idea that "this is how I see the world: love it or leave it" and hopefully love it as leave it doesn't pay the bills. Yet, with Dadaism, though there is a core few conceptual founders the movement is demonstrative of a collective of artists seeking to challenge convention. This work will briefly define Dadaism, as much as this is possible, provide a few representative examples and lastly and most importantly provide a unique analysis of how Dadaism can be seen reflected in art and life in the present time.
The Dadaists wished to let people know that regardless of the fact that the…
"Bjork & Gaga" Web. Dec. 12, 2011, http://www.last.fm/group/Bj%C3%B6rk+and+Gaga
"Burning Man; Desert Celebration of Self-Expression Grows Each Year." The Washington Times 22 Aug. 2003: A02.
Duchamp, Marcel. "Apropos of 'Readymades.'" Theories and Documents of Contemporary Art: A Sourcebook of artists' Writings. Eds. Kristine Stiles, Peter Selz. Berkeley: University of California, 1996. 819-20.
Duchamp, Marcel. "The Creative Act.'" Theories and Documents of Contemporary Art: A Sourcebook of artists' Writings. Eds. Kristine Stiles, Peter Selz. Berkeley: University of California, 1996. 818-19
Addictive Nature of Vicodin
According to statistics provided by the Department of Health and Human Services, an estimated one and one-half million people in the United States started taking prescription painkillers for "non-medical" purposes in 1998, three times as many as in 1990. One of the most heavily abused painkillers is Vicodin.
Properly used, Vicodin is one of the most commonly prescribed pain medications, especially for those suffering from lower back pain, arthritis, post-operative distress, malignant cancer or sports injuries. It is not time-released, and therefore provides almost instant relief. Vicodin is a compound of two drugs: acetaminophen (found in Tylenol) and hydrocodone bitartrate. Both are painkillers, but together they are far more effective than either one individually.
Twenty tons of Vicodin are produced annually, and it is marketed under a plethora of brand names including Anexsia, Bancap-HC, Ceta-Plus, Co-Gesic, Dolacet, Hydrocet, Hydrogesic, Hy-Phen, Lorcet, Lortab, Margesic-H, Maxidone, Norco and…
Addicted to Vicodin." Extra, The Waismann Institute in the News #08. March 15, 2001. http://www.methadone-detox.com/vicodin_addiction_extra.html[November 10, 2002].
Associated Press article, Naples News, Wednesday, Nov. 21, 2001. "Deaths from abuse of OxyContin, hydrocodone skyrocketing. http://www.naplesnews.come/01/11/florida/d713145a.htm[November 10, 2002].
Costello, Daniel. "Clean and Sober in 48 Hours?." LA Times, October 28, 2002.
Indiana Prevention Resource Center at Indiana University, findings reported in Time article, March 19, 2001. http://www.jointogether.org/plugin.jtml?siteID=iprc&p=1&Tab=News&Object_ID=266437 .[November 10, 2002].
Music and Dance in Indian Films
In sheer quantity, INDIA produces more movies than any other country in the world-over 900 feature-length films in at least 16 languages, according to a recent industry survey. This productivity is explained by several factors: the size of the Indian audience, low literacy rates, the limited diffusion of television in India, and well-developed export markets in both hemispheres. (http://worldfilm.about.com/cs/booksbolly/)
In its historical development, India's film industry paralleled that of the West. Dadasaheb Phalke's Raja Harishchandra, the first silent film for popular consumption, appeared in 1913; Alam Ara, the first "talkie," was released in 1931. ut the Indian cinema derived its unique flavor from the older Indian musical theater-particularly from the Urdu poetic dramas of the late nineteenth century. The influence of this tradition ensured that Indian movies would favor mythological or legendary-historical stories, that their dialogue would carry an Urdu flavor even in languages…
National Identity in Indian Popular Cinema 1947-1987 (Texas Film Studies) by Sumita S. Chakravarty Univ of Texas Pr; (December 1993)
Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema by Ashish Rajadhyaksha (Editor), Paul Willemen (Editor) British Film Inst; Revised edition (September 1999)
Cinema of Interruptions: Action Genres in Contemporary Indian Cinema by Lalitha Gopalan British Film Inst; (July 1, 2002)
dialogue between theory and praxis has changed since the 60s.
Dialogue between Theory and Praxis since the 1960s
Jeff Koons is among the most controversial and intriguing artists to have emerged in the past decade. Like Marcel Duchamp and Andy Warhol before him, he is concerned with the transformation of everyday objects into art and takes such post-modern issues as high and low culture, context, and commodification of art as the central focus of his work (erger 1995).
From the November / December issue of At the Modern, the publication of the San Francisco MoMA, "It's the most important visual arts exhibition in San Francisco this year" (The San Francisco Examiner 1992).
Jeff Koons, the self-proclaimed "most written-about artist in the world," now headlining at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, has indubitably attained a certain "star" status. However, the Koons phenomenon - Koons himself, his objects, and the…
Berger, J. Ways of Seeing. New York: Viking Books, 1995.
Burger, P. "Avant-garde." Encyclopedia of Aesthetics. 185-189.
Debord, G. The Society of the Spectacle. Zone Books, 1994.
Marcus, G. Lipstick Traces. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1990.
Music Videos Promotional Devices or Products in Themselves
Music Videos: Promotional Device or Separate Product?
Music videos are constructed in many different ways, but many of them involve the artist and others singing and dancing to specific songs. Some also tell stories or provide other background dealings that make the music video much like a television program. An example of this would be Michael Jackson's 'Thriller,' which was a very long video that involved much storytelling and other information as opposed to just the song. Some of these story type videos are still done today but this seems to be more popular in country music that it does in rock-and-roll.
No matter what genre is dealt with, however, the debate as to whether music videos are promotional devices or a separate product in and of themselves has been continuing for many years. In 1981 music television first began broadcasting music…
Ethnic Music Humanities
a) Origin and Development of Traditional and Contemporary Ethnic Music
My personal experience in learning this subtopic reveals to me that music is a global cultural practice found in every known culture, both in the past and present, but with a wide variation with regards to time and place of practicing it. Since every ethnic group around the world, including some of the most secluded tribal groups, depicts their own forms of musical practices, I conclude that music might have been present among the ancestral populations prior to the dispersion of human populations around the world. This confirms that music must have been existing and evolving into different forms for over 50,000 years, and the first music might had been invented in Africa, which is regarded as the cradle of humankind. Then the music evolved through diverse parts of the world during human dispersion to become the…
Organizational Ethical Dilemma
PepsiCo is a global provider of various drink and food products, from Pespi and Mountain Dew to Frito-Lay corn chips and Honest Tea. It has market share in diverse communities around the world. The main ethical challenge it faces is how to stay social responsible and culturally sensitive. This paper will use the Trevion, Nelson (1995) model of ethical decision making to focus on this issue, what it means, its impacts for stakeholders, and how it can be resolved.
The first step in Trevion and Nelson's (1995) model of ethical decision making is to gather the facts. The background of the case is this: since the 1960s Pepsi has been appealing to the youth generation both domestically and abroad. Its aim is to capture market share by endorsing activities and trends popular among the new generation: for example, in the 1960s it introduced Diet Pepsi to appeal…
Ciulla, J. (2005). The state of leadership ethics and the work that lies before us. Business Ethics: A European Review, 14(4): 323-335.
Ferrell, O. (2010). PepsiCo's Journey Toward an Ethical and Socially Responsible Culture. University of New Mexico: Daniels Fund Ethics Institute.
Jennings, M. (2006). The Seven Signs of Ethical Collapse. European Business Forum, 25: 32-38.
Lamberton, B., Mihalek, P., Smith, C. (2005). The Tone at the Top and Ethical Conduct Connection. Strategic Finance, 3: 37-39.
Death & Dying
The general beliefs about death and dying have shifted greatly over the years and centuries of known human existence. There are surely things from before recorded and known human history that can be said about death and dying that would be intriguing. In both modern and historic times, there has been a marked difference between the way that the Western civilizations handle and perceive death and dying and Eastern philosophies do the same. There are even patterns and customs that occur when it is obvious and apparent that a person's death is imminent due to old age or sicknesses like cancer. Of course, examples of the West would include Western Europe, Australia and North America, including the United States. The East would include China, Japan and many other countries in Asia. There are some similarities between the United States and the Eastern death and dying practices and…
Essman, E. (2014). Death and Dying, from Life in the U.S.A.: The Complete Guide for Immigrants and Americans. Lifeintheusa.com. Retrieved 20 March 2016, from http://www.lifeintheusa.com/death/
Lee, S. (2009). East Asian Attitudes toward Death: A Search for the Ways to Help East Asian Elderly Dying in Contemporary America. The Permanente Journal, 13(3), 55. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2911815/
Beneficial Internship Components
Internship and future career goals
Areas that influenced by professional growth
Areas I need to improve upon
Experience that changed my perception of the industry
Pros and Cons
A Brief Summary of the Organization's Philosophy
My internship was in Livet eichard Company that organizes large gala dinners, well-paid art auctions, and pioneering arts-allied fundraising projects. The company strives to create effective programs to specifically meet the client's requirements. From concepts that raise revenue and increase funds to plans that promote appropriate audience, and techniques aimed at generating publicity, Livet eichard shines in developing distinctive and rewarding fundraising projects for all organizations (Livet eichard Company, Inc., n.d).
Beneficial Internship Components
Confucius pointed out that a journey of a thousand miles starts with a single step. This period of my internship was a short but challenging experience. Yet, in the same vein, it presented many opportunities too.…
Livet Reichard Company, Inc. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.livetreichard.com/
It was after this season that Phil Jackson left the Platoons of Albany and joined the Chicago Bulls as an Assistant Coach, and as it is generally said, the 'rest is history'. (Lakers Coach Phil Jackson signs with WMA and Original Entertainment)
In a nutshell, a leader can be seen as a person or an individual who is inevitably the most important person within the group or organization where he is working or associated with in any way. It is this very leader who is most often responsible for the successes and the failures of the group or the team, which is under him. However, it is sometimes said that success and failure also lies in the hands of the followers, and in nay sort of organization or group, it is in the hands of the follower that the leader's goals and dreams are generally carried out or executed. Chris…
DuPree, David. Phil Jackson, Zen and Now. USA TODAY. 6 June, 2002. Retrieved at http://www.usatoday.com/sports/nba/02playoffs/2002-06-05-cover-jackson.htm . Accessed on 24 January, 2004
Empowerment: Developing Effective Followers. Retrieved From www.surcon.com/Surcon_Empowerment.doc+the+career+and+leadership+of+Phil+Jackson&hl=en" http://www.surcon.com/Surcon_Empowerment.doc . Accessed on 24 January, 2004
Evaluate Performance Constantly. Retrieved From www.teamsthatwin.com/ftp/EVALUATE%2520PERFORMANCE%2520CONSTANTLY.pdf+how+was+Coach+Phil+Jackson+effective+in+enabling+players+to+reach+their+peak+performance+levels+&hl=en" http://www.teamsthatwin.com/ftp/EVALUATE%20PERFORMANCE%20CONSTANTLY.pdf . Accessed on 24 January, 2004
Lakers Coach Phil Jackson signs with WMA and Original Entertainment. William Morris Agency, Press Releases. Retrieved at http://www.wma.com/0/press/pressreleases/Phil_Jackson_Final.html . Accessed on 24 January, 2004
That is if the jurisdiction of no other contracting state was in issue and the trial had no connecting dynamic to any other contracting state.
In response to this question, the European court responded in the negative and asserted that the international factor that had to exist for the Convention to apply did not have to consist in a variety of contracting states being involved (Hawkings 2005). On the contrary, it could consist of the claimant and a single defendant living in a contracting state, with the events presented in the case having occurred in a non-contracting one (Hawkings 2005). In addition, the second article of the Convention was compulsory, and therefore could not, on its basic wording or upon other considerations, acquiesce to any caution founded on forum non-conveniens, for which no condition was made in the Convention (Hawkings 2005). This was true, even in a case such as…
Bedin J., Nielson P.A., Ron J. And Terry R. (2004) FIFTH REPORT ON NATIONAL CASE LAW ON THE LUGANO CONVENTION.
Bhopal 20 years on: forum non-conveniens and corporate responsibility. (2005). Research Note. Parliamentary Library.
February 2005, no. 26, 2004-05, ISSN 1449-8456
DOHERTY, B. (2005) Accidents Abroad: Applicable Law, Jurisdiction, and European Directives. 39 Essex Sreet.
Tarsila Do Amaral
One of the most important razilian artists of the 20th century, Tarsila do Amaral, was born in Sao Paulo in 1886. She had a privileged childhood as the grandchild of a rich farmer. This brought with it various advantages, including an education that taught her to read, write, embroider and speak French (Damian, 1999). Finishing her studies in France and returning to razil, this artist left an impression on the Modernist movement in the country that remains to this day. With her husband Oswald de Andrade, Tarsila worked towards creating a unique artistic perspective for the razilian people. This perspective would not reject the European forms and images that had ruled the country's art world until the 1920s. Instead, these would be used and incorporated into traditional forms to create an entirely new and more inclusive perspective.
The Modernist movement came in the midst of a razil…
1. Amaral, Aracy. "Stages in the Formation of Brazil's Cultural Profile." The journal of Decorative and Propaganda Arts 21 (1995): 8-25.
2. Amaral, Tarsila do. Brazil, Sao Paulo drawing [Semana de Arte exhibition, 1922] c.1913.
3. Amaral, Tarsila do. Drawing Study of Black Woman. 1923.
4. Amaral, Tarsila do. Madrid: Fundacion Juan March. Tarsila, 1886-1973: 2009.
(Eljamal; Stark; Arnold; Sharp, 1999)
To conclude, it be said that if we will not be able to master imparting the capability to think in a developed form, our profession, as well as perhaps our world, would be influenced and taken over by someone who would be able to outsmart us to find it out. We would in that case not only remain thinking as to what happened but would also not have the skills required to provide answers to our own question.
Braun, N.M. (2004, March/April) Critical thinking in the business curriculum. Journal of Education for Business, 79(4). etrieved from ProQuest database on February 20, 2007.
Carroll-Johnson, .M. (2001, April - June). Learning to think. Nursing Diagnosis, 12(2).
etrieved from Thomson Gale database on February 14, 2007.
Cheung, C., udowicz, E., Kwan, a.S.F., & Yue, X.D. (2002, December). Assessing university students general and specific critical thinking. College Student…
Braun, N.M. (2004, March/April) Critical thinking in the business curriculum. Journal of Education for Business, 79(4). Retrieved from ProQuest database on February 20, 2007.
Carroll-Johnson, R.M. (2001, April - June). Learning to think. Nursing Diagnosis, 12(2).
Retrieved from Thomson Gale database on February 14, 2007.
Cheung, C., Rudowicz, E., Kwan, a.S.F., & Yue, X.D. (2002, December). Assessing university students general and specific critical thinking. College Student Journal, 36(4). Retrieved from ProQuest database February 14, 2007.
The history of any particular region or state is commonly made up or three different kinds of information. True stories of people who have researched the area of interest compile the first category. Sometimes truth is stranger than fiction, but when researching the settlement of the old west, the most common themes are hard work, hard ships, hard winters hard heads, and hardy people. The true stories of those who settled the state of Nevada are filled with stories of these types of experiences.
The second type of information compiled when researching history are those storied which are loosely based on truth, but have been significantly embellished over the years. hen settlers headed west during the gold rush, tales of huge riches awaited them which could be produced by little work.
Many of the 49'ers died enroute to their riches, and many more settled in the towns working…
Earl, Phillip. This was Nevada. Reno, Nevada: Reno Historical Society. 1986
Lexalt, Robert. Nevada: a Bicentennial History. New York: WW Norton and Company. 1921
Bowers, Michael. The Sagebrush State. Reno: University of Las Vegas Press. 2002.
Hulse, James. The Silver State. Reno: University of Las Vegas Press. 1991.
Tis is not to say owever, tat all classical music is sooting and terapeutic. In fact, te majority of traditional classical music are not terapeutic because tis is not te intent of te original masters. Concertos by Beetoven, Bac and Brams for example all focus on arousing strong emotion rater tan arnessing te power of strong terapy, terefore te pysical presence and rytmic are not necessarily terapeutic. Mozart's no. 23 owever, is an ideal example of terapeutic music. Tis is because te affects of entrainment is easily observed troug studies on te affect of tis music on oters. Wile listening to te music, people say tat it "relaxed and sooted," upon monitoring wit medical equipment it is observed tat te music lowered bot teir blood pressure and eart rates. Te reason is tat Mozart's concerto affects individuals in bot a psycological and pysical sense. Wile te classical music made people…
Vanasco, Jennifer. American classical music: Exploring roots, reflections. Jan.
1998. Chicago Chronicle. 3 Feb. 2007 http://chronicle.uchicago.edu/980108/musymp.shtml .
Bass, P., ilso, J. And Griffith, C. (2003). A Shortened Instrument for Literacy Screening. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 8(12), 1036-8.
Berger, J. (2000). Corporate Health Plan Strategies and Health Literacy. National Health Communications Conference. ashington, DC: ACP Fouindation.
Chew, L., Bradley, K., and Boyko, E.. (2004). Brief Questions to Identify Patients with Inadequate Health Literacy. Family Medicine, 36(8), 588-94.
Chew, L., Griffin, J., Partin, M., et al. (2008). Validation of Screening Questions for Limited Health Literacy. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 23(5), 561-6.
Davis, T. And olf, M.. (2004). Health Literacy Implications for Family Medicine. Family Medicine, 36(8), 595-8.
Davis, T., Long, S., and Jackson, R. (1993). Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine. Family Medicine, 25(1), 391-95.
Dowse, R., Lecoko, L. And Ehlers, M. (2005). Applicability of the REALM Health Literacy Test. Pharmacy orld, 32(4), 464-71.
Ibrahim, S., Reid, F., Shaw, A., et al. (2008). Validation of a…
Health Litarcy: Report of the Council on Scientific Affairs. (1999). Journal of the American Medical Association, 28(1), 552-7.0
Arozulla, Y., Benett, S., Soltysilk, T., et al. (2007). Development and Validation of a Short-Form, Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine. Medical Care, 5(11), 1026-33.
Bass, P., Wilso, J. And Griffith, C. (2003). A Shortened Instrument for Literacy Screening. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 8(12), 1036-8.
Berger, J. (2000). Corporate Health Plan Strategies and Health Literacy. National Health Communications Conference. Washington, DC: ACP Fouindation.
'For though beauty is seen and confessed by all, yet, from the many fruitless attempts to account for the cause of its being so, enquiries on this head have almost been given up"
illiam Hogarth, The Analysis of Beauty, (1753)
Not very encouraging words, but if the great artist illiam Hogarth felt himself up to the task, we can attempt at least to follow his lead. That beauty is enigmatic goes almost without saying. Different ages, different cultures, and even different individuals, will have their own definitions of "beauty." The problem is more than skin deep. Any term that can be so widely and irregularly employed is bound to trap the casual researcher ... Or reader ... Or viewer ... Or for that matter, any other human being who attempts to define what is and what is not "beauty." People, places, things -- even ideas dreams -- can…
Al-Braizat, Fares. "Muslims and Democracy: An Empirical Critique of Fukuyama's Culturalist Approach." International Journal of Comparative Sociology (2002): 269+.
Browne, Stephen H. "EDMUND BURKE (1729-1797)." Eighteenth-Century British and American Rhetorics and Rhetoricians: Critical Studies and Sources. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994. 42-50.
Callaghan, Karen A., ed. Ideals of Feminine Beauty: Philosophical, Social, and Cultural Dimensions. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.
"The Eighteenth-Century Beauty Contest." Eighteenth-Century Literary History: An MLQ Reader. Ed. Brown, Marshall. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1999. 204-234.
Movie review -- Why did I get married?
Every year, eight friends -- four couples -- meet for a one week holyday to explore their marriages. Based on their experiences, Dr. Patricia Agnew, wrote a best selling book on marriages. At the meeting of this year however, the marriages seem tenser, and the finale of the movie is unpredictable. The characters are as follows:
Terry, husband of Diane, played by Tyler Perry
Diane, played by Sharon Leal
Patricia, played by Janet Jackson
Gavin, played by Malik Yoba, husband of Patricia
Angela, wife of Marcus, played by Tasha Smith
Marcus, played by Michael Jai White
Mike, husband of Sheila, played by ichard T. Jones, and Sheila, played by Jill Scott
While they had previously revealed happy marriages, this year's answer to the question Why did I get married? Seems more difficult to provide, as each couple faces its own hurdles. Sheila…
Why did I get married? 2007, IMDB, http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0906108 / last accessed on March 9, 2012
Why did I get married? Website of the movie, http://www.whydidigetmarriedthemovie.com / last accessed on March 9, 2012
Website of Tyler Perry, http://www.tylerperry.com / last accessed on March 9, 2012
The village priest comes to talk to him, and says, "If you reopen the path we shall have nothing to quarrel about. What I always say is: let the hawk perch and let the eagle perch'" (Achebe). What the priest means is that he is willing to accept Obi's new traditions, so long as they do not interrupt his old ones. When Obi refuses and the school is partially destroyed, tradition wins, and blind denial loses.
Tradition also wins in "The Lottery," though the outcome is far from happy. The lottery of the title selects one person from the town every year to be stoned to death by the other townspeople. Only one line is ever given as a practical explanation for this; a sing-songy rhyme that suggests it is for a good corn harvest. None of the townspeople described are farmers, and in general it seems like the people…
Unilateralism and Preemptive Defense
The arguments for unilateralism and preemptive strikes outlined by conservative historians appear logical and well-documented but are essentially wrought with contradiction. In his recent documentary film called Bowling for Columbine, Michael Moore delivered the premise that American culture is built on the promotion of fear. Fear underlies American foreign policy, especially after the terrorist attacks of September 11. In fact, those attacks offered the Bush administration easy fodder for propaganda to promote unilateralism and preemptive strikes on other nations. In spite of the huge practical leap from Bin Laden to Iraq, the administration launched its attacks on that nation with impunity and in spite of massive international opposition. The willingness of the American government to act without the slightest respect for the United Nations proves that America as a whole is under the spell of a cultural superiority complex. This complex is not only psychologically dangerous,…
Artists Since 1945
hat are the influences and events that caused Abstract Expressionism to develop? hat are the two modes of Abstract Expressionism? Compare and contrast these two modes and specially discuss the work of two artists from each mode. Share why you chose these four artist.
During and after orld ar II, artistic expression was destroyed in Europe. This is because, the onslaught of the Nazis created an environment of persecution. In some cases, these activities were based upon artists using their expressionism as a form of criticisms and social critiques. hile at other times; a host of individuals were persecuted because of their race or nationality. The result is that they fled to locations such as New York to be able to continue with their work. This played a major role in determining how Abstract Expressionism developed by taking a different approach that questioned and challenged the status…
Adams, Ellen. After the Rain. Ann Arbor: Proquest, 2007. Print.
Pershing had G-1 dealing with personnel; G-2 dealt with intelligence; G-3 deals with operations and training; G-4 was the supply division; and G-5 was focused on "strategic planning" (Madloff, 66).
Meanwhile, the Congressional Digest (the official federal publication that explains legislation) in 1934 provided some basic details on the Act of 1920. Beyond what has already been described vis-a-vis the 1920 Act, the Congressional Digest explains that the Act fixed the number of members of the Army at 15,034 combat officers, 280,000 enlisted men, in addition to the number of officers (17,726) alluded to earlier in this paper. There was also flexibility built into the military, in that the size of the army could "be varied depending on the changing importance of the branches in the scheme of defense" (Congressional Digest, 1934).
In conclusion, the Army National Guard has been very active in protecting Americans at home and abroad. At…
Army National Guard. 2011. Always Ready, Always There. Retrieved November 19, 2011,
Congressional Digest. 1934. Provisions of the National Defense Act. Vol. 13, Issue 4. Retrieved
November 18, 2011, from EBSCOhost.
On June 27, 1844, hundreds swarmed the jail and brutally murdered the Smith brothers, leading their followers to conclude that they were martyred (Sisk).
At Joseph's death, righam Young was president of the Twelve Apostles of their church and became the leader of the largest faction within (Sisk 1992). Some who separated from Young's group formed their own, called the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, under the leadership of one of the brothers of Joseph Smith. In 1846, Young's group declared that the "saints" would leave Nauvoo and they settled in Utah the following year and, for the next 20 or so years, many moved to Salt Lake Valley to join those "saints (Sisk)." The growth was so tremendous that many ascribe greater magnetism to Young than to Joseph himself in attracting followers. It is noted that the current-day Mormon Church has millions of such followers…
Bowman, Robert N., ed. Mormonism. Christian Research Journal, 1989. http://www.mustardseed.net/html/tomormonism.html
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Joseph Smith: a Prophet of God. Intellectual Reserve, Inc., 2004. http://www.lds.org/library/display/0,4945,104-1-3-2,00.html
Griffith, Michael T. The Book of Mormon - Ancient or Modern? Could Joseph Smith Have Written the Nephrite Record? Refuting the Critics: Evidence of the Book of Mormons in Authenticity. Horizon Publishers, 1993. http://ourworld.cs.com/mikegriffith1/id108.htm
Institute for Religious Research. Translation or Divination? Mormons in Transition. Institute for Religious Research, 1999. http://www.irr.org/mit/divination.html
Vast lands were open, and adventure seemed rampant. In fact, so compelling was the idea of the American West that Theodore Roosevelt noted, "More and more as the years go by this Republic will find its guidance in the thought and action of the West, because the conditions of development in the West have steadily tended to accentuate the peculiarly American characteristics of its people" (Roosevelt). The frontier was still available through the Dime Novel; adventures with the American Indian, gold mining, vast herds of buffalo, and even the railroad were popular; must like space adventures today. This was the great unknown, and, through a series of essays, historian Frederick Jackson Turner noted that while most of the West was at least mapped, the future of the United States would be decided in the West -- thus, once the frontier became an historical relic, it was fair game to be…
For example, most (if not all) of the ancient Greek and Egyptian pottery that we find in museums was not considered art in its time of creation. They were made as practical pieces that were used for practical purposes. It was later when humans defined the word art that these relics were collected and renamed as art.
Another example of why art is hard to define and why it really depends on the time in history that makes a piece a work of art or not can be seen in the way in which many artists do not achieve success until after their deaths. It can be argued that true artists are often very in tune with what is going on in the culture and very aware of ways in which culture oppresses people or glorifies them. They are sensitive to what is going on in the world and perhaps…
Billio, Bruno. (2011). About. Bruno Billio. Accessed on 11 December 2011:
Enron could engage in their derivative trading strategy with no fear of government intervention because derivative trading was specifically exempted from government regulation. Due in part to a ruling by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission's (CFTC) chairwoman, Wendy Graham, derivatives remained free of regulatory oversight. Ms. Graham, wife of Texas senator Phil Graham, made this ruling 5 weeks before resigning as chairwoman of the CFTC and joining the Enron oard of Directors in 1993.
Derivative accounting is further complicated because there is no consistent way to fairly report their value and risk in a company's financial report. In 1998 Rule No. 133, "Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities" was developed by the Financial Accounting Standards oard (FAS), an independent agency that sets guidelines for corporate auditors. Rule 133 contains more than 800 pages, which further complicates its adoption and consistent interpretation by various companies. SFAS No. 133 was subsequently…
Dettmer, Jamie, and John Berlau. "Requiem for Enron: There's Enough Blame to Go around for the Collapse of the Energy Giant From Executives to Auditors to Financial Analysts to Congress." Insight on the News 7 Jan. 2002: 12+. Questia. 10 Mar. 2005 .
Folbre, Nancy. "Blowing the Whistle on Poverty Policy." Review of Social Economy 61.4 (2003): 479+. Questia. 10 Mar. 2005 .
Gup, Benton E., ed. Too Big to Fail: Policies and Practices in Government Bailouts / . Westport, CT: Praeger, 2003.
Hartgraves, Ai L., and George J. Benston. "The Evolving Accounting Standards for Special Purpose Entities and Consolidations." Accounting Horizons 16.3 (2002): 245+..
Architecture through the Ages
Construction in ancient times is second only to agriculture-it reaches back as far as the Stone Age and possibly further (Jackson 4). Before the existence of master builders in design and construction the Code of Hammurabi (1795-1750 B.C.) referred to design and construction as a simple process (Beard, Loulakis and undrum (13). Hammurabi was the ruler of Babylon, the world's first metropolis and he codified his code of laws (Beard 13). This is the earliest example of a ruler introducing his laws publicly. The code regulated the organization of society including the extreme punishments for violating the law. The builder's work is addressed in the code, however faulty design and improper construction were viewed as one (13). Six specific laws address the builder. These laws are;
228. If a builder build a house for some one, and does not construct it properly, and the house…
"Albert the Great." The Masonic Trowel. Web. 26 Mar. 2010. .
"Architecture and the Medieval Builder." Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. Web. 26 Mar. 2010. .
"Basilica of Santa Maria Novella." Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. Web. .
Beard, Jeffrey, Michael Loulakis, and Edward Wundrum. Design-Build:planning through Development. McGraw-Hill, 2001. Print.