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Computing technology has greatly aided human technology and has presented new and easier ways for goals and objectives to be accomplished by its users. Technology works best when it is mostly aligned with the intent and purposes of its wielders and it is important to understand and know how such applications work and operate in order to get the most out of these tools.
The purpose of this essay is to describe the and highlight the important aspects of planning and creating a database using Microsoft Access. This essay will discuss the steps involved in the process but ultimately suggest that the planning stage is the most important of the entire approach. The essay will conclude by suggesting some useful suggestions that can help the users of Access to achieve better results and apply the necessary knowledge to help maximize the use of this software.
Creating A Database…… [Read More]
Why was Microsoft investigated for antitrust behavior?
In the eyes of some legal analysts, Microsoft was investigated and taken to court over antitrust allegations because of the belief that it would not live up to its own word about what it intended (McKenzie and Shughart, 1998). There was little doubt about the fact that by the mid- to late-1990s Microsoft had virtual control over the operating system (Windows) that it had created to operate the vast majority of personal computers, and that it was trying to control how it packaged its favored Internet access portal (Internet Explorer, IE). Even Microsoft knew that it had a privileged position. That was why it agreed in 1995 to a consent agreement that had two basic provisions. One being that Microsoft would not require that buyers of its Windows operating system to separately purchase and install other stand-along components (which presumably meant…… [Read More]
DuPont Analysis of Microsoft
DuPont Analysis Overview
The DuPont Analysis is a type of analysis that provides a more detailed look at a company's Return on Equity (ROE) by breaking it into three main components. The three components are profit margin, asset turnover and a leverage factor. By separating the ROE into these smaller categories, investors can quickly identify how effectively or efficiently a company is using their resources. If any of the three categories is performing poorly then this can lower the overall figure. To calculate a firm's ROE through Du Pont analysis, multiply the profit margin (net income divided by sales), asset turnover (sales divided by assets) and leverage factor (total assets divided by shareholders' equity) together - the higher the result, the higher the return on equity.
Microsoft's Profit Margin
Profit Margin = net income / total revenues
Revenue (ttm): 72.93B
Net Income:…… [Read More]
Micosoft's Vega Poject
Micosoft Vega Poject
Companies' success on the maket elies on the pefomance of thei employees, which is detemined by seveal factos. Human esouces pactices in these companies aim at ecuiting and maintaining skilled employees that can develop as stong assets to them, while developing motivational stategies in accodance with employees' needs and pefeences. Micosoft is one of the companies that invest the most in the development of thei employees.
The case study pesents the situation that Jim Kaplan, poduct unit manage at Micosoft must confont with when his potege, Matt MacLellan, a successful poduct manage in the Inteactive Leaning System team decides he is not satisfied with his position, and wants to become a softwae design enginee. Kaplan must figue out a way in which he can solve this in ode fo all the paties involved in the situation to benefit.
Thee ae seveal issues…… [Read More]
The Four Functions of Management at Microsoft
The ability of any organization to stay agile and responsive to market conditions is in large part determined by how balanced their management structure is, and how effective their management practices are. At Microsoft the four functions of management are used to create a scalable foundation of future market growth while aligning their internal resources to each opportunity. The intent of this analysis is to define the four functions of management, specifically taking into account external and internal factors. Specific attention is given to the diversity and ethics programs that Microsoft continues to be successful in using as well. The paper is organized by each of the four functions of management which are planning, organizing, leading and controlling.
Planning at Microsoft
Microsoft was one of the first companies to create a strategic planning process that took into account real-time analysis of…… [Read More]
Assessment of Microsoft's Monopoly
Microsoft has for decades engaged in commercial activities both with its direct enterprise customers and its many distribution channel partners that could be considered monopolistic. While Microsoft has long asserted it is one of the most efficient competitors there are in an oligopolistically-based market of enterprise and consumer software, in reality its strategies and tactics show a pattern of deliberate monopolistic behavior (Information Management, 2009). Microsoft initially used complex contracts that defied legal interpretation to limit their Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM) from installing any other operating system besides MS-DOS and later Microsoft Windows (Werden, 2001). At this same time Microsoft also devised a pricing strategy that made it economically impossible for its OEM customers including Dell, Gateway, IBM and many others from installing or even supporting any other operating system. Most recently Microsoft was fined by the European Union (EU) for bundling its Internet…… [Read More]
There is also a very useful section called Reader's Choice: Top Picks that lists the top five most requested tips on the website, and as of today they are creating a resume, changing page margins, creating a calendar, creating or modifying e-mails and creating a conference record. There are also key tips for growing skills and for those in charge of supporting many users in an enterprise deployment of Word, support for Training and Certification programs. There is also a useful series of tips on what Word 2007 is all about, including a demo and document that lists answers to frequently asked questions. There are also quick access business clip art, templates, essential business downloads and online tutorials that explain how to work with Word. icrosoft's inclusion of so many resources makes it possible for any member of the five segments they are targeting with their website to get up…… [Read More]
Microsoft was investigated for an antitrust behavior because it was engaged in an activity that was believed to be unlawful according to the U.S. Laws. The U.S. market does not allow monopoly and it is unlawful to engage in monopolistic activities that tend to harm the competitors in the same market. The market is guided on the principles of free and open market for all where there is fair competition in the market place which is aimed to be in favor of the consumers in terms of commodity pricing, quality and more innovations.
Competition is healthy for any economy and it is through competition that the economy thrives and the consumer is the beneficiary in getting better quality products and at a lower price. An economy that is dominated by a single supplier lacks what a competitive market can offer whereby consumers are at the mercy of a…… [Read More]
Since feudalism gave way to capitalism and the Industrial evolution sparked a number of economic ideas, scholars have debated the idea of competition within the market. In most any economic system, competition forms the basis of the market economy. As well, within economic systems, there may be ethical and unethical practices and arrangements. Most of the unethical practices, after a time, become illegal and are discouraged, but others become part of the economic landscape. In many ways, strength in the competitive marketplace has been seen as both ethical and unethical. One player in the marketplace that uses unethical tactics is often seen as negative -- a bad monopoly. This is especially true when that organization uses unfair competition (price gouging or price fixing) to retain their market share. If, within a specific market or area one business is the sole or overwhelming player, that is said to be…… [Read More]
It is also worth noting that as time moves forward there is less of a downward sloping demand curve in software. This means that the demand for browsers is less likely to decline as price increases over time, as more people go online and the technology becomes ubiquitous. If there was a downward sloping demand curve, the monopoly firm would be prevented from increasing prices infinitely because it would lose customers doing so. The worry was that as the demand curve flattens, Microsoft would simply earn more profit from its monopoly position and thus consumers needed protection.
Economically, there are few conditions where a monopoly would be considered better than a competitive environment. Natural monopolies are an exception, although there is some disagreement as to what precisely constitutes a natural monopoly. Something like a military or a police force, or an electrical grid, could constitute a natural monopoly where it…… [Read More]
S. $1 billion dollars operating with around 1200 suppliers that are hugely diversity. The number has seen a more than 200% increase in the last few years. The company also creates linkages with organization that are related to promoting diversity so that technological innovation can be fostered within the organization and the increasingly diverse communities can be catered to. The company endeavors to sustain relationships and linkages with institutions through employee membership and volunteerism, career events, conference interaction, software donations, and sponsorships (Microsoft, 2010).
The founder and chairman of Microsoft, Bill Gates is reported to have encouraged keeping a flat organizational structure so that all ideas, problems and discussions can be carried out easily. He reportedly values such organizational types because they assist in developing a flexible and dynamic organization that possesses little inertia to change, promotes an exemplary environment and motivates employees (Gates, 2010).
A main element…… [Read More]
Microsoft Anti-Trust Issues
Issues in anti-trust cases tend to be very complex and technical, but in the case of the government vs. Microsoft, they are quite understandable. The government alleged that Microsoft used predatory pricing tactics to destroy competitors and eliminate competition in the marketplace. They were also accused of erecting technical barriers within their operating systems to make it difficult or impossible for non-Microsoft software to run on Windows. In 1993, the Justice Department (DOJ) began an investigation into these practice, which resulted in a consent decree on July 15, 1994, in which Microsoft agreed that it would not tie other Microsoft products into its Windows operating system.
In the late 1990's Microsoft began bundling its Internet Explorer web browser product into Windows and soon acquired a dominant position in the browser market. As a result, an anti-trust case was brought against Microsoft in October 1997. The four counts…… [Read More]
Thirdly there is the broader dynamic of how social computing is completely re-ordering the competitive dynamics of the two sectors that comprise this division as well.
a. Determine the extent to which Microsoft competes with other companies in its industry by assessing the levels of market commonality and resources similarity for each major competitor.
Microsoft's levels of commonality and resources similarity with other competitors are relegated to those companies who have the ability to scale enterprise-wide with systems, whether those enterprises are companies or state, regional or national governments. The future of Microsoft's competitive strength is in the.NET platform and its scalability, integration flexibility and reliability as an SOA architecture of choice for enterprises. All other aspects of development within Microsoft are centered on.NET as the basis of creating integration links to.NET, so that from any given Microsoft Office document to a wireless connection from a PDA, to the integration…… [Read More]
Implications for Leadership and Management in Designing and Controlling Innovation and Change: The Microsoft Case
No organization can hope to remain competitive today without carefully and efficiently managing the pace of innovation within that organization in response to changing consumer needs, industry trends, and internal capabilities. Communications technologies and other new mechanisms of conducting and creating business that have come about in the Digital Age have increased the pace of business dramatically, affecting all levels and segments of the supply chain and the product life cycle. In short, innovation is the new standard, and companies need to be researching and developing the next generation of products while still celebrating the release of the current generation. Consumers have proven to be more than willing to meet this ongoing supply with a never-ending demand for new gadgetry and more and faster capabilities, and businesses that fail to perceive and take…… [Read More]
Analysis & Evaluation
The advanced show of the U.S. economy in the late 1990's has led a lot of experts to conjecture that a New Economy has materialized in which heavy investment in information technology (IT) has led to an period of continued economic growth. Even though the current economic slowdown has dampened some of the passion for the idea of a New Economy, a basic question remains of whether the output growth experienced in the late 90's, can be attributed to IT and how is this going to look going forward (Information Technology and the New Economy, 2001).
Some time after the dotcom boom turned into a magnificent bust in 2000, the industry as a whole began to hope for another chance. And it looks like they got what they hoped for. Facebook and Twitter are valued by secondary-market trades at some seventy six…… [Read More]
The firm theoretically encourages individual social responsibility on the part of its employees by encouraging political action, but without requiring a particular ideological point-of-view to be supported. As a company, Microsoft is socially responsive in its philanthropic as well as capitalist in its use of largess of funds. The philanthropic as well as the capitalist mission of the company fosters life-improving technical communication, education, and development. The firm supports education in high schools, and also computers have emerged as means of education and connection to enhance the lives and minds of many people. But a rival computer firm might contend that Microsoft has accomplished this in a monopolistic way that stifles the creativity of rival firms, and could squash the inroads new ideas could make in the market to improve computers and education in the future.
Thus, the dominance of the firm in the market structure may be socially irresponsible…… [Read More]
Microsoft's Anti-Virus Reward Program
On November 5, 2003, Microsoft Corporation announced the creation of the Anti-Virus Reward Program which was initially funded with $5 million to aid law enforcement agencies identify and ultimately prosecute those who illegally "release damaging worms, viruses and other types of malicious code on the Internet" (Microsoft pg). Moreover, Microsoft will provide the monetary rewards for information that results in the arrest and conviction of anyone responsible for launching malicious viruses and worms on the Internet (Microsoft pg). This reward system will be available to residents of any country according to the laws of that country, due to the fact that Internet viruses affect the Internet community worldwide (Microsoft pg).
Microsoft announced the first reward as part of the Reward Program, in the amount of $250,000 for information leading to the "arrest and conviction of those responsible for unleashing the MSBlast.A worm" (Microsoft pg). Although two…… [Read More]
But the training as a human resource strategy has a wider application, in the meaning that it can easily be considered as an incentive. In today's world, where change occurs on daily basis, the human resource feels the need to constantly adjust to the new requirements. Ergo, they feel the need for training programs and this need is even more stringent in the it industry. At this point of writing the paper, one should analyze the specialized literature in order to identify how training programs can contribute to the fruitful financial outcome of an organization. To reveal an answer to these issues, one could pay attention to Employment Practices and Business Strategy, Continuous Quality Improvement: A anufacturing Professional's Guide or anaging Human Resource.
Once there is a clear understanding of the company under analysis, but also of the theoretical concepts and influences of employee empowerment and training, the paper should…… [Read More]
Through websites and job fairs, people are encouraged to take it aptitude tests, with the hope that many of them may find an interest in working in the software industry. Applied at student level, this program may be efficient and it is also something which is cost efficient.
The second solution that may be applied in this case is finding specialists overseas, with an accent on the relocation process that Microsoft has been using (Ireland and Puerto Rico are two excellent examples in this sense). Countries in Eastern Europe or India, for example, provide excellent specialists. If they are used in their country of origin, the company can save immense costs on salaries, additional work-related packages (insurance, pensions) or the administrative costs of an outlet. In countries in Eastern Europe, despite their admittance to the European Union, salaries up to $600-$800 for a programmer (with increases up to $1,200-$1,500 for…… [Read More]
Microsoft: The Beast Is Back
Fortune Magazine: http://www.fortune.com/indexw.jhtml?channel=artcol.jhtml&doc_id=202708
Why is work fun again for Bill Gates?
Work has become less stressful for Bill Gates. Once CEO of the almighty Microsoft, now Mr. Gates has since passed that post to friend Steve Ballmer. Bill Gates, for almost two years has been serving as chief software architect, a post in which he created and also has a seat on the board. Certainly, the anti-trust cases and the unwavering pursuit of those trying to find the Achilles heel of Microsoft had taken a toll on Mr. Gates. Lackluster stock performance and the loss of experienced and knowledgeable employees to hot start-ups proved extremely frustrating for the former Chief Executive Officer. The Harvard dropout, whose superior technical skills helped spearhead him to fame and fortune in the blink of an eye, lost the youthfulness and zest for software development when the dirty aspects of…… [Read More]
The initial demonstrations showed the movement of objects as if they were pieces of paper being re-ordered on a regular desk. The ability to re-order entire processes, for example the defining of a multi-city itinerary, or the development of an entirely new manufacturing center could be possible if more sophisticated software was created that could take advantage of the Surface core technologies. Process engineering would also significantly benefit as interactive flows of fluid-based assets including oil, natural gas and other process-related goods could be tracked in real-time.
Globalization and The Surface
One of the most provocative applications of the Surface, which has been shown by Steve Ballmer at The All Things Digital Conference sponsored by the Wall Street Journal, is to create collaborative workspaces where items, designs, drawings, and even software code can be shared over linked Surface workspaces. Instead of having to e-mail source code, designs, drawings or other…… [Read More]
Microsoft and their Battle with FOSS
Microsoft and Their Legal Battles with Free and Open Source (FOSS)
In 2006, Microsoft mounted a major offensive against open source software providers, claiming copyright infringement of 235 different patents. Later in the year, Microsoft entered into an agreement with Novell to ensure both would avert costly litigation over open source patents. Microsoft believed that they would quickly attain legal victory over the Free and Open Source (FOSS) patents given the depth and breadth of legal talent and precedents they had in their favor (McGhee, 2007). In reality this litigation only served to galvanize the open source community, creating a powerful catalyst for competing against Microsoft and what many viewed as monopolistic behavior (Miller, Voas, Costello, 2010).
The key questions surrounding the exponential growth of the Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) platform is explored in this analysis.
Why FOSS Continues To Proliferate
There…… [Read More]
Microsoft and Their Legal Battles with Free and Open Source (FOSS)
Microsoft has always vigorously protected its patents and sought out legal defense against competing technologies and businesses that threatened its core business model. In 2006, Microsoft mounted a comprehensive and well-orchestrated attack on open software, alleging that 235 of their core patents had been infringed on and they were due damages from Novell and several other publishers of open source operating systems. Microsoft believed they would have a quick and decisive victory over the Free and Open Source (FOSS) community, establishing a very defensible legal precedent and being able to create a long-term barrier to their impact on the Microsoft business model (McGhee, 2007). This did not occur however, and at the close of 2006, Microsoft and Novell brokered an agreement that saved each millions of dollars in legal fees. What Microsoft had meant as an inhibitor to the…… [Read More]
Microsoft’s Commercial Failures
Microsoft is a company that has had a great success in the market. Windows is a top-tier software used by people and companies around the world (Kim, Cho, Park et al., 2016). Its video game console is celebrated by analysts, gamers and the gaming industry (Murnane, 2018), and its entry into the cryptocurrecy market with Ethereum has been lauded (Timmerman & Thomas, 2017). However, for all of its success, Microsoft has had plenty of commercial failures as well. This paper will examine some of Microsoft’s product failures and discuss why they failed.
One of the biggest product flops to come from Microsoft was the Zune, which was put out into the marketplace in order to rival Apple’s iPod. In this case, Microsoft was behind the curve and Apple had already cornered the market with its deft combination of iPod with iTunes and, essentially, all other Apple products.…… [Read More]
I would like a computer that is portable so that I can work on the go, during travel, and when I am away from home. I do not have a preference for brand and am familiar with both Apple and Windows operating systems. I would have a preference for a touch screen laptop if available within my budget, which is $1500 for the computer and $500 for the software. This paper will compare three advertisements for computers based on specs and affordability.
The advertisement for the Apple MacBook Pro on the Best Buy website is compared to the advertisement for the Microsoft Surface on Amazon and the Dell XPS 15 2-in-1 on Dell’s website. The Dell computer has the largest screen size at 15 inches. However, for a laptop that is meant to be taken on the go, 15 inches is pushing the boundaries of portability. The best size is…… [Read More]
Further diversification is also recommended. Given the pace of change in the industry, the reliance on PC operating platforms and office software packages must be reduced. The risk of an entirely new technological paradigm emerging is high, so Microsoft must therefore diversify its revenue streams in order to defend against this threat. Overall, Microsoft's strategic thrust is strong and its operating results fantastic. The company must guard against major non-strategic threats such as technological change or acute damage from financial scandal. If Microsoft deals with these two issues effectively, the will remain in good position to continue to build their revenues in the coming years.
Financial and operating unit information from Reuters. Retrieved December 8, 2008 at http://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/companyProfile?symbol=MSFT.O
No author. (2004) Microsoft Corporation. Funding Universe Retrieved December 8, 2008 at http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/Microsoft-Corporation-Company-History.html
Microsoft 2008 Annual Report. (2008). Microsoft. Retrieved December 8, 2008 at http://www.microsoft.com/msft/reports/ar08/index.html
No author. (2006). Microsoft's Multiple…… [Read More]
The impact of Microsoft's Mission, Vision, and Primary Stakeholders on its Success
The Mission and Vision statement of Microsoft express its strategic directions and priorities to its prime stakeholders. These two statements have a significant importance for the company's success as all its strategic moves and efforts are aligned according to what these statements entail. They show Microsoft's true concern for the key stakeholders as well as for the community in which it operates. The prime stakeholders of Microsoft include customers, investors, regulatory authorities, employees, suppliers, distributors, and business development firms. Each of these stakeholders has a significant role to play in the company's success and sustainability in its industry. For example, the suppliers provide it the required raw material to produce highest quality of technological products whereas distributors deliver it to the potential retailers and final customers. Similarly, employees act as an intellectual capital of the company and…… [Read More]
Microsoft Anti-Trust Case
Microsoft was charged with using its position as an industry leader in computer software to force buyers to buy products that were bundled with Internet Explorer. The claim was considered a breach of anti-trust laws which declared that a company cannot package two products together based on one's popularity or market position with the consumer (U.S. v. Microsoft, 2002-2006). Microsoft has denied such claims that they took an unfair advantage of the market and consumer in order to strengthen an already dominant position in the industry (Hemphill, 2004). Especially in the case of the product coming from a company that has domination over the software industry such as Microsoft.
The Internet Explorer browser was not sold but given as a free product with the purchase of the Operating System by Microsoft. This is done by many companies throughout the industry. However when Microsoft applied this marketing principle,…… [Read More]
Microsoft is a company that was found to be in violation of antitrust laws by both the U.S. Justice Department and the European Commissions. The reason behind such a finding, is that Microsoft acted in a manner that was found to be overly aggressive in regards to its operating systems and software. As the Weil and McMillan article wrote that it was "alleged that Microsoft harmed Netscape's browser business through anticompetitive practices related to the Windows operating system" (Weil, McMillan, 2003) while the United States vs. Microsoft article went even further by stating "critics contend that Microsoft used monopolistic business practices and anti-competitive strategies including refusal to deal and lying, put unreasonable restrictions in the use of its software and used misrepresentative marketing tactics" (United States, 2002, 2006).
It is this author's belief that it does not matter if a company is 'capitalistic' or not, most companies would not have…… [Read More]
Microsoft in India and China
Microsoft: Strategy in India and China
Microsoft's Strategy in China
Although the Chinese Trademark Law is now largely in conformity with the TRIPs Agreement, the benefits of protection may not be realized for some time. At ground level there is a general culture of acceptance of counterfeit goods, partly because it makes previously unobtainable foreign goods affordable and partly because there is a lack of interest in enforcing IP rights that are largely owned by foreign companies. In this environment, counterfeiting will always seem attractive as it allows those involved to access an already existing market with low entry costs. In the meantime, however, foreign entities could take an active role in furthering the protection of their rights.
Licensing of IP rights to Chinese nationals and establishing joint ventures would be advantageous. The foreign party would have the benefit of local assistance in navigating legal…… [Read More]
Physical vs. Digital Products -- Physical products are those that can be touched, felt, have physical presence, must be produced, warehoused, packaged, shipped and purchased. However, physical products are most certainly not limited to brick and mortar stores. The Internet has opened up an entirely new world for commerce online -- in both physical and virtual worlds with e-Commerce. E-Commerce is the buying and selling of products and services over electronic means, usually the Internet. As Internet usage grows, so does trade conducted electronically, allowing for a number of improvements and innovations that follow suit. Most economists see e-commerce as a market segment that leads to intensive price competition and consumers armed with greater knowledge. In two particular industries, e-commerce has actually changed the way the market works on those industries, causing the brick and mortar versions to fade away. In fact, larger e-commerce firms like Amazon.com, use…… [Read More]
icrosoft Office is the most popular comprehensive bundle of productivity applications in the world. It contains word publishing, spreadsheet, presentation, e-mail, and database software and is most often used with the icrosoft Windows operating system. It can also be used with the Apple acintosh. The icrosoft Office suite enjoys almost universal worldwide familiarity. The most recent version of S Office is Office XP, which is designed specifically to be compatible with the Windows XP environment.
Functionally, Sun StarOffice is very similar to icrosoft Office. The chief difference is that it is written using open source code and may be altered by programmers to match their specifications. It is the most popular system for Linux and Unix-based computers and utilizes an XTL-based interface. It is considered an 'alternative' to the Windows system because it is popular with developers, who often criticize icrosoft for the fact that the source code is unavailable…… [Read More]
Identify and explain the main sections of the annual report.
The annual report has a number of different sections that are designed to explain the fiscal state of the firm. The most notable include: the business description, discussion & analysis, market risk, income statements, balance sheet, shareholders equity, auditor's reports and controls / procedures. The business description is focusing on describing where the firm is making money and new areas they are moving into. The discussion and analysis is examining how these changes are impacting the company's ability to compete. Market risk is examining Microsoft's exposure to fluctuations in the currency, commodities and equity indices. Income statements are looking at how much money the firm is making and its impact on different operations. The balance sheet is examining the levels of debt in contrast with the liquidity and earnings of the firm. Shareholders equity is looking at how effectively…… [Read More]
What I liked best about this site is the use of humorous Cliprt and the many variations in wildlife themes for both wallpapers and icons.
http://www.1clipart.com/- Of all the sites I visited after the Google search, this appeared to be one of the better sites as it provides free clipart without asking for loyalties, and also provides an on-screen editor to re-work the clipart images. In addition, there are entirely different styles of clip art not seen on the other sites. Finally, this site did have pop-up ads that my browser's ad blocker did not catch, but they were minimal compared to the many other sites I visited to complete this assignment. lso on this site there were wildlife pictures in multiple categories, some humorous, some realistic, which made for an abundance of art for a newsletter.… [Read More]
In these lessons, the narrator explains how to use reporting services, including the Business Intelligence Development Studio, to create professional-looking reports that express the data entered into the SQL database. These reports can be used as an excellent visual representation of the progress of one's project. For example, if a student were using SQL to allow web users to sign up for a news letter, as referenced in the very first informational video, a report designed using wizards through the Business Intelligence Development Studio would be an excellent and professional way to exhibit the popularity of the web site. By giving the student step-by-step information on how to install and use the reporting services, the video allows students to understand the sheer amount of information the reporting services can provide. The information contained in the video, including formatting options and user security, allows students to determine what kind of reports…… [Read More]
3. Definition of the World Wide Web
World-wide web See
INTENET. Internet: A global network of computers (also known as the World-Wide Web) which allows instantaneous access to an expanding number of individual Web sites offering information about practically anything and everything -- including the contents of daily newspapers, the price of goods in local shopping malls, library holdings, commodity prices, sports news and gossip, eroticism, and so-called chat-rooms (by means of which people can communicate with each other online about their interests, hobbies, and opinions).
Who is the American computer consultant who promoted the idea of linking documents via hypertext during the 1960's? (the Encyclopedia.com did not have the answer, as it said the U.S. Government developed the internet. The answer was found at (http://www.boutell.com/newfaq/history/inventednet.html):
Leonard Kleinrock was the first to publish a paper about the idea of packet switching, which is essential to the Internet. He did so…… [Read More]
Cross-functional teams hold the key in smooth integration of the different aspects of development. There is an urgent need to achieve better coordination between the different development groups involved in a particular project. Therefore, more focus will be placed on reengineering and reducing disjointed functioning within the project group. Microsoft's marketing approach has so far relied on an extensive pre-launch campaign. Over the years there have been several instances where the company has failed to deliver it products as agreed upon in their marketing manifestos. The WinFS technology, for example, was left off the Windows Vista (previously codenamed Longhorn) project completely, while it was the core of the longhorn project when it was initially planned. WinFS represented "the next-generation storage platform for Windows (that) manages data for organizing, searching and sharing." [Martin Lamonica, 2003] Without, this important component, the release of the windows Vista operating system would definitely lack the…… [Read More]
4. Measurements made to determine when the problem is solved
To identify whether the human resource problem is solved within the company, the managers could request several studies. These studies could refer to the employee fluctuation adherent to the months since the ESPP was made available. Once the fluctuation ratio would be identified, it would be compared to the fluctuation ratio adherent to the same period of the previous year. The HR department would calculate a variation interval in which the fluctuation would be considered normal and then compare the current employee statistics with the previous ones and draw the conclusions.
Another method Microsoft could use to identify the results of the implemented solution would be to engage in conversations with the employees or send out questionnaires for them to fill in and then analyze the responses given. They could ask the workers if they purchased shares and if they…… [Read More]
Baker (2006) reports that Google has worked hard to balance its entrance into the restrictive media market that is China with its own values. Baker defends this balance by reporting that "the company's contention that it believes it furthers its mission more by being present in China than it does by not is at least a rational response to a set of unpalatable choices." (Baker, 1) Other sources have not been as forgiving, arguing instead that Google's censorship of its search returns according to the demands of the Chinese government is active participation in the repression of information freedom. This denotes that even where a company presents itself as desiring to behave in a responsible and socially conscious way, a certain scale of success can make this an increasingly difficult achievement.
Microsoft has received similar criticism for its attempts at entering into the Chinese software market. However, the bulk of…… [Read More]
Contributions to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation set up by Gates and his wife top $20 billion." (Hillis, 1)
As indicated though, Microsoft's performance in the area of sustainability is not a simple black-out-white outlook. Quite to the contrary, its political activity seems almost counterintuitive to the actions the company has taken to improve its own achievement of sustainability. Namely, Schwartz reports the software giant to have fallen short of the expectations of major environmental groups such as Greenpeace for failing to use its enormous influence to push policymakers toward more aggressive regulatory changes. hile Microsoft can afford to invest in renewable and sustainable technologies, without a major change in policy legislation and corporate culture, many smaller firms cannot afford this type of transformation.
Still, it must be said that Microsoft is a major innovator in this area, and has provided myriad examples to other firms of ways to…… [Read More]
Microsoft Website: Products Department
The key processes and systems involved in the Products page of the Microsoft website include project assessment, design, manufacturing, distribution to retailers, online retail sales (on a limited basis), and multiple systems including the basic power hierarchy of the company, the information sharing systems between departments to allow for in-tandem development, and customer service systems that allow for input in the product development cycle.
Though there is already a great deal of saturation in the market for many of Microsoft's products, the breadth of the company's product offerings and emerging markets still offer significant growth potentials. Competition is high In some sectors, but Microsoft has strong market dominance in the realm of other products and its sheer size makes it highly competitive in all industries.
Supply chain issues for the product development and delivery department at Microsoft are quite extensive and complex, with materials and…… [Read More]
icrosoft Case Summary
Vaporware is the term we use for a product that is pre-announced even though it is nowhere near completion. icrosoft is one good example of how firms pre-announce products to stifle competition and to stay in the news. In 1991, when most of us had no idea that icrosoft was planning to launch an advanced version of its old operating system Windows 3.1, the company came out with an announcement that took most rivals and users by surprise. icrosoft announced that it was working on a new operating system called Chicago whose beta version would be launched somewhere in 1992 while the final version would appear in December 1993. 1992 came and went without any news of Chicago coming into the market and this was a major setback for users who had been eagerly awaiting the release of this new operating system. It was only later that…… [Read More]
Microsoft holds a competitive advantage in the computer software industry with both its innovative and functional products. For the past decade Microsoft and its office suite products have held a substantial 94% market share. In addition to being the most prevalent software product offering in the market, more than 500 million individuals worldwide use the product (1). In an effort to maintain this market share, Microsoft continually and consistently upgrades its product offerings to meet growing consumer demand. Most notably, this has come in the form of Windows XP, Windows 2003, and Linux. With these new iterations come very distinct similarities and differences between the individual products.
To begin, the most obvious difference between this operating software is the user interface. With user interface enhancements Microsoft XP intends to streamline the consumer experience. This has been accomplished primarily through the use of shortcut keys within all three iterations. With the…… [Read More]
Business esearch Issues
Any business that wishes to remain successful must conduct some level of ongoing research into various aspects of their business operations and effects. Microsoft is certainly no exception to this rule, and research into its level of customer satisfaction can suggest certain pitfalls that the company is endanger of falling into as well as providing clear and concrete methods by which the company can improve its sales and profitability. In order for such research to be effective, however, there must be proper controls on the validity and reliability of the data being collected and the methods of analyzing and interpreting such data. The following pages will examine specific ways by which the validity and reliability of data collected through customer surveys can be assured, and how that data can be put to direct and effective use within the Microsoft Corporation't improve its customer satisfaction levels.
Statistical…… [Read More]
This was specifically done to allow for greater data and information usability across all applications, a feature than had only been partially supported in the varying application versions in the past (Boeri, 2007). Microsoft apparently put a massive amount of effort into improving Excel, and the 2007 edition reflects much greater flexibility in graphing, table alignment, formatting and calculation options (Adams, 2006). There are also fewer constraints in Excel 2007 for completing tables and greater focus on graphical ease of use (Zarowin, 2008). Microsoft has also struggled to keep pace with the level of innovation that the Internet has brought to personal productivity applications. In the design of Outlook 2007 the integration of better scheduling and SS feeds has been accomplished (Dyszel, 2007).
Despite all of these advantages, the design of Microsoft Office 2007 is so in-depth in terms of functionality and navigational cues to users it can easily overwhelm…… [Read More]
Microsoft's Critical Decisions
The most critical decisions the company has is in regard to its search and advertising business, specifically how to compete against Google's AdWords success and the OEM relationships that Google is increasingly creating across enterprise, medium and small businesses. As a result, the critical decisions Microsoft has are first in its pursuit of selling OEM accounts its search engine technology followed by the re-vamping and more focused strategies regarding online advertising. Secondly, the major decisions on product direction in terms of licensed vs. SaaS need to be more clearly determined and decisions of which products to keep on this SaaS, or as the company calls it, Dynamics, platform also need to be decided on. Third, the pricing models for enterprise products need a major re-vamping and re-writing to make Microsoft easier to do business with at an enterprise level. Fourth, strategies for countering the threat of open…… [Read More]
The competition to be on time with products, the remote area Microsoft is located in, and the fact that so many working professionals without families live in the Seattle area all make work-life balance difficult to achieve for many employees of Microsoft who have families. The continued exodus of key members of the MSN Search team to Google illustrates how the work-life balance is more fiction than fact according to Greene (2005). His article from Business Week paints a very accurate picture of the Microsoft culture and the challenges it faces in terms of continuing its momentum forward. Paradoxically Microsoft's competitive challenges are becoming so significant with open source software challenging their operating systems business and he challenges of competing with Google they could use a healthy dose of work-life balance giving them a boost to ingenuity and development. Only through giving employees their freedom in how they define their…… [Read More]
Although one cannot make a good case for asserting that any one component in and of itself constitutes a monopolistic practice (see, for example how the operating system's prices have remained low in the following graphs), as part of a greater plan to dominate the market, there certainly is a solid case. Although the penalty for Microsoft as a monopoly is hardly extreme, it will certainly serve as a model to both avoid, and watch out for in the future.
Table retrieved at http://www.gsm.uci.edu/~mckenzie/mantra.pdf
Bill Gates, the Economist, 6/13/98
Ralph Nader and James Love, Computerorld, 11/9/98
Economics Resource Center. "Policy Debate. Is Microsoft a Monopoly? http://www.swlearning.com/economics/policy_debates/microsoft.html
Economics Resource Center. "Policy Debate. Is Microsoft a Monopoly? http://www.swlearning.com/economics/policy_debates/microsoft.html
McKenzie, Richard. "Microsoft: The Monopoly Mantra." http://www.gsm.uci.edu/~mckenzie/mantra.pdf
http://www.brainyencyclopedia.com/encyclopedia/m/mi/microsoft.html#the%20monopoly%20question zdnet. "Microsoft to Reveal indows Code. http://news.zdnet.com/2100-3513_22-948381.html
Branyencyclopedia.com. "Microsoft Anti-trust Case." 2004. eb site. Retrieved on September 30, 2004 http://www.brainyencyclopedia.com/encyclopedia/m/mi/microsoft_antitrust_case.html…… [Read More]
Microsoft purchased Skype for $8.5 billion (Primack, 2010). This marked the third time in five years that Skype had been sold, first to eBay and then to a private investment group. The company filed for an IPO, but that never came to pass as Microsoft entered the bidding and took over. There have been significant questions from industry observers about the value of Skype to Microsoft, and whether Microsoft overpaid for Skype. Analysts have attempted to determine what Microsoft's plans for Skype are, and whether those plans justify the seemingly high valuation (Bright, 2011). Since the purchase, there have been a number of changes at Skype that have seen Microsoft seek to capture value from the company. One recent change, for example, is the pending launch of conversation ads (McCue, 2012). To better understand this acquisition, the business of Skype and the needs of Microsoft must both be taken into…… [Read More]
Microsoft's Growth Led to Control Problems
The objective of this work in writing is to relate Microsoft's problems with its control and evaluation systems to each of the stages of growth in Greiner's model and to consider with Microsoft being most likely in the growth through collaboration stage how it could be recommended to changes in its structure, culture, and control systems to solve its problems at this stage.
Greiner's Model for Organizational Development
The work of Greiner holds that there are five key dimensions that are essential for constructing a model of organizational development. Those five key dimensions are: (1) the organization's age; (2) the organization's size; (3) stages of evolution; (4) stages of revolution; and (5) growth rate of the industry. (Mainiero and Tromley, 1994, p. 1) According to Greiner, there are also five phases of growth: (1) creativity; (2) direction; (3) delegation; (4) coordination; and (5) collaboration.…… [Read More]
(an in-depth look at MI and Instrumentation)
After this is achieved, a 'ManagementPath is created, wherein it will be bound to the MI class or the '_ namespace class'. The third step is the creation of the 'ManagementClass' object that is achieved by using the scope as well as the path objects that have already been created, or by creating the ManagementClass object and then directly passing along the path specified as '//. / root: namespace.' The MI class allows the user to avail of an entire list of all class instances for that particular class by calling 'GetInstnaces ()'. hen this is a _namespace, then this will be the list of all child namespaces. After this step, the paths and the names of all the namespaces are added together to form the 'tree view'. Since the ManagementClass and ManagementObject classes utilize unmanaged COM objects, 'Dispose' will be used to…… [Read More]
Microsoft Visio to Create an Organizational Chart
Defined Purpose and Audience
This project is a fundamental guide for using Microsoft Visio to create an organizational chart. It is designed for first-time users and people who have limited time, as it focuses most often commonly used features. This guide shows the users how to use Microsoft Visio without relying on technical jargon, by providing simple explanations and lists of numbered steps that tell the user which keys to press and which options to select.
Many related publications can be accessed to learn more about creating an organizational chart using Visio. These include:
Microsoft's official page for their Visio software.
Visimation, a company that helps other companies use Visio. http://www.vnunet.com/Products/1112160" Vnunet.com's consumer review of Visio 2000.
2000 allsoftware.com's consumer review of Visio 2000 Enterprise Edition. http://www.design-drawing.com/visio/visio2k.htm" Design-drawing.com's consumer review of Visio 2000 Technical Edition.
Visio 2000: The Official Guide
Microsoft…… [Read More]
Microsoft Bong and Google Using TheFour Ps of Marketing
Comparing Microsoft Bing and Google Using the Marketing Mix
Google's dominance of the search market globally continues despite the aggressive launch in 2009 of Bing, a new search engine, by Microsoft. To date, Google is still the most preferred search engine globally, with a commanding market share lead (Grensing-Pophal, 2012). Both of these search engines are financed through advertising revenues, with Google's AdWords being the most profitable online advertising platform globally today as well. Microsoft's Bing advertising strategies have gravitated towards paid search and more traditional forms of online business models (Grensing-Pophal, 2012). These have been somewhat successful in raising the profitability of the Online Division of Microsoft, known as one of the least profitable in the entire company (Vance, 2012). Google on the other hand continues to be one of the most consistently profitable businesses in the high technology sector,…… [Read More]
2. As previously stated, several Microsoft employees are leaving the company, but their percentage in the overall MS employees is relatively reduced. Microsoft still has employees which have been with the company from its beginnings; therefore continuous commitment is rather strong within the software company. Among the factors which increase employee loyalty towards Microsoft, one could easily point out the corporate culture, the benefits of being a Microsoft employee and the nature of the work conducted. The company encourages diversity and values the employee; numerous medical benefits cover not only the worker but his family members as well. Then, the employees are given the right to purchase stock and benefit from the corporate profits. Also, they have the chance to work in the largest software company in the world and contribute to changing the software industry.
September 26, 2005, Troubling Exits at Microsoft, Business Week, etrieved on February 8,…… [Read More]
Additionally, he argued that the best interest of the consumers, as promoted by Gate's organization, was in fact not the core element of new endeavors, as the company had argued, but that whenever a new product or service was being projected, this would be done in order to serve the financial interests of the organization rather than increase customer utility (Kegel, 2006).
In order to better understand why the above mentioned actions were ethical or unethical, it is best to assess them in light of three ethical perspectives. From the standpoint of the utilitarian perspective, the company is able to seek out those actions which maximize its gains, but in doing this, it must remain aware of the needs of others. More specifically, they can work towards their goals as long as these do not impede with the goals of others (Leiss, 1988). From this standpoint, the behavior of Microsoft…… [Read More]
Of the two development platforms, Microsoft's approach to enabling greater programming efficiency is seen in the standardization and validation of quality at the tools level (Miller, 2003). This approach taken by Microsoft to ensure consistency of development tools vs. The widely varying levels of quality for J2EE rapid development platforms is apparent in the scalability and performance of the completed applications. Microsoft's focus on the quality of the programming development tools has given them an advantage in terms of programming efficiency (deJong, 2005).
A strength of the J2EE development platforms is the pervasiveness of the application tools. The strength of the Microsoft .NET platform is the ability to create a consistent user experience throughout all applications (deJong, 2005). While J2EE has many variations in terms of development tools, Microsoft has by far more consistency to the usability goals and navigational areas of an application and Web Services' development.…… [Read More]
return of Microsoft as a software and operating system provider
This paper looks at certain questions as provided in the article "The Beast is Back," which concerns the return of Microsoft as a software and operating system provider.
"The Beast is Back" a.
Why is the demise of the high-flying dot-coms viewed as a good thing for Microsoft?
With the boom of many of the dot.com businesses Microsoft suffered a massive hit in shares, also many of those that worked within the corporation moved to the new companies in search of more money and quick gains. However, as the bottom dropped out of the dot.com market Microsoft saw this as a way back to a secure future that is at the forefront of the new Internet era.
Explain both the old and the new company vision statements.
Microsoft wanted to have computers with their software in every home, something…… [Read More]
Microsoft's strategies relating to leadership. First, an overview of the company will be provided, followed by a discussion of the company's leadership strategies. These strategies will be assessed as to their effectiveness, and compared to leading theories of effective management.
An Overview of Microsoft
Today, Microsoft is one of the world's largest businesses, and the world's largest and most influential software company (Wired News). The company's products have an extensive impact on both the personal and business world, and are seen in almost every office in North America.
Financially, Microsoft is a giant. Its founder, Bill Gates, was the richest man in the world in 2003, with a staggering estimated personal wealth of $40.7 billion dollars. He has been rated the richest man in the world for seven of the past eight years, and was ranked number two in 1997 (Wikipedia).
Microsoft's product range is varied, but focuses almost exclusively…… [Read More]
Apple vs. Microsoft
Apple Incorporation is a California-based multinational company established by Steve ozniak and Steve Jobs on April1, 1976. By the time the company shifted focus from computers to IT, its business coverage had expanded to include computers (laptops and desktop personal computers (PCs), iPod, iPhone, servers), mobile hardware, and software (Mac operating systemX, iork and iLife suites), in addition to web-based services (MobileMe). Apple, for around 35 years, rose to its peak, then deteriorated dismally, and finally scaled back up the ladder to grab hold of the status of leading Technology Corporation of the world. Apple's most influential persona has been Steve Jobs, its former CEO and co-founder (GRIFFITH 119).
Microsoft Corp. is another multinational company, founded in 1975 by Paul Allen and Bill Gates, and ruling the computer technology world; the ashington-based company develops an array of software, online services, gaming hardware, etc. However, the core business…… [Read More]
Microsoft has announced that it is discontinuing ClipArt, a once-popular program that allowed people to access a set of basic images that were part of the creative commons, that they could access (Goldman, 2014). Microsoft's decision highlights some of the choices that managers must make as part of their jobs.
A basic managerial function is the allocation of resources. Managers are agents of the shareholders, which means that they are charged with handling the company's resources and working with them in a manner that will increase shareholder wealth. In theory, the alignment between managers and shareholders should be evident, but at times it is necessary for the structure of the organization and compensation to reflect a better alignment (Nyberg, Fulmer, Gerhart & Carpenter, 2010).
One of the considerations that comes into play in a situation like this is the product life cycle. ClipArt was introduced in 1993 as…… [Read More]