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Hicklin, a Victorian-era case in which the British court suppressed a lewd pamphlet as a way to protect 'those whose minds are open to such immoral influences and into whose hands a publication of this sort may fall'" (p. 45).
The research showed that there has been increasing attention paid to what is considered legally obscene over the past century and a half, and many of the same factors that controlled the court's decision in the 19th century were incorporated into the controlling precedents set down in the 20th century. The research also showed that simply defining what is legally obscene has been a challenging enterprise because of the standard established in the Roth case concerning how the "average person" would consider such works. In the Age of Information where citizens are bombarded with increasingly lurid images on television and other popular mainstream media, together with the explosive growth…
Black's Law Dictionary. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Company, 1991.
Hixson, R.F. (1996). Pornography and the Justices: The Supreme Court and the Intractable Obscenity Problem. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.
Kidd, Dustin. (2003). "Mapplethorpe and the New Obscenity." Afterimage, 30(5):6.
Platt, Leah. (2001, August 27). "Not in Front of the Children: 'Indecency,' Censorship, and the Innocence of Youth." The American Prospect 12(15):45.
The author of this response is asked to answer to three high-level scenarios, with a few sub-scenarios and questions thrown in. The first one regards a "fine dining" restaurant, the second speaks of distant deal making and the third refers to cover charges and any associated gratuity provisions. These questions will be addressed one at a time.
The first question pertains to a restaurant where the nascent stages of the dinner are started including water, bread/butter and such. However, looking at the menu reveals that the subject cannot afford what is on the menu. The assignment then asks whether the subject has an obligation to pay. The answer would probably be no unless there is a clear and define charge associated with entering the restaurant, taking a sweet or from the water/bread itself. If, instead, something is ordered and no mention is made of payment, it is agreed by…
Most states have an 'attractive nuisance' clause, which stipulates that homeowners must ensure that their property does not contain 'attractive nuisances' that can encourage children to engage in dangerous behaviors. But an attractive nuisance is usually thought to be a swimming pool that is not fenced in vs. general rubbish. Prior to 2001 Ohio, Vermont, and Maryland were the only states without some version of the "attractive nuisance" doctrine" (Eckner 2013). However, in 2001, the "Ohio Court adopted the Second estatement's version of the 'attractive nuisance' doctrine -- i.e. An owner of land is liable for the death or injury of a trespassing child, limited by the factors of foreseeability and reasonable care The Court in fact went a step further and even extended the doctrine to adult rescuers injured or killed while attempting" to rescue the child (Eckner 2013).
In this case, Paul Pedestrian was not a…
Accountant's duty of care. (2013). Retrieved:
Eckner, Shannon. (2013). The attractive nuisance doctrine: Safeguard trespassing children and preserve property rights. Retrieved:
Minimum standards for private sector pension plans and health care plans were established under EISA, the Employee etirement Income Security Act of 1974. In addition to the basic provision for pension plans, the Act also requires information sharing and a degree of transparency for participants. For example, EISA mandates the availability of information regarding plan features, funding, and fiduciary responsibilities as well as offering participants information about legal rights related to their pension and health benefit plans ("Employee etirement Income Security Act -- EISA," n.d.). Although the original Act was drafted in 1974, EISA has been largely superseded by amendments, the most recent of which is the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).
EISA does not apply to all Americans, so it is important for Americans to understand whether their situation is covered under its rubric. According to the United States Department of Labor, which oversees EISA and…
Development for Professional Employees (2001). The benefits of collective bargaining for professional and technical workers. Retrieved online:
"Employee Retirement Income Security Act -- ERISA," (n.d.). United States Department of Labor. Retrieved online: http://www.dol.gov/dol/topic/health-plans/erisa.htm
Hall, M. (2012). Ergonomic Injuries Account for Growing Share of Workplace Injuries. AFL-CIO Now. Retrieved online: http://www.aflcio.org/Blog/Political-Action-Legislation/Ergonomic-Injuries-Account-for-Growing-Share-of-Workplace-Injuries
OSHA (2012). Retrieved online: http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/ergonomics/guidelines.html
According to the Whistleblower Protection Act, a federal agency is in violation of the Act if it "takes or fails to take (or threatens to take or fail to take) a personnel action with respect to any employee or applicant because of any disclosure of information by the employee or applicant that he or she reasonably believes evidences a violation of a law, rule or regulation; gross mismanagement; gross waste of funds; an abuse of authority; or a substantial and specific danger to public health or safety" (Whistleblower Protection Act, 2013, EEOC). From an H perspective, in an agency under the provisions of the Act, if an employee has a complaint about the management of the company, it is very important not to ignore it, and the company must be extremely careful to ensure any actions taken against the employee are not viewed as retaliation for his or her…
ADA. (2013). ED.gov. Retrieved:
Overtime and wage and hour claims. (2013). HR Lawyers. Retrieved:
The assumption here is that ounselor burnout may be heightened as a result of the diversity of students who attend post seondary eduational institutions, and the variety of servies the 2-year postseondary ounselors must provide to these students. This assumption is ongruent with the findings of a study by Wilkerson and Bellini (2006) who advise, "Professional shool ounselors are asked to perform multiple duties as part of their daily work. Some of these duties math the desriptions set forth by national standards for shool ounseling programs, whereas others do not" (p. 440).
Consequently, shool ounselors are required to formulate deisions on a daily basis onerning the best way to perform their jobs (Wilkerson & Bellini). Not surprisingly, many shool ounselors are overwhelmed by these onstantly hanging working onditions and requirements, and a number of ounselors experiene high levels of stress as a result. Beause the onnetion between high levels of…
cited in Angerer, 2003). Unfortunately, it would seem that most helping professionals, including counselors, possess characteristics which predisposed them to this construct. For example, Lambie notes that, "Counselors may have increased susceptibility to burnout because of their training to be empathic which is essential to the formation of a therapeutic relationship. In fact, research has found counselor empathy to account for two thirds of the variance in supporting clients' positive behavioral change" (p. 32). The ability to remain empathic to the plights and challenges typically being experienced by students in community colleges is complicated by the enormous diversity that is increasingly characterizing these institutions, of course, but all helping professionals run the risk of becoming burned out while performing their responsibilities by virtue of their empathic sharing. In this regard, Lambie emphasizes that, "Empathy helps counselors understand the client's experience, but at the same time, a counselor may experience the emotional pain of multiple traumatized clients. Empathy is a double-edged sword; it is simultaneously your greatest asset and a point of real vulnerability; therefore, a fundamental skill of effective counselors, being empathic, may place counselors at high risk for burnout" (p. 33).
Citing the alarming results of a national survey of counselors that indicated that incidence may be almost 40%, Lambie also emphasizes that although all professions involve some degree of stress, counselors and other human service providers are at higher risk of burnout compared to other professionals. For example, this author notes that, "Counseling professionals are often in close contact with people who are in pain and distress. This continuous exposure to others' despair, combined with rare opportunities to share the benefits of clients' successes, heightens counselors' risk for burnout" (Lambie, p. 34). Other authorities confirm the incidence of burnout among educators, and cite even higher rates than the foregoing estimate. For instance, Cheek, Bradley and Lan (2003) report that, "Based on several international studies, approximately 60% to 70% of all teachers repeatedly show symptoms of stress, and a minimum of 30% of all educators show distinct symptoms of burnout" (p. 204). Indeed, a study by Lumsden (1998) determined that overall teacher morale was sufficiently severe that fully 40% of the educators who were surveyed indicated they would not choose teaching again as a career, and far more than half (57%) remained undecided at the time concerning ending their teaching career, were actively making plans to leave teaching, or would opt to leave the teaching field in the event a superior opportunity presented itself.
There are some other qualities that typify school counselors that may predispose them to becoming burned out over the course of time (some quicker than others, of course), but which may reasonably be expected to adversely effect the ability of school counselors to maintain their effectiveness in the workplace. For instance, Lambie concludes that, "Common counselor qualities of being selfless (i.e., putting others first), working long hours, and doing whatever it takes to help a client place them at higher susceptibility to burnout. As a result, counselors may themselves need assistance in dealing with the emotional pressures of their work" (p. 34).
Counselors and Characteristics of Burnout
This lack of understanding of the audience is something that should be addressed before anything is ever written for that audience.
Report Writing - Report writing is not really that difficult, but there are some things that should be avoided. Most of the issues that need to be avoided have been mentioned above, but there are other important ones, such as ensuring that a report is technical and therefore does not include personal opinion, contractions, and other writing issues that might be included in a more relaxed piece of work, such as a narrative or personal essay.
Instructions, Narration, Process - This type of writing must be very technical - and very precise. Any time there are instructions or processes that are being addressed, not being clear can be potentially damaging to anyone that would read the document. This is especially true with instruction manuals for items that can cause…
The pizza sizes are 10 inches which is an individual, 12 inches which is a small, 14 inches which is a medium, 16 inches which is a large, 18 inches which is a super, and a 20-inch pizza which is a family size. The family size pizza gets about 37% of all the sales which are $400,000, the 16-inch large comes in second accounting for 20% of pizza revenues, the 10-inch accounts for 18% and the 12-inch accounts for 15% (due to a large weekday lunch crowd) the 18-inch pizza accounts for only 10% and the remaining 5% is sales of the 14-inch pizza. The 20-inch pizza price is $20.25 with just cheese and sausage and the 16-inch cheese and sausage is $16.00 a pizza. Each pizza is priced at a markup of roughly 200% as is the standard for most restaurant food. (IRS, August 2005, NP) pizza menu accounting…
Chua, Jess H., James J. Chrisman, and Pramodita Sharma. "Defining the Family Business by Behavior." Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice 23.4 (1999): 19.
De Kok, Jan M.P., Lorraine M. Uhlaner, and a. Roy Thurik. "Professional HRM Practices in Family Owned-Managed Enterprises." Journal of Small Business Management 44.3 (2006): 441.
Guidry, Flora, James O. Horrigan, and Cathy Craycraft. "CVP Analysis: A New Look." Journal of Managerial Issues 10.1 (1998): 74.
Hicks, Douglas T. "Yes, ABC Is for Small Business Too." Journal of Accountancy 188.2 (1999): 41.
The study concludes that, "These few observations provide a fascinating window into the way in which new dietary regimes can affect neurotransmitter synthesis and thereby influence broad-based activity patterns in the brain" (lumenberg et al. 598).
There are many theories about the way that diet affected evolutionary selection in hominids. There is little doubt that diet played a significant role and that brain size is related to a radical change of diet in the distant past. However, what scholars are also at pains to point out is that diet should be seen in conjunction with and in relation to other factors, such as social structure. As Spuhler (1959) states,
The change to a partially carnivorous diet had extremely broad implications for the social organization of early hominoids" (Diet, Evolution, and Culture). Diet and other factors should be considered in the intricate and immensely complex task of attempting…
Dobzhansky, Theodosius. Evolution, Genetics, and Man. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1955.
Aiello L. And Wheeler P. The Expensive-Tissue Hypothesis: the Brain and the Digestive System in Human and Primate Evolution. Current Anthropology, Vol. 36, No. 2. (Apr., 1995), pp. 199-221. December 2, 2007. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0011-3204%28199504%2936%3A2%3C199%3ATEHTBA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-9
Blumenberg B. et al., the Evolution of the Advanced Hominid Brain
Current Anthropology, Vol. 24, No. 5. (Dec., 1983), pp. 589-623. December 1, 2007. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0011-3204%28198312%2924%3A5%3C589%3ATEOTAH%3E2.0.CO%3B2-W
" Of these respondents, over 50% of them stated that they lack a disaster recovery plan (Anthes, 1998). However, most of the problems stem from the lack of communication at the corporate level. (Hawkins, et al., 2000).
Business Continuity Plans (BCP) and other forms of strategic planning are no longer a luxury, but a must-have factor and an important element of any organisation's risk management system. Organisations are increasingly dependent upon it systems and infrastructure and eventually subjected to many risks, so business is inherently risky. How long can your organisation afford system downtime? How long does it take to recover a disaster; and, what does it cost? These kinds of questions are the ones that have to be addressed for BCPs. Also important, however, is using strategic planning to look toward the future and determine where a business wants to be at a specific point, so that plans to…
Bolman, LG & Deal, TE (1997). Reframing Organisations: Artistry, Choice and Leadership, 2nd ed, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.
Bowden, P (1985). Organisation and Strategy, McGraw-Hill, Roseville.
Byrne, JA. (1996, August 26). Strategic Planning. BusinessWeek. http://www.businessweek.com/1996/35/b34901.htm .
As activists in women's liberation, discussing and analyzing the oppression and inequalities they experienced as women, they felt it imperative to find out about the lives of their foremothers -- and found very little scholarship in print" (Women's history, 2012, para. 3). This dearth of scholarly is due in large part to the events and themes that are the focus of the historical record. In this regard, "History was written mainly by men and about men's activities in the public sphere -- war, politics, diplomacy and administration. Women are usually excluded and, when mentioned, are usually portrayed in sex-stereotypical roles, such as wives, mothers, daughters and mistresses. History is value-laden in regard to what is considered historically 'worthy'" (Women's history, 2012, para. 3).
In what Kessler (1994, p. 139) describes as "the all-too-common historical exclusion or devaluation of women's contributions," the male-dominated record of human history has either diminished the…
Beauty Product Analysis
The Hidden Dangers of Beauty Products
Whether people realize it or not, they are constantly being bombarded by pollutants in their environment and through the cosmetic and other personal beauty products. Through product reformulations, the products we use on a daily basis have the power to pollute our bodies on an increasing basis. However, cosmetic toxicity is nothing new to the industry. Ancient Egyptians were poisoned by their lead-based makeup and women in Elizabethan times were poisoned by their arsenic-laced cosmetics (Barczac, 1995). Because skin is highly permeable, "less than one-tenth of an inch thick, skin is a porous membrane that is highly sensitive to toxic chemicals. What we put on our skin affects our health just as much as, if not more than, what we put in our mouths" (Epstein, 2013). Through an analysis of the product's one uses on a daily basis, one can begin…
Barczac, C. (1995, Summer). The hazards of cosmetics. AEHA Quarterly. Retrieved 22 March
2013, from http://www.environmentalhealth.ca/summer95cosmetic.html
Epstein, S.S., M.D. (2013). Major risks from cosmetics and personal care products. Dr. Frank
Lipman: The Voice of Sustainable Wellness. Retrieved 22 March 2013, from http://www.drfranklipman.com/risks-from-toxic-ingredients-in-cosmetics-personal-care-products/
traumatic experience with a patient a few years ago that still left me with a bad feeling. It was a hit-and-miss instance, and the fact that it was so, more closely being miss than hit, has stayed with me ever since. It was the first time that I ever came so breathtakingly close to being implicated in causing another to die. I hope it will be the last. As to the lessons that it can teach me -- there are several.
The story was the following: It was one fine, not especially busy aturday morning when this patient was wheeled in for a percutaneous transfemoral aortic valve implantation. While the cardiology team was inserting the femoral guide wires and sheath for valve placement the ventricle was perforated. Usually we have more time and can proceed more placidly, but in this particular case, we had to rapidly respond and open the…
Brennan, TA et a l (1991). Incidence of Adverse Events and Negligence in Hospitalized Patients -- Results of the Harvard Medical Practice Study I. N Engl J. Med 1991; 324:370-376
Greenlaw, J. (1981). Understaffing: Living with the Reality, 9 L. Med. & Health Care 23- 41
The determination for marketable security with respect to disproportionate distribution is accomplished by reducing the amount of marketable securities that is treated as money using the following steps:
1. The excess of the partner's share of net gain that would be recognized if all securities of the type distributed held by the partnership immediately before the transaction were sold at fair market value over
2. The partner's share of gain that would be taken into account if the securities held by the partnership immediately after the transaction were sold.
While the term "marketable securities" includes interests in actively traded precious metals and other financial instruments that are set forth in the applicable IRC code and regulations, there are some exceptions to this provision, though, and it does not apply in three specific situations as noted below:
1. Contributed by partner. If the security itself was contributed to the partnership…
(Vander Ploeg, 2003)
Key findings stated in the report of Vander Ploeg include the following:
Unlike the overall indications of municipal infrastructure needs, which identify water and wastewater infrastructure as having the greatest investment needs, western cities biggest needs exist in the transportation sector. In each of the cities except Vancouver, roads, bridges, interchanges, sidewalks and public transit make up at least half of the annual infrastructure deficit;
This may be related to the relative youth of western Canadian cities with respect to their eastern counterparts, and suggests that maintenance and repair of existing systems should remain a priority in order to prolong the useful lifespan of water delivery systems and sewers;
Also, environmental services in most western cities are self-financed through user fees, which makes it much easier to finance infrastructure improvements to municipal utilities as opposed to general infrastructure which relies on the tax base for funding. Western…
AMO Welcomes Joint Review of Municipal Fiscal and Service Delivery in Ontario (2006) Association of Municipalities of Ontario. 14 Aug 2006.
Mirza, Saeed M. & Haider, Murtaza (2003) the State of Infrastructure in Canada: Implications for Infrastructure Planning and Policy," a study prepared for Infrastructure Canada, 2003
TD Bank Financial Group (2003) a Choice Between Investing in Canada's Cities and Disinvesting in Canada's Future April 2002.
L'union des Municipalites du Quebec and the Conference Board of Canada (2003) La situation fiscale des municipalities du Quebec," May 2003.
Trade Act of 1974 on Euro exchange rates?
Free Trade has been a key agenda for the past three presidents. In an expanding global market, tariffs and trade policies are more important today than they have been in the past. More and more countries are forming alliances such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the Asian Alliance, and the European Union (EU). These trade agreements are meant to level the playing for all countries, both industrialized and emerging countries.
President Bush's trade policy is aimed at helping to generate American jobs, open markets to American products, and provide economic growth. Sometimes massive increases in imports can have a devastating effect on U.S. industries. [This has been the case for the U.S. steel Industry and is the issue addressed in Section 203 (B) (1) of the Trade Act of 1974. Foreign steel makers have had the luxury of government…
Arnold, James. Steel sector stares into the abyss. BBC News.com. March 6, 2002.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/business/newsid_1857000/1857914.stm . Accessed April,
Arnold, James. Steel spat could mean wider worries. BBC News.com. March 6, 2002.
Table of Contents (optional)
Louise is aged 50 and single. Since 1994 she has carried on a retail business as a sole trader. Her trading profits as adjusted for tax purposes and after capital allowances, for the year ended 30th April 2009 were $150,000.
The business is carried out from a number of valuable retail outlets, all of which are owned by Louise personally. These units have been acquired over a number of years since 1994 and their market values have increased considerably in recent years.
Apart from her single personal allowance tax credit, Louise is entitled to income tax relief in respect of $10,000, which she pays annually to a evenue approved pension scheme.
Louise's personal living expenses and other financial commitments total $50,000 per annum (including the contribution of $10,000 to the evenue approved pension scheme referred to above).
Louise is considering transferring her business to…
Maertin, James CPA. U.S. Tax Preparation Worldwide. [
http://www.hmrc.gov.uk/menus/aboutmenu.htm "HM Revenue and Customs: About Us." Hmrc.gov.uk. Crown Copyright. 2005-04-18.
TNT is a multinational company specializing in the express service delivery. The company delivers parcel, document, and mail to its customers domestically and globally. Following the global recession, competitions, and recent development in the electronic message delivery, the company has recorded a decline in the profits delivered to the shareholders in the last few years. This document develops a marketing plan to improve the company sales and boost the revenue. The marketing plan will target Netherlands, the UK, and North America. The marketing plan will also target the emerging countries such as China, India and South America. The brand positioning will be used as promotion strategy where company will use its strong brand to differentiate itself from the competitors. Moreover, TNT will employ 7Ps (Product, Price, Promotion, People, Place, Process and Physical Evidence) as the marketing mix. TNT will use brand technique to differentiate its products in the market and…
Clarity Marketing Ltd., (2005). The marketing mix 7 Ps of the marketing mix…a framework for complete marketing. Clarity Communication.USA.
Douglas, S.P Craig, S.C. & Nijssen, E.J. (1999). International Brand Architecture Development, Drivers and Design. Stern School of Business New York University.
Linda, L.S.P. Wilson, C.C.S. Hee, Y.E.(2008). An in-depth Research on Macro and Micro Factors that may influence TNT Express Marketing Strategy Today.
Onkvisit, S. & Shaw, J.J (2004). International marketing: analysis and strategy.USA. Routledge.
Production Case Study
PICE NEGOTIATION MEMOANDUM
(The prenegotiation objectives establish the Government's initial negotiation position. They provide parameters that will be used in the contracting officer's final determination of a fair and reasonable price. They should be based on the results of the acquisition team's analysis of the offeror's proposal, taking into consideration all pertinent information including field pricing assistance, audit reports and technical analysis, fact-finding results, independent Government cost estimates, and price histories. The contracting officer must establish and document prenegotiation objectives before the negotiation of any pricing action.
A PNM must be a stand alone document that will pass scrutiny in court. The reader should not have to refer to audits or technical reports to make sense of the PNM.)
TEAM MEMBES: (List the first and last names and positions of each person representing the Government here.)
First and Last names
Senior Contracting Specialist…
CON 217 (nd). Cost Analysis and NEGOTIATION Technique
© Management Concepts Incorporated
According to the UCSD Guardian (2008), voters throughout the nation demonstrated their commitment to opposing budget cuts this past Tuesday that would have further increased the private cost of college education by reducing available state funding:
Voters nationwide made clear their support for higher-education initiatives, including rejecting a proposal in Massachusetts that would have eliminated that state income tax and in turn dealt a crippling blow to the state's education sector, which relies heavily on income taxes for support. In New Mexico, voters approved two bonds with major implications for higher education: Bond C, which delegates $40.5 million to universities for health facilities, and Bond D, which supports a new $19-million arts facility for New Mexico State University. Voters in Arkansas and Maryland approved lottery measures whose profits will help bolster education programs, and Montana voters said yes to property-tax levies to support the University of Montana."
References Glod, M. (2008) Cost of Sending Kids to College Increasing. Fox26News, Houston, TX; November 6, 2008. Retrieved November 6, 2008, at http://www.myfoxhouston.com/myfox/pages/News/Detail?contentId=7807583&version=2&locale=EN-U.S.&layoutCode=TSTY&pageId=3.2.1
Hendrix, S. (2008). Cost of Higher Education Heading Up: Tuition Increases Likely, Group Says. Washington Post, October 30, 2008; A15. Retrieved November 6, 2008, at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/10/29/AR2008102901642.html?nav=rss_nation
Katz, J. (2008). On COLLEGE: Cost of college concerning in tough economic times
Palo Alto Daily News; November 1, 2008. Retrieved November 7, 2008, at http://www.mercurynews.com/peninsula/ci_10873727
SUNYNP (2008). Gradual Tuition Increase: The Rational Method; the New York State University at New Paltz Oracle, November 6, 2008. Retrieved November 7, 2008, at http://oracle.newpaltz.edu/article.cfm?id=3963
incurred in the Candy making process.
Candy Making Process
Process of making candy is a long process. The process involves blending and mixing of pounds of chocolate, milk & cream, sugar, candy coating and other ingredients to make candy that would be acceptable to customers. From the brief explanation of the candy making, it is revealed that the production process of candy involves combining the three factors of production such as land, labor, and capital to produce the final products.
In the Candy making, there is a need to set aside the financial resources that would be used to:
purchase the raw materials or the ingredients;
purchase the equipment to make candy;
rent or purchase the land to build the factory or lease the existing factory;
pay direct and indirect labor;
purchase office equipment;
settle other miscellaneous payments such as the telephone bills, water bills and others
After the owner…
Fryatt, E.H. (1999).Candy Making Basics. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.UK.
Jones, D. (2011). Candy Making For Dummies. John Wiley and Sons. USA.
Porter, M.E. (2008) The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy, Harvard business Review, January.
Walther, L.M. (2011). Managerial Accounting. Create Space. USA.
Mock Grant Proposal
We are supposed to pick a current problem area at work, describe the problem and propose a solution to that problem. It is a proposal for research that I would like to do and does not involve running subjects or analyzing data.
The problem I chose for a work situation is poor sales performance and the research I would like to do is for which solution will increase motivation to sell and prove the most effective in increasing sales. Some possible examples of different solutions could be increased incentives (bonuses, contests, etc.)
or more thorough training programs.
The object of the paper is to pretend you are running the experiment and are testing a hypothesis you have developed. It needs to be written in standard APA
format. It will have a title page, abstract, intro, method, results, references, and expenditures section.
references to past relevant research articles…
Bulent, A.,Tansu, B.A., & Tansu B. (Fall 2003). The performance effects of outcome-based incentive pay plans on sales organizations: A contextual analysis. Journal of Personal Selling and Sales Management, 23(4) 341-358.
Walters, J. (2001). "How to Uncover Employee Performance." Inc.com.
Retrieved August 18, 2005, from: http://www.inc.com/articles/2001/03/22371 .
Advice on Handling Dismissals
The Minimum Wage
Working Time egulations
WOKES AND EMPLOYMENT
Gender and Sexual Orientation Discrimination
Discrimination on Grounds of ace or eligion or Age
Treatment of employees has come under scrutiny in the last few decades. Legislation has been passed to help facilitate effective regulation of a business/work environment. The areas covered by legislation are: employment contracts, work-related regulations (ie. Breaks and work conditions), minimum wage rates, unlawful/unfair dismissal, and discrimination/harassment on the grounds of gender, sexual preference, race, religious beliefs, disability, and in recent years, age. Legislation of this nature need to be a major concern for employers to not only follow, but implement. Dismissal of legislation could lead to large penalties, associated with compensation and legal fees.
Infringement of employees rights may also lead to a company/organization's poor public image. As most businesses know, maintaining a positive public…
Ashworth, A. 1995. Principles of criminal law. Oxford [England]: Clarendon Press, p. 87.
Computer World. 1996. IT security managers too focused on compliance, experts say. [online] Available at: http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9237254/IT_security_managers_too_focused_on_compliance_experts_say [Accessed: 12 Jun 2013].
Fay, J. 2007. Encyclopedia of Security Management. Burlington, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann, p. 249.
Fletcher, G. 1998. Basic Concepts of Criminal Law. New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, p. 45.
Global Business Cultural Analysis
Synopsis of Nigerian government
Nigerian monarchy to presidential system
The evolution of Nigeria from British control to a civilian democratic government
Nigerian major commodities
The major elements and dimensions of culture in Nigeria
Model of culture
Universalism or Particularize
How is the integration of elements and dimensions that Nigerians doing business in the country?
The effects of governments on the prospects for its business around the world
How the elements and dimensions compared with the United States, culture, and business?
The role of women in the workplace
Business visitors must be dressed in an elegant and tie (for men!)
Cross-cultural business transactions between the United States and Nigeria
Thurstan Shaw and Steve Daniels, who are the founder for archaeological research proved in their research that Nigeria has been developed since 9,000…
Afolayan, T.E. (2011). Coming To America: The Social and Economic Mobility of African Immigrants in the United States. Inquiry (University of New Hampshire), 6-11. Retrieved from EBSCO host.
Alutu, O.E., & Udhawuve, M.L. (2009). Unethical Practices in Nigerian Engineering Industries: Complications for Project Management. Journal of Management in Engineering, 25(1), 40-43. Doi: 10.1061 / (ASCE) 0742-597X (2009)25:1(40)
This is further based on the following assumptions:
1. The company will charge $150 per hour for each client.
2. The company expects to spend at least 80 hours a year with each client.
3. The company expect to see at least 30 clients per year, which will generate a revenue of $150 x 30 x 80 = $360,000. For the purpose of this computation, this will be regarded as the selling price.
4. The company expects its yearly fixed costs to be $526,000. This fixed cost consists of the cost of staff remuneration, utility bills and advertising.
5. The company expects its variable costs to be about $344,000 a year, comprising of the cost of equipment servicing and maintenance, legal costs, and so on.
Given the above assumption, the company's yearly break-even point can be computed as follows:
The implication of the above computation is that LNS must service…
Graham J.R., Smart S.B., & Megginson W.L. (2010): Corporate Finance -- Linking
Theory to What Companies Do. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.
Hubbard R.G., O'Brien a.P. (2009): Macroeconomics. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-
In terms of similarities, each of these budgets contains roughly the same basic format. hile the specific charts may differ, each budget separates revenue sources and attempts to break those down. The budgets also explain the expenditures, and typically break these down to each individual program within the department.
A similarity between three of the budgets (Federal, Florida and Newark) is that they rely heavily on tables and written explanations. hile these tables are necessary in any budget, it is interesting to note that the Newark budget is significantly more visually-oriented than any of the other budgets. The graphic representation of some of the figures makes for a more user-friendly presentation. The other budgets are less likely to be understood by those without some financial training.
Each of the budgets is produced to unique specifications. There appears to be no standard with respect to the production of public budgets, so…
United States 2010 Federal Budget Summary Tables. Retrieved July 24, 2009 from http://www.gpoaccess.gov/usbudget/fy10/pdf/budget/summary.pdf
State of Florida 2009-10 "People's" Budget. Retrieved July 24, 2009 from http://peoplesbudget.state.fl.us/bdagencies.aspx?full=1
City of Newark 2009 Proposed Budget. Retrieved July 24, 2009 from http://www.ci.newark.nj.us/government/city_departments/department_of_administration/2009_proposed_budget.php
Environmental Protection Agency 2010 Budget. Retrieved July 24, 2009 from http://www.epa.gov/budget/2010/2010bib.pdf
For instance, in a hot market, with a highly desirable home, For Sale By Owner may be the most profitable option, foregoing any realtor fees, and retaining much of the selling price. However, if something goes wrong, this equation could quickly turn to favor the protection of a realtor. The following chart summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of both selling methods. It uses a $300,000 home and several assumptions to explore the feasibility of both selling options. This scenario will assume that the home is already paid off and there is no mortgage. It will also assume that all taxes are paid and that no litigation results from the sale. It will also assume that the home needs no outstanding repairs as a result of the sale.
Fig.1. Sale by Realtor
Asking price of home
Realtor fees (avg. 6%)
Home Owner's arranty…
KeytLaw. Affordable Fixed Price Legal Services. 2009.
< http://www.keytlaw.com/az/services.htm >. Accessed May 1, 2009.
ListByOwnerOnMLS.Com. List on MLS, Flat Fee MLS Listing. 2009.
< http://www.listbyowneronmls.com/?location=Google >. Accessed May 1, 2009.
76), ROE has ranged from 21.6% to 28.3% in recent years, with the 2007 figure being 25.6%. This reflects outperformance of both the industry and the market. The ROA has exhibited similar outperformance of both industry and market. The return on assets for JNJ over the past several years has ranged from 13.1% in 2007 to 17.l% in 2005. The industry five-year average is 8.85% and the market five-year average is 7.50%.
Net Income increased despite decline in revenues
Growth in each business segment
R&D expense growing slower than revenues
2-year upward trend in net income
Upward trend in cash levels
Upward trend in cash flow from operations
Current ratio 46.36% higher than industry
Interest coverage 80.09% higher than industry
Net margin 14.04% higher than industry
Return on Equity 1414.79% higher than industry
Return on Assets 48.02% higher than industry
Decline in revenue this year (1st…
Whilst I talk, some poor farmer drudges & slaves for me" (Journals 9: 126). He feels that a real reformer is the one who would refuse to purchase or use slave-produced goods and in this regard he noted: "Alas! alas! my brothers, there is never an abolitionist in New England" (Journals 9:128).
Thus reform though it has been an important subject has often elicited different responses from thinkers and writers. While some connected it with religion, others completely kept religion away from it. Winthrop's brand of reform is not only different from Emerson's but the former will never find any endorsement of his views in the writings of Emerson's. The latter was more involved and interested in individualistic reform that focused on change within one's self instead of institutionalized change. The different in thinking can be attributed to the different time periods in which they composed their thoughts.
Emerson, Ralph Waldo. The Journals and Miscellaneous Notebooks of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Ed. Merton M. Sealts, Jr. Vol. 5. Cambridge: Belknap P. Of Harvard UP, 1965.
The Journals and Miscellaneous Notebooks of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Ed. Ralph H. Orth and Alfred R. Ferguson. Vol. 9. Cambridge: Belknap P. Of Harvard UP, 1971.
New England Reformers." 1844. Essays First and Second Series. New York: Vintage Books, 1990. 361-79.
Johnson, Linck C. "Reforming the Reformers: Emerson, Thoreau, and the Sunday Lectures at Amory Hall, Boston." ESQ 37.4 (1991): 235-89.
Water Awareness and Education for Sustainable Watershed Management
Today, the human society continuously deals with the issue of limited resources, as compared to an extensively growing amount of needs. Among these limited resources, water is vital, not only because mankind cannot survive without it, but also because it is essential to producing so many other secondary items, including food and clothing. At the same time, water and watersheds are an essential part of the environment, home to numerous species of animals and plants. Conservationism and environmental protection has a definite impact on the existence and evolution of mankind as well.
With that in mind, this project proposal will focus on identifying a set of solutions that the inhabitants in the Medina River Watershed (exar & Medina County TX) can use to address water pollution in this area, as well as the means by which water conservation can be consolidated and…
1. Engel, F.L. (n.d.) Geomorphic Classification of the Lower San Antonio River, Texas. Texas Water Development Board. Project 0604830637. Retrieved on July 12, 2011 from website http://www.twdb.state.tx.us/RWPG/rpgm_rpts/0604830637_LowerSanAntonioRiver.pdf
2. HDR Engineering [HDR] (2000, December). The Edwards Aquifer Watershed Brush Control Planning Assessment & Feasibility Study. Texas State Soil & Water Conservation Board. Retrieved on July 12, 2011 from website http://www.nueces-ra.org/II/brush/
3. Moore, E.A., & Koontz, T.M. (2003). Research Note A Typology of Collaborative Watershed Groups: Citizen-Based, Agency-Based, and Mixed Partnerships. Society & Natural Resources, 16(5), 451. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
4. O'Neill, K.M. (2005). Can Watershed Management Unite Town and Country? Society & Natural Resources, 18(3), 241-253. doi:10.1080/08941920590908097
8 billion, and primary metal manufactures, $1.4 billion (Exports pp). Together, these five manufactured product categories accounted for 61% of the state's total exports of goods in for that year (Exports pp).
In dollar terms, the leading manufactured export growth category is transportation equipment, rising $294 million between 1999 to 2003, while others included miscellaneous manufactures, up $248 million, processed foods, up $192 million, and primary metal manufactures, up $171 million (Exports pp). In percentage terms, the fastest growing manufactured export category is fabric mill products, which grew 70%, from $99 million in 1999 to $169 million in 2003, while others included processed foods, up 52%, miscellaneous manufactures, up 48%, and beverages and tobacco products, up 48% (Exports pp).
The Port of Pittsburgh is the largest inland river port in the United States and the 11th largest port of any kind (Water pp). The Port Commission is the central point…
Coal Mining in Pennsylvania." Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection. http://www.dep.state.pa.us/dep/deputate/enved/go_with_inspector/coalmine/Coal_Mining_in_Pennsylvania.htm
This is a web page from the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental
Protection web site. It provides a history of the state's coal mining industry.
Gordon, John Steele. "Iron and Steel Industry." Readers Companion to American History. http://college.hmco.com/history/readerscomp/rcah/html/ah_046100_ironandsteel.htm
Output (year ending Jan. 3, 2010)
Output (year ending Dec. 28, 2009)
Change in sales:
Cost info (in thousands)
ate (Change in cost/change in sales)
Cost of sales
Wendy's/Arby's Group 2010 Annual eport)
Wendy's/Arby's Group's basic sales operations, which consist of many different activities classified into broad categories of costs in company financial statements, are examined n the above table. Not all cost categories are represented, however the three that are most easily broken down (from the available information) into specific activities appear above: cost of sales, which includes all of the basic activities from material procurement through labor costs; facilities costs, which includes property maintenance, procurement, and other physical resource control; and other miscellaneous costs, which involve a number of different one-time and ongoing costs incurred in a given year (Gilman, 2011). The time…
Bradtke, D. (2007). Activity-Based Costing. New York: Grin.
Gilman, S. (2011). Analyzing Financial Statements. New York: BiblioBazaar.
Wendy's/Arby's Group. (2011). 2010 Annual Report. Accessed 8 February 2012.
Ancient Jewish Weddings
Weddings in Ancient Jewish Custom
There is an example of a wedding feast from the gospel of Luke that is not of the famous Cana Wedding Feast that takes place at the beginning of Jesus' ministry, but a gathering in the house of a Pharisee. The Pharisees and scribes invited Jesus there because, as always they were trying to test Him. It was on the Sabbath, and there had already been some discussion of this seminal event in the Jewish week, but the discussion had changed because Christ had been asked to heal a man who walked up to him who had dropsy (an abnormal swelling due to excessive water retention). He asked them if they thought it was lawful to heal a man on the Sabbath, and as they were testing Him, they did not answer. So, he told them that they would definitely take their…
Celine. (2010). Difference between Talmud and Torah. Retrieved from http://www.differencebetween.net/miscellaneous/religion- miscellaneous/difference-between-talmud-and-torah/
Orthodox Judaism. (2010). A guide to Jewish wedding tradition. Retrieved from http://www.orthodox-jews.com/jewish-wedding-tradition.html#axzz1qcIRRWOQ
Rich, T.R. (2011). Marriage. Retrieved from http://www.jewfaq.org/marriage.htm
West, J. (2003). Ancient Israelite marriage customs. Quartz Hill School of Theology. Retrieved from http://www.theology.edu/marriage.htm
Senior Helpers began franchising in 2005. Senior Helpers is an in-home care service that is designed to give clients as much or as little help as they require so that they may enjoy living independently at home. Senior Helpers offers flexible and non-contractual services.
The Company provides the following services: assisting clients with everything from companionship to bathing to Alzheimer's and dementia care. Senior Helpers services include an in-home assessment to assist in the determination of the type and level of care needed. Our services are available anytime, including days, nights, weekends, and holidays for either long or short-term duration. Our future plans include developing a new Senior Helpers Facility at 7632 Hull Street Road, Chesterfield, Virginia 23832 by the end of 2012.
The greatest risks associated with our business today are competition and employee turnover. e feel we can overcome these risks because of our franchise support. Our biggest…
Network Design Consultation
Design recommended for the client
The requirement of the client of the small billing business shall deserve a tailored system for his network design. This compels for network similar for a small office management process. Shall has a variety of the components suited in their places. The network shall facilitate the process of file sharing, internet access, connection to a networked printer, maintain a basic, secure environment and facilitate a multiple email addresses. The application of the client/server system shall prove vital for the entire process of the design work considering the laid requirement by the clients. The client specifies that the numbers of the user are three. This leads to the categorization as the multiple user networks (Kennington, 2011).
The design focuses majorly on the speed of the hard disk, the quality on the networks and the vital feature of the workstation to enable smooth operation.…
Kennington, J.L. (2011). Wireless network design: Optimization models and solution procedures. New York, NY: Springer.
Piliouras, T.C. (2009). Network design: Management and technical perspectives. Boca Raton, Fla. [u.a.: Auerbach Publ., CRC Press.
Halabi, S., & McPherson, D. (2000). Internet routing architectures. Indianapolis, Ind: Cisco Press.
New Product, Service or Process
Produce a specification for an agreed project to implement a new product, service or process
Be able to plan for the launch of a project to implement a new product, service or process
Produce a project plan for an agreed project
Match appropriate resources to a Project
Cost all resources required for implementing a project
Agree timescales for the management and implementation of a project
Plan an appropriate strategy for the implementation of a project
Be able to implement a project
Implement a project in accordance with an agreed specification
Develop appropriate measures to monitor and evaluate progress and outcomes
Monitor the implementation of a project
Task 4: Be able to evaluate the outcomes of a project
Analyze the outcomes of a project in terms of the original project specification
Evaluate the outcomes of a project
Make justified recommendations for improvements to the project
"Failure of any district to budget funds to meet statutory requirements is a very serious matter and will result in the executive county superintendent rejection of the budget. The district will be advised of any lack of budget approval with specific recommendations on necessary corrective revisions." (New Jersey Department of Education 2013, P 14).
3. Key Budget Terminology
There are numerous terminologies with regard to the school district budget. The most important budget terminologies are
The revenue is the money received by the school district within an accounting year. A fund is part of the revenue and there are four sources of revenue for the school district and this include:
Intermediate source, state, and Federal sources.
Expenditures are the expenses that the school district must fulfill within an accounting year. Part of the school district expenditures are the payment of teachers' salary, and travel expenses for…
Ernest & Young (2012).U.S. GAAP vs. IFRS the basics. Ernst&Young LLP.
State of New Jersey (2008).The Uniform Minimum Chart of Accounts for New Jersey Public Schools. Department of Education, Division of Finance.
New Jersey Department of Education (2013).Budget Guidelines Fiscal Year 2013-2014.Office of School Finance.
Shopping Tourism in Hong Kong
Item Page Number
Tourism in Hong Kong
Shopping Tourism in Hong Kong
Shopping Tourism in Hong Kong
Shopping tourism is a major aspect of the global tourism trade and as such is an area of tourism that is and should be promoted by destination countries and locations. This is true for Hong Kong as well as in other locations throughout the world. Ashworth (1989) writes that urban regeneration and tourism have become critically important activities beginning in the 1980's. Ashworth specifically notes two elements that link the ideas of the city and tourism and which show the complex relationship that exists between the features of a city and the functions of tourism that serve to result in shopping tourism in the city. The first element is comprised by the specific characteristics of a city and how this…
Cheung, Sidney (nd) Cultural Tourism and Hong Kong Identity. Department of Anthropology. The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Retrieved from: http://cuhk.orientalecom7.com/en/publish/workingpaper4.pdf
Discover Hong Kong by Rail (2012) Hong Kong Tourism Board. Retrieved from: http://www.discoverhongkong.com/eng/things-to-do/discover-hongkong-rail.html
Experience Unique Hong Kong (2012) Hong Kong Tourism Board. Retrieved from: http://www.discoverhongkong.com/eng/things-to-do/cultural-tours.html
Hong Kong Culture (2012) Tourism Asia Network. Retrieved from: http://hong-kong.tourism-asia.net/index.html
Program Budget and Cost Analysis
Line-Item Budget for an in-Service Dementia Care Training Program
Florida now requires all direct-care staff working with dementia patients to receive specialized training. The curricula offered must be vetted by the Training Academy of the University of South Florida's Policy Exchange Center on Aging, otherwise assisted living facilities, nursing homes, adult day care, and hospices will be unable to accept patients with dementia into their facilities. In order to meet these statutory requirements and improve patient care, an in-service training program in dementia care will be instituted for a hospice facility located in Florida.
The Hospice House in Cape Coral, Florida maintains 36 beds for patients with terminal illnesses. On average, a little over 60% of the residents suffer from dementia at any one time, which is consistent with national trends (Williams, Hyer, Kelly, Leger-Krall, and Tappen, 2005, p. 98). The number of patients tends…
CMS (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services). (n.d.). Hospice Center. CMS.gov. Retrieved 13 Mar. 2012 from www.cms.gov/Hospice/Downloads.2011_Aggregate_Cap.pdf.
Goyder, Judith, Orrell, Martin, Wenborn, Jennifer, and Spector, Aimee. (2012). Staff training using STAR: A pilot study in UK care homes. International Psychogeriatrics, published online ahead of print, p. 1-10. Retrieved 13 Mar. 2012 from http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=8473487 .
Hobday, John, V., Savik, Kay, Smith, Stan, and Gaugier, Joseph E. (2010). Feasibility of internet training for care staff of residents with dementia: The CARES® Program. Journal of Gerontology Nursing, 36, 13-21.
Hyer, Kathryn, Molinari, Victor, Kaplan, Mary, and Jones, Sharmalee. (2010). Credentialing dementia training: The Florida experience. International Psychogeriatrics, 22, 864-873.
IT Acquisition Management for a new Video Shop
Individual Project Activities
Identification of a problem
Showtime Video Store
Business Capture Group
The problem is that there is no real information technology security measure employed in the video shop. There is very little awareness of the necessary IT security measures amongst the current management heads which is why they need an effective IT security plan and structure to implement to ensure there is no copyright infringement and stealing from their shop.
Business Activities and Processes Affected by the Problem
The problem directly affects all products and videos that are at the disposal of the customers online as well as on-site.
Actual Performance (e.g., current baseline)
The guidelines associated to the informational security strategy should incorporate contingency actions which will facilitate the video shop to endure any discrepancy or calamity and tackle it audaciously. Actions like incorporating data storage and…
Abt Associates, Inc. 2004a. Summary of findings from the second round of MedPAC hospital IT investment interviews. Deliverable submitted to MedPAC. Cambridge, MA: Abt Associates.
Abt Associates, Inc. 2004b. Summary of findings from the first round of MedPAC hospital IT investment interviews. Deliverable submitted to MedPAC. Cambridge, MA: Abt Associates.
Brailer, D.J., and E.L. Terasawa. 2003. Use and adoption of computer-based patient records in the United States: A review and update. Manuscript. California Healthcare Foundation. March 28. Oakland, CA.
Glaser, J.P. 2002. The strategic application of information technology in health care organizations. Hoboken, NJ: Jossey Bass.
management has to do with the knowledge of the resources a company uses in running their daily affairs. It also involves effective projection of additional resources that could be needed along the way, and the maximization of the available resources. Maximizing the efficiency of the available resources and the ability to put some of them in reserve are part of Cost Management. Some scholars define cost management as the of cost setting up systems of accounting and models for the provision of guidance in relation to current and future operations in order to achieve specified objectives. They also believe that analyzing and interpreting cost information is vital and aids the processes of decision making. Basically, between a client and a contractor, cost management refers to the final cost of a construction project (Dubois, 2003).
The major reason for the analysis of cost management is to find a more effective final…
Ansari, S., Swenson, D., Bell, J. And Kim, W. (2003): Best Practice in Target Costing. Management Accounting Quarterly, Winter 2003, Vol.4, No.2, pp.12-17.
Baker, W. (2002): Eliminate Non-Value-Added Costs. Industrial Management, May/June 2002, Vol.44, Issue 3, pp.22-27.
Carr, D. And Smith R. (2000): Change Management. In: Brinker, B. (ed.): Guide To Cost Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York, pp.128-143.
Cokins, G. (2001): Activity-Based Cost Management: An Executive's Guide. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Grant: Strengthening the Family Unit
Grant -- Strengthening the Family Unit
The program expenses described in this budget narrative are for the Year 1 Pilot. Subsequent years of program are dependent on the provision of additional funding, to be determined at the close of the Year 1 and upon satisfactory evaluation of the Pilot program.
Costs attributed to personnel with project coordination and budget oversight duties are assigned to this category. Two positions with direct project responsibilities are funded from this category: Project Coordinator, Project Trainer, and Project Administrator. The Project Coordinator and the Project Trainer are scheduled to work the equivalent of .50 FTE, and the Project Administrator is scheduled to work the equivalent of .35 FTE. The salary calculations are provided for 20 hours per week for the Project Coordinator and 15 hours per week for the Project Administrator.
% of Time…
The Act is not adaptable, it is not distinct in nature and it is costly to implement (eynolds, 1995). These factors have allowed the public to disregard the members of the society that were supposed to be protected by the Law. It has been difficult to distinguish the groups that are protected by the Act, to ensure the Act is understood and applicable, the Act should be refined, reworded and simplified to ensure that it is easily understood and adapted (Lande, 1998).
Employers have in a greater way been able to deny disabled people employment although the disabled person may be in a position to perform most of the responsibilities; they are not given the opportunity to prove their ability to perform. The employer refuses to hire the person not on the basis of inability to perform but because they are physically disabled (Shaw, 2008). Whenever an employee is terminated…
Shaw, K. (2008). The Disability Rights Movement -- The ADA Today. Academic Search Premier 4(2), 20-25.
Meneghello, R., & Russon, H. (2008). Creating a Movement: The First 18 Years of the ADA. Academic Search Premier. 4, 21-25.
Hermes, J. (2008). Attempt to Broaden Disabilities Act Concerns Some College Officials. Chronicle of Higher Education. 40, A23-A23
Lande, R. (1998). Disability law: Problems and proposals. Southern Medical Journal, 6, 518.
In addition to a lightened burden of proof and broader definition there were two additional changes resulting from the amendment which served to positively affect the impact and ultimate effectiveness of the legislation. This amendment clarified the fact that judges are not allowed to assess possible mitigating factors such as medication, corrective surgery, or specialized equipment in the determination of whether or not an individual is disabled. This change is directly related to the Sutton case. Further the amendments clarified the definition of major life activities. This amendment relates directly to the Williams case in which a judge deemed that Carpal Tunnel wasn't in fact a significant impairment to major life activities, it merely precluded her from successfully completing specific tasks in the work place. Though the language of the Act is still quite ambiguous, these changes help to clarify and protect the intention of the act.
1. Disability Discrimination Act 1995. (c.50), London: HMSO.
2. Schall, C., 1998. The Americans with Disabilities Act -- Are we keeping our promise? An analysis of the effect of the ADA on the employment of persons with disabilities. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 10(3), pp.191-203.
3. Stowe, M., 2000. Interpreting "place of public accommodation" under Title III of the ADA: A technical determination with potentially broad civil rights implications. Duke Law Journal, pp. 297- 329.
4. Grabois, R., Nosek, M., & Rossi, D., 2005. Accessibility of primary care physicians' offices for people with disabilities: An analysis of compliance with the American with Disabilities Act. Archives of Family Medicine, 8, pp. 44- 51.
Polsby states is the House of Representatives has become more institutionalized as time progresses. He believes the necessity of institutionalization is due to the fact that as the House grew, the functions and duties it took upon expanded, too, which demands a system of organization. The consequences of said institutionalization were it became effortless to bar the workings of legislation than to advance it. Furthermore, institutionalization means decentralization of authority, which then creates numerous jobs in the House thus attracting individuals to potential careers. However, this reduces the effectiveness of Congress and the value of the House is reduced with employees wanting to stay within the administration. In the end, reduced blunders are taken upon the House, which leads to a creation of hierarchy, or known as "uniformly centralized patterns of authority" (Polsby, 168).
The article I've chosen is titled "Can Congress Make You Buy Broccoli? And hy That's A…
Mariner, Wendy, George Annas, and Leonard Glantz. "Can Congress Make You Buy Broccoli? And Why That's a Hard Question ." New England Journal of Medicine 364 (2011): 201-203. Print.
Polsby, Nelson. "The Institutionalization of the U.S. House of Representatives." The American Political Science Review 62 (1968): 144-168. Print.
Most importantly, these are the harm to reputation and false facts. Two subchapters are allocated to each of these aspects, with the chapter concluding with the description of different defenses and damages and other remedies.
Chapter 9 discusses the issue of the wrongful invasion of privacy. Several potential cases of invasion of privacy are introduced, such as the public disclosure of private facts, the appropriation of the plaintiff's name or likeness and publicity placing the plaintiff in a false light. There are several different claims that are detailed in this chapter, including claims involving privacy for third persons. Finally, the last subchapter includes a reference to related torts, such as the breach of confidential relationship.
Chapter 10 is a general chapter that presents other torts that have not been included in any of the other chapters. Other torts include misrepresentation, negligent misrepresentation, injurious falsehood and interference with economic relations. At…
After 13 months, the rats begin to show signs of dementia including reduced cognitive ability and memory impairment (McGill University, 2010).
Amyloid B. immunotherapy
Past research on the effects of active or passive a? immunization on a? buildup and AD progression provided evidence that such immunization "protects against the progressive loss of synaptophysin in the hippocampal molecular layer and frontal neocortex of a transgenic mouse model of AD" (Buttini & al, 2005). This provided further support for the amyloid hypothesis.
Since the discovery of a? immunotherapy effectiveness in the treatment of AD in mice, the AN1792 a? vaccine was developed and tested on humans (Lemere & Masliah, 2010). Unfortunately, clinical trials were discontinued when around 6% of the subjects developed meningoencephalitis (Lemere & Masliah, 2010). However, since some subjects showed improvements in a? plaque clearance, several new a? immunotherapies have been developed and are currently undergoing…
Basi, G., & al, e. (2010). Amyloid precursor protein selective gamma-secretase inhibitors for treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer's Research & Therapy, 2 (36).
Buttini, M., & al, e. (2005). Amyloid Immunotherapy Prevents Synaptic Degeneration in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease. The Journal of Neuroscience, 25 (40), 9096-9101.
Ganguly, R., & al, e. (2005). Effect of Moringa Oleifera in Experimental Model of Alzheimer's Disease: Role of Antioxidants. Annals of Neurosciences, 12, 33-37.
Herrup, K. (2010). Reimagining Alzheimer's Disease -- an Age-Based Hypothesis. The Journal of Neuroscienc5y7e, 30 (50), 16755-16762.
The story was filled with factual accuracy, while fictional, and vividly rich with images and characters that she and her father could picture with accurate detail. Romano tells us how Mariana finished the story with a young member of the family holding a roughly cut, wooden pony, and how when she gently finished the tale as he was in tears
Villanueva, Victor. Bootstraps: From an American Academic of Color. Urbana, Ill: National Council of Teachers of English. 1993. Print. This book an unusual book: at one level it is autobiographical, detailing the life of an American of Puerto Rican extraction from his childhood in New York City to an academic post at a university. At another level, Villanueva ponders his experiences in light of the history of rhetoric, the English Only movement, current socio- and psycholinguistic theory, and the writings of Gramsci and Freire, among others.
Zinsser, K. William. On…
e. those discounting repetitive). In this case, 8 such digits.
Confidence level: The amount of confidence that I have about this data- that it closely approximates actual sample is quite high (95.9%)
3. The age range of 45-54 had the highest amount of women (54%) using the low-cholesterol diet followed by 55 and over (49%), then 35-44 age range (46%) least in the 1-24 age range (29%). It seems that preference for this diet peaks amongst females in the late middle years. With men, there is a slightly different shift with the majority (35%) actually preferring this diet in their older years and regressing as they decrease in age, with a major shift occurring between the 13% in the age interval 16-24 and the 25% of the age interval 25-34. Of the difference between the sexes, women by far (54% at its peak) are more interested in the diet than…
Similarly, researchers should be aware of the consequences of halo, prejudice to the leniency or seriousness of fundamental trend and position or propinquity of deviation from the pace that can artificially increase reliability of measure devoid of improving reaction correctness or validity. (Williams, and Poijula, 2002).
Limitations/Strength and Weaknesses
The following conditions might have affected the results of the present study:
1. The sample will not be random,
2. all demographic information will be self reported and not verified,
3. all the subjects for the study came from 3 local Kansas mental health facilities located in South Central Kansas,
4. all data for the BDI-II is self reported,
5. data is for individuals with specific DSM-IV diagnosis,
6. data is for individuals who are currently seeking treatment for the specified DSM-IV disorders (Schiraldi, 2000)
major strength is that respondents will be selected from ? number of different places for better…
Schiraldi, Glenn. (2000) Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Sourcebook. McGraw-Hill; 1 edition p. 446
Williams, Mary Beth and Poijula, Soili (2002) the PTSD Workbook: Simple, Effective Techniques for Overcoming Traumatic Stress Symptoms. New Harbinger Publications; 1 edition. p. 237
Foa, Edna B. Keane, Terence and Friedman, M. Matthew J. (2000) Effective Treatments for PTSD: Practice Guidelines from the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies. The Guilford Press; 1 edition. p. 388
Wilson, John P. And Keane, Terence M. (1996) Assessing Psychological Trauma and PTSD. The Guilford Press; 1st edition. p. 577
The attack which claimed Tsar's life was by a member of Narodnaya Volya, ignacy Hryniewiecki, who died while consciously exploding the bomb during the attack. udolf Christoph Freiherr von Gersdorff projected to assassinate Adolf Hitler by suicide bomb in 1943, but was unable to complete the attack (oger Moorhouse 2006).
Once we start discussing suicide bombers, there emerge some religious units that are never far behind. esearchers have proposed several theories to elaborate on why others would give their lives to take those of others. A study by Ginges brings about a variety of religious people from different religion back grounds and it has come out that across the board, people's deportment on martyrdom had absolutely nothing or if there is very minimal to do with their religious attachment or a specific religious group.
Bloom, Mia. Dying to Kill. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005
Beevor, Antony. Berlin:…
Bloom, Mia. Dying to Kill. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005
Beevor, Antony. Berlin: The downfall 1945, Penguin Book, 2005
Evan Thomas, Newsweek 10/15/2001
Hafez, Mohammed. Suicide Bombers in Iraq. Washington: U.S. Institute of Peace Press.2007
The net effect of these trends on the environment is mixed. According to Kohler and Erdmann (2004), the expanded use of ICT applications will ultimately result in both benefits to the environment, as well as some new problems associated with their use. The extent to which the negative effects are mitigated will ultimately depend on the foresight that is used today to develop long-term energy and waste management policies that will control the development of ICT infrastructures and how they are used in the future (Kohler & Erdmann, 2004).
According to Lan and Thomas (2009), there is no escaping the fact that information and communication technologies are fundamentally changing the nature of commerce and hold important promise for economic development in the future. These authors are quick at add, though, that proceeding with these technologies is a complex enterprise and there are still a number of unknowns involved concerning how…
Cyr, C. (2007, April/May). E-waste not. Plenty, 31.
Daly, J. (2005, June). ICT and ensuring environmental sustainability. Communication Initiative.
Retrieved from http://www.comminit.com/redirect.cgi?m=7e7425fe10109533767cb66
Assistant will receive copy via email one week prior.
-- in touch with Lamar and expecting schedule update by March 25th as per Lamar
-- Maintaining weekly email contact with assistants for Mr. Fife and Mr. Rogers
-- Maintaining weekly email contact with tentative Opening Ceremony locations
Correspondence for Mr. Rogers
Bullet Points for Oral Presentation
Mention having spoken to assistant already first
Use Buzzwords: CFI Internship Program - honored and tremendously appreciative - deliver our keynote address -- interns attend his alma matter -- mine too -- Luckily his busy schedule is open
Lamar loved his book [insert title] -- Hoping he might address topics from it
Preparation for Oral Presentation
To prepare for delivering this message orally, I might consider rehearsing it as though it were a speaking role. I might recruit a friend to listen to me or use a tape recorder. Either way,…
The Company for Cooperative Insurance cites the origins of its name and how it affects their corporate culture: "Tawuniya is the simplification of the Arabic word for 'co-operative' and was already established amongst the related customer base by this name. The new name and identity takes ownership of this insurance category and evokes a strong emotional connection to customers as 'co-operative,' which is the only accepted form of Islamic insurance" Tawuniya Overview, 2010, para. 3).
According to Chaudry, though, the enormous amounts of oil-based revenues flowing through Saudi Arabia's coffers has created a very real need for informed and well-managed insurance companies that are capable of competing in an increasingly competitive financial market. In this regard, Chuadry notes that, "The financial systems that developed in [Saudi Arabia] in the 1970s was the product of capital abundance, not scarcity. Unlike most countries in the initial stages of economic development,…
Ala Hamoudi, H. (2007). Jurisprudential schizophrenia: on form and function in Islamic finance.
Chicago Journal of International Law, 7(2), 605-606.
Chaudhry, K.A. (1997). The price of wealth: Economies and institutions in the Middle East.
Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
This type of evidence includes perception and memory, is subjective, and can be inaccurate. Almost all evidence must be sponsored by a witness who has sworn or solemnly affirmed to tell the truth. All persons are presumed to be qualified to serve as witnesses in trials and other legal proceedings, and all persons are also presumed to have a legal obligation to serve as witnesses if their testimony is sought. Witnesses are generally required to give their testimony in the form of statements regarding what they saw, heard, felt, tasted, or smelled, and they are generally forbidden to express opinion or draw conclusions. A person who is not testifying as an expert will be allowed to present an opinion as testimony if his opinion is both rationally based on his perception and helpful to an understanding of his testimony. Opinions of a competent layperson are specifically permitted by rule, statute,…
Waltz, Jon R. And Park, Roger C. (1998) Gilbert Law Summaries: Evidence. 17th Edition. New York: Harcourt Brace Legal and Professional Publications.
The writer asserts that an ensuring study incororating a number of factors, external to team members deliberate contributions, may roffer additional insight to further enhance knowledge about rugby alications for coaches to consider with their ractices.
In the case study, "Effects of consecutive basketball games on the game-related statistics that discriminate winner and losing teams," Sergio-Jose Ibanez, Javier Garcia, and Sebastian Feu, all with the University of Extremadura, and Alberto Lorenzo, Technical University of Madrid, with Jaime Samaio (2009), University of Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro at Vila Real, analyzed data they obtained from the Sanish Basketball Federation; including games layed during the 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 seasons in the Under20 league. Ibanez, Garcia Feu, Lorenzo and Samaio used the observational method to conduct their study which analyzed a total of 223 games with the following variables, "selected according to the FIBA (International Basketball Federation) normative for game analysis" (Ibid.,…
players somatic characteristics, taller and stronger players secure more rebounds;
technical and tactical preparation, pivoting, blocking, anticipation, securing and pulling the ball away, and, muscular fitness, particularly in stretch-shortening-cycle jumping performances.
The writer perceives the quality of the research invested into the second study to reflect the researcher's dedication to some details, which contributed their development of a somewhat detailed study that continues to leave unanswered questions regarding "the game-related statistics that discriminate winner and losing teams" (Ibanez, Garcia Feu, Lorenzo, & Sampaio, 2009, Title excerpt). The study left the writer wanting to
The fundamental principle of the peace of Westphalia aimed to enshrine in law the idea that politics were essentially territorial but our modern world continues to alter this paradigm. Consider the end of the cold war; Europe and the United States had to search for all new antagonists. The Cold War residue can also be demonstrated by the collapse of the Berlin Wall. This monumental event instantly brought the 'haves' in the west together with the 'have not's in the east to form something in the middle. Germany therefore can be considered to be just one more example of how state lines and borders can dramatically change in an instant. The global response to the North American Free Trade Agreement, globalization in general and all new political pacts such as that of the restructuring of Europe into the European Union are events that alter thoughts of…
Nyers, Peter. (2003). "Abject Cosmopolitanism: The Politics of Protection In The Anti-Deportation Movement." Third World Quarterly. Vol. 24, No 6, pp 1069 -- 1093.
Deudney, Daniel. (1999). "Geopolitics as Theory: Historical Security Materialism." European Journal of International Relations. 6, (1).
Deudney, Daniel & G. John Ikenberry. (1999.) "The Nature and Sources Of Liberal International Order." Review of International Studies, 25, 179 -- 196.
Herrod, Andrew (2003). "Geography of Labor Internationalism." Social Science History. 27:4, 501-23
hen York, who was a prominent doctor with two brothers who knew of his travel plans, went missing, the brothers instituted a search for him. One of the brothers, Colonel A.M. York, formed a massive search party composed of 50 men. His search party questioned travelers and homesteaders along the trail. The search party stopped at the Bender Inn. The Benders admitted that Dr. York had stopped at their place, but said that he had moved on from there. Kate even offered to use her psychic abilities to help find York.
Though suspicion did not initially settle on the Benders, travelers did begin to avoid that area. The neighboring communities began to suggest that someone in Osage Township was responsible for the disappearances. In response, Osage Township held a community meeting to discuss the issue. Both John, Sr. And John, Jr. attended the meeting. At the meeting, the community members…
Weiser, Kathy. "The Bloody Benders of Labette County." Legends of America. 2006. Legends
of America. 30 Nov. 2009 .
Another lesson learned by the fusion research has been its impact on the development of future nuclear weapons vs. existing test ban treaties. It would be possible with successful nuclear fusion results to test weapons without an actual above or below ground explosion due to the nature of the science. The question is raised whether that would be a violation of the nuclear test ban treaties. Also, the potential power of these weapons is mind-boggling -- perhaps 100x existing nuclear weapons. They make the atomic and hydrogen bombs look like firecrackers in comparison.
The mere thought of pure fusion weapons has given pause for thought, and the development of even minor successes in this field cause lessons to be learned about the future control and management of fusion devices.
Most importantly, the fifty years of research into nuclear fusion have brought the world to the point of learning…
Brooks, M. (2009). 13 things that don't make sense: The most baffling scientific mysteries of our time. New York: Random House.
Buhl, G. (2005, November 8). Nuclear fusion. Retrieved November 12, 2009, from georgebuhl.com: http://www.georgebuhl.com/Assets/PDFs/Fusion.pdf
Doyle, J. (2009, April 1). Scientists take another stab at nuclear fusion. Retrieved November 11, 2009, from San Francisco Chronicle: http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2009/03/31/MN7M16QB7I.DTL
Kahney, L. (1999, December 12). A century of spectacular failure. Retrieved November 12, 2009, from wired.com: http://www.wired.com/science/discoveries/news/1999/12/32916
The member nations of OPEC are relatively few, making it easier for them to form a producing conglomerate; the idea of a consumer conglomerate is untenable, as OPEC will always be able to find an extensive enough market for its commodity with other countries not in this conglomerate, and thus they can still control the price.
The oil industry is not fueled by supply or demand so much as it is by the simple motivator of most economic decisions -- greed. Economies exist precisely because there is competition for limited resources. Any more, the resources that are actually necessary for life are not limited in the developed world, and the competition for unnecessary resources ends up depriving other regions of basic necessities. The oil producing countries of the world are cashing in on the system like and "intelligent" economic actor.
Econbrowser. "New study of the effects of…
Econbrowser. "New study of the effects of oil price shocks on the economy." Accessed 1 November 2009. http://www.econbrowser.com/archives/2007/05/new_study_of_th_1.html
Katayama, Munechika. "Declining Effects of Oil=price Shocks." University of California, San Diego. Accessed 1 November 2009. http://dss.ucsd.edu/~m1kataya/paper/OilShock.pdf
Lorde, Troy; Jackman, Mahalia and Thomas, Chrystol. "The macroeconomic effects of oil price fluctuations on a small open oil-producing country: The case of Trinidad and Tobago." Accessed 1 November 2009. http://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/enepol/v37y2009i7p2708-2716.html
Reynolds, Alan. "Oil Prices: Cause and Effect." Cato Institute. Accessed 1 November 2009. http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=3947