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Montessori Essays (Examples)

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mind map on the'secret of the childhood
Words: 208 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80136366
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I. Child Psychology and Psychoanalysis
A. Inherent worth of the child
B. Valuing the Child’s innate intelligence, wisdom, and instincts
C. Understanding the child’s sensitivities and learning to appreciate and capitalize on them for learning and development
D. The importance of love and respect for growth
II. Education, Teaching, Learning
A. Evolution of the Montessori “method”
1. Repeating an activity over and over to inculcate skills (repetition)
2. Allowing child to explore and exercise natural inquisitiveness (free will)
3. Children take joy in learning (Link with I.B)
4. Need for teachers to be humble, kind, and yet able and willing to discipline. (Connect with I.B, C, D)
B. Challenges
1. Fugues and Barriers to Learning
2. Overcome with careful observation, systematic training and repetition of exercises (link to IIA1).
3. Adult is challenged to become self-aware (Link to II.4)
III. Preparing the Child for Adulthood and Participation in Society

Curriculum Approaches
Words: 1018 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39729860
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Montessori & High Scope

In order for students understand the contemporary curriculum, it is important that they be able to connect it to themselves in a meaningful way. This is particularly true in the modern classroom that is more diverse than ever before. Connection involves drawing on prior knowledge and experience in order to relate to the text. In this way, the students become participants in the story and are apt to be engaged in the reading process. There are a number of approaches to early-childhood education that range in nature and focus. The HighScope program was developed using the work of both John Dewey and Jean Piaget, as well as the constructivist approach to classroom learning from educational philosopher Lev. Vygotsky. The basic presumption is taking the child's development at present and helping them build upon it continually, pushing the "zone of development" up through a series of steps…

Works Cited

What is HighScope? (2004, June). Retrieved from 

Hainstock, E., 1997. The Essential Montessori. New York: Plume Publishers.

Hohmann, M., et al. (2008). Educating Young Children. Ypsilanti, MI: HighScope Press.

Kim, S. (2005). The Effects of A Constructivist Teaching Approach. Asia Pacific Educational Review, 6(1), 7-19.

Sensorial Education Value of Sensorial Education Sensorial
Words: 1954 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30440289
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Sensorial Education

Value of Sensorial Education

Sensorial education is a vital component of the Montessori educational plan and is something which is a pillar of this philosophy. Despite how valuable it is, it is still often misunderstood. "Sensorial education helps develop a child's intellect. Whether you believe intelligence is genetic or produced by environment, you can further it by education. Intelligence is built upon experiences and thought processes. The Montessori materials for ages 18 months to 6 are designed to help a child's mind develop the necessary skills for later intellectual learning" (, 2013). Sensorial education refers to then the stimulus that allows a child to process the world around him or her, ultimately becoming the building blocks of other thought processes. People unfamiliar with the Montessori Method believe that education is merely a task for sharpening the senses, when this couldn't be further from the truth: this is a…


Basu, D. (2011, February 24). How to Extend Montessori Sensorial Education in the Home Environment. Retrieved from 

Da Prato, M. (2011). Montessori for You and Your Child: Frequently Asked Questions of Parents. Indianopolis: Dogear Publishing . (n.d.). Introduction to Sensorial . Retrieved from 

Issacs, B. (2010). Bringing the Montessori Approach to your Early Years Practice. New York: Routledge.

Educational Theory by Comparing and Contrasting Two
Words: 1333 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16520690
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educational theory by comparing and contrasting two authors of education theory with the Montessori method of teaching. The writer explores all three ideas and discusses their similarities. The writer used four sources to complete this paper.

Since the advent of the educational system there have been many changes throughout the years. As the world evolves and matures and technology advances the world discovers more things that it wants its students taught. In addition there are many different ways to teach and the system has gone from whole language to back to basics and back again. Several forward thinking theorists have developed education theories in which they discuss what they believe to be the most sound foundation for teaching that is available. In John Dewey's Experience and Education and Curriculum and Aims by Decker F. Walker, and Jonas F. Soltis both suggest and develop critiques on education systems that have been…


Decker F. Walker, Jonas F. Soltis. Curriculum and Aims (Thinking About Education Series)

Publisher: Teachers College Press. (August 1997)

Dewey, John. Education and Experience. Touchstone Books (August 1997)

John Dewey (Accessed 10-27-2002)

Timeline American Education Has Evolved Considerably Since
Words: 923 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90546015
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American education has evolved considerably since the late 19th century. One of the first philosophers to influence the character of modern American education was John Dewey. Dewey was a progressive, and believed that children should not just sit in classrooms passively memorizing material. Instead, students should learn via experience and interaction with their environments. Dewey's humanistic approach to education revolutionized the ways people thought about schooling and pedagogy. A timeline of American education begins with Dewey, because he was the person to first codify the structure and philosophy of education, and then offer the methods and means to implement those ideas. Dewey is known as a "pragmatist" because of his ability to fuse philosophy and practice, and had "the most significant contribution to the development of educational thinking in the twentieth century," (Smith, 2001).

Maria Montessori was the first female to become a doctor in Italy. Working closely with…


"No Child Left Behind Worsened Education, 48% Of Americans 'Very Familiar' With The Law Say In Gallup Poll," (2012). Huffington Post. Retrieved online: 

Smith, M.K. (2001). John Dewey. Infed. Retrieved online: 

Smith, M.K. (2012). Maria Montessori. Infed. Retrieved online:

Education as an Educator I
Words: 1283 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44044468
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This cultural enrichment would provide nutritional information all the children could use when with their families or in their neighborhoods.

constructionist teacher will find examples of careful and systematic thinking about how children learn that can guide him or her in the classroom. Piaget and Vygotsky (Gredler, 2002) give us solid examples of what children are ready for and at what ages they are most likely to benefit from specific kinds of instruction. Piaget's theories help the constructionist teacher be aware that although children think about what they're doing, they go through cognitive developmental stages. Respecting the types of cognitive thinking a child is likely to use at a given age is another way to teach the child respectfully -- by neither teaching below their abilities or by demanding that they perform as little adults.

Maria Montessori might serve as an excellent role model for such a teacher. Montessori looked…

Author not available, "Montessori, Maria." The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition 2004.

Gredler, Margaret E. 2002. "A review and analysis of constructivism for school-based practice." School Psychology Review, Jan. 12.

Shaughnessy, Michael F. 1994. "Educating for understanding (Howard Gardner Interview)." Phi Delta Kappan, March 1.

Education Philosophical Influences on American
Words: 1782 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88283685
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There are others though that believes that learners are born with certain innate capabilities that are then shaped and formed from the outside (Montessori theory, 2011)

No matter which theory one looks at though the bottom line is that each philosophy is based on the idea that everything possible should be done to encourage as much learning as possible. All philosophies are based on the fact that education should be about learning and that no matter how the learning takes place, what environment is takes place in or under what circumstances the edn result should be something was learned. Educational philosophy in general believes that in order for people to be successful and productive they must learn as much as possible and that this should be done by way of formal education.


Chinn, C. (2012). Epistemological Beliefs. etrieved from

Evers, W.M. (2012). How Progressive Education Gets it Wrong.…


Chinn, C. (2012). Epistemological Beliefs. Retrieved from 

Evers, W.M. (2012). How Progressive Education Gets it Wrong. Retrieved from 

Gray, P. (2009). Rousseau's Errors: They Persist Today in Educational Theory. Retrieved from 

Jean-Jacques Rousseau on nature, wholeness and education. (2012). Retrieved from

Honoring Commitments This Is at
Words: 1346 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41654647
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A strongly disciplined person is one who demonstrates that he can control himself. Discipline is always goal-oriented, therefore we understand that having the capacity to be extremely disciplined denotes the existence of a strong will oriented towards a specific purpose. The Montessori Method aims to teach the child how to move (dynamism) and the scene for which he is prepared is not school, but life itself. The discipline that he is stimulated to learn is therefore one which applies to the overall social environment.

In order to make sure that the child will grow up disciplined and with respect for the others and the social environment, he must be taught the difference between good and evil. In addition, Montessori stresses that the teacher must make sure "the child does not confound good with immobility and evil with activity, as often happens in the case of the old-time discipline. And all…


Discipline- Merriam Webster Dictionary online, Retrieved from 

Discipline- definition, Retrieved from 

Discipline-definition, Retrieved from 

Montessori, M.(Everett George, A. translator) (1912) The Montessori method. NY: Frederick A. Stokes, Retrieved from

Pre-School Program Designing an Engaging
Words: 1337 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60711124
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Teacher Assistance equired and Classroom Administration.

The teacher assistance to be provided would follow the guidance provided by Maria Montessori. According to Elliott, Gettinger and Kratochwill (1992), "Like Froebel, Montessori implemented an early education curriculum that was founded on a developmental theory, employed play as the instructional method, and sequentially introduced developmentally appropriate materials designed to facilitate sensory and cognitive skills" (p. 8). This technique is clearly appropriate for a preschool environment where there will likely be a highly diverse group of children at various developmental stages. In the Montessori-guided classroom, though, a careful balance must be made between helping young children too little and helping them too much. For instance, according to Wentworth (1999), "Helping children too much, or providing them with ready answers to problems, is a negative factor because it prevents the child from using its own resources for knowledge acquisition, and deprives the child of the…


Crocker, a.D., & Orr, R.R. (1996). Social behaviors of children with visual impairments enrolled in preschool programs. Exceptional Children, 62(5), 451.

Elliott, S.N., Gettinger, M., & Kratochwill, T.R. (1992). Preschool and early childhood treatment directions. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Finn, K.V., Lopata, C., & Wallace, N.V. (2005). Comparison of academic achievement between Montessori and traditional education programs. Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 20(1), 5.

Lunenburg, F.C. (2000). Early childhood education programs can make a difference in academic, economic and social arenas. Education, 120(3), 519.

Education Canada Option B Progressive
Words: 3483 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1501081
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" (Montessori, 9) There is a counter-intuitive disconnect between the priorities of the educational system and the real-life demands of individuals attempting to function ably therein.

Here, Montessori speaks to the incredible irony present even in higher education, where students are essentially intended to be prepared for the real world but are instead isolated in a false environment where priorities such as a streamlined means of graded evaluation, a disregard for the physical or emotional needs of students and an overall proclivity toward isolation from true conditions of worldly socialization tend to misappropriate crucial transitional learning years.

In some regards, Montessori's work is relatively outdated, betraying its origins in the first half of the 20th century by criticizing an absence of services that are now present in many universities. Some of the better funded academic institutions do possess programs availing medical treatment and psychological counseling to students where needed at…

Works Cited:

Axelrod, P. (2005). Beyond the Progressive Education Debate: A Profile of Toronto Schooling in the 1950s. Historical Studies in Education

Beyer, L.E. (1999). William Heard Kilpatrick. International Bureau of Education, XXVII (3).

Calhoun School (CS). (2009). Progressive Education.

Davies, S. (2002). The Paradox of Progressive Education: A Frame Analysis. Sociology of Education, 75, 269-286.

Chap Stick Is Addictive A
Words: 2354 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 85973161
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If one applies ChapStick only on occasion (and not relentlessly) then there is no reason to suspect that you are hooked.

Constant application, on the other hand, can easily lead to dependency and ruined lips, as states: "The lower layers of our skin produce fresh new skin cells, which then die and can dry out by the time they reach the top layer. If you put ChapStick on the dry skin it can interfere with the signaling mechanism that gets your lower cells to start producing more moisture. So while that balm might feel great when you slather it on, it will wear off and leave your skin feeling dry again."

This is the "vicious cycle" that Crossman quotes Dr. Phillips as referring to. It is also the message that Dr. Perricone speaks of, when he warns that lip balm can be bad for lips.

The Solution

The solution…


"Addicted to Lip Balm." YouTube. 2011. Web. 3 Dec 2011.

Associated Press, "Bingeing on balm, or hip lip service?" St. Petersburg Times. 22 Jan

2006. Web. 3 Dec 2011.

Bellis, Mary. "The History of Chapstick -- The History of Carmex." Web. 3

Recreation Proposed Quantitative Research Outdoor
Words: 2064 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 2636582
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Additionally, participating teachers will be drawn from public schools in the same state to mitigate the possibility that geographic factors will intervene to too great a degree. That said, consideration will be made to distinguish the specific school districts, socioeconomic conditions and racial factors present in different schools. Without making any preemptive deductions, these preliminary details may be used to help yield evidence of connections which might be used for future study.

The Likert Scale model of survey will be distributed through the email listserv at participating schools, requesting respondents to rate on a scale of 1 to 5 to what extent they agree or disagree with statements provided in the survey. These statements will primarily concern the presence or absence of sufficient outdoor recreational opportunities and the connection between said opportunities and academic performance.

This would be considered a true experimental quantitative study, where a control and experimental group…


Brown, P.; Sutterby, J.A. & Thornton, C.D. (2002). Dramatic play in outdoor play environments. Parent Teacher Organization Today.

Burberry, J. & Learoyd, B. (2005). Leeds Childhood Obesity Prevention and Weight Management Strategy. Leeds Children & Young People. Online at .

Montessori, M. (1986). The Discovery of the Child. 4th. New York: Ballantine Books.

Office of Communications (Ofcom). (2004). Children's food choices, parents' understanding and influence, and the role of food promotions. Office of Communications. Online at .

Professional Interview Analysis
Words: 2903 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Interview Paper #: 73490348
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Professional Interview Analysis

This is in an interview of a lead teacher with extensive experience in public relation, administration and educating. She oversees the formulation and implementation of standards and policies in her school. Since she works in management, per of her job is ensuring that educators working in the school are sufficiently motivated to work. This interview gives a glimpse of all it takes to run a school. It gives insights into the challenges educators might face as they seek to impart knowledge on their students. It presented a great opportunity to also learn about the necessary qualities a lead educator needs to adopt to ensure that the institution they work in is a success.

The lead teacher, Gladys -- not her real name, is a very accomplished professional. She has extensive experience in education, school systems and student issues. She holds a bachelor's degree in education and has…


Arends, R. (2014). Learning to teach. McGraw-Hill Higher Education.

Danielewicz, J. (2014). Teaching selves: Identity, pedagogy, and teacher education. SUNY Press.

Matthews, M. R. (2012). Changing the focus: From nature of science (NOS) to features of science (FOS). In Advances in nature of science research (pp. 3-26). Springer Netherlands.

Moran, R. T., Abramson, N. R., & Moran, S. V. (2014). Managing cultural differences. Routledge.

Google Background
Words: 2142 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16740949
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organization chose research. 2.Examine culture selected organization. 3.Explain determined selected organization showed signs culture identified.

Google is by no means conventional and has proven so in numerous occasions. Starting with its first tweet back in 2009, which was a cryptic binary message that translates into "I'm feeling lucky" to the employment of goats to "mow" the lawn at its headquarters in Mountain View, California, and providing daily, free gourmet meals to its employees, Google's approach has been anything but conventional. Despite having gone public over ten years ago, a direction which span concern in regards to the company's ability to maintain its identity and core values in a corporate culture, Google has managed to stay true to its founding philosophy that Page and rin started out with in 1998 when the company made its official appearance.

Google is said to be a culture of success effected by its management system.…


Brandt, R. (2011). The Google guys: Inside the brilliant minds of Google founders Larry Page and Serghey Brin. New York: Portfolio Trade.

Levy, S. (2011). In the Plex: How Google thinks, works, and shapes our lives. Simon and Schuster.

Lowe, J. (2009). Google speaks: Secret of the world's greatest billionaire entrepreneurs, Sergey Brin and Larry Page. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Page, L. & Brin, S. (2004). Founders' IPO Letters. An owner's manual for Google's shareholders. Retrieved from:

Authentic Assessments Are a Progressive
Words: 884 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 84919354
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Under the Act, educational professionals work within the existing institutional framework. Teaching is still an authoritarian model rather than being student-centered. Learning is assessed using the measures that have failed many children in the past. Instead of changing the methods of teaching and assessment, the No Child Left Behind Act bolsters them.

A far cry from progressive education, No Child Left Behind has become highly controversial and in need of reform. Progressives from all sorts of political and ideological backgrounds can appreciate the need to move away from No Child Left Behind and toward true educational inclusiveness.

4. Educating the whole child is a term used widely in Montessori, which is a progressive philosophy of education. The whole child theory assumes that children are naturally curious and eager to learn (the Montessori School). Moreover, the whole child concept takes into account social development as well as academic skills acquisition. Educating…


Foundation for Excellence in Education. Retrieved Jan 29, 2009 at 

Jones, T.S. (nd). Education That Makes a Difference: Success Stories for Conflict Resolution Educators. Conflict Resolution Education Connection. Retrieved Jan 29, 209 at

The Montessori School. "Educating the Whole Child." Retrieved Jan 29, 2009 at

Mueller, J. (2008). What is Authentic Assessment? Retrieved Jan 29, 2009 at

Color and Mood it Is
Words: 2090 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 257158
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The school incorporates a lot of natural light and has all updated materials in excellent condition. The Lea school is about 30 years old and, like many Philadelphia public schools, lacks adequate facility funding. Many of the materials and building are outdated and deteriorating.

Students at Penn Alex were significantly more positive than students at Lea regarding their school and rated wall color, variety of wall color, amount of lighting, amount of art work on display, personally having art work on display, overall appearance of the school, peers opinion of overall appearance, and elements that should be changed all higher. In addition, Penn Alex students had more positive attitudes including proud to show visitors, school makes them feel good, school appearance is not distracting, adults care about how the school looks, appearance is fine the way it is, and feelings of responsibility for taking care of the school. Students at…


Ballast, D.K. (2002). Interior design reference manual. Professional Pub. Inc.: Belmont, CA.

Boyatzis CJ and Varghese, R. (1994) Journal of Genetic Psychology; 155(1) 77-85

Hupka, R.B, Zbigniew, Z, Jurgen O., Reidl, L. And Tarabrina, L. The colors of anger, envy, fear, and jealousy: a cross-cultural study. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 28.(2)156-162

Kuller, R. (1976). The Use of Space -- Some Physiological and Philosophical Aspects. Paper presented at the Third International Architectural Psychology Conference, University Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France.

Independence Less Than Half a
Words: 12705 Length: 46 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 94035562
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Notwithstanding the challenges involved, the stakes are high and there is little room for false starts or experimentation; therefore, identifying a general set of best practices that Gambian organizations can follow in developing their own set of sustainable productivity practices represents a valuable and timely undertaking, which relates to the purpose of the study which is discussed further below.

Purpose of Study

The overall purpose of this study was to study to provide a review of the relevant juried and scholarly literature together with the findings of a survey of Gambian business leaders to generally identify the most pressing priorities for developing the nation's infrastructure and sustainable organizational productivity. The specific purpose of the study was to determine whether SMEs face the same types of challenges of to optimum performance as their larger corporate counterparts, and to identify any peculiar organizational characteristics that determine levels of performance between SMEs and…


About us. 2010. The Gambia Experience. Retrieved from  

Education the Value of a
Words: 1995 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70622398
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However, including progress reports that are not valued (no a and B. Or percentage grades) allow parents to follow a child's learning (assermann 386). This breaks the cycle of rewarding or admonishing children for subjects that may naturally be easy or difficult. Instead of creating situations that may lead to learning-related anxiety, progress reports give parents information while children continue along a natural learning process.

In the case of teachers, those who enjoy traditional structure may find an open style daunting and initially chaotic. However, giving it a chance may be in their best interest. Many of the common struggles that cause burnout in teachers (again, these include behavioral problems, student apathy, etc.) are lessened in the open classroom. Hertzog reports that many teachers are less stressed by this method (530). Additionally, Dunn reports that teachers often regain their occupational focus because for the first time they feel that children…

Works Cited

Brown, Monica R. "Educating All Students: Creating Culturally Responsive Teachers, Classrooms, and Schools." Intervention in School & Clinic 43.1 (2007): 57-62.

Cuban, Larry. "The Open Classroom: Schools Without Walls Became All the Rage During the Early 1970s. Were They Just Another Fad?" Education Next 4.2 (2004): 68-71.

Dunn, Mary Anna. "Staying the Course of Open Education." Educational Leadership 57.7 (2000): 20-24.

Heimlich, Joe E., and Emmalou Norland. "Teaching Style: Where Are We Now?" New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education 93 (2002): 17-25.

Counselor Educator in Many Ways
Words: 2728 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 41399004
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Another way to reinforce teaching is through quizzes and classroom participationg. Quizzes do not only test student knowledge, but also evaluate comprehension, which is a good measure of the job that the counselor educator is doing. Likewise, having students engage in classroom presentations and other peer-to-peer teaching is important because that opens up the opportunity for students to put theory into practice.

Techniques and Methods to Engage Students

Anything that can encourage students to discuss their experience is going to help get students engaged. There are several techniques that teachers can use to encourage that discussion including: assisting students to understand the subject matter by giving them practice in thinking; challenging students to evaluate logic of and evidence for their own and others' positions; giving students opportunities to formulate applications of principles; developing motivation for further learning; helping students articulate what they've learned; and getting prompt feedback on student understanding…


Bass, B. (1996). A new paradigm of leadership: An inquiry into transformational leadership.

Alexandria, VA: U.S. Army Institute for Behavioral & Social Sciences.

Bernard, J.M., & Goodyear, R.K. (2009). Fundamentals of clinical supervision. (4th Ed.) Upper

Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

Teacher Teach Before Burning Out or Becoming
Words: 1563 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46329185
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teacher teach before burning out or becoming stale?

This paper looks at the ideas of whether teachers should be made to go back into learning to gain a new license after a period of time, also looking at how their time can be best used with initiating new forms and methods into the classroom.

How long can a teacher teach before he becomes stale?

Every school system has a philosophy behind it, these are based on the views and values of those who are in position to educate, along with the society that is the main sponsor of the education. (Freire, 1998).

The philosophy begins with the view of reality and definitions of truth and goodness. There are five basic philosophies of education:

Perennialism is a very conservative and inflexible philosophy of education, based on the view that reality comes from fundamentally fixed truths-especially those relating to God. With a…


Anonymous (2001) Australia's Education System [online] accessed at

Curwin Rick. (1980 Oct), Are your students addicted to praise? Instructor v90 p60(3)

Freire Paulo (1998), Teachers as Cultural Workers: Letters to Those Who Dare Teach Boulder, Colo, Westview Press.

Freire, Paulo (1970) Pedagogy of the oppressed. New York, Herder and Herder,

Validating the Effectiveness of Participation in a
Words: 7348 Length: 27 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 2865324
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Validating the Effectiveness of Participation in a Time-Sensitive Closed Therapeutic Group for Preschool Aged Children Allegedly Sexually Abused

This paper will review existing research on allegedly sexually abused preschool aged children. The traumatic psychological effects of the abuse including low self-esteem, poor peer relationships, behavior problems, cognitive functioning and physical/mental health will also be evaluated.

The author notes the paucity of available material on sexually abused children. Very little therefore is known of the effectiveness of psychotherapy to assist in the treatment of the problems of this particular group of abused children - a population of 40 selected children with a mean age of 45, with their parents (either father or mother) and/or caregivers attending sessions in another session hall at the same time the children are undergoing therapy.

This proposed study will therefore focus on how mental health services are provided to preschool children with ages ranging between 4…

Muckrakers Successes and Failures
Words: 842 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74602143
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As a profession, muckraking has gained a bad reputation ever since President Teddy Roosevelt compared certain journalists to the obsessive lad in the Pilgrim's Progress. In this 1906 speech, Roosevelt likened many journalists of his day to the man who stood in ooze, holding his garden tool and with his eyes fixed downward (Kiee 2001).

However, the "muckraking" techniques of these journalists have shined the light on many issues and practices that need to be addressed.

These exposes regarding corruption and unjust practices have led to public outcry and have spurred social change. After all, the reverse view would paint muckraking as a profession as a research and revelatory-based process that challenges the status quo. One person's muckraker is then another person's crusading journalist.

This paper looks at historic and modern examples of how muckraking has spurred important social changes in American history. The later part of the paper…

Works Cited

Ehrenreich, Barbara.

2001. Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By in America. New York: Metropolitan Books.

Goldberg, Jonah. 2001. "The Decline of Muckraking." The American Enterprise. June.

Jensen, Carl. 2003. Stories That Changed America: Muckrakers of the 20th Century. New York: Seven Stories Press.

Early Education
Words: 814 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 42111953
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Once this occurs, is when their horizons are expanded from taking this kind of focus. (Harcourt, 2012) (Howes, 2010) (Burger, 2010)

Authentic inclusion of children with varying abilities

The educator will take into account the child's abilities and will steer them in a direction that enhances them. This takes place by sparking their interest in a variety of areas. When this happens, the student will have a desire to want to learn more. (Harcourt, 2012) (Howes, 2010) (Burger, 2010)

Building parent / family relationships

Family relationships are built by working with the parents and children to create curriculum which is supporting these objectives. (Harcourt, 2012) (Howes, 2010) (Burger, 2010)

How do you think your findings on this research compare with Global Quality Guidelines?

Why is it important to be critical about the research you read, especially as it relates to the experiences of young children and families who cultures may…


Global Guidelines. (2014). World Forum Foundation. Retrieved from: 

Burger, K. (2010). How does Early Childhood Care and education affect cognitive development? An International review of the effects of early interventions for children from different social backgrounds. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 25(2), 140-165

Harcourt, D. (2012). Standpoints on quality: Listening to children in Verona, Italy. Australasian Journal of Early Childhood, 37(2), 19-26

Howes, C. (2010). Culture and Child Development in Early Childhood Programs. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Computer Assisted Instruction in Education
Words: 1562 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55343789
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Vision of Student Learning

The vision of Paterson Public Schools is “to be the leader in educating New Jersey’s urban youth” (Paterson, 2017). My vision of student learning is aligned with the school’s vision in the sense that my goal is to help my students be the leaders of their communities, classrooms, schools, and workplaces when they grow up. Part of this leadership must come from character education, which Lickona (1993) and Kristjansson (2014) note is of particular importance in today’s schools. Part of what helps to inform character education is the focus on self-directed learning, which was advocated by Maria Montessori through the Montessori Method (Mangal, 2007). One of the best ways to promote self-directed learning and thereby facilitate character education and achieve the vision of the school is to use computer-assisted instruction as a teaching approach (Hsieh, 2017).

The process needed to implement and promote my vision required…

Financial Counseling Profile Tackling Mid-Life
Words: 3022 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71855935
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She is well-connected within the community and is confident that her business would be profitable within a year or two. She has a strong, charismatic personality and is also connected to Milwaukee's artistic community through her husband's architectural work restoring some of the city's beautiful historic buildings. She has a considerable portfolio, and occasionally sold stock photos or worked as a wedding photographer when she was in law school.

Laura realizes that in the current market, individuals and companies may be cutting back on "luxuries" like professional family and staff pictures. However, she has a range of expertise in architectural and interior photography as well as portrait and event photography. She is willing to diversify her skill set and pursue further education if necessary, although in her field an additional artistic degree would only be desirable for teaching or competing for gallery showings at a national level.

According to her…


College Board. (2010). Trends in college pricing, 2010. Retrieved from 

Hung, a., & Yoong, J. (2010). Asking for Help: Survey and experimental evidence on financial advice and behavior change. RAND Working Paper WR-714-1.

Morris, Kenneth M., Alan M. Siegel, and Virginia B. Morris. (1995). The Wall Street Journal Guide to Planning Your Financial Future. New York: Lightbulb Press.

Parisse, a., & Richman, D. (2006). Questions Great Financial Advisors Ask… and Investors Need to Know. Chicago: Kaplan.

Evans and Rosenbaum 2008 Self-Regulation
Words: 2689 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 31684333
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However, in the case of this study it is a term that is applied to those children who exhibit successful adaptation even though their personal/home environment places them at heighted risk for maladjusted behaviors (141). It would then make sense that those individuals who either had a biological predisposition, or some sort of nurturing behavior outside the home, to retain increased resilience to adversity would be better prepared for emotional maturity and thus perform better with both cogitative and behavioral tasks. These skills, according to this study, are a defining feature in the child's emerging competency level and, if activated at an early enough age, carry through to adulthood. Further research is necessary, though, to understand how educators and psychologists can actively aide individuals in increasing their resiliency levels.

Buckner, (2003 and 2009) are clearly interested in the demographic and psychographic effects of poverty on behavior and cognition. In…


Blair, C. (2002). "School Readiness- Integrating Cognition and Emotion in a Neurobiological Conceptualization of Children's Functioning at School

Entry." American Psychologist. 57 (2): 111-27.

Blair, C. And A. Diamond. (2008). "Biological processes in prevention and intervention:

The promotion of self-regulation as a means of preventing school failure." Development and Psychopathology. 20 (3): 899-911.

Special Education Concepts the Concept
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As the civil rights victories of the Civil Rights era develop in ways that help shape the long-term social culture of the nation, cultural diversity considerations are becoming the standard rather than the exemplary exception to the routine as may have been true throughout much of the last decades of the 20th century. Naturally, as cultural diversity becomes a dominant social theme, it has also impacted all aspects of American education, including special education (Burton, Moore, & Magliaro, 2004; Lascarides & Hinitz, 2000). Naturally, the important need of accommodating cultural diversity within special education programs is at least as important as achieving that objective in traditional education programs. That is because the detrimental effect of every additional barrier to learning and social development is magnified in special education.

Likewise, cultural diversity also entails corresponding lingual diversity. In that regard, the importance of mitigating the potential barriers represented by language issues…

Sources Consulted

Brehony, K. "Montessori, individual work and individuality in the elementary school classroom" History of Education; Vol. 29, No. 2; (2000): 115-128.

Burton, J., Moore, D., and Magliaro, S. (2004). Behaviorism and Instructional

Technology. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Lascarides, V. And Hinitz, B. (2000). History of Early Childhood Education. New York:

Teaching Philosophy and Practical Experience
Words: 628 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Journal Paper #: 3478176
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Expeience with Failue Retospective Analysis

I discoveed that thee wee many moe elements of academic pefomance than could possibly be accounted fo in such a boad conceptual appoach. Likewise, the many vaiables that influence and detemine academic pefomance ae inteelated in such complex ways that my assumptions wee, appaently, simplistic albeit idealistic and well-motivated. I discoveed, fo example, that some students ae simply disinteested in many academic subjects, iespective of thei intelligence and self-esteem. In fact, in my expeience, the instances whee poo pefomance appeaed to be linked to ealy educational expeiences wee fa fewe than instances whee entiely diffeent factos seemed to be esponsible. Additionally, I ealized that it was not ealistic to assume that I would necessaily be able to identify the pecise point whee each student fist expeienced difficulties fo seveal diffeent easons. Since that time, I have evised my appoach and now ty to focus moe…

references of individual students so as to present material to them in a manner most conducive to their absorption, particularly where they appear to be more intelligent than their performance would indicate.

Sources Consulted

Adams, J. "Kant, Pestalozzi and the role of ideology in educational thought," Journal of Philosophy of Education, Vol. 24, No. 2; (1990): 257-269.

Brehony, K. "Montessori, individual work and individuality in the elementary school classroom" History of Education; Vol 29. No. 2; (2000): 115-128.

Burton, J., Moore, D., and Magliaro, S. (2004). Behaviorism and Instructional

Guts The Book Guts Companies
Words: 1389 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 20312027
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The SAS Institute provides "subsidized Montessori child care, free snacks, and unlimited sick time for staff." The result of that impressed Elsen; "An industry-high employee retention rate."

And Elsen couldn't help but be moved by the innovative way in which Southwest Airlines treats employees. The employees at Southwest Airlines are "taught" how the profit-sharing aspect of business works because management stuffs "comic-book style financial statements into Cracker Jack boxes." By seeing the financial realities of day-to-day business dynamics, Southwest Airlines workers know how to "...unleash their creativity to shrink costs and beef up the bottom line," Elsen explains.

She even promotes the book for libraries by suggesting "innovative management is always a winning theme" when it comes to "public and academic library business collections."

Still another review of the book - by Leigh Rivenbark in HR Magazine - explains that what the Freibergs have offered readers is a strategy that…

Works Cited

Elsen, Carol J. (2003). Guts! Companies That Blow the Doors Off Business-as-Usual. Library Journal, 128(20), p. 134.

Freiberg, Kevin, & Freiberg, Jackie. (2004). Guts! Companies That Blow the Doors Off Business-as-Usual. New York: Doubleday.

Hendricks, Mark. (2004). Don't be a hero? Not if this book has anything to say about it.

Entrepreneur, 32(3), p. 29.

Education Review it Is Now
Words: 4295 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27545561
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It is now recognized that individuals learn in different ways -- they perceive and process information in various ways. The learning styles theory suggests that the way that children acquire information has more to do with whether the educational experience is slanted toward their specific style of learning than their intelligence.

The foundation of the learning styles methodology is based in the classification of psychological types. The research demonstrates that, due to heredity factors, upbringing, and present circumstantial demands, different students have an inclination to both perceive and process information differently. These different ways of learning consist of: 1) concrete or abstract perceivers, where concrete perceivers acquire information through direct experience of doing, sensing, and feeling, and abstract perceivers, instead accept new ideas through analyzing, observing and thinking; 2) active or reflective processors -- active processors understand a new experience by immediately utilizing new information, and reflective processors analyze an…


Bruner, J. (1973). Going Beyond the Information Given. New York: Norton.

Dewey, J. (1910) How We Think. Boston: Heath.

Dryden, G. And Vos, (1999) Jeannette. The Learning Revolution. Austin, TX: Jalmar

Gardner, Howard (1983) Frames of Mind: The theory of multiple intelligences, New York: Basic Books.

American and Japanese Early Childhood
Words: 14069 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63412707
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Generally, it works by either giving a reward for an encouraged behavior, or taking something away for an undesirable behavior. y doing this, the patient often increases the good behaviors and uses the bad behaviors less often, although this conditioning may take awhile if the rewards and removals are not sufficient to entice the patient into doing better.

Existentialism is important to discuss here as well, and is often seen to be a very drastic way to examine human behavior. There are two types of existentialism. One is Atheistic Existentialism, and the other is Theistic Existentialism.

Atheistic existentialism has its basis in the statement that the entire cosmos is composed only of matter, and human beings see reality in two forms. Those forms are subjective and objective. People who believe in Atheistic Existentialism do not believe that anyone or anything specific made the world. They do not know whether it…


Adams, M.J., Treiman, R., & Pressley, M. (1998). Reading, writing, and literacy. In W. Damon (Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Child psychology in practice, 4, 275-355. New York: Wiley.

Albertson, L., & Kagan, D. (1988). Dispositional stress, family environment, and class climate among college teachers. Journal of Research and Development in Education, 21(2), 55-61.

Amidon, E. (1980). Personal Teaching Style Questionnaire. Philadelphia: Temple University, College of Education.

Allison, Anne. (1996). Producing mothers. In Anne E. Imamura (Ed.), Re-imaging Japanese women (pp. 135-155). Berkeley: University of California Press.

Paideia Proposal in a Work
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(p. 55-56)

The educational system up to this point, very likely to continue in the future, has swung back and forth between these two philosophies (individualist and essentialist) in a pendulum effect, as educators seek to engender interest for knowledge in the student. Interestingly the application of the core principles in the Paideia Proposal can be applied to both swings of the pendulum as it demands that the core subjects be taught and demonstrated in a manner that meet individuals greatest possible abilities through presentation hands on and demonstration of learning, that is essential to the proposal. Each student is demonstrating his or her learning through the creation of presentations and/or projects that require analysis outside the classroom. For this to be effective many essential elements must come into play. Educators, in a broader sense, must view and critique the works of students, parents must be actively involved in critiques…


Adler, M.J.(1998). The Paideia Proposal, New York, Touchstone.

Gutek, G.L. (2000) American Education 1945-2000. New York, Waveland Press Inc.

Roberts, T.. (2002) Learn to care, care to learn. Educational. Leadership, 60(1), 45-49.

Roberts, T. Trainor, a. (2004) Performing for Yourself and Others: The Paideia Coached Project. Phi Delta Kappan, 513-519.

Educational Theory Meaning of Authentic
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Instead, it is rigid and reinforced with bureaucracy and red tape, thus making it a poor system for education and children.

Educating the whole child." Educating the whole child is an idea that took root in the early 20th century and is making a comeback in education. The educational model is conducted throughout the child's education - from kindergarten through high school, and recognizes the child is a complete being, with spirit, mind, and body, and each item must be addressed in the educational model. The model attempts to educate the "whole" child - heart, head, and hands, by offering education in a variety of areas, from academics to art and practical, hands-on activities. The children are encouraged to play as well as study, to help develop fully rounded personalities and ideas. Teachers also use storytelling, fairy tales, and other folk art as models for teaching and involving the children…


Editors. (2007.) Ism book. Retrieved from the Web site:  March 2007.

Gur-Ze'ev, I. (1999). Knowledge, violence, and education. Retrieved from the Encyclopedia of philosophy in education Web site: March 2007.

Waghid, Y. (2005). Action as an educational virtue: Toward a different understanding of democratic citizenship education. Educational Theory 55 (3), 323-342. doi:10.1111/j.1741-5446.2005.00006.x

Individuals Who Contributed to Special
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Seguin moved to the United States in 1848 and established a number of schools in various cities for the education of mentally handicapped children. His publication, "The Treatment, Hygiene and Education of Idiots and Other Backward Children," is a landmark textbook dealing with the special needs of children with mental disabilities. Maria Montessori, an Italian pediatrician built on Seguin's work in the early 1900's and her work on the education of the mentally disabled became integrated into many schools around the world (Hallahan & Mercer, 2001).

Special education in the United States remained marginalized until the early to mid-1900's. Samuel Orton, Marion Monroe and Samuel Kirk were especially instrumental in the development of special education during this time (Hallahan & Mercer, 2001). Orton worked extensively to develop ways of teaching reading to children with reading disabilities. He developed the Orton-Gillingham method for reading education, which consistently proved to increase the…


Cook, B.G., Schirmer, B.R. (2003) What is Special About Special Education?: Overview and Analysis. Journal of Special Education, 37, 3, 200-205.

Copeland, I. (1995). The Establishment of Models of education for disabled children. British Journal of Educational Studies, 43, 2, 179-200.

Hallahan, D.P., Mercer, C.D. (2001). Learning Disabilities: Historical Perspectives. Executive Summary. Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington D.C. Available from: .

Lanska D.J. (2010). Chapter 33: the history of movement disorders. Handbook of Clinical Neurology, 95, 501-546.

Steven Holl Discussing the Practical
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Imagining architecture as the structure upon which meaning grows and contributes to the phenomenon of a place is particularly helpful when investigating Holl's Linked Hybrid, because the design expresses a desire to meld the objective, concrete of the building itself to the experience of the residents living and moving within.

Construction on Linked Hybrid began in 2003 and completed in 2009, when Holl's design won the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat's award for Best Tall Building (CTBUH 2009). Part of a slew of new developments born out of Beijing's revitalization as a result of its hosting of the 2008 Olympic games, Linked Hybrid is a mixed-use development consisting of "a ring of eight 21-story towers, linked at the 20th floor by gentling sloping public sky bridges, lined with galleries, cafes, restaurants, bars and shops" (Busari 2008). Each tower is rectangular, with some towers being additionally linked at the…


Busari, Stephanie. CNN, "Beijing embraces Brave New World of buildings." Last modified June

24, 2008. Accessed November 6, 2011. .

Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, "2009 Awards." Last modified October 2009.

Anna Freud the Life of
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Many fellow psychoanalysts, mostly men who were several years her senior, courted her, the most notable of whom was Ernest Jones, the British analyst who is best remembered for being Sigmund Freud's biographer. The budding romance between the nineteen-year-old Anna and Jones was, however, nipped in the bud by Freud's suspicions and hostility toward Jones' interest in his daughter. (Gardner and Stevens, 1992)

Her Major Contribution

Anna Freud's contribution in the fields of 20th century psychiatry and psychoanalysis is second, perhaps, only to that of her father. Her genial nature apart from the quality of her work made her popular among her colleagues despite her professional differences with psychoanalysts such as Melanie Klein. (Fine 1992)

Anna Freud started her writings by translating her father's works into English and helped him to articulate his current works. She, however, had too much intellect to remain under her illustrious father's shadow all her…


"Anna Freud." (n.d.) Women's Intellectual Contributions to the Study of Mind and Society. . Retrieved on May 6, 2005 from 

Boeree, Dr. C.G. (1998). "Anna Freud." Personality Theories. Retrieved on May 6, 2005 from 

Gardner, S. & Stevens, G. (1992). Red Vienna and the Golden Age of Psychology, 1918-1938. New York: Paraeger Publishers.

"Life and Work of Anna Freud." (2005). Freud Museum. . Retrieved on May 6, 2005 from

Crimonology Criminal Justice System Components Analysis Research
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Criminal Justice ystem Components Analysis

Research the questions below for each of the three criminal justice system components: police, criminal courts, and correctional agencies. Prepare a table or chart that compares and contrasts the information you gather on the components. For example:

Criminal Justice Components


Criminal Courts

Correctional Agencies

management structure bureaucratic structure with hierarchy of authority and strict regulations

A collection of federal, state, and local public agencies that deal with. They are interdependent

Traditional organizational structures. The chief executive officer is at the top, with other functions dispersed at various layers down through the pyramid

The differences between the organizations in this component as compared to the other two?

The purpose of the police is to maintain order, enforce the criminal law, and provide services.

Courts are the place where defendants / the accused / plaintiffs come to have their please adjudged by judge and jury.…


Barbaree, H.E., Marshall, W.L. (2008). An introduction to the juvenile sex offender: Terms, concepts, and definitions (2nd Ed.). New York: Guilford Press.

Holmes, S.E, James, R.S & Javad K. (2001). Risk Factors in Childhood that Lead to the Development of Conduct Disorder and Antisocial Personality Disorder: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, .31

Rozalski, M., Deignan, M., & Engel, S. (2008). The world of juvenile justice according to the numbers. Reading & Writing Quarterly, 24,143-147.

Against School by John Taylor Gatto the
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Against School by John Taylor Gatto

The article is written by a former teacher who retired and hence recounts his experiences and tribulations in the teaching profession. He also airs his observations of the system and the shortcomings that he feels are in the system. He also suggests various ways through which the education system in America can be adjusted to fit the needs of the nation and of the children involved in the system.

Having taught for thirty years, Taylor indicates that there is nothing more commonly shared among children than boredom. It is an event that cuts across the children and the teachers with each side having the other side to blame. The most outstanding reason however is the education system that confines the teachers and the children to a routine for twelve years in compulsory program. The boredom comes from a predictable schedule and content by both…


Christina C. & George D. (2008). Literacy Changes Lives: The Role of Literacy in Offending Behavior -- A discussion piece. National Literacy Trust. Retrieved October 13, 2012 from 

Fitzgerald C., (2012). Adult and Family literacy in the U.S.; limitations to our Nation's success. Retrieved October 13, 2012 from 

Literacy and Policing in Canada, (2012). The link Between Low Literacy and Crime. Retrieved October 13, 2012 from 

Taylor J., (2003). Against School: How public education cripples our kids, and why. Retrieved October 13, 2012 from

Standards for Early Childhood Professionals Early Childhood
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Standards for Early Childhood Professionals

Early Childhood

There have been a great number of advances, strides, and changes in the field of Early Childhood or Early Childhood Development. Perhaps one of the most overt changes in this field is the nomenclature and jargon. This field was not always called Early Childhood. The field of Child Development is fairly recent as well. Expansion in perspectives on education and human development sparked the invention and subdivisions of stages of development. The stage dedicated to infants, toddlers, and children that have not yet reach the age for formal education is called Early Childhood. Since the existence of Early Childhood, there have become a number of degree and certification programs for Early Childhood. Early Childhood was not always available as a major or degree concentration. Some of the changes and increased formality in Early Childhood have changed the way Early Childhood professionals are educated…


Ackerman, D.J. (2004). What do teachers need? Practitioners' perspectives on early childhood professional development. Journal of Early Childhood Teacher Education, 24(4), 291 -- 301.

Sheridan, S.M., Edwards, C.P., Marvin, C.A., & Knoche, L.L. (2009). Professional Development in Early Childhood Programs: Process Issues and Research Needs. Early Education Development, 20(3), 377 -- 401.