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The severity of adultery varies according to which perspective is being considered. For centuries, being faithful to one's spouse entails complete celibacy with any outside party. The emphasis placed on fidelity overrides any possible justification for adultery. However, can adultery ever be considered a practical activity in order to ensure the long-term survival of a relationship? Or is the notion of going against every moral and ethical law taught a sin in itself? Adultery cannot be morally justified because the act of adultery itself is something that breaks all that defines what it is like to believe in morals and values. By belittling the attitude toward the act of adultery in a sacred marriage, then everything that the trust in a marriage is built on, is no longer is existence.
Although adultery may seem like a tempting way to release one's frustration in a marriage, it may only…
Bingham, J. (2012, August 21). 'Adultery can save your marriage': academic writes the new rules of marriage. Retrieved from http://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/life/adultery-can-save-your-marriage-academic-writes-the-new-rules-of-marriage-20120821-24jla.html
Wasserstrom, R.A. (1985). Is adultery immoral? Today's Moral Problems. (3rd ed.) New York: Macmillan.
White, M.D. (2010, March 24). Adultery: Is it ever justified? Retrieved from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/maybe-its-just-me/201003/adultery-is-it-ever-justified?page=2
Over the last couple of years the issue of internet piracy has become extremely heated, both because piracy has become easier and copyright holders have become more determined to stop pirates. Because copyright holders like the movie and recording industry have money on their side, they also have the government on their side, earlier this year that combination resulted in the attempted passage of the Stop Online Piracy Act, or SOPA, and the Protect IP Act, or PIPA. These bills ultimately did not pass because of a vocal and dramatic public outcry. However, the fact that online piracy generates so much controversy forces one to consider whether it is morally permissible, independent of whether or not it is legal (because many things that are legal might not be morally permissible). When considering the issue on internet privacy from multiple perspectives, it becomes clear that not only is it morally…
Coelho, P. (2012, January 20). My thoughts on s.o.p.a.. Retrieved from http://paulocoelhoblog.com/2012/01/20/welcome-to-pirate-my-books/
Singer, P. (2012, February 10). The ethics of internet piracy. Retrieved from http://www.project-
Yglesias, M. (2012, January 18). Why should we stop online piracy?. Retrieved from http://www.slate.com/articles/business/small_business/2012/01/sopa_stopping_online_piracy_would_be_a_social_and_economic_disaster_.html
Moral Leadership Chapters
Ultimately, the major message of this chapter is that power needs to be tamed. Unrestricted power is dangerous because it opens up the potential for corruption and abuse. Thus, power, at any level, must have some restrictions in order to tame it so that it reaches a balance that provides positive progressions in the work environment and elsewhere. Winters brings in a historical perspective to show what can happen when power is unchecked, as well as to show the importance for finding a balance of power so that one's leadership leaves a positive message with future generations. Using a historical perspective and consciousness, leaders can restrain power because they have an idea of what has worked and not worked in the past. It is crucial to find a tame balance of power so that it inspires and controls but does not abuse.
There are a number of…
Moral and Legal Questions of Stem Cell Research
Stem cell research is an experimental, and research-based study as to methods of repairing the human body. y introducing stem cells into a damaged, or degenerating area of the body, the medical profession hopes to prompt the body to regrow healthy tissue, and repair the damage. Degenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's disease, or macular degeneration of a patient's eye retina are conditions in which the healthy tissues cease to function properly. There is no overt damage. There is not a disease which has physically destroyed the affected body part. ut for varying reasons, such as old age, wear and tear, or reasons medical science does not yet understand, the affected body part simply ceases to function properly. Stem cells are the type of cells, which are more numerous in, but not limited to, human embryos. They are the building blocks of the…
Answers to your questions about Stem Cells. 2001. ViaCord. Retrieved 15 Dec 2002. http://www.viacord.com/Preservation/Preservation.asp?section=1&s=sourceOfStemCells 2001>
Bush, George W. "The Bush Decision on Stem-Cell Research" National Review Online.
2002 Retrieved 15 Dec 2002. http://www.nationalreview.com/document/document081001.shtml
Critical Legal Studies." Legal Information Institute, Cornell Law School. 2000. Retrieved 10 Dec 2002. http://www.law.cornell.edu/critical/theory.html
.....versus that of a general more one, it is without a doubt that the different cultures and societies of the world have evolved a great deal over the millennia. The Christians are a good example. The Christians of the Crusades or Christians of the Church of England are far from being the Christians of today. Similarly, the Muslims of the Crusades or the Muslims that have fought for 1,400 years (and counting) over the successor of Muhammad have in many ways shifted since the day of the prophet, even if many others are still fighting (Hall). One might suggest that this is a natural evolution and that there has been a development of the moral standard over time. However, there is more than one idea to suggest that this could not and should not be the case. First, the fact that women are subjugated, limited and oppressed cannot be dismissed…
Death in Everyman
The concept of death is a very complicated and often morose subject when it is covered and analyzed through the interpretations and scenarios depicted in a play, let alone a play as prominent and chilling as Everyman. However, there is usually a point and moral to these sorts of plays and Everyman is no different. While the mood of the play is somber and perhaps instills or otherwise causes feelings that are uncomfortable to think about, Everyman drives home the point that no matter one's wealth, prestige and power upon death, about the only thing that can be taken with you to the other side are one's deeds, both good and bad.
Lack of importance of Five Wits
Lack of importance of physical traits
c. Lessons for believers and non-believers
Moral of the play
Death in Everyman
Death and leading a "good life" are two subjects…
Allen, J. (2002). Plato: The Morality and Immorality of Art. Arts Education Policy
Review, 104(2), 19-24.
Gervais, W.M., Shariff, A.F., & Norenzayan, A. (2011). Do you believe in atheists?
Distrust is central to anti-atheist prejudice. Journal Of Personality And Social
Morality, Culture, And Environment
The ideas behind morality are very different based on the culture, society, and environment in which that morality is seen. Because of that, there are questions regarding exactly what morality is, and how it can be addressed or understood. In short, what is moral to one person may not seem moral to another. Society as a whole generally determines what is acceptable within that society, but once a person leaves that society and goes to another, there may be very different thoughts and feelings about morality in the new society to which the person has moved (Blackburn, 2001). That can be true from country to country, but a person does not have to leave his or her home country to find differing views of morality. Especially in the United States, where there are so many different types of people and regions seem to have very different…
Blackburn, S. (2001). Ethics: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Harris, S. (2010). The moral landscape: How science can determine human values. New York: Free Press.
Stanford University (2011). The definition of morality. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford University.
Superson, A. (2009). The moral skeptic. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Family Affluence and Morality
Famine, Affluence, Morality by Peter Singer
Peter Singer's article has been reviewed with the intention of understanding his basic ideas about poverty and hunger alleviation. Simultaneously the many criticisms associated with his arguments have also been highlighted with a view to rebutting them and proving the feasibility of Singer's noble ideas.
"Famine, Affluence, Morality" is a famous dissertation scripted by Peter Singer in 1971. It aims to modify the standard estern culture by urging people to perform acts of charity. It articulates that more affluent individuals are morally and ethically obligated to donate as much as they can to the people who need resources the most. It is as such, an essay that is considered a humanitarian doctrine of sorts which authentically argues over the reasons as to why one ought to give more. It is based on the less than favorable conditions of Bangladesh's ar…
Coope, C.M. (2003, October). Peter Singer In Retrospect. The Philosophical Quarterly, 53. Retrieved February 2013, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/3542922
Singer, P. (1972). Famine, Affluence, Morality. Philosophy and Public Affairs. Retrieved February 2013
Singer, P. (1999). The Solution to World Poverty. The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved February 2013
There are several ways that BP could have chosen to respond, all of which were "open" to them (i.e. they had free will), yet those chose to take paths that were less moral. Kant's universal law would have them put their responsibility to humanity as the motivator, however, their motives have not proven to be driven by doing what is genuinely good for humanity.
Blackburn (2009) states that it is tricky to apply the categorical imperative and that the most persuasive examples of it being effective are in cases where there is an institution whose existence depends on sufficient performance by a sufficient number of individuals.
Suppose, as is plausible, that our ability to give and receive promises depends upon general compliance with the principle of keeping promises. Were we to break them sufficiently often, or were promise-breaking to become a 'law of nature,' then there would be no such…
Blackburn, S. (2009). Ethics: A very short introduction. New York: Oxford University Press.
Kant, I. (2010). Groundwork of the metaphysic morals. Trans H.J. Paton. Introduction philosophy: Classical and contemporary readings. Eds. John Perry, Michael Bratman,
and John Martin Fischer. (5th edition). New York: Oxford. 504-20.
Lyon, Susan. (2010). Climate Progress. Retrieved on August 24, 2010, from the Web site:
Fichte separate right from morality and is it a good thing? Should they be separated?
Fichte's Philosophy of ight and Ethics
Why does Fichte separate right from morality and is it a good thing? Should they be separated?
Moral and political anxieties animate Fichte's entire philosophy and his perceptions to these issues that are innovative and at times tied together. His responses to Kant's vital philosophy in 1790 was a retaliation to the Kantian moral perception and its outset of human self-esteem as embedded in freedom and the moral outlook of human beings as normal agents. Fichte's perception on Wissenschaftslehre principle was a far from the conceptions developed in 1974 by the philosophers of Foundations of the entire Wissenschaftslehre. Fichte's major works in the principle of right and morality are extensively covered in these two areas; Fichte's Foundation of Natural ight (Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy) And the…
"Fichte's Philosophy of Right and Ethics," forthcoming in Gunter Zoller (2007). The
Cambridge Companion to Fichte. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Another related type of argument is to assert how he became interested in the various facets of politics that he made an impact on. For example, as a result of a plane crash and convalescing, he writes, "I realized that access to health care was a moral issue" (Kennedy 225). In other words, the way that he develops his political interest is determined by his personal experience. His view on the Vietnam War changed after an interview trip there. He uses this personal experience as the foundation for the ideas that he talks about, and it is convincing as a result. This argument from experience convinces the reader that Kennedy was authentic. Kennedy also includes many historical facts, which only adds support to his experience. ecause he was so involved, his interpretation of the facts is persuasive.
The primary thing that makes one keep reading this book is the connection…
Kennedy, Edward M. True Compass: A Memoir. New York: Twelve, 2009.
His impetuous style however drove him in a series of aviation accidents that often caused the concern of his close ones. In this sense, he experienced three close calls from having a plane crash, once during practice run in Texas, the second time because of flying too low in Spain, and the third one in Virginia. Although these experiences point out a sense of carelessness, they are also relevant for a courageous and free spirit.
There are certain moments that are defining for establishing the true nature of one's character. Often these moments come at a time of great need and suffering and underline the best qualities in an individual. The early adulthood of John McCain was deeply marked by the war in Vietnam, as that of many young people in the 1970s America. Due to his abilities as a good aviator, he became involved in the war, motivated by…
Keepandshare. John McCain biography. 2007. Accessed 23 February 2008, at http://www.keepandshare.com/doc/view.php?u=63650
McCain. Ready from day one. 2008. Accessed 23 February 2008, at http://www.johnmccain.com/About/
McCain, John. Why Courage Matters? New York: Random House, 2004.
McCain, John, Character is Destiny. New York: Random House, 2005.
a) Sonderholm (2010) describes intellectual property rights as "a socio-economic tool that creates a temporary monopoly", specifically as a means to allow creators to earn profit, which in theory will incentivize more creation.
On the issue of digital rights management versus the public's right to fair use, there are several issues to unpack. First is that a person who creates intellectual property has no obligation to do anything with it. In fact, there are vast reservoirs of unpublished novels, unfilmed screenplays, photographs, drawings…a vast amount of the intellectual property that is created is never brought to the public at all, and still more would be if there were means to do so provided to the creator.
But should a creator decide to bring their work to the public sphere, they and only they should have the right to determine how that work is delivered to the public. It…
My moral code is basically a culmination of all the statements made above. It includes he principles of freedom, choice, and democracy. I consider these principles, if applied, as essential to fulfill my moral vision of he world, where all people can work together in harmony to fulfill both individual and collective goals.
There are various ways in which to ensure one's moral fitness. One good way is to use workbooks on the subject, such as the one created by Thompson (2009). Thompson asks various pertinent, critical thinking questions about one's personal views on morality and leadership. These are a very good exercise to ensure not only that my moral fitness is intact, but also to ensure that I maintain a conscious awareness of my own morality, the principles, that govern it, and the possible need for change within any of these principles. Such workbooks also promote personal and moral…
Appiah, K.A. (2010). The Honor Code: How Moral Revolutions Happen. New York: W.W. Norton & Co.
Haidt, J. (2012). The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion. New York: Vintage Books.
Thompson, L.J. (2009). The Moral Compass: Leadership for a Free World. New York: Information Age Publishing.
As between those two pillars, trustworthiness could conceivably encompass fairness, and vice-versa, depending (again) on exactly how broadly one defines each of those pillars. Likewise, both trustworthiness and fairness provide a framework for other values and behaviors in any community that is maximally beneficial to other members of the community (Maxwell, 2007).
Principles vs. Policies Managerial Implementation of Moral Values
ealistically, all business organizations must maintain policies as a practical matter, partly because principles are susceptible to numerous interpretations. However, there is a fundamental difference between policies that are arbitrarily derived and those that are derived from objective principles (Stevens, 2008). Policies that are arbitrary are more likely to result in undesirable outcomes and to interfere with employee morale; policies that are derived from objective principles may not be perfect, but they are more likely to result in positive outcomes in more situations. Moreover, policies can (and should) also include…
Berman, E.M. And West, J.P. (2006). The Ethics Edge (2nd edition). Washington, D.C.
Maxwell, J.C. (2007). The 21 Irrefutable Rules of Leadership. Georgia: Maxwell
In that regard, absolute fairness would always require that individuals be trustworthy, that they treat others with the same respect and care they would hope to receive, and that they would conduct themselves within any community as a citizen who recognizes the rights and sensibilities of all other citizens. Therefore, it is not necessarily that fairness is the most important; rather, it is that fairness is the single pillar that could be most accurately described as encompassing all of the others.
As a manager, I would implement a moral compass by presenting my employees with the principles and values expected by the organization first, without reference to specific policies. I would introduce the specific policies only afterwards and, in that process, I would make sure to connect the principles to the policies. As an employee, I would be more comfortable following principles (and principle-based policies) than strict policies without the…
Berman, E.M. And West, J.P. (2006). The Ethics Edge (2nd edition). Washington, D.C.
Halbert, T. And Ingulli, E. (2008). Law & Ethics in the Business Environment.
Cincinnati: West Legal Studies.
Product Safety, And Intellectual Property
Legal and Ethical Considerations in Marketing, Product Safety, and Intellectual
Ethics and legal issues refer to the morals and principles that govern the behavior and conduct of individuals or organizations. These legal principles and ethics serve to guide and offer directions on how to act or respond when faced with moral dilemmas. Marketing, advertising and product safety are areas of importance to everyone in the community. Production, distribution and use of products or services are areas guided by the laws of the land. The laws function to protect the community from exploitation or mishandling by the participants in the above sectors. In the marketing and advertising framework, the concept of ethics deals with personal moral principles and values. Under this framework, the society understands that laws are values and standards that are enforceable in the court. In the production of goods and services, the…
Ventola, C.L. (2011). Direct-to-Consumer Pharmaceutical Advertising. Journal List, 36 (10), 669-674,681-684. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov > Journal List > PT > v. 36 (10); Oct 2011
Hurd, H.M. (1996). Deontology of Negligence, The. BUL Rev., 76, 249.
Carden, S. (2006). Virtue ethics: Dewey and Maclntyre. New York: Continuum International
He proved a poor fit for the
organization, demonstrating a lack of diligence, a slow pace of work,
engagement in frequent disagreements with co-workers and superiors and
frequently called in sick with little to no notice. As his supervisor and
his voucher upon hire, I was directly responsible for his efforts as well
as for the consequences which they have to our functionality. Therefore, I
was forced to dismiss this friend from the job, due to my ethically
grounded sense of responsibility to serve an organization to the fairest of
Naturally, the result of this would be two-fold. The organization
would benefit as I was able to make another hire with greater dedication
and capability in the position. My workplace stress and the load of my
responsibilities would be lessened by this improvement. On the other hand,
my friendship with this individual never recovered. e had clashed
Klein, S. (2002). The head, the heart, and business virtues. Journal of
Business Ethics, 39(4), 347.
Solomon, R.C. (1992). Corporate Roles, Personal Virtues: An Aristotelean
Approach to Business Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly, 2(3).
Spears, L.C. & Lawrence, M. (2004). Practicing Servant-Leadership.
Moral relativism seems as polarizing as any individual moral belief, with objectivists insisting that some acts are immoral under all circumstances and relativists pointing to the intrinsic moral value of tolerance. In "Folk Moral elativism," Sarkissian et al. (2011) offers a more nuanced perspective somewhere between the two poles of absolute relativism and objectivism. To help clarify the differences between relativists and objectivists, Sarkissian et al. (2011) present a series of experiments highlighting the psychological tendencies toward either relativism or objectivism. As prior research illustrates, people do tend to be rather objectivist when it comes to making judgments about people from their own social and cultural milieu. Thus, an American person would claim that it is always wrong to steal candy from a baby in the United States. Sarkissian et al. (2011) went beyond the boundaries of prior research to show that people also tend to think in increasingly…
Abu-Lughod, L. (2002). Do Muslim women really need saving? Retrieved online: http://org.uib.no/smi/seminars/Pensum/Abu-Lughod.pdf
Gowans, C. (2008). Moral relativism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved online: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/moral-relativism/#RelTol
Sarkissian, et al. (2011). Folk moral relativism. Mind & Language 26(4): 482-505.
personal ethical leadership profile describing your own MOAL COMPASS, which guides your behavior and actions and decision-making. Describe the fundamental ethical theories and concepts that inform your MOAL COMPASS. I am a manager in a United Health Care position. A manager in the public or not-for-profit sectors can be considered as a person with vision. A good manager is driven and is committed to achieving her goals and vision. Managers are the catalyst within the organization responsible for focusing their attention on problems that need to be fixed, and for tackling the situation at hand. This reminds me of Cooper's treatment of managerial responsibility where he writes that there are three levels of responsibility: objective responsibility -where clear expectations and accounts of accountability are existent at each level of the organization; subjective responsibility -- teammates in organization are involved in organizational decision and policy making; heightening the objective and subjective…
Cooper, T.L. (2006). The Responsible Administrator: An Approach to Ethics for the Administrative Role, 5th edition. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Sharp, B.S., Aguirre, G.,and Kickham, K. Managing in the Public Sector: A Casebook in Ethics and Leadership. Pearson Education, Inc. 2011.
General James Mattis is one of the prominent military leaders and highly successful in his 40 years of service. This paper examines how General Mattis’ utilized strategies, styles, behaviors, and qualities that are comparable to those of past Maverick leaders. The analysis also demonstrates how General James Mattis adapted these strategies, styles, behaviors, and qualities to work in the contemporary operating environment. As part of this analysis, a discussion of the moral and ethical compass of General James Mattis is also included. As shown in the paper, the strategies utilized by Mattis include intellectual risk-taking and people-centered approach in commanding troops whereas the styles include combative approach and strategic thinking. On the other hand, General Mattis’ behaviors include extreme aggressiveness and interaction with subordinates while his qualities include intellectualism, positive attitude, and courage.
Comparing General James Mattis to Maverick Leaders of the Past
General James Mattis is recognized as…
The activities of businesses affect different stakeholders within the communities they operate in. They affect customers, employees, shareholders, suppliers, financiers, regulatory authorities, and communities. Accordingly, in their pursuit of economic objectives, business organizations have a responsibility to satisfy the concerns of stakeholders affected by their operations. This is the core of corporate social responsibility (CSR). CSR theory asserts that business organizations exist for not only profit motives, but also social and environmental objectives (Schwartz, 2011). Indeed, CSR has become so that important governments in most countries around the world have enacted laws and regulations that businesses must adhere to so as to foster community wellbeing and environmental sustainability. Inattention to social and environmental concerns may harm an organization's public reputation or have serious legal ramifications on the organization.
WECAREHealth (WCH), a New Jersey-based pharmaceutical company, is facing serious human rights issues and environmental concerns due to its activities in the…
If the leaders of our national financial institutions had asked 'are these moral actions right, ethically speaking, from the point-of-view of my profession' rather than 'will these moral actions make money,' the world financial crisis would never have occurred.
Utilitarianism also tends to deemphasize minority rights -- but merely because a group is in the minority does not mean that it is engaged in a moral wrong. This can be seen in the current debate over gay marriage. Many people stress that marriage is 'naturally' between a man and a woman, simply because the majority of the population is heterosexual. However, by safeguarding only majority rights, African-Americans and other historically-discriminated against groups would never have been allowed to enjoy the promise of the American dream. Kantian principles demand upholding the moral integrity of all human beings, regardless of perceived consequences. During the American Civil Rights movement, many opponents of integration…
The fact that a novel in the sentimental and seduction genre attained such heights of popularity is, in the first instance, evidence its impact and effect on the psyche and minds of the female readers of the novel. As one critic cogently notes:
hy a book which barely climbs above the lower limits of literacy, and which handles, without psychological acuteness or dramatic power, a handful of stereotyped characters in a situation already hopelessly banal by 1790, should have had more than two hundred editions and have survived among certain readers for a hundred and fifty years is a question that cannot be ignored.
The initial question that obviously arises therefore is what made this book so popular and in what way does this novel speak to the feelings and aspirations of the readers to make it such a perennial favorite. As Fudge ( 1996) notes,
Barton, Paul. "Narrative Intrusion in Charlotte Temple: A Closet Feminist's Strategy in an American Novel." Women and Language 23.1 (2000): 26. Questia. Web. 10 Dec. 2011.
Fiedler, Leslie A. Love and Death in the American Novel. Rev. ed. New York: Stein and Day, 1966. Questia. Web. 10 Dec. 2011.
Fudge, Keith. "Sisterhood Born from Seduction: Susanna Rowson's Charlotte Temple, and Stephen Crane's Maggie Johnson." Journal of American Culture 19.1 (1996): 43+. Questia. Web. 10 Dec. 2011.
Greeson, Jennifer Rae. "'Ruse It Well": Reading, Power, and the Seduction Plot in the Curse of Caste." African-American Review 40.4 (2006): 769+. Questia. Web. 10 Dec. 2011.
agrees that ethics is an important part of effective leadership in the field of health care but there is no universally accepted understanding of what constitutes ethical leadership (Milton, 20004). The concept of ethical leadership has been addressed in the literature of a wide variety of fields associated with the health care profession but none have been able to clearly define its terms. The purpose of this paper will be to examine what ethical leadership means to me and how my personal viewpoints and attitudes have been affected by my background and experience.
Having been raised in an Irish family my Irish heritage is an important aspect in the formation of my ethical viewpoint. Although I have lived in the United States for nearly forty years, I cannot escape the lessons and values that I learned growing up in the Irish countryside. My family lived in an Irish…
Benner, P. (2000). The roles of embodiment, emotion and lifeworld for rationality and agency in nursing practice. Nursing Philosophy, 5-19.
Catanzaro, A.M. (2001). Increasing Nursing Students' Spiritual Sensitivity. Nurse Educator, 221-226.
Fry, S.T. (2002). Ethics in Nursing Practice: A Guide to Ethical Decision Making. Indianapolis, IN: Wiley-Blackwell.
Hussey, T. (1996). Nursing Ethics and Codes of Professional Conduct. Nursing Ethics, 250-258.
This might or might not mean that a business owner would adhere to generally accepted laws and codes. I do not think that I would like to live in such a world, since contradictions might too easily arise. Instead, I would add an extra element to the categorical imperative suggested by Kant.
De Waal's theory adds a dimension to Kant's categorical imperative. He claims that even animals have a culture of compassion and reciprocity, which is echoed in the human race. According to this theory, the rational mind is not the sole element in human decision making, but emotions such as empathy and compassion also play a role. One might therefore modify the maxim by saying I would maximize my profits within reasonable limits of empathy and reciprocity. In other words, as a business owner, I would empathize with the financial plight of my workers by paying them according to…
De Waal, F 2006, 'The animal roots of human morality', New Scientist, 192, 2573, pp. 60-61,
Kant, Immanuel. The Categorical Imperative
Airs, Waters, Places
A close reading of "Airs, Waters, Places" by Hippocrates will show that it was the first instance of climatic (environmental determinism. Climatic Determinism is based on the idea that the climate, the natural resources, and the land itself determine the nature of the habitants (which includes the physical nature, the cognitive ability, the moral compass, ethnical-being, intellectual being, etc.). Climate determines the physical nature and then the intellectual being of individuals living on the land, which in turn forms the culture of the group. It has greatly contributed to the development of the "Greek vs. Barbarian Antithesis" and the development of racism. However, how would culture affect the argument? Would the culture itself also influence the characteristics of the people on the land? We will examine these questions as well as how absolute the cultural determinism is in Hippocrates and whether or not is permeable, that is…
Adams, Francis, ed. "Airs, Waters, Places." Wikisource.org. Wikisource.org, 17 Oct. 2010. Web. 30
Mar 2012. .
"Environmental determinism." Sccs.swarthmore.edu. Sccs.swarthmore.edu, 2010. Web. 30 Mar 2012. .
General James Mattis who is commonly known as, “Mad Dog,” spent 40 years on the front lines before retiring and being appointed as the new Secretary of Defense. During his years in service, Mattis led combat troops in different missions including the battle in Fallujah, Iraq. Given his experience and actions, General Mattis has become a prominent figure in the military, particularly in the debate on how the military should engage in irregular warfare such as one in which enemies deploy computer viruses or hide in mosques (Dickerson, 2010). Mattis’ ethical and moral compass can be gleaned from the infamous letter that he penned for American troops under his command as they were entering Iraq. In the inspirational piece, Mattis denounces Saddam’s oppressive tendencies against his own people. He tells his men not to hurt the innocent and strongly advises that apart from those who resist, all others ought to…
It is entirely through such efforts that the larger impact of the novel is made.
One scene in particular is meant as an especially compelling emotional allegory, and is very effective at making the undeniable and intimate nature of human feelings as a basis for moral decisions-making abundantly clear. When Mrs. Bird catches her two sons tormenting defenseless kittens, she berates them and ultimately succumbs to tears at the plight and pain of the cats and, perhaps even more so, at the cruelty of her own children. It seems to be in man's nature -- and specifically in man's nature as opposed to woman's -- to practice cruelty, yet even the practitioners can usually be made to recognize that their cruelty is wrong simply by dint of being cruel, and for no other logical or deduced reason. Their mother's tears more than her stern admonitions cause the boys to understand…
Ammons, Elizabeth. "Heroines in Uncle Tom's Cabin." American Literature 49.2 (1977): 161-179.
Brown, Gillian. "Getting in the Kitchen with Dinah: Domestic Politics in Uncle Tom's Cabin." American Quarterly 36.4 (1984): 503-523.
Camfield, Gregg. "The Moral Aesthetics of Sentimentality: A Missing Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin." Nineteenth-Century Literature 43.3 (1988): 319-345.
Noble, Marianne. "The ecstasies of sentimental wounding in Uncle Tom's cabin." The Yale journal of criticism 10.2 (1997): 295-320.
So it has been suggested that social context of care must be examined and to establish limits to the ethics of care. In contrast, constructive evaluation of care ethic indicates that sensitivity as well as emotional response to particular state of affairs such as family discussions with doctor provide significant guides to morally satisfactory actions plus care ethic also seem to favor accepting procedures from Conflict Resolution as well as Dispute Mediation as optional way to approach evident ethical disagreement (Online Guide to Ethics and Moral Philosophy, 1996).
So on the whole, if we think regarding repair as something that should involve tools at least the type of tools found in hardware as well as plumbing supply stores and at construction sites, our cast of fixing characters is frequently going to involve men not for the reason that all men have them or apply them even if they have them…
Virginia Held. The Ethics of Care. New York: Oxford University Press, Feb 2007.
Gilligan, Carol, et al. In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women's Devolpment. Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1982.
Ethics of Care." Online Guide to Ethics and Moral Philosphy 1996. April 4, 2008 http://caae.phil.cmu.edu/Cavalier/80130/part2/II_7.html .
Spelman, Elizabeth V. "2 the Household as Repair Shop." Setting the Moral Compass: Essays by Women Philosophers. Ed. Cheshire Calhoun. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
On the contrary, for Kant, to live a moral life is to live a life that is lived almost completely because of obligation (Moran, Rein & Goodin 2008, p 354). Someone can still do something that is their duty, but that doesn't mean that what they do isn't immoral. A simple example would be if a person owed money: in Kantian morality, if a person paid back the money simply because they owed it and they felt it was their moral obligation to do so, this would be moral; however, if a person paid back money only because they thought that it would help them out if they ever needed to borrow money again, this would be immoral.
Kantian morality -- or the ethical system that we call "deontological" (luhm & Heineman 2007, p. 26) -- has to do with whether or not "its rules do not allow us to…
Bardach, Eugene. (2008). A practical guide for policy analysis: the eightfold path to more effective problem solving. CQ Press; 3rd edition.
Bluhm, William. & Heinemann, Robert A. (2007). Ethics and public policy: method and cases. Longman.
Fischer, Frank. & Miller, Gerald J. (2006). Handbook of public policy analysis: theory, politics and methods. CRC Press; 1st edition.
Moran, Michael., Rein, Martin. & Goodin, Robert E. (2008). The Oxford handbook of public policy. Oxford University Press.
principals who are equity-oriented, marginalized dynamics may crop up in schools that are changing demographically at a rapid pace (Cooper, 2009). This essay reflects upon how educators may play the role of transformative leaders by way of carrying out cultural work that tackles inequity, addresses and/or attempts to remove socio-cultural limits, and promotes inclusion. The theories of Cornel West on 'the new cultural politics of difference' appraise the topic, as do literary works on transformative leadership to promote social justice.
Highlighting the ever-changing policy responses in the history of educational leadership, along with their contextual settings, explains the necessity for another glimpse at the manner in which educational leadership should be considered in recent times. Gale & Densmore (2003) found that educational leaders are now faced with contradictory pressures -- on the one hand, to favor some student groups over others, yet, on the other hand, to ensure that disadvantaged…
Appiah, K.A. (2006). The politics of identity. Daedulus, 135(4), 15-22.
Barrett, A. (2012). Transformative leadership and the purpose of schooling. Unpublished dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL.
Bell, D.A. (1987). Neither separate schools nor mixed schools: The chronicle of the sacrificed Black schoolchildren. In D. Bell (Ed.); And we are not saved: The elusive quest for racial justice (pp. 102 -- 122). New York: Basic Books.
Brown, K.M. (2004). Leadership for social justice and equity: Weaving a transformative framework and pedagogy. Education Administration Quarterly, 40(1), 77-108.
Miami Dade School District
Example of Violation
Penalty for Violation
Business transactions which conflict with official duties as an educator.
Giving speeches or presentations for money during school time.
Outside Income (moonlighting)
Employees may not accept earned income that conflicts of interest with duties.
May not restrain students from independent learning.
Prevention of inquisitive behavior amongst students.
Shall not exploit a relationship with a student for personal gain.
Hiring a student to mow your lawn.
Gifts and Gratitudes
May not accept gifts in exchange for favors.
This school district's code of ethics includes many important topics including receiving gifts, proper student/teacher relations and limitations on earnings money while using the profession as means to create business. The code relates very general ideas to the problems associated with certain ethical violations and is not very lengthy. The emphasis is directed at financial ethical violations more so…
American Association of School Administrators (2004). AASA's Statement of Ethics for Educational Leaders. The School Administrator, Sep 2004.
Miami-Dade County School Board. Code of Ethics. Viewed 22 Aug 2014. Retrieved from http://www.dadeschools.net/schoolboard/rules/Chapt4/4a-1.213.pdf
He did so, his client was convicted, and now his client is appealing that conviction.
In the meantime, there was no way that his client could have given him those details of the other rapes unless he had committed them, so the lawyer knows that he is guilty of the other crimes. Whether the lawyer is concerned about his client and whether he will be prosecuted for the other crimes if he tells the D.A. must cross the lawyer's mind. However, the fact that the client was almost gloating about the way he did not get caught and how he will get out of prison 'while he is young and can still have some fun' would likely be upsetting to the moral compass of the lawyer.
Those who argue that lawyers do not have morals are misguided. Lawyers simply do what they are required to do for their jobs and…
That is why I became Treasurer of the ives Club, out of gratefulness for this extended family. I know many people of my generation struggle to find 'who they are' but the structure of the military offers a potent and compelling answer to that question. To serve means always to be at home amongst people who understand exactly what you are going through: "Home is the place where, when you have to go there, they have to take you in" (Frost 118-119).
Being in the military does not mean, contrary to conventional wisdom, that one must obey an unthinking policy of 'my country right or wrong.' The men and women in the military must obey because soldiers cannot afford to question every order and live, however, this does not make them unthinking automatons -- far from it. In fact, soldiers think more about the great questions of life and death,…
Frost, R. (2009). The death of the hired man. In G. Perkins, & B. Perkins (Eds.), The
American Tradition in Literature (12 ed., Vol. 2, pp. 888-891). New York City:
McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
Iyer, P. (2000). The empire. In The global soul: Jet lag, shopping malls, and the search for home. (pp. 234-265). New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
We live in a world that is so dictated by religious politics. eligion has seemingly become a defining characteristic of who we are. Yet, there are many who choose to free themselves from limited notions of religious doctrine. Many believe in what is known as secular humanism, where the human is at the center of each of our lives, not a religion or God. Secular humanism is a branch of humanism that focuses not on mans connection with God as the primary origin of life, unlike other branches of humanism (Weider & Gutierrez, 2011). Here, the human being is the center of each individual's life and not a God or religion in this perspective humans originate much like other animals, their evolution and existence does not depend on a religion. The human identity is just another biological identity. According to the research, "secular Humanism is an attempt to…
Patheos Library. (2012). Secular Humanism. Patheos Library. Web. http://www.patheos.com/Library/Secular-Humanism.html
Secular Humanism. (2013). Secular Humanism: The exclusion of God. Secular Humanism. Web. http://www.secular-humanism.com/
Weider, Lew & Gutierrez, Ben. (2011). Consider. Academx Publishing.
Principles and Theories
Stark (2004) discussed the transformational elements present in the state of leadership in his article. This article attempted to strike a balance by understanding leadership as more of a state of mind than a state of action. Five major conclusions were highlighted in this reading. The first suggests that strong and positive organizations are direct reflections of the collective state of the workers of that organization. The next suggests that leadership is not related to power and is a state of being. The third conclusion the author discussed that the fundamental state of leadership is results driven. The fourth conclusion mandated that leaders need to experience deep and serious change to enter a state of fundamental leadership. The fifth conclusion suggested that change is contingent upon the leadership's ability to accept and engage in change.
Lawler & n Golden's (2003) article embraced the idea of…
They are a great source of strength and I will honor them while remaining true to myself.
I am committed to lifelong learning and I will constantly strive to advance my knowledge and skills in the field by attending conferences and clinics, and reading the current literature.
I will strive to be a contributing member of society, both professionally and personally. I value education and lifelong learning and will continue to expand my knowledge by attending classes. I also understand the value of work and feel that it is a necessary and constructive part of my life. I will continue to make myself more valuable to my employer by attending seminars and training and by doing my best for the company.
Continually improve my skills as a person and as an employee through educational enhancement programs to perform my job in a timely way at a high level of excellence.…
Beasley, M.S. & Jenkins, J.G. (2003). A primer for brainstorming fraud risks: There are good and bad ways to conduct brainstorming sessions. Journal of Accountancy, 196(6), 32.
Beker, M. (2004). Screenwriting with a conscience: Ethics for screenwriters. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Hancock, J. (2003, May 10). Personal code of ethics. Jill Hancock. [Online]. Available: http://www-distance.syr.edu/jillh.html.
Nash, R.J. (2002). Spirituality, ethics, religion, and teaching: A professor's journey. New York: Peter Lang.
Horror, the Horror:
Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness vs. Francis Ford Coppola's Apocalypse Now
I stood on this hillside, I foresaw that in the blinding sunshine of that land I would become acquainted with a flabby, pretending, weak-eyed devil of a rapacious and pitiless folly. How insidious he could be, too, I was only to find out several months later and a thousand miles farther -- Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness
The director Francis Ford Coppola's 1979 Vietnam epic entitled Apocalypse Now makes a direct analogy in its symbolism as well as its plot structure with Joseph Conrad's famous 1899 novella about colonialism in the Belgian Congo entitled Heart of Darkness. This is most notable in the character played by Marlon Brando: Colonel Kurtz, who is named after Conrad's Kurtz, an important figure in a fictional ivory trading company in the Congo. Both works present white men that have, for…
Apocalypse Now. Directed by Francis Ford Coppola, 1979.
Conrad, Joseph. Heart of Darkness, 1899. Available:
http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/ConDark.html [22 Oct 2012]
This will prevent oversimplification, and allow counselors to confront complex issues more effectively. As for the "health and well-being of the self" issue, the author is saying that counselors cannot do their best at helping others unless they take care of themselves with proper diet, exercise, meditation or prayer, self-reflection to promote self-integration, and the study of integral theory. This recommended approach to self-care is called "Integral Life Practice (ILP). A final key concept is the idea of considering the importance of the developmental perspective of the counselor when explaining ethical codes of conduct; in other words, what developmental lines or life questions are at play (cognitive, self, values, morals) when a particular counselor is confronting ethical concerns? And how does his or her developmental level in these different areas affect their approach to the ethical concerns? In other words, like intelligence, professional and personal development consists of various "lines"…
Turning the Tide: Chapter Reviews and Summaries
"the Rising Tide"
In Chapter 1 of Turning the Tide, author Charles Stanley writes about what he considers the main problems of America, namely a lack of civic engagement and religious family values. The first subtitle of the chapter is "The Story of Our Storm." Stanley makes an explicit analogy between the swelling of the ocean from an unexpected storm and the various crises that are occurring in America. Unlike the natural ebbs and flows of the ocean, Stanley states that the difficulties America is currently facing are man-made.
Stanley identifies a wide variety of troubles currently afflicting America, only some of which are explicitly religious in nature. These include the rising bankruptcy and mortgage default rate; the escalating divorce rate; challenges to traditional values; even the rise of actual storms and extreme weather. Stanley also fingers more explicitly religious problems, such as…
New International Version (NIV). Bible Gateway.
< http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/New-International-Version-NIV-Bible/ >
[28 Jan 2013]
Stanley, Charles E. Turning the Tide. Kindle Edition. Howard Books, 2011.
The responsibilities of parenthood do require character virtues. Simply being a parent does not make one virtuous, but parenting can bring out the best in people. Parenting requires the person to put their child ahead of any selfish desire, which promotes humility, magnanimity, and temperance—three of the essential character virtues (“Traditional Theories of Ethics,” n.d.). Developing character ethics promotes eudaimonia within the family, and each member of the family including the parent who exhibits a virtuous character (Aristotle; Husthouse, 2016). In fact, the more one exhibits virtuous behavior in their role as a parent, the more likely it is for the child to embody the same virtues. In this way, virtuous parenting reverberates through the generations and helps create a more virtuous society overall.
Having personal experiences with a father who did not have a virtuous approach to parenting makes it easier to recognize the importance of strong…
Smith's position is more opaque. He also would start at the Deontological Model for assistance in making the decision however; the result would be considerably different than Global. It is the company's actions of laying off Smith after assuring him of a new position in Europe that is a violation of socially accepted values of society. Global clearly has offended basic values of "honesty, promise keeping, fairness, and loyalty" (Trevino, L.K. 2006). The Virtue Ethics Model also plays a key role in Smith's decision. His own guidelines of virtuous behavior depend a great deal on the circumstances which have placed him in this dilemma; the actions of the company leave him no alternative but to provide for his own financial security by cashing the check. The incentives and motivation for making that choice are correct according to his understanding of what is right and wrong. The Utilitarian Model does not…
Brainy Quote. (N.D.). Bentham. Retrieved May 11, 2011 from http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/j/jeremy_bentham.html
Case Study. (N.D.). $2,500.00 Response
Kidder, R. How Good People Make Tough Choices. New York: William
Morrow, 1995. Retrieved May 11, 2011 from http://www.cs.bgsu.edu/maner/heuristics/1995Kidder.htm
Price of Inequality
In the wake of the most recent economic downturn and an apparently ongoing depression in the world markets, many economists, political scientists, and social theorists have examined the roots of these dire times. For the most part, it appears that many blame "unstoppable developments" (Edsall, 2012), and particularly in the forms of globalization and automation, as being responsible. Joseph E. Stiglitz uses his new work, The Price of Inequality, to outline his reasons for not believing that these forces are unstoppable or even inevitable. Instead, Stiglitz suggests that, by addressing the political and economic roots of inequality in an integrated way, new frameworks can be constructed for a better and more sustainable economy.
According to Stiglitz (2012), the main driving force for the "two-tier" society in evidence today is the somewhat toxic integration of politics with the economy. According to Stiglitz, politics have played a major role…
Case, J. (2012, June 12). Review of The Price of Inequality. Political Affairs. Retrieved from: http://www.politicalaffairs.net/review-of-the-price-of-inequality/Here%20are%20some%20useful%20note%20for%20the%20book
Edsall, T.B. (2012, Aug. 3). Separate and Unequal: "The Price of Inequality" by Joseph E. Stiglitz. The New York Times. Retrieved from: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/05/books/review/the-price-of-inequality-by-joseph-e-stiglitz.html?pagewanted=all&_r=1& ;
Stiglitz, J.E. (2012). The Price of Inequality. New York and London: W.W. Norton & Company.
Teenagers: Alcohol and Drunkenness
Discuss any insights or experience you have faced with Drinking Alcohol/drunkenness.
The challenges today in living a moral life are indeed formidable. There are many obstacles and difficulties that individual teenagers face and one of those obstacles has to do with the consumption of alcohol. Many experts on child develop comment on the fact that teenagers are drinking at younger and younger ages and that there is more of a pressure to drink large quantities of alcohol. So much of this can revolve negatively on the values in place with a given teen and their peer group. If certain teenagers value rowdiness and aberrant behavior, then consuming alcohol and acting drunk and belligerent can be seen as a sign of "coolness."
How could the five aspects offer help and direction:
Open to Growth
Part of teenage drinking and drunkenness is about experimentation. Most teenagers are going…
The model consists of five phases:
1. Perception of the ethical problem
2. Description the situation and objective definition of the ethical issue
3. Identification of alternatives
4. Selection of an alternative
5. esolution (Cooper, 2006).
This model has been implemented successfully in both the public and private sectors. The goals of the model are to create a management team consisting of responsible individuals that promote high standards, ethical decision-making practices on behalf of their code of ethics, transparency and accountability (Cooper, 2006). Ultimately, according to Cooper's model, ethical decision making is the process of identifying a problem, generating alternatives, and choosing among them so that the alternatives selected maximize the most important ethical values while also achieving the intended goal.
Most work-related decisions have an ethical component. With few exceptions, problems that involve people also involve ethical issues. Decisions that affect people's jobs and careers have an ethical…
Business Dictionary (2009) "Conflict of Interest" http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/conflict-of-interest.html
Cooper, T. (2006). The responsible administrator: An approach to ethics for the administrative role (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Jossey-Bass.
Olsen, a. (2009). Authoring a code of ethics: Observations on process and organization. Center for the study of ethics in the professions. Illinois Institute of Technology. http://ethics.iit.edu/index1.php/Programs/Codes%20of%20Ethics/Authoring%20a%20Code%20of%20Ethics.html
Schnebel, E., & Bienert, M.A. (2004). Implementing ethics in business organizations. Journal of Business Ethics, 53, 203-211.
That ethics has become so controversial reflects the individual nature of ethics. Each individual choice is imbued with certain ethical assumptions, but those assumptions will vary from person to person. Only when those assumptions are shared by a large enough segment of society do they become norms. For the individual, the choice often becomes the decision between one's personal code of ethics and that of society as a whole.
Even the way ethics are measured is controversial. Some measure ethics based on outcomes, a school known as consequentialism; others measure ethics based on the decision itself, regardless of outcome. This is the deontological school of ethics. Our legal system is based mainly on deontological ethics, yet our laws do not cover the full gamut of deontological ethical violations.
hile ethics in business and among politicians grab headlines, ethical dilemmas touch every aspect of society. ithin economics, for example, significant controversy…
Cohen, Randy. (2003). The Way We Live Now. New York Times. Retrieved February 22, 2009 at http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9905E2DF163DF93BA1575AC0A9659C8B63
Winters, Rebecca. (2005). Harvard's Crimson Face. Time Magazine. Retrieved February 22, 2009 at http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1019829,00.html
Piller, Charles. (2005). Researchers Admit to Lapses in Ethics. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 22, 2009 at http://articles.latimes.com/2005/jun/09/science/sci-research9
Smith, Lynn. (2002). Are Women Indeed the Fairer Sex? Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 22, 2009 at http://articles.latimes.com/2002/jun/28/news/lv-women28
If the dignity of work is to be protected, then the basic rights of workers must be respected -- the right to productive work, to decent and fair wages, to the organization and joining of unions, to private property, and to economic initiative (Themes of Catholic Social Teaching)."
As it relates to the Christian business, this principle should encourage business owners to pay their employees a living wage. A living wage guarantees that an individual will be able to afford the basic necessities in life (i.e. food, clothing, shelter).
The living wage varies depending on the location but many jobs in America do not pay workers a living wage even when they have been working there for a substantial amount of time. As an aspect of business ethics, Christian business owners should evaluate the amount of pay that workers receive and make certain that it is a living wage. Paying…
Themes of Catholic Social Teaching. United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Retrieved April 4, from; http://www.usccb.org/sdwp/projects/socialteaching/excerpt.htm
Vickers Mark R. (2005) Business Ethics and the HR Role: Past, Present, and Future. Human Resource Planning. Volume: 28 (1), p.26.
Communication in Healthcare: Crucial Conversations
A crucial conversation which I was a part of recently involved an experience which concerned a patient going through end of life care. During this conversation I had to bring to the other nurse's attention the fact that some of her actions were offending the patient and the patient's family and that during this difficult time that really was not acceptable. For example, during the conversation I explained to the nurse that eye contact with this middle eastern ethnic group was supposed to be avoided, as was pointing as both were considered extremely offensive. The other nurse also tried to prevent candles from being lit and folk dishes from being eaten in the room. I explained to her that within this culture it was an inherent and important part of the ritual of death and a way to honor the dying. It was apparent that…
Crib, A. View in a new window. (2011). Integrity at work: Managing routine moral stress in professional roles. Nursing Philosophy. 12, 119-127.
Grossman, S., & Valiga, T. (2009). The new leadership challenge: Creating the future of nursing
(4th ed.). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis.
Maxfield, D; Grenny, J. (2012) The Silent Treatment. Retrieved from AORN & ACCN:
People behave in the most outrageous manner when it comes to success and money because it has become a dog eat dog world where no one wants to be left behind in the rat race. When a professional chooses to act in a morally sound manner, he may often find himself left behind by those who couldn't care less about ethics and then others are also tempted to cheat, steal and rob.
What they fail to see is the long-term impact of their actions. Both the ethically upright person and the crook need to see that their actions involve a long-term impact. The repercussions of their actions may not become apparent immediately but eventually they will unless they correct their behavior before public disclosure. I would always want to be a person who can keep the long-term picture in view. This is easier said than done but that is the…
military practices based on the concept of insubordination. The paper will incorporate various examples from real life situations and military cases that the world history has witnessed so far in order to highlight the right as well as the inaccurate and unjustified practices in the name of insubordination. The orks Cited six sources in MLA format.
Education on insubordination
Just like other realms of society, military or armed forces also have their well-defined codes of ethics in order to strengthen the entire armed force and to promote discipline and order. These laws and regulations form the basis on which rests the foundation of the military and command various aspects of the lifestyle of military men (Marple). Military society is that part of our society that is devoid of emotions and therefore its laws and rules are rigid and remain constant without subject to any change. Thereupon, every soldier is expected…
Marple J. Military Culture vs. Homosexuality: Morality, Ethics, and Religious Values in the Military from the Continental Army to the Present. Available at: http://www.eaglescoutrally.org/articles/marple010418.htm (January 29, 2003)
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company
Insubordination. Available at: http://www.ccma.co.za/insubordination.html (January 29, 2003)
Media Institutions and Regulations:
A Discussion on the Twitter Phenomenon
Words change meaning all the time. Take, for example, awful. Today, it means something terrible, but it used to mean filled with awe (aweful). In this case, a different spelling has led to a different interpretation. Yet sometimes, the same word may mean the same exact thing, only in a completely different context. This refers to the example of Twitter. Traditionally, twitter as a verb meant to utter a succession of small, tremulous sounds, as a bird or to talk lightly and rapidly, especially of trivial matters. In this day and age, however, a mention of twitter will conjure up images of the phenomenon that the technological age has brought about. Yes, twitter can still mean trivial talk, even in this technological context, but most likely, it will refer to the information network that connects friends to coworkers and even…
"Beyond the dippy lingo, the idea that something intelligent, something worthy of mindshare, might occur in the space of 140 characters -- Twitter's parameters were set by what would fit in a text message on a phone -- seems unlikely. But it was clear […] the primary news platform was Twitter, with real-time annotation of the panels on stage and critical updates about what was happening elsewhere at a very hectic convention." [9: Carr, David. "Why Twitter Will Endure." New York Times, 2010. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/03/weekinreview/03carr.html ]
A further perusal of this particular article reflects further opinions, though similar ones, including the fact that the history of the internet suggests "cool" website that go in and out of style, and Twitter is one of those rare ones that are more likely to stay in style than go in and out.
Traditional media outlets are changing all over the world. From Facebook, to Twitter, to Flick, to Linkedin and many others, the new generation is putting its stamp on the vast landscape of information, its retrieval and dissemination. This is important to note, because this change comes with positives and negatives, some of which can harm humanity. However, it is also important to note the progress and the continuation of it, and promote such media outlets for the benefit of advancement.
Solitude Feminist Crit
The Power of the Feminine in Garcia Marquez's One Hundred Years of Solitude
Gabriel Garcia Marquez in his work One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967) spins a tale of postcolonial Columbia that will likely forever be thought of as a classic work of fiction, brought to light during what many think of a serious high point in Latin American Literature. The work is translated to many languages and even today sells a great many copies. (King) The development of the tale is that of the founding of a city by a single couple and all the ways in which this couple and their various offspring relate to the world, from within the scope of their town. The many generational tale encompasses a century and begins with the development of a core relationship, that between Jose Arcadio Buendia and his wife and cousin Ursula. This work will first…
Bellow Watson, Barbara, "On Power and the Literary Text" Signs, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Autumn, 1975), pp. 111-118.
Bloom, Harold, "Gabriel Garcia Marquez's 'One Hundred Years of Solitude'" Broomall, PA: Chelsea House, 2003.
Garcia Marquez, Gabriel "One Hundred Years of Solitude" New York:, NY, Harper and Rowe, 1970.
Hamilton, Carole. "Overview of 'One Hundred Years of Solitude'." Literature of Developing Nations for Students: Presenting Analysis, Context, and Criticism on Literature of Developing Nations. Ed. Elizabeth Bellalouna, Michael L. LaBlanc, and Ira Mark Milne. Vol. 2. Detroit: Gale Group, 2000. Literature Resource Center. Web. 3 Dec. 2011.
As some journalists have brought up, this scandal is evocative of the scandal with the Catholic Church and demonstrates how a marked upheaval in the way universities and institutions are conducted (Hamilton, 2012).
The media, while impartial, can often be a moral compass for the rest of the world. Few people can forget the horrors of the reactions of Penn State's college students when the scandal just broke, upon the firing of Joe Paterno: the media captured how the students rioted the streets, acting out, even turning over a news van. The rest of the world watched in revulsion: these college students, by sympathizing with Paterno, someone who had essentially protected and sheltered a pedophile, these young college students were sympathizing with Sandusky, the pedophile in question. "It's difficult to look at the images of the Penn State University students performing pep rally chants and turning over a media van…
Engel, J. (2012, July 16). Penn State should get death penalty. Retrieved from Foxsports.com: http://msn.foxsports.com/collegefootball/story/penn-state-should-lose-football-privileges-dealth-penalty-in-wake-of-freeh-report-child-sex-abuse-071212/
Hamilton, M. (May, 27 2012). Penn State and Catholic Church Child Sex-Abuse Trials Divide Penn. Public. Retrieved from Dailybeast.com: http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2012/05/27/penn-state-and-catholic-church-child-sex-abuse-trials-divide-penn-public.html
Kane, C. (July, 23 2012). Penn State penalties: $60 million fine, 4-year bowl ban. Retrieved from Chicagotribune.com: http://www.chicagotribune.com/sports/college/ct-spt-0724-penn-state -- 20120724,0,6965116.story
Muskal, M. (2012, June 22). Jerry Sandusky convicted of 45 child sexual abuse charges. Retrieved from LA Times: Jerry Sandusky convicted of 45 child sexual abuse charges
in "Piaf," Pam Gems provides a view into the life of the great French singer and arguably the greatest singer of her generation -- Edith Piaf. (Fildier and Primack, 1981), the slices that the playwright provides, more than adequately trace her life. Edith was born a waif on the streets of Paris (literally under a lamp-post). Abandoned by her parents -- a drunken street singer for a mother and a circus acrobat father -- Edith learns to fend for herself from the very beginning. As a natural consequence of her surroundings, she makes the acquaintance of several ne'er do wells. She rises above the lifestyles of the girls she grows up with who prostitute themselves for a living in the hope that they will eventually meet a benefactor with whom they can settle. Edith has a talent for singing and she indulges this interest by singing loudly in the streets.…
Beauvoir, Simone de, and Parshley, H.M. The Second Sex. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1993.pp. lv, 786
Eisenstein, Zillah R. The Radical Future of Liberal Feminism. The Northeastern Series in Feminist Theory. Northeastern University Press ed. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1986.pp. xi, 260
Engels, Fredrick. "The Development of Utopian Socialism." Trans. Lafargue, Paul. Marx/Engels Selected Works. Revue Socialiste. Ed. Basgen, Brian. Vol. 3. New York: Progress Publishers, 1880. 95-151.
Origins of the Family, Private Property, and the State. 1894. Retrieved April 10, 2003 from. http://csf.colorado.edu/psn/marx/Archive/1884-Family/
Fullan, et al.'s approach is to employ "greater specificity without suffering the downside of prescription," (9) meaning that curriculum design must teach people how to do something within the proper context and that all details must be included without the complicating and ineffective method of saying that all children must be taught the same subjects in the same manner ("prescription"). The attending result, then, would be that curriculum would be designed with an inherent awareness of all learning modalities, with the flexibility to be taught to all students in any number of different manners, with ultimate flexibility - in short, massive textbooks would give way to a more interactive multi-branched approach that the teachers would actively control during the classroom much like a boat captain pilots a tricky inner-harbor channel. To allow this, curriculum design would be a collaborative process not only within the schools and districts but between the…
Fullan, M., Hill, P. & Crevola, C. (2006). Breakthrough. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press. pp109.
American Way of War
The history of the American Way of War is a transitional one, as Weigley shows in his landmark work of the same name. The strategy of war went from, under Washington, a small scale, elude and survive set of tactics practiced by what seem today to be relatively "quaint" militias, to -- in the 20th century -- a full-scale operation known as "total war." True, "total war" was not a concept invented by the Americans in the 20th century. The North eventually practiced "total war" against the Confederates when Sherman's campaign left utter destruction of civilian territory in its wake. The ancient Romans practiced it when, under the direction of Cato, they destroyed Carthage because its mere existence, they felt, posed a threat to their prosperity. In the 20th century, however, "total war" received an enormous boost of technical support when the inventors of the atom…
Butler, Smedley. War is a Racket. LA: Feral House, 2003.
Chollet, Derek and James Goldgeier. America Between the Wars. NY: Public Affairs,
Debs, Eugene. "Anti-War Speech," 16 June 1918. Web.
The ramifications of not following his instinct results in a lack of faith in himself and humanity. At the end of the story, Bonaparte experiences a chasm between him and the morals he once knew. He is alienated from everything and states even the "birds and the bloody stars were all far away" (1030). He also admits he feels "very small and very lost and very lonely like a child astray in the snow" (1030). The last sentence is the most gripping, revealing the full scope of his situation. He says, "And anything that ever happened to me afterwards, I never felt the same about again" (1030). Here we see the evidence of regret. Bonaparte cannot change what has happened and sadly, he must live with it for the rest of his life. e must believe him when he says he will never be the same again and feel empathy…
O'Connor, Frank. "Guests of the Nation." Textbook. Editor. City: Publisher. Year. Print.
Father Figures Arabian Asian Literature
Father Figures: Arabic / Asian Literature
Father figures all across the world embody a phenomenon which encompasses all attributes of a role model. They are meant to stand for discipline, caution, protection, guidance, and of course, love. The perfect amalgamation of all these can be found in the patriarch of any household, or any culture, for that matter. As such, the perfect patriarchal example is nothing short of a literary archetype. From Austen's "Pride and Prejudice" to Puzo's "The Godfather" we can find numerous examples of father figures establishing the age-old belief in fatherly conduct.
It is true, that the general conception of father figures is more or less the same in all areas of literature. However, one must pay heed to the fact that just like miscellaneous traditions; the perception towards father figures varies from culture to culture. Needless to say, the significance of…
Kanafani, Ghassan. "A Hand in the Grave." Roberta Rubenstein, Charles R. Larson. A World of Fiction. 2002. 427.
Mukherjee, Bharati. "A Father." Robert Rubenstein, Charles R. Larson. A World of Fiction. 2002. 660.
Ramanujan, A.K. "Self-Portrait."
contingency plan is that it needs to be able to keep people secure and protected. If a crisis does occur, people need to feel as though they are protected, and that all employees, visitors, customers and suppliers are safeguarded and shielded from any harm that could occur. Another element of a contingency plan is that it needs to be able to secure and protect the core elements of the business at large, such as the infrastructure and the critical processes while slowing any disruptions to the business (Fischer et al., 2013). Furthermore, a strong contingency plan will be able to safeguard all information along with information systems, such as those which include or impact supplier connections and client connections (Fischer et al., 2013). A good contingency plan is one which is able to make basic assumptions which are correct to foster a baseline for planning. A good contingency plan is…
Fischer, R.J et al., (2013). Introduction to Security, Ninth Edition. New York: Butterworth-