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Crisis 2008 a Plethora of
Words: 668 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89249505
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Another significant factor that affected the financial crisis of 2008 was role that Wall Street played in worsening the impact of the financial disaster that was to come. Specifically, a number of prominent Wall Street companies effectively "bought in" to the housing shortage by investing in securities that are financially supported by loans of a dubious nature. A recent report compiled by the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission alludes to the fact that such investors were well aware of the substantial risk that these investments represented, yet pursued them anyway due to avaricious tendencies (Chan, 2011).

The involvement of banks in the financial crisis goes well beyond issuing loans that were of a suspect nature to people who required subprime loans. To that extent, this degree of culpability on the part of banks can actually be traced to the Securities and Exchange Commission, another federal government entity, that was decidedly lax…

Bibliography

Chan, S. (2011). "Financial Crisis Was Avoidable, Inquiry Finds." The New York Times.  http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/26/business/economy/26inquiry.html 

Davis, J.F. (2008). "The Cause of the 2008 Financial Crisis." Aim.org.  http://www.aim.org/guest-column/the-cause-of-the-2008-financial-crisis/ 

Shah, a. (2010). "Global Financial Crisis." Globalissues.org.  http://www.globalissues.org/article/768/global-financial-crisis

Crisis Leadership Competence An Important
Words: 654 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 45949362
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Leaders who are fluent in crisis management are not afraid of crises because they have engaged in the necessary planning and preparation, have a number of coping skills to deal with a variety of scenarios, and are skilled at turning potential negatives into positives. They are adaptable, and can quickly readjust strategies to suit present needs, rather than remain stuck in one specific plan for the future.

Another critical aspect of effective crisis leadership that also has applications in day-to-day leadership is the need for participatory strategies, to get all members of the organization 'on board' with the leader's plan. Participatory leadership requires soliciting input from different members of the organization to create a holistic plan of attack, and draws upon a variety of perspectives, avoiding tunnel vision. Using participatory strategies increase organizational members' sense of investment and 'buy-in' with a crisis prevention or management plan. It might be protested…

References

Crisis leadership competency model. (2009). Retrieved March 1, 2011 at http://www.asph.org/userfiles/Competencies-Resources/08_CDC_CrisisLeadership.ppt

James, Erika Hayes. (2008). Linking crisis management and leadership competencies: The role of human resource development. Advances in Developing Human Resources

10(3): 352. Retrieved March 1, 2011 at  http://adh.sagepub.com/content/10/3/352.short

Crisis Economics by Nouriel Roubini
Words: 508 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 3551329
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These funds are now removed from the banking system. Keep in mind that banks use every dollar on deposit to create many more dollars worth of loans, the hit to the banking system and by extension, to the money supply is something approaching 25 to 30 billion dollars. This was a global phenomenon, as the crisis arises interest rates are slashed. So hence, by 2008-2009 the Federal Reserve, Bank of England to many others have pushed interest rates close to zero. He also explains how major players like Mr. Bernake and the Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson affected the crisis and how the steps and how they have left their mark on this financial crisis. He also contends that all crisis have an ebb and flow in their severity and rarely hit once and subside. He vilifies our toxic waste method of having recourse to non-recourse government loans and in the…

Crises the Costs of Financial
Words: 3178 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 53321289
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If asset bubbles can be leading indicators of recession, that begs the question what assets are the most important? Several studies have shown that housing prices are critical. They were important in Japan and in 2008 in the United States. Babecky (2012) showed that housing prices consistently predict asset bubbles, minus the occasional false positive. Intuitively this makes sense since any sort of bubble will result in more investment in real estate.

There is a further question that is raised in light of the contagion of the 2008-2009 crisis. Prior to that, as Evanoff (2013) notes, several asset bubbles were effectively contained by monetary policy and did little damage. Most bubbles that cause damage do so in the developing world -- Southeast Asia and Russia in the late 1990s for example -- but in the developed world the damage is usually contained. Frankel and Saravelos (2011) examined the indicators that…

Works Cited:

Babecky, J., Havranek, T., Mateju, J., Rusnak, M.,Smidkova, K. & Vasicek, B. (2012). Leading indicators of crisis incidence. European Central Bank Working Papers Series No. 1486.

Chinn, M. & Kucko, K. (2010). The predictive power of the yield curve across time. NBER Working Paper, No. 16398.

Evanoff, D., Kaufman, G. & Malliaris, a. (2013). Asset price bubbles: Lessons from the recent financial crisis. World Financial Review. Retrieved May 1, 2013 from http://www.worldfinancialreview.com/?p=2200

Frankel, J., Saravelos, G. (2011). Can leading indicators assess country vulnerability? NBER Working Paper No. 16047.

Banks Improper Foreclosure and Mortgage Practices in
Words: 2595 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 65893364
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Banks

Improper Foreclosure and Mortgage Practices in the Banking Industry

Efficient Market Hypothesis

Real Estate Bubble

Sub-Prime Mortgages

Overview on the Value of Banks

Arguments against Financial Intermediaries

Ethical Violations

This research paper aims to shed light into what led to the global financial collapse that, for the most part, began in the U.S. housing market and the ethical implications that followed. Many researchers agree that the primary drivers that led to the real estate crisis was the lifting of the Glass Steagall Act, the fostering of sub-prime lending, and the creation of derivatives and credit default swaps which were used as complex financial instruments. This offered the big five banks an entire new range of operating opportunities. All of these financial tools were justified by the efficient market hypothesis and as a consequence provide evidence for the lack of a truly efficient market. As a result of the financial…

Works Cited

Ball, R. "The Global Financial Crisis and the Efficient Market Hypothesis." CFA Digest (2010): 44-45. Web.

Bauman, S., M. Conover and R. Miller. "Growth vs. value and large-cap vs. small-cap stocks in international markets." Financial Analysis Journal 54.2 (1998): 75-89.

Beers, B. "End the Fed, Save the Dollar: Ron Paul." 7 September 2009. CNBC. Web. 19 March 2012.

Chen, B. And F. Kaboub. The Repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act and the Subprime Mortgage Crisis. 8 February 2012. Web. 19 March 2012.

Shadow Banking Failure of Regulation During the Sub-Prime Crisis
Words: 2890 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 57764477
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shadow banking system, its role in the subprime mortgage crisis, and failures of regulation within the shadow banking system. The term "shadow banking system" was coined by PIMCO's Paul McCulley in 2007 (Spanos, 2012) and refers to a banking system that includes financial intermediaries that are involved in creating credit across the global financial system, whose functions are not subject to regulatory oversight (Investopedia, 2012). The question has been debated as to whether shadow banking meets the definition of true banking. Given that the two systems perform similar functions, including credit intermediation and maturity transformation, the two should be considered parallel systems (Noeth and Sengupta, 2011).

The term shadow banking is used to describe any provision of credit taking place outside of the traditional deposit-funded lending system. This definition includes institutions that range from pawnbrokers and consumer finance companies to securities dealers as well as firms that issue corporate bonds.…

Reference List

Armstrong, R., 2010. Q+A -- Regulating the shadow banking system. Fox Business. [online] Available at: [Accessed 20 April 2012].

Beckworth, D., 2010. "Deposit insurance" for the shadow banking system. [online] Available at: [Accessed 20 April 2012].

Drum, K., 2012. The shadow banking system speaks: It's not time for austerity yet. MotherJones. [online] Available at: [Accessed 20 April 2012].

Hsu, J. And Moroz, M., 2009. Shadow banks and the financial crisis of 2007-2008. Research Affiliates LLC. [online] Available at: [Accessed 20 April 2012].

Financial Derivatives on Sub-Prime Crisis
Words: 9921 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 96070915
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The article that was written by Conley (2011) discusses the impact that collateralized debt obligations (CDO's) would have upon the subprime loans. These were created in 1987, by the Wall Street firm Drexel urnham. In this product, the investment bankers would take a number of different articles and combine them together as one investment. The various assets that were used included: junk bonds, mortgages and other high yielding investments from the debt. The idea with these different products is that the investment bank could offer customers a stated return on their investment. The way it worked is the brokerage firm would distribute each investor, the stated amount of returns that they would make off of the tranche (the CDO investment). This was derived using a complex mathematical formula that would divide the total amount of interest that was received, from the various high yielding products that were inside the CDO.…

Bibliography

Case Study, 2011, Investopedia. Available from: [14 February 2011]

Citi Merger a Mistake, 2008, Huffington Post. Available from: [14 February 2011].

Deregulation Redux, 2011, FCIC. Available from: {14 February 2011].

Derivatives, 2011, Financial Dictionary. Available from: [12 February 2011].

Influence of 2007 Economic Crisis on American Car Market
Words: 24230 Length: 88 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 81822842
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2007 Economic Crisis on American Car market

Effect of the 2008 global economic crisis on automotive industries

Crisis in the United States

Crisis in Canada

Crisis in ussia

Crisis in European markets

Crisis in Asian markets

Effects by other related crisis events

In this paper, we will review the effects of 2008 global automotive crisis. Our main focus will be on the American car manufacturers and the negative impact they suffered due to the crisis. We will also have a look at how this crisis had affected car manufacturers in other major markets around the world notably Europe, Canada and the prominent Asian markets such as China and India. Finally, we will look at some of the other factors which were important to this event namely the energy crisis since the cost of fuel is directly related to the car industry.

Introduction

The automobile industry is a very important part…

References

Lee, C. (2003). Financial Liberalization and Economic Crisis in Asia. New York: Routledge.

Pempel, T.J. (1999). The Politics of Asian Economic Crisis. New York: Cornell University Press.

Arestis, P. (2001). What Global Economic Crisis? New York: Palgrave.

Liou, K.T. (2002). Managing Economic Development in Asia. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Subprime Mortgage Crash in the
Words: 2782 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 35792130
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Enter the Fed, Yet Again

Unable to understand that rapid interest rate moves create shocks to the market, resulting in distortions in supply and demand, the Fed dealt with the bursting of the housing bubble by lowering interest rates rapidly, this time to next to nothing. This response was intended to stimulate the economy. In 2001, the rate decreases were also intended to stimulate the economy, but they mainly stimulated one sector. The Fed's goal with the most recent round of drastic rate cuts is to stimulate lending. The rate cuts came when the scope of the crisis was just becoming apparent. The rapid reaction this time was met with skepticism from markets. here before there was at least one strong sector in which to invest excess capital, this time there were none. orse, the mistakes of the past few years had put banks in a position where they could…

Works Cited:

Knowledge @ Wharton: Inside the Subprime Crisis website, various pages. (2008). Wharton School of Business. Retrieved December 2, 2009 from  http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/special_sections/subprime/ 

Bureau of Economic Analysis. (2009). Gross domestic product: Third quarter 2009. BEA. Retrieved December 2, 2009 from  http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/national/gdp/gdpnewsrelease.htm 

Shiller, R. (2005). Origin of the Term. Irrational Exuberance. Retrieved December 2, 2009 from  http://www.irrationalexuberance.com/definition.htm 

Boeri, T. & Guiso, L. (2007). Subprime crisis: Greenspan's legacy. Vox EU. Retrieved December 2, 2009 from  http://www.voxeu.org/index.php?q=node/488

Public Law 110-343 the Crisis
Words: 3082 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 6524679
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Conclusions -- Was TAP Necessary -- A five member Congressional committee echoed a number of criticisms regarding TAP that many consumers, academics, and fiscal analysts were considering. What exactly was the Treasury's strategy with the $700 billion dollars for the supposed bail out? How can Treasury explain the significant gaps in their ability to find hundreds of billions of taxpayer money? In a nutshell, it appears that the departments that control the money given by the Congress (from the American people) have no ability to ensure that the bailed out banks will do what was needed and lend money; have no real standards of measuring success of failure of the program; and for ignoring pointed and specific questions from Congress about their performance (M. Crittenden).

The fact that many of the institutions bailed out with TAP funds, funds from the American taxpayer, did not distribute these funds back into the…

REFERENCES and WORKS CONSULTED

"2007 Public Company Bankruptcies Surpassed, According to BankruptcyData.com." 17 September 2008. AllBusiness.Com. 11 April 2010  http://www.allbusiness.com/company-activities-management/financial-performance/11564300-1.html 

Andrews, E., et.al. "Fed's $85 Billion Loan Rescues Insurer." The New York Times 16 September 2008:  http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/17/business/17insure.html?_r=1&hp .

Bardeesy, Karim. "Bailout Baloney." 2 October 2008. The Big Money from Slate. 11 April 2010  http://www.thebigmoney.com/articles/juicy-bits/2008/10/02/bailout-baloney 

Bucznski, Richard. "Economic Crisis: When Will It End?" 2010. IBIS World. 9 April 2010  http://www.ibisworld.com/recession2009/

Subprime Crisis Work Plan and Report
Words: 3105 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Chapter Paper #: 64288901
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real or hypothetical situation?

The context of the report is based on the real world implications of the financial crisis on the banking industry and society as a whole. The report details the need for reform within the sector overall. Particular emphasis is placed on Bank of America, as it was a large component of the subprime-lending crisis.

Why did you choose this topic, and does it relate to you in any way?

I chose this topic because it has impacted both society and the world at large. Nearly $1 trillion in asset values were erased in 1 year due to the financial crisis. People were foreclosed on and subsequently lost their homes. Taxpayers were forced to pay large sums of money to bailout a corrupt and greedy system. This topic not only resonates with me personally, but with the entire developed world. We nearly were on the brink of…

References:

1. Edward Gramlich (2004). "Subprime Mortgage Lending: Benefits, Costs, and Challenges." Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

2. Eichengreen and Hausmann (2005), Other People's Money: Debt Denomination and Financial Instability in Emerging Market Economies. Pg 6-15

3. Peter Coy (2007). "Why Subprime Lenders Are In Trouble." Business Week

4. Pitt, Harvey L. (2005). "Conflict of Interest Lessons From Financial Services." Compliance Week.pg 2-5

Crisis Economics by Nouriel Roubini
Words: 1295 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 38992761
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In this regard, the author rightfully targets circumscription of the authority of the major agencies that are responsible for rating private credit which allowed banks to approve many mortgage situations with citizens that were tenuous, at best. The most efficacious way of doing so, particularly when one considers that most banks simply pay these agencies, which are primarily Fitch atings, Standards & Poor's, and Moody's Investor Services, oubini asserts is to issue a removal of the agencies' certification by the Securities and Exchange Commission as "nationally recognized statistical rating organizations." This publicly blessed oligopoly, intended to maintain high standards, has only inhibited competition that would bring down the price of security-rating services (Barrett, 2010).

The commission was widely vilified for not playing a more active role in limiting the unscrupulous behavior of banks that lured investors into poor mortgage situations (no author, 2012)

Ultimately, oudini proposes increasingly strident measures of…

References

Barrett, P.M. (2010). "Prophet Making." The New York Times. Retrieved from  http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/27/books/review/Barrett-t.html?_r=1&ref=books 

No author. (2012). "Securities and Exchange Commission." The New York Times. Retrieved from  http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/organizations/s/securities_and_exchange_commission/index.html?inline=nyt-org 

Roubini, N.; Mihm, S. (2010). Crisis Economics: A Crash Course in the Future of Finance. New York: Penguin Press.

Sunderland, R. (2010). "Crisis economics: A crash course in the future of finance." The Guardian. Retrieved from  http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2010/may/23/crisis-economics-crash-course-review

Crisis the Causes of the
Words: 570 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96495048
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Many subprime mortgages were made with little documentation of income or ability to repay, or other elements that typically safeguard loans of all types and mortgages especially. There have even been cases of widespread fraud, where documents were falsified in order to approve loans. The reason many lenders were so eager to make these bad loans is that they weren't ultimately going to be responsible for them -- the loans were bundled into groups and sold as "mortgage backed securities," so instead of dealing with many individual loans worth an average of a few hundred thousand dollars, banks and other institutions were dealing with bundled groups of these bad loans worth millions of dollars apiece. Companies like AIG made money in the short-term by providing insurance policies for these mortgage backed securities, as well. Eventually, however, people with loans they couldn't really afford began to default, either because they simply…

Prime Mortgages Subprime Lending Is
Words: 343 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34635653
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pproximately 2 million Subprime borrowers and 80% of them will have their mortgages reset to higher interest rates before the end of 2008.

pproximately 3 million Subprime borrowers and 90% of them will have their mortgages reset to higher interest rates before the end of 2008.

pproximately 4 million Subprime borrowers and 75% of them will have their mortgages reset to higher interest rates before the end of 2008.

pproximately 4.5 million Subprime borrowers and 85% of them will…

Approximately 4 million Subprime borrowers and 75% of them will have their mortgages reset to higher interest rates before the end of 2008.

Approximately 4.5 million Subprime borrowers and 85% of them will have their mortgages reset to higher interest rates before the end of 2008.

The answer is C

Economics Crisis as an Inevitable
Words: 4733 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43936576
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The U.S. is a property owning civilization and a number of the people wanted land and housing. Americans however scarcely ever create savings. "The country itself lives on other countries' savings by issuing bonds to finance its excessive consumption. The current crisis began with cheap housing loans offered by banks. Banks provided loans but instead of holding the loan in their books, they packaged them into collateralized debt obligations (CDOs) and sold them to other agencies. These agencies passed them on to others and spread them globally as assets" (the Current Economic Crisis, its causes, its impact and possible alternatives, 2009).

Interest rates were lowered and housing loans went up with construction activities leading to land prices increasing. The real estate was booming, generating employment and incomes. But as the rate of interest on housing loans came down, banks started to compete to get more business. Because of low interest…

References

Avizius, R. 2009. Financial Crisis Big Picture: What has the Government Response Been? [ONLINE] Available at:  http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article9229.html . [Accessed 22 May 2012].

Centeno, M.A. & Cohen, J.N. 2012. The Arc of Neoliberalism. [ONLINE] Available at:  http://www.yale.edu/macmillan/transitionstomodernity/papers/CentenoCohen.pdf . [Accessed 22 May 2012].

Crotty, J. 2009. Structural causes of the global financial crisis: a critical assessment of the 'new financial architecture' . [ONLINE] Available at:  http://cje.oxfordjournals.org/content/33/4/563.full . [Accessed 22 May 2012].

Esteva, G. (n.d.). The Meaning of the Global Crisis and "Recovery" for Study Abroad: What are we Preparing Students for? [ONLINE] Available at:  http://digitalcollections.sit.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1110&context=faculty_symposium . [Accessed 22 May 2012].

Global Credit Crisis on UK Northern Rock
Words: 2482 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44313415
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Global Credit Crisis on UK Northern ock Bank

The lingering effects of the Great ecession of 2008 still remain, but most authorities appear to agree that the corner has been turned and global economic recovery is well underway. The cause of the Great ecession of '08 was primarily the sub-prime mortgage meltdown that occurred in the United States, and its effects were already being experienced as early as September 2007, when the United Kingdom experienced a mass market run on Northern ock Bank, the first in the nation's history. The global credit crisis that resulted from these events has been felt in differing degrees by the nations of the world, but few countries in the increasingly globalized international community have been entirely immune from its effects. To gain new insights into this fiasco, this paper provides a corporate profile for Northern ock Bank, followed by a review of the relevant…

References

'Corporate Profile.' (2011). Northern Rock Bank. [online] available: http://companyinfo.

northernrock.co.uk/investorRelations/corporateProfile/.

'Directors' report and financial statements for the period 3 July 2009 to 31 December 2009.'

(2010). Northern Rock Bank. [online] available:  http://companyinfo.northernrock.co.uk  / downloads/2009_NR_plc_Financial_Report_and_Accounts.pdf.

Economic Crisis Policies US Current Economic Crisis
Words: 2366 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 30617442
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Economic Crisis Policies

US current economic crisis is considered to be started from real estate sector. The real sector started to decline in 2006 and it accelerated in 2007 and 2008. Housing prices have fallen from the peak from about 25% so far. The decline in prices left homeowners with no option and they were unable to refinance their mortgages and causes default of mortgages. This default of mortgages and loans swallowed the banks and financial markets such as falling of Lehman's brothers and other anks and blow to rest of economy happened as the whole economy was relying on banks and ultimately it slows down investment in the country and capital flows to other parts of the world like China and India. ank losses cause reduction of bank capital which in turn requires capital reduction thus saving bank from lending. It is estimated that every $100 loss and reduction…

Bibliography

ISR international socialist review. (2009, april). Retrieved from The U.S. economic crisis:causes and solutions:  http://www.isreview.org/issues/64/feat-moseley.shtml 

Journal of accountancy. (2009, october). Retrieved from The U.S. economic crisis: root causes and road to recovery: www.journalofaccountancy.com/Issues/2009/Oct/20091781

Eyes on wall street. (2011, april). Retrieved from Levin coburn investigates casues of financial crisis:  http://www.eyesonwallstreet.com/2011/04/articles/financial-crisis/levincoburn-report-investigates-causes-of-the-financial-crisis/ 

Rude, C. (2009). World Economic Crisis and Fed Reserve Response to it. Studies in Political Economy.

Economic Crisis
Words: 2582 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 52726174
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Economic Crisis

The revelation of the financial crisis that unfolded in United States in 2008 is considered to be the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression, 1929. The distinctive causative factors that have contributed to the U.S. economic crisis 2008- 2009 are differentiated by aggravated financial control, higher risks in capital investment, the housing bubble phenomena in relation to the brisk credit expansion. The aggregation of these factors in the U.S. economy directed the economy towards the de- leverage and credit crunches as the bubble burst. The following paper shall be discussing about the degree of correlation between the tax implications policies with respect to the financial crisis in U.S.. The precise review of strong linkages between the taxation and economic crises is the explicit explanation of the crisis that shook America. The paper also highlights the key factors that demonstrated their abilities and rescued U.S. In the economic…

Reference

Carr, D.A. (2011). Responses to Local Fiscal Shocks: Path Dependency Effects of the Clean Air Act. Public Finance and Management, 11(2), 160+. Retrieved March 9, 2012, from Questia database:  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5050180027 

Hendrickson, J.M., & Nichols, M.W. (2010). Did Commercial Banks Close Branches in Low-income Neighborhoods in Response to the Cra? Implications for Understanding the 2007-2008 Financial Crisis. Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues, 13(1), 17+. Retrieved March 9, 2012, from Questia database:  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5044499375 

Johnson, E.M. (2010, April). Mr. Trust Buster. In These Times, 34, 7+. Retrieved March 9, 2012, from Questia database:  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5041402599 

Robinson, S.N., & Nantz, D.P. (2009). Lessons to Be Learned from the Financial Crisis. Journal of Private Enterprise, 25(1), 5+. Retrieved March 9, 2012, from Questia database:  http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5037768696

Irrational Exuberance The Economic Crisis
Words: 2418 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 3005431
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As banks faltered and default rates rose, rates of consumption and demand plummeted. Unemployment began to increase, and in a predictable Keynesian fashion, as individuals grew more insecure about their job prospects they began to spend less money. The United States has a particularly consumer-driven economy -- Americans are known for having historically low rates of savings and to engage in high rates of spending -- so this was particularly disruptive to the usual rhythms of the economy.

Young people graduating from college suffered some of the worst effects of the recession. "Unemployment rates for individuals younger than 25 are currently 21% in the euro area and 19% in the U.S." (Branchflower 2010). They were competing with older, more experienced workers who had recently lost their jobs. The fear is that today's low starting salaries create a class of permanently low-earning graduates, many of whom have high levels of college…

Works Cited

Branchflower, David G. "Credit crisis creates Lost Generation." Bloomberg Business.

January 21, 2010. August 28, 2001.

 http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2010-01-22/credit-crisis-creates-lost-generation-david-g-blanchflower.html 

Ferguson, Niall. "Where did all the money go?" From the Great Hangover. Edited by Graydon

Subprime Mortgage Market Was an
Words: 2338 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 62396802
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The term "adjustable-rate mortgage" describes any mortgage with an interest rate and payments that adjust according to some formula agreed upon by the borrower and lender. ARMs have been generally available to borrowers for about three decades on prime mortgages, but variants have been common to subprime mortgages over the past 10 years. The traditional ARM linked the mortgage's interest rate to the LIOR plus several percentage points." (Utt,2008)

Alt -- a Mortgages. Sometimes referred to as a "low-doc" mortgage, an Alt -- a mortgage is structured like the other mortgages described in this section but is made available only to prime borrowers or those with FICO scores above 660. However, these prime borrowers were required to offer only limited documentation on their qualifications, so many may not have been as "prime" as they represented themselves to be, as subsequent default rates indicate." (Utt, 2008)

Extremely Low- or No-Down-Payment Mortgages.…

Bibliography

Utt, Ronald D. (2008) the Subprime Mortgage Market Collapse: A Primer on the Causes and Possible Solutions. Backgrounder 2127 the Heritage Foundation. Online available at  http://www.heritage.org/research/economy/bg2127.cfm 

The Subprime Mortgage Market (2008) National and Twelfth District Developments. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. Online available at  http://www.frbsf.org/publications/federalreserve/annual/2007/subprime.pdf 

Chomsisengphet, S. And Pennington-Cross, a. (2006) the Evolution of the Subprime Mortgage Market. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis (2001) Online available at>  http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/review/06/01/ChomPennCross.pdf

Economic Crisis 2008-2009 This Report Focuses on
Words: 2420 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 71357659
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Economic Crisis 2008-2009

This report focuses on the events that took place in the Great crash of 2008-2009. It aims to highlight the events that took place and what the basic factors and events were that eventually led to the economy crashing. It is also a point of focus to determine what effects came about and how different parties were to be blamed for the deregulation that led to the catastrophic events of the crash. It is linked with the policies present at that time i.e. The Monetary Policies outlining the control of money supply and interest rates as well as the Fiscal Policy that focus on the government spending and taxation policies.

The financial crisis refers to a situation whereby there is a contraction of money supply and the amount of wealth in the economy. This is also known as a "credit crunch" whereby participants of the economy lose…

References:

Minkiw, Mc Gregory. (2009). The Financial Crisis and the Economic Downturn of 2008 and

2009. Macro Economics (7th Edition).

Ryan (2008). The 2008-2009 Financial Crisis-Causes and Effects. Cash, Money, Life.

 http://cashmoneylife.com/economic-financial-crisis-2008-causes/

Credit Crisis and Recession of
Words: 2151 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 93172203
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But amid the celebration, crucial opportunities have been lost: In September 2009, the "inspector general for the Troubled Asset Relief Program, a k a, the bank bailout fund, released his report on the 2008 rescue of the American International Group, the insurer. The gist of the report is that government officials made no serious attempt to extract concessions from bankers, even though these bankers received huge benefits from the rescue. And more than money was lost. By making what was in effect a multibillion-dollar gift to all Street, policy makers undermined their own credibility -- and put the broader economy at risk" (Krugman 2009). Many banks have given back their TARP funds, in exchange for the ability to once again engage in risky activities, to pay traders the bonuses they desire, and to pay executives what seems to be overinflated compensation. In June ten of the largest recipients of aid,…

Works Cited

Cohan, William. "A tsunami of greed." The New York Times. March 11, 2009.

December 8, 2009.

 http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/12/opinion/12cohan.html 

"Credit Crisis." Special feature. The New York Times. Last September 22, 2009.

Fixing the Mortgage Market Over
Words: 1069 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74547839
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This is one of the biggest causes that contributed to the financial crisis. Where, the lack of ethical standards within the industry, helped to cause a number of executives from: loan officers to real estate appraisers, to engage in predatory and illegal lending tactics. Where, many would falsify the income, credit histories or out right lie to borrows about the mortgages they were receiving, along with the terms. This perpetuated the crisis as millions of bad loans were given to borrowers who did not qualify or could not afford the mortgage, if there was a change in interest rates or the economic landscape. ("Financial Reform") to prevent this situation in the future, the regulation of the entire real estate industry should fall under the jurisdiction of the federal government. Where, the SEC or the Federal Reserve could oversea the proper training standards in the industry. Under this kind of system,…

Bibliography

"Financial Reform."New York Times. 2010. Web. 21 May 2010.

"Record Number of Foreclosures in 2009." International Business Times. 2010. Web. 21 May 2010.

Finney, Denise. "Mortgage Fraud." SF Gate. 2010. Web. 21 May 2010.

Phillips, Matthew. "The Monster that Ate Wall Street." Newsweek. 2008. Web. 21 May 2010.

Scout Mortgage the Nature of
Words: 903 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15624873
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Also contributing is the temporal immediacy -- although the reps had known changes were coming, the firings were immediate. The proximity level was high, since the changes had direct impacts on the sales reps and their staff, with a ripple effect throughout the organization. The concentration of the impact was high as well -- many others in the company had their jobs spared, and may even have benefited. The sales reps themselves were directly targeted. Each of these factors contributes to a high degree of ethical intensity.

4. Walsh and Mangel arrived at their decision in part by trial-and-error and in part by developing a strategy. Their first decision -- to transition with both salaried reps and commissioned ones -- was the trial and error component. While there was forethought, there was no research and no concrete decision-making process that lead to that decision. As a result, the decision was…

U S Financial Crisis and Bailout
Words: 479 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15411024
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S. lawmakers have passed a $700 bailout bill to buy troubled assets from banks in hopes that they will start lending again. it's almost ironic that the government is encouraging more of the very same thing that caused the problem in the first place. It seems that the government will do anything it can to continue to fuel the consumption-based economy even though Americans are awash in debt. Further, there's no guarantee that banks will respond in the way lawmakers intend them to given that they will no doubt be held more accountable for their lending decisions and the precarious condition of the economy that makes lending more risky. For all these reasons, the bailout is a misguided policy effort that will not address the fundamental causes of our current economic downturn.

ibliography

aker, D. (2008, February 14). Own to rent? Yes we can. Center for Economic and Policy Research.…

Bibliography

Baker, D. (2008, February 14). Own to rent? Yes we can. Center for Economic and Policy Research.  http://www.cepr.net/index.php/op-eds-columns/op-eds-columns/own-to-rent-yes-we-can/ 

Crotty, J. (2008, September 24). The great switch: Banks rob people. Dept. Of Economics, UMass, Amherst and Center for Popular Economics. http://209.85.173.104/search?q=cache:l_kBTAczCMkJ:www.populareconomics.org/Bailout%2520-%2520Crotty.doc+%22housing+prices+would+keep+rising%22&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=7&gl=us

The financial mess: How we got here. (2008, October 3).  http://messageboards.aol.com/aol/en_us/articles.php?boardId=455943&articleId=694828&func=6&channel=News&filterRead=false&filterHidden=true&filterUnhidden=false

Spot Delivery Law and Mortgages
Words: 810 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29343114
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Part I

Relevant Facts

The facts that are relevant to Benner’s spot delivery claim are (Session 6: Buying a Car):

1) On January 13, 2016, Plaintiff bought a 2012 Chrysler 300 (“the vehicle”) from Defendant

2) When Plaintiff bought the vehicle, she signed a retail purchase agreement and a retail installment sale contract. See Exhibit 1, “Contract.”

3) According to the contract, the Plaintiff agreed to a total sale price of $29.860.80. 10. Of the $29,860.80, $300.00 was a dealer processing charge.

4) The interest rate on the contract was 23.25 percent.

5) On January 13, 2016, Defendant told Plaintiff that Americredit Financial Services Inc. (“Americredit”) would be financing her vehicle.

6) As part of the retail installment sale contract Defendant assigned his interest in the vehicle to Americredit.

7) That same day, Plaintiff and Defendant signed an “Agreement to Provide Insurance” that indicated that Americredit required
the Plaintiff to…

Economic Crisis and Capitalism
Words: 3179 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95991899
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Economic Crisis

The recession of 2008-2009 and the subsequent government responses provides a good test for economic theories. There are no controlled experiments in economics, so we can only work with case studies in order to understand how economies work. A good starting point is to consider the issue through multiple different lenses, so that we can understand how the crisis occurred and what prescriptions might be best suited for response either to address the root problems or to engage in prevention. This paper will consider the works of Marx, Schumpeter and Keynes in analyzing the financial crisis. All three of these men would have been able to understand its causes, but likely would have taken very different approaches to solving the problem.

The second issue at hand is the question of the future of capitalism. We have a pretty good sense at this point of what the response of…

References

Cox, W. & Alm, R. (2013). Creative destruction. Library of Economics and Liberty. Retrieved December 7, 2013 from  http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/CreativeDestruction.html 

Eichengreen, B. (2010). The crisis of financial innovation. University of California at Berkeley. Retrieved December 7, 2013 from  http://emlab.berkeley.edu/~eichengr/crisis_finan_innov.pdf 

Isfeld, G. (2012). Canada's banks shake off global sector crisis. Financial Post. Retrieved December 7, 2013 from  http://business.financialpost.com/2012/10/10/canadas-banks-shake-off-global-sector-crisis/ 

Liu, H. (2008). Too big to fail moral hazard. Asia Times. Retrieved December 7, 2013 from http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Global_Economy/JI23Dj12.html

Causes of Financial Crisis
Words: 696 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80383908
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Causes of Financial Crisis

Ireland developed high growth rates based on rapid expansion of credit and a buildup of personal debt fueled by rising property prices (Ireland's economic crisis: how did it happen and what is being done about it?). This lead to risky bank lending practices. Banks also engaged in short-term borrowing from wholesale money markets causing increased risk appetite. Supervisors and regulators failed to identify and act on the emerging risks. Where construction was a large part of the employment and economy, it caused high unemployment rates and major bank losses in a bubble burst when household income could not afford to pay mortgage debt. Property value decreased making it harder to recover the mortgage value for banks. In turn, it created difficulty for the banks to pay back the short-term borrowing to the wholesale money markets. Where risks were not identified, no plans were put in place…

References

Ireland's economic crisis: how did it happen and what is being done about it? 22 Feb 2012. article retrieved from  http://ec.europa.eu/economy/irelands_economic_crisis/index_en.htm . 1 Mar 2014.

Long, Stephen. Explainer: Behind the Cyprus financial crisis. 22 Mar 2013. article retrieved from http://www.ace.net.au/news/2013-03-22/explainer-behind-the-cyprus-financial-crisis/4588736. 1 Mar 2014.

Pettinger, Tejuan. Portugal Economic Crisis. 4 Dec 2012. article retrieved from http://www.economichelp.org/blog/6423/economics/portugal-economic-crisis. Mar 2014.

Q&A: Greece's financial crisis explained. 26 Mar 2010. article retrieved from http:www.cnn.com/2010/Business/02/10/greek.debt.ganda/index.html. 1 Mar 2014.

Economic Crisis the Origin and
Words: 1601 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 75203303
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As Taibbi shows, it is not easy: "I'm going to say something radical about the Tea Partiers. They're not all crazy. They're not even always wrong. hat they are, and they don't realize it, is an anachronism. They're fighting a 1960s battle in a world run by twenty-first-century crooks" (Griftopia 16-17). Taibbi makes clear that the Tea Party is not even homogenous: it is made up of a broad spectrum of individuals (some of whom do not even want to be called Tea Partiers) who are angry and looking for someway to focus their anger.

In conclusion, recouping the losses is not an easy thing to do. hen a company like Lehman Brothers can be allowed to collapse while their competition (Goldman Sachs) can be bailed out by tax payer dollars, citizens are going to start wondering how their country got to such a point in the first place. Taibbi…

Works Cited

AP/HuffPost. Charles Ferguson's Oscar Speech Rips Wall Street: 'Inside Job' Director

Levels Criticism During Acceptance. HuffPost Business. Web. 8 Apr 2011.

Campbell, Andrea Louise. "Is the Economic Crisis Driving Wedges Between Young and Old? Rich and Poor?" Generations 33.3, Fall 2009: 47-53. Print.

Espo, David. "Deadline nears: Shutdown looms without agreement." Yahoo! News, 8

Economic Crisis in the United
Words: 1041 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51519720
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Thus if the taxation policy is shifted, it is possible to create a better situation. Taxes that are now current can be abolished if their contributions are minor. On the other hand taxes can be levied on things that are considered harmful like tobacco and drugs. This will be discussed when the remedies are sought to be established. (Edwards, 292)

"What should be done to resolve it most effectively?"

Tax cuts and abolishing some taxes can be effective with increased government spending. John Meynard Keynes advocated government spending as a method of getting over recession. Therefore a deep consideration of the federal government budget is in order. The budget uses the taxes, and spending by government to reach the desired equilibrium and thus the taxes, and spending are often beyond the general equilibrium and hence budgets are always unbalanced. To control inflation taxes are raised and spending reduced. Like wise…

References

Brue, E. Essentials Of Economics.

Tata McGraw-Hill, 2006.

Carbaugh, Robert J. Contemporary Economics: An Applications Approach.

M.E. Sharpe, 2010.

International Lending and Financial Crisis
Words: 2001 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 35269295
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International Lending and Financial Crisis

One of the major global financial crises is the financial crisis of 2007-2009. The financial recession that occurred between 2007 and 2009, encompasses the housing bubble that instigated the financial crisis, federal expenditure, and foreign exchange rates. Also, referred to as the 'Great recession', this global financial crisis had adverse impacts not only on the financial markets but also on the economies of nations across the globe, being the worst financial crisis in history. The financial crisis emanating from the U.S. affected other nations owing to financial globalization and led to discussions regarding restructuring of the international financial system (Ozkan, 2012). In particular, the global financial crisis originally started in and adversely impacted the financial sector of developed nations, especially in the United States, and subsequently had a detrimental impact of the real sector of affected nations as the financial institutions in the United States…

References

Ahid, M., & Augustine, A. (2012, August). The impact of global financial crisis on Jordan.

 http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/ijbm/article/view/16475/13021 

Argandona, A. (2012). Three ethical dimensions of the financial crisis. Retrieved from:  http://www.iese.edu/research/pdfs/di-0944-e.pdf 

Boundless. (2016). Limitations of Monetary Policy. Retrieved from: https://www.boundless.com/economics/textbooks/boundless-economics-textbook/monetary-policy-28/impacts-of-federal-reserve-policies-119/limitations-of-monetary-policy-473-12569/

Financial Crisis and Its Impacts
Words: 3393 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 544891
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The second purpose of the $700 purchase of troubled assets is to create a market for the securitized versions of these assets. As a result of the crisis, the market for these assets became illiquid. The value of securitized debt obligations became near zero, which severely impacted the balance sheet of all banks that held these assets. By creating a secondary market for these products, the government hopes to increase their value. This will improve the balance sheets of the banks.

The second key clause in TARP is that banks selling troubled assets to the government are required to give the government warrants. This, in theory, protects the government from losses. The theory is that the banks will see an increase in value as a result of the government's efforts, allowing the government to profit from the warrants.

Ancillary to TARP was the FDIC's excusing of troubled assets in its…

Works Cited:

Dash, E. & Sorkin, a. (2008). Government seizes WaMu and sells some assets. New York Times. Retrieved November 3, 2009 from  http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/26/business/26wamu.html 

Smith, a. & Yandle, B. (2009). Too big to fail, read, count or stop. Cato Institute. Retrieved November 3, 2009 from  http://www.cato.org/pubs/regulation/regv32n2/v32n2-11.pdf 

McIntire, M. (2009). Bailout is a windfall to banks, if not to borrowers. New York Times. Retrieved November 3, 2009 from  http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/18/business/18bank.html?_r=2&pagewanted=1 

White, L. (2009). Federal Reserve policy and the housing bubble. Cato Journal. Retrieved November 3, 2009 from  http://www.cato.org/pubs/journal/cj29n1/cj29n1-9.pdf

Ethical and Legal Issues Regarding Sub-Prime Mortgage
Words: 2184 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30798425
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ethical and legal issues regarding sub-prime mortgage lenders. Unfortunately, the focus has been inordinately upon the poor individuals who were exploited by accepting these predatory and exploitive loans o highlight & copy (Goolsbee, 2007) . Simplistically, they have been blamed for the recent U.S. financial meltdown. The emphasis needs to be focused upon the mortgage lenders themselves. hile exploitation of such individuals is bad enough, to make matters worse, they are having the entire economic collapse based upon them. This is not only unfair, but inaccurate. The holders of subprime loans did not come up with the system of bundling whereby their loans were wrapped with other regular loans and with risky no-mortgage products. Needless to say, the regular mortgage loans camouflaged the risky assets. However, worst of all, the victims of subprime loan exploitation who lost their homes and their jobs will now have their government benefits taken away…

Works Cited

Gad, S. (2007, July 10). The skinny on subprime. Retrieved from  http://www.fool.com/investing/value/2007/07/10/the-skinny-on-subprime.aspx .

Eichler, A. (2011, July 11). Private investment firms lending to subprime borrowers again . Retrieved f rom  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/07/12/subprime-lending_n_896229.html .

Goolsbee, A. (2007, March 29). 'irresponsible' mortgages have opened doors to many of the excluded .

Retrieved from  http://www.nytimes.com/2007/03 .

Economic Crisis Introductory Remarks the
Words: 2043 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 86739283
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Ergo, the role of the EU seems to be that of implementing protectionist policies. These would be developed onto three simultaneous directions.

A first set of policies would revolve around the creation of a new market architecture at the EU level. This would strengthen the EU's position in the face of future challenges by:

ensuring a sustained and strong support from central banks allowing banks to rapidly implement the rescue plans, and allowing the Union to rapidly implement decisive methods that would prevent the expansion of the crisis to other countries (Commission of the European Communities, 2008).

A second set of strategies revolves around the necessity to really analyze the impacts the crisis has had upon the real economy and find ways in which to improve the real economy. These policies would combine short-term solutions to issues in need of rapid response as well as long-term projects. The short-term solutions…

References

Budowsky, B., January 22, 2008, the Economic Crisis, the Hill

Kilmister, a., December 2008, the Economic Crisis and Its Effects, World Economy, No. 407

Miller, J., Jackson, B., Who Cause the Economic Crisis? The Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania

 http://www.factcheck.org/elections-2008/who_caused_the_economic_crisis.html , last accessed on January 7, 2009

Macro-Forecast Continuing Crisis in Housing Macro-Forecast of
Words: 972 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72276586
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Macro-Forecast: Continuing Crisis in Housing

Macro-Forecast of Current Events:

Continuing Crisis in U.S. Housing Market

Macro-Forecast of Current Events: Continuing Crisis in U.S. Housing Market

ecent, startling revelations about unethical foreclosure procedures may delay the resolution of thousands of troubled mortgage loans in the U.S. And are quickly becoming a risk for the housing market, and the U.S. economic recovery overall. The breadth of the problem is uncertain, in terms of the amount of loans involved and the period of time it will take to resolve the issue. Given this macro-economic market uncertainty, it is likely that the outlook for housing prices in the U.S. will continue to decline with a bottom expected in the third quarter of this year.

For this paper, I employ a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model. Like the Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium models (DSGE) models, CGE models are often micro-founded on assumptions about preferences, and…

References

1. Computable general equilibrium modelling for policy analysis and forecasting, PB Dixon, Handbook of Computational Economics, 1996

2. U.S. Housing After the Foreclosure Mess, By Celia Chen and Chris Lafakis in West Chester, October 19, 2010, Moody's Analytics.

2 | Page

Analyzing the Economic Crisis
Words: 2571 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 90789766
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Global Economic Crisis

Throughout the history of the U.S. and the world at large, financial crises and the resultant economic recessions have occurred unerringly recurrently. In fact, the phenomenon has become so common that some think of such crises as parts of economic systems of the major world powers. The most recent one is the 2008 financial crisis that brought about the world economic recession. The recession resulted in over 4.1 trillion dollars in losses, increased poverty, unemployment numbers climbing to over 10% in the U.S. and quite higher in major European economies, major banks collapsed and several stock markets crashed. In fact, American investors alone lost over forty percent of their savings value. Housing prices dropped sharply from the high recorded previously in 2006. The 2008 crisis also resulted in decline in manufacturing, reduction of world trade, decrease in consumer spending, and many negative effects. Because of the importance…

References

Aguiar, M., Hurst, E. & Karabarbounis, L. (2013). Time Use during the Great Recession, American Economic Review, 103, 1664-96.

Aluko SA (2008). The Global Economic Crisis and the Nigeria Financial System: The way forward; A paper delivered at the 14th seminar for Finance Correspondents held at Benue hotel, Markurdi, July 16th.

Arestis, P., Charles, A. & Fontana, G. (2013). Financialization, the Great Recession, and the Stratification of the U.S. Labor Market, Feminist Economics, DOI:10.1080/13545701.2013.795654

Claessens, S. & Kose, M.A. (2013). Financial Crises: Explanations, Types, and Implications. IMF Working Paper

Interest Rate and Mortgage Market
Words: 1282 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 1062921
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Defense of the Fed's New Interest-ate Policy, which was published by The Wall Street Journal on January 6th, 2013, financial reporters Frederic S. Mishkin and Michael Woodford carefully craft a justification of the Federal eserve's latest revision to its federal-funds rate target. The purpose of the article is to inform readers about the Fed's recent Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), which resulted in the decision to keep the federal-funds rate near zero with a contingency based on the national unemployment and inflation rates. By linking the federal-funds rate target to a baseline of 6.5% unemployment, and a predicted rate of 2.5% inflation, while also providing public notice regarding its previously private policy criteria, the Fed is renewing its efforts to stabilize an economy battered by a prolonged recession. As Mishkin and Woodford state in the article, this "commitment not to raise rates in the future as soon as might have…

References

Mishkin, F.S., & Woodford, M. (2013, January 06). In defense of the fed's new interest-rate policy. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from  http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324274404578211832381399400.html 

Yoon, A. (2013, January 28). Private mortgage market gains momentum after the crisis. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from  http://online.wsj.com/article/BT-CO-20130128 - 711413.html

Estimation Techniques of the U S Financial Crisis
Words: 1335 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 23237024
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Estimation Techniques of Financial Crisis

The unquestionable ethical conducts within the corporate circle had been the major factor that led to 2008/2009 financial crisis. By studying the root causes of the crisis, it has been revealed that bad conducts among the CEOs of Bear Stearns, Lehman Brothers, Citigroup and Countrywide Financial have been the primary factors leading to 2008/2009 financial crisis.

Objective of this paper is to argue that the CEOs of Bear Stearns, Lehman Brothers, Citigroup and Countrywide Financial did not take the interest of the companies into a consideration leading to frictions between the CEO and the shareholders

In 2007, the financial markets were shaken by a serious financial crisis because of a dryness in liquidity associated with a subprime mortgage business where people with doubtful credit reports were offered mortgage loans leading to a rise of loan default. Moreover, lack of transparency, greediness and excessive desire for…

Reference

Gorton, G. B. (2008). The Subprime Panic, National Board of Economic Review, Working Paper 14398,

Larcker, D. & Brin, T. (2010). Lehman Brothers: Peeking Under the Board FaAade, Stanford Closer Look Series.

Tucker, E. (2014). Citigroup to Pay $7 Billion to Settle Subprime Case. Associate Press.

Wiggins, R.Z. Piontek, T. & Metrick, A. (2014). The Lehman Brothers Bankruptcy: Overview. Yale Program on Financial Stability Case Study.

Current Crisis Impacted Financial Market Real Economy Everyday Lives
Words: 3675 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33873594
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ecession

Effect of the recession on upon financial market, the real economy and over everyday lives

ecession is defined as the economic slowdown or decline characterized by slowing down of trade, a magnitude decline in the GDP, and a decrease in employment usually lasting between 6 months to a year. This was the situation in the U.S.A. The hardest times being from 2008 through 2009 and the early months of 2010. America is still recovering from the effects of the recession that the country experienced from 2007 to 2009.

The slow down in economy triggered a massive job loss and unemployment rates that shot through the roof, the prices went up and a great deal of uncertainty rippled through the country. This situation has now seen a reverse trend albeit at a slower rate than was expected by many. The unemployment rate in November 2011 fell by 0.4% to 8.6%…

References

Amitabh Shukia, (2009). Top 5 major Economic Effects of Recession on Economy.

Retrieved May 13, 2012 from  http://www.paggu.com/business/world-economy/top-5-major-economic-effects-of-recession-on-economy/ 

Browder, Laura, (1998). Rousing the Nation: Radical Culture in Depression America.

Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press.

Federal Reserve and Financial Crisis
Words: 701 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20272170
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Banking System

The United States banking system has been around for quite a while. Indeed, the Bank of New York was founded in 1784, a scant eight years after the United States was created. The banking system has two major functions. First, they operate an overall payments system. Second, they facilitate and allow for financial intermediation. There was no formal financial system in the colonial states prior to the formation of the United States. The modern form of the banking system has only really been around since the early 1900's. The nascent form of the banks as they exist today was created by Alexander Hamilton. As of the inauguration of George Washington in 1789, only three banks existed in all of the colonies. Generally speaking, banks are typically financial institutions that are chartered and regulated mostly by the state in which the bank or banks operate. The banking system of…

References

Sylla, R. (2016). The U.S. Banking System: Origin, Development, and Regulation -- The Gilder

Lehrman Institute of American History. Gilderlehrman.org. Retrieved 19 April 2016,

from https://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-by-era/economics/essays/us-banking-system-origin-development-and-regulation

Utt, R. (2008). The Subprime Mortgage Market Collapse: A Primer on the Causes and Possible

Economic Crisis Was Born Ultimately
Words: 638 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 19603660
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Subprime mortgages were not by any means a major component of the total market, yet when they crashed, the high degree of market interdependency led to sharp declines in the value of many companies, not just banks that happened to be burdened with toxic assets. The methodology will therefore begin by comparing the interdependence of different markets over time. This will reveal whether or not sectors and global markets have become increasingly correlated over time. It is hypothesized that they have, which in turn has contributed to an increase in systemic risk as such interdependence reduces the value of diversification.

The second component of the paper will examine what is being done with respect to reducing systemic risk. This component will include an overview of the traditional theory and a review of the current literature on systemic risk. The crisis has spurred new work on systemic risk, including work specific…

References:

Weisman, J. & Paletta, D. (2009). Summers says more regulators could join Fed to police risk. Wall Street Journal. Vol. 254, 62, A3.

Huang, X; Zhou, H. & Zhu, H. (2009). A framework for assessing the systemic risk of major financial institutions. Journal of Banking and Finance. Vol. 33, 11, 2036-2049.

Economic Crisis -- Bankers to
Words: 1166 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60577842
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This mindset was made possible by their intensive investments in new technologies that made transactions inherently unauditable and untraceable by the Securities and Exchange Commission and other governance entities. Given the automation of these complex trading workflows and the inability of governance bodies to keep pace with technological advances, coupled with banker's unwillingness to assist governments in tracking increasingly intricate transactions, the bankers could literally make their own rules up as they went along. What has differentiated this global economic downturn from others is how pervasive this attitude has become of offloading risk by aggregating toxic and bad loans together, using technologies to increase speed of transactions while alleviating accountability (Corden, 2009).

An aversion to risk has been replaced by a consolidating, aggregating and re-selling of completely worthless and often called "toxic" loans, with accountability of the performance of investments left by the wayside. Bankers had the most to gain…

References

John C. Bogle. (2009, April 21). A Crisis of Ethic Proportions. Wall Street Journal (Eastern Edition), p. A.19.

Corden, W. (2009). The World Credit Crisis: Understanding It, and What to Do. The World Economy, 32(3), 385.

John Dobson. (2003). Why Ethics Codes Don't Work. Financial Analysts Journal, 59(6), 29-34.

Jeffrey C. Gerrish. (2002). Ten new commandments for corporate governance. American Bankers Association. ABA Banking Journal, 94(11), 16-20.

Business US Has Faced Acute Economic Crisis
Words: 946 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69131532
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usiness

US has faced acute economic crisis since 2008. Present economic crisis started from the downfall of housing sector which lead to the financial crisis such as bankruptcy of Lehman rothers (at that time fourth largest investment bank in the U.S.A.) and bankruptcy of largest insurance in world, the AIG (which were later saved by introducing bailout packages by U.S. government) which further collapsed production and unemployment plummeted. It is usually termed that it is the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression. (Moseley, 2009)

Even though Fed Reserve claims, the crisis has averted to some extent but the problems of unemployment, recession and inflation still prevails in U.S. economy.

According to U.S. ureau of Labor Statistics, the unemployment rate staggers to an amount of 8.3% in February 2012. Similarly, U.S. ureau of Labor Statistics also shows that consumer price index is on upward swing in 2012. Recent wave of…

Bibliography

Council on Foreign Relations . (2011, July 25). IMF Report on U.S. Fiscal Policy. Retrieved from Council on Foreign Relations:  http://www.cfr.org/financial-crises/imf-report-us-fiscal-policy-july-2011/p25537 

Economic Crisis. (2012, March 27). Bernanke says U.S. job market weak despite gains. Retrieved April 2, 2012, from EconomicCrisis.U.S.: http://economiccrisis.us/2012/03/bernanke-job-market-weak-gains/

Moseley, F. (2009, April). The U.S. economic crisis: Causes and Solutions. Retrieved from ISR:  http://www.isreview.org/issues/64/feat-moseley.shtml 

News Sources. (2011, October 13). Roubini: Occupy Wall Street is a symptom of the economic malaise facing the world. Retrieved from War in Context:  http://warincontext.org/2011/10/13/roubini-occupy-wall-street-is-a-symptom-of-the-economic-malaise-facing-the-world/

Bailout as the Subprime Crisis
Words: 1870 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 67495889
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hat is less certain is the benefits of the bailout -- those can only flow from taking advantage of the bailout to restore credit markets and prevent a repeat of this financial crisis in the future.

orks Cited:

Baker, Dean. "Subprime Rescue Plans: Backdoor Bank Bailouts." (2008): 9 pages. EconLit. EBSCO. 10 May 2009

Mishkin, Frederic S. "How Big a Problem is Too Big to Fail?" (2006). 18 pages. Journal of Economic Literature. Vol. XLIV (December 2006) pp.988-1004.

Glasberg, Davita Silfen, and Dan Skidmore.. "The Dialectics of hite-Collar Crime: The Anatomy of the Savings and Loan Crisis and the Case of Silverado Banking, Savings and Loan Association." American Journal of Economics and Sociology 57.4 (Oct. 1998): 423-449. EconLit. EBSCO. [Library name], [City], [State abbreviation]. 10 May 2009 .

Manchester, Joyce, and arwick J. McKibbin.. "The Macroeconomic Consequences of the Savings and Loan Debacle." Review of Economics and Statistics 76.3 (Aug.…

Works Cited:

Baker, Dean. "Subprime Rescue Plans: Backdoor Bank Bailouts." (2008): 9 pages. EconLit. EBSCO. 10 May 2009

Mishkin, Frederic S. "How Big a Problem is Too Big to Fail?" (2006). 18 pages. Journal of Economic Literature. Vol. XLIV (December 2006) pp.988-1004.

Glasberg, Davita Silfen, and Dan Skidmore.. "The Dialectics of White-Collar Crime: The Anatomy of the Savings and Loan Crisis and the Case of Silverado Banking, Savings and Loan Association." American Journal of Economics and Sociology 57.4 (Oct. 1998): 423-449. EconLit. EBSCO. [Library name], [City], [State abbreviation]. 10 May 2009 .

Manchester, Joyce, and Warwick J. McKibbin.. "The Macroeconomic Consequences of the Savings and Loan Debacle." Review of Economics and Statistics 76.3 (Aug. 1994): 579-584. EconLit. EBSCO. [Library name], [City], [State abbreviation]. 10 May 2009 .

Economic Crisis Was Precipitated by
Words: 1302 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58761498
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The second recommendation I would make with respect to external communications is that Liddy adopt more stringent measures than the government has insisted upon with respect to spending controls. The government has set out some measures, but AIG should be tougher than that. This would demonstrate a sense of culpability on the part of the company for the fact that the situation it is in is of its own making. A major component of the public's offense is that it feels cheated in the deal. Taxpayers, many of whom are feeling the sting of economic hardship themselves, are insulted that they have been called upon to bailout a company that then pays six and seven-figure bonuses to its executives. Most of the people contributing tax dollars to those bonuses will never see money like that in their lives. Liddy has the luxurious advantage of not being directly responsible for the…

Works Cited:

Karnitschnig, Matthew; Solomon, Deborah; Pleven, Liam & Hilsenrath, Jon E. (2008). U.S. To Take over AIG in $85 Billion Bailout. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 25, 2009 from  http://online.wsj.com/article/SB122156561931242905.html 

No author. (2008). Cheque Mate. The Economist. Retrieved April 25, 2009 from  http://www.economist.com/finance/displaystory.cfm?story_id=12607251 

Tuggle, Elizabeth. (2009). AIG's Bonus Payout Just the Latest Source of Outrage. Fox News. Retrieved April 25, 2009 from  http://www.foxbusiness.com/story/markets/industries/government/aig-hearing  -- million-bonuses-employees/

Kuykendall, Lavonne & Murti, Bhattiprolu. (2009). AIG Gets Aid, Minus Bonus Pay. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 25, 2009 from  http://online.wsj.com/article/SB124022481818534555.html

Euro in Crisis
Words: 699 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29538526
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When Draghi pledged to throw everything including the “kitchen sink” at the problem in the EU to sustain the Euro and the economy, it was still only a matter of time before even the kitchen sink failed to make an impact (Hildebrand, 2015). The problem in the European economy was precipitated by the fact that a number of nations simply did not belong in the EU and did not have the economic status to benefit from a common currency with other states, as Milton Friedman and other economists pointed out in the 1990s (Trumbull, Roscini & Choi, 2011). States like Greece, Ireland, Spain and Italy lacked the necessary clout to be anything other than a drag on a Union in which each state shared a currency. Greece had been brought into the EU under dubious pretenses and its debt bomb was now exploding. The ECB had to respond, along with…

Bankrupt Bonus the Economic Crisis
Words: 920 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 59404132
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Though the director claimed to have no knowledge of the accounting fraud, analysts wonder what other than his silence could possibly warrant such a high compensation package (English 2002). This is yet another company where slews of jobs were lost, pensions and benefits disappeared, and yet many top executives received lucrative compensation and severance packages, five years before any TAP funds were available to provide them.

There is some hope that the situation might change, however. In the wake of the financial scandal, and even in the years leading up to it, many CEOs signed deals agreeing to limit their own pay should their companies hit troubled waters (Penttila 2009). Congress has also been considering legislation that would either directly limit executive compensation in public companies, or allow for direct shareholder say in the compensation of company officers, but often this type of "consideration" is really political double-speak for seeming…

References

English, Simon. "WorldCom Chief was Aware of Fraud." The Telegraph. Feb 27, 2009

Kopecki, Dawn & Goldman, Julianna. "Obama Calls Bonuses Shameful and as Dodd Vows to Reclaim Money." Bloomberg. Feb 27, 2009 .

Oliphant, James. "Stimulus' Cap on Executive Bonuses is Too Sweeping, Experts Warn." Los Angeles Times. Feb 27, 2009

Pentilla, Chris. "Rethinking CEO Salaries." Entrepreneur Magazine. Feb 27,2009

Predatory Lending and the Subprime
Words: 6468 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Seminar Paper Paper #: 14582464
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nd we must take into consideration what would happen if, somewhere down the line, we encountered the very real possibility of changed financial circumstances.

The financial knots we're tying ourselves into now, as we scramble to purchase homes and wind up owning less of them, can have serious long-term ramifications. Because today's overall tighter finances often necessitate putting off major purchases, many adults don't buy their first home until they're well into their thirties or even forties.

s a result, those thirty-year mortgage payments follow us right into retirement, hanging around even as rising health care and tuition expenses for college-aged children begin to spike. s a result, we discover too late that the asset we gambled everything to acquire because it was going to see us through retirement is instead pushing that retirement further and further away. lready, an increasing number of seniors are borrowing against their homes, accumulating…

Adam Tanner, San Francisco Suburb Vallejo Files for Bankruptcy, REUTERS, May 23, 2008;

Fishbein & Woodall.

Michael M. Phillips, to Help Broke Homeowners, He's Taking the Law into His Own Hands, WALL ST. J., June 6, 2008, at A1.

A Recent Headline in a
Words: 7816 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 50936522
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"Forecasts by Moody's Economy.com now use a 20 percent drop in median
existing-home prices from their 2005 peak as a baseline, with prices
weakening through at least mid-2009" (Shinkle, 2008, p. 44). Moody's
director of housing economics Celia Chen, states in the same report that
the 20% decline is the good news and that the bad news is that it could
easily be more than that. The worst-case scenario is a lot more than that.
"You want the darkest? Forty percent, she says. There's your apocalypse"
(Shinkle, p. 45).
Websites that track foreclosures indicate that "the US-wide total of
loans foreclosing was running at 2.5 million in 2007, up by 70% from about
1.5 million in 2006" (Dumas, 2008, p. 23). The problem is that the teaser
rates that were initially set in 2006 will reach their peak in 2008,
ultimately affecting another approximate 1.5 million mortgages, with
another round…

References

Aldrich, P.; (2008) UK banks preparing to access BoE's emergency liquidity
scheme, Telegraph, Telegraph Media Group Limited 2008, accessed May
18, 2008 at
 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/money/main.jhtml?view=DETAILS&grid=&xml=/mon 
ey/2008/05/16/cnbank316.xml
Altfest, L.J.; (2008) What the subprime mess means to you, Medical
Economics, Vol 85, No. 2, p. 24

The American International Group Situation
Words: 1844 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 93406392
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Conclusion
If AIG would not have been helped by the Federal eserve, it is more
than obvious that the financial group would have declared bankruptcy.
Although the bailout reached an enormous sum, the action was justified.
Given the current market conditions, an eventual collapse of AIG would
contribute even more to the fragility of the financial market. Also, it
would have led to a reduction of public wealth, and it would have reduced
economic performance.
The opinion of U.S. taxpayers is that the AIG bailout was not
justified. For them, it did not seem fair that they should pay for the
mistakes made by financial corporations' CEOs and by the defective policies
and strategies practiced by financial groups.
There are two sides to this issue, one opposing the other. U.S.
citizens have strongly declared themselves against the bailout. Their
pressure determined the country's officials to reject financial saving
plans initially.…

Reference list:
1. Chronology: Financial Crisis Spreads from U.S. to World
Markets (2008). Deutsche Welle. Retrieved November 7, 2008
from http:www.dw-world.dedwarticle0,2144,3689713,00.html.

2. Subprime mortgage crisis (2008). Wikipedia, the free
encyclopedia. Retrieved November 7, 2008 from
http:en.wikipedia.orgwikiSubprimemortgagecrisis.
3. DiMartino, D. & Duca, J. V. (2007). The Rise and Fall of

Institutional Economics When Attachment Proposal Guidelines I
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institutional economics. When attachment proposal guidelines; I a 1,5-2-page proposal 3-page essay. I minimum 4 book resources. Maybe subject "effects oil cryisis 1973 institutions" "effects subprime mortgage crisis istitutions."

Institutional economics -- Essay proposal

The internationalized economic crisis is now the buzzword across the globe. The impacts it has generated are complex and dramatic, to include corporate bankruptcies or the loss of the population's savings. But aside from these generally accepted dimensions of the crisis, fact remains that the topics pegged to the crisis are more multifaceted and go beyond the impacts on the population and the economic agents. The impacts are as such also felt at the level of the institutions.

The proposal is then that of assessing the subprime mortgage crisis through different lenses -- those of the effects generated upon the institutions. Most of the effects are expected to be felt by the lending institutions -- both…

References:

Ashcraft, A.B., 2010, Understanding the securitization of subprime mortgage credit, DIANE Publishing

Kiff, J., Mills, P., 2007, Money for nothing and checks for free: recent developments in U.S. subprime mortgage markets, Issues 2007-2188, International Monetary Fund

Madura, J., 2008, Financial institutions and markets, 8th edition, Cengage Learning EMEA

Mimoun, K., 2010, Impact of financial innovations on the subprime mortgage crisis: causalities of the financial crisis, GRIN Verlag

Regulatory Review After the Credit
Words: 4999 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67604601
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292).

The Depression of 1893

Following hard on the heels of the depression that had taken place just two decades previously, the precise causes for this economic downturn remain unclear. In this regard, Steeples and Whitten (1998) advise, "There is no adequate account of the causes of the depression of 1893 -- 1897 or, by implication, of the crisis itself" (p. 6). These authors, though, cite fundamental shifts in demographics in the U.S., as well as innovations in technology and manufacturing that caused a reevaluation of traditional institutions and the role that the U.S. was going to play in the economic affairs of the world in the 20th century as contributing to this depression (Steeples & Whitten, 1998).

The "Great Depression" of 1929-1939

The stock market crash in 1929 is frequently cited as the precipitating factor for the Great Depression, but othermund (1996) emphasizes that there were other economic forces…

References

Black's law dictionary. (1991). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.

Connolly, B. (2008, Winter). Defining the financial safety net: Two dozen experts weigh in. the

International Economy, 22(1), 24-25.

Dattel, E. (2008, Winter). Defining the financial safety net: Two dozen experts weigh in. the

Defaults Who Goes Into Foreclosure
Words: 1183 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Article Critique Paper #: 52949187
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Predictably, adjustable rate mortgages had a higher rate of default than non-adjustable rate mortgages, given the increase in interest rates in the years before the crisis, after many borrowers took out loans during an era of unusually low, near-zero rates. But another puzzling finding was that loans below $100, 000 and loan amounts in the $250,000 to half-million range had higher interest rates than loans of a half-million and above, once again suggesting that while middle-income individuals who might otherwise appear to be 'good' risks had been targeted for loans that were not advantageous to them.

"The finding that blacks and Latinos tended to borrow more helps explain why they received a disproportionately high share of high-cost loans, but the larger amounts borrowed by Asians contradicts the hypothesis that loan amount explains the rate spread differentials the best predictor that a borrower would default is the amount borrowed" as Asians…

Reference

Doviak, Eric & Kevin MacDonald. (2011). "Who defaults? Who goes into foreclosure?" 1-34.

Securitization and Bank Liquidity the
Words: 4798 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13613783
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.." The Federal Reserve continues to keep a watch on both "current and potential exposures..." And are in the process of a review of the collateral valuation methods of the banking industry." (Kohn, 2008)

Kohn states that disruptions in liquidity in some financial markets have resulted in banking organizations facing challenges and specifically at present "significant liquidity demands can emanate from both the asset and liability of the bank's balance sheet." (Kohn, 2008) Kohn relates that when liquidity is reduced in the markets specifically for "certain structured credit products the creation of challenges and concerns relating to valuating spreads into other sectors and "illiquidity in some credit markets may make it difficult for some market participants, including banking organizations, to hedge positions effectively." (Kohn, 2008) Kohn states that the banking industry in the U.S. is up against some very serious challenges however, the Federal Reserve in cooperation with banking agencies…

Bibliography

Berger, Allen N.; and Bouwman, Christa H.S. (2007) Bank Liquidity Creation. 15 Jan 2007

Brown, Ellen (2008) April Fools: The Fox to Guard the Banking Henhouse 30 Mar 2008. Online 'The Web of Debt' available online at  http://www.webofdebt.com/articles/banking-henhouse.php 

Buiter, Willem (2008) Lessons from Northern Rock: Banking and Shadow Banking. VOX. 4 March 2008. Online available at  http://www.voxeu.org/index.php?q=node/960 

Estrella, Arturo (2002) Securitization and the Efficacy of Monetary Policy. Economic Policy Review. Vol. 8 No.1 Federal Reserve Board Bank of New York. Online available at  http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/epr/02v08n1/0205estr/0205estr.html#chart1

Bailing Out the American Economy Banks vs
Words: 2016 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44887684
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Bailing out the American economy: Banks vs. mortgage-Holders

In 2008, the United States teetered on the brink of an economic crisis. If the United States were to suffer a financial meltdown, the global economy could spiral downward in a manner unprecedented since the Great Depression. The crisis had begun in the U.S. subprime mortgage market but had rapidly spread to other sectors of the economy. The remedy of the U.S. government was the creation of the TARP (Troubled Asset Relief Fund) ("Troubled Asset Relief," Investopedia, 2012). Almost every major banking institution, deemed in the infamous phrase 'too big to fail' was given some form of relief. However, homeowners who were behind on their mortgages were angry that they received relatively little support from the government even though they perceived themselves as far less culpable than the banks. Even the plan proposed by Jeffrey Fuhrer (Foote et al. 2009) on the…

Works Cited

Calmes, Jackie. "Audit finds TARP program effective." New York Times. 20 Dec 2009.

[17 Oct 2012].

 http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/10/business/economy/10audit.html?dbk&_r=0 

Carter, Adrienne. "Big Banks Pay Back TARP Funds -- But Still Get Government Aid."

Unfairness This Is a Short Review of
Words: 1481 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 97840338
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Unfairness

This is a short review of literature that discusses the subprime mortgage crisis which many believe had a significant impact on the financial crisis that began in 2008. The discussion will range from how the crisis started and what the banks knew might happen because of faulty legislation and greedy lenders prior to the crash, to how the crash has impacted families and how some entities have tried to mitigate it with little success.

The financial crisis that began in earnest in 2008 followed many decisions which, in retrospect, were not wise. Legislation can be traced back to the 1960s that began allowing lending companies (banks) and hedge funds to buy large numbers of mortgages and leverage them as if they were real assets (Block-Lieb & Janger, 2011). Other laws followed such as the Community einvestment Act first passed in 1977 and amended with much stronger language in 1995…

References

Block-Lieb, S., & Janger, E.J. (2011). Reforming regulation in the markets for home loans. Fordham Urban Law Journal, 38(3), 681-699.

Canner, G.B., & Passmore, W. (1995). Home purchase lending in low-income neighborhoods and to low-income borrowers. Federal Reserve Bulletin, 81(2), 71-78.

Miller, M. (2009). Stemming the subprime crisis: The North Carolina foreclosure prevention project. Stanford Law & Policy Review, 20(1), 213-231.

Peterson, J.R. (2005). Fannie fallout: The ongoing scrutiny of Fannie Mae will affect you. The effects could be a plus for some mortgage lenders, but hedging will require more careful attention. ABA Banking Journal, 97(4), 34-53.

Business Ethics Recognizing and Resolving
Words: 2980 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 81658066
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The Bank CEO's ole in Defining Ethical Integrity

Based on a thorough review of existing literature of the role of ethics in the banking industry, the role of the CEO as the ethical leader of their organization is next discussion. Based on the concepts presented in the paper to this point as the foundation, these key points provide insights into how CEOs and senior management actively shape the ethical standards of the organizations they manage on behalf of shareholders.

isk Management Is a CEOs' Ethical esponsibility combination of forces -- changing regulatory expectations that open companies up to intense levels of examination, heightened stakeholder sensitivity to and scrutiny of corporate behavior, and the severity of punishment by financial markets for corporate missteps -- push reputation and ethics management onto the CEOs' and senior managements' agenda. The paradox CEOs face is when to risk the reputation and brand of the company…

References

John Bond (2007). A safety culture with justice: A way to improve financial performance. Loss Prevention Bulletin,(196), 31-39. Retrieved October 20, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1333256011).

Donald R. Cassling (2008). Poehl v. Countrywide Home Loans, Inc. The Banking Law Journal, 125(9), 865. Retrieved October 21, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1571291211).

Chris Churchill (2007). State targets lender ethics: Mortgage brokers must get training, undergo criminal checks starting next year. Knight Ridder Tribune Business News. Retrieved October 21, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Dateline database. (Document ID: 1335614991).

Greenberg, J. (1990). Employee theft as a reaction to underpayment inequity: The hidden cost of pay cuts. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75, 561-569.

FDIC the Federal Deposit Insurance
Words: 1368 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 86017962
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The second key impact is that it protects unemployed homeowners in the event that their bank becomes insolvent. ithout this additional protection, such homeowners could find their mortgage with a collection agency. By reducing the negative consequences to consumers of bank failure, the FDIC encourages faith in the system.

There are critics of the FDIC loss-share plan, however. The plan essentially limits the downside for purchasers of failed banks, while allowing them to retain the upside. The critics point to this as bearing too high a risk for the taxpayer (Paletta, 2009). This risk must also be taken into account when assessing the FDIC's performance in the financial crisis. hile it has maintained the stability of the banking system in the face of over 100 bank failures, the FDIC has also deferred much of the risk associated with this failures in exchange of expediency in redistributing these assets.

From the…

Works Cited:

FDIC website. Various pages. Retrieved October 19, 2009 from  http://www.fdic.gov 

Wutkowski, K. & Rascoe, a. (2009). U.S. bank failure tally hits 99 for 2009. Yahoo News. Retrieved October 19, 2009 from  http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20091017/ts_nm/us_financial_banks_failures 

Grey, Barry. (2009). Wall Street lauds FDIC plan to replenish bank deposit insurance fund. World Socialist Website. Retrieved October 19, 2009 from  http://www.wsws.org/articles/2009/oct2009/fdic-o01.shtml 

Dropkin, C. (2009). Economic Crisis Response Group Newsletter, September 14, 2009. Economic Crisis Response Group. Retrieved October 19, 2009 from  http://www.proskauer.com/news_publications/newsletters/ecrg/2009_09_14/_res/id=sa_PDF/15753267_18396-091409-Economic%20Crisis%20Response%20Group.pdf

A Comparison of Financial Difficulties in Russia
Words: 2841 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91225329
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Antecedents and Outcome of Russia's Currency Crisis

Although the former Soviet Union has collapsed, losing much of its territorial possessions, Russia is still the largest country in the world and what happens to the Russian economy can have a profound effect on the rest of the world as witnessed during its currency crisis in 1998. This paper reviews the relevant literature to identify the antecedents of this most recent financial crisis compared to previous financial crisis in the country to identify similarities and differences. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are presented in the conclusion.

Contemporary Episode

The most recent currency crisis that Russia experienced occurred beginning in August 1998 (Robison 246). In this regard, Chiodo and Owyang report that, "A currency crisis can be defined as a speculative attack on a country's currency that can result in a forced devaluation and possible debt…

Works Cited

Caglayan, Mustafa and Ulutas, Sevan. (2014, Spring). "Emerging Market Exposures and the Predictability of Hedge Fund Returns." Financial Management 43(1): 149-155. Print.

Cassidy, John. (2014, December 16). "Has Russia Learned the Lesson of Past Currency Crises?" The New Yorker. Web.

Chiodo, Abbigail J. and Owyang, Michael T. (2002, November/December). "A Case Study of a Currency Crisis: The Russian Default of 1998." Review - Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis 84(6): 7-11. Print.

De Souza, Lucio. (2008, June 13). "A different country: Russia's economic resurgence." VOX. Web.

Trade Show Industry in Germany
Words: 31155 Length: 113 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 38292092
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Significance of the Study

This study is significant because it sheds light on a very important contributor to local and international trade. Trade fairs have a long history in providing a meeting place for buyers and sellers. They are an important channel of communication for B2B buyers and sellers. This is a significant area for study because there are limited channels of communication between B2B buyers and sellers. The previous sections have diversified the importance of communication to trade. B2B buyers and sellers cannot use mass channels of communication such as television advertising or newspaper advertising. In this market usage of personal visits and demonstrations are the common channels of marketing and communication. The B2B selling and marketing activities are less highlighted in research than B2C activities. Therefore, this study is significant because it explores a very important channel of marketing and communication in the B2B market.

The study is…

UFI.(2009). The Trade Fair Industry in Asia, 5th edition: A UFI report researched and compiled by Business Strategies Group Executive Summary -- for UFI members only." Business Strategies Group Ltd. [online] Available at  http://www.ufi.org/media/membersarea/studies_reports/2009_bsg_report_summary_andorder_form.pdf  [Accessed 10 May, 2012].

Viardot, E. (2004). Successful Marketing Strategy for High-Tech Firms. Volume 5. NY: Artech House

Yeshin, T. (2006). Sales Promotion. NY:Cengage Learning