Multinational Corporation Essays (Examples)

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Corporations Send Out Messages Constantly

Words: 10552 Length: 38 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75275540

"

The analysis cited above continues to describe the ways in which corporate "life" (in the sense of how many different individuals and entities are vital to the running of a corporation in the current climate):

Businesses today must be consumer, profit, and publicly oriented. Only a few years ago, the first two would have sufficed. But, in support of our dualistic argument regarding the marketing concept, that is -- creating exchanges that satisfy individual and organizational objectives more effectively and efficiently than the competition -- Philip Kotler (2000) has labelled marketing as inappropriate in a world of environmental deterioration, population expansion, world hunger and poverty, and neglected, under-funded, and business-like social services. Thus, marketing as exchange has been augmented by the need to preserve or enhance consumer and societal well being, too. Increasingly, this extends beyond 'seeming' to the needed 'substance' of corporate social responsibility.

The above touches on…… [Read More]

References

Aaker, D.A., Brand Portfolio Strategy, New York: Free Press, 2004.

Balmer, John and Alan Wilson, "Corporate Identity: There Is More to It Than Meets the Eye," International Studies of Management & Organization, Vol. 28, 1998.

Bridson, K., and Evans, J., 'The secret to a fashion advantage is brand orientation', International Journal of Retail and Distribution Management, 32(8): 403-11, 2004.

D'Alessandro, David, Brand Warfare, New York: McGraw Hill, 2001.
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Multinational Firms Face With Security

Words: 628 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65738250

Often knowledge transfer faces the most significant threats in globally distributed MNCs, as the core part of their international property is included in the knowledge they are sharing across networks (Caelli, 2002). Knowledge transfer however is critical for being able to compete effectively on a global basis, as customers increasing a re buying expertise, not just products. This requirement is often exacerbated by local governments in foreign nations who often require disclosure of the data being transmitted in and out of their countries, with China being one of the most aggressive on this issue (Cohen, 2000).

Conclusion

The development of effective security strategies for MNCs needs to be predicated on the legacy, 3rd party and enterprise systems' integration requirements of companies as they grow quickly through mergers, acquisitions and global expansion strategies. Being able to unify the entire complex of systems in an MNC and making sure the integration points…… [Read More]

References

Caelli, W.J. (2002). Trusted...or...trustworthy: The search for a new paradigm for computer and network security. Computers & Security, 21(5), 413-420.

Cohen, E.A. (2000). International relations and security network. Foreign Affairs, 79(3), 167-167.

Doddrell, G.R. (1995). Security environment reviews. Information Management & Computer Security, 3(4), 3-14.

Fyffe, G. (2008). Managing multinational compliance efforts while addressing corporate security needs. Network Security, 2008(4), 16-18.
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Corporate Conduct Global Corporations Are Often Difficult

Words: 2879 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65909683

Corporate Conduct

Global corporations are often difficult to control because they operate in various countries throughout the world. As such actions that may be illegal in some countries are perfectly legal in others. Furthermore law enforcement officials and governments do not have the power to enforce laws that are outside of their jurisdictions. These issues call into question the effectiveness mechanisms that exist to control global corporate conduct. The purpose of this discussion is to Assess the effectiveness of various mechanisms that exist to control global corporate conduct and recommend a mechanism that I believe is the most effective.

Survey of Mechanisms and their Advantages/Disadvantages

Private Regulation

Private regulations employ civil regulations to compel transnational corporations to operate according to a certain set of standards. According to the "defining feature of civil regulation is that its legitimacy, governance and implementation is not rooted in public authority. Operating beside or around…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Fritsch, S.(2008) The UN Global Compact and the Global Governance

of Corporate Social Responsibility: ComplexMultilateralism for a More Human Globalisation? Global Society, Vol. 22, No. 1, pg. 2-26

Haufler, V. 2003 "Globalization and Industry Self-Regulation," in Governance in A Global Economy: Political Authority in Transition, Miles Kahler and David Lake, eds. Princeton University Press, 2003, p. 226

Haufler, V. 2002 The Public Role for the Private Sector, and The Emergence of Private Authority in Global Governance Rodney Hall and Thomas Biersteker, eds. Cambridge University Press, 2002.
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Aid to Dependent Corporations the Government of

Words: 948 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18014298

Aid to Dependent Corporations

The government of United States is incurring heavy revenue loss on account of the corporate sector subsidies and other special rebates. The friendly policies of the government aimed at promoting a positive business climate are sadly being exploited. In their interests to evade tax, businesses today are taking undue advantage of the favorable federal policies. In this regard I feel that our governments tax policies and corporate procedures need to be reexamined in order to eliminate the loopholes in them and at the same time support the common welfare schemes. Let us analyze the scenario in a little detail so that we can better appreciate the situation.

One by one our leading business corporations are reeling under accounting scams. I need not mention how well such a giant corporation like 'Enron' managed to disguise its financial information from the government and the stockholders. In the prevailing…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Chuck Collins, "Dollars & Sense," 'Aid to dependent corporations: exposing federal handouts to the wealthy', May-June 1995, pg 15
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Expatriate Remuneration in a Multinational Organization the

Words: 3099 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26487967

Expatriate Remuneration in a Multinational Organization

The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which the regime that is adopted for the process of remunerating expatriates in Coca Cola Company is effective. Coca Cola is a very large multinational company and therefore the study is going to focus on how its expatriate enumeration policy is effective in the process of remunerating its expatriates who span all parts of the globe while having different positions. The study is going to concentrate on the general effectiveness of the different foreign remuneration regimes on the company's turnover and the corresponding effect of the remuneration policing in maintaining a perfect professional image of the company. The effectiveness of the expatriate remuneration is gauged using a variety of methods that are all geared towards the succinct and exact determination of the extent to which the policies of remunerating the expatriates is the…… [Read More]

Sources of Data Used

The main data types to be acquired in this study are the monthly income, benefits and allowances that the Coca Cola expatriates receive while on their duties abroad. The data sources in this case would be Coca Cola monthly enumeration reports that can be requested from the head office and the internet.

3.5. Data Collection Methods

Various data collection methods are to be employed. They include interviews, use of questionnaires, use of abstracts and articles from various sources, information from Coca Cola head office in Atlanta and use of internet to search and collect the necessary data.

3.6 .Data Analysis Methods
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Managerial Accounting Strategic Management in Large Multinational

Words: 3431 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28952894

Managerial Accounting

Strategic Management in Large Multinational Corporations

Strategic… [Read More]

References

Bahel, J. (2010). "IT Departments Can Be Profit Centers." The National Law Journal. 4 May 2010. Retrieved 12 June 2011 from http://www.law.com/jsp/lawtechnologynews/PubArticleLTN.jsp?id=1202457604490&slreturn=1&hbxlogin=1.

Kaplan, R. (2006). "The Demise of Cost and Profit Centers." 07-30. Retrieved 12 June 2011 from http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:urZNESBdX_wJ:www.hbs.edu/research/pdf/07-030.pdf+cost+center+profit+center&hl=en&gl=us&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESiH4jXNTLZFAWYz3Mhg9ZiUngFDGhN67WG3nVag2lsUBympBGXHxj_zkTJJLxcCQmQ3C2x3h8G6geB2yK5wZozGeItCBO9bUjQ-EmUYpaJCnQr_q-QTqMvRjb27342hLqU2sPdK&sig=AHIEtbRCnKhuOaTjlOCIqSJvk1lc89O2Ow

Portz, K. & Lere, J. (2010) "Cost Center Practices in Germany and the United States: Impact of Country." Differences on Managerial Accounting Practices. 25 (1).

Leonard, S. (2006). "Turning your CRA program from a cost center into a profit center." Community Banker. Retrieved 1 February 2006 from http://business.highbeam.com/61548/article-1G1-142874095/turning-your-cra-program-cost-center-into-profit-center
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Political Science Multinational Conflict Management

Words: 1639 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48112331



orks Cited

http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002006259

Cuellar, Mariano-Florentino. "The International Criminal Court and the Political Economy of Antitreaty Discourse." Stanford Law Review 55.5 (2003): 1597+.

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5023650505

Dahl, Richard. "A Changing Climate of Litigation." Environmental Health Perspectives 115.4 (2007): 204+.

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=95721506

Fromkin, David. "International Law at the Frontiers." orld Policy Journal 15.4 (1998): 59-72.

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001997668

Koh, Harold Hongju. "Foreword: On American Exceptionalism." Stanford Law Review 55.5 (2003): 1479+.

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001001232

Scharf, Michael P. "The ICC's Jurisdiction over the Nationals of Non-Party States: A Critique of the U.S. Position." Law and Contemporary Problems 64.1 (2001): 67.

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001974296

Stacy, Helen. "Relational Sovereignty." Stanford Law Review 55.5 (2003): 2029+.

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=105505822

Tiefer, Charles. Veering Right: How the Bush Administration Subverts the Law for Conservative Causes. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2004.

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=95721506

David Fromkin, "International Law at the Frontiers," orld Policy Journal15.4 (1998): 59. http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002006259

Mariano-Florentino Cuellar, "The International Criminal Court…… [Read More]

Works Cited

http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002006259

Cuellar, Mariano-Florentino. "The International Criminal Court and the Political Economy of Antitreaty Discourse." Stanford Law Review 55.5 (2003): 1597+.

A www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5023650505

Dahl, Richard. "A Changing Climate of Litigation." Environmental Health Perspectives 115.4 (2007): 204+.
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How to Hedge for Exchange Rate Risks in Corporations

Words: 2511 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16447902

Exposure

Transaction exposure risk may be defined as "cash flow risk" and is associated with the impact of FX rate moves on exposure due to transactional accounts, regarding exports, import or dividend repatriation: and FX "rate change in the currency of denomination of any such contract will result in a direct transaction exchange rate risk" (Papaioannou, 2006, p. 4), thus impacting the multinational corporation in terms of affecting the inflow and outflow of cash over a given period.

Translation risk may be defined as the FX rate risk associated with the balance sheet of a company's holdings. The notion is that exchange rates affect the value of a subsidiary in a foreign country and in instances where the subsidiary is consolidated to the parent balance sheet, the risk becomes translational. The way to measure this risk for a company is by assessing the net asset exposure and measuring it against…… [Read More]

References

Bodnar, G. (2015). Techniques for managing exchange rate exposure. Wharton/UPenn.

Retrieved from http://finance.wharton.upenn.edu/~bodnarg/courses/readings/hedging.pdf

Dohring, B. (2008). Hedging and invoicing strategies to reduce exchange rate exposure:

a euro-area perspective. Economic Papers 299, European Commission.
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Business Corporations and Problems That Exist

Words: 2247 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27260908

corporate form of "the business corporation," its structure, prerogatives, and procedures, leads to ethical problems arising, or being difficult to resolve. Ethics in business has always seemed to be a struggle, because the main purpose of a business is to turn a profit, and for some businesspeople, that may be at any cost. However, after scandals such as Enron, WorldCom, and Bernie Madoff, among others, business ethics has emerged as an important part of a healthy business environment. The smart business corporation knows ethics and corporate social responsibility (CS) are an important aspect of their daily operations, and yet, businesses still seem to overlook that ideal at the most inopportune times.

The Business Corporation

What is a business corporation? To begin a discussion on ethics, it is important to first define a business corporation. A business corporation is a company doing business that enjoys certain legal protections as a corporation.…… [Read More]

References

Bomann-Larsen, Lene and Oddny Wiggen, eds. (2004). Responsibility in world business: Managing harmful side-effects of corporate activity. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.

Dilenschneider, R.L. & Salak, J. (2003) Do ethical communicators finish first? Walking the straight and narrow information path. [Online]. Available at: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m4422/is_4_20/ai_103672846/pg_2/?tag=content;col1 [Accessed 17 June 2009].

Duska, R.F. (2006). Contemporary reflections on business ethics. New York: Springer.

Grace, Damian. 2006. For business ethics. Australian Journal of Management 31, no. 2: 371+.
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Financial Management in Multinational Organizations

Words: 2234 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28138668

Aside the attraction of customers, the money invested in marketing have created the desired outcome of a strong and reputable brand. Another pivotal element in the financial strategies has been that of maximizing the efficiency of managing inventories. This was necessary in order to continually strengthen the brand as well as achieve the profitability goals. Alongside with operating principles, supply-chain renovation and inventory management, financial management represents the pillar of the Nike business model (Filbeck, Krueger and Preece, 2007).

7. Discussion

It is extremely difficult to generalize the approaches of multinational organizations to financial management as each individual entity will employ those courses of action which best suit its needs as well as its characteristics. Whilst Ford continued to invest its resources in the manufacturing of large and luxurious vehicles in an attempt to drive the market, McDonald's has recognized the necessity in satisfying customer needs and has as such…… [Read More]

References:

Adams, B., 2007, McDonald's Strange Menu Around the World, Trifter,  http://www.economywatch.com/finance/financial-management.html  last accessed on July 13, 2009

Filbeck, G., Krueger, T., Preece, D., 2007, CFO Magazine's "Working Capital Survey": Do Selected Firms Work for Shareholders? Quarterly Journal of Business and Economics, Vol. 46

Nizamuddin, A.M., 2007, Multinational Corporations and Economic Development: The Lessons of Singapore, International Social Science Review, Vol. 82

Schindehutte, M., Morris, M.H., Kocak, A., 2008, Understanding market-Driving Behavior: The Role of Entrepreneurship, Journal of Small Business Management, Vol. 46
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Coca Cola's Localization Strategy When Most Multinational

Words: 620 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19244741

Coca Cola's Localization Strategy

When most multinational corporations like Coca Cola enter foreign markets and implement localization strategy, they do it with reasons. As presented in the case, Coca Cola seeks to set up a corporate image. When it penetrates a local market, it replaces consumers' and government's collision. Implementation of corporate culture, personnel, marketing, and materials localization is useful in establishing the company's public image. The second reason is to dominate the local market rapidly. When multinational corporations enter foreign markets, they tend to lack understanding of the domestic market (Banutu-Gomez, 2012). This makes it challenging to keep up with development and changes of the target market resulting in the loss of vibrant market opportunities.

By implementing a localization strategy, Coca Cola could also choose local human resources to attain research and development, materials and marketing through observing the market via a local subsidiary. The company could be based…… [Read More]

References

Banutu-Gomez, M. (2012). COCA-COLA: International Business Strategy for Globalization. The Business & Management Review, Vol.3 Number 1, November 2012 pp 155-167.

Yunker, J. (2012). Beyond borders: Web globalization strategies. Indianapolis, Ind: New Riders.
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Organization Microsoft Corporation Since the Bygone Thirty

Words: 1035 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84098343

Organization: Microsoft Corporation.

Since the bygone thirty years, technology has revolutionized the manner in which we work, play and communicate. From the setting up during the year 1975, the company- Microsoft has enjoyed leadership in this revolution. As a manifestation of that role and to aid in concentrating on the opportunities that lie at the forefront Microsoft's mission has been: to facilitate people and businesses across the world to realize their full potential. (Mission and Values)

The central values of the company are (i) Broad Customer Connection-linking with customers, realizing their requirement and the manner in which they use technology, and providing value through information and support to assist them attain their potential. (ii) A Global, Inclusive Approach -- Thinking and acting in a global scale (iii) Achieving excellence- in everything (iv) Trustworthy Computing- Intensifying customer faith by the quality of products and services, sensitivity and accountability, and predictability in…… [Read More]

References

"Microsoft SWOT Analysis" (January 17, 2005) Retrieved from http://www.SWOT-analysis.net/microsoft.php Accessed on 15 January 2005

'Mission and Values" (25 June, 2003) Retrieved from http://www.microsoft.com/mscorp/mission / Accessed on 15 January 2005

"Facts about Microsoft Research" (2004) Retrieved from http://research.microsoft.com/aboutmsr/presskit/MSResearchFS04.aspx Accessed on 15 January 2005

"Glimpse of the Future with Microsoft" (28 September 2004) Retrieved from http://www.channelminds.com/article.php3?id_article=2348 Accessed on 15 January 2005
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Multinational Acquisition

Words: 1528 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54479977

Acquisition that I am studying is the Google acquisition of Motorola's mobile business, Motorola Mobility, for $40 per share, or a total of $12.4 billion (Google, 2012). Both companies are active in the mobile communication space, Motorola Mobile in the handset space and Google with its operating system. By acquiring the technology and patents of Motorola Mobile, the latter of which Google valued at $5.5 billion (Reisinger, 2012). The acquisition was made entirely with cash, of which Google has no shortage. There were also significant tax benefits associated with the deal, including the ability to reduce taxes as the result of the ongoing losses at the Motorola Mobility division, which will continue to be run independently. This paper will outline a number of issues pertaining to the accounting elements of this deal. Although both firms are American, they are multinational companies and there will be some theoretical explanation of how…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Dignan, L. (2013). Google's Motorola purchase: Was it worth it? ZDNet. Retrieved March 2, 2013 from http://www.zdnet.com/googles-motorola-purchase-was-it-worth-it-7000009356/

Google. (2012). Fact's about Google's acquisition of Motorola. Google.com. Retrieved March 2, 2013 from  http://www.google.com/press/motorola/ 

PWC. (2010). Accounting for business combinations. Price Waterhouse Coopers. Retrieved March 2, 2013 from http://www.pwc.com/us/en/issues/business-combinations/assets/accounting-business-combinations-nci.pdf

Reisinger, D. (2012). Google: Motorola's patents, tech are worth $5.5 billion. C/Net. Retrieved March 2, 2013 from http://news.cnet.com/8301-1023_3-57479646-93/google-motorolas-patents-tech-are-worth-$5.5-billion/
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Multinational Company

Words: 1713 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66031943

Sony Corporation

Nearly every large, well-known corporation transacts business in multiple countries and states. The relationship between corporations and the countries and states they transact business in has traditionally resembled a double-edged sword. On the one hand, countries and states need businesses in order to generate tax revenues and stimulate economic growth by creating new jobs. However, countries and states often have varying cultural, legal, political, and social norms and desire that businesses conform to such norms. In order for corporations to succeed and maintain a balanced relationship with the various countries and states business is conducted in, there must be respect, understanding, and willingness to adapt.

This paper analyzes and examines the multitude of issues related to Sony Corporation conducting business in Germany. Part II gives an overview of Sony Corporation, including the cultural, legal, and political environment both in the United States and Germany. In Part III, issues…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Marx, Thomas. "Doing Business in Germany, Part 1 of 2." Retrieved at http://www.legamedia.net/legapractice/marx_thomas/2001/01-08/0108_marx_thomas_business-germany_01.phpon December 14, 2002.

Marx, Thomas. "Doing Business in Germany, Part 2 of 2." Retrieved at http://www.legamedia.net/legapractice/marx_thomas/2001/01-08/0108_marx_thomas_business-germany_02.phpon December 14, 2002.

Sony.com- Sony Corporation of America." Retrieved at http://www.sony.com/hitbox/goto-footer-sca.shtml. On December 14, 2002.

Sony.com- Sony Corporation of America- Corporate Profile." Retrieved at http://www.sony.com/SCA/corporate.shtml on December 14, 2002.
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United Technology Corporations in Regard to Its

Words: 2586 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68324545

United Technology Corporations in regard to its strategies, financial performance and general stock performance. The conglomerate's strategy and positioning is presented in regard to its various constituent firms. A conclusion is provided on the basis of the obtained financial outlook.

Financial performance and strategy

Capital markets considerations

UTC's financial and investor ratios

Price to Operating Profit (P/OP)

Price to Book Value (P/BV)

UTC's corporate strategy and positioning

United Technologies Corporation (UTC) is an American multinational conglomerate that has its headquarter in the United Technologies Building which is located in Hartford, Connecticut (UTC,2011).The company deals in research, development as well as manufacture of cutting-edge technology products in various areas such as aircraft engines, HVAC, fuel cells, helicopters, escalators and elevators, fire equipment, security, industrial products, and building materials among other products. The company is a major U.S. military contractor (Stewart, 2005, p.2) for which it produces missile systems as well as…… [Read More]

References

Bern, MD (2011).Enhanced Income strategies for United Technologies

 http://seekingalpha.com/article/296629-enhanced-income-strategy-for-united-technologies 

Cota, E (2011). United Technologies Corp: cash flow valuation  http://seekingalpha.com/instablog/817168-eric-cota/191938-united-technologies-corp-cash-flow-valuation 

Dividendvalue (2008). Stock Analysis: United Technologies Corp (UTX) A Buy At This Pricehttp://dividendsvalue.com/1433/stock-analysis-united-technologies-corp-utx-a-buy-at-this-price/
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International Business the Nokia Corporations

Words: 1504 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33248698

This plan is focused on financial stability and profitability, through the reduction of operational costs. In this business strategy, outsourcing plays a crucial role.

eferences:

Dunai, M., 2012, Hungarian town suffers as Nokia announces big layoffs, euters, http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/02/08/us-hungary-nokia-idUSTE8171OU20120208 last accessed on March 21, 2012

Haikio, M., 2002, Nokia: the inside story, Pearson Education, ISBN 0273659839

Layard, ., Nickell, S., Eichorst, W., Zimmermann, K.F., 2011, Combating unemployment, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0199609780

Louis, P.J., Nokia restructuring and issues with outsourcing strategy, Venture Outsource, http://www.ventureoutsource.com/contract-manufacturing/product-market-segments/cell-phones-handsets/nokia-restructuring-and-issues-with-outsourcing-strategy last accessed on March 21, 2012

aby, M., 2012, Nokia announces more major layoffs, TG Daily, http://www.tgdaily.com/mobility-brief/61315-nokia-announces-more-major-layoffs last accessed on March 21, 2012

ugman, a.M., 2007, Multinational enterprises from engineering markets, Berlin oundtable

ugman, a.M., 2009, the Oxford handbook of international business, 2nd edition, Oxford Handbooks Online, ISBN 0199234256

2011, Foreign minister lobbying in Helsinki to keep Nokia in Hungary, Budapest Business Journal, http://www.bbj.hu/politics/foreign-minister-lobbying-in-helsinki-to-keep-nokia-in-hungary-nepszabadsag_61055 last accessed on…… [Read More]

References:

Dunai, M., 2012, Hungarian town suffers as Nokia announces big layoffs, Reuters, http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/02/08/us-hungary-nokia-idUSTRE8171OU20120208 last accessed on March 21, 2012

Haikio, M., 2002, Nokia: the inside story, Pearson Education, ISBN 0273659839

Layard, R., Nickell, S., Eichorst, W., Zimmermann, K.F., 2011, Combating unemployment, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0199609780

Louis, P.J., Nokia restructuring and issues with outsourcing strategy, Venture Outsource, http://www.ventureoutsource.com/contract-manufacturing/product-market-segments/cell-phones-handsets/nokia-restructuring-and-issues-with-outsourcing-strategy last accessed on March 21, 2012
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Responsibilities of Corporations

Words: 1574 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76616307

Responsibilities of Corporations

Most people would agree that the purpose of business is to make a profit, but at what cost in human lives and suffering?

On December 3, 1984, a cloud of highly toxic gas rose above the city of hopal, India. When it settled, it instantly killed approximately 3,000 people, and left up to 600,000 people dying slowly or suffering various kinds of medical problems (Economist, par. 2). Union Carbide's pesticide plant was the culprit, yet the company denies any wrongdoing as well as any responsibility in the incident. According to the company's official statement, the explosion was the result of sabotage (Union Carbide, par. 4).

Even if we accept Union Carbide's claim that sabotage was the cause of the catastrophe, does this clear the company of any guilt in the matter? If sabotage really is to blame, doesn't it only shift the company culpability from one area…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Economist. "Bhopal's Deadly Legacy." 373.8403 (2004). Academic Search Premier 6 Dec. 2004 http://80-web15.epnet.com.memex.lehman.cuny.edu.

2. Multinational Monitor. "Workers at Risk: The Dangers on the Job When the Regulators Don't Try Very Hard." 24.6 (2004): 21-26.

3. Schmitt, Christopher H., Wakefield, Ann M., Ekman, Monica M. "Secrets behind the mask." U.S. News & World Report 137.4 (2004): 38-41.

4. Union Carbide Corp. "Statement of Union Carbide Corporation Regarding the Bhopal Tragedy." 2004. http://www.bhopal.com/ucs.htm.
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Ethics of Business

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55636501

Multinational Corporations

In many powerful nations with whom U.S. corporations would like to do business (such as Mexico, India, and China) the price of bribery is factored into the everyday costs of doing business. There are profound cultural differences regarding perceptions of the ethics of bribery and in some government officials' views, receiving a bribe is an expected part of their informal salary. However, legally, the hands of U.S. companies are tied, no matter how widely embraced bribery may be abroad. "The United States' 1977 Foreign Corrupt Practices Act prohibits payments made to foreign government officials with the aim of gaining or maintaining business" although gifts "to officers working for foreign corporations are legal" which allows some organizations to disregard the spirit of the law; regardless, to do so is unwise and illegal (Allen 2000).

Topic 1: Ethics culture

Q1.How would you describe the ethics culture of the organization?

Google…… [Read More]

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Global Finance Issues

Words: 630 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57253038

Multinational Corporation (MNC) and Ethical Standards

Multinational Corporations (MNCs) have usually faced several challenges with regards to developing standards that deal with issues associated with corporate social responsibility. These corporations are forced to embrace more specific ethical codes in their corporate strategy because of the materialization and growth of a global economy. In the recent past, multinational corporations have started rethinking strategies that may be regarded unethical based on international standards (Manakkalathil & udolf, 1995). As a result, some people have argued that the corporations should lessen their ethical standards to compete globally. In contrast, others have stated that a multinational corporation to should retain its ethical standards to develop more credibility throughout the world.

Proponents of this statement argue that an MNC should lessen its ethical standards because it may encounter some business laws that are not permitted in some countries. For instance, a company operating in the United…… [Read More]

References:

Manakkalathil, J. & Rudolf, E. (1995). Corporate Social Responsibility in a Globalizing Market.

SAM Advanced Management Journal, 60(1).

Roache, S. (2013, October). Brazil -- Selected Issues. Retrieved September 18, 2014, from  http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2013/cr13313.pdf
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MNE Select Multinational Organizations Describe Main Line

Words: 1590 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51002595

MNE

Select multinational organizations describe main line business organizations. Examine ways companies utilizes internet part marketing strategies. Identify current potential problems recommendations improvement.

Multinational enterprises (MNE)s: Nike and Kellogg

Multinational enterprises (MNE)s: Nike and Kellogg

A multinational enterprise (MNE) is defined as a firm that is based in two or more nations. Although they began as iconic American companies, Nike and the Kellogg Corporation have operations all over the globe and have customers in almost all of the developed and much of the developing world. But because of the different types of products they sell, the ways in which they reach their customer base -- particularly online -- are quite distinct.

The multinational company Nike uses the Internet to both advertise its products as well as to sell its products. Nike markets fashion-forward sportswear that is supposed to fill a functional purpose, but also is noteworthy because of its style.…… [Read More]

References

Holmes, Stanley. (2004, September 20) The new Nike. Businessweek. Retrieved March 3, 2011

at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/04_38/b3900001_mz001.htm

Kellogg: Promotions. (2011). Homepage. Retrieved March 3, 2011 at http://www2.kelloggs.com/PromotionSearch.aspx?search=

Nike. (2011). Homepage. Retrieved March 3, 2011 at http://www.nike.com/nikeos/p/nike/en_US/?sitesrc=uslp
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Unilever Is a Consumer Products Multinational Is

Words: 2881 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97591294

Unilever is a consumer products multinational is listed in London and the Netherlands simultaneously. The company has a highly diversified product base such that it is not dependent on any one business or market for its success. The consumer products industry in the est is a mature business, and it is a growing business in the growing economies of the world like the BRIC economies and many Asian countries.

Being a diversified multinational, Unilever faces a number of conditions in its different markets around the world. The company is mainly affected by general trends. These include global incomes -- the company's products are not necessarily discretionary but demand will still be affected by the business cycle.

Globalization is another trend that will have a high level of impact on the company. One of the main impacts of globalization is that companies have access to more markets. The trend has in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bennett, A. (2011). Euro declines after Italian debt auction; Dollar, Brazilian real advance. Reuters. Retrieved December 2, 2011 from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-11-25/euro-weakens-as-french-confidence-drops-amid-debt-crisis-krone-declines.html

FDA. (2010). Inspections, compliance, enforcement and criminal investigations. Food & Drug Administration. Retrieved December 2, 2011 from  http://www.fda.gov/ICECI/EnforcementActions/WarningLetters/ucm224509.htm 

Form 20-F 2010 Unilever. Retrieved December 2, 2011 from http://www.unilever.com/images/Unilever_20-F_AR10_tcm13-259486.pdf

Henisz, W. & Zelner, B. (no date). Political risk management: A strategic perspective. The Wharton School. Retrieved December 2, 2011 from www-management.wharton.upenn.edu/henisz/papers/hz_prm.pdf
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Mart Is an American Multinational Retail and

Words: 1536 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41909955

Mart is an American multinational retail and discount store chain having more than 1,100 stores across all the states of the country. Established in 2009, Max-Mart is one of the fastest growing retailers in the United States after Wal-Mart, Target Corporation, and K-Mart. In addition to the home country, Max-Mart also operates a number of independent retail and discount stores in Australia, United Kingdom, Japan, Thailand, and New Zealand. Other international locations of the company include Canada, Europe, and Mexico. Max-Mart is headquartered in Hoffman Estates, Illinois, United States. It has done a number of acquisitions and mergers during the last couple of decades. Max-Mart serves more than 3 million customers every day.

Max-Mart offers a wide array of consumer products and grocery items; including beauty and health care products, food items, toys, clothing, shoes, home and electronic appliances, bedding and furniture, books, medicines, magazines, jewelry, movies, music, games, sports…… [Read More]

References

Hill, C.W., & Jones, G.R. (2012). Strategic Management Theory, 10th Edition. Mason, OH: South-Western.

Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D., & Hoskisson, R.E. (2011). Strategic Management: Competitiveness & Globalization - Concepts, 9th Edition. Mason, OH: South-Western.

Kurtz, D.L., MacKenzie, H.F., & Snow, K. (2010). Contemporary Marketing, 2nd Edition. Toronto: Nelson Education.

Lamb, C., Hair, J., & McDaniel, C. (2012). Essentials of Marketing, 7th Edition. Ohio: South-Western.
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China Corporation Chinese Firms Have

Words: 2505 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11362252

l billion in 2007. This growth can be seen to represent the increasing interest of Chinese firms in acquiring resources, technology and brands outside of their own country (Carpenter & yman, 2009).

Lenovo was able to seal the deal essentially by acting like a estern firm. It did not approach the deal from the same perspective as say, the way that CNOOC did with its unsolicited bid and ultimately failed bid for Chevron. Lenovo had a strategic alliance with IBM prior to the deal, so that the latter's management and shareholders understood the strategic value of the deal. For Lenovo, it was able to maintain relationships with IBM, including taking some of its talent back to China with it.

Lenovo traded on the Hong Kong exchange, giving it the transparency needed by estern investors. Moreover, this also lent liquidity to Lenovo shares, allowing them to be used in the deal.…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Wong, J. & Chan, S. (2003). China's outward direct investment: Expanding worldwide. China: An International Journal. Vol. 1, 2, 273-301.

Schuller, M. & Turner, A. (2005). Global ambitions: Chinese companies spread their wings. Im Fokus. Retrieved November 23, 2009 from http://www.giga-hamburg.de/ifa/kostenlos/ca/0504/Fokus-Schueller.pdf

Hamm, S. (2005). Lenovo and IBM: East meets west, big time. Business Week. Retrieved November 23, 2009 from http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/05_19/b3932113_mz063.htm

Fuhrman, P. (2009). Private equity and strategic M&A transactions in China. China First Capital. Retrieved November 23, 2009 from http://www.chinafirstcapital.com/blog/archives/202
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Sony and Supply Chain Management Sony Corporation

Words: 1886 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96969337

Sony and Supply Chain Management

Sony Corporation is one of the world's leaders in supply chain management initiatives. The electronics giant has taken considerable steps to modernize its supply chain management, with generally excellent results. However, recent problems with business forecasting, and a continually challenging marketplace suggest that Sony must continue and even step up efforts to improve its supply chain management process. At the same time, the company is faced with a number of ethical considerations that impact this process. Overall, maintaining and improving an efficient supply chain management system will likely remain an important challenge for Sony Corporation.

The flow of materials within and to the Sony Corporation is related closely to the organization's function and the customers Sony serves. The Sony Corporation of America is a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of Tokyo. Sony Corporation had $20 billion in sales in the United States, and an impressive $62.3…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chase, R, Jacobs, F. Robert and Aquilano, Nicholas J. 2003. Operations Management for Competitive Advantage. McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Chudykowski, P., Geier, E., Laufenberg, B., Peric, V., and Sternig, M. Supply Chain Management. Production and Operations Management, 2000. 03 March 2004. http://www.snc.edu/socsci/chair/333/shells/scm.htm

CNN.com. Slow sales slash Sony profit. Wednesday, January 28, 2004. Posted: 2252 GMT. 06 March 2004. http://edition.cnn.com/2004/Business/01/28/song.result.reut/

Deloitte & Touche LLP - Canada. Sony Canada launches new high velocity supply chain. 06 March 2004. http://www.deloitte.com/dtt/case_study/0,2300,sid%253D3557%2526cid%253D32458,00.html
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Human Resource Microsoft Corporation Is

Words: 722 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50910575

The basic reason they are able to do so is that they don't have to provide perks and privileges to their workers and have fewer minor or overhead expenditures to take care of. (Edstrom, 1998)

To obtain best results and smooth functioning of any business it is important to understand the business, its achievements and aspirations and let others do the rest. Microsoft Corporation should likewise continue to exploit the advantages of H outsourcing for many reasons that include; it helps in diverting a considerable amount of resources and attention of the management for more pressing and critical issues. (McDonald, 2005) the firm undertaking the outsourced work is usually streamlined and dedicated to the particular field and often has state of the art technology and equipment, which is at times difficult to procure and maintain. Outsourcing is beneficial to both the parties. It causes the circulation of capital from developed…… [Read More]

References

Jennifer Edstrom; Marlin Eller (1998). Barbarians Led by Bill Gates: Microsoft from inside. N.Y. Holt.

ISBN 0-8050-5754-4.

Microsoft Official website http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/inside_ms.mspx

McDonald, SM and Jacobs, TJ (2005) 'Brand Name 'India': The Rise of Outsourcing,' Int. J. Management Practice, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp.152-174.
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Ganga Pharmaceuticals Is a Multinational Indian Corporation

Words: 3093 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91113331

Ganga Pharmaceuticals is a multinational Indian corporation that competes in the manufacturing of pharmaceuticals and related research and development with annual revenues of about $285 million. The company features one of the largest biotechnology parks in India and currently employs around 7,000 employees globally. In recent years, Ganga has acquired a number of companies in Europe and the United States, including C-Pharma, which was acquired in 2003 for approximately $17.2 million. As part of this acquisition, the human resources division at Ganga sought to align the newly acquired C-Pharma with the parent company, but met with mixed success due to some missteps in its administration of the transition. To determine where the company went wrong and what steps could have been taken to avoid these adverse outcomes, this study provides a review of the relevant literature in two parts. The first part provides an overview of Ganga, its operations strategy,…… [Read More]

References

Brewster, C. & Harris, H. (1999). International HRM: Contemporary issues in Europe. New York: Routledge.

Budhwar, P.S., Varma, A., Katou, A.A. & Narayan, D. (2009). The role of HR in cross-border mergers and acquisitions: the case of Indian pharmaceutical firms. Multinational Business Review, 17(2), 89-91.

Ncube, L.B. & Wasburn, M.H. (2008). Strategic analysis: Approaching continuous improvement proactively. Review of Business, 29(1), 15-17.

Wall, S.J. & Wall, S.R. (2000). The morning after: Making corporate mergers work after the deal is sealed. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books.
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Balfour Beatty UK the Multinational Infrastructure PPP

Words: 1632 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74465810

Balfour Beatty UK

The multinational infrastructure PPP firm

The rise of the public-private partnership (PPP) during the onset of the global financial crisis in 2008 is most representative of market activities in the infrastructure investment sector. Appropriations linked to economic and fiscal policy in the UK since this period has had influence on the steering of PPP projects and the strategies designed by participatory entities. Conversely, the PPP relationship to infrastructure in urban planning has been nothing short of formative in the articulation of new terms to the future tax and economic foci of Britain' fiscal and monetary policies.

At the forefront of this recent history, is the UK construction and investment company, Balfour Beatty. A leader in the PPP sector, the firm offers exemplary case study to assessment of how government policy has affected one of Britain's previously cash flush business climate. Infrastructural projects are now met with unique…… [Read More]

References

Balfour Beatty, 2011. Available at:  http://www.balfourbeatty.com/ 

Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG) United Kingdom, 2010. Available at: http://www.communities.gov.uk/planningandbuilding/

HC 451: Budget 2010: Securing the recovery Economic and Fiscal Strategy Report and Financial Statement and Budget Report March 2010. Copy of Economic and Fiscal Strategy Report and Financial Statement and Budget Report -- March 2010 as laid before the House of Commons by the Chancellor of the Exchequer when opening the Budget, Stephen Timms, Her Majesty's Treasury 24 March 2010. Available at:

 http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/d/budget2010_complete.pdf
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Finance Portfolio FedEx Corporation NYSE

Words: 3995 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62871570

Target's chart, however, shows that the company has tracked the market and GDP fairly closely, indicating that perhaps it does not trade the way a discount retailer should.

Johnson & Johnson

JNJ is a pharmaceutical and consumer products company. It competes in pharmaceuticals, consumer products in the health and beauty segment and in medical devices. The company was founded in 1886 and today is a multinational conglomerate with operations in 57 countries and with approximately 250 subsidiaries.

To a certain extent, JNJ's product line is price inelastic. Pharmaceutical demand is tied to overall consumer demand and the state of the economy, but not to the same extent that many other consumer products are. As a result, JNJ would be expected to have less significant swings in its stock price relative to the GDP, other macroeconomic indicators, or the Dow Jones. The stock, however, has traded roughly in line with the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Yahoo! Finance, various pages. (2009). Retrieved November 25, 2009 from  http://finance.yahoo.com 

Federal Reserve. (2009). Money Stock Measures. Federal Reserve. Retrieved November 25, 2009 from  http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h6/Current/ 

Bureau of Economic Analysis. (2009). National Economic Accounts. BEA. Retrieved November 25, 2009 from  http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/national/gdp/gdpnewsrelease.htm 

Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2009). Employment Situation Summary. BLS. Retrieved November 25, 2009 from
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General Electric Company GE Is a Multinational

Words: 2300 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1159540

General Electric Company (GE) is a multinational company that operates in more than 116 countries in North America, Europe, and Asia. The company specializes in the production of diversified industrial products, and is organized along 11 businesses such as Energy, Transportation, Infrastructure, Commercial and Consumer Finance, Equipment Service, etc. Over the years, GE has recorded financial success. In 2011, Fortune ranks General Electric as the 7th largest company globally, 13th most admired company, and 14th most profitable company. The company key competence lies in its great proven leaders who combine the company resources to achieve financial success.

The objective of this report is to present a competitive environment analysis of General Electric. The paper uses SWOT model, PESTEL model and five Porter forces to provide analysis of GE.

SWOT Analysis of General Electric

SWOT model refers to Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threat. SWOT model is a tool that analysts use…… [Read More]

References

Bordean, O.N. Borza, A.I. Nistor, R.L. et al. (2010). The Use of Michael Porter's Generic Strategies in the Romanian Hotel Industry. International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance, 1(2): 173-178.

GE Annual Report (2010). General Electric. USA

Oxford University Press (2010). PESTEL analysis of the macro-environment.UK.

Oxford University Press (2010). Developing a strategy: SWOT analysis. UK
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United Airlines

Words: 2792 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88327489

United Airline Multinational Ventures

United Airlines

United Airline

United Airlines is an air transport company that operates in a number of countries around the globe undertaking passenger and goods transport services. The corporation's headquarters are in New York City with branches set up in major trade cities to provide ease in management and contact with clients. In the past five years the corporation has increased its fleet of aircrafts by twenty percent owing to the rising demand in air transport around the globe. The corporation practices decentralized management with policy guidelines to ensure uniformity and brand identification in its operations.

The corporations' initial flight route comprised of local weekly flights in the U.S. To major destinations around the state. As the demand for air travel increased the company increased its flight routes and frequency depending on demand. Opportunities for a global operation came around when major airline companies continued to…… [Read More]

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Global Law and Politics Political and Legal

Words: 1871 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51280401

Global Law and Politics:

Political and legal institutions and communications have played an integral role in the development and provision of legitimacy in contemporary societies. This has been through the development of obligatory collective decisions, general legal principles, exercise of political power, and resolution of conflicts. In the new global system, these legal and political institutions have created and conveyed social values, political power, and social meaning in every sector of the society. Both of the institutions are considered as legitimate because they have been established on core values that are related to essential freedoms, the rule of law, and democracy.

Aspects of a New Global System:

Modern societies across the globe are faced with critical issues and problems that are dealt with at the global level by the establishment of laws and policies, which are developed in various institutions. Global law and politics has had a significant impact on…… [Read More]

References:

Concannon, T (2004), Chapter 5 - Resource Exploitation in Nigeria, Pambazuka News, viewed

27 December 2011,

Ejimeke, A (2010), The Oil Spills We Don't Hear About, The New York Times, viewed 27

December 2011,
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Merger Acquisition and International Strategies Mergers Acquisitions

Words: 2103 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1303004

Merger, Acquisition and International Strategies

Mergers, Acquisitions and International Strategies

A merger is a combination of two or more business entities with the aim of consolidating the resources that they have and creating a single entity with that. The process of merging is done through acquisition or direct pooling together of the resources available. Acquisition occurs when a firm buys a stake in another firm and assumes control of it. Acquisitions are part of growth strategies paid for in cash, payment through stock of the acquiring company or both. Mergers and Acquisitions commonly denoted by M & A work hand in hand and are in recent times seen as one. M & A is a strategy of finance and management dealing with the selling, buying, combination of, firms and entities to help grow a firm rapidly. M & A occur to help a firm create a new strategy, joint venture…… [Read More]

References

GM:New York Stock Quote - General Motors Co - Bloomberg. (n.d.). Bloomberg - Business, Financial & Economic News, Stock Quotes. Retrieved December 1, 2012, from http://www.bloomberg.com/quote/GM:U.S.

General Motors | GM.com. (n.d.). General Motors | GM.com. Retrieved December 1, 2012, from http://www.gm.com/

Tesla Motors | Premium Electric Vehicles. (n.d.). Tesla Motors | Premium Electric Vehicles. Retrieved December 1, 2012, from http://www.teslamotors.com/
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Managing Exchange Rate Risk

Words: 980 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86144357

Managing Exchange ate isk

For a number of multinational corporations, currency fluctuations can pose an extreme risk for them. This is because of sudden changes and dramatic amounts of volatility inside the marketplace can have a negative effect on their bottom line results. When this happens, there is a realistic possibility that these challenges could negatively impact their financial position and ability to compete inside many different markets. (Berger, 2011)

In the case of Fed Ex, the company has operations around the globe and is one the larger overnight package delivery services. This means that sudden shifts in the currency could negatively impact their earnings. To fully understand the overall scope and the way they are able to deal with these challenges requires focusing on how this impacts their operations, options financial managers can use to manage it and the benefits / drawbacks of these strategies. Together, these elements will…… [Read More]

References

Fed Ex. (2013). Yahoo Finance. Retrieved from:   http://finance.yahoo.com /q/pr?s=FDX+Profile 

Fed Ex First Quarter Results. (2012). IPC. Retrieved from: http://www.ipc.be/en/Newsroom/General%20news/FedEx%20reports%20first-quarter%20results

Berger, A. (2011).Case Study Fed Ex Corporation. Nordstadt: Verlag.

Grady, G. (2010). Foreign Exchange Risk Management Methods. E Zine Articles. Retrieved from http://ezinearticles.com/?Foreign-Exchange-Risk-Management-Methods&id=3047383
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Responsibility of Companies Has Historically

Words: 9542 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1324596



These claims are virtually all based on the concept that corporations - particularly multinationals -- should be held accountable for their actions within their sphere of operations. "Corporations, for their part, have responded in numerous ways, from denying any duties in the area of human rights to accepting voluntary codes that could constrain their behavior" (atner, 2001, p. 436). In fact, this very point is echoed throughout the literature; for example, "At the turn of the 20th century, corporations tended to disregard the public interest willy-nilly. And even as recently as one-half century ago, corporations had so much power over the marketplace and so little responsibility to society" (Sriramesh & Vercic, 2003, p. 450). Despite these trends, things are changing, though, as atner points out: "The last decade has witnessed a striking new phenomenon in strategies to protect human rights: a shift by global actors concerned about human rights from…… [Read More]

References

Blackburn, V.L., Doran, M., & Shrader, C.B. (1994). Investigating the dimensions of social responsibility and the consequences for corporate financial performance. Journal of Managerial Issues, 6(2), 195.

Cable, V. (1995). The diminished nation-state: A study in the loss of economic power. Daedalus, 124(2), 23.

Casmir, F.L. (1997). Ethics in intercultural and international communication. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Dalton, D.R., & Metzger, M.B. (1996). Seeing the elephant: An organizational perspective on corporate moral agency. American Business Law Journal, 33(4), 489-576.
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Preferences in Learning Between American

Words: 23082 Length: 65 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88878710

The trainer will then focus on the steps to be taken to develop new skills. For example, if the trainer wants to talk about motivating, leading, negotiating, selling or speaking, it is best to start with what the learners do well before showing some chart on Maslow's theory, Posner's leadership practices, or selling skills from some standard package that has been develop elsewhere. Many foreign trainers make grave errors because they do not consider the values and beliefs of the trainee's culture. Training must make a fit with the culture of those being trained, including the material being taught, as well as the methods being used (Schermerhorn, 1994).

Abu-Doleh (1996) reports that Al-Faleh (1987), in his study of the culture influences on management development, asserts that "a country's culture has a great influence on the individual and managerial climate, on organizational behaviour, and ultimately on the types of management development…… [Read More]

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International Human Resources

Words: 3739 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92099512

International Human Resources

Culture, Political, Economic and ocial Contexts of Nigeria Under the ubject of International Human Resource Management.

This paper is solely related to the International human resources practices, the uses of international human resources aspects as well as implementation within Nigeria. The paper has been explored several positive and negative aspects of Nigeria related to IHRM and whether it is feasible for global companies to operate and use the labor of Nigeria for making higher profits over there.

International HRM growth and significance

After attaining global scale, any company may be bound to utilize numerous resources and opportunities like global scale, scope, local differences adaptation and tap into best resources and locations associated with global presence in Nigeria and other countries. These are important opportunities in Nigeria because after exploiting such opportunities, the global image can be transformed into top global image (Hollinshead 2010, pp.233-262).

The opportunities can…… [Read More]

Schuler, R., Dowling, P., & De Cieri, H. 1993, 'An integrative framework of strategic international human resource management', deciding An IHRM Approach 449 International Journal of Human Resourc Management, Vol.1, pp.717 -- 764.

Taylor, S., Beechler, S., & Napier, N. 1996, 'Toward an integrative model of strategic international human resource management', Academy of Management Review,, vol21, pp. 959 -- 985.

Tomkins, R. Battered 1997, PepsiCo licks its wounds. The Financial Times, vol.26.
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Globalization Discussion Questions Globalization and

Words: 2376 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14993886

The study by Darrag et al. uses HRM as a mode to identify several clear obstacles to effective recruitment on an international scale. A major point of concern for MNCs, the article indicates, is the difficulty of penetrating culturally ingrained models of hiring and promoting. In such contexts as Egypt, Iran and Taiwan, the article reports that nepotism remains a powerful force preventing the use of merit in recruitment situations. These are concrete examples of the culturally-bound challenges facing the international human resource manager.

The Human Resource Planning theory states that these challenges require an HR department that is formulated according to the cultural particulars of a host country. The article by Darrag et al. concludes that where MNCs are able to make adjustments through their Human Resource Management departments, host countries are likely to see greater economic benefits. Yielding this presumption based on its case examination of MNCs operating…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Ardalan, K. (2008). Globalization and Culture: Four Paradigmatic Views. International Journal of Social Economics, 30(5), 513-534.

Brewster, C.; Sparrow, P. & Vernon, G. (2007). International Human Resource Management. London: CIPD.

Darrag, M.; Mohamed, A. & Abdel Aziz, H. (2010). Investigating Recruitment Practices and Probmes of Multinational Companies (MNCs) operating in Egypt. Education, Business and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues, 3(2), 99-116.

Morley, M.J. & Collings, D.G. (2004). Contemporary Debates and New Directions in HRM in MNCs. International Journal of Manpower, 25(6), 487-499.
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Ethical Evaluations About Doe Run

Words: 1831 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70639503

With regard to the issue of environment, the company has faced the ire of EPA and lot of other legal authorities for its failure to confirm to emission standards within the permissible limits. The company has not been able to contain emission levels on a year to year basis. With regard to the issue of employment, the employees of the company have occupational hazards being faced by its employees and the company has several litigations being filed against them for the misuse of the services of its employees. It could be stated that Multinational Corporations like Doe un has been unethical in its activities which need to be brought under scrutiny and control.

Appendix

Table showing metals mined by Doe un

Dollars in thousands)

Silver

Copper

Lead

Zinc

Gold Bullion

By-Products

Table showing Net Sales of Products and Services

Dollars in thousands)

Primary lead metal sales

ecycling operation:

Tolling

Metal…… [Read More]

References

Cheryl Whittenauer. U.S.: Doe Run ordered to clean up tailings site. 2 October, 2006.  http://www.warprofiteers.com/article.php?id=14196 

DeVous, Philip. Utopian solutions vs. real corporate social responsibility. http://ff.org/centers/csspp/library/co2weekly/20051222_news/20051222_04.html

Doe Run Resources Corp: Annual Report 10-K. http://sec.edgar-online.com/2005/03/23/0001047469-05-007373/Section2.asp

Final Award allowing Compensation. The Labor and Industrial relations Commission. http://www.dolir.mo.gov/lirc/wcdecisions/wcdec01%5CLorenA.htm
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Globalism Is Certainly a New Concept That

Words: 668 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5892387

Globalism is certainly a new concept that humans have been working toward for centuries. It is just that in the late 20th and early 21st technology finally advanced enough to allow for instantaneous communication via satellites and Internet. This, plus technological advances in transportation and scientific measurement, has also helped us realize that although the world is closer politically, economically, and culturally -- it is also tied together environmentally. What happens in one area does have an effect on another area which makes the idea called globalism more of an umbrella concept. The whole picture of globalism tends to refer to the theories that see modern life as a series of very complex webs, almost string theory, that tie together most all of modern life.

Part 1 -- Describe Bata's international business strategy. Would you consider Bata a multinational corporation? The Bata Show Company is clearly a multinational corporation. It…… [Read More]

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Marketing as a Quickly Rising

Words: 665 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80380289

This is very important when marketing as it is important to market the goods where they are needed and wanted.

Customer Satisfaction

One area of scrutiny in the article had to do with brand loyalty, "made in China" and other connected statistical metrics. While the Chinese consumer has a tendency to support its domestic goods, the expanding choices are making inroads with youth who are less committed to such a notion. As for a competitive environment, it appears that the consumer is enthusiastic about the expanding choices. Increased competition often increases the challenges that businesses face, yet this same increased competition often yields even more choices.

Conclusion

This is the kind of information that is needed in order to have successful multinational corporations thrive in China. In order to be better marketers, managers, strategic planners and so forth we must become Chinese. Assuming for a moment one has enough information…… [Read More]

References

Fan, M. (2006). How can multinational corporations retain their employees in China?

Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1406&context=cahr swp

McEwen, W., Xiaoguang, F., Chuanping, Z., & Burkholder, R. (2006). Inside the mind of the Chinese consumer. Harvard Business Review, 84(3), 68-76.
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Jaguar Motors

Words: 3773 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90646302

Jaguar Land over Automotive PLC

Company Profile:

Jaguar Land over Automotive PLC is a British multinational corporation that designs, develops, manufactures, promotes, and sells automobiles under the brand names of Jaguar and Land over, including ange over brand. Jaguar Land over is the United Kingdom's largest automobile corporation that took its roots from a couple of strongest automobile brands: Jaguar and Land over. Currently, Jaguar Land over Automotive PLC is a renowned subsidiary of India's most successful automobile group -- Tata Motors. It is headquartered in Whitley, Coventry, United Kingdom. Tata Motors acquired Jaguar Land over in 2008 from Ford Motor Company. The major subsidiaries of Jaguar Land over Automotive PLC include: Jaguar Land over Holdings Limited, Jaguar Land over Limited, Jaguar Land over India, and Chery Jaguar Land over. Jaguar Land over was the result of a union between Jaguar Cars and Land over which Ford Motor Company did…… [Read More]

References

Cranfield University, (2014). Jaguar Land Rover: High Performance Leaders Programme. Retrieved on April 2nd, 2014, from

Harrison, J.S., & John, C.H. (2014). Foundations in Strategic Management, 6th Edition. USA: Cengage Learning.

Henry, A. (2011). Understanding Strategic Management, 2nd Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D., & Hoskisson, R.E. (2009). Strategic Management: Competitiveness and Globalization: Concepts & Cases, 8th Edition. Mason, OH: South-Western.
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Orgazational Behavoir Organizational Behavior Organizational

Words: 2435 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2598564



Accordingly, a McDonald's restaurant team is successively inter-reliant (Daft, 2008). Deprived of everyone working in unison and having adequate inspiration to deliver respectable and rapid good service, all members of the team usually fail. Consequently of one person losing inspiration or flopping to sufficiently achieve his duties, clients can protest and business can fail and be lost. Although most workers are trained to achieve multiple errands at numerous stations, they are not typically able to achieve all of these responsibilities concurrently.

Literature Review

Organizational justice which is really based on equity theory] and organizational citizenship behavior [OCB] have now really finally come into a worldwide business and cross-cultural research point-of-view. The investigation of these two theoretical frameworks really has unraveled over the past couple of years. From Adams' (Northouse, 2007) the equity theory has evolved into the idea of organizational justice and from Bateman and Organ progressed the idea of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Corporation, M., 2009. Corporate. [Online]

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Mncs Serving the Needs of

Words: 1634 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60988407

The localized supply chains are also critically important for better understanding how market requirements change over time in OP-based regions and nations of the world. The many steps required to create an effective supply chain in a given OP-based region differ drastically from creating one in a more affluent region of the world. The focus on speed and transactions and the ability to increase velocity is the priority in these markets. In OP-based nations the perspective shifts to understanding the dynamics of the market first, and then using these insights to create local competitive advantage. These lessons learned, specifically in the case of SAMiller and others lead to a more effective supply chain formation, management and optimization strategy over the long-term.

Conclusion

Creating and executing effective Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programs that serve as market frameworks, defining and executing more effective direct Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) strategies with host nations…… [Read More]

Bibliography

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Gouillart, Emily. 2008. "An Interview with C.K. Prahalad." Journal of International Affairs 62 (1): 215-227.

Kennedy, Carol. 2004. "The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid." Director, 36-36.

Prahalad, C.K. 2004. "Why Selling to the Poor Makes for Good Business." Fortune, Nov 15, 70-72.