Nano Technology Essays (Examples)

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Nano Science - Tomalia in the Lecture

Words: 642 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89942424

Nano Science - Tomalia

In the lecture that Dr. Donald Tomalia presented in March, 2009 ("Traveling the Nano Road of Science, Art & Discovery"), he seems to be the most enthusiastic when he is talking about "dendrimers," which are polymers with a central and hollow core and tendrils. Because the core is hollow in a dendrimers it becomes a kind of pouch or cavity, he explains, and other molecules can be stored in that cavity, which opens the door to nanoscale discoveries and applications. Tomalia first became fascinated with dendrimers by watching lightning strikes as a young boy. He insists that dendrimic designs are "incredibly pervasive" around the world. Even a maple leaf is "…full of dendrimic capillaries," he explains. Trees are dendrimic, even erosion-created designs in mountains (seen from airplanes) are dendrimic -- but why do things have dendrimic architecture?

This is the key question and leads to the…… [Read More]

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Technology and Global Exosystem

Words: 2489 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32847362

Technology and Global Ecosystem

An Analysis of the Implications of Technology and the Global Ecosystem

The 21st century promises to usher in innovations in technology that cannot yet be imagined, and the advancements to date have provided many in the world with unprecedented standards of living. Improved methods of transportation and communication, combined with more leisure time than ever in which to spend it has resulted in many people developing a keen appreciation for technology and what it promises for mankind; an unfortunate concomitant of these innovations in many parts of the world, though, has been an intensive assault on the globe's ecosystem in an effort to bring emerging nations into line with the productivity being experienced in the developed nations of the world. As a result, a debate over whether or not technology threatens the integrity of the global ecosystem has emerged in recent years, and pundits warn that…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anton, Philip S., James Schneider and Richard Silberglitt. The Global Technology Revolution:

Bio/Nano/Materials Trends and Their Synergies with Information Technology by 2015.

Santa Monica, CA: Rand, 2001.

Bjornerud, Marcia. (1997). "Gaia: Gender and Scientific Representations of the Earth." NWSA
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Nano Artery the Use of

Words: 947 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86973594

2010; Chorny et al. 2010). This research is still quite new, however, and the question remains as to whether or not nanoparticles can truly serve as a replacement for stents by prohibiting plaque growth through a variety of means, including more targeted and longer-range delivery of pharmaceutical substances that destroy such build-ups and inhibit plaque deposits from forming. The efficacy of this approach has already been preliminarily demonstrated, but the long-term viability and safety of this intervention method as well as attendant risks have not yet been fully determined (Chan et al. 2010; Chorny et al. 2010).

IV. Motivation for esearch

Despite the numerous advancements that have been made in treating plaque build-up in arteries and the general treatment and control of other cardiac issues, coronary artery disease is still the leading cause of death in North America and is a significant problem in other parts of the world, as…… [Read More]


Chan, J., Zhang, L., Tong, R., Ghosh, D., Gao, W., Liao, G….Farokhzad, O. (2010). Spatiotemporal controlled delivery of nanoparticles to injured vasculature. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, January 2010.

Chorny, M., Fishbein, I., Yellen, B., Alferiev, I., Bakay, M., Ganta, S….Levy, R. (2010). Targeting stents with local delivery of paclitaxel-loaded magnetic nanoparticles using uniform fields. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, April 2010.

Kohn, J. & Zeltinger, J. (2005). Degradable, drug-eluting stents: a new frontier for the treatment of coronary artery disease. Expert review of medical devices, 2(6), pp. 667-71.

Schoenhagen, P. & Nissen, S. (2003). Assessing Coronary Plaque Burden and Plaque Vulnerability:Atherosclerosis Imaging With IVUS and Emerging Noninvasive Modalities. American Heart Hospital Journal 1(2), pp. 164-9.
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People's Car Tata Nano Financial Political and

Words: 1552 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75077596

People's Car Tata Nano

Financial, political and marketing/business commentators alike seem to agree that the Tata Nano, the planet's cheapest car, was a perfect match between an idea and a need when it was introduced -- or at least as a manufacturing idea. Making the smallest of small cars could happen because the timing was right for pairing just such an idea with the quickly emerging appreciation of frugal engineering innovations, or using sophisticated technologies and motivations to make a product that is affordable and helpful to the global economy and ecology. [1: "Stuck in low gear." The Economist. Aug. 20, 2011. accessed January 15, 2012. ] [2: Sadanad Dhume. "Unloved at any speed." Foreign Policy. October 7, 2011. accessed January 15, 2012. ]

It was for this reason that the project came to life as quickly as it did. It seemed to be the perfect mix of…… [Read More]

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Capital Budgeting and Applied Technologies

Words: 628 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17290104

ith a strong customer and employee basis, the company envisions taking early leadership of the global market. This is also to be based upon management excellence on a local scale. The management team is envisioned to be capable of translating vision into performance on both a local and global scale, while also investing strategically to maximize profitability and performance.

d. In terms of Research and Development, Applied Materials has increased its investments despite economic downturns. The purpose of this was to increase its potential future profitability by providing advanced manufacturing systems for its customers worldwide. This proved to be a good strategy, as the company had build a broad product line that catered for nearly every chip manufacturing stage. In order to reach the next step; integrating systems to perform a specific process sequence, a new facility was needed, and 1997 saw the beginning of construction on the Equipment and…… [Read More]

With a strong customer and employee basis, the company envisions taking early leadership of the global market. This is also to be based upon management excellence on a local scale. The management team is envisioned to be capable of translating vision into performance on both a local and global scale, while also investing strategically to maximize profitability and performance.

d. In terms of Research and Development, Applied Materials has increased its investments despite economic downturns. The purpose of this was to increase its potential future profitability by providing advanced manufacturing systems for its customers worldwide. This proved to be a good strategy, as the company had build a broad product line that catered for nearly every chip manufacturing stage. In order to reach the next step; integrating systems to perform a specific process sequence, a new facility was needed, and 1997 saw the beginning of construction on the Equipment and Process Integration Center (EPIC).

EPIC represents the first facility of its kind in the semiconductor industry, in its capacity as a dedicated 200mm pilot line integration facility. Specifically, the Center enables the company's customers to make their technology transitions with greater speed and ease. To do this, the Center enables them to evaluate and integrate new manufacturing systems in advance of installing these. This provides the company with an important leading edge in the global marketplace. To accomplish this was a challenge on multiple levels that did not end with the Center opening its doors in 1998. Indeed, in order to adhere to its central aims, engineers for the center had to effectively implement systems by which they could set up their systems as often as once per month and make quick modifications according to differing requirements.
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Modern Technology

Words: 1263 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79134075

Interface Culture

The question of what constitutes 'interface culture' is constantly debated in the field of interactive design. Modern technology allows us to communicate more frequently with one another but it is uncertain if we are actually growing closer to our friends and associates; we may be growing farther apart and more isolated in our virtual worlds. There are both positive and negative sides to modern technology; at minimum we need to have a dialogue about interactive technology's effect on social interactions and culture.

As designers, we must be more aware of the needs of others and the human social and political environment. Art has often been viewed as the primary teaching tool to reveal insights about the human condition but technological design can have the same potential. It is true that design is more interactive than personal like art. But technological design in all its forms encompasses outreach through…… [Read More]

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Science New Imaging Technology Enables

Words: 614 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96513858

Technologies like array tomography also show how the human brain may be best understood as a computer that operates on both electricity and on chemicals. One section of the brain, the cerebral cortex, contains more than 125 trillion synapses. Boyle's (2010) source material from the Stanford School of Medicine notes that the number of synapses in the brain is "roughly equal to the number of stars in 1,500 Milky Way galaxies," (Goldman 2010).

Array tomography as a visualization instrument also reveals advancements in digital imaging as well as nanotechnology. The mouse brain used in initial array tomography experiments was sliced at only 70 nanometers thick (Goldman 2010). Measured at the level of the nanometer,, the layers of the brain that can be cut and then imaged with array tomography are small enough that scientists are able to understand more about how the brain works. Without technologies like array tomography, the…… [Read More]


Boyle, R. (2010). Video: 3-D Image Shows Brain's Circuitry in Highest Resolution Ever. Popular Science. Retrieved online:

Goldman, B. (2010). New imaging method developed at Stanford reveals stunning details of brain connections. Stanford School of Medicine. Retrieved online:
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Country Given the State of

Words: 5066 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10320809

Te need for so many new workers will tend to elp women enter fields were tey ave been istorically under-represented since tere is suc a need for so many new workers.

Wile tis synergy of so many different factors is useful for workers at all stages of teir careers, it may be tat it is especially elpful to new graduates. Higly skilled and qualified senior workers are likely to ave more opportunities open to tem tan are younger workers and so are likely to suffer less during economic downturns. Younger workers, especially tose just finising teir undergraduate work, will fare better in an environment tat as a range of opportunities and an overall good business climate. In fact, tis may be te only kind of business environment in wic new graduates will reliably be able to find jobs tat matc teir training and ambitions. Tis may be especially true for…… [Read More]   .php?option=com_content&task=view&id=98&Itemid=208 / 

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Diffusion of Innovation Diffusion Research

Words: 3226 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67275597

Potentially, this changes the way profit is used to build a larger network of computer users who now wish to harness the power of technology to develop a new world.

Chapter: 9 Socioeconmics

Berlin Wall Falls/Soviet Union Collapses

Citation: Koeller, D. (2003), Fall of the Berlin Wall. WebChron.


Tags: Political innovation, political/social upheaval, modernism in Europe

Summation: By the end of 1989, the Soviet-backed regimes of Eastern Europe no longer existed and the Berlin Wall, the quintessential symbol of the Cold War, had been decimated. This dissatisfaction with communism as practiced Soviet style was now being openly criticized, even in the ussian epublic, the so-called "homeland of communism." Extreme vocal critiques came first from the outlying republics and the ethnic minorities, many of who had been living in a tradition of autocracy for centuries. Gorbachev's message of change and openness, despite the appeal in the West, stripped the…… [Read More]


1972 in Review." (January 1973). UPI.Com.

Retrieved from:

Butterworth, T. (May 24, 2007). Fifteen People Who Changed The World. Forbes.

Retrieved from:
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E-Manufacturing - A New Link

Words: 22785 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4352602

Ayers (2000, p. 4) describes a supply chain as "Life cycle processes supporting physical, information, financial, and knowledge flows for moving products and services from suppliers to end-users." A supply chain can be short, as in the case of a cottage industry, or quite long and complex as in the manufacture, distribution, and sales of automobiles. In fact, the automobile supply chain has its origin in the mining of the iron ore used to make many of its components.

Forward-looking companies and industries are beginning, now, to leverage the communication power of the Internet to improve their supply chain efficiencies. In the same way that early computers offered improved efficiency within the walls of a company, the promise of "Internet Technologies" (IT) now offers potentially far-reaching positive effects throughout a company's entire manufacturing supply chain. If the changes brought about by an "Internet revolution" such as thin-client technology; seamless integration…… [Read More]


Aerospace engineering online (2004). Retrieved December 18, 2004 from http/ /

Andrews, F. (2001). "Dell, it Turns Out, Has a Better Idea than Ford." Lean strategies

Group -Manufacturing and supply chain consultants. Retrieved December 19, 2004 from http/ /

Ayers, J.B. (2000). Handbook of Supply Chain Management. Boca Ratan, FL: St. Lucie Press.
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Robotics How Close Are We to Creating a Bionic Man

Words: 1372 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1231835

Robotics: How Close Are e to Creating a Bionic Man?

hile the creation of a 'bionic man' similar to the Six Million Dollar Man of the 70s television series or the gun-slinging robot of estworld may still be the realm of popular sci-fi, technology has developed to a stage where we are closer to such a possibility than ever before. Some of these technologies include robotics, the development of organic polymers that could be used as artificial muscles, nano-technology, and artificial intelligence (AI). In this paper we will review the latest developments in the relevant technologies to find how close we are to developing a 'bionic man.'

Apart from the availability of the required technology, one of the factors that would eventually determine if (or how soon) we are able to develop a bionic man is -- the urgency or need for such a development. This is because technology does…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barnes, Peter. "Bionic Limbs for Amputees." September 23, 2002. Tech TV Website. October 1, 2002.,24195,3400267,00.html

Battles without Troops." Article in Newsweek International: Special Issue. December 2001-February 2002. pp. 38-40

Bekey, George A. "Robot." Article in Encyclopedia Encarta, 2002.

McCarthy, John. "What Is Artificial Intelligence?" Stanford University: Computer Science Department Website. July 20, 2002. October 1, 2002.
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Robotics the Popular Concept of Robots Has

Words: 4545 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5604902


The popular concept of robots has been colored by stories of mythical mechanical beings dating back to antiquity, and fictional robots (remember "R-2 D-2?") depicted in popular science fiction movies such as the Star ars. Robotics, however, is a serious technology that deals with the design, construction and operation of robots that are used in numerous applications ranging from industries that require accurate and repetitive tasks (such as the car and computer manufacturing industries), dangerous tasks such as diffusing of bombs, and other chores that cannot be performed by humans, e.g., carrying out research on far-away planets, or walking inside live volcanoes. These present-day applications of robotics are bound to grow in future with the development of state-of-the-art technologies such as ever-faster computers, artificial intelligence (AI) and nanotechnology. In this essay we shall examine the subject of robotics in detail. hile doing so we shall see what robots are…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Battles without Troops." Article in Newsweek International: Special Issue. December 2001-February 2002. pp. 38-40

Bekey, George A. "Robot." Article in Encyclopedia Encarta, 2003. CD-ROM Version.

Dowling, Kevin. "What is Robotics?" 1996. Robotics: Frequently Asked Questions. February 24, 2003.

Nanotechnology." Article in Encyclopedia Encarta, 2003. CD-ROM Version.
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Fate of Earth the World

Words: 1529 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66532542

The only hope rests in being sensible and alert to the danger we have incurred upon ourselves. Going green and seriously focusing on renewable forms of energy is the only way that we could save this planet from the impending disaster.


1) World Water Council, 'Water Crisis', retrieved Oct 1st, 2010, from,

2) U.S. Census ureau, 'World Population Summary', retrieved Oct 1st, 2010, from,

3) WWF, 'Water: Our Rivers Lakes and Wetlands', retrieved Oct 2nd 2010, from

4) Lester rown, (Oct 2001), 'China's Water Table Levels are Dropping Fast', retrieved Oct 2nd 2010, from,

5) lue Planet, 'The Facts about the Global Drinking Water Crisis', retrieved Oct 2nd 2010, from,

6) Pew Center, 'Coal and Climate Change Facts', retrieved Oct 2nd 2010, from,

7) Science Daily 'Environmental Scientists Estimate That China Could Meet Its Entire Future Energy Needs y Wind Alone', retrieved Oct…… [Read More]


1) World Water Council, 'Water Crisis', retrieved Oct 1st, 2010, from, 

2) U.S. Census Bureau, 'World Population Summary', retrieved Oct 1st, 2010, from,

3) WWF, 'Water: Our Rivers Lakes and Wetlands', retrieved Oct 2nd 2010, from 

4) Lester Brown, (Oct 2001), 'China's Water Table Levels are Dropping Fast', retrieved Oct 2nd 2010, from,
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Update the Trends Tech of Radical Evolution

Words: 1520 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88249088

Radical Evolution

The first product that will be discussed are the nano-Spiders, created by a group of scientists from Columbia University. These are microscopic robots that are made out of human DNA. The reason they are made out of DNA is that their main purpose is to travel around the human body and be able to identify potential health problems, whenever they exist.

The robot moves along the DNA track because it has been pre-programmed by the scientists to reach a certain goal. This could only have been done by using advanced information technology. ecause of this technology, the robot, which is in the form of a spider with four legs, can go along a certain path that has been programmed by the scientists, to reach the final destination. The legs are made of "enzymatic DNA"

, while the body is formed of a certain protein.

The current prototype is…… [Read More]


1. Daily Mail Reporters. May 2010. Meet the nano-spiders: the DNA robots that could one day be walking through your body. The Daily Mail. On the Internet at   . Last retrieved on September 26, 2013

2. Japanese latest invention: the dental training robot that can "feel pain." Mail Online. On the Internet at   . Last retrieved on September 27, 2013

3. Realistic female robot created to feel pain. The Inquisitir. On the Internet at . Last retrieved on September 27, 2013

Daily Mail Reporters. May 2010. Meet the nano-spiders: the DNA robots that could one day be walking through your body. The Daily Mail. On the Internet at
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Advances in Nanomaterials and Their Applications

Words: 2098 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88061981


Advances in Nanomaterials and Their Applications

Nanomaterials, including carbon nanofibers and nanotubes, are being explored extensively for their use and application in multiple manufacturing domains. One of the most eager manufacturing sectors to incorporate nanomaterials into their midst is the athletics gear and sporting industries. Tennis rackets, surf, skate, and snow boards, skis, ski poles, boats, bicycles, hockey sticks, baseball bats, golf clubs and balls are all potentially transformed by the use of nanomaterials. Other athletics applications of nanomaterials include sports stadium materials, artificial turf, running track surfaces, clothing, and gymnasium equipment (Chunyan, 2011). While nanomaterials are proving promising from design, implementation, and development perspectives, there are also significant safety issues that need to be taken into consideration by engineers, manufacturers, and industry regulators.

The root word "nano" comes from the Greek meaning dwarf because the particles are extremely small and require special technologies for visualization as well as…… [Read More]


3M (2013). 3M nanomaterials strengthen sports gear. Retrieved online: 

Abraham, T. (n.d.). Nanotechnology and nanomaterials -- applications and global market analysis. Retrieved online: 

Chunyan, L (2011). Study on application of biosafety of nano-materials in sports engineering. Future Computer Science and Education (ICFCSE, 2011).

DeJong, K.P. & Geus, J.W. (2007). Carbon nanofibers: Catalytic synthesis and applications. Catalytic Reviews 42(4): 481-510.
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The Scientific Commercial and Creative

Words: 1832 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82623759

Real trial-based evidence shows a
clear success in reduced cracking in cement which is reinforced thusly.
Our research tells that these reinforces cement bodies "have aspect ratios
of 500 or more and diameters - about the same size as the distance between
layers in hydrated cement - so that cracks in the matrix would quickly
encounter well-dispersed SCNTs, inhibiting their growth." (Makar, 1) In
order for these findings to be used in any real-world setting, we must
continue to refine and broaden the field of empirical study on this
Beyond concrete, the far-reaching potential yielded by the
proliferation of the carbon nanotube is not simple exciting, but may prove
itself to be one of the most important revelations of its time. The sheer
diversity of its usability and the relative novelty in the exploration of
its properties suggests that its capacity for as yet unimagined
technological applications is still…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Adler, R. (2006). Carbon-nanotube 'Strings' May ID Single Molecules. New
Scientist. Online at

AzoNano. (2005). Prestigious award for Nano-fiber Reinforced Concrete.
Nanotechnology. Online at
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School of Engineering and Design

Words: 15360 Length: 56 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38518716

The last century has seen an increase in the level of international purchases which has been supported by the developments in transportation and technology. Goods can move faster than before with developments in logistics. The negotiation and forming contracts for purchase with companies and communicate with potential suppliers in distant countries is also easier than in the past with the internet and tools such as video conferencing and emails. This facilitates the use of international suppliers. However, other firms may choose local suppliers believing strategy will best suit their needs. Local suppliers may be able to provide where there is an increase in the transparency of the supply chain, less exposure to risks such as interruption and exchange rate risks and proximity may allow closer collaborative relationships to develop. Both procurement strategies are viable, to assess the advantages associated with each approach the procurement from international and local suppliers can…… [Read More]


'Automotive and Auto Parts Industry in Turkey.' (2012). Turkish Ministry of Economy. [online] available: .

"Automotive Industry Trends Affecting Component Suppliers.' (2005). International Labour Review, vol. 144, no. 1, pp. 130-133.

Borrus, M., Ernst, D. & Haggard, S. (2001). International Production Networks in Asia: Rivalry or Riches. London: Routledge.

Burton, S., & Steane, P. (2004). Surviving Your Thesis. New York: Routledge.
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New Face of Development Ronald Inglehart and

Words: 1227 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37655344

New Face of Development," onald Inglehart and Chrisitan Welzel's article, "How Development Leads to Democracy: What We Know About Modernization," and Jack Goldstone's article, "The New Population Bomb: The Four Megatrends That Will Change the World." Essentially, each of these articles takes varying approaches in chronicling the history of development and the impact that it will have on the future. The overarching goal that is found in synthesizing each of these works is that the ultimate repercussion for development will involve a shifting of power from conventional Westernization to the emergence of developing nations leading the way in a host of vital areas such as population, workforce, and aspects of production including food and health care.

Lancaster's article alludes to this fact by examining the history of development since the close of World War II. One of the most vital factors during this nearly 70-year process is the Cold War,…… [Read More]


Goldstone, J. (2010). "The new population bomb: the four megatrends that will change the world." Foreign Affairs.

Inglehart, R., Welzel, C. (2009). "How development leads to democracy:what we know about modernization." Foreign Affairs.

Lancaster, C. (No date). "The new face of development."

Trani, E.P. (No date). "Dollar Diplomacy." Encyclopedia of the New Nation.
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Programming Genetic Circuits Is Fundamentally

Words: 2235 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48470094

To elaborate, he used his 'transistor' to build logic circuits that program each cell's behavior. For instance, he was able to tell a cell to change color in the presence of both a specified two enzymes. Remarked Kleem (online): "Endy envisions plant-based environmental monitors, programmed tissues and even medical devices that "make Fantastic Voyage come true," (Kleem, 04.02.13).

In the first (grainy) image below, Endy's DNA "buffer gates" flash different colors according to their situation. In the image below that, we have a string of DNA -- we see the code of the a's, C's, T's and G's -- that has been programmed by synthetic biologist Eric Winfree of the California Institute of Technology --.

(Excerpted from Keim, B Computers Made Out of DNA, lime and Other trange tuff


Timothy Lu, a researcher at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is taking this idea further by building cellular computers…… [Read More]


Brumfiel, G (March 29, 2013) Tiny DNA Switches Aim to Revolutionize 'Cellular' Computing. NPR.

Lovgren, Stefan (2003-02-24). Computer Made from DNA and Enzymes. National Geographic. 

Heaven D (02 April 2013) DNA transistors pave way for living computers Newscientis

Strain D (June 2, 2011 ) Flexible DNA computer finds square roots Science News
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Effect of Video Games on Children

Words: 2786 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84100718

Video Games on Children

Owing to the advent of digital media over the past few decades, technology has taken over many dimensions of the world and given the media a 360 degree turn by entirely switching the way it previously worked. The computer era not only changes the way transactions were done, documents were prepared, statistical tools were used and made the world global but it also changed the way sports and games were played. It converted the physical playground into a virtual one to quite a great extent and now, computer video games have become an increasingly important phenomenon of today for the entertainment of kids who now believe in virtual playgrounds (Anderson, Gentile, & Katherine E, 2007).


Every new change brings its pros and cons with it, and he computer era was a boom towards the video game industry which is still a significant use of computers…… [Read More]


Franciss, M., & Subramanian, A. This Is Not Just a Game Anymore. Mumbai: Diligent Media Corporations Ltd. 2012.

Anderson, C.A., Gentile, D.A. & Katherine E. Violent Video Game Effects on Children and Adolescents: Theory, Research, and Public Policy. Oxford University Press. 2007.

Associated Press. Monitoring video game violence - Expert's advice to. Ontario: The Guelph Mercury. 2006.

Billings Gazette, The (MT). Studies show children get hooked on addictive. The Billings Gazette 2011.
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Ethics in Nanomedicine the Term

Words: 10726 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76858278

All these charters that have clearly defined the boundaries of what both the positive i.e. natural rights and negative i.e. The unjust exploitative rights of the people are and how no institution or research domains have the right or power to violate them (Dierkes, Hoffmann and Marz, 1996).

Based on the above fact, we have to consider all the concerns related towards security of an individual as well as his rights, societal principles and considerations, national strategies, the financial system and market of the country as well as the social-educational-traditional structure that might be put in jeopardy due to a scientific research of nanomedicine. Hence we have to carefully consider that the researchers who are investing their time and effort in to the nano-medical research are treated with value while still securing the human rights of the society i.e. awareness of and protection against the hazardous effects of nanoparticles on…… [Read More]


Beauchamp TL, Childress JF. (2001). Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Oxford, NY: Oxford University Press.

Brennan, M. et al. (2002). Communication, Cultural and Media Studies. Routledge. London.

Chambers, T. (1996). From the ethicist's point-of-view: The literary nature of ethical inquiry. Hastings Center Report 26(1): 25-32.

Chang K. (2005). Tiny is beautiful: translating 'nano' into practical. New York Times; p. A1.
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Strategic Marketing Mix Analysis

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86516659

Marketing Proposal

Safi Rania Diamond Cell Youth Booster is a new skincare product for women aged 40 years and above who are seeking to prevent and lessen signs of aging. The paper provides a strategic marketing mix analysis that is geared towards successful marketing and advertising the product. This marketing mix analysis is to be presented to the Board of Directors of Graffiti Group, Inc., which has just purchased an operating facility in Malaysia that manufactures the product. The analysis is geared towards influencing the decision of the board in an attempt to have them approve investment and marketing of this product in Canada. Upon approval, the company will market this product to target market of women aged 40 years and above, especially those who want to prevent and lessen signs of aging, under the brand name PureBeauty Diamond Cell Youth Booster. The analysis includes an overview of the product,…… [Read More]

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Tata Motor Inc What Is

Words: 2262 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76998268

The process of reframing is well illustrated in the case of Tata Nano car concept. The reframers question themselves in an attempt to answer the question "why not." Tata for instant broke a century old paradigm for car manufacture by distributing the component kits for the manufacture of the Tata nano to a number of entrapreneural smaller firms could assemble closer to their customer base. This was as opposed to complete production of the car in their factories. They questioned the conventional wisdom in order to aid the firm in navigating the increasingly complex corporate environment.

The culture of creative dissatisfaction

Other than the formal system of the TSC the company has taken certain key steps that are aimed at the stimulation of creative thinking. The company trains its employees so as to think about improving its products at all times. They refer to this as the culture of creative…… [Read More]


Business Week (n.d). Tata's Innovation Engine:How Tata spurs creative thinking

Drucker, P (1985). Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Practice and Principles

Gosh, G (2010). Reframing is the key to Disruptive Innovation
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Batteries Including the Rechargeable Ones

Words: 939 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98614705

Nano particles and nano tubes are on the small scale of a virus, which is why the living organism is crucial for downsizing the materials that are customarily used in portable rechargeable batteries. The new batteries will be more powerful and also prove less taxing on the environment. Manufacturing the virus-assisted batteries will also be more efficient and safer, as no solvents are needed to manipulate them and engineers do not have to use high heat or resort to high-pressure procedures. Instead, only water is necessary.

Although prior research has revealed ways to genetically manipulate viruses to create a material suitable for the anode of a battery, the most recent research revealed ways to use viruses for the cathode of the battery too. The first genetic manipulation revealed the potential for the virus to cover itself in nano-particles of iron phosphate. The most recent research showed that this genetic manipulation…… [Read More]


Barazesh, Solmaz. "Viruses Could Power Devices." Science News 175(9). Retrieved April 25, 2009 from
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Marketing Research According to Green and Tool

Words: 3891 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1574764

Marketing esearch

According to Green and Tool (1993) "Marketing research is the systematic and objective search for, and analysis of, information relevant to the identification and solution of any problem in the field of marketing." The main aim of marketing research is to enable the beneficiary to take some steps, some that may be risky, though with confidence hence the need for observing absolute objectivity. It is due to this need that marketing research does adopt a scientific method and approach that will help turn the personal opinions, prejudices and notions into hypotheses and consequently test them in an empirical manner. The alternative views are also given due considerations independently as long as they can be of interest to the researcher.

Significance of marketing research

In the field of marketing, research is not just for the aim of learning but is a very central component in the good decision making…… [Read More]


Andrea Rodrigues, (2011). GM India Could Begin New LCV Production at Halol Facility after

Diwali. Retrieved August 28, 2011 from

Emma An, (2011). Outlook for Domestic Steelmakers Turns Cloudy. Retrieved August 28, 2011

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RFID the Use and Potential

Words: 2550 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99138526

etail Applications

The wide diversity and large benefit of FID technology implementation and application in the warehousing, distribution, and general wholesaling operations of the supply chain, as well as in other less related settings, makes it difficult to explain the relative dearth of the technology's usage in retail settings. There are many different ways in which these technologies can be used to assist customers, employees, and managers at point-of-sale retail locations, may of them direct extrapolations of current uses of the technology in supply chain management that takes place further up the chain. The cost of rolling out retail FID applications on a wide basis has been prohibitive for much of the past decade, with initial costs of FID tags running at more than a dollar in their first uses, but as the cost of the technology continues to decline -- tags are currently available for as low as fifteen…… [Read More]


Garby, S. (2012, February 15). RCD Technology Announces the Sentry ast Product Line of Application Specific RFID Tags. PR Web. Retrieved from .

Malone, M. (2012, February 14). Did Wal-Mart love RFID to death? Smart Planet. Retrieved from

Nusca, a. (2010, March 29). Nano RFID tags could replace barcodes; smart groceries, bandages coming. Smart Planet. Retrieved from

Rothfeder, J. (n.d.). RID Redux. Booze & Co. Retrieved from
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Developing Human Potential

Words: 6092 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49135413

Human Potential

"Nothing endures but change."


Developing Human Development

The "learning organization" is without a template. Writers have tried to give it an ideal form or a template in "which real organizations could attempt to emulate." (Easterby-Smith & Araujo 1999). The learning organization, however, can be best characterized by saying that it's an organization where both individual and collective learning are crucial. Donald Schon has come up with a theoretical framework associating the experience of living in a situation of an increasing change with the need for learning. He states:

The loss of the stable state means that our society and all of its institutions are in continuous processes of transformation. We cannot expect new stable states that will endure for our own lifetimes. We must learn to understand, guide, influence and manage these transformations. We must make the capacity for undertaking them integral to ourselves and to our…… [Read More]


Barger, Nancy. 1995. The Challenge of Change in Organizations: Helping Employees

Thrive in the New Frontier. 1st Intercultural Press, Boston.

Castells, M. 2001. "Information Technology and Global Capitalism" in W. Hutton and A.

Giddens (eds). On the Edge: Living with Global Capitalism. Vintage, London.
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Apple Computers Have Developed Into

Words: 1025 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67751715

With their focus on moving from niche market to eventual cultural iconoclasm, Apple computers is on their way to supplanting the traditional technology powerhouses of the domestic computer industry.

Externally, Apple is under consistent pressure from competitors to stay at the top of their market. Even though Apple has been the de facto winner within innovation and overall product quality, many other manufacturers are attempting to advance their own technology. Apple is fighting in affect a three front war, because it is competing in three separate industries each with their own strong competition. Within the computer manufacturing industry they must battle the likes of IBM, Dell and HP in order to maintain their market share. Within the software industry, their Mac technology must compete with Microsoft. Finally, within the music sector they are consistently faced with challengers such as Dell and Microsoft. However, because Dell has branded themselves as a…… [Read More]

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SLP Apples' Products and Brands

Words: 1611 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20502709

Marketing esearch: Products and Brands

In previous years, Apple Inc. has progressed from being an abstract participant in the computer market to a major player in the technology market. Through courageous advancement, they have developed items that have totally changed the technology market. As a result, their brand recognition has increased significantly, and they have added remarkably to their legion of dedicated supporters. The Apple Company is about design, their electronic items are fashionable, their advertising is trendy, their hardware and software are stylish, and like all factors fashionable, there is a substantial price tag. However, like all other factors of fashion, consumers are unpredictable and their tastes frequently change with the next big technology improvement. In addition, Apple company still dominates over every aspect of their item lines, this in previous times turned out to be a mistake that directed them to a specialized niche in the PC market.…… [Read More]


Bradley, T. (2013). Android Dominates Market Share, But Apple Makes all the Money. Forbes. Retrieved from:

Deidu, H. (2012). The Value of the OS X Monopoly. Asymco. Retrieved from: 

Linzmayer, O. (2004). Apple Confidential 2.0. San Francisco, CA: No Starch Press

Satell, G. (2013). Why Apple's Future is Uncertain. Forbes. Retrieved from:
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Strategic Management Competing With Apple

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87907942

However the lack of stability in these partnerships is a major weakness for the company today. In 2008, Apple released the following graphic illustrating just how pervasive they believed video-based devices would be, which clearly makes the value of digital content providers critical to their future business model.

Market Assessment of Video-Capable iPods

source: (Apple Investor Relations, 2008).

Implementation: Apple will need to work closely with their research and development team to see what Apple is bringing to the table. Despite the success of the iPod and the iPhone, Apple should continue making products that are familiar to the customer but more user friendly. By doing so Apple can offer their customers products at a lower cost. In addition, Apple can also cut costs by using outsourced research and development teams.

Implementing a competitively featured product relevant to Apple then needs to take into account a business model that reflects…… [Read More]

The ramifications of creating a more equitable partner ecosystem that respect the needs and profit requirements of digital content providers will serve to create greater differentiation faster than products (Berling, 1993). Apple's innovation has been driven at the product level, yet they are faltering in the areas of partnerships (Abel, 2008). What is needed are products that compete with Apple at a functional level yet have a more open architecture that allows content providers to retain their margins and profitability.


In evaluating the performance of the differentiation strategy the metrics associated with content use and transfers which Apple relies on heavily (Casadesus-Masanell, Hervas-Drane, 2010) need to be added to with profit per partner as well. Only then, will an open
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Young Generation Chapter One and

Words: 10896 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20009292

Large number of respondents will require large number of questionnaires to be given to the individuals and this would have high financial implications.



Due to the problem of fear of the information that if the Facebook members disclose will be used against them in future, I intend to guarantee them anonymity on any information given and confidentiality by ensuring no names or sensitive information is required in the questionnaires. On the time constraint, the questionnaires will be designed so that it takes small amount of time with few open ended questions. On the financial, the samples taken will be done randomly so that even if it's quite small compared to the whole Facebook membership, it will be representative.




Literature review



Social networking is considered the as the manner of communication in the 21st century. It refers to the individuals grouping into groups…… [Read More]

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Apple Case Apple Represents the Business of

Words: 1135 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92517409

Apple Case

Apple represents the business of the future - a business that provides solutions to problems a customer may not even know they possess. Apple has shown how to be first in the market with devices, content and communications and has changed life, as we know it with each product introduction. From the early days of the Macintosh computer to the present day Mac ook Pro, iPhone G4 and the iPad, Apple has differentiated itself from Microsoft and is now in the data access, generation, portability and sharing business rather than just software and hardware.This paper will update the case of Apple-Merging Technology, usiness, and Entertainment" and examine the strategies used by Apple and their impact on information system managers.

Case Update

The iPod was launched in October, 2001, since that time Apple has launched multiple variations of the iPod including the most recent iPod 4th Generation, iPod Nano…… [Read More]

Bibliography  /
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Apple Is a Marketer of

Words: 3133 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86394809

74 and a cash ratio of 2.03. Apple has no long-term debt and a 2-to-1 debt ratio (MSN Moneycentral, 2010).

Apple has relatively few weaknesses. The company's emphasis on software, marketing and design has left it with a weakness in hardware. Apple products do not have the superior lifespans one would expect from a product commanding a premium price tag.

Another weakness is the dependence on leadership. Apple without Steve Jobs simply does not perform as well as Apple with Steve Jobs. Jobs is responsible for driving innovation at Apple in particular, and his involvement is a cornerstone of the company's innovation strategy. The importance of the leader is such that negative news concerning his health cause the company's stock to drop sharply. The health of Jobs has been a concern for several years and his departure is expected to have a negative impact on the company's fortunes (O'Toole, 2010).…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Apple Inc. website, various pages. (2010). Retrieved April 19, 2010 from 

Apple Inc. 2009 10-K. Retrieved April 19, 2010 from
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Water and Plastic Bottle Burden

Words: 1800 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79110006

With this information, people can make informed decisions regarding the water they consume. Which additives are healthful? Which are not? These are examples of only some of the questions responsible consumers should have when choosing their water. Regarding the use of plastics, the solution is simple. By simply changing their habits from plastic water bottles to stainless steel or any of the other alternatives, not only is the consumer choosing something that supports of the well-being of the planet, but also supports the well-being of themselves.

This is merely one solution of many meant to work towards a more sustainable lifestyle across the globe. That the consumption of water increased so quickly, all over the world, signifies the impact of advertising on consumer choices. This can be a reason for hope, since just as quickly the use of stainless steel water bottles and clean water can be brought into individual…… [Read More]

7. Fluoride Action Network, Health Effects, (

8. Fluoridation/Flouride, Toxic Chemicals in Your Water, ( )

9. Worth Health Organization, Water Related Diseases, (
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Iso-Electric Point and Iron Content in Iron

Words: 3942 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95842854

Iso-Electric Point and Iron Content in Iron Hydroxide Impregnated Aluminosilicate-Based Geopolymers

Rahil Abou Saleh

Dr. Kiril Hristovski

Iron hydroxide impregnated aluminosilicate-based geopolymers (Fe-ASG) is a novel water treatment media currently under development for simultaneous removal of arsenic and inorganic contaminants. The goal of this study was to determine whether varied iron contents impregnated aluminosilicate impacts the surface charge in different pH conditions. The study tests for media types of virgin and iron impregnated ASG diluted in potassium nitrate (KNO3) for charge dispersion. pH of the sample was gradually adjusted using potassium hydroxide (KOH) and nitric acid (HNO3). Results demonstrated no significant relationship between iron content impregnated ASG and iso electric point, which suggests that surface area properties impacts the relationship.

I am especially appreciative of the guidance, encouragement, and patience exuded by Dr. Hristovski throughout the duration of this research project. Also I would like to give special thanks to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brookhaven Instruments Corporation. (2011). Zeta Potential Analysis. Retrieved from Brookhaven Instruments Corporation:

DeLuca, T., Kaszuba, M., & Mattison, K. (2006). Optimizing Silicon Emulsion Stability

Using Zeta Potential. American Laboratory News, 1-3.

Duxson, P., Fernandez-Jimenez, A., Provis, J., Lukey, C., Palomo, A., & van Deventer, J.
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New Services Stakeholder Analysis

Words: 992 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16201586

Stakeholder Analysis: Starbucks Frappuccino

The Starbucks Corporation initially originated as an attempt to bring European-style cafe culture to the United States. However, in a drive to remain profitable and relevant as well as to honor its initial mission and vision, Starbucks has had to make some concessions to local tastes. One of these has been the development of the Frappuccino, a sweet, blended coffee beverage that is half-milkshake, half-iced coffee: it is both a unique product and also a unique service given that the blend is exclusively available at Starbucks' stores. Starbucks has continued to develop and reconfigure the Frappuccino to suit the evolving palates of its international consumer base. This has ensured that the company has enjoyed a strong bottom line, despite cheaper copycats from its rivals. The company recently released several innovative new flavors for the Frappuccino as well as new sizes to drive interest in its product.…… [Read More]


Harris, J. (2015). Cupcake, anyone? LA Times. Retrieved from:

Nanos, J. (2012). The story of the Frappuccino. Boston Daily. Retrieved from:
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Lithium Transition Metal Oxides as

Words: 7179 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32701294

The energy it stores (?180 Wh kg?1) at an average voltage of 3.8 V is only a factor of 5 higher than that stored by the much older lead -- acid batteries. This may seem poor in the light of Moore's law in electronics (according to which memory capacity doubles every 18 months), but it still took a revolution in materials science to achieve it. Billions of lithium-ion cells are produced for portable electronics, but this is not sustainable as cobalt must be obtained from natural resources (it makes up 20 parts per million of Earth's crust). (Armand & Tarascon, 2008, p. 653).

Fu investigated the lithium-ion conductivities of glasses and glass-ceramics in the LI2O-AlO3-TiO2P2O5 system. Fu's samples revealed high conductivity, albeit when Abrahams and Hadzifejzovic similarly investigated the LI2O-AlO3-TiO2P2O5 glass and glass-ceramic systems, their findings revealed "a maximum room temperature conductivity of 3.98 x 10-6 S/cm in their crystallized…… [Read More]


Armand, M & Tarascon, J.M. (2008). Building better batteries. Nature. Volume 451. Retrieved

April 17, 2010 from


Battery power. (2010). Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC). Retrieved April 17. 2010 from
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Business Fashion Knockoffs Perils and

Words: 2829 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70879855

In this manner, a chain of custody could be established. if, say, Aldo's product had suddenly jumped from one step of the process to another, it might indicate that Aldo had not gone through the usual channels; had possibly stolen the idea, or copied it to a significant degree from Alexander McQueen. In either case, the designer could protect himself or herself by following the customary procedures of their marketplace.

Can Knockoffs Be Stopped?

ith so many ways to counterfeit designer fashion items like clothing, shoes, and handbags, and so few laws to prevent the actual production of pirated merchandise, stopping knockoffs would seem to be an almost impossible task. Nevertheless, knockoffs can be controlled if designers, retailers, and government authorities remain vigilant. As noted by American designers, merchandising is the key to the American design process. It is also the key to controlling the flow of counterfeit goods. hile…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brenner, Susan W., and Anthony C. Crescenzi. "State-Sponsored Crime: The Futility of the Economic Espionage Act." Houston Journal of International Law 28, no. 2 (2006): 389+.

Congress Considers Fashion's Copyrights." The Washington Times, 28 July 2006, C10.

Delener, Nejdet. "International Counterfeit Marketing: Success without Risk." Review of Business 21, no. 1 (2000): 16.
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Reverse Osmosis Applications in Microfiltration to Purify Water

Words: 618 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23538956


Microfiltration and reverse-osmosis are both used commonly in the purification of water. Combining microfiltration and reverse-osmosis can enhance the strengths of each method. In particular, microfiltration can be used prior to a reverse-osmosis system to create a higher quality, more purified final product. Moreover, the microfiltration as a pretreatment of the water extends the life of reverse-osmosis membranes. This paper addresses the background of both microfiltration and reverse-osmosis systems, before exploring current and future applications of the combined microfiltration and reverse-osmosis systems in water treatment.

Reverse-osmosis is a high-efficient technique for dewatering process streams, concentrating/separating low-molecular-weight substances in solution, or cleaning wastewater, (Reverse Osmosis, Nano, Ultra & Micro Filtration, n.d.). The name of the process describes what it entails: it reverses natural osmosis. Osmosis is the movement of water through a membrane, motivated by the search for equilibrium in the chemical potential. During the osmosis process, a solute would…… [Read More]

"Reverse Osmosis," (2012). GEA Filtration. Retrieved online:

"Reverse Osmosis, Nano, Ultra & Micro Filtration," (n.d.). GEA Filtration. Retrieved online:

Vial, D. & Doussau, G. (2003). The use of microfiltration membranes for seawater pre-treatment prior to reverse osmosis membranes. Desalination 153(1): 141-147.
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Big Can Sometimes Be Very

Words: 2895 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52528903

The first is that some nanotoxicological effects are the direct result of new nanotechnologies: There is a strong ethical argument that can be made that as humans develop new technologies we must also -- and as simultaneously as possible -- develop strategies to counter any detrimental effects of the new technologies. (This is a corollary of the second lesson of global warming.) This could also be seen as a sort of corollary of the Hippocratic Oath: If at first you can do no harm than as quickly as possible move to fix the harm that we as humans have caused.

ut there is another aspect of nanotoxicology that fascinates a number of job seekers, which is the fact that nanoparticles act in ways that cannot be easily predicted from larger particles. This makes nanotoxicology in many ways a complex new that needs a number of different types of workers in…… [Read More]


Bainbridge, William and Mihail Roco (Eds.) Managing Nano-Bio-Info-Cogno Innovations: Converging Technologies in Society. New York, Springer, 2006.

Barhard, Amanda. "Nanohazards: Knowledge Is Our First Defense." Nature Materials 5, pp. 245-8.

Berger, Michael. Toxicology - from coal mines to nanotechnology,             

Environmentalists are worried about the possible risk associated with Nanosilver,
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Methanol Fuel Cell Modeling Environmental

Words: 1420 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9382477

2003). This was achieved with a channel only 750W and 400H, and power output remained consistent despite tests using 2M, 4M, and 8M methanol solutions as fuels (Lu et al. 2003). This shows that temperature has a much higher influence on performance than fuel solution or rate.

A more recent and in many ways more innovative use of silicon materials, in combination with others, shows potential to further increase the efficacy and efficiency of micro direct methanol fuel cells. By utilizing high-aspect-ratio carbon nanotubes as fuel delivery and reaction area structures for either the cathode or anode end of a micro direct methanol fuel cell, the reaction area and thus the efficiency of the fuel cell can be greatly increased (Wu et al. 2008). Though this conclusion has yet to be borne out by direct observational evidence, initial experimentation has shown that these nanotubes can be controlled in their growth…… [Read More]


Kamitani, a. Morishita, S.; Kotaki, H.; Arscott, S. (2008). "Miniaturized microDMFC using silicon microsystems techniques: performances at low fuel flow rates." Journal of micromechanics and microengineering 18.

Lim, S.; Kim, S.; Kim, H.; Ahn, J; Han, H.; Shul, Y. (2006). "Effect of operation parameters on performance of micro direct methanol fuel cell fabricated on printed circuit board." Journal of power sources 161, pp. 27-33.

Lu, G.; Wang, C. Yen, T.: Zhnag, X. (2003). "Development and characterization of a silicon-based micro direct methanol fuel cell." Electrochimica Acta 49, pp. 821 -- 828.

Mench, M.; Wang, Z.; Bhatia, K.; Wnag, C. (2001). "Design of a micro direct methanol fuel cell." Proceedings of the IMECE'01 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE) New York, New York USA November 11-16, 2001.
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Mitigating the Effects of Emerging Water Pollutants

Words: 2538 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46682089

Contaminants in Drinking Water and Wastewater and Effects on Environment

Drinking water and wastewater contamination pose a significant threat to the public health sector. The contaminants affect the society in various ways, including causing diseases, developmental and growth problems. The causes of the problem are identifiable and can be managed by using the most applicable strategies. As such, necessities for the adoption of strategies that will help identify the contributing factors, results and adopt effective strategies that will prevent and reduce waterway pollution. Therefore, the research provides analysis on the effects, studies, and recommendations appropriate in reducing drinking water and wastewater contamination.


A number of chemicals play a significant role in influencing human activities of the daily living. They enable the development of new technologies and improve the standards and quality of life. Because of the widespread use of technology, chemicals enter the environment. Although, it is unintentional in…… [Read More]


Altaf, M.M., Masood, F., Malik, A., 2008. Impact of Long-Term Application of Treated Tannery Effluents on the Emergence of Resistance Traits in Rhizobium sp. Isolated from Trifolium alexandrinum. Turk J. Biol. 32, 1 -- 8

Bolong, N., Ismail, A.F., Salim, M.R., Matsuura, T., 2009. A review of the effects of emerging contaminants in wastewater and options for their removal. Desalination 239, 229 -- 246

Chen, M., Ohman, K., Metcalfe, C., Ikonomou, M.G., Amatya, P.L., Wilson, J., 2006. Pharmaceuticals and Endocrine Disruptors in Wastewater Treatment Effluents and in the Water Supply System. Water 41, 351 -- 364

Focazio, M.J., Kolpin, D.W., Barnes, K.K., Furlong, E.T., Meyer, M.T., Zaugg, S.D., Barber, L.B., Thurman, M.E., 2008. A national reconnaissance for pharmaceuticals and other organic wastewater contaminants in the United States -- II) Untreated drinking water sources. Sci. Total Environ. 402, 201 -- 216
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iPod Lifecycle at the Time

Words: 981 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23420471

They are also increasingly differentiated by features, such as thinness and shakeability. hile Apple engaged in both stretching and filling during the growth stage in order to build the market, they now appear more concerned with warding off competitors. The success of the iPod has not only driven revenues directly, but has also had the desired effect of improving computer sales. Mac laptop sales have increased 51% in 2007 and 38% in 2008; desktop sales increased 12% in 2007 and 37% in 2008.

At present, the iPod is unlikely to experience steep decline in the marketplace until it is eclipsed by new technology. The iPhone represents one such threat, but diffusion of that product will be at a slower pace than the iPod experienced, because of much more intense competition from cell phones and PDAs. However, iPods tend to last only a couple of years before consumers seek to upgrade…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fried, Ian. (2001). Apple's iPod Spurs Mixed Reactions. CNet. Retrieved December 20, 2008 at

Belson, Ken. (2005). As the iPod Stays Hot, it Risks Losing its Cool. New York Times. Retrieved December 20, 2008 at

Poeter, Damon. (2008). Apple's Jobs Looks, Hypes Thin at iPod Launch Channel Web. Retrieved December 20, 2008 at

Apple Computer 2008 Form 10-K. (2008). Retrieved December 20, 2008 at
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Countermeasures and Neutralization of Weapons

Words: 4042 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88212223

This when the Army must spread out its resources to engage threat WMDs and WMD networks. The concept applies to counterforce operations, sensors, protection, and training.

Leveraging new technologies. Many of the required capabilities presented in the strategy will be possible only through applications of new technology. The Army must leverage these new technologies.

Enhance training. Unit training is currently more flexible and quickly adaptive in comparison with institutional training. but, it often lacks valuable consistency and standardization.

Institutional training content updates, approval, and resourcing it is tied to processes too slow to remain current. Future training will prepare soldiers and leaders to exercise sound judgment in the analysis of data / information, understanding cultural impacts on operations and to act in periods of uncertainty.

These ideas are providing a background for implementing new technology and key strategies for improving the countermeasures and neutralization of WMDs. However, this research is…… [Read More]


"Disarmament." UN. (accessed January 30, 2013)

Michael, Vane, " Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction," U.S. Army, (accessed January 20, 2013).

Barry, Ezill. "Identifying Factors that Influence Terrorist Decisions." Journal of Homeland Security 1, no. 1, (2012): 1- 15.

Brookes, Peter. A Devil's Triangle. Lantham: Rowman, 2005.
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Influence of 2007 Economic Crisis on American Car Market

Words: 24230 Length: 88 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81822842

2007 Economic Crisis on American Car market

Effect of the 2008 global economic crisis on automotive industries

Crisis in the United States

Crisis in Canada

Crisis in ussia

Crisis in European markets

Crisis in Asian markets

Effects by other related crisis events

In this paper, we will review the effects of 2008 global automotive crisis. Our main focus will be on the American car manufacturers and the negative impact they suffered due to the crisis. We will also have a look at how this crisis had affected car manufacturers in other major markets around the world notably Europe, Canada and the prominent Asian markets such as China and India. Finally, we will look at some of the other factors which were important to this event namely the energy crisis since the cost of fuel is directly related to the car industry.


The automobile industry is a very important part…… [Read More]


Lee, C. (2003). Financial Liberalization and Economic Crisis in Asia. New York: Routledge.

Pempel, T.J. (1999). The Politics of Asian Economic Crisis. New York: Cornell University Press.

Arestis, P. (2001). What Global Economic Crisis? New York: Palgrave.

Liou, K.T. (2002). Managing Economic Development in Asia. Westport, CT: Praeger.
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Trends in the Provision of Health Sciences Information Resources

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52990908

Health Sciences Information esources

Ernst & Young (2001) describe the global health sciences marketplace as "a web created by pharmaceutical companies, biotech firms, eHealth companies, hospitals, physicians and other practitioners and medical device manufacturers" to name a few (p.1). This web or library of information is the wave of the future. Health sciences information libraries of the future will not just serve as global resources of health care information, but will rather serve as collaborative and interactive repositories where patients will be able to discover individualized treatment options and health care providers can collaborate on new biotechnological advances and discoveries.

The global health sciences marketplace and libraries are inexorably changing as technology is better enabling corporations, individuals and providers to provide services in new and faster ways. Trends developing within the industry that will affect health sciences libraries include providing health products and services that are delivered "Through integrated alliances"…… [Read More]


Aday, L.A., Begley, C.E., Lairson, D.R. & Slater, C.H. (1993). Evaluating the medical care system: Effectiveness, efficiency, and equity. Ann Arbor: Health Administration Press.

Anton, P.S., Schneider, J. & Silberglitt, R. (2001). The global technology revolution:

Bio/Nano/Materials trends and their synergies with information technology. Santa Monica: Rand.

Brook, R.H., Damber, C. & Ker, E.A. (1998). Health information systems: Design issues and analytic applications. Santa Monica: Rand.
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Analyzing the Information Management Phenomenon

Words: 1659 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89525650


Essential interdisciplinary team members, their roles and why the expertise of each team member is necessary

Electronic System Implementation Manager

The implementation manager is assigned to looking after a project's progress and its consequent completion. It shows the imperativeness of a manager, in absence of whom, a project can be postponed incessantly. The job description of a project manager entails the following:

a) Supervising the work-flow so as to maintain its deadline

b) Keeping a list of practice and retailer problems to be solved

c) Mapping out execution-based processes, such as hardware distributions

d) Assigning daily tasks to employees entailed in the work force

Apart from that, the implementation overlooks relaying of new information and updating the work-force.

Lead Nurse

An imperative constituent of work-force is the lead nurse, playing a pivotal role in nursing duties. The lead nurse is an experienced professional having an intricate knowledge of nursing…… [Read More]


ADSC. (2014, August 14). What Is Interoperability, and Why Is it Important? Retrieved from Advanced Data Systems Corporation:

Bajwa, M. (2014). Emerging 21st Century Medical Technologies. Pak J Med Sci, 30(3), 649-655.

Cavendish, R. (2001). The use of standardized language to describe abdominal pain. The Journal of School Nursing, 17(5), 266-273.

HealthIT. (2013). Capturing High Quality Electronic Health Records Data to Support Performance Improvement. Health Information Technology: Beacon.
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Hydrogen Fuel in the Later

Words: 826 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43643905

According to Dr. David Thompson, assistant professor in the Department of Chemistry at Memorial, long-term goal is to make fuel from sunlight, a field known artificial photosynthesis. The larger question revolves around whether a system can be designed to take captured solar energy and create molecules that can be utilized as fuels (Hester, 2007).

The general idea, of course, is that the Petroleum Era will be replaced by the Hydrogen Era. Because hydrogen is so prevalent in the universe, it will require only the technological acumen to harness this most abundant element in order to produce a clean, unlimited, reliable, and endless supply of power. Enough scientists believe in this technology that in January 2003, President G.W. Bush announced a $720 million commitment towards the development of hydrogen fuel ( Modern society has the technology to change behaviors, or at least the vision to develop this alternate paradigm, but perhaps…… [Read More]


Alternative Energy Institute 2006, "Powering Our Future: An Energy Sourcebook for

Sustainable Living." Cited in:

Gibilisco, S. (2006), Alternative Energy Demystified, McGraw
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Mechanical Alloying and the Milling

Words: 2371 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46962054

Although the precise mechanics involved remain unclear, it is likely that during this phase, the high defect boundaries serve as attractors for any imperfections that already existed in the crystal lattice and that the nanocrystals which are, by contrast, relatively defect -- free, become increasingly refined and near crystalline perfection.

3. The final step in the process involves random reorientations of the single-crystalline grains with regards to their neighboring grains. At the point where the grain structure achieves its limiting size (this size limit relates to the particles' crystal symmetry and the energy and amount of mechanical milling employed), the material become amenable to plastic deformation through grain boundary sliding. In fact, this type of deformation mechanism has been discerned in superplasticity in which a high diffusion rate stage is capable of accommodating such forces at any strain rate. esearchers have posited that in the case of the nanocrystalline, the…… [Read More]



Nickols-Richardson, Sharon M. 2008. "Nanotechnology: Applications and Implications

in Family and Consumer Sciences." Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences 100(2): 4-

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Graphene-Based Optical Surface Plasmon Resonance

Words: 1535 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80115453


Borislav, V., Goran, I. & ado, G. (2013). 'Localized surface plasmon resonances in graphene ribbon arrays for sensing of dielectric environment at infrared frequencies.' Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 113, pp. 013110 -013119.

Choi, S.H., Young, K.L. & Kyung, M.B. (2011, January 17). 'Graphene-on-silver substrates for sensitive surface plasmon resonance imaging biosensors.' Optics Express, vol. 19, no. 2,

pp. 458-467.

Fal, T.J. & Camley, .E. (2011, September). 'Non-reciprocal devices using attenuated total reflection and thin film magnetic layered structures.' Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 110, vol. 5, pp. 912-920.

Islam, M. & Kouzani, a.Z. (2011). 'Variable incidence angle localized surface plasmon resonance graphene biosensor.' Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE/ICCME May 22-25,

Harbin, China, 58-64.

Maharana, P.K. & Jha, . (2012). 'Chalcogenide prism and graphene multilayer-based surface plasmon resonance affinity biosensor for high performance.' Sensors and Actuators, B

vol. 169, pp. 161 -- 166.

Lee, J.L. (2009, November 7). 'Better…… [Read More]


Borislav, V., Goran, I. & Rado, G. (2013). 'Localized surface plasmon resonances in graphene ribbon arrays for sensing of dielectric environment at infrared frequencies.' Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 113, pp. 013110 -013119.

Choi, S.H., Young, K.L. & Kyung, M.B. (2011, January 17). 'Graphene-on-silver substrates for sensitive surface plasmon resonance imaging biosensors.' Optics Express, vol. 19, no. 2,

pp. 458-467.

Fal, T.J. & Camley, R.E. (2011, September). 'Non-reciprocal devices using attenuated total reflection and thin film magnetic layered structures.' Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 110, vol. 5, pp. 912-920.
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Prebiotic Potential of Chitosans Prebiotic

Words: 6463 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28944082


This teatment, albeit, does not poduce 100% chitosan, but basically poduces a mixtue of 10-15% chitin plus 85-90% pue chitosan, called "pue CC." In the U.S., chitosan constitutes a mixtue of appoximately7% chitin plus appoximately 93% chitosan. Outside of cost-effectiveness, the biological effects of chitin poduced fom each souce appeas identical. "Chitosan oligosacchaides (CO) takes chitosan a big step futhe," Matsunaga (2007 explains. "When CC is ingested, a small amount of it is boken down into vey small molecula paticles by the enzymes of the body, thus poducing CO. CO can also be manufactued by using an enzymatic pocess" (Matsunaga, as cited in Levine, p. 1). The body moe eadily absobs CO, although CO contains less fibe than egula CC.

In Case Histoy 1: Low Pulmonay (Lung) Function, Matsunaga (Levine, 2007) teats his fist patient, also his fathe, with the administation of CC. Pevious teatments had yielded no esults…… [Read More]

references and further reading you must purchase this article.

Lee, H., Park, Y., Jung, J. & Shin, W. (2003). Chitosan oligosaccharides, dp 2 -- 8, have prebiotic effect on the Bifidobacterium bifidium and Lactobacillus sp.

Elsevier Science Ltd. Retrieved November 2, 2009, from


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Apple in Brazil Always Apple

Words: 891 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88630604

S. (Diaz 2007).

Apple stores may have a slightly different 'spirit' as evidenced by the long-haired slinky girls and champagne in the opening of the Brazilian store, but that is only to honor Apple's emphasis on public relatability. The retail outlets all deploy the same product conception. Apple's first self-run stores in Brazil all stressed friendly, approachable customer service, and Apple also strove to implement its store-within-a-store concept in Brazil soon after the opening of the first store " (Malley 2008). The store-within-a-store concept allows Apple consumers to go to other technology or department stores and receive Apple support and buy Apple products at a booth or kiosk from a knowledgeable, trained company representative.

Apple's overall Latin American strategy overall has come under criticism for some time although its recent expansionist efforts in Brazil have drawn praise. Many nations in the region remain underserved. One Argentinean technology correspondent complained that…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Apple Brazil. (2009). Official Website. Retrieved February 9, 2009 at /br/

Apple Brazil: Apple Shop Paulista opens officially. (2009, August 8). Visual Media.

Retrieved February 9, 2009 at http://www.visual --

Diaz, Jesus. (2007). Apple to Latin America: We don't care about you. Gizmodo.
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Financial Analysis Apple Incorporated Is

Words: 896 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85124129

hus, today, if someone asked you whether they should invest in Apple, Inc., the answer would be "yes."

Appendix a Steve Jobs: CEO and Co-Founder

Steve Wozniak: Co-founder

imothy D. Cook: COO

Peter Oppenheimer, CFO

Philip W. Schiller: SVP of Marketing

Jonathan Ive: SVP of Industrial Design

ony Fadell: SVP of iPod

Ron Johnson: SVP of Retail

Sina amaddon: SVP of Applications

Bertrand Serlet: SVP of Software Engineering

Scott Forstall: Vice President of Platform Experience.

Appendix B

Mac Personal Computer System

Mac OSX and OSX server

Ipod and iunes

IPod Hi-Fi

Quick ime

ILife, iWork


Apple Remote Desktop


Final Cut Studio

Logic Pro

Apple V


Final Cut Studio

Cinema Display

Appendix C


Apple has seen new success as a result of its iPod music player, which has increased profits by $320 in the second quarter of June, 2005. he positive reviews of iPod has given the…… [Read More]

The most significant threat to Apple is the high level of competition that exists in the it industry.

Appendix D

Apple's earning and profits has continually increased since the year 2000. Fiscal years ending in 2005 and 2006 both saw significant increases in Apple's revenues. At the end of 2005, Apple's after tax income was $1,328 million, which was a 399.24% increase from the previous year. For the fiscal year ending in 2006, Apple's after tax income was $1,989 million, which represented another 49.7% increase. Apple's earning per share for the 2006 fiscal year was $2.27, whereas in the previous year it was $1.55 and the year before that only $00.36.
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Apple How a Company Comes

Words: 3512 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71559664

The Apple II computer was successfully launched and the company began to take shape and in 1980 the company went public and was able to produce more money than any company since Ford in 1956 (Thirty years of apple). When the company went public it also created more millionaires than had ever been created up to that point (Thirty years of apple).

There were several other computers that were released prior to 1984 when the Macintosh computer was released. By 1986 Wozniak left the company and in 1983 Steve Jobs had been ousted from the company (Thirty years of apple).

Charismatic leader of Apple Computer

Steve Jobs

Steve Jobs is known as one of the most charismatic and successful CEO's in the world. It has been asserted that "While Wozniak was the technical brains, Jobs was the idealist. He wanted his computers to be both technically and visually beautiful -…… [Read More]


Carlson H.J. Aug 2, 2006. "Business Decline: Sure Failure or Genuine Opportunity? Retrieved May 8, 2007 from;

Steve Jobs- the Silicon Valley Pioneer." Retrieved May 8, 2007 from;

Steve Jobs' Magic Kingdom.

Retrieved May 8, 2007 from;
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Marketing Overview of the Apple

Words: 1047 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52817918

The industry has a heavy exposure to the consumer electronics and cellular technologies, as these areas are already dominated by contract manufacturers who are looking to bring MP3 capabilities to these devices, especially cellular phones. All companies in this industry including Apple has seen some cannibalization of its products in recent times, as sales of some of its newly released products have an affect on sales of some of its more established MP3 products. Pervasively impacting Apple and its product positioning is the supply of raw materials continues to influence future product designs and production strategies, and is a potentially significant weakness if there is a disruption to memory or electronics. The fact that every music player on average generates $250 in incremental sales revenue of music is what sustains the entire industry today. There are signs however that this is reaching a saturation point, according to Credit Suisse, 2006.…… [Read More]


Apple, 2006 - Selected Annual Reports from Accessed on November 15, 2007: /investor/

Credit Suisse 2006 - iPod, How Big Can it Get? Credit Suisse Research. 23 May 2006.

Nike, 2006 - Your Workout May Be Killing Your iPod. Mac News World.Cassandra Bianco. Accessed from the Internet on November 15, 2007:
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Apple Computer Analysis the Business Environment That

Words: 2319 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60934437

Apple Computer Analysis

The business environment that is affected by the process of globalization determines companies to develop complex strategies. These strategies are intended to help companies improve their position on the market and increase their number of customers. Apple is one of the most successful companies on international level. However, this does not make it easier for the company to address the environmental factors in this business industry. Apple must make investments in reaching the high quality standards that the company established in this industry.

Therefore, it is important that Apple identifies the success factors that can help the company reach its objectives. In addition to this, the strategy must be flexible in order to be able to adapt to different environmental factors that influence its activity. This strategy must be developed in accordance with the company's objectives, but also with different market requirements.

Impact of the Company's Mission,…… [Read More]

Reference list:

1. Apple Corporate Information (2012). Apple. Retrieved September 5, 2012 from

2. Hill, C. & Jones, G. (2009). Strategic Management: An Integrated Approach. Cengage Learning. Retrieved September 6, 2012 from

3. Furrer, O. (2010). Corporate level Strategy: Theory and Applications. Retrieved September 6, 2012 from

4. John, K. & Makhija, A. (2011). International Corporate Governance. Retrieved September 6, 2012 from
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Marketing Hindi Films in the UK With Respect to the Indian Population There

Words: 7817 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19874446

viewer ship of Hindi Films with respect to the Non-Asian population in the UK

The Hindi film industry or the 'Bollywood' as it has been referred to have made a significant mark not only in the Indian society, but has had far reaching influence among Indians residing abroad. We shall concentrate on the Hindi films in the UK with respect to the resident Indian population. The United Kingdom alone accounts for about a sizeable Indian population. It is only natural that Bollywood movies find a thriving and a huge revenue generating market in there. Hindi films have made a long standing presence in the British cinema houses for close to about thirty years now. This in itself is a notable achievement. It not only indicates the huge 'desi' presence in the United Kingdom, but also highlights the huge market and enthusiasm for films 'manufactured in bollywood.'

In addition to the…… [Read More]


Bollywood Ending' Retrieved at Accessed on March 18, 2004

The Indian Media and Entertainment Industry: UK Film Council' Retrieved at Accessed on March 18, 2004

Bollywood: Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia' Retrieved at on March 18, 2004

Bollywood beyond Indian shores' Retrieved at . Accessed on March 18, 2004
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Ford and the World Auto

Words: 1285 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85235929

S. In sales and innovation and quantity will likely continue to dominate sales as consumers seek cheaper alternatives, either in fuel economy or sticker price, especially in the wake of a downturn of the U.S. economy. It is clear that in the wake of change, and especially growth of competitive systems profitably tends to decrease in all traditional markets. ("Japan's Car Giants Escape" NA)

4.hich companies are likely to be most successful over the next 5 years?

Emerging markets, i.e. foreign competitors are likely to be most profitable over the next five years and in second any existing corporation who has foreseen the massive changes in auto manufacturing and implemented effective and economical models. hen discussing emerging markets one must also consider the fact that the traditional auto industry (mainly in the U.S.) has been historically resistant to the development of ecofriendly autos, short of developing a scrap/recycling industry that…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bidwai, Praful. INDIA: "World's Cheapest Car Environmentally Costly," Jan 16, 2008

Brown, Lester R. "Planning for the Eco-Economy." USA Today (Society for the Advancement of Education) Mar. 2002: 31.

Ealey, Lance a., and Luis Troyano-Bermudez. "The Automotive Industry: A 30,000-Mile Checkup." The McKinsey Quarterly (2000): 72.

Japan's Car Giants Escape Domestic Woes with New Assault on U.S. Market." Sunday Business (London, England) 12 Jan. 2003: NA.
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Business Report - Apple Inc

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33701933

(Apple iPhone: Revolutionary Phone)

Revenue and Profit & Loss for 2005:

For the fiscal year 2005, Apple nc. earned revenue of $13.93 billion and a net profit of about $1.335 billion thereby showing an annual growth of 68% and 384% respectively. This represents the highest revenue on an annualized basis and net profit in the history of the company. (Apple Reports Fourth Quarter Results)

Company Location:

Apple nc. is headquartered at "1 nfinite Loop, Cupertino, CA 95014-2083, U.S." incorporated in the year 1976. t operates in every major country and location as stated in its website, nc. (Apple)

2) Competing in global markets:

Apple has an illustrious past of always making application of cutting edge technology, slick design and customer friendly software to break the usual lock jam in which our machines have the potential to perform some works, nevertheless the developers have not been able to see the…… [Read More]

Its latest iPhone displays a rare implementation of the ultra-modern features such as integrating contacts with the phone function. The simply outstanding feature Visual Voicemail lets one view on screen the complete. According to the CEO, Steve Jobs, the iPhone is the most excellent iPods the company has ever been able to make. As regards competing in the global markets is concerned, web browsing happens to be the point where the iPhone leaves competitors a whole generation behind. It actually performs the job of compressing the Internet on a palm sized machine. Apple has been working strongly at enchaining the inaugural version of the iPhone by inviting web-based applications for it iPhone. Even the people who never buy the product are going to benefit from its excellent features. Nevertheless, for all its virtues, the iPhone continue to be a still risky proposition as it is yet to be demonstrated that, regardless of the wow factor, a lot of people are prepared to shell out several thousands of dollars higher compared to the present rate for the phones. (at Last, the iPhone)

3) Personal insights and opinions on Apple Inc.:

Steve Jobs together with his high school friend Steven Wozniak developed the Apple I computer in 1976 which saw the birth of Apple computer. Following a slew of subsequent launches, Apple was able to launch the Macintosh or Mac which is a PC for $500. After that a series of Powerbooks and iBooks were launched including the iBook. At this point, Apple made a strategic shift towards digital music and video such as the iMovie and the iDVD. The company hoped making Mac the "Digital Hub" of the new Digital Lifestyle" which would refurbish the sales of Apple and assure its long-term security. In 2001, Apple launched the iPod which
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Business -- Apple Computers Strategic Analysis 2005

Words: 592 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36507788

Business -- Apple Computers Strategic Analysis 2005

Strengths and Opportunities

In 2005, Apple Computers experienced significant sales increases attributable to the earlier rollout of the iPod (obbins & Judge, 2009). The positive publicity and brand perception associated with that project also spilled over to its entire line of Macintosh computers, further bolstering sales revenue and corporate profits that year. The sales volume of virtually all Apple products increased after the introduction of the iPod, hitting $320 million in June of 2005 (obbins & Judge, 2009). In general, every successful Apple product has benefited brand recognition and perception and invigorated the sales of other product lines, even those not directly related to it. By the end of 2005, Apple had sold approximately 22 million iPod units and more than half a billion individual song downloads through its music store, iTunes (George & Jones, 2008).


Generally, there is also a potential…… [Read More]


Akin, G., Dunford, R., and Palmer, I. (2006). Managing Organizational Change: A Multiple Perspectives Approach. New York, NY: McGraw Hill.

George, J.M. And Jones, G.R. (2008). Understanding and Managing Organizational

Behavior. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Robbins, S.P. And Judge, T.A. (2009). Organizational Behavior. Upper Saddle River,
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Shale Gas Reservoirs Resource Estimation and Recoverable

Words: 1975 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3923023

Shale Gas eservoirs, esource Estimation and ecoverable Volumes

What is Shale Gas?

Shale gas is best described as rich in organic content and fine-grained (Bustin, 2006). Shale, is however a very broad term, and gas found in any reserve is trapped in the layers of sediment alternating between clastic and sandstone or carbonates. Shale usually denotes fissile mudstone containing mm scale laminations of >50% silts and clays below 1/16mm (1% TOC, high Si%, low clay %, >40m thick, >1000km2, >1km deep, gas window thermal maturity levels, low expulsion potential and have a natural fracture network (Jarvie et al. 2007; Bouhlel and Bryant 2012). Shales, however are very heterogeneous and hence every play needs independent methodologies and estimations. That makes replication of one successful attempt to another play difficult (Khattab 2012).

The analysis of systemic variations in the mudstone architecture is measured on the parasequence scale using Sequence stratigraphy (Passey et…… [Read More]


Advanced Resources International (ARI) (2011). World shale gas resources: an initial assessment of 14 regions outside the United States. Washington, DC: Advanced Resources International Inc.

Aplin, A.C. Fleet, A.J. & Macquaker, J.H.S. (1999). Muds and Mudstones: physical and fluid flow properties. Geol. Soc. Lon. Spec. Pub. Vol. 158, p.1-8.

Bouhlel, A.M. & Bryant, I. (2012). An Effective Approach to Unconventional Resource Exploration in the Middle East. SPE152455.

British Geographical Survey (BGS) (2013). The Carboniferous Bowland Shale gas study: geology and resource estimation. Department of Energy and Climate Change
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Apple Company History Apple Inc

Words: 964 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80798684

Apple is vey inteested in the selling pocess. As a consequence, Apple has made significant investments in pogams designed to impove eselle sales. One of these pogams is the Apple Sales Consultant Pogam. This pogam consists in placing Apple employees and contactos at selected thid-paty eselle locations.

The eason behind this stategy consists in the fact that Apple's manages conside that one of the key factos that sustain a successful geneal stategy is epesented by diect contact with tageted customes. This is a geat way fo Apple to pove the advantages of its poducts in compaison to the poducts of the company's competitos.

In ode to incease the numbe of customes, Apple stoes ae vey impotant. Regading the company's stoes, location is vey impotant Apple stoes can be found in high taffic locations, quality shopping malls, and uban shopping disticts.

The company's poduct line is consisted of the following categoies:…… [Read More]

references are constantly changing, developing, and expanding. Therefore, the products they want to buy must also change, develop, and expand.

Also, the company is investing in opening new stores in several geographic areas. This is one of the most important parts of Apple's strategy. By increasing the number of stores and by expanding the geographical area, Apple manages to increase its number of customers.

Reference List

Apple Inc. (2009). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved March 3, 2009 at

Annual Report (2008). Apple Inc. Retrieved March 3, 2009 at /investor/.
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Apple Inc Apple Was Founded

Words: 978 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68424773

Given the monopoly of Microsoft on the IT market, Apple needs to implement highly attractive promotional strategies. For instance, given that Apple software runs on Linux operating system, the company freely distributes compact discs containing Linux and other similar versions such as Ubuntu. Those who desire to possess these CDs will register online and within one week they will receive the products at their residence.

Another issue regarding Apple's marketing mix regards the distribution and selling of the products. The producer sells their products within their own retail stores as well as within other IT specialized stores. In addition to retail stores, Apple also distributes their products towards the final customers throughout the Internet and specialized magazines. In the case of specialized magazines, the reader of an IT magazine can place an order with the aid of an order coupon in the magazine and have the products delivered to their…… [Read More]


Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, November 2006, Apple Inc., article was last modified on November 5, 2006,,last accessed on November 6, 2006

Myers, B.A., August 2005, Unix, Windows, Macintosh, Computer Almanac, Interesting and Useful Numbers About Computers, last accessed on November 6, 2006 The Official Web Site of Apple Computer, 2006, /,last accessed on November 6, 2006 Yahoo! Finance, November 3, 2006, Apple Computer Inc. (AAPL), Key Statistics,, last accessed on November 6, 2006

Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, November 2006, Apple Inc., User Culture

Myers, B.A., August 2005, Unix, Windows, Macintosh, Computer Almanac, Interesting and Useful Numbers About Computers
View Full Essay

Incandescent Light Bulb in Order

Words: 716 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75194441

Success, according to ogers, will depend on its complexity or simplicity and on its trialability, namely on how easily the innovation may be experimented with as it is being adopted and on how easy it is for the user to use and adopt. If it is too intimidating and too unfamiliar, the innovation may not catch on as expected.

3. Apple Inc. kicks off 2008 with bold new innovations

In 2007, Apple achieved a smashing year with its barrage of innovations to the extent that it was named one of the top 20 innovators of the Innovation Index. Amongst other products, it produced the MacTops laptop, the iPod touch, and video-playing iPod nano digital media player. It did so by focusing on its consumers - teenagers and young adults -and appreciating their needs whilst maintaining its reputation of energetic, unbridled innovator. Here we see various lessons that include "elative Advantage"…… [Read More]


Dalal, S. (2008) Apple Inc. kicks off 2008 with bold new innovations 

IPod- Apple's best innovation

Independa (2010). Take one tablet and it will call me in the morning

Mouzoon, N. (2011) A brighter idea the story of five regulations that spurred innovation
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Tablet the 50 Aakash Tablet

Words: 635 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87081636

They are Canadian, so dealing in Canada and the U.S. is easy for them. Only Venezuela would have represented a challenge. Arguably, with a socialist government in place there, the degree of difficulty is higher than in Colombia. However, modest success in Venezuela is a small sample size from which to gauge the ability of the company to sell the Aakash in Colombia.

Another point to take into consideration is that the Aakash is a new product. Data ind has not even sold it in India, or has just begun to in the past few days. hile there is considerable buzz about the product in the estern media, this does not necessarily translate into a successful product, as the Tata Nano experience indicates (The Economist, 2011).

Overall, Data ind's international experience is hard to gauge because of the small sample size. The company has operated internationally, including both marketing and…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Gregory, S. (2004). Biz briefs: Web on the run. Time Magazine. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from,9171,1009665,00.html

Kurup, S. (2011). We want to target the billion Indians who are cut off. India Times. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from 

The Economist. (2011). Stuck in low gear. The Economist. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from  

Timmons, H. (2011). Aiming for the other one billion. New York Times. Retrieved November 27, 2011 from
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Aircraft Corrosion Control Corrosion Is

Words: 1195 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91095193

[Gerhardus H. Koch] AFCPCO experts expect that the application of research knowledge in design and manufacturing phase of the aircraft production would reduce corrosion related maintenance expenditure by around 40% ($320 million). [Daniel E. ullock]

Corrosion Control by Coating

Using appropriate coating methods, galvanic corrosion of metal surfaces can be avoided. For example titanium surfaces are plated with cadmium and primed before they are attached to aluminum surfaces. The aluminum alloy surface is typically coated with corrosion inhibiting primers such as Skydrol-resistant epoxies. efore applying the coating the surface is anodized using phosphoric acid anodizer. [Gerhardus H. Koch] the most poplar method of corrosion prevention however is the use of chromate surface treatments of the aluminum structures. Using hexavalent-chromium compounds for surface coating is however an environmentally unsound practice as chromium is well-known as a highly toxic and carcinogenic agent. The U.S. air force has done extensive research to find…… [Read More]


Maj Daniel E. Bullock and Mr. Timothy Anderl, " Air Force Experts Fight the Good Fight Against Corrosion to Maintain Mission Readiness," Accessed on 24th Oct 2004,

Gerhardus H. Koch, PH.D., "Corrosion control and Prevention," Accessed on 24th Oct 2004,

Donley, M.S, a.J. Vreugdenhil and V.N. Balbyshev, "Nanostructured Silicon Sol-Gel Surface Treatments for Al 2024-T3 Protection," the Journal of Coatings Technology; 4/1/2001

Kennedy, Harold, "U.S. Navy Struggles to Keep its aging Aircraft Fleet Flying,"
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Music Recording Industry Bruce Springsteen

Words: 666 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32611099

Furthermore, Live Nation would have a great advantage in advising and guiding Springsteen regarding his career and recordings. Since the company handles all aspects of the artist's career and has a great chance of benefiting from everything the artist does, it also has a long-term perspective and interest in developing the artist's career.

Springsteen has been widely advised to sign the ten-year deal with Live Nation in order to avoid the difficulties and costs associated with self-marketing. However, this deal is not the most suitable because Springsteen already has a huge and loyal fan base and would therefore have fewer challenges in marketing his album. Secondly, Springsteen will also lose creative control since creative decisions are not left entirely on the artist's hand since the partner has too much at stake. While he stands a chance to receive a lot of money up front in this deal, he will significantly…… [Read More]


Byrne, D. (2008, January 16). David Byrne's Survival Strategies for Emerging Artists -- and Megastars. Retrieved September 13, 2011, from

"The Current State of the Music Industry." (2010, March 31). DIO: Do It Ourselves. Retrieved September 13, 2011, from