Necklace Essays (Examples)

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Irony in Two Short Stories

Words: 1177 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48802790

She also learns, too late, that the jewels and the life she coveted so long ago was a sham. Hence, the symbolic nature of the necklace itself -- although it appears to have great value, it is in fact only real in appearance, not in reality and the heroine is incapable of assessing the false necklace's true worth.

The tale of "The Necklace" conveys the moral that what is real, the replacement she returned to Madame Forstier, can be won not with beauty but with hard work, sweat, and toil. Like "The Tell-Tale Heart," "The Necklace" revolves around the use of irony and a single, symbolic element, exemplified in the title object that works throughout the tale, using the literary device of irony, to reveal the protagonist's moral character. That final revelation engineered by the title object makes the story compelling, even if both protagonists may seem morally repugnant. The…… [Read More]

Works Cited de Maupassant, Guy. "The Necklace." Classic Short Stories. 28 Jun 2008.  de Maupassant, Guy. "A Piece of String." Classic Short Stories. 28 Jun 2008. 

Poe, Edgar Allen. "The Tell-Tale Heart." The Online Literature Library.

28 Jun 2008.
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Etsy com Listing 97212322 African-primitive-ethnic-jewelry Is an African Post-Colonial Piece of

Words: 1707 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21382195

is an African post-colonial piece of jewelry that is both post-colonial and also possesses gender and class implications.

One can see this piece of jewelry as being either Mother-Earth, Mother-Universe or Female Guardian Orisha. It has definite gender -- based connotations with a maternal warmth and sympathy emanating form the image. At the same time is authentic primitive African art and is also class-based since its origins are tribal and would expect a certain lower class of Africans to more likely wear this piece than the upper class. Its connotations, too -- since this is a fertility goddess -- are of people who desire to have children or who have suffered loss in childbirth. This has often been the case of the 'regular African folk -- the lower class -- who due to hardships of regular life have often lost children during or after birth as well as in…… [Read More]


Eeden, JV (2006) Land Rover and colonial style adventure. Int. Fem. Journal of Polictis, 8, 343-369

Etsy African Primitive Ethnic Jewelry, Beautiful, Spiritual Copper or Bronze Pendant

Mbembe, A. (nd) Afropolitanism
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French Literature

Words: 753 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55952484

La Parure "The Necklace" by Maupassant

French author Guy de Maupassant is considered one of the greatest French short story writers. Maupassant wrote more than 300 short stories, six novels and three travel books until in 1891, when he went mad. Maupassant's tales were dark and ironic, he portrayed the bourgeoisie life of Paris and his characters were unhappy victims of their greed, desire or vanity. What was most remarkable was Maupassant's style, he was a master of his skill, and he had a highly controlled style marked by objectivity and with sheer irony and comedy. His stories were usually about simple episodes of everyday life, which revealed hidden sides of people.

La Parure (The Necklace) is one of the celebrated works of Maupassant, a short story filled with irony and dark humor with implicit philosophical message that 'pride goeth before a fall' and the fact that pride always brings…… [Read More]


Bernardo, Karen. Guy de Maupassant's "The Necklace" 2000 at

Maupassant, Guy de. The Necklace and Other Short Stories (Dover Thrift Editions), Dover Pubns; (February 1992).
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Dawn of Civilization the Battle

Words: 1699 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77966802

Is there such a thing as retribution, though -- or at least does evil ever regret its actions. As the story ends, Misfit seems to be thinking about goodness and probably thinking that evil is not the answer to the problems in his life. At the end of the story Misfit regrets killing Grandma, and says that "she would have been a good woman if it had been somebody there to shoot her every minute of her life." Everyone has evil inside them; sometimes we see only good or only evil; but the battle exists on various planes in a regular, almost evolutionary manner -- the conflict is what drives humans forward. What are these consequences, though? If Mme. Loisel would not have been so determined to rise above her station and show off, or if she had been more honest and less presumptive, she would not have spent a…… [Read More]


Gretlund. J.,, eds. Flannery O'Connor's Radical Reality. University of South

Carolina Press.
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Marketing Plan for Glisten & Shine Glisten

Words: 4624 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62257352

Marketing Plan for Glisten & Shine

Glisten & Shine is jewelry and accessories-based company and shall be providing a variety of jewelry items such as necklaces, earrings, rings made from special customized gems, and later on would be diversifying its product line into bracelets, cufflinks, tie-pins, jewelry hair-pins and hair accessories, belts etc.

G&S's jewelry will be special as the customer will be able to re-use it over and over again and dye and re-dye it to suit his requirements, without spoiling the natural look. For making our product eye catching, we will make use of semi-precious, transparent and/or opaque crystal gemstone that will be coated with a special paste providing a natural precious look to the gemstones.

Glisten & Shine provides a unique product concept in a relatively maturing jewelry industry. This will give us an edge because customers are in that stage where they want something trendy as…… [Read More]


Amine, Lyn S.; Magnusson, Peter (2007). Cost-Benefit Models of Stakeholders in the Global Counterfeiting Industry and Marketing Response Strategies. . Multinational Business Review (St. Louis University), Vol. 15 Issue 2, p63-85. 23p.

Brassington, Frances & Pettitt, Stephen (2008). Principles of marketing, 4th edition, England, Pearson Education.

Findlay, Stephanie (2010). Jewelry for the masses, Vol. 123 Issue 25/26, p60-60. 3/5p.

Kay, Mark J (2010). Marketing and the Effects of Recessions. Phi Kappa Phi Forum, Vol. 90 Issue 2, p18-19. 2p.
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Sofia Coppola's Film Marie Antoinette

Words: 1548 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72522016

" It is something that the film, in showing Marie's response to gossip in the news about her, refutes. She also refutes having said, "Let them eat cake," saying, "I wouldn't have said that." However, that is the most likely response a young woman who did not realize the citizens being out of bread meant they were starving, and who, herself would have replaced a shortage of bread with a cake, would have logically said.

Coppola's film is a commitment to portraying the character and personality of the Queen, not the stories, rumors, or to engage in debate about conspiracies. Perhaps that is why Coppola does not go into the details or depict the beheading of the Queen.

orks Cited

Coppola, S., (dir.), 2006, Marie Antoinette, Motion Picture, Columbia Pictures

Corporation, USA.

Grubin, D., (dir), 2006, PBS, Marie Antoinette, Documentary Film, David Grubin

Productions, USA/France.

The Birth of Marie Antoinette:…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Coppola, S., (dir.), 2006, Marie Antoinette, Motion Picture, Columbia Pictures

Corporation, USA.

Grubin, D., (dir), 2006, PBS, Marie Antoinette, Documentary Film, David Grubin

Productions, USA/France.
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Exploitation of Native American Garbs in Fashion

Words: 1929 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73350279


The misappropriation of Native American imagery, iconography, cultural ideology, and fashion is nothing new. After all, a slew of professional sports teams continue to run with Indian names and logos in spite of the controversy in doing so. A few sports teams, like the Atlanta Braves Major League Baseball franchise, boast insidious "tomahawk" chants during their games.

The latest trend in Native misappropriation is not much more tasteful than a Cleveland Indians jersey in the fashion world. Several manifestations of the disturbing trend have emerged in consumer culture. One is that commercial manufacturers Forever 21 and Urban Outfitters have been selling lines of clothing and jewelry that is culturally insensitive as well as illegal. A second trend, exposed by bloggers around the Internet, is the lewd use of Native-style feathered headdresses. These recent trends are highly disturbing in that consumers by now ought to know better. Especially hipsters, a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Chief Pendant Necklace. WTForever21. Blog. Retrieved:

Kane, Rachel. "Forever 21 Sells Faux Native American Items in Their Columbus Day Sale." Huffington Post. October 10, 2011. Retrieved online: 

"Native American culture shouldn't be appropriated for fashion." Turn the Page. Oct 29, 2011. Retrieved online:

Native Threads. Website:
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Auto Repair Car Repair Is the Process

Words: 1364 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26923093

Auto epair

Car repair is the process of diagnosing the car problem to identify the fault within the car. While the cars manufactured before 2000 requires special tools to be repaired, however, the computer technology has been increasingly used to diagnose and repair many newly manufactured cars. Before mechanics start the repairing of cars, they often quote the prices for customers before starting the repairing work. To repair the car, mechanic uses both electronic methods to gather data in order to replace the faulty materials in the vehicle. A mechanic diagnoses the car and identifies the problem within the car before starting the repairing work. There are two approaches used to diagnose a faulty car:

Use of a repair manual

elying on one's analysis

Use of computer technology

A repair manual is a book that assists an auto mechanic to identify the problems within a car. The repair manual consists…… [Read More]


Alberta Canada (2012). General Practitioners and Family Physicians. Government of Alberta. Canada.

Armenia Development Agency (2010). Jewelry and Gemstone Overview. Armenia.

Hoover's (2012). Jewelry Stores Industry Description. Hoover's Inc.

MedicineNet (2012).Optometrist vs. Ophthalmologist, Do You Know The Difference. USA.
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Editing Work I Chose to Base My

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76757810

Editing Work

chose to base my studies on J. because we shared a lot in common; we are both Christians living in a predominantly Muslim country. He is eleven years old. His parents are Jordan nationals who have lived in Bahrain for at least two years. J goes to school at Naseem nternational School where work. The school offers PYP programs. Lessons are conducted in English; however, Arabic lessons are also offered per week. Majority of kids in this school are Muslims most of whom are Bahrainis. Other nationalities making the student population are Saudis, Lebanese, Jordanians, few South Africans, and other Arabian Gulf countries. Teachers are a mixture of nationalities. Some of them are Arabs, others South Africans, while some are Europeans.

Different research methodologies were used to collect information on J's school progress and behavior. Some of the methodologies used were, to mention but a few, unstructured interviews,…… [Read More]

In an unstructured interview with his IT teacher on 16th November, 2012, that lasted 30 minutes, the teacher reiterated that J. had social problems that apparently made him unpopular with other students especially student S. The student created a lot of problems for J. during IT lessons. S repeated virtually everything that J. said in an insulting manner. He only has one physically small boy as a friend in the entire I.T class. The teacher had no problems with his behavior or performance in his lesson.

In an unstructured interview with Ms. Y, the school counselor, in her office on 18th November that lasted for 30 minutes, she pointed out that J. was a sensitive well mannered child who stuck to agreements he made. She maintained that J. was always on the receiving end because his classmates, who are predominantly Bahrainis, are naturally provocative while J. was not aggressive. She made such observation based on an incident when during break time play student S. violently pushed a necklace out of J's hand. This provoked J. into pushing student S. away. When the two of them were called into the counselor's office, student S. brought a fake witness to support his case. The witness claimed that J. provoked S. into a fight. Student S. claimed that he just tripped by mistake and this made the necklace to drop. The fake witness made it difficult for Ms. Y to defend J. despite the fact that she knew that it was not J's fault. She observed that J. is very clever and quiet and that's why he was provoked quite often. She affirmative that J. situation was aggravated by the fact that he was a Christian learning in a Muslim school, sentiments that J's father also believed in. She also pointed out that J. was provoked by his fellow students because he was not a Bahraini.

In another interview with Ms. Y on 2nd December, 2012, she opined that M, B,
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Rembrandt vs Kahlo

Words: 934 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10412146

Kahlo v. Rembrandt before referencing

Rembrandt and Kahlo -- a comparative and contrasting study of two self-portraits

Both Rembrandt van Rijn and Frida Kahlo were artists who redefined the subject matter and style of painting for their respective generations. Although profoundly different in their sensibilities, historical circumstances, and personalities, both of these artists tackled the difficult task of fashioning an image of themselves upon canvas. Rembrandt, in fact, was particularly famous for painting and repainting his image, at different junctures of his life (Martin & Jacobus 93). Rembrandt's 1659 oil canvas entitled simply "Self-Portrait" is characteristic of the unadorned, spare style of portraiture that defined this Dutch artist's realistic style. In contrast, the Mexican artist Frida Kahlo's oil-on-masonite "Self-Portrait with Thorn Necklace and Hummingbird" of 1940 is a surrealist flight of fancy that aims to create a psychic, rather than a literal self-portrait.

Rembrandt's desire to focus the gazer's eye…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Martin, F. David & Lee A. Jacobus. The Humanities through the Arts. 7th Edition. Pp. 93-95
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We Can but Should

Words: 932 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44744325

Health Information & QR Codes

asic medical information and medical history is critical in case of medical emergencies. If first responders do not have that information patients can be put at risk for medication reactions, medical complications, and treatment processes can take longer as healthcare providers are left to explore the patient's condition in the dark. When the medical information is non-attainable, patients can also be put at risk for death in cases of coronary and heart health issues. QR codes are scanned by smartphone or mobile phones containing camera software that link to a website URL to retrieve basic medical information that is used to get the patient help.

ERMedStat (Harrington, 2012) is a company that uses QR codes and smartphones to provide first responders with basic medical history. The information contains blood type, emergency contacts, allergic reactions, medical complications, and a list of medications. The company does not…… [Read More]


Harrington, C. (2012, Mar 7). Maryville company uses QR codes to share medical histories in emergencies. Retrieved from

How it Works. (n.d.). Retrieved from Lifesquare:

Staff, T.N. (2012, Sep 26). New QR Codes Tell Paramedics Your Medical Info. Retrieved from Tech News Daily:
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Should Religious Symbols Be Worn in Schools

Words: 1516 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48705713

Religious Symbols be worn in Schools?

Many parents and students were confused, when a school district in Nebraska stopped a 12 years old girl, Elizabeth Carey from wearing a necklace because it resembled a rosary. Rev. Joseph Taphorn said to press that "One ought to be able to figure out whether she's trying to promote a gang," he added. "If she's not, why would she be punished for her right of religious freedom and religious expression? (Haynes)"

Symbols are the powerful source of meaning and ideas. They have different meanings in different religions and are considered very important by the religious individuals and communities. The religious symbols also have a very close connection with the identity of a religion. The individuals believe their identity to be strongly connected with the symbols; therefore preserving these symbols is very important in their daily lives (Renteln 1575). Unfortunately, the United States of America,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ash. The Ban on Religious Symbols in Public Schools. Darkness Embraced. 2007. Published Aug 3,

2007. Retrieved Dec 10, 2012.

Clark, Matthew. Victories: Students can wear religious symbols to School. American Centre for Law and Justice. 2011. Published Dec 16, 2011. Retrieved Dec 10, 2012.
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Neanderthal Cultural Complexity

Words: 5339 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53358908

Glimpse into Neanderthal Culture

hen one thinks of the Humanoid genus Homo Sapiens neanderthalensis (HSN) they picture a very primitive creature, simplistic in nature with few social complexities. However, upon close examination of several Neanderthan archeological sites, one will find the Neanderthal man had all of the necessary elements for the beginning of the formation of modern society. It was once thought that these elements were only present after Neanderthan culture after contact with Home Sapiens (HSS). However, evidence now exists that suggests that Neanderthals were already well on their way to developing a formal, but rudimentary, culture well before contact with HSS. This research will examine these findings using evidence gathered from the Petralona, Larga Velhol, St. Cesaire, Shanidar, and Arago sites. This research will support the thesis that Neanderthals had the beginnings of an advanced society prior to contact with Home Sapiens and that the disappearance of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bednarik, R.G. (1992). Palaeoart and archaeological myths. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 2(1): 27-43.

Chase, P. And Dibble, H (1987). Middle Paleolithic symbolism: a review of current evidence and interpretations. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 6:263-296.

A d'Errico, F. et al. (1998) "Neanderthal Acculturation in Western Europe? Current Anthropology, Supplement, 39:1-44, p. 3 in Morton, G. (1998) Neanderthan Culture. Internet Discussion. September 7, 1998. Accessed July, 2003.

Fagan, B. (1990) The Journey From Eden, (London: Thames and Hudson) in Morton, G. (1998) Neanderthan Culture. Internet Discussion. September 7, 1998. Accessed July, 2003.
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Ripening of Age the Short

Words: 7517 Length: 24 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87256169

This sentence, although it talks about bowels, is really describing the mother's love of the baby.

This story is written like a detective story. It is very difficult to determine which woman is telling the truth and to determine if King Solomon is actually a bad person or a good person. It does not give the names of the women. They are simple referred to as one woman and the other woman. It does say that they were "harlots," but it does not give any background information about who the women are or how they got involved in this argument. They were simply two women in the same place that had babies at the same time.

Also, it is not clear to the reader rather King Solomon is a bad person or a good person. He does propose to slay the baby and divide it into two half to settle…… [Read More]

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Ethical Situation Asked by Friends to Overlook

Words: 662 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68331700

Ethical Situation

Asked by Friends to Overlook Shoplifting in a Store

Like many students, to supplement my income I worked in a jewelry store in a local mall. The store did exceptionally good business during the holiday season with many married couples choosing to get their wedding bands just before the holidays or right after. There was often a rush of customers during the big sales the Friday after Thanksgiving and throughout the holiday season which unfortunately met more customers would try to walk out with expensive merchandise without first paying. One of my friends came into the store and asked to see a gold necklace worth over $500. It was 14K gold and had a very unique design which made it immediately recognizable. My friend wanted to get it for his girlfriend, but did not have the money. Their efforts to get the necklace made me face a very…… [Read More]

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Lives That Have Been Regretfully Lived It

Words: 899 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92005921

lives that have been regretfully lived. It seems as if each of the four main characters offer the reader a glance into the looking glass of life as seen from the perspective of loss. The characters; DeMaupassant's Madame Loisel, Faulkner's Emily, Porter's Granny and Welty's Jackson are woman harboring secrets that have so drastically changed their respective lives that it encourages the reader to contemplate the complete ironies of life, especially if the reader's life has also seen similar circumstances. These lady's stories speak to the heart of what many woman struggle to hide and begs the question "have I made the right choice?" Yet it also seems that the choices made by these each of these ladies is a choice that has been forced upon them due to the circumstances at the time the choices were made,

For example, Madame Loisel has always "had no clothes, no jewels, nothing"…… [Read More]

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ELL Writing Sample Analysis Instruction

Words: 2999 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2564198

The student jumps from one tense to another in the space of two sentences, revealing a discussion which is largely uncertain of its own chronology. Naturally, this makes the work a very unclear experience for the reader such as in the pair of sentences in the second paragraph, which declare that "A few days later 'This alarms the Crows.' Father Crows discussed the matter with the other animals that live in the banyan tree." Again, only with respect to tense changes, the pattern of error in this sentence jumps from present tense (alarms), to past tense (discussed) and then back to present (live). These examples all come from the first few sentences of the essay, and are consistently observable throughout, indicating that verb conjugation is an area of particular need for this student where written expression in concerned.

Other issues that are often encountered by ELL students will concern the…… [Read More]


Christensen, L. (2003). The Politics of Correction: How We Can Nurture Students In Their Writing. The Quarterly, 25(4).

Manley, J. (1988). Telling lies efficiently: terminology and the microstructure in the bilingual dictionary. in: Jensen Hyldgaard (ed.), 281-302.
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Art Analysis of an Advertisement

Words: 1485 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47944622

The traditional estern woman would not wear the mark of the warrior, the war paint, or other decorative markings. but, in the idealized world of the advertisement, a woman can as well be a warrior for a cause, as man a soldier for that in which he believes. As well, gender is used to contrast the softness and over-refinement of a highly technological and industrial world with the rigors of everyday life in the African environment. Here also, the message is that traditional gender roles must be abandoned if we are to become one; if we are to recognize our genuine and universal heritage. This heritage is symbolized by the naked purity of the African tope.

An Ideological Description:

Beyond its gendered and Eurocentric vs. Afrocentric text, the advertisement carries a very powerful subtext about the need for all of us to recognize our "Africanness." Gwyneth Paltrow is a estern…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Boehm, Christopher. Hierarchy in the Forest: The Evolution of Egalitarian Behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

From the Tour: Titian and the Late Renaissance in Venice." The Collection, National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art, 2006. URL: .
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Impressions of War the Most

Words: 6472 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55535844

" There is a more calm feeling to his description. This is not to say that the author was portraying war as being a patriotic act, but the author was not as graphical in his describing what the soldiers were seeing and going through. The reader is more connected to the actions of the poem and not the fact that someone is dying. He ends his poem by referencing "hell" and the reader is left wondering whether the hell that he is referring to the war that is being left behind, or to dying itself.

3) Rites of Passage Activity

In speaking to my grandmother, I was able to find out what it was that she took when she first left her home. At the age of sixteen, she was married to my grandfather and was getting ready to start her knew life as a wife and very soon, as…… [Read More]

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Gold Jewelry -- a History

Words: 4599 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27102103

ecause is easily shaped, these above-mentioned items were made to form by a skilled craftsman's hammer and by casting; gold was engraved and embossed; gold was used in granule form for decorative purposes; gold was pounded into thin sheets for "covering furniture, wooden coffins… for plating copper and silver and for cutting into thin strips to make wire" (Lukas, 264).

Lukas explains that he measured several specimens of sheet gold (actually gold foil) and those items varied from 0.17 mm to 0.54 mm in thickness; he also measured the leaf gold and it ran from 0.01 mm to 0.09 mm. These measures clearly show the talent of ancient Egyptian craftsmen, who were using tools that compared with today's technological sophistication were quite crude, and yet showed remarkable skill in producing what they did.

Ancient Egyptians -- men and women -- loved jewelry, according to professor Eric Cline from George Washington…… [Read More]


Cline, Eric H., and Rubalcaba, Jill. 2005, The Ancient Egyptian World. Oxford University Press: New York.

Corti, Christopher, and Holliday, Richard, 2009, Gold: Science and Applications. CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL. 2008, 'International World History Project / The Scythians', retrieved August 5, 2011, from .

Holmes, Frank. 2011, 'Jewelry drives up demand for gold', The Christian Science Monitor, Retrieved August 5, 2011, from .
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Anna & Jim Script Anna

Words: 1470 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70988903

Thank you, darling. I'll wear it all the time.


You better. it's the Key to my Heart.

They kiss across the table.


How would you feel about meeting my parents?




My mother wants you to come for dinner tomorrow night and we'll go on a trip with them to the cottage, maybe go out on the boat. Daddy thought we'd go to the casino Saturday night.

Sound like fun?

JIM nods)

Anna, do they know I'm black?

ANNA haven't told them. it's not that I'm avoiding it, but it's just so meaningless. I'm sure they're going to be all right with it.


What makes you think so?


They've always had black friends who came to the house. I've never known either one of them to make a slur or tell a racial joke. Daddy contributes to the N-double-ACP.


And that's gonna make…… [Read More]

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Contract Modification -- the Situation Involves a

Words: 559 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72301047

Contract Modification -- The situation involves a buyer, Tabor, and a seller, Martin. The two enter into a contract to deliver 50 file cabinets at $40/cabinet in five equal installments, or 10 cabinets per delivery for $400. After two deliveries, Martin tells Tabor that inflation has caused costs to increase and he can only deliver the remaining 30 cabinets if Tabor pays $50. Tabor agrees in writing. Can Martin legally collect the additional fees? The answer is dependent upon the wording of the initial contract and whether Tabor's agreement in writing makes the agreement part of the contract or if Martin is in breach of the original contract and Tabor only agreed to the new price to ensure delivery of his needed items. If there are no price adjustments in the original contract, then Martin cannot legally force Tabor to pay anything more than the agreed upon price. If he…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Contract Obligations. (2010). Legal Match. Retrieved from: http://www.legalmatch .com/law-library/article/contract-obligations.html

Introduction to Contracts and Consideration. (2012). National Paralegal College. Retrieved from: / courseware_asp_files/contracts/Consideration/IntroductionAndConsideration.asp

Read This Before Entering Into A Contract Intoxicated. (2012). Contract Law. Retrieved from:   

Who Lacks the Capacity to Contract? (2011). NOLO Law for All. Retrieved from:
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Autobiography of My Mother the

Words: 718 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40094510

The example Xuela sees of womanhood, and the one she later repeats, is one of jealousy and spite. At one point, this step-mother even tries to kill Xuela with a necklace, piece of jewelry. This is another example of femininity -- this time in the form of a feminine object, the necklace -- being used in a destructive way. Xuela so identifies with this picture of women that she repeats the behavior without even understanding why, such as when she seduces her step-sister's lover or sleeps with other women's husbands.

Eventually, Xuela marries a rich white man who loves her, and she uses this love to make fun of him and control her world. This is the only way she has been taught to be a woman. She has almost all of the traditional negative "feminine" traits, such as jealousy, manipulation, and selfishness, but none of the good qualities. She…… [Read More]

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Satyajit Ray's Pather Panchali the

Words: 3990 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42297430

Ray also believed that Hollywood presented a world that was completely foreign and at odds with the reality of life in India. hy, then, had so many previous Indian filmmakers attempted to copy the Hollywood style? The result could only be failure. It was for this reason that Ray decided to turn his back on the Hollywood aesthetic altogether - and the result was Pather Panchali. Rather than the stylistic gloss that Hollywood coats its product with, Ray allowed a significant degree of "dirt" in to his film as a way of arguing with the dominant aesthetic.

In doing so, Ray purposefully chose a "rambling" novel to adapt for his first film. "The script," he later explained, "had to retain some of the rambling quality of the novel because that in itself contained a clue to the feel of authenticity: life in a poor Bengali village does ramble" (Ray 33).…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ray, Satyajit Ray. 1976. Our Films, Their Films. Calcutta: Orient Longman Limited.
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Evangeline a Tale of Acadie

Words: 644 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71880823

Evangeline: A Tale of Arcadia material

"Evangeline" Part I

Describe the village of Grand-Pre. What overall impression is given?

The village of Grand-Pre is a kind of Eden, an idyllic place. The village is happy, and filled with simple, rustic people. The people are hard-working but they enjoy their labor and receiving gifts of nature. For example, the "hands of the farmers had raised with labor incessant," dikes that "shut out the turbulent tides;" yet they sometimes let the sea into the fields to water their crops, allowing nature's bounty to enrich their harvest. The streets are filled with simple but beautiful maids and matrons dressed in plain clothes, and everyone is "at peace with God and the world."

What story did the notary public tell to prove the point that justice triumphs in the end?

The notary tells a tale of a nobleman's palace where a necklace of pearls…… [Read More]

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Artworks Nike of Samothrace and

Words: 1345 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51325801

"Snakes are symbols of both death and fertility in many cultures" (No author). Therefore, it is highly significant that "Her head is made up of the joined heads of two snakes, and the skirt that she wears is made of snakes woven together" (No author). In keeping with the motif of the life that she is emblematic of, the breasts of this goddess are substantially enlarged to illustrate her role as nurturer. However, such effervescence is also tempered with death and its fearsome appearance and role within life, which is demonstrated in the statue by the "garment of human skin" (No author) Coatlicue wears as well as the eminent skull in her midsection. There is a definite aura of gruesomeness manifested by the statue, typified by the goddesses' necklace of hearts and hands, and the claws of her hands and feet (better to dig graves with) (No author), that is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Encyclopedia Britannica. "Coatlicue." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 2012. Web.

No author. "Coatlicue." Myths Encyclopedia. 2008. Web. 

Robles, Kathleen, del Castillo, Richard. "Coatlicue." Chicano Park Murals. No date. Web. 

The Curators of the University of Missouri. "Nike of Samothrace." 2011. Web.
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Jewelry Brands and One of

Words: 1185 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50016754

Among these "Scribble" designs is the drop earrings design. The reason for their success is the overall smooth and elegant look of these earrings. Made with sterling silver, the piece creates a contrasting color tone against darker skin tones. The scribble shape of the design creates a free-flowing feel that makes the piece feel both delicate and prominent at the same time. Although the Scribble appears relatively small, with most signature lines no more than two inches in length, the color and smooth texture of the earrings, magnifies its overall charm. The "Scribble" series reasonably priced, this is because Paloma steers away from expensive jewelry for this signature series, intending to keep it elegant and simple. The line starts from as low as 75 dollars to over 3000, with most of the pieces costing around 200 dollars.

Another signature Paloma line is the "loving heart" series, in which Paloma uses…… [Read More]

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Luxury Fashion of Swarovski Toward

Words: 5498 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86429573

"The second step is to develop a touch-point chain and gauge those with the greatest impact. The third step is to turn findings into project priorities. The final step is to implement and monitor." (Atwal and Williams, 2009 P. 343).

Uche (2009) provides different argument by pointing out that internet experience create compelling, enjoyable, memorable, and positive experience for online shoppers. The author develops web experience model to demonstrate the strategy the virtual environment could provide experience for online customer. Typically, the 7C model was developed to create a high impact digital experiential customer experience. This includes customisation, content, customer care, community, communication, convenience and connectivity.

On the other hand, Snakers & Zajdman (2010) argue that there is a proliferation of fashion jewelry within the present marketing environment making consumer to face challenges in distinguishing between products. Thus, finding the best method to differentiate one product from the other has…… [Read More]


Abrams Research (2011).Social Media Guide for Luxury Brands. Digital & Social Media Agency.

Acuna, B.P. (2010). The Power of Social Media Image. Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences. 2 (1): 298-308.

Achouri, a. And Bouslama, N. (2010).The Effect of the Congruence between Brand Personality and Self-Image on Consumer's Satisfaction and Loyalty: A Conceptual Framework. IBIMA Business Review.

Atwal, G. (2009). Luxury brand marketing -- the experience is everything! Journal of Brand Management. 16: 338-346.
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Emotional Drivers Towards Swarovski's Brand

Words: 12508 Length: 38 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47209821

The luxury brands in this age of fierce and intense competition perceive and believe that the conventional methods of advertising and promotion are only an itinerary that creates the knowledge and awareness amongst the consumers. Nevertheless, targeted marketing (that represents the emotional driving force) is becoming the primary and fundamental aspect of concern that many of the brands are focusing in order to create emotional engagement with the consumers that can provide them lasting relationships and loyalty from the consumers (Buckingham 2008).

However, looking at the perspective of the brand of Swarovski, it has been monitored that they have created a consumer-based pyramid in order to keep closely connected to the consumers' emotions and feelings. In this regard, they ensure high quality with proper detailing of the product during the manufacturing process and make the product a perfect one that can easily catch the attention of the consumers. They very…… [Read More]


American Birding Association 1998, Winging it: newsletter of the American Birding Association, Inc., Volumes 10-11, the Association, USA.

Baker, R 2012, 'Swarovski targets teens with new brand', MarketingWeek News, viewed September 05, 2012:

Becker, V & Taylor, JB 1995, Swarovski: the magic of crystal, H.N. Abram, Michigan

Becker, V, Langes-Swarovski, M & Le Gallais, R 2005, Daniel Swarovski: A World of Beauty, Thames & Hudson, Limited, USA.
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Tom Shulich Coltishhum a Comparative Study on

Words: 9196 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33144233

Tom Shulich ("ColtishHum")

A comparative study on the theme of fascination with and repulsion from Otherness in Song of Kali by Dan Simmons and in the City of Joy by Dominique Lapierre


In this chapter, I examine similarities and differences between The City of Joy by Dominique Lapierre (1985) and Song of Kali by Dan Simmons (1985) with regard to the themes of the Western journalistic observer of the Oriental Other, and the fascination-repulsion that inspires the Occidental spatial imaginary of Calcutta. By comparing and contrasting these two popular novels, both describing white men's journey into the space of the Other, the chapter seeks to achieve a two-fold objective: (a) to provide insight into the authors with respect to alterity (otherness), and (b) to examine the discursive practices of these novels in terms of contrasting spatial metaphors of Calcutta as "The City of Dreadful Night" or "The City of…… [Read More]


Barbiani, E. (2005). Kalighat, the home of goddess Kali: The place where Calcutta is imagined twice: A visual investigation into the dark metropolis. Sociological Research Online, 10 (1). Retrieved from 

Barbiani, E. (2002). Kali e Calcutta: immagini della dea, immagini della metropoli. Urbino: University of Urbino.

Cameron, J. (1987). An Indian summer. New York, NY: Penguin Travel Library.

Douglas, M. (1966). Purity and danger: An analysis of concepts of pollution and taboo. New York, NY: Routledge & K. Paul.
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Rise and Fall of Chaco Canyon

Words: 2403 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79009676

Anasazi civilization developed and prospered in the Four Corners region between 1 AD and 1300 AD and left precious traces of a swelling and prosperous civilization. Pottery, baskets, ornaments, tolls and especially architectural achievements (including "apartment-house style villages")- all were elements characterizing this civilization.

Anasazi in Navajo means "the ancient ones" or "the ancient enemies" and the Anasazis were the ancestors of the modern Pueblo Indians that live nowadays in New Mexico and Arizona. The several centers of Anasazi civilization included Northern San Juan, Chaco, Kayenta, Virgin, and Rio Grande, directions in which the Anasazi population and civilization spread and created a local community.

Historical evolution

The archeological evidence discovered in the area proves that the Anasazi first moved into the area and into the southern Colorado Plateau some time at the beginning of the 1st millennium, that is, around 1 AD. The local population of the time became a…… [Read More]


1. Burley, Jon Bryan. Anasazi Site Planning: Historic Precedents, Modern Constructs, and Multi-cultural Dynamics. 1995. On the Internet at
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Indigenous Art

Words: 318 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47953202

Indigenous Art

North America




date 8-11th century, d. stone, e. Currently in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC.

The sculpture depicts a warrior, showing how warrior qualities were essential to survival in the culture. My European friends would think this statue has great symmetry and form because it does.

outh America

Inca, b. Gold Llama:

c. date: about 1500 C.E., d. gold, e. British Museum

The gold sculpture was likely to be an offering or a burial object. My European friends would think it was beautiful, even though it is simple.

6. a. Inca, b. Textile from Nazca:

c. date: around 1500 BCE, d. wool textile, e. private collection

The textile may have been decorative or worn. My European friends would think it was beautiful, with interesting faces.


7. a. Java, b. Klana mask:

c. date: 20th century, d. wood and paint,…… [Read More]

Sub-Saharan Africa

9. a. Dogon, b. Figures with Xylophone:

10. a. Dogon, b. Standing Man:
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Social and Ethical Issues in Management

Words: 2485 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77419822

Social and Ethical Issues

Short Case

Consulting for a Tobacco Company

It would be difficult for me to consult for a tobacco company. I would have to seriously weigh the pros and cons of the assignment. One positive aspect is that it is only a short-term assignment. Thus if I did accept the assignment, it would only be for a short duration with a defined end point. Another advantage is that I would have some control over the decisions that the company made and I could recommend that ethics be applied in each situation. Although the sale of tobacco products is harmful to health in general, there are situations in which it can be relatively less harmful than it would otherwise be.

For example, there can be decisions made to use additives that are safer than others. There are also decisions to be made about marketing and distribution that could…… [Read More]

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Metropolitan Museum of Arts Johannes Vermeer Dutch

Words: 1693 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37797332

Metropolitan Museum of Arts: Johannes Vermeer (Dutch, Delft 1632 -- 1675 Delft)

Young Woman with a Water Pitcher (1662)

History of the Painting

The Metropolitan Museum of Art (MMA) notes that this was the first Vermeer painting to enter an American public collection, and is one of a small group of canvases dating from about 1662 -- 65 in which isolated women appear as mistresses of their private domains.

Technical analysis reveals that a larger map than the one now visible originally extended to the left behind the woman, so that her head was framed within the wall hanging's lower left corner. In addition, the back of a chair set on an angle was placed in the left foreground and partly overlapped the window. The chair, the use of an open window as a spatial device, and the bright, local coloring are consistent with Vermeer's style in works dating from…… [Read More]


Metropolitan Museum of Art: Johannes Vermeer (Dutch, Delft 1632 -- 1675 Delft)

Young Woman with a Water Pitcher (1662)

Netta, I. (2001) Vermeer's world: an artist and his town. Munich; New York: Prestel,
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Classical Myths in Children's Writing's

Words: 8051 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77818389

He stated that, "I mean printed works produced ostensibly to give children spontaneous pleasure and not primarily to teach them, nor solely to make them good, nor to keep them profitably quiet." (Darton 1932/1982:1) So here the quest is for the capture and promotion of children's imagination through stories and fables that please as well as enlighten. There is always the fallout that once a child learns to love to read he or she will read many more things with greater enthusiasm than before.

The children's literature genres developed in Mesopotamia and in Egypt over a roughly 1,500-year period - proverbs, fables, animal stories, debates, myths, instructions (wisdom literature), adventure and magic tales, school stories, hymns and poems - pass down to the Hebrews and the Greeks. The Old Testament owes much to both Mesopotamian and Egyptian literature (Adams 2004:230)

One can see that, as stated previously, children's literature is…… [Read More]


Adams, Gillian. 2004. "16 Ancient and Medieval Children's Texts." pp. 225-238 in International Companion Encyclopedia of Children's Literature, vol. 1, edited by Hunt, Peter. London: Routledge.

Ancient Babylonia - Gilgamesh Tablet. 2009. Bible History. Retrieved 2 August 2010 ( .).

Bell, Robert H. 2005. "Inside the Wardrobe: Is 'Narnia' a Christian Allegory?." Commonweal, December 16, pp. 12-15

Bible Maps. 2009. Genisis Files. Retrieved on 6 August 2010 (
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Light Breeze and a Few

Words: 2299 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64507367

Up here in this parking lot cell coverage was never very good. I wonder if she knows about the improvement (no one who knows this neighborhood would have even attempted to make a call up until September of this year) or just happened to be making a call and it went through.

A senior citizens community bus pulls in and parks right in front of the store, in a place reserved for handicapped drivers. No one gets out for a minute or two. I get out of my car and walk closer so I can see who will get out. I leave my clipboard in my car and go to the newspaper racks as though I'm deciding which one to buy. A white-haired man who is thin and wears a Hawaiian shirt drives the bus. He looks back at the two passengers as if to say, "We're here." The first…… [Read More]

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Fra Filippo Lippi's Portrait of

Words: 2581 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7915903

The future bride is a virtuous woman, with beautiful physical attributes, coming from an equally wealthy family.

Moving on with the analysis of the symbols, we must underline the importance of their position in space. She is inside and he is outside. The inside of the house is a symbol of the private space, while the outside is the symbol of the public space. Residing in these spaces, the characters become symbols of them. We notice a blunt dichotomy in terms of gender definition. The man belongs to the public sphere, where the decisions are taken. The woman belongs to the private one, where she passively obeys the husband. The painter shows that the social role of the woman was that of a home maker. The role of the man is a lot more complex, as he stands outside, but gazes inside. Reading between the lines we understand that he…… [Read More]



Drogin, D., Harris, B. Lippi's portrait of a man and woman at a casement, (accessed April 7,2011)

Fra Filippo Lippi Biography and works,    (accessed April 9, 2011)

Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Portrait of a woman with a man at a casement . (accessed April 8, 2011)
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Traditional Se Asian Bamboo Flutes

Words: 28549 Length: 95 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64807002

The organization of the five chapters in the study includes:

Chapter I: Chapter I includes the design of the study, the study's research problem and three research questions, study objectives, the scope and limitations of the study, significance of the study of DNA, research methodology and philosophy of the studies from different related literature.

Chapter II: During Chapter II, the researcher presents information to address the first research question; presented in the introduction for the thesis: What evidence points to the origin of flutes in SEA? During Chapter II, the researcher relates the kinds of flute in SEA that have been passed on from one generation to the next and their physical structure hich attributes scale, sound, expressions, melody, and rhythm. In Chapter II, the researcher also discusses the studies on ethnic groups of SEA and their flutes, and additionally notes studies on history of geology and aboriginals' migration map…… [Read More]

works cited:

Purple highlight means reference from his thesis, chapters 1-5

Blue highlight means reference from his raw research that was sent (17 files)

Yellow highlight means that writer could not find reference; one of the 17 files received

Gray highlight means writer found this source
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Personnel Management -- Poor Personnel

Words: 2213 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69246715

Yet, it is not the global recession that prompted the problems, but it is more of the time when they surfaced. The cause is the poor personnel management implemented for years within the organization, meaning as such that a solution can only come with the improvement of the personnel management strategies. The lines below point out to some strategies that could be developed and implemented to address the problem of poor personnel management at British Airways:


The creation and implementation of a strong corporate culture focused not only on customer satisfaction, but also on employee on the job satisfaction. British Airways should constitute a safe, pleasant and dynamic working environment that values employee input and embraces employee diversity (Matthews, 1998); an advantage would be offered by incentives, such as flexible working schedules or telecommuting (Joice, 1991)


The creation of a technological infrastructure that allows communications among staff members;…… [Read More]


Associated Press, January 15, 2010, British Airways' Crew May Strike, The Mississippi Business Journal

Boyd, C., 2003, Human Resource Management and Occupational Health and Safety, Routledge, ISBN 0415265908

Cimini, M.H., 1990, Airline Update, Monthly Labor Review, Vol. 113

Cimini, M.H., Muhl, C.J., 1994, Electronic Monitoring Limited, Monthly Labor Review, Vol. 17
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Feminine in Parker's Here We

Words: 1360 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56206609

Though it is impossible to connect biographical details to the circumstances and characters presented in her works of fiction with any certainty, these female figures certainly had an impact on Parker's life. It is even likely that the female concept of sexuality struck Parker as incredibly ridiculous, and the hat is one way that is used to mock the way women think about sex in "Here e Are."

The hat first and foremost is an article of clothing. That is to say, it is something that is used to cover the body. This might seem obvious, but it is also important. The woman's initial reluctance to remove the hat shows her embarrassment and modesty in the new and frightening situation she finds herself in. hen she does remove it, is a definite signal that she is loosening up and possibly even encouraging any advances. She puts it back on again…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gale. "Dorothy (Rothschild) Parker." Dictionary of Literary Biography. Accessed 20 April 2009.

Parker, Dorothy. "Here We Are." Accessed 20 April 2009.

Templin, Charlotte. "Review: The Critical Waltz: Essays on the Work of Dorothy Parker." Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature (26)2, pp. 354-6.
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American Society the Aspects of

Words: 619 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45749340

This means that their money ends up being spent on useless things rather than being saved, or used to buy homes or other assets that could actually provide financial security. In addition, the current official system -- taxes, the workings of the government, and politicians and lobbyists which have become unofficially official -- is set up to protect the interests of big business and the very wealthy, with tax breaks, access to government, and the ability (meaning time and money, which are really the same thing in these scenarios) to affect change through the courts and legislation.

The best way to solve these problems is to educate people on wise ways to use their money, and to make the laws clearer and more readily accessible, so that people who can't afford to take weeks off of work to pursue legal issues or pay teams of lawyers to figure out how…… [Read More]

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Stowaway by Nancy Rue Rue

Words: 715 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 851680

But Josiah soon discovers that it is not so easy to be clever and devious -- when he sneaks onto a ship in Salem he is almost immediately found, and teased and tormented by the hardened, professional sailors. They dangle a rat in front of his face and laugh at him.

Rue's tale shows the importance of seafaring and its dangers during early American history. But Josiah's real test of character comes not in his ability to flout the law on board, but to do what is right in the face of bullying. He learns that this is the true way to show manly strength, rather than to swagger on a ship. When Josiah realizes he must clear Hope's name, it is then he becomes a hero, not when he tries to show he is brave. Rule's protagonist, because he is not morally 'perfect' from the beginning, but must learn…… [Read More]

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K C Adams' Aboriginal Photography In

Words: 591 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76541791

Furthermore, the defiant and different poses of each model allows for uniqueness of each model, showing their individual personalities and dispositions. In "Cyborg Hybrids" the montage structure is different than that in "Useless Beauty." hile "Useless Beauty" combined a series of photos of both material images and models in an upside down "L" shape, Cyborg Hybrids" is a single horizontal line of models wearing the same necklace and white T-shirt. In this photo, models look directly at viewers, daring them to make assumptions. The uniformity of uniform makes a sarcastic statement about the belief that persons of one ethnicity and race are all the same. Despite their similarity in pose and dress, the models are each very noticeably different.

Though his photographs are certainly unique and socially important, K.C. Adams's photographs can be characterized by both positive and negative traits. Positive traits of K.C. Adams's work include the socially responsible…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Adams, K.C. "Cyborg Hybrids." nd. KC 12 October 2008. JC 

Fields, Tom. "Gallery I." 2008. Native Fields. 12 October 2008. Native Fields.

Matus, Bernard T. "Digital Photography." 2008. Matus Arts. 12 October 2008. Matus

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Fluency in Reading Is the

Words: 573 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41169436

Having guided oral reading instruction by using reading centers where students can listen and use aural media, creating echoed reading exercises, and allowing students to work in pairs as silent readers on the same text and then ask questions of one another reinforces critical concepts, the process of reading, and can act as vocabulary-building exercises (Busy Teacher's Cafe, 2007, "Improving reading fluency in young readers"). If available, resource aids can act as support for uncertain readers and help them make the critical transition to fluency: "Provide support for your nonfluent readers by asking tutors -- instructional aides, parent volunteers, or older students -- to help. The tutor and the student can read a preselected text aloud simultaneously" (Blau 2007).

Giving students opportunities to practice and perform is also critical, through activities like combining whole group and small group activities and independent silent reading followed by question and answer sessions aloud.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Blau, Lisa. (2007). "5 Surefire strategies for developing reading fluency." Retrieved 1 May 2008 at

Busy Teacher's Cafe (2007). "Improving reading fluency in young readers." Retrieved May 2008 at
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Toys Recall Massive Toys Recall

Words: 2172 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79102403

Last year, China also was the source of 81% of the counterfeit goods seized by Customs officials at ports of entry in the United States -- products that typically are not made according to the standards on the labels they are copying (Lipton 3).

In September of 2007, Mr. Stone, a wildlife pathologist, and his daughter discovered the hazardous levels of lead in dozens of children's necklaces and bracelets sold at stores like Big Lots and Michaels after they tested children's jewelry Montana had bought or received as birthday gifts in Mr. Stone's lab in New York's Department of Environmental Conservation in Stonefield, NY. There were 56 pieces which contained high levels of lead, out of 75 pieces of jewelry tested (Story 1).

These folks are our eyes and ears and can catch stuff as it hits their community," said Katherine Kennedy, special deputy attorney general for Andrew Cuomo, New…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Barnett, Megan. "Mattel to China: Sorry." Conde Nast Portfolio. 21 Sep 2007.

CDC. "Lead Recalls: Toys." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA. 2007.

Keithley, Carter. "Toy" Toy Industry Association, Inc. 2007.

Lawrence, Joan. "Toy Safety is Serious Business." U.S. Consumer Product Safety, Commission 2003.
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Dome of the Rock the

Words: 2457 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33706034

According to the author, the elements of architecture found within the Dome, such as the interior double colonnades and the wooden dome are echoed in the Cathedral.

Gray concedes that one might argue for the Islamic nature of the mosaic decorations. However, even this element adheres more to the Hellenistic tradition before the Islamic synthesis than to Islam itself. Elements of Islam that are included are the fact that there is no representation of men or animals in the mosaic, as well as the syncretic vocabulary.

Myriam Rosen-Ayalon more closely examines both the iconography and the concomitant purpose of creating the Dome of the Rock. he appears to agree with Gray, that a number of non-Islam influences were at work when the Dome was created. More specifically, she addresses the interaction of the mosaic images with the text inscriptions of the Dome. In this way, the author attempts to find…… [Read More]


Associates for Scriptural Knowledge. The Secret key to the Dome of the Rock. Oct 1, 1999. 

Ettinghausen, Richard and Grabar, Oleg. Extract from the Art and Architecture of Islam 650-1250 (pp. 28-34). New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1994.

Garaudy, Roger. The Dome of the Rock. American Muslim Council, 1997. 

Gray, Martin. Places of Peace and Power: Jarusalem, Israel. 1983-2006.
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Ta and What Role Does

Words: 3222 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9076257

), and the five gross elements which are said to proceed from the five subtle elements (ether or space from sound, air from touch, fire from sight, water from taste, earth from smell). (68) Nature is further divided into three essential gunas, sattva, rajas, and tamas or 'the quality of being, energy, and darkness'. These elements enumerated by the Samkhya will be considered fundamental in the later literature.

8. How does one attain the highest goal of Samadhi in Samkhya-Yoga?

The Samadhi or the state of absolute 'concentration' of the soul into the soul, or of the self in its own self, can be achieved by the Yogin under the direction of a competent Guru, as a state of pure isolation from everything in the world, and even from God himself. The complete detachment can lead to an isolation of the "I" or the individual consciousness in everything, and a…… [Read More]

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Textiles Influence on Architecture the

Words: 1358 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9145244

" According to Cynthia McQuaid: "Textiles are an incredible part of our world in ways we don't understand. Plastics were extraordinary and still are. Textiles have been overlooked." (Hales, 2005) Hales further relates the familiarity of technical textiles in the form of "Kevlar, Mylar, Gore-Tex, Teflon and Velcro." (Hales, 2005)

New on the textile scene is 'Vectran' a "muscle fiber made through a process of melt extrusion using liquid ctystal polymer pellets." (Ibid) Another newcomer to the textile industry is "Superline" which has a mass of 36.5 million polyester filaments and has enough strength to hold 4.4 million pounds. The Superline was designed for mooring an oil platform in the Gulf of Mexico. Peter Testa, an architect from Santa Monica, California as well as the founding direction of MIT's Emergent Design Group has designed a carbon fiber building. Carbon fibers are being used for various purposes including the design of…… [Read More]


Prvacki, M. (2003) Brickyards and Beehives. Online available at

Rimmer, S. (1997) the Symbolic Form of Architecture. Online available at,+Gottfried+Semper&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=60&gl=us.

Hales, Linda (2005) When Textiles Go to Extremes. Washington Post. 17 April 2005. Online available at .

Architectural Textiles: World Cup Showcase in 2006 and Beyond (2007) Textiles Intelligence. Market Research. Online available at
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Jon Benet Ramsey Case Study

Words: 9718 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23992552

Witnesses reported the noticeable odor of decay was present and dried mucous on one of her nostrils. The child was dressed in a light colored long-sleeved turtleneck and light-colored pants (similar to pajama bottoms). Her distraught father placed her on the floor by the front door. A white cord was tightly embedded around her neck similar to the string around her wrist. On her neck at the base of her throat was a red circular mark about the size of a quarter (World Law Direct Forums web site).

Based on her own experience Det. Arndt believed the child was dead and that she had been dead for some time. John amsey told Det. Arndt that he had found JonBenet in the wine cellar under a white blanket, that her wrists were tied above her head, and that a piece of duct tape was over her mouth. He pulled the tape…… [Read More]


Autopsy photos, Crime Shots True Crime Community web site:

Autopsy report JonBenet Ramsey documents web site.

Bane, V. (1998). Never ending story. People Weekly, 50 (22) 126-132.

Bardsley, M. (2006). JonBenet Ramsey murder case: An investigative analysis.
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Philippe Starck Is Considered One

Words: 630 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62863196

Starck's creations for Target are not only elegant but are useful, and include a "letter rack, magazine holder, tape dispenser, plastic stool, ultrasonic toothbrush, and plastic food pots" (Lowthorpe). However, according to Lowthorpe, Starck is most proud of his creations for mother and baby. He explains that he was "inspired by the daily small problems of women," calling the "ugly yellow and purple things covered with flowers and elephants...cultural pollution for the baby," thus Starck's baby bottle resembles a perfume bottle with a top that doubles as a rattle (Lowthorpe). And according to Lowthorpe, his "potty could also perform the duties of a sophisticated wine cooler and his baby monitor, in the form of a silver pebble that hangs from a necklace, is a piece of other-worldly jewelry" (Lowthorpe). Starck believes his work will change the face of design and force other distributors to compete, saying, "This means good objects…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Lowthorpe, Rebecca. "Interview: Philippe Starck - Leading light; He has designed everything from a fly-swat to an air-traffic-control tower, and now Philippe Starck is turning his attention to mothers and babies. The Independent Sunday. June 2, 2002. Retrieved February 20, 2007.
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Best Meal Essay Many People

Words: 426 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18679955

By the time dessert had arrived my parents were congratulating me for
excelling at my work while traveling in a foreign country. When my Dad
told me he was so proud of me and he respected me, I was shocked. He had
never done that before, and told me he would do whatever it takes to give
me the freedom I needed to get to my goals with my international studies.
It was a rare moment; my Dad is not the type of give of himself easily.
When he said those words I knew he meant it, and that made this dinner the
best of meal of my life.

This little caf?, smelling like heat and good food, seemed to just suspend
time that night as snow blanketed the rest of our hometown. My best meal
ever was having a hot bowl of pasta with my family after being away…… [Read More]

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Social Black Experience

Words: 3284 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58353729

" (Adams et al.)

hat the report went on to show was how a decades long deception was practiced on a race that was viewed primarily as a guinea pig for medical science.

The Tuskegee Institute had been established by Booker T. ashington. Claude McKay had passed through there in 1912 to study agriculture (under the patronage of alter Jekyll, a man who provided the basis for Robert Louis Stevenson's classic horror tale character). Around the same time that Eleanor Dwight Jones was striving to preserve the white race, the United States Public Health Service began the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. hat took place was a forty year analysis of the life of syphilis. The two hundred black men who had syphilis were "deliberately denied treatment" (Adams et al.) in what was just one more step in oppression and callous social engineering.

And at the same time the Tuskegee experiment was…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Adams, Myrtle, et al. "Final Report of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study Legacy Committee."

1996. Web. 8 June 2011.

Cone, James. Risks of Faith. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1999. Print.

Dowlings, Keven, and Knightley, Philip. "The Spy Who Came Back from the Grave."
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Sex and Culture What Intrinsic

Words: 712 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98877603

The button downs made for men tend to accentuate and broaden different areas than for women, for example, the shoulders. Both genders accessorize in different ways and one way is through shoes and bags. Women tend to wear high heels while men don't, and the former tend to carry a purse while the latter accessorize with a cross-body or messenger bag. Hair is another way to accentuate the gender difference for men and women fashion it differently, whether it is in terms of length or cut. As well, women tend to shave their hair in places men may not, for example, underarms and legs. Men may just shave their facial hair should they choose not to grow a beard.

Body modification or plastic surgery varies in both genders. Women may choose to get breast implants while men opt for pectoral implants. As well, in various cultures, certain body changes are…… [Read More]


Construction of Gender Identity. (n.d.). New York College | Catholic College | The College of New Rochelle. Retrieved November 5, 2011, from

Gender Identity. (n.d.). UNC. Retrieved November 5, 2011, from

Hernandez, K. (n.d.). Cultural attempts to accentuate sexual dimorphism - by Krystle Hernandez - Page 3 - Helium. Helium - Where Knowledge Rules. Retrieved November 5, 2011, from
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Guts to Cut -- it

Words: 705 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1706137

However, there are some techniques that I have found help me, even when feeling less than motivated.

First, before even starting the writing project, create a simple outline. For me, the idea of the five-paragraph theme can be expanded to meet most any assignment: that is a topic, then at least three supporting paragraphs, perhaps one that compares and contrasts. Then, I have learned to do a synopsis that will allow me to still be creative, but redo individual paragraphs and/or scenes that support what I have already written. Then, I was reading a blog awhile ago and the person said the best way to proof and get a sense about spelling, grammar and the drugeries of writing was to read backwards. Then, anything odd pops out.

I also learned that the best way to learn writing is two-fold: just do it, and read more. For some reason, many people…… [Read More]

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Memory of Elena a Poem to Explain

Words: 1115 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97009903

Memory of Elena

A Poem to Explain Grief

Often a poem's meaning is apparent from only the title. This is not the case with "The Memory of Elena," a poem written by Carolyn Forche in 1981. At first, the title suggests a poetic recollection of Elena, but as the poem develops, we see that it is at first a memory of a lunch with Elena and then Elena's own recollection of the tragic events that destroyed her life. The memories of the poet and Elena merge, becoming as one. The poet remembers her meal with Elena even as Elena recalls her last night with her husband years earlier in Buenos Aires. In the poem, Forche uses the simple symbolism of a meal shared together to bring to light how important remembrance is and how important it is to mourn and recognize the sacrifices others make on our behalf.

"The Memory…… [Read More]

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Sketch the Client That I Spoke With

Words: 2141 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2620611


The client that I spoke with is an 84-year-old woman named Rose. She is Caucasian, 5'2" tall, with blonde hair, blue eyes, well-maintained skin, and hair, and she is dressed in clean, expensive classic attire. Rose looks approximately 10 years younger than her physical age, and there is enough smoothness to her skin to suggest that she may have undergone some type of plastic surgery or cosmetic procedure, however there is nothing overtly fake in her looks. She looks moderately wealthy, and one would automatically assume that she is a member of the upper-middle socio-economic class, though her home size and location actually suggest that she is firmly middle class. Her physical appearance and dress reveal other details about her. For example, she is overtly Christian, and consistently wears a gold cross necklace.

Rose was born in Peachtree Georgia, which is where she spent the majority of her childhood.…… [Read More]

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Humor Stress Cognitive Appraisals There

Words: 1416 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 842045

The higher the humor score, the more the individual was able to place positive distance between their actions and tangible outcomes; they did not interpret their performance on the exams to be as indicative of their own personal worth as much.

Theoretical Support - The key to the brain mind connection can be found in a complex set of molecules called neuropeptides. Petptides are made up of amino acids, the very basic building blocks of protein strucutres. There are, in fact, 23 different amino acids, and peptides are amino acids strung together very much like a string of beads on a necklace. Peptides are found in most areas of the body, but especially the brain and immunie system. Neurally, there are a number of different peptides, including endorphins. Neuropeptides are the way that cellular communication occurs, including brain-to-brain messages, brain-to-body messages, body-to-body messages, and body-to-brain messages. Individual cells have receptro…… [Read More]


Kupier, N., Martin, R. (1993). Coping Humour, Stress and Cognitive Appraisals. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science. 251 (1): 81-96.
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Fashion of the 20th Century

Words: 1392 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37098077

The only image from the time that we have of the original dress is in the film poster (Image 5), where one can see that the dress showed quite a big of leg, which was considered improper and that is why the film commissioned a tailor to sew up Givenchy's original design, as to not offend anybody in the audience. hat a pity, for today, the dress would perhaps be ever-more popular.

In the third image, however, which is the picture of the dress as seen at Christie's, one can see that one of the photos shows the dress with the slit. Yet this discussion of without or without the cut prompts the thought of the fact that these are two dresses, one created by Givenchy, and one a copy created by another designer, a 'knock-off' almost, that together with the original created a phenomenon of epic proportions. Could it…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

"The Audrey Hepburn Treasures." Google Books. Web. 01 Apr. 2012. .

"Cinemode: Breakfast at Tiffany's: The LBD That Dethroned Edith Head." Fashion in Film: Breakfast at Tiffany's. Web. 01 Apr. 2012. .

Duffy, Martha, and Dorie Denbigh/Paris. "THE MUSE and the MASTER." Time. Time, 17 Apr. 1995. Web. 01 Apr. 2012. .

"Growing Up With Audrey Hepburn:." Google Books. Web. 01 Apr. 2012. .
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Hindu Goddesses

Words: 835 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66375647

Hindu Goddesses

The Reflexiveness and Genderlessness of Hindu Goddesses

Hinduism is known as the oldest religion in the world; as a polytheistic religion, Hinduism features numerous gods, goddesses, and demi-gods that embody the various personalities of human beings, as well as nature.

It is evident that Hinduism is primarily a male-dominated religion, what with the leadership of the gods Shiva and Vishnu. It is only in the wives of these great gods that goddesses figure significantly. Despite this fact, goddesses abound in Hinduism, who function as the embodiment of characteristics, feelings, and features of humans and Nature. However, the functions of goddesses do not end in what was enumerated above: goddesses, in fact, embody almost everything that represents human existence. This means that more than being female representatives of human beings, goddesses may also represent male characteristics, Nature, and the universe in general. The all-encompassing characteristics of Hindu goddesses make…… [Read More]


Coburn, T. (2001). "What is a goddess and what does it mean to construct one?" In Seeking Mahadevi: Constructing the Identities of Hindu Goddesses. T. Pitchman (Ed.). Albany: New York UP.

Kinsley, D. (1988). Hindu Goddesses: Visions of the Divine Feminine in the Hindu Religious Tradition. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Pitchman, T. (2001). Seeking Mahadevi: Constructing the Identities of Hindu Goddesses. Albany: New York UP.
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Ho 'Tis the Season of

Words: 1367 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41661342

or instance, a woman may be offered a new job in another town beginning in a week. She badly needs to sell her car before moving to make some money and because it will not be needed in the next position. The automobile is nearly new and it originally cost $22,000. Her neighbor offers her $10,000, which she grudgingly accepts because there is no other choice. The neighbor is taking advantage of her situation and showing an example of negative reciprocity. he/she has gotten the upper hand and gained something in the exchange. In many situations, negative reciprocity if a form of power or control. It obligates one person to another.

Over the past several decades, two major trends have occurred in gift-giving. The first is the rapid commercialization of the events during the year. The second is that the social networks have changed from family to friends to business…… [Read More]

Fortunately, another there seems to be another trend among gift-givers -- especially those who have become disgruntled with the commercialization of the holiday. They still want to hand out gifts, but to help other people at the same time. Increasingly, people are making donations to worthy causes such as food banks or children's organizations in the name of their usual gift recipients. This is a form of reciprocity where everyone wins.

Gouldner, a.W. (1960). The norm of reciprocity: A preliminary statement. American Sociological Review, 25, 161-178.

Sparrowe, R.T., & Liden, R.C. (1997). Process and structure in leader-member exchange. Academy of Management Review, 22, 522-552.
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Life in the 50's Compared to Today for Women

Words: 541 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59880455

Life for omen in the 1950's Compared To Life Today

Life for women in the 1950's was certainly different from life today in many arenas including political, social, and economic, however, while women in the 1950's were expected to be the epitome of the domestic homemaker, today they are expected to be the epitome of the super-mom.

In "The Feminine Mystique," Betty Friedan writes about the typical lifestyle of the 1950's woman. According to Friedan, women were expected to make the beds, have dinner on the table, chauffeur the children, and as Freudian experts told them, "they could desire no greater destiny than to glory in their own femininity" (Friedan 15). This meant that only neurotic, unhappy women wanted to be writers or politicians, and that truly feminine women did not want careers, higher education or political rights -- all the things the suffragettes fought for (Friedan 16). The proportion…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Friedan, Betty. The Feminine Mystique. W.W. Norton & Company. 2001;

Pp. 15, 16, 17

Critical Mass.

"Profile of U.S. Single Mom is Changing Study Shows."
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Seizures of Persons Arrest

Words: 2114 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68570326

Wrongful arrest due to seizure activity in public is a not uncommon complication for individuals with epilepsy and other seizure disorders, not caused by illicit behaviors. There are "2.3 million Americans living with epilepsy," (Guiden, 2003) all of whom at some time have experienced challenges associated with their disease and many of whom have been the victims of wrongful arrest and incarceration.

Yet, it seems that lack of awareness of the signs symptoms and the variety and degree of seizure activity can be the source of arrest and incarceration, that would coincide with those arrests made for such occurrences as drunken disorderly conduct or drug induced dementia. This work will address the problem of wrongful arrests for seizure-related behavior in public, the degree of the problem and some possible solutions to the problem.

In general peoples with seizure disorders have nearly always had to deal with concerns and conflicts associated…… [Read More]


"Arrest for Seizure-Related Behavior," 2003, 'Epilepsy: Legal Issues," 2001,

Mathias, R.G., 1997, "Assisting Clients With Service Animals"
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Yesterday and Today

Words: 798 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77055111

oca-ola ads: then and now R.

oca-ola ads: Then and Now Differences between the past and present centuries manifest the changes that occurred in American society and culture through the years. One of the most evident cases of these changes are the advertisements shown by companies showcasing their products, and, to a certain extent, the values held important by American society during the time or period.

Indeed, advertisements are not mere 'displays' of products and endorsers. More than being visual products, ads also play a vital role in documenting a specific point in time where a society's values and culture are highlighted. Through ads, a specific portion of the culture is preserved for the future generation to recognize and give respect to.

This historical importance of ads is especially depicted in classic ads of well-known product brands, such as oca-ola. Since its inception in 1886, oca-ola, specifically the oke brand,…… [Read More]

Contrasted with the 1950s ad, Coca-Cola's "Freedom Cinema," an ad released in 2004 for North America, presents the American society in its heterogeneous form. There are no more class, age, race, and even gender distinction: all these people are well-represented in the ad, expressing themselves freely, which reflect the ad's slogan, which says, "Break Free." This slogan, while referring to the low calories and carbohydrates contained within the new Coke product C2, also connotes the ability of the post-modern American society to 'break free' from its social barriers. Thus, people are shown enjoying life whether they are affluent or poor, black or white, the elderly or the youth, and male or female. The homogenous quality of the ad makes it appropriate to the present state of the society, where everybody enjoys the same degree of equality and opportunity in American society.

Compared with the 1950s ad, it is remarkable that Coca-Cola had shown an ad which illustrated a stereotype of what the American, specifically Coke, consumer should be. Though limiting in its scope, the 1950s ad is similar with the 2004 ad in that it portrayed American life as a happy and satisfying one, feelings elicited, hopefully, when someone drinks Coke.

In sum, from this analysis of the Coke ads of yesterday and today, important American values have evidently been preserved while depiction and representation of the society in the ads have changed dramatically to include people from all sectors of the society.
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Teen Femininity

Words: 2049 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35617130

Constructions of 'the nice girl' -- teenage female sexual definition and identity in Seventeenth Summer and Forever

"Sybil Davidson," begins Judy Blume's classic novel of teen sexuality, specifically teen feminine sexuality, entitled Forever, "has a genius I.Q. And has been laid by at least six different guys." (Blume, 9) The implications are obvious -- Sybil is equally brilliant and beautiful. Sybil is sexually precocious and yet mature in mind as well in body -- and bodily experience, at least according to the teenage rumor mill. Regardless, this assertion shows how in Blume's world, the antiquated associations of brains and chastity, of sexual openness and being a loose, bad girl, are being challenged in a confronting fashion by the narrator Catherine's less experienced, yet still-authoritative voice. The narrator seems to want to assure the reader that although she may not have been "laid by at least six different guys," like the…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Blume, Judy. Forever. New York; Pocket, 1989.

Daly Maureen. Seventeenth Summer. New York: Archway Paperback, 1942.
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Hindu Mythology

Words: 1871 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90539263

Hindu Mythology]

In general, mythology is defined as the collective stories that belong to a specific culture and embody all the religious beliefs and values. In Hinduism, the myths truly depict the spiritual essence of this tradition that traces its roots to the Indus Valley as far back as 4000 BCE. In fact, even today Hinduism mythology continues to be an integral part of this ever-changing global culture and remains as important as the Bible or the Koran.

Indian civilization, Hinduism in particular, is based on a broad enough philosophical foundation to encompass individuals of all faiths and beliefs. The early historian Williams in Brahmanism and Hinduism (455) emphasized that the interest in Hinduism lies in its ability to be continually adaptable to the continual diversity of human character. Philosophers appreciate the religion's spiritual and abstract aspects. The poets enjoy its aesthetic and ceremonial offerings. Individuals who relish seclusion, laud…… [Read More]

References Cited

Bulfinch's Mythology. New York: Thomas Crowell, 1855.

Dowson, John . A Classical Dictionary of Hindu Mythology and Religion, Geography, History, and Literature. London: Routledge, 1979.

Forty, Jo. Mythology: A Visual Encylopedia. New York: Sterling, 2001.

Hackin, J. Asiatic Mythology. New York: Thomas Crowell, (n.d.).
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Dusty Waves of San Francisco

Words: 1501 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63740913

Mom did not acknowledge the question.

She treaded softly into the next room with Nick at her heels.

A opened the front door to let some of the fresh air in the house

To air out the tension and ease the silence.

Behind me the pterodactyl and the Rex went at it while Nikki

Added high-pitched sound effects for punctuation.

The dusty waves of San Francisco Bay

Spread along the shores

Their fierce rumbles nothing next to the sound of a Harley Davidson

Careening down the highway

Then slowing down for the exit ramp

And after ten minutes, turning onto the quiet cul-de-sac

That gave our house a place to sit.

The dusty waves of San Francisco Bay

Spread along the shores

And the Harley out did them by far.

Dad peeled around the corner like a fifteen-year-old

But like every fifteen-year-old knows,

You better be smart or mother'll be…… [Read More]

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Iris Apfel Clothing Designer Iris

Words: 768 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 603485

Apfel says her highly original style is due to her constant desire to take a wonderful designer piece and build on it to make it fun and special. "One can change the entire look of an outfit by substituting one accessory for another. I love objects from different worlds, different eras, combined my way. Never uptight, achieving - hopefully - a kind of throwaway chic," she states (Mehl). One such totally eclectic and wild and frivolous outfit consisted of embroidered silk wedding skirt with an English cashmere sweater and Italian handmade glove-leather boots. Since she has been shopping by herself before even becoming a teenager, she may add a pin from decades ago to a dress of present-day vintage.

These above mentioned outfits are all put together through her creation. Her company of Old World Weavers were actual clothes actually designed and created by her and Carl. She explains about…… [Read More]


Kwon, Marci. Personal style is a difficult thing to define." Washington Square News Website retrieved on October 23, 2005.

Mehl, Diana. "The Buzz" The Collector. Wardrobe of a Lifetime. Website retrieved on October 23, 2005
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Picasso 1932-1935 the Renowned Art

Words: 3028 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22612121

3. The paintings

In the light of the above discussion, the paintings that Picasso created with Marie-Therese Walter as his model during the period of their relationship must be understood and analysed against the background of two issues. The first, which has been briefly referred to, is the influence that relationships with women in Picasso's life had on his paintings. The second is that influence of other artistic styles and ideas.

Picasso could not escape the influence of the Surrealistic movement which emphasized the play of imagination and the distortion of the real. Another influence was the " rivalry" with Matisse. During the 1930's there was a change in Picasso's style form his neoclassical period. As referred to previously, the painting The Three Dancers was indicative of this change in mood and style. Alfred arr calls this painting"... 'a turning point in Picasso's art almost as radical as the proto-cubist…… [Read More]


Boeck, Wilhelm, and Jaime Sabartes. Picasso. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1955. Questia. 3 Aug. 2006

Chilvers, Ian. A Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Danto, Arthur C. "Picasso and the Portrait." The Nation 26 Aug. 1996: 31+. Questia. 3 Aug. 2006
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Country of Origin Effect on

Words: 6167 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86751866

With this in mind communications strategy has to be developed and implemented. The central debate remains that of degree of uniformity. The pros and cons are obvious, i.e. economies of scale, consistent message across markets, centralized control, different market characteristics, media availability and costs and government regulations (alabanis & Diamantopoulos, 2011). The stronger argument appears to be that different strategy appears to work in different situations, rather than a totally standardized campaign. Once these geographical issues are decided upon then the scope of the campaign, objectives and elements of strategy can be worked on. If the organization develops a message for one market and then transposes this intact into others or if it develops a message with a number of markets in mind from the start, it may be centrally conceived in both cases (Han, 2009; Wills & Ryans, 1977).

This is popular because of co-ordination and control providing the…… [Read More]


Ahmed, S.A., a. d'Atrous and M.E. Adraoui. 1994. 'Country-of-Origin Effects on Purchasing Managers Product Perceptions.' Industrial Marketing Management 23 (July): 323-332.

Keller, Kevin Lane. 1993. Conceptualizing, Measuring, and Managing Customer-Based Brand Equity. Journal of Marketing, Vol. 57, No. 1. pp. 1-22

Shirin, Khosrozadeh; Kambiz, Heidarzadeh Hanzaee. 2011. The Effect of the Country-of-Origin Image, Product Knowledge and Product Involvement on Consumer Purchase Decisions. Chinese Business Review, August Vol. 10, No. 8, 601-615

Bailey, W. And S.A. Gutierrez de Pineres. 2007. 'Country of Origin Attitudes in Mexico: The Malinchismo Effect.' Journal of International Consumer Marketing 9 (3): 25-41.