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IT Security Planning & Implementation
Information systems have always been complex over their existence. The same has been true of securing those networks and systems. However, with the growing complexity and capabilities of these machines and networks, the security implications and possibilities of just what level of depravity that hackers will stoop to. This report shall explain the basics of information technology equipment and security as well as the threats that exist to the same. These threats include worms, viruses, Trojans, spyware, adware, zero-day attacks, hacker attacks, denial of service attacks and data interception or theft.
Typical computer networks are made up of a series of workstations and other devices. The devices that might exist are workstations, servers, printers, firewalls, switches and routers. The different pieces of equipment that exist might or might not be network-enabled or even capable of networking at all. Some devices only communicate through USB while…
Avalle, M., Pironti, A., & Sisto, R. (2014). Formal verification of security protocol implementations: a survey. Formal Aspects Of Computing, 26(1), 99-123.
Desai, D. (2013). Beyond Location: Data Security in the 21st Century. Communications Of The ACM, 56(1), 34-36. doi:10.1145/2398356.2398368
Holt, T.J., & Schell, B.H. (2013). Hackers and Hacking: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, LLC.
Data destruction is when an attacker goes in and starts deleting things (Curtin, 1997).
There are a number of ways that a company's network can get attacked. One being if you have a single component to provide security, an attacker only has that one thing to get around in order to gaining full control of your system. Also not having secure modems can give access to unwanted attacks. However, these are evolving every single day. The first one being shortened ULs, a Shortened UL nickname can be handy, but pose risks. Since they give no hint of the destination, attackers can exploit them to send you to malicious sites. Then it discusses data harvesting of your profile. This is when an attacker collects enough information to access your sensitive accounts. They do this by the information you share on social networks, such as your high school, hometown, or birthday, which…
Bradley, T. (January 24, 2010). How to Stop 11 Hidden Security Threats. Retrieved from http://www.pcworld.com/article/187199/how_to_stop_11_hidden_security_threats.html
Curtin, M. (March 1997). Introduction to Network Security. Retrieved from www.interhack.net/pubs/network-security/
Musich, P. (2003). Cisco Beefs up Security Tools. EWeek, 36.
This report is the answer to a scenario that was provided as the basis for this assignment. The idea is that a security firm has been awarded a contract for a local government agency. As part of that contract, the author is being asked to provide a number of deliverables. These would include an information flow diagram, an equipment list that would be required so as to make up the network security infrastructure, a maintenance plan to keep the network running and operating in optimal fashion, a list of at least four security measures that could be developed, two physical security vendors that could be used and how human resources could and should figure into all of the above. While there are multiple ways to undergo a network security system plan, there are some options and paths that are more required than others.
The network information flow…
Brown, M. (2012). Who makes the best 802.11ac router? We review the only 5 models available today. PCWorld. Retrieved 25 November 2017, from https://www.pcworld.com/article/262148/who_makes_the_best_802_11ac_router_we_review_the_only_5_models_available_today.html
Concept Draw. (2017). Network Security Devices. http://www.conceptdraw.com. Retrieved 25 November 2017, from http://www.conceptdraw.com/How-To-Guide/network-security-devices
Gov.UK. (2017). [Withdrawn] Browser Security Guidance: Google Chrome - GOV.UK. Gov.uk. Retrieved 25 November 2017, from https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/browser-security-guidance-google-chrome/browser-security-guidance-google-chrome
ITCS. (2017). Cisco ASA vs WatchGuard XTM | IT Central Station. Itcentralstation.com. Retrieved 25 November 2017, from https://www.itcentralstation.com/products/ comparisons/cisco-asa_vs_watchguard-xtm
Mays, J. (2017). Update and Patch OpenSSL for Heartbleed Vulnerability | Liquid Web Knowledge Base. Liquid Web Knowledge Base. Retrieved 25 November 2017, from https://www.liquidweb.com/kb/update-and-patch-openssl-for-heartbleed-vulnerability/
Shinder, D. (2017). 10 physical security measures every organization should take. TechRepublic. Retrieved 25 November 2017, from https://www.techrepublic.com/blog/10-things/10-physical-security-measures-every-organization-should-take/
Zielinski, D. (2014). Integrating HR Systems Can Deliver Rich Rewards. SHRM. Retrieved 25 November 2017, from https://www.shrm.org/hr-today/news/hr-magazine/pages/0514-hr-systems-integration.aspx
Network Security: Past, Present and Future
The work of Curtin (2007) states that a network is defined as "any set of interlinking lines resembling a net, a network of roads -- an interconnected system, a network of alliances." Quite simply a computer network is a system of computers that are interconnected. There are seven layers of communication types identified by the International Standards Organization (ISO) Open Systems Interconnect (OSI) eference Model as well as the interfaces among them. Each layer is stated to be dependent on the services that the layer above it provides including the physical network hardware.
Technology: Description and Area of esearch
The most popular networks which have been used over the past twenty-five years and which include both private and public networks include the following network services: (1) UUCP -- Unix-to-Unix CoPy: This was developed originally for connecting Unix hosts together however, since that time UUCP…
Bouchard, Mark (2009) WANTED: The Future of Network Security for Service Providers -- Now!AimPoint Group, LLC. Juniper Networks. Retrieved from: http://www.juniper.net/us/en/local/pdf/whitepapers/2000301-en.pdf
Cisco Security Planning and Design Service (2010) Cisco Systems. Retrieved from: http://www.planetcisco.org/en/U.S./services/ps2961/ps2952/services_datasheet_securitypd.pdf
Graff, Mark (2002 ) The Future of Internet Security. Para-Protect. Retrieved from: http://www.markgraff.com/mg_writings/TFOIS6000.pdf
Keohane & Nye (2000) in: Schneider, Jim (2003) Globalization and Think-Tanks: Security Policy Networks. SAREM International Seminar, Istanbul, May 30, 2003. Retrieved from: http://www.policy.hu/schneider/GlobalTTs.pdf
The purpose of this discussion was to examine the network security measures that are available. The research found that the proper configuration provides the first line of defense as it relates to securing a network.
In addition, firewalls serve an essential role in securing networks against outside intrusions. The research also indicates that anti-virus software, encryption software and biometrics allow organizations to secure networks in a more comprehensive manner. There are also specific strategies and technologies that should be considered if an organization chooses to use a wireless network.
Davis J.P.(2006) Telecommute Safely: Use Internet Technology to Keep Cost Down. Contributors: - author. Journal Title: Journal of Accountancy. Volume: 202. Issue: 2. Publication Year: 2006. Page Number: 39+.
Hoover M. (2005) Network Security: The New Perimeter; Security Threats Can No Longer Be Contained in the DMZ. How Do You Protect Every esource, and Every User's Traffic, No Matter…
Davis J.P.(2006) Telecommute Safely: Use Internet Technology to Keep Cost Down. Contributors: - author. Journal Title: Journal of Accountancy. Volume: 202. Issue: 2. Publication Year: 2006. Page Number: 39+.
Hoover M. (2005) Network Security: The New Perimeter; Security Threats Can No Longer Be Contained in the DMZ. How Do You Protect Every Resource, and Every User's Traffic, No Matter Where it's Coming From?. Business Communications Review. Volume: 35(7). Page Number: 40+.
Intel Glossary. Retrieved November 7, 2007 at http://www.intel.com/products/glossary/body.htm
Karygiannis T. & Owens L., 2002. Wireless Network security. National Institute of Standards in technology. Retrieved November 7, 2007 at http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/nistpubs/800-48/NIST_SP_800-48.pdf
The main lesson learned from viewing the tutorials and programs is the ease and flexibility of configuring each specific session to the unique needs of an audience. Feasibly these technologies could be used for creating highly unique and tailored learning experiences for students who were learning through online universities only for example. The ability to tailor all forms of digital content, from music and video to drawing boards and the inclusion of self-pacing materials, shows the potential of these technologies to support online learning over an entire semester for example (Suduc, Bizoi, Filip, 2009). The implications on long-term learning using these technologies is also significant. It is clear that the recursive nature of how they are designed would allow for repetitive study of complex concepts, including the more challenging areas of math, statistics and the sciences.
Web conferencing has progressed from just a means to project slides or a…
(Bernoff, Li, 2008)
Bernoff, J., & Li, C. (2008). Harnessing the power of the oh-so-social web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.
(Bisdikian, Brady, Doganata, Foulger, 1998)
Bisdikian, C., Brady, S., Doganata, Y.N., & Foulger, D.A. (1998). Multimedia digital conferencing: A web-enabled teleconferencing system. IBM Journal of Research and Development, 42(2), 281-298.
Network Security: An Issue for Business Data Communication
Computer security and the protection of data has been an issue since the early 1980s when computers became standard office equipment. Company sensitive information is stored on computers. Protecting the access to and integrity of this information has been a key concern for managers and computer specialists alike. The issues in data security have not changed, however the advent of the Internet has made keeping data secure more difficult. The Internet did not change the key issues, just the number of users trying to access the information. Network administrators have been facing these issues for quite some time.
The key security issue facing IT professionals is to protect the system from invaders or intruders known as Hackers. Hackers can be grouped into several categories according to motive. They are Joyriders (who do it for fun), Vandals (who do it to cause harm),…
Atempo. Improving Network Security with Time navigator. 2001. http://www.atempo.com/library/pdf/wp_security.pdf . Accessed July, 2002.
CITES. Introduction to Windows Security. 2002. http://www.cites.uiuc.edu/security/winintro.html Accessed July, 2002.
Coffey, Tom, Dojen, Reiner and Flanagan, Tomas. Verification of Cryptographic Protocols used in Fixed and Mobile Networks..Information Security. ERCIM News No. 49, April 2002. http://www.ercim.org/publication/Ercim_News/enw49/coffey.html Accessed July 2002.
Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) Senior Management Briefing Paper 1. 1997. http://www.jisc.ac.uk/pub97/sm01_sec.html Accessed July 2002.
Networks are continually vulnerable to threats, which is why it is important to understand the ramifications of ping sweeps and port scans. While ping sweeps and port scans are not attacks in and of themselves, they are probing activities. Ping sweeps are automated processes that show the malicious user which computers on a network are active, whereas port scans identify the potential points of entry into a network from which to launch an attack. Both ping sweeps and port scans are threats that can be averted in order to protect network security.
Ping sweeps are akin to shouting aloud in a canyon and waiting for a response, or sending a call on a radio. Usually, intruders can create robots to conduct ping sweeps for them. One protocol used is the ICMP ECHO (Teo, 2000). The ICMP ECHO sends messages within a range of IP addresses. Another type of ping sweep…
"Defending Yourself Against Port Scanners," (2010). TechWorld. Retrieved online: http://www.techworld.com/security/defending-yourself-against-port-scanners-490/
"Ping Sweeps and Port Scans," (2014). Retrieved online: http://www.linuxjournal.com/article/4234
Teo, L. (2000). Network probes explained. Linux Journal. Dec 1, 2000. Retrieved online:
networking and TCP/IP and internetworking. Also discussed are risk management, network threats, firewalls, and also more special purpose network devices. The paper will provide a better insight on the general aspects of security and also get a better understanding of how to be able to reduce and manage risk personally at the workplace and at home.
In today's world, the Computer has become a common feature in any organization anywhere in the world. This may be due to the fact that a computer can be accessed by anybody who knows how to handle it and also because it can store a lot of information both confidential and general. A computer is connected through a physical network that allows a person or many persons to share any information necessary. (Conceptual Overview of Network Security) Though network security in Information Technology is an issue that has been discussed endlessly, implementation has definitely…
Bolding, Darren. "Network Security, Filters and Firewalls." Retrieved from ACM Cross Roads Student Magazine, 17 January, 2001 http://www.acm.org/crossroads/xrds2-1/security.html . Accessed on 03/09/2004
Curtin, Matt. "Introduction to Network Security March" 1997. Retrieved at http://www.interhack.net/pubs/network-securityAccessed on 03/09/2004
Home Internet security: Protection against network security attacks" Retrieved at http://www.buildwebsite4u.com/articles/home-internet-security.shtml. Accessed on 03/09/2004
Magalhaes, Ricky M. "Network Security recommendations that will enhance your windows" network" Oct 22, 2002. Retrieved at http://www.windowsecurity.com/articles/Net_Security_Recommendations.html . Accessed on 03/09/2004
Best Practice Wireless Network Security
Best Practices for Network Security
Wireless network is a technology that relies on radio waves instead of wires in connecting computer devices to the internet. There is a transmitter, with the name wireless access point or gateway, wired into an internet connection, which provides a "hotspot" transmitting the connectivity over radio waves. Hotspot has the capability to identify information, that include an item known as an SSID (service set identifier), that enable computer devices to locate them. For computer and other devices that have been equipped with wireless card as well as have permission to access the wireless frequency can then have the opportunity to connect to the network. There are some computer and other devices that may be able to automatically identify open wireless networks within a particular area, and for some you may be required to locate and enter the information manually like…
Gast. Matthew S. (2002) "802.11 Wireless Networks" The Definitive Guide O'Reilly & Associates Inc., Sebastopol, CA.
James F. Kurose, Keith W. Ross, (2001) "Computer Networking, A top-down approach featuring the Internet," 1st edition, Pearson Education.
Matt Lytle (2010) Securing Wireless Networks. Retrieved June 20, 2014. http://www.us-cert.gov/ncas/tips/ST05-003
Molta .D. (2002) WLAN security on the rise. Network Computing, 3(3):86 -- 9
Network Security Administrator, Approach Problem Securing a Central
I would utilize a number of security measures to adequately secure a central computer network that is accessed by other branches and staff from remote physical location. The vast majority tends to work in conjunction with one another, and should not deny access to authorized users.
For all of the computers that are present in the primary, physical location in which the network is based out of, I would employ encryption measures. This sort of encryption is similar to that used by cellular devices (whether in the form of tablets or phones), which enables users to reduce the threat of unauthorized users from accessing their devices or the data within them (Stafford, 2010). However, it is worth noting that encryption would not be used on the computing devices in the network that are outside of this primary physical location.
One of the…
Merkow, M.S., Breithaupt, J. (2006). Information Security: Principles and Practices. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Stafford, M. (2010). "Hackers crack cell phone encryption." Tech News Daily. Retrieved from http://www.technewsdaily.com/70-hackers-crack-cell-phone-encryption.html
Williams, P. "The Apache Software Foundation and its influence on data management." www.dataversity.com. Retrieved from http://www.dataversity.net/the-apache-software-foundation-and-its-influence-on-data-management/
Bejtlich's insights and outlooks when it comes to many different areas of network security monitoring really helped to provide the necessary context for understanding the material, mechanisms, and processes of the field.
There were other readings assigned in the course that were useful, too, of course, and many other sources encountered during the various exercises and research/written work required for the completion of the course that were also beneficial in identifying and illuminating many of the specific areas of concern and of growing knowledge and interest in the network security monitoring field. While Bejtlich (2004) does a tremendous job of introducing and outlining many of the fundamental theories and frameworks within the discipline of network security monitoring, these other sources were also enormously useful in their further commentary on these issues and in the different perspectives that were brought to bear on such things as end-user security, the nature of…
Ahmad, N. & Habib, M. (2010). Analysis of Network Security Threats and Vulnerabilities by Development & Implementation of a Security Network Monitoring Solution. Blekinge Institute of Technology (thesis).
Barth, W. (2008). Nagios: System and Network Monitoring. San Francisco: Open Source Press.
Bejtlich, R. (2004). The Tao of Network Security Monitoring: Beyond Intrusion
Detection. New York: Pearson.
Cisco SAFE's Network Security Planning
Cisco SAFE has significantly help in securing large internetwork that has remain a daunting challenge; this complexity has been facilitated through cloud computing as well as social networks. Cisco SAFE architecture offer guidelines of design and implementation which are detailed that is used for building secure and reliable network infrastructures as well as the policies supporting them. The guides have been established based on security best practices that have been amalgamated with several hours spent in designing, testing, and documentation.
Since the contemporary organizational environment is full of threats, the target is directed on everything and Cisco SAFE uses defense-in-depth approach to provide the needed security. Systemwide intelligence approach for SAFE tend to address network devices; security of the infrastructure, applications and application servers; endpoints; email; web; databases; storage systems; communications devices; and other servers. This is accomplished through putting emphasis…
The paper creates Extended Access Control Lists for ABC Corporation using Port Numbers.
Extended Access Control Lists for ABC Corporation using Port Numbers
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.3.0. 0.0.0.255 any eq 20
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.5.0. 0.0.0.255 any eq 21
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.3.1/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq 22
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.3.254/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq 25
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.5.254/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq 35
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.0.254/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq18
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.5.35/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq19
access-list 101 permit tcp 172.16.0.0/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq39
access-list 101 deny tcp 172.16.0.254/16. 0.0.0.255 any eq26
access-list 101 deny tcp 172.16.5.35/16 . 0.0.0.255 any eq23
Further steps is the configuration of ACL for ABC Corporation. Configuration of Extended Access Control list is critical for the protection of network infrastructures of ABC Corporation.
Configuration of Extended Access Control Lists for ABC Corporation using Port Numbers.
Cisco Systems (2002).Virtual LAN Security Best Practices. Cisco Inc. White Paper.
Cisco (2010).Protecting Your Core: Infrastructure Protection Access Control Lists Document ID: 43920. Cisco Systems, Inc. Research Paper.
National Institute of Science and Technology (2010). The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing USA.
Sun CTO (2009). Cloud computing is like the mainframe.Techtarget.
ABC NETWOK DESIGN
A Comprehensive Proposal and Design for ABC Inc. Network equirements
Network Proposal Overview
Network Configuration Management Plan
In order to meet the needs of the customers, ABC Inc. must insure that productivity is not hindered by the growth of the company. The employees at ABC Inc. must have a robust network so that customer service is not jeopardized. The accounting firm has grown from five to fifty employees with the acquisition of a large account. Currently, each employee has their own standalone computer which contains Windows 7, Office 2010 and QuickBooks accounting software. The company does not have a network in place. Currently information is shared by copying data to a flash drive and each workstation has a stand-alone printer. The objective of this proposal is to provide a centralized solution for all of ABC's network needs.
Given the highly…
Amsel, E. (1988). Network security and access controls. Computers & Security, 7(1),
Bray, O., & Hess, M.M. (1995). Reengineering a configuration-management system.
IEEE Software, 12(1), 55-63.
All network authorized personnel must be instructed to use "strong" passwords consisting of at least 8 characters; they must include at least one upper and one lower case letter, at least one Arabic number, and at least one "special character" in addition to avoiding any form or abbreviation of the user's first or last name (Boyce, 2002; Kizza, 2005).
Network administrators must also implement applications capable of ensuring compliance by automatically rejecting improper password choices. Additionally, administrators must require authorized users to change their passwords at specific intervals. Finally, office managers must monitor compliance with common-sense rules about behavioral aspects of password security, such as prohibiting divulging passwords to co-workers, requiring users to log off if they leave their terminals, and by providing training into recognizing attempted social engineering to obtain secure information through deception (Larson, 2007).
Likewise, authentication layers can also significantly enhance network security. In that regard, the…
Boyce J. (2002). Information Assurance: Managing Organizational it Risks. St. Louis,
Kizza JM. (2005). Computer Network Security. New York: Springer.
Larsen R. (2007). Our Own Worst Enemy: Asking the Right Questions About
The behavior of both botnets and worms in peer-to-peer networks have been empirically examined and models or simulations of their behavior have been attempted, and the manner in which different nodes in peer-to-peer networks develop in and of themselves and in terms of their relationships with other nodes -- the very architecture of the network itself, in other words, which is necessarily dynamic in a peer-to-peer network -- makes it easier for these threats to spread and evolve undetected due to this architecture and to the patterns of information flow over such networks (Fan, 2011; Xu et al., 2011). When it comes to worms propagating in peer-to-eer networks, the activity of the worm itself has been demonstrated to be the most necessary knowledge in terms of tracking and preventing the continued spread and damage of such a threat, while botnets generally show more "robustness" an are better impacted by shifts…
Ahmad, N. & Habib, M. (2010). Analysis of Network Security Threats and Vulnerabilities by Development & Implementation of a Security Network Monitoring Solution. Blekinge Institute of Technology (thesis).
Barth, W. (2008). Nagios: System and Network Monitoring. San Francisco: Open Source Press.
Bejtlich, R. (2004). The Tao of Network Security Monitoring: Beyond Intrusion Detection. New York: Pearson.
Cao, J. & Liu, Z. (2012). A Distributed Trust Model in Unstructured P2P Networks. Recent Advances in Computer Science and Information Engineering 126: 635-41.
Network Design Proposal
ABC School Stats/User Counts
Having a current strength of approximately 845 students, ABC School provides education from Pre-Kindergarten to the 12th Grade. According to the requirements of The New York School District, 250 Curriculum computers along with 75 Administration computers are to be installed. The requirements for the wiring per room of layer 1 are that it should adjust a total of 25 computers, 24 of which will be used for the curriculum, whereas one will be used for administrative purposes.
The model for the WAN is 2 layers of hierarchy having a total of 3 hubs, one connecting the District Office or the Data Center, one the Service Center, and the remaining one connecting the Black Hawk School. A Frame elay WAN will be responsible for providing the required internet services.
For all the hosts, interconnection devices, and servers an…
ArrowMail. (2011). "Advice on Choosing the best Range of IP Addresses to use on your LAN." Taken from: http://www.arrowmail.co.uk/articles/iprange.aspx
Begin Linux. (2010). Network Design for Small Business. Taken from: http://beginlinux.com/blog/2010/06/network-design-for-a-small-business
Botsford, C. (2011). Learn To Subnet.com v. 3.2." LearnTCPIP.com. Taken from: http://www.learntcpip.com/LTSN/default.htm
Crockett, R. (2003). Network design project Sunnyslope elementary school. WESD Network Design Project Proposal.
The responses to a network security monitoring attack needs to be based on an assessment of the method of the attack that is being leveled against the network and its security monitoring, and thus can be as varied and complex as the attacks themselves (Bejtlich, 2004). Two tactics or tools that an attacker might use to attack network security monitoring are an attack from a stepping stone or an attacking using a spoofed source address. Both of these are methods by which the attacker uses tools and processes to hide their location and identity, making it more difficult to trace the origin of the malicious activity and thus to end it and also causing problems when it comes to the legal end of proving and prosecuting crimes. There are numerous methods of addressing attacks that utilize such tools, including different ways of attempting to track the true and hidden identity…
Bjetlich, R. (2004). The Tao of Network Security Monitoring: Beyond Intrusion
Detection. New York: Pearson.
The company should use the Cisco hedge router to make the company to achieve a reliable communication over the internet. The edge router will also make the company to achieve higher capacity, scalability, and improve routing protocol convergence at lower costs. As traffic volume increases, the solution will allow the company to implement incremental bandwidth upgrades without necessarily changing the router interface. The edge firewall will be used to protect the network from the unwanted traffic. The firewall will also be responsible to enforce the internet access policy. As an added security policy, the company should also use the Intrusion Detection System (IDS) and Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) to detect and prevent unwanted traffic into the network.
Explanation of how hosting servers will affect the above choices
The router needs to link LAN communications on a WAN. However, the leased line is expensive, the paper recommends that the company use…
AL_Taiey,T. (2011).The Complete One-Week Preparation for the Cisco Ccent/CCNA Icnd1 Exam 640-822 with Three Cisco Simulated Exams a Certification Guide with Over 2160 Sample Questions and Answers with Comprehensive Explanations (First Edition ).
Cisco (2012).Cisco Wide Area Application Services: Secure Scalable, and Simple Central Management. Cisco USA.
Columbia University. (2010). Information Technology. Columbia University. USA.
Cisco (2012).Cisco's Virtual Wide Area (WAN) Application Services: Cloud-Ready WAN Optimization Solution. Cisco USA.
Network Management and System Administration
The aim of the paper is to establish the difference between a system administrator and a network administrator. The paper is thus divided into three sections. The first section deals with the basic definition and responsibilities of a system administrator; the second does the same for a network administrator and the third compares their responsibilities to clearly identify the differences between the two.
The maintenance of computer systems in a company is the sole responsibility of a system administrator. They are responsible for maintaining, upgrading and installing servers. They are also entrusted with the task of checking the security of the server and maintaining its backup as well. They are also involved in programming for automating tasks at the server. For this purpose, they write programs, also known as scripting (Schneider, 2012a).
Education criteria for System Administrators:
With respect to the level of…
Schneider, L. (2012a). System Administrator. Accessed March 7th, 2012 from: http://jobsearchtech.about.com/od/careersintechnology/p/SysAdmin.htm
Schneider, L. (2012b). Network Administrator Profile -- " What is a Network Administrator. Accessed March 7th, 2012 from: http://jobsearchtech.about.com/od/careersintechnology/p/NetAdmin.htm
Morgan, H. (2010) Difference between Network and Systems Admin. eHow .com. Accessed March 7th, 2012 from: http://www.ehow.com/facts_6155311_difference-between-network-systems-admin.html
). Such security should also preplan strategic responses to attacks associated with the network (Dawkins et al.).
A book entitled "Surviving Security: How to Integrate People, Process, and Technology" explains that the rapid expansion networking and networking technologies necessitates greater security needs. The author asserts that parts of the network such as routers, switches and even network printers are vulnerable (Andress). The article further explains that the router or switch contained between the firewall and the internet access or between the firewall and the internal network are often vulnerable. Organizations with networks should work hard to secure them at these points. The article also states that if attackers can gain access to a network at these points, they can gain access to sensitive information and compromise the stability of the network. Also attackers who gain access to a network at one of the aforementioned points will also be able to…
Strong Case for converged Networks." 24 October, 2008 http://www.networkmagazineindia.com/200206/cover2.shtml
Andress, Amanda. Surviving Security: How to Integrate People, Process, and Technology. Boca Raton, FL: Auerbach Publications, 2003
Bates, R.J. Voice and Data Communication Handbook. McGraw-Hill Professional, 2007
CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION Further Efforts Needed to Integrate Planning for and Response to Disruptions on Converged Voice and Data Networks. United States Government Accounting Office, 2008. http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d08607.PDF
Security and Baseline Anomalies
Base lining is the performance of measuring and evaluation the presentation of a network in instantaneous situations. Provision of a network baseline calls for quizzing and reporting of physical connectivity, throughout the range of network usage. Such in-detailed network scrutiny is required in identifying problems associated with speed, accessibility, and finding vulnerabilities within the network. Predefined security settings are put in place to manage large security networks. These settings can be applied on a number of similar computers in a network. Settings and templates helps to reduce the occurrence of errors and omissions and this also helps in securing the servers.
How to obtain a baseline system
A baseline system of network behavior can be obtained through sub-netting a network. This entails dividing a network into smaller networks through a series of routers. Routers help to improve the security of the sub-nets by regulating the users…
Network Vulnerabilities and Controls
Computer networks are constantly under threat from many different sources of attacks. In order to get a clear understanding of the different views on computer security and its characteristics, it is important to define a network. This term means a group of computers that have been interconnected to communicate to one another using electrical signals. The network can be either wired or wireless and the most common of them nowadays is the wireless computer network. The internet or wide area network can link very many computers that are widely and geographically apart.
Computers are therefore linked to communicate with one another via the internet. However, these same computers are prone to attacks from all different angles. Any unauthorized access to ones computer can be defined as an attack since in the process, valuable information may be retrieved from the computer or even deleted. The information may…
ISO, (2009). International standards. Geneva Switzerland. Retrieved from. http://www.iso.org/iso/iec27000
Cisco, (2011).Cisco Security Advisory: Cisco Network Admission Control Guest Server System Software Authentication Bypass Vulnerability. Retrieved from http://www.cisco.com/warp / public/707
Juniper networks inc. (2009).Nuclear plant control system cyber vulnerabilities and recommendations toward securing them: Enabling comprehensive network- based security for control systems
May P., et al. (2006), mitigations for security vulnerabilities found in control system networks, Retrieved in 2006, from http://www.isa.org . 3-9
A Brief Look Since 1995
This is a research paper that focuses on network standards and protocols that involve strategies in management. Leadership strategies cannot handle the need for network standards to handle billions of users and user generated applications. Therefore management strategies are more appropriate. Furthermore the history of network standards shows layering through the OSI models follows a management approach vs. A leadership approach.
In the OSI model, there are seven layers. The seven layers then acts as a means of managing problems within that layer as it is separated and contained. People can run communication through these layers much more easily and smoothly than through a singular, whole layer. The several layers are more efficient and can handle and spot problems and inefficiencies more quickly. It serves as the basis for network standards.
The history behind network standards provides valuable insight into how organizations emerged…
Faynberg, I. (1997). The intelligent network standards. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Haase, J. (2012). Wireless Network Standards for Building Automation. Embedded Systems, 53-65. Doi: 10.1007/978-1-4419-8795-2_4
Panayides, A., Antoniou, Z., Pattichis, M., Pattichis, C., & Constantinides, A. (2012). High efficiency video coding for ultrasound video communication in m-health systems. IEEE, 2170.
Siep, T., Gifford, I., Braley, R., & Heile, R. (2000). Paving the way for personal area network standards: an overview of the IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks.IEEE Personal Communications, 7(1), 37-43. doi:10.1109/98.824574
In the present day, organizations are reliant on information in order to continue being relevant and not become obsolete. To be specific, organizations are reliant on the controls and systems that have been instituted in place, which provide the continuing privacy, veracity, and accessibility of their data and information (Lomprey, 2008). There is an increase and rise in threats to information contained within organizations and information systems (Lomprey, 2008). There is also a rise in the intricacy of such systems and information, which places emphasis on the importance for organizations to understand and gain an understanding of how to better safeguard their information as well as information systems. As stated by Briggs (2005), globalization has instigated the world to become a global village. This, in turn, has increased the level of complexity and intricacy of the information security aspect of the organizations across the world. There is greater…
Alfawaz, S. M. (2011). Information security management: a case study of an information security culture (Doctoral dissertation, Queensland University of Technology).
Ashenden, D. (2008). Information Security management: A human challenge? Information security technical report, 13(4), 195-201.
Briggs, R. (2005). Joining Forces From national security to networked security. DEMOS.
Chang, S. E., Ho, C. B. (2006). Organizational factors to the effectiveness of implementing information security management. Industrial Management and Data Systems, 106 (3): 345-361.
(%) Cross Site Scripting (XSS) errors -- by far the most common strategy hackers use to gain access to the source code of websites and the databases supporting them is to use a technique called cross-site scripting (Brodkin, 2007). Actively monitoring the percentage of XSS errors over time can determine patterns of when hackers attempt to gain access to a website's source code, database links, pricing and e-commerce systems. This is one of the most often used metrics in security dashboards used for monitoring Web-based applications and multisite installations.
(%) Incidence and Trending of Buffer Overflow Injection Flaws -- This is most commonly associated with attempts to gain access to SQL databases supporting a website by forcing a buffer overflow condition (Brodkin, 2007). This is one of the most effective hacking strategies there are as it forces a system to fail and allow access.
(%) Authentication Soft and Hard Errors…
Brodkin, J.. (2007, October). The top 10 reasons Web sites get hacked. Network World, 24(39), 1,16-17,20.
Su, M., Yu, G., & Lin, C.. (2009). A real-time network intrusion detection system for large-scale attacks based on an incremental mining approach. Computers & Security, 28(5), 301.
Xiong, K., & Perros, H. (2008). Trustworthy Web services provisioning for differentiated customer services. Telecommunication Systems, 39(3-4), 171-185.
Security Audit for FX Hospital EH/EM Systems
The study carries out the security audits for the FX Hospital EH/EM information systems to identify the vulnerabilities in the systems. The study uses the BackTrack as an auditing tool to penetrate the website, and outcomes of the auditing reveal that the website is not secure and can be subject to different vulnerabilities. After carrying out the auditing, the study is able to collect as much patients' data as possible revealing the website can be subject to vulnerable attacks. One of the vulnerabilities identified is that the website UL starts from HTTP showing that an attacker can easily break into the website and collect sensitive information. Moreover, all the data in the website are not encrypted making them easy for an attacker to collect patients' data.
By consequence, the FX Hospital can face lawsuits for failing to protect patients' data because if patients'…
Abdel-Aziz, A. (2009). Intrusion Detection & Response - Leveraging Next Generation Firewall Technology. SANS Institute.
Burr, W. Ferraiolo, H. & Waltermire, D. (2014). IEEE Computer Society. NIST and Computer Security.
Chadwick, D. (2012). Network Firewall Technologies. IS Institute, University of Salford.
Mell, P.Bergeron, T. & Henning, D.(2005).Creating a Patch and Vulnerability Management Program. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
Gulfstream Network Proposal
Mr. Jet Buyer
1952 Kanako Lane
Gulfstream IV Network Proposal
In less than one hundred years, air travel and networking and computing communications have evolved from the Wright brothers and the UNIVAC housed in several huge rooms to fully functional in-flight Gulfstream network communications. Passengers today expect their palm pilots, laptops and PC's to work as seamlessly as the flight itself. The modern day concerns are mired in the fact that digital conversation now entails a two way link that has inadvertently opened up a can of worms for airline network administrators. Network security and key distribution and management authenticating and authorizing ad-hoc networks have taken on new meaning in the realm of personal aircraft.
The objective here is to tender a viable design regarding the configuration of a fully integrated local area network…
How Stuff Works. (2009). "Networking." Retrieved on December 7, 2009 from http://computer.howstuffworks.com/lan-switch2.htm
Network Implementation for Davis Networks Inc.
In the proposal, effort is made to develop an affordable local LAN for Davis Networks Inc. The effort involves provision of wireless Internet connection to all individuals for their desktops and laptops from the current high speed connection they have at an affordable price (800 USD -- 1000 USD). Provision of the internet to the same location costs approximately 700 USD including all other expenses like doing the wiring etc. To implement the project, there are various obstacles that have to be considered like electric poles, trees and walls. The core location is the Computer Center building. It has the highest speeds of connection. From this building, there will be distribution to the surrounding buildings located between 500 and 1000 meter range. The establishment of the network needs 5 Wireless Access points (WAP) having Omni antennas (A, B, C, D, E) and two directional…
Chapter 2 Wireless Networking Basics (2005).
Deep, G., Kush, A. & Kumar B. (2010). PROPOSAL FOR LOW COST WIRELESS NETWORKING. International Journal of Computing and Business Research (IJCBR) 1(1).
Kadhim, D., J. & Hussain, W.K. (2006). Design and Implementation of a Proposal Network Firewall. Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal, 2(1), pp 52-69
Kadry, S., & Hassan, W. (2008).Design and Implementation of System and Network Security for an Enterprise with World Wide Branches. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 4(11), 1361-1370.
Examples are 10BaseT ethernet and 100VB AnyLAN networks. I would devise an intelligent hub that would have enhanced capacities for other features such as remote management capability.
Switches are an addition o hubs and would also provide this prospective network with support capacities such as multiple bandwidths, bridge functionality, and router functionality.
I will install a bridge that will filter data packets according to their various addresses. This will forward only the appropriate packages to the relent address. The packet moves on if it does not belong. This function seperates the various files and ensures that each receives its correct one without clogging up the system. It also provides data security so that each receives only that which he is permitted to have access to. Bridges help th traffic. They require, however, that network managers install and update their list of addresses.
Routers are also an inescapable piece of my…
Wireless and Wi-Fi
The dominant approach used today for connecting to network, wireless technologies including W-Fi is dominating the entire area of networking, from 3G and 4G on smartphones and tablet PCs to the development of hotspot technology on the attest iPad. This is the future of networking for many consumers. The reliance on Wi-Fi as a means to stay connected to business and friends has exponentially increased and will continue to for the long-term (Gilmer, 2010). The fundamentals of Wi-Fi are easily taught as they are based on IEEE standards that create a framework for teaching these technologies with clarity and insight (Greiner, 2001). Wi-Fi continues to increase in terms of speed as well, with 3G and 4G now commonplace. Consumers need to know about this technology and how it works to troubleshoot problems on their smartphones, tablet PCs and laptops. The best approach to managing the teaching process…
Gilmer, B. (2010). Networking software. Broadcast Engineering, 52(3), 24-27.
Greiner, L. (2001, Nov 16). Wireless networking wave. Computing Canada, 27(24), 16-17.
Mingail, H. (1995, Feb 15). Neural networks vs. knowledge systems. Computing Canada, 21(4), 30-30.
Solomon, H. (2003, May 02). Storage networking vendor warns of security pitfalls. Computer Dealer News, 19(7), 8-8
" (Muntenu, 2004)
According to Muntenu (2004) "It is almost impossible for a security analyst with only technical background to quantify security risk for intangible assets. He can perform a quantitative or qualitative evaluation using dedicated software to improve the security of the information systems, but not a complete risk assessment for the whole information system. Qualitative assessment based on questionnaires use in fact statistical quantitative methods to obtain results. Statistical estimation represents the basis for quantitative models." Muntenu states conclusion that in each of these approaches the "moral hazard of the analyst has influence on the results because human nature is subjective. He must use a sliding window approach according to business and information systems features, balancing from qualitative to quantitative assessment." (2004) qualitative study of information systems security is reported in a study conducted in U.S. academic institutions in the work of Steffani a. urd, Principal Investigator for…
Burd, Steffani a. (2006) Impact of Information Security in Academic Institutions on Public Safety and Security: Assessing the Impact and Developing Solutions for Policy and Practice. Final Report." NCJ 215953, United States Department of Justice. National Institute of Justice, Oct 2006.
Muntenu, Adrian (2004) Managing Information in the Digital Economy: Issues & Solutions Information Security Risk Assessment: The Qualitative vs. Quantitative Dilemma
Full text PDF: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/215953.pdfMunteanu , Adrian (2004) the Information Security Risk Assessment: The Qualitative vs. Quantitative Dilemma. Managing Information in the Digital Economy: Issues & Solutions.
It therefore assists in identifying network vulnerability and corrects them immediately.
Ferland (2009) noted that Secure Socket Layer (SSL) is a network protocol used in encrypting data so that the information send remains secure until it reaches its destination. It also used in the validation of the identity of the website which is using certificate. It informs the user the authentication of the website and that such a web site as been validated by the third party certificate authority. Both the source and destination of any send data has their own unique keys for encryption. However, the organization would install SSL certificate so that the customers has trust in our website
Digital certificate is describes as an electronic "tag" that shows the credentials of an organization when doing business or any other transaction online. The certificate contains the name of organization, serial number, and expiry date,…
Al-Slamy K., (2008) E-Commerce: Security Challenges and Solutions
Stawowski M., (2007). The Principles of Network Security Design
The Global Voice of Information Security; ISSA Journal | October 2007
Ferland M., (2009). WIPO Customer Certification Authority Information
Security Technology in Next Five Years
Globally security concerns have placed great pressure on the survival of human life and had threatened the daily life, confidence and dignity of societies at large. To resolve the security concerns and overcome with this disastrous obstacles, security technological advancements have been made in many facets. Human life is playing its vital role in moving the world to a secure place where families, businesses, trade, educational system, media, governance, art and science thus all fields of life is affected by the security concerns (Sen, 2002). Now the big question here is how technological development can contribute towards the security concerns especially in the areas of biometrics, forensics and physical security.
Although, there has been intensive increase in human security as the consequences of technological development, the historical background of technology has not rooted much confidence in the societies that further technological development will reduce…
Magarinos, C. (2001) Human Security and Science and Technology. Inauguration Statement of the UNIDO Director-General, 10 October, 2001. United Nations Industrial Development Organization.
McGinn, R (1991) Science, Technology and Society. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Paris, R. (2001). Human security: paradigm shift or hot air?,International Security, retrieved July 21, 2011 from http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/pdf/10.1162/016228801753191141
Sen, K. (2002). Basic Education and Human Security. Report of the Kolkata Meeting in Commission on Human Security Bangkok, Thailand. Compiled by Center for Social Development Studies, Faculty of Political Science, Chulalongkorn University. Retreived on July 21, 2011 from http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/human_secu/sympo0007_s.html
After server authorization four domains for giving and registration of addresses of clients are created. "If a physical LAN has more than one logical subnet, how can different groups of clients be allocated addresses on different subnets?
One way to do this is to preconfigure each client with information about what group it belongs to. A DHCP feature designed for this is the user class option. To do this, the client software must allow the user class option to be preconfigured and the server software must support its use to control which pool a client's address is allocated from. (DHCP FAQ (http://www.dhcp-handbook.com/dhcp_faq.html#iaplh)
In order to create domain, wizard is used. In nets 184.108.40.206, 220.127.116.11, 18.104.22.168 elimination range is used only from one (last) address of range, because it's assigned to router's port as it was mentioned above. All other nodes, including printers may be set up on automatic receiving of…
Donald, Lisa MCSE 2000 JumpStart: Computer Network Basics Morgan Kaufmann 2003
Les Freed PC Magazine Guide to Home Networking Wiley 2004
Peterson, Larry L. Computer Networks: A Systems Approach Morgan Kaufmann 2003
There is a trade-off with regard to this first layer to ensure a high level of physical security that does not compromise the system-level flexibility and support. This first level of support can be as simple as locks, fireproofing and safes to biometrically based access as well. The components of physical security are surveillance and notification systems. These are systems that react to smoke, intrusion or a threat in the form of a break-in for example. Using motion sensors, intrusion detection equipment and closed-circuit televisions are all part of this step, as are continual centralized monitoring of the entire site as well. Organizations have successfully been able to integrate emergency self-start shutdown procedures for systems when intruders are discovered, disabling all system access to protect the data. A third class or component of security is the reliance on combining physical monitoring systems with the actual enterprise systems to ensure all…
Phil Aronson. (2005). An integrated approach to workplace security.
Employment Relations Today, 32(1), 41-46.
C Thomas Johnson. (2008). Protecting Your Walls. Risk Management,
The greater the employee ownership and vested interest in a program's success, the greater the probability of its success. This emanates from a leader's choosing to endorse and actively support an information security program and show consistency of effort and focus to attain tis objectives (Madnick, 1978).
A third critical success factors is the providing of periodic feedback as to the progress of the information security program. The ability to actively monitor an information security program's progress using analytics and metrics of performance will significantly increase the likelihood of continued support (Straub, Welke, 1998). As is the case with many change management initiatives, the use of analytics and metrics also provide feedback to the employees and leadership of an organization, reinforcing adoption to the information security program over time (Guttman, Herzog, 2005).
The basis of effective change management is predicated on giving employees the ability to attain autonomy of…
D'Arcy, J., Hovav, a., & Galletta, D. (2009). User awareness of security countermeasures and its impact on information systems misuse: A deterrence approach. Information Systems Research, 20(1), 79-98,155,157.
Guttman, J.D., & Herzog, a.L. (2005). Rigorous automated network security management. International Journal of Information Security, 4(1-2), 29-29.
Leavy, B. (2012). Michael Beer - higher ambition leadership. Strategy & Leadership, 40(3), 5-11.
Madnick, S.E. (1978). Management policies and procedures needed for effective computer security. Sloan Management Review, 20(1), 61-61.
Information System Security Plan
The information security system is required to ensure the security of the business process and make the confidential data of the organization secure. The organization's management is required to analyze the appropriate system to be implemented and evaluate the service provided on the basis of their required needs. The implementation of the system requires the compliance of organizational policies with the service provider to ensure the maximum efficiency of the system. The continuous update and maintenance of the system is required to ensure the invulnerability of the system towards the potential internal and external threats.
Data Security Manager and Coordinator
Evaluate Service Providers
Change Passwords Periodically
estricted access to personal information
Safeguard paper records
eport unauthorized use of customer information
Terminated Employees 1
3. External isks 1
3.1 Firewall Protection 1
3.2 Data Encryption 1
Baskerville, R., & Siponen, M. (2002).An information security meta-policy for emergent organizations.Logistics Information Management, 15(5/6), 337-346.
Dlamini, M.T., Eloff, J.H., & Eloff, M.M. (2009). Information security: The moving target. Computers & Security, 28(3), 189-198.
Dhillon, G., & Backhouse, J. (2000). Technical opinion: Information system security management in the new millennium. Communications of the ACM, 43(7), 125-128.
Jain, A.K., Ross, A., & Pankanti, S. (2006). Biometrics: a tool for information security. Information Forensics and Security, IEEE Transactions on, 1(2), 125-143.
In this manner, it makes network management and filtering a lot easier. Even though SPF can protect the network infrastructure against certain attacks that are known to exploit the weaknesses that are inherent in the various network level protocols, it can never provide protection at application level. The application defense needs more awareness of the content of the payload.
Circuit Proxy Firewall (CPF)
This type of firewall operates by relying as an relaying agent that exists between the external and internal hosts (Stephen, 2004). The whole idea is to protect the network's internal hosts from direct exposure to the outside environments.
The CPF firewall operates by accepting various requests from the internal hosts for the sake of establishing the connection to the external world. It then destroys the device's initial IP address as well as the header of the network layer.
Disadvantages of CPF
The payload is then encapsulated in…
 N. Thanthry, M.S. Ali, and R. Pendse, "Security,
Internet Connectivity and Aircraft Data Networks,"
IEEE Aerospace and Electronic System
Magazine, November 2006
Network Security and Why Use It
Security And Why Use It
The security of any network should be taken seriously. A network allows someone to share resources and information with others on the network. Networks allow for distribution of computer viruses, Trojans, human intruders, and employees can damage more than just one computer. To better understand the importance of network security, one needs to think of what might happen if all the data for a company that is stored in their servers vanishes. This scenario would cause losses that the company might never recover. Networks are divided into three main categories Internetwork (internet), Wide Area Networks (WAN) and Local Area Networks (LAN). These three categories of network require security to ensure that no malicious humans gain access, and no viruses attack the network.
To better understand network security, one needs to know what a network is. A network is defined…
Hu, H., Myers, S., Colizza, V., Vespignani, A., & Parisi, G. (2009). WiFi Networks and Malware Epidemiology. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(5), 1318-1323.
Krishna, V.A., & Victoire, T.A.A. (2011). A Descriptive Study on Firewall. [Article]. European Journal of Scientific Research, 63(3), 339-346.
Papaj, J., Dobos, L. u., & izmar, A. (2012). Opportunistic Networks and Security. [Article]. Journal of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, 5(1), 163-166.
Rao, B., & Parikh, M.A. (2003). Wireless Broadband Networks: The U.S. Experience. International Journal of Electronic Commerce, 8(1), 37-53.
The Key equirements of Network Infrastructure Security
Measures for Internal Network Architecture
Storage of sensitive information on Networked Systems
Network Connection Control
Third Party Access to Internal Networks
Security of the IT network for any company is very important. Scores of sensitive business information is stored electronically in the IT systems and the company network. An unsecured or a partially secured network has the potential to cause financial losses to the company if the information falls in the wrong hands. Therefore there is need for installing and network security systems.
For any network security to become operational the company must first look into whether the system can be implemented technically and whether it can be implemented throughout the organization. Another consideration for the selection of the network security is to ensure that the system clearly define areas of responsibility for the users, administrators, and…
Andres, S. (2004). Security sage's guide to hardening the network infrastructure. Rockland, MA: Syngress Pub.
Convery, S. (2004). Network security architectures. Indianapolis, IN: Cisco Press.
Heng, S., Wright, R., & Goi, B. (2010). Cryptology and network security. Berlin: Springer.
1 | Page
Identity Management and Security Awareness Training Plan Strategy
Duration and frequency: three sessions of one hour each. Technology developments that are used in permanently updating the company's security features must be communicated to employees. Update training sessions of two hours must be performed every three months in order to keep up with technology improvements.
The training program must inform employees on the company's security guidelines. The administrative, technical, or physical safeguards intended to protect the personal information of clients and employees must be communicated and explained to all department members. In addition to this, the company must identify current attitudes towards information security that employees have (Winkler & Manke, 2013). The training material will be structured in accordance with these attitudes.
In this case, the question is whether to select an in-house or an outside trainer. An outside trainer could have more experience on…
1. Winkler, I. & Manke, S. (2013). The 7 elements of a successful security awareness program. CSO Online. Retrieved February 14, 2015 from
The process of gathering technical requirements for a network design project may differ from one organization to another, but the requirements themselves can be described using many of the concepts discussed in the lecture this week (i.e. Scalability, Availability, Network performance, Security, Manageability, and Affordability).
Analyzing technical requirements for the customer is important in helping one best fulfill the customer's expectations. The various objectives that need to be fulfilled involve the factors of Scalability, Availability, Network performance, Security, Manageability, and Affordability.
Scalability refers to the amount of growth that a network design can support. This is particularly important for large companies that are adding users, applications, additional sites, and external network connections all the time. The proposed network deign should be able to adapt to any envisioned additions. You will want to know the prospective amount of networks, users, servers, and/or sites that may be added to…
Prioritizing the goals is helpful for both you and client, so you start off with the most important goal ending with that least important to client. A list of options, too, can be made and correlated with goals. In this way, you will be more likely to design a computer network that will meet client's expectations.
Oppenheimer, P. (1999) Top-down network Design (3rd Ed.) Cisco Press.
Another aspect of the security management area of a network management system is the development of policy-based auditing and alerts by role in the organization
(Merilainen, Lemmetyinen, 2011). This is one of the areas of knowledge-enabled security management, specifically in the area of role-based access and advanced auditing and reporting.
Fault management is also an area that no single suite of network management systems can completely meet per the ISO standards today. This requires the CIO and network managers to define specific goals in this area including the extent of fail-over support and use of advanced fault tolerance technologies (Netak, Kiwelekar, 2006). Accounting management baseline performance includes the ability to generate logs of performance and also define benchmarks for performance. This is the minimal level of functionality a CIO and network manager need to consider when selecting a network management system. Configuration management systems requirements range from the relatively simplistic…
Gupta, A. (2006). Network Management: Current trends and future perspectives. Journal of Network and Systems Management, 14(4), 483-491.
Lee, J., & Moon, S. (1993). Architecture for interoperability of network management systems in multi-domain network. Microprocessing and Microprogramming, 39(2-5), 217-217.
Luo, J., Gu, G., & Fei, X. (2000). An architectural model for intelligent network management. Journal of Computer Science and Technology, 15(2), 136-143.
Merilainen, K., & Lemmetyinen, A. (2011). Destination Network Management: A conceptual analysis. AIEST - International Association of Scientific Experts, 66(3), 25-31.
S. Department of Energy).
Q3. Discuss the internet of things and its likely consequences for developing an enforceable information assurance (IA) policy and implementing robust security architecture.
The internet of things refers to the inevitable connectedness of all things in all regions of the world through the internet. "The fact that there will be a global system of interconnected computer networks, sensors, actuators, and devices all using the internet protocol holds so much potential to change our lives that it is often referred to as the internet's next generation" (Ferber 2013). Although the internet feels ubiquitous today, the internet of things refers to an even more complete merger of the virtual and the real world. "In many and diverse sectors of the global economy, new web-based business models being hatched for the internet of things are bringing together market players who previously had no business dealings with each other. Through…
Ferber, Stephen. (2013). How the internet of things changes everything. HBR Blog. Retrieved:
Heath, Nick. (2012). What the internet of things means for you. Tech Republic. Retrieved:
During the PDIOO procedure one has to define main deliverables and related actions with a direct connection to the additional value and advantage for the customer network. For instance, understanding business objectives, usage features, and network necessitieshelps a person avoid pointlesselevations and network redesigns, thus reducing the time taken to introduce fresh services in the network.
During the planning period one can test the significance of the design for future complications. Planning assists in avoiding repeating a logical faultwhen dealing with a network design that a might person uses as a template in various locations.The planning phase concentrates on technical and financial criteria and considers all the necessities and constraints discussed (Asakura & Kashiwadani 2003).During this stage, it is significant to recognize all the stakeholders to make theprocedure a success. The stakeholders are individuals or organizations who have entrusted interest in the environment, enactment, and result of the…
O'Kelly, M.E., & Miller, H.J. (January 01, 1994). The hub network design problem: A review and synthesis. Journal of Transport Geography, 2, 1.)
Nes, R. . (January 01, 2003). Multiuser-class urban transit network design. Transportation Research Record, 1835, 25-33.
Asakura, Y., Hato, E., & Kashiwadani, M. (January 01, 2003). Stochastic network design problem: An optimal link investment model for reliable network. Network Reliability of Transport: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Transportation Network
Selecting the type of cable to be used when developing a LAN from the ground up can be a complex process with many considerations, including issues of functionality and of cost. Twisted pair cables provide a cheaper alternative to other cable types and are also the most flexible type of cable, but they are less secure and are more prone to losses in data integrity than are other standard cable types (Hsieh, 2012). Fiber optic cables provide the best protection against interference and are the most secure cable for use in a network, but the cost can be prohibitive and the heightened performance aspects are not necessary in all applications (Hsieh, 2012). Coaxial cables come in two varieties, thinnet and thicknet, with thinnet being both cheaper and more flexible than twisted pair cables (though still more expensive and less flexible) and also provide a decent amount of security…
Bonsor, K. (2012). How satellite radio works. Accessed 9 October 2012. http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/satellite-radio1.htm
Hsieh, C. (2012). Network cabling. Accessed 9 October 2012. http://pluto.ksi.edu/~cyh/cis370/ebook/ch02b.htm
Major, M. (2009). Making connections. Accessed 9 October 2012. http://majormike.us/?p=197
Rodgers, J. (2008). Wired vs. Wireless: Sometimes There's No Substitute for a Cable. Accessed 9 October 212. http://www.osnews.com/story/19748/Wired_vs_Wireless:_Sometimes_Theres_No_Substitute_for_a_Cable
This researcher rejects the existence of online communities because computer mediated group discussions cannot possibly meet this definition. Weinreich's view is that anyone with even a basic knowledge of sociology understands that information exchange in no way constitutes a community.
For a cyber-place with an associated computer mediated group to be labeled as a virtual settlement it is necessary for it to meet a minimum set of conditions. These are: (1) a minimum level of interactivity; (2) a variety of communicators; (3) a minimum level of sustained membership; and (4) a virtual common-public-space where a significant portion of interactive computer mediated groups occur (Weinreich, 1997). The notion of interactivity will be shown to be central to virtual settlements. Further, it will be shown that virtual settlements can be defined as a cyber-place that is symbolically delineated by topic of interest and within which a significant proportion of interrelated interactive computer…
Al-Saggaf, Y. & Williamson, K. Online Communities in Saudi Arabia: Evaluating the Impact on Culture Through Online Semi-Structured Interviews. Volume 5,
No. 3, Art. 24 - September 2004
AnchorDesk Staff. (2000). Sign of Trouble: The Problem with E-Signatures.
Retrieved April 9, 2005, from ZDNet AnchorDesk Web site: http://reivews- zdnet.com.com/AnchorDesk/4630-6033_4204767.html?tag=print
Security Plan: Pixel Inc.
About Pixel Inc.
We are a 100-person strong business dedicated to the production of media, most specifically short animations, for advertising clients worldwide. Our personnel include marketing specialists, visual designers, video editors, and other creative staff.
This security plan encompasses the general and pragmatic characteristics of the security risks expected for our business and the specific actions that aim to, first and foremost, minimize such risks, and, if that's not possible, mitigate any damage should a breach in security happen.
The measures to be taken and the assigned responsibilities stated in this document apply to all the departments that make up the company. Exemptions can be given but will be only under the prerogative of the CEO under the consultation of the Chief Security Officer that will be formally assigned after the finalization of this document. Otherwise, there will be no exception to the security…
Internet Securit Alliance. (2004). Common sense guide to cyber security for small businesses. Retrieved from: http://www.ready.gov/business/_downloads/CSG-small-business.pdf .
Microsoft. (2004). Step-by-step guide to securing Windows XP Professional in Small Businesses. Retrieved from: http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/en/details.aspx?FamilyID=9faba6ed-2e9c-44f9-bc50-d43d57e17078 .
Noriega, L. (24 May 2011). Seven Cyber Security Basics Every Small Business Needs. Retrieved from: http://www.openforum.com/articles/7-cyber-security-basics-every-small-business-needs .
Teixeira, R. (4 June 2007). Top Five Small Business Internet Securit Threats. Retrieved from: http://smallbiztrends.com/2007/06/top-five-small-business-internet-security-threats.html .
To offer an information security awareness training curriculum framework to promote consistency across government (15).
Security awareness is needed to ensure the overall security of the information infrastructure. Security awareness programs is the can help organizations communicate their security information policies, as well as tips for users, to help keep systems secure, and the practices the entire organization should be utilizing. However, as Kolb and Abdullah reiterate, "security awareness is not about training but rather designed to change employee behavior" (105).
A program concerning security awareness should work in conjunction with the information technology software and hardware JCS utilizes. In this way, it mitigates the risks and threats to the organization. Security awareness is a defensive layer to the information system's overall security structure. Although not a training program, per se, security awareness does provide education to the end users at JCS, regarding the information security threats the organization faces,…
"An Introduction to Computer Security: The NIST Handbook." National Institute of Standards and Technology, SP 800-12, (Oct 1995). Web. 24 Oct 2010.
Anti-virus Guidelines. The SANS Institute, 2006. Web. 24 Oct, 2010.
Culnan, M., Foxman, E., & Ray, A. "Why IT Executives Should Help Employees Secure their Home Computers." MIS Quarterly Executive 7.1 (2008): 49-56. Print.
Desktop Security Policies. The SANS Institute, 2006. Web. 24 Oct, 2010.
The most appropriate products that could be used by MMC to achieve this objective would be: IP San and a Snap Lock. An IP San is a fiber optic channel that can provide secure real time data to each location. Where, software and security applications can be adapted to the current system that is being used. The Snap Lock is: a security software that can be used to provide an effective way for each location to retrieve, update and change information.
Support for why these procedures and products are the optimal approach for this organization
The reason why these different procedures and products were selected was: to reduce the overall risk exposure of the company's external threats. The current system that is being used by MMC increases risks dramatically, by having a number of different systems, where financial information is stored. If any one of these systems is vulnerable, there…
IP San (2010). Retrieved May 27, 2010 from Net App website: http://www.netapp.com/us/products/protocols/ip-san/ip-san.html
Snap Lock Compliance and Snap Lock Enterprise Software. (2010). Retrieved May 27, 2010 from Net App website: http://www.netapp.com/us/products/protection-software/snaplock.html
Mason, J. (2010). How to Bullet Proof Your DR Plan. Retrieved May 27, 2010 from Net App website: http://www.netapp.com/us/communities/tech-ontap/tot-data-recovery-plan-0908.html
Evaluating the Advantages and Disadvantages
of Using Cloud-Based Systems for IT Storage and Applications
The emergence of cloud computing as a disruptive innovation is redefining the economics of information technologies, application delivery and the pace of new feature development and introduction. Companies who are standardizing on cloud computing for critical tasks including Customer elationship Management (CM) do so after evaluating several factors, including the opportunity to expense the costs vs. pay for them via capital expense, the customization of the applications, and the ability to selectively update them over time (Lashar, 2009). Cloud-based applications delivered over Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) platforms are paid for as an operating expense, which is often referred to as OPEX. Traditional enterprise software is paid for through CAPEX, or capital expense investment. This is a critical point in the economics of this market and a primary criterion that TUI University needs to consider was it…
Anthes, G.. (2010). Security in the Cloud. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 53(11), 16.
Doelitzscher, F., Sulistio, A., Reich, C., Kuijs, H., & Wolf, D.. (2011). Private cloud for collaboration and e-Learning services: from IaaS to SaaS. Computing. Archives for Informatics and Numerical Computation, 91(1), 23-42.
Robert Hertzberg. (2010). Top Vendors Endure a Shaky Year, Look to SaaS and SOA to Buoy Revenues. Information Management, 20(3), 16.
Hodge, E., & Collins, S.. (2010). Collaborative Efforts: Teaching and Learning in Virtual Worlds. EDUCAUSE Review, 45(3), 62.
Network Audit Case Study
This study focuses on a comprehensive list of top ten tips of network and business continuity audit. These tips might lead businesses to survive and thrive in their audits without the need to overhaul their entire infrastructure.
Top ten network and business continuity-auditing tips
Segmentation of tasks distinctively: It depends on the principle of drive and conquers. It involves brainstorming about the organization's security tasks in terms of pieces and separating them into logically and physically segments. For instance, security tasks depend on ensuring people are kept on the outside by using both physical and firewall security (Bergmann & Pamplin, 2013). However, other components are safely kept on the inside using antivirus. Security does not solely imply that people should be kept from the outside. Obviously, companies have lost information from within the business. In this case, each piece must be documented and prioritized.
Bergmann, T.S., & Pamplin, B. (2013). CISA - Certified Information Systems Auditor: Study guide. Indianapolis, Ind: Wiley Pub.
Gregory, P.H. (2010). CISA certified information systems auditor all-in-one exam guide. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Network Design Consultation
Design recommended for the client
The requirement of the client of the small billing business shall deserve a tailored system for his network design. This compels for network similar for a small office management process. Shall has a variety of the components suited in their places. The network shall facilitate the process of file sharing, internet access, connection to a networked printer, maintain a basic, secure environment and facilitate a multiple email addresses. The application of the client/server system shall prove vital for the entire process of the design work considering the laid requirement by the clients. The client specifies that the numbers of the user are three. This leads to the categorization as the multiple user networks (Kennington, 2011).
The design focuses majorly on the speed of the hard disk, the quality on the networks and the vital feature of the workstation to enable smooth operation.…
Kennington, J.L. (2011). Wireless network design: Optimization models and solution procedures. New York, NY: Springer.
Piliouras, T.C. (2009). Network design: Management and technical perspectives. Boca Raton, Fla. [u.a.: Auerbach Publ., CRC Press.
Halabi, S., & McPherson, D. (2000). Internet routing architectures. Indianapolis, Ind: Cisco Press.
During this process, is when they will learn about possible warning signs and how to deal with these threats. This will help to improve monitoring and it will increase the ability to quickly identify threats while they are small. (Cole, 2006, pp. 3- 48)
Step 4: Continuous monitoring. In this step there will be a focus on watching for any kind of threats. This is when a series of red flags will be used to identify and isolate threats early. If this kind of approach is utilized, it will help to minimize security breaches and their impact on the firm. (Cole, 2006, pp. 3- 48)
What is the reason you want to remove unused or unneeded services and protocols on your servers or PCs?
There are several reasons why unused / unneeded protocols should be removed to include: they can slowdown the computer and there is the possibility that spyware…
Why is My Computer Running Slow. (2012). Norton. Retrieved from: http://www.norton-security-store.com/knowledge-center/computer-slow.html
Cole, E. (2006). Insider Threat. .Rockland, MA: O'Reilly Media.
" (Harman, Flite, and ond, 2012) the key to the preservation of confidentiality is "making sure that only authorized individuals have access to that information. The process of controlling access -- limiting who can see what -- begins with authorizing users." (Harman, Flite, and ond, 2012) Employers are held accountable under the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules for their employee's actions. The federal agency that holds responsibility for the development of information security guidelines is the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). NIST further defines information security as "the preservation of data confidentiality, integrity, availability" stated to be commonly referred to as "the CIA triad." (Harman, Flite, and ond, 2012)
III. Risk Reduction Strategies
Strategies for addressing barriers and overcoming these barriers are inclusive of keeping clear communication at all organizational levels throughout the process and acknowledging the impact of the organization's culture as well as capitalizing on all…
Harman, LB, Flite, CA, and Bond, K. (2012) Electronic Health Records: Privacy, Confidentiality, and Security. State of the Art and Science. Virtual Mentor. Sept. 2012, Vol. 14 No. 9. Retrieved from: http://virtualmentor.ama-assn.org/2012/09/stas1-1209.html
Kopala, B. And Mitchell, ME (2011) Use of Digital health Records Raises Ethical Concerns. JONA's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation. Jul/Sep 2011. Lippincott's Nursing Center. Retrieved from: http://www.nursingcenter.com/lnc/cearticle?tid=1238212#P77 P85 P86 P87
Network and IT Technologies and Programs to Improve Small-Firm Efficiency and Staff Satisfaction
The networking needs of a small organization are just as vital to that firm's operational success, and in many instances are even more essential to their efficiency and degree of employee satisfaction. At Knobs Us, a lack of common technologies and basic network interfaces is creating an unnecessarily slow workflow, with inefficiencies that both limit the competitiveness of the organization and limit worker satisfaction amongst the staff in the performance of their duties. The implementation of an organization-wide network and consistent technologies and IT practices throughout the various locations and departments of Knobs Us staff and operations will allow for greater efficiency and worker satisfaction at minimal cost and risk to the firm, placing it at a better competitive advantage.
Access to technology and networking interfaces vary considerably from department to department and even individual…
Apple. (2010). www.apple.com
Chiang, C.; Jang, S.; Canter, D. & Price, B. (2008). "An Expectancy Theory Model for Hotel Employee Motivation: Examining the Moderating Role of Communication Satisfaction." International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration, 9(4), pp. 327-51.
Hoogeweegen, M.; Van Liere, D.; Vervest, P.; Meljden, L. & de Lepper, I. (2006). "Strategizing for mass customization by playing the business networking game." Decision Support Systems 42(3), pp.1402-412.
Kind, T.; Learny, T.; Leary, J. & Fiehn, O. (2009). "Software platform virtualization in chemistry research and university teaching." Journal of cheminformatics pp. 1-18.
Network Support Technologies Case Study
Project Scope, Schedule, and Budget
Type and Configuration of the Network
User Policies and Legal Issues
Life of Equipment
Providing an Online Radio Service
Information is now growing at speeds never thought imaginable. Today's world of Information Technology (IT) has provided the dynamic platform in which exponentially growing information resources emerge. This complex arena of knowledge management provides tremendous advantages to modern society. It allows individuals greater and faster access to resources that, in turn, can be used to facilitate more accurate decision making. This is especially true in the realm of academia.
Avington College's students will reap tremendous benefits from providing a blended e-learning solution. E-learning provides many inherent advantages through its method of delivery. Digital content can be implemented nearly as fast as it is created with virtually no risk of obsolescence. hen e-learning is…
Barbara Means, Y.T. (2009). Evaluation of Evidence-Based Practices in Online Learning: A Meta-Analysis and Review of Online Learning Studies. U.S. Department of Education.
Bates, T. (2009, June 24). e-Learning and 21st century skills and competences.
David Hucaby, D.D. (2010). CCNP Switch 642-813 Cert Kit. Cisco Press.
Elliot, M. (2005, July 15). www.cnet.com. Retrieved May 9, 2010, from http://reviews.cnet.com/4520-10166_7-5543710-1.html
This leaves those clients that are inside unsupervised while the guard is outside. There is also a lack of signage inside displaying rules and regulations along with directions. This propagates a lot of unnecessary questions being asked of the surety officer on duty. In order to alleviate these issues it would be essential to place distinct parking signage outside in order to help facilitate clients parking in the correct spaces. It is also necessary to place directional signage within the facility along with general rules and policies. All of these signs together would cost approximately $1,000 to install.
The last security issue that needs to be addressed is that of the security information processes that is in place. As each client arrives at the facility, their license plate numbers are recorded and they are then assigned a number. They are seen by the appropriate medical personnel based upon the order…
Conducting a Security Assessment. (2009). Retrieved May 25, 2009, from Processor Web site:
How to Conduct an Operations Security Assessment. (2009). Retrieved May 25, 2009, from eHow.com Web site: http://www.ehow.com/how_2060197_conduct-operations-security-assessment.html
Methadone Maintenance Treatment. (2009). Retrieved May 25, 2009, from Drug Policy Alliance