New York City Essays (Examples)

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NYC After WWII and California

Words: 1328 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11177934

NYC and California post-WW2

Let us imagine what it would be like to immigrate to the United States in 1953. We are coming across the Atlantic from Europe, the ship would still be coming around the lower end of Long Island (better known as "Brooklyn") and Manhattan Island to arrive at Ellis Island. (Until 1954, Ellis Island was the standard arrival point for incoming immigrants.)

If we were extremely far-sighted we could see all the way up the East River, to the riboro Bridge, built by Robert Moses as part of his large-scale reshaping of New York City's roadways, intended to accommodate automobiles in the city. Since we're imagining this, let's also imagine we have x-ray vision, like Superman. If we could see below the water as we sailed up past Brooklyn, we would see underneath our ship the Brooklyn-Battery unnel, which had been completed in 1950. Again, this is…… [Read More]

The growth of Los Angeles is a 20th century phenomenon, according to U.S. Census data. In 1910 it is not even one of the top ten most populous cities in the U.S.A. In 1920, it is the tenth most populous city. In 1930, it has jumped to being the fifth largest city, and remains at fifth in 1940. In 1950 it is America's fourth largest city. In 1960, 1970 and 1980 it stands as the third largest city. Only in 1990 does it come in second place to NYC, where it has remained until the present day. It is no accident that these dates correspond with the rapid growth of Hollywood and the entertainment and mass communication industries in the 20th century. Los Angeles is a particularly good location for outdoor filming, though: it seldom rains (only a few days a year) and by and large the climate is warm, sunny, and pleasant (as Angelenos never stop reminding New Yorkers). It has the benefit of being essentially a desert climate, while still situated on the Pacific ocean which softens the harsher effects of a desert clime: this means that the air remains largely cloudless (although not smogless) while temperatures become chilly at night. Nonetheless, the susceptibility of Los Angeles to wildfires, mudslides and earthquakes indicates that there are some tradeoffs for having nice weather all the time.

But there is more to California than Hollywood: San Diego, the second most populous area in the state, has a large military and defense presence. San Jose and San Francisco are third and fourth in terms of size. San Francisco was a major shipping port throughout the 19th century, and the two cities remain the urban centers of the "Silicon Valley" high tech industries. The northern part of California is different in many ways from Los Angeles, however. The climate becomes more like the rainy misty Pacific northwest, and agriculture and timber become more important to the economy. Northern California is the world's largest producer of almonds; Southern California produces nuts of an altogether different sort.

Los Angeles and New York are similar in a way that is familiar to metropolitan areas that depended upon old methods of transportation: they are both situated on the coasts, and their locations afford natural harbors to some degree. NYC is better for shipping, due to the confluence of rivers flowing to the Atlantic, and the presence of large barrier islands protecting its harbors. But in both cases, urban expansion runs up against natural barriers: in the case of NYC, the city is built on islands, so expansion is limited by space. In California, expansion is limited by surrounding mountains, and also by the relative scarcity of water.
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Words: 1695 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79219809

NYC Education Law

Bullying is a common occurrence among district schools in New York City with the major targets often students regarded as different such as the disabled. In this regard, this article highlights a fictitious scenario regarding bullying of disabled students in attempt to answer legal questions regarding education law about bullying students with learning disabilities. Using New York state statutes and related cases, this paper outlines legal actions individuals are likely to take under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

Facts of the Case

Tyler is an 8-year-old male student at a Middle School in New York City. He has ADHD and is very wild. His woes started when one day while hanging out at school, some kids realized he was taking medication for his ADHD, and they thought it was the funniest thing. They told him they did not want to hang out with him because…… [Read More]

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NYC -- 1930s Politics in

Words: 834 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87702922

Fiorello LaGuardia was a New Deal Republican, a man who supported President Franklin Roosevelt and who used that support to help change New York City, to cut off patronage from the Tammany system, and to revitalize New York City, restore public faith, unify the transit system, built low-cost public housing, playgrounds and parks; put money into airports, reorganized the police force, and reestablished the idea of merit employment in place of patronage jobs. In short, in his domineering and authoritarian three terms, he literally turned the New York political machine on its head; used his connections with the hite House to revamp New York City in the midst of the Depression, and gave New York City a chance to become a modern, world-class city. hile criticized for being heavy-handed, his reforms were carefully orchestrated to focus on those areas that had been hardest hit by the economic woes of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Allen, O. The Tiger: The Rise and Fall of Tammany Hall. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley, 1993.

Berg, B. New York City Politics: Governing Gotham. Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2007.

Brodsky, A. The Great Mayor: Fiorello La Gudardia and the Making of the City of New York. New York: St. Martin's, 2003.

Burrows. E / amd Wallace, M. Gotham: A History of New York City. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
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Challenges of Opening NYC Restaurant

Words: 4930 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66820861

NYC African Restaurants

African Restaurants

African Restaurants in NYC

The restaurant's soft industrial lighting makes the chrome gleam. A soft and expansive backdrop of blue gives the space a cool and slightly futuristic industrial like a hip loft in the future. Exposed brick walls are tinged in a blue sheen and the distressed wood chairs and tables have been stained steel gray and have marble table tops. In three weeks, Cisse Elhadji, the owner of Ponty Bistro in Midtown, will open his new restaurant La Terengea. Located at 144 West 139th St., the restaurant us nestled in between the Hudson and Harlem rivers a few blocks west of the City College of New York. The location of the restaurant is quite lucrative given its relative proximity to both Central Park as well as Yankee Stadium.

Though Elhadji has succeeded once with an African restaurant, La Teregenga is still a gamble.…… [Read More]

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Temporarily Use of Empty Spaces in NYC

Words: 4440 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84861847


New York City

Use of Temporary Space

(NYC Department of Parks & ecreation)

Images & Charts

Illy Push Button House

Store Front Library

Brooklyn Bridge Park


Images & Charts

According to the NYC Department of Parks & ecreation, Dutch traders established farming communities and villages east of Manhattan around 1652. One such village, Vlackebos, literally translated into the "wooded plain." This wooded plane area at the time consisted of virgin thick forests coupled with flat terrain so it eventually was called Flatbush. The area stayed in this overgrown natural state for nearly three centuries. "But, in the 1920s, the new Interborough apid Transit linked Flatbush to the rest of the city, sparking new developments that began welcoming successive generations of immigrants. As with the Dutch traders, these newcomers built homes and roads, only more quickly and densely. iding through East Flatbush today, there are still trees that line…… [Read More]

References cont.

Vega, Eric. (2009). "New York Social Society." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from

Yahoo Finance. (2009). "Commercial Real Estate Loans A Growing Problem For Banks." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from 

Zip Car. (2009). "Zip Car." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from .
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Diminishing Middle Class in NYC

Words: 4873 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95670158

Diminishing Middle Class in NYC

If we look at the Lower Manhattan, it won't take us long to notice the change that has taken place in it in the last 10 years. The population especially the residential population has doubled up in the last 10 years as there has been an addition of 30,000 residents who are now living in Manhattan.

The main reason behind this sudden and huge growth in the population is the trend of construction that has taken place in Manhattan. This trend has led to the production of new as well as the conversion of the old buildings into new luxury housing. For this reason the living costs of the area have increased a lot and the previously affordable residential areas in the city have become some of the most expensive ones to live at. Also, the areas that used to be affordable to live in…… [Read More]


Higgins, M. (2012). Manhattan Home Prices Reported Steady. The New York Times. Available at: 

Li, R. (2012). Europeans Flock To Buy New York Real Estate. International Business Time. Available at: 

Manhattan New Development Report. (MNDR). (2012). 3rd quarter. Available at: 

Manhattan Community Board. (MCB). (2011). Affordable Housing in Lower Manhattan: Report by the Manhattan Community Board 1 Affordable Housing Task Force. Available at:
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Block in NYC I Have

Words: 1672 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93623331

(Absolute Astronomy).


Here, we see the Mediascape landscape alongside many other of the success factors for design in real-world situations:


Compare that last to the landscape identified as Ethnoscapes here:


Here we find Ethnoscapes defined:

In the anthropology of globalization, the suffix "-scape" signifies transnational distributions of correlated elements whose display can be represented as landscapes. For example, transnational arrangements of technological, financial, media, and political resources can be seen, respectively, as technoscapes, financescapes, mediascapes, and ideoscapes (Appadurai 1996: 33). The prefix "ethno-" refers to "people" rather than stricly to "ethnicity."

Next up we have Financescapes. Through these next images the heart of this majestic capitalist nation: the financial market alongside the culture associated with financial markets:


Up next, of this Anthropology of Globalization, here we find Ethnoscapes, or the people (Greek, ethno-) + the transnational distribution of correlated…… [Read More]

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Spanglish in Puerto Rican NYC

Words: 2532 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60834498

For many first generation immigrants, Spanglish is a necessary evil that corrupts their native language but allows them to assimilate into the diverse community in which they live. To second generation immigrants tend to think of Spanglish as a way in which they can communicate in the language of the home, to some degree but still do so in an manner that translates into the diverse community. To first and second generation immigrants Spanglish is a tool. Third generation immigrants on the other hand are increasingly seeing Spanglish as a way to express their transnational heritage. This is despite the fact that they are at least to some degree fully capable of being truly bilingual, speaking and writing in both English and Spanish, if Spanish is spoken in the home or monolingual in English, owing to their birth and education being primarily English.

Spanglish' Speakers Mix Home" A01) Though this…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Arado, Matt. "Spanglish in the Suburbs People Are Split on a Trendy, Slangy Blend of Spanish and English." Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, IL) 17 Oct. 2004: 1.

Ardila, Alfredo. "Spanglish; an Anglicized Spanish Dialect" Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 27 (2005): 60-81.

Callahan, Laura. "The Role of Register in Spanish-English Codeswitching in Prose." Bilingual Review 27.1 (2003): 12.

Duany, Jorge. The Puerto Rican Nation on the Move: Identities on the Island & in the United States. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.
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Mediterranean Restaurants in Chelsea NYC Mediterranean Restaurants

Words: 595 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99549400

Mediterranean restaurants in Chelsea, NYC

Mediterranean restaurants: Chelsea

Uncle Nick's Greek Restaurant is located at 747 9th Ave. It offers traditional Greek food such mezze plates, whole grilled fish, staples like mousakas and pastitio and more unusual offerings such as loukanika horiatika (Greek sausage sauteed in wine sauce). Despite its homespun name, Uncle Nick's is not a diner. It is a Mediterranean restaurant that showcases specifically Greek food, although it does include some dishes more commonly found in American restaurants, such as a 'mixed grill' of friend zucchini, eggplants, and peppers. ut even these are showcased with a scordalia dip (traditional Greek potato and garlic dip) rather than the usual sour cream found at a diner. Instead of the standard diner 'Greek salad,' Uncle Nick's offers feta cheese and tomato drizzled with olive oil. Along with fries, offered 'sides' include the traditional Greek dandelions, and the desserts span from Greek…… [Read More]


Aleo Restaurant. Available at  / [2 Dec 2012]

Nisos' Mediterranean Cuisine. Available at:  / [2 Dec 2012]

Periyali. Available at:  [2 Dec 2012]

Uncle Nick's Greek Restaurant. Available at: a / [2 Dec 2012]
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hr hospital nyc policy

Words: 1910 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22728213

HR Managerial - Interview Questions

Mike K

NYC Health & Hospitals

Mike K. is a Russian immigrant and is the current head of HR at NYC Health & Hospitals (HHC) under the title of Chief of Staff of human capital. He has over 15 years' experience with this organization as he began his first entry level position in 2000. He first came to the country as a student and he attended City University of New York and was first hired by HHC in 2000 as a HR recruiter for the organization.

The HR Director role is responsible for maintain the human resources for the nation's largest public health care delivery system that includes a network of forty thousand employees in different hospitals, treatment centers, and related organizations that provide treatment to over 1.4 million people annually. The mission of the HHC is to:

Our promise to New Yorkers: Empower every…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Edwards, M. (2009). HR, perceived organisational support and organisational identification: an analysis after organisational formation. Human Resource Management Journal, The International Journal of Human Resource Management.

EEOC. (2009). Laws Enforced by EEOC. Retrieved from US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission:

HHC. (2017). About NYC Health & Hospitals. Retrieved from About NYC Health & Hospitals: 

Karstadt, L. (2012). Human resources for health care: a global issue? British Journal of Nursing, 1178-1178.
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Draft Riots in NYC 1863

Words: 748 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60307403

Lincoln and Draft iots in Nyc --

Lincoln in NYC (1859) and Draft iots in NYC (1863)

Lincoln in New York City (NYC) (1859)

Abraham Lincoln paid a visit to the city of New York in the year 1860, when campaigning for his epublican nomination. This is where he made his historic Cooper Union speech, which proved to be a unique combination of rhetorical opportunity, political culture, human genius, and technological innovation. It worked as his campaign speech, while simultaneously revealing Lincoln's personal beliefs to the nation (Holzer, 2005).

Holzer (2005) asserts that Lincoln contended that the U.S. federal government was capable of effectively regulating slavery within its territories, and that the moral revulsion towards slavery implied that the government ought to employ its power to ensure slavery is forbidden in the nation's territories and eventually eliminate this abhorrent institution from America.

Lessons Learnt

It has long been agreed by…… [Read More]


Holzer, H. (2005). Lincoln at Cooper Union: The Speech that Made Abraham Lincoln President. Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association, Vol 82-88.

Vodrey, W. F. (2003). Blood in the Streets: The New York City Draft Riots. Retrieved February 24, 2016, from The Cleveland Civil War Roundtable:
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Lincoln in NYC 1859 and

Words: 703 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84208772

Between the Revolution and the Civil War: How will you teach about the 3 to 4 generations that lived between 1776 and 1861 differently? In other words, how have you come to understand this time period better than you did before?

Like most Americans, I had previously been under the general impression that the generations in between the War of Independence and the Civil War worked steadily to incorporate the fundamental liberties and values that the original Colonists pursued in seeking emancipation from the British royal crown in the first place. In particular, we have always learned that religious freedom and the right to practice religion freely and without fear of government intervention or persecution were fundamental tenets of the early American people. Similarly, the contemporary historical narrative dramatically downplays the degree to which the white Americans and the federal government exploited the Native Americans unfairly, in many respects, even…… [Read More]

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Architecture in NYC an Overview

Words: 1159 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85749261

origins of skyscrapers, their design, and some major architects.


Skyscrapers flourished in Chicago for a variety of reasons. "The main technological advancement that made skyscrapers possible was the development of mass iron and steel production. New manufacturing processes made it possible to produce long beams of solid iron. Essentially, this gave architects a whole new set of building blocks to work with" (Harris). The development of elevators also played in the development of skyscrapers, because people could move more quickly and efficiently between floors, which is why skyscrapers are sometimes called "elevator buildings."

Chicago was located near large producers of steel, and it was an industrial and commercial hub for the whole Midwest. Land was at a premium, and so building designers had to find new ways to put more buildings on less land. One solution was for the building to go up, instead of out. hen…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Damore, Chris. "History of the Singer Building." Chrysler 2002.


Harris, Tom. "How Skyscrapers Work." How Stuff Works. 2002.

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New York

Words: 1683 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92389612

New York City: An Examination of Urban Design and Space Function as it Relates to Civic Participation

The objective of this study is to examine urban design and space function as it relates to civic participation in New York City. Kevin Lynch conducted systematic and scientific-based research on urban design in his exploration of the elements of urban design. Lynch stated that every individual "has had a long association with some parts of his city and his image is soaked in memories and meaning." (1960, p.2) The goal of Lynch is reported to be the study of the city's mental images held by its citizens. Lynch focused his work on the city's visual quality or the "apparent clarity and 'legibility of the city-scape." hat Lynch meant was the level of ease with which the city's parts could be organized into a pattern that was of a coherent nature. The city,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Kent, Ethan (2013) Toward Place Governance: What If We Reinvented Civic Infrastructure Around Placemaking?

Lynch, Kevin (1960): the Image of the City. Massachusetts New York City (2013) Britannica Encyclopedia. Retrieved from: 

NYC Votes Transformed the Way New Yorkers Interact with Political Candidates (2013) Pivotal Labs. Retrieved from: 

Project for Public Spaces. Retrieved from:
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New York Real Estate and Office Markets

Words: 2269 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47899782

New York eal Estate and Office Markets


New York is one of the premiere metropolitan areas of the world, exerting a significant impact on global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. The home of the United Nations Headquarters, New York City is an important center for international affairs and is widely deemed the cultural capital of the world. With its unmatched scope of building types, diverse tenant base and extensive transportation system, the city has earned an iconic and prominent place in the global market.

The borough of Manhattan serves as its hub and is the nation's largest single office market with 450 million square feet of space (Brown, 2007). Its office inventory is greater than the next five largest U.S. markets combined and features some of the world's most iconic properties (Beauregard, 2005). This paper explores the current state of…… [Read More]


1. Beauregard, R.A. (2005). The textures of property markets: Downtown housing and office conversions in New York City. Urban Studies (Routledge), 42(13), 2431-2445. doi:10.1080/00420980500380345

2. Brown, J.L. (2007). Demolition in Manhattan Gains Momentum. Civil Engineering (08857024), 77(8), 34.

3. Gong, H., & Keenan, K. (2012). The Impact of 9/11 on the Geography of Financial Services in New York A Few Years Later. Professional Geographer, 64(3), 370-388. doi:10.1080/00330124.2011.603654

4. Gregor, A. (2011). Demand for Office Condos Grows in Manhattan. New York Times. p. 6.
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New York Sky Scraper

Words: 592 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8387324

NYC Architecture

The Empire State Building and Its Impact

The Empire State Building stands in Midtown Manhattan on 5th and 34th. One can see its tall pointed antenna sticking out above the other skyscrapers when one walks around Midtown. Because the building is so iconic, it is easily recognized and gives one a feeling of curiosity that impels the viewer to want to see it up close and to visit its famous observation deck depicted in so many famous films of the past.

The skyscraper is designed in the old Art Deco style of the early 20th century. Although not as obviously Art Deco as the Chrysler Building also in New York, the Empire State Building does certainly fall under this category of architectural design. Its setbacks allow the skyscraper to taper its height, creating a visual effect of a tall, elongated almost pyramidal design. The setbacks establish an aura…… [Read More]

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New York Public Sector Vocational

Words: 4492 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71100105

CBVH then continues to work with VESID to assess performance on an ongoing basis, participate in on-site reviews, and provide technical assistance or recommend adjustments to contracts as needed.

In the near century that these agencies have been in place, they have worked together in their efforts to assist those with disabilities to find employment. The current supported employment delivery system has allowed all eligible individuals with the most significant disabilities who are interested in supported employment to obtain services. A joint policy statement between the CBVH, the State Education Department, and VESID was initiated in 1985. At this time, the two State agencies agreed that only by working together could they address the needs of individuals who are deaf and blind. Through the memorandum of the agreement in 1999, CBVH and VESID reaffirmed their commitment to joint efforts to better serve this unique group of individuals. While there are…… [Read More]


American Foundation for the Blind. "Statistics and Sources for Professionals."

Retrieved November 26, 2010.

Belote, L. Low Vision Education and Training: Defining the Boundaries of Low

Vision Patients. A Personal Guide to the VA Visual Impairment Services
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New York State Police An

Words: 1455 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29561307

The complete selection process consists of a written examination, on which a candidate must score above a certain percentile and be ranked accordingly, a physical and psychological evaluation, a background investigation and polygraph rest, and a medical examination ("Selection Process," NYSP Recruitment Center, 2008).

The training process

The basic school of training for New York State Troopers is 26 weeks of residential training, cumulating 1,095 hours of training. Classes are given to recruits in a number of areas, including police skills, police science, operations and public interaction relations. The areas of education span a wide array of issues, to include firearm training, first responder and emergency vehicle operations, criminology, DI enforcement, domestic violence enforcement, department policy on sexual harassment, how to make an arrest, and penal and constitutional law, amongst other topics. Some of the areas of instruction are expected and traditional, such as how to minimize the use of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Basic School Curriculum." NYSP Recruitment Center. 1 Apr 2008. 

Field Training." NYSP Recruitment Center. 1 Apr 2008. 

NYSP Division of Police: History." NYSP. 1 Apr 2008.

Qualifications for New York State Trooper." NYSP Recruitment Center. 1 Apr 2008.
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New York Presbyterian Hospital

Words: 1487 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2214571

New York Presbyterian Hospital


The organization under evaluation is New York Presbyterian Hospital. Like many other hospitals, the hospital gains its revenue from donors and patients who are the clients to the hospital. The revenue generated from the operations of the organization is used to expand the hospital and cater for its operation cost. The organization has to ensure that it offers a variety of services to ensure that it has adequate clients to cater for its operations. The hospital offers clinical services, online services, research and clinical trials and has a health library. Diversification of services enables the organization to receive referrals from other small hospitals and clinics. The organization has a website where clients can learn more about the organization and book appointment. Marketing mix with regards to the organization will be evaluated in the paper. Focus will be on the four P's.

Four P's

Marketing has…… [Read More]


Cohn, K.H., & Hough, D.E. (2008). The business of healthcare. Westport, Conn: Praeger.

Greenfield, J.M., Hart, T., & Johnston, M.W. (2005). Nonprofit internet strategies: Best practices for marketing, communications, and fundraising success. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Plunkett, Jack W. (2007). Plunkett's Advertising & Branding Industry Almanac 2007: The Only Comprehensive Guide to Advertising Companies and Trends. Plunkett Research Ltd.

Wolper, L.F. (2011). Health care administration: Managing organized delivery systems. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
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New York's Ban on Sale of Big

Words: 605 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33635260

New York's Ban On Sale Of Big Size Soda

New York's plan to enact a ban on the sale of large sodas and other sugary drinks as a way of combating obesity is questionable. The government has no valid reason to dictate the size the soda and sugary drinks in the market. The size of soda and other sugary drinks does not get sugar out of the equation; it only makes people pay more for these drinks. If sugar is the real issue, then the best option would be to reduce the amount of sugar in the soda and maintain the sizes of the drinks. It appears the government is using the obesity issue to arm-twist businesses thereby violating their rights. This seems more like a plan to compromise the principle of liberty rather than control sugar consumption. The success of this plan could be an indication of government's influence…… [Read More]


Drewnowski, A. (2007, May 9). The Real Contribution of Added Sugars and Fats to Obesity. Seattle: University of Washington.

Espinel, P.T., & Innes-Hughes, C. (2010). Apparent consumption of selected foods and household food expenditure. Sydney.: PANORG.

Metherell, M. (2012, March 31). Study suggests sugar not cause of obesity. The Canberra Times.
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New York State Workers Compensation

Words: 519 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83796462

" In principle, that means that injured employees need not sue their employers for compensation for their injuries or to prove that they were the employer's fault. On one hand, that also limits the total amount of recovery to which they are entitled but it guarantees recovery to millions of workers without the need to engage in legal disputes that could result in no award or that could delay any award for a long time.

Setting Rates for Businesses

The New York State Workers Compensation Board utilizes several different mechanisms to set compensation rates. According to the Average Weekly Wage (AWW), total disability benefit rates for most claimants is calculated based on the value of one week's average annual earnings as reflected in data from the prior year's payroll. According to the AWW for disability benefits claims, calculations are based on the earning of the disabled employee during the eight…… [Read More]

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New York State Education Department's

Words: 3703 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99623760

Based on these findings, a number of assessment tools are used to evaluate students' abilities and the most appropriate level of participation in general educational settings (A Parent's Guide, 2002).

Early childhood education programs in District 75 have been affected by other federal mandates, including the Governmental Performance eporting Act (GPA) and the Program Assessment ating Tool (PAT); both of these initiatives require that all federal programs (e.g., Head Start, childcare, and programs for children with disabilities) must provide performance data concerning the progress that has been made toward meeting the goals of the program, which in turn are used to formulate federal budget allocations (ous et al., 2007). Current performance data for District 75 is presented at Appendix A.

Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP). In those cases where the District 75 assessment committee finds that children require services and a special education setting, they are provided with an Individualized…… [Read More]


About us. (2011). New York City Department of Education. Retrieved from


Annual yearly progress. (2011). New York State Department of Education. Retrieved from spp/2011/ind3.htm" target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">
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New York Stock Exchange Identify

Words: 2852 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26667675

(Dow Jones and Company, 2009). The DJIA can be used in three principal ways: as a yardstick, as a barometer, or as an investment.

When the DJIA is used as a yardstick, the goal is to measure performance from one period of time to another:

The most common use of an index by investors is to evaluate the performance of their own portfolios on a monthly or quarterly basis. This is the "benchmark" function of an index, and it constitutes the bogey that many investors try to beat with individual stock picks or with mutual funds. There is no official benchmark for the stock market. Each investor chooses his or her own. The only logical requirement is that the benchmark chosen should represent the part of the stock market that is targeted by the investor's portfolio. For example, if the investor dabbles in large stocks from a variety of industries,…… [Read More]


H.J. Heinz Co. 2009. Shareholder Information. H.J. Heinz Company. Available from:  [August 28, 2009].

Dow Jones and Company. 2009. About the Averages: Overview. New York: Dow Jones and Company. Available from: [August 28, 2009].

E*Trade Financial Corp. 2009. Pricing. E*Trade Financial Corp. Available from:
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New York if I Could

Words: 753 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80283458

Thomas Jefferson had a profound effect on the formation of the United States, and I think he would have a profound effect if he came back today and met with leaders across the nation.

I would share New York City with Jefferson, but I would share other parts of the state with him, as well. He was a politician, but he was also a farmer, and I would want him to see the farming techniques we have today, and how far agriculture has progressed. I would think that he would be extremely interested in what we are doing today, and he would probably be amazed at how agriculture has grown to be such a huge industry. I would show him science labs and other breakthroughs that he probably never could have imagined, and I would share our universities and schools with him, as well.

I would also ask Jefferson about…… [Read More]

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NY Politics

Words: 2776 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84773769

Division of Political Power in New York City Since orld ar II

The Late 1940's and 1950's and agner

The 1960's and Lindsay

The 1970's and Financial Crisis

The 1980's and Koch

The 1990's to 2001 and Guiliani

Success in New York City politics is about building coalitions. Since orld ar II, the Democratic machine has been in decline. ithout an organized institution, politicians must find a way to appeal to multiple groups. Often this means alienating other groups. Politicians who can build a winning coalition find it difficult to maintain it because the ethnic and social dynamic of the city is constantly changing. The Jews are the single most important group today, but others groups are gaining increasing influence. Below is a summary of politics in New York since the machine went into decline.

The Late 1940's and 1950's and agner

Following orld ar II, the Tammany Hall political…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Arian, Asher, et al. Changing New York City Politics. New York: Routledge, 1991.

Cannato, Vincent, J. The Ungovernable City. New York: Basic Books, 2001.

Carter, Barbara. The Road to City Hall: How John Lindsay Became Mayor. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1967.

Connable, Alfred and Edward Silberfarb. Tigers of Tammany: Nine Men Who Ran New
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New York's Central Park and

Words: 2233 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11734425

New York Mayor Michael Bloomburg said of the project, "The Gates' will transform Central Park and challenge viewers to revisit their preconceptions of public art and urban parks" (Bloomberg). Many New Yorkers did not share in his enthusiasm. eporter Webb continues, "Nearly everyone was initially aghast at the prospect of so intrusive a work in their piece of paradise, but the artists overcame all objections, promising to respect every twig and patch of turf by designing self-supporting structures that would leave no mark" (Webb). This is essentially how they finally managed to gain approval for their project.

Their artwork did create a new meaning for the park, because it showed the myriad uses for this incredible outdoor space. The park was created as an artistic endeavor, and Christo's work showed it can be a spectacular backdrop to equally spectacular artistic endeavors. Using bold colors and the bleak landscape (in winter)…… [Read More]


Bernstein, Joshua. "The Park and the People." Gotham Gazette. 2004. 20 Feb. 2008. 

Bloomberg, Michael. "Letter from Michael R. Bloomberg." 2005. 20 Feb. 2008.

Editors. "150+ Years of Central Park History." 2008. 20 Feb. 2008. 

Kowsky, Francis R. Country, Park & City: The Architecture and Life of Calvert Vaux. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
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New York State Budget

Words: 2703 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71760887

spring of 2010 y Rasmussen Reports showed that 55% of New Yorkers lamed the state's udget crisis solely on the state's politicians. The telephone survey showed that the then $9 illion udget deficit was perceived as eing a result of the "ickering" amongst Democrats and Repulicans in Alany. The voters showed their concern y electing a new governor last fall, Andrew Cuomo, the son of a former governor, Mario Cuomo. Yet the situation is still serious. See, 55% of New Yorkers lame udget crisis on legislators, Rassmussen Reports, May 6, 2010.

But the Empire State is not alone in feeling the fiscal pain of the ongoing economic downturn facing the U.S.

As states across the U.S. this spring ponder their udget proposals for the coming fiscal year, they continue to face a monumental challenge. The worst economic depression since the 1930s has fostered the steepest decline in state tax receipts…… [Read More]

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NY Department of Health Technological Solutions

Words: 1292 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82654802

Technological Solutions for the NY Department of Health

Instructions: Introduction

The (New York) NY Department of Health is one of the public organizations under the New York government dedicating in delivering high quality healthcare for the NY residents. Before 2007, the health department used the manual method to process patents' records, which was not only prone to medical errors, the manual method was also time consuming leading to high cost of operations. In 2007, the NY department of health introduced a new information technology to enhance quality health care delivery and reduce the cost of operations.

The objective of this paper explore the new IT tools introduced by the NY health department.

Description of NY department of Health

Increasing competitions among non-profit organizations and continuous demand for the innovative services have made large numbers of governments and nonprofit organizations to consider integrating the innovative technology to deliver quality services to…… [Read More]


Eskridge, R. D., French, P. E., & McThomas, M. (2012). The international city/county management association code of ethics. Public Integrity, 14(2), 127-150.

Merrill, J. A., Deegan, M., Wilson, R. V., Kaushal, R. et al. (2013). A system dynamics evaluation model: implementation of health information exchange for public health reporting . Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association?: JAMIA, 20(e1), e131 -- e138.

NY Department of Health State (2009). HIE Cooperative Agreement Program Strategic Plan. Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology.

Sehga, S. (2015) Final State Budget Funds Statewide Health Information Network of New York. The New York eHealth Collaborative (NYeC).
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Budget of New York State

Words: 571 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5825445

April 1, 2015 and March 31, 2016, an estate of $3,125,000 is exempt.

April 1, 2016 and March 31, 2017, an estate of $4,187,500 is exempt.

April 1, 2017 and Dec. 31, 2019, an estate of $5,250,000.

Raising the estate tax rates will help the families of the most advantaged members of the population.

However, there were also provisions made for education that should increase funding for schools. However, most of these funding increases were geared strictly at charter schools. New York City charter schools will now enjoy some of the greatest protections in the country; under the new state budget agreement, for the first time ever, charter schools will be eligible for government funds (MYFOXNY, 2014). A $1.1 billion, or 5.3%, increase in education aid, with high-needs districts getting almost 70% of the hike; allocations of $340 million for universal pre-K during each of the next two years, with…… [Read More]

Works Cited

AP. (2014, March 24). NY budget talks continue in Albany as deadline nears. Retrieved from AP: 

MYFOXNY. (2014, March 30). Huge win for NY charter schools. Retrieved from Fox NY:

Weaver, T. (2014, March 29). 2014 NY State Budget. Retrieved from the Post-Standard: 

Weaver, T. (2014, March 29). NY Budget: Estate tax change. Retrieved from the Post-Standard:
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Rivalry Between the New York Yankees and the Boston Red Sox

Words: 1743 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18496580


Ask any baseball fan about the greatest game or the greatest player ever and there is a chance they might give a wrong answer. But ask him about the greatest rivalry of all time, and there is absolutely no chance that he would fumble. The answer would most certainly be Red Sox vs. New York Yankees. This is not the case with just big fans of baseball; almost everyone who has ever lived in the United States knows there is stiff competition between the baseball teams from Boston and New York City. But it is unlikely that everyone would be aware of the root causes of this rivalry.

Though they know it has something to do with baseball's greatest player ever, Babe Ruth, but what exactly happened back in 1920 is something very few modern baseball-lovers have tried to discover. Boston residents would certainly…… [Read More]

Works Cited

TIM SULLIVAN, For Red Sox, facing Yankees is facing history, The Cincinnati Enquirer, October 13, 1999

Mel Antonen, Curses! Red Sox foiled again and again by Yankees, USA Today, 10-13-1999, pp 03C

HAL BOCK, AP Sports Writer, Yankees, Red Sox Have Long Rivalry, AP Online, 10-13-1999

Harvey Frommer, Yanks vs. Red Sox Baseball's Greatest Rivalry,
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Planyc for Smart Growth in New York

Words: 3757 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72399611

NYC Smart Growth

In 2007, then-Mayor Michael Bloomberg initiated PlaNYC. Based on the principles of Smart Growth, the PlaNYC aims to prepare for and balance New York City's population growth, economy development, and environmental issues. By the year 2010, the city of New York received the National Award for Smart Growth Achievement from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency with an overall excellence. Taking the direction of a greener and more efficient development means that it is time for the city that never sleeps to rest.

One of the main concerns of American urban governments today is to limit urban sprawl, to expand revenue sharing, to increase affordable housing, and Smart Growth fits in with these objectives. Bloomberg's approach for New York's development is an example of American metropolitan governments have returned to regionalism, yet with a newer perspective and strategies. A city with a long history and great economy, such as…… [Read More]


EPA (2014). This is Smart Growth. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved May 13, 2015 from 

Feuer, W. (2010). Overall excellent in Smart Growth. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved May 13, 2015 from (2015). The East Coast Greenway in New York Retrieved May 13, 2015 from (2015). Stronger buildings. NYC Mayor's Office of Sustainability. Retrieved May 13, 2015 from
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New York Is a Great

Words: 737 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56132440

By having all of this, New York is a fun and exciting place.

ome other positive experiences of the great city is that Queens has Indian and Pakistani immigrants have created a subcontinent of their own in Jackson Heights; spices, saris and Hollywood films are as commonplace as a orbet hot dog in midtown. and, a person can walk down 32nd treet between Herald quare and Fifth Avenue, not a block from the Empire tate Building, where they will read barely a word of English among the Japanese and Korean signs. omeone also can spend a day with the Greeks in Astoria, or dine at an authentic Russian restaurant in Brighton Beach.

However, there are some negative aspects of New York but that is with all cities. The crime rate is terrible because someone is always stealing since it is busy and people hardly ever look around due to the…… [Read More]

Some other positive experiences of the great city is that Queens has Indian and Pakistani immigrants have created a subcontinent of their own in Jackson Heights; spices, saris and Hollywood films are as commonplace as a Sorbet hot dog in midtown. and, a person can walk down 32nd Street between Herald Square and Fifth Avenue, not a block from the Empire State Building, where they will read barely a word of English among the Japanese and Korean signs. Someone also can spend a day with the Greeks in Astoria, or dine at an authentic Russian restaurant in Brighton Beach.

However, there are some negative aspects of New York but that is with all cities. The crime rate is terrible because someone is always stealing since it is busy and people hardly ever look around due to the fact that they are in a rush. and, that is another negative aspect of the wonderful city of New York. People are so much in a rush that they have to make plans to stop and smell the roses, but, lately it is like everywhere.

Importunely, one of the forces and considerations that have shaped New York recently is September 11, 2001. The city and the people of it did not plan the unthinkable because they thought their buildings indestructible. but, that was proven wrong and people should realize that it does not mean if it is big and tall will not fall. It means the bigger they are the harder, they will fall. Since that day, New York has been taken in all of the factors to shape up the planning of the city's future. The factors of planning should be coming together as a whole, planning on the unthinkable, and do not believe anything is indestructible. The main products that make up the planning of the city are the city itself and the people of it. Without them there would no New York to see or continue to build. and, these are the same products of planning that the city has had in the past and will always have in the future.
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New York State and City

Words: 1284 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63545115

New York: State and City

Suffice to say, the French adage "plus ca change, plus c'est la meme chose" remains true today as it was during the time of Jacob Riis in the late 1800s. This is particularly relevant when looking the conditions of women in the workplace that could only be described as dire and dismal. Although between that period and at present, there have been major changes and improvements in women's working lives, there are still similarities though. Hence, the more things change the more they remain the same and Riis' writing is testimony to this since he was able to present how society was then and how society is now especially in the treatment of women in the workplace. Reading through the whole chapter, one can feel unnerved and question how come in a society and nation that values freedom, equality and merit allowed for such miserable…… [Read More]


Riis, Jacob. 'Chapter XX: The Working Girls of New York.' How the Other Half Lives: Studies Among the Tenements of New York. 1890. 15 Jun. 2011. .
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New York Art New York's Post WWII

Words: 1149 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39734846

New York Art

New York's Post II Art Scene

After orld ar II, so many parts of Europe were in ruin. Economies were shattered, new governments worked to gain mandates for their authority and the people of Europe's countless and once rich cultural centers struggled to establish new identities. And following more than a decade of fascism, genocide and territorial war, many of the intellectually and culturally elite talents had departed the content for a context more hospitable to freedom and creativity. Relative to what they found in the spread of fascism, the United States would prove itself not just as the newly dominant military and commercial power in the world but also art center of the world. ith devastation persistent throughout the great cities of Europe, New York emerged as the capital of the modern art world and so many of the innovations that would extend there from in…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Dayton Art Institute (DAI). (2010). Post World War II.

Rothko, M. (1944). Slow Swirl at the Edge of the Sea. Museum of Modern Art.

Vogel, C. (2006). A Pollock is Sold, Possibly for a Record Price. The New York Times.