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This world that corcese has depicted in the city is one that is marvelously cruel, intensely chaotic and completely imbued with his own musings on what he believes that period in time would have been like. The movie is completely modern and relevant today because it reflects on some of the same issues of race, class and ethnicity that we are struggling with today. While Gangs of New York depicts these issues set against the backdrop of Civil War era New York, which makes the film all the more disturbing, the issues that he is addressing are as ugly as the foul neighborhood of Five Points.
While Gangs of New York reenacts images from Jacob Riis's How the Other Half Lives (1997), such as the visual reference to "Bandit's Roost," an emblem of urban poverty, the city is an amalgamation of part truths and part Hollywood flair. The movie is…
Scorcese's film uses the city of New York and the violence that takes place within it as a sort of birth scenario of modern American society. From the very beginning of the film, Scorcese shows us a world that is barbarically full of chaos and foul occurrences everywhere. While the actual characters themselves are either completely fiction or a mish-mash of other characters taken out of their true time, the city itself feels like the most smartly constructed character, as it seems that Scorcese put more effort into creating a city that is a representation of the director's views on society at large. This world that Scorcese has depicted in the city is one that is marvelously cruel, intensely chaotic and completely imbued with his own musings on what he believes that period in time would have been like. The movie is completely modern and relevant today because it reflects on some of the same issues of race, class and ethnicity that we are struggling with today. While Gangs of New York depicts these issues set against the backdrop of Civil War era New York, which makes the film all the more disturbing, the issues that he is addressing are as ugly as the foul neighborhood of Five Points.
While Gangs of New York reenacts images from Jacob Riis's How the Other Half Lives (1997), such as the visual reference to "Bandit's Roost," an emblem of urban poverty, the city is an amalgamation of part truths and part Hollywood flair. The movie is fictional, but it does capture a bit of New York's essence of this period in American history, especially in the way that it illustrates the discrimination against the Irish immigrants.
While the character of the city tends to be trite in its representation, there are some complex ideas concerning racial and ethnic conflict in early American history. There are issues of racism, of class struggle, and of the division between the Anglo-Saxon Protestant "Nativists" and the Roman Catholic Irish immigrants in Civil War time New York. The issue of ethnicity is especially poignant because it resonates within society today
"In 1940 David ockefeller became a member of the Board of Trustees of the ockefeller Institute for Medical esearch, which had been established in 1901 by his grandfather, John D. ockefeller. A decade later he succeeded his father as chairman of the Institute's Board of Trustees, serving in that capacity for 25 years (1950-1975). Working with Detlev Bronk, ockefeller led the transformation of the research institute into a biomedical graduate university, which was renamed the ockefeller University in 1965" (David ockefeller, 2004).
Jane Jacobs was born May 4, 1916 and died April 25, 2006. She was an American-Canadian writer and activist with major interest in communities and urban planning and decay. She is best known for the Death and Life of Great American Cities (1961), a commanding review of the urban renewal guidelines of the 1950's in the United States. The book has been recognized as reaching beyond planning issues…
Brooklyn Bridge. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.aviewoncities.com/nyc/brooklynbridge.htm
Cross Bronx Expressway. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nycroads.com/roads/cross -bronx/
David Rockefeller. (2004). Retrieved from http://www.rockarch.org/bio/david.php
Jane Jacobs. (n.d). Retrieved from http://www.pps.org/articles/jjacobs-2/
Argument Opposing the Ban
The primary argument against the beverage ban is that it violates the fundamental autonomy and freedom of personal choice. Critics argue that in that respect, it is no different from prohibiting the consumption of a maximum amount of calories or banning sunbathing, because the former also contributes to obesity and because the latter is known to cause sin cancers that are sometimes deadly and that are also typically treated at the public's expense. The other main argument against the measure is that the Mayor circumvented the legislative process by implementing it through the Department of Health instead of through the City Council.
The Basis of the Legal Decision
In striking the law down, the tate upreme Court characterized the proposed law as "arbitrary" because it applied only establishment regulated by the city and not to supermarkets or chain stores (such as 7-11, for example), even when…
Saul, M.H. (2013). "Judge Cans Soda Ban: Ruling on Sugary Drinks Marks Rare Defeat
on Health Policy for Bloomberg." The Wall Street Journal (March 11, 2013).
Retrieved online: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887323826704578354543929974394.html
The legal basis of the tate upreme Court decision was that the ban is "arbitrary" because it would only have applied to some types of businesses and only to those regulated by the city. For example, supermarkets and chain stores were exempted, even though they might be located on the same block as businesses affected by the ban. Ultimately, whether or not future versions of the same law survive legal challenges will probably depend more on how they are framed and whether they resolve some of the issues that the court characterized as "arbitrary" rather than on whether or not the city authorities have the legal right to regulate the sale of large servings of some kinds of beverages.
aul, M.H. (2013). "Judge Cans oda Ban: Ruling on ugary Drinks Marks Rare Defeat
on Health Policy for Bloomberg." The Wall treet Journal (March 11, 2013).
Retrieved online: http://online.wsj.com/article/B10001424127887323826704578354543929974394.html
Saul, M.H. (2013). "Judge Cans Soda Ban: Ruling on Sugary Drinks Marks Rare Defeat
on Health Policy for Bloomberg." The Wall Street Journal (March 11, 2013).
Retrieved online: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887323826704578354543929974394.html
Neighborhood Guides: Gramercy Park
In the neighborhood guide New York Living Solutions, Gramercy Park is marketed as a neighborhood which is both upscale and quaint. It is labeled the perfect neighborhood for someone who wants to live in an area that has 'character,' versus the rather faceless and generic Upper est and Upper East Sides of Manhattan, but who does not necessarily want the hustling, bustling, and more democratic milieu of less affluent neighborhoods in the East Village, Hell's Kitchen, or ethnic neighborhoods. One Internet guide advertises: "Gramercy Park is one of New York's most historic, high-end real estate, and exclusive luxury neighborhoods. Centrally located on the East Side of Manhattan, residents have the convenience of living downtown (SoHo, NoHo, and the Village are just blocks away), coupled with a sophistication generally reserved for the wealthiest uptown neighborhoods" (Gramercy Park Neighborhood Guide, New York Living Solutions). Residents are thus likely…
Gramercy Park Neighborhood Guide. New York Living Solutions. [12 Nov 2013]
"Gramercy Park." nyc.com. [12 Nov 2013]
Sharon Zukin's Whose Culture? Whose City?
My visit to Times Square confirmed that Sharon Zukin's characterization about the corporate domination of the landscape is quite accurate. First, virtually everything imaginable is associated with one corporate entity or another, as hardly any physical surface other than the asphalt of the streets is covered with corporate logos. From below eye-level to as high as one can look up at buildings, there are advertisements beckoning people to buy luxury goods, entertainment tickets, clothing brands, and every type of food fare in existence. Even the taxi cabs are festooned with endless advertisements, in high-tech format like television screens atop their roofs as well as inside facing riders as soon as they enter the passenger compartments. Without looking at street signs and well-known landmarks it might be difficult to know whether you are in New York City of Las Vegas, because the amount of flashing…
History of Hell's Kitcen
History of immigrant communities tat inabited te area (Amell 2010)
Iris vs. German tensions (Po 2012)
Current geograpical boundaries:
"Te neigborood extends from te West Side of Eigt Avenue to te Hudson River, and from te nort side of 34t Street to te sout side of 56t Street" (Sietstema 2012).
Also known as te teater district
Overview of current appenings
"No New York neigborood offers a denser collection of restaurants, aimed at teater-goers, tourists, local neigborood types, Times Square office workers, and budget-conscious diners of every stripe" (Sietstema,2012)
B. Teater and oter entertainment
Farmer's markets (Sokol 2010)
Typical profile of residents
a. Burgeoning gay population ("Te Hell's Kitcen Guide," Time Out, 2013)
b. More youtful and etnically diverse tan before
1. "As gentrification takes old, new apartment blocks are springing up in te…
Sokol, Dave. "Must-see Hell's Kitchen." NYC Go. 18 May 2013. [7 Oct 2013]
Petitioner contends that he merely escorted the student back to his seat. Petitioner further asserts that any injury to the student's hand had occurred the day before, during an incident in which the student allegedly punched a blackboard in another teacher's classroom. espondents, however, contend that petitioner impermissibly used corporal punishment to force the student back into his seat (John George vs. Board of Education of the City School District of the City of New York and Maria Santory Guasp, Superintendent, Community School District 9,)."
The principal dismissed the teacher without allowing the teacher to take part in the investigation. Because of that decision the teacher was later reinstated with pay so that an subsequent investigation could take place.
The principal based her decision to terminate on the OSI investigation however, the probationary teacher was not allowed to take part in that investigation, therefore was reinstated until a second investigation…
John George vs. Board of Education of the City School District of the City of New York and Maria Santory Guasp, Superintendent, Community School District 9
New York City. Forrest Junior said he would like to see me, but he didn't have time to come to Alabama, so we finally said we would meet in New York City.
New York City was amazing! It's really an island. I think New York City has more cars in it than all of Alabama and maybe Mississippi too. Maybe it's just hard to get all those cars off an island, so people just stay there. Everybody walks so fast, and they don't really want to stop and talk. I asked this policeman for directions, and he told me all right, but that was all he wanted to talk about. In Alabama we would have talked about three other things before we got down to business.
Forrest Jr. got us a room at a hotel down near the end of that island. He said the name of the hotel was…
New Yorkers who must drive to work already endure horrendous traffic congestion conditions and exorbitant parking fees because legal on-street parking spots are extremely scarce, particularly in the midtown area and the financial district.
Similarly, commercial businesses that use delivery vehicles have no option but to drive into the city every day and the congestion pricing plan would not have exempted them.
In many cases, implementation of the plan could conceivably have threatened their continued commercial viability to continue in business.
Critics also pointed out that the plan would not necessarily have achieved the carbon emission reductions initially claimed by it proponents, and that the other main justification, reducing congestion within the fee zone in Manhattan, was equally spurious. More recent studies demonstrated that most of the reduction in traffic and congestion would have occurred in the suburbs along the main routes traveled by commuters from North of Manhattan in…
Diaz, Ruben, Jr. Congestion pricing plan was a regressive tax on Bronxites; New York Daily News, April 29, 2008. Retrieved May 1, 2008 from the NYDailyNews.com website, at http://www.nydailynews.com/ny_local/bronx/2008/04/29/2008-04-29_congestion_pricing_plan_was_a_regressive.html
Berger, Joseph. Congestion Pricing: Just Another Regressive Tax? The New York Times, April 20, 2008. Retrieved May 1, 2008 from the NYTimesOnline website, at http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/20/nyregion/nyregionspecial2/20colwe.html?ref=nyregionspecial2
New York City Commuter Tax and its history. The writer discusses the previous attempts to bring it forth as well as current discussions about its use. The writer argues that the tax is a bad idea. There were 15 sources used to complete this paper.
While New York City continues to grow it struggles to find resources to handle its public duties. As the most populated city in the nation it bears the brunt of providing the largest police force, the largest garbage collection service and many other large agencies. All of these services must come from tax dollars and throughout the years there have been many incidences where the money has run out and the services has stopped. Several times along the way the idea of a commuter tax has surfaced. Those who are in favor of the tax believe it will provide funds for public services by people…
ELISE YOUNG and HUGH R. MORLEY, STAFF
WRITERS, No way, commuters say., The Record (Bergen County, NJ), 11-15-2002, pp A01.
Paul J. Hendrie, Record Staff Writer, COMMUTER TAX WAR DECLARED., The Record (Bergen County, NJ), 02-25-1992, pp a01.
PIA SARKAR, Staff Writer, RULING ELIMINATES COMMUTER TAX IN N.Y.., The Record (Bergen County, NJ), 06-26-1999, pp a01.
Much of Manhattan lies on the Manhattan schist formation, made up of "Paleozoic and Proterozoic metamorphic and metamorphosed igneous rocks crystalline basement rocks" (Merguerian) that form a solid bedrock base for the soaring skyscrapers of Manhattan. Without this rock-solid base, much of the building in Manhattan would not be possible. Of course, this solid rock core of the island also helped create difficulties in excavating and in construction. These igneous rocks "are subdivided into two basic sub-layers, an older sequence consisting of ~1.0 Ga (billion year old) gneisses (Layer I) and a younger sequence of complexly deformed and internally sheared schist, gneiss, amphibolite, and marble (Layer II)." Some of this bedrock is exposed throughout Manhattan, while much of it is buried deep under a layer of .... This deep bedrock is strong and enduring, aid it also "forms the spine of the island and provides the foundation for…
Alden, Andrew. "A Tale of Two Favorite Cities." About.com. 1997. 21 June 2005.
Federal Writers' Project (N.Y.). A Comprehensive Guide to the Five Boroughs of the Metropolis: Manhattan, Brooklyn, the Bronx, Queens, and Richmond. New York: Random House, 1939.
Merguerian, Charles. "A Geological Transect From New York City to New Jersey." DukeLabs.com. 2002. 21 June 2005.
Berlin and New York City
Artists of all media are inspired by the culture in which they live and work. This is a universally accepted idea; it is impossible to extricate the artist from the culture in which he or she created his or her pieces of artwork, no matter if the art is writing, paintings, or any other type of multimedia. One of the most important influences that an artist can find is the life that exists in the city in which they were reared; the landscapes, the people, and the sights and sounds cannot help but to find their way into the works of artists who lived in that given location. The nineteenth and early twentieth centuries were important in the development of what are now considered to be modern metropolises. Examining Berlin, Germany and New York City, New York in the United States of America, the culturally…
Berlin: Symphony of a Metropolis, directed by Walter Ruttmann (1927; Berlin, Germany: Fox
Europa, 2012), DVD.
Manhatta, directed by Charles Sheeler & Paul Strand (1921; New York, NY, 2012), DVD.
Spiegel, Uwe. "Conquering the Capital: the Ruthless Rise of the Nazis in Berlin." Spiegel.
History Of Pollution in New York City
New York City has unique benefits in that there are tremendous amounts of people who live within close proximity to each other. This has resulted in higher uses of mass transit systems (such as: subways and buses). On average, New York's total environmental footprint is 7.1 metrics tons per person annually. This is much lower than national average of 24.5 metric tons. The city contributes 1% of the total amount of greenhouse gases emitted into the atmosphere for the United States each year. ("Inventory Greenhouse of New York City," 2007) (Jarvey, 2006)
In spite of these benefits and lower levels of carbon emission, New York City was named the dirtiest city for 2012 in Travel and Leisure magazine. They cited poor air quality, water and large amounts of trash everywhere. This is problematic, as New York has been trying to consistently reduce the…
Inventory Greenhouse of New York City. (2007). NYC Government. Retrieved from:
Brown, R. (2012). Filthy Truth! New York Daily News. Retrieved from:
First and foremost is the recurrence of addiction with which Ms. Stone has struggled her entire life. This reflects the powerful dependency which is a distinct feature of heroin as is this compares to other substances. Indeed, Ms. Stone makes explicit mention of the intense physical and emotional rigors of withdrawal that are associated with detoxification. The number of times that Ms. Stone has engaged in detox and relapsed back into heroin use is startling. According to her own report, she has undergone the painful process of detox ten times. This underscores on an anecdotal level what is true for New York on a general scale. Namely, the continued availability of heroin combined with the relative lack of effectiveness of programs aimed at rehabilitation tend to make addiction relapse a highly probable occurrence.
Ms. Stone's case is rendered yet more persistent due to what seems an apparent failure to address…
Epstein, E.J. (2006). Agency of Fear. Edward J. Epstein.
National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC). (2002). Heroin. Justice.gov.
Ngo, E. (2009). New York drug dealers ride 'Twilight' high with vampire-themed heroin. AM New York.
Stanglin, D. (2010). NYC-Funded guide for Heroin Users Draws DEA's Ire. USA Today.
The Five Families have dominated organized crime in New York City since the 1930s. In 1931, the Five Families, in addition to the Chicago Outfit, established The Commission, a governing body that helped to eliminate feuds, disputes, and wars among the various crime families who were constantly vying for control over illegal activities, among other things ("Organized Crime-American Mafia").
Most mafia activities were restricted until 1920. Prior to the Prohibition, criminal activities among the mafia were centered around thievery and gambling. The Prohibition gave way to a rise in criminal activities. Alcohol was acquired through a variety of ways including importing liquor from Canada and setting up illegal stills ("Organized Crime-American Mafia"). After the repeal of the 18th Amendment in 1933, mafia activities shifted back to gambling and included new ventures such as loan sharking, prostitution and drug distribution. Eventually, criminal activities were extended into labor racketeering ("Organized Crime-American Mafia").…
"Organized Crime-American Mafia." Net Industries. Web. Accessed 21 May 2011. Retrieved
New York City Financial Plan
Are total revenues growing faster or more slowly than expenditures? Show the annual growth rates for revenues and expenditures in a table.
The expenditures and taxes are in sync for the first two years of the table (2012 and 2013) but the expenditures outstrip taxes by about 2500-3000 a year after that, for years 2014, 2015 and 2016. As requested, here are the annual growth rates analyzed
As noted before, the rate of growth from 2012 of 2013 is identical, so the two figures remain in sync. There is a sharp rate of increase in for expenditures in 2014 with a fractional change with revenue. The tax revenues then slows in terms of growth and the tax revenue starts to over-take the rate of growth of expenditures, but only in 2016 and after the tax revenues…
Monga, V. (2012, November 12). Pension Liability: How Did It Get So Big? - WSJ.com. The Wall Street Journal - Breaking News, Business, Financial and Economic News, World News & Video - Wall Street Journal - Wsj.com. Retrieved March 3, 2013, from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324439804578106973158885296.html
Niquette, M. (2012, December 10). $822,000 Worker Shows California Leads U.S. Pay Giveaway - Bloomberg. Bloomberg - Business, Financial & Economic News, Stock Quotes. Retrieved March 3, 2013, from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-12-11/-822-000-worker-shows-california-leads-u-s-pay-giveaway.html
it, too, has the rails coming in beneath the fine, old eaux Arts building, for which tunnels beneath the city were built, removing millions of cubic yards of earth. it, too, heralded and celebrated the new, electric railroad track with its electrified third rail fueling the engines without smoke or fire.
Grand Central Terminal was renovated in the 1990s to make way for modern shops, with better lighting, wider steps and platforms big enough to accommodate the burgeoning subway and commuter train system. Though it became dark and dirty throughout the 1970s and 1980s, falling into disrepair and misuse, in the 1990s it was renovated in a 4-year effort and now appears clean and new. For some reason, the loss of passenger traffic on the railroad during the 1960s did not affect Grand Central as much as it did Penn Station. Perhaps it was because Grand Central had a champion…
Bradford, S. America's Queen: A Life of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. New York: Viking. 2000.
Droege, J.A. Passenger Terminals and Trains. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1916.
Harwood, H.H., Jr., Royal Blue Line. Sykesville, MD: Greenberg Publishing, 1990,
Hughes, L. "Pennsylvania Station." The Collected Poems of Langston Hughes. Ed.: Arnold Rampersad. New York: Vintage Books, Random House. 1995.
Unemployment and Crime ates
There has long been a correlation between unemployment rates and crime. This correlation is most evident in large metropolitan locales such as New York City. The purpose of this discussion is to explore the effect of Unemployment on the crime rates in New York City over the past few years. Initially the paper will focus on data and statistics concerning the correlation between the increase in unemployment rates and subsequent increases in crime. The paper will attempt to demonstrate that an increase in the unemployment rates leads to an increase in the crime rates in New York City. The paper will also discuss three theories that can explain this positive correlation between unemployment rate and crime rate.
Data and Statistics
Sociologists and Academics have long sought to demonstrate the correlation between crime and unemployment in various societies throughout the world. In New York City this correlation…
New York Crime Rates 1976-2000. (2003) http://www.disastercenter.com/crime/nycrime.htm
Unemployment Data Table for New York City 1990-2000,(2003) http://data.bls.gov/servlet/SurveyOutputServlet
Buchner, M. (1998, June). Crime in the Bluff City. Business Perspectives, 10, 14+.
Douglas, P.H., Director, A., & Aydelotte, F. (1931). The Problem of Unemployment. New York: The Macmillan company.
Immigration in New York City
hat are the Barriers to Economic Success Faced by est African Immigrants?
How does being an immigrant affect becoming a successful small businessman in America?
hat access to resources and capital do immigrants from est Africa have when starting a business? hat challenges do they face?
These questions are worth asking because the despite the growth of new ethnic populations on both sides of the Atlantic, scholarly work existing at the outset of the 1990s had not presented consistent findings on the determinants and implications of the spread of ethnic enterprise (aldinger et al. 1990). Most studies had generated, but not tested, hypotheses. The study will examine ethnic entrepreneurship by presenting and using a model of immigrant enterprise. The primary focus is on migrant experience in estern industrial societies of the post-orld ar II period. I will outline a model of immigrant enterprise.…
Marx, Karl. (1976) "The fetishism of the commodity and its secret." In Capital, vol. 1 tr. Ben Fowkes, Hormondsworth: Pelican.
Min, P.G. (1987) "Factors Contributing to Ethnic Business." International Journal of Comparative Sociology, Volume 28: pp. 173-193.
Waldinger, R., Aldrich, H., Ward, R., and Stanfield, J. (1990) Ethnic Entrepreneurs: Immigrant Business in Industrial Societies. Book Surge, LLC.
NYC and California post-WW2
Let us imagine what it would be like to immigrate to the United States in 1953. We are coming across the Atlantic from Europe, the ship would still be coming around the lower end of Long Island (better known as "Brooklyn") and Manhattan Island to arrive at Ellis Island. (Until 1954, Ellis Island was the standard arrival point for incoming immigrants.)
If we were extremely far-sighted we could see all the way up the East River, to the riboro Bridge, built by Robert Moses as part of his large-scale reshaping of New York City's roadways, intended to accommodate automobiles in the city. Since we're imagining this, let's also imagine we have x-ray vision, like Superman. If we could see below the water as we sailed up past Brooklyn, we would see underneath our ship the Brooklyn-Battery unnel, which had been completed in 1950. Again, this is…
The growth of Los Angeles is a 20th century phenomenon, according to U.S. Census data. In 1910 it is not even one of the top ten most populous cities in the U.S.A. In 1920, it is the tenth most populous city. In 1930, it has jumped to being the fifth largest city, and remains at fifth in 1940. In 1950 it is America's fourth largest city. In 1960, 1970 and 1980 it stands as the third largest city. Only in 1990 does it come in second place to NYC, where it has remained until the present day. It is no accident that these dates correspond with the rapid growth of Hollywood and the entertainment and mass communication industries in the 20th century. Los Angeles is a particularly good location for outdoor filming, though: it seldom rains (only a few days a year) and by and large the climate is warm, sunny, and pleasant (as Angelenos never stop reminding New Yorkers). It has the benefit of being essentially a desert climate, while still situated on the Pacific ocean which softens the harsher effects of a desert clime: this means that the air remains largely cloudless (although not smogless) while temperatures become chilly at night. Nonetheless, the susceptibility of Los Angeles to wildfires, mudslides and earthquakes indicates that there are some tradeoffs for having nice weather all the time.
But there is more to California than Hollywood: San Diego, the second most populous area in the state, has a large military and defense presence. San Jose and San Francisco are third and fourth in terms of size. San Francisco was a major shipping port throughout the 19th century, and the two cities remain the urban centers of the "Silicon Valley" high tech industries. The northern part of California is different in many ways from Los Angeles, however. The climate becomes more like the rainy misty Pacific northwest, and agriculture and timber become more important to the economy. Northern California is the world's largest producer of almonds; Southern California produces nuts of an altogether different sort.
Los Angeles and New York are similar in a way that is familiar to metropolitan areas that depended upon old methods of transportation: they are both situated on the coasts, and their locations afford natural harbors to some degree. NYC is better for shipping, due to the confluence of rivers flowing to the Atlantic, and the presence of large barrier islands protecting its harbors. But in both cases, urban expansion runs up against natural barriers: in the case of NYC, the city is built on islands, so expansion is limited by space. In California, expansion is limited by surrounding mountains, and also by the relative scarcity of water.
NYC Education Law
Bullying is a common occurrence among district schools in New York City with the major targets often students regarded as different such as the disabled. In this regard, this article highlights a fictitious scenario regarding bullying of disabled students in attempt to answer legal questions regarding education law about bullying students with learning disabilities. Using New York state statutes and related cases, this paper outlines legal actions individuals are likely to take under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
Facts of the Case
Tyler is an 8-year-old male student at a Middle School in New York City. He has ADHD and is very wild. His woes started when one day while hanging out at school, some kids realized he was taking medication for his ADHD, and they thought it was the funniest thing. They told him they did not want to hang out with him because…
Fiorello LaGuardia was a New Deal Republican, a man who supported President Franklin Roosevelt and who used that support to help change New York City, to cut off patronage from the Tammany system, and to revitalize New York City, restore public faith, unify the transit system, built low-cost public housing, playgrounds and parks; put money into airports, reorganized the police force, and reestablished the idea of merit employment in place of patronage jobs. In short, in his domineering and authoritarian three terms, he literally turned the New York political machine on its head; used his connections with the hite House to revamp New York City in the midst of the Depression, and gave New York City a chance to become a modern, world-class city. hile criticized for being heavy-handed, his reforms were carefully orchestrated to focus on those areas that had been hardest hit by the economic woes of the…
Allen, O. The Tiger: The Rise and Fall of Tammany Hall. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley, 1993.
Berg, B. New York City Politics: Governing Gotham. Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2007.
Brodsky, A. The Great Mayor: Fiorello La Gudardia and the Making of the City of New York. New York: St. Martin's, 2003.
Burrows. E / amd Wallace, M. Gotham: A History of New York City. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
NYC African Restaurants
African Restaurants in NYC
The restaurant's soft industrial lighting makes the chrome gleam. A soft and expansive backdrop of blue gives the space a cool and slightly futuristic industrial like a hip loft in the future. Exposed brick walls are tinged in a blue sheen and the distressed wood chairs and tables have been stained steel gray and have marble table tops. In three weeks, Cisse Elhadji, the owner of Ponty Bistro in Midtown, will open his new restaurant La Terengea. Located at 144 West 139th St., the restaurant us nestled in between the Hudson and Harlem rivers a few blocks west of the City College of New York. The location of the restaurant is quite lucrative given its relative proximity to both Central Park as well as Yankee Stadium.
Though Elhadji has succeeded once with an African restaurant, La Teregenga is still a gamble.…
New York City
Use of Temporary Space
(NYC Department of Parks & ecreation)
Images & Charts
Illy Push Button House
Store Front Library
Brooklyn Bridge Park
Images & Charts
According to the NYC Department of Parks & ecreation, Dutch traders established farming communities and villages east of Manhattan around 1652. One such village, Vlackebos, literally translated into the "wooded plain." This wooded plane area at the time consisted of virgin thick forests coupled with flat terrain so it eventually was called Flatbush. The area stayed in this overgrown natural state for nearly three centuries. "But, in the 1920s, the new Interborough apid Transit linked Flatbush to the rest of the city, sparking new developments that began welcoming successive generations of immigrants. As with the Dutch traders, these newcomers built homes and roads, only more quickly and densely. iding through East Flatbush today, there are still trees that line…
Vega, Eric. (2009). "New York Social Society." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from http://www.nycsocialsociety.com/index2.html
Yahoo Finance. (2009). "Commercial Real Estate Loans A Growing Problem For Banks." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from http://finance.yahoo.com/news/Commercial-Real-Estate-Loans-ibd-3654392109.html?x=0&.v=1
Zip Car. (2009). "Zip Car." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from http://www.zipcar.com .
Here, we see the Mediascape landscape alongside many other of the success factors for design in real-world situations:
[MORE PHOTO HERE]
Compare that last to the landscape identified as Ethnoscapes here:
[APPLICABLE PHOTO HERE]
Here we find Ethnoscapes defined:
In the anthropology of globalization, the suffix "-scape" signifies transnational distributions of correlated elements whose display can be represented as landscapes. For example, transnational arrangements of technological, financial, media, and political resources can be seen, respectively, as technoscapes, financescapes, mediascapes, and ideoscapes (Appadurai 1996: 33). The prefix "ethno-" refers to "people" rather than stricly to "ethnicity."
Next up we have Financescapes. Through these next images the heart of this majestic capitalist nation: the financial market alongside the culture associated with financial markets:
[CAPITALIT PHOTO HERE]
Up next, of this Anthropology of Globalization, here we find Ethnoscapes, or the people (Greek, ethno-) + the transnational distribution of correlated…
For many first generation immigrants, Spanglish is a necessary evil that corrupts their native language but allows them to assimilate into the diverse community in which they live. To second generation immigrants tend to think of Spanglish as a way in which they can communicate in the language of the home, to some degree but still do so in an manner that translates into the diverse community. To first and second generation immigrants Spanglish is a tool. Third generation immigrants on the other hand are increasingly seeing Spanglish as a way to express their transnational heritage. This is despite the fact that they are at least to some degree fully capable of being truly bilingual, speaking and writing in both English and Spanish, if Spanish is spoken in the home or monolingual in English, owing to their birth and education being primarily English.
Spanglish' Speakers Mix Home" A01) Though this…
Arado, Matt. "Spanglish in the Suburbs People Are Split on a Trendy, Slangy Blend of Spanish and English." Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, IL) 17 Oct. 2004: 1.
Ardila, Alfredo. "Spanglish; an Anglicized Spanish Dialect" Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 27 (2005): 60-81.
Callahan, Laura. "The Role of Register in Spanish-English Codeswitching in Prose." Bilingual Review 27.1 (2003): 12.
Duany, Jorge. The Puerto Rican Nation on the Move: Identities on the Island & in the United States. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.
Mediterranean restaurants in Chelsea, NYC
Mediterranean restaurants: Chelsea
Uncle Nick's Greek Restaurant is located at 747 9th Ave. It offers traditional Greek food such mezze plates, whole grilled fish, staples like mousakas and pastitio and more unusual offerings such as loukanika horiatika (Greek sausage sauteed in wine sauce). Despite its homespun name, Uncle Nick's is not a diner. It is a Mediterranean restaurant that showcases specifically Greek food, although it does include some dishes more commonly found in American restaurants, such as a 'mixed grill' of friend zucchini, eggplants, and peppers. ut even these are showcased with a scordalia dip (traditional Greek potato and garlic dip) rather than the usual sour cream found at a diner. Instead of the standard diner 'Greek salad,' Uncle Nick's offers feta cheese and tomato drizzled with olive oil. Along with fries, offered 'sides' include the traditional Greek dandelions, and the desserts span from Greek…
Aleo Restaurant. Available at http://www.aleorestaurant.com / [2 Dec 2012]
Nisos' Mediterranean Cuisine. Available at: http://www.nisos-ny.com / [2 Dec 2012]
Periyali. Available at: http://www.periyali.com/menu.htm [2 Dec 2012]
Uncle Nick's Greek Restaurant. Available at: ahttp://unclenicksgreekcuisine.com / [2 Dec 2012]
The searches take about fifteen minutes each, and added up, number millions of hours of police time spent conducting these Stop and Frisk searches, making the practice a core part of NYPD police training and street policy, and not simply a seldom used law. Another startling fact is that 88% of those who are stopped are not at all guilty of any crime, but are still forced to submit to the police officers conducting the search for the duration of the search, and cannot bypass the search under any circumstances. This means that the police are spending the vast majority of their time not catching criminals, which may seem like an inefficient method.
The NAACP, a political group representing African-Americans, has come out against the Stop and Frisk law because of statistics published by the NYPD that show that young black men are targeted at much higher rates for random…
NYCLU. (2011, December). Stop and frisk. Retrieved from http://www.nyclu.org/stopandfrisk .
Rivera, R. (2010, September 28). Police mum and stop and frisk hearing. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/29/nyregion/29frisk.html .
Signore, J. (n.d.). Gothamist. Retrieved from http://gothamist.com/2011/06/01/nypd_shatters_stop_and_frisk_record.php .
WNYC Newsroom. (2012, May 10). Bloomberg: Stop and frisk deterrent. Retrieved from http://www.wnyc.org/blogs/wnyc-news-blog/2012/may/10/bloomberg-stop-and-frisks-work-deterrent/ .
HR Managerial - Interview Questions
NYC Health & Hospitals
Mike K. is a Russian immigrant and is the current head of HR at NYC Health & Hospitals (HHC) under the title of Chief of Staff of human capital. He has over 15 years' experience with this organization as he began his first entry level position in 2000. He first came to the country as a student and he attended City University of New York and was first hired by HHC in 2000 as a HR recruiter for the organization.
The HR Director role is responsible for maintain the human resources for the nation's largest public health care delivery system that includes a network of forty thousand employees in different hospitals, treatment centers, and related organizations that provide treatment to over 1.4 million people annually. The mission of the HHC is to:
Our promise to New Yorkers: Empower every…
Edwards, M. (2009). HR, perceived organisational support and organisational identification: an analysis after organisational formation. Human Resource Management Journal, The International Journal of Human Resource Management.
EEOC. (2009). Laws Enforced by EEOC. Retrieved from US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission: https://www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/
HHC. (2017). About NYC Health & Hospitals. Retrieved from About NYC Health & Hospitals: http://www.nychealthandhospitals.org/about-nyc-health-hospitals/
Karstadt, L. (2012). Human resources for health care: a global issue? British Journal of Nursing, 1178-1178.
Between the Revolution and the Civil War: How will you teach about the 3 to 4 generations that lived between 1776 and 1861 differently? In other words, how have you come to understand this time period better than you did before?
Like most Americans, I had previously been under the general impression that the generations in between the War of Independence and the Civil War worked steadily to incorporate the fundamental liberties and values that the original Colonists pursued in seeking emancipation from the British royal crown in the first place. In particular, we have always learned that religious freedom and the right to practice religion freely and without fear of government intervention or persecution were fundamental tenets of the early American people. Similarly, the contemporary historical narrative dramatically downplays the degree to which the white Americans and the federal government exploited the Native Americans unfairly, in many respects, even…
Lincoln and Draft iots in Nyc --
Lincoln in NYC (1859) and Draft iots in NYC (1863)
Lincoln in New York City (NYC) (1859)
Abraham Lincoln paid a visit to the city of New York in the year 1860, when campaigning for his epublican nomination. This is where he made his historic Cooper Union speech, which proved to be a unique combination of rhetorical opportunity, political culture, human genius, and technological innovation. It worked as his campaign speech, while simultaneously revealing Lincoln's personal beliefs to the nation (Holzer, 2005).
Holzer (2005) asserts that Lincoln contended that the U.S. federal government was capable of effectively regulating slavery within its territories, and that the moral revulsion towards slavery implied that the government ought to employ its power to ensure slavery is forbidden in the nation's territories and eventually eliminate this abhorrent institution from America.
It has long been agreed by…
Holzer, H. (2005). Lincoln at Cooper Union: The Speech that Made Abraham Lincoln President. Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association, Vol 82-88.
Vodrey, W. F. (2003). Blood in the Streets: The New York City Draft Riots. Retrieved February 24, 2016, from The Cleveland Civil War Roundtable: http://clevelandcivilwarroundtable.com
The History of Crime and Punishment in the United States
The crime of Edward Lawless—false registration—was an election crime that was as much an issue in 1904 as it is today in 2018 (and one could argue that it is even worse today than it was back then). Essentially, election fraud had been a huge problem in New York, what with the Tammany Hall government attempting to get its Irish Catholic supporters to register at multiple locations in order to vote early and vote often (and thus keep Tammany Hall in power). Teddy Roosevelt, as a member of the Police Board of Commissioners at the end of the 19th century had pledged to combat fraud and corruption and crack down on this type of abuse of the elections process—which is why Lawless’ crime was significant. Roosevelt had moved on from the Police Board in New York—to the White House. The…
This trust paved the way for the modern skyscraper.
Thus, when spending time with Otis, I would want us to go on an architecture and explorative tour of some of New York City's more glorious buildings, both old and new. I would like to hear Otis' thoughts on some of New York's more historic structures as well as get his take on New York's more modern buildings. For instance, I would like to visit the flatiron building with Otis and hear his thoughts and musings on the architectural details and structure. I would like to travel to the top of the Empire State building and the top of the Chrysler Building with Otis and see what he thinks about the speed and function of these modern elevators along with the view of the rapidly changed New York City.
I would like to sit in Central Park as a break with…
origins of skyscrapers, their design, and some major architects.
ORIGINS OF SKYSCRAPERS
Skyscrapers flourished in Chicago for a variety of reasons. "The main technological advancement that made skyscrapers possible was the development of mass iron and steel production. New manufacturing processes made it possible to produce long beams of solid iron. Essentially, this gave architects a whole new set of building blocks to work with" (Harris). The development of elevators also played in the development of skyscrapers, because people could move more quickly and efficiently between floors, which is why skyscrapers are sometimes called "elevator buildings."
Chicago was located near large producers of steel, and it was an industrial and commercial hub for the whole Midwest. Land was at a premium, and so building designers had to find new ways to put more buildings on less land. One solution was for the building to go up, instead of out. hen…
Damore, Chris. "History of the Singer Building." Chrysler Building.org. 2002.
Harris, Tom. "How Skyscrapers Work." How Stuff Works. 2002.
The author also explains that the data stored in the system can be used to help public health officials identify medical issues facing the community as well as track various trends from the community and public health perspectives.
(How does this article relate to you as doctor?)
As a physician, I recognize that my time will be in very short supply. Therefore, any system or resource capable of saving time and increasing the efficiency of the healthcare services that I provide will be greatly appreciated. Similarly, patient safety, elimination of medical errors, and patient outcome are always paramount concerns for any physician. Therefore, I would welcome the opportunity to use EHR systems to the extent they address those issues positively. Moreover, as a physician, I am always interested in any approach that might be beneficial to human welfare and community and public health issues. According to the article,…
Business Plan for Tailoring Workshop Company: A Tailor Shop on Wheels
This business plan is for the Tailoring Workshop Company (hereinafter alternatively "the company"), a mobile tailor shop for men clothes that will have a Web site and a mobile app available through the Apple Store. The company will focus on tailoring men's suits only. Customers will be able to contact their personal tailor through the company's Web site or via the mobile app, but there will be no physical brick-and-mortar facilities or retail outlet. Customers will be able to create a free online account that enables them to explore all fabric choices and design collections so they can select the combinations that most appeal to them. The mobile app and Web site will facilitate changes so that customers can instantaneously visualize the results of their choices. In addition to using the company's available designs, customers will also be able…
Craik, J. (1993). The face of fashion: Cultural studies in fashion. London: Routledge.
Dahl, D. (2011). How to write an operational plan for your business. Inc. Retrieved from http://www.inc.com/guides/201107/how-to-write-an-operational-plan-for-your-small-business.html .
Davis, J. (2009, October 12). Clothier of generations, Svoboda will close Arlington Heights
men's store bows to age, fashion trends. Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, IL), 1.
New York City: An Examination of Urban Design and Space Function as it Relates to Civic Participation
The objective of this study is to examine urban design and space function as it relates to civic participation in New York City. Kevin Lynch conducted systematic and scientific-based research on urban design in his exploration of the elements of urban design. Lynch stated that every individual "has had a long association with some parts of his city and his image is soaked in memories and meaning." (1960, p.2) The goal of Lynch is reported to be the study of the city's mental images held by its citizens. Lynch focused his work on the city's visual quality or the "apparent clarity and 'legibility of the city-scape." hat Lynch meant was the level of ease with which the city's parts could be organized into a pattern that was of a coherent nature. The city,…
Kent, Ethan (2013) Toward Place Governance: What If We Reinvented Civic Infrastructure Around Placemaking?
Lynch, Kevin (1960): the Image of the City. Massachusetts New York City (2013) Britannica Encyclopedia. Retrieved from: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/412352/New-York-City/215659/Manhattan
NYC Votes Transformed the Way New Yorkers Interact with Political Candidates (2013) Pivotal Labs. Retrieved from: http://pivotallabs.com/case-studies/nyc-votes/
Project for Public Spaces. Retrieved from: http://www.pps.org/reference/toward-place-governance-civic-infrastructure-placemaking/
New York eal Estate and Office Markets
NEW YOK CITY OFFICE MAKET
New York is one of the premiere metropolitan areas of the world, exerting a significant impact on global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. The home of the United Nations Headquarters, New York City is an important center for international affairs and is widely deemed the cultural capital of the world. With its unmatched scope of building types, diverse tenant base and extensive transportation system, the city has earned an iconic and prominent place in the global market.
The borough of Manhattan serves as its hub and is the nation's largest single office market with 450 million square feet of space (Brown, 2007). Its office inventory is greater than the next five largest U.S. markets combined and features some of the world's most iconic properties (Beauregard, 2005). This paper explores the current state of…
1. Beauregard, R.A. (2005). The textures of property markets: Downtown housing and office conversions in New York City. Urban Studies (Routledge), 42(13), 2431-2445. doi:10.1080/00420980500380345
2. Brown, J.L. (2007). Demolition in Manhattan Gains Momentum. Civil Engineering (08857024), 77(8), 34.
3. Gong, H., & Keenan, K. (2012). The Impact of 9/11 on the Geography of Financial Services in New York A Few Years Later. Professional Geographer, 64(3), 370-388. doi:10.1080/00330124.2011.603654
4. Gregor, A. (2011). Demand for Office Condos Grows in Manhattan. New York Times. p. 6.
The Empire State Building and Its Impact
The Empire State Building stands in Midtown Manhattan on 5th and 34th. One can see its tall pointed antenna sticking out above the other skyscrapers when one walks around Midtown. Because the building is so iconic, it is easily recognized and gives one a feeling of curiosity that impels the viewer to want to see it up close and to visit its famous observation deck depicted in so many famous films of the past.
The skyscraper is designed in the old Art Deco style of the early 20th century. Although not as obviously Art Deco as the Chrysler Building also in New York, the Empire State Building does certainly fall under this category of architectural design. Its setbacks allow the skyscraper to taper its height, creating a visual effect of a tall, elongated almost pyramidal design. The setbacks establish an aura…
CBVH then continues to work with VESID to assess performance on an ongoing basis, participate in on-site reviews, and provide technical assistance or recommend adjustments to contracts as needed.
In the near century that these agencies have been in place, they have worked together in their efforts to assist those with disabilities to find employment. The current supported employment delivery system has allowed all eligible individuals with the most significant disabilities who are interested in supported employment to obtain services. A joint policy statement between the CBVH, the State Education Department, and VESID was initiated in 1985. At this time, the two State agencies agreed that only by working together could they address the needs of individuals who are deaf and blind. Through the memorandum of the agreement in 1999, CBVH and VESID reaffirmed their commitment to joint efforts to better serve this unique group of individuals. While there are…
American Foundation for the Blind. "Statistics and Sources for Professionals."
Retrieved November 26, 2010.
Belote, L. Low Vision Education and Training: Defining the Boundaries of Low
Vision Patients. A Personal Guide to the VA Visual Impairment Services
The complete selection process consists of a written examination, on which a candidate must score above a certain percentile and be ranked accordingly, a physical and psychological evaluation, a background investigation and polygraph rest, and a medical examination ("Selection Process," NYSP Recruitment Center, 2008).
The training process
The basic school of training for New York State Troopers is 26 weeks of residential training, cumulating 1,095 hours of training. Classes are given to recruits in a number of areas, including police skills, police science, operations and public interaction relations. The areas of education span a wide array of issues, to include firearm training, first responder and emergency vehicle operations, criminology, DI enforcement, domestic violence enforcement, department policy on sexual harassment, how to make an arrest, and penal and constitutional law, amongst other topics. Some of the areas of instruction are expected and traditional, such as how to minimize the use of…
Basic School Curriculum." NYSP Recruitment Center. 1 Apr 2008. http://www.nytrooper.com/curriculum.cfm
Field Training." NYSP Recruitment Center. 1 Apr 2008. http://www.nytrooper.com/field_training.cfm
NYSP Division of Police: History." NYSP. 1 Apr 2008. http://www.troopers.state.ny.us/Introduction/History/
Qualifications for New York State Trooper." NYSP Recruitment Center. 1 Apr 2008. http://www.nytrooper.com/qualifications.cfm
New York Presbyterian Hospital
The organization under evaluation is New York Presbyterian Hospital. Like many other hospitals, the hospital gains its revenue from donors and patients who are the clients to the hospital. The revenue generated from the operations of the organization is used to expand the hospital and cater for its operation cost. The organization has to ensure that it offers a variety of services to ensure that it has adequate clients to cater for its operations. The hospital offers clinical services, online services, research and clinical trials and has a health library. Diversification of services enables the organization to receive referrals from other small hospitals and clinics. The organization has a website where clients can learn more about the organization and book appointment. Marketing mix with regards to the organization will be evaluated in the paper. Focus will be on the four P's.
Cohn, K.H., & Hough, D.E. (2008). The business of healthcare. Westport, Conn: Praeger.
Greenfield, J.M., Hart, T., & Johnston, M.W. (2005). Nonprofit internet strategies: Best practices for marketing, communications, and fundraising success. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Plunkett, Jack W. (2007). Plunkett's Advertising & Branding Industry Almanac 2007: The Only Comprehensive Guide to Advertising Companies and Trends. Plunkett Research Ltd.
Wolper, L.F. (2011). Health care administration: Managing organized delivery systems. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
New York's Ban On Sale Of Big Size Soda
New York's plan to enact a ban on the sale of large sodas and other sugary drinks as a way of combating obesity is questionable. The government has no valid reason to dictate the size the soda and sugary drinks in the market. The size of soda and other sugary drinks does not get sugar out of the equation; it only makes people pay more for these drinks. If sugar is the real issue, then the best option would be to reduce the amount of sugar in the soda and maintain the sizes of the drinks. It appears the government is using the obesity issue to arm-twist businesses thereby violating their rights. This seems more like a plan to compromise the principle of liberty rather than control sugar consumption. The success of this plan could be an indication of government's influence…
Drewnowski, A. (2007, May 9). The Real Contribution of Added Sugars and Fats to Obesity. Seattle: University of Washington.
Espinel, P.T., & Innes-Hughes, C. (2010). Apparent consumption of selected foods and household food expenditure. Sydney.: PANORG.
Metherell, M. (2012, March 31). Study suggests sugar not cause of obesity. The Canberra Times.
" In principle, that means that injured employees need not sue their employers for compensation for their injuries or to prove that they were the employer's fault. On one hand, that also limits the total amount of recovery to which they are entitled but it guarantees recovery to millions of workers without the need to engage in legal disputes that could result in no award or that could delay any award for a long time.
Setting Rates for Businesses
The New York State Workers Compensation Board utilizes several different mechanisms to set compensation rates. According to the Average Weekly Wage (AWW), total disability benefit rates for most claimants is calculated based on the value of one week's average annual earnings as reflected in data from the prior year's payroll. According to the AWW for disability benefits claims, calculations are based on the earning of the disabled employee during the eight…
Based on these findings, a number of assessment tools are used to evaluate students' abilities and the most appropriate level of participation in general educational settings (A Parent's Guide, 2002).
Early childhood education programs in District 75 have been affected by other federal mandates, including the Governmental Performance eporting Act (GPA) and the Program Assessment ating Tool (PAT); both of these initiatives require that all federal programs (e.g., Head Start, childcare, and programs for children with disabilities) must provide performance data concerning the progress that has been made toward meeting the goals of the program, which in turn are used to formulate federal budget allocations (ous et al., 2007). Current performance data for District 75 is presented at Appendix A.
Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP). In those cases where the District 75 assessment committee finds that children require services and a special education setting, they are provided with an Individualized…
About us. (2011). New York City Department of Education. Retrieved from http://schools.nyc.
Annual yearly progress. (2011). New York State Department of Education. Retrieved from http://www.p12.nysed.gov/specialed/ spp/2011/ind3.htm' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
(Dow Jones and Company, 2009). The DJIA can be used in three principal ways: as a yardstick, as a barometer, or as an investment.
When the DJIA is used as a yardstick, the goal is to measure performance from one period of time to another:
The most common use of an index by investors is to evaluate the performance of their own portfolios on a monthly or quarterly basis. This is the "benchmark" function of an index, and it constitutes the bogey that many investors try to beat with individual stock picks or with mutual funds. There is no official benchmark for the stock market. Each investor chooses his or her own. The only logical requirement is that the benchmark chosen should represent the part of the stock market that is targeted by the investor's portfolio. For example, if the investor dabbles in large stocks from a variety of industries,…
H.J. Heinz Co. 2009. Shareholder Information. H.J. Heinz Company. Available from:
http://heinz.com/our-company/investor-relations/shareholder-information.aspx [August 28, 2009].
Dow Jones and Company. 2009. About the Averages: Overview. New York: Dow Jones and Company. Available from: http://www.djaverages.com/?view=about&page=overview [August 28, 2009].
E*Trade Financial Corp. 2009. Pricing. E*Trade Financial Corp. Available from:
Thomas Jefferson had a profound effect on the formation of the United States, and I think he would have a profound effect if he came back today and met with leaders across the nation.
I would share New York City with Jefferson, but I would share other parts of the state with him, as well. He was a politician, but he was also a farmer, and I would want him to see the farming techniques we have today, and how far agriculture has progressed. I would think that he would be extremely interested in what we are doing today, and he would probably be amazed at how agriculture has grown to be such a huge industry. I would show him science labs and other breakthroughs that he probably never could have imagined, and I would share our universities and schools with him, as well.
I would also ask Jefferson about…
Division of Political Power in New York City Since orld ar II
The Late 1940's and 1950's and agner
The 1960's and Lindsay
The 1970's and Financial Crisis
The 1980's and Koch
The 1990's to 2001 and Guiliani
Success in New York City politics is about building coalitions. Since orld ar II, the Democratic machine has been in decline. ithout an organized institution, politicians must find a way to appeal to multiple groups. Often this means alienating other groups. Politicians who can build a winning coalition find it difficult to maintain it because the ethnic and social dynamic of the city is constantly changing. The Jews are the single most important group today, but others groups are gaining increasing influence. Below is a summary of politics in New York since the machine went into decline.
The Late 1940's and 1950's and agner
Following orld ar II, the Tammany Hall political…
Arian, Asher, et al. Changing New York City Politics. New York: Routledge, 1991.
Cannato, Vincent, J. The Ungovernable City. New York: Basic Books, 2001.
Carter, Barbara. The Road to City Hall: How John Lindsay Became Mayor. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1967.
Connable, Alfred and Edward Silberfarb. Tigers of Tammany: Nine Men Who Ran New
New York Mayor Michael Bloomburg said of the project, "The Gates' will transform Central Park and challenge viewers to revisit their preconceptions of public art and urban parks" (Bloomberg). Many New Yorkers did not share in his enthusiasm. eporter Webb continues, "Nearly everyone was initially aghast at the prospect of so intrusive a work in their piece of paradise, but the artists overcame all objections, promising to respect every twig and patch of turf by designing self-supporting structures that would leave no mark" (Webb). This is essentially how they finally managed to gain approval for their project.
Their artwork did create a new meaning for the park, because it showed the myriad uses for this incredible outdoor space. The park was created as an artistic endeavor, and Christo's work showed it can be a spectacular backdrop to equally spectacular artistic endeavors. Using bold colors and the bleak landscape (in winter)…
Bernstein, Joshua. "The Park and the People." Gotham Gazette. 2004. 20 Feb. 2008. http://www.gothamgazette.com/article/fea/20040713/202/1031
Bloomberg, Michael. "Letter from Michael R. Bloomberg." NYC.gov. 2005. 20 Feb. 2008. http://www.nyc.gov/html/thegates/html/letter.html
Editors. "150+ Years of Central Park History." CentralParkNYC.org. 2008. 20 Feb. 2008. http://www.centralparknyc.org/site/PageNavigator/aboutpark_history_cp_history_150yrs
Kowsky, Francis R. Country, Park & City: The Architecture and Life of Calvert Vaux. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
spring of 2010 y Rasmussen Reports showed that 55% of New Yorkers lamed the state's udget crisis solely on the state's politicians. The telephone survey showed that the then $9 illion udget deficit was perceived as eing a result of the "ickering" amongst Democrats and Repulicans in Alany. The voters showed their concern y electing a new governor last fall, Andrew Cuomo, the son of a former governor, Mario Cuomo. Yet the situation is still serious. See, 55% of New Yorkers lame udget crisis on legislators, Rassmussen Reports, May 6, 2010.
But the Empire State is not alone in feeling the fiscal pain of the ongoing economic downturn facing the U.S.
As states across the U.S. this spring ponder their udget proposals for the coming fiscal year, they continue to face a monumental challenge. The worst economic depression since the 1930s has fostered the steepest decline in state tax receipts…
April 1, 2015 and March 31, 2016, an estate of $3,125,000 is exempt.
April 1, 2016 and March 31, 2017, an estate of $4,187,500 is exempt.
April 1, 2017 and Dec. 31, 2019, an estate of $5,250,000.
Raising the estate tax rates will help the families of the most advantaged members of the population.
However, there were also provisions made for education that should increase funding for schools. However, most of these funding increases were geared strictly at charter schools. New York City charter schools will now enjoy some of the greatest protections in the country; under the new state budget agreement, for the first time ever, charter schools will be eligible for government funds (MYFOXNY, 2014). A $1.1 billion, or 5.3%, increase in education aid, with high-needs districts getting almost 70% of the hike; allocations of $340 million for universal pre-K during each of the next two years, with…
AP. (2014, March 24). NY budget talks continue in Albany as deadline nears. Retrieved from AP: http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2014/03/ny_budget_talks_continue_in_albany_as_deadline_nears_1.html
MYFOXNY. (2014, March 30). Huge win for NY charter schools. Retrieved from Fox NY: http://www.myfoxny.com/story/25108048/highlights-of-proposed-140b-ny-2014-15-budget
Weaver, T. (2014, March 29). 2014 NY State Budget. Retrieved from the Post-Standard: http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2014/03/ny_budget_details_property_tax_freeze_30_million_for_onondaga_lake.html
Weaver, T. (2014, March 29). NY Budget: Estate tax change. Retrieved from the Post-Standard: http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2014/03/ny_budget_estate_tax_change.html
NE YORK YANKEES-BOSTON RED SOX RIVALRY
Ask any baseball fan about the greatest game or the greatest player ever and there is a chance they might give a wrong answer. But ask him about the greatest rivalry of all time, and there is absolutely no chance that he would fumble. The answer would most certainly be Red Sox vs. New York Yankees. This is not the case with just big fans of baseball; almost everyone who has ever lived in the United States knows there is stiff competition between the baseball teams from Boston and New York City. But it is unlikely that everyone would be aware of the root causes of this rivalry.
Though they know it has something to do with baseball's greatest player ever, Babe Ruth, but what exactly happened back in 1920 is something very few modern baseball-lovers have tried to discover. Boston residents would certainly…
TIM SULLIVAN, For Red Sox, facing Yankees is facing history, The Cincinnati Enquirer, October 13, 1999
Mel Antonen, Curses! Red Sox foiled again and again by Yankees, USA Today, 10-13-1999, pp 03C
HAL BOCK, AP Sports Writer, Yankees, Red Sox Have Long Rivalry, AP Online, 10-13-1999
Harvey Frommer, Yanks vs. Red Sox Baseball's Greatest Rivalry, http://www.travel-watch.com
NYC Smart Growth
In 2007, then-Mayor Michael Bloomberg initiated PlaNYC. Based on the principles of Smart Growth, the PlaNYC aims to prepare for and balance New York City's population growth, economy development, and environmental issues. By the year 2010, the city of New York received the National Award for Smart Growth Achievement from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency with an overall excellence. Taking the direction of a greener and more efficient development means that it is time for the city that never sleeps to rest.
One of the main concerns of American urban governments today is to limit urban sprawl, to expand revenue sharing, to increase affordable housing, and Smart Growth fits in with these objectives. Bloomberg's approach for New York's development is an example of American metropolitan governments have returned to regionalism, yet with a newer perspective and strategies. A city with a long history and great economy, such as…
EPA (2014). This is Smart Growth. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved May 13, 2015 from http://www2.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2014-04/documents/this-is-smart-growth.pdf
Feuer, W. (2010). Overall excellent in Smart Growth. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved May 13, 2015 from http://www2.epa.gov/smart-growth/2010-national-award-smart-growth-achievement#overallexcellence
Greenway.org (2015). The East Coast Greenway in New York Greenway.org. Retrieved May 13, 2015 from https://www.greenway.org/pdf/nyc_guide.pdf
NYC.gov (2015). Stronger buildings. NYC Mayor's Office of Sustainability. Retrieved May 13, 2015 from http://www.nyc.gov/html/planyc/html/resiliency/stronger-buildings.shtml
Policy and Statement of Nursing
Policy and State Boards of Nursing
The practicing of the nurses is under the constant control from the state board nursing of a country. Every country has its own state boards that play the role of regulating the number of practicing nurses through the provision of practice license, determining the scope of practice for the nurses, and handling any conflicts related to the nursing practice. Various factors necessitate the control mechanisms provided by the state boards of regulating the nursing practice. For example, nurses should ensure the provision of quality care to the clients alongside minimizing injuries to them. This is only possible with the regulations provided by the state boards of nursing to ensure adherence to the stated performance ethics and scope of practice. Therefore, the following analysis focuses on various issues related to the roles of the state boards of nursing in regulating…
Barton, A. (2009). Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses. AORN Journal, 90(4), 601-602.
Office of the Professions. (n.d.). NYS Nursing. Retrieved July 30, 2014, from http://www.op.nysed.gov/prof/nurse/
Thomas, M.B., Benbow, D.A., & Ayars, V.D. (2010). Continued Competency And Board Regulation: One State Expands Options. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 41(11), 524-528.
Vincent, C. (2010). Patient safety (2nd ed.). Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.
By having all of this, New York is a fun and exciting place.
ome other positive experiences of the great city is that Queens has Indian and Pakistani immigrants have created a subcontinent of their own in Jackson Heights; spices, saris and Hollywood films are as commonplace as a orbet hot dog in midtown. and, a person can walk down 32nd treet between Herald quare and Fifth Avenue, not a block from the Empire tate Building, where they will read barely a word of English among the Japanese and Korean signs. omeone also can spend a day with the Greeks in Astoria, or dine at an authentic Russian restaurant in Brighton Beach.
However, there are some negative aspects of New York but that is with all cities. The crime rate is terrible because someone is always stealing since it is busy and people hardly ever look around due to the…
Some other positive experiences of the great city is that Queens has Indian and Pakistani immigrants have created a subcontinent of their own in Jackson Heights; spices, saris and Hollywood films are as commonplace as a Sorbet hot dog in midtown. and, a person can walk down 32nd Street between Herald Square and Fifth Avenue, not a block from the Empire State Building, where they will read barely a word of English among the Japanese and Korean signs. Someone also can spend a day with the Greeks in Astoria, or dine at an authentic Russian restaurant in Brighton Beach.
However, there are some negative aspects of New York but that is with all cities. The crime rate is terrible because someone is always stealing since it is busy and people hardly ever look around due to the fact that they are in a rush. and, that is another negative aspect of the wonderful city of New York. People are so much in a rush that they have to make plans to stop and smell the roses, but, lately it is like everywhere.
Importunely, one of the forces and considerations that have shaped New York recently is September 11, 2001. The city and the people of it did not plan the unthinkable because they thought their buildings indestructible. but, that was proven wrong and people should realize that it does not mean if it is big and tall will not fall. It means the bigger they are the harder, they will fall. Since that day, New York has been taken in all of the factors to shape up the planning of the city's future. The factors of planning should be coming together as a whole, planning on the unthinkable, and do not believe anything is indestructible. The main products that make up the planning of the city are the city itself and the people of it. Without them there would no New York to see or continue to build. and, these are the same products of planning that the city has had in the past and will always have in the future.
New York: State and City
Suffice to say, the French adage "plus ca change, plus c'est la meme chose" remains true today as it was during the time of Jacob Riis in the late 1800s. This is particularly relevant when looking the conditions of women in the workplace that could only be described as dire and dismal. Although between that period and at present, there have been major changes and improvements in women's working lives, there are still similarities though. Hence, the more things change the more they remain the same and Riis' writing is testimony to this since he was able to present how society was then and how society is now especially in the treatment of women in the workplace. Reading through the whole chapter, one can feel unnerved and question how come in a society and nation that values freedom, equality and merit allowed for such miserable…
Riis, Jacob. 'Chapter XX: The Working Girls of New York.' How the Other Half Lives: Studies Among the Tenements of New York. 1890. 15 Jun. 2011. .
New York Art
New York's Post II Art Scene
After orld ar II, so many parts of Europe were in ruin. Economies were shattered, new governments worked to gain mandates for their authority and the people of Europe's countless and once rich cultural centers struggled to establish new identities. And following more than a decade of fascism, genocide and territorial war, many of the intellectually and culturally elite talents had departed the content for a context more hospitable to freedom and creativity. Relative to what they found in the spread of fascism, the United States would prove itself not just as the newly dominant military and commercial power in the world but also art center of the world. ith devastation persistent throughout the great cities of Europe, New York emerged as the capital of the modern art world and so many of the innovations that would extend there from in…
Dayton Art Institute (DAI). (2010). Post World War II. Daytonartinstitute.org.
Rothko, M. (1944). Slow Swirl at the Edge of the Sea. Museum of Modern Art.
Vogel, C. (2006). A Pollock is Sold, Possibly for a Record Price. The New York Times.
Healthcare spending by the New York State persistently surpasses its earnings. That difference continues to be expanding and is also anticipated to broaden unless of course there happen to be severe, continuous modifications in spending budget actions. Lieutenant Governor ichard avitch, in "A 5-Year Strategy to Deal with the State of New York's Spending budget Deficit" released during March 2010, approximated this structural disproportion within the state's spending budget to become no less than $13 billion. The structural inequality isn't simply the consequence of the economic downturn that started during 2007, and a commonly strengthening economic climate is not going to get rid of it.
To help the State of New York in providing the solutions and dedication to quality that its residents rely on, structural modifications are needed. The aim of this paper is actually to summarize one particular realignment - solving an outright inequity involving the state as…
California Public Employees' Retirement System, "Facts at a Glance: Health," September 2010, http://www.calpers.ca.gov/eip-docs/about/facts/health.pdf .
Citizens Budget Commission, Out of Balance: A Comparison of Public and Private Employee Health Benefits in New York City, December 2009, http://www.cbcny.org/sites/default/files/REPORT_Survey_12162009.pdf .
City of New York Office of Labor Relations, "New York City Summary Program Description, Health Benefit Program," 2010, http://www.nyc.gov/html/olr/downloads/pdf/healthb/full_spd.pdf.
Government Finance Officers Association, "Recommended Practices, Health Care Cost Containment 2004," http://www.gfoa.org/downloads/corbaHealthCareCostContainment.pdf .
Central Park (New York) and Mohawk Park (Tulsa, Oklahoma)
Municipal parks have a long history, and the importance of these invaluable green and open spaces to the people who live around them cannot be overstated. Perhaps the best-known pubic park in the United States is New York City's Central Park that provides the city's citizenry with an enormous green space in the middle of a concrete jungle. Although lesser known, Tulsa, Oklahoma's Mohawk Park is the third-largest municipal park in the country and provides a wide range of resources for the citizens of Tulsa and its surrounding communities. This paper provides a review of the relevant literature to identify the designs of these two municipal parks and their use of space for their patrons. A summary of the research and important findings concerning New York's Central Park and Tulsa's Mohawk Park are presented in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
Carr, E. (1999), Wilderness by Design: Landscape Architecture and the National Park Service.
Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.
Kirlee, D. (2011, February 23), "Oklahoma Polo Enthusiasts Working to Revive Sport of Kings,"
The Journal Record, p. 17.