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New Zealand Constitutional Arrangements
New Zealand's Constitutional Arrangements
A truly effective and relevant Constitution must completely reflect the values and norms of society's leaders and their followers (CAC, 2005). Prime movers in New Zealand believe that fundamental issues about its constitutional arrangements warrant the widest popular discussion and approval and the creation of corresponding reforms. One of these issues is the lack of a written Constitution. New Zealand is one of the only three modern nations today without a codified Constitution. The arguments favoring writtenness demonstrate its superiority. Hence, one of the reforms is the creation of a written Constitution (Salgado, 2012; Martin, 2012; Pek, 1980). The Constitutional Advisory Panel is inviting all New Zealanders to participate and express their views on this reform. Public engagement in the exercise will occur in 5 stages after which collective views will be transmitted to the Ministers for legislation (Scoop, 2012).…
CAC (2005). Inquiry to review New Zealand's existing constitutional arrangements.
Constitutional Arrangements Committee. 47th Parliament. Retrieved on August 14,
2012 from http://www.parliament.nz/NR/rdonlyres/575B1B52-5414-495A-9BAF-C9054195AF02/15160/DB5CH_SCR_3229_2302.pdf
Martin, V. (2012). The disadvantages of an uncodified constitution. eHow: Demand
New Zealand is a fairly liberal nation with homosexual marriage (Civil Union) being legal and prostitution, soliciting, and brothel keeping being legal. The driving age is 15, the consensual sex age is 16, and the drinking age is 18, though minors accompanied by adults are allowed alcohol in restaurants.
New Zealand has slipped one place to sixth position in the world in the 2011 Global Gender Gap report that measures 135 countries, falling behind Ireland. The internationally recognized Global Gender Gap eport 2011's rankings and scores are produced by the World Economic Forum to quantify the magnitude of gender-based disparities and tracks their progress over time.
The ena, a container ship that has been grounded on a reef for nearly a month, could soon break apart. The vessel has leaked more than 300 tons of fuel oil from its tanks since it ran aground off New Zealand's north…
Frater, J. (2008, June 19) Top 20 cool facts about New Zealand. Listverse.Retrieved October 30, 2011, from http://listverse.com/2008/06/19/top-20-cool-facts-about-new-zealand/
Tukia, A. (2011, November 2). Occupy Dunedin standoff continues. 3 news.3news.co.nz. Retrieved November 1, 2011, from http://www.3news.co.nz/Occupy-Dunedin-standoff continues/tabid/423/articleID/231538/Default.aspx
The regulatory settings in (say) 2000 would not have contemplated the government becoming the major shareholder in Air New Zealand or buying back the railway tracks; so if they had been bound into the GATT, the government would not have been able to step back in" (Conway, 2005, p. 15).
The CTU's official position on these issues is as follows:
1. The CTU does not oppose international trade;
2. The CTU does not oppose all negotiations on preferential trade arrangements;
3. The CTU prefers a multilateral approach;
4. The CTU recognises that free trade agreements are a reality;
5. The CTU therefore focuses on specific issues in free trade agreements;
6. The CTU does not want the 1984-1999 deregulation of the New Zealand economy to be the baseline for trade rules on access;
7. The CTU wants to see more focus on alternative trade models;
8. The CTU wants to…
About us. (2009). The New Zealand Council of Trade Unions. [Online]. Available: http://union.
Black's law dictionary. (1991). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
Conway, P. (2005). Putting fairness into free trade: Peter Conway provides a union perspective on international trade. New Zealand International Review, 30(6), 14-15.
Furthermore, there have been very few cases of police corruption. New Zealand police officers are also known for their involvement in various community and youth outreach programs. (the New Zealand Police)
7. General comparison of New Zealand and the United States.
Both the United States and New Zealand have many fundamental similarities in their historical, religious, social and legal development. In the first instance, both countries were formed through colonization - which implies that they both encountered in their history different but comparable problems with regard to diversity and cultural inequalities. However, this is much less pronounced than in the larger United States.
The religious structure and composition of the two countries are also relatively similar, with a preponderance of the Christian denomination. The United States is, according to the PE Foundation, approximately seventy percent Protestant and just over twenty percent Catholic, with the balance divided over a variety of…
History of Youth Justice in New Zealand. Oct 3, 2008. http://www.justice.govt.nz/youth/history/part1.html
Census snapshot: cultural diversity. Oct 3, 2008. http://www.stats.govt.nz/products-and-services/Articles/census-snpsht-cult-diversity-Mar02.htm
Crime and Justice in the United States of America. Oct 3, 2008. http://www.restorativejustice.org/editions/2003/December/articlesdb/articles/3500
Criminal Justice System in Action: The Adversarial System. Oct 3, 2008. http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/31690/criminal_justice_system_in_action_the.html?cat=17
New Zealand is a developed country that has a comparatively small and open economy that is based upon free market principles. In fact, the Heritage Foundation has rated New Zealand with an economic freedom score of 82.1, which makes it the third freest economy in the world in the 2015 index (The Heritage Foundation, N.d.). Some of the factors that have allowed New Zealand to achieve this level of economic freedom include a well-established rule of law, the lowest corruption reported in the world, strong property rights (including intellectual property), efficient regulations, an efficient labor market, and a relatively open financial sector. Prudent regulations allowed firms to withstand the global financial turmoil with little disruption; including the economic recession of 2008 which it recovered fairly quickly from.
Another interesting fact about the New Zealand economy is that it is heavily export oriented. In fact, New Zealand…
Kwintessential . (N.d.). New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette and Customs. Retrieved from Kwintessential: http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/new-zealand.html
New Zealand Council for Education Research. (2012, June). Supporting future-oriented learning and teaching - a New Zealand perspective. Retrieved from Education Counts: https://www.educationcounts.govt.nz/publications/schooling/109306
New Zealand. (N.d.). Economic overview. Retrieved from New Zealand Now: https://www.newzealandnow.govt.nz/investing-in-nz/opportunities-outlook/economic-overview
New Zealand Now. (N.d.). Education Jobs. Retrieved from New Zealand Now: https://www.newzealandnow.govt.nz/work-in-nz/nz-jobs-industries/education-jobs
New Zealand is an island nation in the South Pacific. It was settled around 500 years ago by Polynesians from aiatea in the Society Islands, and that group today is the Maori. A couple of hundred years after the Maori arrived, the British settled the country. There are around 4.5 million people in New Zealand. Of these, the ethnic distribution is around 74% European background (mostly British), 15% Maori, 11.8% Asian and 7.4% other Pacific groups. There is a trend towards increasing minority populations in New Zealand. Most New Zealanders live in urban areas, with nearly 3 million people living in the ten largest cities. Most live on the North Island, where most of the largest cities are located. North Island also has much of the nation's industry. South Island has more agricultural and tourism-based businesses, in part because of its remoteness.
New Zealand skews young compared with many other…
CIA World Factbook (2015) New Zealand. Retrieved October 1, 2015 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/nz.html
Statistics New Zealand. (2013). Retrieved October 1, 2015 from http://www.stats.govt.nz/browse_for _stats/population/estimates_and_projections/subnational-pop-estimates-tables.aspx
The abalone must have fresh ocean water to thrive and have been carefully managed for numbers, in order to not over-harvest and allow for growth (Abalone 2006).
Throughout the South Island there are 18 local r-nanga (committees). An elected representative from each r-nanga makes up Te -nanga o Ng-i Tahu, the governing body overseeing the tribe's activities.
The executive functions of Te -nanga o Ng-i Tahu are carried out by the Office of Te -nanga o Ng-i Tahu which manages administration and monitoring and delivers social and cultural programs; and the Ng-i Tahu Holdings Corporation Limited, which manages commercial activities for the tribe (Ngai-Tahu, 2006)
The abalone industry in New Zealand has reached an important and critical time. With rumors of black market selling of abalones by the tribes, who are not considered bound by the nation's laws, there is a danger of its becoming an endangered source of food.…
Abalone Aquaculture, (2006)Website. Retrieved October 12, 2006 at http://www.ngaitahu.iwi.nz/About%20Ngai%20Tahu .
Dore, I. (1991) Shellfish: A Guide to Oysters, Mussels, Scallops, Clams and Similar Products for the Commercial User. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.
Ebert, E.E. (1992) Abalone aquaculture: A North American regional review, in Abalone of the world - Biology, fishery and culture (eds. S.A. Shepherd, M.J. Tegner, and S.A. Guzman del Pr o), Fishing News Books, Cambridge, MA, pp. 570-582.
Mallard, Trevor (2006, October 4). Aquaculture industry unites with govt. support, Scoop. Retrieved October 12, 2006 at http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/PA0610/S00051.htm
Icebreaker Ltd. New Zealand
Despite the fact that New Zealand is a relatively small market, in recent years this country has been growing in several industries. One industry experiencing exponential growth is the clothing industry. This paper overviews the case study regarding Icebreaker Ltd. This is followed by the author's comments on the case study and Icebreaker's participation in this high growth industry.
With just over four million people,, New Zealand is considered a reasonably small economic market; however a variety of their industries are growing by leaps and bounds, including the clothing industry. Icebreaker was formed through a convergence of "kiwi ingenuity and an unanticipated encounter that occurred in Pohuenui" (Andrade, 2010, p. 2). Brian Brakenridge, an owner of 3,000 merino sheep, wanted to change the public's negative perception of wool. To do this, he wanted to show the industry that wool could be applied to outdoor…
Andrade, A. (2010). "Nothing to hide: Managing intellectual assets throughout the supply chain." Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. p. 1-10.
Integration of Students Transitioning in New Zealand
The study uses the mixed methods to collect data using both quantitative and qualitative research approach. The mixed methods address the shortcomings of both the quantitative and qualitative research by combining the strengths of the qualitative and quantitative research. Johnson, & Onwuegbuzie (2004) define mixed methods as a class of research that combines both qualitative and quantitative research methods, technique approach and concepts. Philosophically, mixed methods use the pragmatic method to carry out the research using the induction, deduction, and abduction to seek explanations to an understanding. Unlike the qualitative or quantitative research that uses induction or deduction approach to seek for research explanation, the mixed methods combine both induction and deduction to seek explanation of research inquiry. The benefit mixed methods is that it attempts to use multiple research approach to answer the research questions rather than restricting to single research choice…
Johnson, R.B. & Onwuegbuzie, A.J. (2004). Mixed Methods Research: A Research Paradigm Whose Time Has Come. Education Research.33(7): 14-26.
Leech, N.L. Dellinger, A.B. Brannagan, K.B. et al. (2010). Evaluating Mixed Research Studies: A Mixed Methods Approach. Journal of Mixed Methods Research. 4(1) 17-31.
Seidman, E. & Elizabeth, F. S. (2004). Developmental Trajectories and Ecological Transitions: A Two-Step Procedure to Aid in the Choice of Prevention and Promotion Interventions. Developmental Psychopathology. 16(4):1141-59.
Weiss, C. C., Bearman, P. S. Fresh, S. (2007). Reinvestigating the Effects of the Transition to High School on Student Outcomes. American Journal of Education. 113(3):395-421.
countries of the West and other major developed countries throughout the world are notable in many ways. Comparing and contrasting the two is just one way that very interesting topics and debates can be triggered. While many Western and other developed nations share strong commonalities, there are also very stark differences. The United States in particular is an outlier in many ways given how it does not have a universal system of any major sort while this is seemingly the norm with other Western nations, with Western Europe in particular being more in line with the universal strata. This report shall deign to compare and contrast the systems involved including how the finances are covered, how accessible healthcare is in the two systems and common outcomes for the two countries and their peoples.
Health Care Compared
When it comes to the healthcare systems of the more prominent Western and other…
Central Intelligence Agency. The World Fact Book. Retrieved from:
Department of Numbers. U.S. Household Income. Retrieved from:
The decision of investing or not here then depends on the personal adversity to risk of each individual investor. The general theory states that each investor should construct a diversified portfolio, which adequately balances high risk-high gain shares with medium or even low rates of risk and gains (Hagin, 2004). New Zealand could then be assimilated with a medium risk-medium gain share, and as such would be perceived as a valuable addition to one's portfolio. In this order of ideas then, the recommendation would be that of investing in the country.
Amadeo, K., 2009, An Introduction to the Financial Markets, About, http://useconomy.about.com/od/themarkets/a/capital_markets.htm last accessed on December 17, 2009
Hagin, ., 2004, Investment Management: Portfolio Diversification, isk and Timing -- Fact and Fiction, John Wiley and Sons
Healy, J., 2001, New Zealand Capital Markets, Ministry of Economic Development, http://www.med.govt.nz/upload/18163/healy.pdf last accessed on December 17, 2009
Malkin, B., 2009, Financial Crisis:…
Amadeo, K., 2009, An Introduction to the Financial Markets, About, http://useconomy.about.com/od/themarkets/a/capital_markets.htm last accessed on December 17, 2009
Hagin, R., 2004, Investment Management: Portfolio Diversification, Risk and Timing -- Fact and Fiction, John Wiley and Sons
Healy, J., 2001, New Zealand Capital Markets, Ministry of Economic Development, http://www.med.govt.nz/upload/18163/healy.pdf last accessed on December 17, 2009
Malkin, B., 2009, Financial Crisis: Australia and New Zealand Guarantee All Ban Deposits, The telegraph, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/financetopics/financialcrisis/3187662/Financial-crisis-Australia-and-New-Zealand-guarantee-all-bank-deposits.html last accessed on December 17, 2009
The Maori of New Zealand
The tangata whenua, also known as the Maori community are the New Zealand natives. These people are said to have originated from the Eastern Polynesian islands. They are also believed to have travelled to New Zealand several centuries ago, using canoes, an occurrence that was named the "Great Fleet." These people from the Polynesian islands were named the Maori after relocating to New Zealand. They developed their special language, traditional and cultural values (Anderson, Hoeberigs, Mackinnon & Thwaites, 2015).
The Maori and Literary Works
According to Stead (2016), the Maori, just like every other Polynesian community, started to live in the islands, approximately a millennium ago. These islands are now known as New Zealand. They composed, practiced, and performed prayers, love poems, war chants and laments. In addition, they came up with a myth that recorded and explained their past lives, and the…
Anderson, E., Hoeberigs, R., Mackinnon, L., & Thwaites, T. (2015). Culturally inclusive arts education in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Retrieved July 19, 2016, from UNESCO.Org: http://portal.unesco.org
National Library of New Zealand. (2010). The Maori Contribution To New Zealand Literature. Retrieved July 19, 2016, from National Library of New Zealand: http://teaohou.natlib.govt.nz
New Zealand.com. (2016). P-r?kau - M-ori legends. Retrieved July 19, 2016, from New Zealand.com: http://www.newzealand.com
Stead, C. K. (2016). New Zealand literature. Retrieved July 19, 2016, from Encyclopaedia Britannica: https://www.britannica.com
Cross-Cultural Case Study
Definition and an example of cultural and cross-cultural psychology
elationship between cultural and cross-cultural psychology
The methodology associated with cross-cultural research
The case study helps better understand how ethnicity, race, and worldviews are separate yet related concepts and role of enculturation.
"Pacific Islands Families Study: The Association of Infant Health isk Indicators and Acculturation of Pacific Island Mothers Living in New Zealand" examines the associations between maternal acculturation which was measured by an abbreviated version of the General Ethnicity Questionnaire and selected infant and maternal health risk indicators. The study was conducted on 1,398 Pacific infants born in Auckland, New Zealand (Borrows, Williams, Schluter, Paterson & Langitoto Helu, 2010).
The study finds out that the families who had a strong alignment to Pacific culture were found to have a higher degree of better infant and mortality risk factor outcomes than the families which did not possess a…
Betts, K., & Bottomley, G. (1993). From Another Place: Migration and the Politics of Culture. International Migration Review, 27(4), 899. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2546925
Borrows, J., Williams, M., Schluter, P., Paterson, J., & Langitoto Helu, S. (2010). Pacific Islands Families Study: The Association of Infant Health Risk Indicators and Acculturation of Pacific Island Mothers Living in New Zealand. Journal Of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 42(5), 699-724. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022022110362750
C. C.,. (1996). Culture Health and Illness, Third Edition (Book). Sociol Health & Illness, 18(2), 290-290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9566.ep10935353
Connell, J. (2008). Niue: Embracing a Culture of Migration. Journal Of Ethnic And Migration Studies, 34(6), 1021-1040. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13691830802211315
new respiratory drugs that have been approved for medical use over the past decade. The paper will highlight the diagnoses of the drugs i.e. when and why it is prescribed, how it is meant to be used and how often, its side effects, the impact for a missed dose or an overdose along with any other relevant information that will add depth to it appropriate use.
The main purpose for the respiratory drugs is to help cure the ailments directly or indirectly related to the functioning of lungs or general breathing of an individual. There are numerous sectors where studies on new respiratory drugs can be carried out and some of the most recent studies to include this particular aspect include allergies, asthma attacks, Acute espiratory Distress Syndrome (ADS), pneumonia and sinus infections.
In this paper we will focus on the following new respiratory drugs: Arcapta, Daliresp, Dulera, Tyvaso, Alvesco,…
Beeh, K.M., Derom, E., Kanniess, F., Cameron, R., Higgins, M., van As, A. (2007). "Indacaterol, a novel inhaled beta2-agonist, provides sustained 24-h bronchodilation in asthma." Eur. Respir. J. 29 (5): 871 -- 8.
Cerner Multum, Inc., (2010). Dulera Inhaler. Accessed 02-02-12 from: http://www.drugs.com/dulera.html
Cerner Multum, Inc., (2010a). Tyvaso. Accessed 02-02-12 from: http://www.drugs.com/tyvaso.html
Cerner Multum, Inc., (2010b). Alvesco. Accessed 02-02-12 from: http://www.drugs.com/alvesco.html
3%) are very satisfied with their health care services, compared to only 41.5% of Canadians; a lower proportion of Americans are dissatisfied (6.8%) than Canadians (8.5%).
Atlas (2009) acknowledge that Americans have much better access to important new technologies like medical imaging than patients in Canada or the U.K. Maligned as a waste by economists and policymakers naive to actual medical practice, an overwhelming majority of leading American physicians identified computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MI) as the most important medical innovations for improving patient care during the previous decade (Fuchs & Sox, 2001). This is justifiable in the presented table showing the most important recent medical innovations, below. Hence, Atlas (2009) claim that the United States has nearly 27 MI machines per million compared to about 6 per million in Canada and Britain.
According to" The U.S. Health Care System as an Engine of Innovation," 2004 Economic…
Association of American Medical Colleges. (2010). Healthcare Innovation Zones: A True
Platform for Reform. Retrieved on 29th March, 2010 from http://www.aamc.org/
Atlas, S. (2009). Ideals Changing the World: 10 Surprising Facts about American Health Care.
National Center for Policy Analysis (NCPA) No. 649
Application to International Trade
Evaluation of New Governance
Application of New Governance to International Trade for Free Market
In today's robust world, scholars as well as the think tanks and tools of democracy and beaurcracy have been using a term "governance" or good governance rather frequently. Where governance in needed in every aspect of corporate management and public administration, it is important to understand how the very concept of governance has evolved over time. Old theory of governance has been replaced by its contemporary version which can be seen as a pre-requisite for the free trade regime especially for exporters. Where the new governance theory has a considerable impact on international trade; its effectiveness in public and private sector cannot be ignored.
Background of New Governance
Over past two decades, public and private organizations have followed a path of evolution. 'ayner's aiders' and the '3Es' of economy, efficiency…
Brown, A.G. & Stern, R.M. 2011. 'Free trade agreements and governance of the global trading'. University of Michigan.
Cleveland, Harland. 1972. The future executive: a guide for tomorrow's managers. New York: Harper & Row.
Heinrich, Carolyn J. And Laurence E. Lynn Jr., eds. 2000. Governance and performance: new perspectives. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Lynn, Laurence E. Jr., Carolyn Henrich, and Carolyn J. Hill. 2001. Improving governance: a new logic for empirical research. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
There are consumer movements and environmental lobbyists serving as watchdogs on businesses. These organizations may take businesses whose activities are affecting people or environment to court and ask that businesses to pay for damages. Government has also passed tougher health and safety laws that businesses should adopt while conducting business activities.
The findings of this paper reveal that New Zealand is a country that welcomes foreign investment based on the country economic development. While the economic development of the country may not be comparable to the economic development of European countries, Canada or USA, the country has established legal structures that protect foreign investment. Moreover, people in the country enjoy high standard of living compare to some European countries making New Zealander to have high purchasing power parity. While the country might have been affected by the economic recession in 2009 and 2010, the country has recovered in 2011,…
Department of States, (2011). New Zealand. U.S. Departments of States.
Link, A.N.(2001). Evaluation of Technology New Zealand. A report for the Ministry of Research, Science & Technology Infometrics Ltd. In association with Decision Research Ltd.
World Bank (2011). New Zealand. World Bank Data.
Many nations do not use restorative justice as a policy, but eventually bright, progressive leaders worldwide will hopefully learn the value of restorative justice, and implement it at some level.
Youth Justice Process in New Zealand. (2005). Family Group Conference. Retrieved 29 June 2008, at http://www.justice.govtnz/youth/fgc.html.
This government-produced review of the ideologies and practical implementation of the Family Group Conference was a valuable and basic article in terms of the understanding the process and how it works well in most cases.
The Family Group Conference in New Zealand
The Family Group Conference (FGC) was established in New Zealand in 1989, with the purpose in mind of more skillfully and more fairly dealing with problems and issues of boys and girls (under the age of 14) and young people (14-16) who get in trouble with law enforcement. According to information provided by the Youth Justice Process (www.justice.govt.nz),the FGC has modernized and…
Kea Fashion Ltd., a national New Zealand garment chain, has come to an important point in its development: the decision to internationalize its business and to enter a foreign market. In general, and it is also the case here, such a decision can have a double goal. One would be to find sources of production that would decrease production costs. This is usually done by extending the company's activity in the production area in a country where the wages are much lower than in the country of origin. Usually, the developing countries are the best places to relocate one's business in this sense, because of two reasons. One of them is related to lower wages, as I have mentioned here above. Another reason is that, even if the wages are low, the workers' experience is notable and it would not affect the quality of the products they make. In…
http://www.ttf.co.uk/industry/csr/issues_brief.asp http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/ (for general information on China, such as population, etc.)
4. Adler, Nancy. International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior, 2nd ed., PWS- Kent Publishing, Boston, 1991.
5. Buckley, Peter, J. The Internationalization of the Firm, 1994
This is not an isolated incident, many experts believe there are many other biological weapons available to terrorist organizations, and the biggest problem they face is how do disperse them effectively.
Many considerations must be handled in order to control these types of attacks. First, the country must attempt to block these items from entering the country. Intelligence, monitoring, infiltration, and higher security at the nation's borders and ports can fend off at least some of these weapons. Second, if they do enter the country, there must be ways of locating and disarming them before they are set off. Of course, that is much easier said than done. Local and national response experts will need to be trained in how to deal with these weapons. Expert Steven Simon states, "Emergency response teams will need to be able to pinpoint the location of a device, identify its type, and know in…
Higgie, Dell. "Combatting Terrorism: Dell Higgie Surveys the International Counter-Terrorism Scene." New Zealand International Review 30.1 (2005): 2+.
Lsser, Ian O., et al. Countering the New Terrorism. Santa Monica, CA: Rand, 1999.
Mockaitis, Thomas R. "Winning Hearts and Minds in the 'War on Terrorism'." Grand Strategy in the War against Terrorism. Ed. Thomas R. Mockaitis and Paul B. Rich. London: Frank Cass, 2003. 21-38.
Noricks, Darcy M.E. "Can the U.S. Counter the New Terrorism? Counterterrorism Leadership Must Shift from Dept. Of Defense to State Dept., Says Defense Analyst." Whole Earth Fall 2002: 25+.
hile U.S., New Zealand and Denmark have many differences, they are basically capitalist, consumer economies. To combat the corruption inherent in such a system, we need to protect and nurture whistle blowing. Certainly, the more eyes there are on a situation, the more transparent it is, both in government and in business.
The corruption that the recent recession revealed in the U.S. banking system is simply a part of the bigger problem. As the Ferrell, Fraedrich & Ferrell text puts it well, "The ability to recognize and deal with complex business ethics issues has become a significant priority…" (Ferrell, Fraedrich, & Ferrell, 2009). Enforcement takes human observation to fulfill this priority. There is not enough police to go around. However, the common citizen, armed with legal protections, will provide this.
Anti-corruption. (2006, November 8). Retrieved 11 August 2010 from http://www.um.dk/en/menu/developmentpolicy/anticorruption/
Caslon analytics guide secrecy and accountability. (2008, February).…
Anti-corruption. (2006, November 8). Retrieved 11 August 2010 from http://www.um.dk/en/menu/developmentpolicy/anticorruption/
Caslon analytics guide secrecy and accountability. (2008, February). Retrieved 11
August 2010 from http://www.caslon.com.au/secrecyguide10.htm
Coincidental spike? (2010, April 1). The Economist, Retrieved 11 August 2010 from http://www.economist.com/blogs/democracyinamerica/2010/04/heroin_afghanistan
Internal Supply Chain Management
ABOUT HAVEY NOMAN
Harvey Norman is a large scale retail chain owned and operated by Harvey Norman Holdings Ltd. It is one of the most successful retailers in the Australian region. It promotes and sells all kinds of consumer products of world's top quality brands. The major product lines include personal computers, cameras, gaming, mobile phones, audio and video players, home appliances, furniture & bedding, gifts, home decoration and interior designing, fitness machines, leisure, etc. Headquartered in New South Wales, New Zealand, Harvey Norman operates with more than 230 stores in Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, Malaysia, Croatia, Singapore, Slovenia, and Northern Ireland. It was established in 1982 by Gerry Harvey and Ian Norman. The holding company, Harvey Norman Holdings Ltd. has also franchised a number of retail chains in Australia; including Space Furniture, Joyce Mayne, Ariston Appliances, Domayne, etc.
Harvey Norman has a wide…
Agrawal, N., & Smith, S.A. 2009, Retail Supply Chain Management, Quantitative Models and Empirical Studies, International Series in Operations Research & Management Science, Vol. 122. U.S.: Springer
Bamford, D., & Forrester, P. 2010, Essential Guide to Operations Management: Concepts and Case Notes. U.S.: John Wiley and Sons
Blythe, J., & Megicks, P. 2010, Marketing Planning: Strategy, Environment and Context, 3rd Edition. U.K: Prentice Hall
Boyer, K.K., & Verma, R. 2009, Operations and Supply Chain Management for the 21st Century. U.S.: Cengage Learning
After spending a semester in the Newborn Intensive Care Unit (NICU) as a student nurse in training, I can report that I have learned a great deal about the vital issues and practices that are involved in the intensive care unit for newborns, and about the duties and responsibilities of a nurse in that area of healthcare. Part of my training involved treating wounds and the therapeutic communication that is involved in wound care; also, I became well familiarized with the family centric care that is part and parcel of the NICU.
Family Centered Care at the NICU
hat can be more important for a family that has just been on the emotional roller coaster of giving birth prematurely to a new member of the family than being made to feel welcomed and to be treated with a great deal of professionalism and respect? There are a number…
Auckland District Health Board (2010). Car seats for babies / Information for parents. Retrieved May 2, 2013, from http://www.abhd.govt.nz.
Auckland District Health Board (2010). Establishing and Maintaining Breast Milk Supply /
Information for parents. Retrieved May 2, 2013, from http://www.abhd.govt.nz.
Aukland District Health Board (2010). Meconium and Newborn Babies / Information for Parents. Retrieved May 2, 2013, from http://www.abhd.govt.nz.
USA vs. New Zealand
All civilized and industrialized countries have some form of healthcare system. Even so, countries that meet the standard just mentioned are different in one or more ways. When it comes to healthcare systems, there are factors like public/private blend, whether there is single payer/universal healthcare in play, how much the government has to pay or fund, how much people have to contribute when it comes to the same and so forth. There are also the perceived strengths and shortcomings that are inherent to each system and what those precisely are can differ based on priorities, ideology and worldviews. When the healthcare systems of New Zealand and the United States are similar, there are also some stark differences that can be identified and discussed.
When it comes to New Zealand, the complexity of the system rivals the United States. Even with that, the system is quite…
Healthcare.gov. (2016). Get 2017 health coverage. Health Insurance Marketplace. healthCare.gov. Retrieved 23 November 2016, from https://www.healthcare.gov/
HHS. (2016). HHS.gov. United States Department of Health & Human Services. Retrieved 23 November 2016, from http://www.hhs.gov/
New Zealand. (2016). New Zealand's comprehensive health system is built on Kiwis -- ™ inbuilt need to see that everyone gets 'a fair go' in life.. New Zealand Now. Retrieved 23 November 2016, from https://www.newzealandnow.govt.nz/living-in-nz/healthcare
New Zealand. (2016). The structure of the New Zealand healthcare & disability sector.
Mart is an American multinational retail and discount store chain having more than 1,100 stores across all the states of the country. Established in 2009, Max-Mart is one of the fastest growing retailers in the United States after Wal-Mart, Target Corporation, and K-Mart. In addition to the home country, Max-Mart also operates a number of independent retail and discount stores in Australia, United Kingdom, Japan, Thailand, and New Zealand. Other international locations of the company include Canada, Europe, and Mexico. Max-Mart is headquartered in Hoffman Estates, Illinois, United States. It has done a number of acquisitions and mergers during the last couple of decades. Max-Mart serves more than 3 million customers every day.
Max-Mart offers a wide array of consumer products and grocery items; including beauty and health care products, food items, toys, clothing, shoes, home and electronic appliances, bedding and furniture, books, medicines, magazines, jewelry, movies, music, games, sports…
Hill, C.W., & Jones, G.R. (2012). Strategic Management Theory, 10th Edition. Mason, OH: South-Western.
Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D., & Hoskisson, R.E. (2011). Strategic Management: Competitiveness & Globalization - Concepts, 9th Edition. Mason, OH: South-Western.
Kurtz, D.L., MacKenzie, H.F., & Snow, K. (2010). Contemporary Marketing, 2nd Edition. Toronto: Nelson Education.
Lamb, C., Hair, J., & McDaniel, C. (2012). Essentials of Marketing, 7th Edition. Ohio: South-Western.
The local and regional councils that administer the Porirua City metropolitan area have different, but interrelated responsibilities that must be taken into account in formulating effective economic developmental initiatives as described in Table 1 below.
espective esponsibilities and Areas of Interest for egional and Local Councils in New Zealand
Description of esponsibilities and Areas of Interest
esponsible for the integrated management of natural and physical resources, management of natural resources such as water and soil.
esponsible for carrying out multiple functions that enable them, among other things, to promote development projects with the private sector; also responsible for land-use planning, subdivision, service delivery, etc.; however, local councils are not involved in educational, health and welfare matters and these remain in the domain of national government.
Source: Gouldson & oberts, p. 54
Therefore, local councils would be best suited for establishing priorities for…
Blair, J.P. & Carroll. (2009). Local economic development: Analysis, practices, and globalization. New York: Sage Publishing.
-. Social capital in local economic development. In Theories of local economic development:
linking theory to practice, J.E. Rowe (ed.) (2009), Auckland: Ashgate Publishing.
Colbert, E. (1997). The Pacific Islands: Paths to the present. Boulder, CO: Westview Press
The authors believe that some citizens have become "...socialized into a particular ideological system that molds their values, attitudes, beliefs and/or symbolic predispositions on a wide range of issues, including political parties and the economy." And this article also found that most party interests and self-interests revolve around both ideological considerations and economic considerations; however, those voters who are on the lower rung of the economic ladder tend to be less ideological and more economically-motivated, which makes sense.
Labour...[which is] traditionally welfare state in ideology, was the party that initiated the conversion to neoliberalism" prior to the election of the Alliance in 1999, the article continues. Allen and Ng write that many members of the Labour party "felt confused and betrayed" when the Alliance moved away from the welfare state policies and into neoliberalism. Another result of the Labour Alliance's shift from welfare to neoliberalism was an "increase in poverty…
Allen, Michael W.; & Ng, Sik Hung. (2000). Self-Interest, Economic Beliefs, and Political Party Preference in New Zealand. Political Psychology, 21(2), 323-345.
Blair, Tony. (1998). Tony Blair, the Third Way. Goucher College History Department. Retrieved 9 July 2008, at http://faculty.goucher.edu/history231/blair.htm.
Blair, Tony, & Schroeder, Gerhard. (1999). Europe: The Third Way. Retrieved 9 July, 2008, at http://www.socialdemocrats.org/blairandschroeder6-8-99.html, also available from www.labour.org.uk;produced by Social Democrats.
Giddens, Anthony. (2000). Social Democracy and the Third Way. In the Third Way and Its Critics, Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.
For instance, multiculturalism is the official policy of Australia, but New Zealand insists on a bicultural stance. This is quite backwards and must be rectified. Multiculturalism is a theory (although it is vague) about the bases and groundwork of a culture rather than a practice which subsumes cultural thought processes. Multiculturalism was redefined by Said's "Orientalism" as well.
Looked at broadly, the term is often used to describe societies (especially nations) which have many distinct cultural groups, usually as a result of immigration. This can engender anxiety about the stability of national identity, yet can also result in cultural exchanges that benefit the cultural groups. Such exchanges range from major accomplishments in literature, art and philosophy to relatively token appreciation of variations in music, dress and new foods.
On a smaller scale, the term can also be used to refer to specific districts in cities where people of different cultures…
Hofstede, Geert. www.geert.hofstede.com:All source information derived from author's Web site and publications.
Sanitarium Heal & Wellbeing Company is the operating/trading name of twin fod companies (New Zealand Health Association Ltd. And Australian Health and Nutrition Association Ltd.). Both of these companies are owned and operated by the Seventh-Day Adventist Church .The company produces a wide range of breakfast cereals and a wide range of vegetarian products. Sanitarium was founded in 1898 with Weet-Bix being its flagship products that topped sales in the New Zealand and Australian breakfast market. Sanitarium also operated several health food shops in numerous cities before the 1980s.The company has factories in various locations across New Zealand and Australia. In this paper we conduct the company's Organisation, Environmental and Market analysis as well as a determination of its segmentation and positioning strategies.
A SWOT analysis of Sanatorium
In order to conquer and dominate any given market, adequate information is needed on the prevailing market conditions as well as the…
Brassington, F. Pettitt, S. (2005), Essentials of Marketing, Harlow Prentice Hall.
Coddington, D (n.d). Bran Flake. Accessed on 3/23/2012 at http://www.freeradical.co.nz/content/34/34deborah.php
FMCG (2012). Breakfast stars. Accessed on 3/23/2012 at http://www.fmcg.co.nz/features/category-reports/1165
Groucutt, J., Leadley, P and Forsyth, P (2004)Marketing: essential principles, new realities. Kogan Page Publishers
Yet the author does not however delve into the more complex and potentially more valuable aspects of collaborative communication and planning processes that can lead an organization to transform its supply chain from being based on price, to be based on learning. That transformation of any supply chain is achievable, and in the context of New Zealand's manufacturing base, critical to compete in a global economy.
Michel Aldanondo, Elise Vareilles. (2008). Configuration for mass customization: how to extend product configuration towards requirements and process configuration. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 19(5), 521-535. etrieved March 2, 2009, from ABI/INFOM Global database. (Document ID: 1561310401).
Mohsen Attaran, Sharmin Attaran. (2007). Collaborative supply chain management:the most promising practice for building efficient and sustainable supply chains. Business Process Management Journal, 13(3), 390-404. etrieved March 2, 2009, from ABI/INFOM Global database. (Document ID: 1283942591).
Jane Barrett. (2007, November). Demand-Driven is an Operational Strategy. Industrial Management,…
Michel Aldanondo, Elise Vareilles. (2008). Configuration for mass customization: how to extend product configuration towards requirements and process configuration. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 19(5), 521-535. Retrieved March 2, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1561310401).
Mohsen Attaran, Sharmin Attaran. (2007). Collaborative supply chain management:the most promising practice for building efficient and sustainable supply chains. Business Process Management Journal, 13(3), 390-404. Retrieved March 2, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1283942591).
Jane Barrett. (2007, November). Demand-Driven is an Operational Strategy. Industrial Management, 49(6), 14-19,5. Retrieved March 1, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1398349881).
Chuda Basnet, Jim Corner, Joel Wisner, Keah-Choon Tan. (2003). Benchmarking supply chain management practice in New Zealand. Supply Chain Management, 8(1), 57-64. Retrieved March 3, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 305672151).
Mining on the Denniston Plateau
Towards the northwestern side of South Island of New Zealand is situated a small settlement that is known by the name of Denniston. The area formed by this settlement is the West Coast region of the country. This small town is situated on the small Mount ochfort Plateau in the mountain ranges of Papahaua, which measure around 600 meters above sea level, meanwhile the distance from Westport is 18 kilometers towards northeast.
At the start of the 20th century, the population of this small settlement was recorded to be about 2000, because of the huge coal mine that is situated quite close to where the people had settled. Speaking of now, the area has become more of a ghost town and hardly 50 people live here. It will not be wrong to say that the fate, location and history of Denniston are not very different…
Barnden, A., & Harding, J. (2005). Shredders and leaf breakdown in streams polluted by coal mining in the South Island, New Zealand. University Of Canterbury. School Of Biological Sciences..
Cashdollar, K., & Sapko, M. (2006). . -- EXPLOSION HAZARDS OF COAL DUST IN THE PRESENCE OF METHANE. Handbook For Methane Control In Mining, 147.
Greenpeace International. (2010).
Mfe.govt.nz,. (2014). Laws and treaties | Ministry for the Environment. Retrieved 21 August 2014, from http://www.mfe.govt.nz/laws/
Fault: An Alternative to the Current Tort-Based System in England and Wales
The United Kingdom
statistics regarding claims
THE NATIONAL HEALTH SYSTEM
OBSTACLES TO DUE PROCESS
THE CASE FOR REFORM
THE REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
THE RISING COST OF LITIGATION
LORD WOOLF'S REFORMS
MORE COST CONTROLS
THE UNITED STATES
THE INSURANCE INDUSTRY
TORT REFORM IN AMERICA
STATISTICS FOR ERROR, INJURY AND DEATH
THE CALL FOR REFORM IN 2003: A FAMILIAR REFRAIN
THE UNITED STATES SITUATION, IN SUMMARY
NEW ZEALAND CASE STUDIES
THE SWEDISH SCHEME
COMPARISON: WHICH SYSTEM IS BETTER?
FIRST: UNDERLYING DIFFERENCES
TALKING TORT: AMERICAN PECULIARITIES
AMERICANS CONSIDER NO-FAULT
BRITAIN CONSIDERS NO-FAULT
Appendix A THE UNITED KINGDOM
At issue is the economic effectiveness of tort law in the common law legal system of England and Wales, as applied to medical and clinical negligence and malpractice cases. In response to economic concerns and a continual…
Domestic Violence on Children
Many people throughout the world have traditionally believed that women's natural roles were as mothers and wives and considered women to be better suited for childbearing and homemaking than for involvement in the public life of business or politics. This popular belief that women were somehow intellectually inferior to men, based in large part on religious authority, has led many societies throughout the world to limit women's education to learning domestic skills and relegating them to a second-class citizen status. By and large, the world has been run by well-educated, upper-class men who controlled most positions of employment and power in these societies and to a large extent continue to do so today. While the status of women today varies dramatically in different countries and, in some cases, among groups within the same country, such as ethnic groups or economic classes, women continue to experience the…
Bagley, C. (1992). Development of an adolescent stress scale for use of school counsellors. School Psychology International 13, 31-49.
Beitchman, J., Zucker, K., Hood, J., DaCosta, G., Ackaman, D. & Cassavia, E. (1992). A review of the long-term effects of child sexual abuse. Child Abuse and Neglect, 16, 101-118.
Belsky J. & Vondra J. (1989). Lessons from child abuse: The determinants of parenting. In D. Cicchetti & V. Carlson (Eds.), Child maltreatment: Theory and research on the causes and consequences of child abuse and neglect (pp. 153-202). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Briere, J.N. (1992). Child Abuse Trauma. Theory and Treatment of the Lasting Effects. Newbury Park, CA:Sage.
Cradock's 2004 study of a correlation between population categories and child abuse lead to the development of an assessment tool that allowed social workers to determine when children were at risk for child abuse and when to intervene and what actions would be seen as an over-intervention. By using this assessment, social workers will not only know how to identify the serious danger of child abuse and what children are at-risk for being abused, but also the assessment makes it possible for social workers to determine when intervening in the situation may be dangerous or unnecessary for the children involved. Of similar importance are the tools developed to assess and evaluate those convicted of both child physical and sexual abuse. In Milner and Murphy's 1995 study, the methods of assessment and evaluation are discussed and critiqued. These methods, including interview, observation, personality tests, and offender-specific assessments, are all studied in…
Arad-Davidzon, Bilhah, and Benbenishty, Rami. "The role of workers' attitudes and parent and child wishes in child protection workers' assessments and recommendation regarding removal and reunification. Children and Youth Services Review. 30.1 (2008): 107-121.
Bray, James H. "Family Assessment: Current Issues in Evaluating Families." National
Council on Family Relations. 44.4 (1995): 469-477.
Buckner, Lynn P. And Salts, Connie J. "A Premarital Assessment Program." Family
Improving Customer Service at Vista DVD Rentals
The Vista DVD Rentals store is at a crossroads. After a number of years in operation, the store is facing a critical turning point that could dictate future survival or the suspension of any further business. The transformation must revolve on vastly improved customer service. As is the case for most businesses in New Zealand, customer service has come to play an increasingly important role in Vista's relevance. Consumers have come to expect a certain level of accommodation on the part of a retail or rental operation and this imposes a high level of importance on the decisions that companies make with respect to the customer experience. Essentially, customer service can be defined as the set of standards, practices and procedures that shape the customer's experience through the course of a business transaction. This denotes two primary aspects of customer service:…
Blodgett, J.G.; Wakefield, K.L. & Barnes, J.H. (1995). The Effects of Customer Service on Consumer Complaining Behavior. Journal of Services Marketing, 9(4), 31-42.
Doolin, B.; Dillon, S.; Thompson, F. & Corner, J.L. (2005). Perceived Risk, the Internet Shopping Experience and Online Purchasing Behavior: A New Zealand Perspective. Journal of Global Information Management, 13(2), 66-88.
Ennew, C.T. & Binks, M.R. (2005). The Impact of Service Quality and Service Characteristics on Customer Retention: Small Businesses and their Banks in the UK. British Journal of Management, 7(3), 219-230.
Lyman, A.R. (2004). Customer Service: Does Family Ownership Make a Difference? Family Business Review, 4(3), 303-324.
AU Dollar and Japanese Beef Market
Appreciation of AUD 2012-2013- The AUD has had a strong appreciation over the past decade, which has led many scholars to be concerned about the impact the high exchange rate may have on certain trade-exposed sectors of the economy. Over the past few years the AUG has generally been on an upswing, at least on eal GNE, in particular since the trade boom began around 2004. The primary reason for the AUD's appreciation is that Australia's terms of trade have doubled since the millennium, with a particular rise in commodity export prices in the last few years. This has happened because higher commodity prices lead to increased investment that expands capacity in the resources sector and higher aggregate incomes result from the rise in trade -- then the rise in consumption spending on domestic products. The higher exchange rate then promotes the reallocation of…
Aussie Dollar Barometer. (14 June 2013). Retrieved from: https://www.commbank.com.au / content/dam/commbank/corporate/research/publications/foreign-exchange/aussie-dollar-barometer/2013/140613-ADB.pdf
Beeson, M. (n.d.) Bilateral Economic relations in a Global Political Economy: Australia and Japan. Espace library. Retreived from: http://espace.library.uq.edu.au/eserv.php ? pid=UQ:10524&dsID=mb_cc_pre97.pdf
Garton, P., et al. (2012). Understanding the appreciation of the Australian Dollar and its policy implications. Treasury.gov.au. Retrieved from: http://www.treasury.gov.au/~/media / Treasury/Publications%20and%20Media/Publications/2012/Economic%20Roundup%20Issue%202/Downloads/03_Appreciation_of_the_Aust_dollar.ashx
Paish, M. (17 January 2012). Big Drop in Australian Meat Exports to Japan. AFN Food For Thought. Retrieved from: http://www.ausfoodnews.com.au/2012/01/17/big-drop-in-australian-meat-exports-to-japan.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_ medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+AustralianFoodNews+%28Australian+Food+News%29
Sociology of the Workplace
Gender Inequality at Workplace
Dixon, S. (2001). Work Experience and the Gender Earnings Gap. New Zealand Economic apers, 35(2), 152+. Retrieved March 27, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/M.qst?a=o&d=5002436019
In this article, Dixon reviews and presents the information about the work experience profiles of men and women working in New Zealand. The author uses two methods, which were introduced by Zabalza and Arrufat (1985) and by Filer (1993) for adding the women's actual paid work experience into the house hold survey databases. By using the imputed experience values and other skills, Dixon determines the components that are responsible for gender wage gap in late 1990s. This article is useful for research because it investigates that the shortfall in average hourly earnings of women is due to women's lower average level of skills which are needed for productivity. Moreover, it also discusses briefly the…
Pini, B. (2005). Interviewing Men: Gender and the Collection and Interpretation of Qualitative Data. Journal of Sociology, 41(2), 201+. Retrieved March 28, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/ PM.qst?a=o&d=5011020239
Welsh, S. (1999). Gender and Sexual Harassment. Annual Review of Sociology,169. Retrieved March 28, 2012, from Questia database:
One contextual tool that has been widely manipulated in international events by both sides is language translations and mistranslations. Due to the language barrier between the Chinese and American people, the audience on each side can only hear the other party's voice through media's translations, which by no means, may be immune to contextual framing.
Given the sensitive time, sensitive location and sensitive nature of this collision, both parties would have adopted all kinds of contextual framing techniques to occupy the moral high ground, and accuse the other side of wrongdoing. Since the foreign policy report in China is strictly controlled by the Communist Party, the news event portrayed by the Chinese media would be more homogenous and one-sided.
H2a: By adopting similar contextual framing techniques, both mainstream newspapers tend to depict their own side as morally superior, whereas the other party as the wrongdoer. As to the degree of…
China-Us Relations. (2001). International Journal on World Peace, 18(1), 99.
Eckholm, E. (April 27, 2001). Beijing Journal; A Pilot Is Lost, and a Communist Titan Is Found. New York Times, A2.
Harland, B. (2001), The Hainan Incident. New Zealand International Review, 26(4), 27.
Paez, D., Pennebaker, J.W. & Rime, B. (eds.). (1997). Collective memory of political events: Social psychological perspectives. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Multicultural Considerations in Business
There are many different impacts that culture has on the way business is conducted; cultural systems of values and beliefs lead to specific interpretations of events and interactions, and different demands and expectations for business relationships often exist for individuals from different cultural backgrounds. Engaging in international and multicultural business requires a level of understanding and awareness of specific cultural issues that might arise due to different customs, perspectives, and values, and a general awareness of the influence of culture is a good thing in business as well as it allows for ongoing learning and consideration without rushing to judgment. Through both a specific and a general understanding of cultural issues in business, more effective strategies for conducting business on an international level can be developed and implemented. The following paragraphs provide specific examples from four differently cultures, identifying the importance of cultural understanding…
Chua, K., Han, M. & Soh, K. (2005). C.A.E. study: does culture affect the level of entrepreneurial activity? A cross cultural study between Singapore & New Zealand. Nanyang Technological University College of Business [working paper].
Lee, H., Park, T., Moon, H., Yang, Y. & Kim, C. (2009). Corporate philanthropy, attitude towards corporations, and purchase intentions: A South Korea study. Journal of Business Research 62(10): 939-46.
Long, D. (2005). Culture And Customs Of Saudi Arabia. Westport, CT: Greenwood.
Ralston, D., Holt, D., Terpstra, R. & Kai-Cheng, Y. (2008). The impact of national culture and economic ideology on managerial work values: a study of the United States, Russia, Japan, and China. Journal of International Business Studies 39: 8-26.
Hansen Products is a New Zealand-based corporation that designs, manufactures and distributes over 1,000 products with distributors in 10 countries (Hansen Products, 2011). Hansen's business processes eventually outgrew its nine-year-old system of finance and multiple databases, so Hansen decided to update and integrate its company-wide systems with Microsoft Business Solutions' Axapta (Istart, 2011) as its ERP system. Axapta is listed among the Top Ten ERP programs (Top10ERP, 2011) and at least one industry review praises Axapta as strong, fast and relatively low-cost (Collins, 2003). Effective implementation requires cooperation by a company: "The importance of management involvement cannot be overstated, as they serve as the visionaries and advocates for the project" (Blytheco, LLC, 2008). Aware of the need for extensive cooperation, Hansen appointed a "dedicated team" to the ERP modules (Istart, 2011).
Hansen's ERP system handles all its "financials, manufacturing, inventory and forecasting" (Istart, 2011). ithin six…
Blytheco, LLC. (2008). Typical ERP Evaluation Mistakes. Atlanta: Blytheco, LLC. Retrieved November 25, 2011, from www.blytheco.com
Collins, J.C. (2003). A Review of Axapta. Retrieved from Accounting Software Advisor: http://www.accountingsoftwareadvisor.com/axapta/differsaxapta.htm
Hansen Products. (2011, November 24). Hansen - About Us. Retrieved from Hansen: http://www.hansenproducts.co.nz/about.htm
Hansen Products. (2011, November 24). Hansen - Distributors. Retrieved from Hansen: www.hansenproducts.co.nz/distributors.htm
Production & Non-Production Effects of EP Technology on Businesses
Author's note with contact information and details of collegiate affiliation, etc.
Enterprise esource Planning Software (EP) ambitiously attempts to consolidate the departments and functions of an entire business, organization, etc. into a single computer system. EP consolidates all the needs of the every department into one system. EP systems are most often found within the Finance and Human esources departments, but again, EP aims to serve every department's needs. EP systems must be dynamic because each department within any company operates differently and therefore requires specific options for their computer systems. EP systems function similarly to the software used in departments such as manufacturing, finance, and human resources. Where EP systems differ from those softwares is that EP systems link all the softwares of every department within its systems together. Employees across departments can access information they need from…
iStart. (2008) ERP case study: Hansen's pipeline to the world. Retrieved from http://www.istart.co.nz/index/HM20/PC0/PVC197/EX28157/CS24866 . 2012 March 06.
Koch, C. & Wailgum, T. (2011) ERP Definitions and Solutions. Retrieved from http://www.cio.com/article/40323/ERP_Definition_and_Solutions?page=1&taxonomyId=3009 . 2012 March 06.
Whatiserp.net. (2011) ERP System -- ERP Basic and ERP Evolution. Retrieved from http://whatiserp.net/erp-basic-knowledge/erp-system/. 2012 March 07.
The only thing that is missing is the freedom to make that choice, the freedom to do it without pain or sacrifice. But freedom always comes with a price, especially for women. In the process of gaining her choice, Ada loses a finger, loses her piano, and almost loses her life.
We have to also look at history in the film. The Piano seems historically correct because women didn't have the right to choose their mates during this time. Love almost always came at some price. Ada chose to express her love the only way she knew how -- through her piano. But she is not making the right choice, because in the process she is sacrificing herself. She is unable to stand up for what is right because the pain is too great and too lonely to bear.
While I think Hook's view of male supremacy seems somewhat harsh,…
Direct-Consumer Drug Advertising
Direct-to-Consumer Drug Advertising
Direct-to-consumer drug advertising of pharmaceutical drugs is a hot-button issue. Is it ethical, or does it lead to self-diagnosis and take advantage of people who have hope for a cure? Currently, New Zealand and the United States are the only two countries that allow this kind of direct-to-consumer advertising to take place, which calls into question why other countries do not allow the same, if the practice is ethical. From a deontological point-of-view, using Kant's categorical imperative, this paper will address whether the direct-to-consumer advertising of pharmaceutical drugs is ethical or unethical. According to the deontological approach, one's duty is to do what is morally right and avoid what is morally wrong, regardless of what the consequences of those actions may be (Beauchamp, 1991; Waller, 2005). Because that is the case, there are moral questions raised that have to be considered with something as…
Beauchamp, T.L. (1991). Philosophical Ethics: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy, 2nd Ed. New York: McGraw Hill.
Kamm, F.M. (1996). Morality, Mortality Vol. II: Rights, Duties, and Status. New York: Oxford University Press.
Kamm, F.M. (2007). Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm. New York: Oxford University Press.
Kant, I. (1964). Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. New York: Harper and Row Publishers, Inc.
(?Recognized as the official photographer for a promotional website, www.oldsanjuanpr.com.
CERTICATION & TRAININGS
Certified Professional Final Cut Pro-End-User Level 1, the Edit Center, New York, NY
Pursuing Certification Motion and DVD Studio Pro 4 HD End-User, the Edit Center, New York, NY
Screenwriting 101: Introduction to Screenplay Writing, Mark Troy, Writers.Net
Screenwriting 102: Advanced Screenplay Writing, Mark Troy, Writers.Net
SILVER HILL HOSPITAL
New Canaan, CT
Residential Counselor/Psychiatric Technician
Responsible for ensuring efficient, quality functioning for adolescent unit in 28-day Transitional Living Program. Assign, assist and supervise residents in weekly duties. Supervise and participate in-house staff meetings. Manage and operate equipment safely and correctly. Cover house operations in the absence of the Senior Residential counselor. Carry out admission and discharge process for residents, while ensuring transitional living experience fosters growth and independence in residents.
( Promoted to Residential Counselor after 5 months of employment as…
A fourth foundational element is the strength of the Starbucks brand itself and is ubiquity globally. As a result of rapid and well-defined strategies for opening up retail stores, Starbucks is now considered one of the most preeminent and strongest brands globally.
Starbucks has generated the strength of their brand through combining high-quality coffee and tea beverages with the third-place concept to generate customer loyalty and world-of-mouth among customers and their friends. It is common to hear students mention they will have a team meeting at the local Starbucks, for studying or completing projects.
In summary the Starbucks model is strengthened by the company's coffee expertise, impressive new product development record, and the development of Starbucks locations as "third places" where friends can meet and enjoy coffee and pastries. Underscoring all these points is the strength of the Starbucks brand.
What were the key issues and the decision by Starbucks…
Patrick Burnson (2002, December). Amsterdam's key role in Starbucks' global strategy. World Trade, 15(12), 40-41. Retrieved December 7, 2007, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 241805271).
Deutsche Bank (2006) - Starbucks Overview. Deutsche Bank Securities Research. New York, NY. 10 July 2006.
Geoffrey a. Fowler (2003, July 14). Starbucks' Road to China; Prime Locations Are the Key, but So Is Using Snob Appeal to Lure Nation of Tea Drinkers. Wall Street Journal (Eastern Edition), p. B.1. Retrieved December 7, 2007, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 369860271).
Jeffrey S. Harrison, Eun-Young Chang, Carina Gauthier, Todd Joerchel, et al. (2005). Exporting a North American Concept to Asia: Starbucks in China. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 46(2), 275-283. Retrieved December 7, 2007, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 832085141).
Sex Differences in Neuropsychological Functioning Among Schizophrenia Patients
The researchers began this research with the premise that there may be gender-based difference in cognition among schizophrenia patients, though they acknowledged that prior research gave conflicting information about which results to expect. Some prior researchers had found that male schizophrenia patients experienced greater levels of cognitive impairment than female schizophrenia patients, while other studies had found no gender-based difference in cognitive functioning. egardless of level of cognitive impairment, women with schizophrenia are much more likely to have positive outcomes than men with schizophrenia. This is an interesting issue, because there is an established difference in cognition in healthy men and women. Specific neurocognitive deficits appear to impact community functioning, which is one of the significant impairments experienced by schizophrenia patients attempting to interact with the outside world. In prior studies, community functioning was determined to be related to verbal memory, verbal…
Bozikas, V., Kosmidis, M., Peltekis, A., Giannakou, M., Nimatoudis, I., Karavatos, A., Fokas,
K., & Garyfallos, G. (2010). Sex differences in neuropsychological functioning among schizophrenia patients. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 44, 333-341.
Given that schizophrenia is known to impact cognitive functioning, it is no surprise that the results demonstrated significant impairment in all cognitive domains except for psychomotor speed. Furthermore, there were gender differences in both the experimental and control groups; both healthy and schizophrenic and healthy women outperformed men in verbal learning and memory. While the findings reaffirmed the researchers' expectations, the research could have some implications for future research as well as treatment for schizophrenics. It is worth noting that the patients with schizophrenia, despite being considered stable, showed significant impairment vs. The control group. The researchers believe that these differences could indicate that schizophrenia is more than the symptoms that manifest, but is more of an underlying cognitive disorder. Moreover because the impairment exists even in stable patients, they believe that this cognitive disorder is resistant to the current treatments for schizophrenia. However, there are two things that make…
Bozikas, V., Kosmidis, M., Peltekis, a., Giannakou, M., Nimatoudis, I., Karavatos, a., Fokas,
K., & Garyfallos, G. (2010). Sex differences in neuropsychological functioning among schizophrenia patients. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 44, 333-341.
Only Pai survives, which might be seen as a sign of the girl's strength, but is instead interpreted by Koro as a kind of curse or at very least an unfortunate event for the Maori tribe's future. In the hospital room, while his son is still overcome by grief, Koro can only think of his public role in the tribe, as is typical from someone from older generation. His more modern, independent, and individualistic son is still too overcome, psychologically, with has transpired, to tolerate the older man's different generational perspective.
This conflict between individualism and collectivism is at the heart of Maori intergenerational conflict. Koro's granddaughter wishes to realize her own dream of becoming a leader, which she believes is her birthright. Her grandfather puts tradition ahead of such individualism, as can be seen in his schooling of all of the local boys in the same fashion, without regards…
Whale Rider." Starring Keisha Castle-Hughes and Rawiri Paratene. 2002.
For example, two exploration companies in a portfolio of four securities is poor diversification. It is also important to consider that convertibles and rights will eventually turn to ordinaries, meaning that those forms of equity do not diversify the risk away from ordinary shares.
Time horizon is another consideration to take into account (No author, 2010). The time horizon of an investment is in part related to the risk of that investment, as some risk is related to time. Also, the investor should be wary of investing in securities with a long time horizon for returns if the investor may have a need for that money in the short-term. The time horizon of the investment should match the time horizon of the investor's needs (Ibid).
Finally, the investor should consider the nature of the investment itself and whether they have a full understanding of how that investment works. The ASX…
Business Spectator. (2009). Resolute to raise capital via convertible notes, restructures debt. Business Spectator. Retrieved August 31, 2010 from http://www.businessspectator.com.au/bs.nsf/Article/Resolute-to-raise-capital-via-convertible-notes-re-VKAJ8?OpenDocument
No author. (2010). Ten steps to choosing the best investment. uSwitch.com. Retrieved September 1, 2010 from http://www.uswitch.com/investments/best-investment/
Pettett, J. & Messer, R. (2010). Pryme Oil and Gas Limited (ASX: PYM) placement and rights issue. Yahoo Finance Australia. Retrieved August 31, 2010 from http://www.proactiveinvestors.co.uk/companies/news/20575/%5Cwww.24hgold.com
Prospectus CPS2. (2009). Retrieved September 1, 2010 from http://phx.corporate-ir.net/External.File?item=UGFyZW50SUQ9MjM1ODN8Q2hpbGRJRD0tMXxUeXBlPTM=&t=1
Phenomenology and Hermeneutics
Aside from positivism or quantitative research paradigm, two other paradigms are considered essential in the conduct of research or simply, knowing and understanding a particular event or phenomenon using a particular 'lens'or paradigm / perspective. These two (2) paradigms are qualitative in nature, namely the interpretive and critical paradigms. Critical paradigm is closely associated with the Marxist, feminist, and psychoanalytic schools of thought, while interpretive or symbolic interactionism paradigm is linked with hermeneutics and phenomenology. The focus of the discussions that follow will be on this second paradigm, interpretive paradigm, particularly exploring the hermeneutic and phenomenological schools of thought (Fossey, 2002, p. 719).
In order to understand these schools of thought, it is important to also understand the tradition from which these ideas emerged. Under the interpretive paradigm, truth is considered subjective and variable. In truth-seeking, the researcher recognizes that there are many "truths," and these…
Fossey, E., C. Harvey, F. McDermott, and L. Davidson. (2002). "Understanding and evaluating qualitative research." Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 36.
Laverty, S. (2003). "Hermeneutic phenomenology and phenomenology: a comparison of historical and methodological considerations." International Journal of Qualitative Methods, Vol. 2(3).
Researchers identified key barriers to physicians' use of EMRs. They then suggested policy interventions to overcome these barriers, including providing work/practice support systems, improving electronic clinical data exchange, and providing financial rewards for quality improvement.
ne of the most important contributuons to essay since it suggests barriers to EMR and ways to overcome those barriers.
15. Bates, DW et al. (2002) a Proposal for Electronic Medical Records in U.S. Primary Care J. Am Med Inform Assoc; 10:1-10
This paper, developed by the National Alliance for Primary Care Informatics, a collaborative group sponsored by a number of primary care societies, argues that providers' and patients' information and decision support needs can be satisfied only if primary care providers use electronic medical records (EMRs). Although robust EMRs are now available, only about 5% of U.S. primary care providers use them. Recently, with only modest investments, Australia, New Zealand, and England have achieved…
One of the most important contributuons to essay since it suggests barriers to EMR and ways to overcome those barriers.
15. Bates, DW et al. (2002) a Proposal for Electronic Medical Records in U.S. Primary Care J. Am Med Inform Assoc; 10:1-10
This paper, developed by the National Alliance for Primary Care Informatics, a collaborative group sponsored by a number of primary care societies, argues that providers' and patients' information and decision support needs can be satisfied only if primary care providers use electronic medical records (EMRs). Although robust EMRs are now available, only about 5% of U.S. primary care providers use them. Recently, with only modest investments, Australia, New Zealand, and England have achieved major breakthroughs in implementing EMRs in primary care. Substantial benefits realizable through routine use of electronic medical records include improved quality, safety, and efficiency, along with increased ability to conduct education and research. Nevertheless, barriers to adoption exist and must be overcome. This paper is a valuable summing up of the importance of EMR to medical institutions, the challenges, and how institutions can meet these challenges.
Typically, Japanese marry before a Shinto altar and are buried, after cremation, in a Buddhist funeral. Many people, young and old, pay a New Years visit to a Shinto shrine and visit family graves once or twice a year. Young couples take their children to a Shinto shrine at the shichi-go-san festival to celebrate the ages 3, 5, and 7. For funeral and periodic memorial services, a family invites a priest from a Buddhist temple that belongs to the same Buddhist sect with which the family ancestors were affiliated.
The Japanese, both officially and unofficially resisted the influence of the western religions, while at the same time conglomerating the traditional faiths of the region into an amalgamated faith of sorts.
In the past, every family in Japan had to be registered at a Buddhist temple to comply with the antiChristian policy of the Tokugawa government (1600-1868). After the…
The director of the assessment program must sit down with each teacher one-on-one as the teacher establishes goals for the year. These goals should be formal and written out, rather than merely established privately by the teacher. Then, at the end of the year, there can be a debriefing of the teacher participants, as well as an assessment of the growth of the class. This method of investing in teachers and allowing teacher more input into the structure of the assessment program on an ongoing basis is a transformational model in the manner in which it fosters change as a collective process. Teachers will also feel a greater sense of investment in a school which contributes to their growth as professional educators through mentoring.
Despite the resistance shown by the teachers to goal-setting, the school feels that this approach is fair, given its focus upon improving teacher quality and its…
Fenstermacher, G.D., & Richardson, V. (2005, January). On making determinations of quality in teaching. The Teachers College Record, 107(1), 186-213.
Le Fevre, D.M. (2010). Changing TACK: Talking about change knowledge for professional learning'. In H. Timperley, & Parr, J. (Eds.), Weaving evidence, inquiry and standards to build better schools (pp. 71-92), Wellington, NZCER Press.
Santamaria, L. & Santamaria, a. (2012). Applied critical leadership in education. Routledge.
Concealing to Confronting Sex Abuse
It is one thing to consider child sexual abuse from the perspective of the criminal offender. Sexual abuse almost certainly qualifies as an anti-social behavior that is transmitted from generation to generation. Although this issue was not discussed in any of the articles, there is simply far too much evidence that child sexual abusers are very likely to have, themselves, been abused as children to ignore the idea that this behavior is transmitted from generation to generation, abuser to victim. In fact, child sexual offenders seem to have a modified version of the subculture of violence, but the subculture is actually one of sexual violence towards children. In this isolated culture, the sexual victimization of children is normalized. That explains the prevalence of child pornography and groups like NAMBLA. In fact, the offender may minimize the damage that he experienced at the hands of his…
Condon, P. (2010, December 7). "Top Catholic educator concealed abuse knowledge."
Phillips, N. (2010, July 14). "Whatever happened at Father Cooper's Cabin in 1971, the archdiocese isn't responsible." Riverfront Times.
Rodgers, A. (2010, August 2). "Episcopal leaders take steps to deal with abusive clergy."
Rationalist Theories of International Relations
Despite the name, rationalist theories of international relations are anything but, limited as they are by both an almost childlike understanding of human behavior and a catastrophic lack of imagination. Rationalist theories of international relations, like the Objectivism which developed in the same post-orld ar II period, rely on a number of assumptions which have since been shown to be empirically false. Rationalism assumes that the most important, and in fact, the only entities dictating international relations are nation states, and that these nation states are engaged in a zero-sum game of diplomacy and war, in which the goals of every nation state is eventual dominance above all others, so that international relations are dictated almost exclusively through violence or coercion, with diplomacy essentially reduced to the well-spoken threat of force. Thus, rationalist theories of international relations are not only incorrect, but altogether dangerous, as…
Art, Robert, and Kenneth Waltz. The use of force: military power and international politics.
Lanham: Rowan and Littlefield Publishers, 2009.
Baylis, John, Steve Smith, and Patricia Owens. The globalization of world politics: an introduction to international relations. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Blatter, Joachim. "Performing Symbolic Politics and International Environmental Regulation:
student centered leadership vs. critical leadership
Three key capabilities and five dimensions of student-centered leadership vs. applied critical leadership
ecently, a number of educational theorists have attempted to provide an epistemological framework for approaching leadership in a school setting. The concept of student-centered leadership is framed within three key capabilities: applying relevant knowledge, solving complex problems and building relational trust. Leaders do not need to be experts in their fields of study, but they do need to know how to bring relevant organizational members together to pool their expertise in various areas and succeed (obinson 2011: 21). Leaders must listen to the direct input of organizational actors to build their relevant knowledge. Soliciting information also builds trust with teacher and students alike and gives the leaders the necessary information to solve the multidimensional problems that afflict learning environments. High-trust and highly informed environments are more successful educational environments.…
Airini. (2010). Be true to one's self: Learning to be leaders in Pasifika education strategy. Mai Review, 1, 1-22.
Gronn, P. (2008). The future of distributed leadership. Journal of Educational Administration,
Potaka, P. (2011). Cultural change and moral leadership. In R. Notman (Ed.) Successful
epublic of Fiji
Multiculturalism and Globalization in the epublic of Fiji
In an increasingly global society, multiculturalism is becoming important for businesses and individuals that want to advance. There is an increasing need to understand and relate to others, and people who are unable or unwilling to do so are finding that they are being left behind in business. They are also finding their growth stunted financially and culturally, because they do not permit themselves to be open to other people and to continue to learn what they can from people who are different from them. While that is unfortunate, how significant multiculturalism is in the life of a particular person can depend greatly on where that person lives and the culture that he or she is exposed to on a daily basis. Some people need to be more multicultural than others, just based on where they reside.
Derrick, R.A. (1957). A History of Fiji. Suva, Fiji: Government Printer.
Routledge, D. (1985). Matanitu - The Struggle for Power in Early Fiji, Suva, Fiji: University of the South Pacific.
Scarr, D. (1984). Fiji: A Short History. Sydney, Australia: Allen & Unwin.
Waterhouse, J. (1998). The King and People of Fiji. Honolulu, Hawaii: University of Hawaii Press.
Although the research tools provided by the ISO 14001 framework are both qualitative and quantitative, this approach is consistent with the guidance provided by Neuman (2003) who points out that, "Both qualitative and quantitative research use several specific research techniques (e.g., survey, interview, and historical analysis), yet there is much overlap between the type of data and the style of research. Most qualitative-style researchers examine qualitative data and vice versa" (p. 16). Indeed, researchers have used qualitative and quantitative surveys to assess consumer reactions to proposed environmental initiatives at the local level (Neuman, 2003).
In fact, quantitative and qualitative research methods are characterized by a number of similarities that lend themselves to environmental systems analyses and development (as well as some differences) (Neuman, 2003). The distinct differences in the qualitative and quantitative research suggest that the use of quantitative data for environmental system development is highly appropriate, but that such…
Bonlac Foods. (2012). Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved from http://investing.business week.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=883342.
McComb, S. (2010). Green building & green business informatics tool. Elusor. Retrieved from http://www.environmentalaccountingtools.com/magazine/tag/building.
Recardo, R. & Jolly, J. (1999). Organizational culture and teams. SAM Advanced Management
Journal, 62(2), 4-5.
This increased their word of mouth advertising and eventually led to a very large order from a grocery chain, Fresh Market. This word of mouth marketing helped expand their distribution channels as well.
The greatest opportunity for a small business, like Sweet Grass, is to focus on what they do best and serve a niche market. Sweet Grass isn't trying to be the largest dairy producer, with an all-encompassing product mix, instead, they are satisfied by providing consistent high quality cheeses. And it is cheese that they do oh so well.
Small businesses have the ability to focus all of their efforts on a limited line up of products. They can discover what they do best, and differentiate themselves from the rest of the market by doing just that. Small businesses may not be able to compete in areas such as cost or large deliverable quantities, but quality is an…
Aschwanden, C. (Mar 2005). New name, old diet. Health, 19(2). Retrieved April 19, 2005, from Alt HealthWatch database.
Carb-crazed? (24 Sept 2004). Current Events, 104(3). Retrieved April 19, 2005, from Academic Search Premier database.
Steinmehl, E. (Mar 2005). Eat less protein, get stronger bones. Health, 19(2). Retrieved April 19, 2005, from Alt HealthWatch database.
Walker, R. (5 Aug 2004). Handcrafter cheese from Georgia? The Atlanta Journal - Constitution. K1.
The artistic authenticity of a particular object is determined, in part, by the objects provenance -- its history that helps us to understand the significance and original cultural context of the object. ithout this context it becomes complicated to identify certain tribal cultural artifacts as artwork or not.
But let's imagine that there exists an institutional framework or bureaucratic organization with the resources to undertake such a monumental task of artistic identification. There would still be additional problems to consider. In Indonesia, for instance, there are numerous political and cultural obstacles facing the emerging push for preservation. Communication in the nation is lackluster. Identifying and controlling all potential tribal art among the indigenous people is a task best left to the imagination. The infrastructure simply does not yet exist to properly compensate indigenous artists and craftsmen, let alone stem the tide of black-market deals and random destruction. Yet this is…
Barbier, Jean-Paul. "The Responsible and the Irresponsible: Observations on the Destruction and Preservation of Indonesian Art."
Duffon, Denis. "Authenticity in Art." In the Oxford Handbook of Aesthetics. Ed. Jerrold Levinson. (NY: Oxford University Press, 2003). 18 Dec. 2006 http://www.denisdutton.com/authenticity.htm .
Hamlin, Jesse. "How de Young Is Handling New Guinea Art Question." San Francisco Chronicle (4 May 2006): E1. 18 Dec. 2006 http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2006/05/04/DDGJMIJFVO1.DTL .
Lehmann, Karl and Lehmann, Andrew. "Tribal Art of Papua New Guinea." Lost World Arts. (Maui, Hawaii: 2004). 18 Dec. 2006 http://www.lostworldarts.com/new_page_2.htm .