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Global Diabetes Epidemic
According to Kasia Lipska's editorial in The New York Times entitled "The global diabetes epidemic," type II diabetes is no longer a 'first world' problem but rather is penetrating the developing world as well. When Lipska went to India to work at a clinic as a medical researcher studying stroke, she was shocked to find that the majority of the health issues that presented themselves at the clinic were related to diabetes, not tuberculosis or dengue fever (illnesses traditionally associated with the developing world). From her own personal experiences and the ethical obligation she felt to improve the conditions she saw, Lipska's essay attempts to galvanize the reader to take action.
It should be noted that Lipska also uses logos or logical evidence in her work. "Diabetes has become a full-blown epidemic in India, China, and throughout many emerging economies," she notes. While in the United States…
Lipska, K. (2014). The global diabetes epidemic. The New York Times. Retrieved from:
Newspapers frequently feature stories democratic principles processes contribute democratic governance impact a wide variety issues ranging distribution flu vaccines legal venue terrorist trials. Public policies formulated address issues result influence application democratic principles processes.
Public policy issue: Healthcare reform
The issue of healthcare
Healthcare is an extremely complex, bureaucratic public policy issue. However, it is also very emotional for many Americans given healthcare encompasses the 'hot button' issues of physical health and spending large amounts of money. The recent debate over the Affordable Care Act is only one of many national 'conversations' about healthcare that has resulted in partisan divisions even within families.
Democratic principle 1: Autonomy
Perhaps the most controversial aspect of the ACA is the individual mandate, which states that all Americans must have health insurance or pay a penalty unless this will cause them undue hardship. Many conservatives bridle at the fact that they are being 'compelled'…
Belvedere, M. (2013). Truth about Obamacare? Mandate wasn't needed. CNBC. Retrieved:
Nelson, S. (2013). Colin Powell endorses single-payer health care. U.S. News and World Report.
The traditional print version of newspapers worldwide has suffered serious setbacks in recent years, to the point that some industry experts are predicting the ultimate demise of print newspapers. But there are creative ways to keep the newspapers in business and profitable, and this paper sheds light on those potentially successful strategies. Also, a news service should be available that reports instantly important economic and business news to points all over the globe. The emergence of smartphones make it easy and practical for that kind of pivotal economic information to be uploaded and used.
hat Has Happened to the Newspaper Industry?
According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), an international forum (with membership in 34 countries) that seeks to provide a vehicle for governments to work together in the effort to find solutions to common problems, the growth of the global newspaper market slowed down…
Anderson, David Ray, Sweeney, Dennis J., Williams, Thomas Arthur, and Williams, Thomas
A. 2008. Statistics for Business and Economics. Florence, KY: Cengage Learning.
Arthur, Charles. 2011. How the smartphone is killing the PC. The Guardian. Retrieved December 19, 2011, from http://guardian.co.uk .
Newspaper Association of America Foundation. 2008. Youth Media DNA: In Search of Lifelong Readers. Retrieved December 19, 2011, from http://www.naafoundation.org .
While this is an intriguing picture, if the person wanted hard news first, they would find that more easily on the printed first page of the same paper. The onscreen first page also included the beginning of an article about the local football team an introduction to an article about demographic shifts in local election polls.
oth papers, then, invite the reader to scan for articles of interest, but in the online version, the editor of the web page has made more decisions for the reader. Considerably less text is on the first page, probably because not everyone has markedly large computer screens that could hold a full page of text. In addition, for many people it may be easier to read on paper than online. A reproduction of the front page of a newspaper might be harder to take in than the printed version, possibly because the printed version…
Both papers, then, invite the reader to scan for articles of interest, but in the online version, the editor of the web page has made more decisions for the reader. Considerably less text is on the first page, probably because not everyone has markedly large computer screens that could hold a full page of text. In addition, for many people it may be easier to read on paper than online. A reproduction of the front page of a newspaper might be harder to take in than the printed version, possibly because the printed version can be manipulated to make it easier to focus just on one part of it.
However, the computer version of the newspaper has one tremendous advantage: it is interactive. A click on the picture takes the reader to the article, which can be printed or emailed. At the end of the article are hyperlinks that can immediately take the reader to another article. Alternatively, the reader can use search to find previous articles on the topic. This last feature solves one problem with newspapers: it is hard for them to cover a topic in depth in one issue. Over time, however, they may have covered the topic extensively.
Serious newspaper readers may well want to use both forms: first the paper version, to browse and find things of unexpected interest, and then the online version to follow up in more detail on topics of greater interest to the reader. http://www.sptimes.com/home.shtml
During 2006, according to the accountants P. wC, global newspaper advertising revenues increased 4%. They increased by 15.6% during r the past five years. "Hidden within those figures is the fact that newspapers - the 2nd largest advertising medium after TV - are actually larger than the combined advertising value of radio, cinema, magazines and the Internet"
. By 2010, according to P. wC predictions, the global advertising market will increase by 6.2% to $525bn ([pound]265bn), a growth of $111bn ([pound]56bn). Newspapers are projected to capture 18.2%, second only to TV and the internet. Print (newspapers and magazines) is expected to capture 27.4% of that growth, an amount greater than projected for and the internet. O'eilly also reports:
According to the UK research company TGI, newspaper readership has grown by 2.1 per cent over the past five years, with readership among 15- to 24-year-olds growing by 6.9 per cent and…
(Health Insurance Coverage, 2009). This is just a little higher than what was reported in the state of Pennsylvania over the last two-year period, which was at 25% (Krawczeniuk, 2009). "The number of uninsured rose 2.2 million between 2005 and 2006 and has increased by almost 8 million people since 2000" (Health Insurance Coverage, 2009).
Most Americans are provided with health insurance coverage through their employers. But in today's society employment is no longer a guarantee of health insurance coverage. "As America continues to move from a manufacturing-based economy to a service economy, and employee working patterns continue to evolve, health insurance coverage has become less stable. The service sector tends to offer less access to health insurance than the manufacturing sector does. Further, an increasing reliance on part-time and contract workers who are not eligible for coverage means fewer workers have access to employer-sponsored health insurance" (Health Insurance Coverage,…
Descriptive Statistics. (2006). Retrieved May 5, 2009, from Research Methods Knowledge Base
Web site: http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/statdesc.php
Health Insurance Coverage. (2009). Retrieved May 5, 2009, from National Coalition on Healthcare Web site: http://www.nchc.org/facts/coverage.shtml
Krawczeniuk, Borys. (2009, March 26). Study Finds Health Care Gaps. Times-Tribune, The
articles about the U.S. war on Iraq, both taken non-U.S. newspapers. The articles, one Canadian, and one from Australia, are clearly critical of the U.S.'s attempts to instigate military action on Iraq. This may reflect a growing worldwide opinion the U.S. has no right to bring the world to war by insisting on military action against Iraq.
In an article entitled "Trigger-happy U.S. checked by UN safety catch," Journalist Marian Wilkinson delves into the U.S. war on Iraq. Published in the Sydney Morning Herald, this Australian article starts with the note that the United States and Britain "quietly ditched" a hard-line draft of a resolution on Iraq before that resolution made it to the United Nation's (UN) Security Council negotiating table. The article notes that the initial hard-line resolution would have "committed the United Nations Security Council to a military strike on Iraq within weeks."
Wilkinson notes that the French…
181). Thus, it seems that a majority of hoarder have some kind of mental or psychiatric issue. The dementia patients who hoarded food were sometimes successfully treated with the drug fluvoxamine 15 Phenyopropanoloamine (Hwang et al., 1998, pg. 287), while most of the elderly received physical assistance in cleaning and/or clearing out the home, but this treatment was not "consistently effective" (Steketee, Frost & Kim, 2001, p. 182). A majority of the elderly hoarders were women, while dementia patients did not show a specific pattern. More than have of the elderly who hoarded lived alone, and had never married (Steketee, Frost & Kim, 2001, p. 182).
Another study in 2001 studied the same problem of hoarding in the elderly, and found some similar results. The study followed 62 cases found through social and service organizations, where the members were 65 or older. Caseworkers were interviewed about their elderly clients, and…
Hwang, Jen-Ping, Tsai, Shih-Jen, Yang, Chen-Hong, Liu, King-Ming, and Limg, Jiing-Feng. (1998). Hoarding behavior in dementia: A preliminary report. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Fall, Vol. 6, Iss. 4, 285-290.
Lovett, R.A. (2004, March/April). Clues to Compulsive Collecting: Separating Useless Junk from Objects of Value. Psychology Today, 37, 29.
Steketee, G., Frost, R.O., & Kim, H. (2001). Hoarding by Elderly People. Health and Social Work, 26(3), 176-185.
Tryba, L. (2002, November/December). Trash Menagerie: The Disturbing World of Animal Hoarders. Psychology Today, 35, 22.
newspapers and information that we find on the Internet is the fact that, in the former case, information is checked and approved by editors or people in charge of evaluating its accuracy. This is not the case for the Internet, where virtually anyone can buy a domain, make a Web page and spread information. How do we know what is accurate and reliable here?
Several interesting articles on the Web itself refer to this subject. First of all, we should look at the language used in information presented on the Web. For example, slang language or aggressive words, as well as boasting statements can generally be ignored as irrelevant ("this is the most important idea ever conceived"
). Another source for evaluating accuracy and reliability is the sources referenced. Indeed, an article that has reliable sources, such as encyclopedias, known books or textbooks, etc. is more likely to contain useful…
1. Harris, Robert. Evaluating Internet Research Sources. November 1997. On the Internet at http://www.virtualsalt.com/evalu8it.htm
2. Lovgren, Stefan. Did Comets Make Life on Earth Possible? October 2003. On the Internet at http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/10/1002_031002_cometstudy.html
Harris, Robert. Evaluating Internet Research Sources. November 1997. On the Internet at
Gallant, J. (2016). Alleged sex abuse victim's fight for justice turns into bureaucratic nightmare. Toronto Star. 2 Dec, 2016. Retrieved online: https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2016/12/02/alleged-sex-abuse-victims-fight-for-justice-turns-into-bureaucratic-nightmare.html
In this article, Gallant (2016) describes the ongoing legal battle between Sveta Kholi and her former neurologist, Paul O'Connor. Kholi has accused O'Connor of sexual abuse. After the complaint was lodged formally, a complex bureaucratic process ensued whereby the entire case appears to have been stalemated. The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario has a committee that formally handles complaints, and the Health Professions Appeal and Review Board (HPARB) is a civilian body that hears appeals specifically from that very same College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario.
However, the bureaucratic complications become even trickier. According to the journalist, the College of Physicians and Surgeons also has an Inquiries, Complaints and Reports Committee. The HPARB has ordered on two separate occasions for the Inquiries, Complaints, and Reports…
ather than functioning solely as a sporting event, the '84 Summer Games delivered a broader scope of entertainment never before seen or attempted. The event encompassed entertainment not only in the form of sporting competition, but also in music and arts (Masterman, 2004). It is now understood that special events possess a powerful role in the society.
2012 Olympic closing ceremony will be a mega event as it will have a large effect on the entire economy of the UK. The event is going to get huge media coverage that is why it is important to adopt right marketing strategy for this event.
Issues of human resource management
Human resource management is vey important aspect of this grand event. The better evetn mangers and event management organizations understand the labor force and employs hired for the event the better resources can be allocated to effective recruitment and retaining strategies.
Hoy, W., & Miskel, C.1982. Educational administration: Theory, research, and practice. NEw York: Random House.
Masterman, G.2004. In Lashley C.(Ed), Strategic sports event management: An international approach. Great Britian: Elsevier Butterworth Heinemann.
McDonnell, I., Allen, J., & O'Toole, W.1999. Festivals and special event management. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Australia
National Survey on Giving, Volunteering and Participating. 2004. Ottawa: Stastics Canada
This is also reflected in the view that there is a lot of difference between a high school senior and a college freshman. egarding the world of student journalism, the U.S. Court of Appeals has also agreed with this view. This is reflected in the campus newspaper theft which was not taking place till the beginning of the 1990s. This is now a regular source of trouble for college student media. (Trends in College Media)
At the same time, this has not reflected in the quality of college newspaper, and some of them are of excellent quality. Let us look at some college newspapers for this purpose. One of them, namely the Boston College Chronicle has worked on the recently concluded papal conclave and also tried to inform the audience about what the world can hope from the new Pope. Certainly this information when they appear in a college magazine…
Censorship of College Student Newspapers. Administrative Censorship of the College Press. Retrieved at http://www.collegefreedom.org/report5.htm . Accessed on 28 April, 2005
CSU, Northridge Newspaper Silenced. 11 May, 1989. Retrieved at http://www.totse.com/en/conspiracy/institutional_analysis/papcensr.html . Accessed on 28 April, 2005
Davisson, John. GSEU Strikers Return to the Classroom. 25 April, 2005. Retrieved from www.columbiaspectator.com/- 32k Accessed on 28 April, 2005
Glaser, Dale; Collins, King. Review of Eagle and the Controversy of 1996-1997. Retrieved from www.greenmac.com/eagle/Updates/Up2.html. Accessed on 28 April, 2005
For your information-Table of Contents provided at the end of the paper =Not a part of this paper- Extra information provided
eaders' response to online newspapers
The age of the internet has revolutionized the methods of communication and information exchange. A great deal has changed in the last decade with the information technology explosion. With more accessibility and economical port charges internet has made its presence felt in a number of avenues ranging from corporate desks to common households. This has enabled speedy communication procedures such as email, conferencing, instant messaging, web telephony, video conferencing and so on. Information that was hitherto difficult to access and obtain suddenly became available a click away. With increased usage and application of the internet and other virtual private networks (VPN), information was readily and easily available on the desktop. A user had little or practically no need to leave the confines…
Libraries and Newspaper Preservation
Double Fold -- the Book that Shook the World of Librarians
The man whose name has become "mud" in the domain of librarians the world over is also a novelist, journalist, founder / head of a non-profit corporation known as "American Newspaper epository" (AN), and "library activist"; his real name is Nicholson Baker, and the book that brought so much attention to him, and to the practice of some libraries to destroy newspaper archives, is Double Fold: Libraries and the Assault on Paper.
It all began in 1993 for Baker, as he explains in the Preface to his award-winning book, when he was writing a piece for The New Yorker, and, while interviewing librarians around the country, " ... found out that the card catalogs were being thrown out everywhere. I grew less cheerful, and the essay grew longer," he wrote (vii).
And then, after establishing…
Albanese, Andrew. "Duke Receives Baker's Archives." Library Journal 129.11 (2004):
Baker, Nicholson. Double Fold: Libraries and the Assault on Paper. New York: Random
4.0.1 Observing that they have to keep up with the evolution of news, many newspaper companies have focused on maintaining their name in the news industry through redistributing their operations with paper and printing toward digital settings and platforms.
4.0.2 The commercial aspect of newspapers is especially important when considering their ability to stay strong in the news industry. However, as people discovered the increased effectiveness of buying things through the internet, newspapers experienced a significant decline in sales. Mediums such as Ebay or Craiglist have made it possible for sellers and buyers to interact more effectively and to be able to get a better understanding of what they were selling/buying. The graph below provides information regarding the evolution of newspapers ads in comparison with the evolution of Craiglist revenue. Although newspapers continue to dominate the industry, their severe decline in sales in the recent years emphasizes the fact that…
Carlson, Nicholas and Angelova Kamelia, "Newspaper Billions Become Craigslist Millions," Retrieved October 11, 2011, from the Business Insider Website: http://articles.businessinsider.com/2009-06-12/tech/29979663_1_rocket-ship-inbox-revenues
Martin Shannon E. And Copeland, David A. eds., The Function of Newspapers in Society: A Global Perspective (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2003).
Martin, Shannon E. And Hansen, Kathleen A. Newspapers of Record in a Digital Age: From Hot Type to Hot Link (Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1998).
"Preserving news in the digital environment: mapping the newspaper industry in transition," Retrieved October 11, 2011, from the Center for Research Libraries Website: http://www.crl.edu/sites/default/files/attachments/pages/LCreport_final.pdf
Besides, they also lack funds for conducting audits and readership surveys which the advertisement agencies demand. However, this is changing. The ethnic media which have since long ignored and taken too lightly, a lot of converging factors are rendering media decision makers to acknowledge the importance of the ethnic press. First of all, the mainstream newspaper industry is in the middle of a persisting decline in revenue as well as readership.
Further, their problems have been worsened by the declining advertisement market, rendering advertisers increasingly choosy regarding where they put in their cash. This slowdown in the mainstream media had opened the opportunity to other forms of media, with the ethnic press prepared to rival for limited advertisement budgets. Simultaneously, the ethnic press is getting smarter; the papers are starting to organize and strongly looking forward for advertisement at the national level. Due to these endeavors, and stirred by latest…
News, Noticias, Nouvelles-non-English newspapers. American Demographics. 1 November, 2001. Retrieved at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m4021/is_2001_Nov_1/ai_79501199Accessed on 7 June, 2005
Sreenivasan, Sreenath. As Mainstream Papers Cut Back, the Ethnic Press Expands. The New York Times. 22 July, 1996. Retrieved at http://sree.net/stories/ethnicpress.html. Accessed on 7 June, 2005
business section a newspaper a business magazine organizations change. For articles answer questions: 1. For article, rationale presented change? hich external internal pressures considered chapter referred ? Are additional pressures specifically considered chapter? (hint: Tables 3.
Change rationales: A comparison of recent cases
In the article, "Operating profit surges as Bank of America slims down," the fortunes of one of the largest banks in the world is reported to have recovered after the negative impact of the 2008 mortgage crisis through effective change management in the form of organizational cost-cutting. BoA has "slashed staff, combined business units and dialed back its massive mortgage business. These steps helped the bank post $3.6 billion in operating profit during the first three months of the year -- a 40% surge -- even as revenue fell 2.5%" (Reckard 2012). BoA has been subject to a great deal of negative press in recent years, based…
Hsu, Tiffany. "Starbucks to drop beetle juice from the menu." LA Times. 20 Apr 2012. [20 April
2012]. Retrieved: http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-starbucks-bug-color-20120420,0,6268561.story
Hirsch, Jerry. "In reversal, Ford brags it has smallest engines in the industry." LA Times. 19 Apr
2012. [20 April 2012]. Retrieved: http://www.latimes.com/business/money/la-fi-mo-ford-ecoboost-20120418,0,5046327.story
American newspaper in relation to some aspects of public and group communication. The three aspects to be discussed are focused on the formation of public group identities. Also, the essay will discuss the influence of the mass media on conceptions of public, group, and interpersonal communication. Mainly, it will examine the way that the mass media allows for feedback in public and group communication.
The chosen article describes the recent controversy around the comments of Senator Trent Lott. Last week at Strom Thurmond's 100th birthday party, Senator Lott praised Sen. Thurmond's 1948 run for president. The author of the article explains that Sen. Strom Thurmond is a controversial figure because of his views on civil rights. His platform while running for president in 1948 supported racial segregation, and, later in 1957, as Senator for South Carolina, he vehemently argued against a civil rights bill. Lott's exact words from the birthday…
Anderson, N. (2002, Dec 11). Outrage grows over Lott remarks. Los Angeles Times, p. A-17.
Bryant, B. (2002, Dec 10). Lott's praise of Thurmond puts him at center of racially charged debate. Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service. p. K4979. Retrieved December
12, 2002, from Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center database.
Pollock, T. (Oct 2002). Communications: a two way street. Automotive design and production, v114 i14, 10-12.
The most important social policy response to this article is to ensure that the adoptions are carried out with the best interests of the children in mind. In Ethiopia, Guatemala and other places, there has been accusations that adoptive children have been "harvested" from their birth parents, so this must be guaranteed not to have happened. Another important social policy response is to provide resources to white parents with adopted black children so that they can better understand how to help their children deal with the black experience in America. If such adoptions are going to increase, the best way to address the social problems that can arise from white parents being unable to prepare their adopted children for the discrimination they may face is to educate the parents on how to help their children make their way in the world, given that additional complication.
If I was a public…
Peet, J. (2010). More prospective parents are seeking orphans from abroad. The Sunday Star-Ledger. April 4, 2010. In possession of the author.
Letter to the Newspaper
Our community faces a public health crisis of unprecedented proportions. My research leads me to believe that the cluster of unexplained illnesses that the people of this town have experienced over the years are the direct result of gas company drilling practices.
It started out with what we all assumed were just unrelated illnesses: irritation of the eyes, nose and throat. These may sound like allergies, but no. For the really unfortunate folks in our community, more severe symptoms showed up, like hypotension, metabolic acidosis, hemolysis, pulmonary edema and even coma, even rare and deadly diseases. But here is the zinger: we have too many cases of these illnesses for a community our size, far too many.
I became concerned after a chance remark by the school nurse about the number of children who apparently suffered from allergies, but whose symptoms did not respond to the…
Cernansky, R. (2009, October 15). Natural gas drilling harms eyes, causes tumors, destroys air: The ugly truth behind the 'natural' energy source. Planetgreen.com. Retrieved October 2, 2011 from: http://planetgreen.discovery.com/food-health/gas-drilling-harms-eyes.html
Hurdle, J. (2009, August 27). U.S. finds water polluted near gas-drilling sites. Reuters. Retrieved October 2, 2011 from: http://www.reuters.com/article/2009/08/27/idUSN27311701
Junkins, C. (2010, December 19). What's in the water?: Fracking chemicals under microscope. The Intelligencer Wheeling News-Register. Retrieved October 2, 2011 from: http://theintelligencer.net/page/content.detail/id/549992/What-s-In-The-Water-Fracking-Chemicals-Under-Microscope.html?nav=515
Kimball, J. (2011, April 17). Congress releases report on toxic chemicals used in fracking. 8020 Vision. Retrieved October 2, 2011 from: http://8020vision.com/2011/04/17/congress-releases-report-on-toxic-chemicals-used-in-fracking/
local newspaper: "This past winter, 200 students from California State College traveled to the state capitol building to protest cuts in funding for various state college programs. The other 12,000 California State College students evidently weren't so concerned about their education; they either stayed on campus or left for winter break. Since the group who did not protest is far more numerous, it is more representative of the state's college students than the protesters; therefore, the state legislature need not heed the appeals of the protesting students." Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. In your discussion be sure to the line of reasoning and the use of evidence in the argument. You can also discuss, what if anything would make the argument more sound and persuasive or would help to better evaluate its conclusion.
The argument 'the bigger the better' is specious when applied to car advertisements and…
Experimentation Critique esource
Imagine analyzing an article in depth on its experimentation. What will one find? Will the variables impact the study? Will the researchers provide the necessary details for a person to or a group of people to replicate it? One will provide an analysis on a specific business article that deals with employment laws.
One needs to note the variables involved that are with the article. Since this is a business aspect studied in depth, one is able to make note of the experimentation used in the research. The independent variable is that of "discrimination, accommodation, race, age and gender. All of these are independent variables with this article. However, one needs to discuss the dependent variables involved in this particular study (Armstrong, Koch, Lewis, Hurley, Lewis, & McMahon, 2009). These include diseases, such as HIV / AIDS, heart, alcoholism, limbs, learning disability, and anything health related that…
Armstrong, A.J., Koch, L., Lewis, A., Hurley, J., Lewis, P., & McMahon, B. (2009). Gender, disability, and ADA title I employment discrimination: A comparison of male and female charging party characteristics: The national EEOC ADA research project. Review of Disability Studies, 19-33.
The newspaper industry, picturesque for centuries, symbolized novelty marked by downright, clear-cut representation of information and news and painstakingly categorized. eaders got used to repose faith in some bylines and be aware of indications of prominence, like the blaring headline in the form of a banner. A good number of people think a computer screen can never take the place of a newspaper. Online newspapers are securing a position for themselves, particularly among the news hunters, the computer users, and the youths, who perceive the Internet as the practical medium for information and news. The online medium is befitting for the people who have treaded ahead of MTV, afar Entertainment Tonight and also further than wired journal. (The Online Newspaper: A Postmodern Medium)
With its predisposition to distort and combine media, the online newspaper is not as clear-cut as its print brethren, despite the fact that it has…
Clark, Matthew. (2002) "Online newspaper readership climbs" July 10. http://www.electricnews.net/news.html?code=8117467Accessed on 20 October, 2004
Coats, Rusty. (2002) "Online Newspaper" Volume 1; Number 3. May.
A www.moriresearch.com/news/presentations/2002_Online_Consumer_Study.pdf Accessed on 20 October, 2004
Facts about newspapers - 2002 / Page I" Retrieved at http://www.naa.org/info/facts02/20_facts2002.html . Accessed on 20 October, 2004
Voice of the Fugitive- an Alternate Nation for Afro-Americans
The African-American community in USA has faced many obstacles but through all its challenges, has withstood the test of time. It has faced severe discrimination in terms of treatment. The poem, 'Genuine Prize Song for Jenny Lind' is a piece that focuses on the depth of these discriminatory practices and establishes an absence of national belonging, where the African-Americans felt it was better to start living someplace else. This analysis on the poem argues that the poem was based on the 'absence of the sentiment of national belonging towards USA, and encourages the lack community to explore other places to settle in, predominantly Canada.'
Many African-Americans following the call for a united front, published papers and periodicals that were aimed at consolidating efforts for freedom from slavery. As Frederick Douglass famously said that if the path taken by the Whites to…
DeLombard, Jeanine Mary. "African-American Cultures of Print." Hall, David D. Cultures of Print. Boston: University of Massuchusetts, 1996. 360.
Gundaker, Grey. "Africans Americans, Print, and Practice." Gross, Robert A. And Mary Kelley. An Extensive Republic: Print, Culture, and Society in the New Nation, 1790-1840. North Carolina: UNC Press Books, 2010. 483-495.
The Voice of the Fugitive. 29 January 1851. 9 March 2012 .
American Colonial experience and the Articles of the Confederation influence the content of our Constitution?
he American colonies existed as separate political entities. he only attempt to consolidate any of the colonies under one united government was that of the ill-fated "Dominion of New England," an attempt to reign in the independent colonies by a monarchy (that of James II) that was thought by many to want to 'catholicize' the Anglican church in the late 1680's. Administration had to be done at a local level because of the inferior condition of the roads. he advent of newspapers and printing presses in the mid-1700's was really the first non-commercial link between colonies; often colonies had been openly hostile to one another. For instance, dissenters that disapproved of the government of Massachusetts founded Conneticut, New Haven, and Rhode Island. he consolidation or division of colonies, when it occurred, happened by skillful diplomacy…
THE SUPREMACY DOCTRINE basically states that national laws have supremacy to state laws. This is why the Bush administration can tell California to 'reign in' their medical marijuana laws. Because national law is predicated on the dogmatic belief that marijuana has no medical uses, it is what is considered a 'schedule one' drug such as heroin or LSD.
c. In this context, JUDICIAL REVIEW is the power of a court to review a law or an official act of a State for the violation of basic principles of justice. If DEA agents or federal marshals were to arrest a pharmacist for selling marijuana, the case would ultimately represent the interests of California vs. those of the federal government and be taken to the Supreme Court, the highest court in the land. (no pun intended)
D. FEDERALISM is the idea that the national government should have jurisdiction over state or local governments. Whereas originally the central government derived its power from the States (people after the revolution would say 'the United States are,') currently administrative law is the law of the land; for instance, executive orders take precedence over even Constitutional law. In the context of the medical marijuana debate, California would not be able to maintain policies that violated federal law. In extreme examples such as that of school integration in the 1950's, the federal government has even sent federal marshals to uphold federal laws.
Liberalism1: Chapters 1-3IntroductionThe Industrial evolution changed the rules of the game in England in the 19th century. Zevin shows that the aristocracy had ruled in the past; but by the 1840s, a new order had emergedone in which a rising middle class now had a common voice and an interest in controlling or at least shaping markets. This paper highlights how those who started and edited The Economist were in league in terms of wanting a liberal marketa free marketone that was not pre-determined and subjected to the whims and will of the aristocracy.SynthesisThe Economist was born out of the Anti-Corn Law League that rose up to challenge the aristocratic tariff that kept foreign competition in wheat out of the country, and domestic prices high (Zevin, 2019, p. 22). Its founder was James Wilson, a Scottish hat manufacturer and author, whose powerful vision of a free trade world, first set…
ReferencesZevin, Alexander. (2019). Liberalism at large: The world according to The Economist. London: Verso.
One need only read the newspaper "Classified" ads to realize that employers are trying many clever marketing tactics to attract prospective nurses into their organizations. Many are offering sign-on bonuses, extra benefits and other amenities to attract a limited supply of nurses. As both the general population and the elderly population grow, the number of nurses needed to care for them increases proportionally as well. The number of people choosing to pursue nursing as a career has been on the decline, mainly due to long working hours, low pay, high job stress and other factors. These factors will not resolve themselves if the nursing deficit continues to increase. In addition, graduate nurses find it difficult to enter the workforce due to their lack of experience and a shortage of mentors to teach them. The solution is simple, more nurses are needed, and soon. Novice nurses are fresh graduates who…
Durkin, Barbara.(2002) Reliving Hospital Mistake: Mom recalls overdose case February
24, 2002. Newsday, Inc.
Lang, Susan. (1996) Lack of nursing assistants is an impending crisis, says Cornell gerontologist. Cornell University. Cornell University. http://www.news.cornell.edu/releases/May96/nursingassistants.ssl.html . Accessed June, 2002.
National League for Nursing (NLN). (2000). Unpublished Data. New York, NY. http://nursing.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?site=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.nln.org%2Faboutnln%2Fnews_tricouncil2.htm. Accessed June, 2002.
Voting isn't just important to Democracy. Voting is Democracy." I have long been proud of our country, and honored to participate in its electoral process, even if that process sometimes seems complicated and flawed. As a 38-year-old, I have voted in several different elections, all in the same voting precinct of Meigs, Georgia. My values, attitudes, and beliefs have been strongly shaped by my community. I am a person with strong and immutable values, dedication to faith and family, and to my country. hen I first registered to vote at the age of 18, I did not yet realize the power I had as an individual citizen. I still felt like a teenager, not quite a child anymore, but poised to be a fully functioning citizen of the United States. Yet it would be several more election cycles for me to recognize the potency of our democracy.
Registering to vote…
Brewster, Ben. "The Importance of Voting to a Democracy." Retrieved online: https://www.sec.state.vt.us/kids/contest/2005/9_12_winner_2005.htm
Osnos, Evan. "President Trump." The New Yorker. Sept 26, 2016.
Von Spakovsky, Hans A. "New State Voting Laws: Barriers to the Ballot?" Retrieved online: http://www.heritage.org/research/testimony/2011/09/new-state-voting-laws-barriers-to-the-ballot
e., "Christian Choate was 13 years old when he died two years ago in a dog cage and was buried in a plastic bag near an Indiana trailer park" and "They also believe Christian's father, who led police to the grave, had for years beaten the boy and kept him in a cage") in an effort to alert readers to the problem of child abuse and neglect at the national level, and emphasizes time and again that the problem is likely underreported and current statistics most likely just represent "the tip of the iceberg" (p. A7).
Having prefaced her article with this disturbing example of the extremes that child abuse can assume, Wetzstein goes on to explain the differences in definitions used by different states makes precise national prevalence estimates difficult, but all signs indicate that there is a national problem that is expected to increase unless and until something…
Hays, A., Shultz, M. & Todahi, J. (2011, February 3). Together, we can reduce child abuse in county by 90%. The Register-Guard, A7.
Radich, J. (2011, April 7). Repairing families is the key to addressing child abuse. The Register-
Region's child abuse Complaints on Rise. (2011, November 24). The Gympie Times, A7.
The state has long held an English-only language policy in the classroom. By law, teachers are not allowed to provide instruction in any other language than English. However, many students do not have the English language skills to understand directions or vocabulary. In addition, many parents cannot help their children with their homework because they do not speak English. This creates a difficult environment for students, parents and educators.
The NCELA, or National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition, provides a great deal of meaningful information for ELL educators. They share information from scientific research studies that have been conducted into the current condition and future trends for ELL learning in America. They also offer information concerning assessment accommodations by state for ELL learners, best practices for educating populations such as Native American and Alaskan natives, and the school readiness of pre-K ELL children. The site provides links that…
Bland, K. (2006, February 26). State struggles to help English-learners achieve. Arizona Republic. Retrieved April 24, 2010 from http://www.azcentral.com/arizonarepublic/news/articles/0226ellday1blomo0226.html?&wired
Diaz-Rico, L. & Weed, K. (2010). The crosscultural, language, and academic development handbook. (4th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Iddings, A., Risko, V. & Rampulla, M. (2009). When you don't speak their language: guiding English-language learners through conversations about text. The Reading Teacher, (63)1, 52-61.
National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition. (n.d.). Retrieved April 24, 2010 from http://www.ncela.gwu.edu/development/
Fear and Access to Mental Health Support
Mental health treatment is, in a certain regard, a widely accepted sector of the healthcare community. However, in spite of continued advances in this field, there remain many demographics which present a heightened and unmet need for mental health support. The review here, which assess two recent newspaper articles on the subject to mental health, reports on the need for an expansion and refinement of the responsibilities assumed by the mental health community.
Craft, C.H. (2012). U.S. mental health programs little help to Latinos, UC Davis study says. The Sacramento Bee.
A 2012 article by Cynthia H. Craft, published in The Sacramento Bee and entitled "U.S. mental health programs little help to Latinos, UC Davis study says," evaluates the relative experience of disenfranchisement from mental health treatment and counseling among Latinos living in the United States. The article evaluates the various…
Craft, C.H. (2012). U.S. mental health programs little help to Latinos, UC Davis study says. The Sacramento Bee.
Ortega, J.R. (2012). Behavioral health expert talks future of mental, primary health care. Victoria Advocate.
Loans Envisioned Research Methodology
Association Loans: Association Loans Envisioned Research Methodology
Association Loans: Envisioned Research Methodology
Envisioned research Methodology and Design
Descriptive Research Methods
Research Designs Considered
Explanatory Sequential Design
Exploratory Sequential Design
The Embedded Design
Research Validity and Reliability
Strengths and weaknesses
Method of Data Collection
Primary Data Collection
Secondary Data Collection
Justifying Choice and Alternative methods/designs
The loan associations work on different grounds as compared with commercial bank loans. The commercial and saving bank loans and financing options are usually provided by the financial service providers are more focused to provide funds for business venture. The loan's security is also devised based on credit cards, business performance, and the likelihood of growth potential. However, the loan associations and building loans are more concerned about promoting land and building ownerships.…
Bryman, A., & Bell, E. (2007). Business research methods. USA: Oxford University Press.
Caprio Jr., G., & Vittas, D. (Eds.). (2007). Reforming financial systems: historical implications for policy. USA: Cambridge University Press.
Creswell, J. W & Clark, V.L.P (2010). Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research. USA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Dexter, S. (2009). A treatise on co-operative savings and loan associations. USA: BiblioLife, L.L.C.
Some of the characteristics of this country include community policing, a patriarchal family system, the importance of higher education, and the way businesses serve as surrogate families. Asian societies are also "shame-based" rather than "guilt-based" as Western societies are. For example, it is unthinkable to commit a crime in such places because of the shame it would bring upon one's family and the business or corporation with which that family is associated with. (Stevens, 2004, Places with little… section, ¶ 2).
In the book, Comparative criminal justice, Francis J. Pakes (2004) points out that when compatriots become involved in trouble with the law abroad, the news media invariably gains an interest in criminal justice in far-away places. When a case in a foreign country ends, albeit, the increased interest in the criminal justice system of the country at issue with the law in the U.S. dissipates. The media attention to…
Lah, K., Cooper, a., Ahmed, S. & Sanchez, C. (2009, ). American jailed in Japan for trying to reclaim his children. CNN.com. Retrieved October 21, 2009 from http://www.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/asiapcf/09/29/japan.father.abduction/index.html?ere
Morley, J.D. (2008, March 28). News India-Times, Retrieved October 21, 2009 from http://www.internationalfamilylawfirm.com/2008/03/international-parental-child-abduction.html
Pakes, F.J. (2004). Comparative criminal justice. Willan Publishing. Retrieved October 21, 2009
The same variables of the cranial and caudal sacs would be observed in order to determine if the sounds being produced where indeed coming from these organs or not. It may be that these two organs are either the source of the sound or are in someway related to the sound that these researchers heard during the tank experiment coming from the swimbladder.
Did the newspaper article describe the research article correctly? Explain.
The newspaper article "Hearing the Repertoire of a Very Fearsome Fish" by Bhanoo (2011) did a good job in describing the research article correctly. It described how the researchers used piranhas to study and how they used a hydrophone to record underwater sounds coming from the piranhas. It described how the sounds made were recorded during fighting, charging and frontal display. The author explained how it was previously believed that piranhas produced only a single barking sound,…
Bhanoo, S.N. 2011. "Hearing the Repertoire of a Very Fearsome Fish." Web. Available at:
Millot, S., Vandewalle, P. & Parmentier, E. 2011. "Sound production in red-bellied piranhas
(Pygocentrus nattereri, Kner): an acoustical, behavioural and morphofunctional study." The Journal of Experimental Biology, 214, 3613-3618.
Shea, S. (2011, December 20 ). Chile's Mapuche community finds international support. Santiago Times .
This newspaper article is about a request made to the United Nation by a group of authors, artists, and academics from Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Mexico, Guatemala and the United States to help stop the violence against the Mapuche people. The letter addressed to the UN apporteur for the ights of Indigenous People, sort for an immediate intervention. The Mapuche are about 600,000 in number and mainly reside in the Araucania egion of southern Chile. This is a ten-year conflict based on land dispute between Chilean government and the Mapuche Indians. The Mapuche claim ancestral land ownership and on the other hand, the government is keen on using it for development projects. In the letter, the group accuses the police of using excessive force, citing human rights abuse against the Mapuche. They accused the government of…
Carruthers, D., & Rodriguez, P. (2009). Mapuche Protest, Environmental Conflict, and Social
Movement Linkage in Chile. Third World Quarterly .
Quilodran, F. (2011, June 3). Chile court rules on case of Mapuche Indians. The Seattle Times .
Shea, S. (2011, December 20 ). Chile's Mapuche community finds international support.
In addition to sexual intercourse and its variations, sexual liberation refers to the universe of human issues affecting all genders. America was propelled from the sexual enslavement of the 1950's to considerably increased sexual liberation of the 1980's and beyond. Two significant events of the 1960's that contributed to sexual liberation were the FDA approval of The Pill and the birth of the omen's Liberation Movement.
Sexual Suppression of the 1950's
An examination of liberation should begin with the sexual slavery of the 1950's. By current standards, sexual suppression was a numbing fact of 1950's America, particularly for women. For example, the legendary "Good ife's Guide" (Housekeeping Monthly, 1955) spouts standards that are otherworldly by today's norms. Perhaps its most oppressive statement is "A good wife always knows her place" (Housekeeping Monthly, 1955), though the guide serves up plenty of other now-hilarious goodies. "Assisting" housebound married women in…
Dekkers, O. (1971, December 12). National Women's political caucus. Retrieved on June 15, 2012 from proquest.umi.com Web site: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=23&did=659219891&SrchMode=1&sid=4&Fmt=3&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&VName=PQD&TS=1339792329&clientId=14844
Henry, A. (1978, February 28). Reproductive thinking. Retrieved on June 15, 2012 from proquest.umi.com Web site: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=2&did=659235281&SrchMode=2&sid=6&Fmt=3&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&VName=PQD&TS=1339792863&clientId=14844
Housekeeping Monthly. (1955, May 13). The Good Wife's Guide. Retrieved on June 15, 2012 from www.democraticunderground.com Web site: http://www.democraticunderground.com/discuss/duboard.php?az=view_all&address=105x1067598
Jansen, L. (1979, September 30). National women's political caucus convention. Retrieved on June 15, 2012 from proquest.umi.com Web site: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=4&did=659256351&SrchMode=2&sid=4&Fmt=3&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&VName=PQD&TS=1339792068&clientId=14844
The provision that persons cannot be deprived of liberty without due process of law takes precedence over the war powers." Both authors therefore agree that the American Constitution prohibits the unwarranted detention of citizens based on their ethnicity alone.
Only the Chicago Daily Tribune article uses the type of language befitting an editorial. For instance, the author uses terms like "prejudice" and "hysteria" to describe the issue. The Los Angeles Times article necessarily avoids strong language like this, and yet still manages to convince readers that the internment camps were legally and ethically wrong. The author achieves a subtle editorial commentary in the selection of quotations. For example, Justice Roberts is quoted as saying that W.R.A. centers are "euphemism for concentration camps" and along with other dissenting justices on the Supreme Court "denied there was any evidence that exclusion of the Japanese was a military measure." In the Chicago Daily…
Australia's taxation system is seen by some as being extremely complicated. It promotes tax evasion and limited understanding of the overall taxation process in Australia. Brinsden found that "Our system is ranked highest in 'complexity' and second lowest in 'fairness' when compared to the UK, USA, Canada, Singapore and Hong Kong." (1-2)
Rather than providing people with a more simplified tax system, the present day taxation policies have increased in complexity prompting some to believe Australia is headed towards an economic downturn. Businesses and the upper class are already using the complex tax policies to evade or seek further tax breaks as the middle class, immigrants, and working class suffer from the unfair policies.
One of the biggest hurdles faced by Australia's government is tax avoidance or evasion leading to a need for more revenue. Brinsden writes: "He said rather than the Australian Tax Office launching costly, large-scale taskforces, making…
Brinsden, Colin. "Australian tax system complex: survey." Sunday Morning Herald, June 19th, 2008.
Colebatch, Tim. "Business fears poor revenue outlook will hit tax breaks" Sunday Morning Herald, April 18th, 2013.
Dixon, Daryl. "How to pay less tax by splitting two incomes." The Canberra Times, October 30th, 1988.
Forrest, Andrew. "Tax will leave WA with little but dust." The West Australian, August 20th, 2010.
I would also like to know the suggested length of the canopy trees and the measurements of this 'partial shade'. (a third variable that I would like to know is what type of cacao they experimented with since there are different kinds).
These three aspects are important for the following reasons:
. The researchers may have studied only 2 rainforests in which case their research is insignificant. The rainforests may have had conditions that may have supported the researcher's conclusions -- we need a diversity of rainforests that contain different conditions in order to more reliably test hypothesis. The researchers may have conducted their research in an ad hoc manner or with certain shortfalls that would invalidate their conclusions. A scientific study needs to be both reliable and valid (in both external and internal way) to be accepted. Certain conditions for both elements need to be addressed. I would like…
1. The researchers may have studied only 2 rainforests in which case their research is insignificant. The rainforests may have had conditions that may have supported the researcher's conclusions -- we need a diversity of rainforests that contain different conditions in order to more reliably test hypothesis. The researchers may have conducted their research in an ad hoc manner or with certain shortfalls that would invalidate their conclusions. A scientific study needs to be both reliable and valid (in both external and internal way) to be accepted. Certain conditions for both elements need to be addressed. I would like to know whether researchers met these in order to know whether to accept study http://news.mongabay.com/2007/0305-sulawesi.html#DR35bKAtoweXgSRq.99
2. The height of the trees as well as diameter of shade is important in order to recreate study
3. Cacao comes in various types. I would like to know whether researchers experimented with just one kind or several in order to know whether to generalize to cacao as a whole.
The differential earning gap between men and women reflects that no matter what level the salary; gaps exist.
Education levels have led to numerous changes in reducing the gap between the genders vs. The gaps between the genders with less education. The Conference oard of Canada cites the following differences between the different levels of education or training and the differentials between the genders:
Women aged 25 to 29 holding a graduate or professional diploma and working on a full-time, full-year basis earned 96 cents for every dollar earned by their male counterparts in 2005.
Women with a bachelor's degree earned 89 cents for every dollar earned by their male counterparts.
Women with a registered apprenticeship or trades certificate earned only 65 cents for every dollar earned by their male counterparts.
Young women with no high school diploma earned 67 cents for every dollar earned by young men with the…
Bibliography www.scwist.ca "Women still earn less than men for the same work, Canadian census say" Fran
Donaldson. Society for Canadian Women in Science and Technology. 2 May 2008
Web. 28 March 2010.
www.canadianlabour.ca "New report reveals a widening gap between men and women in Canada" Jeff Atkinson. Canadian Labour Congress. 6 March 2008. Web 28 March
It is for this reason that I am renewing my application to your institution.
One of INSEAD's most attractive qualities is the internationalism of its student body and its curriculum. I have visited other campuses and programs, and though international communities and thought patterns are nominally represented, neither students, faculty, nor alumni were as connected to the international community as I feel is necessary for a truly effective education in today's business climate. Real estate is a global business, and I intend to pursue it as such -- with all of the responsibilities and opportunities that this entails. INSEAD's program will help me build international contacts and find opportunities outside of my native France, making me a more effective and a more well-rounded individual.
I have already begun to shift towards this international perspective, but I lack the experience and the managerial knowledge and skills that would enable me to…
Corporate communications involves not just the message, but the idea that communications are managed, and are connected to corporate objectives (Cornelissen, 2004). Therefore, when communication possibilities were limited, corporate options were limited, and one did not see communications management perspectives that advocated the type of intimate connection between communications and corporate strategy that one sees in a modern context (Cornelissen, 2004). What this makes clear is that CC is not simply, or even primarily, about communications; it is an overall corporate strategy that helps define how a corporation interacts with the world.
The emphasis on communication is very different from how corporations were traditionally, historically structured. Traditionally, strategic planning occurred at the top of the corporate structure, management was considered a mid-level activity, and operational control was the function of first-level management, and this corporate strategy was used in most workplaces (Oliver, 1997). However, as institutional hierarchies were challenged and…
Argenti, P 2007, The power of corporate communication. Available from:
. [17 July 2011].
Argenti, P 2006, The power of integration: building a corporate communication function that is greater than the sum of its parts. Available from: . [13 July 2011].
Argenti, P & Forman, J 2002, The power of corporate communication: crafting the voice and image of your business. McGraw-Hill, New York.
In 1985, New runswick's government amended the Medical Act such that any physician performing an abortion not in a hospital, would be guilty of professional misconduct. In 1994, this provision was found to be unconstitutional.
However, New runswick still refuses to pay for abortions performed in privately operated clinics.
Doctor Morgentaler is quoted by Moulton (2003) as accusing the New runswick provincial government of not only being sexist and chauvinistic, but also of oppressing women. He relates the money that has been saved by not paying for these abortions to be in direct relation to the misery of women. However, Dr. Ed Schollenberg notes that there are more factors than just the debate over abortion that factor into this issue. There is also a general reluctance to provide funding for any private medical services, in New runswick. Although other areas of Canada enjoy a variety of private services, many of…
Humanist profile. (Jul/Aug 1992). Humanist, 52(4). Retrieved October 23, 2007, from Academic Search Premier database.
This article gives a brief overview of Dr. Morgentaler's personal history as well as a very brief accounting of his work regarding securing safe abortions in Canada.
Mills, D. (17 May 2007). Morgentaler launches lawsuit against New Brunswick. CanWest News. Retrieved October 23, 2007, from ProQuest database.
Mills discusses Morgentaler's most recent lawsuit against New Brunswick. In addition, demonstrators on both sides of the debate are discussed.
Sociology of the Workplace
Gender Inequality at Workplace
Dixon, S. (2001). Work Experience and the Gender Earnings Gap. New Zealand Economic apers, 35(2), 152+. Retrieved March 27, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/M.qst?a=o&d=5002436019
In this article, Dixon reviews and presents the information about the work experience profiles of men and women working in New Zealand. The author uses two methods, which were introduced by Zabalza and Arrufat (1985) and by Filer (1993) for adding the women's actual paid work experience into the house hold survey databases. By using the imputed experience values and other skills, Dixon determines the components that are responsible for gender wage gap in late 1990s. This article is useful for research because it investigates that the shortfall in average hourly earnings of women is due to women's lower average level of skills which are needed for productivity. Moreover, it also discusses briefly the…
Pini, B. (2005). Interviewing Men: Gender and the Collection and Interpretation of Qualitative Data. Journal of Sociology, 41(2), 201+. Retrieved March 28, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5011020239
Welsh, S. (1999). Gender and Sexual Harassment. Annual Review of Sociology,169. Retrieved March 28, 2012, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001895333
Wolf, W and Fligstein, N. (1979). Sex and Authority in the Workplace: The Causes of Sexual Inequality. American Sociological Review, Volume 44, Issue 2 (Apr., 1979), 235-252.
Advertising is known to utilize various strategies in order to create an impact to the audience in selling a particular product, service, or even an idea or program. With the popularity and prevalence of quantitative research in the 20th century, it has become common among advertising agencies, whatever the medium, to utilize statistics in their ads in order to convince readers/consumers to patronize their product. However, this practice has been abused by advertisers who wanted to persuade and convince readers/consumers through the advertisement. Thus, statistics have been used to create the impression that the ad's claim is validated through research, which are not always the case and the truth.
Misinterpretation or generalization through statistics has resulted to misleading claims and arguments that confuse, instead of informing, the audience. Take as an example the print ad released by the organization Asian Pals of the Planet in the August 23, 2004 issue…
Link for the newspaper article: http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9501E2DD103AF937A15753C1A9629C8B63 .
Collect analyze newsprint media depictions youth crime a -week period (i.e., check newspaper day weeks articles discussing youth crime justtcej] How media depict youth crime comparison actual picture youth Crime?YOu information actual youth crime picture Study Guide, textbook, Juristat reports relevant: 1.
Youth Crime in the Media
There is much controversy today in regard to youth crime, its effects on society, the way that it operates, and how it is perceived by the masses. The mass media currently has a lot of influence and it is very difficult for people to be able to filter information in order to avoid being manipulated. More and more media devices come to depict youth crime as a significant threat to society's well-being and emphasize the fact that conditions are likely to worsen in the near future if the reform does not occur. The masses have trouble understanding youth crime correctly because people generally…
Alvi, S. "Youth Criminal Justice Policy in Canada: A Critical Introduction," Springer, 2011.
Brennan, S. And Dauvergne M. "Police-reported crime statistics in Canada, 2010," Retrieved January 24, 2012, from the Statistics Canada Website: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/85-002-x/2011001/article/11523-eng.htm#a6
Brown, S. "Understanding Youth and Crime: Listening to Youth?," 2nd ed. Maidenhead, England: Open University Press, 2005.
Charron, M. "Neighbourhood Characteristics and the Distribution of Crime in Toronto: Additional Analysis on Youth Crime," Retrieved January 24, 2012 from the Statistics Canada Website: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/85-561-m/85-561-m2011022-eng.htm
Genetics & the Media
Author's note with contact information and more details on collegiate affiliation, etc.
Human genetics is a modern issue that moves from the forefront to the background of our global culture. It is not only a scientific endeavor, but it is also an activity laden with political implications, as well as a business opportunity for the media. Human genetics and human cloning become more accessible issues because the practice influences the average citizen more so than before, with or without the average citizen's knowledge. What the average person knows about human genetics and human cloning has been increased and influenced by media representations. The paper will focus on an article that questions the interest of genetic research in the mind of the general public as well as considers why human genetics and human cloning are media-worthy at all.
Article eview: Genetics & the Media
Bubela, T.M. & Caufield, T.A. (2004) Do the print media "hype" genetic research? A comparison of newspaper stories and peer-reviewed research papers. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 170(9), 1399 -- 1407.
The Cost of Instability
Access to health insurance has become a major issue in America and Elizabeth Legerski, in her article titled "The Cost of Instability: The Effects of Family, Work, and Welfare Change on Low-Income Women's Health Insurance Status" discusses the effect of being a low-income woman in relation to their access to health insurance. In her research Legerski used what she called a "secondary analysis of three waves of data from the Welfare, Children, and Families Project" A Three-City Study using a series of multinomial logistic regression models." (Legerski, 2012, p.644) This means she conducted no actual research herself but analyzed the data that was collected from another study to use for hers. The research study that Legerski used collected data from low-income families in Boston, Chicago, and San Antonio over a period of time. The data was collected through surveys given to the family's primary female…
Legerski, Elizabeth. (Sept. 2012). "The Cost of Instability: The Effects of Family,
Work, and Welfare Change on Low-Income Women's Health Insurance Status."
Sociological Forum, 27 (3), 641-657. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1573-7861.2012.01339.x/abstract
The author notes, "Crime news itself emerged as a distinct aspect of urban reporting; it grew with the penny press and rapidly became a mainstay of these urban dailies."
These journalistic accounts of the murder kept it alive throughout the city, but also led to many fictional accounts of the murder, including a story by Edgar Allen Poe, who supposedly "solved" the mystery of who killed Mary in his story.
Srebnick also uses Mary's murder to paint a disturbing picture of New York culture at the time. People may think that the mid nineteenth-century was a much more serene time in history, but in reality, the culture was extremely violent. The author states, "Neighbors struck, bit, and hit each other; they tore at noses and ears and hair. Generally, however, the fights did not result in death."
She shows how attitudes about crime altered the criminal justice system and helped…
Srebnick, Amy Gilman the Mysterious Death of Mary Rogers: Sex and Culture in Nineteenth-Century New York. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
Amy Gilman Srebnick the Mysterious Death of Mary Rogers: Sex and Culture in Nineteenth-Century New York. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995, 81.
Brauer, J.C. (1954). The Nature of English Puritanism: Three Interpretations." Church History. 23 (2): 99-108.
Coon, D. (1976). Eliza Lucas Pinckney and the eintroduction of Indigo Culture in South Carolina. The Journal of Southern History. 42 (1): 61-76.
Daniels, B.C. (1991). "Did the Puritans Have Fun? Leisure, ecreation, and the Concept of Fun in Early New England." Journal of American Studies. 25 (1) 7-22.
Governors of Massachussettes. (1768). "Massachusetts Circular Letter to the Colonial Legislatures." Yale University's Avalon Project. etrieved from http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/mass_circ_let_1768.asp
Judgments and Decrees National Archives, ecords of District Courts of the United States, ecord Group 21. (1773). "Dowry Gift of Slaves: Ann Taylor vs. Thomas Hart Jr.." The National Archives Documented ights. etrieved from http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/documented-rights/exhibit/section1/detail/dowry-gift-transcript.html
Lambert, F. "I Saw the Book Talk': Slave eadings of the First Great Awakening." The Journal of Negro History Vol. 77, No. 4 (Autumn, 1992), pp. 185-198. etrieved from http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3031473?uid=3739600&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=47699031113437
Brauer, J.C. (1954). The Nature of English Puritanism: Three Interpretations." Church History. 23 (2): 99-108.
Coon, D. (1976). Eliza Lucas Pinckney and the Reintroduction of Indigo Culture in South Carolina. The Journal of Southern History. 42 (1): 61-76.
Daniels, B.C. (1991). "Did the Puritans Have Fun? Leisure, Recreation, and the Concept of Fun in Early New England." Journal of American Studies. 25 (1) 7-22.
Governors of Massachussettes. (1768). "Massachusetts Circular Letter to the Colonial Legislatures." Yale University's Avalon Project. Retrieved from http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/mass_circ_let_1768.asp
For Bush, the "formation and refining of policy proposals" (Kingdon's second process stream in policymaking) came to fruition when he got elected, and began talking to legislators about making educators and schools accountable. Bush gave a little, and pushed a little, and the Congress make its own changes and revisions, and the policy began to take shape. The third part of Kingdon's process stream for Bush (politics) was getting the necessary votes; Bush had his handlers buttonhole certain conservative politicians, and united them with Democrats, to get enough votes to pass the NCLB.
Meantime, it was truly "organized anarchy" as the debate in the House and Senate lasted seven weeks, and some members of Congress rejected the idea of having the NAEP double check state statistics that show whether test scores have gone up or not. Civil rights groups attacked the bill, saying it would be unfair to minorities.
American Federation of Teachers. "NCLB - Let's Get it Right." Retrieved 7 Dec. 2007 at http://www.aft.org/topics/nclb/index.htm .
American Teacher. "Harvard study cites NCLB implementation flaws." (April 2004) Retrieved Dec. 2007 through http://www.aft.org/pubs-reports/american_teacher/apr04/nclb.html .
Nation at Risk. "An Open Letter to the American People: The Imperative for Educational
Reform." April 1983. Department of Education. Retrieved 10 Dec. 2007 at http://www.ed.gov /pubs/natAtRisk/findings.html.
Unfamiliar vocabularies relating to learning and cognition emerged in the course of Week 4's readings and research. These include "mnemonics," "mental representation," and "domain knowledge." Mnemonics may essentially be defined as the techniques an individual uses to enhance memorization. These techniques are useful for learning as they help retain crucial information in the long-term memory. When information is retained in the long-term memory, it is organized in a certain manner. This is referred to as mental representation. Mental representation plays an important role in learning as learning generally occurs when the learner has a clear picture of a given phenomenon in his/her mind. Domain knowledge simply refers to knowledge relating to a given area or field. For instance, seasoned doctors have extensive knowledge of the domain of medicine. They acquire this knowledge not inherently, but through continuous learning.
A major focus of research in the area of learning…
An even more recent case of piracy, which occurred when a cruise ship was captured off the coast of Somalia, suggests the violence of piracy. Armed security personnel on the cruise ship traded fire with the pirates, who fled. Though no one was hurt, trading gunshots at sea was probably not what the passengers of the cruise ship had in mind when they signed up for the vacation (infield). It would not be surprising if the passengers and crew of the ship were forever scared by this frightening experience. These two incidents show that piracy today is not the piracy of literature; instead, it is a dangerous crime for both perpetrator and victim.
Thus, while pirates have traditionally been the beloved characters of adventures and children's novels, they no longer amuse and entertain us. Instead, they commit crimes that result in death and ruined lives. Because of this, Vandergrift wonders…
Winfield, Nicole. "Italy cruise ship fires on Somali pirates." Google News. 26 April
2009. The Associated Press. 26 April 2009.
In this short news article, the author describes Somali Pirates' attempt to take an Italian cruise ship, which carried around 1500 passengers and crew. The attempt was thwarted when the cruise ship's security guards fired on the pirates. No one was hurt.
g. culture shock, potential solutions and/or considerations to better overcome potential negative consequences are examined during the proposed literature review.
Research Questions to Guide Exploration
The research questions proposed for this study, presented in the previous chapter will help ensure sources remain in tune with proposed aims and objectives.
1. hat challenges/scrutinizes currently confront Middle Eastern Students attending George Mason University, located in the heart of Northern
2. How did 911 impact policies related to Arabian students?
3. Do Arabian students and/or the U.S. gain any intrinsic value(s) from time invested to study in the U.S.
Along with answering these research questions, additional consideration will be invested in culture shock, George Mason University; U.S. government policies following the 911 disaster; positive counters to culture shock and other relevant current concerns.
2.2: In the U.S.A.
U.S. Government Policies Following the 911 Disaster
George Mason University actively promotes positive cultural interactions.…
Arensberg, Conrad M. (1964). Introducing Social Change. Aldine Publishing Company. Chicago, IL
Campus Blues. Campus Center. (2001) Some Facts Psychologists Know About Foreign Student' Adjustments. Retrieved (7/16/02) at http://www.campusblues.com
CNN Law Center. (May 2002). INS Aims to Better Track Foreign Students in the U.S. Retrieved (7/19/02) at http://www.cnn.com/2002/LAW/ins.students
Cushner, Kenneth. (1996) Intercultural Interactions: A Practical Guide.
The question of whether TANF is working to reduce the number of teen pregnancies is inconclusive. The literature review leaves many more questions than answers.
The literature review found many conflicting results and studies that were significantly flawed. The real impact of TANF on teen pregnancies cannot be determined from the studies conducted thus far. The mass media was found to quote inconclusive findings. The body of evidence found is in need to further studies to determine the status and effects of TANF on teen pregnancy. This research will fill the gap in research by providing a reliable assessment of the impact of TANF on the ability to teen mothers to become independent and successful.
The literature review found many effects of TANF on the status of mothers as a result of the program. However, there were many flaws found in the program as well. In order for TANF…
Acs, G. And Koball, H. (2003). TANF and the Status of Teen Mothers under Age 18. No. a-62 in Series, "New Federalism: Issues and Options for States." Retrieved March 25, 2007 at http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=310796 .
Center for Impact Resarch (CIR) (2001). Accessing TANF Assistance: A survey of Low-Income
Young Mothers in Chicago. Retrieved March 25, 2007 at http://www.impactresearch.org/documents/chicagotanfexecutive.pdf
Kaestner, R., Korenman, S., and O'Neill, J.(2003). Has Welfare Reform Changed Teenage
Climate change, or global warming, is threating the ecosystems of millions of different species. There are at least 8 million unique species of life on the planet and many of the animals are under a threat that is not due to direct human involvement (alsh). The habitat destruction that is being caused is not something that animal protection acts can address. The problem is with the changing conditions of the environment, these species are losing their habitats altogether or being forced to either migrate or adapt. There have been five extinction waves in the planet's history -- including the Permian extinction 250 million years ago, when an estimated 70% of all terrestrial animals and 96% of all marine creatures vanished, and, most recently, the Cretaceous event 65 million years ago, which ended the reign of the dinosaurs (alsh). Therefore, it could be said that the environmental protection acts or not…
Benzie, R. "Tim Hudak warns endangered species regulations hurting business." 26 February 2013. The Star. Online. 12 April 2004.
Castelnuovo, R. "Case Studies in History and Society." Which Home Do We Protect? The Challenge of Protecting Endangered Species and Property. A Review Essay on Private Property and the Endangered Species Act. Ed. Jason F. Shogren. Austin: Texas Press, 1999. 153.
Debate.org. Should we protect endangered species? N.d. .
Platt, J. "How Much Did the U.S. Spend on the Endangered Species Act in 2012?" 1 November 2013. Scientific American. Online. 13 April 2014.
The course work has immensely improved my reading, writing, and thinking skills. Prior to reading the course materials, there were established beliefs on certain issues and interest in me. For example, the issue of racism and health care was a matter that had always caught my attention, because of my Hispanic heritage. acism was a topic of concern and interest, but I was never a victim of any form of racism. Therefore, from the beginning, I was not in a position to fathom the ordeal and experiences minorities go through because of racism. It is through reading, writing and analytical thinking of articles that I appreciated this social dynamic. It has always been difficult for me to explain and imagine that I could be a victim of racism.
After this course, I am able to use my reading skills that have improved and increased my reading speed and…
Bond J. & Bond S. (1994). Sociology and Health Care. NY: Churchill Livingstone.
Parks, J.A. & Wike, V.S. (2010). Bioethics in a changing world. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Wilson, W.K. & Kass, L.R. ( 1998).The ethics ofHuman Cloning.New York: AEI Press.
hat fascinated the chimps the most among the various items / objects that were placed within their immediate proximity? The infants seem to gravitate visually to the most complex forms. For example, they stared at a bull's eye, a checkerboard and items with stripes; and these items were "preferred" no matter how many weeks old the chimp was. So that settled (it seemed) the issue of whether or not an infant has form perception at birth -- infants do indeed have that ability, the study indicated.
Unlike the chicks' ability to perceive form -- which they do instinctively because their DNA informs them that they need food, nourishment -- human infants have to depend on other humans to care for them. So the Fantz team of researchers -- to take the case deeper into understanding -- presented a total of 49 human infants with three "identical sized" oval disks (p.…
Franz, RL. "The Origin of Form Perception." Scientific American. Number 204, 61-72. (1961).
Previous to Darwin, it has been considered that animals had nothing in connection with humans, since their brutish behavior had been very different from the sociable and civilized one displayed by people. French philosopher Rene Descartes apparently thought of animals to be nothing but machines that acted in conformity to the same laws to which inanimate matter had functioned. Quite the reverse happened when concerning humans, as, in spite of the fact that their bodies reacted similar to those of animals, they possessed a soul given to them by a divine being.
Darwin believed that there had been several similarities between the thinking of an ape and that of man. However, even he accentuated the fact that there had been great differences in cerebral power between the most primitive man and the most intelligent ape. It seems that Bambification firstly appeared as a result of people being inclined to anthropomorphize,…
1. Berger, John (1980), 'Why Look at Animals?' In About Looking, London: Writers & Readers. (book)
2. De Waal, Frans. (2001). "The Ape and the Sushi Master: Cultural Reflections by a Primatologist." Basic Books. (book)
3. Marks, Johnatan. (2002). "What It Means to Be 98% Chimpanzee: Apes, People, and Their Genes." University of California Press. (book)
4. Mezo, Richard Eugene. (1993). "A study of B. Traven's fiction: the journey to Solipaz." Edwin Mellen Press. (book)
From an environmental perspective this work demonstrates the fact that the growth of this movement has been reinvigorated as a result of the fact that many have come to understand how dangerous many of the chemicals used in commercial agriculture are to the earth and the body. "The last few years have seen the issues of BSE, genetically modified foods, hormone disruption and antibiotic resistance come to the fore and there is a greater recognition that what we eat is vitally important to our health." She notes that many of the pesticides and herbicides we have used in the past have been a destructive force and are no longer even considered safe, but were deemed so prior to the modern research that has more scientifically established their unwanted and pollutant effects on both the body and earth.
Organic Food Benefits. Nutiva. Organic Food Association. 2003. http://www.nutiva.com/nutrition/organic.php.
This informative article demonstrates…
Weed's extensive article demonstrates that organic food growing is much more likely than other types of agriculture to take biodynamic consideration of soil and the need for retaining minerals and other helpful chemicals in the soil in which we grow food. If this is not paid attention to then organic and non-organic foods are both equally at risk of creating health problems.
Whole Foods Magazine. Whole Foods Natural Foods Guide: What Happens to Natural Food Products from Farmer to Consumer. Berkeley, California: and/or Press, 1979.
This work is an old standard, outlining the manner in which whole foods and natural foods meet consumer needs. This work is expansive and even includes recipes with handy shopping guides as well as demonstrative reasons why organic food growth is better for the body, the environment and communities.