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Noise Pollution Essays (Examples)

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How to Control Workplace Noise
Words: 709 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80299268
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Noise Controls

Engineering controls should be the first choice for dealing with noise pollution issues in the workplace, and this is NIOSH policy - they have three categories that all involve engineering and all three are ranked higher than administrative controls and PPE (NIOSH, 2015). Engineering solutions would include designing noise buffers around particular pieces of equipment, whereas administrative controls would reflect things like supplying protective equipment or scheduling people to reduce their exposure to unsafe noise levels. There are two reasons for this. First, an engineering solution is a one-time fix that hopefully will solve the problem, so that it no longer needs to be dealt with. Second, an engineering solution deals with the problem by reducing the amount of noise, where an administrative solution merely works around the problem, but the problem still persists.

There are some instances where it is onerous to use engineering controls first. In…


NIOSH (2015). Controls for noise exposure. Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved December 4, 2015 from

Control of Indoor and Noise
Words: 1713 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22609257
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Blondeau, P., Tiffonnet, a.L., Damian, a., Amiri, O., and Molina, J.L. (2003). Assessment of contaminant diffusivities in building materials from porosimetry tests. Indoor Air, 13(3), 310-318.

Daisey, J.M., Angell, W.J., and Apte, M.G. (2003). Indoor air quality, ventilation and health symptoms in schools: an analysis of existing information. Indoor Air, 13(1), 53-64.

Fink a. (1998). Conducting research literature reviews: From paper to the Internet . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

Overmeire, M.V., Verbrandt, F.J.. & Jonckheere, .E. (1999) Noise Pollution: Causes, effects and control. In Environmental Management in Practice: Compartments, Stressors, and Sectors. Volume: 2, eds. Nath, B. Hens, L. Compton, P. & Devuyst, D. London: outledge.

Palfrey, J. (1994) Community child health: An action plan for today. Westport, CT: Praeger

Pope, C.A., Thun, M.J., Namboodiri, M.M., Dockery, D.W., Evans, J.S., Speizer, F.E., and Heath, C.W. (1995). Particulate air pollution as a predictor of mortality in a prospective study of…


Blondeau, P., Tiffonnet, a.L., Damian, a., Amiri, O., and Molina, J.L. (2003). Assessment of contaminant diffusivities in building materials from porosimetry tests. Indoor Air, 13(3), 310-318.

Daisey, J.M., Angell, W.J., and Apte, M.G. (2003). Indoor air quality, ventilation and health symptoms in schools: an analysis of existing information. Indoor Air, 13(1), 53-64.

Fink a. (1998). Conducting research literature reviews: From paper to the Internet . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

Overmeire, M.V., Verbrandt, F.J.R. & Jonckheere, R.E. (1999) Noise Pollution: Causes, effects and control. In Environmental Management in Practice: Compartments, Stressors, and Sectors. Volume: 2, eds. Nath, B. Hens, L. Compton, P. & Devuyst, D. London: Routledge.

Multiple Forms of Pollution Are Quickly Becoming
Words: 2377 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31213112
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Multiple forms of pollution are quickly becoming a focal point of concern for many societies concerned with both human and natural environments. One of the primary difficulties with controlling pollution is that it frequently comes from many sources and possesses the power to contaminate numerous aspects of life. Additionally, companies and corporations are often very resistive to implementing pollution controls, as they can have substantial costs associated with them. Ordinary citizens, as well, tend to resist actions that potentially could help the environment simply because they are time consuming or conflict with other aims. Nevertheless, as the population of the earth grows and Americans continue to utilize an ever increasing amount of the world's resources and energy, pollution is reaching levels that threaten lives and the traditional functioning of society.

One form of pollution that has received increased attention in recent years has been noise pollution. Usually, the problem is…

Works Cited:

Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. (2005). "Pollution: Smells Like Money." Financial Times, Feb. 18.

Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. (2005). "Too Little, Too Late to Check Pollution." Financial Times, Feb. 17.

Dodson, Stanley I. And Anthony R. Ives. (1998). Ecology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Edwards, Rob. (2005). "Study Reveals Cancer Risk to Unborn Babies from City-Center Air Pollution." Sunday Herald, Feb. 20.

Urban Pollution by Joel A Tarr
Words: 926 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29535911
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Urban Pollution by Joel a. Tarr

Human Dissatisfaction

Joel Tarr's article, "Urban Pollution -- Many Long Years Ago" is largely about the form of urban pollution that preceded that created by automobiles. In short, this pollution was largely caused by horses, which were used as the dominant form of transportation from the end of the Middle Ages to the beginning of the 20th century. The author is essentially establishing a comparison between the pollution caused by horses and that caused by automobiles, although he devotes the vast majority of the article to elaborating on the fact that the pollution caused by horses was considered as big of a problem as the pollution caused by automobiles in the 1970s. If one examines the amount of space he uses for detailing the concerns regarding horse pollution to that of automobile pollution, one can infer that the former appears to be worse than…

Works Cited

Tarr, Joel. "Urban Pollution -- Many Long Years Ago."

Addressing the Problem of Pollution in Tampa Florida
Words: 4211 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35019060
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urban area of Tampa, Florida, and serves as an instrumental case study of how an urban locale can address problems of environmental health and safety. Specifically, this study assesses the failures and successes of Tampa to regulate and reduce water, air and waste pollution through various programs. Through quantitative analysis of city managers' statistics and survey of the population (random sampling), findings indicate that positive steps have been taken through initiatives like S.W.E.E.P. and the attention given to Tampa's estuaries and water sources so as to maintain healthy ecosystems. However, air pollution has yet to be addressed, as the state has eliminated its vehicle emissions testing. Coal-burning power plants like Big Bend also contribute to air pollution and a discussion of the beneficial impact of wind power is provided as a recommendation for addressing this issue.

Environmental Health and Safety Case Study: Tampa, Florida


Urban areas in the U.S.…


Ackermannn, T., Soder, L. (2000). Wind energy technology and current status: a review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 4(4): 315-374.

Boyle, G. (2012). Renewable Energy: Power for a Sustainable Future. UK: Oxford.

City of Tampa. (2013). Solid Waste Recycling. Retrieved from 

Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing among

Zapper Zapping Away the Annoying Sounds of
Words: 1672 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Marketing Plan Paper #: 99237370
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Zapper: Zapping Away the Annoying Sounds of Modernity

One of the most annoying aspects of modern life is the inability to find peace and quiet. Our entire lives are filled with noise, and our only respite is often turning up the volume on our own iPods. Zapper provides a solution to this problem of over-stimulation. The Zapper is a small device that can literally 'zap' away unwanted noise, spanning from background noise in a shopping mall to the loud phone conversation of your neighbor on train. In the workplace, it can give the customer a 'home away from home,' enabling him or her to find solitude amongst noisy coworkers. At home, it allows harried mothers and fathers to escape the loudness of a child's video game.

Consumers have had to resort to a variety of techniques to separate themselves from annoying, distracting sounds. Some people use earplugs; others use noise…


Noise pollution. (2012). UMDMJ. Retrieved:

Yu, Justin. (2012). Best noise-cancelling headphones. Retrieved:

IMC and Customer Satisfaction Zapper
Words: 1832 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Marketing Plan Paper #: 57576040
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In addition, there will be a follow-up interview process to capture specific area of low customer satisfaction scores. These scores will be used for process improvement and business process reengineering within the company. One of the most critical aspects of these measures is the need to use them to fundamentally re-architect the company and make it more customer-centric. This is critical for the Zapper to reflect customers' needs and requirements and for the company to have a very solid fidelity and transparency to its customers.

Measuring and Acting on Gaps Between Customer Expectations and Experiences

One of the innate strengths of the SEVQUAL methodology is the ability to quickly assess the differences between expectations and experiences quickly, and in very quantitative terms. These differences across expectations and experiences are measured with a minimum of 32 different variables, which can be highly effective in pinpointing just what areas of public relations,…


Allen, E., & Fjermestad, J. (2001). E-commerce marketing strategies: An integrated framework and case analysis. Logistics Information Management, 14(1), 14-23.

Genestre, a., & Herbig, P. (1996). Service expectations and perceptions revisited: Adding product quality to SERVQUAL. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 4(4), 72-82.

Gurau, C. (2008). Integrated online marketing communication: Implementation and management. Journal of Communication Management, 12(2), 169-184.

Hopen, D. (2003). The message is clear. Quality Progress, 36(10), 50-58.

Enviroprop the Following Project Is
Words: 557 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Business Proposal Paper #: 26175829
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It is therefore quite important to evaluate each experience on its own merits, as well as to how well each experience is integrated into the overall picture. An evaluation form has been developed for each participant as well as the parents of that participant. The evaluation form will be handed out at the end of each of the camps (whether the attendee stayed for a one-week or the full three-week course will be noted) for completion and return to the directors of the camp.

After the evaluation forms have been returned, the responses contained therein will be analyzed and broken down into categories pertaining to each camp experience and how it (they) were perceived by the campers. Follow-up questionnaires can be sent to each participant on a bi-yearly basis in order to gauge what type of long-term effects the camps continue to have on the participants.

The project is proposed…

Promoting Fuel Efficient Cars Establishing Green Spaces
Words: 889 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4937518
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promoting fuel efficient cars, establishing green spaces or forestry, random emission testing, and encouraging alternative transportation, walking, and bicycle use. The total cost is $15.5 M.

Fuel efficient cars

Fuel efficient cars not only reduces pollution but I chose it due to the fact that it is also a good option given today's rising gas prices.

Fuel efficient cars come in 2 categories -- electric and water. What this means is that these cars substitute gas -- which pollutes the atmosphere -- with either electricity or water or hydroxyl.

Hybrid cars are healthier for the environment since they combine gas and water (or electricity) producing lower emissions. They also reduce dependence on fossil fuel which is the main source of fuel today.(

The trade-offs of fuel efficient cars are first and foremost price. That, however, can be overcome by compelling distributors to lower the price by making it a more…


Future-Method. Fuel Efficient Hybrid Cars -- Initiatives to Reduce Pollution.

The benefits of alternative transportation 

Supnithadnaporn, (2007), Do Vehicles Passing Emission Test Pollute Less-Georgia Institute of Technology

Environmental Psychology
Words: 1405 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76019211
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psychology and human behavior. Specifically it will discuss the effects of population density on individuals, including noise and territoriality. Population density has a dramatic affect on the population, and it can even lead to major health concerns. Studies show that residents of high-noise areas suffer a variety of ailments, from loss of attention span to hearing loss and stress. The denser the population, the more noise, stress, and lack of personal space all come together to make living conditions far less bearable than any other living situation.

Noise is one of the biggest problems facing the residents of high-density population centers. Noise can affect just about every aspect of life, and it can make sleeping, learning, conversing, and every aspect of life nearly unbearable. Noise is a part of life, but high noise levels are often most prevalent in inner cities and areas of high population density, meaning that more…


Editors. (2009). The San Francisco noise model. Retrieved 23 Dec. 2009 from the San Francisco Department of Public Heath Web site: .

Goines, L. And Hagler, L. (2007). Noise pollution: A modern plague. Southern Medical Journal, Volume 100: p. 287-294.

Harris, A.S., Fleming, G.G., Lang, W.W. And Schomer, P.D. (2004). Reducing the impact of environmental noise on quality of life requires an effective national noise policy. Retrieved 23 Dec. 2009 from the Web site: .

Architecture Construction Thermal Isolation Materials
Words: 4132 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 46741322
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Currently, the cytotoxicity of chrysotile, which is a type of asbestos, as well as Rockwool along with other man-made vitreous fibers (MMVFs) have been evaluated by cell magnetometry. This method established cytoskeleton-dependent functions of macrophages, which contribute to a significant role in phagocytosis, and is used to assess the degree of harm caused on macrophages (Kudo, Kotani, Tomita and Aizawa, 2009).

Biological consequences of MMVFs have to be looked at not only at the cell level but also in the lung. To date there have been no studies done to look at the safety of Rockwool by way of lung magnetometry. In a study done by Kudo, Kotani, Tomita and Aizawa, 2009, rats were forced to inhale Rockwood a nose-only inhalation exposure system, and then looked at by lung magnetometry, a biopersistence test and pathological examination. The well-being features and safe utilization of mineral wools have been looked at for…

Works Cited

Baldwin, Stephen Andrew. (2010). "List of Materials to Build a Vocal Booth," viewed 20

October 2010, <>

"CSR Building Materials Rockwool Insulation," 2008, viewed 20 October 2010,

Brinkman Grills Analysis
Words: 1206 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 21492424
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Brinkman Grills Analysis

The Brinkman Corporation is among the leading organizations involved in the manufacture of outdoor cookers, outdoor lighting, smokers, lawn, handheld lighting, and garden products. It also engages in the manufacture of pet products, boat covers, camping equipment, and emington hunting and fishing gear. The name of the company provides it with the desired position in the market. For instance, the name is symbolic and represents quality provision of products, selection, innovation, styling, reliability, and performance. Although Brinkman Company began in the past thirty years, it has grown to achieve its desired performance abilities alongside the competitiveness in the global market. Above all, the company strives to achieve the provision of products that meet consumer needs, thereby, realizing its operational objectives (Company, n.d.).

Diagram of the EESC of the Brinkman Corporation

The Extended Enterprise Supply Chain (EESC) of the company comprises of different of various stakeholders, resources, and…


Bernus, P., & Fox, M. (2005). Knowledge sharing in the integrated enterprise: strategies for the enterprise architect. New York: Springer.

Company Info | Brinkmann. (n.d.). Company Info | Brinkmann. Retrieved July 3, 2014, from 

Dubbs, C., & Heberle, D. (2008). Smoking food: A beginner's guide. New York: Skyhorse Pub.

Siedel, G.J., & Haapio, H. (2011). Proactive law for managers: A hidden source of competitive advantage. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Pub. Company.

Generating Power With Coal Gangue
Words: 2487 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93702785
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Mining on the Denniston Plateau

Towards the northwestern side of South Island of New Zealand is situated a small settlement that is known by the name of Denniston. The area formed by this settlement is the West Coast region of the country. This small town is situated on the small Mount ochfort Plateau in the mountain ranges of Papahaua, which measure around 600 meters above sea level, meanwhile the distance from Westport is 18 kilometers towards northeast.

At the start of the 20th century, the population of this small settlement was recorded to be about 2000, because of the huge coal mine that is situated quite close to where the people had settled. Speaking of now, the area has become more of a ghost town and hardly 50 people live here. It will not be wrong to say that the fate, location and history of Denniston are not very different…


Barnden, A., & Harding, J. (2005). Shredders and leaf breakdown in streams polluted by coal mining in the South Island, New Zealand. University Of Canterbury. School Of Biological Sciences..

Cashdollar, K., & Sapko, M. (2006). . -- EXPLOSION HAZARDS OF COAL DUST IN THE PRESENCE OF METHANE. Handbook For Methane Control In Mining, 147.

Greenpeace International. (2010).,. (2014). Laws and treaties | Ministry for the Environment. Retrieved 21 August 2014, from

Environmental Concerns at Fll Fort
Words: 1219 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 74416715
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Port Everglades is a predominantly industrial area, with a container port and cruise ship port. Overall, however, noise levels at FLL for all airlines are below the federal standards.

The effort to manage noise pollution at FLL is ongoing. The airport authorities have submitted Noise Mitigation Principles to the FAA and are awaiting feedback on a preferred alternative for noise mitigation. The Broward County Board of County Commissioners also has a consultant to implement the noise mitigation program forthcoming.


The growth of FLL has mirrored growth in the region. The population of South Florida is expected to grow a further 25% by 2020. This will increase the strain on FLL. The lands adjacent to the airport are all developed, so there is little room for expansion. The 9R/27L runway, for example, cannot be expanded to accommodate jet traffic because of the course of I-95. Therefore, flights on the 9L/27R…

Works Cited

No author. (no date). FLL International: Building a Green Airport. Clean Airport Partnership. Retrieved November 8, 2008 at

No author. (2008). Noise Information. Broward County. Retrieved November 8, 2008 at ; 

Andrus, Katherine (2006) ATA Comments on FAA Noise Analysis for Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport. Air Transportation Association. Retrieved November 8, 2008 at  no author). (2000). Aviation and the environment: airport operations and future growth present environmental challenges United States General Accounting Office. Retrieved November 8, 2008 at 

No author. (no date). FLL International: Building a Green Airport. Clean Airport Partnership.

Appellate Brief to Be Submitted By Mark
Words: 1255 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21132744
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Appellate Brief

To be submitted by: Mark Maker

Supreme Court of the State of New York

Appellate Division: Second Judicial Department

Breezy Hollow Apartments,


Appellate Division Docket No.:


Sam Most,

Defendant, Appellant.


Mark Maker

Attorney for Defendant

999 Legislation Way


The Docket Number in the Court below is: 123456.

The full names of the original parties were:

Breezy Hollow Apartment- Plaintiff v Sam Most- Defendant.

This appeal is on behalf of Sam Most, Defendant.

The action was commenced in the Supreme Court of the State of New York, 2nd Judicial Department, County of Metropolis.


The action was commenced by the filing of a Petition in the Office of the Clerk of the Supreme Court on October 1, 2004.


This action is against Sam Most and is a petition pursuant to ____ to collect back rent.


This is…

Killer Whale Communication Vocal Communication
Words: 2725 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 92154699
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Measurements were obtained both in the presence of and the absence of whale watching boats. It was observed that a period of intense boating activity caused the killer whales to adjust their call duration levels to compensate for the background noise. This clearly indicates that anthropogenic noise levels directly interfere with the routine life of the killer whales, which are dependent on vocal communication for successful hunting and survival. [Andrew 2004]

It is well-known that anthropogenic sounds can even have fatal consequences as evidenced by the recent mass strandings of beaked whales that coincided with the mid frequency sonar exercises by the navy. A recent research by (Holt, 2009) focused on the effects of anthropogenic sounds on the vocal behavior of killer whales. The resident killer whales of the waters of the Puget Sound, Seattle, were the subjects of this study. The southern resident killer whales in three…


Whale Songs, 'Killer Whale', Accessed 15th March 2009, available at 

SeaWorld, ' Killer Whales: Communication and Echo Location," Accessed 15th March 2009, available at 

Wilfredo Santiago Benitez, 'Echolocation and strategy used by Southern resident Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) during foraging', 2005, Accessed 15th March 2009, available at 

Volcker B. Deecke, John KB Ford & Peter JB Slater, 'The Vocal Behavior of Mammal eating killer Whales: Communicating with Costly Calls ' Animal Behavior, 2005, 69, 395-405,

Airport Environmental Concerns at Orlando
Words: 926 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 19209491
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Federal legislation has required stricter noise standards for aircraft manufacturers. Now mandatory requirements by the Federal government that are working to phase out noisier aircraft. These new requirements have led to technological developments in the aircraft industry, in regards to developing quieter aircraft. Aircraft that do not meet these mandated standards have to be replaced or retrofitted, before they can fly ("Noise abatement program," n.d.). Land use is the third prong of MCO's noise reduction plan.

Acquisition of land both north and south of the main terminals is a significant assistance in reducing noise, for the airport. This is especially true as landings and takeoffs are north-south. Lake Warren lies directly north of the two largest runways, and it is sparsely populated directly south of these two runways. However, land is developed directly to the west of the airport boundaries.

Conclusion: ecommendations for esolution of the Problem

Currently, MCO is…


Aircraft noise exposure. (No date). Retrieved October 23, 2009, from .

Monitoring system. (No date). Retrieved October 23, 2009, from .

Noise abatement implementation responsibilities. (No date). Retrieved October 23, 2009, from .

Noise abatement program summary. (No date). Retrieved October 23, 2009, from .

Hartsfield-Jackson Airport the Advent of
Words: 2520 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66594539
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In addition, there are also numerous vehicles that are required for running the airport facilities such as baggage transportation, fuels transportation and maintenance and upkeep of the runways and surrounding lands require trucks and utility vehicles. The airport has switched, wherever possible, to natural gas or electricity run vehicles.

Economic Impact

There are, currently, 32 passenger airlines and 19 cargo airlines that use the Hartsfield-Jackson airport. The 2006 statistics as posted by the airport authorities on the official website offer the following details.

Passengers Cargo in Metro Tons

Freight/Express/Mail Aircraft Operations

Landings and Takeoffs




The airport is the largest employer in the State of Georgia, with a payroll of $2.4 billion. Approximately 56,000 individuals are employed by the airport either directly or through contracts agencies. It is estimated that the direct and indirect impact of the airport is $5.6 billion. In turn, "the annual, regional economic impact…


Diaz, M. (2007). "The International Airport Summit."

Retrieved February 26, 2008, at

Factbook. (2002). "World FactBook 2002."

Retrieved February 26, 2008, at .

International Regulation of Tourism in Antarctica
Words: 19613 Length: 75 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4075753
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International egulation of Tourism in Antarctica

Since the mid-1980s, Antarctica has been an increasingly popular tourist destination, despite the relative danger of visiting the largest, least explored -- and arguably least understood -- continent on earth. Beginning with the 1959 treaty establishing Antarctica as an international zone free of claims of sovereignty by nation's that had been instrumental in establishing research stations there, there has been almost constant negotiation about how to administer regulations pertaining to the preservation of life forms on the continent, what those regulations should be, and what sanctions should be applied and by whom.

To understand the depths of the negotiations, and the potential for discord, it is necessary to understand what the continent offer the 65% of global nations that are party to the 1959 and all subsequent treaties. To understand the possible future of Antarctica, it is necessary to outline treaty attempts to minimize…


Antarctica. Siyabona Africa Web site. Retrieved September 28, 2004 at

Chile Web site. Retrieved September 17, 2004 at 

Australia urges regulation as tourism to Antarctica escalates. (2004, March 24) Agence France Presse English. Retrieved September 14, 2004 at .

Bulgaria in Antarctica. Retrieved September 15, 2004 at

Effects of Population Density on Individuals
Words: 2255 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49986268
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Territoriality, Privacy, and Personal Space


In order to comprehend territory's significance- or that of any manifestation of territory, such as states, nations, homelands or landscapes - it is expedient to start by considering the raw material that supports these structures. The raw material mentioned above is known as 'space'; it is extraordinarily difficult to give a definition to space. Through territoriality, individual places are built, and this process enables individuals to utilize the emotional and material scope of space. oundaries are created when individuals create territories; these unite as well as divide space together with all that it encompasses. y combining particular resources and some individuals and detaching them from others, symbolic meaning is given to the notion of them and us, and theirs and ours (Penrose, 2002).

With regard to space's material power, this signifies that territoriality converts resources essential to survival of human beings into our own…


Altman, I. Privacy as an interpersonal boundary process. In M. von Cranoch, K. Foppa, W. Lepenies, & D. Ploog (Eds.), Humunefhology. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1979. Pp. 95- 132.

Augustin, S. (2009). Place Advantage: Applied Psychology for Interior Architecture. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell

Both, C., & Visser, M. (2003). Density Dependence, Territoriality, and Divisibility of Resources: From Optimality Models to Population Processes. The American Naturalist.

Gavison, R. (1980). Privacy and the Limits of Law. The Yale Law Journal Company, 421-471.

Hangar Space - A Physical
Words: 9159 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21028571
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egulations and requirements

The Federal Aviation Authority -- FAA passed the "Vision100 - Century of Aviation eauthorization Act," which among other regulations also allowed for the allocation of the AIP funds for the facilities like hangars and fuel farms. This is stated in the law that the secretary can pay the funds "apportioned to the airport sponsor under section 47114 (d) (3) (a) and if the Secretary determines that the sponsor has made adequate provision for financing airside needs of the airport." ("Airport Improvement Program," 2004) Therefore all planners and builders are required to submit a business plan. In the event where the promoter of the proposed airport is not requiring the genera fund, still considering these guidelines will help in determining the profitability and the types of facility and structures required. The foremost concern is to evaluate the need. The plan must show the demand envisaged for the facility.…


Banister, David; Berechman, Joseph. (2000) "Transport Investment and Economic

Development" UCL Press: London.

De Neufville, Richard; Odoni, Amedeo R. (2002) "Airport Systems: Planning, Design, and Management" McGraw-Hill.

Doganis, Rigas. (2002) "Flying off Course: The Economics of International Airlines"

Environmentalism Group Environmentalism Is Defined
Words: 1799 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9552713
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To a great degree individual environmentalists, and especially martyrs, those who have lost their lives or liberty are seen by those in the most radical circles as defining members of their group. It is also clear that for the most part individuals in the movement are not recognized as such, excluding public figures such as former vice president Al Gore, who just received the Nobel Peace Prize for his work on climate change ("Al Gore" 21) or the frequent Green Party presidential candidate Ralph Nader, an ardent environmentalist.

Hentoff 19)

orks Cited

Al Gore." estern Mail (Cardiff, ales) 13 Feb. 2007: 21.

Baird, Stephen L. "Climate Change: A Runaway Train?. The Human Species Has Reshaped Earth's Landscapes on an Ever-Larger and Lasting Scale." The Technology Teacher 66.4 (2006): 14.

Environmentalism." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2004.

Crichton, Michael. "Environmentalism as Religion Run Amok." USA Today (Society for the Advancement of…

Works Cited

Al Gore." Western Mail (Cardiff, Wales) 13 Feb. 2007: 21.

Baird, Stephen L. "Climate Change: A Runaway Train?. The Human Species Has Reshaped Earth's Landscapes on an Ever-Larger and Lasting Scale." The Technology Teacher 66.4 (2006): 14.

Environmentalism." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2004.

Crichton, Michael. "Environmentalism as Religion Run Amok." USA Today (Society for the Advancement of Education) 132.2706 (2004): 22.

Penokee Range in Wisconsin We
Words: 4206 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 86159333
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Since taconite iron ore can be attracted by magnets, it is called a magnetite. Magnetite is abundant in the Minnesota Iron ange as well as the Michigan Iron ange that is located next to Marquette as well as in the Penokee ange in Wisconsin, Minnesota. In Wisconsin-Minnesota's Gogebic-Penokee ange, the taconite iron ore deposits are concentrated on the bands that run from the Mellen area in Ashland County up to the area near Upson in the Iron County.

The taconite iron ore extraction process

The mining of taconite iron ore in the Gogebic-Penokee ange is carried out by means of open-pit mining methods. The mining process commences by the drilling of a hole into the ground in order to determine the exact location and quality of the iron ore deposit. The drilling also reveals the characteristics of the rocks that surround the ore. For the rather large modern mines, there…


Broman, A (2011)'Silent Majority' Backs Penokee Mine: Gogebic Taconite President 

Cannon, W.F., (1973)The Penokean orogeny in northern Michigan, in Young, G.M., ed., Huronian stratigraphy and sedimentation: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper

Clements, B and Sack, C (2008)Introduction to Mining in the Penokees

adopting an airport with MIA
Words: 592 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 33829709
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Adopt an Airport

The Miami International Airport (code MIA) generates upwards of $30 billion in revenue per year, bringing in the vast majority (70%) of all international visitors to the entire state of Florida ("About Us," 2017). Therefore, MIA is a gateway airport to Florida and not just Miami. Furthermore, MIA is the gateway airport linking Latin America and the Caribbean with the United States, with more flights to and from these regions than any other airport in the United States ("About Us," 2017). According to the Miami International Airport's own website, their goal is to become a "hemispheric hub," ("About Us," 2017). However, there are several impediments to MIA reaching its status, the main one being its outdated infrastructure and terminals, which are reflected in its outdated and clunky website.

Financial Performance

One of the key strengths of MIA is the role the airport plays in the community, as…


"About Us," (2017). MIA. Retrieved online: 

"Environmental," (2017). MIA. Retrieved online:

Miami International Airport thorough report and analysis
Words: 2493 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 52583972
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Adopt an Airport

The Miami International Airport (code MIA) generates upwards of $30 billion in revenue per year, bringing in the vast majority (70%) of all international visitors to the entire state of Florida ("About Us," 2017). Therefore, MIA is a gateway airport to Florida and not just Miami. Furthermore, MIA is the gateway airport linking Latin America and the Caribbean with the United States, with more flights to and from these regions than any other airport in the United States ("About Us," 2017). According to the Miami International Airport's own website, their goal is to become a "hemispheric hub," ("About Us," 2017). However, there are several impediments to MIA reaching its status, the main one being its outdated infrastructure and terminals, which are reflected in its outdated and clunky website.

Organizational Structure

Airports in the United States exhibit different types of organizational structure depending in part on their ownership.…


"About Us," (2017). MIA. Retrieved online: 

AirNav (2017). Miami International Airport. Retrieved online: 

"Aviation in Miami: The First 100 Years," (n.d.). History Miami. Retrieved online: 

Bridgeman, S. (2017). Miami-Dade Aviation Department FY 2017 Adopted Budget. Retrieved online:

Ideas and Proposal to CEO for Office Relocation
Words: 935 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98422330
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Office elocation

I would like to propose relocation of office building due to following reasons:

The current location has major parking issues

This location cannot fully accommodate our expansion plans

The present location being in commercial hub of the city causes too much congestion and noise

The new location can be a more efficient place in terms of operations and costs.

The rent of the present location is very high

I would truly appreciate if this proposal is given due consideration keeping in mind the fact that our organization is keen to invest in intrapreneurial ideas. Intrapreneurship as opposed to entrepreneurship takes place within an organization when an employee with a brilliant idea decides to start a mini-business with support of senior management and using organizational resources. This business is associated with the organization but can also be seen as a completely separate entity because it may or may not…


Jennings, D.F., & Lumpkin, J.R. (1989). Functioning modeling corporate entrepreneurship: An empirical integrative analysis. journal of Management, 15(3), 485-502

Question and Answer for Public Administration
Words: 3871 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25308112
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solid waste management in impoverished areas versus affluent areas by examining the social, economic, ethical, and political reasons for placement of landfills and other waste removal facilities in poorer neighborhoods. By exploring the background of specific social movements, the first section of the assignment will seek to explore why the government placed landfills in certain locations versus others. The essay will also seek to examine what caused the social movements. As well as why the issue evolved from placement of landfills in poorer neighborhoods to placement of landfills in minority-majority poorer neighborhoods.

The next section will seek to analyze which candidates would be best for a nonprofit. Candidate one is a business-savvy employee wishing to change things by dismissing all the older employees and hiring new ones. Candidate two is a college graduate with experience in the field. By looking at the various perspectives of public administration theory, this section…


Aston, R. (1999). The Legal, Engineering, Environmental and Social Perspectives of Surface Mining Law and Reclamation by Landfilling: Getting Maximum Yield from Surface Mines (p. 120). World Scientific.

Brownell, P. & Kelly, J. (2013). Ageism and mistreatment of older workers. Dordrecht: Springer.

Frederickson, G. (1994). Ethics and Public Administration. Routledge.

Hill, B. (2014). Environmental Justice (p. 103). Environmental Law Institute.

Diamond Catalyst Shows Promise in
Words: 1908 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Assessment Paper #: 99630874
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Based on these findings, researchers believe that lower elevation with drier environments is being heavily impacted by temperature changes. This not only threatens the ecology of these lower elevation sites, but it also could contribute more to the rapid changes in greenhouse gases. Without forests to be able to repopulate themselves, there will be fewer trees to produce oxygen through consuming carbon dioxide. This may increase the levels of greenhouse gases, making climate change even more dangerous to local environments.


Science Daily. (2013). Climate change threatens forest survival on drier, low-elevation land. Science News. Web.

Article 6: "The Quantum Secret to Alcohol eactions in Space"

The nature of space is so different from out environment here on earth. Chemical processes are often much different than how they would react on the planet. As such, the article "The Quantum Secret to Alcohol eactions in Space," published on Science Daily…


Science Daily. (2013). The quantum secret to alcohol reactions in space. Science News. Web.

Competitive Situation
Words: 3077 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 42310163
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family oriented community park on a land that is currently not serving any purpose. This unused land is currently being used for deposition of waste products and therefore is not being monitored properly by the government as well. Since it is open land, many useful services can be built upon it. The park will be created in the state of Virginia and in Fairfax County. The site that is chosen for the creation of the park is suitable for this purpose. It should be noted that this land is near crowded residential sector, which is in need for another park. This project will aim for the creation of recreational objects such as swings, skating rink and basketball court for the children. Furthermore, a community center will also be added near the park. Lastly, there will be creation of a cafe or eating-place in the park as well.

Business Need and…


Friend, M. And Kohn, J., 2007. Fundamentals of occupational safety and health. 1st ed. Lanham, Md.: Government Institutes.

Hackett, M., Robinson, I. And Statham, G., 2007. The Aqua Group guide to procurement, tendering & contract administration. 1st ed. Oxford: Blackwell Pub./Davis Langdon.

Lo, T., 2002. Quality culture: a product of motivation within organization. Managerial Auditing Journal, 17(5), pp.272 -- 276.

Nickols, F., 1998. Empowerment: The Emperor's New Clothes. Harvard business review, 76(6), pp.178 -- 180.

Environment Pros and Cons of
Words: 2684 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 14828616
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These technologies are can be separated into three main categories (Alternative Energy):

Wave Energy Converters: These systems extract the power of ocean waves and convert it into electricity. Typically, these systems use either a water column or some type of surface or just-below-surface buoy to capture the wave power. In addition to oceans, some lakes may offer sufficient wave activity to support wave energy converter technology. (Alternative Energy).

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC): OTEC generates electricity through the temperature differential in warmer surface water and colder deep water. Of ocean technologies, OTEC has the most limited applicability in the United States because it requires a 40-degree temperature differential that is typically available in locations like Hawaii and other more tropical climates (Alternative Energy).

Offshore Wind: Offshore wind projects take advantage of the vast wind resources available across oceans and large water bodies. Out at sea, winds blow freely, unobstructed by…


Alternative Energy. "Renewable ocean energy: Tides, currents, waves." 23 October 2006. 18 November 2009 .

AWEA. "Wind Energy Basics." 2005. American Wind Energy Association (AWEA). 18 November 2009 .

Burgermeister, J. "Germany: The World's first major renewable energy economy." 3 April 2009. 18 November 2009 .

CIA. "World Factbook: Germany." 11 November 2009. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). 18 November 2009 .

Business Ethics Pregnancy and Job
Words: 1486 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51939609
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While pregnancy per se is not a permanent condition, there are long-term consequences of the state. (M kel, 2005) the issue of work/life balance and quality of life can become important factors in the life of the female employee. Many organizations also tend to have the perception that women with children will be less focused and dedicated to their work. (Kidwell, 2001) the idea that the man is the bread winner and the woman the nurturer is still the main stream value. Although women have been in the workforce since the industrial revolution, in the past they exited the workplace after a child was born and returned only much later. In the past few decades however, women are less likely to want to leave the workforce. Many factors have impacted this decision -- higher standard of living, single mothers, lower wages and fewer opportunities to return back after an extended…


Anonymous. (2005). Keeping mum: pregnant employees and employment rights. Human Resource Management International Digest, 13(4), 41-45.

Bragger, J.D., Kutcher, E., Morgan, J., & Firth, P. (2002). The effects of the structured interview on reducing biases against pregnant job applicants. Sex Roles, 46(7/8), 215-226.

Gueutal, H.G., & Taylor, E.M. (1991). Employee pregnancy: The impact on organizations, pregnant employees, and co-workers. Journal of Business and Psychology, 5(459-475).

Halpert, J.A., Wilson, M.L., & Hickman, J.L. (1993). Pregnancy as a source of bias in performance appraisals. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 14(649-663).

Business Rhetoric Drilling in the Marcellus Shale
Words: 3160 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76048601
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Business hetoric: Drilling in the Marcellus Shale

and Environmental Politics

Inexpensive energy sources are a requirement if the country is going to continue to thrive the way it has for more than 200 years. The United States is trying to decrease the amount of fossil fuels that it uses in everyday applications. However, the worry is not the fuels themselves, but the costs associated with the fuels. Fossil fuels are a viable resource if they are clean and extracted from the earth in ways that can be shown to be environmentally friendly. Because of these requirements, natural gas has become one of the new class of fuels that is thought of as superior to producing products from crude oil.

Natural gas is a clean energy source that can be extracted more safely than other sources of gas. Another bonus is that the product is very plentiful in the United States.…


American Petroleum Institute (API). (2010). Hydraulic fracturing: Unlocking America's natural gas resources. American Petroleum Institute.

Brown, V.J. (2007). Putting the heat on gas. Environmental Health Perspectives, 115(2), 76-77.

Chambers, A.J. (2007). Report of the international energy transactions committee. Energy Law Journal, 30(1), 207-217.

City of New York. (2010). Natural gas drilling overview. Retrieved from

Force of the Winds Is
Words: 2142 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71762344
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Speed here is of essence and spices like flying fish are able to jump out of water to escape predators. Others that lack like jellies are transparent. Turtles will have a shell to protect them. Gills enable animals to manage different water pressures like the sharks while whales have the capability of holding their breaths for longer periods. On the other hand, since the benthic zone does not allow sunlight to reach it due to its depth (beyond 600 feet), some fish and crustaceans, at this level do not see, in fact half of the species at this level are blind. In this sense, the organisms have adapted to produce their own lights from their specialized parts in their bodies known as photophores. In addition, since there is lack of phytoplacton to start the food chain, life is limited and fish have adapted to fulfill their needs. For instance, some…


Crouse, R. (n.d.). Waves: Tsunamis/Seismic sea waves. Water encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Gardiner, L. (2010, January 8). Surface ocean currents. Retrieved from

Lee, H.J., and Normark, W.R. (2009). Earth science in urban ocean: The Southern California continental borderland. New York, U.S.: Geological Society of America.

Makai. (n.d). Threats to marine ecosystems. Waianae ecological characteristics. Retrieved from

Public Administration History of Urban
Words: 694 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Discussion Chapter Paper #: 96392708
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One demand is to supply adequate fresh water. Insufficient fresh water for drinking, sewage treatment and sewage discharge are frequent issues that arise as the population increases. Augmented amounts of air pollution, water pollution, soil contamination and noise pollution are also issues faced by city governments. Another issue is that of high infant and child mortality rates. These rates are frequently caused by deficiency. There is also an augmented possibility of the appearance of new plagues and pandemics. For a lot of ecological and societal reasons, including congested living situations, undernourishment and insufficient, unreachable, or missing health care; the underprivileged are more likely to be exposed to communicable diseases (Devaney, 2010).

What steps did city governments take to help deal with new demand resulting from the influx in population?

In the late nineteenth century, municipal governments frequently failed to meet the needs of their constituents. Because of this urban planning…


Auch, Roger, Taylor, Janis and Acevedo, William. (2004). Urban Growth in American Cities.

Retrieved March 8, 2011, from Web site: 

Devaney, Erik. (2010). The Effects of Population Density on Individuals. Retrieved March 8,

Seating Arrangements in a Delta Airplane
Words: 1357 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 31688438
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Ergonomic Design

As Norman points out, solving a problem in ergonomic design is sometimes not as easy as addressing the issue/complaint brought to one's attention: usually, the real problem lies underneath where the "real issues" are and needs to be discovered through a deeper assessment of the situation (Norman 218). For this paper, a deeper assessment of the ergonomic design of economy class seats of Delta's B777-200, which can seat 268 passengers, is performed in conjunction with a review of Norman's Chapter 6 and Chapter 7 from The Design of Everyday Things and Chapter 11 from Bridger's (2009) Introduction to Ergonomics.

Delta's 31-inch pitch seats are right in the middle of the spectrum of major airline providers, with Jet Blue having the most pitch at 34-inches and Spirit coming in at 28-inches for a tight squeeze in the rows. Delta's economy class is a mid-level pitch approach to seating and…

Works Cited

Bridger, R. S. Introduction to Ergonomics. FL: CRC Press, 2009. Print.

"Legroom: How airlines compare." CNN Money, 2016. Web. 4 May 2016.

Norman, Don. The Design of Everyday Things. NY: Basic Books, 2013. Print.

"Seat Map Delta Airlines Boeing B777 200ER." SeatMaestro, 2016. Web. 4 May 2016.

Cape Wind Project
Words: 3191 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95752806
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Cape Wind Project proposed for Cape Cod, and the political, economic, and social impacts to Cape Cod and Nantucket. The Cape Wind Project is a proposed wind-turbine project off the shoreline of Cape Cod in Massachusetts. Supporters of the project believe it is the right clean-air, renewable energy project for the area, and it will negate the need for an old, outdated fossil fuel electrical generating plant. Opponents believe it is the wrong project for the area, and it will reduce their quality of life, as well as block local fishermen from their livelihoods. Controversial and very public, the project has been debated since 2001, and it still has not begun construction.

I am David McCullough, author and historian, and I live full time on Cape Cod. I am adamantly opposed to the Cape Wind project for a number of compelling reasons. First and foremost, in my mind, is that…


Editors. "Wind Farms." Cape Cod Times. 2009. 19 May 2009.


Editors. "Cape Wind: The Economy." Save Our Sound. 2009. 19 May 2009.


Sustainable Tourism Does Not Destroy the Environment
Words: 2800 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87777579
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Sustainable tourism does not destroy the environment, economy, or cultural aspects of the tourist destination (David Vaughan, 2000). Sustainable tourism is aimed at ensuring that those concerned are not affected in any way and that a positive development is realized through it. Back in the 1980s, ecotourism which consisted of activities such as wildlife exotic cultures and nature, became more common with remarkably few people understanding what the impacts of such tourism are, this led to its pitfall (Erlet, 1993). Therefore, sustainable tourism helps to improve all associated impact of tourism as a whole, and this can steadily be achieved through seeking partnership between various governments, local community and any stakeholder in the tourism industry.

How sustainable tourism can be achieved

esearches done in this field indicate that for sustainable tourism to be achieved all efforts should be channeled towards fostering co-ordination and cooperation between managers of the tourism destination…


CEVAT, T. 2001. Challenges of sustainable tourism development in the developing world: the case of Turkey. Tourism Management, 22, 289-303.

COLIN, H. 1997. Sustainable tourism as an adaptive paradigm. Annals of Tourism Research, 24, 850-867.

DAVID A. LERTZMAN & HARRIE VREDENBURG 2005. Indigenous Peoples, Resource Extraction and Sustainable Development: An Ethical Approach. Journal of Business Ethics, 56, 239-254

DAVID VAUGHAN 2000. Tourism and Biodiversity: A Convergence of Interests? International Affairs, 76, 283-297.

Consumer Attitudes Towards Green Packaged
Words: 1701 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 37436479
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This study will incorporate consumer perceptions and attitude green products, green values, green label and green environment. Finally, it will provide insights on areas of green buying commitment and green purchasing intention (Biel, Hansson & Ma-rtensson, 2008).


Abele, E., Anderl, ., & Birkhofer, H. (2005). Environmentally-friendly product development: Methods and tools. London: Springer.

Ahvenainen, . (2003). Novel food packaging techniques. Boca aton, FL: CC Press

Biel, a., Hansson, B., & Ma-rtensson, M. (2008). Individual and structural determinants of environmental practice. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Charter, M. (2009). Greener marketing: A global perspective on greener marketing practice. Sheffield: Greenleaf.

Denison, E., & en, G.Y. (2007). Thinking green. Hove: oto Vision.

Farnworth, C., Jiggins, J., & Thomas, E.V. (2008). Creating food futures: Trade, ethics and the environment. Aldershot, England: Gower.

Grunert, K.G., Thogersen, J., & O-lander, F. (2005). Consumers, policy and the environment: A tribute to Folke O-lander. New York: Springer.

Hoyer, W.D.,…


Abele, E., Anderl, R., & Birkhofer, H. (2005). Environmentally-friendly product development: Methods and tools. London: Springer.

Ahvenainen, R. (2003). Novel food packaging techniques. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press

Biel, a., Hansson, B., & Ma-rtensson, M. (2008). Individual and structural determinants of environmental practice. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Charter, M. (2009). Greener marketing: A global perspective on greener marketing practice. Sheffield: Greenleaf.

Ethics and Social Responsibility General Motors General
Words: 1239 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77129941
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Ethics and Social esponsibility

General Motors

General Motors (commonly known as GM) is an American multinational automobile manufacturer. It is the world's largest corporation in the automotive industry with respect to unit sales. GM is headquartered in Michigan, United States and operates with fully-owned subsidiaries as well as joint ventures in 157 countries of the world. The manufacturing units are being operated in 31 countries. It employs more than 202,000 people who work in its 158 different operational areas in all six operating regions of the world. General Motors was established in 1908 by William C. Durant. It has a very well-established brand image across the Globe with a high level of brand acceptability and loyalty by its customers and stakeholders (General Motors, 2012).

Having business operations at the Global scale, General Motors operates in a highly complex and uncertain business environment. There are a number of environmental factors that…


Banerjee, S.B. (2007). Corporate social responsibility: the good, the bad and the ugly, 1st Edition. Cheltenham, Glos, UK; Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.

General Motors, (2012). Environment. Retrieved on January 3rd, 2013, from

General Motors, (2012). Our Company. Retrieved on January 3rd, 2013, from

General Motors, (2012). Our Commitment. Retrieved on January 3rd, 2013, from

Sociology and Anthropology in Tourism
Words: 2357 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68540323
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symbolizes the sum total of qualitative and quantitative values on which the degree and extent of exploitability of the region for the purpose of tourism depends. It Is difficult to explain the 'potential' in numerical terms as it involves many factors in the context of tourism.

Tourism deals with the physical, psychological and sometimes even spiritual demands of the people from diverse geographical, socio-cultural and economic background that travel under different motives, interests, preferences and immediate needs. In other words, tourism development in any area depends on availability of recreational resources, in addition to factors like climate, seasons, accessibility, attitude of the local people, planning and 'tourist plant' facility. All this put together creates a 'tourism magnetic atmosphere', which is resource base for the tourism

Factors influencing tourism and assist in exploiting the complete potential of an area, therefore vary from socio-economic to political and evolution of demand. These factors…


Brown, F. (1998) 'Tourism: Blight or Blessing?' Butterworth Heinemann: UK, HB, ISBN 075063989X.

Borocz, J. (1996), 'Leisure migration: A Sociological Study on Tourism', Pergamon Press: UK, ISBN 0080425607 HB

Butler, R. And Hinch, T. (eds) (1996) 'Tourism and Indigenous Peoples', ITBP: UK, HB, ISBN 1861522096

Butler, R., Hall, R. And Jenkins, M. (eds) (1998) 'Tourism and Recreation in Rural Areas', Wiley: UK, HB, ISBN 0471976806

Window Treatments Blinds
Words: 893 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37777102
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indow Blinds

indow treatments (blinds)

According to the manual of "extreme makeover edition," window blinds have been described as a screen for a window especially made of a roll of cloth, plastic, wood or metal that is fixed at the top of the window and pulled down. There are various types of window blinds that include; wood blinds, faux blinds, vinyl blinds, aluminum blinds, fabrics blinds, vertical blinds and blinds motorization. An exceptional example of a of window blind, is the automobile blind which is fitted rear and rear side windows of a car in order to protect passengers and the car itself from direct sunlight.

This essay is based on window treatment by use of blinds; the main objective is to identify the impact of window blinds, both environmentally and the socially, for this study the environmental impact will be the most highlighted since it is deemed as very…

Work cited

Buying green from Supply Chain Experts

//Http.// / retrieved 6 February, 2011.

Environmental range of Services, Products and Solutions,

//Http.// / retrieved 6 February.

Locational Factors of a Garage
Words: 646 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12193110
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Operations Management

The process of deciding on the location of the new garage will entail a consideration of various factors that influence its suitability. Based on the four locations, location B. is the most suitable location for constructing the new garage to accommodate the increasing cars from the increasing student population. Case analysis shows that of the four sites, engineering section will hold most of the cars (40%) making it the most suitable location for the garage. Proximity to the main street should also be a factor to be considered when making site B. The new garage location. It is expected that noise pollution will come from the main road passing close to the college. As such, since location B. is close to the main road, the effect of noise will be minimized due to its close proximity to the main road, thereby, its suitability.

In addition, the management of…


Anderson, D.L., Bhatti, M.A., Foley, C.M., & Charney, F.A. (2008). Crossing borders Structures 2008, April 24-26, 2008, Vancouver, BC, Canada.. Reston, Va.: American Society of Civil Engineers.

Heizer, J.H., & Render, B. (2001). Operations management (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall.

Urban Problems the Future of
Words: 1545 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17904947
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The three necessities of life, food, shelter, and clothing, will always remain fundamental for all world citizens. Food sources will shift scope from the factory farm model in place today to smaller-scale organic farms. Smaller in scale but larger in number, farms will also rely less on long-distance transportation for delivery of goods, which will reduce stress on the environment. Housing will also evolve into a more ecologically-conscious industry with emphases on sustainable building materials and efficient heating, cooling, and lighting systems. Finally, all industries including clothing will be regulated not necessarily by corrupt governments but by local watchdog organizations to ensure living wages, healthy working conditions, and quality goods and services.


Community Development." etrieved Feb 19, 2007 at

Community Development." (2006). Federal eserve Board. etrieved Feb 19, 2007 at

King, Martin Luther (1963). "Letter from Birmingham Jail." etrieved Feb 19, 2007 at

Office of Community…


Community Development." Retrieved Feb 19, 2007 at 

Community Development." (2006). Federal Reserve Board. Retrieved Feb 19, 2007 at 

King, Martin Luther (1963). "Letter from Birmingham Jail." Retrieved Feb 19, 2007 at

Office of Community Planning and Development (CPD). U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Retrieved Feb 19, 2007 at

Bicycle Product Production Although Bicycle Production Has
Words: 1353 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29944680
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Product Production

Although Bicycle production has grown to well over one hundred million bicycles in the year 2000, there are still specialty markets that have not been saturated. Couple that with the fact that there are still many nations in the world where citizens cannot afford to purchase automobiles, and a potential for new products becomes more obvious. With these factors in mind, this report will present reasons that will justify producing specialty bicycles in the Daniel Manufacturing Company's spare warehouse space.


It is obvious that world production is up. Currently, the largest producer of bicycles in the world is the nation of China. "China manufactured a record 52 million bicycles in 2000 -- over half the world total. Nearly two thirds of these were exported, with 17 million going to the United States." (Larsen, 2002)

The European Union's new found togetherness makes it seem like a large…


International Bicycle Fund. (n.d.). Bicycle Statistics: Usage, Production, Sales, Import, Export. Retrieved October 22, 2004, from

Larsen, Janet (2002). Bicycle Production Breaks 100 Million. Earth Polkicy Insitute,, . Retrieved October 22, 2004, from

Appendix A

Percent of Trips by Travel Mode (all trip purposes)

John Muir and the Sierra
Words: 799 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4656498
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As the author noted, Muir did not encounter 'truly environmental' problems such as air, water, land, and noise pollutions and global warming, among others. Thus, at present, Muir's idea of preservation is no longer relevant in a society wherein preservation is no longer the main concern, but merely the survival or maintaining of ecological balance between humanity and nature. However, Muir's preservationist stance is still significant in promoting environmentalism in the country, which, as the Sierra Club had shown, can take an active role in achieving Muir's vision of a harmonious relationship between nature and humanity.

Indeed, the Sierra Club takes environmentalism not only out on the streets, but in the legislative processes as well. The organization is well-known is known for its active and radical stance when it comes to nature preservation and pollution prevention programs. It works with civil society, manufacturing and business companies, as well as the…


Cosgrove, S. "H. R. 4200, the "Forest Emergency Recovery and Research Act." Testimony before the United States House of Representatives Committee on Agriculture.

Hakim, D. (July 2005). "With Sierra Club's Help, Ford Pushes a New Hybrid." The New York Times.

Miller, S. (1993). John Muir, Life and Work. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Ryanair Europe's Largest Low Fares Airline Ryanair
Words: 1592 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95415653
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Ryanair: Europe's Largest Low Fares Airline

Ryanair is a European bases low fare airline that connects 160 destinations in its global operations. The airline has 44 bases covering 1100 route over 27 nations. Tony Ryan established the airline in 1985. He introduced low fare operations following successful models used by southwest airlines in 1995 under the supervision of a new management team. Some of the policies implemented by the airline include the adaptation of a single aircraft, low fares, direct booking and no frills. These policies allowed the company to benefit from an increase in its customer base since 1991. The company plans to replace the current aircraft used with a ooing Dreamliner to cater for the targeted customer growth to 80 million passengers. The airline also plans to invest in technology to enjoy the benefits associated with e-business. The use of technology such as the internet enables the organization…


Brassington, F., & Pettitt, S. (2006). Principles of marketing. Harlow [u.a.], Financial Times/Prentice Hall.

Capon, N., & Hulbert, J.M. (2007). Managing marketing in the 21st century: developing and implementing the market strategy. Bronxville, N.Y., Wessex Inc.

Doole, I., & Lowe, R. (2008). International marketing strategy: analysis, development and implementation. [London etc.], South Western Cengage Learning.

Doyle, P. (2008). Value-based marketing strategies for corporate growth and shareholder value. Chichester, England, John Wiley & Sons.

Environmental Psychology Securing Its Future by Harold
Words: 733 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20472726
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Environmental Psychology: Securing its Future" by Harold M. Proshansky

Relatively young field, is it secure?

Epistemology: study or theory of the nature and grounds of knowledge

How did field begin, where is it going?

Environmental Psychology: Yesterday and Today


Empiricism -- theory of relying on observation, experiment, experience

Positivism -- theory that considers religion, metaphysics imperfect means, and relies on natural phenomenon and empirical sciences

Field developed in 1960s during social and political upheavals

But even before, after WWII -- new structures built, rapid growth -- increased research in social psychology, emphasis on attitude change, group processes, intergroup conflicts

Lewin (1948), Festinger, Schacter, and Back (1950) and Deutch (1949) students of Lewin (1948) -- began applying field theory conceptions to various social problems

Confluence of Forces

laboratory-experimental model but failure to apply to real world -- leads to loss of credibility and "malaise" in the social sciences in 1960s…

Body and Mind of the
Words: 3445 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73782788
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It was noted that the variation in the role and responsibilities of the negotiator towards others in different organization was responsible for the growing stress and mental illness on the basis of uncertainties experienced by the employees in their interaction and performance. It was also noted that the employees were asked and forcibly compelled to 'analyze the value of various partners' (Harris, 2002), this was of course considered to be risky practice, and the employees reflected their concerns towards the nature of responsibility, but of course were not able to veto because of the threat of the termination of their services was apparent. The technological revolution, in particular concentrated in the cellular and telecommunication technology was responsible for mental illness among the employees. The employees also complained of the mental stress due to the increasing expectation laid down by the employers without any provision of financial rewards, and access to…


John Upson, David Ketchen, and R. Duane Ireland. Managing Employee Stress: A Key to the Effectiveness of Strategic Supply Chain Management. Organizational Dynamics. 2007. Vol. 36.1.

David Lee. Managing Employee Stress and safety. Maine Employers Mutual Insurance Company. 2000. MEMIC Publication. pp. 23

Harris. Putting People First: Value Options. Rothenberg International LLC. 2002

Ellen Jaffe Gill. Robert Segal. Jaelline Jaffe. Job Stress Management: Causes and Effects. Help Guide Publication. 2007.

Important Event in Aviation History
Words: 1288 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 52133746
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On a Tuesday in 2000, an Air France Concorde supersonic jet crashed. The disaster resulted in the death of 113 people. In addition to the casualties from the flight itself, the Concorde crash left a major dent in aviation history. The crash was not like any other airline crash. This crash resulted in the entire dismantling of the Concorde program, which had been one of the most romantic eras in aviation history. Since 1969, the Concorde had been dazzling onlookers and aviation buffs. Its characteristic downturned nose made the Concorde unique, and it was the only commercial airline ever to fly supersonically.

What went wrong on that fateful day in 2000? It took ten full years to find out, and it appears that some mystery surrounding the Concorde crash still remains. In 2010, a French court ruled that Continental airlines were to blame for the Concorde crash. The verdict…


"1969: Concorde flies for the first time," (n.d). BBC. Retrieved online

British Airways (n.d.). Celebrating Concorde. Retrieved online: 

"Concorde: What Went Wrong?" BBC News. 5 Sept, 2000. Retrieved online: 

Lauter, D. (2010). Continental, mechanic guilty of manslaughter in Concorde crash. Los Angeles Times. 7 Dec, 2010. Retrieved online:

Opportunities and threats faced by Toyota Module 2-Case Study
Words: 922 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89176232
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Opportunities and threats faced by Toyota Module 2-Case Study [Pick the date]

Like any other organization, Toyota has its share of threats and opportunities which can either make or break this organization if not addressed properly. Toyota has been lately addressing environmental issues caused due to emission of harmful gases and also major cost cutting strategies required right after recent wave of recession. Lately, operations of Toyota have been disturbed due to product recalls caused due to compromised product quality and natural disasters, strict environmental policies and also because of increasing value of yen.

Current Opportunities for Toyota and what Toyota is doing to exploit them:

Alliance of Toyota and Ford

Toyota has been known for its light weight, user and environment friendly cars. Using its Hybrid technology, Toyota is providing an answer to user's worries caused by skyrocketing fuel prices. Furthermore, one must not forget the all-time…


Datamonitor Inc. (17 January 2012), Toyota Profile

Retrieved from

Anonymous (2010). TrueCar forecasts April auto sales and incentives spending; Industry sales up 23%; Toyota incentives reach record highs. PR Newswire.

Retrieved August, 2011, from

Economic Social and Environmental Impacts of Tourism in Thailand
Words: 2817 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 24347583
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Tourism in Thailand

Economic, Social, Cultural and Environmental Impacts of Tourism in Thailand

Urban and rural tourism in Thailand accounts for around 7% of the total GDP. There are various factors, social, economic, environmental and cultural factors which affect the tourism industry in Thailand. Also, the rural tourism in Thailand needs more work. This report has some strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of Thailand's tourism industry. In the end, recommendations are given on how to improve the tourism industry in Thailand.


Tourism in Thailand

Impact of Environmental, Economical, Social and Cultural Factors on Tourism in Thailand

Environmental Factors

Economical Factors

Social Factors

Cultural Factors

ural Tourism

SWOT Analysis









Tourism is one of the world's fastest growing industries, and this industry has been identified as a means of generating national income (Pender, & Sharpley, 2005). Thailand, a beautiful country at the heart…


Chon, K, Singh, A, & Mikula, J. (1993). Thailand's tourism and hotel industry. The Cornell hotel and restaurant administration quarterly, 34(3), 43-49.

Elliot, J. (1983). Politics, power, and tourism in Thailand. Annals of tourism research, 10(3), 377-393.

Forsyth, T, (2002). What happened on the "the beach"? social movements and governance of tourism in Thailand. International journal of sustainable development, 5(3), 326-337.

Gold, J, & Revill, G. (2004). Representing the Environment. Routledge, London

Environment as Stakeholder
Words: 825 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58866971
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Drilling in the Alaskan Wilderness, the primary ethical issue is environmental, putting petroleum production development against preservation in Section 1002 of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in Alaska. Secondary ethical issues relate to specific impacts that development would have on inhabitants of the ANWR, including the Inupiat Eskimos, the Gwich'in, wildlife such as caribou, and wilderness that is represented within this area. This is an ethical issue because decisions must balance a sense of right and wrong without clear answers when deciding how much wilderness will be protected and what level of development will occur.

Members of Congress are the primary decision-makers. The ANWR falls under the jurisdiction of the United States Fish & Wildlife Service, making federal legislators the group that is responsible for setting the overall direction for this protected area. Stakeholders of the ANWR include the Inupiat Eskimos and the Gwich'in. Both of these groups rely…

Luxury Hotels Embracing Executive Lounges
Words: 11230 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Multiple Chapters Paper #: 60104422
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executive lounges of luxury hotel in London

Promotion of Executive Lounge

Overview of the UK hotel industry

Executive lounge market research and trends

Advantages and disadvantages from the hotel perspective

Tourism data


Methodology and previous research

Research strategy and tools

Sample selection

Reliability and validity

Executive lounges are sections set aside by hotels to cater for guest or customers who are would not mind paying more in order to receive a premium or preferential services (Nguyen, 2015). Just as in the airline industry, the hotel industry has recognized the need to have special services for clients who have huge demands, especially business travelers. The major benefits of executive lounges are the services or amenities offered. Most executive lounges allow guest to have an early check-in and late checkout, business center, allowing guest to take a shower before their rooms are available, private meeting areas, and free meals. The…


AB HAMID, N.R. & AKHIR, R.M. 2013. Beyond technology-based customer relationship management: It is total customer experience management. Research in Business and Economics Journal, 8, 1.

BECKER, E. 2013. Overbooked: the exploding business of travel and tourism, New York, NY, Simon and Schuster.

BJORN, A. 2013. The needs and wants of business and leisure guests at Marriott Brussels.

BRYMAN, A. 2012. Social research methods, Oxford, Oxford university press.

Airport Management
Words: 2243 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 55053963
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Airport Operation

The future requirement of a new, large aircraft with the capability of carrying 500 to 1000 passengers has been a major topic in the past few years. This issue has attracted huge concerns from various stakeholders in the aviation industry, especially aircraft manufacturers and airlines. The concerns are partly attributed to the fact that such an aircraft will weigh more than 1 million pounds. With the delivery of these kinds of aircrafts expected to commence in the 5 to 10 years, there have been numerous concerns regarding the impact of new, larger aircraft on airport operation, particularly airport management. These concerns are attributed to the effect of such an aircraft on airport design and frequency of airport pavement replacement and repairs, impact on taxiway and apron separations, effect on gate capacity and baggage handling operations, and impact on aircraft servicing operations.


The introduction of the Boeing 747…


Barros, A.G. & Wirasinghe, S.C. (1997, June 27). New Aircraft Characteristics Related to Airport Planning. Retrieved December 19, 2014, from 

Burns & McDonnell. (2001). What's Your NLA? How Will New Large Aircraft Affect Your

Airport Facilities. Retrieved December 19, 2014, from

Chiu, C. & Walton, C.M. (2003, July). Impact of New Large Aircraft on Passenger Flows at International Airport Terminals. Retrieved from Southwest Region University Transportation Center website:

Hanston Town Crisis Final Solution
Words: 724 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97301751
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Hanston Town Crisis case study presents us with a town that is expanding rapidly in population and experiencing demographic change to include African-Americans, Latinos, Asian-Americans -- even Jews. We are asked to consider the committee of five white people appointed by the mayor to help Hanston accommodate its rapid demographic changes. Obviously the real crisis in Hanston begins with this mayor's utterly tone-deaf decision. If the ultimate goal in Hanston is multicultural inclusiveness (as opposed to homogeneity achieved through racial cleansing) then the make-up of the committee is wholly inappropriate. Here we follow the definition of McDonald (1998) who offers a description of "a multicultural society in which there is ...diffusion of power among a variety of groups" (87). The mayor's failure to include any blacks or Latinos or Asians on the committee sends a strong message, and the mayor would be advised immediately to include on the committee at…


Dalrymple, T. (2012, April 22) The ugly brutishness of modern Britain. Wall Street Journal. 

Eliot, TS. (1933) After strange gods: A primer of modern heresy. London: Faber and Faber.

MacDonald, X. (1998) Separation and its discontents: Toward an evolutionary theory of antisemitism. Washington, DC: Praeger.