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Occupational Health and Safety in Catering Industry in Hong Kong
Occupational Safety and Health
The incidence rate of workplace accidents in the catering industry in Hong Kong is higher than that of other sectors, even those associated with inherently high risk to workers. Despite corrective action within the catering industry, the accident rate remains stubbornly high. This research identifies causal factors in occupational accidents in catering companies and delineates effective strategies that can be emulated by catering businesses in Hong Kong in efforts to reduce their accident rates and worker injuries.
Hong Kong is known for its international cuisine and, characteristically, a high number of restaurants -- many offering catering services -- exist in the city. Yet, the polished environments of the dining areas of world-class restaurants contrast greatly with the restaurant kitchen and backroom workspaces. The catering industry in Hong Kong attains extraordinarily high rates of accidents and has,…
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It is involved in enforcing effective standards, assist and foster employers to maintain safe and healthful working conditions and to provide necessary environment for its effective enforcement, research, information, education and training in the area of occupational safety and health. By means of this Act the California workers have been guaranteed that they would have the rights to attain orientation training from the employer in relation to the workplace hazards and the rights of the labor force. They might request for the necessary information in relation to the injuries and illnesses in the workplace. Also information on hazardous substances in the workplace like material safety data records could also be requested. The workers also have the right to request the employer for taking up corrective measures and methods for avoiding hazards. (Division of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH))
In similar ways many states have enacted their own OSHA approved laws…
Division of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH)" Retrieved at http://www.dir.ca.gov/DOSH/WorkersPage.htm . Accessed on 4 June, 2005
Occupational Safety & Health Act (OSHA)" Retrieved at http://www.smartagreements.com/bltopics/Bltopi30.html . Accessed on 4 June, 2005
Occupational safety and health and employability programs, practices and experiences"
Retrieved at http://www.arbo.nl/news/conference_docs/proceedings/GBI/sessie1/Kerklaan.pdf . Accessed on 4 June, 2005
Adoption of this practice will ensure that accidental energization of power lines from back feed electrical energy from generator. Hence this will help in safeguarding utility line workers from possible electrocution. The generators need to be turn off and allow them to cool prior to refuelling. (Occupation Safety and Health Administration, n. d.)
(ii) Power lines: Safety measure are required to be adopted from overhead and underground power lines as they carry very high voltage current. Fatal electrocution is the main impending risk as also burns and falls. The safety precautions that are required to be taken are (a) Overhead and underground power line indicators need to be looked. (b) it is important that one stays 10 feet at the minimum from overhead power lines and take for granted that they are energised. (c) Lines need to be de-energised and grounded when people are working in close proximity. (d) While…
American Pipeline Contractors Association. (n. d.) "Tool Box Safety Topic"
Retrieved 28 April, 2012 from http://www.americanpipeline.org/ToolBox/English/ElectricalSafety.pdf
Chao, Elaine L; Henshaw, John L. (2002) "Controlling Electrical Hazards"- OSHA"
Retrieved 28 April, 2012 from http://www.osha.gov/ Publications/osha3075.pdf
The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 set the stage for the creation of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) whose duties include the prevention of illnesses, injuries, and deaths that are work-related. The administration has produced tangible results in reducing occupational deaths and injuries by 62% and 42% respectively. The reason behind OSHA's success is down to its regular inspection of work facilities, as well as issuance of certificates and applications of fines whenever law violation takes place. OSHA takes keen interest in warehouses bearing in mind the central role they play on business supply chain. Warehouse managers must take the safety maintenance issues very seriously (HSE, 2009).
What ole Does Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Play in Warehousing Safety?
OSHA issues warehouse certifications in areas such as electrical wiring methods, forklifts, electrical system design, hazard communication, wall openings and holes, respiratory protection, exits, lockout…
Health and Safety Executive (HSE) (2009): A Guide to Safety and Health Regulation in Great Britain. 4th edition. ISBN 978-0-7176-6319-4
Koester, Frank (April 1912). "Our Stupendous Yearly Waste: The Death Toll of Industry." The World's Work: A History of Our Time. XXIII: 713 -- 715. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
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Lebergott, Stanley (2002). "Wages and Working Conditions." In David R. Henderson (ed.). Concise Encyclopedia of Economics (1st ed.). Library of Economics and Liberty. OCLC 317650570, 50016270 and 163149563
Voluntary Protection Program
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has undertaken to develop a matrix that guides employers at work places that would significantly reduce their vulnerability to terrorist attacks as well as reduce the effect of the explosion if any arises hence increasing the internal security of each employee within the premises among other major policies formulated to protect employees at workplaces (Counter Terrorism, 2011).
Voluntary Protection Programs therefore works with OSHA and national Bureau of Labor Statistics in ensuring the safety of the employees at work. VPP is mandated with recognizing employers and employees within the private sector and federal agencies that have effectively implemented the safety and health management systems. They also recognize such organizations that have maintained the injury and illness rates of the employees below the average of the national Bureau of Labor Statistics (United States Department of Labor, 2013).
The VPP they work in…
Beverly Ford, (2012). Massachusetts workers killed, seriously injured at OSHA designated
"Model Workplaces." Retrieved February 12, 2013 from http://necir-bu.org/investigations/model-workplaces/
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David E. & Mark A.(2012). OSHA releases report on Voluntary Protection Program.
However a more basic plan is to be adopted by firms with lower risk of these injuries.
OSHA provided training to employers for implementing these guidelines. These training sessions are considered even more critical for small businesses which are at a higher risk of facing such injuries. OSHA also plans to conduct regular inspections to make sure these guidelines are being adhered to. It is the responsibility of the employer to identify risk factors and make reasonable effort to remove them in order to develop a safer and healthier workplace. Development of programs to identity and remove risky patterns is what OSHA demands and expects from employers. It states clearly that: "Employers need to remain vigilant for ergonomic risks. This issue clearly is important to OSHA and will be a priority during upcoming inspections. Companies need to take steps now to identify and eliminate ergonomic hazards. At a minimum, employers…
OSHA Issues New Plan for Reducing Ergonomic Injuries May 6, 2002. Retrieved online http://www.constructionweblinks.com/Resources/Industry_Reports__Newsletters/May_6_2002/osha.htm
Ron Wood, Ergonomic injuries and the workplace December 13, 2005. Retrieved online http://www.thefabricator.com/Safety/Safety_Article.cfm?ID=1214
Michael Adelizzi. OSHA's Comprehensive Plan to reduce ergonomic injuries. Retrieved online http://www.masoncontractors.org/newsandevents/masonryheadlines/headline.php?id=20020603083700
The penalties for being out of compliance when OSHA comes knocking should be enough to motivate any healthcare facility to devise a plan to make sure that they are in compliance with OSHA's regulations. The startling thing is that it took an initiative like NEP to wake these facilities up and get them thinking about being compliant. Since they deal with people and their well being on an everyday basis, these are things that they should have been doing all along and not just because there is an increased probability of getting into trouble by OSHA.
Harris, S. (2012). OSHA in Health Care: Out of Sight & Out of Mind? etreived from http://ohsonline.com/articles/2012/04/01/osha-in-health-care.aspx
Healthcare workers. (2012). etrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/healthcare/
New OSHA inspection initiative focuses on healthcare. (2011). etrieved from http://www.puresafety.com/public/workingwell/?p=1209#.UAa4aFJ6EM
Occupational Safety and Health Administration ("OSHA") Targets Nursing and esidential
Care Facilities. (2012). etrieved from http://www.hancocklaw.com/p/OSHA_Newsletter_212_May_H1768037.PDF
Prepare Your Facility…
Harris, S. (2012). OSHA in Health Care: Out of Sight & Out of Mind? Retreived from http://ohsonline.com/articles/2012/04/01/osha-in-health-care.aspx
Healthcare workers. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ topics/healthcare/' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Any organization that deals directly with petroleum-based products, including storage facilities, will be affected by the act. The act also provides for Area Contingency Plans in case of emergency. The Pollution Prevention Act aims to reduce pollution "through cost-effective changes in production, operation, and raw materials use," ("Pollution Prevention Act"). Recycling programs fall under the Pollution Prevention Act; therefore, organizations might be required under this law to participate in large-scale recycling programs. Moreover, the Pollution Prevention Act is designed to curb source pollution, so the act applies especially to organizations that are potential polluters. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act applies especially to storage of toxic waste. The act will pertain to employees of waste management facilities or of any organization that must dispose of its waste material in an environmentally sound and legally authorized way.
About EPA." 2005. Online at http://www.epa.gov/epahome/aboutepa.htm.
Clean ater Act." Online at http://www.epa.gov/region5/water/cwa.htm.…
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Safety and Heath in it Environments
Applied Business esearch: The need for Safety and Health Standards in Hazardous Working Environments in the Information Technology
Businesses including IT firms are flooded with IT tools like microcomputers, photocopiers, digital surveillance tools, internet, among others. There is mounting evidence from a review of literature that in the IT work environment, especially the IT industry, present hazardous working environments to workers. Workers in these environments also undergo stress from the lack of knowledge of the tools, the lack of, or reduced human contact. Information technology tools also create electrical and fire hazards, which threaten the safety of employees. Employees also suffer from health issues like bleary-eyes from bright screens and monitors of IT tools. The research proves the need for increased safety and health measures in these environments. In the end, the research creates knowledge in the business community of the importance of increased…
Fraihat, H.M. (2003). Taxonomy and remedy of work hazards associated with office information systems. Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, 3(1), 127-127.
Information Resources Management Association (1994). Managing Social and Economic Change with Information Technology. Proceedings of the Information Resources Management Association International Conference, May 1994. IDEA Group Publishing.
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Koreneff, I. And Sims-McLean, K. (2005). Excel. Glebe, NSW: Pascal Press.
Safety in Mining in Australia
The mining industry in Australia is traditionally renowned for establishing best practices that are geared towards promoting the health and safety of miners as they engage in their various activities towards improved productivity. Through the use of these best practices and safety solutions, Australia's mining sector has developed to become a global leader with regards to safety and health. According to the Australian Trade Commission (2014), the health and safety of miners in the country's mining industry has partly been attributable to the use of an effective world class regulatory and policy framework. Moreover, the Australian government collaborates with industry players and stakeholders to ensure that the mining sector is free from injuries, fatalities, and disease. Currently, the Australian government utilizes a Safety Engineering Model that has helped in dealing with unsafe acts and unsafe conditions as shown in Figure 1 below (Cliff, 2012).
Australian Trade Commission. (2014, June). Australia's Mining Health and Safety Systems. Retrieved from Australian Government website:
Cliff, D. (2012). The Management of Occupational Health and Safety in the Australian Mining Industry. Retrieved May 19, 2017, from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/6625/75fe4001b93872dfa4aed58b76b4f29875e8.pdf
Evekall, E., Gillespie, B. & Riege, L. (2008, August). Improving Safety Performance in the Australian Mining Industry Through Enhanced Reporting. Retrieved May 19, 2017, from https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/energy-utilities-mining/pdf/safetypaper_english_final.pdf
Joy, J. (2004). Occupational Safety Risk Management in Australian Mining. Occupational Medicine, 54(5), 311-315.
Investigations related to incidents that occur at a certain worksite, help both workers and employers recognize the dangers and health risks along with limitations of their health and safety programs. In most cases, the necessary preventive measures are identified and implemented to ensure that those incidents don't occur in the future. Investigating incidents with the aim of identifying their causes and finding preventive solutions increases productivity and the morale of the employees. This is because it shows that the employer is committed to ensure a healthy and risk free workplace. Supervisors are mostly responsible for conducting investigations on these incidents. For the investigation to be successful, the employees and managers should cooperate and work together considering that they all have different perspectives, knowledge and understanding of the incident. The team conducting the investigation should try to see beyond the incident's immediate cause. Most of the time there is the misleading…
Given that the single fatality, that occurred in 1990 cost the company an increase of 7% in workers compensation insurance premiums which over the long run has been a substantial cost and individual falls have since cost the company significant time and production loss as well as other increased in premiums, related to injuries and simply as increases have occurred. Finally, the initial fatal fall cost the company a 4 million dollar benefits claim to the family of the employee and $1.7 in litigation and attorneys fees. Additionally, the settlement was mitigated by the attorneys, who managed to reduce the claim for pain and suffering significantly and calculated the remainder based on the lifetime earning potential of the individual at his current salary. It is unlikely that such mitigation would occur in every case, and the cost of a trial would be exponential if a reasonable settlement had not been…
Block, R.N., Roberts, K., & Clarke, R.O. (2003). Labor Standards in the United States and Canada. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
Department of Labor (U.S.) (2008) "Fall Protection" http://www.osha.gov/ SLTC/fallprotection/index.html
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Leigh, J.P. (1995). Causes of Death in the Workplace. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
On the plus side, though, the research also showed that innovations in technology, both high- and low-tech, hold enormous promise for improving miner safety by providing early warnings of impending disasters and by providing rescuers with better techniques for locating and rescuing trapped miners. In the final analysis, the technology already exists to accomplish these improvements and it remains a matter of establishing the relevant priorities at the state and federal levels to ensure that all mines are equipped with these devices before disaster strikes, and that these technologies are available for rescue efforts when the inevitable does occur. Future studies should investigate how these technologies can be deployed more cost effectively for developing nations and what steps should be taken ahead of time to ensure that these devices provide the maximum amount of protection for the investments involved.
Cooper, S., yan, J., & Sinback, M. (2003). Employment-related crimes.…
Cooper, S., Ryan, J., & Sinback, M. (2003). Employment-related crimes. American Criminal Law Review, 40(2), 367.
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Mining disaster incidents and fatalities, 1900-2006. (2007). National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (2007). Retrieved October 2, 2007 at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ mining/statistics/disasters.htm.
Peters, C. (2006, March). The other mine disaster. Washington Monthly, 38(3), 8.
DHS and Plainsville
In order to comply with the priorities handed down through Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Grant Programs and state mandates, Plainsville, Colorado, must address the situation of its critical rail line running through its community. The rail line is crucial for industrial use in manufacturing a hazardous material that is not manufactured anywhere else. However, the rail line is two centuries old and in need of repair. To assess the issues and risks at hand, the city has been tasked with bringing a committee of experts together that can share information on a range of issues, including: the integrity of the rail line, the prevention of a hazardous spill, the safety of the citizens, and the continuity of the neighboring town’s industry. This paper will describe ten organizations that can serve as a pool of expert opinion on these areas. It will also discuss their individual value…
children attend school every day and while they are there, their parents want them to be safe and sound. That includes when they are on the playground, lunchroom, and in the classroom. The equipment in which that the school use should be safe so that will be injured during school hours. And, when the students become older and want to attend vocational school, the equipments and machines that the school and teachers have for the classroom must be extremely safe while working with them. This is a must since when a person is in vocational school; they are working with power tools and heavy equipment while in the classroom. When it comes to safety in vocational school, there is also a health issue due to the fact that some of the machines might be a health hazard to the students and teachers.
The machines and equipment in which the Massachusetts…
Occupational Health and Safety
As a result of the fact that there is by no means a real sense of equality when it comes to the two genders and discrimination in the American workplace today, it's important to acknowledge that we still have a lot of work to do in terms of fighting for equality. In continuing that fight, it's important to be aware that sexist treatment and gender discrimination are forms of inequality in the workplace and they do add up to a very real occupational hazard for women. This is because such rampant unfairness over one's gender identity can cause tremendous unhappiness, and ultimately lead to anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, insomnia, nausea and headaches.
Balancing work and family tasks can put additional stress on women, who in many families still take primary responsibility for childcare and eldercare. When family and work demands collide, the resulting stress can lead…
Americanprogress.org. (2014). The Gender Wage Gap Differs by Occupation. Retrieved from americanprogress.org: http://americanprogress.org/issues/labor/news/2013/04/09/59698/the-gender-wage-gap-differs-by-occupation/
Brown, G., & Moran, P. (1997). Single mothers, poverty and depression. Psychological Medicine, 21-33.
Cdc.gov. (2013). Work-related health challenges facing women. Retrieved from cdc.gov: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ topics/women/' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
The etiology of the majority of cases of Parkinson's disease (PD) is unknown. What is known is that the disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that results from a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the area of the brain known as the substantia nigra (Hatfield, 2013). In addition, it is speculated that the disease is related to some type of genetic susceptibility and environmental risk factors that largely remain unidentified. Epidemiological research has suggested that there may be an association between exposure to pesticides and the onset of PD; however, this research is very mixed with some studies indicating that there is such relationship and a number of others failing to demonstrate such an association (Dardiotis, Xiromerisiou, Hadjichristodoulou et al., 2013). Dardiotis et al. (2013) reviewed the research and made a case that perhaps the relationship between pesticide use and PD is moderated by a genetic susceptibility. However, one of…
Dardiotis, E., Xiromerisiou, G., Hadjichristodoulou, C., Tsatsakis, A.M., Wilks, M.F., & Hadjigeorgiou, G.M. (2013). The interplay between environmental and genetic factors in Parkinson's disease susceptibility: the evidence for pesticides. Toxicology, 307, 17-23.
Hatfield, R.C. (2013). The everything guide to the human brain. Avon, MA: Adams.
Liew, Z., Wang, A., Bronstein, J., & Ritz, B. (2014). Job Exposure Matrix (JEM)-derived estimates of lifetime occupational pesticide exposure and the risk of Parkinson's disease. Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health, 69(4), 241-251.
The stress alarm, therefore, can actually assist the employee to improve her performance and is necessary especially, if positive perceptions regarding the challenges of the work environment exist. The response to the stress under the Cognitive Activation Theory of Stress, provided that the exceptions held by the employee are positive, is healthy and necessary for survival and productivity. Eriksen H.., Murison, ., Pensgaard, a.M., Ursin, H. (2005). Under this theory, emotional and physical health within the individual is sustained through a positive expectation for the outcomes, compliance with the expectations, or through resisting the stress altogether. Eriksen H.., Murison, ., Pensgaard, a.M., Ursin, H. (2005). A summary chart outlining these different theories on stress and their potential effects on the organization follows.
A Comparison of Theories of Stress and How They Affect Organizational Operations
Effect on the Organization
Fight or Flight
The stress produces physiological…
Afzalur, R. (1996). Stress, strain, and their moderators: An empirical comparison of entrepreneurs and managers. The Journal of Small Business Management, 34, 1-12.
Cooper, C.L. ed. (2002). Theories of organizational stress. New York, NY: Oxford University
Designing a Safety System
Safety management system is a management policy to prevent or minimize injury within a workplace. Top organizations across the United States are increasingly investing in safety management because of the general believe that safety is central precondition to market competitiveness and "an integral part of high quality business operations." (Tervonen, Haapasalo, & Niemela, 2009 P. 17). Safety is defined as a state where all the business related risks are managed at acceptable level. Typically, safety management is a management policy used to protect workers from undetermined accidents. Safety management is very similar to corporate safety where corporate safety is a holistic management strategy to protect an organization as a whole against accidents, misuse, harm and crime.
Objective of this project is to design safety management system for Hobart Brothers Co. To design safety management system for the company, the paper provides essential components that could prevent…
Azadeh M.A.(2000). Creating highly and reliable manufacturing systems: an integrated approach. Intern J. Reliabil Saf Eng. 7(3): 205-22.
Honkasalo A. (2000). Occupational health and safety and environmental management systems. Environ Sci Policy. 3(1): 39-45.
Miettinen J. (2002). Corporate Safety Manual Jyvaskyla: Gummerus Printing Ltd. .
New South Wales Government (2012).Unit 2: Managing Workplace Hazards, and Consultation in the Workplace. NSW Education and Communities.
Health and Safety in Construction Industry
The construction industry is by far the most dangerous one as it takes more lives every year and results in many short- and long-term minor or severe injuries. The UK government regulatory bodies have been playing a significant role in ensuring that proper health and safety procedures are followed. Throughout the last four decades, its role has been impeccable in decreasing fatalities in the construction industry, although the excessive rules and regulations, frequent changes, bureaucratic structure and lack of project management and risk management techniques have dented its efficiency in protecting small construction companies and contractors, resulting in a compensation and claim culture engulfed with individual profiteers such as insurance companies, lawyers and health and safety consultants. These excessive regulations have pushed constructors to adopt some illegal practices in order to decrease cost and probability of claims from injured workers. The risk management and…
Five steps to risk assessment. Viewed 27 October, 2012,
Hubbard, D. 2009. The failure of risk management: why it's broken and how to fix it. John Wiley & Sons. p. 46.
Health and safety executive. 2007. Managing health and safety in construction (Construction Design and Management) Regulations 2007 Approved Code of Practice.
Health and safety executive. 2011. Five steps to risk assessment, Viewed 28 October 2012
It is essential fo company manages, safety pactitiones and manufactuing enginees to be infomed of and gain sufficient knowledge about cuent eseach developments in this field and implement safety stategies as well as systems to minimize occupational health and safety isks. (Bie; Kuneuthe; Phimiste, 103); (Stellman, 17)
Active and pocedual isk management stategies ae impotant elements in any manufactuing unit. Active isk management efes to implementing intelocks, alams and mitigation systems that can detect a hazad and immediately shut down o set the system into a safe position. Pocedual isk management efes to implementing safety checklists, opeato taining, standad opeating pocedues and seveal such people dependent management systems. Ceating "inheently safe design stategies" in a manufactuing unit would involve fou key stategies. These ae minimizing, modeating, substituting and simplifying systems. (Bie; Kuneuthe; Phimiste, 103); (Stellman, 17)
Despite all safety guidelines, accidents still occu mainly as a esult of human complacence…
references and further reading you must purchase this article.
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Falzon, Pierre. Enabling safety: issues in design and continuous design. Cognition, Technology & Work, vol.10, no. 1, Jan 2008, pp: 7-14.
Fleming, Mary Louise; Parker, Elizabeth. 2007. Health promotion: principles and practice in the Australian context. Ligare Book Printer, Sydney.
International Labour Organization. Occupational safety & health. 2009. Retrieved 12 November, 2009 from http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/sectors/mee/safety.htm
IAMAW Views on Safety
The response of the American people to the terrorists attacks of 9/11 was felt one of compassion and resolve. Almost all Americans were associated in one or other manner in assisting the Nation come out of the dangerous impacts and become strengthened. It was curious to witness the way some hurried into the burning building and saving lives of their fellow workers, friends and strangers. While many measures have been undertaken to safeguard the security of Americans and continuance of the way of life, the workers confront stringent security policies on the job and sometimes loss of civil rights. (Worksite Security: IAM Headquarters)
The International Association for Machinists and Aerospace Workers -- IAM& AW as well as other institutions are watchful of the legislation and presidential orders against possible violation of bargaining and civil rights. They found the workplace security to be more embarrassing to the…
"Contact Lens Use in a Chemical Environment" (11 July, 2005) Retrieved from http://www.iamaw.org/content.cfm?cID=4866 Accessed 16 September, 2005
'Ergonomic, OSHA and EPA Update" (April/May, 2003) Trade Winds. Vol: 51; No: 2.
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Oil Offshore and Gas Installations: Safety Culture
The offshore oil and gas installation industry is one of the most notoriously hazardous due to its extreme and remote conditions. Both acute and chronic health and safety issues plague offshore oil and gas industry workers. However, offshore oil and gas installation sites are not more hazardous than other natural resources-related occupational sectors; moreover, the occupational safety in the offshore oil and gas industries are on par with other industries (U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2011). The same is true for offshore oil and gas installation sites in other countries like the United Kingdom, where it was found that "the sector demonstrates a relatively low lost time injury rate and has, for many years, outperformed a number of comparatively lower hazard industrial sectors (Oil & Gas UK, 2012).
The hazards of working in offshore oil and gas installations…
American Petroleum Institute (2013). The oil and natural gas industry's ongoing commitment to safety. Retrieved online: http://www.api.org/policy-and-issues/policy-items/safety/~/media/6A15AB96288D44569B23217E84D79E13.ashx
"American Petroleum Institute Guide to Reporting Process Safety Events," (n.d.). Version 2.0. Retrieved online: http://www.api.org/environment-health-and-safety/process-safety/process-safety-standards/~/media/files/ehs/health_safety/api_guide_to_report_pses_2_0.ashx
Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (n.d.). Safety training in Atlantic Canada's Offshore Oil and Gas Industry. Retrieved online: http://www.capp.ca/getdoc.aspx?DocID=215473
Flin, R., Mearns, K., Fleming, M. & Gordon, R. (1996). Risk perception and safety in the offshore oil and gas industry. Retrieved online: http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/othpdf/400-499/oth454.pdf
Such equipment should be adequate to ensure personnel are protected from chemical exposure to the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract. PPE may be upgraded or downgraded by the site industrial hygienist, HSM, or qualified Site Safety Officer based upon site conditions and air monitoring results (Levin, et al., 2002)
Work practice and administrative controls
Administrative controls or work practice controls are changes in work procedures such as written safety policies, rules, supervision, schedules, and training with the aim of reducing the interval, frequency, and sternness of exposure to hazardous chemicals or situations. Workers who handle hazardous chemicals in the workplace should be familiar with the administrative controls required fewer than 29 CF 1910.1200, and the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard. This controls are perhaps most important, because they impact your people directly. On the one hand, they are the simplest, since all it takes is education. On the other hand, education…
Annual report on 9/11 health (September, 2009). Retrieved on March 20, 2010 from http://www.nyc.gov/html/fdny/pdf/2009_wtc_medical_working_group_annual_report.pdf
Burright, D. et al., (1999). Evaluation guidelines for air sampling methods utilizing chromatographic analysis. OSHA Salt Lake Technical Center, U.S. Department of Labor: Salt Lake City, UT.
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Levin, S. et al.,. (2002). Health effects of World Trade Center site workers. America Journal of Industrial Medicine 42:545 -- 547.
However, recent spot checks suggest that many operators are unaware of the risk and therefore have not taken precautions to prevent dangerous concentrations of CO (NIOSH, 1984). This could prove to be fatal.
When employees are around aircraft it is important to practice the utmost safety, in order to ensure the safety of the ground crew, the people are on board of the aircraft, and all other employees involved in the handling of the flight line. Individuals must watch and listen for newly arriving or passing aircraft. If driving, employees must keep a proper distance from the aircraft and drive slowly, at 5 miles per hour only (AFOSH, 2003). Caution must also be taken with forklifts and k-loaders, as they must be lowered while aircraft is moving.
When working at night and around hazardous equipment, employees must utilize luminous wands, practice safe driving techniques, as those mentioned above, and use…
AFOSH, Std 91-100 (2003). Retrieved June 20, 2005, from AFOSH Web site: http://www.hill.af.mil/safety/chklists/ChecklistIndex.htm
CDC (2005). Retrieved June 20, 2005, from CDC Web site: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/sars/factsheet.htm
FAA (2005). Retrieved June 19, 2005, from FAA Web site: http://www.faa.gov/about/mission/activities/
NIOSH: Controlling carbon monoxide hazard in aircraft refueling operations (1984). Retrieved June 20, 2005, from NIOSH Web site: www.cdc.gov/niosh/84-106.html
Goal 2: Lead a national initiative to address the most significant traffic and motor vehicle safety issues.
Goal 3: Deliver the highest quality technical and program assistance to States and Communities, and promote international cooperation.
Goal 4: Improve data collection and analysis to better identify and understand problems and to support and evaluate programs: expedite the availability of Information to customers and partners.
Support esearch and Apply the esults to Education, Engineering, and Enforcement to educe oad Casualties and Costs
Goal 5: educe the number and severity of road collisions.
Goal 6: Mitigate the consequences of motor vehicle crashes.
Goal 7: Advance the non-safety mandates of the Agency.
Transform NHTSA through Continuous Improvement
Goal 8: Improve NHTSA's internal processes, management, and structure to create a more effective and efficient Agency that is better able to pursue its mission. (PS)
Goal 9: Listen to, involve, and serve customers and partners in…
NHTSA Case Study: Strategic Planning and Performance Measurement [Online available at http://govinfo.library.unt.edu/npr/library/studies/nhtsa.pdf ]Assessed September 08, 2005.
Work-Related Roadway Crashes -Challenges and Opportunities for Prevention (2003) 5 - Strategies for Preventing Work-Related Roadway Crashes - September 2003 National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. [Online available at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ docs/2003-119/2003-119e.html#five] Assessed September 08, 2005.
Fleet Safety Solutions (2005) [Online available at http://search.hp.netscape.com/hp/boomframe.jsp?query=Fleet+Safety&page=1&offset=0&result_url=redir%3Fsr%3Dwebsearch%26requestId%3D7a7cf385c5cdc01%26clickedItemRank%3D1%26userQuery%3DFleet%2BSafety%26clickedItemURN%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252F www.fleetsafetysolutions.com%252F%26invocationType%3D-romPage%3DHPPAV1Top%26amp%3BampTest%3D1&removeurl=http%3A % 2F%2F www.fleetsafetysolutions.com%2F] Assessed September 08, 2005.
Work-Related Roadway Crashes - Challenges and Opportunities for Prevention (2003) 1 - Introduction - September 2003 National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. [Online available at
Moreover, recent legislation such as the Affordable Care Act is expected to create an even greater need for nurses who can take on more advanced responsibilities. As one nurse stated on National Public adio: "…with the passage of the Affordable Care Act, which was passed in March, we're going to see 32 million new patients accessing the health care delivery system which previously weren't accessing this system. And currently, we don't have the capacity to provide high-quality, patient-centered care for this new expanded population" (NP, 2010)
Careers in nursing have become vast and varied, particularly for the highly educated, and pay for many of these careers is above $60,000 annually. While a nurse with a BSN who becomes an N can still advance in her career, enter management, or become a nursing professor, an MSN is necessary for nurses to enter one of the more prestigious and specialized subfields (Sacks,…
AACN. (2010, 10). The Impact of Education on Nursing Practice. Retrieved 02-14, 2011, from AACN: http://www.aacn.nche.edu/media/factsheets/impactednp.htm
Allen, J. (1988). Health Care Workers and the Risk of HIV Transmission. The Hastings Center Report, 18 (2), 2+.
NPR. (2010). Talk of the Nation: Role of Nurses in Primary Care May Expand. Retrieved 02-14, 2011, from NPR: http://www.npr.org/2010/11/16/131361359/role-of-nurses-in-primary-care-may-expand
OSHA. (2011). Bloodborne Pathogens and Needlestick Prevention. Retrieved 02-14, 2011, from OSHA.gov: http://www.osha.gov/ SLTC/bloodbornepathogens/index.html
Today, computer technology makes it practical to collect, edit, distribute and store data in electronic format with little or no additional manual processing necessary (Kala pp). Integrating data from various agencies is now possible, "including police crash reports, truck inspections, traffic citations, motor vehicle records, emergency medical services (EMS) run reports, emergency and long-term health care records, highway inventories, and traffic volume records" (Kala pp).
According to the American National Standard's Manual on Classification of Motor Vehicle Accidents, there are eight definitions: Transport Vehicles and Transport ays; Land ay, Land Vehicles and Uses; Injuries and Damages; Accidents; Locations;
Road vehicle Accident Types; Location of Road Vehicle Accidents; School Bus (Manual pp). There are 13 classifications: Classification of Persons by Injury Severity; Classification of Road Vehicles by Damage Severity; Accident Classification by Transport Vehicle Type; Accident Classification by Injury Severity; Accident Classification by Damage Severity; Accident Classification by Number of Vehicles;…
Della-Giustina, Daniel. Motor Fleet Safety and Security Management. Retrieved September 26, 2005 at http://print.google.com/print?id=lEH4LetE5p8C&lpg=PA1&pg=PA2&sig=u7a-j_jQdGzTYW59S8iQKg9CQkc
Eckhardt, Bob. (1999 May 01). Measuring incidents under new ANSI standard.
Concrete Products. Retrieved September 26, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.
Fleet1 management & maintenance. (1996 April 15). Public Works. Retrieved September
Safety within the workplace is a central issue that Occupational Safety and Health Authority hold with the highest consideration than any other matter within the workplace that can potentially affect the employees. OSHA has in place lucid rules and regulations guiding the safeguarding of the employees safety within organizations. There are various initiatives taken by organization to ensure that there is safety within the workplace. egardless of the safety initiative taken, employees should feel free to report any illnesses or injuries in the workplace if not then the entire workforce will be at risk. With a sound safety program in place there will be a reduction of accidents at the workplace. This paper will hence concentrate on the issue of workplace safety, its application and the different approaches that both the employees and the employers can always put into practice in order to ensure safety of the employees…
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health & Safety, (2014). Back Injury Prevention. Retrieved May 8, 2014 from http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/ergonomics/inj_prev.html
Copeland, J. (2012). Safety Incentive Programs-pros and cons. Retrieved May 8, 2014 from http://arbill1.web11.hubspot.com/arbill-safety-blog/bid/166165/Safety-Incentive-Programs-Pros-and-Cons
Green, C. (2012).Best Safety Practices for the Workplace. Retrieved May 8, 2014 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/safety-practices-workplace-782.html
Healthy Working Lives, (2010). Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). Retrieved May 8, 2014
The Association of Iron and Steel Electrical Engineers (AISEE) pushed for a "national conference on safety" and as a result the Cooperative Safety Congress (CSC) was held (in 1912) and out of that meeting the National Council of Industrial Safety (NCIS) was founded. Later, the NCIS evolved into the National Safety Council (NSC) (Goetsch, p. 6).
On-the-job accidents "and even fatalities" were "an accepted fact of life in the construction industry" during the early 1900s, writes author Richard Hislop on page 4 of his book, Construction Site Safety: A Guide for Managing Contractors. Construction workers helping to build the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, for example, were in harm's way constantly. hen the budget was established and the projections for the Golden Gate were prepared, "it was expected that there would be on fatality for each million dollars of construction work," Hislop explains (1999, p. 4). And since the…
Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2008). Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Summary, 2007.
Retrieved July 18, 2009, from http://www.bls.gov/news.release/cfoi.nr0.htm .
Goetsch, David L. (2003). Construction Safety and Health. Upper Saddle River, NJ:
7. Fenn, P., & Ashby, S., 2004. Workplace risk, establishment size, and union density. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 42, 461 -- 480.
8. Griffin, M.A., & Neal, A., 2000. Perceptions of safety at work: A framework for linking safety climate to safety performance, knowledge, and motivation. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5, 347 -- 358.
9. Neal, A., Griffin, M.A., & Hart, P.M., 2000. The impact of organizational climate on safety climate and individual behavior. Safety Science, 34, 99 -- 109.
10. Hechanova-Alampay, R.H., & Beehr, T.A., 2001. Empowerment, span of control and safety performance in work teams after workforce reduction. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 6, 275 -- 282.
11. Kaminski, M., 2001. Unintended consequences: Organizational practices and their impact on workplace safety and productivity. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 6, 127 -- 138.
Turner, N., & Parker, S.K., 2004. The effect of teamwork on safety processes and…
American business has grown over the past several decades, so have the number of laws, rules, and regulations governing the operation of such business. These laws and regulations are generally of types: 1) to promote market competition and to keep the power of large corporations under control, and 2) to mitigate the adverse effects of business activity on individuals and organizations. These laws and regulations are often beneficial but they come at a cost. These costs are not always obvious but they include the cost of compliance as well as the increased risk of litigation. These costs affect all businesses no matter how large but they hit smaller businesses particularly hard. The purpose of this paper will be to examine the various laws and regulations affecting employee safety in the United States and determine their advantages and disadvantages.
Employment laws, regulations, and policies have become burdensome for American businesses. Whether…
Most state and federal regulations related to the transportation of hazardous materials were first established in 1975 with the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act. The Act broadly defines hazardous materials as anything that “may pose an unreasonable risk to health and safety or property,” (OSHA, 2017). In practice, hazardous materials generally include explosives, hazardous waste, gasses, radioactive material, flammable or combustible materials, and harmful chemicals. However, each state would have its own regulations, which sometimes conflicted with neighboring states or federal regulations. Further complicating the issues related to safe transport of hazardous materials was the fact that a large number of federal, state, and local agencies would have different jurisdictions and subject to different regulations or laws, such as the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), Federal Railway Administration (FRA), Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), and the United States Coast Guard (USCG) (Federal Motor Carrier…
Fifteen questions used to measure willingness to AC were assembled into a questionnaire designed to examine the personality measures and items regarding employee response to various safety issues, adequacy of safety training, and attitudes toward other safety related issues. The most pertinent questions relating to AC were:
If I know a coworker is going to do a hazardous job, I am willing to remind him/her of the hazards (even if the employee is familiar with the job),
I am willing to warn my peers about working unsafely am willing to do whatever I can to improve safety, even confronting my peers about their unsafe acts.
The responses to these questions, measured on a 5-point Likert scale, were added to attain an AC score. The Likert technique presents a set of attitude statements. Subjects are asked to express agreement or disagreement of a five-point scale. Each degree of agreement is given…
Asfahl, C.R. (1999) Industrial safety and health management, 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall
Coopersmith, S. (1967). The antecedents of self-esteem. San Francisco: Freeman.
Curtis, S.L., (1995) "Safety and total quality management," Professional Safety, Jan., pp.18-20
DiPadova, L.N., and Faerman, S.R. (1993). "Using the competing values framework to facilitate managerial understanding across levels of organizational hierarchy," Human Resource Management, 32(1), 143-174
Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency esponse Standards
OSHA specifically prohibits employee rotation as a method of administrative control as it may increase the number of exposed employees to harmful components such as gasses in dangerous work environments (OSHAa). Exposure to a large number of employees to potential hazardous elements poses a significant risk to a large population.
Other administrative controls that could be used include the following:
Limited time exposure to hazards: Activities in this aspect include using control equipment such as partial enclosure and LEV (OSHAa). Controlling procedures also come in handy in this step and include training and supervision to reduce exposure. Additional measures include testing, examination, and maintenance of control measures. It is also vital to ensure that employees adhere to the control measures in place to minimize exposure time to hazards.
Stretching and break policies for employees: egular rest breaks ease physical strain such as eye…
Occupational Safety & Health Administration [OSHAa] (n.d.) Occupational Safety and Health Standards. Toxic and Hazardous Substances Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document-p_table=STANDARDS&pid=10023
Occupational Safety & Health Administration [OSHAb] (n.d.) Hazardous waste operations and emergency response. Hazardous Materials. Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document-p_table=STANDARDS&p_id=9765
1. What are the leading causes of death in the United States?
Accidents are considered to be the fourth leading cause of death after heart disease, cancer and strokes.
2. When the overall cost of an accident is calculated, what elements make up the cost?
The elements making up the cost of an accident are lost wages, insurance administration, medical expenses, motor vehicle damage, fire-related losses, and indirect costs.
3. What are the five leading causes of accidental deaths in the United States?
Motor vehicle, poison, falls, drowning, and fire-related accidents.
4. What are the leading causes of death in the United States of people between the ages of 25 and 44?
Motor vehicle, poison, falls, drowning, fire-related accidents, heart, and cancer disease.
5. Explain how today’s rate of accidental work deaths compares with the rate in the early 1900s.
Per a population of 100,000, accidental work deaths have reduced…
Policies and Procedures
Health and Safety Guidelines
There are several elements to health and safety guidelines that must be adhered to. The presence of equipment, hot water, and chemicals all represent safety hazards to the workers. Furthermore, to the extent that the operation carries cash, and may be at risk for robbery, there are other safety considerations that need to be taken into account. There will be electrical equipment in this environment, a risk given that water will be everywhere on site and its spray uncontrolled. A further risk is that customers will be operating the car wash, meaning that employees do not have full control over the equipment. OSHA has published a list of the common citations specific to the car wash industry, including fall protection, hazard communication, scaffolding, respiratory protection, control of hazardous energy, machines, wiring and more (Lawless, 2012).
A lot of health and safety guidelines can…
Lawless, P. (2012). OSHA for carwash operators: Regulations, enforcement and citations. Professional Carwashing and Detailing. Retrieved March 30, 2016 from http://www.carwash.com/osha-regulations-enforcement-and-citations/
OSHA (2009). Unguarded conveyor injures carwash worker. Occupational Health & Safety Association. Retrieved March 30, 2016 from https://ohsonline.com/articles/2009/09/28/conveyor-injures-carwasher.aspx
Environmental considerations related to hazardous chemical storage include concepts like green chemistry, which is a method of engaging in this process in such a way that hazardous chemicals are actually made obsolete. However, green chemistry is not always feasible; therefore, it is possible to reduce the negative impact that storage of hazardous chemicals could have on the environment by storing them in small batches and containers and thus reducing the level of risk that exists should the chemicals manage to leak or actually become pollutants (National esource Council Committee on Prudent Practices in the Laboratory, 2011). Hazardous chemicals can become toxins in any environment and therefore precautions should be taken when storing them for the sake of the environment. Several strategies such as air pollution management, water pollution management, and soil pollution prevention can be implemented alongside control measures, the cost of which should also be considered.
National Research Council Committee on Prudent Practices in the Laboratory. (2011).
Prudent practices in the laboratory: handling and management of chemical hazards. DC: National Academies Press.
Spiegel, J., Maystre, L. (2015). Environmental Pollution Control. Encyclopedia of Occupational Health and Safety. Retrieved from http://www.ilocis.org/documents/chpt55e.htm
Acme Fireworks is facing tremendous challenges which are similar to growing businesses. This occurs when firms need to adjust with increasing demand and expand their operations. During this process, they must examine their business model and determine if it is economically viable moving forward. In this case, the company is currently organized as a sole proprietorship.
Fireworks are known to be deadly products. This is because a flame is ignited and travels into a tube filled with gunpowder. Even those who are exercising extreme caution, have the possibility of becoming injured from debris or being too close to the explosion. In these cases, there is a likelihood of death or the person receiving extensive injuries. This is problematic, as it exposes Acme Fireworks to potential litigation from these challenges. (Okrent, 2014)
At the heart of these challenges, are potential work safety issues. This is because the company is…
Guide to Developing Environmental Management Systems. (2014). EPA.gov. Retrieved from: http://www.epa.gov/ems/implement.html
Damali, N. (2006). Environmental Management Systems. Business Strategy and the Environment,17, (1), 30 -- 45.
Delmas, M. (2006). Greening the Supply Chain. Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, 18, 117 -- 122.
Deming, W. (2000). Out of the Crisis. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Safety and Health Considerations in Fire Incident esponse
The issue of safety during emergency response by the fire fighters has been discussed and severally emphasized. In as much as the responders are out to save lives and property, they too need to be safe so that they do not add to the count of the victims, if any be, as well as avoid injuries in the process of saving others. There are manuals that have been developed in various states and even counties all with the aim of streamlining response to emergencies and reducing the number of deaths of both the victims and the responders. Hundreds of fire fighters die in the line of duty each year with most of the death being from the exposure to rapid fire, getting trapped by objects and collapsed buildings. It can be said that there are sufficient safety regulations and guidelines concerning the…
United States Department of Labor, (2015). Incident Command system: Incident Commander. Retrieved April 9, 2015 from https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/ics/inci.html
Work Safe, (2015). Fire Fighting. Retrieved April 9, 2015 from http://www2.worksafebc.com/publications/OHSRegulation/part31.asp
Occupational Health and Safety
The objective of this study is to examine the issues surrounding the need for occupational health and safety.
Occupational health and safety specialists work conducting analysis of various types of "work environment and work procedures." (ureau of Labor Statistics, 2012, p.1) In addition, occupational health and safety specialists "inspect workplaces checking for compliance to safety, health, and environmental regulations. Occupational health and safety specialists further design programs that serve to prevent injury or disease to workers and environmental damage." (ureau of Labor Statistics, 2012, p.1)
Aims and Objectives of Occupational Health and Safety
Occupational health and safety has as its aim the following:
the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations; the prevention among workers of adverse effects on health caused by their working conditions; the protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting…
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2012-13 Edition, Occupational Health, and Safety Specialists,
on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/occupational-health-and-safety-specialists.htm (visited September 11, 2012).
Introduction to Occupational Health and Safety (2011) International Labor Organization. Retrieved from: http://actrav.itcilo.org/actrav-english/telearn/osh/intro/inmain.htm
Global strategy on occupational health for all: The way to health at work (1995) Occupational Health. World Health Organization. Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/occupational_health/globstrategy/en/
New safety protocols and expectations are always buying released. To ensure that all employees are aware of the new policies and can respond appropriately, a staff meeting will be held once a month to go over new safety policies and update employees on all changes within the company. For urgent updates, department informal meetings will be utilized to give the employees notice of the changes.
Employees appreciate and preform better when there are incentives for such actions. Safety should not be an exception to this rule. The safety patrol rewards program will allow a reward for those employees who consistently follow proper safety protocol. The program will have three sections: knowledge, habits, and record. The knowledge section will be multiple choice tests that employees can take on recent safety releases from the safety committee. If they receive a perfect score on the test, they get a…
Roles & Responsibilities for Occupational Health & Safety. University of Wollongong. Accessed 9 March 2012. Available from http://staff.uow.edu.au/content/groups/public/@web/@ohs/documents/doc/uow016892.pdf
Managing Health and Safety. Government of Southern Australia. Accessed 9 March 2012. Available from http://www.safework.sa.gov.au/uploaded_files/gs601i.pdf
The OHS&W Act: Your Obligations. Government of Southern Australia. Accessed 9 March 2012. Available from http://www.safework.sa.gov.au/uploaded_files/gs7i.pdf
Immediate Threat to Health and Safety. Government of Southern Australia. Accessed 9 March 2012. Available from http://www.safework.sa.gov.au/uploaded_files/gs652i.pdf
Health and Safety Legislation in elation to Employee Protection for Accidents at Work
Every individual within a workplace environment has the legal rights to protection against any work related risk, which may arise on the course of duty performance. Generally, the employees' health and safety legislation impose a range of duties to both employers and employees. The employees' health and safety guides apply to the self-employed as well as the diverse categories of employees such as manufacturers, designers, and suppliers. In different states, the legislation expresses a wide-based duty guideline within the Health and Safety at Work Acts. These regulations or acts are further spelt out in details within the subsidiary regulations, including those dealing with health and safety management, accident and/or risk management (Johnson & Geraldine, 2013, p. 57), as well as other emerging issues specific to health and safety of employees at work. This paper aims at providing…
Chamberlin, K.W., Cottle, M. & Neville, R. (2007).Responsibilities in notifying accidents to the health and safety authorities.Health and Safety Management, 4(3), 67-78.
Hansson, P. (2008). Employment laws and employee accident claims. Employment, Safety and Health, 14(5), 27-42.
Johnson, W.B. & Geraldine, C.K. (2013).The management of health, safety and welfare of employees at work.Employment Rights and Conditions, 3(1), 56-68.
Occupational Health and Safety Act (2000).Workplace injuries management and workers compensation.Journal of Employees' Safety and Health, 73(4), 78-97.
Safety and Health Issues in Meat Processing Industry
In the meat processing industry, health and safety issues are of vital importance, in view of the several risks arising out of microbial contamination of meat and the occupational hazards faced by workers. Past experiences have shown that microbial reproduction in meat and meat products can reach alarming proportions traversing across countries and even continents. The infamous mad cow disease and the foot and mouth disease in cattle has rattled the British meat industry for a considerable period, resulting in loss of image, confidence and erosion of profits. North America's main problem is the widespread prevalence of eschericia coli in meat, more commonly known as the hamburger disease. It is well-known that meat is highly susceptible to attack of bacteria and virus and hence there is a constant need to address this risk. When microbial activity sets in, the quality of meat…
American Meat Industry Fact Sheet: 'Worker Safety in the Meat and Poultry Industry', (2002) Available at www.meatami.com/content/presscentre/factsheets_infobits/FactSheetWorkerSafety.pdf. Accessed 11/28/2003
Brodeur, C. (n.d) Agriculture and Agri-food Canada - 'Meat Safety: The war on bacteria', Available at http://www.res2.agr.gc.ca/orda/pubs/art8_e.htm. Accessed 11/28/2003
Cannon, J.E et. al (1996) 'Pork Chain Quality Audit Survey: Quantification of Port Quality Characteristics', Journal of Muscle Foods (7), 56-62
Chesworth, N (1997) 'Food Hygiene Auditing', Blackie Academic & Professional, London
The medical field is constantly undergoing significant changes in response to the changing health and social needs of Canadians, as well as health care delivery systems. Occupational therapy is an integral part of this process, as it has expanded from traditional hospital settings to home and community care.
Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists identifies some of the existing trends as affecting occupational therapy:
• an aging population
• increased awareness of the needs of people with disabilities
• higher survival rates from accidents and injuries
• increased emphasis on health promotion and prevention to keep health care costs down
• higher incidence of mental health and family problems
• changes in work conditions such as job stress and early retirement
• a more informed public regarding health and health concerns
In my opinion one of rapidly evolving trends in occupational therapy in Ontario is its increasing role in…
Ontario Long-Term Care Association. (2011). Elements of an effective innovation strategy for long-term care in Ontario. The Conference Board of Canada. Web. http://www.oltca.com/Library/march11_cboc_report.pdf
The author also points out that when a system is in place and utilized correctly it will also enable companies to more easily detect errors or problems that may in the future decrease or inhibit productivity (Pierce, 2000).
TSM system that is adopted and embraced by senior management and employees will also empower employees and managers alike to take preventive steps toward safety, encourage motivation among all members of an organization, encourage people to team up, become more self-directed, "accountable and re-engineered," all of which will lead to increased overall functioning (Pierce, 2000). There are multiple studies that point out that employees who do not feel safe in the workplace are more likely to perform poorly, demonstrate increased absenteeism and generally contribute less to the organization as a whole (Pierce, 2000). Thus, an organization should not simply view TSM as beneficial for the health and well being of employees, but…
DOE. (2005). "Quality Assurance Training for DOE 414.1A and Rule 10 CFR 830." Retrieved September 21, 2005.
Goetsch, D.L. (2005). "Implementing Total Safety Management." Retrieved September 21, 2005: https://safety.army.mil/pages/guidance.tqm.doc
Kincaid, W.H. (2002 - Dec). "OSHA vs. excellence in safety management: By integrating safety into its management system, any company can take these simple steps to boost its safety performance." Occupational Hazards, 64(12): 34.
Pierce, F.D. (2000 - Jun). "Safety in the emerging leadership paradigm." Occupational Hazards, 62(6): 63.
Whatever the needed equipment is the company should provide the best possible so that the employees have a reduced chance of accident.
In addition, when a company provides the best possible equipment to the employees it sends them a strong message about the importance of a safety culture at work.
Modeling this way of thinking from management down to the employees will help to promote the safety culture the companies' desire.
Having a team effort to promote the safety culture of any company can only serve to boost the employee moral, save money on workman's compensation claims and reduce the number of accidents within that workplace environment.
For many years, employers were not to concerned with the safety factor of their employees and employees, by human nature would use risk taking behaviors to get their jobs done. This combination of human high risk behavior and lack of company care…
Goodman, Fay (1999) Business: Small Talk - Way to avoid accidents caused by too much bottle.(News) the Birmingham Post (England)
Lanoi, Paul (1992) Safety regulation and the risk of workplace accidents in Quebec.
Southern Economic Journal
Ware, Brandy (2005) Selecting healthy hand tools: choosing the right hand tool for a job can protect workers from painful injuries and improve productivity at the same time.(Prevention of workplace accidents) Occupational Hazards
Easton (1997) argued that every injured worker in an organization involves financial (between four and ten times the obvious) and productivity costs that could have been prevented." (Murray, et al., 2003)
II. Driver Selection Steps
The basic attributes required to becoming a truck driver are (1) Physical; (2) Mental; and (3) Communication. First one must be physically fit to become a truck driver. Secondly one must have the mental capacity and have the right attitude in accepting the rights of others to use the road, displaying courteousness to other drivers, be able to remain clam in an emergency or working under pressure, have the ability and desire to learn and to apply that learning in the work environment, be able to sustain performance under strenuous working conditions and situations, and accept the disciplines of working within the framework of abiding by the law and meeting rules and policies of the…
Baas, Peter (2003) Fleet Driver Safety - TERNZ, Ltd. AA 2003 Driver Education Conference, Wellington NZ, April 2003 Online available at http://www.ternz.co.nz/docs/AA_driver_ed.pdf
Della-Guistina, Daniel (2005) Motor Fleet Safety and Security Management Online available at http://print.google.com/print?id=lEH4LetE5p8C&lpg=PA1&pg=PA1&sig=l-vnTHPTKUnuVaQd8lXqmuvCqXY
Murray, Will et al. (2003) Evaluating and Improving Fleet Safety In Australia Department of Transport and Regional Services: Australian Transport Safety Bureau - Road Safety Research Grant Report - April 2003 Online available at: https://www.atsb.gov.au/road/pdf/fleet_safety_012003.pdf
Your Fleet Reflects Your Image... How Do You Manage It?, 1998 Online available at ( http://www.nacsonline.com )
Boosting job satisfaction by offering employees safety nets should they get MSD or offering as many preventative measures as possible will lead to a corporate culture more conducive to long-term profitability. Firms should move away from the prevailing business model that discounts employee satisfaction (and employee health) and shift toward a more holistic vision of business. No industry or organization will fare well for long if they cannot maintain a healthy workforce. Firms and their leaders also have an ethical obligation to provide their employees with the best ergonomic equipment and the latest knowledge about MSDs.
MSDs are not a problem, regardless of arguments that insufficient research backs up OSHA's claims. Enough research is available and enough case studies testify to the problem. The federal government absolutely should intervene and mandate complete coverage for MSDs because one of the purposes of government is to help maintain public safety.
Comair Flight 5191: Case Study in Fatigue
Aviation Safety: Fatigue
Comair Flight 5191: A Case Study in Fatigue
Comair Flight 5191: A Case Study in Fatigue
Comair Flight 5191 came to a disastrous end in 2006 when the flight crew attempted to take off from a runway much shorter than required for the aircraft they were piloting, resulting in the deaths of 49 of the 50 people on board (Pruchnicki, Wu, and Belenky, 2011). The Comair Captain, First Officer, and air traffic controller failed to perform the necessary checks to ensure the plane was lined up on the proper runway before takeoff. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigated the accident and could not definitively determine the cause. Years later at a sleep conference, the NTSB chairman Deborah Hersman mentioned the Comair Flight 5191 tragedy and noted that establishing fatigue as a significant contributing factor is often so difficult that…
Caldwell, John A. (2012). Crew schedules, sleep deprivation, and aviation performance. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21(2), 85-89.
Hersman, Deborah A.P. (2010). Remarks of the Honorable Deborah A.P. Hersman, Chairman National Transportation Safety Board before the National Sleep Foundation in Washington, D.C. NTSB.gov. Retrieved 14 Feb. 2013 from http://www.ntsb.gov/news / speeches/hersman/daph100305.html.
Jackson, Craig A. And Earl, Laurie. (2006). Prevalence of fatigue among commercial pilots. Occupational Medicine, 56, 263-268.
Pruchnicki, Shawn A., Wu, Lora J., and Belenky, Gregory. (2011). An exploration of the utility of mathematical modeling predicting fatigue from sleep/wake history and circadian phase applied in accident analysis and prevention: The crash of Comair Flight 5191. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 43, 1056-1061.
Occupational Health Law Analysis
Occupational safety would seem to be simple to many but it is actually a quite complex subject and takes on many forms and levels of responsibility. Indeed, both the employees and employer alike have their burdens to meet in terms of preparation, procurement and safety of resources and when they must or must act in a certain way so as to uphold the security and safety of everyone in the company with people directly in harm's way being the ones that must be protected the most vigilantly. This report focuses in large part on an occupational health and safety legal case, that being Kirk v, Industrial elations Commission of New South Wales (NSW). While employees bear a strong burden to protect themselves as well as others in the workplace, there are several dimensions that ultimately fall on the employer without fail at some level or another…
Foster, N. (2010). General risks or specific measures? The High Court decision in Kirk.
Australian Journal of Labour Law, 23(3), pp.230-239.
Kirk v. Industrial Relations Commission of New South Wales. (2014). Bourke's Criminal
Law News Victoria, 10(2), pp.1-10.
The main hazards related to LNG include:
upture due to Corrosion
upture while excavation
upture while excavation
upture during an earthquake
upture due to mechanical failure
upture at compressor
upture at inspection stations
Uncontrolled detonation of explosives
Blow-out of gas at head and subsequent fire
Gas leak from infrastructure
Fire involving combustible
LPG or Diesel
Diesel pump fire involving equipment brittle fracture valve Leaks
Welding failure welding casting failure
Mechanical overstressing of equipment Vibration
Failure due to external loading or impact
Underground pipe rupture of transmission pipeline
Pipe rupture at main line valve sites.
upture of adjacent gas pipeline
Uncontrolled detonation of explosives
Gas leak from pipeline infrastructure
Drop of pipe from pipe lifts
Accommodation fire involving combustible construction LPG or Diesel
Diesel fire involving mobile fuel tanker
Uncontrolled release of LNG
Uncontrolled release of refrigerant gas
Uncontrolled release of by- product…
Acutech Consulting (2009). The HAZOP (Hazard and Operability) Method
American Petroleum Institute (August 2009). Analysis of U.S. Oil Spillage. p26
Saldaria, M. A. & Herrero, S. G. (2012, Annual). The impact of occupational hazard information on employee health and safety: An analysis by professional sectors in Spain. International Electronic Journal of Health Education, 15, 83-87.
Emphasizing that more than 6,000 workers die each day around the world due to work-related health and safety conditions, the authors cite the need for improvement in occupational conditions to make companies safer places to work. In support of these findings, Saldaria and Herrero provide an exhaustive review of the relevant secondary literature together with their original analysis of health and safety threats by occupational category. Based on their analysis, Saldaria and Herrero found that among the occupations analyzed, agriculture, truck driving and mining were among the most dangerous and intractable to prevention measures. Industry, construction, delivery drivers, health care personnel, teachers and administrative were ranked the next highest in descending order.
Saldaria, M. A. & Herrero, S. G. (2012, Annual). The impact of occupational hazard information on employee health and safety: An analysis by professional sectors in Spain. International Electronic Journal of Health Education, 15, 83-87.
The respondents also believed that premiums should be adjusted based on an organizations willingness to introduce and enforce health and safety standards.
5. Safety representatives-these representatives serve the purpose of serving notices or organizations when breaches in safety and health standards take place.
6. Occupational Health and Rehabilitation -- a significant percentage or respondents believe that there needs to be greater access to occupational health services for employees. The respondents also believed that there should be a "new focus on the provision of rehabilitation services for injured and sick workers."
7. Financial Incentives-finally the respondents believed that employees needed financial incentives to encourage cooperation as it pertains to health and safety standards.
The HSE used all of the information gathered to create new strategies for dealing with Health and Safety issues in the workplace. One of the primary trends that developed was that of enforcement. In an effort to have…
"A strategy for workplace health and safety in Great Britain to 2010 and beyond"
"Enforcement Management Model." (2002). Health and Safety Executive
Enforcement Policy Statement. Health and Safety Executive
Environmental Health Policy Improvement Committee (20 April 2004) . Health and Safety Commission
Management of Occupational Exposures to Bloodborne Pathogens:
Hepatitis B Virus, Hepatitis C Virus, and Human Immunodeficiency Virus
his paper is written specifically for health care professionals who may, at some point during the course of their workday, be exposed to certain bloodborne pathogens, potentially resulting in serious illness. herefore, it is important that these professionals create and maintain a plan to address key issues that may arise during the testing and care of potentially infected patients. By writing this article, the authors hope to establish a standard procedure for dealing with occupational exposure to the pathogens for healthcare workers while also reviewing much of the current information available.
he authors note that there have been many studied performed over the years that deal with exposure to bloodborne pathogens, but this article attempts to combine them into one coherent plan for all healthcare workers to follow. hey reference several studies that…
The authors do not present many controversial findings in this article, but the demand for zidovudine is growing as an immediate treatment after exposure. The authors find no evidence to support its efficacy and, therefore, do not condone its use. They also question the efficacy of using other antibodies in the wake of exposure since there is little evidence suggesting they have any effect at all. The authors have clearly been working with bloodborne pathogens for some time and have grown concerned about the exposure rate of many professional healthcare workers. They view the immediate influence of counseling as essential in helping a worker to overcome the emotional aspect of exposure and believe that every precaution must be taken to avoid such risks. While most people would readily agree with this position on the risks associated with treating infected patients, some would argue that these risks should not supersede the patient's privacy, a contention that the authors seem to find ineffectual. For them, the risks facing healthcare workers are far more important than any privacy issues that may present themselves.
Gerberding, Julie L. And David K. Henderson. "Management of Occupational Exposures to Bloodborne Pathogens: Hepatitis B Virus, Hepatitis C Virus, and Human Immuno-
Deficiency Virus." Clinical Infectious Diseases 14.6 (1992): 1179-1185. Print.
Health and Safety Issues
Safety and health regulation breaches are criminal offenses in a number of jurisdictions, and may cause prosecution of the organization, employee, or executive by relevant enforcement authorities in safety and health; the guilty individual may be fined or may even suffer imprisonment. Violations incur fines based on jurisdiction; for instance, a violation of safety and health regulations in the United Kingdom can result in a fine amounting to about 20,000 pounds. Conscious and intentional violation of regulations, or serious negligence in performing one's legal duties, which endangers lives, may result in imprisonment or unlimited fines. The term "violation" denotes any conscious deviation from regulations, rules, procedures, and instructions put in place for effective and safe maintenance and operation of equipment or plant. ule breaches may be unintentional, intentional, or accidental (Vinodkumar & Bhasi, 2010; Edwards, 2000).
Health and safety managers' initiatives
The foremost consideration when handling…
Edwards, C.A. (January 1, 2000). DISCIPLINE FOR SAFETY INFRACTIONS ... OR SUFFER THE CONSEQUENCES. Canada's Occupational Health & Safety Magazine. Retrieved from http://www.ohscanada.com/features/discipline-for-safety-infractions-or-suffer-the-consequences / on 7 March 2016
Marsh, H. W., Ludtke, O., Muthen, B., Asparouhov, T., Morin, A. J. S., Trautwein, U. & Nagengast, B. (2010). A new look at the big-five factor structure through exploratory structural equation modeling. Psychological Assessment, 22, 471-491.
Sinclair, R. R., Martin, J. E., & Sears, L. E. (2010). Labor unions and safety climate: Perceived union safety values and retail employee safety outcomes. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 42, 1477-1487.
Vinodkumar, M. N., & Bhasi, M. (2010). Safety management practices and safety behaviour: assessing the mediating role of safety knowledge and motivation. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 42, 2082-2093.
Swinburne University Safety Issues
Background- Swinburne University, based in Melbourne, Victoria AU, is a public dual sector university founded in 1908 and achieving university status in 1992. The campus serves almost 32,000 students -- half enrolled in higher education courses, half in technical education. These totals include nearly 7000 students from over five different countries, attending five campuses (Swinburne University 2010). Swinburne has been nationally and internationally recognized as the best technical institute in Australia, the best university in Melbourne for teaching quality since 2007 and as one of Australia's top "student picked" universities. Internationally, it is one of the top 500 universities in the world across seven disciplines (ating Major Disciplines in Australian Universities: Perceptions and eality 2006). Swinburne receives many awards for teaching style based not only on innovative, top-notch faculty, but of relevance of coursework and alignment of degree programs to various industries. The university also believes…
Resources acts as the specific focus in administration of OH&S protocol. There is a specific person assigned to interact with other department and the administration, and to ensure that legal needs are communicated appropriate to all students, faculty, and staff. In addition, Swinburne uses an organizational rubric called DWG, or Designated Work Groups. Each of these work groups form the basis for electing Health and Safety Representatives that deal with campus-wide issues. Swinburne takes this so seriously, that as a group, the university must consult with that particular Health and Safety Representative on any proposed changes that are recommended for the workplace that may represent changes to health and safety issues. From an organizational perspective, the university then believes it has consulted with the student or faculty body through representation. HSR's receive training, which takes 5 days, and university employers are obligated to allow for time off during this training session, although it is not mandatory, just highly recommended.
physical agents that exposes health and safety hazards to workers within the work places. Some of the physical agents are noise, vibrations, explosive atmospheres, electromagnetic fields, ionizing radiations as well as optical radiation. It should be noted that there are huge risks that are associated with these physical agents and unless measures are taken to contain the situation, serious health and safety risks may occur. There are also a number of directives that have laid down the minimum requirements aimed at protecting the workers.
From this report, it has been noted that the various hazards that are associated with the construction work include dust, hard physical labor, vibration, chemical vapors, radon as well as atmospheres lacking oxygen. Similarly, construction work is always done in pressurized environments. Therefore, underground casuals are exposed to serious risks as well as fatal injuries. Other physical hazards are exceptional as far as underground work is…
Health and Safety Executive. (2008). The physical agents (artificial optical radiation) directive
Revised regulatory impact assessment.
Assessed on November 18, 2011
Beyond this, there are a number of steps which must be taken to ensure that existing surfaces which can be considered at least soft and absorptive enough to remain are reinforced against incident or accident. This will be especially relevant to carpeted or rug-covered floors, which can often be more moveable than one might desire. One article, published by Men's Health Center, offers the instructions to "fix carpet edges to the floor - avoid loose rugs and mats and make sure any uncovered floors are not polished too highly. Ensure all handles, railings and banisters are firmly fastened." (Health & Age, 1)
ith respect to handles and rails, this helps to direct our attention toward how best to outfit transitional flooring between rooms. Railings and handles for level hallways is an effective way to provide extra support as one breaches the threshold of a carpeted room from the lower gradient…
Brennan Occupational Therapy. (2006). Seating for the Elderly. Brennan OT. Online at http://www.occupationaltherapist.ie/seating.html
Health and Age. (2006). Physical Safety for the Elderly at Home. Men's Health Center. Online at http://www.healthandage.com/Home/gm=0!gc=28!gid7=960
Minns, R.J. (1999). CAN FLOORING and UNDERLAY MATERIALS REDUCE the NUMBER of HIP FRACTURES in the ELDERLY? Regional medical Physics Department, Newcastle General Hospital.
Seniors Superstore (SS). (2008). Safety products for seniors and elderly, safety products for around the house and on the go. Online at http://www.seniorssuperstores.com/cart/html/Products/SAFETY-PRODUCTS
OHS Communication and orkplace Participation:
An important mechanism in place at McDonald's is that which calls for a multidirectional channel of communication which includes agents at the government level, leadership at the corporate level, management and personnel. Accordingly, McDonald's reports that "consultation with crew and managers is essential to create a safe workplace. e believe that employee involvement in developing and updating workplace safety systems is critical." (McDonald's, p. 59) Therefore, McDonald's reports, each restaurant location creates a safety staff of between 6 and 8 employees which include one manager and selected crew members. This promotes leadership at the crew level and creates a channel through which the crew can communicate concerns and complaints to higher levels of management.
OHS Induction and Training:
At the base of its prevention strategy is McDonald's preliminary investment in training of its personnel. In light of regulations imposed by OS&H, it is incumbent upon…
EFF. (2004). McDonald's Australia -- A Case Study of a Multinational Operating Within the Australian Economy. Austrade.gov.au.
Kirby, J. (1998). Officials Cases: McDonald's Fined $180,000 After Worker Left Paraplegic. UnionSafe.
McDonalds. (2010). Employment and Training. McDonald's Australia CR&S Report.
Victoria State Government. (VSG). (2005). Guide to the OHS Act 2004. Occupational Health and Safety.