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Philadelphia Office Market Analysis
Words: 1687 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9111240
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Office Market Analysis of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Today, Philadelphia is highly modern and vigorous city that hosts a number of historic American sites and enjoys numerous natural resources. It is the fourth largest city in the United States and the largest in Pennsylvania. Philadelphia exhibits a number of characteristics of a small town environment complete with trees, parks, and other open spaces; these attributes reflect the legacy of the city's founder, illiam Penn. Philadelphia represents an important urban center of national and international commerce, with one of the largest and busiest freshwater ports in the world. The tremendous industrial production of the city and the surrounding metropolitan regions represent an enormous opportunity for those who recognize what will be needed in this environment today and in the future. To this end, this paper will provide a market analysis of the Philadelphia to determine the condition of the local economy, the competitive…

Works Cited

Adams, Carolyn, Bartelt, David and Ira Goldstein et al. Philadelphia: Neighborhoods, Division, and Conflict in a Postindustrial City. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1991.

Archer, Wayne R. And Marc T. Smith. (2003). Explaining Location Patterns of Suburban Offices. Real Estate Economics, 31(2):139.

Philadelphia, PA Office Market - First Quarter 2004. (2004). Cushman & Wakefield. Available: . pdf.

Imbroscio, David L. (1995). Nontraditional Public Enterprise as a Local Economic Development Policy: Dimensions, Prospects, and Constraints. Policy Studies Journal, 23(2):218.

New York Real Estate and Office Markets
Words: 2269 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 47899782
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New York eal Estate and Office Markets


New York is one of the premiere metropolitan areas of the world, exerting a significant impact on global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. The home of the United Nations Headquarters, New York City is an important center for international affairs and is widely deemed the cultural capital of the world. With its unmatched scope of building types, diverse tenant base and extensive transportation system, the city has earned an iconic and prominent place in the global market.

The borough of Manhattan serves as its hub and is the nation's largest single office market with 450 million square feet of space (Brown, 2007). Its office inventory is greater than the next five largest U.S. markets combined and features some of the world's most iconic properties (Beauregard, 2005). This paper explores the current state of…


1. Beauregard, R.A. (2005). The textures of property markets: Downtown housing and office conversions in New York City. Urban Studies (Routledge), 42(13), 2431-2445. doi:10.1080/00420980500380345

2. Brown, J.L. (2007). Demolition in Manhattan Gains Momentum. Civil Engineering (08857024), 77(8), 34.

3. Gong, H., & Keenan, K. (2012). The Impact of 9/11 on the Geography of Financial Services in New York A Few Years Later. Professional Geographer, 64(3), 370-388. doi:10.1080/00330124.2011.603654

4. Gregor, A. (2011). Demand for Office Condos Grows in Manhattan. New York Times. p. 6.

Philadelphia Office Market Analysis
Words: 995 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72439424
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Philadelphia Office Market Analysis

Downtown Philadelphia -- Analysis of the Office Market of the Central Business District

Recently, the city of Philadelphia has garnered considerable national attention in the national media. This is partly due to the fact that the Philadelphia schooled and owned colt named 'Smarty Jones' has dazzled the eyes of racetrack spectators and betters all over the nation. This prospective winner of racings illustrious Triple Crown makes the old city of Philadelphia as a whole seem, if not glamorous, then at least a city that is showing a newly marketable face to the nation.

Philadelphia resurgence in the Central City Business District has been predicted since the early 1990's. But, from an office owner's real estate oriented perspective and vantage 2004, is Philadelphia a 'good bet'? hat about specifically regarding office space targeted to that of the horary perspective of the legal profession? ould the purchase of…

Works Cited

Central City Proprietor's Association (CCPA). 2004. Official Website.

Issues: Philadelphia 2003. "Central City." 2003.;jsessionid=5BDE0AE39622D8AA8A7E64D63FBC750A

Issues: Philadelphia 2003. "Intergovernmental Relations." 2003.

Sinderman, Martin. "Philadelphia." August 1, 1996. National Real Estate Investor.

Ideas and Proposal to CEO for Office Relocation
Words: 935 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98422330
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Office elocation

I would like to propose relocation of office building due to following reasons:

The current location has major parking issues

This location cannot fully accommodate our expansion plans

The present location being in commercial hub of the city causes too much congestion and noise

The new location can be a more efficient place in terms of operations and costs.

The rent of the present location is very high

I would truly appreciate if this proposal is given due consideration keeping in mind the fact that our organization is keen to invest in intrapreneurial ideas. Intrapreneurship as opposed to entrepreneurship takes place within an organization when an employee with a brilliant idea decides to start a mini-business with support of senior management and using organizational resources. This business is associated with the organization but can also be seen as a completely separate entity because it may or may not…


Jennings, D.F., & Lumpkin, J.R. (1989). Functioning modeling corporate entrepreneurship: An empirical integrative analysis. journal of Management, 15(3), 485-502

Hangar Space - A Physical
Words: 9159 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21028571
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egulations and requirements

The Federal Aviation Authority -- FAA passed the "Vision100 - Century of Aviation eauthorization Act," which among other regulations also allowed for the allocation of the AIP funds for the facilities like hangars and fuel farms. This is stated in the law that the secretary can pay the funds "apportioned to the airport sponsor under section 47114 (d) (3) (a) and if the Secretary determines that the sponsor has made adequate provision for financing airside needs of the airport." ("Airport Improvement Program," 2004) Therefore all planners and builders are required to submit a business plan. In the event where the promoter of the proposed airport is not requiring the genera fund, still considering these guidelines will help in determining the profitability and the types of facility and structures required. The foremost concern is to evaluate the need. The plan must show the demand envisaged for the facility.…


Banister, David; Berechman, Joseph. (2000) "Transport Investment and Economic

Development" UCL Press: London.

De Neufville, Richard; Odoni, Amedeo R. (2002) "Airport Systems: Planning, Design, and Management" McGraw-Hill.

Doganis, Rigas. (2002) "Flying off Course: The Economics of International Airlines"

Virtual Offices
Words: 1415 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52335715
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Virtural Offices

Virtual Offices

Technology has allowed for the unyielding array of products and services that we know enjoy. In just a few seconds anyone can be connected to anyone, anywhere around the world. Technology has brought people closer together, allowed for the transportation of goods and services across borders and reduced the time for many transactions. Many companies, such as Procter & Gamble, IBM, Hewlett-Packard, AT&T, and Compaq have partially or fully eliminated traditional offices for field sales and customer service. Other companies have eliminated offices for workers including researchers, real estate managers, and accountants. For these businesses, work is becoming something you do, not a place where you go. Smaller firms have also taken advantage of technology in order to increase productivity, reduce costs and achieve other strategic goals. Most recently, companies have been redefining the traditional meaning of office and begun to seek cost effective and efficient…

Works Cited

Alexander, George. (1999). Is telecommuting right for you? Black Enterprise Magazine, 4, 35.

Davenport, Thomas. (1998). Two Cheers for Virtual Offices. Sloan Management Review. Retrieved on November 17, 2002 from web site 

York, Thomas. Telecommuting causes, solves problems. Retrieved from web site: 

Yudkowsky Chaim. (29 August 1997). Space invaders: Pros, cons of virtual offices. Orlando Business Journal.

Virtual Office Disadvantages of Virtual
Words: 2525 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 89439910
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Security measures are available to minimize this effect, in fact an entire industry has emerged to address these needs, but control will never be the same as when the employees are under one roof and subject to scrutinizing eyes and ears and computers and cell phones are free from potential hackers.

To put virtual office security into perspective think about all the security measures that are taken in traditional offices to ensure the safety of a business' equipment and information (Lombardi, 1994). Closed circuit surveillance systems are installed, alarm systems, security guards are utilized to protect the physical plant while extensive firewalls, networking passwords, and layered access systems are used to protect the business information (Rodriguez, 1996).

A distributed workforce can cause problems relative to collaboration. Many work projects require the coordination of different skills and with the workforce being distributed this may be difficult. Specialization of knowledge-based work, falling…


Burns, S. (1996). Net Revolutionizing the way we work. The Dallas Morning News, 1D, 4D.

Gillis, T.L. (2003). Managing the virtual workforce requires knowledge of communication behavior. Communication World .

Johnson, N.J. (2001). Telecommuting and Virtual Offices: Issue and Opportunities. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Liparulo, R. (1998). Location, Location, Location. Chief Executive .

Expenditure Plan From the Office
Words: 3754 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 20388176
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.governments are created by law and are continuously regulated by legal provisions found in constitutions, statutes, charters, ordinances, administrative regulations, legislative resolutions and judicial interpretation… the accounting system must produce data and information which indicate the extent to which the financial operations carried out by all agencies of the government pursuant to their designated objectives comply with applicable laws and legal requirements. The existence of a vast network of legal provisions and the diverse nature of governmental operations make necessary the utilization of fund account." (Snodgrass, 1993)

The fund accounting system is ostensibly the full gamut of accounting services and compliance protocol. "The general ledger, financial statements, accounts payable, purchase order processing with encumbrances, payroll including payroll projections and encumbrances, grants management and reporting, grants receivable, human resources, fixed assets management, central stores/inventory." (eis, 1996)

The city therefore should increase its capacity to more properly manage the financial and managerial…


CDC Software (2011 Financial Management Software for Government Agencies and NonProfits.

Janakiraman S. (2011). "AT&T Launches Free Wi-Fi Service in 20 New York City Parks" Fixed Mobile Convergence 

Johnson Controls Systems (2007) Renewable Energy Solutions "Turning digester gas into energy." 

Online Sunshine (2011) "Local Government Financial Reporting for Counties, Municipalities, and Special Districts" Legislative Auditing Committee.

Restoration Project Office Renovation Project Main Descriptions
Words: 2043 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68311357
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Restoration Project

Office Renovation Project

Main Descriptions, Analysis and Evaluation of the Project

Activities Discussion

Project Activity Schedule

Risk Planning

Scope Creep

This project involves the renovation of a new office headquarters for Acme Project Consultants. The company has grown fast due to their expertise in project management consulting. The company has various divisions which handle various types of projects, such as IT projects and construction projects, and a growing staff of professionals who can manage a wide array of various requirements. The company has decided to purchase an older building in a great location and renovate the existing building to suit their growing needs. It was found that this renovation project should be scheduled for 347 working days. The project will begin on the last day of March, 2012 and its expected completion date is 7/30/2013. Thus the project is expected to take roughly sixteen months from beginning to…

Works Cited

Northrop Grumman Corporation. (2007, November 29). Risk Management Plan. Retrieved March 30, 2012, from The 3rd Project Management Conference 2011:

Tesch, D., Kloppenborg, T., Frolick, & Mark. (2007). IT Project Management Risk Factors: The Project Management Professionals Perspective. Journal of Computer Information Systems, 61-69.

Unland, J. (2006). Implementatoin Creep. Contract Management, 46(11), 44.

Upchurch, J., & Mclendon, M. (2003). Pumped up prices? Advice on controlling scope creep in health care construction projects. Health Facilities Management, 16(3), 26-31.

The Emergence of Co Work Offices
Words: 1167 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12457513
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Co-ork Business Plan

The author of this report is offering several parts of a business plan that centers on a co-work location where people can work and network within the greater Reston, Virginia area. The parts of the business plan that will be addressed in this brief report are the competitive environment, the customer demographics, the product positioning map and the ongoing market research plan and budget. A number of competitors that exist for this market will be selected and explained as well. hile a co-work business plan may seem a little silly and out of place in the greater business market, there is actually a place for virtual offices and other places scattered around the country where people can work and be productive without committing a lot of money and resources for a full-on office.


A competitor for the business being proposed will be suggested first. The name…

Works Cited

Croissant. (2016). Croissant -- Enjoy coworking anywhere in New York City, Boston, and Washington DC. Retrieved 14 June 2016, from 

Intelligent Office. (2016). CoworkingSpace -- Intelligent Office. Retrieved 14 June 2016, from 

Make Offices. (2016). Reston Shared Office Space & Coworking -- MakeOffices Reston. Retrieved 14 June 2016, from

Actual Personnel Policies for Office Depot
Words: 3682 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 80935278
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Office Depot is a retailer of office supplies, operating in 53 countries around the world, but with a primary focus on the American market. The company is relatively young, having been founded in 1986 in Fort Lauderdale (, 2011). The company competes as a "category killer" in office supplies, with a focus on a cost leadership business model (QuickMBA, 2010) that relies on high volumes and low margins for success. The company's success in general relates to its ability to execute this business model and to the broader macroeconomic conditions. It has approximately 40,000 worldwide employees. Most of these are low-level retail workers. At the managerial level, it is critical for Office Depot to have a high level of competency, because the managers are responsible for the effective implementation of the company's broad strategy.

This paper will focus on the role that human resources plays in the success (or lack…

Works Cited:

Daley, P. (no date). Office Depot union quarantine. IBEW 1613. Retrieved November 20, 2011 from 

Espana, D. (2011). Office Depot GC honored for recruiting women, minorities. Retrieved November 20, 2011 from 

Heathfield, S. (2011). Tuition assistance. Retrieved November 20, 2011 from 

MSN Moneycentral: Office Depot. (2011). Retrieved November 20, 2011 from

Temporarily Use of Empty Spaces in NYC
Words: 4440 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84861847
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New York City

Use of Temporary Space

(NYC Department of Parks & ecreation)

Images & Charts

Illy Push Button House

Store Front Library

Brooklyn Bridge Park


Images & Charts

According to the NYC Department of Parks & ecreation, Dutch traders established farming communities and villages east of Manhattan around 1652. One such village, Vlackebos, literally translated into the "wooded plain." This wooded plane area at the time consisted of virgin thick forests coupled with flat terrain so it eventually was called Flatbush. The area stayed in this overgrown natural state for nearly three centuries. "But, in the 1920s, the new Interborough apid Transit linked Flatbush to the rest of the city, sparking new developments that began welcoming successive generations of immigrants. As with the Dutch traders, these newcomers built homes and roads, only more quickly and densely. iding through East Flatbush today, there are still trees that line…

References cont.

Vega, Eric. (2009). "New York Social Society." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from

Yahoo Finance. (2009). "Commercial Real Estate Loans A Growing Problem For Banks." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from 

Zip Car. (2009). "Zip Car." Retrieved December 10, 2009, from .

Home Office Purchase Project
Words: 686 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 56478585
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Office Purchase

Decking Out an Office

One of the most significant purchases that must be made is that of the laptop computer the customer has requested. While MacBooks are known for their ease of use, durability, and high-end performance on a multitude of tasks they are also expensive and can be difficult to find appropriate software for, and thus MacBooks can be ejected. Using CNET's buying guide and review articles, the HP Envy was select for further consideration (CNET, 2012). Priced at $659 (rounded to $700 for tax), this computer does not have any optical drive (CD or other disk reader), but does have flash drives and a variety of other ports for connectivity and should serve all of the business needs very well -- it comes equipped with Windows 8, has a variety of features that ease pairing with other devices and communication (Bluetooth capabilities, etc.), is both durable…


Bolton, M. (2012). HP Envy Review. Accessed 4 December 2012. 

CNET. (2012). Laptop Finder. Accessed 4 December 2012. (2012). Office chairs. Accessed 4 December 2012. 

Leswing, K. (2012). HP Envy 4 Review. Accessed 4 December 2012.

History of US Space Program
Words: 2217 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86230318
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Space Program

hen the Soviets successfully launched Sputnik I, the first ever artificial satellite, in orbit on October 4, 1957, the event took the Americans and the entire western world by surprise. Sputnik I was just a 2-foot sphere with nothing more than two tiny radio transmitters on it, but the symbolic significance of the event -- the implication that Communist Russia had taken a significant technological lead over the United States was a massive blow to the American nation's pride. It signaled the start of the Cold ar space-race between the two major super powers of the time and developed into a race for putting the first man on the moon that culminated in the historic "giant leap for mankind" on July 20, 1969 when Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon. This paper focuses on the history of the U.S. Space Program, the role…

Works Cited

Chaikan, Andrew. "Space Exploration." Article in Encyclopedia Encarta, 2003

Ezell, Clinton E. And Linda Neuman Ezell. "The Partnership: A History of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project." NASA Special Publication-4209,1978 Chapter 1: The Space Race Competition vs. Cooperation: 1959-1962. April 21, 2004 

History of the Space Programme." Scenta Website. March 16, 2004. April 21, 2004. 

Koman, Rita G. "Man on the Moon: The U.S. Space Program as a Cold War Maneuver." Organization of American Historians. Reprinted from the OAH Magazine of History

Description of Three Spaces
Words: 1626 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30077001
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The first space is the space where I live. This is an apartment, relatively small but well-designed. The space where I sleep is adjacent to the main living area. It is notable for its small size. The depth of the room is the length of the bed, such that the ends of the bed abut the walls. One may exit the bed on either side, however. Most of the remaining wall space is taken up by nightstands, shelves along the back wall, a door to the walk-in closet and a door to the office. There are sliding doors to access either side of the bed.

This space recognizes that the sleeping area is mainly used for just that, sleep. One could, in theory, hang a television screen on the wall for watching TV while in bed, but I have chosen not to do that. The minimization of the sleeping…

Comparison of Copiers Scanners and Printers for Law Offices
Words: 2459 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90558891
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Further, although whenever one device tries to accomplish more than one "thing," one of those "things" typically suffers; however, innovations in recent years have made these all-in-one approaches competitive with stand-alone units and occupy a concomitantly smaller footprint in a crowded law office but these devices will still likely underperform their separate unit counterparts. As one authority emphasizes, "All-in-one devices are typically smaller desktop units that have relatively low speed and volume capacity" (Need All in One Copiers?, 2008, p. 3).

Some popular major brand all-in-one machines are described further in Table 4 below.

Table 4.

Popular all-in-one copier/printer/scanner (fax) machines.

Copier/Printer/Scanner (Fax)



Sharp A-208D Copier / Printer/Scanner

Desktop model with 20-page-per-minute copying / printing and integrated color PC scanning; 50-sheet document feeder provides standard 2-sided scanning for extra efficiency, as well as duplex printing and copying. Converts black & white and color documents into digital files that…


Copystar CS-2550 copier/printer/scanner. (2008). [Online]. Available: .

Dell Computer. (2008). [Online]. Available:  & s=bsd&~ck=anav.

Direct Source Copiers. (2008). [Online]. Available:

Post Office Square Park Case Analysis Guidelines
Words: 985 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27100361
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Post Office Square Park

Case analysis guidelines:

Post Office Square Park was the brainchild of a prominent Boston developer. His hotels were located near a dilapidated park that was leased by the city of Boston to a parking garage owner. To enhance the beauty and utility of the location, Norman Leventhal proposed that a public park be created, with an underground parking garage. Private sector funds and tax exemptions would pay for the project, and eventually the city would pay for the construction through the parking fees collected by the developer. After the city's debt was paid off, ownership would revert to the city, resulting, theoretically, in a win-win scenario for both parties. Leventhal, the orchestrator of the plan and the owner of the nearest hotel clearly saw it in his self-interest to improve the area, given that the unattractive garage was visible from his hotels. Employees already enjoyed lunching…


Scott, Esther. (1993). Post Office Square Park. Case Study: Kennedy School of Government.

Law Office Technology Using Content
Words: 1652 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60709075
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Oracle's Stellent application has yet to create more streamlined service creation and management workflows, due mainly to the acquisition taking longer than expected. The integration of the Stellent platform into the broader Oracle 11i platform is also proving to limit 3rd party database support, making the Oracle Stellent ECM suite appear to be moving in a more proprietary direction as a product. As the acquisition was completed in late 2006 and Oracle has made their Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) Fusion their top development priority, the full integration of Oracle Stellent has not progressed as rapidly as planned. As a result, the last factor of customer referenceability, Vignette has a significant advantage as well.


Evaluating ECM systems for use in a law office or practice requires the consideration of several factors that have been explained in this paper. Cost is a secondary consideration relative to the benefits derived from automating…


Phillip J. Britt. "Econtent and the Law Practice." EContent 1 Sep. 2005: 22-26. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest 3 Aug. 2008

John Harney. "Making a Case for Content Management. " AIIM E - Doc Magazine 1 Jul 2008: 54-57. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest 1 Aug. 2008

Jason Krause. "Organized intelligence." ABA Journal 89.(2003): 65. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 2 Aug. 2008

Judith Lamont. "Starting with the basics: KM for lawyers." KM World 1 Sep. 2002: 12-13. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 1 Aug. 2008

Relation of Human Factors and Interior Space Design
Words: 895 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 75077869
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Human Factors and Interior Space Design

The objective of this work in writing is to summarize the article entitled "The Relation of Human Factors and Interior Space Design." This article begins by noting the importance of the human having tools that fit them well and that this was realized early in the development of the human species. Specifically, this article notes that Australopithecus Prometheus "selected pebble tools and made scoops from antelope bones in a clear display of selecting/creating objects to make tasks easier to accomplish." (p.3) Over the centuries there was improvement in the effectiveness of the tools as discovered by anthropologists and archaeologists including tools such as hammers, plows and axes. During the Industrial Revolution, more advanced machines were developed that assisted man with his work including such as the spinning Jenny and the rolling mills.

The methodology utilized in the study under review is reported to have…

M S Advanced Architectural Design Office of Architecture
Words: 540 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12028500
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M.S. Advanced Architectural Design

Office of Architecture Admissions

To the Admissions Committee.

As the son of an architect, my exposure to artistic forms and cultural designs began at an early age; my decision to become an architect was of course quite natural. The study of Architectural Engineering at Han Yang University in Seoul, South Korea broadened my knowledge on theory and I soon realized that my perspectives were changing. When I began working at my father's architectural firm I quickly decided to become a designer and theorist architect instead of an engineer. This desire soon led me to the Southern California Institute of Architecture, where I successfully completed an Architectural Degree.

When I began my studies at SCI, my knowledge in the field was limited, but as time passed and the course work became increasingly difficult, I thought of quitting, due to feeling that I was not qualified. As a…

Microsoft Office Has in the
Words: 956 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17403216
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This was specifically done to allow for greater data and information usability across all applications, a feature than had only been partially supported in the varying application versions in the past (Boeri, 2007). Microsoft apparently put a massive amount of effort into improving Excel, and the 2007 edition reflects much greater flexibility in graphing, table alignment, formatting and calculation options (Adams, 2006). There are also fewer constraints in Excel 2007 for completing tables and greater focus on graphical ease of use (Zarowin, 2008). Microsoft has also struggled to keep pace with the level of innovation that the Internet has brought to personal productivity applications. In the design of Outlook 2007 the integration of better scheduling and SS feeds has been accomplished (Dyszel, 2007).

Despite all of these advantages, the design of Microsoft Office 2007 is so in-depth in terms of functionality and navigational cues to users it can easily overwhelm…


Adams, B. (2008). Discover the Power of Excel 2007. Journal of Accountancy, 205(2), 60-62,64,66,10.

Robert Boeri. (2007, July). Microsoft Office Professional 2007, 30(6), 22-24.

Cong, Y., & Du, H.. (2008). Web Syndication Using RSS. Journal of Accountancy, 205(6), 48-50,52,12

Bill Dyszel. (2007, June). Microsoft Office the Way of the E-Mail Ninja; Learn the way of the E-Mail Ninja to maximize your Outlook 2007 usage. PC Magazine, 26(13), 103.

Protecting American Ground-Based Space Assets
Words: 2723 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37258517
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.." (Chenoweth and Clarke, 2006) These performance regimes are required to take part in three challenges stated to be the challenges associated with:

1) Overcoming asymmetrical incentives and enlist diverse stakeholders around a collective local security goal despite varying perceptions of its immediacy;

2) Persuading participants to sustain their involvement in the face of competing demands, and 3) Overcoming collective action problems to create a durable coalition around performance goals necessary to reducing local vulnerability." (Chenoweth and Clarke, 2006)


Chenoweth and Clarke stress that...terrorism is location-specific" and "cities especially are at risk." (2006) This must certainly be true in relation to high profile space and military industry specific locations. It is reported that since 2003 "there is some evidence of greater sensitivity to spatial variations in risk: Congress slowly increased the funding for port and railroad security and reorganized territorial funding…


Disharmony in the Spheres: The Militarization of Space (2008) Combined Air Operations Centre - the Economist - 71 Jan 2008. Briefing Online available at 

Chun, Clayton K.S.

Shooting Down a Star: Program 437, the U.S. Nuclear ASAT System and Present Day Copycat Killers. Maxwell AFB, AL: USAF Air University, April 2000.

Earl, Richard Hansen. "Can the United States Afford to Surrender in the Next Conflict to Another Nation's Dominance in Space?."

Jerry Mccall Dr Williams Office Assistant Licensed
Words: 1180 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90709200
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Jerry McCall Dr. Williams Office Assistant

Licensed Practical Nurses and Medical Assistants: Legal and Ethical Implications

According to recent reports from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, medical assistants and licensed practical nurses (LPN) are two of the fastest growing jobs in the country (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2010). In an effort to save costs, the demand for these professionals is increasing in both in-hospital and outpatient settings. The licenses and registrations, however, remain unstandardized; while LPNs are required to receive a license, some medical assistants receive a one or two-year degree and still others are only trained on the job. The responsibilities and restrictions of the profession are likewise only loosely regulated and vary between states. This has both ethical and legal implications for patient care. The following case scenario illustrates these ramifications and discusses the appropriate course of action for medical assistants working in a clinical setting.



Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010-11 Edition, Medical Assistants, on the Internet at  (visited October 17, 2011).

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010-11 Edition, Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses, on the Internet at  (visited October 17, 2011).

Couch, C., Minchella, K., Walker, R., Watson N. Occupational Analysis of the CMA (AAMA). (2008). American Association of Medical Assistants, 2007-2008. Available from .

Ferrell, C.W., Aspy, C.B., Mold, J.W. (2006). Management of Prescription Refills in Primary Care: An Oklahoma Physicians Resource/Research Network (OKPRN) Study. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 19, 1, 31-38.

Art and Public Space
Words: 1013 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 82914537
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Art and Public Space

ho 'owns' public space? Public space is never neutral, even though it is theoretically owned 'in common,' but rather reflects the particular ideology of those who construct it. Thus, in a sense we all own public because we have a hand in how it is used and we are all owned by public space in the sense that the locations in which we dwell limit and define our social interactions. "One of the main trends in philosophy is to see the public sphere as a form of social reality, and less as an act of creation whose results would be negotiated intersubjectively" (Gheorghe 317).

Marxists see the demarcation of spaces into public and private arenas as a way to negotiate power relationships. Anyone who doubts this should consider the extent to which desirable real estate is determined by proximity to privileged social spaces: an apartment with…

Works Cited

"Chapter 3: A critical overview of public art." Temple University.  [15 Mar 2013]

Gheorgh, C. "Theories and Uses in Common: Responses of Art in the Public Sphere."

Meta Research in Hermeneutics and Practical Philosophy, 2.2 (2010): 316-27.

Ethical Dilemmas Group an Office Worker Had
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68311753
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Ethical Dilemmas


An office worker had a record of frequent absence. He used all his vacation and sick leave days and frequently requested additional leave without pay. His supervisor and co-workers expressed great frustration because his absenteeism caused bottlenecks in paperwork, created low morale in the office, and required others to do his work in addition to their own. On the other hand, he felt he was entitled to take his earned time and additional time off without pay. Was he right?

While the office worker has a legitimate reason to make use of his allotted vacation time, as this stipulation was likely agreed upon in his employment contract, choosing to request additional time off without pay presents a more complicated moral dilemma. In this case, the worker is technically entitled to take time off if he is not being compensated, but doing so necessarily affects his coworkers and…


Aquinas, Summa Theologica, I-II q. 72

Augustine, City of God, XII, Chapter 6.

Augustine, Confessions, VII: [XII] 18

Efficient Utilization of Space Warehouse Effectiveness
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Warehouse Efficiency

One of the core objectives of warehousing is to maximize the efficient use of warehouse resources, one of which is space. The term efficiency essentially describes the extent to which the actual level of output compares with the maximum level that would be produced if resources were utilized to maximum capacity. This, in terms of warehouse space, can be interpreted as a measure of the actual units stored vis-a-vis the units that would be stored if the available space was used to full capacity.

Very often, companies believe that they need to relocate to bigger premises; yet they have enough space and are just not using it efficiently. Ineffective utilization of warehouse space limits a facility from realizing its full potential, as it imposes additional costs of building and/or obtaining new space, which may not be necessary at the time. Further, it drives a facility to incur unnecessary…


Hudock, B. (2014). How to Maximize Warehouse Space When Expansion isn't an Option. Tompkins International. Retrieved 11 September 2014 from 

McKnight, D. (1999). A Practical Guide to Evaluating the Functional Utility of Warehouses. The Appraisal Journal, 67(1): 29-37.

Contested Public Space Memories and History
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Contested Public Space: Memories and History

Das Denkmal fur Die Ermordeten Juden Europas

he Memory Landscape.

Mary's is a large old-style brick church belonging to the council of the Hanseatic city of Lubeck. On the floor at the rear of the church, broken pieces of two large bells remain where they fell during an air raid in World War II. he third largest church in Germany, it took 100 years to construct St. Mary's but just one Palm Sunday night in March of 1942 to nearly destroy it. As with so many churches ruined by bombing during the war, parishioners debated about restoration. Citizens living on war-torn homeland are caught: here is a lingering desire to preserve physical destruction as a message or signal to subsequent generations, or as an effort to share the horror of war time experience. If the physical evidence of…

The Construction of the Holocaust Memorial in Berlin.

A competition for the design of the Holocaust Memorial in Berlin was held in April of 1994. Twelve artists were invited to submit a design and a stipend of 50, 000 German Marks was provided to each candidate. The proposals would be reviewed by a jury with representatives from architecture, urban design, art, history, administration, and politics. Interest in the project grew and at the end of the competitive period, 528 proposals had been submitted. Rounds of reviews commenced and 13 proposals were selected. But during the interim period between meetings, the jurors -- who ostensibly were then able to review the critiques of their fellow jurors -- asked that 11 proposals be put back in the running. Two proposals were finally recommended to the foundation for feasibility study. One proposal was designed by Simon Ungers architectural group from Hamburg, and one proposal was designed by Christine Jackob-Marks. Jackob-Marks' work included names of murdered Jews engraved in a large concrete plate, with empty spaces signifying Jews who could not be identified by name. Her proposal also included debris from Massada where the Jewish inhabitants avoided capture by invading Romans by killing themselves. Chancellor Helmut Kohl vetoed this proposal. It was considered too "German" and too similar to the Nazi death rosters. The controversy continued under many different guises.

In June of 1998, Peter Eisenman's design was chosen, but it was scaled down to 2,711 blocks, or stelae, after considerable controversy.[footnoteRef:22] Daniel Liebeskind, who was pupil of Eisenman's, claimed that Eisenman stole his design from the Berlin Jewish Museum's Garden of Exile. In July of 2001, billboards reflecting Holocaust denial sentiments appeared in Berlin triggering a funding controversy. [footnoteRef:23] In October of 2003, there was a major disruption to the project. Degesch, a subsidiary of the German company Degussa, was revealed by a Swiss newspaper to be the same firm that made Zyklon-B, the gas used in the gas chambers to murder Jews in the extermination camps. Degussa had been hired to coat the concrete slabs with an anti-graffiti substance. In fact, many stelae had already been coated and the anti-graffiti substance had been discounted as in-kind sponsorship of the memorial. Degussa had National-Socialist leanings during the war and this fact was ostensibly known to the construction management company and to Lea Rosh. Rosh declared that she had no prior knowledge of the connection, and she is reported to have said that, "Zylon-B is obviously the limit."[footnoteRef:24] Another subsidiary of Degussa had, but this time, already poured the concrete foundation for the stelae. Members of the Jewish community were outraged at Degussa's involvement and wanted them out of the project. Politicians on the Board of the foundation did not want to impose further expense on the project by stopping construction, or worse, destroying any construction that Degasse had already accomplished. The cost of this action was estimated at €2.34 million. One Board member, Wolfgang Thierse, was reported to say, "[T]he past intrudes into our society."[footnoteRef:25] The Zentrairat der Juden in Germany was outspoken about not continuing the work with Degrasse. Hezryk Broder emphasized that, "The Jews don't need this memorial, and they are not prepared to declare a pig sty kosher." [footnoteRef:26] Peter Eisenberg, perhaps in a bid to see his work finished, supported continuing the project with Degrasse. In November 2003, work restarted with Degrasse. In May of 2005, the Das Denkmal fur Die Ermordeten Juden Europas was completed. At the opening ceremony, Peter Eisenberg spoke about the significance of the Mahnmal, saying that, "It is clear that we won't have solved all the problems -- architecture is not a panacea for evil -- nor will we have satisfied all those present today, but this cannot have been our intention."[footnoteRef:27] [22: Historic Sites -- Berlin, Op. Cit. ] [23: Ibid. ] [24: Translated from "Die Grenze ist ganz klar Zyklon B." Leggewie / Meyer, 2005, p. 294. ] [25: Translated from "Die Vergangenheit ragt in unsere Gesellschaft hinein." Claus Leggewie and Erik Meyer (2005) "Ein Ort, an den man gerne geht." Das Holocaust-Mahnmal und die deutsche Geschichtspolitik nach 1989. Munich, DE: Carl Hanser Verlag Publisher. Munich. p. 294.] [26: Translated from "Di Juden brauchen dieses Mahnmal nicht, und sind nicht beriet, eine Schweinerei als koscher zu erklaren." Leggewie / Meyer, 2005, p. 294] [27: Berstein, Richard. (2005, May 11) Holocaust Museum opens in Berlin, The New York Times. Retrieved . ]

Intended Use of Public Space-
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There are two important aspects that need to be mentioned here. On one hand, the pit supervisor needs to intervene whenever the rules are broken. However, on the other hand, he needs to be sufficiently diplomatic when he does this so as not to create a disturbance with the other players and have an impact on the casino's reputation.


Manager. The security manager takes on the role of the casino manager as applied for the security segment. As the security manager, his most important task is to oversee any potential risks for the casino and identify the solutions that should be applied in order to minimize the effects. From that perspective, the manager can sometimes walk around the gambling pit, but will most often use the office and meetings with his subordinates in order to obtain the necessary information and feedback.

Supervisor. The security supervisor should be the manager…

Organizations With Administrative Offices in the United
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Organizations with administrative offices in the United States of America, China, Japan, and other regions of the world have set up operation bases in foreign nations. These organizations have various interest in oversees countries. Some of these interests include provision of security services, infrastructure development and provision of aid. The functions of these organizations are to satisfy foreign policies of nations. With emphasis on the United States of America, the U.S. Department of State's mandate is to implement and formulate the president's policy on foreign countries. The organization has a task documented in the constitution on foreign policy (Taylor, 2000). The organization representation includes the secretary of state who acts as the president's advisor. The objective of the organization is to promote a free, prosperous, and secure world through implementing the president's foreign policy.

Foreign affairs responsibilities in the U.S. are representing the United States of America government abroad. These…


Taylor, C.T. (2000). The impact of host country government policy on U.S. multinational investment decisions. The World Economy, 23(5), 635-647.

Dowling, P.J., Festing, M., & Engle Sr., A.D. (2008). International human resource

management: Managing people in a multinational context. London: Thomson learning

Ferner, A., Almond, P., & Colling, T. (2004). Institutional theory and the cross-national transfer of employment policy: The case of 'workforce diversity'in U.S. multinationals. Journal of International Business Studies, 36(3), 304-321.

Gemini Space Program
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Gemini Space Program

The Gemini mission had as one of its goals a spacewalk by the astronauts and this was an important goal because this was a time known as the 'Cold War' and the Soviet Union, the second greatest power in the world had already had astronauts perform a spacewalk. The United States was running behind it seemed at the time. . Due to the brief nature of this study there are contributions that the Gemini space program made that have not been reviewed and it is therefore suggested that in order to better understand the contributions of the Gemini space program that a more in-depth study be conducted.

Gemini Space Program

The Gemini mission had as one of its goals a spacewalk by the astronauts and this was an important goal because this was a time known as the 'Cold War' and the Soviet Union, the second greatest…


Gemini Program (nd) Think Quest Library. Retrieved from: / voyages/gemini.htm

Space Rendezvous Apparatus and Method. 3,262,654. United States Patent Office. Charles E. Kaempen 3202 Larkstone Drive, orange, California. Filed August 30, 1963 Ser, No. 305, 630. Retrieved from: 

Mack, P.B., Lucuance, P.A., Vose, G.P. And Vogt, F.B. (1967) BONE DEMINERALIZATION OF FOOT AND HAND OF GEMINI-TITAN IV, V AND VII ASTRONATUS DURING ORBITAL FLIGHT. American Journal of Roentgenology. Vol. 100, 503-511. Retrieved from: 

Adcock, George (2010) Gemini Space Program -- Development and Decisions. RC Davison. 10 Jan 2010. Retrieved from:

Challenger Space Shuttle Disaster it
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There was one thing or the other to delay the launch of the Challenger, until the D-Day, when the shuttle was launched at 11:38 AM as against the scheduled take off time of 9:38 AM on January 28. About seventy three seconds into the mission, the Challenger exploded in mid air, and all the seven crew members were killed instantaneously. For the hundreds of people, the family and friends and others who had gathered at the site to watch the launching of the Challenger, it was a sight that they would never be able to forget. They were forced to watch helplessly and fearfully, as the fiery flames consumed their loved ones. The entire nation, which was watching events as they unfolded on their television sets, was rendered speechless. (Challenger Disaster, a National Tragedy)

onald eagan, the President of the United States of America at the time, stated, "Today is…


Administrator Goldin issues statement on Tenth Anniversary of Challenger Observance.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration. January 16, 1996. 

Baura, Gail D. Engineering ethics, an industrial perspective.

Academic Press. 2006.

Acquaintance's Home Office While Not
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The good luck charms suggests the person is superstitious, and believes much in spirituality and taking an active role in protecting the fortune they amass through work and other endeavors. There are also motivational quotes posted to the wall facing the desk where the individual would work, suggesting this person consistently seeks motivation, affirmation and confirmation of their activities. There are no other family pictures except those of the children and husband, suggesting perhaps this is a closely nit family unit.

Advantages and Disadvantages

There are multiple advantages to observing a person's home or workspace to gain insights into their personality traits. For example, if you plan to get to know someone from a business vantage, it pays to know whether they enjoy networking, socialization and whether they adhere to stringent religious or loosely-based morals. However, there are also disadvantages in making assumptions. For example, the lack of photographs of…

SWOT Space and QSPM Matrices for Yahoo Inc
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SWOT, SPACE and QSPM Matrices for YAHOO! Inc.

Yahoo! Incorporated is a multinational internet corporation in the computer integrated system designs industry. Headquartered in Sunnyvale, California, the company was founded by Jerry Yang and David Filo in 1994 at a time they were students at Stanford University. Initially the search engine started as a hobby for the two founders and it was referred to as 'Jerry and Yang's guide to the world wide web', after which the name was changed to Yahoo!, an abbreviation for 'Yet another Hierarchical Officious Oracle' (Yahoo! Inc., 2015). The company provides online properties and services to users and affiliates, and its major income generating activities are display and search advertising.

The company's products include: communication, search, digital magazines, and video. In communication, the main products are Yahoo Messenger, Yahoo Mail and Yahoo Groups, while search is made up of Yahoo Answers and Yahoo Search, both…


Bohm, A. (2009). The SWOT Analysis. Norderstedt: Books on Demand

Thompson, J. L & Martin, F. (2010) Strategic Management: Awareness & Change. (6th Ed). Hampshire: Cengage Learning

Yahoo! Incorporated (2015) Company Information. Yahoo. Retrieved 26 March 2015 from

Conception and Function of Public Space Change
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conception and function of public space change as historical shifts influence the delineation between public and personal rights and property. Boyer states that there is an underlying tension in the application of reference to historical styles present in the creation of public spaces, representing nostalgic yearning for past times remembered as greater than the articulation of the present. Boyer also references Walter Benjamin's theory that "all history writer in a story of triumph of bourgeois values and represents the posthumous reconstruction of fragmented events according to a completely fabricated structure (5). One may conclude, then, that the use of historical motifs, styles, and events in public spaces favors the commemoration of a privileged historical canon and pre-modern public space designation did not have populist intentions. A public space constructed with historical references under the heavily economically stratified era of the pre-modern era served to cement the historical canon of the…


Boyer, M.C. (1996). The City of Collective Memory: Its Historical Imagery and Architectural Entertainments. MIT.

The Importance of Space in Patient Recovery
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oom Size Matters in Behavioral Health Outpatient Facilities

The following proposal highlights the considerations that must be satisfied in planning the size of rooms to serve behavioral health situations in an outpatient environment. The housing facilities contribute a great deal to the smooth recovery of patients in a hospital and healthcare nursing homes alike. In outpatient healthcare services, the room size for consultation and residential should meet certain standards. This proposal focuses on the space planning criteria that would help to develop an environment that suits the goal of every behavioral health environment.

Components of a research study

a) The comfort of the patient: The nature of rooms that will host the clients should not come out in a way that makes the clients uncomfortable. The influence of the size of rooms on the behavioral health of a child patient is not the same as that of an adult patient.…


Bland, K. I., & Copeland, E. M. (2009). The Breast: Comprehensive Management Of Benign And Malignant Diseases. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders/Elsevier.

Craig, L., Dixon, L., & Gannon, T. A. (2013). What Works In Offender Rehabilitation: An Evidence-Based Approach To Assessment And Treatment.

Devlin A. S. (2015). Transforming the Doctor's Office: Principles from Evidence-Based Design Contributor. Routledge Hall, S. S. (2006). Size Matters: How Height Affects The Health, Happiness, And Success Of Boys -- And The Men They Become. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.

First Manassas How the Skirmish at Blackburn's Ford Shaped the Battle
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Manassas -- How the Skirmish at lackburn's Ford Shaped the attle

The Skirmish at lackburn's Ford shaped the attle of First Manassas by discouraging the Union Army, altering the Union Army's battle plans and encouraging the Confederate Army.

The Confederacy's chances of successfully seceding from the Union were initially poor, as the Union had the obvious upper hand: the Union Army was considerably larger and better equipped; their commander was George McClellan, whose abilities were undoubted; the Union had the international advantage of being a recognized nation; finally, the Union had the lion's share of factories that could steadily mass produce ordnance for the Union forces. In sharp contrast, the Confederacy: was an agrarian society with far fewer people, fewer factories and considerable resentment at being reduced to "economic vassalage" by the North's industrialization; much of the Confederacy's fortune involved cotton and the reliance of foreign markets on that cotton;…


Davis, William C. Battle at Bull Run: A History of the First Major Campaign of the Civil War. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1977.

Detzer, David. Donnybrook: The Battle of Bull Run, 1861. New York, NY: Harcourt Press, Inc., 2004.

Flagel, Thomas R. The History Buff's Guide to the Civil War: The Top Ten Rankings of the Best, The Worst, The Largest, and The Most Lethal People and Events of the Civil War, 2nd Edition. Naperville, IL: Cumberland House, 2010.

Gottfried, Bradley M. The Maps of First Bull Run: An Atlas of the First Bull Run (Manassas) Campgaign, including the Battle of Ball's Bluff, June-October 1861. New York, NY: Savas Beatie LLC, 2009.

Lighting Design Examination of Full-Spectrum
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This lighting component is connected by the "IR receiver/sensor to the dimming ballast...[which]...provides the control to change the lamp's lumen output." (Richman, 2005)

Another lighting system introduced by Knisley is one that "features a manual override of automated fluorescent lighting settings through use of a wall-mounted control, an infrared handheld remote control device, or a PC workstation." (Knisley, 2005) This system is capable of implementing natural daylight where available which is known as "daylight harvesting" and a strategy which utilizes "ceiling-mounted photocells to measure the changing contribution of daylight and then compares this light level to an established level of light in a room. The controller responds by dimming or brightening the fluorescent lighting to sustain the desired level. The controller is compatible only with specific manufacturer's electronic fluorescent dimming ballasts." (Knisley, 2008) Knisley describes yet another system which combines "fixtures, user controls, and digital communications and as an alternative…


G.R. (1995). Quantifying lighting quality based on experimental investigations of end user performance and preference. In Proceedings of Right Light Three, the Third European Conference on Energy-Efficient Lighting, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England, June 18-21, 1995 (Vol. 1, pp. 119-127). Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK: Northern-Electric PLC National Research Council Canada.

Hogrege, Mark (2008) Putting Light Where it's Needed: The Benefits of Task Lighting. DAZOR. National Association of Independent Lighting Distributors, Inc. Online available at 

How Can Full-Spectrum Lighting Sources Be Compared? (2005) Lighting Research Institute. Vol. 7 Issue 5 March 2005. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute March 2005.

How valid are the claims regarding full-spectrum light sources? (2005) Lighting Research Institute. Vol. 7 Issue 5 March 2005. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute March 2005.

Downtown Philadelphia
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Philadelphia CBD Development

This report will determine the viability of a proposed investment in a 7.5 million dollar investment in a class A office building in downtown Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The building will have 60,000 rentable square feet, renting at 17-19 dollars per square foot.

The office market in the Philadelphia central business district (CBD) is currently experiencing a downturn. Since 1990, nearly 2,100 people per year have left the downtown (Gillen). There is little evidence to suggest that this downturn will be reversed in the near future. Overall, Philadelphia enjoys a healthy economy, with a March 2004 unemployment rate of 5.5%, and a civilian labor force of 2,488,500 individuals (U.S. Department of Labor).

The average rental rate for the CBD from the first quarter of 2002 to the first quarter of 2004 has remained steady, hovering close to $24 per square foot. The vacancy rate for the CBD has also…

Works Cited

Cushman & Wakefield. Philadelphia, PA Office Market - First Quarter 2004. 27 May 2004.

Gillen, Kevin C. The Potential Fiscal Consequences of KOIZs on the Downtown Philadelphia Office Market. April 14, 2004. 27 May 2004.

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Philadelphia, PA. Data extracted on: May 26, 2004.

27 May 2004.

Valuation Report Identification of Subject Property the
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Valuation eport

Identification of Subject Property

The subject site is an office property in Oakville, Ontario. It can be sold either in parts or as whole, and this report will consider the whole. The size of the whole building is 4016 square feet. The property is located on the service road adjacent to the Queen Elizabeth Way (QEW), a major highway in the region that links Toronto with the cities of Hamilton and Buffalo. The property can be subdivided into multiple units, at least three. There is a current tenant occupying 839 square feet and room for two more tenants or one primary occupant.

Market eview

The market for this type of property is relatively soft at present. The prevailing economic conditions are for sluggish growth, with some observers predicting a protracted housing correction and "muted business investment." The recent federal government budget has more cuts than spending, and the…


Colliers Canada: 

CP. (2013). Leading forecaster sees bleak days for Canadian economy. CBC News. Retrieved April 30, 2013 from 

Dmitrieva, K. (2013). Toronto offices passing NYC on cheap funding. Bloomberg. Retrieved April 30, 2013 from 

Goolsby, S. (2009). A summary real estate appraisal report. Earthworks Action. Retrieved April 30, 2013 from

Insurance Services Organization ISO Is
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Moreover, because the organization heavily promotes its commitment to global and local ecological and environmental responsibility, the proposed change only lends further support to these values and demonstrates broader commitment to achieving the desired outcome through every means possible. That is equally important from the perspective of maximizing internal "buy-in" and from the perspective of presenting a comprehensive and consistent public policy externally (obbins & Judge, 2009; Stevens, 2008).

Evaluation and Conclusion

The recommended change for the organization is inherently testable by comparing the objective data of employee performance before and after implementing the suggested policy change on a case-by-case basis. Successful and productive implementation of trusted (i.e. senior) employees would provide the basis for extending the same opportunity to others. Likewise, the success of this communications initiative is also imminently testable because its success would correspond to a specific change in organizational policy according to the recommendations outlined in…


George, J.M. And Jones, G.R. (2008). Understanding and Managing Organisational

Behavior. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Halbert, T. And Ingulli, E. (2008). Law & Ethics in the Business Environment. Cincinnati,

OH: West Legal Studies.

Tourism After September 11
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Terrorist Attacks on New York City

Consumer ehavior and Risk

Terrorism and Consumerism in the Melting Pot

How has September 11 Impacted Americans

Economic Impact of terrorism

Outlook for the New York Economy

Examination of the Effects on usiness

Regaining Consumer Confidence

Sampling Procedures

Survey Construction

Survey results

Recommendations for Further Studies

Survey of Consumer Patterns After The September 11 attacks on the World Trade Towers

Survey Results presented Graphically

Store Owner Interviews

The Impact of the Terrorist Attacks on New York City: One Year Later Chapter 1

The attacks on the World Trade Towers on September 11, 2001 threatened the American People's sense of security in a way that had not been felt since the attack on Pearl Harbor. To say that the attacks changed the lives of many people would be an understatement. The attacks literally brought the country to a halt for nearly three days. It can…


American Bankers Association. 2001. "Post Sept. 11 Survey Shows Nation's Bankers Are Optimistic." ABA Press Release, December 3, 2001.

Atkinson, J.W. 1957. Motivational determinants of risk-taking behavior. Psychological Review,

Barone, Ronald; M. Rigby, Peter;Schwartz, Bruce; Simonson; Arthur F; Chew; William H;

Eiseman, Barbara A, and Shipman, Todd A. 2002. Consequences of Sept. 11 Attacks Put

Goal of This Upcoming Project Is to
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goal of this upcoming project is to start, build, and nurture a new business by the name of Choice Spring LLC. This new business venture will be located and centered in Towson, Maryland. Essentially, the business will be a financial resource for the community and those in need of appropriate financial planning and guidance. In the current contemporary environment, so many people have fallen on hard financial times. Many now struggle to find a legitimate resource that will help them and guide them towards a more stable financial future. The financial problems of the community at large present an opportunity for this business venture to provide essential services needed by those looking for financial assistance and guidance. The company is structured around a primary goal to help individuals, families, and even small businesses attain their own unique financial goals and meet their financial needs stay competitive and stable in an…


Harker, Patrick T. & Zenios, Stravos. (1998). What drives the performance of financial institutions? Financial Institutions Center. Wharton School. University of Pennsylvania. Web. 

Office of Workforce Information & Performance. (2010). Maryland Job Market Update. Department of Labor, Licensing, and Regulation. Web. 

Partridge, Katharine, Jackson, Charles, Wheeler, David, & Zohar, Asaf. (2005). Stakeholder Engagement Manual: Vol 1 The Guide to Practitioner's Perspectives on Stakeholder Engagement. Stakeholder Research Associates. Web. (2013). Featured office space for lease in Towson, MD. Baltimore County. Web.

Risk Assessment for Cybertrans Ltd
Words: 2782 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 35153313
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The diffused infrared configuration however, uses a transmitter that fills a given office space with signals. The signal receiver can then be located anywhere in the office area in order to successfully receive the I signal.

The Spread spectrum LANs

This form of arrangement utilizes the multiple-cell configuration. Each of the cells are appropriately assigned a unique center frequency that lies within a specific band in order to avoid signal interference. This transmission technique makes use of two methods; frequency hopping as well as direct sequence modulation

The Frequency hopping method uses signals that jumps from a given frequency to the other within a specific bandwidth. The transmission unit then "listens" to a give channel and if successfully detects any idle time (a time when no signal is transmitted),then transmits the packet via the full channel bandwidth .In case a channel is deemed "full," the transmitter then "hops" to the…


Bruce, WR (2002).Wireless LANs End to End, Ron Gilster (ed.), John Wiley & Sons.

Burell, J (2002) 'Wireless Local Area Networking: Security Assessment and Countermeasures: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Networks', Dec. 2002, retrieved 22 March

2011, <>

Cisco (n.d)"Cisco HWIC-AP WLAN Module for Cisco 1800 (Modular), 2800 and 3800."

Team Skills Mock Scenario Analysis Scenario Big
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Team Skills Mock Scenario Analysis


Big Petroleum Company is merging its eastern and western offices, and 72 employees from the company's eastern office will be moving to the west. In order to ensure that the move runs smoothly in terms of moving logistics, housing, office space requirements and integration of the eastern employees into the existing western office structure, a skilled team of workers must be compiled. In viewing the components of the five-member team needed for the success of this project, one can better understand why this project is suitable for a team and how each respective member plays a role in the project's overall success.

Five-Member Team, Duties, and Significance to the Project

The successful completion of the aforementioned project will need the respective successful completion of an innumerable series of tasks that will each prove necessary to ensure that a fully functioning integrated Big Petroleum Company…

Works Cited

Dong-Hua, Wang, and Zailani, Suhaiza. "Supply Chain Relationship and Design

Quality," in International Journal of Management, 28(4): pp. 36-40. December 2011. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.

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pp. 25-31. December 2002. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.

Committee Using a Reflective Approach to Leadership
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committee using a reflective approach to leadership in democratic leadership behaviors and methods. This will make use of channeling the energy of strong personality members rather than to suppress strong committee members and guide and facilitate gently these styles into crafting a solution to the problem. We also need to make sure that we are engaging all of the stakeholders internally and externally to ensure the success of the project.

In this mediation environment, the church wants to rent out space in the building to a charitable community group that functions as a day care center for developmentally adults. It is hoped that with this business, more money will be coming in. However, as with any proposal, it is not without problems and complications. The church is finding out that the project may put it in trouble with the village government on issues such as zoning, safety. Additionally, the office…


Anderson, S. (2007). Preparing to build. New York, NY: Anderson Marketing, Inc.

Church building 101 rules of thumb. (2012). Retrieved from

Church plans for less. (2011). Retrieved from .

Comprehensive land use plan. (2011). Retrieved from ?

Great Chicago Great Fire
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Chicago Fire of 1871 triggered a series of changes (social, political, and technical) which impacted the way buildings are now designed and constructed. Explain!

The Great Chicago Fire generated the first wave of regulations to demand that all buildings be constructed with "fireproof materials such as brick, stone, marble, and limestone. These building materials, much more expensive than wood, are held together by a sticky, strong substance called mortar" that is also fireproof (Schons, "The Chicago Fire of 1871). Although safer, these new materials were more expensive and pushed many poorer people and businesses from the city (as did the increased cost of fire insurance).

hen "the slow and expensive process of rebuilding with fireproof materials began," one of the most popular new materials to use was terra cotta, a mixture of sand and clay. The legendary Palmer House of Chicago was made of terra cotta tiles on the roof…

Works Cited

Bellis, Mary. "History of Skyscrapers." 9 Dec 2013. 

"Flatiron Building." A&E. 9 Dec 2013.

11th of September 2001 Two
Words: 3265 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35421423
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Department of Education:

The Education Authority provided $5 million for ehabilitation Services Administration of those individuals who suffered from physical or mental disabilities as a result of collapse of WTC. The department also provided funds to help those disabled Americans who lost their jobs, rehabilitation or other support structures sue to this tragedy.

The department also provided assistance to the state schools for counseling and mental therapy of affected children. The department established 'Loan Forgiveness Scheme', under which individuals living or working in New York were provided temporary relief from student loan payments.

Department of Justice:

Legislation was introduced for expeditious payments of compensation to the families of those who lost their relatives as a result of 9/11 terrorist attacks. The program launched in this regard was 'Victims Compensation Benefit Program'.

Legislation was introduced for speedy payment of compensation to the families of the police officers, firefighters and rescuer, who…


Government Accounts Officer Report, 2002. .

Henderson, DA. Defense against the bio-terrorist threat (lecture). 75th annual meeting, American Epidemiological Society, March 21-22, 2000, New York, NY. .

The New York Times, 12/Sept 2001. .

Dr Dennis Charney, Journal of National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Sept 2006 edition.

Art Memo We Are a Company at
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Art Memo

We are a company at the head of the fashion industry. Our image is crucial to our success. The appearance, the environment, the overall decor, and the ambiance of our office space is what sends the first messages to our clients. If we expect consumers to value their appearance, then it is up to us to be role models for fashion sense and sensibility.

Therefore, I propose the installation of six major works of art in our corporate office space. Each of these six works of art is carefully selected because it reflects the vibe and mission of our company. The colors, the tone, and the style of the artwork matches our corporate vision. In this memorandum, I will list and describe the six works of art, telling you why these pieces reflect our image.

Camille Pissarro's "Apple Tree at Eragny"

This richly textured painting conveys a sense…


The Metropolitan Museum of Art (2011). Impressionism: Art and Modernity. Retrieved online: 

Pioch, N. (2006). Impressionism. Retrieved online: 

"Welcome to Impressionism," (n.d.). Retrieved online:

Memory and Place of Carlton
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Waverley Park was designed for and reflected a demographic shift in Melbourne's population away from the inner suburbs to the south and east. Waverley Park was a symbol of, and a contributor to, the shift of the locus of power within the Victorian, later Australian, Football League from the clubs to the league, a change whose consequences are still being felt in 2000. The stadium reflected an Australian tradition of multi-sports facilities despite its genesis in Australian ules, both in its conception and subsequent development. Waverley Park played a significant role in the development of post-war Australian football, cricket and baseball. In April 2000 it was nominated for the Victorian Heritage egister by the City of Greater Dandenong (Hay et al.).

Waverley reflected also a major geographic shift, taking the game away from the traditional inner urban areas to outlying suburbs where a more affluent society with discretionary income…


And the winners are...: The votes are in and business travellers across the region have had their say on Asia's best hotels. Business Asia, 15(2), 20.

Berry, J. & McGreal, S. (1999). Cities in the Pacific Rim: Planning systems and property markets. London: E & FN Spon.

Cannon, M. (1995). The land boomers: The complete illustrated history. Carlton: Melbourne University Press in Berry & McGreal at p. 225.

Crozier, M. (2003). Political legacies: Australian political studies and the University of Melbourne. Melbourne Journal of Politics, 29, 8.

Business Research in Need of Research on
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Business Research

In need of research on a variety of items I approached the internet in search of what was needed. The information I was in need of included data concerning; 1) financial needs, 2) regulatory issues, 3) SBA information, 4) offices supplies and equipment, 5) print costs for literature, and 6) current tour offerings.

I discovered that the financial needs for my travel agency would be relative minimal based on the fact that (initially) the company only needed to support one employee (me). A small office space could be rented on a month to month basis for approximately $300 and the office would be supplied with a desk, a cabinet, chair, lamp and desk phone. The office is in a shared space building, which also provides a shared receptionist. A shared receptionist answers the phones for all the offices in order to make it seem as if smaller companies…

Mayoral Control of the Los
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Although Chicago's schools remain mired in a host of convoluted social and economic problems, the overall trend has been positive since these initiatives were implemented; however, analysts suggest that it remains unclear whether these modest gains can be attributed solely to the mayoral oversight or a combination of other factors as well (Merl, 2005).

According to analyst, Kenneth K. Wong, a professor of public policy and education at Vanderbilt University, there should be no doubt, at least in the cases of Chicago and Boston -- where mayoral control has been in place the longest -- that the successes enjoyed to date can be attributed to the "right kind of mayoral takeover -- with clear authority and a highly motivated municipal leader; the key to the successful implementation of this regimen for these two cities, at least, has been the fact that "the mayors have been willing to put their political…


Bulkley, K., & Kirst, M. (2000). 'New, Improved' Mayors Take over City Schools. Phi Delta Kappan, 81(7), 538.

Cassel, R.N. (2001). The Person-Centered High School in America Must Be a Microcosm of a Fully Democratic Society. Education, 121(4), 632.

Crowson, R.L. (1998). Community Empowerment and the Public Schools: Can Educational Professionalism Survive? PJE. Peabody Journal of Education, 73(1), 58.

Darling-Hammond, L. (1994). Who Will Speak for the Children; How 'Teach for America' Hurts Urban Schools and Students. Phi Delta Kappan, 76(1), 21.

Shanghai Development Shanghai Entrepreneurial Real Estate Development
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Shanghai Development

Shanghai Entrepreneurial Real Estate Development Project

Shanghai is a city located on the Eastern Coast of China that has grown to be one the financial powerhouses of the industrialized world. The urban population growth trend can be explained by the fact that much of the rural population is increasingly migrating to the urban centers in search of economic opportunities. The Pudong are has also been responsible for an extraordinary share of the population growth in Shanghai. For example, there was a fifty six percent increase in the population from a little over three million in 2001 to roughly five million in 2011. This real estate development project consists of a structure that will be composed of twin towers that will reach the planned height of 250m and be attached by a podium. The project's financial calculations estimate an internal rate of return would be nearly thirty percent (26.88%)…

Works Cited

Subbotin, S. (2010, August 07). Shanghai population to jump by some 17% over next decade. Retrieved from Ria Novosti: 

The Economists. (2012, June 16). Analects. Retrieved from The Economist: 


Telecommuting How IBM Can Use
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The critical issues if technology like security, management of assets, system access, support and reliability must be implemented through appropriate policies and standards while ensuring that there is fairness, maintaining of corporate culture as well as legal protection. IBM must ensure that they implement their telecommuting program by ensuring a high level of communication with the telecommuters, standardization of technology, using processes that are well defined, training staff and using appropriate implementation tools. In order to reduce the cost of improving the system, the new system must be built in an open architecture so as to allow for seamless integration with the current and the future corporate network system.

In summary, the telecommuting is beneficial to the workers, employers and the society as a whole. The benefits that are highly noted are better quality of work life, improved satisfaction with work, improved productivity, minimized costs, and an environment that is…


Boyd, P.C. (1996). Telecommuting in Massachusetts, Synopsis of the Massachusetts

Telecommuting Initiative. Available:

Assessed on March 28, 2011

Evan H. Offstein, EH., Morwick, JM., Larry, K (2010) "Making telework work: leading people and leveraging technology for competitive advantage," Strategic HR Review, Vol. 9 Iss: 2, pp.32 -- 37

Environmental Systems in the Past
Words: 12463 Length: 45 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 751326
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Although the research tools provided by the ISO 14001 framework are both qualitative and quantitative, this approach is consistent with the guidance provided by Neuman (2003) who points out that, "Both qualitative and quantitative research use several specific research techniques (e.g., survey, interview, and historical analysis), yet there is much overlap between the type of data and the style of research. Most qualitative-style researchers examine qualitative data and vice versa" (p. 16). Indeed, researchers have used qualitative and quantitative surveys to assess consumer reactions to proposed environmental initiatives at the local level (Neuman, 2003).

In fact, quantitative and qualitative research methods are characterized by a number of similarities that lend themselves to environmental systems analyses and development (as well as some differences) (Neuman, 2003). The distinct differences in the qualitative and quantitative research suggest that the use of quantitative data for environmental system development is highly appropriate, but that such…


Bonlac Foods. (2012). Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved from

McComb, S. (2010). Green building & green business informatics tool. Elusor. Retrieved from

Recardo, R. & Jolly, J. (1999). Organizational culture and teams. SAM Advanced Management

Journal, 62(2), 4-5.

The Project Discussed in This
Words: 1056 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 29762182
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The project also has operable windows
to allow for natural ventilation and daylighting reduces the need for
artificial lighting according to the Leed's certification. An interesting
feature to conserve electricity is the use of daylight and motion sensors
that activate or de-activate individual classroom and office lighting.
"The building's mechanical systems include photovoltaic panels and off-
peak, ice-based thermal energy storage" (U.S. Green, 2008). Integrated
into the buildings are green features that are highlighted in order to
display those features to visitors, teachers and students. Those features
include window walls, color-coded heating and water pipes.
Asthetic features were also taken into account when creating the plans
for the project and have held through upon completion. The site has been
xeriscaped with native plants on a lot size of 90 acres that was previously
undeveloped. The buildings are a mixture of brick, stone and glass with
half of the products used…

References, (2008) Doing business in Fort Collins,, accessed May 23, 2008
U.S. Green Building Council, (2008), , accessed
May 23, 2008

Cohousing a Model for Australia
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Cohousing: A Model for Australia

The roots of cohousing can be traced in Denmark in the early 1960s, expanding independently and simultaneously in Holland and Sweden where it grew into an established housing model. This term is a direct translation of a Dutch word meaning living together. In the model of cohousing, residents of a community rent or own their own homes while at the same time, share the ownership of communal space and the common house that hosts community activities. The level at which members participate in activities is voluntary although the model encourages community participation. The different income resource enables household preservation and autonomy of privacy within the community (Cooper-Marcus, 2010).

In the cohousing model, common houses make the heart of the community and members share meals sometimes as a means of bringing the community together. The financial contribution of residents of at least fifteen percent of their…


Cooper-Marcus, C. (2010). Site Planning, Building Design and a Sense of Community: An Analysis of Six Cohousing Schemes in Denmark, Sweden, and The Netherlands. Journal of Architectural and Planning Research 17 (Summer 2000)

Durrett, C, (2005). Senior Cohousing: A Community Approach to Independent Living. Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, California.

McCamant, K. & Charles, D. (1994). Cohousing: A Contemporary Approach to Housing Ourselves, rev. ed. Ten Speed Press:Berkeley, California.

Business Employment Law Hernandez v
Words: 1882 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 5264679
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It is hard to argue with the legitimacy of that consideration.

Employees have a reasonable expectation of privacy in the workplace, but that right has limits. Employers are not prevented from conducting some hidden surveillance in an employee's office as long as it is for legitimate business concerns. An employer may have sound reasons for monitoring the workplace and an intrusion upon the employee's reasonable privacy expectations may not be actionable under certain circumstances.

The impact of this case is simply that while employees do have a right of privacy at work from the outside world, they don't necessarily have that right from their employers. Employers have the right to defend and maintain their business enterprise and if that entails using hidden cameras or surveillance equipment, then the Court has said that they can do this. The sticking point is that it has to be done if a reasonable manner…