Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly
One of the main drawbacks of the user authentication is the essence of various attacks to the protection mechanism. The concept of user authenticity is weak and susceptible to numerous attacks. The protection mechanism also relates to the ability of the user to maintain the user ID and password secret for the purposes of minimizing threats and attacks (Weber 2010). This is an indication that the users must have the right memory and the ability to keep the essentials secret with the aim of reducing external threats thus enhancing the validity and integrity and availability of the information within the context of the user's computer system.
It is ideal to note that the authenticity mechanism is ineffective in relation to making financial transactions remotely. This focus on the making of fund transfers though the concept of the internet banking channel. There is an increase in cost of utilization of this…
Ya-Fen, C., & Chin-Chen, C. (2007). Tolerant Key Assignment for Enforcing Complicated
Access Control Policies in a Hierarchy. Fundamenta Informaticae, 76(1/2), 13-23.
Besson, F., Dufay, G., Jensen, T., & Pichardie, D. (2010). Verifying resource access control on mobile interactive devices. Journal of Computer Security, 18(6), 971-998.
Shakya, I.L., Ali, F.H., & Stipidis, E.E. (2011). High user capacity collaborative code-
The system will also assist the company to incorporate a fleet management system that has a tracking device to assist the Jinx Transport & Logistics Company to track all its fleet of vehicles located at any location. With the new systems, customers will have platform to interact with the systems, and the system will assist them to make inquiry and track their parcels.
2. OS Processor and Core
Jinx Transport & Logistics Company will require multi-core processor and multi-core configuration to do multiple tasks. The multi-core will be 64-bit Intel Xeon processor 7000. The hardware will be Processor Core VMs/VD's, while the software will be Firmware/BIOS.
A multi-core processor is a computing unit having multiple central processing units. Multi-core processor could be widely used for many applications, which include digital signal processing (DSP), network, graphics, and general-purpose application. The company will derive several benefits from upgrading to multi-core processing.
Intel (2006).Upgrading Intel Server Board Set SE8500HW4 to Support Intel Xeon Processors 7000 Sequence. Intel Corporation.
Without the consent of the user, the program will never be elevated to administrator privilege. The MIC or integrity levels is again a new security concept with Vista OS. This feature is controlled by the Access control entry (ACE) in the System Access control List (SACL) of a file, process or a registry key. y associating every process with an integrity level, the OS limits privilege escalation attacks. [Matthew Conover]
Operating systems are the very core of the computers and control the basic functions of resource abstraction and resource sharing. Today, new, more efficient and robust operating systems are being developed that promise to offer entirely new levels of computing power, improved stability and overall security. Most operating systems use virtual memory mapping and extensive security features such as firewalls and other encryption tools built in to control data compromise and information theft specifically for the Web. There is…
1) Microsoft, 2010. Get in the Fast Lane [Online] Available at, http://www.microsoft.com/servers/64bit/overview.mspx, [Accessed 2nd Feb 2010].
2) Andrew S. Tanenbaum, 1998. "Modern Operating Systems," Prentice Hall.
3) Xeni Jardin, 2009. Google announced Chrome Operating System, open Source Windows Competitor [Online] Updated July 7, 2009, Available at, http://boingboing.net/2009/07/07/google-chrome-os.html [Accessed 2nd Feb 2010]
4) Jonathan Corbet & Alessandro Rubini & Greg Kroah Hartman 2005. Linux Device Drivers: Memory Mapping and DMA, pg 412. O'Reilly Media Inc. Third edition http://lwn.net/images/pdf/LDD3/ch15.pdf
Configuration of Microsoft Windows in more complex networking environments required an extensive amount of add-in software and programming to ensure all systems could work. Finally the levels of security inherent in the Microsoft Windows operating system continue to be problematic (Bradley, 2009).
The Linux and UNIX operating systems are comparable in terms of kernel and memory architectures (MacKinnon, 1999)(Predd, Cass, 2005). There are variations in the pricing models used for selling them, with Linux being open source and offered in a variety of distributions from leading open source providers including ed Hat (Predd, Cass, 2005). Linux has the strengths of being one of the more stable server-based operating systems given the architecture of its kernel and memory allocation algorithms (MacKinnon, 1999). Linux is more affordable than any of the operating systems in this analysis as well given the unique pricing structure of open source software (Predd, Cass, 2005). Linux also…
Bradley, S.. (2009). Windows 7: Is It Right for You? Journal of Accountancy, 208(5), 32-36,12.
Stephen Cass. (2003). Linux's challenge to Unix. IEEE Spectrum, 40(6), 15-16.
MacKinnon, James G. (1999). The Linux operating system: Debian GNU/Linux. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 14(4), 443-452.
Prachi Patel Predd, & Stephen Cass. (2005). Showdown On the Desktop. IEEE Spectrum, 42(4), 20.
In addition the cost makes it expensive to own the hardware required to support these systems as personal computers. he university has also indicated its preference for the PC and the Windows operating system. All training and skill acquisition is also generally offered for the windows system in the college. Standardization and uniformity of the design platform of Microsoft has greatly enhanced the applicability in the workplace. Standard packages have allowed Microsoft to reduce the development speed, reduce development staff requirement, and offer a constant state-of-the-art it capability through upgrades.
he most common software that I use are MS Word, Excel and PowerPoint. In addition, I also use the email services provided by the college as well as my own personal email. I use the Internet Explorer for surfing and navigating the web as well as Instant messenger that is also offered with the standard Office package. By 'bundling of…
The most common software that I use are MS Word, Excel and PowerPoint. In addition, I also use the email services provided by the college as well as my own personal email. I use the Internet Explorer for surfing and navigating the web as well as Instant messenger that is also offered with the standard Office package. By 'bundling of complementary components' in the operating software that Microsoft sells it is possible to add many different applications and accessories effectively. The university also has a centralized network system and all internal correspondence is managed on the Intranet of the college. There has also been a recent effort to integrate all the software and hardware operations in the college to allow for the maximum flexibility and control. A data management system is also being implemented in the university and scheduled training is being offered to the staff that will be using the system.
There are a few specialized softwares that are also used in the office for tracking and maintaining records of students and faculty. In addition, the university also uses software that allows for online classrooms and library facilities. Students are also being offered the opportunity to enroll and pay their tuition online and grades and status of the courses are also posted on the universities website. The HR department is also integrating the payroll functions and linking it electronically so that supervisors and managers can automatically submit time sheet approvals for their staff.
Lee, Yikuan, and Gina Colarelli O'Connor. "New Product Launch Strategy for Network Effects Products." Academy of Marketing Science. 31.3 (2003): pg. 241, 15 pages
7 billion by 2008 establishing the fact that Linux is no more a fringe player but rather a mainstream. IDC admitted that Linux is not being used just on new hardware only. As an alternative customers frequently reinstall existing servers to run Linux. While considering for such use as also the use of Linux for secondary OS, IDC forecasts for servers running Linux to remain 26% larger in 2008. Evidently, the big opportunity the growth comes from the server market and that is where Linux is having a stupendous amount of achievement, according to Stuart Cohen, CEO of OSDL. Nevertheless, in spite of the speedier growth of Linux, IDC estimated earlier this month that market share of server delivery on Linux still would be behind Microsoft Windows by 2008. (Linux Loom Larger Than Thought)
VI. Summary and Conclusion
To conclude, the future is rosy for Linux. The strong points being…
Abramson, Ronna. (15 December, 2004) "Linux Loom Larger than Thought" Retrieved at http://www.thestreet.com/_yahoo/tech/ronnaabramson/10199089.html . Accessed on 26 May, 2005
Introducing the Windows Server 2003 Operating Systems" (July 24, 2002) Retrieved at http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2003/evaluation/overview/family.mspx. Accessed on 26 May, 2005
Linux Inc." Business Week. (31 January, 2005) Retrieved at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/05_05/b3918001_mz001.htm?campaign_id=nws_insdr_jan21&link_position=link1Accessed on 26 May, 2005
Linux vs. Windows" Retrieved at http://www.michaelhorowitz.com/Linux.vs.Windows.html . Accessed on 26 May, 2005
equirements of my Company
To keep up in a significantly competitive globe, my company has to operate as effectively as feasible. In time, any type of firm not running effectively will run out company. Effectiveness is more crucial for little and medium-sized companies, since their sources are restricted compared with huge worldwide business.
Provide workers safe, constant accessibility to info. I have a benefit over bigger rivals since my business can easily respond swiftly to company modifications. I can rapidly shed this edge if my business network is regularly down, slower, or unsecured. A safe, trustworthy network based upon brilliant modems and changes allows my workers access the details and devices they need to keep ahead of rivals.
Provide anytime, anywhere accessibility to staff members on the move. To remain efficient, my workers should have the ability to get to individuals and info they require-- anywhere, anytime. Within…
Distro Review. (2013). Linux: The suitable Platform for Small Business Server. Taken from: http://www.ossdoc.com/2013/03/linux-suitable-platform-for-small.html
Cisco. (2013). Ten Tips for Making Your Business More Efficient. Taken from: http://www.cisco.com/cisco/web/solutions/small_business/resource_center/articles/be_more_productive/business_efficiency_tips/index.html
Brown, E. (2013). Mobile Linux Contenders Prep for a 2013 Breakout. Taken from: https://www.linux.com/news/embedded-mobile/mobile-linux/647629-mobile-linux-contenders-prep-for-a-2013-breakout
More than two hundred enterprise applications are now assured to be Vista-compatible. Vista SP1 systems start up in forty five rather than ninety seconds, according to Microsoft, and shut down in eleven. and, according to a new Microsoft-commissioned study, eighty six percent of consumer customers utilizing Vista would recommend it to their friends (Parker, 2008).
Microsoft believes that broadcasting this type of data will help the company make the case that Vista is getting better all the time. But here's where that reason breaks down. Many users intrinsically disbelieve data about Microsoft products that comes from Microsoft, rather than independent reviewers or third-party researchers not taking Microsoft's money to do studies. At the same time, only some of the analysis of Vista is based on genuine Vista users working with current construct of the product. Apples-to-apples assessments between Vista and XP, Vista and Leopard and Vista and Linux are few…
Elgan, Mike. 2008. "What's Wrong With Microsoft's 'Mojave Experiment'?," viewed 28
March 28-2011, from http://itmanagement.earthweb.com/columns/executive_tech/article.php/3762326/Whats-Wrong-With-Microsofts-Mojave-Experiment.htm
Parker, Steven. 2008. "How can Microsoft overcome Vista's lingering image problem? ," viewed 28 March 2011, from http://www.neowin.net/news/how-can-microsoft-overcome-vistas-lingering-image-problem
Reisinger, Don. 2011. "Why Microsoft must abandon Vista to save itself.," viewed 28
operating system can be simply defined as a "program that manages a computer's resources, especially the allocation of those resources among other programs" ("operating system (OS) (computing) -- Encyclopedia Britannica"). There is no definitive answer to the question that which is the best operating system that has been produced till date. Windows and MAC OS X are two of the renowned operating systems that are used all over the world. Therefore, it is exceedingly important to have a comparison of these operating systems in order to know their advantages and disadvantages.
Windows is the first operating system in this regard. Windows is the pride of the Microsoft Corporation so far and no other product can compare with it definitely. The usage rate of Windows is 80-90% of all the computers which are generally called desktop computers. There is a bigger percentage of computer users who are not very computer savvy…
Lewis, M. (n.d.). The Pros and Cons of Linux, Windows, and OSX. Wi-Phye Consultants LLC - SEO - SEM - Web Design - Cleveland Ohio - Helping your customers find you.. Retrieved August 30, 2013, from http://wi-phye.com/blog/the-pros-and-cons-of-linux - windows-and-osx / operating system (OS) (computing) -- Encyclopedia Britannica. (n.d.).Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved August 30, 2013, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/429897/operating-system-OS/
Ushkini, A. (n.d.). Windows vs. Mac OS X vs. Linux: The Operating System Battle | Altin's Blog. Altin's Blog | A good summary of things you need to know !. Retrieved August 30, 2013, from http://altinukshini.wordpress.com/2011/08/09/windows-vs.-mac-os-x-vs .- linux-the-operating-system-battle/
Operating Systems: The U.S. Navy
One recent article on the operating systems utilized by the U.S. Navy, authored by the Intergraph Solutions Group, was entitled "Rugged Hardware for Harsh Environment." hat better way of phrasing the needs of this branch of the armed forces, or indeed any of the branches of the United States armed forces? The U.S. Navy sends its men into environments that are extraordinary, and place extraordinary demands on its personnel. Similarly durable operating hardware is necessary to ensure that the brave individuals who serve are able to do their duty and minimize all of the possible and very real risks to their physical persons. Computer operating systems must support, not pose additional risks, to their missions.
One of these "rugged examples" is the Smart Ship concept, recently employed and adopted by the navy to increase efficiency upon ships and reduce risks to military…
Intergraph Solutions Group. (2004). "Rugged Hardware for Harsh Environment." Retrieved on March 18, 2004 at http://solutions.intergraph.com/profiles/rugged.asp
Slabodkin, Gregory. (1998). "Software Glitches." Government News. Retrieved on March 18, 2004 at http://www.gcn.com/archives/gcn/1998/july13/cov2.htm
Chrome Operating System
Google is the mastermind behind the Chrome OS and the philosophy which guides it is largely the belief in the fact that there's no need for an inflated client desktop: the idea is that all that is sufficient is just a Linux operating system in conjunction with a Chrome web browser. One of the overwhelming benefits of a Chrome operating system is that it runs easily on older personal computers as well as chromebooks, working smoothly and without a hitch for most purposes. Chrome can run easily on anything, ranging from the cheapest lap tops to even pricier desktops that cost in the thousands. One of the major benefits of Chrome is that it the learning curve is almost non-existent: "If you can use a web browser, you can use a chromebook" (Vaughn-Nichols, 2013). However, if one is to make the choice with the Chrome operating system…
Chandler, N. (2014). How the Google Chrome OS Works. Retrieved from:
Cnet.com (2012, October). Chrome OS Matures. Retrieved fromcnet.com.
Windows Operating System:
As one of the mainstream modern operating systems, Windows Operating Systems is commonly used across the globe. The series of Windows Operating Systems are developed by Microsoft and have developed to become the leading operating systems that are used by many people in the globe. The history of this operating system can be traced back to 1981 when it was basically considered as a graphical user interface that provided easier and pleasant means of using MS-DOS. Similar to other mainstream operating systems, Windows is designed to incorporate all components of an operating system.
Development of Windows Operating System:
The history of this operating system begins with the development of MS-DOS or PC-DOS by Microsoft for the initial IBM personal computer. Upon its release in 1981, the first version of the operating system contained 4000 assembly lines for language source code and could function effectively in 8 Kb…
Cowley, C. & McDonough, M. (2010, February 3). Advantages of the Windows Operating
System. Retrieved January 20, 2012, from http://www.brighthub.com/computing/windows-platform/articles/62925.aspx
Stallings, W. (2005). The Windows Operating System. Retrieved January 20, 2012, from http://www.box.com/shared/static/gcr8nczplp.pdf
Tennyson, A. (n.d.). The Features of a Microsoft Windows Operating System. Retrieved January
indows 7 Operating System
Guide to Operating Systems
The role of operating systems continues to be critical to the overall performance of enterprise information systems globally. In the majority of enterprises today there is a wide variation in the type of operating systems used, as the information needs vary significantly across organizations. The intent of this analysis is to evaluate the Microsoft indows XP, indows 7 and Linux operating systems. The architectures, pros and cons or advantages and disadvantages of these operating systems, pricing, and feature analysis is included in this analysis.
All three of these operating systems vary most significantly at the architectural levels, as the design philosophies of the architects Microsoft vary significantly from Linus Torvalds' initial designs in the early 1990s to today (Foley, 36). Both Microsoft indows XP and indows 7 share a common legacy of kernel-based design that completely changes the dynamics of…
Antoniol, G., et al. "Analyzing Cloning Evolution in the Linux Kernel." Information and Software Technology 44.13 (2002): 755-65.
Foley, John. "Staring Down Linux." InformationWeek 959 (2003): 36-44.
Gomes, Lee. "How Virtualization Led Microsoft to Support Linux, and Other Tales." Wall Street Journal: B.1.
Kennedy, Randall C. "APPLICATION PERFORMANCE Management: Know Your OS." InfoWorld 26.7 (2004): 44-50.
Copernicus, Newton, Kepler, and Einstein all developed "laws" or theories so fundamental to our understanding of the universe that they are known to most people (Krass, 2003). Moore's notion that computing power would double about every 18 months as engineers figure out how to build ever-faster microprocessors is not as popular as Einstein's theories, but it has held up very well over the years.
Many of those advances, however, have been made within the confines of the 32-bit architecture. However, since the mid-'90s, some computers have been built with expanded memory and processing speeds, as a result of 64-bit architecture. While 64-bit processors have traditionally been expensive, proprietary, and complex computers used mainly by scientists and engineers, modern and relatively inexpensive 64-bit processors bring this speed advantage to the everyday processors that power Websites, corporate applications, and even personal computers.
Sixty-four-bit computing represents the third major architecture shift…
Dean. T. (August, 2003). 64-Bit Myths and Mysteries. PC Authority, pp 24-26.
Goodwins, R. (November 1, 2002). 64-bit processors in disarray. ZDNet.
Krass, P. (November 17, 2003). Moore is merrier: for power users everywhere, your chip has come in. Hewlett-Packard Company. CTO.com.
Advantages of 64-Bit Processors
Storage management, creating and maintaining a file system, and integrating them into networks also share a common set of functions that allow for programmer flexibility in terms of their use and sequencing through an application. These functions are specifically called as part of the kernel of the Linux operating system, and as a result they can be selectively updated very quickly. A full recompile of the entire operating system is not necessary with Linux to enhance or modify the three functions mentioned; as the kernel itself just needs to be recompiled for system-level modifications to be made to the Linux operating system (Ebert, 2008).
The Linux operating system continues to grow at a faster rate than the comparable Windows equivalents it competes with in enterprises (Natarajan, 2009). This analysis has provided insights into the reasons why, starting with the development and launch of applications, and progressing through the differences…
Ahmed, M., & Gokhale, S.. (2009). Linux bugs: Life cycle, resolution and architectural analysis. Information and Software Technology, 51(11), 1618.
Jurgen Bitzer, Philipp JH Schroder. (2007). Open Source Software, Competition and Innovation. Industry and Innovation, 14(5), 461.
Christof Ebert (2008). Open Source Software in Industry. IEEE Software, 25(3), 52-53.
Karl Flinders. (2006, February). Skills shortage offers software opportunity. MicroScope,6.
Windows 7 Operating System vs. Ubuntu Linux Operating System.
Windows and Linux have sustained a head-to-head competitive race. Whilst Windows 7 is the premier and best selling operating system for personal desktop use, Linux, and Linux Ubuntu included, has achieved a reputation as the most prominent Free Software and Open Source operating system. Individuals -- such as I - prefer Windows due to better consumer familiarity, whilst other individuals, on the other hand, prefer Linux due to its superior resilience to viruses and malware. A comparison involves discussion of the following: user interface, installation, accessibility and usability, stability, performance, and security, and these aspects will be covered in the following essay.
On Windows, window manager is the Desktop Window Manager for graphical user interface. Core widgets, subsystems, and graphic drivers are included with installation. As per Command-line interface, the Command prompt facilitates direct communication between user and operating…
An IT Professional's Testimonial of Windows and Linux, n.d. Web. Retrieved 8/12/2011
Horowitz, M, "Linux vs. Windows (a comparison)." 20 April, 2007. Web. Retrieved 8/12/2011 from:
Distributed Operating Systems
Fallacies of Distributed Operating Systems
There are many fallacies to distributed operating systems, with the majority created due to incomplete, inaccurate and often wrong assumptions about how operating systems is designed. The concept of tenancy and topology being dependent on each other, where the topology determines the functionality of the operating systems is completely wrong. The latest development in Web Services, where ubiquity through software-based service that tracks the state or status of any application connected to it, makes topology irrelevant (Malatras, Asgari, Bauge, Irons, 2008). There are many examples of technology-based innovations further underscoring the fallacies of distributed operating systems.
Analysis of the Major Fallacies of Distributed Network Operating Systems
The main fallacies of distributed operating systems is that the network is reliable, which if the events surrounding Salesforce.com's outages on the Amazon Web Services service show, is incredibly erroneous. The fallacy of network latency being…
Malatras, A., Asgari, A., Bauge, T., & Irons, M.. (2008). A service-oriented architecture for building services integration. Journal of Facilities Management, 6(2), 132-151.
Mullender, Sape J. (1996). Distributed operating systems. ACM Computing Surveys, 28(1), 225.
Pocatilu, P.. (2010). Developing Mobile Learning Applications for Android using Web Services. Informatica Economica, 14(3), 106-115.
The operating system uses cycles that use one process and then the other, but this is not apparent to the user. The operating system also makes copies of the registers, stacks, and queues and remembers where one process paused, then reloads all of the registers, stacks, and queues that the next process needs. This process of copying and reloading takes places with each process, and makes the entire computer multi-task so quickly that the user has no idea what is happening.
When the processes switch between each other, the operating system keeps track of what is happening with each one with a "process control block," which contains information about the process and its' status. Each process control block "comes alive" when the process is in use, and is "suspended" when the process is not running. The operating system also manages the memory, such as the cache and the main memory,…
Macintosh Operating System in 1984, there has been a battle resembling the Coke and Pepsi ar, this time between the Macintosh/Apple OS and indows. Ironically, the battle has also bled over to the new electronic revolution of the 21st century -- the Smart Phone. This time, it is a three part battle between Apple's I-Phone, Google's Android OS, and indows Mobile. In the personal computer world, though, there remain really two choices -- the PC Platform or the Macintosh platform. Clearly, every user has their own opinion on which is best, which has better programs, support, hardware, and price vs. reliability. One caveat when doing a comparison: there is only one authorized Macintosh producer -- Apple; there are literally hundreds of PC manufacturers, including those made from parts from various companies and built at home by the end user. Despite opinions, though, we can certainly begin our analysis with a…
Mac vs. PC - Who's Really Winning? (2011, April 7). Retrieved from iTOK Blog: http://www.itok.net/blog/index.php/2011/04/mac-vs.-pc/
Frakes, D. (2006, April 14). Comparing Prices: MacPro vs. PCs. Retrieved from Macworld: http://www.macworld.com/article/1052381/macproprice.html
Intel Corporation. (2011, June). PC vs. Mac: The Big Debate. Retrieved from Intel Tech Tips: http://news.cnet.com/8301-27080_3-10444561-245.html
McCracken, H. (2010, February 27). PC vs. Mac: The Straight Scoop. Retrieved from Technologizer: http://technologizer.com/2010/02/27/pc-or-mac/
Network Operating Systems operate on servers, offering them the capacity of managing information, groups, users, applications, networking functions, security, etc. Network operating systems' key role is enabling sharing of printers and files among several computers within a given network (normally a LAN (local area network) or private network) (Sen, 2016, p. 5)
The environment network operating systems manage, comprising of loosely interconnected machines, will be taken up for discussion in this section. The term 'loosely' linked implies these devices do not possess any memory bus -- CPU level hardware connections. ather, they are interconnected via software-operated external interfaces. Network operating systems offer numerous facilities like information sharing, file sharing, cooperative computation, peripheral sharing, and remote execution. They are independent operating systems which support this kind of cooperation. A collection of devices constituting a network operating system's management sphere is termed as distributed system. Distributed operating systems are extensions of network…
Dasgupta, P. (1997). Network Operating System. Encyclopedia of Electrical Engineering. http://cactus.eas.asu.edu/Partha/Papers-PDF/1900-2001/nos.pdf
Hhecht. (2002). Introduction to Network Operating Systems. https://oak.ucc.nau.edu/jst/ccc/courses/Spring2005/cis135/ppt/ITE-II-ch06.ppt
Hissom, A. (2006). Operating Systems and Networking. Nedlog, Inc. Project. http://www.personal.kent.edu/~ahissom1/portfolio/Operating%20Systems%20&%20Networking.pdf
Kabachinski, J. (Sep/Oct 2010). Back to Basics: Understanding Operating Systems and Network Operating Systems. Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology, 44(5), ProQuest Central, p. 405.
Operating Systems Protection
Operating systems are the collection of programs that assist users operating computer hardware to control and managing the computer resources, providing the user interface and enforcing security measures. An operating system is referred as the physical environment that provides an interface between the underlying computer hardware and data. The advent of information and networking systems has led to the connectivity of the computer system that assists in sending and receiving data through the operating systems. The effective application of the software system are based on the foundation operating systems, thus, a security of the operating system is very critical for the effectiveness of the computer and information system. Typically, all the modern computer systems whether network servers, laptops, hand-held devices and workstation desktops are controlled by the software called operating system, and the most popular operating systems are the Microsoft Windows, UNIX, and Linux. Since the operating…
Anderson, R. (2008). Security engineering -- A guide to building dependable distributed systems (2nd Ed.). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons Publishing, Inc. Chapter 18, "API Attacks"
Beuchelt, G. (2013). Chapter 9, Unix and Linux Security In Vacca, J. R. (Ed.), Computer and information security handbook. Boston, MA: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.
Bidgoli. H. (2006). (Ed.), Handbook of information security, volume 2. Part 3: Foundations of Information, Computer and Network Security, New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Chery, D. l. & James, W. L. (2003). Evaluation of Network Operating System Security Controls. Issues in Accounting Education. 18(3): 291-306.
Key Business Requirements
The company is an aerospace engineering firm which means that new design will be an integral part of what they do. The company will be dealing with the design of new technology and it is important that the engineers involved have the best equipment possible. The software is decided, in that they will be using CAD to assist with the design of the technology, but the platform is important because it will have to be able to do more than just run the program. The company has also stated that price is not a large consideration. For the purchaser, this means that the best equipment can be considered regardless of price. Since this is an important project for the future of the company, making sure that the right platform is purchased is of the utmost importance.
Computing Systems Considered
The purchaser will have to marry…
Phillip, Mark. "Building a CAD computer." Studica, 2011. Web.
Nextag. Computing equipment prices. (2011). Web.
The subject matter of systems administration includes computer systems and the ways people use them in an organization. This entails knowledge of operating systems and applications, as well as hardware and software troubleshooting, but also knowledge of the purposes for which people in the organization use the computers.
The most important skill for a system administrator is problem solving. The systems administrator is on call when a computer system goes down or malfunctions, and must be able to quickly and correctly diagnose what is wrong and how best to fix it. In some organizations, computer security administration is a separate role responsible for overall security and the upkeep of firewalls and intrusion detection systems, but all systems administrators are generally responsible for the security of the systems in their keep. (Encyclopedia.com, 2011)
What is a computer network? According to McGraw Hill Online Learning Center, "a network is two…
Armstrong, L. (1995), Let's Call the Whole Thing Off
Dignan, Ars Technica, Jan 28, 2001, post 305, http://arstechnica.com/civis/viewtopic
Encyclopedia.com - Information Technology- accessed 2011/1/14
Hegel, G.W.F., the Phenomenology of Mind, (1807), translated by J.B. Baillie, New York, Harper & Row, 1967
Attacks on the system security include password theft, back doors and bugs, social engineering, protocol failures, authentication failures, Denial of Service attacks, active attacks, botnets, exponential attacks including worms and viruses, and information leakage. (Fortify Software Inc., 2008); (Fortify Software, n. d.)
Servers are targets of security attacks due to the fact that servers contain valuable data and services. For instance, if a server contains personal information about employees, it can become a target for stealing identities. All types of servers, which include file, database, web, email and infrastructure management servers are vulnerable to security attacks with the threat coming from both external as well as internal sources.
Some of the server problems that can jeopardize its security include: (i) Weakly encrypted or unencrypted information, especially of a sensitive nature, can be intercepted for malicious use while being transmitted from server to client. (ii) Software bugs present in the server…
Bace, Rebecca Gurley; Bace, Rebecca. (2000) "Intrusion Detection"
Fortify Software Inc. (2008) "Fortify Taxonomy: Software Security Errors" Retrieved 17 November, 2008 at http://www.fortify.com/vulncat/en/vulncat/index.html
Fortify Software. (n. d.) "Seven Pernicious Kingdoms: A Taxonomy of Software Security
Network gives us two basic advantages: the facility to communicate and the facility to share. A network helps in communication between users in better ways than other media. E-mail, the most well-known form of network communication, offers inexpensive, printable communication with the facility of sending, reply, storage, recovery, and addition. Network supports collaboration with its capacity to share. This is the main charm of popular software called groupware that is created in such a way to allow many users to have electronic meetings and work alongside on projects. (Basic Networking Concepts)
Internet is a network of computer networks, upon which anybody who has permission to a host computer can circulate their own documents. orld ide eb is one such network, which permits Internet publishers to connect to other documents on the network. The Internet facilitates communication of a range of file types, including non-written multimedia. There are many types of…
Basic Networking Concepts" Retrieved at http://www.frick-cpa.com/netess/Net_Concepts.asp . Accessed on 10 July 2005
Files, Databases and Database Management Systems" Retrieved at http://www.cs.unibo.it/~ciaccia/COURSES/RESOURCES/SQLTutorial/sqlch2.htm. Accessed on 10 July 2005
Future Trends in EIS" Retrieved at http://www.cs.ui.ac.id/staf/sjarif/eis4.htm . Accessed on 10 July 2005
Operating System" Webopedia. Retrieved at http://www.pcwebopedia.com/TERM/O/operating_system.html. Accessed on 10 July 2005
To manage and control the development activities for Visa's new system, Visa Commerce, the management system that would perhaps be best applicable is to focus the management and control on the development team that must consist of "just enough" number of members. This includes the team that chiefly handles all the requirements for the new system and the system's IT development team. Since Visa Commerce is a system for global use, it is essential that all development activities for the system must be firmly monitored and controlled. Communication to a team that is not large in number of members, yet enough to complete the system, facilitates this process.
To manage and control the activities for Visa Commerce, an open communication should be available between each member of the development team. If possible, the development team must work as a group in one location. This is important specifically to…
Douglass, B.P. (2000). Organizing Models the Right Way.
Retrieved on February 12, 2004, from SD Magazine.
Web site: http://www.sdmagazine.com/documents/s=825/sdm0008j/
Solarski, M. (1998). Dynamic Updating of Software Components in TINA-based Systems.
system development life cycle (SDLC) approach to the development of Information Systems and/or software is provided. An explanation of SDLC is offered, with different models applied in implementing SDLC delineated. Advantages and disadvantages associated with each of the models will be identified.
System Development Life Cycle
According to Walsham (1993), system development life cycle (SDLC) is an approach to developing an information system or software product that is characterized by a linear sequence of steps that progress from start to finish without revisiting any previous step. The SDLC model is one of the oldest systems development models and is still probably the most commonly used (Walsham, 1993). The SDLC model is basically a project management tool that is used to plan, execute, and control systems development projects (Whitten & Bentley, 1998). System development life cycles are usually discussed in terms of the conventional development using the waterfall model or the…
References survey of system development methods (1998). Center for Technology in Government,
Albany, NY: University at Albany, CTG Publication, pp. 1-13.
Ahituv, Niv & Neumann, Seev (1982). Principles of information systems for management. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown Company Publishers.
Hughes, P. (2002). SDLC models and methodologies. Information Systems Branch,
Ministry of Transportation, Governement of British Columbia, Victoria, BC, Canada.
Project Objectives and Justification
Company X is a consulting firm whose business and services involve hiring and deployment of IT professionals to clients. asically, company X assists clients to find applicants who may fit their employment needs.
The current operational procedures of Company X involve traditional methods of data access and storage, in that most of the essential information they need are basically paper-based. ecause we are already in the age of information, automated by technological developments, this paper finds it essential that Company X should improve its operational methods and processes.
The objective of this paper is to provide a proposal for automation of Company X's information access and storage. The application is to be called as Applicant MIS/DSS. y studying Company X's current operational flow, specifically in phases that involve access and storage of information, this paper aims to provide the company with a solution that,…
Systems Management Problem:
Cincom Company operates in a flexible business environment that allows participating business enterprises and customers to be flexible. This flexibility translates into the ability of these businesses to choose the best software option from available options like Software-as-a-Service (SaaS), cloud option, and one or on-premise enterprise software. Generally, the availability of this software options and the flexibility of the business environment implies that Cincom Company can choose the type of software to implement based on its specific needs. However, the company is faced with numerous challenges including difficulty in implementing change, customer lock-in strategy, and lack of flexibility due to its particular organizational structure and culture. Actually, the major challenge for Cincom is the difficulty to adapt to and implement change that will reflect the new business environment it is operating in. This challenge is characterized with the CEO's approval of all products, pricing, sales, and services…
Andreson, D. & Anderson, L.A. (2010). Beyond change management: how to achieve breakthrough results through conscious change leadership (2nd ed.). San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons.
Burman, R. & Evans, A.J. (2008). Target Zero: A Culture of safety. Defence Aviation Safety
Centre Journal, 22 -- 27.
Cameron, Kim S. & Quinn, Robert E. (1999). Diagnosing and changing organizational culture:
However, in the most recent theory of evolution which discusses the living world appears as the result of chance and an output of different randomly selected natural mills. This kind of development came to present as a result of the need of more subjects or topics in areas such as cybernetic, general system theory, information theory, theories of games which is needed in most decision making process in line with real applications. In mathematics techniques however, there are a number of general assumption which are insufficient and most of the time very contradict themselves (Laszlo & Krippner, 1982).
Again, Laszlo (1982) outlined that von Bertalanffy considered the idea of organization to be involved at various stages in the expression of natural system. This could be highlighted from his first statement on the system which he made between the years 1925-1926, during the time when similar thinking of organism was being…
Bailey, K.D. (2004). Beyond System Internals: Expanding the Scope of Living Systems Theory. Los Angeles: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Bailey, K.D. (2006). Living systems theory and social entropy theory. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 23, 291-300.
Bertalanffy, L. (1951). General system theory - a new approach to unity of science. (Symposium), Human Biology, 23, 303-361. Dec 1951.
Bertalanffy, L. (1972). General system theory: Foundations, development, applications. London: Allen Lane.
Operating oom Efficacy
This section offers an analysis of available literature about operating room efficacy, and seeks to summarize the literature on the major problems experienced in operating rooms, and their proposed solutions. This review of literature will lead to the development of novel insights regarding the research topic.
The Operating oom
The operating room is supported trough a central location that is within or nearby the O, and it is known as "core." The core is usually physically limited through its storage space and as a result, it is resupplied periodically from a huge on-site storage and central processing location (Harper, 2002). The core sustains the operating rooms with the needed inventory for each procedure. Central procession holds an extensive variety of materials, and it serves as preparation region to organized, and develops procedure-specific kits. The kits are groups of items that are common to a certain surgeon's procedure.…
Anonymous. Community hospitals of California cuts 20% from its supply budget in the operating room with custom procedure trays. (1996). Hospital Materials Management, 21(2), 10-10.
Anonymous. Trend is down in cost per case in the operating room, but there is still room for driving out more cost; here's how. (1996). Hospital Materials Management, 21(3), 22-22.
Berry, M., Berry-stolzle, T., & Schleppers, A. (2008). Operating room management and Butler et al. (2012), Applying science and strategy to operating room workforce management. Nursing Economics, 30(5), 275-281.
Dexter et al. (2006). Mean operating room times differ by 50% among hospitals in different countries for laparoscopic cholecystectomy and lung lobectomy. Journal of Anesthesia, 20, 319-322.
Over the last several years, the issue of rising health care costs has been having a dramatic impact on a variety of facilities. Evidence of this can be seen with a study that was conducted by the Kaiser Foundation, where they found that prices have risen by 47% since 2005. (Ableson, 2010) This is important, because it showing the budgetary challenges that many hospitals are facing. In the case of Patton Fuller Community Hospital, they are dealing similar kinds of problems. To fully understand how administrators can adapt to them requires examining effective financial management practices that can be utilized and ineffective policies. Once this takes place, it will provide specific insights as to what challenges are facing the facility.
Effective Financial Management Practices of Patton Fuller Community Hospital
In general, the financial management strategy that has been utilized (over the last year) is working. Evidence of this…
Ableson, R. (2010). Employers Push Costs for Health Care on Workers. New York Times. Retrieved from: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/03/business/03insure.html
Gignante, S. (2010). How Boomers Will Impact the Health Care Industry. CNBC. Retrieved from: http://www.cnbc.com/id/35524106/How_Boomers_Will_Impact_the_Health_Care_Industry
System Operational Feasibility great deal of time and intellectual resources go into the conceptual design stage of a systems engineering process once a need is clearly defined by the end-user. However, this initial development step is a moot point if the product is not operationally feasible, which means, according to Benjamin Blanchard in his book Systems Engineering and Analysis, "that the system will perform as intended in an effective and efficient manner for as long as necessary."
In order for the systems engineer to determine operational feasibility, it is necessary to properly integrate the design-related specialties such as reliability, maintainability, human factors and supportability.
Reliability is one of the most important design elements, since it confirms or denies the long-term use of the product without major maintenance and repair. Unreliable systems do not meet the original project goals and lead to unnecessary expenditures of valuable resources. Simply stated, "reliability is…
One must "initiate corrective actions when deviations exceed some preset level" (Kurtyka 2005). Process improvement is essential. It is not enough to meet benchmarks; a leader must enable the entire organization to improve in a synergistic fashion. It is also not enough to 'strike it big' with one large project success: an organization must ensure that its 'system' is functional and that a single incident of success is not a fluke. This is one reason for the success of Toyota, an industry leader that has pushed itself to eliminate defects and engage in continual improvement of processes and products, even when things are going well.
Systems theory also enables a leader to locate his or her organization within the system of a larger social environment. Porter's Five Forces analysis underlies systems theory. Porter analyzes supplier power, buyer power, competitive rivalries, threat of substitutions for a product, and threats of new…
Continuous improvement. (2006). Process Quality Associates (PQA).
Retrieved November 7, 2009 at http://www.pqa.net/ProdServices/sixsigma/W06002004.html
Kurtyka, J. (2005, December). A systems theory of business intelligence. Information Management Magazine. Retrieved November 7, 2009 at http://www.information-management.com/issues/20051201/1042317-1.html
McNamara, Carter. (1997). A brief overview of systems theory. Management Help.
For example, somebody with no knowledge of military jargon and technology may struggle with understanding how the military works. Systems theory allows that person to examine the linkages and structures within the military, and then to understand how those linkages and structures work towards the desired outcomes. This understanding comes on a broad level, and does not require the observer to understand the nuances of military jargon and technology.
Systems thinking also allows the observer to understand similarities and differences between systems. Understanding the similarities between systems that on the surface level are entirely unrelated is difficult when the observer is focused on the superficialities, but an examination of the underlying systems allows for this understanding to take place. The university, for example, is more similar to a military unit than it is to a symphony. hile within the university there is a clear structure of command, there is a…
Federov, G. (2001). The military unit as part of the Armed Forces' economic system. Military Thought. Retrieved October 31, 2010 from http://dlib.eastview.com/browse/doc/400163
Roelofs, L. (no date). Organizational change: Open systems concepts applied. Symphony Orchestra Institute. Retrieved October 31, 2010 from http://www.soi.org/reading/change/concepts.shtml
To the extent the totality of circumstances suggest that possibility, even acceptance of the most nominal gratuities (i.e. A cup of coffee) is ethically inappropriate.
Similarly, even where the gratuity involved is of nominal value and there is no potential misunderstanding on the part of the individual proffering an otherwise appropriate gratuity, there is the issue of creating the appearance or inference of an improper relationship from the perspective of others observing the exchange. For example, while the proffer and acceptance of a single cup of coffee is excusable within the framework of ordinary positive community relations, the conspicuous regular transfer of even nominal gratuities in the presence of third parties can create an apparent inference of inappropriate influence regardless of whether or not that inference is necessarily accurate.
The SOI is intended to ensure that police officers do not misuse their duly authorized latitude to take different degrees…
Conlon E. (2004). Blue Blood. Riverhead, NY: Bantam.
Peak K. (2002). Policing America: Methods, Issues, Challenges. New Jersey: Prentice
Schmalleger F. (2008). Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st
More importantly, because the system needs to be perceived as fair, employee's opinions must be taken into account. e are not putting this system into place to be punitive, but rather to protect the interests of all of the employees.
It is believed that the system of inquiry will have a strongly positive effect on the organization. Verizon has long had some form of ethical code, but with the new code coming into effect in 2008 and the introduction of a system of inquiry, the firm is demonstrating strong ethical values. These are the values shared by most of the employees already. hat the code and system do within the company is to formalize the values that most employees already have. It improves the perception of fairness and presents a unified view of ethical issues throughout the firm.
This also will have strong impacts outside the organization. In an era…
No author & Seidenberg, Ivan. (2008). Your Code of Conduct. Verizon. Retrieved October 25, 2008 from https://www22.verizon.com/about/careers/pdfs/CodeOfConduct.pdf
Liptak, Adam. (2007). Verizon Reverses Itself on Abortion Messages. New York Times. Retrieved October 25, 2008 at http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/27/business/27cnd-verizon.html?adxnnl=1&adxnnlx=1224961253-V6iLKJ6NbEBQ/tn2vsTygQ
Dallas, Lynne. (2003). A Preliminary Inquiry into the Responsibility of Corporations and their Directors and Officers for Corporate Climate: The Psychology of Enron's Demise. Rutgers Law Journal. Retrieved October 25, 2008 at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=350341
Liptak, Adam. (2007). Verizon Reverses Itself on Abortion Messages. New York Times.
The religious organization has other-worldly goals, but must adapt to the demands of this world in order to survive. There are generally two kinds of responses to this problem -- the church response and the sect response. The church response is to adapt at the expense of the goals and the sect response is value-rational-to maximize goal commitment at the expense of adaptation (Satow, 1975).
EXAMPLE NATUAL -- Management NEED in Business OGANIZATION
Theories and research concerned with individual performance, employee satisfaction, and reduction of tension between individual and organizational goals deal only with internal aspects of events, relationships, and structures that make up the total organizational system. However, if an organization is seen as an open-energy system, it is apparent that it is dependent for survival and growth upon a variety of energy transfers within the organization and also between the organization and its external environment. It is sure,…
Barnard, C. (1938). The Functions of the Executive. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University
Friedlander, F., and Pickle, H. (1968). Components of Effectiveness in Small Organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly13(2), 289-304
Kanigel, Robert (1997). The One Best Way: Frederick Winslow Taylor and the Enigma of Efficiency. New York: http://www.leaonline.com/entityImage/?code=200B
Kloos, B., McCoy, J., Stewart, E., Thomas R.E., Wiley, a., Good,- T.L., Hunt G.D., Moore, T. And Rappaport, J. (1997) Bridging the Gap: A Community-Based, Open Systems Approach to School and Neighborhood Consultation. Journal of Educational and Psychological Consultation 8(2), 175-196
Systems Theory makes several assumptions that are useful for understanding the 14-year-old's behavior:
The state or condition of a system, at any one point in time, is a function of the interaction between it and the environment in which it operates." (Longres, 1999, p. 19)
Change and conflict are always evident in a system. Individuals both influence their environments and are influenced by them. Processes of mutual influence generate change and development." (Longres, 1990, p. 19)
Each person in a family is part of the whole system. The whole is greater than the sum of its parts." (Longres, 1990, p. 266)
These assumptions make us understand that the responsibility for the acts of the 14-year-old rest not with the child himself, but with the relationships and interactions in his family. More than anything else, the real issue is a family boundary problem where the hierarchical subsystem had not had a…
Brother Arrested in Slaying of Girl, 4." Washington Post 20. Sept., 2004: B-1
Longres, John F. Human Behavior in the Social Environment. Itasca, IL F.E. Peacock Publishers, Inc., 1990
Teen Appears in DC Court In Slaying of Sister, 4." Washington Post 21 Sept. 2004: B-3
Systems and Diffusion of Innovation Theory
Systems theory vs. diffusion of innovation theory
Systems theory is based upon the idea that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Its founder Ludwig von Bertalanffy proposed that, based upon his experience with the biology of organisms, all systems are constantly changing because they are able to interact with their environments. Systems are open and thus can acquire "qualitatively new properties through emergence" (Clark 2011). Living beings of all kinds are capable of taking in and incorporating new elements while expelling the old. This is vitally important for healthcare organizations today to understand, given the need to respect the changing nature of patients and the fact that patient's health can be significantly improved or worsened, depending on the type of care the patients receive and do not receive. Healthcare organizations must be true 'learning organizations' as new patients…
Clark, Don. (2011). Ludwig von Bertalanfy: General System Theory 1950. Big Dog and Little
Dog. Retrieved at: http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/history_isd/bertalanffy.html
This article provides a brief introduction to the general concepts of systems theory, beginning with von Bertalanfy's career as a biologist studying organisms. It is a succinct explanation of the theory in lay person's terms, expressing it in phrases such as 'the whole is bigger than the sum of its parts.'
Diffusion of innovation theory. (2010). Utewente. Retrieved at:
The implementation stage of the iordan project may prove to be the most challenging yet, but one that is worth all the effort. It would take a team of experts in various fields to successfully see this stage successfully through to completion, it cannot be a one-man show. Several departments within the organization have to be given priority when it comes to rolling out the new human resource management system. Since this system is automated and rests on an Information Technology platform, the first two departments to consider would be the human resource management and Information Technology departments. All the teams of professionals within these departments would have to be part and parcel of the entire system design and development process. The other departments to consider would be those of finance and operations management as they too are a fundamental part of the organization's decision making framework.
 George, F.J., Valacich, B.J.S., & Hoffer, J.A. (2003). Object-Oriented Systems Analysis and Design. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
 Satzinger, J.W., Jackson, R.B., & Burd, S.D. (2008). Systems Analysis and Design in a Changing World. London, UK: Cengage Learning EMEA.
 Marciniak, J.J. (2002). Encyclopedia of Software Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley.
System Implementation - Oahu ase Area Network
System Implementation: Oahu ase Area Network
The wireless local area network (WLAN) in the Oahu ase Area Network is made up of several different subsystems. The inputs to the system will be desktop computers, laptop computers, and embedded systems (fixed and mobile). Each client has a wireless network card that can communicate with an access point (AP). The AP manages WLAN traffic and physically connects the wireless system to the wired local area network (LAN). The wired LAN will then send the requested information back to the access points, which will relay it to the appropriate client (Conover, 2000).
The system has three modes of operation:
Op-Mode: This is the standard operating mode for system operation. The mode consists of interaction between clients and one or more server. The clients are wireless devices such as laptops, desktops and tele-robtics platforms. Servers are access…
Conover, J. (2000, July). "Wireless LANs Work Their Magic." Network Computing. Retrieved 16, January, 2004 from Internet site http://www.networkcomputing.com/1113/1113f2.html
Curtis, G., Hoffer, J. George, J., Valacich, J. (2002). Introduction to Business Systems Analysis
University of Phoenix Custom Edition). New Jersey, NJ: Pearson Custom Printing.
Galik, D. (1998, April). "Defense in Depth: Security for Network-Centric Warfare." Chips
Replicating the performance of a complex system through the use of systems simulation provides invaluable insight into the constraints, workflows and processes that determine its optimal level of performance. The use of systems simulation in oil refineries, process manufacturing, discrete and complex manufacturing including constraint-based modeling of customized equipment all provide valuable insights into how to continually improve process performance. The use of systems simulation is becoming commonplace in determining the optimal performance of individual and groups of machines combined to complete complex manufacturing and process tasks .
Analysis of Systems Simulation Scenarios
From process-centric systems that are involved in oil refining and process-related goods to the reliance on systems simulation to continually improve lean manufacturing processes across a discrete manufacturer's production floor, all share a series of common attributes. These common attributes include the modeling of specific constraints that are often dynamic and in turn…
 Andradottir S., Optimization of transient and steady-state behavior of discrete event systems, Management Science, 42, 717-737, 1996.
 R.P. Schulz. "Synchronous Machine Modeling. Symposium on Adequency and Philosophy of Modeling System Dynamic Performance." In IEEE Pub. 75 CH
As many of the components of our current computer system are more than five years old, there could be a significant cost savings produced by replacing and updating the system, in addition to the extra revenue generated by increased productivity (Meredith, 2010).
I have already begun preliminary investigations as to some of the specific components, processes, and features that might be desirable in this new system, and am awaiting your approval to conduct further research and feasibility analysis with this project, to eventually lead to the development and implementation of the system. I am very optimistic that this project could ultimately help to drive this company to new heights, capable of more fully capitalizing on emerging opportunities.
Computer forensic is a scientific method of analyzing the digital information which is used as evidence for the criminal, administrative and civil cases. In the contemporary legal environment, computer forensic has become a vital part in solving the complex crimes. Since computer forensic experts use data to solve high level cases, effective data storage and retrieval is critical aspect of forensic investigation and effective data storage is very essential to assist in achieving the data integrity. ISO9660 file system has become an effective method that forensic experts employ to store and retrieve data. (Dixon, 2005). Preserving and storing the critical data and information without alteration of the original state of data is the most important aspect of Computer Forensics. Some of the techniques employed are by using the ISO9660 file system to store data. It is essential to realize an employee might inadvertently overwrite valuable data. Otherwise,…
Carrier, B. (2005). File System Analysis. Addison Wesley Professional .USA.
Carrier, B.D. (2010).Different interpretations of ISO9660 file systems. Digital Investigation. 7:S 1-2 9-S 1-3 4
Coward, J. (2009). Computer Forensics: Breaking down the 1's and 0's of cyber activity for potential evidence. Information Security Writers.
Dixon, P.D. (2005). An overview of computer forensics. IEEE Potentials (IEEE) 24 (5): 128-136.
business in which it operates. In addition to it also analyzes the current outsourcing and offshoring activities of the organization. Apart from that, it puts light on the skills of the IT professionals of the organization and its current information system. This paper also proposes ways for the enhancement of the technological structures of the organization so that it may manage its growth efficiently.
Background Information about the Company
The company, under consideration, is a data collection and analysis company. It has been operating since last two years and it has a value of 25 million dollars. On the basis of the current performance, it is expected that the company would grow by 60% during the next 18 months. In order to accommodate with the current growth rate of the organization, the CEO wants various changes in the physical and technological infrastructure of the organization. The top management…
2020 Company, LLC (2014). Data collection and analysis. Retrieved from: http://www.2020llc.com/2011/services/data-collection-and-analysis.html [Accessed: 15 Jan 2014].
Anderson, R. (2001). Security engineering. New York: Wiley.
Bittner, P. & Hornecker, E. (2002). Responsibility and the work of it-professionals. IFIP -- the international federation for information processing, 98 pp. 171-181. Retrieved from: http://www.ehornecker.de/Papers/hcc6-ehpb_publ.pdf [Accessed: 15 Jan 2014].
Datamark (2014). Near-site processing services | near-site document processing. Retrieved from: http://www.datamark.net/solutions/offsite-onsite-solutions/near-site-outsourcing-solutions [Accessed: 15 Jan 2014].
IT Management OS Systems History
OS Systems History and ecommendations for Use
"An OS is a program that controls the execution of application programs and acts as an interface between applications and the computer hardware," and is thus a crucial part in modern technology within a business context (Stallings 2009 p 51). Such systems help run software, provide access to needed devices, control user access to files and systems, as well as catching and responding to errors and other harmful objects like viruses or malware. The OS makes computers easy-to-use and convenient for users of all types, from the most experienced to those with little experience at all. Essentially, the user is most often not trained or interested in manipulating the actual hardware of their device. Thus, the OS helps them use the software without having to go further into the hardware and allows software developed by a programmer to…
Ritchie, Colin. (2003). Operating Systems Incorporating UNIX and Windows. Cengage Learning.
Stallings, William. (2009). Operating Systems: Internals and Design Principles. 6th ed. Prentice Hall.
This study focuses on the rise and significance STEP-NC as the most efficient model to transfer knowledge and communication on different CAD and CAM structures to improve the product design and overall project management. The paper will be divided into six chapters: 1) ntroduction chapter which will include the statement of the problem, significance of the problem, purpose and scope of the study, the relevant definitions, the assumptions of the study as well as its limitations; 2) Literature Review chapter which will present an analysis of all the prior studies done on similar topics; 3) chapter variables and hypothesis creation where all the variables (dependent and independent) will be listed; 4) methodology chapter which will include data collection processes and the qualitative procedures used; 5) results and presentation of data chapter which will include all statistical calculations and the regression analysis; 6) conclusion chapter which will includes discussion…
In this study, while both can be very useful, we will use the deductive approach and form hypothesis/research questions. The deductive approach will prove to be more useful as it will help us determine all the necessary technological changes that are occurring and support our decision of why choosing Step NC was the right form of technology. Furthermore, it will also help us solidify and strengthen our hypothesis as the study and data collection process moves into the latter stages. This will perhaps be most advantageous for this study as in reality, it is probably not very challenging to arrange the necessary grounds of reasoning and incorporate it into a single minded approach or aim of the study that consistently works its way from general ideas to specific observations. The fact of the matter is that even if this approach presents a lot of limitations and constraints, we might still be able to conclude some definite trends and patterns in the information that can be eventually helpful in developing up newer theories (Trochim, 2006) and help us form better recommendations for future research on the given topic.
Research Horizon and timeline
When it comes to the design of any research, time typically plays the part of
Decision Analysis System
Computers have brought a great change in our lives. A software program called spreadsheet turns the computer screen into a paper sheet one is working on. This program saves time by reducing the errors and repetitions of calculations. It is commonly used in physics labs in order to save time by getting accurate results and accumulating proper data in labs. Spreadsheets have traditionally been used by accountants for the purpose of bookkeeping and budgeting, when actually they can prove to be amazing tools for engineers and scientists as well. Using a spreadsheet, entered raw data could be manipulated and plotted through few easy commands. Furthermore, due to their built-in capability to easily plot data, spreadsheets prove to be especially useful (Karmakar et al., 2007).
Initially introduced in the corporate world in late 1970s and the early 1980s, it proved to be an immediate success. The usefulness, power…
Karmakar, S., C. Lagu, J. Agnew and H. Landry (2007) Integrated decision support system (DSS) for manure management: a review and perspective. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 57, 190 -- 201.
Kong, G., D.L. Xu, X. Liu and J.B. Yang. (2009) Applying a belief rule-base inference methodology to a guideline-based clinical decision support system. Expert Systems, 26, 391 -- 408.
Ragsdale, C.T., K.P. Scheibe and M.A. Trick (2008) Fashioning fair foursomes for the fairway (using a spreadsheet-based DSS as the driver). Decision Support Systems, 45, 997 -- 1006.
eref, Michelle M.H.; Ahuja, Ravindra K.; and Winston, Wayne L. (2007). Developing spreadsheet-based decision support systems: using Excel and VBA. Dynamic Ideas.
Open Systems Models
The company that I am going to study is Google. Their primary business is online advertising, where they are the industry leader. Google owns many of the world's top websites, and uses its immense database of information about user preferences to give it competitive advantage in this business. The company has also proven to be one of the most collaborative and innovative companies. Two of its other products -- the Android mobile operating system and the Chrome browser, are also market leaders, even though they do not generate significant revenue for the company. This paper will focus on open systems as Google, to illustrate how the principles of open systems work.
Open Systems Elements
There are several elements to systems, including inputs (resources), organization culture, organization structure, behavior, processes and technologies. All of this lead to outputs. When these elements work well together -- when they are…
Harrison, M. (2004). Diagnosing Organizations: Methods, Models, and Processes (Applied Social Research Methods) (3rd ed.) Sage Publications.
Tapscott, D. (Artist), & TEDTalks, (Producer) (2012).Don Tapscott: Four principles for the open world [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.ted.com/talks/don_tapscott_four_principles_for_the_open_world_1
Innocentive. (2014). Google's 9 principles of innovation -- open innovation through culture. Innocentive. Retrieved March 31, 2014 from http://www.innocentive.com/blog/2014/01/29/googles-9-principles-of-innovation-open-innovation-through-culture/
Google. (2014). Ten things we know to be true. Google. Retrieved March 31, 2014 from http://www.google.ca/about/company/philosophy/
This is because it can provide and de-provide its resources dynamically, lead to a reduction of the unused capacity as well as maximize the available resources for improved efficiency.
Efficient: The SaaS EP system makes businesses to benefit from the shared hardware, familiar technologies as well as automated processes. This means that that system is able to effectively increase its peak-load capacity, provide access to organizational resources from almost everywhere via PC or any other internet enabled-devices. The system also leads to a reduction in the energy usage as well as the level of physical footprint.
Flexible: The SaaS EP system can adapt to the changing business needs.This means that it can easily adapt to the ever dynamic nature of a distributed workforce.
Secure: The system is also secure due to the multi-level data security system which it employs
The business would therefore need to engage on a total overhaul…
Al-Fawaz, K.,Al-Salti, Z and Eldabi, T (2008).Critical success factors in erp implementation: a review. European and Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems 2008
Drumm, J (2011). Four Benefits of Microsoft Dynamics ERP Cloud Computing
Goel, S.,Kiran.,R ., Garg, D (2011) Impact of Cloud Computing on ERP implementations in Higher Education. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, Vol (2) 6 2011
Information System Briefing
the Process of selecting & acquiring an Information System (IS) for Healthcare:
Any medical organization planning to go for an IS must choose an efficient Electronic Patient ecord -- EP which is the starting point of any computerized system. Effectiveness of the following points must drive the process of selection and acquisition of an IS. These are (i) Patient care which is the documented record of every patient undergoing process at the medical care unit. (ii) Communication: Patient records constitute and important means through which doctors, nurses and other are able to communicate with one another regarding patient requirements. (iii) Legal documentation: Legal documentation is important as these keep track document care as well as treatment, can become legal records. (iv) Billing and reimbursement: Patient record delivers the documentation which is used by patients to verify billed services. (v) esearch and quality management: Patient records are used…
Anderson, James. G; Aydin, Carolyn. (2005) "Evaluating the Organizational Impact of Healthcare Information Systems" Springer.
Keshavjee, K; Bosomworth, J; Copen, J. (2006) "Best practices in EMR implementation"
AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006; 2006: 982. compete-study.com [PDF]
Wager, Karen A; Lee, Frances W; Glase, John P. (2009) "Healthcare Information System -- A
After the completion of the design and development of satellites, the systems are normally subjected to waiting periods that span for several years before the identification of an appropriate launch opportunity.
Design and Implementation Cost:
The third major problem in the development and implementation of satellite communication is the software development costs. This includes money spent on all bus systems, ground support equipment, systems engineering, communication payloads, program management, and integration and test. In most cases, the development and implementation costs are difficult to estimate since there are recurring and non-recurring cost drivers in the process. The non-recurring cost drivers include heritage, number of prototypes and engineering models, and technology readiness while the recurring cost-drivers are complexity, project scope, and quantity of production.
The production quantity refers to the number of flight units developed, combined, and tested on similar contract to the development initiatives. hile the development and production initiatives…
Burgess, Erik, and Nathan Menton. "Satellite-Subsystem Development Costs." The Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Cost Analysis Improvement Group, Feb. 2008. Web. 29 Apr. 2012. .
Dawoud, M.M. "Communications Satellite Sub-systems." KFUPM Open Courseware. KFUPM. Web. 29 Apr. 2012. .
Lappas, V., G. Prassinos, a. Baker, and R. Magnuss. "Wireless Sensor Motes for Small Satellite Applications." IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine 48.5 (2006): 175-79. Web. 29 Apr. 2012. .
Marz, Justin D. "The Design and Implementation of Various Subsystems for Pico-Satellites." University of Kansas. University of Kansas, 12 Dec. 2004. Web. 29 Apr. 2012. .
Unauthorized Information Systems Access
Scan the Internet for articles or evidence of Bank of America being a victim of hacking. Based on the results of your search, if the bank has been hacked, assess the circumstances around the hacking and the resulting impact to the bank's customers and operations. If the bank has not reported hacking incidents, assess the most likely security measures that the bank has implemented to protect the business from hackers.
Bank of America has experienced many data breaches in the past, yet the most troublesome are the ones where customers' data is stolen and immediately resold on the black market by employees. There are also those instances where employees and subcontractors gain unauthorized access to ATMs and steal money. These are two of the recent incidences of how the Bank of America security systems and processes have been hacked by employees and those operating in the…
Adams, J. (2011). Bank of America copes with two alleged insider breaches. Cardline, 11(22), 4.
Coppotelli, D.J. (1982). Information security strategy. Security Management, 26(5), 86-86.
Hulme, T. (2012). Information governance: Sharing the IBM approach. Business Information Review, 29(2), 99-104.
Twum, F., & Ahenkora, K. (2012). Internet banking security strategy: Securing customer trust. Journal of Management and Strategy, 3(4), 78-n/a.
In order to succeed and realize a competitive advantage within any given industry it is very necessary to take advantage of all of the technological advances that are available to that organization. This report will explore and discuss the current situation at the American Widget Company and explore ways in which this company can harness the immense power of the internet.
This report will discuss and recommend the components of that American Widget Company should install including the software and hardware requirements. This report will also delve into the communication requirements that will be needed as well to help keep this company working at its fullest potential. This report will also discuss other requirements the Information Technology department at this company may implement to help improve the functionality of this company. Finally this essay will provide recommendations on how to best maintain a high level of control through…
Information Systems over the Last Century:
Synchronizing and Streamlining Transportation and Logistics Systems
The pace of change and its complexity continues to drastically redefine entire industries, with those reliant on supply chains, logistics and transportation services seeing the greatest benefits and risks. Globalization is also re-shaping industries the fastest who rely on transportation as a key part of their value chains. United Parcel Service is a company that is representative of the pace and complexity of change that has occurred in business processes, strategies, and information systems over the last one hundred years. UPS was founded in 1907 in Seattle, Washington by Jim Casey, and today is one of the leading transportations services companies globally. The intent of this analysis is to explain the differences between business information systems and methods widely used in 1910 and how they compare to the common enterprise-wide systems and methods of today. The telephone,…
Nabil Alghalith. (2005). Competing with IT: The UPS Case. Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, 7(2), 7-15.
Ata, B., & Van Mieghem, J. (2009). The Value of Partial Resource Pooling: Should a Service Network Be Integrated or Product-Focused? Management Science, 55(1), 115-131.
Barrett, J.. (2007, November). Demand-Driven is an Operational Strategy. Industrial Management, 49(6), 14-19,5.
Das, K.. (2011). Integrating effective flexibility measures into a strategic supply chain planning model. European Journal of Operational Research, 211(1), 170.
Protecting Vital Resources
Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems
IDPS and Components
Intrusion from the outside world, for good or bad, is serious concern in the networked global arena (Ierace et al., 2005). The loss of data and important and confidential business information can be utterly disastrous. Network systems that will detect and prevent such intrusions, therefore, are a necessity of the first order among enterprises. Intrusion attacks can come from hackers, malware or other old or new malicious creations from other sources. Intrusion detection is performed by monitoring computer systems and networks to sense indications of potential threats or violations on an organization's security policies. Another added feature is thwarting these threats before they can occur. Together, these are the components of an intrusion detection and prevention system or IDPS (Ierace et al.).
There are four classes of IDPS according to their functions and the methods they use (Ierace et…
Ierace, N., et al. (2005). Intrusion prevention systems. Ubiquity Information Everywhere:
Association of Computing Machinery. Retrieved on February 12, 2014 from http://ubiquity.acm.org/article.cfm?id=1071927
Kanika (2013). Intrusion detection system and intrusion prevention system -- a review study. Vol. 4 Issue 8, International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research;
International Scientific and Engineering Research. Retrieved on February 12, 2014
This constraint engine could also be used for specifically designing upper limits as to how many total sessions to allow to be created given the constraint of professor time and availability. In addition, the Web-based college or university registration system also needs to have a front-end interface or graphical user interface that is intuitive enough for the first-year or freshman students to navigate yet robust enough in functionality to allow students who are pursuing master's and PhD level studies to also schedule independent study and consultation times with their professors. There must be a degree of flexibility in the system design to specifically allow for this type of role-based access and use, from the entry-level freshman to the advanced master's and PhD-level students. To ensure the system is used correctly and there is sufficient security, it is also critically important for the design to allow for role-based and authentication-based use…
Stefano Ceri, Florian Daniel, Maristella Matera, & Federico M. Facca. (2007). Model-driven development of context-aware Web applications. ACM Transactions on Internet Technology, 7(1), 2.
Moez Limayem, Mohamed Khalifa, & Wynne W. Chin. (2004). CASE Tools Usage and Impact on System Development Performance. Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 14(3), 153-175.
Ioana Manolescu, Marco Brambilla, Stefano Ceri, Sara Comai, & Piero Fraternali. (2005). Model-driven design and deployment of service-enabled web applications. ACM Transactions on Internet Technology, 5(3), 439.
Mattsson, a., Lundell, B., Lings, B., & Fitzgerald, B.. (2009). Linking Model-Driven Development and Software Architecture: A Case Study. IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, 35(1), 83-93.
Measures should be developed at every level of the organisation as this will help in the measurement of performance at those levels. Again all services and teams will have action plans that they will have to meet which will make sure that the organisation reaches its goal. There has also got to be indicators for individuals as this will determine their performance for their teams and the organisation. (Measures of performance) the total service plan has to focus on the corporate and service objectives, highlight the important matters to the customers and staff, and the decision about the ultimate user of the information and their purpose for getting the information. (Key steps to effective performance measurement)
The measurement of the task done is against the information and there details that one has indicators for the objectives and also decides whether the task done will be meaningful and robust. The total…
Foundations of performance management. Retrieved at http://www.idea-knowledge.gov.uk/idk/core/page.do?pageId=76249
Glick, Bryan. 2005. Trudy Norris-Grey, Sun Microsystems UK managing director. 13 April. Retrieved at http://www.computing.co.uk/analysis/1162459
Hats Off to Communicators a Great Success in Denver. 2001. Spring, Volume: 9; No: 3.
Retrieved at http://www.nagc.com/newnewsletter.pdf
RFP fo HRIS System
Request fo Poposal (RFP) Template
Company: A Fotune 500 company, Riodan Manufactuing is an industy leade in plastic molding. Riodan is a multinational company with copoate headquates in San Jose, Califonia, a manufactuing plant in China, and thee factoies in the U.S., each with a poduct o poduction specialty. The plant in Albany, Geogia, manufactues plastic bottles fo sale to beveage companies. In Detoit, Michigan, custom plastic poducts such as heat valves and stints ae manufactued. The eseach and development functions ae caied out in San Jose.
Business goals: Efficacious administation of human esouce mattes and successful ecuitment of a ceative and innovative wokfoce is a copoate goal of Riodan Manufactuing. The company believes that highly skilled knowledge wokes ae necessay fo Riodan to maintain a competitive edge and that development of human capital equies an efficient Human Resouce Infomation System (HRIS). The cuent compute system…
references be a good match to the work for which a respondent is bidding.
1. How to get clarification. Questions will be taken by email beginning one week after the RFP has been released. The question period will last for two weeks, upon which time, give or take several days, the questions and the answers will be published on the RFP webpage under Q&A. Respondents will be able to view all questions and all answers by registering and creating a password for the website.
1. Proposal format. The response may be submitted in Word, but key points must also be provided in Excel format so that individual responses from bidders may be compared.
1. Submission schedule. Vendors may submit responses anytime between October 15, 2011 and October 30, 2011. No late responses will be submitted, and the company will not be responsible for any delays caused by the mail service or by any difficulties transmitting submissions online.
1. Decision schedule. Approximately 60 days after the deadline for submissions, responses will be reviewed and ranked. A recommendation will be made by the selection committee to the Board of Directors. A resolution will be filed by the Board at the next meeting. Following that meeting of the Board and the vote on the award, the winning vendor will be notified by phone and by email. The next meeting of the Board of Directors is scheduled for November 11, 2011.