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Public Opinion Polls Regarding Public Preference
REVIEW AND ANALYSIS OF PUBLIC OPINION POLLS
Review and Analysis of Public Opinion Polls Regarding Public Preference
What is Public Opinion Poll?
Public Polling Changing History
Charter of Values
Support for the Charter
Favor of the Charter
Shifting of the Polls
Minorities and the Rest of Canada
Stereotyping and Tension
Policy responsiveness is a question that tends to rise during any political parties campaign. Policy responsiveness is described as the "ability to readily react to suggestions, influences, appeals or efforts" (Free Dictionary, 2014) Does a political party have the capacity to respond to the preferences of its citizens? The primary purpose of a democratic system is this exact ability to respond to the citizens. However, as we see time and time again, this is easier said than done. In the following few paragraphs, the focus will…
Leaders are becoming an increasingly important target for marketers. These opinion leaders allow marketers to focus in on the coveted personal, word-of-mouth advertising market, thus personalizing and legitimizing a product. Targeting opinion leaders can be highly effective after a product has penetrated the market, but new products often benefit little from targeting opinion leaders.
Opinion leaders are becoming important in marketing campaigns because they allow marketers to tap into the sometimes difficult to reach world of word-of-mouth advertising. Opinion leaders provide marketers with an opportunity to reach influential community leaders who will hopefully provide others with an influential 'recommendation' for a product, based on the marketer's campaign (Frost).
Marketers believe that buying behavior can be influenced by opinion leaders. Opinion leaders influence other consumers through direct, word of mouth insights and opinions. Marketers believe that the word-of-mouth recommendations of opinion leaders carry more weight with other consumers than do other…
Frost, Randall. Gaining Influence Through Word of Mouth. Brandchannel.com. 18 March 2004. http://www.brandchannel.com/features_effect.asp?fa_id=196
Religious preference affect opinion sex marriage..
Religion has a strong influence on how people perceive the idea of sex before marriage, as while some religions consider it wrong to perform the practice others support it or are indifferent with regard to it. The fact that most world religions express an opinion concerning this matter reflects on society as a whole as there are numerous individuals who believe that it is morally wrong for a person to have sex with another person if they are not married. A culture's sexual norms are strongly connected with religious beliefs associated with the respective culture.
Sexual decisions are typically associated with personal choices as they are largely based on how individuals feel at the time when they are presented with the opportunity to engage in a sexual activity. However, social influences are particularly important when considering this topic. Religious practice and beliefs have a…
Carroll, Janell L., "Sexuality Now: Embracing Diversity," (Cengage Learning, 29.01.2009)
Helm, Herbert W., and McBride, Duane, "The Influence of a Conservative Religion on Premarital Sexual Behavior of University Students," North American Journal of Psychology, June 2009
Reynolds, Dynette, "Religious Influence and Premarital Sexual Experience: Critical Observations on the Validity of a Relationship," Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion Vol. 33, No. 4 (Dec., 1994), pp. 382-387
Uecker, Jeremy E., "Religion, Pledging, and the Premarital Sexual Behavior of Married Young Adults," Journal of Marriage and Family, August 2008
Public Opinion Crime, Criminal Justice, Related opics
Kahan, D. & Braman, D. (2003). More statistics, less persuasion: a cultural theory of gun-
151 (4), 2-37
What is the objective / research question?
In this article, the discussion highlights the motivation of individuals, to take a stand as opposition or support to the regulation of guns. he objective of the research is the arguments that can provide a resolution to the gun control debate.
What is the hypothesis?
he hypothesis is that cultural orientations are a strong indicator of the likely position of the individual than any other factor (Kahan & Braman, 2003). From the cultural theory, we get the perception that economic analysis of the impact of the regulation of gun to violence and crime does not determine the position of the people.
What is/are the main dependent variable(s) (outcome measure(s)) and how is it/are they measured?
he dependent variables…
The variables show that the firearm is among the leading causes of injury and deaths. Statistics indicate that fatalities are more than 10% and 20% of childhood and teenage deaths respectively combined. Injuries are thrice the number of fatalities annually (Wiley & Casey, 1993). The unit analysis is on children involved in gun incidences. Unintentional shooting in children account for over half of the children incidences. This is only and directly related to the ready access of loaded guns at homes. The cases of shooting increase through childhood to adolescence and are at peak at young adulthood. The main factors that arise from this shooting implicate the male sex, the absence of parental supervision, the black sex, large size of family, lower socioeconomic status and inadequate training of gun safety and use (Wiley & Casey, 1993). Research further indicates that the shooting cases related to children and the adolescent are related to the television shows, video games and obscene movies. The violence depicted from these shows increases the curiosity of gun use in children. The statistics indicate a high prevalence in children watching violent games and television. The aggressive images of shooting in the television are the largest cause of the lack of safety at homes.
What was the conclusion?
The conclusion of
Similar protests launched in the United Kingdom around the same time period. And the results were altogether similar as well. In 1918, the British Parliament passed the Eligibility of Women Act, which allowed women to be elected into the Parliament. In 1928, the epresentation of the People Act granted women across the nation voting rights as equal to those as of the men. This was a major milestone achieved by women towards becoming a more active part of the political frame.
Margaret Thatcher, an Influential Woman
The eligibility to hold office and vote aided the feminine gender to grow their numbers in presence in the political arenas. Several women became popular and strong politicians throughout the twentieth century. One such woman was Margaret Hilda Thatcher, a British politician of the post World War Two era. Thatcher started her political career by becoming a Member of the British Parliament between 1959…
Eileen McDonough (2009), the Motherless State: Women's Political Leadership and American Democracy, University of Chicago Press
Jenkins, Peter (1987). Mrs. Thatcher's Revolution: Ending of the Socialist Era. Jonathan Cape.
Ramirez, Francisco O., Yasemin Soysal, and Suzanne Shanahan. 1997. "The Changing Logic of Political Citizenship: Cross-National Acquisition of Women's Suffrage Rights, 1890 to 1990," American Sociological Review. 62(5) pp 735 -- 45
Presidents strive to respond to the will of the people. Sometimes politicians are hampered by the fact that the public may desire legislation that is unconstitutional or not feasible, but politicians do seem to strive towards making the public happy. Moreover, when there is a negative downturn in a party or president's popularity, the politicians seem especially likely to respond. "Negative public opinion can have a powerful impact on policymaking. Low standing in the polls may encourage a president to drop an unpopular proposal or to promote new, supposedly more popular proposals" (Manza & Cook, 2002).
In fact, when investigating the empirical evidence, it appears that public opinion does shape policy. Erikson, Mackuen, and Stimson examined the question of whether the government responds to changes in public opinion and their answer was an "unqualified 'Yes'" (2002). In fact, they found that "Mood affects policy activity two ways" (Erikson, Mackuen, &…
Erikson, R., Mackuen, M. & Stimson, J. (2002). Public opinion and policy: Causal flow in a macro system mode. In J. Manza, F. Cook, and B. Page (Eds.), Navigating public opinion: polls, policy, and the future of American Democracy (pp.33-53). New York: Oxford University Press.
Manza, J. & Cook, F. (2002). The impact of public opinion on public policy: The state of the debate. In J. Manza, F. Cook, and B. Page (Eds.), Navigating public opinion: polls, policy, and the future of American Democracy (pp.17-32). New York: Oxford University Press.
Also, Bardes explains on page 194, "friends at school, teachers" and those whose opinions we hold "in high regard" influence us.
Does advertising influence public opinion? hy? Media advertising is very effective because today's technology can help his or her present the best case; to wit, a candidate can reach exactly the demographics he or she wants through "microtargeting," Bardes explains. Microtargeting allows the advertiser (or candidate) to "obtain an extensive amount of information -- much more than was possible before high-speed computers" and databases about potential, specific voter groups. Instead of just running the same political ad in every city in a particular state, microtargeting can "target" certain demographics (pro-choice women in San Francisco, for example, see one specific ad, and men concerned about immigration in San Diego get another ad with a specific theme to appeal to them). This is called demographic segmentation, and it's very important to…
Bardes, Barbara a., Shelley, Mack C., and Schmidt, Steffen W. American Government and Politics Today 2008: The Essentials. Florence, KY: Cengage Learning: 2008.
Druckman, James N., Kukliniski, James H., and Sigelman, Lee. "The Unmet Potential of Interdisciplinary Research: Political Psychological Approaches to Voting and Public
Opinion. Political Behavior, Vol. 31 (2009): 485-510.
PollingReport.com. "Direction of the Country." Retrieved January 11, 2011, from http://www.pollingreport.com/right.htm . (2011).
There may be instances where the lay person's testimony would be difficult to understand for any number of reasons, but the opinion would help to clarify the testimony for the court. The opinion must therefore be directly related to the case. Superfluous opinion evidence is inadmissible; it must provide genuine value to the court's understanding of the case.
In South Carolina, the added c) clause implies that in addition to the above, the situation must be such that there is no expert witness who could otherwise provide the opinion in question. The only time, then, in South Carolina where lay persons may render opinion is in situations where any reasonable lay person could form such opinions. If the situation is such that the opinion cannot reasonably be formed except by an expert, the lay opinion is inadmissible. This essentially rules out the potential for a lay witness to contradict an…
Federal Rules of Evidence retrieved April 7, 2009 from http://www.ilnd.uscourts.gov/LEGAL/FREv/Fre00041.htm
South Carolina Rules of Evidence retrieved April 7, 2009 from http://www.xprolegal.com/rules/Rules_SCarolina.pdf
North Carolina Rules of Evidence retrieved April 7, 2009 from http://www.ncga.state.nc.us/EnactedLegislation/Statutes/PDF/ByArticle/Chapter_8C/Article_7.pdf
7). This point brings up one of the larger issues suggested by the opinion (which will be discussed in greater detail later), namely, the fact that the conflict between the law's position on jurisdiction and this kind of estoppel is "yet another case where the government has 'taken entirely irreconcilable positions regarding the jurisdiction of the federal courts," leading to increased litigation and cost (Lettow, 2012, p. 7). Thus, though he is reluctant, Lettow agreed that "draconian as it may be, this court nonetheless is compelled by law to ignore the government's prior acceptance of jurisdiction in the district court" (Lettow, 2012, p.7). Though this will be addressed in greater detail later, the problematic nature of this legal obligation is the fact that the time spent litigating the case in the district court, when Union Pacific believed that court to have jurisdiction, contributed to the expiration of the statue of…
Anonymous. Taking on takings law. (1997). ABA Journal, 83, 74.
Carter, T. (1997). The court conjurer. ABA Journal, 83, 72-75.
Futey, B. (2012). Hartford fire insurance company v. The United States. United States Court of Federal Claims.
Kahan, M., & Edward, B.R. (2011). When the government is the controlling shareholder. Texas Law Review, 89(6), 1293-1364.
Supreme Court and Public Opinion
The Supreme Court of the United States was established in 1789 as part of the basic three sections of the American governmental system: Executive (President and Staff), Legislative (Congress), and Judicial (Supreme Court System). Each U.S. State also has a supreme court, which is the highest law for interpreting cases that move into that jurisdiction. Essentially, the Supreme Court has the ultimate jurisdiction over all federal and state courts regarding issues of Constitutional and Federal law. The sitting justices are nominated by the President, confirmed by the Senate, and are lifetime appointees unless they retire, resign, or are impeached (United States Constitution - Article III, 2011). As the highest court in the nation, then, we must ask if the Court influences public opinion, or is it the social and cultural processes rising from the public that influence the Constitutional interpretation from the Court?
United States Constitution - Article III. (2011, June). Retrieved from FindLaw: http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/data/constitution/article03/
Goldstein, T. (2010, June 30). Evertyhting you read about the supreme Court is Wrong. Retrieved from Scotusblog.com: http://www.scotusblog.com/2010/06/everything-you-read-about-the-supreme-court-is-wrong/
Haider-Markel, D., et al. (2006, April 11 (2)). Understanding Variations in Media Coverage of U.S. Supreme Court Decisions. Retrieved from The International Journal of Press/Politics: http://hij.sagepub.com/content/11/2/64.abstract
Johnson, T., & Martin, A. (1998, June 92 (2)). The Public's Conditional Response to Supreme Court Decisions. Retrieved from American Political Science Review: http://adm.wustl.edu/media/pdfs/apsr98.pdf
But, many citizens respond more favorably to "civilian-style uniforms" and in line with that, Bailey asserts that civilian attitudes towards police (ATP) are the "most positive" when in the presence of "non-authoritarian police officers" (682). hether a police chief in a medium size city could undertake a transformation from a military-style police uniform -- the style used almost universally in the U.S. And elsewhere -- to a more civilian-formatted uniform is problematic, but the idea is worth pursuing.
Authors Hahn and Jeffries explain -- through the research they accumulated -- that most people tend to "…shun or avoid individual contact with police officers" (Hahn, et al., 2003, p. 103). hy do people shy away from on-duty police officers? Hahn asserts that the hesitancy may be the result of "a general perception of police officers as agents of social control," which of course, in a way, is exactly the task of…
Bailey, William G. (1995). The Encyclopedia of Police Science. Florence, KY: Taylor & Francis.
Greene, Jack R. (2007). The Encyclopedia of Police Science, Volume 1. Florence, KY: Taylor & Francis.
Hahn, Harlan, and Jeffries, Judson L. (2003). Urban America and its Police: From the Post-
Colonial Era Through the Turbulent 1960s. Boulder, CO: University Press of Colorado.
Drugs and Alcohol Issues
Explain your opinion on the legalization of illicit drugs. Do you believe that legalizing drugs will "increase" or "decrease" drug abuse?
I think that some illicit recreational drugs should be legalized simply because they cannot be distinguished from licit recreational drugs such as alcohol and tobacco. Both tobacco and marijuana (for example) are leafy crops that can be harvested and smoked to provide various physiological sensations that users enjoy. Alcohol is a drug that does the same and that is also associated with various types of problematic behaviors. Whatever the "right" approach is, it cannot be to permit consumption of one substance like tobacco to be marketed for profit while subjecting consumers of another nearly identical substance like marijuana to criminal penalties. If it is appropriate to license the manufacture and tax the sale of tobacco, it is no less appropriate to do the same for…
The federal statutes with respect to witness testimony are the most extensive of the three measured. In some instances, the state statutes are based on older versions of the federal statute, which explains the omissions of some clauses. North Carolina has added an extensive section to Rule 702 in order to govern the use of expert testimony in cases of medical malpractice. hile this is a matter of state jurisdiction, South Carolina has taken no steps towards implementing these testimony regulations to its own Article VII.
One difference between the federal statute and those in both of the Carolinas is that the federal statute has retained the clause in Rule 703 that states "Facts or data that are otherwise inadmissible shall not be disclosed to the jury by the proponent of the opinion or inference unless the court determines that their probative value in assisting the jury to evaluate the…
Article VII: Opinions and Expert Testimony. Cornell University. Retrieved April 12, 2009 from http://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/fre/rules.htm#Rule702
North Carolina General Statutes Article 7 -- Opinions and Expert Testimony. Justia. Retrieved April 12, 2009 from http://law.justia.com/northcarolina/codes/chapter_8c/article_7.html
South Carolina Rules of Evidence. Xprolegal.com. Retrieved April 12, 2009 from http://www.xprolegal.com/rules/Rules_SCarolina.pdf
For an elderly individual who has trouble consuming enough calories, whole milk or butter might be advisable, while for an obese person seeking to lose weight they would not. An athlete in training for distance events might benefit from high-carbohydrate foods such as honey, bananas, even candy or sports 'beans,' while a sedentary office worker would not.
The authors seem to attribute the cause of obesity and poor nutritional decisions to information or lack thereof. Americans have more information about food than ever before, and are heavier than they ever have been in the nation's history. Decisions about what are the 'perfect' foods, on a grading scale, will prove controversial. Heated debate will ensue between low-fat and low-carbohydrate advocates in the media in terms of the weight placed upon certain nutrients in the grading system. Interest groups representing potentially controversial foods, including as farmers, industrial corporations, and meat processers, will…
Iran is important to the U.S. because the nation's leadership has proven to be unpredictable in their actions, which makes containing any nuclear ambitions a pressing national security objective.
2.) Why U.S. public opinion is important to foreign policy?
In a democratically operated nation like the U.S., all government policy is necessarily informed by the collective will of its citizenry, and foreign policy decisions must be made to reflect the prevailing public opinion. After two woefully misguided wars were launched in the Middle East following the September 11th terrorist attacks, the American public is rightfully wary of engaging in another protracted military conflict. While Iran may pose an existential threat to Israel, one of America's most important historical and strategic allies, any appeals by the federal government to engage in an escalated conflict would likely be met with resistance from a war weary public. According to the Pew esearch Center's…
Khouri, Rami. "The Importance of Iran." Agence Global. 8.11 (2008): n. page. Print. .
Pew. "U.S. Foreign Policy: Key Data Points from Pew Research." Pew Research Center. (2013): Web. 9 May. 2013. .
personal opinion play.
Kamau is a play that was written by Hawaiian playwright Alani Apio, and was initially performed in the early part of the 1990's. This is a fairly complicated dramatic work that involves a number of disparate elements that seemingly clash in the lives of the play's two central characters, a pair of cousins named Michael and Alika. In many ways, this work of drama is centered upon conflicts of culture that are associated with time periods -- both the indigenous Hawaiian culture of the past and the contemporary, esternized culture (which largely revolves about tourist trade) in the present. The author does a highly credible job of depicting the inherent conflicts between these two cultures that have resounding impacts in contemporary society. To that end, Kamau is a good look at the inexorable march of time's effects upon the values and heritage of indigenous Hawaiians. One of…
Apio, Alani. "Kamaua." He Leo Hou: A New Voice, Hawaiian Playwrights. Honolulu: Bamboo Ridge Press. 2003. Print.
agree with the following opinion: "Leading others effectively requires the ability to lead oneself"
In order to be able to evaluate the assertion, we need to define the two separate levels on which this is functioning and decide on the correlations between the two. First of all, we have the individual, personal level on which we need to study the main characteristics of a successful leadership. Second, there is the interpersonal, where an efficient leader is able to complete the four functions of management (organizing, planning, coordinating, control), among other things. Finally, we need to determine how the first level influences the second.
A good leader has several qualities that he uses in his relations with his subordinates and that make his leadership efficient. First of all, a good leader has a vision that he bestows upon his subordinates. This vision is more than a strategic orientation or a long-term…
Having to meet all of their respective needs simultaneously is tremendously stressful for parents.
Today, we understand that parents who are highly stressed, especially chronically, are simply not as likely to do their best job as parents as they would under less stress. Fetuses in-utero are particularly susceptible to physiological effects of hormonal changes that correspond to stress and anxiety. It is probably safe to say that children raised by parents who are perpetually on the verge of physical and emotional burnout and who are continually overwhelmed by their responsibilities do not have the same experiences in childhood as their counterparts raised by parents who are not under high stress for much of their children's formative years. In all likelihood, the amount of money necessary to extend public education to preschool would be substantially less than the many direct and indirect expenses attributable to the behavior and choices of millions…
count: 700 Instructions; 1. opinion a recent movie television show a critics point view. 2. movie society live ? 3.Include an introductory paragraph a thesis statement, supporting paragraphs.
Jon Favreau's 2010 film Iron Man 2 discuses in regard to a typical American background in which an arrogant, yet selfless, individual turns into a superhero and saves the world. However, this person gradually discovers that there is much more to being a superhero than going to parties and enjoying the company of pleasant individuals. Even with the fact that Favreau adopted a rather common concept in making this motion picture, he was particularly successful in providing film enthusiasts with a picture that they longed for ever since they saw some of the first superhero-related films. The director actually managed to demonstrate that easy topics sell and that the general public is especially interested in seeing films that do not require much…
People in Iron Man 2 are actually very similar to real-life individuals, especially when considering their need for spectacle, their interest in risky activities, and their general inclination to act in disagreement with the moral code. Capitalism is perfectly exemplified through the character of Justin Hammer, considering the fact that this individual expresses no interest in the fact that he is cooperating with a criminal. Profits are one of the most important concepts in the contemporary society and by looking at things from this perspective it is actually possible to understand Hammer's thinking. By emphasizing the fact that behaving similar to Hammer is probable to desensitize a person, the film's producers intended to raise public awareness concerning the fact that many people are inclined to ignore the concept of morality when they are presented with the opportunity to achieve success.
In addition to the enjoyment associated with following the film's storyline, viewers can also observe more complex ideas being debated and criticized by the motion picture as a whole. Today's society is focused on material values and most people are willing to directly or indirectly cause harm to other individuals as long as they know that it is possible for them to earn profits from the enterprise. Hammer is the typical capitalist individual who has no interest in morality and who does not hesitate to break the law, endanger the world, and exploit individuals that he comes across.
Dir. Jon Favreau. Iron Man 2. Paramount Pictures, 2010.
Having an Opinion vs. Being Opinionated
Having an Opinion vs. Being Opinionated
It is possible to differentiate 'having an opinion' from 'being opinionated'. This work in writing will examine the difference between simply having an opinion to express and the individual who is known as being 'opinionated'. It is the opinion of the writer of this work that it is good to have opinions however, to be opinionated is surely not a good thing but is instead a restrictive self-appointed limitation.
Defining the Meaning of the Words 'Opinion' & 'Opinionated'
The definitions for the words 'opinion' and 'opinionated' are examined for the purpose of this brief essay. Merriam-Webster's Dictionary defines the two words as follows:
(1) Opinion -- a view, judgment or appraisal formed in the mind about a particular matter, belief stronger than impression and less strong than positive knowledge; a generally held view;…
Opinion (2010) Merriam-Webster Dictionary online Retrieved from: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/opinion
Opinionated (2010) Merriam-Webster Dictionary online Retrieved from:
How Do Current Events Affect Public Opinion of America's Weaknesses?
If physics can lend anything to the sphere of political science, it is that every action has an equal and opposite reaction. As the world becomes more quickly polarized than ever before, the public opinion of the America, both internally and externally, has never been more important. Despite the significance of popular support for the American nation as battles surge overseas and nebulous danger threatens the home front, recent events in the iddle East, at home, and throughout the rest of the world have caused a degeneration of support. The power of public opinion is nothing new; the lessons of Vietnam have never been more relevant in the formation of an American policy campaign to garner support than now. In both past and present circumstances, the power of current events on the formation of public opinion is clear;…
Morin and Belz, Richard and Dan. "Bush's Popularity Reaches New Low." Washington Post. November 4, 2005. A1.
Morin and Belz, A1.
Wallace, Chris. "Governors Evaluate 2005 Election." Fox News. Nov. 14, 2005. Transcript Available Online: http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,175477,00.html
inherent limitations of an audit and what an auditor recognizes this absence of absolute accuracy.
Limitations of an Audit:
There are many inherent limitations to an audit. The main reason for this is that the resource in terms of money and time required for achieving 100% accuracy in is more than the benefit that would come out of the audit. And even if one tried to achieve the 100% accuracy level, it would still not be possible due to other limitations.
The auditor also looks and checks the presentation of the financial statements and checks to see that they are in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles of the region. The financial statements include the balance sheet, the income statement, the cash flow statement, and all the adjoining notes. The auditor guarantees that the financial statements are free from all material error, but not from immaterial error.
cientific American editors wrote an opinion article in 2010 entitled "Underage, Overweight: The Federal Government Needs to Halt the Marketing of Unhealthy Foods to Kids" (cientific American editors, 2010). The authors' main point is that the government must get involved in fighting the obesity epidemic in America (beyond helping parents and schools promote healthier eating habits) by interfering with junk food advertising aimed at children. In support of this argument, the article cites evidence from a recent UCLA study that suggests advertising may have more of an effect on the eating habits of children than anything else (cientific American editors, 2010). The authors also support their point by describing the ways in which advertisers for sugary and fatty foods have zeroed in on children as their targets more and more in recent years (cientific American editors, 2010).
In contrast to this editorial, however, I believe the government is already beginning…
Scientific American editors. (2010, 05). Underage, Overweight: The Federal Government Needs to Halt the Marketing of Unhealthy Foods to Kids. Retrieved 02-16, 2011, from Scientific American: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=underage-overweight
Soderberg, T. (2010, 11-16). Government can't replace family in child obesity fight. Retrieved 02-16, 2011, from USA Today: http://www.usatoday.com/news/opinion/letters/2010-11-17-letters17_ST_N.htm
UCLA. (2007, 04-05). Dieting Does Not Work, Researchers Report. Retrieved 02-16, 2011, from ScienceDaily: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/04/070404162428.htm
On the other hand, her second goal of settling her overhead costs would be met as mark-up pricing allows Sherry to factor in overhead costs in the price to be charged.
In regard to group 2 clients, it would be prudent for Sherry to use competition-based approach to pricing. It is however important to note that Sherry could also settle for mark-up pricing in this case as the approach would enable her to factor in a profit for herself over and above the total costs incurred (both fixed and variable). Competition-based pricing seeks to base the price of goods and services on the price the market leader charges for its services and products. Hence in this case, Sherry would be benchmarking her pricing on the price the market leader charges as far as the massage marketplace is concerned. In my opinion, before settling on this approach, Sherry should first take…
Second Opinions for Tough & Smart Care
FLA, FECA, H2457
The federal government (under most current administrations) has tried to address the issue of the nation's need for better healthcare by focusing on improving what is already in place. Two of the regular efforts at this are the FLA (Family Leave Act) and the FECA, or Federal Employees' Compensation Act (DOL, b). The purpose of the first is to provide structured and economically efficient ways for people to be able to leave their positions, without risking their jobs, when they are dealing with either the birth of a child or a critically sick immediate relative. It is also seen as one effort to seek to protect men and women against the problems of gender injustice that can come about if women are challenged in keeping healthcare because of the choice to have children. FECA, on the other hand, seeks to…
DOL.gov. The Family and Medical Leave Act. United States Department of Labor, Wage and Hour Division. Department of Labor. Web < http://www.dol.gov./whd/regs/compliance/1421.htm >.
DOL.gov (b). The Federal Employees' Compensation Act. United States Department of Labor. Web. < http://www.dol.gov/compliance/laws/comp-feca.htm >.
GovTrack.us. H.R. 2457 (111th): Right to a Second Medical Opinion Act of 2009. < http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/111/hr2457 >.
R. Kuttner. Market-Based Failure -- A Second Opinion on U.S. Health Care Costs. New England Journal of Medicine, 2008; 358:549-551.
On the whole, American students are sympathetic to the difficulties faced by some foreign students such as in connection with the expense of living in the U.S. without a family support system close by and in connection with language and cultural barriers and prejudices they sometimes face. American students also believe that many foreign students bring a more serious work ethic to school and that they are better educated in their home countries than their American counterparts. Angela Angelov (Biology, 19) said that she believed "Most of the international students have learned all of the prerequisite courses more in depth than I did here…"According to Joe Engle (Chemistry, 21), "They bring a higher work ethic because they have traveled so far to reach their goals." Ben (Engineering, 34) echoed that observation: "Foreign students seem to appreciate the opportunity more" and also that in comparison, "American students seem lazy." Some American…
political opinions he or she holds?
What causes an individual to hold the political opinions he or she holds?
Political Attitudes Toward Immigration and acial Stereotypes
Immigration has been a prominent political issue heighted by legislation introduced over the last few decades. People hold various political opinions of immigrants, especially those in the U.S. illegally, which tends to be divided along racial lines. It is interesting that in a country built by immigrants that many people have negative attitudes toward immigrants that are perpetuated by stereotypes and prejudice against racial groups. Stereotypes are widely used to generalize about the characteristics of groups of people through the assignment of simple labels alleged to represent group traits which are frequently based upon perceived wrongs of one group by another (Burns and Gimpal, 2000). Some of the most prominent stereotypes that have been the subject of psychological investigation involve ethnic identity (Burns and…
Burns, P. And Gimpel, J. (2000). "Economic Insecurity, Prejudicial Stereotypes, and Public Opinion on Immigration Policy." Political Science Quarterly, 115, 201-225.
Ferguson, M. And Hassin, R. (2007). On the Automatic Association Between American and Aggression for New Watchers."
Lodge, M. And Tabor, C. (2005). "The Automaticity of Affect for Political Leaders,
Groups, and Issues: An Experimental Test of the Hot Cognition Hypothesis." Political Psychology, 26, 455-482.
The most degraded out of other races, scorning their national beliefs, brought to them their contributions and presents. This augmented the wealth of the Jews, as also did the fact, that among themselves they are inflexibly honest and ever ready to show compassion, though they regard the rest of mankind with all the hatred of enemies. (Tacitus, Book V, a.D. 70). Some of the Jewish customs, such as the burying of the dead instead of burning them, unlike the Romans, are presented by Tacitus as borrowed from the Egyptians. Tacitus describes the Jewish customs and ways of expressing their religion without pretending to understand it. Although disgusted by most of their habits completely strange to him, he is also showing his admiration for these people who proved to be able to stick together at all times and endured since immemorial eras. He is also critical to some of what the…
Tacitus, Cornelius. The Annals of Imperial Rome. Trans. Michael Grant. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1956.
Tacitus Cornelius. Histories. Trans Alfred John Church and William Jackson. Retrieved Nov.30, 2007. 2004 available at http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/t/tacitus/t1h
George H.W. Bush
George Herbert Walker Bush, possibly the most underestimated president of recent times, is my choice for the fifth spot. It is perhaps understandable why Bush Sr. is often excluded from most people's list of "great" U.S. Presidents; unlike "activist" presidents such as Franklin oosevelt or his predecessor, onald eagan, Bush carried out his job in a low-key manner but did his job competently. This is precisely why I have chosen him as one of the top five presidents because a president's job, in the words of Bush Sr. himself, does not always involve, "high drama, and the sound of trumpets" (Quoted by ose, 1991, p. 307)
Bush Sr. became the President after having served the country in various positions such as the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations and to China, chair of the epublican National Committee, head of the CIA, and vice-president in the eagan administration…
Bonwick, C. (1993, April). "Thomas Jefferson: Pragmatist or Visionary?" History Today, 43, 18+. Borden, M. (Ed.). (1961). America's Ten Greatest Presidents. Chicago: Rand McNally.
Busch, A.E. (1997). "Ronald Reagan and the Defeat of the Soviet Empire." Presidential Studies Quarterly, 27(3), 451+.
Kengor, P. (1998). "Comparing Presidents Reagan and Eisenhower." Presidential Studies Quarterly, 28(2), 366+.
Peterson, M.D. (1975). Thomas Jefferson and the New Nation: A Biography (1st ed.). London: Oxford University Press.
" (Frankel, 1963, pg. 122) This is important, because it show how studying Holocaust literature can teach everyone something about themselves that they may not have been fully aware of.
Choose one of the short stories you've read during this lesson and explain how it meets or does not meet the requirements of a modern short story, as explained in your text. Your response should be at least three paragraphs long, explain the criteria you used to evaluate the story, and explain whether or not the story meets the criteria
The story that was evaluated was Mans Search for Meaning. Technically, this fits the definition of short story by: talking about events that actually occurred (in an investigative format). This is important, because it show how this piece of literature would follow pattern of many authors, by discussing various events that had an impact on their lives. (Frankel, 1963)
Frankel, V. (1963). Mans Search for Meaning. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.
Critics of American healthcare administration point to less wealthy countries worldwide - Canada, most notably - where all routine healthcare costs have been absorbed by the government (Madore 2003) for decades. Clearly, American citizens have expressed their vocal concerns for a similar national healthcare plan, which many believe is far more important to the health and well-being of the People than the vast expenditure of taxpayer funds on global conflicts of dubious importance to Americans in remote regions of the world and on humanitarian aid and medical care, to foreign people.
Madore, O. (2003) the Canada Health Act: Overview and Options
Canadian Library of Parliament online. etrieved January 12, 2008, at http://www.parl.gc.ca/information/library/prbpubs/944-e.htm
Madore, O. (2003) the Canada Health Act: Overview and Options
Canadian Library of Parliament online. Retrieved January 12, 2008, at http://www.parl.gc.ca/information/library/prbpubs/944-e.htm
Bad Opinions Death Penalty
Justice or Death?
There has been a significant amount of debate surrounding the issue of the death penalty, particularly as it applies to the United States criminal justice system. Those in favor of utilizing this punitive measure as an ultimate deterrent and as a means of providing a sense of closure for family members and friends of both actual and potential victims may very well have possibly overlooked two very salient points about this issue. The first is related to the fiscal responsibilities that tax payers incur at the state and municipal level -- put simply, it costs a significant amount of money to execute a criminal (if he or she actually even is guilty). Furthermore, the savage act of killing someone for the fact that he or she may have killed someone else largely constitutes a violation of the "cruel and unusual clause" in the…
Krikorian, M. (2005). "Tookie's Mistaken Identity." LA Weekly News. Retrieved from http://www.laweekly.com/2005-12-15/news/tookie-s-mistaken-identity/
Messerli, J. (2011). "Should the Death Penalty Be Banned As A Form of Punishment?" Balanced Politics.org. Retrieved from http://www.balancedpolitics.org/death_penalty.htm
Sociological Cultural Opinions
Jane Elliot's Blue Eyed/Brown Eyed Study
From viewing A Class Divided, reasonable personal impressions of Jane Elliot and her approach are that she was a courageous, pioneering educator who devised a lesson with an approach that was: timely, because it started immediately after Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s assassination and in the late 60's, which were culturally tumultuous in America's history; profoundly effective, because you can see the stunning impact it had on the students and, frankly, because it made some people angry at Elliot, which is frequently a good sign of effectiveness; and forward-thinking, because understanding other races and cultures is a pillar of diversity, which is now acknowledged to be nationally and globally vital. Furthermore, eye color was and is an excellent metaphor for race because it cannot be helped (unless one wears those awful-looking contacts) and it has no bearing on human capabilities.
U.S.C. § 48 is not aimed at specific instances of animal cruelty, but specifically at the creation and distribution of depictions of such abuse for the purposes of interstate and/or foreign commerce. This is the act that the appellant was unarguably engaging in when apprehended by law enforcement, and the fact that the law is not aimed at those participating directly in acts of animal cruelty does not in and of itself create a constitutional objection.
The statutes specific mention of interstate commerce renders the appellant's claim that the constitutionality of the statute is in question due to a dependence on state definitions also moot. Not only were the acts depicted in the videos the appellant old to law enforcement agencies unquestionably illegal in all fifty states, but the federal government has a duty to regulate interstate commerce specifically because state definitions and regulations differ. Failing to regulate the interstate…
FindLaw (2010a). NEW YORK v. FERBER, 458 U.S. 747 (1982). Accessed 14 January 2010. http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=U.S.&vol=458&invol=747
FindLaw (2010b). CHAPLINSKY v. STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE, 315 U.S. 568 (1942). Accessed 14 January 2010. http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/cgi-bin/getcase.pl?court=us&vol=315&invol=568
In the opinion of the reporter George Putnam, while one fights for freedom somewhere else in the world, one could at that moment be in fact losing one's own freedom. He also states, on air as well as in other media that the United States of America is being invaded by an inordinate number of aliens, and unless this is controlled, the citizens of America could well lose their own freedom. He goes on to emphasize on the fact that being a Californian, and sharing a common border with Mexico, has meant that he has been suffering both economically as well as culturally, in the hands of foreign illegal invaders, who have been completely responsible for violating the very sovereignty of the state. This in turn has led to the miserable state of affairs present in the 'Immigration and Naturalization Services Department', and, in the opinion of the reporter…
Activists say Minutemen causing fear, ACLU offers training in El Paso. Associated Press. 28
August, 2005. Retrieved From
Accessed 31 August, 2005
capable of expressing with equanimity opinions which differ from the prejudices of their social environment. Most people are even incapable of forming such opinions. Albert Einstein
Culture is often defined as a way of life that evolves and is developed over time, shared by a group of people, and permeated by the nature of the group that uses it to organize, educate, and assign behavior. hile there are different cultural formations, subgroups, schisms, etc., humans seem innately attracted to belonging to a group and allowing that group to mold their views and behaviors. ithin these cultural groups, one of the predominant characteristics is organizational communication. Organizations are established to perpetuate the culture -- unfortunately, that also means at times it perpetuates mediocrity.
A huge part of our life is devoted to this organizational communication -- we use the informal systems to belong all the time and they have a rather…
While Einstein was referring to the manner in which cultural prejudice impacted many individual's feelings about agnosticism and atheism, the core message is one of critical thinking -- or the lack thereof. Critical thinking is not something one can find by purchasing a book or a course; it is a process and approach to life. It is a way of looking at information, taking that information, processing it, and being able to bring past knowledge, other materials, and synthesize that information so that one either comes up with something new, or is able to discern more analytically the messages being said or views.
The basic aspect is simple -- the application difficult. One must thinking about the source material (ideas, etc.) and analyzes to decide on its relevance and truth. For example, just because something is posted on the Internet is it true; the same being if it is published in a book. One must read and think about the sources of the material. A critical thinker also uses other senses to establish their opinion of the stimuli, be that visual, audible, or even body-language (in the case of speech, etc.). Using critical thinking to process information requires that you not only analyze the source material "critically," but that you think about the opinions and views being presented. Certainly, it is not as easy to read, write, and process critically, one has to think about what one says, how one says it, and whether the arguments are made to buttress the argument, but the idea of critical thinking is a great stimulation to one's own brain and learning. To this writer, this is what Einstein wished for -- that society would not blindly believe just because they saw it in a picture, on television, or read it somewhere. It is far too easy to manipulate pictures, events, scenes (what is there and what is not), and evens statistics to blindly believe without some level of verification. Only partially humorously, one is reminded of a famous drawing by American humorist and satirist Gary Larson:
In my opinion, Vanessa Abrams did indeed get herself in that position because she had almost no other alternatives and was too much dependent on S & G.
Let's briefly refer to some of the circumstances that got her into a situation where she was forced to sign the agreement. First of all, this was not some silly obsession that Jerry had. Indeed, as we have seen in the case study, Vanessa was an important member of the management committee and probably the only one there that had not yet signed such an agreement.
It did not seem so unreasonable that she was asked to sign this, since she had a position where she could gather information she could use in her collaboration with direct competitors, had she left S & G.
Second of all, as we have seen, the agreement was demanded by the corporate headquarters. We are…
By connecting the awarding of a peace prize with the concerns of a world in which terrorism has become a constant threat, Obama makes clear the exigency of his message when he says: "I do not bring with me today a definitive solution to the problems of war."
Nobel laureates are given few formal constraints in terms of their responses but Obama faced the more general constraints of trying to meet very high expectations and the conflicting expectations of the peoples of different nations. I believe that he did a good -- though not perfect -- job in meeting these differing expectations, and so crafted a speech that served as a fitting response to the occasion.
Whether or not one believes that Obama achieved the Aristotelian concept of ethos -- the ability to make a credible ethical appeal -- depends probably more on one's own politics than the speech itself.…
It is the opinion of this author that equilibrium and efficiency are the ideal aim of corporations in the marketplace because it provides them with opportunity to maximize their profits over the long-term. While it may not necessarily provide for higher than normal profits at all times. While it does for the companies in the competitive marketplace to stay in the game. Having the ability to decide price and preempt market spikes and dips distinguishes nearly perfect competitive markets from monopolistic and monopoly types. In a perfectly competitive and efficient market, prices, choice, quality and customer service is driven by the consumer. This will mean that each item produced by the firm will exhibit prices that are determined by the market which. This will in turn tell the company how much product needs to be produced in order to facilitate equilibrium in the marketplace. Just as most students in…
Allen, G. (1976). The rockefeller file: the saintly sinner. Retrieved from http://educate-yourself.org/ga/RF2chap1976.shtml .
Baseman, K.C., Warren-Boulton, F.R., & Woroch, G.A. (1995). Microsoft plays hardball: the use of exclusionary pricing and technical incompatibility to maintain monopoly power in markets for operating system software.
Antitrust Bulletin, XL (2), 265-315.
Gilligan, T.W., Marshall, W.J., & Weingast, B.R. (1987). Regulation and the theory of legislative choice: the interstate commerce act of 1887.
.....uncommon for separate groups to hold differing opinions on value. However, it becomes a huge challenge when these opinions have no form of correlation with each other. An example is on the topic of the best valuation method to implement or even worse is when the future predictions are totally different from each other (Thuy Vu Nga & Kamolrat, 2007).
Concerning the problems of the project team, two members who were questioned made clear their problems with the large volume of work which they had to finish in no time. Another team member talked up the problems of communication with the client, third party specialists, business partners and their employees. Once more, the issue of the true worth of the company was brought up. This time, it was specifically on the disparity between the worth of the enterprise calculated by the bank and the independent accountants with "the…
The opinions that people hold on an individual's behavior or their personality have great impact on the person. There are instances where one can underestimate or even overestimate how other people think of them and how the peers consider them or the social perspective they hold of him. I have been in a situation where I totally overestimated how much other people were thinking about me. This occurred during the first few days that I had joined college. I usually made sure that I was early for class and would sit at the front of the class. I would always answer all the questions that were asked even if I was not sure of the answer. I used to do all these so that I could attract attention and hence be noticed by the rest of the class. Looking back at those early days, I reckon it was a…
Easy, realistic sample configurations should be employed in so far as possible. This could result in numerous facets. In the majority of situations, stratification should be supported merely on locality and its category (rural-urban). Except, if there happens to be valid motives in contrast, the nationwide sample should be impartially divided amid areas and amid rural and urban regions, and should be self-evaluative. The prologue of numerous sampling junctures should potentially be evaded. Certainly, for a mass of the situations the sample should comprise of just two periods: a solo-stage assortment of regional groups, which should be typically taken from a presented structure, pursued by a registration and collection of participants (rown and Earle, 2001).
This inclination for unfussiness in design should be supplemented by an effort to be methodical at the execution phase, in order to attain an exacting probability sample in observation. In majority of the situations, this…
Brown, D and Earle, J. (2001). Privatization, competition and reform strategies: Theory and evidence from Russian enterprise panel data. Discussion paper no. 2758, Centre for Economic Policy Research: London.
Randall J.O. (2005). The Problem of Respondent Attrition: Survey Methodology Is Key; Longitudinal Surveys Will Suffer from Attrition and Nothing Will Change That; However, Years of Lessons Learned in the Field Show That Straightforward Survey Methodology Can Minimize the Impact of Losing Respondents. Monthly Labor Review. 128, 2.
Saul, E and Boris, K. (2003). Survey Methodology. Comparative Economic Studies. 45, 2.
It is my opinion that Burberry does not meet the spirit of Section C. The company highlights the risks that it faces on pp.54-56 in the 2011 Annual eport. The company presents, however, only generic risks. Twelve risks are highlighted in total, including the loss of key management team members, IT issues, global catastrophes, risk associated with emerging markets, ethics, regulatory compliance, supply chain issues (twice), licensed business risk, economic downturn and unauthorized trademark use.
The problem with Burberry's discussion of these risks is that it is shallow. The company describes the impact, but in a superficial fashion. For example, economic downturn could "lead to a reduction in demand" and failure to adhere to ethical standards could result in "penalties, adverse press coverage, and reputational damage." There is basically nothing in these statements that provides any insight. The investor is already able to draw the line between, say, a…
Burberry 2011 Annual Report. Retrieved April 4, 2012 from http://201011.annualreport.burberry.com/projet/multimedia/files/Full_annual_report.pdf
paintings and gives opinions about which ones are neo-classical and romantic, which ones use impressionism and how so. There were six sources used to complete this paper.
Throughout history art has been a universal language. The love or emotion that is elicited from a painting can happen regardless of the language the viewer speaks. Paintings do not require interpreters or language commonality. They speak to hearts and do so with a silent voice that draws emotion from those who view them. There are different styles of painting and different explanations of those styles. One can take several of the more well-known paintings and hold them against stylistic measure to determine how well they were followed and why those styles work for those particular works.
There are two paintings that are well-known and can be compared to determine the styles used and the efficiency of those styles. In Watteau's The…
Anckar, arsten. "Why ountries hoose the Death Penalty." Brown Journal of World
Affairs 21.1 (2014): 7-25. Business Source Premier. Web. 28 Mar. 2016.
This source focuses on why countries choose to use the death penalty to punish certain crimes. The crimes punished for with the death penalty vary but the use of the death penalty is typically for one or more several common reasons. For the countries that do choose the death penalty, the reason is usually because it is seen as the "ultimate" form of punishment and is typically (but not always) reserved for crimes of a very obscene and/or violent nature. In the vast majority of cases, the taking of a life is required for those that get death sentences. For countries that do not choose the death penalty, it is typically avoided because it is seen as ineffectual, barbaric to engage in despite the nature…
Convergences and Divergences." American Journal of Criminal Law 41.2 (2014): 189-
207. Legal Collection. Web. 28 Mar. 2016.
- This report looks at the various convergences and divergences that exist when it comes to the death penalty and mass incarceration. The focal point in terms of time is April 2014. The report focuses on American's penal policy, its historical trends when it comes to executions and so forth. To explain what is meant by the above, there seem to be some ideas and patterns when it comes to the death penalty and mass incarceration that are converging. Meaning, more and more people are agreeing about the subject. At the same time, there are also clear divisions emerging such as opinion differences between states.
Following the explanations in the previous paragraph, we understand why the realistic approach to politics also covers politics as public affairs. Indeed, there are two important things to be emphasized here. First of all, the inclusion of the business sector in the public field means that the definition of politics as art of government applies there as well. Second, the distinctive separation of public and private sectors, with the private sector including the civil society and non-profit associations and organizations, where we can assume politics are non-applicable.
Even more so, the definition of politics according to the first and second definitions would entirely exclude the family, private life from, while definitions 3 and 4 will include virtually every possible aspect of life. In my opinion, it is important to see relations between individuals as being more than just simple political relations, because this type of relations automatically imply that every…
PATIENT & HEALTH POFESSIONAL PESPECTIVES
Patient & Professional Perspectives
Quality of care is a massive concern when it comes to healthcare in general. The issue is so multi-dimension and complicated. Even further, there are a lot of ideological bents and perspectives that further shape and form the issue as it exists today. A significant part of the paradigm mentioned above would be the perspectives of both patients and healthcare professionals as it relates to the aforementioned quality of care. Obviously, there are going to be some differences and similarities when talking to any large swath of patients or healthcare providers. The differences could be huge divides in some cases due to what is being expected being too different than what is able to be delivered given the resources or even the perspective or opinion of the healthcare professionals or providers. While there is no simple or neat answer to how…
Bagchi, A., af Ursin, R., & Leonard, A. (2012). Assessing Cultural Perspectives on Healthcare Quality. Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health, 14(1), 175-182.
Butala, N. (2010). Perspectives on efficiency and quality in an ever changing system:
Healthcare 2010. The Yale Journal Of Biology And Medicine, 83(2), 93-95.
On the other hand, the industry will most likely insist on the service quality segment rather than on the price transparency. A constant improvement of the services provided within the healthcare facility will not only produce the appropriate competition on the market, but it will also provide the incentives for the other healthcare organizations, thus rising overall quality levels in the market. This will rather change the way hospitals price their services rather than price transparency.
Nevertheless, price transparency will change ridiculous situations in which the client is charged $35,000 to change a battery in a pacemaker. It will drive such prices lower, encouraging price competition.
1. A Call for Transparency in Healthcare Cost and Quality. On the Internet at http://blogs.msdn.com/healthblog/archive/2006/05/16/599064.aspx.Last retrieved on June 30, 2007
2. Feld, Stanley. What Is Real Price Transparency? Medicine: Healthcare System. May 2007. On the Internet at http://stanleyfeldmdmace.typepad.com/repairing_the_healthcare_/2007/05/what_is_real_pr.html.Last retrieved on June 30, 2007…
1. A Call for Transparency in Healthcare Cost and Quality. On the Internet at http://blogs.msdn.com/healthblog/archive/2006/05/16/599064.aspx.Last retrieved on June 30, 2007
2. Feld, Stanley. What Is Real Price Transparency? Medicine: Healthcare System. May 2007. On the Internet at http://stanleyfeldmdmace.typepad.com/repairing_the_healthcare_/2007/05/what_is_real_pr.html.Last retrieved on June 30, 2007
Call for Transparency in Healthcare Cost and Quality. On the Internet at
Err is Human
It is the opinion of this author as a health care professional that much of the errors in the system are due to health care cutbacks first mandated by HMOs and what will now happen under the new federal laws and guidelines. Of course, such a view might be considered to not be viable. It is after all always easy to blame the "system" for issues that institutions and individuals commit. hile this may certainly be the case, ask any hospital doctor or nurse who has been in the system for awhile (at least those who have survived burn-out) and they will make the anecdotal observation that they feel more tired, burned out and less able to function than ever. Simply, the psychological strain of dealing with too many patients makes one long for the days of rich private "Cadillac" insurance policies in the 1960s and 70s…
Executive summary crossing the quality chasm. In (1999). Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on Quality of Health Care in America (Ed.), Crossing the quality chasm: a new health system for the 21st century Washington, D.C.: Natonal Education Academy Press.
Executive summary err is human. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.www.premierinc.com/safety/topics/../01_exsum-iom_1toerr.pdf
Leonard Michaels' "Murderers"
In my opinion, the story "Murderers" by Leonard Michaels is not just a story about five boys' obsession with watching the rabbi share intimate moments with his wife; it is a powerful story about one boy's experience with escapism and how that escapism, through tragedy, resulted into his coming of age. By consciously selecting certain details seen through the eyes of a young boy, Michaels presents the exhilarating and devastating events of a single day in a refreshing way.
From the beginning of the story, the narrator, Phillip, seems to be distracted with death, which is an important theme in the story, though it always seems to be in the back ground of the story. Phillip expresses he wants to escape death. This is implied in his statement that he "didn't want to wait for it" (Carver 339) and it also indicates that he is eager to…
Carver, Raymond and Jenks, Tom. Short Story Masterpieces. New York: Dell. 1989.
Ethnography From an Artistic Point-of-View
One of the most intriguing things about art is that it pervaded all cultures, regardless of the conditions present in some communities. Values that seem absurd for some cultures can be especially appreciated by others and vice-versa, considering the complex nature of the contemporary society. Napoleon A. Chagnon's article "Doing Fieldwork among the Yanomamo" provides readers with a first person understanding of the Yanomamo tribe and with the opportunity to understand why the community's members take on attitudes that the masses might be inclined to criticize.
The writer emphasizes the extreme aggression present in the Yanomamo culture and the fact that these people actually consider this to be one of the most important values in their community. hat was even more surprising is that they seemed to be enthusiastic about it and that this induced feelings related to brutality and unfairness in Chagnon. As most…
Chagnon, Napoleon, A., "Ya-nomamo, the fierce people," (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1977)
Loizos, Peter, "Innovation in Ethnographic Film: From Innocence to Self-Consciousness, 1955-85," (Manchester University Press ND, 1993)
Terrorist Threat and the Commercial Sector:
Terrorist threat has emerged as one of the major global threats in the 21st Century that has significant impacts on global security. In the past few centuries, the nature and values of terrorism have slowly shifted and resulted in the emergence of different definitions or descriptions of terrorism. These different descriptions have not only been used by scholars but also by governments to broaden the phenomenon to political, judicial, psychosocial, and moral arenas. The differences in definitions of terrorism is attributed to the fact that these attacks are usually characterized by political motivations towards the use or threat of violence, intentional and pre-meditated actions, fear, psychological effects, and asymmetric warfare. The other aspects of these definitions include immorality, social coercion, and reactions. However, terrorist groups and activities continue to pose significant threats to every facet of the modern society including the commercial sector (aman,…
A Military Guide to Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century 2007, Terrorist Motivations and Behaviors, Chapter 2, viewed 20 April 2013,
Brandt, B 2011, Terrorist Threats to Commercial Aviation: A Contemporary Assessment.
Combating Terrorism Center -- United States Military Academy, viewed 20 April 2013,
Catlin Group Limited 2012, A Business Approach to Terrorism, Catlin Group Limited Report,
Drug Testing in the Workplace
Most employers in the United States are not required to do drug testing on either current or potential employees, although the majority have the right to do so (United States Department of Labor, 2010). Drug testing is not required under the Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988. The Act can be confusing and challenging for employers, however, since it essentially states that any organization receiving federal grants or contracts must be drug-free but does not contain language that specifically allows for drug testing (Thompson euters 2011). Many state and local governments limit or prohibit drug testing unless required for certain jobs with state or Federal governments.
As far back as 1997, the American Civil Liberties Union was deploring the use of drug testing in the workplace, citing an increase of 277% over a ten-year period (American Civil Liberties Union, 1997). Drug testing remains a controversial issue…
Drug-free workplace policy builder. Section 7: Drug testing. (2010). U.S. Department of Labor.
Retrieved from http://www.dol.gov/elaws/asp/drugfree/drugs/screen92.asp
Drummer, O.H. (2006). Drug testing in oral fluid. Clinical Biochemist Reviews 27(30), pp. 147-
Privacy in America: Workplace drug testing. (1997). American Civil Liberties Union.
Legal Advice for CADWAE's ecruitment Situation
CADWAE's BFOQs in Job Advertisement
As part of promoting its growth and development, CADWAE Inc. wants to hire more workers based on the increased trend of more female than male shoppers. The company has created an advertisement in which it's looking for a sale or marketing preferred, youthful, athletic, and energetic salesperson with the capability to sport its clothing line with style. This advertisement is based on its preference for slender, young employees who can keep its image of being sporty as reflected in marketing theory of several high-end clothing stores. This ad has contributed to a series of events including the hiring of Noah Dahl, which has angered Petunia otunda, an applicant, and contributed to the death of Hetty Whitestone who was passing by the mall store.
In light of these events, especially Petunia's claim that she was discriminated against based on her…
"An Employer's Liability for Employee's Acts." (n.d.). Find Law. Retrieved October 10, 2015,
"Employer Liability for an Employee's Bad Acts." (n.d.). NOLO Law for All. Retrieved October
10, 2015, from http://www.nolo.com/legal-encyclopedia/employer-liability-employees-bad-acts-29638.html
' Ultimately, while this makes a compelling argument, it seems almost aggressively to skirt the issue of campaign finance reform as a basic inspiration for the restrictions struck down here within. This is a resolution that should be seen as somewhat troubling apart from questions of free speech, at least from the perspective that there is some genuine value to limiting the impact which corporations can have on an election.
Such is to say that the decision rendered by the Supreme Court avoids an opportunity to judge the case of Citizens United v. FEC on the narrow argument presented by the plaintiff. Instead, the Supreme Court appears to have taken the liberty through its broad and far-reaching decision to attempt to discredit and undermine the McCain-Feingold Bill on the whole. The turn of its attention to issues of free speech and the entitlements in this regard for corporations suggests that…
Maisel, L.S. & Brewer, M. (2007). Parties and Elections in America. Rowman & Littlefield.
United States Supreme Court. (2009). Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission No. 08-205. United State Supreme Court.
Business Source Premier (Nielson Library) deals marketing issues. The article current ( month). efer text chapter titles heading topic suggestions. Make include article attachment include UL I refer article.
Business Article Analysis
The article that is reviewed in this paper is titled "Off and unning: Professors Comment on Olympics" and presents certain important opinions on the Olympic games. The article presents the comments and opinions of important specialists that focus on marketing and business administration, like Stephen Greyser, John Macomber, and John Gourville. These are some of the most important professors at the Harvard Business School. The most important points of this article refer to the explanations these experts try to provide on the marketing success of the Olympics in comparison with other sports competitions. In addition to this, they try to identify some of the factors that determine the success of the organizers (Greyser et al., 2012). The pricing…
1. Greyser, S. et al. (2012). Off and Running: Professors Comment on Olympics. Harvard Business School. Retrieved August 14, 2012 from http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/7072.html .
2. Blanding, M. (2012). Why Good Deeds Invite Bad Publicity. Harvard Business School. Retrieved August 14, 2012 from http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/7001.html .
President Obama's remarkable ability to combine his liberal inclinations on humanitarian issues with expertly wielded applications of America's economic and military superiority was presaged in an article published by Harvard Magazine before ballots had been cast in the 2008 election. When professor of international relations Joseph S. Nye Jr. boldly declared that "the old distinction between realists and liberals needs to give way to a new synthesis that you might choose to call 'liberal realism'"4, (2008, pg. 36), he
3 Douthat, oss. "Obama the ealist." The New York Times, February 07, 2011.
4 Nye, Joseph S. "Toward a Liberal ealist Foreign Policy: A memo for the next president." Harvard Magazine 110 (2008): 36-38.
provided a startlingly accurate prediction of President Obama's methodically effective strategy of relying on liberalist motivations to enact firmly realist foreign policy directives in relation to Iran.
Other commentaries on American public opinion towards Iran have focused…
Cohen, Warren I. "The Dispensable Nation: American Foreign Policy in Retreat' by Vali Nasr." The Washington Post, May 03, 2012. http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/the-dispensable-nation-american-foreign - policy-in-retreat-by-vali-nasr/2013/05/03/b7b01178-ac14-11e2-a198- 99893f10d6dd_story.html (Accessed May 4, 2013).
Douthat, Ross. "Obama the Realist." The New York Times, February 07, 2011. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/07/opinion/07douthat.html?_r=0 (Accessed May 5, 2013).
Esfandiary, Dina. "Why Iranian Public Opinion Is Turning Against the Nuclear Program." The Atlantic, March 16, 2012. http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2012/03/why - iranian-public-opinion-is-turning-against-the-nuclear-program/254627 / (Accessed May 5, 2013).
Nye, Joseph S. "Toward a Liberal Realist Foreign Policy: A memo for the next president." Harvard Magazine 110 (2008): 36-38. http://harvardmag.com/pdf/2008/03- pdfs/0308-36.pdf (Accessed May 4, 2013).
Stimulus Bill Political Communication
Political Communication during the Stimulus Bill Debate
In times of economic uncertainty and national emergency, the government has the capacity to make decisions that it believes will aid the country in its time of need. Such a time of need occurred in 2009 when the country continued to face an existence of dire economic circumstances involving national cash-flow and jobs. In order to set economic recovery into motion, President Obama called for the passing of the American ecovery and einvestment Act of 2009 (AA), otherwise regarded as the stimulus bill. While such a bill was considered pivotal by many government officials in order to get the country back on its feet, crucial differences in policy and bill structure could be viewed in assessing the opinions Democrats and epublicans brought to the floor in terms of the bill's passing. In understanding the basis of the bill itself,…
Alarkon, W. (2009 January 25). Boehner says he will vote no on stimulus. The Hill. Web.
Retrieved from: http://www.thehill.com/leading-the-news/boehner-says-he-will-vote-no-on-stimulus-2009-01-25.html on 19 October 2011.
Associated Press. (2009 February 2). Obama calls Senate stimulus vote a good start.
Web. Retrieved from: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/29118636 / on 19 October 2011.
Parties -- through their platforms, through their leaders, through their policies -- offer simple answers. Don't know what to think about abortion/gay rights/climate change? No need to worry. Just vote straight ticket.
One can certainly see the appeal of subjugating one's own political ideology to party membership. or, if not precisely subjugating it, assuming that the party (whichever party) will simply take care of one. The paternal attitude between individual and party has a long history itself in American politics. And it is worth remembering that it is not all just smoke and mirrors. A poor, black, gay man is much, much more likely to be well served by the Democratic Party. That's a quick-and-easy answer that is almost always bound to be right.
But easy answers tend -- in American politics -- to lead to easier answers, and finally to answers that require no thinking at all. Indeed, there…
This was because, for some stories, they were forced to use less professional correspondents to cover stories that were on a more national scale.
13. Among this list, newspapers and magazines are the most credible because they strive for objectivity and accuracy, at the same time as they possess the most amount of content. Television news programs are second only because they lack the same level of depth. The other sources should be highly questioned before using as a legitimate source. The internet possesses the best information among all of the rest, but must be evaluated on a site-by-site basis.
14. I have found two sources that indicate that controversial television ads negatively influence the behavior of children. However, there are also a handful of other resources arguing that the influence of ads upon individuals is relatively minute.
15. hetoric tends to vastly influence people's opinions and attitudes. However, statements…
Anderson, Craig L. et al. (2003). "The Influence of Media Violence on Youth." Psychological Science in the Public Influence, Vol. 4, No. 3, Dec. Page 81.
Ayeni, Dr. Olugbenga Christopher. (2004). "ABC, CNN, CBS, FOX, and NBC on the Frontlines." Global Media Journal.
Bushman, Brad J. And Craig A. Anderson. (2001). "Media Violence and the American Public." American Psychologist, June/July.
Damer, T. Edward. (2001). Attacking Faulty Reasoning. Belmont: Wadsworth.