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Oracle Bones, Peter Hessler (2006) explores the history and culture of China, incorporating personal and social commentary. Hessler (2006) also weaves personal stories of individual Chinese people into Oracle Bones, to provide both a broad and an intimate narrative. The three core personal narratives are vastly different, to capture the diversity of Chinese culture and society. One of the people that Hesler (2006) follows is a Uighur (Muslim from Eastern China), who successfully endeavors to leave China for the United States. Named Polat, the Uighur's perspective on Chinese society and politics provides an interesting counterpart to the entire tale of Oracle Bones. The second personal narrative belongs to Chen Mengjia, who lends Hessler's book its title because Cheng Mengjia was an oracle bone scholar. The oracle bones become the title for Hessler's (2006) book because they symbolize the continuity between past, present, and future that characterizes modern China.
Geath, K. (2010). The past, present, and future of consumerism in China. The China Observer. Retrieved online: http://thechinaobserver.com/2010/08/04/the-past-present-future-of-consumerism-in-china-interview-with-karl-gerth/
Hessler, P. (2006). Oracle Bones. New York: Harper Collins.
Spence, J. (2006). Letters from China. The New York Times. 20 April 2006. Retrieved online: http://www.nytimes.com/2006/04/30/books/review/30spence.html?pagewanted=all&_r=1& ;
However, in September of 1990 Oracle's bubble had burst. Not only had share prices plummeted from $28.375 to $8.125, but projected earnings were down from 50% to 25% for the following year; 30% from 50% for the following quarter. Lawsuits plagued the company, investors were weary and wary of misrepresentation and false fiscal reporting, and customers grew increasingly suspicious about Oracle's ability to live up to their technological promises and product innovations. For these reasons, the company did not have a clean bill of financial health by the end of 1990.
2. Since 1990, Oracle has remained an industry leader but its market share has declined significantly as competitors have risen to the occasion, taking advantage of Oracles diminished reputation since its peak in 1990. In fact, IBM has recently overtaken Oracle in the database software market (Gilbert 2002). The recent decline in Oracle's share price is directly related to…
Gilbert, Alorie. "Oracle Net Profit Down in Key Quarter." CNet. June 18, 2002. Retrieved Nov 4, 2005 at http://news.com.com/2100-1017-937126.html
Oracle Bone and Traditional China
According to ancient writings, the history of China dates back approximately 3,300 years. Studies by modern archaeologists provide evidence of ancient origins in a culture that was flourishing between 2500-2000 B.C. In an area that is now central China and the lower Huang He Valley in northern China. Through centuries of migration, amalgamation and development, a distinctive system of writing, philosophy, art, and political organization came about that is recognized as Chinese civilization, unique to world history because of its continuity of over 4,000 years to today. The Chinese culture has developed a strong sense of their real and mythological origins and from very early times kept voluminous records, resulting in not only knowledge of China's ancient, but of its neighbors as well. As described in mythology, Chinese civilization began with Pangu, the creator of the universe, then according to legend, a succession of sage-emperors…
Chen, Ning. "The Problem of Theodicy in Ancient China." Journal of Chinese
Religions. 1994; pp. 54.
Cujec, Carol. "Review: The Bonesetter's Daughter." World and I. July 01, 2001;
Their prophecies completely shape the life of Oedipus. It was the oracle who informed Oedipus that he will kill his father and marry his mother. This prophecy led him to abandon Corinth for fear of killing his father and marrying his mother. When he left Corinth he came across a man who he did not know was Laius and killed him. He married his wife Jocasta and towards the end of the play finds out that the prophecy of the oracle did come true. Laius and Jocasta were his biological parents. Laius was killed by his son, Oedipus and according to the prophecy of the oracle; Oedipus marries his mother, Jocasta. Regardless of whatever actions either of the parties took, fate could not be escaped. The oracles warned them about the future and they took steps then led them to the fulfillment of the prophecy. Both Oedipus and Jocasta were…
Oracle Bones Smehra
Oracle Bones in raditional China
During the Shang dynasty in China, oracle bones were used as not only a divination tool, but also in conjunction with medicine, mathematics and recording of events and history. hese oracle bones, or 'dragon bones' were only discovered in the 1800s and still pose a mystery as to their many uses and interpretations. It is believed that interpretations were made through the heating of the bones (made from animal scapulas and other bones) to 'read' the message found in the cracks.
Oracle bones are some of the first forms of writing we have on record and while they were used like the I Ching in divination, they were also used in "Ancestral Healing" where practitioners could consult the ancestors through the oracle bones and therefore be able to treat relatives of the deceased. In mathematics, tally and code symbols on oracle bones…
Thrams, J. Confucianism- Ja Chia 1999
Xiang, A. Xia-Shang Dynasties, 2003. http://www.uglychinese.org/xiashang.htm
For all of these strengths however it is well-known that Oracle databases are high maintenance and often require one full time system administrator to keep them optimized. This is necessary for keeping the audit tools up-to-date and functioning, and also supporting patching of the database when updates arrive. Second, Oracle's pricing and maintenance policies are often considered exceptionally high for the market and are often questioned by customers (Evans, 10).
ecommendations for Implementation
In terms of implementing the system significant changes to processes for data capturing including extraction, transfer and load (ETL) and the integration of BI components are necessary. From manufacturers including Quantum who relies on Oracle Enterprise Edition to manage the production of high density tape drives to .L. Polk and its use for automotive data, Enterprise Edition has been shown to scale globally. Further, the transaction engine component is being used for synchronizing supply chains and production…
Ghazi Alkhatib, and Ronny S. Labban. "Transaction management in distributed database systems: The case of Oracle's two-phase commit. " Journal of Information Systems Education 13.2 (2002): 95-103.
Babcock, C.. "Oracle Adds Grid Features To 11g. ," InformationWeek 7 Sep. 2009, 124, 125.
Babcock, C. "Oracle Touts Virtualization, Apps -- And 11g, Of Course." InformationWeek 19 Nov. 2007: 83, 84.
Mike Cochrane. "The Big Picture: Industry convergence mandates a holistic BI and performance management approach." Information Management 19.4 (2009): 38.
Oracle Bone Script and Modern Design
In today's domain of alphabetic scripts, the Chinese system of writing is a one-of-a-kind phenomenon. ather than using a number of letters, the Chinese have come up with several thousand complicated characters or signs denoting words and morphemes. The Japanese, Korean and other similar writing systems, despite having a few characters in common with the Chinese characters, are able to work completely as solely phonetic scripts. Further, though the Chinese writing system isn't the lone-surviving logographic scripttoday, it is definitely the only such script that functions as the principal script for several hundred million individuals. The earliest recognizable Chinese writings can be traced back 3,500 years; however, there are several historians who contend that the script is actually much older. Irrespective of its true age, the language has undergone considerable evolution with time, but continues to maintain its archaic core, thus becoming one among…
Aylmer, C. (1981). Origins of the Chinese Script. London.
Beyond calligraphy. (2016, November). Oracle Bone Script- Part 1. Retrieved from beyondcalligraphy.com: http://www.beyondcalligraphy.com/oracle_bone_script.html
Cambridge University Library. (2016, November). Chinese Oracle Bones. Retrieved from Cambridge University Library: http://www.lib.cam.ac.uk/mulu/oracle.html
Chalfant, F. (1939). The Hopkins Collection of Inscribed Oracle Bone. New York.
Oracle vs. Software
hy would Oracle want to purchase PeopleSoft?
Oracle Corp. wants to buy peopleSoft because it wants to cater almost all of the needs of big corporations. Oracle is looking for a leadership position so that it could gain prominence in the same way for big corporations as what Microsoft is for general public and small companies. In the present market, there are several players, which meet different kinds of business demands of large corporations. Some are niche player such as Sable and sells customer relation management needs, while some such as PeopleSoft and Oracle meet data integration and other logistic needs of the businesses.
ith the rapid rise in market consolidation, some companies, such as SAP, are trying to meet all corporate buyer's needs. In this sense, if Oracle buys PeopleSoft, it would be as formidable and competitive as SAP (Kerstetter, 2003). Though acquiring PeopleSoft is unlikely…
With the rapid rise in market consolidation, some companies, such as SAP, are trying to meet all corporate buyer's needs. In this sense, if Oracle buys PeopleSoft, it would be as formidable and competitive as SAP (Kerstetter, 2003). Though acquiring PeopleSoft is unlikely to provide instant leadership to Oracle, as most corporate are gravitating toward SAP, since SAP software has a reputation these days for being less buggy than Oracle's. However, in due course of time, by acquiring PoepleSoft, Oracle is likely to become number 2 to challenge the position of SAP. In the present time, selling the best individual product no longer matters; integration and simplicity does. In this sense, when Oracle acquires PoepleSoft, Oracle becomes a company with deep knowledge of software integration. At presently, there are three or four major players in the market: SAP, Oracle, IBM, and PoepleSoft.
However, by acquiring PoepleSoft, Oracle is also likely to get a larger market-share and also reduce the cost of its operations with the economies of scale. In addition by acquiring PeopleSoft, Oracle is likely to get the advantages through rapid implementation of software systems due to the advantage of PoepleSoft's knowledge in software integration in the market.
Kerstetter, J. Oracle. Peoplesoft: And The Winner Is...SAP. Business Week, Jun 30, 2003., Iss. 3839, pg. 37
Oracle sells software for database-management and network products, application-development productivity tools, and end-user applications. Its principal product, the Oracle relational database-management system, runs on supercomputers, mainframes, minicomputers, microcomputers, and personal computers. The firm also offers consulting and systems-integration services. Foreign sales make up about 50% of revenue.
Oracle sees the wisdom in managing business data. Oracle also offers business applications for data warehousing, customer relationship management, and supply chain management. The company made an unsolicited bid to acquire PeopleSoft for about $5.1 billion in June 2003. y early 2004 the offer had increased to $9.4 billion, but was later reduced to $7.7 billion to reflect market conditions. The Department of Justice filed antitrust lawsuits in seven states to block the deal, and started hearings on June 7. Peoplesoft's lawsuit against Oracle is scheduled to go to court November 1 in Alameda, California.
Long-Term Debt Ratio (Long-Term Liabilities/Total Assets)…
1. http://www.hoovers.com/oracle/--ID__14337 -- /free-co-fin-annual.xhtml http://www.chromesplash.com/jcallinan.com/oracle/financial_ratios.htm
4. Van Horn, J Financial Management and Policy, 11th ed., Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1998
See on the Internet at
com to keep the Zappos.com culture intact and growing so that it can pervade the Amazon.com culture as well.
Amazon.com sees the future of e-commerce retailing as needing to be more focused on the experience of shopping, purchasing, and recommending products online over and above the basic transaction. The acquisition of Zappos is an investment in creating a customer-centric culture, an area the founders of Amazon.com have continually attempted to create in their own company.
Strategic Action: Wal-Mart Choosing to Enter China
Wal-Mart's history of growth within the U.S. And nations which have comparable cultures is exceptional in its speed and success. Yet the expansion into other regions of the world, notably Germany (Christopherson, 2007) has failed as they do not capitalize on the core strengths of the company. The decision to enter the Chinese mass merchandiser market was a difficult one, as the company has a history of…
Bernoff, J., & Li, C. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.
Chafkin, M. (2009, May). Get Happy: How Tony Hsieh uses relentless innovation, stellar service, and a staff of believers to make Zappos.com an e-commerce juggernaut -- and one of the most blissed-out businesses in America. Inc., 31(4), 66-73.
Susan Christopherson 2007. Barriers to 'U.S. style' lean retailing: the case of Wal-Mart's failure in Germany. Journal of Economic Geography: Transnational Retail, Supply Networks, and the Global 7, no. 4 (July 1): 451-469.
Mei Fong. (2009, January 22). Retailers Still Expanding in China - Wal-Mart, Carrefour, Tesco See Long-Term Opportunity Even as Data Indicate Recent Slackening Sales. Wall Street Journal (Eastern Edition), p. B.1.
How is Oracle trying to return to the center of the tech world?
In essence the TikTok-Oracle deal, as the Wall Street Journal (2020) points out, has been touted as a clear path for Oracle to the apex of the Tech pyramid. This is more so the case when it comes to advancing efforts by the company to cement its place in cloud-computing. According to Wall Street Journal (2020), Larry Ellison had at some point in the past branded cloud-computing as nothing more than just a trend or fad. He has been proven wrong over time. Towards this end, Oracle has had to demonstrate that “it is taking the cloud seriously” and to a large extent, the present deal “might give them new blood” (Wall Street Journal, 2020).
What does Oracle have that Microsoft does not?
Clearly, Oracle has the enthusiasm of Larry Ellison. Indeed, as the Wall Street Journal…
Elliott, T. (2020, Aug. 18). Oracle Vs. Microsoft: Which Company Should Buy TikTok & Why. Screen Rant. https://screenrant.com/tiktok-oracle-microsoft-best-buyer-ban/
Wall Street Journal (2020, Oct. 4). Larry Ellison’s TikTok bid puts Oracle Chairman back in the spotlight. Mint. https://www.livemint.com/news/world/larry-ellison-s-tiktok-bid-puts-oracle-chairman-back-in-the-spotlight-11601795781796.html
PeopleSoft and Oracle Merger
hy was this a hostile takeover?
PeopleSoft strongly resisted the attempts of Oracle to buy out its stock, thus making the takeover hostile rather than friendly. "hen the deal [merger] is unfriendly -- that is, when the target company does not want to be purchased -- it is always regarded as an acquisition." (Investopedia, 2005) PeopleSoft feared Oracle was merely seeking to buy PeopleSoft to acquire its lucrative customer base of application software. PeopleSoft felt Oracle was interested in supporting its company products, and also that its initial bids to buy its stock were inadequate. Financial industry analysts agreed it was unlikely that Oracle would look to have PeopleSoft develop much in the way of new technology and that a sizable amount of job cuts at PeopleSoft would be likely after the merger, as this was "a financial acquisition" where PeopleSoft's employees would be the losers,…
"Discussion Issues and Derivations." (2005) The Stern School of Business. Chapter 9 Derivations. Retrieved 28 Oct 2005 at http://pages.stern.nyu.edu/~adamodar/New_Home_Page/AppldCF/derivn/ch9deriv.html
LaMonica, Paul. CNN Money (13 Dec 2004) "Finally Oracle to Buy PeopleSoft." Retrieved 28 Oct 2005 at http://money.cnn.com/2004/12/13/technology/oracle_peoplesoft/
'The Basics of Mergers and Acquisitions." (2005) Investopedia.com. Retrieved 28 Oct 2005 at http://www.investopedia.com/university/mergers/mergers1.asp
Oracle supports stored programs such as stored procedures and packages. This enables the developers to centralize application logic in the database. Oracle provides powerful functions and sub-queries in its SQL statements. Developers can distribute systems by database links, materialized views and distributed queries. This feature saves much cost for developing distributed systems and applications. And there's a lot of features integrated with Oracle, compare to other database it is very expensive but it is extremely powerful and fast.
D2 is a relational database system developed by IM Corporation. It has been designed for use on large mainframe computer systems running on a variety of platforms including SunOS, Solaris, Linux, Windows 95/98/NT/2000 and HP-UX. D2 supports many variety of platforms, standards and packaging options to deliver the needs of every business D2 database delivers a flexible and cost-effective database platforms achieving demand on business applications. It further leverages the resources with…
Microsoft Online. Retrieved 20 Nov 2004, from Microsoft.Com.
Web site: http://www.microsoft.com
SQL Server 2000 vs. Oracle 9i. Retrieved 20 Nov 2004, from MSQLCITY.Com. Web site: http://www.mssqlcity.com/Articles/Compare/sql_server_vs_oracle.htm
MySQL: The world's most popular open source database. Retrieved 20 Nov 2004, from MYSQL.Com.
SAP, PeopleSoft, and Oracle
SAP and PeopleSoft
One of te ways in wic databases play a role in SAP are te powerful tools tat allow te user to implement easy data manipulation. Furter, in cases in wic new databases are required, SAP's ABAP/4 language "provides a solution,"
allowing businesses to create databases according to teir customized needs.
Te power beind SAP and database management is contained in te access routines tat allows te user to quickly and easily access any object from te database(s).
Specifically, mySAP Business Intelligence is widely touted as being "revolutionary" in its ability to allow users to input raw data and turn tat data into "useable information" in business. One great example of tis is in te use of SAP by te Scotts Company, wic uses mySap Business Intelligence as "end-to-end business intelligence solution," wereby te company can "integrate business information pertaining to inventory, internal manufacturing,…
http://www.sap.com/company/press/press.asp?pressID=2121& ; query=databases http://www.calstate.edu/HRS/PeopleSoft/what_is.shtml http://techupdate.zdnet.com/techupdate/stories/main/0,14179,2913993,00.html
0 with Service Pack 4 or greater
Processor - Pentium or AMD Athlon 233 MHz processor or greater
Free Hard disk space - 200 MB free after installation of the operating system and Oracle Client Software
AM - 64MB
Bradmark Technologies is a company that offers database management software used with products from providers including Oracle, Sybase and Microsoft. Customers in a variety of industries use Bradmark's products for tasks such as database monitoring, performance tuning and database administration.
DB2 is a relational database management system. It is designed to make the storage and analysis of data easier. it'd fully Web-enabled, scalable from single processors to symmetric multiprocessors and to massively parallel clusters and features multimedia capabilities with image, audio, video, text, spatial and other advanced object.
Operating System - Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, Windows XP SP1, Windows 2003 Server
AM - 128MB or More
Diploma in Database - Administration [RDBMS]. (n.d). Retrieved July 16, 2005, from Compufield Web site: http://www.compufield.com/rdbms.html
IBM's DB2. (1999). Retrieved July 15, 2005, from silk.nih.gov Web site: http://silk.nih.gov/dbtekpub/disphtm/db2intro
Evans-Pritchard was the founder and first president of the Association of Social Anthropologists. His seminal work on indigenous, African tribes has preserved a unique perspective of primitive societies or societies that retain their aboriginal features even in modern times -- their mental processes more than the social constructs. This essay will present a societal perspective of the Azande tribes of southern Sudan. This research was conducted at a time when every Zande (singular for Azande) paid abeyance to either the British or the Arabs, whichever happened to wield influence at the time. The thesis of this essay: "The Azande society (as a whole) and each individual was driven by a quest to avoid the ill effects of witchcraft." The significance of witchcraft is necessitated by a unique context and definition. This entire essay is about defining societal ramifications of witchcraft among the Azande, which will make the meaning of witchcraft…
Morris, B. (1987) Anthropological Studies of Religion, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
SalemWeb (1992) The Salem Witch Trials 1692 December 17, 2002 at http://www.salemweb.com/memorial/default.htm
Tacitus (1877) The Agricola and Germania, Macmillan, London.
Databases in the Work Place
We are in the information age and the effective management of data is paramount in almost all aspects of our life. All businesses today thrive on the availability of vast pool of data pertaining to their domain and thus databases constitute an indispensable aspect of all businesses. Having access to a huge database and the intelligent interpretation of the data therein holds the key to business success. I am working as a database engineer for "Intelligent Email Solutions," a company which specializes in offering email based intelligent customer relationship management solutions. Let us have a brief overview of the use and the importance of databases in our company.
Our clientele are big corporations like Nike, Citibank, ANZ Grindlays, Jc penny etc. We provide automated email-based customer relationship management using our novel 'semantic engine' which scans through thousands of customer emails and categorizes them and…
Replacing a Legacy AIS System
As technology continues to progress many of the legacy Accounting Information Systems (AIS) are continually being replaced with models that have increased functionality. The new systems have enhanced financial management and decision making capabilities as well as the capabilities to integrate with other information systems. The degree of value that a newer generation AIS system can add is largely depends on whether the implementation project is successful. The project implementation will as depend largely on whether the system is custom, outsourced or boxed and the design of the system to be introduced to the organization. This analysis will provide an overview of the benefits and disadvantages related to different types of system design. Based on the findings, a recommendation will be made and an overview of the software development lifecycle (SDLC) will be provided for consideration.
Value of New AIS Systems
Bahi, B., & Goyal, S. (2005). Offshore outsourcing of information technology enabled supply chain functions: a transaction cost analysis. Logistics Systems and Management, 366-381.
Dhar, S., & Balakrishnan, B. (2006). Risks, Benefits, and Challenges in Global IT Outsourcing: Perspectives and Practices. Journal of Global Information Management, 39-71.
Kabir, N. (2010). Doing Business Online. Retrieved August 2, 2012, from http://businessknowledgesource.com/marketing/doing_business_online_private_b2b_exchanges_000204.html
Oracle. (2011, September). Roadmaps to Oracle Fusion Applications for Current Oracle Applications Customers. Retrieved from Oracle Fusion Applications: http://www.oracle.com /us/products/consulting/resource-library/roadmaps-to-fusion-app-508056.pdf
Compare and contrast Microsoft Access, Microsoft SQL Server, DB2, and Oracle database programs
Providers: Microsoft Corporation provides Microsoft Access and SQL Server, Oracle by Oracle Corporation and DB2 is a product of IBM.
Brief about each:
MS Access: Microsoft Access is a database, which comes bundled in Microsoft Office Products. Access is fully compatible with Active Server Pages (ASP) scripting. Database programs such as Access (sometimes called Relational Database Management systems or RDBMS) are used to store information, often large amounts of information. It can be used as a flat-file database (using a single table) or a relational database (using more than one table linked together). Access database applications can be produced for a large number of database situations including financial and scientific data - with excellent results. Access comes equipped with Wizards, which help the novice to create tables, forms, queries and reports. A complicated relational database…
The longest SQL statement in Oracle is of 16,777,216 bytes, 65,536 bytes (Network packet size 4 KB, by default) in SQL Server, approximately 64,000 bytes in MS Access whereas in DB2 it is of 65535 bytes. Microsoft Access 2000 falls into the desktop category and works best for individuals and workgroups managing megabytes of data. In comparison with SQL Server 2000, Access uses file-server architecture, rather than client-server architecture. Access 2000 has many restrictions in comparison with SQL Server 2000 and cannot be used in the case you want to build stable and efficient system with many concurrent users
It is very difficult to compare all the four on a same platform. It is not true that Oracle 9i Database is better than DB2 Universal Database v8.1 or vice versa. Both products can be used to make stable and proficient systems and the stability and effectiveness of your applications and databases depend rather upon the experience of the database developers and database administrator than the database's provider. It all depends on the use and requirements. If the need is to make a scalability, security, and robustness system, you should use SQL Server instead of Access. Because Access 2000 does not support atomic transactions, it does not guarantee that all changes performed within a transaction boundary are committed or rolled back. SQL Server is integrated with Windows NT security, but Access is not. Access 2000 databases cannot be restored to the point of failure, when SQL Server databases can be. This makes administering Access 2000 databases more expensive than administering SQL Server 2000 databases. So, you should use Access 2000 database, only when you need to store a small amount of data in a single user (or few users) environment, or when you have very low resources, such as memory or disk. In other case, use MSDE or SQL Server. Similarly we can't compare SQL Server 2000 with DB2 Universal Database v8.1 or vice versa. Both products can be used to build stable and efficient system and the stability and effectiveness of your applications and databases depend rather from the experience of the database developers and database administrator than from the database's provider. But SQL Server 2000 has some advantages in comparison with DB2 Universal Database v8.1 and vice versa.
The vision Oracle has is one of unifying all of their enterprise applications into their Fusion architecture and creating a single unifying Service oriented Architecture (SOA) was first announced in 2006 (Krill, 13). Since that time Oracle has continually strived to create an SOA in Fusion that would appeal to its corporate customers. The proposed Fusion SOA platform has been designed to be robust and scalable enough to encompass enterprise-level applications including Enterprise esource Planning (EP) applications while also being flexible enough to provide for individualized application development. There are critics of SOA in general and Fusion specifically, with industry analysts considering it too difficult to create a process-centric model that allows for pervasive, in-depth applications necessary for mission-critical business while at the same time allowing for significant scalability (Handy, 2005). Despite these concerns however Fusion continues to gain market acceptance and provide Oracle with a path to the fulfillment…
Alex Handy. 2005. Oracle Fusion: The 'Frankenstein' of SOA? Software Development Times, October 15, 6
Paul Krill. 2006. Oracle Does SOA. InfoWorld, August 14, 11-13
When one company looks at taking over another company that are many issues that must be looked at before a final bid can be put on the table. The first thing that the buying company must do is determine a vision for the combined companies. In the case of Oracles buy out of Sun Microsystems the visions that Oracles' Ellison was to transform the combination of the two companies into the Apple for the business customer by delivering high-quality, seamlessly integrated consumer products where software and hardware components were developed in conjunction, thus minimizing the customer setup process.
Ellison developed this vision by looking at what Sun Microsystems had that Oracle didn't and how would this acquisition help to better Oracles position in the market. If a company can buy another company at a practical price that has a unique niche in a particular industry it will more than…
Microsoft Access, Microsoft SQL Server, DB2, and Oracle are four of the most important and widely used database management systems (DBMS) in use in today's information technology field. This paper compares the four DBMS in terms of ten major factors: 1) price, 2) platform compatibility, 3) support services, 4) support for ERP and CRM high-end systems, 5) open or proprietary, 6) Ease of integrating information with other databases 7) support for data requirements for mobile and embedded devices, 8) reputation, 9) stability and backup, 10) recommended users.
All in all, this analysis shows that SQL and other open-source databases are excellent for providing support for medium-load business applications and ebsites. In contrast, proprietary databases like DB2 and Oracle seem to be much better suited to heavy-load business applications (Biggs). Despite this assertion, Microsoft's SQL Server 7.0 marked its aggressive and largely highly effective move towards heavier applications in government, finance,…
Biggs, Maggie. Finding an opening: Open-source databases are worth watching as they near the big time. Infoworld, September 20, 2002.
Darrow, Barbara. Oracle To Slice Price On Standard Edition One, Weighs RAC Bundle. CRN,
2:55 PM EST Fri., Jan. 30, 2004. 08 February 2004.
Today Selectica's logic for managing Microsoft SQL Server is also built into the IBM WebSphere product, making my company's level of integration all the more reliable and scalable. With pricing in SQL Server and the many processes of order management dependent on a variety of oracle databases, and our content management system based in Documentum/EMC our company is concerned about having too many databases to support over the long-term. Despite the fact that special pricing requests can specifically be managed electronically, giving our company a competitive advantage, there needs to be greater levels of system integration to allow for higher performance of this specific process (Columbus, 2003)
As a result, the CIO has talked of moving to a Services-Oriented Architecture (SOA) and creating a database standard to minimize potential performance, compatibility and integration issues in the future. The SOA initiative in our company is looking at Oracle Fusion, Microsoft.Net and…
AMR Research (2003) - Configuration is the Heart of Customer Fulfillment for Complex Product Manufacturers. AMR Research Report. Monday March 31, 2003. Retrieved from the Internet on September 3, 2007 at http://lwcresearch.com/filesfordownloads/ConfigurationIstheHeartofCustomerFulfillmentforComplexProductManufacturers.pdf
Askegar and Columbus (2002) - Channel Management Best Practices: It's All About Orders. AMR Research Report. Monday September 9, 2002. Retrieved from the Internet on September 3, 2007:
Columbus (2003) - Squeeze the revenue out of your Special Pricing Requests. AMR Research Alert. Tuesday November 11, 2003. Retrieved from the Internet on September 3, 2007:
Software quality management, compliance, and collaboration across the entire organization also need to be integrated at the process and role level with the LMA supply chain. As the LMA supply chain is very unique in that it specifically deals with prototypes often that are under covered under security guidelines and clearances, there needs to be continual focus on change management and task ownership in this area as well. For LMA supply chains is their major source of pricing competitive advantage as the company ahs been responsible for several innovations in this process area (Cheung, Myers, 2008). In conclusion as CEO of LMA the challenge of attaining and strengthening global competitiveness begins with being a transformational leader followed by concentrating on transforming compliance into a competitive advantage, and also striving to create a high level of task ownership, mastery and collaboration within and between the company's teams and outside partners including…
Appelbaum, S., J. Berke, J. Taylor, and J. Vazquez. "The Role of Leadership During Large Scale Organizational Transitions: Lessons from Six Empirical Studies." Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge 13, no. 1
(March 1, 2008): 16-24.
Spencer Arnesen, and Jeff Thompson. "ERP merger mania." Strategic Finance 85, no. 4 (October 1, 2003): 30-36.
Mark Brenner. "It's all about people: change management's greatest lever." Business Strategy Series 9, no. 3 (May 1, 2008): 132-137.
Assuming that a 'plain' letter represents knighthood but a ~ represents being a knave representations go as follows.
A: Alice says at least one of them is a knight.
B: All knights tell the truth
C. If Alice is a knight then at least one of them must be a knight, and Alice must be one of the knights.
C: The oracle always tells the truth
D: The oracle says if there is one knight, there are at least two knights and if Sam is a knight, then Alice is a knave or Bob is a knight.
E: Alice cannot be a knave or all are knaves.
F. If Bob is a knight either Sam or Alice must be a knave
G. Alice cannot be a knave if Bob is a knight, as Alice's statement must be valid.
H. Sam must be a knave.
I. Bob must be a…
Comparing Microsoft Access, SQL, IBM DB2 and Oracle databases is presented in this analysis, taking into account the key features of ACID Compliance, Data partitioning, interface options, referential integrity, operating systems supported, and support for transactions and Unicode. Each of these factors is initially defined followed by a table comparing them across the database types.
Definition of Comparison Factors
At their most fundamental level, all databases have support for relational data models and the ability to index data through the use of a wide variety of taxonomies or organizational structures (Basumallick, Wong, 1996). elational Database Management Systems (DBMS) however all have the ability to manage transactions with the greatest efficiency given the design of these systems to support multiple transactions at once, running concurrently from each other. The characteristic of an operating system being able to manage thousands of concurrent transactions at the same time is often referred…
Basumallick, Swagato, & Wong, Johnny SK. (1996). Design and implementation of a distributed database system. The Journal of Systems and Software, 34(1), 21.
Tony Politano. (2008). Structured and Unstructured: The What, Why and How of Convergence. DM Review, 18(6), 20.
Stonebraker, M.. (2010). In Search of Database Consistency. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 53(10), 8.
Enterprise-Level Business System
Design and Modeling Specifics
Preliminary Design Model
Design Trade-Off Approach
Specify trade-offs among cost, schedule, and performance to be used in final design choice for hardware, software and human interface. Also include a discussion of the rationale for making these designs choices and any impact known to achieving the confirmed requirements as previously specified.
Grid system allows the coordinated use of servers and storage.
One computer" approach for a whole organization will encourage greater unity in management structure of sharing data and solve problem of separate interfaces.
Also, Oracle's LINUX technology is the industry leader in website design and troubleshooting help would be critical in creating new interactive website.
Turn 64 small servers into a giant mainframe. It's fast, it's cheap...and it never breaks. hen a server goes down, your system keeps on running. (Oracle, 2004)
Could be intimidating for non-technical staff to…
Microsoft. (2004.) Website Accessed on February 21, 2004 at http://www.microsoft.com /technet/default.mspx
Oracle. (2004). Website accessed at February 21, 2004 http://www.oracle.com /technologies/grid/index.html?3_steps.html
Peoplesoft. (2004). Website accessed at February 21, 2004 http://www.peoplesoft.com/corp/en/public_index.jsp
information technology) has opened the door for opportunities and risks. Organizations are increasingly facing competitions in the contemporary business market environment and to achieve competitive market advantages, many organizations are increasingly using EP (Enterprise resource planning) to decline costs and offer quality products at cheaper prices. EP is a business integration software assisting organizations to collect, manage, store as welling as interpreting data of business activities. (Vasilec, Avdejenkov, & Sosunov, 2009). Essentially, EP integrates core of business process using a real-time database system to achieve business functions such as asset management, purchase orders, production, track business resources and share data across various departments. Assets are very critical for organizational efficiency because assets assist organizations to generate revenues to enhance stakeholder's value. However, effective asset management is very critical for organizational efficiency. To manage organizational assets, increasing number of medium and large organizations are using asset management system integrated in EP…
Chisholm, M. (2004). How to Build a Business Rules Engine. Morgan Kaufman Publishers.
Infor (2012).Infor EAM User's Guide. Infor.
Oracle (2013). Oracle Enterprise Asset Management. Oracle Inc.
Smaizys, A. & Vasilecas, O. (2009). Business Rules Based Agile ERP Systems Development. Informatica, 20(3): 439-460.
This shows the emphasis that Abercrombie & Fitch placed on improving communication between all these different elements in the supply chain.
This solution was integrated with the Oracle Retail Merchandising System, a complex solution that allows merchants "merchants to monitor the delivery status of key orders and for the logistics team to proactively manage inbound shipments by milestones"
. There are several elements worth analyzing here. First of all, accurate shipment information, as implied by the delivery status of key orders, means that the company and the management is able to completely track when each batch of products is delivered and is sold throughout the supply chain.
This is very important, because of several key issues. First of all, it allows the company a proper inventory management. This means that it is able to estimate the potential demand in a certain store and determine exactly when the orders that have…
1. Abercrombie & Fitch Case Study. On the Internet at http://www.managementdynamics.com/html/case/mdi_case_af.shtml. Last retrieved on November 28, 2010
2. Abercrombie & Fitch Enhances Vendor Collaboration and in-Transit Delivery. April 2010. On the Internet at http://logisticstoday.com/operations_strategy/abercrombie-fitch-vendor-transit-delivery-0419/ . Last retrieved on November 28, 2010
3. On the Internet at http://loughran425.wordpress.com/ . Last retrieved on November 28, 2010
4. Dernery, Paul. Abercrombie & Fitch Co. Improves Sourcing with ecVision's Web-based XpressCommerce Software. On the Internet at http://www.internetretailer.com/2004/03/12/abercrombie-fitch-co-improves-sourcing-with-ecvision-s-web . Last retrieved on November 28, 2010
Topic ecruitment and selection
ecruitment and selection methodology for a Business Systems Analyst position
Many companies today use their corporate website to recruit administrative and executive staff. This technique has the advantage of self-selecting prospective candidates who have a specific interest in the company, rather than general job-searchers. However, retail companies like McDonald's tend to attract consumers to their website, rather than prospective applicants. This is why these companies may sometimes have difficulty using their corporate websites to recruit candidates. On one hand, using a general job search board will increase the volume of candidates, and perhaps attract candidates who are good at their jobs and have outstanding qualifications, but might not specifically be interested in the restaurant industry. On the other hand, it can attract such a wide candidate base, it is difficult to sort out the wheat from the chaff. Specificity in requirements is essential, to…
Business Systems Analyst. (2011). McDonald's Jobs. Retrieved July 23, 2011 at http://sh.webhire.com/jobcart/view_job.cart-JOB_ID=2558194&ACCT_NAME=MCD&SITE=I&CCC_DEST=CS
power of China from the Shang Dynasty to the estern Han. There are eight references used for this paper.
China has seen a number of changes in terms of history and power over the years. It is interesting to examine the changing nature of the association as well as explore the relationship between history and political authority from the Shang Dynasty to the estern Han.
China's history has been documented in a number of ancient writings.
Centuries of migration, amalgamation, and development brought about a distinctive system of writing, philosophy, art, and political organization that came to be recognized as Chinese civilization (Shinn, 1991)."
The fact that this civilization has continued over 4,000 years provides it with a unique position in world history.
Until the twentieth century, members of the ruling scholar-official class were responsible for documenting the history of China, which was "meant to provide the ruler…
Ancient Dynasties. (accessed 06 October, 2003) ).
Birdwhistell, Anne D. 1995. Medicine and history as theoretical tools in a Confucian
Pragmatism. Vol. 45, Philosophy East and West. 01 January. Pp. 1 (28).
HIGHLIGHTS OF CHINESE CULTURE AND HISTORY. (accessed 06 October, 2003) www.chinatown-online.com/cultureeye/highlights/bronze.htm).
EP Vendors' Knowledge Assessment
Implementing EP Systems:
Assessing Vendors' Influence in the Decision-Making Process
Enterprise esource Planning (EP) systems are used in manufacturing and services companies to interpret and act on demand while optimizing production scheduling while striving to maintain the highest levels of production quality possible. An EP system, when functioning well, can be the catalyst of competitive advantage and strength for any enterprise (Elbanna, 2006). Infor, Oracle, SAP, and Microsoft all have extensive business units dedicated to developing, selling, installing and supporting their respective EP systems. All of these companies have highly specific competencies and strengths, with deep vertical market expertise in smaller niche markets commonplace. SAP and their /3 EP Series of systems, which are the best-selling systems globally for nearly a decade. Infor has grown through acquisition and is partnering with Salesforce.com in the hope of launching a SaaS-based EP system in 2012. Oracle's JD Edward's…
Chatha, K.A., Weston, R.H., Aguirre, O., & Grabot, B. (2005). Implementation and optimisation of ERP systems: A better integration of processes, roles, knowledge and user competencies. Computers in Industry, 56(6), 620-638.
Elbanna, A.R. (2006). The validity of the improvisation argument in the implementation of rigid technology: The case of ERP systems. Journal of Information Technology, 21(3), 165-175.
Forslund, H., & Jonsson, P. (2010). Selection, implementation and use of ERP systems for supply chain performance management. Industrial Management + Data Systems, 110(8), 1159-1175.
Gunasekaran, A., & Abthorpe, M.S. (2004). Enterprise information systems project implementation: A case study of ERP in rolls-royce. International Journal of Production Economics, 87(3), 251-266.
Building Streamlined Supplier elationships Within the Organisation Using SAP
Organisations are continually recognising the benefits of enterprise resource planning systems (EPs) to streamline business processes. EP systems typically address an organisations logistical, distribution, routine shipping and inventory needs. An SM system typically addresses an organisations supply chain management system, which includes reducing costs, managing organizational performance, overseeing production centres and transportation planning. SM's help integrate critical business processes from the supplier to the enterprise. The supplier provides the organisation with products and services as well as information vital to the organisations well being.
Companies are continually recognising the benefits of enterprise resource planning systems and SM to streamline business processes. Multiple vendors currently offer EP systems that are helping transform business processes by integrating materials resource planning with other key business practices including those of accounting, human resources, marketing and materials management.
SAP is an SM product that…
Duplaga, E. & Marzie, A. (2003). "Implementing ERP in manufacturing." Information
Systems Management, 20(3): pp. 68-75.
Ferrell, O.C. & G. Hirt (2003). Business: A changing world, fourth edition. McGraw-Hill
business plan for a software company, Nerd Patrol. It contains an analysis of the company's ownership, business operations, and organizational structure, projects its revenues and costs of operations for the short run, and presents some important marketing strategies for the success of its business in the IT industry.
Introduction and Brief Description of the Venture
This paper presents a business plan for a new software company, Nerd Patrol that provides a number of software and hardware products, technical services, and web solutions to individual and business customers. The plan constitutes all the major operational, personnel, financial, and marketing strategies which Nerd Patrol will pursue during its initial phase of business set up. The opening section introduces the business in brief and proceeds by explaining the organizational and key business players. The "Financial Analysis" section presents projected revenues and costs of operations for the company by highlighting the major investments and…
Attaran, M. (2004). Exploring the relationship between information technology and business process reengineering, Information & Management, 41(5): 585-596.
Havaldar, K.K. (2010). Business Marketing: Text and Cases, 3rd Edition. New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Ltd.
Kurtz, D.L., & Boone, L.E. (2011). Contemporary Business, 13th Edition. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
O'Brien, J.A., & Marakas, G.M. (2007). Management Information Systems, 7th Edition. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill
As students interact with the website and take assessments, the teacher is notified of the student's progress. Once the student submits his assessment, Molecular Workbench (2010) reports, "SAM activities end by generating a report that includes answers to multiple choice questions, annotated snapshots, and the text of open responses. These reports are emailed to the teacher. Students have a chance to edit reports before they are submitted." Use of this website could produce the next generation of scientists.
Technology used directly in the classroom to allow students and teachers to interact with each other includes the Audience Response System. According to Turningtechnologies.com (2010) the function of the system is declared, "TurningPoint audience response system integrates 100% into Microsoft® PowerPoint® and allows audiences and students to participate in presentations or lectures by submitting responses to interactive questions using a ResponseCard ™ keypad or other hand-held/computer devices." Made up of three basic…
Audio Response System. (2010). Retrieved on April 16 from http://www.turningtechnologies.com
DIIGO. (2010). Retrieved on April 16 from http://www.diigo.com/learn_more
Klopfer, E.; Osterwell, S.; Groff, J.; and Haas, J. (2009). "The Instructional Power of digital games, social networking, simulations and How Teachers Can Leverage Them."
Retrieved on April 12, 2010 from http://education.mit.edu/papers/GamesSimsSocNets_EdArcade.pdf
I will have access to this database so that I can correctly and quickly inform clients or vendors about the status of their products. The products inventory database should include item/SKU number; date of acquisition; quantity in stock; item description; number of pending orders from clients; number of pending orders from vendors; cost; selling price; and weight, for the purposes of shipping and receiving. If we maintain the products inventory database, we will not risk running out of items prematurely, or overstocking our shelves. e would also ensure that our pricing accurately reflects our costs.
2. I also recommend creating a database to maintain client and vendor records. Because we are a small and new company, the use of databases in this area has had limited use. However, our vendor list currently tops fifteen, and we have over twenty-five clients. It is becoming increasingly difficult to maintain accurate records of…
Chappele, Mike. "Choosing a Database Product." About.com. Online at http://databases.about.com /od/administration/a/choosing.htm.
Chappele, Mike. "Database Fundamentals." About.com. Online at
The most successful training programs are concentrating on the cognitive side of emotions, specifically evaluating how leaders can provide individualized attention and support to help subordinates prioritize tasks, focus their efforts, organize their time and resources and attain a higher level of performance. The transition of managers into leaders is also determined by the level of trust the latter is able to create and sustain through greater authenticity and genuineness of interaction with subordinates. No longer directing activities in the short-term, a leader with a sufficiently high level of EI interprets acts on and promotes the vision the organization is attempting to accomplish by taking a much focused path to their fulfillment. This can only happen when a leader has a strong focus on the needs of the team while also underscoring the urgency to focus on and achieve goals. Transactionally-oriented leaders struggle with this trade-off of task orientation to…
Antonakis, J., & House, R.J. (2002). The full-Range Leadership Theory: The Way Forward. In B.J. Avolio & F.J. Yammarino (Eds.) Transformational and Charismatic Leadership, Volume 2, p. 3 -- 33. Boston: JAI Press.
Avolio, B.J., & Yammarino, F.J. (2002). Introduction to, and Overview of, Transformational and Charismatic Leadership. In B.J. Avolio & F.J. Yammarino (Eds.) Transformational and Charismatic Leadership, Volume 2, p. xvii -- xxiii. Boston: JAI Press.
Bar-on, R. (1997). The Emotional Intelligence Inventory (EQ-I): Technical manual. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
Bass, B.M. (1985). Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectations. New York: The Free Press.
Analysis and Overview of Database ystems in the Enterprise
The pervasive adoption of databases for aggregating, analyzing, parsing, reporting and storing data continues to exponentially increase over time, as the information needs of companies continued to increase. The foundation fo nearly every enterprise-wide system and computing platform includes integration to databases of many types, from object-oriented to relational (Lungu, Velicanu, Botha, 2009). Every Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system today relies on databases for product, pricing, costing, production scheduling, service coordination and manufacturing execution task coordination as well (Bremer, Carey, 1987). Databases have become an essential component of every enterprise system in use today, from coordinating supply chains, sourcing, production and tracking customer activity and sales through Customer Relationship Management (CRM) systems (Madduri, hi, Baker, Ayachitula, 2007). Object-oriented databases are pervasively used in Computer-Aided Drawing (CAD) applications as well, given their speed and accuracy in managing geographic and graphic primitives…
Sarkar, S.S. (1989). Architecture and language for a layered relational database. The University of Texas at Dallas). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses,, 145
Toth, K.C. (1980). Distributed database architecture and query processing strategies. Carleton University (Canada)). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses,,
Worboys, M. (1989). Relational databases: A theoretical primer. Information and Software Technology, 31(3), 115-115.
"What do vendors seem to know and not know aout implementing ERP systems? How much influence should vendors have in an organization's ERP decision?"
"What do vendors seem to know and not know aout implementing ERP systems? How much influence should vendors have in an organization's ERP decision?"
Prolems in ERP Implementation
The Role of Vendors
"What do vendors seem to know and not know aout implementing ERP systems? How much influence should vendors have in an organization's ERP decision?"
There is commercial software packages called enterprise resource planning aimed at integrating different types of data and information that flows through the company. The information includes financial and accounting data, data related to human resource, data related to supply chain and data aout customers. ERP systems are a great solution for the prolem of usiness integration for managers struggling since long with nonconforming information systems conflicting operating practices,…
bibliography: 2001-2005. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 19, 386-446.
Kenett, R.S., & Raphaeli, O. (2008). Multivariate methods in enterprise system implementation, risk management and change management. International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management, 9 (3), 258-276.
Sari, K. (2007). Exploring the benefits of vendor managed inventory, International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, vol. 37, no. 7, 2007, pp. 529-545.
Somers, T.M., & Nelson, K.G. (2004). A taxonomy of players and activities across the ERP project life cycle. Information & Management, 41, 257-278.
Stratman, J. (2007). Realizing benefits from enterprise resource planning: Does strategic focus matter? Production and Operations Management, 16(2), 203-216.
The first indication that Microsoft.com is based on a strong WCM platform is the excellent division of specific areas of solutions, segments, and product sectors, all unified by common messaging and a consistency of content. The content in the site is current to the specific messaging of Microsoft today, including the launch of Windows Vista and the increased focus on Longhorn downloads for testing by beta testers. The content also provides excellent user-level guidance on office productivity, enterprise applications, and entire mini-sites dedicated to how to get more value out of their server products.
Oracle is one of the leading providers of WCM systems and their support for multiple taxonomies ion their websites illustrates the company is actually using their own software to power their websites. The organization of content by the role of the visitor to the website also illustrates a strong WCM system…
AMR Research (2003) - Configuration is the Heart of Customer Fulfillment for Complex Product Manufacturers. AMR Research Report. Monday March 31, 2003. Retrieved from the Internet on May 4, 2007 at http://lwcresearch.com/filesfordownloads/ConfigurationIstheHeartofCustomerFulfillmentforComplexProductManufacturers.pdf
Askegar and Columbus (2002) - Channel Management Best Practices: It's All About Orders. AMR Research Report. Monday September 9, 2002. Retrieved from the Internet on May 4, 2007:
Columbus (2003) - Squeeze the revenue out of your Special Pricing Requests. AMR Research Alert. Tuesday November 11, 2003. Retrieved from the Internet on May 4, 2007:
Oracle's Stellent application has yet to create more streamlined service creation and management workflows, due mainly to the acquisition taking longer than expected. The integration of the Stellent platform into the broader Oracle 11i platform is also proving to limit 3rd party database support, making the Oracle Stellent ECM suite appear to be moving in a more proprietary direction as a product. As the acquisition was completed in late 2006 and Oracle has made their Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) Fusion their top development priority, the full integration of Oracle Stellent has not progressed as rapidly as planned. As a result, the last factor of customer referenceability, Vignette has a significant advantage as well.
Evaluating ECM systems for use in a law office or practice requires the consideration of several factors that have been explained in this paper. Cost is a secondary consideration relative to the benefits derived from automating…
Phillip J. Britt. "Econtent and the Law Practice." EContent 1 Sep. 2005: 22-26. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest 3 Aug. 2008
John Harney. "Making a Case for Content Management. " AIIM E - Doc Magazine 1 Jul 2008: 54-57. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest 1 Aug. 2008
Jason Krause. "Organized intelligence." ABA Journal 89.(2003): 65. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 2 Aug. 2008
Judith Lamont. "Starting with the basics: KM for lawyers." KM World 1 Sep. 2002: 12-13. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 1 Aug. 2008
SCM for DigiDream
The objective of this study is to propose a company concept for DigiDream Inc. founded in 2011. This study will discuss company management information and select the best system for the company needs without worrying about compatibility with legacy systems. This work will and select a compatibility legacy system and create the proposed SCM Company for creation of a Tablet generic made computer and will describe the reasons behind having supply chain management (SCM). Appropriate software packages for the company will be researched and analyzed. A description of the management of the SCM system will list the advantages and benefits in providing the selected SCM and will finally compare it to another SCM product not chosen.
Supply Chain Management & Marketing System
Juttner (2004) states that conceptual and empirical research on the concept of market orientation has long suggested that interfunctional coordination is key to achieving the…
Achieve Microsoft Dynamics NAV 5.0 (2011) Retrieved from: http://www.enabling.net/download/brochures/microsoft/Microsoftdynamicsnav1.pdf
Information Connects (2008) Oracle Supply Chain Management. Retrieved from: http://www.oracle.com /us/solutions/scm/018526.pdf
Juttner, Uta (2004) Demand Chain Management -- Integrating Marketing and Supply Chain Management. 26 Oct. 2004. Retrieved from: http://martin-christopher.info/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/Demand-Chain-Management-Integrating-Marketing-and-Supply-Chain-Management.pdf
Supply Chain Management (SCM) (2011) Enabling Solutions. Retrieved from: http://www.enabling.net/solutions-scm.shtml
Human Resources -- Technology and in-House Pay Administration
The selection of a provider for in-house wage/salary and benefits administration is difficult but necessary for modern business. After comparing Oracle and ADP, one can rightfully conclude that both providers are quite capable of providing effective software solutions for our company. However, ADP appears more user-friendly for a midsize business trying to efficiently perform these tasks in-house with its administrative staff.
Keeping wage/salary and benefits administration in-house
In order to adequately compare software for wage/salary and benefits administration, it is necessary to define the business of my company, the potential user requirements, information requirements, and technology requirements (Kugel, 2010). The modern business software world is rife with providers. After review of available software, ADP (ADP, Inc., 2014) and Oracle (Oracle, 2014) were compared.
Upon review, ADP was chosen over Oracle. Since the subject company has 200 employees, it is deemed definitely "midsized"…
ADP, Inc. (2014). Payroll services and beyond for midsized business. Retrieved February 16, 2014 from www.adp.com Web site: http://www.adp.com/solutions/midsized-business.aspx
Kugel, R. (2010, Winter). Sharpening compensation management's dull edge. Retrieved February 16, 2014 from search.proquest.com Web site: http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.trident.edu:2048/docview/821301578
Mattel, G. (2000, July). New technology to support incentive compensation management. Retrieved February 16, 2014 from search.proquest.com Web site: http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.trident.edu:2048/docview/194699759
Oracle. (2014). Products and Services | Hardware, Software, Services. Retrieved February 16, 2014 from www.oracle.com: http://www.oracle.com /us/products/index.html
ole-based EP systems are critical for the siloed, highly inefficient architectures of legacy EP systems to be made more relevant, contribute greater financial performance, and lead to higher levels of overall customer satisfaction.
c. Purpose of the study
The purpose the study is evaluate how enterprises who adopt role-based EP system implementations are able to attain higher levels of financial and operations-based performance vs. those that rely on silo-based, more functionally defined EP structures. ole-based EP systems have been proven to lead to greater order accuracy, velocity and customer satisfaction as a result. The ability to gain greater visibility throughout supply chains, better manage pricing, discounts, implement and maintain contract management systems, and also deliver consistently high customer service have all been attributed to role-based EP systems. Conversely siloed EP systems that are managed strictly to functional areas have been shown to severely limit the ability of enterprises to be…
Aberdeen Research (2005) -- New Product Development: Profiting from Innovation. Aberdeen Research. Boston, MA. December 2005
Abrams and Andrews 2005, Management Update: Client Issues for Service-Oriented Business Applications, 2005. Gartner Group. 20 July 2005.
Aimi, G. (2005).- AMR Research (2005, October 25). Retailers Save Money by Controlling in-Bound Logistics. (Alert). Boston, MA
Akkermans, H., & van Helden, K. 2002. Vicious and virtuous cycles in ERP
Judy E. Scott, Iris Vessey, 2000 (pp. 213-223) illustrate through their analysis of /3 failures that integration left to rudimentary programming that simply maps non-ABAP fields to ABAP fields is prone to failure and lack of scalability and security. Fang Zhao, 2004 (pp. 675-689) mentions that the role of production planning's integration is to further produce a higher level of efficiency in all aspects of transactions. This includes higher transaction velocities for BOM Master Data use, more accurate use of both logical and physical BOMs, and the critical integration links to inventory management, MP synchronization and demand management interfaces to enable a higher level of transaction accuracy and responsiveness on the part of manufacturing. SAP's Production Planning Module has been designed to support these workflows, and as SAP dominates process industries, the EP provider has includes the PP-PI module for Oil and Gas. The following figure shows an example of…
Thomas Gulledge, Rainer Sommer, George Simon, 2004. Analyzing convergence alternatives across existing SAP solutions. Industrial Management + Data Systems, 104(8/9), 722-734. Retrieved November 24, 2007, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 773804071).
Mahesh Gupta, Amarpreet Kohli, 2006. Enterprise resource planning systems and its implications for operations function. Technovation, 26(5,6), 687-696. Retrieved November 26, 2007, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1006962051).
Mike Kennerley, Andy Neely, 2001. Enterprise resource planning: analysing the impact. Integrated Manufacturing Systems, 12(2), 103-113. Retrieved November 26, 2007, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 119045895).
Pernille Kraemmergaard, Jeremy Rose, 2002. Managerial Competences for ERP Journeys. Information Systems Frontiers: Special Issue: Information Systems: Modeling and Analysis, 4(2), 199. Retrieved November 23, 2007, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 338583171).
Instead the better approach would have been to ascertain which EP vendor would have been more suitable for the task of managing the Overstock.com distributed order management system implementation without forcing major reporting errors (Kanaracus, 2008) in addition to having professional staff on hand to manage the integration and professional services implementation plan. Second, the distractions Oracle faces during the BEA acquisition (Financial Times, 2008) were also reflected in their acquisition of Sun Microsystems recently (icadela, 2009) (Tait, 2010). The front-line experience of the CIO could have been avoided if an analysis of EP vendors had been completed that took into account the potential distractions and lack of focus from working with a vendor known for their merger and acquisitions (Financial Times, 2008).
In prioritizing this experience, the first is the initial success of installing the EP system followed by the lack of follow-through of the Oracle professional services teams.…
Financial Times, 2008, Oracle acquires BEA for Dollars 8.5bn: [ASIA EDITION]. 2008. Financial Times, January 17,
Kanaracus, C. 2008. Overstock's ERP Woes Force It to Restate Results. Computerworld, November 3, 7.
Aaron Ricadela. 2009. Oracle's Sun Deal: Oracle May Need to Loosen Its Grip. Business Week (Online), November 9, 14 -- 16.
Nikki Tait. 2010. Brussels approves $7.4bn Oracle-Sun deal. FT.com, January 21.
XML is used not only to represent the data but also as a messaging protocol called SOAP; and (6) Portal Integration is another popular integration methodology in use today. It doesn't involve expensive and time consuming technologies and processes that EAI and data warehousing require. Also, it is the most customer-facing of all the methods described in this section. This means that it can be highly personalized and customized to the customer's requirements. In future, portals will present their functionality as web services so that multiple portals from different vendors can be integrated.
Architecture of Portals
The portal, when speaking technically, is "a framework that enables developers to plug various software components called portlets, and then deliver the aggregated content to multi-devices." (Mohan, 2003) Integration may be accomplished through using HRML, JSP, Java eans, Java servlets, XSL that transforms XML through XSL transformation or even CGI. Sun Microsystems' Java Community…
Mohan, Sajeev (2003) Mechanics of Oracle Portal and Identity Management. Online available at http://download.oracle.com/owsf_2003/36786_Mohan.doc
Reducing the Costs of it Security Management (2006) Sumner Blount eTrust Solutions Online available at http://i.cmpnet.com/ittransformationcenter.techweb.com/pdfs/reducing_costs_security_mgt.pdf
Building a Portal? Vive La Difference (2001) Information Week. 5 November 2001 Online available at http://www.informationweek.com/news/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=6508083
Oracle Solutions for Workforce Excellence - HR Transformation: Transform HR from an Administrative Function to a Strategic Partner. http://www.oracle.com /global/uk/hcm/9575%20Transformation-2-9-4.pdf
Cross-Cultural Perspectives and Ethicacy of Outsourcing Practices at Oracle
Evaluating the Cross-Cultural Ethics and Social Responsibility
of Software Outsourcing Programs at Oracle Corporation
The low costs and extremely talented programmers available in 3rd world nations is fueling a cross-cultural ethics conflict in addition to forcing companies in this industry to become much better at Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiatives over time. These two aspects of the ethicacy of outsourcing software development on the one hand and the need for rigorous CSR frameworks and initiatives on the other at enterprise software provider Oracle Corporation is the basis of this analysis. Like Oracle, many merican enterprise software companies face a comparable challenge, as an increasing number of qualified programmers and engineers can be hired in 3rd world nations including India for a fraction of what it costs to hire a programmer in the U.S. Of the many aspects of this paradox, the…
As of today, Oracle operates in 160 of 171 nations globally and has development centers in 20 of them (Glover, 2005). Oracle has devised an application development strategy that allows for software to be produced continuously around the plant, ensuring 24/7 development cycles. One of the major hubs for this activity is India, which has emerged as the most productive and prolific of all outsourcing locations globally (Rucker, 2003). Oracle relies on Indian outsourcing operating specifically to support the Oracle 11i database extensions in addition to core programming teams on their Fusion applications, also-based throughout Asia and specifically in India (Glover, 2005). Oracle has invested heavily in a training and development facilities in India which has helped with the cultural transformation of the workforce and with knowledge transfer.
Despite these best efforts to make knowledge transfer more transparent, there still is a very significant difference in salaries and benefits between the Oracle headquarters personnel in Redwood City, California and those working in India. It is common to see Indian PhDs getting 40% less salary for identical work for example, and for entry-level programmers the pay differences are even more acute. There is clearly a double standard when it comes to ethical pay across the Indian and U.S. software engineering professions (Pratt, 2008).
Usually introduced by formula, "I am against you"
Aftermath or restoration oracle
Reversing judgment formula, "I am for you"
Especially "Son of man, set your face ...
"Woe" oracle of indictment
Usually containing "because ... therefore" clauses
IN which popular proverb is recited and then refuted by prophetic discourse (e.g., "sour grapes" proverb)
18:1-20; cf. 12:22-25
Introduced by "wail"
Riddles, parables, allegories
E.g., parable of the vine Allegories of the eagle and cedars, lion, boiling pot etc.
Chaps. 17, 19, 23, 24, 27
lenkinsopp, J. Ezekiel. Westminster: John Knox Press, 1990.
lock, D. The ook of Ezekiel, Volume 2. Erdmans, 1998.
occaccini, G. Roots of Rabbinic Judaism: An Intellectual History. Eerdmans, 2001.
Cooke, G.A. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the…
Blenkinsopp, J. Ezekiel. Westminster: John Knox Press, 1990.
Block, D. The Book of Ezekiel, Volume 2. Erdmans, 1998.
Boccaccini, G. Roots of Rabbinic Judaism: An Intellectual History. Eerdmans, 2001.
Cooke, G.A. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Ezekiel. Edinburgh: T & T. Clarke, 1936.
It is worded too strongly just to relate a fact. Further, the fact it relates, if common in the ancient world, would not deserve such strong wording to people who were familiar with such things as blind oracles.
Rather, even were blind oracles commonplace in the ancient world, this one is special because he is not just a conveyor of bad news to Oedipus, but a kind of archetype, symbol, or personification of the message Sophocles is sending us that vision and blindness are not actually dichotomous, but intrinsically entangled.
Oepidus is another archetype of the same thing: sight and blindness coexisting, not sequentially, but simultaneously.
Another important way in which Oedipus was both blind and yet possessed of light becomes clear when we think about the steps he has taken to avoid killing his father. When we read Oedipus Rex, we like to think that finding ourselves in his…
With his bold and sweeping statements about a divine mission to seek out and expose false wisdom, and his assertions that nothing short of death will stop him from completing that mission, Socrates makes it clear that, to him, the vocation of a philosopher is a dangerous one. He demonstrates an awareness that his practices have not only brought him enemies, but will likely lead to his death. However, Socrates repeatedly asserts that a true philosopher could not stop questioning, practicing, and sharing his philosophy any more than a true philosopher could willfully cease to exist. In fact, Socrates makes it clear that if he is given the option to live without philosophy or to die with it, that the only choice he could make would be to die. Socrates tells the jury, "either acquit me or not; but whatever you do, know that I shall never alter my…
Improving the CM Suite of Software Applications at SAP
SAP AG (NYSE:SAP) is the worldwide leader in Enterprise esource Planning (EP) and one of the top companies globally in Customer elationship management (CM) software as well. While their dominance in EP is solid, with Gartner, a leading industry research firm reporting that SAP has 25% global market share today, it's global CM market share trails Salesforce.com who is the worldwide leader with 14% market share worldwide (SAP Investor elations, 2013). SAP is second globally with 12.9% market share. There are many factors contributing to SAP trailing Salesforce.com, the most significant being the slow response to the shift to cloud computing platforms in general, and migrating their CM applications onto a Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) delivery model. Salesforce is the global leader in CM due to their rapid development of CM applications on the SaaS platform, greater responsiveness to their growing customer base,…
Bednarz, A. (2006). SAP unveils hosted CRM plans. Network World, 23(5), 45-45.
Coman, A. & Ronen, B. 2009, "Focused SWOT: diagnosing critical strengths and weaknesses," International Journal of Production Research, vol. 47, no. 20, pp. 5677.
Elmuti, D., Jia, H., & Gray, D. (2009). Customer relationship management strategic application and organizational effectiveness: An empirical investigation. Journal of Strategic Marketing, 17(1), 75.
Fonseca, B. (2007). SAP unveils web 2.0 look for its CRM tool. Computerworld, 41(50), 12-12.
5% for FY2003 to 25.26% in FY2007. From this specific financial ratio it is clear that Microsoft is performing significantly above their competitors in terms of managing the long-term value of shareholder's equity. nother critical profitability ratio, Return on ssets (RO), Microsoft again shows exceptionally strong performance relative to Google and Oracle. For FY2002, Microsoft deliver 11.52% on asset utilization, rising to 18.1% for FY2006. Google's RO was 34.74% for FY2002 dropping to 1.66% in FY2006. For Oracle, RO also dropped, from 20.85% in FY2003 to 12.36% in FY2007. Oracle's many acquisitions during these years has significantly dropped RO. Oracle acquired PeopleSoft, Siebel Systems, Retek, and several smaller software companies, which has also diluted their Return on Equity (ROE) as well.
nother key profitability ratio, Net Profit Margin (%), shows the volatility of Google as an investment relative to Microsoft or Oracle. Microsoft's Net Profit Margin (%) showed stability in…
Assessing the relative risk of Microsoft as an investment begins with an assessment of profitability across each of the companies profiled. Return on Equity (ROE) Microsoft has grown from 15% from FY2002 to 31.42%in FY2006, more than doubling in value. Conversely ROE for Google has slipped from 57.29% for FY2002 sliding to 18.06% for FY2006. For Oracle, ROE has also slid from 36.5% for FY2003 to 25.26% in FY2007. From this specific financial ratio it is clear that Microsoft is performing significantly above their competitors in terms of managing the long-term value of shareholder's equity. Another critical profitability ratio, Return on Assets (ROA), Microsoft again shows exceptionally strong performance relative to Google and Oracle. For FY2002, Microsoft deliver 11.52% on asset utilization, rising to 18.1% for FY2006. Google's ROA was 34.74% for FY2002 dropping to 1.66% in FY2006. For Oracle, ROA also dropped, from 20.85% in FY2003 to 12.36% in FY2007. Oracle's many acquisitions during these years has significantly dropped ROA. Oracle acquired PeopleSoft, Siebel Systems, Retek, and several smaller software companies, which has also diluted their Return on Equity (ROE) as well.
Another key profitability ratio, Net Profit Margin (%), shows the volatility of Google as an investment relative to Microsoft or Oracle. Microsoft's Net Profit Margin (%) showed stability in the years included in this analysis, starting at 27.6% for FY2002, rising to 28.45% in FY2006. Oracle's Net Profit Margin (%) dropped slightly yet stayed flat during the analysis period, moving from 24.35% in FY2003 to 23.75% in FY2007. Google's volatility is shown in their performance on Net Profit Margin (%). From 22.67% in FY2002, dropping to 7.21% in 2003, then rising to 29.02% in FY2006 shows how volatile the Google business model can be when analyzed using profitability ratios.
When these three companies are compared on key liquidity indicators, Google's dominance on the Quick Ratio shows how well their advertising-based business model is working. On the Current Ratio, Google increased from 2.59 in FY2002 to 10 in FY2006. For Microsoft, their Current Ratio decreased from 3.81 in FY2002 to 2.18 in FY2006. For Oracle, their Current
The one redeeming factor of these systems that comprise the Siebel CM platform is the data portability and opportunity to move the data into a SaaS-based platform.
2. Microsoft CM and Sales Force Automation - the consumer business is running the latest edition of Microsoft Dynamics CM. The problem with this CM system is the lack of mobility options as Microsoft lags behind SaaS-based CM system providers with support for the Apple iPad and other tablet and smartphone devices.
3. SAP -- the procurement and supply chain management system in use by Verizon today, in addition to their centralized Enterprise esource Planning (EP) system, is an SAP /3 instance located in their corporate headquarters in New York, New York. Verizon designed the system to be multi-instance so each operating division would have the opportunity to customize procurement, supply chain and pricing to their specific needs. The problem is that the…
Adalikwu, C. (2012). Customer relationship management and customer satisfaction. African Journal of Business Management, 6(22), 6682.
Chen, I.J., & Popvich, K. (2003). Understanding customer relationship management (CRM): People, process and technology. Business Process Management Journal, 9(5), 672-688.
Hsin, H.C. (2007). Critical factors and benefits in the implementation of customer relationship management. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 18(5), 483.
Limbasan, a., & Rusu, L. (2011). Implementing SaaS solution for CRM. Informatica Economica, 15(2), 175-183.
Matrix and the Power of Myth
Most people spend their lives caught up in petty matters like money, food, career, and worldly obligations. We are surrounded by so much technology and "progress" that finding time for the important things in life can be difficult or impossible. Today, our society is dominated by the city. "It is all stone and rock, manufactured by human hands. It's a different would to grow up in when you are out in the forest with little chipmunks and the great owls." (Campbell 92). Quickly, the spiritual and subconscious side of the homosapien is being phased out; it is not productive. Even the heroes of modern society are losing their luster. The original hero of the West, Christ, is falling out of favor. Even American heroes like Washington, Jefferson, and oone stood for things that are now antiquated or misunderstood. Campbell believes, "life today is so…
Campbell, Joseph. The Power of Myth. New York: Doubleday, 1988.
The Matrix. Motion Picture. Warner Brothers, 1999. 136 min.
Compliance Patch Level
The author of this report has been tasked with discussing the overall subject of patch compliance level. Indeed, the pros and cons of using the patch compliance level framework will be assessed. There will also be an assessment of several critical things such as the patch compliance level of a given patch, what level of patch compliance is safe and what needs to be considered when evaluating the current patch compliance level. Patching is very much a security-related matter and helps both system and network administrators to keep their systems completely up-to-date and as safe as possible from vulnerabilities and hacking attacks. Not applying and installing needed patches to software such as operating systems, firmware, device drivers, databases and so forth can leave an enterprise information technology environment susceptible to attack. While the deployment of patches should be planned and deployed carefully, it is very important to…
Blue, V. (2015). New report: DHS is a mess of cybersecurity incompetence -- ZDNet. ZDNet.
Retrieved 21 October 2015, from http://www.zdnet.com/article/new-report-the-dhs-is-a-mess-of-cybersecurity-incompetence/
Chan, J. (2015). Patchmanagement.org. Retrieved 16 October 2015, from http://www.patchmanagement.org/pmessentials.asp
Codenomicon. (2015). Heartbleed Bug. Heartbleed.com. Retrieved 21 October 2015, from http://heartbleed.com/
Currently, all the traffic among the different units passes via the novel centers and because of this Grant Thornton was also capable of reducing most of the fixed point-to-point circuits which had linked nearly all of its units. The savings made throughout its 50 units was a phenomenal $300.000 annually for the entire company. Besides, with the complete elimination of the long-distance costs, Grant Thorton was able to make a savings of $30,000 on a monthly basis. (Understanding VoIP: Leveraging Technology for a Competitive Edge)
The importance of Voice Internet Protocol technology is appreciated all over the world throughout huge as well as middle level companies and embracing of Voice Internet Protocol is just an issue of time. A short analysis of the oadmap as well as Heat index data evolved from the Wave 2 of a Networking research has spawned certain exciting findings regarding the technology preferences of the…
Boney, James. Cisco IOS in a Nutshell.
ClickZ Stats Staff. Investment in Voice Technology Increases. October 2, 2001. http://www.clickz.com/showPage.html?page=895861
Collins, Daniel. Carrier Grade voice over IP.
In Euthyphro, Socrates' questioning centers on discovering the true definition of piety -- but it is geared towards arriving at a sense of reasonable judgment (after all, he himself is about to go before the judges, and he would like to receive a judgment that is reasonable from them). hat he meets in Euthyphro is willfulness and subjectivity. Socrates attempts to show why it is important to remain objective about the law and to what extent we can judge others: in fact, it is Socrates who is searching for an objective standard -- an absolute outside himself by which he may judge: "Tell me what is the nature of this idea, and then I shall have a standard to which I may look, and by which I may measure actions" (6e). Euthyphro happily engages in the dialogue and states that "piety, then, is that which is dear to the…
Plato. "Euthyphro." Internet Classics Archive. Web. 14 May 2012.
Plato. "Apology." Internet Classics Archive. Web. 14 May 2012.
Plato. "Crito." Internet Classics Archive. Web. 14 May 2012.
Plato. "Gorgias." Internet Classics Archive. Web. 14 May 2012.
Discuss the criteria used to define abnormality (abnormal behavior / mood disorders)
There are no established criteria to define what is abnormal. On the other hand, every individual trait can be said as abnormal on some social plane. (Oracle think quest, 2010) Some of the preferred ideas to define abnormality are as given below:
Statistical Norms Deviation: Certain population facts such as height, weight and intelligence are measured and recorded. Most of people come in the middle range of intelligence. Those who fail in general terms and falls below the so-called intelligence scale are termed as abnormal. But then, the people with extra intelligence also become abnormal. Furthermore, intelligence is a subjective issue. (Oracle think quest, 2010)
Social Norms Deviation: People going again social norms and trying to make their idiosyncratic identity are also termed as abnormal. Galileo was abnormal and he was brutally punished for his abnormality, he suggested…
Baker, B.L., Blacher, J., & Pfeiffer, S. (1993). "Family involvement in residential treatment of children with psychiatric disorder and mental retardation" Hospital and Community Psychiatry, vol. 44, no. 6, pp: 561-566.
Chan, Jeffery; Hudson, Colin. (2002) "Individuals with Intellectual Disability and Mental Illness:
A Literature Review," Australian Journal of Social Issues, vol. 37, no. 1, pp: 31-40.
Davidson, P.W., Cain, N.N., Sloane-Reeves, J., Giesow, V.E Quijano, L.E., Van Heyningen, J., & Sholam, I. (1995). "Crisis intervention for community-based individuals with developmental disabilities and behavioral and psychiatric disorders" Mental Retardation, vol. 33, no. 1, pp: 21-30.
While emerging evidence, theory and practical demands are increasing the visibility and credibility of human capital as a key to organizational success, the measures used to articulate the impact of human resource management decisions remain misunderstood, unwanted by key constituents or even counter-productive." (1998) Stated as well by Boudreau is the fact that a body of research exists that is growing rapidly suggesting that "the key to competitive advantage lie with the organization's human resources. (Boudreau, 1998) p. 3 Widely suggested as an emerging key to the success of the organization is "intellectual capital." (Boudreau, 1998; p.3) This element is sated to not be: "...effectively reflected in standard accounting and the financial report, and the diminishing correlation between future financial performance and standard accounting measures of value seems to attest the importance of more intangible factors." (Boudreau, 1998; p.3) H measurement that is effective will be a system that is…
Resources Management System - Incorporating Human Capital Management Strategies for an Effective Workforce" states that effective HR strategy "requires the adoption of a comprehensive human capital management (HCM) strategy." (Oracle, nd) p.1 Oracle believes that effective workforce is built from development of "a cohesive HCM strategy that is tightly linked to your overall